Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 08, 1898, Part I, Image 1
r : : : : : THE OMAHA UNDAY BEE. j ESTABLISHED JUNE 19 , 1871. OMAJIA , SUNDAY MOIINING , MAYV8 > 1898-TWENTY-FOUB PAGES. SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS. DEWEY Commodore 'Leaves Little in Manila Bay for Spaniards to Use. M 101 They Cannot Withstand the Iron Hail from Our War Ships. After the Battle the Petrel Captures a Store Ship at Manila with a Largo Amount of Coal on Board , While Commodore Dewey Takes Pos session of the Cavite Arsenal and Destroys All tha duns and Blows TTp the Mines and Magazines. ( Copyright , 1898 , by Press Publishing Company. ) _ _ HONG KONG , May 7. ( New York World Cablegram Special Telegram. ) Commodore Dewey's Asiatic squadron of six lighting ships on StuuUy morn ing , May 1 , captured the naval arsenal and forts at ! Cavlte , Manila bay , and annihilated the Spanish fleet at the Philippines. The American fleet sunk seven cruisers , four gunboats , two transports and captured one transport , sev eral 'tugs ' and small steamers. The .Spaniards lost 300 killed nnd 400 wounded. Not one American was killed. Every United States war ship was practically uninjured In the bard fought battle. It lasted three and one halt liours. Control of the Philippines was -wrested from the Spaniards. The American flag Is now flying over their principal strongholds. The forts guarding the entrance to Manila bay at Cor regidor Island have surrendered. Manila Is now under American guns and absolutely at Commodore Dewoy's mercy. The battle began at 5:30 : o'clock Sunday morning and the final surrender was at 12:30 : o'clock. The Spanish Hag still flies at Manila , but the American fleet Is powerful enough to reduce the city whenever Commodore Dewey de sires. The fortifications are not able to repel our ships. The entire islands are ours whenever we assert our claim. CommodoreDewey's llojt of nine vessels ran the blockade past the forts of Corregidor Island at midnight ot Saturday. The ships were painted gray , their lights showing only directly astern. The lighting ships passed unseen. The McCulloch , Captain Hodgson , was discovered , however , and flred upon by the , forts. The Boston replied with Its eight-Inch guns , followed by the McCulloch's three-Inch guns. The forts flred four shots , then relapsed Into silence. The fleet steamed at four-knot speed up the bay , arriving off Manila at day light. Then for the llret time tha Spanish discovered the presence of the cruisers. Immediately the guns from Manila fort opened lire. Dewey re fused to answer , as lie feared firing might kill some of the noncombatants In the harbor. He formed the float in column line of battle , advancing upon Cavlte , six miles south , where the heavy forts are located. At the same ; time the Spanish fleet assembled. The firing by the Spaniards became general. Commodore Dewey waited until within close range and when he hail approached preached to within 2,500 yards of the fleet , turned west , passing directly In front of the forts and the Spanish ships. Our fleet approached lu the follow ing ender : Olympla , Baltimore , Petrel , Concord and Boston. As the ships turned in range they Joined In the Olympia's bombardment. Terrific can nonading was exchanged on both sUes. Our ships did great execution' from the first. The laud batteries , which had heavier guns than the fleet , replied without cessation. We once more formed In column , when we saw their ships Imrnlng. The I / other ships aided lu subduing the forts and firing on the ships not entirely [ / disabled. Nothing could withstand , the accuracy ofi the American guns. The Spanish flre grew less brisk until at 12:50 : the commandant put up a signal of surrender. One fort still flew the Spanish flag , but the Boston at close range kept on firing and so silenced It , nnd the Hag was pulled down. Our fleet drew off , passing Manila , with 110 flrlng. A conference of commanders tils- closed that none were killed nnd tliat there was no damage to the ships. The accuracy of aim demanded terrible mortality on the Spanish vessels. The Spanish rear admiral , Patrlclo Moutrjo y Parason's , flagship , Uclua Christina , made a stubborn resistance and came out boldly to meet the Olympla. Our flre concentrated , striking eaveral times and cutting away part of the bridge on which he stood. He coolly stepped to the other end , but was compelled to retreat , and as the vessel turned an eight-inch Olympla shot struck the Chris tina squarely astern , plowing almost through , causing an explosion of the magazines. The admiral was compelled 'to ' abandon the ship. One hundred nud thirty wore killed nnd ninety wounded on the Christina alone. The ad miral transferred his Hag to the Castllla , which was also disabled with great loss of life. The most exciting Incident of the morning was the Intended at tack of two torpedo boats , which came out and were lying In wait for the Olympla. They were discovered leaving the breakwater and the Olympia's secondary battery was concentrated on them , but they remained until the Olympla was within 500 yards. The lire was too severe and the torpedo boats started to return , being shelled all the while. One shell struck astern with a terrific explosion. The boat sunk with all on board , and the other was beached and disabled. In the afternoon the Petrel was cnt to the Inner harbor behind ths forti fications and destroyed all the war ships not already flred by shots and cap tured n storeshlp at Manila valued at $300.000. The cargo Includes 000,000 tons of coal. The Petrel also captured many small steamers. The troops at Cavlte were allowed to depart with their arms to Manila. Commodore Dewey took possession of the arsenal nnd forts , destroying all the guns and blowing up the mines and magazines after the surrender. , The fleet lay before Manila nud Commodore Dewey sent word to the gov- crngr that ho would destroy the city lu the event the fleet was flred upon or n ' 'hostile dctnonswatlpn made. One warning was sufllclent. Monday morning a tug , under a flag of truce , brought an offer of surrender from the com- -maudnnt of Corregidor. The Baltimore and Kalelgh went to accept the sur render nnd found the commandant alone , the men having deserted. All the guns were blown up. Our fleet coasted around the 'bay ' , picking up all the 'Spanish vessels or destroying them. Monday Commodore Dewey notified the governor he must be allowed use the cable or ho would cut It. The governor refused and the cable was therefore cut The harbor around Cavlte Is desolated by American shells. In the Inner harbor He the submerged wrecks of the Helna Christina , Don Antonio , De Ulloa and Castllla. These were all flred by American shells and left burning when the Spaniards deserted them. Only the upper works and guns show. The In side harbor contains the wrecks of eight war ships , all burned , though some can be raised. Many of the guns are lu good condition and may IK taken oft t the wrecks and put alward transports at Manila and shipped home. Further hostilities seem Impossible unless Dewey bombards the town. The wounded lu Cavlte hospitals have Insufllclent food , and at the surgeon's request are beIng - Ing moved In a captured steamer to Manila. I accompanied the first steamer. We were not allowed to land , the wounded being taken off In launches. Pasig river , running through th < * city , we found obstructed with moored barges. It was reported many mines were planted there. The Inhabitants almost unanimously favor capitulation , so the Span- ish officer Informed me. He said the city was in danger from the Insurgents and also from starvation. Commodore Dewey Is not In communica tion with the Insurgents , who arc reported to have surrounded the city , stopping the food suppllci , which are now running short. The Spanish vessels destroyed , with the commanding officers' names fololws : Sunk Cruisers Ilelna Christina , Captain Cadarso ; Castllla , Captain Martin de Ollvaj Antonio de Ulloa , Commander Roblon. Burned Cruisers Juan de Austria , Com mander Concha ; Island de Luzon , Com mander Barreto ; Island de Cuba , Command er Regalado. Gunboats : Delduro , Commander Morcns ; Lero , Commander Benaveste ; Ve lasco , Commander Reboul ; El Corrco , Com mander Escudero ; nnd transport Isla do Mindanao. Captured Store ship Manila and numerous Btnal steamers. Commodore Dcewy commends the officers and men for their courage and bravery and says every ship was splendidly bandied. The accuracy of flro of our ships was as remarkable as the amount of metal thrown. The Olympla's guns fired 1,500 shells , the Baltimore 2,000. It Is estimated that more than 100 tons of metal was thrown from our guns. The McCulloch was selected as a dispatch boat to carry the commodore's report to Hong Kong. I accompany the McCulloch to file dispatches. The McCulloch will re main at Hong Kong one day for orders from Washington and will then return to Manila and rejoin the squadron. Commodore Dowey's future course depends on Washing ton. All the ships In the bay arc ordered out of the danger zone , so that action against the city can bvgu ! In Iho event of a hostile demonstration from the city. During the entire engagement I was on the McCulloch's decks seeing every shot flred. We were never out of range of the land fortifications. I was Impressed with he magnificence of the spectacle and the srcgard of danger shown by our com- andera. A. C. HARDEN. JGWEY'9 SUCCESS AT MANILA. t Cnnicn Much Alarm In SpnnUh Ilo- ll loiiH Circled. Copyright , Ib98 , by Press Publishing Co. ) MADRID , May 6 ( Via the frontier ) . New York World Cablegram Special Tele- ram. ) America's successful Invasion of le Philippine Islands has caused most larm among the church and monastic or- ers of Spain. Monks and Jesuits have been Irtually for centuries more the rulers of hcse distant possessions of Spain than the ay authorities. The latter were practically Isltors who never clashed with the clerical ntcrest without being almost Immediately hrown overboard by the Imperial govern ment and colonial officers. Indeed , clerical nfluences were so powerful In the Archl- cllgocs as to constitute a Catholic thco- racy at the close of the nlne- centh century similar to what had rcvalled In the American dominions of pain In the sixteenth and eighteenth cen- urles. It may hardly seem credible that rlcsts and monks as late aa five years ago revented the establishment of a British Jlble society depot and agent at Manila. All \merlcana can recollect how they Induced tie Spanish authorities to treat both Amerl- an Protestant missionaries and poor Pro- estant natives In Peonapo Island and the est of the Carollnas group. Captain Card- slco of the flagship Maria Christina , who vas killed at Manila , was the very man who put down the rising of 'rotestant natives In Peonape against the rlars. The powerful religious orders of the Franciscans , Dominicans , Augustlncs , Car melites nnd Jesuits have since the days of he original discoveries and conquest , grad- tally taken possession of these archlpellgos ind exercise authority as parish rectors possessing vast landed property , collecting ents and contributions from the natives EO everely that they have made themselvei ery unpopular. In fact the principal grievance of the natives , particularly he better class , In the last Insurrection was against the friars and Jesuits , whose ex pulsion or limitation of power their chiefs endeavored to demand from Spain when Agulnaldo and others submitted lately. As all these orders derive enormous Incomes rom these archipelagos , they are frlght- ully alarmed and will move every possible nfluence In the European court govern ments , above all In Catholic countries , to ecure for Spain possession of the Philippine slands when the time comes to make peace Already they have applied to the Vatican and offered the Spanish cabinet all their > owcr and wealth for this war. WANT TUB BLOCKADE BIIOKEW Ilnvnnn People Tired of Being Penned Ui Like Cnttle. Copyright. 1898 , by Press Publishing Co , KEY WEST. May 7. ( New York Worlc Cablegram Special Telegram. ) Advice from Havana say that the people there arc becoming more and more Incensed agalns the Spanish because they do not send tin Capo Verde squadron over to break tin blockade. General Blanco has forwardei messages of the most urgent character ti Madrid , but received unsatisfactory re spouses. The Havancso hove been toll dally for nearly two weeks that Spain vra sending war ships to their relief and up tc this tlrao they have believed It. But no\ the Inhabitants of the beleaguered city arc s wrought up that a demonstration at th capital was being planned when my In formant left. Thus far the people have been led t believe by frequent proclamations from tb palace that the United States squadron 1 afraid to attempt to enter tha harbor o bombard tbo city and that when the Sjnn Ish Heet arrives Admiral Sampsons boat will be blown out of the water. But th delay In the arrival of the Spanish boats accompanied by the vague news from Manll of the Spanish disaster there , has av.nleiie ; the people to a knowledge of their ital dan ger and an uprising may take place at an ; time. The price of provisions continues to c up. Eggs are $2 a dozen , milk 50 cents bottle , prime beef J1.7G a pound , butte | 2.25 a pound and canned goods and vege tables from $1 to M a can. Blanco has seized all the provisions bo can riet hla hands on , not oven excepting the horses and cattle used to work the plantations fn the Immediate vicinity of the city. The rc- couccntrados have been sent back to their homes In the Interior of the Island to starve to death there. Except In the best Informed circles ( ho belief Is prevalent that the guns of Morro and those mounted In the shore batteries can silence any attempt at bombardment by the Americans. The Spanish ofllcers also bcltcvo that the forces now In the held arc fully adequate to cope with any army that may land. Cnb'.e Still Cut. ( Copyright , 1S8S , by Press Publishing Co. ) SINGAPORE , Straits Settlement , May 7. ( New York World Cablegram Special Tele gram. ) Communication by cable by Manila and Hong Kong Is still cut off , but the gen eral manager of the cable company has Just Informed me that an American war ship was signaled as approaching Hoiig Kong at 13:30 : n. m. today. Iopv Offer * Xo Advice. ROME. May 7. Tbero U DO truth la the statement that the coae has advised tha queen regent to mediate. DEWEY'S ' REWORK _ 1 I It Excites Great Acbfcate in British ABSORBING INTERES IN THE SITUATION American Commands-May Tet Hold His Own Withont Beinforoemente. DEMONSTRATE NEW VALUE Of SEA POWER V Opinion in London thai Spain is Faitbg Up a Bluff. NOT LIKELY TO SEND ITS FICET ACROSS Inrtl nnM of the Decadcaf Monarchy Are LonliiK Faith In It * In tention to Make Any Klndof MPIicht. ( Copyright , 1838 , by Press Publishing Co. ) LONDON , May 7. ( Now York World Ca blegram Special Telegram. ) As further details of Dowey's triumph are becoming known admiration for the thoroughness with which the American squadron did its ap pointed work Is unstinted. The feeling among experts here Is that Dewey's posi tion Is exceedingly difficult and If occupied by any less resourceful or able commander the United States might well feel apprehen sive whether ho could make his victory effective. Efforts of the Navy department to get forward supplies and landing a force are watched with the keenest interest , ns is thought Dewey will bo compelled to ake a base for procuring supplies In three r four weeks if succor -falla to reach him cforc. The whole circumstances of his po tion arc so entirely novel that develop ments arc of absorbing Interest to experts , nd If he succeeds in maintaining his ad- antago without ( ho military forces deemed ssentlal to supplement a bombardment , he 111 offer a new demonstration of the value f sea power in war hitherto unproved. If the Spanish fleet were as effective In ther respects as in keeping its movomeula secret It would be a formidable opponent. Mo news has yet been received of ILo Cape /crde squadron's whereabouts , and H. W. .Vilson , a noted expert , said today : "I don't icllevo the story at all that the squadron s going to Cadiz. I strongly'Incline to the iclief that it has put in to 'the Canaries. " SpnitlHh Navy Utiitrepnrcd. Everything Is going to prove the accuracy f early information concerning the unpre- iarcdness of the Spanish navy. Lieutenant Lcnolr of the French navy , who just re- , urned from a tour of the Spanish arsenals : nd dock' yards , states that the reserve quadron at Cadiz will not be ready to tail 'or flvo weeks yet and give * a deplorable Icturo of the disorganisation And unreadi ness of the Spanish authorities. Even Sprin- 'sh partisans hero are' ' now > compelled to admit that Spain ts mer MrplayinK'a game1 ) f -bluff and they are JpslnlfjaUh In Us will- ngness to face the Vcj'ei'f.-iu'fleet at all. It is expected In diplomatic circles here hat the publication- < that details ofSpan- sh losses in the Philippines will be made .ho occasion for a Spanish appeal by the uecn regent.for Intervention by the powers , 'ho crushing character of the American Ictory , in conjunction with revelations in .he Cortes of Spanish unpreparedness and he imminent jeopardy < of ft republican rev- lutlon are held to constitute a powerful In- icntlve to Spain to appeal for mediation. The ucstlon is much discussed among diplomats whether America would insist on its right o demand that Spain shallmake submission direct to Washington , for a firm conviction prevails among diplomats that Spain will ieok to save its prldoj by proposing terms trough the medium of friendly powers. The Lafayette capture , cxclted much In- : erest hero , as it was' fully expected France would have protestc'd. Th/rapid conclusion of the incident and the release of the La- 'ayette ' without interposition of the French government is considered avery smart piece of work , as it deprives the action of the Washington executive of any nppearancc of being adopted under diplomatic pressure. Cxnert Vlniv. Hon. Thomas Allnut ifraesey , editor of Lord Drassey's Naval Annual , an acknowl edged authority on naval" questions , has iven his views of Spanish naval strategy as follows : , "No one can predict , the naval strategy probably to bo adopted by Spain , but the following suggests itself as a possible course of action. With the exception of the Pelayo they have no ships capable of fighting an action In moderate weather against the Iowa or the three coastline battleships of the Indiana type. On the other hand the armored cruisers of the Infanta Maria Teresa type and the Cristobal Colon would constitute a powerful squadron of good speed which should bo capable of holding .Us own against any squadron of United States ships that can catch It Should such a squadron be sent to the West Indies and Spain succeed In keeping a coaling base in either Cuba or Porto Rico It would render a blockade of Cuba very difficult if not abso lutely ineffective. It could , do considerable damage to the trade of > the'gulf and Atlantic seaports. The American commander would bo obliged to keep his ships concentrated or run the risk of'their - being cut off in de tail. " CONDITION OP THINGS' IN HAVANA. SpnnlardN Hove Ko 4 K umlto I.nwt Two SIonUiB. ( Copyright , 1S$8 , by Prea's IPubllshing Co. ) KEY WEST , May ,7. ( Nev York World : Cablegram Special Tele nnn. ) We had been hearing a good deal about Thrall for a long time. Everybody vras aware of his Im mensely precarious situation and everybody heaved a sigh of relief vihea-he at last was known to be safe on board one of the Ameri . can war ships. Dressed In the universal linen or duck and with a straw hat on the back of his head , Thrall differs little from a certain type of young 'AnwUcan manhood. The striking thing' about 10m now is his eyes. The expression ' i > f\Umn will doubt less change as he'breather more of the peace < jf tte ) American side , but at present they are peculiarly wide open , as If strained with watching. They two at you and lo not seem to wink and at the corners the Is arc wrinkled , as It from Jong'pain. This it the Impress of his hawrdous situation , still upon him. As for his own ; deeds , he talks as little and wants to talk as' llttlo.as mo t Intrepid men Ask htm of the situation In Havana , how ever , and ho Is eager at once. He sayg thai the first day of the blockade brought tre mendous confusion to Havana. Even In tb < batteries everything woi pel1 mell. In th < city white-faced people thronged the street : crying : "Oh ! they are 'going to open flre they are going to open flr . " On the second day the populace wa : calmed , mainly becaused they were sleepy They had been up all the previous night On the third day almot everybody who wen THE BEE BULLETIN. Weather Forecast for Nebraska : Fair ; Warmer ; Variable Winds. Pace. 1 Btorr of Detrey'a Grcnt Victory , newer' * Knme on All Tongue * . Dewey In Control lit Manila. 2 Dewey Made an Admiral. American Flag Salwted at Itarnna. Thrllllntr Encnpo of it Ileporter. 3 Nebrankn , New * . Vlnf tor Nebraska' * Tronim. Dewey Hrenk * All Record * . Trouble Feared In BIndrld. 4 LaM Week In Omaha Society. MuHlcnl Review of the Week. Uchocn of the Ante Koom. R Sporting ; Event * of a Day. O Council IIluIT Local Matter * . town XIMV * niul Comment. t General New * of the farther Weal. 8 Lntent New * of the Exposition. 10 "Anile * of Empire. " 11 Condition of Omnhn' * Trade. Commercial nnd Financial New * . 12 Editorial nnd Comment. lit Improving Omaha' * Street * . llnr'M Tribute to the Dead. 14 In the Amnnement World. 1(1 Anthracite of the Attde * . 15 In the Domain of Woman. 1U Half a Million Club Women. 2O Snccen * n * a I'hynlclan. Work of the Woman' * Clnb * . 21 Snritery on the Ilnttlefleld. Modern Itnpld Fire Gun * , lia Sportlnnr Hevlew of the Week. S3 With the Wheel * and Wheelmen , ! t "Wonder Children. " ItouRh Uldcr * for Cuba. Tcmiiernturc nt Omnhnt Hour. Deir. Hour. Dear. B n. m -1U 1 p. in ll > ( I n. in -Id 2 p. m 71 7 n. m 4(1 U p. m 72 H n. in R1 4 ] i. m T.I tt n. m (11 G p. m 7:1 1 ( > n. m ( ! R U n. m 72 It n. m (17 7 p. m 7U 12 m (18 up on the streets was rounded up and put to work upon the fortifications. They were paid $2 per day. As the days passed on and no bombardment ensued , the spirit of the populace changed. They decided the fleet was afraid. When Thrall left they wer" feeling very gay and content. It was also reported In Havana that the Spanish ( loot had whaled the life out of Admiral Dewey'u squadron In the east. Dlanco Is dally Issuing proclamations about this thing and that thing. Ho Issued ono calling upon the Insurgents to enlist In the Spanish army under the command of the traitor , chief tain , Juan Parra. Thrall says that as far as ho knows no aspirants for this distinction have appeared. As to the engagement of the Marblehead and Eagle with the defenses of Clcnfucgos , the Spanish papers declare no shot reached within four miles of the town. Ocneral Arolas , commanding all Havana , has embarked a stock of provisions for the rcconcontradocs sent In care of General Leo from the United States and turned It over to the commissary department of the army. Both silver and paper money have simply flunked , but In the way of provisions the Spaniards are good for two months , as everybody knows. The 2d of May brings a great , patriotic fete day among all Spaniards. Tbo people In Havana were certain that the American fleet would attack on that day and they were leaking for It. They had a gambler/s / confidence in winning any game If it was played on their lucky day. Thrall's story of the American ( Major W. D. Smith ) , who was arrested as a spy in Havana , recently will doubtless remain all that can be told of ono of , the melancholy and mysterious chap ters of the war. The man must bo dead by this time. STEVE CRANE. YELLOW FEVEBAT KEY WEST _ Dread ScourRe I * Brought Into the Harbor by the Captured Span- lull Ship Aritouixuta. ( Copyright , 1898 , by Press Publishing Co. ) KEY WEST ( via Tampa ) , May 7. ( New York World Cablegram Special Telegram. ) Yellow jack has appeared in Key West harbor. The dread disease has attacked four men , among them two Americans. They belong to the prize crew of the gunboat Nashville , which , with the gunboat Marble- head and Eagle , captured the Spanish steamer Argonauta off Clenfucgos. Ensign Kuenzll of the Nashville and eight men were placed aboard the Argonauta and brought It to port under the Marblehead's convoy. Health officers visited the Argo nauta promptly on Its arrival and all seemed well , for the first symptoms only of the dread disease manifested themselves. Two , of the prize crew and two of the crow ol tbo Argonauta showed decided > chills and were put under surveillance. The symptoms got worse and the horrible black vomit developed in a day or two. The belt medical skill of Key West has been al work on the four cases and it Is believed some headway has been made against the disease. Unfortunately , however , most ol the men sank Into a comatose condition there will be a hard fight to save them. The Argonauta has been stationed among the fleet of tbo captured steamers to the cast of the United States vessels. It is most strictly quarantined , and it is said il will be removed to Dry Tortugas. where the quarantine would be strictly enforced. A disagreeable feature of the case is the fact that the ten Spanish officers and ten privates , who were captured on the Argo nauta were placed aboard the Nashville soon after being captured. If they had germs of disease they may have communicate ! them to the Nashville's men. Up to date absolutely nobody Is sick aboard tbo Nash ville. Another disagreeable feature is the facf that all the Spanish officers and men were sent north on the passenger steamer City o Key West on Thursday. It had a numbe of passengers when It sailed for Miami , Fla. and the Spaniards were under guard o colored troops and wcro on their way to Fort McPherson , Atlanta , Ga. As far as known here none of the Spaniards showed symptoms of the disease. Navy surgeons here feel confident tha they will master yellow jack. They are try Ing a new scientific method which they fee will prove a signal success. The fact that yellow jack has made Its ap pearance Is being kept quiet , as a panto 1 : feared If It becomes generally known. Name of prize crew ill cannot be obtained. In addition to the Nashville's prize crew the United States marshal bai placed ee feral o his men on board. Porto Illco In Ilerolt. ( Copyright , 1898 , by Press Publishing Co. POUT AU PUINCE. H ytl , May 7. ( Now York World Cablegram Special Telegram Reports have reached here from an au thentlc source that the towns of Cayey an Rlcon , In Porto Rico , are to revolt agalns Spain. It Is reported that the Insurgent are in arms and that wealthy Spanish fam Hies are leaving for ports of safety. ThI news shows how widespread thn revolu tlonary spirit in Porto Rico Is. Cayey is I the southeastern part of the Island and Rlcon Is in the extreme northwest. It Is close t Lares , a town lu which rebellion agalnr Spanish rule began long before the prcsen Cuban revolution. Dctances , who was a the head of the revolution , fled to Paris . where he has been an active agent of tb Cuban Insurgents. OFFICIAL REPORT American Admiral Sends His. Account of His Own Glorious Victory. Total Des on of the Enemy's Fleet of Eleven Vessels , Spain Loses Over Six Hundred Men in the Engagement , While Not a Binglfr American is Killed and Only Six Wounded Not One of the United States Fleet Sustains Damage JJowoy is in Entire Control of the Situation in the Philippines. ( Copyright , 1898 , by Press Publishing Co. ) MANILA , May 7. ( New York Woild Cnbk'Kram-Spwilal T/eli'Rrain. ) The result of the * battle between Commodore ' Dewey's llect and the Spanish forts and vessels here was the destruction of the entire Spanish fleet , eleven vessels , belli } ; lost. The Spanish loss besides was : ! 00 killed and 400 Injured. On the American side there were none killed and only six slightly Injured. Not olio of the American licet was damaged at all. WASHINGTON , May 7. Two nlllclal dispatches were received from Com modore Dewey this morning describing his attack oil Manila. The tlrst dis patch read as follows : "MANILA , May 1. The squadron arrived at Manila at daybreak this , morning. Immediately engaged the enemy and destroyed the Spanish war vessels Ueiua Christina , Castllla , Ulloa , Isla do Cuba , General Laze , tho- Dnero , Corrco , Mlnacano , Velasco , Mlndnnoa , transport , and the water bat tery to Cavlte. Tlie .squadron is uninjured and only u few men were slightly Injured. The only msiuis of telegraphing Is tothe - American consul at Ilotig. Kong. I shall communtaitc with him. G. DRWEY. " The other dispatch gives additional Information of the engagement and. reads as follows : "CAVITE , May 4. I have taken possession of naval station at CavIIo on. Philippine Islands. Have destroyed the fortifications at bay entrance , patrol ling garrison. I control bay completely and can take cty at any time. Tho- squadron Is In excellent health and spirits. Spanish loss not fully known , but very heavy , 150 killed , including captain of Kelna Christina. I am assisting- lu protecting Spanish sick and wourtdeJ. Two hundred , and fifty' sick and. wounded In hospital within our lines. Much cxcltemcnt t Manila. Will pro tect foreign residents. DEWEY. " MADRID , May 7. 8 p. m. An ofilcial dispatch from General Augusta governor-general of the Philippine Islands , sent via Labayan , says : "The enemy seized Cavlte and the arsenal , owing to the destruction of the- Spanish squadron , and established a close blockade. It Is said that at the re quest of the consuls the enemy will not bombard for the present , provided I do not open fire upon the enemy's squadron , which Is out of range of our guns. Therefore , I cannot flre until they come nearer. "A thousand sailors arrived here yesterday evening from our destroyed squadron , the losses of which * number CIS. " RUSH TO RECEIVE THE NEWS Ofllclaln nnd Ncwupnper Men Crowd the Qnnrter * of Secretnry I.oiiir In Nnvy Dcpnrtiiient. WASHINGTON , TUay 7. Notwithstanding .ho fact that everybody for several days past has been In momentary expectation of cable advices from Commodore Dewey , the town was thrown Into the wildest excite ment at breakfast time this morning by the Issue of extra papers , announcing the ar rival of the McCulloch at Hong Kong with dispatches for the government from Com modore Dewey. The publication of newspaper dispatches telling of the terrible mortality among the Spanish and tbo escape of the American force * , the men and ships , from serious In jury , added to the excitement and to the Intense satisfaction with which tbo long expected news was received. There was an instant rush of newspaper men to the Navy department to secure further Information From official sources , and perhaps , dismayed by the number and Impetuosity of the newspaper contingent , tb officials of the Navigation bureau , where cipher dispatches are transcribed and translated , promptly closed and locked their doors against In vasion. One of the officers of the Navigation bureau had been on duty every moment of the twenty-four hours for several weeks past , walling to receive cablegrams of Im portance. A similar state of affairs has prevailed at tbo State department , where ono of the assistant secretaries and the chief clerk bavo divided up the watches of the night , sleeping on temporary cots set up In the ante-room. The State department has the honor of receiving the first news It came in the shape of a cablegram ol three words from United States Consul Wlldman at Hong Kong and was aa fol lows : i "Hong Kong McCulloch. Wlldman' . " That Is the usual form In which naval movements are reported by cable. This dispatch was received by Third Asslutant Secretary Crldler , who was turned out of bis cot by a messenger buj at 1.40 o'clock this morning. The naval ofhclaH wcro promptly notified and awlted with Intense interest the dispatch which was expected to surely follow from Commodore Dewey. IlrlunK the Official UUpntch. About 9:30 : Manager Marean , of the West ern Union Telegraph company , appeared at ttio department , bringing with him a sheet comprising four lines of the mysterious Jargon , which makes up tbo naval cipher. He handed this directly to Secretary Long , who gazed at It for a moment and turned It over to Lieutenant Whlttlesey , ono of the cipher experts of the Navigation bureau , for translation Into English. Then the sec retary made a pretense of sitting down at his desk to transact other business , but It was plain to be seen that In spirit he had joined tbo anxious throng of newspaper men who thronged the reception rooms waiting for the news. The naval cipher Is one of the most com plex in the world. The messages come In | words of strange , formation , taken from all ' languages. These words are turned by the ' translation clerks Into groups of figures , and these In turn are resolved Into their equiva lent words In English. All this takes time. Meanwhile Secretary Alger , hearing of the receipt of news , had come over from th War department to see his colleague , but ha was also obliged to wait patiently for the translation. Senator Hoar , a member of the foreign relations committee also joined Sec retary Long and waited upon the cable ex perts. About 10 o'clock a prominent official gave the newspaper men a brief abstract of the cablegram as far as received. This ) only whetted the Interest of the crowd in waiting. Half an hour later Secretary Long appeared with a translated copy In bis hand. It was at once noticed that the cablegram as officially promulgated , did not entirely agree with the brief summary of Us points which bad been previously given out and the immediate presumption was that In the short tlmo accorded for consideration , the officials had concluded that It was publlo policy to expurgate the dispatch. Thus , ag made public , It contained no reference to the cutting of the cable by Admiral Dowcy , or that bo lacked men to take possession o ( the place , and finally that be bad the entire bay of Manila at his mercy. It was also noted that the dispatch bore date of May 1. The McCulloch could not have occupied more than six days In making the short run across to Hong Kong. Therefore - * fore It was Immediately assumed that the above dispatch was the first of two or more that bad been brought over to Hong Kong by the McCulloch. In other words , Comf modore Dewey bad written Sunday night , stating In his message a brief account of tha day's work. Instead of sending It Im mediately by the McCulloch to Hong Kong , ha bad delayed that vessel for two or three days at least , probably to use the McCul loch In the subsequent bombardment of the town and forts. The events of these last few days without doubt were made the sub ject of ono or more official dispatches which are to follow the original message. The department at 10 o'clock , after tha first message was at hand , was still receiv ing sheets of the cipher cede from the tele graph company , while the cipher expert ! were still at work behind the heavy doors of of tbo Navigation bureau. j Second DUpatch. ' Shortly before noon Secretary Long l ft the Navy department for the White Hous and an official confirmation was made that a second dispatch from Commodore Dowty had been received. The secretary carried this with htm to the White House , and pending the conference with the president there was Intense eagerness among the waiting crowd to learn the contents of tha second dispatch. Senators who taw tha president secured a brief Intimation that Dewey's victory was overwhelming and that he bad a large number of Spanish prisoner ! In his possession. At 12:30 : p. m. Secretary Long came from the president's private room carrying the copy of the second message from llewey , but In order to give equal facilities to tba great crowd of people waiting to gain In formation he held It until be reached bla private office. Then hla secretary , Mr. . Plnney , brought the message to the larga J reception room , where a hundred or morn anxious newspaper correspondents and ourl | ous observers took the dispatch as Mr. Pi j ney read It. Argentine Help * Spain. BUENOS AYRES ( via Galveiton ) , May T.