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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1898)
THE OMAHA ! DAILY BEE
ESTABLISHED JUKE 19 , 1871. OMAIIA , TUESDAY MORNING' . , aflCY T 1O , . 1898 TWELVE PAGES. , SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
< HONORS FOR DEWEY
Congress Fosses Besolution of Thanks to
OFFICERS AND MEN ALSO REMEMBERED
Recommendation" the President Promptly
Followed Up in the House.
COUNTRY APPRECIATES HIS SERVICES
Brilliant Victory in Far Off Seas Worthy of
Traditions of Navy.
REWARD WHICH HAS BEEN RICHLY EARNED
Commandant Ordered to Commnnl-
cnte the Document to III * Sub
ordinate * In the Fleet
WASHINGTON , May 9. Senator Hale and
Representative Boutcllo chairmen re
spectively of the senate and house com
mittees on naval affairs , were called to
the White House during the cabinet ses
sion to consider the resolution of thanks
recommended In the president's message.
They spent but a few minutes and the two
chairmen subsequently met at the capital
and decided on the form of legislation for
making Commodore Dewey a rear admiral ,
to bo f Produced simultaneously ,
Tb' ngresslonal resolution Is as follows :
Joint' Resolution. Tendering the Thanks ot
Congress to Commodore George Dewey , U.
S. N. , and to the Officers and Men of the
Squadron Under His Command :
Resolved , By the senate and house ot
representatives of the United States ol
America , in congress assembled , In pur
suance ot the recommendation ot the presi
dent , made In accordance with the pro
visions of section 1DOS of the Revised
Statutes , the thanks of congress and ot the
American pcoplo are hereby tendered tc
Commodore George Dower. U. S. N. , com-
mandcr-ln-chlef of the Asiatic squadron , foi
highly distinguished conduct In conflict wilt
the enemy , as displayed by him in the de
struction of the Spanish fleet and batteries
in the harbor of Manila. Philippine Islands
May 1. 18D8.
Section 2. That the thanks of congress
and of the American people are hereby ex
tended through Commodore Dewey to the
officers and men under his command , foi
the gallantry and skill exhibited by then
on that occasion.
Section 3. Bo It further resolved , thai
the president of the United States be re
quested to causa this resolution to bo com-
munlcatcd to Commodore Dewey one
through him to the officers and the me :
under his command.
The resolution of thanks to Commodon
Dewey and the officers under him passet
The house nt 12:20 : passed the resolutloi
of thanks to Dewey on a rising vote.
WORTHY OF RECOGNITA
President ScndH n Special McSunue ti
CoiiKren * Concerning ; the Vic
tory of Manila.
WASHINGTON , May 9. The preslden
today sent the following message to con
On tbo 24th of April I directed the sec
retary of the navy to telegraph orders ti
Commodore George Dewey of the Unltei
States navy , commanding the Aslatl
squadron , then lying in the port of Honi
Kong , to proceed forthwith to the Phlllppln
islands , there to commence operations am
engage the Spanish fleet.
Promptly obeying that order , the Unltei
States squadron , consisting of the flagshl ;
Olympia , Baltimore , Raleigh , Boston , Con
cord and Petrel , with the revenue cuttc
McCulloch as an auxiliary dispatch boa !
entered the harbor of Manila at daybreak
on the 1st of May , and Immediately engage
the entire Spanish fleet of eleven ahlpi
which were under the protection of the flr
ot the land forts. After a stubborn fight. I
which the enemy suffered great loss , thes
vessels were destroyed or completely dig
abled and the water battery at Cavlt
silenced. Of our brave officers and men nc
ono was last , and only eight Injured an
All of our ships escaped any serial )
By the ,4th of May Commodore Dewey ha
taken possession of the naval station c
Cavlte. destroying the fortifications ther
and at the entrance ot the bay and parolln
tbo garrisons. The waters of the bay ar
under his complete control. He has cstat
llshcd hosnltals within I ho American line :
where 250 of the Spanish sick and wounde
are assisted and protected. Tbe magnltutl
of this victory can hardly be measured b
the ordinary standards ot naval warfan
Outweighing any material advantage Is th
moral effect of this Initial success. At tb
unsurpassed achievement the great heai
of our nation throbs , not with boasting c
with greed of conquest , but with dee
Kratltude that this triumph has come In
just cause and that by the grace ot Go
an effective step has thus been taken tc
ward the attainment of the wished fc
peace. To those whoso skill , courage an
devotion have won the fight , to. the gallai
commander and tbe brave officers and me
who aided him , our country owes an li
Feeling , as our people feel , and speaklc
In their name. I at once sent a message i
Commodore Dewey , thanking him and h
officers and men for their splendid achlevi
mcnt and overwhelming victory , and li
foimlnR him that I had appointed him i
acting rear admiral.
I now recommend that following our n ;
tlonal precedents and expressing the fe
vent gratitude of every patriotic heart , tl
thanks of congress bo given Acting Re :
'Admiral George Dewey of the United Stat
navy for highly distinguished conduct
conflict with the enemy , and to the mi
under his command , for the gallantry
the destruction of the enemy's fleet and tl
capture ot the enemy's fortifications In tl
bay of Manila.
Executive Mansion , May 9 , 1S98.
MEDALS FOIl OI-'KICEUS AND CUE !
Senate Proioe * to Honor All tl
lleroo * nt Manila.
WASHINGTON , ' May 9. Fitting trlbu
was paid by the senate to Commode
Dewey for the magnificent victory
achieved In the battle of Manila bay.
A message from the president was r
cclvcd recommending that a vote ot than
bo extended by congress to Commoilo
Dewey and the gallant officers and men
his command. Without a word ot deba
and without a dissenting voice the scnn
agreed to the resolution carrying Into eftt
the recommendation ot the president.
The senate went further even than thi
A bill was presented Increasing the numb
of rear admirals In the navy from six
seven In order that the president mlg
nominate Commodore Dewey to the blgh <
position in the navy -within his gift , a
that , too , was passed without dissent.
In addition , a joint resolution was unai
Kously agreed to directing the secretary
.1- the navy to present to Commodore Dewey
. word ot honor , and to have struck. In coi
mcmoratlon pf the battle of Manila , a broi
medal for each ot the officers and men w
participated In the gallant fight. The ret
lutton appropriates 110,000 to enable the st
retary to carry Us provisions Into effect
The bill offered last Friday aulhorlzl
tbe postmaster general to establish re
offices at military posts and camps In order
to facilitate the delivery of mall to soldiers
was reported favorably by the postoffice ixnd
postroads committee and unanlmounly
Subsequently an amendment to the post-
office appropriation bill was agreed to ap
propriating $50,000 to carry the bill Into
The postoffico appropriation bill was under
discussion during almost the entire session ,
the subject of discussion being the propo
sition to reduce the compensation ot rail
roads 20 per cent for carrying the malls.
The amendment was defeated by the decisive
vote of 40 to 8.
At a late hour It became evident the bill
could not bo disposed of today , and It was
unanimously agreed to vote upon It at 2
MAKING DEWEY A ItEAIl ADMIRAL.
Hill InrrennlitK the Number In That
Ornde ramie * ConKre * * .
WASHINGTON , May 9. The bill creating
an additional rear admiral for the benefit
of Dewey passed the senate.
The house has passed bill Increasing the
number of rear admirals , making provision
for promotion of Dewey.
The following is the bill passed by con
gress raising the number ot admirals from
six to seven to provide for Commodore
Dewey's promotion :
Section 1. That the number of admirals
In the United States nnvv now allowed by
law Is hereby Increased from six to seven ,
and this act shall be construed and taken
as validating and making in force and ef
fective any promotion to said rank of rear
admiral In the United States navy made
heretofore or hereafter , and during the ex
isting war and based on the thanks of con
WHAT SOLDIERS MUST CARRY
War Deimrtincnt Ilcnd * Off Some of
the AmbltloiiM DcMlifti * of the Vol
unteer * In Way of Equipment.
WASHINGTON , May 9. Thp War de
partment has learned with some dismay ,
from the reports of Its officcrse engaged In
mustering and recruiting tbe volunteers In
the different stafes , that very few of the
National guard officers have Ideas as to the
equipment required for troops In the field
that conform In any measure to the stand
ard which hard practice and experience have
established for the United States army.
It has been reported that In some cases
a battalion was laying up enough equipment
to load an entire freight train , while on the
other hand some of the more enthusiastic
and hardened volunteer troops proposed to
go to the front omitting from their equip
ment many of the things that are absolutely
necessary , not only to comfort In camp , butte
to health and life Itself.
Therefore General Miles has caused to be
prepared by the department experts a table
showing In concise form exactly what It
necessary In the equipment of every organ
ization In the service , from a company tc
an army corps. This Information Is em
bodied In the following general order Issued
WASHINGTON. May 9. The following
standard of supplies and equipment for field
service Is published for the Information ami
guidance of troops In the military service
of the United States. The allowance Is re
garded as the minimum for field service :
Headquarters of nn Army Corps-
Thieo wagons for baggage , etc. , or elgh
pack mules , ono two-horse wagon , one two-
horse spring wagon , ten extra saddle horse :
for contingent wants , two wall tents foi
commanding general , one wall tent for ever ]
two officers ot his staff.
Headquarters of a Division Two wagon :
for baggage , etc. , or five ' pack mules
one two-horse spring wagon ; oni
two-horse wagon , five extra saddle horse :
for contingent wonts , one wall tent for com
mandlng general , one wall tent for ever ;
two officers ot his staff.
Headquarters -Brigade Ono wagoi
for baggage or five pack mules , oni
two-horse spring wagon , two extra saddli
horses for contingent wants , one wall ten
for tbe commanding general , one wall ten
for every two officers of his staff.
Allowance of transportation for regimen
of cavalry : Forty-nine wagons , or 141 pacl
Allowance for transportation for batter ;
light artillery : Four wagons.
Allowance of transportation for regimen
a of Infantry : Twenty-five army wagons.
Supplies to be carried In wagons per com
pany : Ten days' field rations per man , 10
rounds of ammunition per soldier , 25
pounds of officers' baggage and supplies
tcntagc , grain for animals , utensils for eacl
company mess not to exceed 350 pounds fo
each troop , battery or company ; horse shoes
nails , tools and medicines for cavalr
horses , not to exceed 300 pounds.
To each soldier or civilian employe ( com
pactly rolled In one piece of shelter tent )
One blanket , one poncho and one extra sul
Whenever the amount of rations or gral
varies from the above , the weight to b
carried per six-mule wagon may be In
creased or diminished , but sho' Id not ex
cced 4,000 pounds ; for four-mule wager
3,000 pounds , and if possible should be Ice
Whenever obtainable on line ot marc
full forage will be allowed all animals , th
rate of purchase to be regulated by th
To be carried on the person or horsce
Ono overcoat , one piece of shelter ten
j fifty rounds of rifle or carbine and twenty
four rounds of revolver ammunition.
Supplies to be carried on pack mules fc
one troop ot cavalry : Two days' field rn
tlons per man , 100 rounda of ammunltlo
The utensils for each troop of cavalr
must not exceed 350 pounds.
Transportation for reserve trains , contalr
Ing reserve supplies , Intrenching Implc
mcnts , reserve ammunition , hospital su [
piles and all necessary munitions of wa
will be designated in subsequent orders.
HOUSE PASSES FEW WAIl MEASUHE
Vote * Thank * to Dcwcy and III * Off
corn Without DIHciiMlon.
WASHINGTON. May 9. The greater pa
of today In the house was consumed by w ;
measures. The recommendation of the prci
idcnt th.it a vote of thanks be tcndcrc
Commodore Dewey and his associated ofl
ccrs and men was accepted quickly with
unanimous vote , and with equal concert tl
V. house passed the bill creating an addition
V.ie rear adrolralshlp for the hero of Manila.
ie The bill providing for the organlzatlc
. of a volunteer engineer brigade , and enlls
ment of 10,000 volunteer troops Immune
tropical diseases , was passed after tv
hours of debate. The principal ground
opposition presented was found. In the fc ;
tures giving to the president the appoln
ment of all officers.
The senate bill authorizing the army
distribute food among the suffering Cubai
and to arm the Cuban pcoplo was passed.
SPANIARDS CONTINUE DEPIAN'
it.er It Slay lie Keieary to P-onibard Mi
er iiltr. to Get Poelon of It.
to LONDON , May 10. A JTipatch to tl
ht Dally Mall from Hong Kong says a con
st munlcatlon from Manila asserts that tl
id Spaniards arc still arrogant and not like
to surrender until the city Is blown
ilot pieces. A telegraph operator has gone wl
ota the McCulloch to see what can be done wl
a the cable.
nso SpanUh Steamer Escape * .
lie MADRID , May 9. 8:30 : Governor Goner
0- llnclaa of Porto Rico cables the governmei
that a SpanUh merchant steamer was pu
sued by an American armed transatlant
"rrr. but escaped with the aid of Epanli
SUPPLIES FOR INSURGENTS
Ship Load of Ammunition is Now on Its
Way to the Ouban Ooart.
COMPANY OF REGULARS ACT AS A GUARD
Captain Dort ! In Charge of tbe Ex
pedition and He Will See that
tbe Bopptlc * Safely llench
the Cnbnti * .
TAMPA , Fla. , May 9. The steamer Gus-
sle , one of the Mallory line boats chartered
by the government for use aa a transport ,
will sail for Cuba before morning , loaded
with arms ) , ammunition and supplies fur
nished by the United States government for
the use of the Cuban Insurgents. A com
pany of 100 United States troops from the
First regiment of Infantry will accompany
the expedition and aid In guarding the landIng -
Ing of the valuable cargo and will , If neces
sary , penetrate Into the Interior far enough
to place the supplies In the hands of the
nsurgcnts. The expedition will be In charge
of Captain W. H. Dorst , General Miles'
aide , who has just returned from Cuba.
The Gusslo has on board between 6,000
and 7,000 Springfield rifles , about 200,000
rounds of ammunition , and several hundred
boxes of provisions , consisting principally
of canned meats and hard tack. The utmost
secrecy Is maintained regarding the point ot
andlng , but In view of Captain Dorst's re
cent landing near Havana , where he com
municated with the Insurgent leader , Gen
eral Delgado , It Is believed that the expedi
tion will be headed for a point not far from
The Gussle had mounted on its forward
deck today a one-pounder rapid fire gun. II
Is understood , however , that It will be mcl
at some point not far from Key West by c
gunboat from the blockading squadron and
escorted to the designated landing place.
The Whitney , the sister ship ot the Gus
sle , which sailed for Dry Tortugas Satur
day with two companies of the Fifth in
fantry , returned today. It is intimated thai
tt will follow the Gussle to Cuba as soar
as tbe arms , ammunition and supplies cat
Before a week has passed It Is bellcvcc
that the Insurgent leaders will have beet
furnished with arms enough for at leas
15,000 men and with a base ot supplies cs-
tabllshed on the coast , a vigorous cam <
palgn against the Spanish forces will be in
Large amounts of powder and projectile :
for the blockading squadron are now ar
riving here. On Picnic Island there an
twelve cars loaded with dynamite , torpe
does , powder and other ammunition , whlcl
will be sent to Key West , and as many car
arc on the wharf tracks. An extra heav ;
guard has been placed around the cars.
Hundreds of carpenters are at work toda ;
fitting up the big transports. It Is believe *
now that all of the boats here will be li
readiness for loading by Wednesday nlghl
The engineer corps today was drilled t
the use of the big canvas pontoons , whlcl
are a part of Its equipment. In the capa
clous hold of the Alamo are stored enoug
of these pontoons to form a bridge seven
hundred feet In length. They will bo car
rled with the expedition.
GETTING READY TO HELP DEWE1
Plan * Are Jlelnu ; Perfected for tb
Trnimportatlon of Reinforcement * .
WASHINGTON , May 9. Evidences of th
preparations being made to carry troops t
the Philippines were apparent at the \fs
department today. The officials had befot
hem a list of between fifteen and twent
arge 'vessels whose home port Is on th
'aclfic coast , and were making preparation
ooklng to their charter as transports. Thel
aggregate capacity Is more than ample fc
he purposes of the government. Sboul
all be secured the department would be able
o send cavalry troops to tbe Philippine
n case this Is deemed desirable.
The assignment of one battalion of Ic
fan try'two batteries of light artillery , an
one troop of cavalry as Utah's apportlonmei
of troops for the national defense Is take
to Indicate that some of them will be sei
It the original program Is adhered to tt
volunteers to be sent to reinforce Admlr :
Dewey will include the following , with tt
possible exception of the artillery and tt
Two regiments of infantry and two ba
terles of heavy artfllery from Callfornli
one regiment of Infantry from Oregon ; ot
from Washington ; and ono battalion of ii
fantry and Senator Shoup's troop of rlflemc
from Idaho. In addition to these troops tl
department will , It Is said , avail Itself of tl
four companies ot the Fourteenth Infantr
now on their way from Vancouver barracl
to San Francisco , and portions of the Four
cavalry and Third artillery.
ORDER UNDER WHICH DEWEY ACT
It U. TCFMC , lint Given Him a Will
WASHINGTON , May 9. It has bei
known for some time to a few people
administration circles and at the Navy d
D partment that the orders sent to Admlr
Dewey , under which ho made tbe attack <
Manila , were remarkable for terseness , coi
cness and comprehensiveness. Efforts
secure the text of the order have been ui
availing up to today , when the president .r
ferrcd to It In a message sent to congre
by him relative to the thanks to Dewe
This made It proper to bo published as pa
of the record under which congress was
The text of the order follows :
WASHINGTON , April 24. 1898. Dewc
Hong Kong , China : War has commcnc
between Spain and the United States. Pr
cced at once to Philippine Islands. Cor
mcnce operations at once , particular
against the Spanish fleet. You must ca
turo vessels or destroy them. Use utmc
endeavors. ( Signed. ) LONG.
CO.VCEVTRATE AT SAX FHA\CISC
Ilcarular * and Volunteer * Are Onthe
intt nt the Rolden Giite.
; ° SAN FRANCISCO , May 9. Callfornli
° quota of volunteers Is now In San Fra
Cisco. Two battalions of Infantry and o
battery of artillery arrived from the 1
terlor of Mho state today , making up t
complement of troops to bo mobilized wl
the regular army at the Presidio for ser
Ice at the Philippines. These troops anew
now being examined by tbe medical boa
and will'probably be mustered In tome
In addition to the state troops four coi
panics of the Fourteenth United Stat
Infantry arrived from Vancouver barrac
on the Oregon express today. The be
tallou was commanded by Major Char ]
It Is said that the Navy department
having considerable trouble In securing t
necessary transports for the troops dc
lined for the Philippines , owing to the t
fusal ot owners to meet tbe terms <
St. Paal Pat * to Sea.
DELAWARE BREAKWATER , Del. , M
9. The auxiliary cruiser St. Paul , Capta
Slgzbee commanding , baa put to sea U
morning. Its destination li not known.
'CRUISER MORTCJEERY SAFE
Plnckr 8hlP ! , -tlMo Mole St.
Nicholas * h wla ; * 81cm
of a FlfcB * .
( Copyright , 1898 , br fr4 ubllshlng Co. )
POUT AU PRlMCaC Haytl. May . ( New
York World Cablegram Special Telegram. )
The United State * cruiser Montgomery Is
safe. It ran Into The Mole St. Nicholas
Sunday morning , showing no sign of having
been In a sea fight. The-Molo Ht. Nicholas
IB a port at the northwestern extremity of
Haytl , about 100 miles from Port Au Prlnco
apd perhaps sixty miles from Capo Maysl ,
at the eastern extremity ol Cuba.
U was reported here1 that the Montgomery
bad been In a battle with an unknown Span
ish cruiser late Saturday night off Capo
Haytlcn. Cape Hayttcn Is ninety miles
cast of The Mole St. Nicholas. If the Mont
gomery encountered a Spanish war ship late
Saturday night It could not have sustained
any damage to speak of. or It would not
have been able to make The .Mole St. Nich
olas early the next morning. The , Montgom
ery arrived at Cape Haytlen'Saturday after
noon , after capturing two Spanish steamers
from Montovedlo , laden with cattle and
other live stock for Havana. Late Saturday
night It left , supposedly to rejoin Admiral
Sampson's fleet , the location of which , how
ever , tho4 officers of the. Montgomery kept
secret. It was accompanied to sea by a
French war ship ,
A report received here was that as the
vessels were leaving there appeared In the
offlng a large Spanish cruiser which gave
chase to the American war ship. The plucky
Montgomery at once opened flro , It was
said , and a fierce battle began. When night
fell the vessels reported to be fighting were
lost sight of from the shore , but the flashes
of flro as the cannon belched were said to
have been plainly seen in the distance.
OREGON HAS REACHED BAHIA
11 Iff DattlcMhlp Heard from on the
Home Stretch of It *
BAHIA , Brazil , May 9. The battleship
Oregon has arrived here.
IT IS MAJOR GENERAL COPPINGEIl.
Commander of Dcpnr'tmeitt of Ml-
oiirl Taken the Oath.
WASHINGTON , May 9. In obedience to
orders , Major General John J. Copplnger ,
who has been In command of the troops
quartered at Mobile , reported at army head
quarters for duty today. ( Be was accom
panied by the members ot/hla staff , Includ
ing Assistant Adjutant General George
Sand , First Lieutenant J. ( T. Thompson , on
special duty , and "First Lieutenants Hutche-
son and Alexander Perry and Second Lieu
tenant Stanley , aids. ' j
After exchanging greetings with the offi
cials at headquarters , General Copplnger
took the oath ot office as tnajo'r general.
The fact that General Copplnger was sum
moned to Washington'gives to the be
lief that he will be consulted Srlth regard
to possible early action concerning Cuba 01
the concentration ol troops at Washington.
NEW CAI1I.E NOW'C0NKECTS ' CUBA
McMnntiea from 8pfu Bo Not Fai
Thronsh the Cn e * State * .
WASHINGTON , , May V-'Slnce the wa
began the Spanish1 government h'oa been cu
off from its former means of coble commu
nlcation with General , Blanco and' the Cubai
authorities by way of the cable' to th
United States and through Key West. Bu
It develops that a new link of cable , con
nectlng Halifax with Bermuda , permit
Madrid and.Havana to keep in communica
tlon without touching .American soli am
without a circuitous ca le route around th
globe. , t
The British government had already con
nected Bermuda with Jfttnatca and tbe lat
ir ter Is connected by cijble with Cuba. Nod \
that Halifax is connected with Bermuda
a Madrid cablegram gods via London , Hall
e 3 fax , Bermuda , Jamaica } and Havana , thu
skirting the United States and avoiding a :
inspection by United States censors.
RELIC OF THE MAINE FOR CHICAGO
Skylight of the Battleship Will B
Shown In Parade.
TAMPA. Fla. . May 9.f-Tbe skllght of th
officers' cabin of the battleship Maine ha
been shipped to Chicago , where It will ar
rive tomorrow morning , and will be given
place In a big parade ( b honor ot Admin
Dewey's victory. Thoi skylight will b
fraVned and placed on a special floe
covered with the national colors and drape
In black'in honor of the Malno dead. It I
expected that sailors and naval reserve me
will be on the float tojguard the treasur
ie and that a squad of tba naval reserve \vl
accompany the float as'a ; guard of honor.
Captain Hanlon of tip steamer Ollvctt
presented he relic to ! H. B. Plant , tb
president of the Plant' system , shortly aftc
the disaster. After the ceremonies ot tb
parade are over the tkyllght will be re
turned to the officers pf the' Plant systei
and be placed by them fm exhibition.
ORDERED TO HOLD PHILIPPINE !
SpnnlnU Ministry S nil * Infraction
to Governor Gcuoral.
LONDON , May 9. It ii announced today I
a special dispatch from Madrid that tb
Spanish ministers of war and marine. Gee
cral Correa , and Admiral Bermejo , declai
they do not expect Manila to bo attacked b (
fore .the arrival .of reinforcements for Ret
Admiral Dewey from the United State
The dispatch adds thai orders have bee
sent to General -Agustl , the governor genen
of the Philippine Islands , to resist to U
death any attack ot Manila.
Movt > inenn'of 8n Uh Ship * .
edo y. ( Copyright , 1EOS , by Press Publishing Co
LONDON . Tork World Ci
o- , May 9. ( New ,
on - blegram Special Telegram. ) The Dal
nly Telegraph's Gibraltar .dispatch says the Ci
p- dlz correspondent of El Calpcn c , a loc
iSt paper , today confirms tbe rreport that tl
battleship Pelayo an $ ' tBctrarmored cruise
o. Alfonso XIII and Carlos * _ Y , It he latter fro
Ferrol , together with fonrVitorped o destro ;
era and several torpedo jbOjIttB there formli
' the reserve squadron , havf'lbeen augment !
by tbe transatlantic ntrra.mrrr now arm <
nm nn - as cruisers , Patrla Ilfpldo , formerly tl
Roumanla , and thq Colottblo , Buenos Ayre
n Cataluna , Alfonso XII and .Jo.iquln Pelag
French IVren * la'Ohairrlncd.
LONDON , May 9. Aciordlng to a dl
patch from Paris Commodore Dewey's dl
patches and the completeness of tbe Amer
can victory have greatly chagrined tl
French press , "which has 'been ' aisurli
n- Franco that the American fleet was locki
es up In Manila bay.
ks The Kuaalan papers' are full of criticise
, tes of the Spanish fighting. They accuse tl
es . Spaniards of losing the arsenal at Cavl
through cowardice ,
he Pnnlo nt Mnnlla.
( Copyright1S98. by Press FublUhlng C (
TAIPEH. May 9 , ( New York World Ci
if- blegram Special Telcjram. ) There U
panic at Manila. Tbe Insurgents aurroundi
the Spanish landward and tbeAmerica !
seaward. Surrender U hourly expected. Tl
ay Insurgents are assisting the American ! . Tl
4n leader , Aqutuldo , promises no barbarlt
its Cable U cut aad no authentic detalli of tl
bombardment have keen received here.
HANG ON TO PHILIPPINES
Leading Diplomatists to Europe Offer
America Some Advice.
ADVISE THE RETENTION OF THE ISLANDS
Oar * br night of Conqnent and No
ContlMentnl Power Appear * to
Have/ Any Valid Ground
( Copyright , 1S9S , by Press Publishing Co. )
BRUSSELS , May 9. ( New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram. ) I have had an
Interview with Samuel Wiener , vice presi
dent of the council , widely known as an
eminent authority on International law.
Wiener's views were not given haphazard ,
but with the reflection demanded by so
weighty a subject , based upon a ripe expe
rience of the laws which govern the comity
of nations. He said :
"I unhesitatingly advocate the retention
of the Philippines by the United States ,
which should exercise sovereign control In all
questions on annexation. Two conditions
should govern the decision of the conquering
power. First , whether such action does not
Infringe upon the rights of other great pow
ers whose relations now touch all points
of the globe , thanks to modern discoveries ;
and second , whether the cause of justice
and humanity will not suffer under the rule
of the conqueror. Both these essentials are
fulfilled In the case In point. I see no reason
why the United States should not participate
In the expansion of Us western Influence In
the far cast and reap the economic advan
tages resulting therefrom. I look upon It as
a natural evolution of the march of weatcrn
progress In which America Is so conspicuous
"As to interference on the part of Eu
ropean states , I don't know what stnto hat
a title to make objections. China was dis
membered under guises , leases and Usu
fruct , which practically means annexation
The pretext was loss of blood and treasure ,
The United States holds the Philippines dc
facto by right of conquest. This gives then
a title to possession which the other greal
powers do not hold. As regards China am
Its Islands , they are not sufficiently clvlllzci
to make autonomy desirable , as may be the
case In Cuba , where America has given spe-
clflc pledges. "
The foregoing opinion was given since thi
commencement of hostilities.
ROME , May 8. ( New York World Cable
gram Special Telegram. ) Guldo Bacelll
the celebrated statesman and coming pre
mier. Interviewed tonight , said :
"The Americans should keep the Philip
pines. First , from a standpoint of interna
tional law , they have the right of coaques
and Indemnity ; second , from the standpoln
of policy , the United States Is the oni ]
power that can now have them , aa the ;
should not bo receded to Spain , which , .bclnj
without a fleet and finances , they would be
come res derellcta , a bone of contention fo
European powers , thereby precipitating i
f ir east conflict. If ceded to England the ;
would be considered by Russia and Ger
many a casus belli , as destroying the cqul
llbrjum In the far east.
"The powers , therefore , in their honrt o
hearts , hope that America will kee'p th
Philippines , as It is the only power capabl
of guaranteeing their neutrality and not be
Ing suspected of designs for territorial ag
grandlzement. Besides , a great nation wit !
great destinies like America must have
fleet to protect Us Interests and shipping
A fleet requires coaling ptatlons , and apar
from the Philippines America can hope 'fo
no coaling station In the Pacific. The present
ent Is America's heaven-sent opportunity. "
The Vatican organ , Asservatore Romanc
tonight officially repudiates that the Hoi
See Is better disposed to Spain that th
United States and affirms absolute impartial
What Ennland Think * About It.
LONDON , May 9. ( New York Worl
Cablegram Special Telegram. ) Sir Charlc
Dllke , asked today whether the question <
International law or practice' affected tb
United States' right to retain tbo .Phlllr.
pines , said :
"None whatever. The United States wl
hold the Philippines by right of conques
No power or powers will have the sllghte :
title to interfere. "
"But may not some powers , Germany c
France , for Instance , bring pressure to bet
on the United States to surrender them ? "
"That idea of continental pressure I n
gard as all moonshine. No power would ai
tempt pressure unless we were In the san
boat with them , which we never wllr b
Without English naval support no pow <
will venture upon any action In the ma
"Do you consider that the United Stati
should retain possession of the Phllli
pines ? "
Certainly I do. The only alternative
some kind of autonomous republican goi
ornment , which , however , would need i
much American protection that the Unit *
States might as well hold the islands then
selves. Then there is the scheme of ham
ing them over to Japan , but that wou' '
excite opposition of public sentiment In tl
United States , Japan being a pagan natlo
The other alternative Is to return them
Spain , but that , too , would excite scrloi
opposition In the United States and mi
be dismissed as out of the question. It
true that at the end of the great war wli
France we gave back all , or nearly all , tl
territory we conquered , but that Is not
parallel case , as we were ostensibly flghtli
for the king of France. "
"Would the United States need to kei
a largo force of troops In the Phlllppln
If retained ? "
"A considerable force would be requin
and of course the United States would
compelled to largely increase its navy. "
"Think you the general effect of t !
United States' retention of the Phlllppln ,
would be to bring nearer the possibility
an Anglo-American alliance ? "
"It would Increase their Interests In cor
mon , but I do not wish to say nnythli
about the alliance Idea , as I do not belle
there ever will be an alliance betwc <
Great Britain and the United States. "
Sir Henry Howarth , M. P. , a leading a
thorlty on foreign politics and Interaction
law , said : "I have no hestltatlon In say I :
the United States has a perfect right
keep the Philippines , and further that und
the circumstances it would be both wl
and proper for the United States to kc
them , as no International law could In a
way Interfere. The United States has a
solute discretion In the matter. There
no third party Involved , as the islands we
discovered by Spain and Its sovereign
has never been In dispute. By the rig
of conquest , therefore , America's posltl
is indlsputuable. All members of Parll
mcnt ( o whom I have spoken agree tt
the United States should not give th <
up. Spain found it impossible to govc
them In the past and would find the dll
culty still greater In the future. If tb
were banded over to England It would pi
voke a multitude of difficult questions.
Japan got them it would also provoke gn
Jealousy. Should the United States ana
Weather Forecast for
. . . . Winds.
1 Congre * * Thank * i
Shipment of Arnif
Fntnre of the Phj
3 Snuipion' * Turn
War to He Pnhr
Trnnport * fern
n Nebraska Net * * , i
HuHtle to Kill
Omaha Defeat * K3B2 | City ,
fleneial s'portltiH New * , of a Day.
4 Editorial and Comment.
B McKlnley to Open the Exposition.
No Director fienprnl Choien.
Affair * nt Sonth Omaha.
U Council II In fix Local Matter * .
lorvn Nctr * nnil Comment.
Itnllnii Soldier * Fire on a Mob.
r General New * of the Farther Went.
8 Rny Day oa Exponltlon firound * .
O "In a Fire-Swept Cai on. "
Concentrating the Volunteer * .
Ln * AnKcIen * HxpOHltlon Exhibit.
Jnilire Scott File * n DecUlon.
11 Commercial and Financial New * .
13 "Need * Mut When Devil Driven. "
Hawaii , together with the Philippines , It
would constitute tno magnificent bases ,
giving the United States Immense powci
In the Pacific , which I always hoped the )
would achieve , In the interest of civilization
and commerce. "
MAY GO TO PHILIPPINES
NebrnNkn Troopn Will Help Dene ]
Hold Mnnllrt If They Arc
Equipped In Time.
LINCOLN , May 9. ( Special Telegram. )
There Is now a probability that the troop :
from Nebraska will be sent to San Fran
cisco , to go from there to the Philippines
providing the matter of arms and equlpmenl
can bo adjusted , and that even If no more
equipment Is received from the governmeni
at least one regiment will bo sent. Efforl
has been made by the governor to have bolt
regiments sent to Chlckamauga. Tonight c
telegram was sent the adjutant general thai
both regiments would be ready Wednesday
equally equipped. Should the Wnr depart'
mcnt only require ono regiment It Is no1
known which one will be selected to go
In order to avoid n strife between them am
future embarrassment for himself , the gov <
ernor has so arranged with the reglmenta
and mustering officers that both regiment !
will be ready at the same time. The mess
age sent to the War department was a :
'Both regiments Nebraska volunteer
ready to move Wednesday , providing bal
ance equipment asked for Is furnished n
Chlckamauga or en route. Both abou
equally equipped. STOTSBNBERO.
"Mustering Officer. "
Shortly after sending above the follqwln
was received :
"WASHINGTON. D. Cii May 9 , 1898-
Kefcrrlng to my telegram May 7 you are In
formed that owing to changed condition
the destination of troops of your state men
tloncd therein has been changed from Cam
George H. Thomas , Georgia , to San Fran
clsco , California , and will be sent there pro
vlded your troops are uniformed , armed an
equipped ready for service.
"R. A. ALGER ,
"Secretary of War. "
It la not yet known to a certainty whcthe
one or both regiments are required for thl
service. Of the troops now mobilized hei
about 1,600 are fully armed and equlppei
It two regiments are wanted at once the
will not be fully equipped. If only one regl
ment Is wanted , one will be prepared an
furnished with the equipment now on ban
and will be ready to start Immediately. 1
Is probable that the War department wl
throw some light on this subject tomoi
row. The change of plan Is causing muc
excitement In official circles here. In ca ;
one regiment only Is wanted for the weal
ern trip the selection of that ono and tt
adjustment of tbe equipment so It will c
fully fitted out IB a matter of serious coi
slderatlon and ono which will require qulc
and decisive action.
Judge Lamhert Tree Point * Out The !
Vnlne to United State * .
CHICAGO , May 9. "I hope the Unlt <
States flag will never be hauled down at tl
Philippine Islands , " says Lambert Tre
former minister to Russia. "Tho clrcun
stances of our victory there demonstrati
tbe necessity of annexing them. Commode
Dewey did not have a place left for tl
solo ot his foot in the east. Ho was turni
out of Hong Kong , and then out of Ml
bay , and ho had to conquer a harbor , sta
for Honolulu or go to tbe bottom. No
that same thing will happen again whenev
we have another foreign war. All the per
will bo declared neutral and our fleet wi
have no harbor to coal , and will have
come home , surrender or sink. That
what I call a humiliating and Intoleral
state ot things ; and now that wo have prov
dcntlally acquired a port In the cast ,
seems to me wo are under obligations
"This Is all the more necessary becau
we have become a great commercial pow <
For If we mean to compete with other n
tlons for the trade of China and Japan It
indispensable that we should have a pled
s torre. It is inevitable that In tbe ne
future the Pacific ocean and the adjoint
p seas will become the scene of tbe greatc
i8 commercial activity , and the United Stat
has arrived at a period in Its history wh
a It must elther'advance , in accordance wl
ie Its responsibilities us a great power ,
else take a back seat In the famll ?
nations. Therefore I believe In the a
nexatlon of these Islands.
"As to the Intervention of foreign natlo
either to assist or oppose us In doing BO
cannot see what right any other nation h
to Interfere. We are perfectly able to ta
care of ourselves , and we can annex thi
Islands without anybody's help , and In sp
of anybody's opposition. At the same tli
I do not think that any power In Euro
will say a word , for no country In Euro
is looking for any trouble with tbe Unit
"The Monroe doctrine cuts no figure
this matter. Tbe fact that wo will not
any country In Europe extend Its polltli
system In this continent Is no reason w
we should not extend our political system
the eastern hemisphere. Whether In case
annexation we would become liable for a
Spanish debt secured on the Phlllppl
Islands on their customs revenue Is a mi
matter of detail and should not weigh
feather against annexation. Eo I am cli
and positive In my opinion that the Unll
States should never surrender the Phltlpp !
Islands to anybody , but should keep th
for Its own use. "
China U Now Neutral.
LONDON , May 9. A dispatch from Suai
hal announces that the governmeni has
at I 6ued a proclamation ot neutrality In tbe >
: x I between tbe United State * and Spain.
Spanish Ministry Will Not Step Out of Office
PROPOSES TO HOLD ON A WHILE LONGER
Desires to Have the Oortos Approve Its
Ouban Autonomy Plan !
PROPOSES TO FORTIFY THE PHILIPPINES
Reinforcements to Bo Sent for Both Sea and
CITY OF MADRID RULED BY AN IRON HAND
Troor * Tnkc the Plnoc of Ordinary
Pollre and Ever- Kind of Dem *
oiiHtrntloii I * Forhldden on
Pnlii of Arrc .
( Copyright , 1SOS , by Press Publishing Co. )
LONDON , May 9. ( New1 York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram. ) The Chroni
cle's Madrid special says :
The situation is unchanged. The ministry
Is waiting events and will hold office at
least until their autonomy ot Cuba Is ap
proved by the Cortes. They have deter
mined to reinforce the Philippines with
laud and sea forces , but the details are un
known. Blanco reports from Cuba that the
cruiser Cincinnati Is sunk.
Bread Hots continue. A crowd containing
women at Linares stormed the town hall.
The civil guard fired three shots. Twelve
persons were killed. All Is quiet hero In
Madrid. There Is a great change here. I
should not have thought It possible for
the people to lose heart so quickly. Reports
ot revolution and violence are exaggerated ,
but the government has done Its very best
to encourage disorder by showing that It
Is afraid. It It had taken no special pre
cautions at all , but thrown Itself bodily on
the patriotism of the people It would prob
ably escaped almost without nn attack , but
the moment a word was said against the
ministers the government was up In arms
and a state of war proclaimed. Troops take
the place of ordinary police. General Dabon
has control of the city soldiers. Ho holds
the barracks ready for action.
All political discussion of military news
Is forbidden. A group of more than three
people may bo broken up as a mob. The
senate and congress are protected by arms.
El Pals , the popular republican organ , was
yesterday suppressed. All but two small
theaters arc closed. Every kind of demon
stration Is forbidden and the air Is full of
vague apprehension. The government Is
afraid and has shown It. Conservatives ,
Carllsts iin < krepublicans all see their oppor
tunity now. Even Weyler , who was before
known as a hyena , bos become a popular
hero. Advanced papers pour out their rage
against the church and , the pricets. , . <
SntUfleHf Tvlth Cnhan CnmpalKB.
The Dally Mall's Madrid dispatch sayi :
Various rumors are current here with re
spect to the situation of the Spanish squad
ron In the Atlantic. Although' nothing defi
nite Is known officially the ministers con
sider that the method In which the Amer
icans move their Atlantic squadron shows
their Indecision. The Spanish government U
well satisfied with the course of events In
Cuba. The most significant fact at the
present moment Is that the military party
is beginning to use its undoubted strength.
General Lachambre , who lately returned
from the Philippines , yesterday convened a
meeting" the military members of the
Cortes , with whom he resolved to accentuate
their solidarity on all questions directly or
Indirectly connected with the army , such
action to bo wholly Irrespective of politics.
At future meetings they will Invite the co
operation of naval members. Considering
that there Is a community of Interests be
tween the two. branches of the service thla
new development foreshadows a serious fact ,
which any future ministry will have to take
The government wishes to urge the Cortca
this week to approve a bill authorizing nec
essary war expenditures , after which facil
ities will be given for the discussion of the
political situation. The followers of Senor
Romero Robledo and republicans , who are
also aided by the Carllsts , are working to
render the position of the government ona
of Increasing difficulty. At any rate no cab
inet change Is likely to take place before
next week. At present matters point to a
remodeled Sagasta cabinet , with the inclu
sion of Senor Gamazo.
Seen ThrouKh Spnnlnh Eye * .
The Dally News publishes an Interview
with Codnt de Rascon , Spanish ambassador
here. He said the American successes up
to the present had no Importance as an attack -
tack on the real strength of Spain. "The
most practical result and also the most evi
dent result of aggression of which my coun
try Is the victim " said he "
, , "Is that Eu
rope , Great Britain Included , Is having to
pay more for bread whllo speculators In
New York and Chicago have already re
alized millions of dollars of profits on the
sales ot wheat. The price of a bushel ot
wheat bos almost doubled In six weeks
and Immense quantities have been bought
Is for Europe to the advantage of the United
States , whllo the poor submit to the neces
sity of dearer bread. Already grave trouble
> g has arisen In Italy as a direct consequence
of this Increase in the prlco of the food of
the people. "
The Spanish ambassador expresses very
frank opinions regarding the origin of the
war and Its underlying motives. Ho Is
firmly convinced that when Great Britain
knows the whole truth and how tbe sup
posed exactions from the Cubans and the
faults ot the government of their Island
have been magnified and exaggerated by
the United States to mask the true motives
of the war and give a humanitarian pretext
for an Invasion , there will bo a lively re
tope action In this country , pro-Spanish sympa
thies will be aroused and will have full play
pope In their extension to the nation whose co
pe operation so powerfully aided England at
ed the commencement of the century and pre
pared the way for the glories of Wellington
In at Waterloo.
al HIrlitN n Spanlh Cruler.
liy ( Copyright , 1&33 , by Press Publishing Co. )
in ST. THOMAS. May 9. ( New Yoik World
of Cablegram Special Telegram. ) The dis
ny patch boat sighted a Spanlrh cruiser early
this morning ten miles off San Juan , Porto
TOa Rico. The name of the cruiser could not
a be obtained. It was a large , four-masted
ar vessel. The United States cruiser Yale
ed boarded tbo dispatch boat an hour later.
nem The Yale U guarding the Virgin passage.
: m It had circled Porto Rico and bad sighted
no war vessels , Spanish or American. Tbe
Yale and the unknown Spaniard may meet
at any moment. The Spanish cruiser Isabel
Is. Segunda , a second class war ship with small
rar vnn. hero at daylight and left
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