Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 12, 1898, Page 4, Image 4
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE , E. llOSKWATKtl , Editor. I'UllMBHEO KVKUV MOItNINQ. TBIIMS OP SUH8CIUPTIOJJI n e ( Without Sunday ) , One Year 18 M Dnllr Uee and Sunday , Ono Year. . S 00 BIX Months i 00 Thru ) Monlhi. . , , , . , I 00 Sunday lltt , One Yenr. . . . . . . . . . Z W SiUurJay lire. One Year 1 64 Vetkly lite , One Year M OFFICES : Omahne The Dee UullJIne. Houth Omahat Singer Illk. , Cor. N and 21th SU. Council IllulTiil 10 1'tnrl Blrcet. Chicago Oincet 117 Chamber of Commerce. New Vork : Tcmpla Court. Washington : Ml Fourteenth Street. COUHESI'ONnKNCK. Alt communlcatlonn relating to ncwi and e < Hto > rial matter should be nddtCMeJ : To the Editor. lIUHINJCii.S UUTTKIIS. All bimlncis Uttcri and remittances nhould bo ddreateit to The liee Puljlluhlnc Company , Omaha. I-iinfU , cher.kt , oipros and poitofTlce money order * to bo made payable to the order of Ui company. . TUB DEI : puuuaitiNO COMPANY. STATEMENT Of C1IICULAT1ON. State of Ncl.rankn . , Douslas County. § ? . : Ui-orKO It. Txrchuck. BC , rclary of The Dec Tub. llahlnR Company , being duly nworn. fays that the actual miinlrer of full nn l complete coplea of The Dally , Morning , Kvcnlng ami Sunday Hoc printed during UK- month of December , 18D7 , was as fol lows : 1 . 21,227 17 51.197 I . tl,378 18 21,611 s . : ii < n U 24,013 4 . : ir-,7 JO ZI.JM E . 21 , : , .i2 21 21,381 J 21,721 7 . ll.CM 23 2I.2J7 8 . II.3I1 21 21,211 t ) . 21,30.1 23 ( m'rn'K only ) 10,557 10 . 21,200 JO. . 21W9 11 . 21 , US 2 , 21,201 12 . 21,02 , ) 2S 21,330 11 . 22217 2 ! ) SI.1W II . JI..1IJ : o 2i.oin IS . 21,577 31 21,513 It . 2I.JCI _ Tolnl . CC.S72 tsts ; returned and unsold copies . 12,322 Net total suits . HUM Not dally a\crnRp . 21.133 anoitoR ii. TCsriiucK. fiworn to berate mennd rubrcrlbcil In my pretence this 1st Ony of Jniumry , U3S. ( Sonl. ) N. I1. KKIt. . Notnry 1'uMlo. KHni * IT 11KFOHI3 Tin : The iiRRro'jrnlp pnrrlpp ilellvery cir culation f The Kvcnlnn Ilcc Ir ilnuhlc the tKKrK'ttr pnrrli-r delivery circulation of I InKvrnliiK "VVorlil- Ilornlil it .ill more ( hull Hit tlmuy Rronlvr ( him the nKKrrRiilc- carrier IcllvrrylriuIii t lim of tin- Morning AVorlil-ltiTiiIil In Oiunliii nnil Snutli Omalin. 'J'lip cnrrlrr drllvrry circulation of The KvptiliiK Ili-p I'enchfH 7Wt-l : IMIIUI II lie MiiIiscrllti-i-M ( lint tin : nut rc-nulii-il 1 > > - the lOvi-nliu : W < irlil-II > ralil anil 7lll HiihfK-rlhrrM tlutl lire nut reneheil ! < > ( hp Mt.inliiKWorldHerald. . I * J ( ? More ( hail ! ) ,4)OO ) currier il el Ivory k nnliHt-rllirrn ( o The Oiiiiiha 10veiling llee mill The Oiniihn Mornliifr llee nre not reiielieil pltlicr ! > > the Moi-iiliiK AVorlil-IIcrnld or the KvcnliiK AVorlil- lli-rnl.l. It Kni'H ivlthont nnylnpr ( ha ( the num. IIPP of enpli-N at 'I'll'HvenliiKT llee or The Miiriiliuv HPP nolil liy ilealern nii.l lUMVNlioy.s p.veeeilN I > y a very coiiHliler- nhle the ntimlx-r of Worlil-IIernia ilnlllex , inofillliKT mill owning1 , soil ! liy dnilprN ami IB not that promised exposition sub scription from the reorganized Union FaelHc nearly overdue ? Nebraska's two senators are in nipnt In their opposition to Hawaiian annexation. So are the great majority of Nebraska people. who Iml ) the Populists niiddlc-of-tho- roiid ronsh should remember that those who take the fusion by-paths are con stantly treading on thorns. It Is to be hoped there will bn no requisition for Unlteii States troops oc- casloned by the beauty contests set In motion in the various western states by the exposition authorities. There nre men in the United Slates congress who affect to believe that Kfatesmanshlp may be shown by dovls- 4mr some scheme for testing sentiment in that body on the question of free coinage of silver. If the ( Ire Insurance companies will only give Omaha the benefit of their Improved business In the shape of re duced lire rates , the people will leave it to the courts to decide the question of the validity of the anti-compact law. There Is plenty of work to bo done by business men's associations and clubs In connection with the entertainment of exposition visitors , and every one of those organizations should put themselves - selves on a business basis ami do busi ness. The innovations of the Onlf road In the matter of tariff rates are not relished by the other railroads wlio.se business Is affected by them. But the general public * , including shippers and consumers , has no kick coming on that score. , Beautiful women arc found In cvory city and hamlet and on' the great farms of the transmlsslHslppi region and thai , composite picture will have to bo decid edly handsome If it truly represents the combined attractiveness of the western women. The senate will not debate the Hawaiian treaty with open doors. It Is dltllcult to tell whether Hits decision la a greater disappointment to the puhllo or to the senators who had prepared Bpread-eaglo speeches for the delectation of thu galleries , The stories of starvation and hardship 1hat are Invented by those who are charged with the duty of getting news from Alaska to meet popular expecta- tlon are seasoned with a plentiful wip- pl.v of Information about rich strllie.s : unl marvelous clean-ups. The spectacle of Colorado newspapers Mill publishing pages of the HtulV talked by George Kred Williams and others of his kind and at thu name time boasting of the more than ij.OOO.OOO ij mined from the gold veins of the mountains last yearJs one of the things that passes all undormaudlng. Iowa legislators arc to be urged tn provide for location of another Hcliool for the deaf on the ground that the la- Btltutlon near Council 111 tiffs has not Biitltclent 8lzo to accommodate all who desire to avail themselvtvs of its advan tugus. An easier way to make room for all thu deaf people of the state who du al re education would bo to eulur o Uiu school already lu oycraUou. rmi KnurATtoxAii TKXT , Sennlor Tumor of Hie ntntc of Wash ington made n very strong speech in th senate last week In opposition to tli bill for plating further restrictions iipoi IminlgraUon. In reference to the pro posed educational test , the senator Bait that Ignorance of book learning Is In deed a misfortune , but It Is not n crime and he declared that he would as noon refuse food and drink to the hungry ant thirsty as to push away from our shdre. the poor , struggling unfortunate who seeks for himself and Ills children the boon of freedom and enlightenment n our hnnds. Such a course Is not In ac cord with the policy of the country with the spirit of the American people with the gen I M ? of our institutions , o with the history and traditions of the republic. / Senator Turner denied that any neces slty had arisen for the proposed leglsln tlon. "I have neither heard nor read , ' he said , "a. single argument lu > Its favoi which commends Itself to my Judgmen or my conscience. Can it be snld tha education and learning form an hulls pensnhle equipment for the right of en franco into the privileges of the soda compact ? Have we reached a stage of development which emancipates us from the primal curse and enables s t ( supply our manifold wants at the ex pense of a mental effort ? If not , thei we need strong hands as Well as learned brains , energy of action as well as eu ergy of thought nnd deft physical ma nlpiilatlon as well as profound menta calculation. " Virtue , said the senator does not necessarily go hand In ham' with learning. That jewel may be found at the seats of learning nnd amidst tin. wealth nnd culture of the cities , "but It is more often found on the farm nnd in the factory , at the plow , the bc-iu-h ant the counter , and in the lowly cottage. ' For the duties of citizenship learning Is essential , but the senator denied that Its possession ought to be considered as in dispensable to the right of entrance lull our great national family and he de clared that lit1 would never vote to dt nj to any man the protection of our law.i and the beiicllls of our free Instltutloiih on the score of learning. The Washington senator pointed out that the class of men who were tin pioneers of our civilization in Its west ward march were largely men of lltile. If any , learning , but they blazed the pathway that others followed. This class has done Its part well in both peace and war. "The qlllcers on nelthei side during our late war undertook to recruit their armies with a spelling bool ; . They knew too well that courage and endurance were not bred in the schools alone. In every contest which our country has bad , whether intermit or external , it has been proven tli.it men may be heroes although untutored ir the polite learning of their more fortu mite brothers. " .Mr. Turner declared that the time has not yet come when this country can shut out people whose labor is necessary to the development of its resources. He showed how unrea sonable Is the talk about the country being Orel-populated , In riew of the fnel that there is annually sent abroad breiidstiilTs and food products and tex tile materials in a crude state sulllclent to feed and clothe our entire population. There is no necessity for placing fur ther restrictions upon Immigration and so far as the proposed educational test is concerned it is utterly .indefensible. Many of the worst characters that have come hero from Europe can read and wilto. Some of the most , useful people who have come to our shores could not have complied with the proposed legis lation. A strict enforcement of existing laws Is all that is required. 37JK A'Kir FAITH The official paper of the Nebraska Liquor Dealers' association Is highly gratified at the decision rendered by the district court In the Kitchen license protest case , and quotes with exultation the declaration of that tribunal that the applicant acted In good faith In making n choice of the newspaper In which to publish his notice. The liquor dealers' otllclal organ- Insists that , in following the lawless Instructions of the police commission , applicants gave suflicient evidence of good faith to warrant them In violating the law requiring publica tion In the paper of largest county cir culation. This Is the faith cure by which liquor sellers expect to whip the devil round the slump and nullify the law. Suppose the ITerdman gang had taken ( lie contract to deliver the liquor license advertising to the scarlet paper that claims to speak olliclally nnd exclusively for the saloon keepers. All they would have to do to carry out the deal would be to pass a resolution that In their opinion tlio scarlet paper is the paper of largest circulation and therefore entitled - titled to this advertising. That- declara tion once made would permit anybody with nil india-rubber conscience to fol low out that injunction nnd testify Unit he did .so In good faith. The good faith cure would thus defeat the very object of the law , which Is to give the widest publicity to the applications for liquor licenses In order to enable people to remonstrate against the planting of sa loons In close proximity to churches , schools and private residences. With the good faith euro in oporntlon , the scarlet paper , which circulates only among liquor dealers , could , oven with out a lawless edict of the police hoard , become the ofllclnl medium through which its patrons could secure their licenses without anybody outside of tlie fraternity having notice of tin- fact. All thu faith euro requires is for the liquor dealers to swear that when they Inserted the advertisement the scarlet paper claimed to have the larg est circulation , and they put faith In Its claim , though they knew better all the time. Is this the good faith con templated by tha law ? Suppose , again , there were four liquor dealers' organs , each printed on dif ferent colored paper , with contents substantially the same as the patent plates of the ami-lot paper , and they should agree to combine their circula tions for revenue only under the as sumed nnino of the Liquor Dealers * ' ( Jhromo. Under the good faith cure , ill the license applicants would have to lo would bo to file a certificate of pub lication , of a uotico iu the Ohrouiu uud on protest Insist that they acted In- good faith. Would not such an allegation of good faith bo proof positive of .bnd faith ? Vet this Is precisely the hole through which dealers who wJsh to curry faror with the police board and others who hare a pplte to gratify want to crawl under the pretext of good faith. In order to display good faith , a man must exercise reasonable diligence to arrive at the truth by ascertaining the facts. Those who deliberately close ears and eyes to the Indisputable evi dence furnished of the paper of largest bona tide circulation ami plead the faith cure stand self-convicted of willful de ception and deliberate evasion of the plain letter of the law. OAJXST TURKEY- There will be no surprise at the report from the American minister at Constan tinople that the Turkish government Is not disposed to acknowledge the valid ity of the American claims for indem nity. It appears -that the Porte takes the position that the property for which damages nre asked having boon de stroyed during n riot , the government , having used Its best efforts to protect the property , Is not responsible for Its destruction. This view may be sound , but did the Turkish authorltl"s use their best efforts to prevent the destruc tion of the property ? , Probably not. but that is a mutter which It would be very dlllleult to determine. At nil events , the chances of getting the Indemnity paid are exceedingly small , If Indeed there Is any chance at nil. Our minister has asked for further Instructions that will enable him to make stronger represen tations to the Porte nnd probably the State department will .scud him a vlg- oiously worded note , which wlllthave no effect. The only way to deal with the Turkish government Is the way taken by Austria when a short time ago she sent a war whip to a Turkish port to enforce a demand. Tills summary ac tion brought immediate compliance. It might 1)L unwise for the United States to follow this example , but it Is pretty safe to say It will never get the Indem nity claimed by any other menus. IHHT1SII I'OItlCrA CHIAA. Doubtless Mr. Italfour went as far as was judicious In lib statement re garding Great Britain's policy In China nndsu far as American Interests are concerned It Is entirely satisfactory. All this country desires Is n fair and equal opportunity with other countries in the Chinese trade that there shall been on barriers erected against our com merce and this It is tlie.policy of Great Britain to secure to us. Tlie free trade principle England proposes shall be ob served and maintained In China and Mr. Balfour distinctly declared that the British government will do its utmost to thwart any designs Inimical to its commercial interests in that quarter. It docs not propose to quietly per mit any European country or com bination of countries to take pos session , of Chinese territory with n view to raising barriers to' trade and undoubtedly it is able to enforce its policy. What was said by the government leader in the House of Commons is suf ficiently plain and definite to make the desired impression upon Uussla and Ciormany. In effect it says to those na tions that England will not tolerate tin- carrying out of any scheme for the par titioning of China or any plans that would interfere with freedom of com merce with that empire. It Is n warning which , It is not to be doubted , will be liccded by tiie governments for which it was Intended. China being thus as sured of British support in the protec tion of her territory will make no ex elusive concessions and existing condi tions will bo maintained. The policy of Great Britain in this matter will certainly -have the hearty approval of this country , since it mean * for us tlie continued enjoyment of equal n-ivlleges in tlie Chinese trade with tlie rest of the world. The recent events iii the far east have served to call Amor- can attention more strongly than ever K'fore to the vast commercial oppor tunities there and it is to be expected lint American merchants and manufac turers will hereafter show greater en- .erprisc in that quarter. The viaduct case under consideration > y the United States supreme court In volves the very vital question whether lie railroads can be compelled under our laws to pay for the viaducts erected to protect the public in crossi ng tracks on their right of way in crowded cities. While the suit Is In he name of the Burlington It affects all he roads , because the law must operate mlformly upon nil of them. If the Ity gains its point several long-deferred nnil much-needed viaducts will be > rought within reach. . The legislative house Journal Just is sued from tlie press presents one new Vature worthy of commendation in the shape of a tabular statement of all the crrltorhil state olllcers of Nebraska vitli the dates of their olilclal service. Willie this table is not In all respects ilther complete or accurate , tlie Idea Is i good one , and the Information iltherto Imu-cesslble , except on hibon- us investigation , Is sure to prove useful o people who have occasion to consult ho book. The report of the Iowa state oil In- pector discloses the fact , that during ho year ISO" , tt,777 barrels of oil wen * ejected by the Iowa authorities and xirrcd from ak In that state. Won- lor how miicli of this rejected oil was cat over the state Urn * to puss the inns- er of the Nebraska oil Inspectors nnd > L disposed of to uninformed purchaj- rs In Nebraska. The local paper whose support of 30 o 1 five silver was secured by the pur chase of a Miiall block of its worthies : ) Mock In behalf of the silver mine own- civs' syndicate , naturally applauds the Ohio legislators who betray the pledges ipon which they were elected. Th- ell-out organ always welcomes com- Kiny of its own breed. The prulcn.su that Ciurmany's action In oUing a Chlnesu port was for the pur- lose of securing Indemnity for the mur der of two missionaries Is uu longer maintained am ) , the German statesmen frankly ndmti tnat the niovuiunl was one simply tQ fford a basis' ' for nx1nd- ing German tifnyie In China. Thus the missionary lu > ani * nro relieved of re- flponslblllty Mr one more act of Inter national larceny. Advocates of Hawaiian annexation arc unwllllnj * Td ake the American iwo- pic Into theirstnijldenco lu the matter ot reasons for acquiring the Islands. If there exists g b'd ' reasons for extending the territory 'gt tlie United .States the people ought .tpjnow all about them. The Unln In lijUult Krec 1'reM. Great Hrlt-iln'a exports last year declined J2S.97S.OOO : American exports for cloven months of 1S97 gained $80,000000. Figures , llko Ptrawfl , sometimes show whlcu way the wind la blowing. Word I'li'liiri * of I'ronrrnn. 1'lonwr I'reM. ' A writer lo the Forura Rives a. succinct anil striking Illustration of the rapid progress nmJo In electrical Invention hi a decide when lie remarks that In' 1S87 a movement to discuss the adaptation ot electricity to street railways was frowned down ca a wnsto of time , It being urged that the discussion of the care and stabling of car houses would bo much more to the point. TinlUnl Danger. ' lloston Herald. Unless tha pension list can be purged of Its corruptions , the chances are that In n few years more with the Icicomlng Into po litical life and activity of men to whom our civil war Is almost aa remotean event os the war ot 1S12 U to those who have attained middle age an effort , and success ful effort , will be made to repeal the entire system. This would be an exceedingly un fortunate event , os It would deprive many thousands of deserving people of a gratuity which a grateful country Is fully justified In paying ; but whcro a system exists that per mits fraud and honesty to be clwcly Inter twined It may bo found Impossible to under take -tho work of rooting out the 'former without materially Injuring the latter. 'I'ronf ' ( if Kliuiiiplnl .Stability. Chicago Tribune. , The progress that hna been made In this I country tn financial Independence ) and sta bility Is illustrated tn the recent Rale of the Union Pacific railroad and the payment therefor. This transaction required the transfer ot $5S,000OOQ , which has been ac complished In the space of six weeks with out appreciable disturbance of the money market.And yet It Is only twenty-five years elnco the payment to this country by Great Urltaln of ? 15,500,000 under the Geneva award on the Alabama claims \vnn mode to extend through a period of several months in order to produce as little disturbance ta possible lu the money market of the strong est nation , financially , In the .world. Has America , In a quarter of a century , grown so much stronger financially than 'England ? Xovr Yurie I'l-ovlin-Inl .Spirit. Snrlnsflclil ( Muss. ) Koiuibllcnti. Mayor Van Wyck's contention that a city should draw all Its toichers from within itself Is striking pnough to make one pause and think. The same principle ought to apply to a country as a whole. No professors or scholars should ' ever be brought from over the sea , It follows , too , that every nation can produce1 Its own Idc-is without external aaslstancfo , Its own philosophy , re ligion , literature. Inventions and machinery. This Is a beautiful a's ' well as a time-honored theory , and the results of Its stern , unbending application mar be seen at a glance la thu empire of China at , the present day. Let Now York ca ry put this idea of. self- sufllcleccy In Its logical symmetry , and the time will como when some European war lord will seize coiling station for his war within slgTit ot Brooklyn bridge. i.v TUB WEST. A Iliiriew of tlie IH-jircHHloii iiuil the JlfryJviiI o 1S 7. I'hilndelp la Press. Ono of the blessings with which the year 3Sfl7 ahould bo credited is the rehabilitation of the west. It was In that neighborhood that the depression began which , reinforced by a vicious tariff policy , spread over the whole country and resulted In four years of discouragement and business less. The hard times began to appear In Kansas , Nebraska and the adjoining states as far back as 1SS9. Prolonged drouths resulting In poor crops and small returns to the farmers were the. rule for two or three years. The distress was lu- creised by the indiscretion of now settlers pushing far out Into the semi-arid region , an enterprise born of the hopes of bountiful years 'which ' are exceptional. There were other causes responsible for the situation , such as the farm mortgage agent and the land boomer. When the collapse came it was sudden and overwhelming. The first whisperings of It wcro heard in the spring and summer of 1890 when another baJ crop year was foreshad owed. When the immigrants and settlers from the cast who had been drawn to the west by the promise of quick success saw their little hoard of savings disappear , their hopes and enterprise wore turned to bitter ness anu despair , u is possible now In the light of experience to explain the disposition of thcso disappointed settlers. In 1890 it be came known that men who had always stood for honesty and soun'J ' principles rwero organ izing to form a party whoso avowed purpcsu was to beat the creditor out of his rights and the first impression was that a mid-summer madness had swept over the western people and distorted their views cf right and wrong , It was found to bo a real situation , how ever , when the returns of the elections In November. 1890 , came In. The country had to acknowledge that the people of the west , whose sturdy common sense had on moro than otto occasion been the salvation of the nation , had become deeply Infected with a delusion that must bo allowed to run Its course. Only natural'causes could cure It. It was not until 1S97 that the antidote was found -when with large crops and good prices the western people discovered that the same nature which ! iadbrought disaster could bring prosperity also. Today the sources of Information which seven years ago wore burdened with tales of disaster are teeming with stories of pros perity and happiness. Aivi what Is better than this change in the situation Is the ev idence that a lasting and profitable lesson lias been learned , Indiana , Illinois , Michigan and Wisconsin wore on the outer sklrta of the economic Ilsturbaneo , but near enough to feel Its effects. Today they are giving evldcccs of ho now and prcf.yccous conditions In greater juslneas activity and Increased bn'nk de posits. But it is beyond file Mississippi Ivor that the most remarkable signs of re cuperation arc found as it was tfiero that the nest distress and''dlsastor were seen. Hero are some of ( ho pvldbnces of the new condi tion of tilings : Tlio state auditor of Iowa reports tlio largest Increase In bank deposits over known In tbat qtato consequent on "tho mmensc- sales of , Iowa products. " No- brcska'a wheat , cor , cats , rye and hay crops , dairy products , iloultry ' and live stock for 1897 nro valued at J'lGl,523't54 at the homo markets ; the grand total of tha products of Kansas for the year is estimated to bo vorth $230,410,143'and ' $30,000.009 of Indebted ness has been paltl..ojf ' ; South Dakota's pros- isrlty Is shown In the great Increase In the mik deposits , auj polorado fceU the new erudition of thliigj .In Its greatly enlarged ylold of gold. When the history of the last decade cf ho nineteenth cpnUiry Is written one 01 * ts most Interesting chapters will bo the description of the' ' causes and course of the ndustrlfil depcexlon tkat covered the wp.it iGtwecn the years 1890 and 1S9C , both in clusive. It will record a uteri ! battle m-ado agaln.it . nature's forces and the Immense oss. Buffering and sorrow t'.iat followed. The attempt to settle the semi-arid regions wen Iko the attack of an army on a well-defended citadel. It met' with a repulse and no bat- It' evec resulted in so much human suffering as the defeat of the effort to turn the dry > laliu3 of Kan MS and Nebraska Into habitable eglons. The human tldo wca thrown back von Itself and left to contemplate the loss of years of work. Hut that tlie repulse willie io only temporary is seen in the rohablllta- lon of these very regions In 1897. The next attack will be made with more caution , fore sight and energy , and judging from the past t will prove more successful as It will have nero syuituthy and support from tlio rwt of the country , TAI.KINO TO TUB IMIJ HtUXTKHS. fiuffnb Kxprcss Ocncrnl Orosvcnor must not judge the tcntlmetit of the country by the upr an. 114 applfuuo that green ; tils At tack. ) on civil service- reform from the place- who fill the house RillerlM. i l ! Tribunes Some of Oiose eon * prcMincn who nro talking BO loudly about the Itlijultlcs of the civil service law will bo hi n sad predKximcnt If wiled upno to vote on 'ho ' question ot Its repeal. They nre Rlmply playing to the homo galleries now , Vi'hllu at heart they favor the measure , which affords them relief from Imporlmuto olllce Bickers and yet dois not stand la the way of helping their particular friends when oc- caslcn require * . Philadelphia llccord : The tpolls uf ofllco are neatly always the uppermost considera tion l Uio mlnd.s of coiiRrcsmnen. The gre.it n\M3 \ of the people take but a mild Interest Ui the distribution of the odlcw. Not so the active professional politicians. It is their vital nnd engrossing Interest. Getting spoil U their occupillon. They live on the pro ceeds. Hence It Is that tbo debates on civil aorvlco law regulations which occupy th ilmu of bsth brandies ot caigrcss are so lively anl so venomous. If tic admlnlotratlon can withstand the clamor of appeal for a relaxa tion of the rules which requite that before Jii applicant can get an olllco ho shall be re quired to prove that bo Is fit for It no further pro.if ot the quality ot its backbone will bo needed , Now- York Tribune : That "midnight civil service order" bobs up In n new form. General Grosvenor argues that the republican platform Is not binding , In view of Mr. Cleveland's wholesale- exten sions of the rules , llo says "It wns not until November , 1S9G , that the enormous scope of that order , covering forty-nix thousand om clals , was publicly declared. ' The republic nns , coming Into power'on a platfon adopted before thrso vast extensions wur made , " wcro not In honor bound to agree t them. " Something has misled General Ores venor as to the order of his facts. The re publican platform pledging not only th maintenance of the merit system , but It "extension wherever practicable , " wn adopted on June IS. Mr. Cleveland's orde waa Issued on ilay G , end was commented o by almost cvory newspaper In the countr ) and was plainly stated In almost all of tl.T.i to cover fully 30,000 new places , at any rate whatever the number might be , practlcall the whole classified service between mer laborers and olllcers requiring senate con Urination. It Is time to bury the "mldulgh order" fable with all Its progeny. THAT Air.iMI'll IX CIIIXA. Wrtshlngtcn Star : It Is rather unfortunat for China , that the phases ot European civil zatlon meet conspicuously brought to Its ol tcntlon are not calculated to Impress them selves favorably. New York Tribune : There are war cloud galore In the far cast , but they really slgult little. What I * of significance Is that th prices of British "consols" and other gov eminent securities In Europe remain firm As long as the latter is the case there 1 little fear ol war. Philadelphia Press : Lord Charles llcrcs ford's ' Idea that'the need of coal will ham string any Immediate hostilities In the cas la doubtless true , but in getting Klao-Choi bay and the region adjoining , Germany secures cures portions of a Chinese province raid t bo rich In coal , so it may not be long before -fore she v.-lll bo Independent ot English o neutral ports. In fact , In every way th German grab becomes less and less a joke so far as England Is concerned , as tbo exac situation Is made clear. Chicago Journal : Any one who thinks T3ng land is going to sleep while France , Gcr many and Russia are grabbing oft plec-es o China la likely to ibo astonished by th suddenness of his undeceiving. Guarantee Ing a war loan Is what England ! a aliout and that Is a method of acquiring a coun try and getting Interest on it during th proceaj compared with -which seizing port and coaling stations is crude , expensive am childish. John Hull used to seize things Ii that rude fashion. Now that his rival have learned to do It , they llnd him stll aibout a boat's length ahead. Springfield Republican : The New Yorl Mall and Express reads poor China a sever lesson on Its criminal negligence. "China presents an instructive example ot & . grea nation trying to maintain Its position with out a modern navy. It is much as If a banl were to do 'business without a safe to kecj Its funds In , or as If a merchant were to conduct a vast establishment without equip ping it with means of protection again : * fire and Iburglars. " I3ut a merchant dee not buy a revolver to guard against lire The only danger that China is In just now ariecs from Christian burglars. And what could any navy that China could get to gether avail against the amalgamated Christian Burglars' asisoclatlon of Europe sometimes known as "the powers ? " I'KUSO.VAIj AM ) OT'IIKH\VISI2. Ex-Governor Hogg of Texas Is unwilling to live anywhere outside of that state. This shows that ho doesn't want the oarth. The original of Hall Calne's hero In ' "Kit Christian" Is sa-ld to be an Englloh minister , Father Adler , the son of I ard Norton. An English stotlstlclcci bis figured out that in the year 2301 there will be no further \iao \ for Insane asylums , because there will bo no sane persons left to leek up the crazy cues. 'Mm. ' Fltzslmmons siys that "her Bob" may fight once more and promises to bo again at the ringside to shout "Tump Mm la do elatu ! " os s'he ' did at Carson , when the Hco. Mr. Corbott was vanquished. IJr. Edward Charles Muaroe , the new presi dent of the American Chemloil society , is one cf the highest authorities on explosives and U the Investor of indurite. which has become - como popularly known as navy smokeless powder. Hrltlah millionaires die at the rate ot three In a year. During the ion years , 1SS7- 1890 , thirty-two millionaire estates were ap proved for death duty. The estates involved an aggregate personalty of 51,070,000 , so that they average lu value over 1COO,000. Mayor Van Wyck's most pronounced char acteristic thus far Is lib irritability. If he does not cultivate self-conirol tlio soubriquet of one ofthe governors or the New Nether lands will bo revived for his benefit cad be will go down to history as Robert the T.o > ity. Irving Hale , who lias just been appointed brigadier general of the Colorado militia , is well known to ofllcers In the army : a the man who went through West Point witu the highest o'jindlng over attained. Ho resigned several years ago , after five years' ccrvlce In the cngineera. In New Zealand two porasns working to- getiittr constitute a factory ; houra of labor for fetmlen nro restricted to 48 per week ; ovcrl'lmo has to bo paid for at the rate of time and a half , but tn no vise must any em ploye receive loss than 12 cents per hcur for overtime , as welU as 12 cents tea money , Casslus M. Clay has been confined but once iu thirty years to his bed. Then ho was recuperating from the trlllo of sixteen knife wounds Indicted by a man named Turner , who died an hour after the affair , believing ; bit ho had also sent Clay to the land where .ho bowle knife troubles not nnd the six- shooter l < i at rest. A young college athlete at Richmond Hill , U I. , saved two lives the othcc day by mak ing a leap ot alx feet through Uio air and sti iking with his shoulder a man nnd woman , who stood on tht > edge of a railroad truck with a train almost on them. The shock threw them to the ground Just over tbo edge of the ttack and barely In time. A baby bay In Doston has been christened and duly registered as Charles Henry Edward Menes Slda Andohohataugaten-iflafy Alamak- ahawenatlklnajutBl&in TKcmanapltsotranjarl- ooakaroha/.a Clilnka Cliula Hamadoo Franc's. If his mother over goes out to the back > ircli on a cold morning to call him In to jrcakfjat she will stand a good chance of > elng frostbitten before she gets that full uamo out , Rev. Charles A. Ucrry reports to his Ilrlt- sh friends that during hli recent visit to his country ho was moat Impressed by the 'rank ' , manly , c-everent speech of American Christians when discussing divine things , heir zeal for their own particular church , minister and denomination , and tbo thor ough efficiency of their Sunday school work , lo also Is reported to have said that , on tlio whole , It V.-03 well that the Olney-Paunco- fete arbitration treaty failed , for It would not have bec-n popular or had the support of ho masses , He believes It better to waiter or public sentiment to gather force , BO that t will resolutely back up auy treaty con structed on similar lines. ivitv Anirrlcnii lutorirlo | nnil SUIII Over- Tvlirlinliitt John Hull. New York Sun , After n etny of fourteen yours In the Vnlteil States , Charles S. Cox , nn Kngllshtnan we'l known among golfers , eallrd for his native country two months ngo on n business trip , Ho returned on the Teutonic last Thursday , During his eojourn hero Mr. Cox has become strongly Imbued with many American theo ries. In a brecity w y yfetrrd.iy ho tolil of the many shocks administered to his adopted principles mid methods by experi ences In his native land. "Port ot my business , " began Mr. Cox , "was to try to sell Amcrlcan-mndo goll clubs. 'My fellow passengcro going over said It would bo carrying coals to Newcastle ; yet I had no trouble In obtaining orders for S.OOO clubs from the largest dealers In golf goods In Scotland nnd Kngland. They have been making golf clubs for 200 years over there , yet the dealoro told me the American clubs were better made and belter finished than any they could get In tholr own country at anything near the price. As n matter of fact the wood from Virginia and South Carolina lina cnn bo laid down nt Liverpool , Manches ter or Glasgow nt ft less cost than wo can freight it to our factory In Mnroachusetta. The reason wo can undersell them Is our Im proved machinery nnd advanced methods. The Englishmen know this , but they nre too conservative to change. It Is the cause of the present stagnation of trade throughout Great nrltnln , which , In the face of millions of capital lying Idle , Is n most unique economic situation. "Nearly nil the Kngllsh factories were started ycnrs ago , when Immense sums were expended lu equipping the plants. They have been very successful , but nro now nway behind the times. The vast strides In Invention during the last twcnly-fivo years nro Ignored. Through the- Improve ments In machinery It Is Impotslirio for the English to compete with Ut > unices by writ ing off the cost of the old equipment and putting In new plants. They realize this , but they nro In n rut nnd will not rhaiiRO. As n nation of manufacturers England has lost Its get nnd push Instinct. "An illustration , twonty-flvo ycnrs ngo n certain iKngllsh company was formed with n capital ot 1,000,000. It put up n plant and machinery costing 500,000. Today n modern plant , capable of from 2.V ) to 500 per cent larger production , could bo equipped nnd managed for one-quarter of the money. Hut , ns It made n larjo profit during thu fltvit part of the twenty-flvo years , nnd hna.cleared expenses nnd a margin ever since , the com pany Is contented. The shareholders draw dividends of 3 per cent , or less , when they might easily make IG to 20 per cent by put ting In new machines nnd ntartlm ; fresh all around. This conservative spirit la the great factor aiding American Industries , for we are twenty-live years ahead of the English and will always lead until they wake from tluiisleep. . "Hero la a stcry told me liy n shareholder la a great locomotive works that Illustrates tills conservatism. Recently a 01111110111111 firm asked for kids on 200 locomotives send ing simultaneously to three English firms and cno firm In the United States. When the cellmates were cpened America had underbid all England by fully 10 per cent , and further more the Americans agreed to make all parts of the niDhiii3a interchangeable. The latler point Impressed the continental firm , but It preferred engines ot Euglish make , and , .as a compromise , offered the order to each of the three English makers at Iho 10 per cent greater cost , with the proviso that the parts should bo made Interchangeable. The Eng lishmen ra-lscd their hands up In horror at Hie suggestion ! To make interchangeable parfc was something they had never done , and they positively declined to Introduce so radical an Innovation. " \Vhcrovcrt I went tlie Instances ot manu facturing backwarcnors filled mo wl'h ' won der. In one dingy factory I sow a row of women at work making links for bicycle chain ; ; . Each held a wocdcn lever by which at each pull a single link would bo stamped out. With us cno amall boy feeds an au tomatic machine wIMi steel rods and two mcu are kept busy shoveling up links at the other end. Is It any surprise that American manufacturers are shipping bicycle parts to Englanl and the ccntlncnt ? "I found the bu-sincss rotten In nearly all lines throughout Great Britain. ilJoth whole sale and retail dealers say it is Impossible to sell anything but the shoddiest ptuff , for tCio people have not the money to pay tor fine goocla. They eire nothing for the quality , providing the gooJs are cheap. On Ihis ue- csunt many deal era can'ot 'handle American goods , for the people will not pay n fair price for them. The dealers recognized 'the su periority of the American makes and they had no prejudice against tlio gooils , but it paid them beat -to sell trashy and slum-made gsods at any low price. "la contrast totheso depressing things about English life , It Is amazing to learn the amount of capital Iyln3 Idle In Great Britain. The eagerness wiUi which money is invested in the shares cf Iho endieia companies now being storied there U very sticngc compared wlla the apathy and stupidity with which the capitalists regard the opportunities for get ting larger returns In manufacturing by put ting dome of this Idle capital Into new plants to lake the plaeo ot t'ho ' antiquated ma chinery. -"These things Impressed mo en my return so strongly , perhaps , be-eausn In the old d-iys I had never talked with any1 busltiMn men , ir-r looked Into such matters. My final thought es the Teutonic sailed wan tbat 1 was very glad to be- facing toward an up-to- iato ! people and country. " KClO OK CALAMITY. 1'liu Sen roll Hi ; lit uf Truth Tiimril on Kill \NNl-rtlollS. . Knnsas flty Star ( Ind. ilcm. ) . William J. llryan makes a great mistake vhon ho arrays himself among these who clcso their eyes to the ovicJ'encca ' of growing jrosperlty In this country and who perslst- ntly declare that there has boon no lin- provemenl In the condition of trade and In dustry of the United States within the jiast ear. It Is a grave reflection on the candor and honesly for which oven many of his 1'c.ngest opponents hove given him credit. lo cannot bo Ignorant of the fact that ivorago wages liavo advanced In every great tidustry except that of cotton manufac- urlng. Ho cannot fall to recognize In thu ncrcaslng earnings cf railroads the most conclusive evidence ot expanding tra"Je. The ; alns in railroad receipts are made In the ace of declining freight rates. The net earn. ngs ot ten of the greatest systems wcro 20 er cent larger in December , 1S37 , than In ) ecomber , 189G. In many of the loading manufacturing In- ustrlesof _ the country wages liavo been cstored to about the rates prevailing > efcro the panic ot 189.1. There are at thu lescnt time many thousands more men at vork for remunerative wages than at any tlicr tlrno In the past five years. Tliero has > cen an unprecedented Increase In the dupos- ts In banks In the west during the past six lonlhs , and the thousands of bank ; dcposit- rs ot that section have at their commnn-1' ' larger proportion of the aggregate bank cposits of the country than ever before. There Is not one mershaut , or manu- aeticor. or fanner In 100 In the United States whoso business affairs are not In letter shape at the present moment than 'ley were a year ago ; not cno iu 100 who ia not made greater profits and saved nero mcncy la 1807 than in 1808. More- vor , despite all Iho extravagant dcnuncl- .lon of trusts and combinations It is a fact tat average prices of farm products Ixtvc dvanced mere than the average price of 10 products controlled by IrtuU and pro- ected Industries In Iho rout year. Docs Mr , Bryan consider the bank clear- cig.n of the country of no value fs Indl-athns f business ocndltlona ? The total bank clear- ngs for the first week of January wcro 2:1 : > cr cent largcc than u year ago and -II per : cnt larger than four years ago. Is the ecord of business failures without BR- ! Iflcanco ? Tr U for tlio east six months , ac- oidlng to Dun , Is I'm most cutlifactory , rom a bus'-deai oolnt of view , ever knonct. The evidences of business Improvement are oo numerous and. lee great to ba Ignored r anybody except the most cxtrcino popu- st , who deliberately closes his eyes to them nd refused to eo them because ho decs ot want to. Mr. llryan cannot afford to ace himself In that tiosltlca. Ho has , him- elf , enjoyed Ills full share of the Increased irosperlty of the country , In the revenue ho us received from lectures and newspaper rtlcles , and his rcltc-rutlun of the foolls'.i atoment that there has been no Improve ment In bualneeu condltlcns Is a aerloug re- ectlon either on his candor and honesty era a bin ( lowers of obscrrvaUoa. XO ACTIOJr TAKUN O.V .M'KI8NVA. , Atiollirr .HocInir ( of Scimlo Coimiilttrri < o tic llrlil Smut. WASHINGTON , Jail. H. The ncroto com mitted on judiciary hAd the nomination of .Attorney GeacmlMcKcnna to bo justice of the supreme court under ecocide-ration for two hours today , but ndjournod without reaching a conclusion upcti It , The committee tee- adjourned with the nndcrstnrillng II.at the chairman should mil another meeting for the purpose ot Inking up the also In advance * of the regular meeting , U was stated that the ftlluro waa due to the great Importance ot ( no tiomkMtlon and the gcn- ornl feeling Hint full time should be given It by the committee. The entire time of the committee mcollnR today was consumed In reading communica tions bearing upon the nomination. Thorn was n great mass ot them , some urging con firmation nnd others In opposition. Them were a largo number of proiesls ngaltist the noiulnntlon from branches of the A. I' . A ) nnd also from some members of the bnr of the Pacific coast , besides n miscellaneous lot of letters from other parts of the country , The charges wore generally that Mr. McKonnn lind not had the legal training and judicial experience to fit him for Iho position. Tl'cro was nlao a disposition on the part of some to tomahawk him an account ot his mombciuhlp In the CnMu _ > llc church. ' The members of the'committee did not enter upon any discussion of the nomination. Only one democratic member expressed nn opinion during the meeting nnd this was fn- vorablo to confirmation. The cammlttc-c will bo cnlled ngnln to moot Thursday when U U hoped to'securo favorable conaldcrallon. iiKr.in.ATi.vt : i'A'i'7a.\T ATTO Mvs. lllll HoliiMT Prppnrcil I'tulrr Hlri-ollnu of I'nti-iit Olllfi- . WASHINGTON , Jan. 11. Assistant Orce- loy of the patent office hns prepared the draft of a bill which will be Introduced In con * gross , governing the recognition of nttornejs or oilier persons1 rcpreoontliiK applicants for patents before the patent olllce. It gives authority to the commissioner of patents to require persons dcslrlnn to practice to show that they are of good reputation nnd pos sessed of the requlsllo quallflcallona lo enable - blo them lo render applicants valuable serv ice. The commissioner Is given authority to dlslmr from practice nny attorney shown to bo Incompetent , disreputable , or who rofusea to comply with the rules nnd regulations or who misleads or threatens any applicant for a patent In any manner whatsoever. All persona desiring to practice slmll be required to register , the fee for registering being $1. The commissioner Is authorized to appoint committees lo determine by examination the qualifications of applicants for registration. After July 1 next no person shall bo entitled to describe himself ns n patent ngcnt or at torney unless ho Is registered as such , anil for n violation of thki n fine ot not exceeding $300 is Imposed. Some of these provisions are now In operation In the olllce , but It Ui dealred they shall lmvr Iho force of law. Tl'HKHV IS XOT UISI'USI-MI TO PAY. DonlilM UN UulillKy fur ( lie Clnhua for nnniiiKCH. WASHINGTON , Jan. H. United States Minister Augcll nt Constantinople has ro- ported'to the State department that he has not ns yet succeeded In securing an assent from the Turkish government lo his demand for the payment of an indemnity for tha American propecty destoycd during tha Ainicnlau outbreak , end lias sought Instruc tions from the department that will enabla him to make oven stronger representations la the Tuvklnh Government. The Porto , In responding lo Mr. Angcll , has taken the posltlcn that a government Ii not ix'operly to bo held responsible for In dividual preyerty lost or damaged during times of riot when the government lias mud every effort to guard It. Theclluatlon is not promising for a speed } settlement of the claims. \nmliltiUoiix liy HuUriNlilt nt. WASHINGTON , Jan. 11. The president today sent filese nominations to the senate : Treasury John II. Lamlls of Pennsylvania , coiner of the mint at Philadelphia. To be Consuls W. Maxwell of Rhode Island - \ land , at licnnuda ; Joshua Wilbur , Hliodo Is land , nt Dublin , Ireland ; Henry D. Saylor ol 1 Pennsylvcni.i , at Mnlarizas , Cuba. Interior Dowltt C. Tufts , to bd receive ! i of nubile moneys at Fargo , N. I ) . Postir.usler Ethoti L. Trevltt at Forl -Madison , la. i roi.vnoM UI-MAH.ICS. i ; Atlanta Constitution : "Father , have you read my 'Odo to the I'lnes ? ' asked thu youthful poet. "No , Jonn , I imvcn'l : liul you Just take this hero ax on1 cut me down a few of 'em ; the pines ure owin' me about len cords o' wood. " Hoslon Courier : Knox ( looking over 1)111 of fun- ) Suppose wo alart In with Homu Ulue Polnls ? l-'ox KxeiiHo me ! I got enough of llioso from my broker this morning. Snmcrville1Journal : It Is easy lo liellcvo a dude when lie says slanglly : "I don't think ! " He generally doesn't. Philadelphia North American : "What was that nolsu up In your room last evening ? " "Tint ? Oh , I was breaking the first ot my New Year's resolutions. " Indlanapoll.i Journal : Wallace You tuo positively tlie moat impudent , and jjrenale.st hPKgar 1 evnr met. Wuyworn Watson Well , Hint ort to ba worth a nickel , anyhow. Detroll Free Press : "I have no palicncn with your deiiiocnulc Bentlmenliillsm. " Halit Miss Elderly , wllh lianlciir. "Ulooil tells , and my ancestors fought In the , revolution , Miss Sprightly. " "I HiippoHi ! you were too young to recall nny Incidents of the Chicago Trillium ; The reformed , burglar C.avo a grunl of nutlafuetlon uu lie road In Hi ? morning paper about tlie capture of twu desperate houscbrciikem Iho night before. "Served the doirxoned acoumlrola right ! " ho exclaimed. "They ought to have hail moro sense tlmn to try to oracle a crib where there's a baby cutting teellil" Dolrolt Journal : "Drink ! " commanded thu tyrant , holding his golden eoblet to the lips of his wife. The unhappy damn paled. I'or the science of baclerlology had now made Hiieh Htrldcn forward , that It vva-J certain death for anybody lo drlnlc out of the cup of anybody else , END OF A DREAM. Clilca.o ( ! Tribune. "How smooth the Ice ! How1 wwlft we glldo Upon IIB O yon blunderer ! ! " He'd ( dipped that young man by licr Hide And knocked her .feet from under hue A UK ; Tin.vci < ix i UK. fiomtrvlllo Journal , There was excitement In the crowd , When ipa put on liln skultw , Kollis hardly dared to Hpi-alt aloud. Ho looked HO haughty and HU proi. < Hut all much InturcHl avowed , Whun pa put on hlH gkalct * . A lniHli fell on the mlghly throng. Whun pa Htood on his nkiitfn. He wiis no cno ] , HO nonchalant , No one could fear u contretemps To HOI hit ) graceful ah.indon , When 'j > a stood on his ukatca. Hut ah , me'Alint ! a fall was there. . When pa llrst tried to skate , Wlti one wild Hwoop of llorco despair , Hu Hat down whuro there WHS nohull And botlf his k'KM waved In the ulr. When pa Ural tried to ukute. Thru everybody looked awny , While pa took off his Kknti-H. The mm stopped nhlnlng for tfvit day The Hky grow overran ! and gray , Fur pa Bald things unlit to say , , When ho took off hlu nkate i , The U. S. Government Report shows ROYAL Baking Powder to be stronger and purer than any other.