Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 6, 1898)
Powered by OpenONI
IttfE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , KAHCII C , 1808.
HARD WORK UNDER WATER
Dangcra and Difficulties of the Diver's
THE EQUIPMENT THAT IS USED
r.vcrrU'n Thirty-One Ycnr '
Kxiicrirncc "Without nil Accident
_ Xo Klectrlc lljclil or Tclc-
It Is a common saying that danscri which
Jiavo become familiar through long custom
ccuso to bo rccUoncd os dangers. In a great
measure this la true of the risks attendant
upon the work of a diver. His Is gnorally
regarded by outsiders as a perilous profes
sion , relates the New York Tribune , and ,
even when every precaution Is "taken to
guard against accidents , It must bo admitted
that diving presents dangers peculiar to Itself -
self and oftentimes Impossible to foresee and
uvcrt. Hut the diver lilmsrlf has grown
used to facing the conditions of his work
and they have nonu of that terror for him
which they would Inspire In a man entirely
unaccustomed to remaining beneath the wa
ler. Ho descends trusting to the proper
working of the mechanism by which ho Is
supplied with air and to the strength of the
lifeline ! which lowers and pulls him up.
Yet the experienced and trustworthy
diver la anything but reckless. It Is well
for him to dwell little upon the various mlS'
haps which might , but probably will notl
occur ; nevertheless It Is essential that he
should bo sufficiently mindful of his posi
tion to Induce him to exercise all posalblo
care lu his movements. Captain Charles
Kverett. the most expert diver of the Mer-
rltt & Chapman Derrick and Wrecking com
pany , who him just gene to Havana nt the
head of a band of divers to take charge of
the work on the 'Maine ' , Is recognised every
where as ono of the moat successful men In
Ills profession , and has been diving now for
thlrty-ono years without an accident. He Is
very modest In speaking of this fact and
tneicly fays :
"I have been fortunate so far. There Is a
great deal In that. Of course I am alwu > s
careful not > to run any unnecessary rlsk3 , and
all our apparatus Is examined to sco that
It Is In perfect working order betoro a diver
descends , but even then there are certain
chances of accident. Personally I don"t
think they arc very 'great If a diver knows
his business. I feel Juet as safe when workIng -
Ing under water as I should on the deck of
a. vwsc.1. 1 fiavu been diving fop BO many
years that every phase Is an old etory to
me now. "
Captain Everett ha * ' , Indeed , In the courco
of Ills experience , tried every kind of diving
which to practiced with a view to recovering
sunken property. HO has been deep under
the waves In the open tea , on the mud bottoms
toms of harbors , vn the beds of rivers where
the cuvrent was swift , In lakes , chatnoH
nnd. In short , In all places where wrecks
nro found. In prosecuting this work he has
traveled extensively , not only throughout all
the waters In the neighborhood of the United
Statcfl , but also In South America nnd the
"West Indies. One of his latest pieces of
work was pet formed about four weeks ago ,
high up In the Allegheny mountain * . This
naturally , was not a cass of shipwreck ,
coal mlno had been llooJeJ , tnd Captak
Everett dived Into Us black depths to aacer
tain the extent of the damage and sec wha
could bo done toward repairing It. "You
. eee , I am a dry-land ao well as a deep-sea
Ulvcr , " he remarked , laughingly.
The diving suit which Captain Everet
.wears . , and which Is the one generally usci
now by all divers , Is made of India rubber ,
with a helmet and breastplate of copper ,
Ouialdo of the rubber , to protect It from hard
usage , an extra ult of canvas overalls la
worn , and after a rough piece of work thl
canvas Is frequently torn to ahrecU. Aroun
lila waist the diver wears a belt made p
bars of lead fastened crosswise 01 a leathfr
bacid. His shoes are of metal , heavily
weighted , so that ho can maintain an croc
position ca.illy. nnd the entire suit wltt
which he enters the water weighs about 17"
pounds. This is necessary to enable him t <
elnk to the required depth. The helmet I
supplied with windows of thick glass , on
hi front and two others at each sideof It , s
that by turning his head slightly Imildo th
helmet the diver can see for some dlstanc
The air tube upon which his ability t <
remain below depends. Is of strong , llexlbl e
rubber , through which the fresh air fron
above rs driven down by means of a pump
This tube , before reaching the opening in th
helmet through which the air Is supplied t
the diver. Is carried through a ring en th
( breastplate at the diver's left shoulder ,
This Is so that ho may bo able to grasp I
quickly , without having to grope for It , 1
case ho needs to signal to those at the pum
above. One pull on the tube means tint h
w < uJ'o more air and two pulls warn th
ijmmpers that ho Is getting too -much. J
the air were supplied In excess , the sul
would become so 'bouyant ' that It would tcni
to rise , nnd thereby Interfere with the div
er's operations. Attor being passed throng !
the shoulder ring the tube ROCS -around an
enters the helmet at the back. From her
the air passes through & flit rubber tulu
to the top of the helmet , where th slngl
[ tube divides Into three branches , on ? o
which goes down to the nostrils and th
othern to the ear * .
After the air has been breathed It passi ;
on down Inside the suit , Inflating this auf
flclently to overcome to a contain degree th
hydrostatic pressure. Without air Inslda II
the rubber would bo pressed agihut th
< Uver's body and limbs by the wHs'mt of th <
water , and wsuld drive the blood up "Inti
his head. There Is another opening In th' '
back of the helmet through which the foi :
air 11 ntls Its escape. This may bo seen comln
up to the top of the water In the form o'
The llferope by which the diver Is low
ered and raised Is about , as ahlck ES ordlnar ;
clothesline. It Is wound securely about hi
waist nnd fastened under his ar.ns. : Thro
pulls upon It signify to those above that th
, < llver wlshet ) to come up.
THE SENSE OP TOUCH.
It Is possible to use electric lights undo
water , but , as a matter of fact , It Is no
widely done. Captain Everett prefers to worl
without u light rather than bo put to th.
trouble of carrying nnd looking after one
"A diver has only two hands , " he says , "am
If ho has to use ono to carry his light , ho li
badly handicapped In his work. When I an
In places where I cannot see at all , either b
reason of the great depth or because th
water Is muddy or foul , I work by the sens' '
of touch. Often I can see what I am ban
dllng and this faculty Is useful in nigh
Telephones arc sometimes used , where fro
qiient and detailed communication botweei
the diver and those above Is duslrable , bu
liere again Captain Everett shows his preference
once for having as llttlo extra lncumbranc <
as possible when ho Is below. Ho uses th
telephone sometimes , but saja that they ar. .
more or less In the way. "They nro said t
be useful , " ho remarked , "when a dive
wishes to Inform those above that he IL
caught fast , but they can always tell that
anyway by feeling of the lifeline. H gets
tangled sometimes among the wreckage be
low , but the diver can usually get himself
clear again with a little time and caro. Oc
casionally , when the bottom Is of soft mud ,
ho sinks so deep In It that ho has to be
pulled up by the line. I have often been up
to my hips and waist In mud and have , oven
on rare occasions , sunk until the mud was
even with the top of my head. "
It Is Interesting to note the pressure which
divers at a great depth have to endure. At
the sea level the atmospheric pressure Is
about fifteen pounds to the square Inch. Do-
low the surface It Increases a little less
than half a pound for every foot of depth.
Thus at a depth of thirty feet the diver Is
under a pressure of thirty pounds to the
square Inch. or. as he terms U , he has the
weight of "two atmospheres. " At sixty feet
lie has another fifteen pounds of "three at
mospheres" to stand , and thus It Increases ,
every additional thirty fret bringing another
fifteen pounds' pressure to the square Inch.
LIMIT OF * HUMAN ENDURANCE1.
There U , of course , a limit beyond which
human endurance cannot go. ThU Is gener
ally reckoned at about 120 feet , when the
diver U under a prcjiur * of "flve atmo-
pttTM , " or eventjr-Uv pound * to the iquar *
Inch. At thin depth , he cannot remain down
long. Captain Everett bat been down 12G
feet but ho came up every fifteen mlmitrn.
On another occasion ho went down 107 feet
and remained under for an hour and twenty
minutes. ThU , however , ho says , was < oo
long for ho felt much exhausted when ho
reached the surface. It a diver stays below
much longer than ho ought to , the prcuuro
ojusej the blood to etaKtinlo , and the pow
erful and sudden reaction when he attends
to the surface la very painful , in some cases
having caused the blood to flow from the
nostrils and ears. At shallow depths It Is
possible to alay under for several hours at
In speaking of the situation of the Maine
at Havana , Captain Everett said that In
such a shallow , tldclcss harbor ( the Maine Is
lying In about thlrtv-slx feet of water ) the
divers could work half a day easily without
needing to come up. He would not express
any opinion regarding the nature of the work
which would bo required on the Maine , be
cause , he said , nothing of any value could be
expressed on that subject until a thorough
Inspection had been made.
"That Is a case , " lie said , "In which un
usually ferloui questions arc at stake. There
will bo a great responsibility on the divers ,
who go down to the Maine , because the whole
world has got to see things through those
men's eyes. There must be no mistake on
the part of the divers , and for 'that reason
only the most experienced men ought to
bo sent. "
When asked If ho know of any special
dangers which the Maine work would In
volve , Captain Everett said :
"Well , they talk of the sharks In those
waters. I suppose * there might be a chance
of being bothered 'that ' way. Hut I have
dived In tropical waters and have never
had trouble with sharks. I have been lucky ,
as I told you before , so I don't worry about
the dangers. "
( iOSSIP AltOUT XOTHII I > KOI LC.
General Dragomlrof , who has rccc'-itl }
been appointed the now civil as well as
military governor general of the three south
western provinces of Russia , Is rcconlzc (
as the greatest authority on war and tactics
In HiMsla. U no ? lie who led the crossing
of the Danube from Eenmltza to Slstova to
1S77 , and at Shlpka , being wounded by a
Turkish bullet In the left knee , ho bourn
up the wound with his pocket handkerchlc :
and , In splto of much loss of blood , contlnuei
to encourage the defiiise from on clovatei
and exposed position without once retiring
from under fire.
Abner C. Ooodell of Salem , Mass. , who ha
just celebrated his ninety-third birthday. Is
said to bava perfected the design of the firs
printing press which printed cm both side
of a paper at oiicc , and he also dlscovcrei
the process for preparing steel and coppc
plates for engravers. Lucr he helped bulli
the Jlrst locomotive for the Boston & Lowcl
railway and turned the wheels of the flm
turn-table. Ho worked on the first eloctrl
motor ever constructed , which nftcrwar
re between Daltlmoro and Washington , n u
on the first engine lathe for the nastcrn rail
road repair shops.
SInce the retirement of Justice Field. Jus
tlco Ilarlan , now the oldest associate Jnsttc
in length of service. Bits on the right of tli
chief Justice , and . 'ust.'co Gray , second In
length of eervice , nits on his left. Chic
Justice Fuller Is the smallest man on th
oupromo bench and he Is flanked by the tw
largest men. Justices Ilarlan and Gray , b&tl
being very tall and broad-shouldered. Jits
tlco Gray Is the oldest man on the suprem
bench , being nearly 70 , and the youngest
Justice White. Is 53. Justice Brewer , wli
was born In Smyrna , Asia Minor , where hlh
parents were millenaries , Is the only mem
bor of the court who was not bom in Amer
Speaking of ex-President Prey of Switzer
land. Dr. Lcroy Dibble of Kansas City sayu
"I lived In Switzerland nearly two yean
and had the pleasure of talking over old wai
days with the president of the republic
When a young man ho came to this country ,
In 1SS7 , and settled InIllinois. . When the
war 'broke ' out young Frcy enlisted In un
111111014 regiment ' 5s a private and ho served
with distinction , being promoted to lieuten
ant. Frey was captured and was confined
for a long time In Andersonvlllo prison an.l
was one of the three men who escaped. Soon ,
after this his father died and bo returned
to Switzerland to manage the property. Ho
afterward 'became ' president of the republic. "
Colonel William Fellows of San Gabriel
Valley , Cal. , who claims to ho the last of the
guards about John Brcwn and his aaioclatcs
at Charestown , Va. , makes thla statement
to a correspondent of the New York Sun :
"A fact In connection with the hanging of
old John Brown that I have never seen In
print Is that John Wllkes Booth , who aiisas-
slnatcd President Lincoln In 18C5 , was a sor1-
gcant In one of the militia companies at the
execution. Sheriff 'Campbell ' told mo later
that the day before the execution , a hand
some , fresh , black-eyed youth of 20 years ,
came nnd asked permission to go and see
the Brown raid prisoners In tholr cells. Lewis
Washington , a grandnephew of George Wash-
ton , took part as a captain In the military
display that day. "
"When I waa first married. " sayg the Rev.
Dr. Lorlmer , pastor of Tremont Temple ,
Boston , "I had ray strict Ideas about.Sunday
observance. Mrs. Lorlmer had a colored
'uunty1 for cook , and on the first Saturday
after she came I wont Into the kitchen and
told her I did not want any Sunday work ,
so she could prepare all meals for that day
beforehand. She didn't say one word whllo
I was talking ; then she looked up , and.
pointing to the door , exclaimed : 'Now , look
hyar. Maree George , you Jest go In dar and
'tend to your Christianity and leave mo
tend to mah kitchen ! ' I went , and as near
as I can remember she had hot dinners Sun
days as long as she stayed with us. "
Ex-Congressman William H. Martin of
Texas , who died the other day at Hlllsboro ,
In that state , was known to his constituents
by the affectionate name of "Old Howdy. "
He created a sensation In Washington ,
where ho was regarded as a typical western
character. Ho promised before he left homo
that the llto of the capital should not change
him , and ho Intended to cling to the butter
nut ehlrt and the wide-brimmed sombrero
of a ranchman. Some of his fellow-members
In the Texas del .
gallon who had had moro
experience dissuaded him. Ho took a room
In Wlllard's hotel and blow out the gas on
the night of November 25 , 1SS7. The door
waa broken down and ho was rescued In an
Herr Krupp has Just obtained , through
the German foreign office , a concession from
King Alexander's government to work the
coal , Iron , copper , lead and silver mines In
the east of Servla. The concession Is for a
period of ninety-nine years , and rights have
also been given to use the rapids of the
Danube between Brultza and Kladoob for
the development cf the power needed for the
enterprise. Kc-Klng : ( Milan Is reported to
have contributed In no small measure to the
grant of the concession and to have received
a considerable sum fn > m Krupp for his
trouble. Krupp has already formed a com
pany at Merlin with a capital of $8,000,000 to
work the ccnctcslon.
i CJA.V\OT urrri'i pomiirr.
New Or'eani Times.
_ , ' I cannot quite forget !
Though crowding yean have thrust their
Through trails of half-wal-.ene < l Joy ,
Or breasted wastes cf Menry pain
The road of life hath nrange alloya
I cannot ( juitu forget.
I cannot quite forcot !
But on a ilay when imnahlne fulls.
Or weep the -woo Hands wild with rain ,
A sudden mem'ry le.fps to life
I hold thy hands , Uettr love , nguln.
I cannot quite forgot !
And mem'ry , trailing thro' the deeps
Of lone such long evanlchwl years ,
Wnkea suddenly some sweet starslilnei
I st > o thy face thro' .Mpturous tears ,
And all the echoing aisles of time
llrlng back thy voice , sweetheart , to mo ,
Pouring the measures of thy love
In passion-freighted rhapsody.
I cannot quite forget 1
And In some eerie hour like thla.
When sobs the mail perplexed here ,
I Htumble on my burled bliss-
Flowers abloom iibova the bier
I cannot quite forget.
I cannot quite forget !
Nor would I , love , forego the. pain.
The JoyandaorraHashing pant.
Waea mem'ry molds thy face uguln ;
I cannot quite forget.
rUHNlXC OIJT GREAT GUNS
.Active Work for Coast Defense at the
THE ARSENAL AND THE GUN WORKS
V Mounter ilint Will Cant
000. Tlircnv n 1'rojcctllc Flfleen
Mile * n ml l'no 1,000 I'nuniU of
laivdcr at n Charge.
The great gun factory at the Watervllct
( N. Y. ) arsenal Is humming with activity In
thcao days. On every elde and In every
department , reports the Now York Sun , ono
hears the whirr of ponderous wheels , the
creaking of giant crones , the rattling of
eolossal chains , the rumbling of heavy con
veyances and the clang of many hammers.
Hundreds of men are at work at hugo
pieces of ordnance. It Is hero that the
government is building the great 16-
Inch gun which , when finished , will be the
largest In the world , and here , too , guns
nro being made for scacoast dcfcrfso and
When President McKlnley visited the
arsenal last August he stood upon a hugo
gun and glanced down the uuln department.
Ho turned to the venerable Colonel Charles
L. MacArthur , who stood at his side , and
"Well , this Is truly a wonderful sight ,
really had no Idea that the arsenal was
such a magnificent place. "
Secretary of War Alger approached.
"What do you think of It , Alger ? " asked
The tall , slender secretary of war stroked
his moustache for a moment , then replied :
"It Is certainly a wonderful place , 'Mr.
The president's surprise and gratification
have been shared by thousands of visitors to
the arsenal. The great ordnance factory h
beautifully situated on the west side of the
Hudson river and commands an Inspiring
view of that picturesque stream. In sum
mer tlmo the grounds nro splendidly cared
for , and on all aides give ample evidence
of the skill of the garrhon's landacap ?
gardener. The walks are broad and wcl
shaded by trees , whcao branches keep or
the hot sunshine. The roadways are gravele.
and perfectly kept. Near the pretty cottage -
tago of the commandant are golf Rnks , cro
quet grounds , lawn tennis grounds and
other spots for outdoor recreation. A
stream of water running through the
grounds gives the arsenal an addltlona
charm. By a recent order from the War
department there has been a change Ii
commandants nt the arsenal. Colonel Isaac
Arnold , who for some years was In chargj
of the post , ha-s heen transferred to the
Springfield , Mass. , armory. Ho was suc
ceeded by Colonel Alfred Mordecal , lately o
the Springfield armory , who arrived hero
HISTORY OF THE ARSENAL.
It was on July 14 , 1813 , 'that the first pur
chose of land for an arsenal was made In the
then village of West Troy. The deed of tha
date conveyed n little more than one acre
lying on the cast side of Rlvor street , now
Broadway , and affording a river frontage o
about 703 feet and about twelve acres on the
other side of the street opposite the first plat
For this plat $2,5S5 was paid. In 1814 , unde
the direction of Lieutenant Colonel Bomfon
of the ordnance department , the governmen
began the construction of an arsenal. Ii
was originally designed as a small depo
for supplies and the buildings constructed
at that tlmo were suited to that purpose. In
1815 more buildings were erected and more
land wcs acquired. In 1828 thirty more acres
cf land was purchased. Since then the gov
ernment has from time to time added to the
property until now Its area comprises about
138 acres. It was not until October 18 , 1887 ,
tl.at the manufacture of ordnance was beun
hero. The first section of the large shop
was started In October , 1890 , Just three years
later. On the anniversary day , in 1893 , ex
actly three years afterward , work on the
second section of the same shop was begun.
Since then this gun plant has turned out
hundreds of cannon and many mortars. It Is
a great compliment to the arsenal to say
that every Instrument of war ever turned out
of the vast gun factory has been a complete
success. When taken to the proving grounds
at Sandy Hook these pieces have been found
In every way satisfactory. The arsenal em
ployes about 400 men.
The length of the gun factory Is about
1,000 feet. It contains machinery of the
latest type. The three electric cranes In
the shop are marvels of mechanical Ingenuity.
The smallest has n capacity of thirty tons ,
the second of seventy-five tons , and the third
of 130 tons. These cranes pick up ponderous
cannon with marvelouo ease and convey
them the full length of the shop. It Is a
remarkable sight to ECO the largest crane
carry n gun weighing thousands of pounds as
easily as though It weighed only a few
hundreds. Another wonderful machine In
the main room of the gunshop Is the com-
pceltor. This Is a very accurate measuring
machine and takes account of the one-
thousandth part of an Inch.
Many guns are seen In various stages of
construction In this department. Ono of the
most Interesting is a gun designed to throw
a 1,000-pound steel or Iron projectile about
twelve miles. It weighs fifty-two gross tona ,
or about 116,200 pounds ; 450 pounds of brown
prismatic powder will be used at each dis
charge. It is a breech-loading gun , and It Is
possible to fire a shell from It about every
two minutes. To look through this gun from
the breech end Is like peering through a
I long , narrow tunnel. The distance Is most
deceptive , ono imagining it to be much longer
than it really Is.
A MONSTER GUN.
It Is announced that the War department
liitemds to mount the
great 16-Inch gun on
Romer Shoals. The protection for this gun
will be a turret which will entirely Inclose
the crow and the greater part of the gun.
From Its position the gun will have n full
sweep of HID channels leading Into Now York
barber. According to former Lieutenant
John F. Males of the United States navy ,
who Is superintending the construction of
this monster Title , a shot from this nw gun
will have a striking energy equal to that
of a 2,000-ton ship running at full speed.
Thcro Is no known armor of sufficient
.strength . to resist Its tecrlblo force. The
caliber of the new gun will be 1C Inches.
The length , from breech to muzzle , will bo
49 feet 2 Inches. The gun will measure ex
actly 5 feet through the breech In a vertical
lir. ? . The powder charge will weigh nearly
The first Ingot of this menster gun was
cast In October la.U at Bethlehem , and was
for the tube forging. It weighed 82,800
pounds. The Jacket forging weighed 90,000
pounds. The temper'ilg and annealing pro
ceases are also done at the Bethlehem shops
Every ounce of the metal used In thL * mon-
ator Run U fluid comprcmed. The pcclflca <
ttons demand thgMtet ) exacting trad. Sped *
men pleccii froifc lU the forging ! are care
fully subjected to elongation , breaking and
bending tests. Th- hammer which pounds
the tube Into rough shape Is capable of do *
llvcr.'ng a blow bbdfc toia , or ten tons more
than the celebratedlCrupp hammer. When
finlt'Iicd the Btri'Wm ' weigh 120 tons. This
s six tona more than the monster gun which
trupp exhibited at the World's fair. De-foro
ho American guKlfe ! finally accepted It must
vlthstand charges of powder which , whta
fired , will develop pressure of at least 38,000
pounds to the squarnlnch. The gun will have
10 trunnions , but will bo secured by otcel
straps to Its carriage. Thla Is the first
modern gun btfftt 'by this government In
which trunnions hare been omitted.
The gun when completed will cost about
(390,000. ( The velocity of the projectile will
be. It Is estimated , 2,000 feet a second. Its
extreme range will be fifteen miles.
HOW Bit ? GUNS ARE I1UILT.
Ono of the most Interesting features In
connection with the construction of ono of
thcpo big destroyers Is the shrinking on of
the Jacket. The Jacket , so called. Is a coat
of Iron fitted around tbo portion of the can-
ion most likely to become weak. This mean- !
that the Jacket Is fitted over the larger steel
cylinder at the bree-ch end of the gbn. The
gun proper consists of a long central steel
cylinder , technically knoun as the tube.
Over the tube a number of steel hoops are
shrunk. Some of the Jackets weigh as much
as 35,000 pounds. The greatest care must be
taken In fltt'ag the hoops and Jackets. The
slightest mistake In calculation often meann
the loss of thoiHanJs of do'.lara.
When all Is In readlncas the Jacket Is put
In a vertical position In the center of a
cylindrical firebrick furnace. Here It Is ex
panded , telng heated to a temperature of 700
degrees Fahrenheit. The brick .futmaco b
Inclosed In an Iron cylinder , with a con
siderable space between and a heavy Iron
cover over the top of both. The Jacket usu
ally remains In the cylinder about tbjrty
hours. During that tlmo the greatest care
Is exercised to prevent any foreign particles
of any kind from becoming amalgamated
with the metal. Meanwhile the gun tube
ha * been put into the shrinking pit , muzzle
down. Here , also , the nicest care must be
observed , for should the gun expand a fcac-
tloa of an Inch the entire process might bo
callously affected. When all Is In readiness
the Jacket Is quickly measured cad aligned ,
and then taken up by ono of the big cranes
and lowered over the breech of the gun.
The operation Is a most delicate cue. Aftei
the gun and Its Jacket have remained In
the pit for about fifty hours the tube and
Jacket are placed In one of the largest lathe *
and turned down to receive the hoops. Theae
hoops are heated tnd expanded and shrunken
on whllo the unfinished gun U still la a
horizontal position. All the work of handling
'a dorx > by the big crane. After the gun la
properly Jacketed , hooped and turned down
It Is rifled. Tula Is a slow nnd delicate
process. All of thcHo processes require tlni ( >
skill and patience , but when the gun at laot
Is fnlshed it Is a deadly thing of beauty.
TIic Surpiise iif All.
Mr. James Jones of the drug firm of Jones
& Son , Cowden. 111. . In speaking of Dr. King's
Now Discovery , says that last winter his
wife was attacked with La Grippe , nnd her
case grew so serious that physicians at Cow
den and Pana could do nothing for her. I
seemed to develop Into Hasty Consumption
Having Dr. King's New Discovery In store
and selling lots of It , ho took a bottle home
and to : ho surprise of all she began to ge
better from first dose , and half dozen dollar
bottles cured her sound nnd well. Dr. King's
Now Discovery for Consumption , Coughs am
Colds Is guaranteed to do this good work
Try It. Free trial bottlefl at Kuhn & Co.'s
OUT OIAIT1II3 OUDI.VAHV.
The rubber-shod ' horse and the rubber
tired buggy have appeared In Washington
A vein of Irdu ore nine feet thick , smelt
ing CO per centjpur'o Iron , has been locatet
In Center county , ennsylvanla.
A tponge with/the great circumference o
five feet six Inches , has lately been takci
from the waters , qf llscayno Bay , Florida.
The streets ol London , placed end to end
would stretch tright across the American
continent from'lNowYork to San Fran
cisco. .1 > < ,
W. N. McKerfdrlck of St. Louis has
watch charm made from the bell tha
sounded the first alarm In the great Chicago
cage fire of' 1S71.
There Is 'an Immense- garden In China
that embraces an aiea of 50,000 square
miles. It Is all meadow land and Is fillet
with lakes , ponds and canals.
The llvca of Queen Vlcotrla and the prlnc
of Wales are heivlly Insured , but not to th
extent of Lord Rothschild , who carries poli
cies on his life aggregating ? 1,250,000.
At a recent sale of autograph letters In
London an original plan and survey , entirely
In the hand of Gcorgo Washington , mail
when ho was a surveyor , In 1750 , was sold
There was recently sold In London fo :
26 Ba an old English -watch , bearing tin
Inscription : "Given by Sir Walter Scott to
hla valet , John Baxter Nlcholpon. " Th
valet Is mentioned In the Introduction to
The houses of Parliament are partly llghtei
by 40,000 electric lamps , which number I ;
being constantly increased. Fifty experi
enced electricians are employed to keep th
system In order.
A resident of Qultman , aio. , owns 42,00
acres of land , cne of his sons 4,000 acres
and another son 8,500 acrea. All their farm
are well held In hand by an extensive sys'
tern of telephones.
Africa's monkeys are giving out. la the
neighborhood of the Gold Coast they hav
been exterminated , and last year the colony
could .collect cnly 67,660 monkey skina
whereas , In 1894 168,405 eklns , valued a
$205,000 , were exported.
Brunswick/ Germany , la troubled over a
peculiar epidemic of hysteria that has broken
out In one of the glrla' schools. A few girl
In ono room started the others , hysteric
spread to all the cleescs and within thre
dajs the ftzhools had to bo closed.
The lalarsJ where Dreyfus is Imprisoned 1
called "Devil's Island , " but It Is not name (
on the maps. It Is the smallest and moa
northern of th three Isles du Salut , sltuatc <
about twelve miles from Cayenne and elgb
mllca from the mainland of French Guiana.
It la m easy thing to be a millionaire In
Berlin. A yearly Income of over $9,000 , rep
rosenttag the Interest on 1,000,000 marks , I
the qualification for that title , which is en
Joyed ty 2,002 Berllners. The richest of th
millionaires has a capital of about 75,000,00
The Immer.sotraffic on the great systen
of canals which traverses the Chineseem
plro could be so Increased and cxpedltcc
by the u-o of steam tugs or launches tha
the authorities are said to be considering
favorably the placi of enlarging the canal
and Ir.trcduclng steam power.
It Is &iid thaj : the mine ? of the worlc
produce every ycar.c 540,000,000 tons of ore
ctxil , etc. , of which the United States pro
duces ICO.000,000. The Rrwitost "record"
over made , perhapi , by any mine wni that
of the Comstock In 1874 , when nc-arljr $2S-
000,000 worth of ffold and allvor was token
H. S. Caruth , a Boston capitalist , hna Just
loscd hla purchase of the famous Natural
ridge of Virginia , which ho will develop
a a great summer resort. This wonderful
pot was opened to the world a few year *
go by the lamented Colonel H. 0. Parsons ,
iut hU tragic death prevented for the I line
( mil KKATUHKS OK MFC.
It seems that to find "the cleanest clt ?
n America" wo must travel clear down
o 1'hoenlx , Ariz. , whoso -1,000 or 5,000 people
walk on asphalt sidewalks which arc not
permitted to bo defiled by spitting. The
penalty Is $5. U is rigidly enforced , and
curiously enough the first pcrton compelled
o pay the fine was the city attorney , who
cmporarlly forgot the prohibitory ordinance.
The observance of "fools' night" by the
Germans U a unique ceremony of fun and
nerrlmcnt. Every participant wears a false
lese and goggles , and Is provided with a
eng pipe. 1U > who Is able to make the big
gest fool of himself Is the lion of the oc
casion. There are men who arc not Ger
mans who could carry off the honors If there
were such a celebration every night In the
Dr. Van der Heyden of Yokohama has Just
built an antiseptic dwelling house , sup
posed lo bo microbe-proof. The walls of this
building are plates of glass set In metal
fastenings and made air tight. Near thereof
roof there Is a small opening for the out
flow of air from the living rooms , so ar
ranged that no air' can enter that way. Air
from outsldo can get In only through a tube ,
whose opening Is at some distance from the
house. The air that enters Is filtered first
through cotton batting and then is sterilized
by passing through glycerine.
now French police Idea Is to provide
each member of the force with n piece of
chalk. He Is expected to mark his as
sailants with this when he gets In a TOW ,
ai.d , bflnjj thus Identified , they can be ar
rested later. The chalk cannot be snatched
frcm him as easily as his club , nor can U
br- turned against the original owner with
such terrible effect , while the bearer of chalk
marks Is entirely precluded from setting up
the favorite plea that he was merely "an
Innocent bystander. " On the whole , the
piece of chalk device , while It has Its dls
advantages , Is not half a bad Idea.
Frank ) 1'crklns of fPoiiKlikeepslo , N. Y. , the
chicken thief who attempted to commit
suicide about six weeks ago at police hcad-
quartsrs by shooting himself In the head , Is
about to be discharged from the- hospital as
cured. The bullet entered the br.iln , and the
man lay unconscious for more than a wetk.
The doctors said that his death was only a
matter of time. A day or so ago It was
noticed that his right eye was bulging out ,
and after an examination It was decided to
remove the eye. The operation was per-
formrd , and lol the big 32-callbor bullet
dropped out. Perkins Is apparently as well
as ever , barring the loss of an eye and a little
weakness from the operation. For the last
six weeks he has lived with the bullet lr
_ _ _
THE WOUMl'S HIGHEST I.YXU.
It IK lit Xew YorU City nnd lit AVorth
9:1:10 : : n Sunn re Foot.
The most valuable plat of ground In the
world , at least , the ono that has com
manded the highest price , is located at the
corner of Broad and Wall streets , Now York
City , in the heart of the great financial
district. Several years ago Mr. Wllkca ca-
taWlshed a record for high-priced realty by
paying $168,000 for 60S square feet of ground
on this slto , or $330.70' ' per square foot.
The Immensity of this rate of valuation
can best bo appreciated by measuring oil a
square foot of space and then comparing Its
dimensions with these of $330 In money.
Such a comparison will show that If Mr.
Wllkcs had paid for his property In $1 bills
ho would hive been able to cover his entire
lot with eighty-two layers of greenbacks , or
ho could have paved It with four tiers of
silver dollars placed edge to edgeas clcsely
a-3 they would He. Doubtless If the worthy
Dutch iburghers of Now Amsterdam could
return to earth they would bo astounded to
learn the value of the land on which they
pastured their cows 200 years ago.
Though no other piece of ground has com
manded an equal price per foot , there are
several other plats In ) New York City which
are quite equal to the Wllkes property In
value. For example , a considerably larger
lot on the northwest corner of Nassau am !
Pine streets , ono block above the Wllken
property , was sold last year for $250 per
square foot , and the opposite corner of the
sime streets , Including 6,013 feet , was
bouKht .by . the Hanover National bank for
$1,350,000. The lot on the corner of Broad
way and Maiden lane and the slto of the
Commercial Cable company's building In
Broad street are also properties that coult
'bo ' covered fifty deep with dollar bills out
elf their purchase price.
Probably the largest amount ever pale
for the slto of a single building was that
given by the Broadway Realty company for
the lot on which the Bowling Green building
has been erected. This skyscraper , which
Is the largest In the city , extends from
Broadway through to Greenwich street , and
covers 29,152 feet of ground , for which $3-
000,000 was paid. This Is $102,90 per foot
and though the price per foot Is less than
has been paid for several other plots , the
total represents an enormous sum to pay
merely for the ground on which to creel
ono 'building. ' Ono peculiar effect In real
estate values that has followed the sky
scraper era is the extraordinary price
which has been put upon sites that are
suitable for very high buildings. Spots with
open surroundings , on which other lofty
structures are not likely to bo built , are ,
of course , the most desirable for this pur
pose , and such places are few In the city ol
Now York. The result Is that many build
ings which are already very profitable are
being torn down to make room for the
erection of skyscrapers.
It Is now said that the famous old Astor
house , which Is still a paying and pros
perous hotel , will soon bo torn down am
replaced "by " a twenty-five story office build
ing. This site faces the churchyard of oh
St. Paul's on ono side and the open space
about the federal 'building ' on another , so
that It Is an exceptionally advantageous loca
tlon for a tall building.
Of course there are many big real estate
transactions In which the actual prices paU
do not appear , but It Is not likely that there
have been any In which the llgures have
surpassed those quoted above.
In a newly designed street car the steps
are made to slide In grooves to bo ralsei
acrcas tbo exits whllo the car Is In motion
and slide down Into tbo step-brackets as the
IMXHIO.V' I'Oll I.AUIES * \UES. .
5,000 , Packages to be Given to All Who Apoly-John A , [ irith ; ic \
Remarkable Rheumatism Cure ,
THE FIRST TEST AND WHAT IT LED TO
Cured Himself First , Then His Friends anil Neighbors and Now Proposes io
Cure the World ,
JOHN A. SMITH , MILWAUKEE , , , , WIS.
On the theory that "seeing Is believing"
John A. Smith of Milwaukee wants every
one to first try his remedy for the cure of
rheumatism , at his expense. To that end , ho
proposes to distribute 15,000 free sample
packages to all persons sending him their
name and address. Mr. Smith had for ycaia
suffered all the agony and torture of rheu
matism , tried all the remedies known , and
yet utterly failed to find relief.
At times ho was so helpless that ho had
to take morphine and after considerable doc
toring with leading physicians , who were
unable to help him hu gave up In despair.
Ho ibegan studying Into the causes of rheu
matism and after much experimenting and
repeated failure , ho finally found a remedy
whloh cured him In a few days. The result
was so beneficial to his entire system and
was such a glorious escape from the clutches
of rheumatism that he called his new found
remedy Gloria Tonic. Those of his friends ,
relatives and neighbors who were subject to
rheumatism were next cured and Mr. Smith
concluded ho would offer his remedy to the
world. But he found the task a difficult one.
Nearly everybody had tried a hundred or
moro remedies , just as ho did , and .they
couldn't be made to ( believe 'there ' was such
a thing as a cure for rheumatism. But an
old gentleman In Seguin , Tex. , Mr. Bertram ,
wrote him saying If Mr. Smith would eend
him a sample ho would try it , but as he
had suffered froty-one years an dwastcd a
fortune on advertised remedies ho wouldn't
buy anything moro until ho know It was
worth something. The sample was sent and
the result was astonishing. He was com
pletely cured. This gave Itr. Smith a now
idea and ever since that time he has been
sending free sample packages of Gloria Tonic
to all who may apply. It cured H. Bucholz.
70 years old , of Norborne , Mo. , after suffer
ing twenty-five years. In Rcglna , N. W.
Ter. , Anton Bengert wns laid up nluo years.
A sample of Gloria Tonic was the first re
lief ho ever got and three boxes entirely
cured him. Thomas Callahan of Harvatd ,
111. , suffered continuously four years nnd was
cured by Mr. Smith's remarkable remedy.
At Indian Ford , WIs. . Frcderlcke Arnold ,
aged 66. suffered twelve years. Nothing
ever relieved her until she tried Gloria Tonic.
She was cured completely. At 1'ittsburg ,
Ind. , a druggist was cured after thirty-three
yeara suffering. John Carston of Helton ,
Tex. , had planned to give his wlfo a trip to
Germany , but she was taken with an attack
of rheumatism and the trip abandoned. But
she tried a sample of Gloria Tonic , got SDIIIO
more , was cured and went to Europe rc-
Jolctng. She Is a firm believer In Gloria
Tonic. Mrs. Persohn of Amsterdam , N. Y. ,
believes Providence directed her to Mr.
Smith's remedy. She was nearly Insane ( rota
the Intense suffering from rheumatic pahia
and was entirely cured. Thoun nds of other
Instances could bo related whcro this magi
cal remedy has cured rhouuintlsm. In CESO
your druggist does not have It , It's welt
worth anybody's tlmo to aend their name and
address to Mr. Smith and ho will send a
trial package of Gloria Tonic absolutely fret
of charge. If you have a friend , or acquaint
ance , a neighbor or relative suffering from
rheumatism send for a trial package and
give It a test. Jt U a remarkable remedy
and there Is no question but what It will
cure any case of rheumatism no matter how
severe or of how long standing. Send your
name and address to John A. Smith , 212
Summerfield Church Building , Mlhvaukce ,
The regular package , price $1.00 , can be obtained of the following Omaha druggists :
Kuhn & Co. , 124 S. 15th St. ; Sherman & MoConnol Drug Co. , 1513 Dodge St. ; Mycra-
Dlllon Drug Co. , 1523 Farnam St.
Remember the free sample can bo obtained only by writing to Mr. Smith.
BY SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT ,
FRANK Q. '
. CARPENTER'S -
LETTERS EROM SOUTH AMERECA
WILL BE PRINTED IN
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE.
Mr. Carpenter , the well known newspaper correspondent ,
is making a trip of'over 25,000 miles through the frequented and
unfrequented parts of South America. He will describe for The
Bee what he is seeing , tell of the incidents of his journey , give
interviews with men prominent in all walks of life in a word
give a series of graphic pen pictures of life and its conditions in
the countries to the south of us. Old readers of The Bee know
what. Carpenter's letters are new subscribers will need read
but the first letters to become enraptured with his style and sub
ject. These letters , commencing during March , will continue
regularly each Sunday for a year ,
FOR CARPENTER'S LETTERS
READ THE SUNDAY BEE.
ALL NEWS DEALERS.
In tht treatment of all '
Chronic , Nervous and Private Diseases ,
and all WEAKNESSES UCU ,
and DISOHDKHS OP MCR I
Catirrh. all Dlitaiti of th Now , T.lroat Chut
lomach. IJvor. Ulood. Skin and Klta.y iSS
W > M. U t Manhood. Hydro le Vtrlcocilf
Oonorrhe lul * . Oleot. . . Bypblllt , BtrTeturt Pll * Kit '
and n ct.l Ulcers Dlabctti '
Treatment by Mall , Con alt tlan free.
Omaba Medical and Surgical Institate
Comparison is invited
Of the Quality
Of Readable Hews
In The Bee
And in other papers. *
For the news
And all the news- '
Head The Bee.