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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1897)
12 THE OMAHA DAILY' IJK'J : TUESDAY , OCTOBER 19 , 1807.
THE WRECK AT ROOBIDEAU
Tlio Bridjo Was Gone and the Enjincor Did
Not Discorar Iti
A UAP INTO GJNNISON RIVER
DPKIIII'N I'liniKc lulu H Torrent of
Ice Cnlil WitdT , UN Swim for
I.ire mill HIM .VnrriMV
/ ( Copyright , IW. ty Cy Wnrman. )
Houhldcati bridge was a long , wooden
structure spanning the Gunnlson a few hun
dred yards to the cast of Houbldcail tunnel.
IJmcrglng from the tunnel , eaatbound , the
engineer found rail curving to the left ,
hugging the hill that hid. the bridge from
vlow until the engine was almost upon It.
That was when the road was now. Now
the hill has been cut away and the track
straightened from the mouth of the tunnel
to the bridge. One day In August , 1883.
there came a cloudburst that flooded the
western slope as , old-timers said , It had
not been flooded for years. The steep water-
fihed , tlppVig toward the sunset , spilled the
flood Into the Clmnrron and Uncompahgre ,
and they In turn poured It Into the Ounnl-
son until the stream was full to the bank
And while this wild river went roaring
down toward the cataracts of the Colorado ,
Is'o , 8 came screaming up among the curves
that wind away from the Utah desert to the
dark Efiil dangerous crevice called the Illack
awfulness of the wild scene. When first he
found himself at the front of a fast express
timing the train with a touch of his hand ann
fixing the speed by the turn of a lever he had
marveled , on most men do , at the speed and
power of the locomotive , but ftll that was
mean and tame compared with the force of
this fearful flood. Here , Indeed , was energy ;
awful nnd Irresistible. A mighty force that
only the granite wnlla of the canyon could
resist , and he , 'a tiny speck upon the heaving
bosom of the seething tide , was fighting , even
hoping for life , for an engineer raver gives
tip so long as there Is breath In his body.
Degan was feeling strong again and was
now watching a chance to pull for the
shore , when the leafy top of a falling tree
raught him and dragged him below again.
Tangled among the bough with his waste
box the desperate driver fought with all his
strength , and In a little while felt the waste
box hearing him up and on once more. He
was now In a narrow , straight chute , at the
lower end of which the river made a short
bend to the left , and away from the railroad
( rack. Dtgan saw the curve nnd hoped
that ho might be thrown upon the bank at
the be'nd , and the next Instant the box
was driven hard. , against a huge rock and
went to pieces.
When Degan regained consciousness he was
laying full length upon the flat top of the
rock against which his life preserver had
been wrecked. The gray dawn was UKm |
the river , that was already settling hack to
Its normal bed. His clothing was torn , his
hands bleeding , his bones ached with the
chill of the morning. Ono of his legs was
broken , and the pain of It made him fcol
faint. The river was falling rapidly. If he
could walk at all ho eould walk ashore with
out gcittlng water In his trouser pockets.
The sun came up artl dried his overclothes
and warmed the rock upon which he lay.
Presently he heard a locomotive screaming
down the canyon and when she came round
th' curve flagged her. Uchlnd the engine
was a wrecking train , coming up from the
Junction to find arl fish the Uockaway out
of the river.
The crow was greatly rejoiced to find
HE HELD TO THE WASTE liOX , HAVING A HAND IN ONE OF TUB HANDLES.
canyon. Andy Degan , a "Q" man who had
come to Colorado with a good letter and
ono lung , had the first section of No. 8 , an
express , mall and baggage car , out of Grand
Junction that night forty minutes late.
What the Mormon had ) lost climbing Soldier
summit Degan was expected to make up
going down Ccro hill. Down there In the
canyon ho was striving only to lose no more
time , for he was a new man running for a
reputation. Like all the old Burlington
men , he was an expert driver , and , It seemed
to me , took hazard cheerfully , realizing , it
would Ecetn , that he had at best only a
few years to live. He had , this night , what
wo called a Uockaway engine ; a high , short ,
compact locomotive built for the kinks , so
numerous in the first rough draft of the
Denver & U'.o Grande railroad. The night
was still and starlit , the earth was dry and
the silvery river on his right rippled away
over the rocks clear as crystal. The Uocka
way made easy work of the 'three light
cars , steamed llko the Sprudcl Brunn at
Karlsbad , and ran like a deer. When the
fireman was not fool'.ng . round tin ? furnace
door he hung over the arm rest and watched
the world go by. Degan , gaunt faced and
silent , sat at the open window trying the
water and whistling for curves. Uncle
Sam's servant In the mall car was shullling
letters and newspapers. He had finished
the Ouray bag , which he would leave at
Mcntros3 , the Crested Duties and lluby
Camp bags , to be dropped at Gunulson , and
was now making up the l-eadvllle pouch
for Sallda. Over In the express car the
messenger , hung about with six-shooters ,
stretched upon a canvas cot , billed to the
agent at Sapanoro. was stealing a llttlo
Bleep. Degan , being eastbound , had the
right of way , and only looked at his
watch occasionally to figure where
No. 7 would meet them. His or
ders ran him thirty minutes late , and mude
It the business of No. 7 to fix and make the
passing point. The first section of No. S was
probably making forty miles an hour when
Degan whistled for Uoubldeau tunnel. A
moment later they were swinging round the
curve where the dark river lay In the shadow
of the hill. While Degan , leaning out of hla
window , strained his eyes to get a glimpse
of the bridge , the Uockaway turned sharply
to the right and headed straight for the open
river. Below the tunnel It had been a silvery
starlit stream ; here It was a. roaring river ,
running bank full of black water. For an In-
etant Degan thought the engine had loft the
track , but feeling the rail still beneath her
wheels , ho realized a second later that the
bridge was gone. The fireman saw the break
in the track and leaped out of the cab as the
engine plunged Into the boiling flood. Degan
at the first scent of danger closed the throttle -
tlo and applied thu air. As the engine
dropped over the bank she turned on her
aide , releasing the patent coupling and nt the
same time , parting the air hose , applied the
automatic pressure to the wheels of the three
light cars no suddenly and so effectually that
only the mall car tipped over and hung with
her nose In the water. The mall agent
climbed to the aide door and finally , with the
help of the bleeding fireman , succeeded In
escaping from the slintlng car. When the
postal clerk and the fireman pounded on the
door of the express car the messenger , wak
ing suddenly , warned them If they attempted
to enter the car ho would shoot. The deaf
ening roar of the river made It Impossible for
thorn to hear "what hi- said , and when they
began to heave great stones against the ear
door ho made good his word , nor did ho stop
until a dozen 45-callber bullets had crashed
through the door and sides of the car. After
waiting for some tlmo the messenger con
cluded that the robbers had been frightened
away and cautiously peeped out. "Well , you
Idiot , " said the pcntal clerk from beneath the
car : "Aro you out of 811111)1111111011' "
Degan lived a lifetime In the moment when
tuo Uockaway was leaping Into the flood ; andj
now , when the engine struck bottom , twenty ,
feet from the surface , she began rolling ovorj
nnd over , llko a corncob In a flooded turn- j ]
yard. The picture of his pdst Ilfo which had
been suddenly flashed before his eyes now
disappeared , and the engineer , hopeless as It
may ceem , found himself watching for an
cportunlty to slip out of the cab of the roll
ing engine. Now ho felt the engine slam up
against a big boulder In the bottom of the
river , und at the same time his hands granted
A floating something. It was the fireman's
waste box , and the engineer , holding har.l to
It , uas dragged out of the cab and carried
to the surface. He had barely time to breathe
when a floating drift swept over him , forcing1
lilm Into the water again. Hu held to the
waste box , having a hand In ono of thai
liandles , and was soon brought to the breast
of the river again , . - . ! ! this imd occurred In a
very brief space of time , but Degan wan not u
strong man , and the strain was beginning to
tell on him. Once In a while above the bil
lows of the boiling flood ho got a glimpse of
the low banks ot the river , running back
ward In the dim starlight. The roar was
deafening. The river surged against the
sands , the banks crumbled and great cotton-
treed trees that had stood there for half a
century swayed to and fro , and finally fell
Into the roaring ilood , At times the wa ' .e
box swung neir the tho'o , eddied back like a
girl on ultates and then shot down the mUMIu
of the mad river at a furious rate. Unless1 .
you have seen a mountain stream at flood
you can form pnly a faint notion or the force
end speed of the Gunntson running bank full.
Oreat rocks , the sire of a sleeping car , arc
rolled along the bottom of the river as mar
bles are rolled by the stream of a garden
hose , and hero , at the half open door of death ,
turned to took , and wu awed by the
They bore him tenderly to the way-
car nnil part led him to the conipanj'b hcspl-
tal at Sallda , and there It was he told me
the story ot the Iloubldcau wreck.
titton inti-i-ii\ ( ; i.\ .IAI-A.V.
\Vberrlu ( lie Oriental ICxeelH tlie
Lafcadlo Hearn has probably done more
thpn nny other nnn to make the western
world acquainted with the real lite of Japan
The story of this man's life is one of thu
strangest ever recorded. Ills mother was a
Gmek , his father an Irish officer In the
English army. He early had to shift for
himself , and eventually found Ha way to
the-.United States. Here he was , ictluccd
almost to the condition of a tramp , although
he was finely educated and a man of rare
gifts. At length ho secured employment in
newspaper work , and then his rise to an
exalted place In literature was rapid. A
visit to the West Indies awakened In him
the slumbering desire for a home amid
greater refinement and mere aesthetic In-
tluonccs than were to bo found In America
or Europe and where climatic conditions
would be more to his liking. He settlpfl Ir.
Japan , married a Japanese wife , took a
Japanese name , embraced the Japanese faith
ami became an oriental In every respect save
birth. He Is now a professor In the uni
versity at TokloHo Is afflicted with an
affection of the eyes which makes It im
possible for him to turn them 'o their sock
ets. A story Is told that ho did his first
work on an American newspaper In Cincin
nati. It is said that he applied for work
one night anil was refused. Just then a
message came to the editor to the effect that
a murder had been discovered at the gas
works. All the reporters were out on as
signments , and th < < editor turned to the rn-
couth applicant and asked him to look Into
the matter and report. Hejrn returned In
the course of an hour or two and eald that a
man had been murdered and his body had
been thrown Into cne of the furnaces. Hearn
WBS ccmm'sjloned to "write It up. "
Some time later , so the story goes , the
editor went Into the room where Hoarn was
writing and found him stretched at lengthen
on a table- with a tablet under his face on
which ho was writing , his aflllctlon making
It easier for him to write In that position.
The editor picked no several of the shcetc
and perused the delicate handwriting. He
was amazed at the literary quality and laid
his hand approvingly on the writer's shoul
der. A hilf-sivago growl was the response.
"Oh , that's alt right , " said the editor.
"You may give us all that kind of stuff you
Hearn's story Is known as "The Gas House
Murder" and Is regarded as a reportcxrlal
classic. It secured for him a pc-manont posi
tion and evened the door to his future suc
The Boston Journal has .1 somewhat differ
ent story nnd relates It after this fashion :
"They were talking at the Porphyry about
Lafcatllo Hearn's latest book , 'Gleanings In
Huddha-Plelds. ' 'Do you know why Hoarn
determined to live In Japan ? ' asked the
professor. 'After he left New O'lcans he
went to Cincinnati , where ho did nowsp ior
work. Ho soon suffered terribly from an en
larged and projecting eye th.it disfigured
him and made him grotesque. He was stared
at , ho was mocked and Insulted , and , what
was oven worse , ho wns pitied openly. A
sensitive man. lie kept the house during the
day and took exercise only at night. Occasion
called him to Japan. To his a-.i'.azeiiK'iit , In
that country nobody , not oven a humorous
boy , fhowed by sign or word that the stranger
was disfigured or set apart In tavern , street
shop , field. Mr. Hearn was treated as though
ho worn a normal being. Thankful and over-
come , he raid to himself. "Here Is the land
of true civilization , and here will I live and
die. " Ho has taken to himself a Japanese
wife , he Is known by a Jaoaneso name , and
the last I he.nl from him ho was professor ot
ISiiKlUh In a Japanese university. '
" 'Such civilization ' fold the
, telephone ex-
liort , 'must be the result of generations of
training. ' 'H-m ! ' answered the professor ;
'the rude Japanese were undoubtedly put to
death years and years ago. I have seen much
of their country and never have I found there
a boy who by loik or gestire would express
surprise at any dress or. speech or habit tliat j
might seem to him outlandish. How different
ItMs hero In Huston. And yet there has been
Improvement 1 remember that I as one of
the first to wear a helmet sun hat. Hoys
Jeered , women giggled , old crusted Ilostonlans
looked at me superciliously and susplc'ously ,
exi. ) esstncn and hackmvn would often address
mo Jocosely or coarsely from their vantage
scat. I have sometimes thought that the
yearly execution on the common of the con
ventionally rude would make much for civic
civilization. Hut It this ceremony had been
performed twenty years ago the town might
have been depopulated. ' "
Did You Kvcf
Try Klcctrlo Hitters as a remedy for your
troubles ? If not. yet bnttltt now and get
relief. Thlfl medicine has been found to be
peculiarly adapted to thu relief and euro
of all FViualo Complaints , exerting a won
derful direct Influence In giving strength
anil tone lu the organs , If you have loss of
Appetite , Constipation , Headache , Fainting
Spells , or are Nervous , Sleepless. Excitable ,
Melancholy or troubled with Dlrzy Spells ,
Blcctrlc Hitters Is the medicine you need
Health and strength are guaranteed by Its
use. Fifty cents and Jl.09 at Kuhn & Co.'a
: , 'I10\V ' \ SEED IS SCAIM'.D
Marvelous Means Supplied br Natnra for
Disseminating Plant Lifo.
SOME SEEDS PROVIDED WITH WINGS
\VIml , Witli-r mill AnliniilN Supply the
I'ourr of l.oi-iniiof Ion _ The
'J'rninp Trim-1 or mill tlic
Kx plosive 1'oit.
Plants have most Intimate relationship *
with man , ( or they furnish to him hia fooil
and clothing , and enter Into the construc
tion or manufacture of everything pertain
ing to his necessities or luxuries. .They .
have relations to the animals that are quite
as Important to the latter , since they fur
nish thorn with food and homes ; they have
relations one with another of their own
kind , and they depend upon their surround
ings. It Is the setting forth ot these various
relationships , says a writer In the Bostcsi
Transcript , that lies at the basis of Dr.
Gcodalc's scheme of exhibition at Cam
bridge , and the result as bliown Is testi
mony to the value of this scheme , i
That part of descriptive botany which has
attracted the most nttcutlan on the part of
popular writers is perhaps the distribution
or seeds , and with a larga case full of speci
mens at the head of the stairs In the hall
way , the Cambridge collodion may bo said
to begin. It Is philosophically a proper be
ginning , for It Is the most Imparunt rela
tion that the plant has to anything , since ,
without facilities to perpetuate Its kind ,
no other relations would have a chance to
exist. The plant may struggle along under
adverse conditions of soil ; it may adapt
Itself to disadvantageous kinds of climate ;
but Its story Is ended If Its seeds fall to
garmtaate. Ono of the Important factors to
the growth of plants Is , therefore , the trav
eling of the aods. If no means existed for
lium to got away from their parents they
would drop to the ground at the foot of the
mother stalk ami taking advantage of the
movement of other things , and sending the
seeds abroad with them to seek advantageous
places In which to live ,
SCATTKU13D HY TUB WIND.
Some cf the little seeds In the showcases
are so light that a breath will blow them
away , so that there can bo no possible dllll-
culty In their dissemination. All seeds arc.
however , not so light , but those , perhaps ,
sprout wings , llko some of the conifers , or
they may have plumes llko the thistle
down or dandelion , and float away with the
breeze. Then , again , It may he that the
fruit enclosing the seed 1ms wings , as have
the inaplo keys and the elm seeds ; or , It may
bo that the seed case Is light and rounded , so
that It can roll over the ground before the
wind without really being lifted. The pine
colics arc of this variety ; when dry they are
very light , their rounded shape Is adapted
for travel by rolling , and In some of the
species the seeds , which lie between the
blades of the cones , are themselves furnished
with wings , so that they have a supplement-
ivy means of t'nvol after the cone has come
to rest. Of the rounded thorn would be n
superfluity of plants In one place and none at
all in another , the specie" would be con
fined to their original localities without power
to get away , nnd the places would know only
those kinds of plants that had always been
there. The prolific ones would grow In
clumps about the parent and would choke
one another , or , maintaining their growth ,
would exhaust from the soil Important ele
ments of ( > kint food , and thus In a few yrars
injure the whole group. Travel Is , thcro-
I'ore , essential to the best development of
plants Just as It Is of- men , and name Nature
knows the fact , and In considering the prob
lem of distribution has been exceedingly
olover nnd Ingenious. Indeed , one could
hardly credit the number of different ways
Invented were not the exairoles at hand to
P'ove them. Hundreds of species are hero
In the cases ready for Inspection , and they
niustmtc the different methods with a clear
ness that description In books can never hope
MEANS OF LOCOMOTION.
Plants have within themselves no means
of moving from place to place , and with the
exception of o few which liberate their
seeds with little explosions , like the balsam ,
: an m t of themselves send their sseds on
Journeys. They must , therefore , avail them
selves of the things In nature that do move ,
and these include the wind , the water and
the animals. So there have been developed In
a hundred different ways some means of seed-
caFcs which are light , no one Is
more curious than the California cucumber
i great gourd a foot or two In length and
three or four Inches In diameter , a con
trivance with enormous furfaco proportion
ate to Its weight , and splendidly fitted for
traveling before the wind.
In other species it Is not the seed or the
fruit that Is sent to travel , but the whole
head of the plant , as In the hydrangea , falls
otf , dries and becomes a light ball that Is a
mere plaything to the wind. Even more
curious Is it when the whole plant leaves
Its former place , nnd like thu rose of Jericho
or the tumbling mustard , becomes Just
Jnother such rolling ball. Thus in seed ,
fruit and plant there has been established
In many different ways and In many differ
ent parts of the plant an ailaptiblllty for
movement with or before the w'nd. It may
be the Inflation of a seed , fruit or pod , It
may be a flattening nnd twlstlns of the
seed-case , as In the locust , or It may lip
ono of a hundred diversities of outer form or
Internal structure which lessens die
comparative weight and permits the wide
distribution of the seeds.
FLOATING ON WATER.
It Is no surprise to one to find that na
ture Ins taken advantage of the movement
of water In streams and the ocean to secure
the distribution of seeds , and the division
c plaining such things Is well represented
In Dr. Ooodalo's series The variety In
form Is not so marked as In windblown
Ercdp , for while there may be great diver
sity of wings therj is really only one prin
ciple in boats. The essential feature of a
boat is that It shall float , and this Is al
ready a quality cf many of the wuods and
seed ? , so that they may go on short voyages
without special adaptation. Hut for travelIng -
Ing grc-nt distances , iilor.s a coost or across
an ocian , an ordinary seed Is 111 prepared ,
slrce Its thin coat Is not sufllclently proof
agulnst the softening influence of the mois
ture. With a hard coat like that of the
r.uts the ability to float U lessened , for the
denser woods sink In water , so that some
provision' must ho made to Increase the slzo
of the shell by air chamberK within it or bj
providing a float. Examples of the former
construction may be noted among the
tnplcal nuts , while a most familiar and
utrlklii ! ! instance of the latter Is the cocoanut -
nut , which , with Its hard shell. Is able < o
endure the longest voyages , and with Its
fibrous husk Is In condition to float along
for months. Many of the seeds that fall
Into the water sink to the bottom. If the
stream Is deep tlHbc may ho lost , but In
shall'-w places they find themselves Imbedded
In I hi' mud , whence they are moved about
Eomoiimeu by the fishes and more often by
the feet of wading birds. This last strange
agent lu the distribution of seeds Is nnirh
moro Important than ono might Imagine , for
t'io birds flying from place to place , often
over great distances , carry upor. their feet
the seeJ-laden mud. and the plants growing
therefrom may establish themselves at hun
dreds of miles fr m the homo of their parent.
Some experiments made by different natu-
lallsts show that the bottom of shallow water
Is burprlalngly rich In seeds ; and In enme
Instances hundreds of plants have been grown
rpoiManeoiuly from a slnglo tcaspoonful of
river mud. aiut tl'l ' means of transporta
tion Is one dependent upon animals and be
longs to another group.
THE THAMI' THAVEM5L.
The seeds that steal their rides by attach
ing thcmtielvcs to animals are very numer
ous and strike one at once on account of
the extreme Ingenuity that lies been ex
pended In doviulng means for accomplishing
the end. Meet of them catch In the fur or
the feathers of the wild pr the tame crea
tures and remain there until brushed off
cither accidentally or voluntarily. Anyone
who has gathered a choice assortment of
beggar's ticks on his clothing can testify
to the pertinacity with wulch they cling ,
and cannot help but admire the ingenious
way in which nature has taxed him for a
portion of the carrying trade In seeds.
Sometimes tbo seed adherui by means ot
a Kino which cca's II. one ot the Virginia
mlsfctocs bcliiR of mis kind ; but the more
common method of attachment Is by hooks ,
A single cdftWo hook x > r n pair Is unite suf
ficient for tmmo of the larger seeds , whoso
weight might rrac.ntt ) nner hooks ; others ,
llko the carrot , have n few hooks , ami from
th's they grade upward numerically till
vo recosnlro- our close friend the burdock ,
whoso adhesion is eo vcrfect that one might
roaillly believe It to bo gummy. The hooks
may appear on any * or on all parts of the
seed or the cafe contilnlng It in Infinite
variety In form and position.
Tl'on again seeds steal transportation In
other and stranger ways , Some of them en
case themselves In toothsome fruits or ber
ries which are freely eaten by the wild mil-
mala and birds. In this group the seeds have
n. hard coat which Is not affected by the dl-
gcstlvo processes , so that the vitality and
germinating powem are not Injured by the
short sojourn In the animal's stomach , and
at last find themselves established In life
perhaps at a great distance from the an
cestral estate. Others otlll present their
credentials to the anlmale In the shape ot
no1-esculent pod like the St. John's bread ,
whl'e others have still different forms of at
tractiveness as food.
Home of ( lie SlyolN n ( the ToitnoMt
Corner of .Mongolia.
Far away to the north of the Desert of
Gobi , wl.cretho Solan range splits the
tributary waters of the rising Yenisei and
the Chinese empire melts Into Russian
Siberia , right ot the topmost corner of
Mongolia , lies the territory of the llttle-
kiown Slyots , says the Pnll Mail Gazette.
Three hundred years ago , when the pale-
faced Russians broke Into Siberia , the Slyots
fled before them. They alnno would not
lift the knee to Russia. Southward they
Ik'il over the Salanskl passes Into the king
dom cf the dragon , donned the pigtail and
became Chinese , dispossessing In their hurry
a fine race ot people.
The Slyots of today are divided Into two
classes with diverse occupations. Those of
the north , Inhabiting the slopes of the
S.ilan. are hunters , worshippers ot devils ,
e-itltiK meat ntyl even carrion. Those of the
south , who dwell upon the plains , are herd
ers of horses and cattle , Uuddhlsts by re
ligion , men of cleanly habits , eating only
milk and millet seed.
So wild and desolate Is the region of the
Slyots that even the government maps are
utterly wrong about U. lllvers are omitted ,
m.splaced and transposed ; crors of seventy
to 100 miles arc common. . Even the
Intrepid Prjevalsky , who passed through I
Ullassutnl , Knbodo and Urga , did not turn '
aside Into this great northern waste. A
strange face Is never seen there , and life
ocs by queer ancestral customs.
The Slyots live In round "karals , " or
tents , built of movable lattice , with u felt-
covered conical top. Inside Is a neat hexag
onal arrangement of boxes or cupboards ,
wherein the stores are kept , Very scornful
are the yof the barbarous Turbets , their
nearest neighbors , who have no boxes In
their tents , and arc otherwise uncivilized.
i'h'it manner of boors are these ? " asked
a Slyot , on coming to a Turbet encamp
ment ; "they tether their horses to their i
tents , instead of erecting a horse-stick ! I
They deserve to have their teDts pulled !
about their cars. " Even less complimentary
were his remarks upon the Turbet women ,
who wear blue smocks Instead of the gay |
green knickers of his own girls , and do nol i
plait their hair. I
As touching the jilalts ot the Siyots , the
custom is as follows : When a young man
wo33 a maiden he calls at the karal of her i
father with presents of oxen , sheen or goats ;
f om that time the girl divides her single I
.ilait . into two. Six mouths later he repeats J
i'ho ' visit , and the gifts ; then the plaits are
Increased to three. .Six months later the
marriage takes place and the maid , now
wl''e ' , surrounds her head with a glory of
nany.alts ; The dress of the Siyot youth is
simple , consisting oP reindeer skin , hair In
ward , with caps of manifold variety. All
officials , as lu Russia , are distinguished by
Duttons of colored glass upon their caps.
The commonest official Is the starlsta , or
village headman , -who finds post horses when
the traveler isin need -and keeps a kind of
order. Further up the scale are dispensers
cf Justice , dread officials with summary power
o dock the frequent offender of hand or
foot , but not of life , or to send him to Urga
o be Hogged for the delectation ot his Chinese
masters. Horse-thieving is the most fre
quent crime calling for punishment. Up to
twice , or even thrice , a village will pay lines
"or a suspect lurking In Its midst , but at the
fourth time It delivers him up to bear his
own burden of whip or maiming.
On visiting a Slyot In his karal the follow-
.ng Is the unalterable procedure : From your
; > oot you draw your long Chinese pipe with
Its ornamental mouthpiece and fill it by
thrusting the bawl Into a lobacco pouch slung
at your girdle. You light It with flint and
steel , take a i.niff , then pass it between two
fingers cf the right hand to your host , who
meanwhile has lighted his own , and slips It in
exchange for yours under your thumb. Each
smokes the other's out , nils it again and re
turns it. The same thing Is then gone
through , but less fonmlly , with the women of |
the establishment. Everybody smokes and :
takes snuff. The ceremony of taking snuff i
IB no less elaborate than the foregoing , even '
the manner ot holding Uio snuff bottle and
stopper being fixed de rigueur. The saluta-
Llons also require knowing. A man's health
is not Inquired after until curiosity has been I
glutted respecting his flocks and his family.
Then his last night's rest must be ascer-1
talned. Meantime the wc-men are busied
about the central fire and the great cocking
Kit In which milk Is kc < it continually simmer
ing. As the thick milk rises to the top It is
skimmed off Into another vessel and collected ,
where it serves as a sort of cheese. Some
times the scum Is mixed with water , boiled
up , and a fatty butter collected off the top.
This Is stored in bladders and Is much p-lzed.
For fo3il the skim cheese Is handed around ,
mixed with a dough of millet seed or pasty
The religious customs of the Slyots are
not their least Interesting feature. Every
where , on the banks of rivers , or at the
top of a difficult pass , are stones or sticks
adorned with little rags. Sometimes wisps
ot horsehair are attached to them. These
are "god-sticks , " and are an offering to the
demon of the place for averting thu dan
gers of crossing. Whenever a Slyot acted
as a mountain guide , or forded a river , he
expressed his gratitude for safety by adding
a quota to the "god-stick , " or at least by
placing upon a cairn ono stone for each
of the party saved. Should a Slyot fall ill
and smallpox 1s very prevalent among
them ho calls In a medicine man to drive
away the devil. The medicine man is
dresbed In a long red robe adorned with
Imitation snakes , brass ornaments and fin
ery. Beating a drum he yells all night In
the chamber of the sick man , turning and
twirling upon his heels. Finally he falls
exhausted In a sort of trance , biting his
lips so that blood Is spread upon his face.
Then ho Is considered to be In the very act
of exorcism. Vaccination , lately introduced
by the Russians and the Tartars. 'Is eald
to be Interfering with the business of the
medicine men. The custom of devil-driving
seems to exist only among the northern
Slyots , who live upon the mountains. South
ward the people are strict adherents of
Huddlm , and It l common among them to
see the long yellow-robed or red-robed Ui-
mas. There are extremely superstitious , and
willingly pay large presents to the pHcsts
for fancied privileges. lA 1/ann has a vision
and announces that A. will die within three
days. A. gathers together his possessions ,
never doubting of the fact , but before he
dies Intrusts his servant with bribe to be
conveyed to the Lama , also through the me
dium of a servant. The Lama protests
agJlnst bothering -tho god with so trumpery
a matter as the life of iA. , but , being per
suaded to do so , gets him respite for three
years. At the end of this time the pro
cedure takes place again. A rich man , on
dying , will dispatch his servant for many
miles with gifts to the nearest Lama , to In
quire after the futura of his soul , and know
where and In what form ho will reappear
on earth. And the Lama accepts the gift
and tells him.
There Is , however , a phenomenon greater
than the Lama. This Is a "gig ! " or holy
boy. When a community acquires unusual
prosperity , its first ambition takes the form
of a glgl. U sends to Thibet tor htm , ail :
obtains him only at a great price. The glgl
rides roughshod over the Lamas , and Is re
garded by them consequently with sonic
jealousy. For this reason , also , his acquisi
tion costs the community dear.
The Slyots , both of the north and the
south , have n curious method ot asking
favors , in the north a man comes to you ,
! greets you with salutations , and presses
Into your two palms a little cell or roll of
leather. If you accept It you are bound to
grant him anything in moderation that he
may nsk , Among the southern , or Hud-
dhlst , Slyots It Is a Illmsy rag of coarse-
wove silk that the suppliant presses upon
you. These rags are held devoutly to the
forehead when praying. All pious Slyots
will Invest quite a largo proportion of their
Income on them. What the meaning of the
leather roll may 'be It Is difficult to say.
The Slyots are secretive , and prefer to
communicate nothing. Ask how many they
, , number In a village , ami the reply will be-
"Every day some die and some are born ;
how , then , shall It be told ? " To those who
have lived long among them , however , they
will expand upon many sacred subjects.
They will even show the much-dreaded
caves of the ancient race they dispossessed ,
situated 200 vcrsts southwest of the Junction
of the Llel-kem and Kha-keem , sources of
the Yenisei. Russians who have Inspected
these dwellings report vast finds of el' ,
bone , charcoal , and oven of brass iinple-
| ments. Hut few know certainly about
them , for If the Lamas heard of It It would
go hard In fines and damnations for the
luckless Slyot who betrayed the secret of
A KiaiKICIOL'S CAT.
Tilt * I'et , .TeuloiiM f II KlmliicKH to n
Dun , AttneUx KM Mlnln-SM.
Ada Gray was attacked by a bis black
cat last night , relates the Buffalo Express.
She had a terrific battle with the animal
for about three minutes , and was rescued
by a man who was passing the house. She
then took a hammer and beat out the sav-
age creature's brains. She attributes the
cat's onslaught to Insane Jealousy of a
dog.Tho dray woman Is one of the old-tlmero
of the slums. She lives In one ot the shabby
dives of the district. She has associates of
both sexes , but she was more devoted to the
cat than any human being. It was one she
had raised from kittenbood and had had It
for three years. The animal had never
shown any sign of violence. Inl fact. It was
most affectionate and was the pet of several
women of the neighborhood.
About 7 o'clock last evening , while Ada
was eating a frugal meal of cold meat and
unbuttered bread , a little fox terrier strayed
Into the roam. He sniffed around and
halted at the table with the scent of the
meat in his nose. He looked up , as if
begging for a morsel or two. The woman
looked down and recognized him as a neigh
bor's dog. He had never entered her house
before , but she didn't want to be unfriendly
to him. She picked out a scrap of meat and
threw It down to him.
Her cat was In the seat of a chair that
stood near the table. It had Its back up
and was bristling at the dog while he was
licgglng for food. The moment the woman
threw the meat the cat leaped at her face.
It burled the claws of Its forepaws In her
cheeks and clung there , with the claws of
the hind paws fastened In the bosom < : f her
With a scream that could be heard to the
farthest end of the slums the woman
Jumped from her chair and tried to pull
the cat down. She grabbed it abrut the
body and broke Its hold , but the moment
its fore claws were released it used them
In a most vigorous pawing at her face. The
cat seemed to have supernatural strength
and the woman could not entirely free her
self. The animal still clung to her dress ,
and when she tried to dlrengage the hind
claws the beast used its fore claws on her
face and neck.
During the struggle the woman kept up a
series of screams. A man who was passing
the house rushed in. thinking a woman was
being murdered. The moment he entered
ho saw the woman and the cat In crnfllct.
The cat was spitting and clawing and tryIng -
Ing to bite her face. Its back was toward
the man. Ho grabbed it about the middle
of the body and gave it a Jerk , and a throw
at the same time , which landed the beast on
Illood was streaming from the woman's
cheeks and neck , but , now that she was
free , anger overcame her pain , and , llko a
maniac , she grabbed up a hammer that lay
on the table and pounced upon the cat. She
caught It between her knees and held It
there until she could get a grod grip on the
back of Its neck. Then , holding its nose
close to the floor , she struck It a blow on
the head with the hammer with all her
might. Its skull was crushed In and It was
as good as dead before she struck It half a
dozen times before her fury was spent. Then
she picked the bleeding creature up by the
tall and hurled It Into the street. <
American Lady Corsets arc the Rest.
An Kvenlnn ; Symphony.
Judge : They were sitting In the quiet
moonlight , gazing upon the various heavenly
boilles visible above the chimney tops. Ono
of his arms was around her waist , one of his
hands held hers , and. If he had possessed
morn arms and hands which unfortunately
ho didn't they would probably have been
similarly engaged , The music of a line old
organ from a church across the way ( loafed
toward them , and the shrill churr of a
cricket calling to Its mate In the grass occa
sionally broke the stillness. Altogether It
was a heavenly time.
"kn't 'It perfectly beautiful ? " filie softly
raid as the music paused for a moment.
"Yes , " he answered musingly , "and they
are said to do It with their hind legs. " And
so the charm was sadly broken.
Small pill , fofo pill , best piii. Tie Witt's
Llttlo Early Risers euro biliousness , constl-
patlon , sick headache.
WE ATUS ASSERTING IN THE COURTS OUR RIGHT TO THE
EXCLUSIVE USE OF THE WORD "CASTORIA , " AND
" PITCHER'S CASTORIA , " AS OUR TRADE MARK.
/ , DR , SAMUEL PITCHER , of Hyannie , Massachusetts ,
was Hie originator of "PITCHER'S CASTORIA , " the some
that has borne and does now ZJ&j on everY
bear the fac-simile signature of Cfrattyxl & < & 44 ( wrapper ,
This is the original "PITCHER'S CASTORIA" which lisa bean
used in the homes of the mothers of America for over thirty
years , LOOK CAREFULLY at the wrapper and see that it fo
the kind you have always bought , /r-rff y/v/j r / > " on > e
and has the signature of ( d.o&f/- M wrac-
por. No one has authority from me to use my name ex
cept The Centaur Company of which C/ias , H , Fletcher
March 8 , 1897 ,
IHt CCNTAUn COUPANV. TT MUHRAV TKIIT , HI * YOUR CITTi
BDtDtNLT and tick thl
B4M i , CM lh Ubacco
you r > 4tlt * tnd Uk <
Htco-C ro. Itli IhtOrlf
( moatMfondil If U
r l i to CUM ) . 8ACO-
Writ * f rpr efi
JOB of tarti , BOe.
to itop by rt
t bo I
It UATII the iyi-
t m fr from
Terr tt > ci f
Eureka Chemical end Manufac
turing Co. . La Crosse , \ \ U.
Ht'DTAN la turcne of dla.
he Kivnteit ie charge In 2i >
mcdlo - trcnt- flays , llt'D-
n < 'nt thnt IUIB Y A N cure.
been produced lessen. 1HJU-
by nny ccmbl- Y A N cure *
nation of pliy- tlrulim , K n a
Mclnna. The H U U Y A .V
= IUDYAN rcm. 'urc plmplm
illi treatment II U D V A N
iuren the .Ie- 2uros , i pr-a *
Jllltles nti.l dig. < lon of > plrlt ,
enrcs of men ,
Ht'DYAN Is a . Illy to
remedy for look fi-nnkly
men. IIl'D- Into the cy
S'AN cures or another ,
w e n k n e n n. H I' 0 Y AN
II U D Y A N cures headache
cures sperma hair railing
torrhoea. > ut , dlmneMi ot
H U D Y A N ilKht , noluc In
lures promn- head and
c.irs. wenk memory , loss of voice , tiute or nmcll.
HITDYAN cures sunken eyes , Blunted Krowth ,
palpitation , Khortncts of brrtth. .lyvnepMa , con-
Ftlpatlon nnd flatulency. HI'IJYAN cures weak ,
ness or pains In the small of the back , loss ol
muscular power. Kloomy , melancholy forcbcUirigs
una disturbed sleip.
HUDYAN can lie hart from the Doctors of the
Hudson Medical Institute , und from no one else.
You need HITDYAN when the tuulal nurvdi twitch
as l.loro Is cerlnln to be an Irritation ct their
centers ol the brain. You need Ht'DYAN when
there Is a decline of the ner\o force , because tills
decline shows a lack of nerve life , iind may de
velop Into nervous debility and then Into nervous
prostration. If you have Imrrn4ed your nerves ,
If you have knotted or knarled them. If you havi
abused your nerves , to straighten yourself out
jou will uic HUDYAX. No one else can ( five
you IIUDYAN except the Hiulron Medical In-
stltutc. HUUYAN cures varlcolcle , hydrocele Im.
potency , dlzclness , fiilllni ; sensations , blues ,
despair , sorrow und misery. WHITE FOH ntl-
CULAHS AND TESTIMONIALS OP TUB
HUDSON MEDICAL INSTITUTE.
Stockton and mils St. ,
Gal ) Franclit-o. Ca'ornl ] | -
All Private Diseases
& Disorders of Men.
Treatment by Mail.
Curort fnr Ilfo anrt the poison thoroughly cleansed
Spormatorrhi-a. Si > mlnal WpakncRH , Lost Man
hood. Nljrht KmlHSloiiH. Dccaveil Kaciilllns. Ku-
mnlo Weakness , and all ilolleato dt orders p eu-
liar to either sex , pnMtlvoly cuntl. I'ir/KS
FISTULA anrt HECTAL , ULCKIIH , IIYDIIOCHMS
AND VAKICOfELB P prmanrntly and succussfully
cured. Method now an d unfalllii ! , ' .
by now mnthod without pain or cuttlner. Call on
or addtctm with Htnml
119 S. I4th St. .
DRS. SE 8 SEHRLE8. OMAHA , NI-B
Li B ONf8 jforiiiF.it :
Thlw remedy being In
jected directly to the
Boat of those dlHonwcu
of the cnlto-IJrinnry
Orffimn , rcuulrcH no
chauco of dlot. Cure
Knaritntecd In 1 to S
dnya. Hnmll plainiinclc.
nice , by mall , si.OO.
Holrt nniy by
Myers-Dillon DrttR Co. , S. E. Cor ICth and Fur-
nnm Stieete. Omsha. Neb.
Ur. Grady'g wondeiful Irish
InvlKuralor , the nre.Uctt-
irim-dy for Ioi-t Manhood ,
and Mc/ps nil unnatural
dialns and lospe. . All unall ,
weak IIIK-IIIH enlniKfil and
MiuiKlhi-ne.l. Suffeicrs , by
it'nilttliiB Jl n Feolril pack-
aKC contnlniiiK 60 iilllu. carefully -
fully rouiiiuunilnl , will be
tent by mall from our lubor-
iilmy , or we will furnUh tlx
, . - - . - packages fnr JJ , with ,
T.ri : i a
Old ) .
lr. ( irmly dfAUANTKR
to cure or
fiucCHsa for M years money lufumled , All letters
2K > . (00 euied. lonlldi-ntlul , and ( joods tent
with ( ull liittiiuUoim flee from I liiT\nlloif
AdiliesB , fVUBTAI MUD , CO. . IxnvHl , Mass.
( VIE A
AJAX TAHLGTSroHlTIVKLY C'UHl
Al.l * rru fXurrort ralllnic Mitiu
ory. | lll | > oleiic-Kli'Bilehsiio .iilotu.l .
> Aiiui-x i.ri'l oinor KIOKKCH nntl In < tU
crtlloun. 'tl\'V ; ' < < < / . / nnil nr < - / [ '
l lolii Ityl Vlliillly la old or jounk , unt
, il ! nmuu for flinty uu.lun.sor mnrra ! s
- I'rjyellt Iiibanll und
) Communion II
eii lu llniu. Tli.li111.7 , ! " > llnmou.UB ; Iniproro
rasnt uad infect ! a CUHK where all others tall. In
ilttuion havma tlin conulnn AJux TiibloK. 'Jl ,
hiiVHCiuoil tlinnumdniinil will curn jnu.V ijlve i
IKiiltira written cuaruniua lu nfTrct < i cura In mcli caner
or ri > funa th money. 1'rlr. 6O eoam nt > r pttckauu ni
liiiftckiunMlfiill tmalnieiill for $2.10. lly mnll.li
pluyi writer , upon rji-olrtof i.rlre. clrriiUr free.
AJAX REMGO" CO. ' " . ' " " '
For tale In Omuha uy Jume. Foreyth , 202 JJ
Kulili & Co. . Kith and Douglai Hlrfeti.
IP. TIIU ONLY
WHO TIICATB AL1 ,
Wfikiiiii d Uliorllr f
10 Yo-irH in Otimhn.
'K.k . Free. Conmiluv
tlual'rtio , Hm 700,01
1-ith and I'uroam 8ts >
dUinarcci , IntUmraatloni.
Irrltatlucj or ulctiilloQi
of muouui iurutr u .
raialtii , mi ) not tttrla *
| ? StHeEMiiiCHtuieuCo. * Bt" poi moin.
or itnt In yltlo wripH'i
vr txprtii , prtpalil , (
ffoo. or l Calliw , IJ.7 .
ClKaVjr ial fe run %
HERE IS WHERE
YOU WILL FIND IT IN
THE PRIKGIPflL CITIE-
Venilnim * Hotel.
llcnencc Hotel Xeiv.i Stand.
.Ii AV. Sbearer.
BUTTE ' I
William .Hbleldx , i
II. A. I.OKIIII.
CbejoniuClub. . |
Auditorium Hotel NIMVM Stand. .
Vudltortuni Annex \iM\-t Stand. \
ftreatorlliern Hotel X - H Stand. J
Palmer HOIINC NIMVM Stand. , .
I'oNtollleeCVN Stand , \o. illT Uunrt \ ,
born Street. \ > . > '
' . :
Conuncrclal TrnvelerN * An :
llrlxeiM' Urn.- ) , , \n. HO South Tejon St.
CAMBRIDGE , MASS
Marviir.l I nlviTNltjl.llirury. .
llriMvii Hotel \IMVN Stand.
Hamilton .V ICeli.lrlek.
Uul.itlii , Pitt .t C . . si5 : IHxtceiitU St.
I'm It .Mereiuitlle Co.
MIC Slutloiier > C < > .
YVIiiilNin- Hotel \e < v.s Stiiiuf.
Mnxrn .IneoliN , Itnulc iNlnnil lleiiot.
HOT SPRINGS S.D
Km II IlnriioiiN.
3ci PKe Clinton.
\V. A. Moore.
Helena I'ulille l.llirnry.
ContfH MOIINCIMVH Stainl.
V. M. C. A. ItctulliiHT llooin.
LONDON , ENGLAND.
CliarleN A. Clllltf , \ < > . U Stratul.
LOS ANGELES .
Stniuliivil X 'WN Co.
West IIulvl A'CWM Stiinil.
Cooper I'ulon Mlirnry.
Firth Avenue lintel \IMVH Stand.
Klfih Avenue Hotel IteiulliiK Houm ,
llroonie Street Llhrnry.
Holland HoiiNe UeiuliiiK Hoom.
Imperial Hotel \eirN Stand.
Mechanics' .t Triulerit' Free Library ,
No. IS KiiKt Sl.vlcciilh Street.
I'rcMM dull , 1-O Na.sNaii St.
\Vc.slniliiNlcr Hotel HciliIIliK Itnom.
XVimlxor Hotel Iteailliip : Itoiiiu.
Y. .11. C. A. , Uiil : Street amiIHi Avenue ,
Duncan Hotel VCWM SlniKl.
Missouri I'nelllu HIilfT > K\io. Groiiml * .
MeCnrtiiey .t Co.
W. We lib.
PARIS , "FRANCE.
Xow York Herald HcailliiK Iluoiu ,
Avc. ito 1'Oiiera.
V. C. Harder.
PORTLAND , ORE ,
\V K. JOIH'N.
Portland Hotel \CWN Stand.
I'll.lie ! Library.
SAN F RANCISCO.
I'ublli ! Library.
SALT LAKE CITY.
I , . F. llainincl , l.yeeiim Theater ,
Salt LuUe. JVetvu Co.
c. n. ojHion.
A. T. I.iinilberK.
GnrretlNiiii Ilolel NetvH Stniid.
.Moiidaiuln Hotel .VetvN .Stand.
Hotel Veil.IonicUVM Stand ,
CeorKc I. . Hunt.
Public Library. w
.Tolln W. Cirabiiin.
dl ST JOSEPH.
Ilrandow'M VH .Stand ,
1C. T. Jell.
I'lanlei'H' Hotel Jfrv Stand.
WASHINGTON , D. C
Ulllaril'H Hotel \IMVH Slanil
Arlington Hotel ,
eMNlonnl Library ,
Aurlciilliiral DeiiartnieiK fclbrnri-
Senate Heading Hoom.
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