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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 18, 1898)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEK.
E. nOSKWATEtt. Killtor.
rUIJMSHED BVEHY MOHN1NCJ.
TEHMS 01' BWISCIUI'TION'l
t ) IIjr nee ( Without Sunday ) . One Year . > M
Dully lie * ana Sunday , One Year . W
Rlx Months . *
Three Months . . . > . * o
Hunday U c , One Yeiir . . . . > * ?
BMUMny lice , one Year . . . 1 *
Weekly Dee. One Yca > - . *
Omntm ! The Bee Hulldln ? . . _ .
South Omaha : Singer Illh. , Cor. N anil 21th St .
Council lllufrm 10 1'earl Strotl.
Chicago twice : 817 Chamber of Commerce.
Nuw Vork : Tetnil | < - < unrl.
Wathlncton : 501 Kourtc nth Blrfet
All communications relating to ncw and edito
rial matter rliould Lc ndilrtMedi To the Kdltor
Alt I'UOlnrat letter * nnd remittances uliould b
ddresned to The Dee Publishing Company
Omaha. Urafle , checks , nxpress and poitotllc
money order * to bo miJ ; < - payable to the order o
Till : IJEK I'UUUHHINCJ COMPANY.
STATEMENT OP ClIlCUI.ATlON.
fitalc of Neliraika. Douiilns County , si. :
eic'orjje 11 TMrhuek. se-retnry of The .lice Pub
llihlng Company , bclnx duly fworn. ay that th
nctual number of full and complete copies of Th
Dally. Mornlnx. Uvenlni ? and Hunday lien prlntci
during tlie month of December , 1S&7 , was s fol
I . : i.J7 17 . . '
. 21.37S IS
3 . 2I.4C.I 1
t . H.6S7 SO
7 . 21 , COS 22 . SI. "
. 21,313 21 . . . . 2I.2J
9 . 21,39:1 : 2. ( m'rn'g only ) 10.6. .
30 . 21,20 ! ) It . 510" '
JJ . 2I.W 2 . 21.20
1 ! . 2I.MO 21 . 2I.M1
13 . 22217 25 . 2t. < W
H . 2I.34J 50 . 21.01
1 ! . 21,677 21 . 21.63
1C . 21 , 1C I
Total . . . Kfi.ST
IPS returned ami unsold copies . 12,32
Net total BalM . Ml.tS1
Net tlally morasc . 2113
OEOIIOE II. T23CHUCK.
Pwnrn to l.ofoto me nnd subscribed In my
Yirefonce this 1st day of January. 1W8.
( Seal. ) N. P. FUlf. .
Autonomy dousn't nit-nsure up to ovi'i
llii' liiilf-ii-lonf stiuulnrd In the vljw of
Tin ? Si-inliiolo rebellion In the Indian
Territory iirovoil to Inus Kraut a tele
ns thi' roi'LMit Kurtz robi-lllou In Ohio.
Whenever sut'ci'ssfnl business men K <
Into politics they nt onee bpuoinc tar
gets for the ji'iilousy of the uusiieci'iH-
Th publli' must not ronfoiinil the ox-
posltlnn with the exposition concessions.
The exposition management does not
hold Itself responsible for any of the
nets of the concessionaires.
If a slfjlit of the exposition grounds
and building inspires in visitors the
enthusiasm displayed by the members
of tlie Missouri delegation the Iowa
legislators cannot come too soon.
The Increasing frequency with which
Andree's balloon is reported to have
been seen indicates ( hat Now Year's
resolutions 1mve not been kept any bet
ter this year than In former years.
The pass-burdened Nebraska Slate
Hallway commission has returned
empty-handed from Its junket to Topeka
and will doubtless proceed to charge up
to the taxpayers a pretty bill of mile
age and traveling expenses.
The free seed department of the gov
ernment received a hard knock In the
protest of the northwestern fruit grow-
< > is at tlulr annual meeting in Port
land , Ore. , last week. The free seed
department has a constantly decreasing
number of friends.
The Sioux City Journal lias fallen In
line for the exposition. Sionx Oily I
already feeling the benefits of the ex
position project and can , If It will , secure
Htlll greater advantages from the west
ern movement of people and capital it
Is bound to .stimulate.
In his liungnral address the new
governor of Iowa declared that "w.e are
more in need , just now , of men who can
fai > a facts thaiv of those who can pro
mulgate theories. " And there are Iowa
popoerats with snlllclent discernment to
feel offended over the remark.
We suppose the men who held up that
Walnut 11 111 street car were acting in
the most perfect of good faith. They
certainly believed the law against high
way robbery had been suspended by
the police board suspenders just us
much as the liquor dealers who have
been selling liquor without a license be-
llfvo the license law suspended.
A cindered roadway Is not a paved
street. The mossbaek properly owners
who want to escape paying paving taxi's
by getting the city to cover the streets
with cinders and keep them in constant
repair at the expense of tlie whole body
of taxpayers will do btter to sign the
, . petitions for repavlng which they have
been selfishly obstructing.
Members of congress who are open to
attack because of having held their
seats through several terms will clip
out the story of the career of the late
Itonry A'llllers nnd paste It where It
can be found when the campaign opens
up. Mr. Vllllers represented his district
In 1'arllament for
two years. Almost any member of con
gress would be satisfied with a record of
The transmlsslsslppl teachers' con
vention , If energetically pushed and
properly supported , can be made UK *
biggest gathering at Omaha during the
exposition year. An attendance of Ti.OlX )
out-of-town educators should be the
minimum expected and with favorable
railroad rates and ticket conditions that
iiuinlK-r should be doubled. The degree
of the success of this convention will
depend largely upon the people of
Not only does Oovernor Ilolcomb's
lawless police board assume to suspend
law nt pleasure , but It lias actually the
audacity to presume to reverse the de
cisions of the supivme and district courts.
Four Judges of the district court have
ruled that there Is no such newspaper
ns the Dally World-Herald , but the
police board outlaws in defiance of these
decisions bring In new llndings , declar
ing there is such a paper. No wonder
the criminal classes think they can ply
their vocations lu Omaha , with impunity.
t'ANSHI ) TIIK
The Immigration restriction bill jwssei
the Relink' by n veto of 15 t
28. This result was expected
though n larger vote against Hi > meas
lire was looked for In view of the nil
morons petitions that had gone to th
senate against the bill. There has neve
been n doubt , however , that the moas
lire would pass the senate , since It hat
practically tlie same support whlci
passed the bill that was vetoed by Pres
ident Cleveland. It is doubtless safe t (
predict that it will pass the house am
will recelvo the approval of the pres !
dent , although If Mr. McKluley ndher-s
to what he said 111 Ills letter of accept
mice , tiiat we should continue to w.-l
come to our shores the well-disposed am
Industrious Immigrant , he ought to veto
the measure if it reaches him.
Further discussion of this bill wll
probably accomplish nothing beyoiu
showing Its Indefensible character. As
was said by Senator Caffery of Louin
Innii It piopoues to tak6 the initlathv 01
n Chinese policy. It is not American
but Is a repudiation of that broad and
generous policy Instituted by the founders
ors of the government , through whlcl
In little more than a century wo him
become one of the greatest nations of
tlie world. The men who founded tli ?
republic imposed no educational test
Ulion thosr > who came to our shores to
give their labor and their energy to the
upbuilding of the new nation. The.\
Welcomed , as did their successors foi
more than an hundred years , all who
wiiiie here to aid in developing oui
resources and in increasing our wealth
and power , regardless of whether they
could read and write. Hut in then ;
closing days of the nineteenth oenturj
si-lllshness and prejudice demand a
departure from the wise and beiulleent
policy of the past a policy vindicated
by results unparalleled in the history
of mankind and politicians yield to tin.
demand. Will selfishness and prejudice
bi > satisfied with this one victory ? Prob
ably not. The educational test will not
shut out so ; many Immigrants as Its ad
vocates expect and soon there will be a
demand for some further rc.sttletKm.
Such is the Inevitable tendency of the
legislation that has received the ap
proval of the senate.
JJKAJ//.Y iWTTKit iro/r/ : .
The death of lion. Nenjamln P.uttor-
worth , commissioner of patents , will be
regretted not only by the many who
knew him personally , but by a. much
larger number who knew of him as a
us.'l'iil public man and an upright citl-
xt'ii. Especially will the people of Ohio ,
among whom his life was passed and by
whom he was highly eyteemed , mourn
his loss , for In his public career he had
conferred honor upon his native state.
A representative In congress for several
terms he achieved distinction there ,
while he made a most creditaMe record
In his olllcial connection with the Co
lumbian exposition. Mr. Iluttorworth
was an wide lawyer and one. of the best
political campaign speakers Ohio has
produced. While always a republican
lie was not so strenuous a partisan as to
concur In cill party policies and h. ? held
very moderate views in regard to pro
tection , having , if we remember rightly ,
opposed the McKlnley tariff. Mr. 15ut-
terworth did good service for the cause
of sound money in the last presidential
campaign and is said to have than con
tracted his fatal illness. His life , public
and -private , was without reproach and
Ills career was honorable to himself and
useful to his country.
TtIK MUltCHAAT M.IIHNE.
At the extra session of congress Sena
tor ICIklns introduced a bill to amend
section li02 of the revised statutes. It
provided for a duty of 10 per cent ad
valorem , In addition to the duties now
inposed by law , on- all goods , waves
ind merchandise Imported in ships or
vessels not of the United States and In
cases whore no duties are Imposed by
aw on goods , wares and merchandise
mported into the United States there
shall be levied , collected and paid n duty
if 10 per cent ad valorem on nil such
goods Imported in ships or vessels not of
the Unlt.'il States. The bill was re
ferred to the committee on commerce.
V discriminating duty of 10 per cent on
mportntions in vessels not of the United
States Is provided for In the Dingley
arifT , but it does not apply to Importa
tions In foreign vessels entitled at the
time of such Importation ; by treaty or
convention , to be entered in the ports of
he United States. The purpose of the
liscrlmlnatlng duty is to promote the
ipbullding of an American merchant
In a recent address by the president of
he National Association of Mannfac-
urers , Mr. Theodore C. Search , he ox-
iressiMl his disapproval of a diseriml-
lating duty , remarking that such dis-
irlmlnatlons wo have protested against
n the case of other countries and com-
nerdnl ruptures would piobably result ,
is the warmest friends of this policy
themselves admit and very likely bring
is much real harm. "There are many
friendly services , " said Mr. Search , "not
only in commerce , but in other fields ,
which OIK ; nation must ask of another
mil retaliation and tariff wars have-
lever proved , themselves to be good or-
irolltahle things In any country. Dis
criminating duties as a measure of re-
Iving our merchant marine do not
uoinlso n happy solution of the prob-
oin. " This is a .sound view , for ther
an be no doubt that such a policy as
hat proposed In the Klklns bill would
irove exeei'dlntfly troublesome and moiv
n * less damaging to our commercial In-
erests , while 'as there could be no as
surance of the permanence of the pert ,
cy It would undoubtedly fall of Its pur-
lose. What , then , shall be done for the
elution of this perplexing but most bit-
lortant pioblemV Mr. Search iinqnal-
tledly recommends mail subsidies and
muntlcs. He points out that this has
been the policy for many years of other
cuiintrKw and of England In particular ,
hat government having granted annual
subventions or subsidies to shipping
lues engaged In the foreign trade for
lalf a century. France , ( lermany and
tnly make regular appropriations In one
orm or another In aid of their merchant
shipping , France having been espe-
hilly liberal. To adopt this course , In
ho opinion of Mr. Search , "would give
Mir American shipping Interests what
Uiey Uavo always lacked and what all
other Interests In this country have for
many years past enjoyed , ji.iniely : pro
tection. We should thus avoid all pro.
tests nnd commercial rupture * that
would follow the discriminating duties. "
Tin- evidence of the good results < > f tb >
policy of European maritime nntlnii * In
regard to their merchant marine l. un-
iiuestlnnable. but there Is a public senti
ment In tlio United States atinlnst sub
sidles and bounties so strong that It I
doubtful whether any party will ventiir
to disregard It. Unfortunately , there I
perhaps no subject about which peopl
gem-rally know I.-ss or care less thai
that of the merchant marine and ye
there Is no question of greater Impoi
tance In Its bearing upon our coinnier
clal progress. . '
AS TO run A'rir r/rr i.nrr.
The olllee of city tax eotnmlsslone
was designed primarily with n view to
an equitable readjustment of the bur
dens of municipal taxation and lucl
dentally to bring the tux valuation ui
to a point where Omaha could make i
respeetabb comparison with other cille.
of its class. The raising of the vahia
tions of real estate nnd the Increase Ii
the returns of personal and corporate
property impose tlie duty upon tin
council to reduce the tax levy to tin
lowest ratio that will produce the reve
nue absolutely needed to meet tinclly'.s
Tlie new assessment roll aggregates
nearly double the total assessment o
last year. The taxpayers of Omaha de
numd and have a right to expect that
the new levy should under no clrcum
stances exceed 1T mills. That can bo
done only by upholding the tax com
mlssioner In his assessment of the fran
chlsetl corporations which for years
have escaped their due share of the tax
burden through scandalously low valu
ations. Nobody wants to oppress nnj
corporation enjoying public franchises
or for that matter any other corpora
tion or Individual , but the spirit am'
letter of the law requiring uniformity of
taxation should be enforced without feai
or favor upon all alike.
P .v shifting the burden of taxation
upon the small property owners oui
municipal authorities have well-nigh
confiscated the property of the home
owners and middle class who are not
possessed of the Inlluence to get theli
issessinents modified to just proportions.
Unless relief comes this year to the
great mass of taxpayers by an equalisa
tion that cipialb.es , the now tax com
mission system will prove itself a costly
/8Br'i/ / , ; cMifx.irA"
While representative government is not
accomplishing as much for the people
continental Europe as for those of Great
liritnln and thcl American republics , yet
the surface Indications are In some
measure deceptive , and evidences may
be found of real growth of republican
ism. Corruption may ba found in high
places , the military spirit of ambition *
nonarchs may not have been completely
curbed , racial differences may still pro-
luce feuds and factions in parliamen
tary circles from vhlch riotous dead-
ocks result , but these incidents , discour
aging as thy arc to true republicans ,
do not prove that republican sentiment
s dying on the continent.
He-cent incidents show that the re-
Mibliean principle has a ( Inner hold on
he people of at least two leading coun
tries than ever before. In France , on
the approach of the parliamentary elec
tions , the duke of Orleans , who coin-
lines In himself the pretensions of the
bourbons and Orleanists , wrote a letter
vprlinaiiding his followers for their dls-
losttlon to foment disorder In the hope
of restoring the throne , and reminding
hem that "the duty of monarchists 1
o work wherever the-y can for the
triumph of ideas of order , of social pres-
-rvation and of liberty. " Thus the pro-
ender to a lost 'throne ' plays for popu-
ar favor by putting patriotism above
) ersonal advantage antV assures his fol-
ewers that the republic will live as long
is It fulfills Its mission.
In Italy an article has appeared In a
ending publication , alleged to liavo been
nsplrcd by the Vatican , denouncing-
nonnrchy and coinmciwling to the Ital-
ans a republican form of government ,
[ 'his doubtless does not mean that the
Catholic ch'irch Is to become the ehain-
ilon of republicanism in Europe , but it
it least Indicates that the support which
he church has given the moimrchs and
) relenders for centuries can no longer
ie relied on. Thus In both Franco and
taly republicanism Is making distinct
Tlie apparent inefllelency of represen-
ative government In Euroive Is due note
o any Inherent weakness of the repub
lican principle so much ns to imperfect
ppllcation of the principle In connec-
lon with the surviving monarchies ,
'he popular love of liberty Is every-
vliere stronger than1 ever. It cannot be
rushed out by pompous monarchs who
) east of their -power and talk of their
wn "hallowed persons. " The very
ggre-sslveness of absolutism is an
ssurance that the lire of rcpub-
Icanlsm will continue to burn more
n-lghtly In tlie hearts of the people.
If tlio new method of saving hogs from
lie ravages of the cholera Is as suce'e.is-
ill as Secretary Wilson and the experts
f the Agricultural depnrtmant believe It
o be , the estimate of ? 100(000oc < ) as the
alue of the discovery to the American
arm cm is not extravagant. It Is estl-
lat.-d that the losses to farmers by dev-
htatlon of their herds amount to from
! )0,00.OUO , ( ) to ? 1H)0 ( ) ( ) < ) ,00 ! ) a year. If DO
ier cent of the alllicted animals can IK *
aved by a simple treatment the annual
irollt thereon will be enormous. The
xpv'rlmcnts conducted last yeur show
German farmers expiv.ss a willingness
o have Germany abandon Its Hiignr
ountles provlde-d other nations also
Ive up their bounties at the same time ,
n other words , the industry having
) een well established in Germany , the
iermans would like to bring about
vorld-wlde free trade so they can coii-
rol the markets of the world In-
Ex-Judge Macomber , who says he
peaks us n republican , has projected
ilmself Into public notice through the
lopoeratlcorgan to expound the coiutltu-
lou of Nebraska and reverse the re-
' cent decision of .ludge Scott. As nn
expounder of jvSlistitntloual law Hi : ' ox-
i Judge Is inue'li , CJi of an authority than
1 he Is on the ncifjteo of bank wrecking.
Whether his vlAftl of the validity of tlio
tire and pollce' Smlsslon law are righter
or wrong , then fact that h > uses the
] lirynnlto inoiunilH'ee ' to address repnb-
j llcans plaevs h1n,1n [ line with the other
republicans who Jlntl It necessary to air
their gtlevnneifi' In the Omaha news
paper fen iv. J I1'1 '
The problcn'i ' presented by the fri
qtipiiey of lyncJilicgs brings forth man
picposed solution1 , the favorite on
being some ser ( , 'olj ' a provision for pin
IshliiiJ the woolen county In which
lynching occtfps. ' The governor o
Maryland , In Ills recent message to hi
legislature , urges a law placing
money damage upon any county I
which a lynching occurs , nnd this will
out petition of the friends or relative
of the victim. Men may possibly b
taught their duty by striking at thel
pocketbooks , but It would seem tha
some better plan of lessening tlie fro
qneiicy of lynchliigs might bo tried.
The fact that during the past yea
the United States has been bnylui
fewer goods In foreign markets and sell
Ing larger quantities than ever befor
has an important bearing on the treasury
deficit. It will be remembered tint
when the Wilson law was creating If
big dellcit Immense quantities of forelgi
goods were coming Into the Amerlcai
ports and sales abroad were slmultano
A few Iowa printers are demanding
that UK books used in the schools o
Iowa shall bo manufactured In Iowa
As well might they demand that all the
facts contained therein should be gath
ered lu Iowa and all the authors con
cerned in writing , Iowa school books
should be natives of the state. The
"patronize home industry" Mdca has
Not content with the reputation It has.
achieved In the divorce line , South Pa
kola forge's to the front with a case o
court Intervention by injunction to pre
vent the marriage of a young womai
without her parent's assent. Marriage
by Inandamus should come next.
An L'nfiiumlcil Accusation.
.St. lAuls lie-public.
A Standard Oil corporation lawyer lias jus
rccr.lvuil $700,000 In fees In one day. Am
yet thure are ; people who charge that tliest
bit ; monopolies pay uo consideration to the
J.oiiB-ovlt.v of Solilltrs'VlilonN. .
The fourteen survivors of the war of 1S12
look lonesome when they contemplate the
3,287 widows of met\ \ who fought In thai
struggle. UnclOf > am , has been too llbera
In paying n premium , for- January and JUUP
12 v I lie net * < ) f HVINIIC.SK | llevlvul.
The Issues of stumped paper by the Post-
ofllco department are considered among the
best Indications , pf the conditions of busi
ness. The value ql such Issues for the quar
ter ending on Mar.cJi pi , 1S97 , was the larg
est In the history of the department up to
that time , but tbp record for the last imar-
ter of the year , $ i3p35,5U. fs nearly $2,000-
Tlie Slriij"Kiml Miill. "
KocmW < jnto City.
Therela growlrjjj , opposition In Iowa to the
"fast mull" service' , so-called , as now car
ried on. This feeling M not oiu-flned to the
acwtrvipeiYi of the state , tbc-URh they arc
voicing It quite vigorously. Many of the
buslixea men are greatly dissatisfied with
tno present arrangement whereby eastern
mail la held In Oaicago for three hours so
that fast mall trains can serve as special
carrieio for the early editions of the Chicago
KiliK-iidiinnl Test iKiiorcil.
Springfield ( Mass. ) liepubllcan.
Eighty-four per cent of the pure Ila-
wallans and 91 per cent of the part Ha-
wullans can read and write , yet the present
government dare not submit to them the
luestfon whether their couc-try shall be ab
sorbed by a foreign , power located 2,000
miles away. Nor docs the United States
government , which proposes to absorb thnm.
laro do It. The annexation , If accom
plished , will bo the triumph of brute force ,
ana It will take its place as one of the
slickest steals in history.
Evolution In Coltiin Imlii.strlcH.
The strike of the Fall Hlver cotton upin-
icrs pressages evil times for the great tex-
Ilo industry In Massacrusetts. The mill
owners claim and apparently with JusU-
hat they are being undersold by the southern
nllls , which enjoy the advantages of cheap
abor and cheaper raw material. The dlf-
crenco Jn cost of production Is estimated at
25 per cent , and unless this dlflorence can
bo made up in some way the Now England
nllls will have to go out of business. The
aril/ , for once , has nothing to do with the
natter , the competition Is between two
sections of our own country , and so ! oug'
as the southern mills have the advantages
Toted It Is hardly possible that the striking
spinners can gain their point. The only
result of the struggle will be a complete
> aralysls of the chief Industry of New Kng1-
lit the KxiMiNltlim.
St. I ul.i fllolip-Dpinoerat.
It Is unforlunato that through some mis
understanding the legislature made no ap
propriation for a state exhibit at the Trans-
mlpslssippl Exposition , to open at Omaha
June 1 , and continue until November. Jlut
Missouri will not bo unrepresented. A com
mission has been organized and Is intelli
gently at work to secure a suitable exhibit
of the productions of Missouri. This Is by
long odds the first among transmlsslaslppl
states , and Us place In an exhibition bear
ing that name should correspond. The com
mission has issued an address to the people
of the state asking for contributions to erect
a Missouri building , where they hope to
make "tho finest display of fruits ever seen
in America ; to collect and place on exhibi
tion meritorious products of our farms , for
ests , minea and factories. " Tlio building
will also serve ! as a meeting place for Mis
souri visitors. A matter cf such Importance
to the state needs < au immediate and liberal
i csponso. i
I' < > < nl Ho fin-in nnilivNpiiiicrn. .
Washington IJlspatch f > Globf-D.'inorrat. ( .
IJx-Secretary of Aprlpulturo Norman J. Col-
man of SI. LotiU is hero opposing the Loud
pound postage rate bill. iHo says there Is not
n publisher of a nWSpaper In the west , erIn
In the country , that would not oppose It bit
terly If ho knew what Its passage would cost ,
and moro especially If ho were aware that
not a sample copy could bo sent without a
postage stamp uprjn t , to any one , either to
becure advertising or containing marked ad
vertisements or 16 secure subscriptions , or
to exchanges , or I0 > orc'dit ' subscribers , or In
political campaigns or to subscribers after
the time they have paid for has expired.
Mr. Cole-man insists that under the bill news
papers can only ho sent at pound rates to
"legitimate bubscrlbers who voluntarily or
der and pay1 for the satno. " When the tlmo
paid for expires each copy must have affixed
upon It a postage fctamp.
"How would this affect the country news
papers ? " ho aaks. "Are cur country news
paper publishers asleep to allow such a bill
to pas3without protest ? It will cost each
of thorn from ? 50 to $500 per year , besides
lota of trouble. The bill also requires ev&ry
publisher to sort and tlo In separate bun
dles his ontlro , issue by states , cities , towns
and counties In his own office , an ] put It up
In United States mall sacks. Every mailing
day throughout the year this work has to bp
fcrformcil. " ,
DORS KfSION Ktr.SU f
nctnnrnllxltiK KIToH * of tlio t'nlnn ol
Democrat * mill l' < ii\ill l" .
Kansas t'lty Ktnr < Jm )
I/roklns 'back ' over the carnrnlgn of 1S06 ,
It becomes a question with the tlioughful ob.
aicvcr whether the democratic patty was not
harmed more than It was bononted by llu
union with llio populists. That H gained
some votfs by fusion la true. Wit who can
toll how many It lost ? In Kntuw. ? City
many democrats voted for Mrltlnley or tor
Palmer , who would hive given their sup
port to Hryan had he not been running ns a
r'ralght democratic candidate , without any
entangling alliances with the populist party.
In securing the ruppnrt of the latter or-
RJtilza'.lon , It Is certain thnt llryan alien
ated a largo number of democrats who had
tit sympathy with the popullstlc doctrine
and who fcnre-d that the agrarian clement
which came to tlio aid of the dcmorta
would exert an Inllucnco upon the adminis
tration , In the event of Dryati'g olorllon.
Had the democrats formulated n platform
In 1S96 dc-clarlns for frco trade- and bimetal
lism ami rcfuacd to enter Into coalition with
the populists their chince" for success
would have bcon Improved , and , oven In the
event of defeat , the party would , at IP.II.I.
have bron In first class shape for the canvas -
vas of 1000. lu the last national campaign
thcro were plenty of dem-ocrata who were
attracted to Mr. Hryaa and who- believed
In lib personal Integrity who , nevertheless ,
voted -against him because- they didn't llko
the extremists toy whom he was surrounded.
The process of fusion U always bound to
ho accomplished at the sacrifice of principle.
Each party to the alliance Is forced to con
cede sonuithlng which It should hold Invlo-
la-tc > . The object , of course , is material gain ,
not moral achievement. Tlio scheme Isto
attain power and make euro of the cfTleos.
H Is a matter of 'bargain ' nnd sale and is
always disgusting to honest men win are
devoted to political doctrine * for the good
which Is In them.
The effect of fusion la Inevitably demoral-
IzliiK. In Kanpsa it hns practically wlpe'J
the democratic party out ot existence. In
several of the cwithern states It has anni
hilated the republican party and In the na
tion It has bcnefltted neither the democracy
nor the populists party. The people's party
organized at St. Louis Is wise to proclaim
as onti of Its cardinal articles of faith that
H will keep In the middle of the road am
will tinlto with no other organization. I
can do no Icrs If It has anything wort !
contending for and In this act It lus ehowi
more honesty and sagacity than the demo
er-atlc party , which has suffered Incalculabl
harm by K.s weak and corrupt -disposition > to
go Into any fet : of a deal or a co.illtlot
which afforis it a promlso of securing con
trol of the spoils.
JHt.VT WUJIltV C'MHIS.
\Ovc-l Siirlnl 11 < > vrliirii < ( irmvliiK ; li
Uu > HUM * .
.St. Louis Globc-nomocrat.
Somw curiosity will be excited by the an
nounceiudi * . cf a new fedcratljn to be com
poacd of "Don't Worry Clubs. " It first appeared
pearod rather spontaneously in an costcrt
city and sccmn likely to receive cci oldora
lion. The articIcD of faith , ns far as an
nounccd , are to the effect that worry nukes
matters worse and should therefore bo d'a '
carded ; that courage and presence of niln.
should take Its place ; that amrng Us evllo
are a waste of vitality and Impairment of Uu
mental f.icultieu . and that where It is In
dulged happiness Is ImpcAvlblo. A now
member is Impressed with the duty of at
tacking worry as a cuaray , but ono that cai
bo driven out by persistent effort. Advice is
given as to cultivating a graceful spirit fcr
what Is possessed on helping and comforting
neighbors an ! overcomltvj cumltles anJ aver
sions. Mere or less of ere Is admitted to
bo the condition of existence , but the way to
meet It Is cheerfully and bravely , remem
bering how much of good t-hero In ki
life anil avoiding frctfulncss as en evil that
writes an unpleasant mcstuge on the face
lowers the health , narrows the mind ani
adds beyond mo'-suro to the weight of over }
Americans In general are of a nervous
temperament and may need some calming
Influence of this kind. Tnere Is no bettct
temperament when regulated , fcr one of itn
features Is high vitality. Some races and
nations heed nothing In the form of "don't
worry" organizat-lonu. The Turks tolte
things as they come- and are quietlstlc to a
degree. Theirs Is the apathy cf fatalism and
a civilization the world lias outgrown. The
lollander apparently never worries. Nature
M rewarded him with a solid physique and
a capacity for composed enjoyment. His
country la a model of peace , comfort anu
cleanliness , but Uien It Is mot very large.
\s the possessor of a whole continent and
.raveling c i fast trains Instead of canals
ils tranquil chaructcrlsMcs might change.
\Vorry la not unknown In England and
thcro are Frenchman who worry when there
d nothing exciting to worry about. But It
.5 understood that the new federation la In-
ended especially for Americans.
In establishing this order no doubt , the
act will be kept in view that there Is a
lohie discontent which always has and
always should effect the human mind ; -but -
another name for this is aspiration for that
vhlch is higher and better. It conduces to
mpplness and has no affinity to worry.
There are philosophers tell us that dls-
outent of the baser kind is due to a
hlmorlcal Idea frf the happiness of others.
Franklin warns those who are eager to be
omcthing else than what they are -that every
Ituation In life has Inconveniences , and that
be change mcst desired la often for the
vorso. Another dwells on the lack of order
as the chief cause of worry. A passage from
lelen Hunt Jackson will bo of service to
he new clubs : "Men call .fretting a minor
ault a foiblo- and not a vice. 'Hut ' there
s no vice except drunkenness which can
o utterly destroy the peace and happiness
f a home. " That Is a grave charge , but
o coutiovert It would be no easy task. A
ew club Is sometimes a new worrlmcnt , but
t Is hoped the variety just launched will
scape that result.
UIUSS1A. SKKS TUB I.IUIIT.
taken Oolil tin * Soli * Stiiniliiril of
Viilur In flu ; Kmplri. .
Philadelphia Heconl ,
For the past twenty years the Ilusslan
overnment hos beta preparing Itself for the
ofiolto establishment of the finances of that
e-untry on a gold baslii. 1ie final steps have
ow been taken , and It has been officially en
ounced trat gold will henceforth bo the
Dlo standard of value to the Ilusslan cin-
Iro. The new unit of currency will be u
ublo containing 0,7742 grams of pure gold ,
qual Invuluo to 01.45 cents In United Staters
old. Silver will be issued for subsidiary coins
nly , and ono rubla will ccnatln 18.02 grams
f pure sliver , ch heretofore. The State Hank
f Ilu&ila will bo , an heretofore , the only
rod it Institution which will Ci.ivo the right
o issue t't'ito credit notes exchangeable at
jar with gold la the State bank nnd all Ha
tranches. It may Is uo mich notes to an
nlimltcd amount. 'Doth ' gold and credit
otps are made legal tender to an unlimited
Tno issues of the credit notes by the Sbato
> ank , if needed by the expansion of com-
lerce , will ba KO regulated that Km emount
f mitHHndlng notes will not bo allowed
o exceed by moro than 300,000,000 rubles
10 value of gold coin and gold bars depc ! to3
n the State bank for their rcdomptlco. The
mount of oulstcndlnK fitato credit notes
December fi last In bank und in circulation
as 1,008,000,000 rubleo , and the amount of
eld In coin and In bar.s in the bank was
,100,000,000 rublcfl. The exchange of ntate
rodlt notes at par with gold U guaranteed ,
n addition to the gold reserve , by the whole
tale property about 000,000,000 ucres of
orcst anl 15,000 mllea of railroads. boMJea
; overnment latidii , etc. Silver in the State
> ank will not hu Included In the metallic
cfiervo of the bank for tlio purpose of re-
Silver hai been cc/Incd to the amount of
0,000,000 lublcs , ani the character of lEio
egal tender of the ellver rubles has not been
langed In the recent laws. Until It shall
10 decreed otbcrwixo , silver coins will bo
n l-gal tender for all taxes end duts to the
government in an unlimited amount , but not
BO between private Individuals. The Hue.ilnn
government will pay all Ha loans and Inte'r-
rst in the money in which mud loana were
contracted , according to the tenor of the con
The experience ct Russia bia been almost
precisely tha experience of the United States.
Thct government , Ilka aura , Jicn been ombar-
ruEded by war debts at > l by tbo cmLs.ilon of
a gruat volume ) of legal tender paper cur
rency. Kuli Is also a largo producer of
Dllvcr. The means by which currency reform
hau been ( 'cccmplLsbed In Itusslu may bo
studied with profit by our own alatcaraeu ,
IIUYAX AS AX OHATOIU
III * ItrmnrliitMiI'rnflMrnrr tin n
fit 1'mit I1..m-rr . I TIM
Mr. llryan. In his address to the students
of the State tmhersltjld < them that the
essential qualification ! * ot an cintor were
that he "should know uh.il he wn * talking
about and believe what he said. " Tried by
I tbls test the Hey Orator has about as much
i claim to the title as a sicltht-of-hatid ; per
former In a dime tnu. eum. On his favorite
subject of money and finance , on which In
li.n set about to Instruct his auditors a !
prices ranging from 2. < cents to fl a head he
probably knows lest of what he talks about
than any man of matuie > year.i In America ,
engaged In a similar Norntlon , unless It be
iR.-.ntlus Donnelly. And If he actually be
lieves wlint he says , whatever creilt may be
given to his sincerity must -ho denied to his
Intelligence. Ily JiU own criterion he Is not
an orator at all. Hut In the papular con
ception of the term that Is all ho I * , lie Is
n plausible and eloquent d-clalmer. He has
the superficial gifts and graces of oratory ,
but none of Its higher liitr-ltrctu.il or moral
elements. Fcr he lacks theloslc.il faculty.
He Iscks honesty , lie India truthfulness.
He- lacks knowltdse. He Is a deft spinner of
cfltchwords. of phrases that catch the oar of
the groundlings. His arguments are- tricks
Kve-ry .spe-ech .he has ever undo on thi ! !
qiiMitan cinci- his theatrical debut before the-
Chicago convention with his erras of gold
and crown of thorns has been full of proofs
of the accuracy of this characterization.
Take- the one- delivered at the 1'coplc'a church
cci Wednesday the same- old oae which he
han rec ted from hundreds of plattorrr.i ] In his
peripatetic propagandlsm of free silver. " 1
propr.v . , " he said , "In show you that the
geld atundard Is larceny by law. " He * would
bring proof that would convince hu auditors
of this. Now , how did he prove It ? First ,
lie alleged in a rouridaboutviy that gold
had appreciated In va'.ue by reason of Its
reiat'vo scarcity , nnd therefore had Increased
in purchasing power. Hut where.3 \ Hie
proof that gold IMS appreciated In value ?
, Thnt Is the very proposition to be proved.
He quietly assumes the truth of the proposi
tion he- promised to provo and then affects
to have proved It.
And with this assumption that he lias
proved It by asserting It , ho noes on to say :
"We condemn , the gold utandarrl because It
Rlvra us a rising d-olMr" that te , a dollar
which has appreciated In value because of
Its oearclly end tlmi adds , as if he was
clmply giving another name to the Mine
thing , "a dollar of Increasing purchasing
power. I tell you ( bit a rUlng dollar Is a
il'ihoniY-t ' dollar. " Thus , by a trick of am
bidextrous word-shuinitiK , ho substitutes for
the original proposition , which Is universally
denied by his opponents , that the valueof
the dollar has been Increased by the scarcity
of gold , the far broader and In some re-spccts
entirely distinct and unrelated proposition
that the purchasing power of the tolMr has
Increased , which under proper limitations
mo one denies.
Xo ono denies It Is everywhere rccog1-
nlzod as one of the most beneficent advance's
of modern civilization that the purchasing
power of the dollar has Increased In refer
ence to many things. You cnn buy more
shore nnd clothes , more books and news
papers , moro light and heat and steel rails ,
and moro of a thousand things with a given
number of dollars today than could bo
bought with the same sum twenty-live or
fifty years ago. The luxuries of the rich have
become the ordinary comforts of the poor.
N'ot because gold has appreciated in value ,
but because , iu nearly every department of
Industry , ono man Is now able to do the
work of four or five , and In some cases of
twenty or moro men a generation ago. If ,
by reason of this vastly Increased e-lficiency
given to human labor by Its Increased coni
mand of the powers of nature , the poor man
can now purchase a suit of clothes or a pair
of shoes or almost any other manufactured
article for a third or a quarter or n tenth
of what the same things would have cost
him thirty or forty years ago , Is that rob
bery ? Is It larceny which now fills the cottage -
tago of the Intelligent workingman with car
pets and furniture and pictures and books
and musical Instruments and comforts of
every sort which were beyond the reach of
all but the rich fifty years ago , and in many
cases not purchasable with the wealth of
If it Is through larceny that this beneficent
revolution has been wrought , who has been
robbed ? Not the workman whose skilled
labor is employed in the processes of pro
duction , fcr the wage of his labor la the
one ? thing that has not fallen. In ono sense
labor is the fundamental measure of values.
A given unit of skilloj labor commands as
many dollars on the average now as thirty
or forty years ago , while these dollars com
mand a vastly Increased quantity and range
of the comforts and luxuries of life. We
have in these two facts a complete demon
stration that it is not the appreciation of
gold which has reduced prices , but tlio in
creased elllciency ot numan labor.
And no ono knows this better than JUr.
Uryan. For no ono lias ever stated more
eloquently than he the stupendous progress
of labor-saving Inventions as the cause of
the reduced prices of most of the products
of labor. 'Hut that was 'before ' he took It
Into Ills head that the truth was not the
road to political popularity. Ills congres
sional speeches afford the proof that In this
case , at least , ho known what ho Is talking
about , but does not believe what ho says.
We might multiply examples. Hid ho be-
ilevo what ho said when ho reiterated that
ten thousand times exploded falsehood that
the bill which dropped the silver dollar from
the coinage in 1S73 was surreptitiously
; > asscvJ ? Did ho believe what he said when
: se assorted that at the last election 39 per
cent of the people voted for bimetallism ?
Hy 1,000.000 majority they voted for Mc-
ICinley on a platform which pledged him and
ils supporters to the maintenance of the
; old standard , and which distinctly ropudl-
ited any kindi of bimetallism which was not
ased on the co-operation of the great com-
nerclal powers of the earth. Hy a million
majority they condcmnoJ Mr. Bryan's achcmo
o ? a monometallic silver standard , which It
s one of his tricks of verbal legerdemain to
pass off on his hearers aa bimetallism.
I , AMI < > T1II2K\VIK.
Hoarding house keepers will bo glad to
earn that California will probably produce
:00,000,000 : pounds of prunco this year ,
Tlio payment of a poll tax Is not a pre
requisite of suffrage in .Norway , but by re
cent legislation vaccination la. No vlru.-i ,
Mrs. Susan IS. Wattles , the KaraH pioneer
who died the other day , was the widow of
ho famous Augustus Wattles , the cloao
rlend and co-worker with John Drown In
ho "underground railway. "
William < M. Slngei'ly , president of tho-Chrat- -
m' Street Natloral bunk of Philadelphia ,
which recently failed , la Of year.i old , but
ucitil recently bis shown in Bigt : of advanc-
ngago. Ho 6aa been owner , cJltor and pub-
Isher of the l'.illadelphla Record for twenty
Nellie McDonnell , a young and pretty girl ,
IBS been Kcntcnco.il to two monthu in the
lenltcntlary for stealing ribbons and other
locorntlons from tombs In the Greenwood
emotory , Hrooklyn. She told thu judge
hat It was a ehaino to let such nlco finery
go to wcstc.
The grand master of tlio Free Masons of
eru. who , according to ( Irand Master Suth-
rland of New York , has committed Masonic
.ulcldo by issuing on edict discarding thu
ilblo co a baste for morality for the Mancnx
under his jurisdiction , beam the coatradic-
ory r.amo of Chrlutian Dam.
John Ilrown .cf Wichita , Kan. , o famous
uko v/alk'st ' , was chcwn , an account of the
'miner I'ark cake walk in which W. K. Vaci-
lorbllt vi a iai.l to have coma off ICio prize
vlnner and after reading It wrote * Mr. Van-
lorbllt a challenge to a cake walk conteat In
Vlchlta any tlmo thU winter for SSOO u
ide , Mr. Vanderbllt's acceptauco has not
ot been received.
Ocorgo Julian Harnc-y , who d-lcd tbo other
lay at the > U'o of 80 , was the lai-t of the
JngllHh chartist leaders and had ber-n coo
of the mcst active. Ho allied the Northern
itar , the organ of ttoo movement , and was 'in '
he forofrcnt of all thu largo demonstrations.
"or the last few years ho had acted no ro-
lewer for the Nenvcsstlo Weekly Chronicle
find only this year WB.I a recipient of a tCJtl-
nonlal from admirers.
John 0. Carllulei IraerlbM "Now Vork" op-
lojlto hto name In the hotel rcgbiterH , thus
rankly admitting that ho Itou cast his lot
with the greater mutropollH. llooas formed
an advantageous law partnership lr New
fork and the prcupocUi are that the ox-
ccrotary will make moro moimy from Ills law
ipjctlco in ono yean than hb salary for the
viaolo term of his service &n u cabinet olBcer.
Mr. Carlialo Is tbo picture of wealth. ,
VOICM-J OP THU MMU.YSK.A MIKSS
Kearney Hub- The Worlil-Hfrald ay.i th-M
"lnrdiy within tlio recollections ot Onuhi
m.-rchaiits hai the holiday irncjo of ISjJ
been equaled in former years Certainly II
' .ins been far ahwd of any year elno 18SJ "
, This Is a projncrUy Item that needs na
I I Kearney HubOtrmh.1 stock ynrdfl had n
' blR business during ts 7. Receipts of Mtlla
I larsely exceeded any year sinceI'tw ' except
j 1SII3 nnd 1S9I. Hogs showed an Increase ol
iover rs.OOO , and sheep Jumped from 19 ! > , l ! > 2
; to 409.501. It IB s-ifo to pmllcl that In 1S-.18
thereccivts will exceed those of any pre
vious jrar since the establishment of Ilia
Columbus Times : The election of county
assessor for a term oj two years an ef
ficient , thorough business msti resp"iislbl
for a competent dinuty In each township ,
would systematize- down to business methodi
and principles , n business now pretty Inxlj
conducted , and bo a long stride In advatKi
of the present nvnner of running thai
trune'.i of the icvenuc department of this ol
any other state' . j. .
York Times : tf wo have another gon\ f
year a good many York county farmers will
have money to loin , and In n few years \o
will be carrying our own leans. York county
will acme * day'havemiiicy enough to comlii"t
Its own business and some to space to her
neighbors. A country llko tills cannot al
ways bo poor. Some ImllvUunln will bo
poor wherever they are , but the majority
of petyle- hero will have plenty , and nuuy
of the most thrifty will have money to
Schuylcr Herald : The arbitrary adoption
of the section lines ns the P.rpper plare to
locate country reads Is proving" itself to have
been not alone a very foolish , but a very
costly rcte. Following a section line no mat.
tcr whether It leads across n steep bluff , big
ravines or Innumerable creeks U the blgce-sl
piece of folly ever committed by n stale or
ganization. In Colfax county wo expend
about $8.000 annually to maintain our bridges ,
which if theroado could be rc-locateM along
natural road llcics could | 3 reduced to ono-
third of this amoiv.it. ThcV too , the imnunt
expended fcr read work would bo materially
reduced , and an attempt might reasonably bo
made 1'n establishing permanent roads. As
it now Is , the amount cammlly expended anJ
for which nothing ! s to bo seen at the expira
tion of the year , la an Item which Is bound
to Increase ns the traffic on the dirt road
bccomea heavier. The Herald is of the opln.
Ion that even now , nt this late day. It would
he a good scheme to provide for the vaca
tion of certain o.'ctlon line roads on certain
conditions and the reads laid out where they
would naturally belosii ; . H Is no wonder at
all that taxes In our county arc so excess
ively heavy. Tlio Herald will endeavor to
ascertain the number of bridges which tie
taxpayers of the county are compelled to
malntaio , If such eMta can bo obtained.
There Is nothing so damaging to a country
aa being rompe'lled to levy a heavy tax. The
bridge and road tax may be- reduced , but
only by the er.ange of meat of the present
roads and tue road laws. It can bo do-no ,
Cincinnati ICnqiilrer : Cholllc Would you
helli-ve It that 1 wa throate-ned with se > rlou
binln trouble , when I W.-IH yourg ?
Ilollte Indeed ? How did you Bliccce-d In
having- removed ?
Detroit Jonrnnl ; "In the ovjnliw , " remarked -
marked t"ic observer of men nnd thing * . " , i
Klrl will tell you Hint she carries her hear ;
upon her sleeve ; the next day she -will carry
her lunch in a music roll. "
Chleigo Tribune : Jlr. Shnckwell My
dear , Isit your children or my children that
are fiuairellng ?
Mrs. Shnckwell ( listening n moment )
Neither. Tno children of your iir.st wife's
llrst husband are qunrrojlnif with the chil
dren of my first husband's first wife.
New York Journal : Hewitt So you nro
back from Kurope. Do you enjoy these )
trips : icros the ocean ?
Jpwett No ; something always comes up
to mar my pleasure.
Indianapolis Journal : "Alas ! " sighed the
oyster , as he felt himself being conveyed
from the pinto on the end of the tablcknlfi- .
"alas ! Tils Is tin end to all my hopea of
getting Into gcod society. "
Washington Star : "Cheer up. penny , " said
Uncle Kben , "even If yotih eloesn't git all
yob 'marines you wants. Ue man ilat gltH
mo'n Ills share o' mlnco pie Is gwlneter git
ino'n his share , o' dyspepsia. "
Puck : She Yo.'t those are expensive ma-
teriila. but I asi/jo with l\onlus ! : "Costly
thy habit as tl ' purse can buy. "
Her Friend That was his advice to a
young man. wns It not ?
Shi- Certainly ! Xo man would find It
necessary to give such advice to a woman.
Indianapolis Journal : "Did I understand
you to say that your Income Is not sulH-
cient for your expenses ? " Inquired Mr. Hap-
"Not at all. My Income , can meet them
without any difficulty. Hut It always gets
the worst of the encounter. "
Detroit Free Press : "What are you treat.
Ing me for , doctor ? "
"Loss of memory. Ton have owed mo a
bill of JSO for two years. "
Chicago Tribune : "I remember once tell
ing a boy , " Bald Uncle Allen Sparks , "that If
ho would takes 'Kxcelslor ! ' for his motto ho
would Ftieceed in life. That was ten years
ago. I saw him hist week. " continued Undo
Allen , plaintively. "Ho told mo ho had fol-
'owed ' my advice and was now an elevator
boy at a salary of $5 a week. "
Cincinnati Enquirer : "Pnt. yon complain
of bpliig out of work , nnd yet I heard that
c'oal dealer offer you a Job to drive one of
his earta , not ten minutes ago. "
"Vis. SOT ; but I'm dommed If I'll frcczo
mesclf to death to keep alive , begob ! "
Indianapolis Journal. "What In thunder
do you mean , " asked the city editor , "by
comparing the air to frozen quinine ? "
"I meant to say , " said , the now reporter ,
with proud humility , "that It was blue ?
cold , "
I.told her that , as man of Inw ,
Love's side I should defend
That In our case there was no flaw ,
We'd light It to the end.
A frown spread o'er her dimpled face ,
She paced the polished floor
"Ah ! pardon me , what Is this case ?
You know I have a score ! "
"f.ove versus Phyllis , there's the scrips , '
A kiss beneath your ncso ;
In fact , a mortgage on your lips ! "
S.ild "Please "
Phyllis : foreclose !
Way out In Cherry county ,
On the North houp river bank.
A little mound on thei candy ground
Marks the gruvo of Ilnrd-Up Hank ,
There never was a braver coul
And ho always used to boast
That on the day de-atli came his wny
It would find him at liU post.
Now Hank and hl.ipard were "Hustlers ; "
Nothing bothered them a bit ,
For there wasn't n brand In ull the l/inj
They e'ouldn't counterfeit.
T.-.lH worrli-d nil the stockmen
That ranged the. eattle there.
And every man thought of a plan
To dorm the foxy pair.
I.ato one summer morning
While preparing for a Job ,
Hoth of the beiys heard n certain nolsa
That caused their hearts to throb
It wasn't nn aim-el's whisper ,
Iul ! tbo crack of a forty-four.
And tno Kiillant Hank , wo tall and lank ,
1'YJI to rlso no moro.
Ills partner skipped the country-
It was the proper thing to do ;
If n < > cn iigaln by the uattlunicn
Ho would din ivxIHi bin boots on , too.
In c-oiic-luilliiK t'ow thn ! story
I will say that It Is to ,
"C.iuro . Hank nn1 mu was pards. you sue ,
An' I reckon I ought tor know. "
A Royal Baking
Powder hot bis =
cuit is the lux =
uiy of eating.
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