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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 17, 1897)
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12 THE OMAHA DAILY 1j'1318 : SUNDAY , OOTO1H3K 17 , 1807.
Tim OMAILV SUNDAY BER
l ; . HOSlWATEH. Editor.
l > ftlMSIIKU iVKUY : MOIINtN'O.
Dully llec ( Without Sumlny ) . One Year . JC W
lJuilr rit-e and * undny , One Yenr . W
HU Month * . J '
Three Month ! . '
Kumlny lite , Ono Yr.ir . J J ?
H.iturilny Uf.c , One Yenr . J *
Uci-Kly Dee , Ons Yenr . * *
Omnhn : The ll e IlulMlnR. , . . . . _ , .
fioulh Umnlm : Sln rcr lllk. , Cnr. N nnd Jllh SU
Council llluffn : 10 IVnrl fltreet.
C iicuso Olllce : 317 chamber of Commerce.
N w York : lluonx 13. H nnJ 15. Tribune Itldf.
Wn : ilniton ; : 601 rourtcenth Street.
COIUUSl'ONt > KNCJ5.
All rommunloMlc.nilelnllnK lo n < > wi ! nml cill Uo-
rinl niHtlcr nhoul.l lie nililrecvctl : To tlie l.illtor.
All liimltiMs leiurs nnil lemltlnncoi shnulil bo
iM.neneJ lo The lln > I'ubllsliliiK t-omliany.
Oinalm. Drafts , clieckt , CXIIICM mill iiuntoince
inniioy onlcrf. to bo made payable to l o oruer
uf Ihe company. . . . .t.
THi : UlH 1-UHl.lSlllNO CUMPAN\ _ .
Gtiito of NVIirnekn. DnusluK County. !
OccirKC II. TzKcliuck. fcccictnry of 1 IIP flee rnn.
lUhlnt : fiimpotiy , Ix-lns iliily nwnrn. nny > Hint tne
nclunl number of full nnil complete e | il i of Hie
Dnlly , Mrirnln * . Kxenlnit nml Sumlny Hi1 * lirlnleil
ilurlni ; the in-iiith of Huiiteml'cr. IM'7. xxim ns fol
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ICfircturncil nnil unsold copies . JMIB
Tntnl nol vnlrji . tWS.374
Net iliilly nveriiKe- . 19.CU9 '
OKonni' : ii. TXsrntTCic.
Rworn to before mo nnd nliscrlbeil In my jircs-
once tliln 1st dny of Oetnlnr. U9T.
( Penl ) N. I1. PKIIfc Nnlnry rubllc.
TIM : nnn ox TUAIXS.
All rn 11 run < l iii-\vnlniyj nrc
niiiilli-il | | M-llh i-iiiiuiili llt-cn
to IU-I-I > IIIIIHHIII > f'vi'i'y IHI.S-
rn-nncr tvlio MUM ! * lo renil it
iii-TtNiiiH-r. | Insist iiiion linv-
Jnr TinHIM - . If you -niinot
Krt n HIMon n irnln from tin-
iu-T 'M iiKt'iit , iiliMisi- report
ln > fiu-l , Hlnllnu : the Irnln nnil
l-allroinl , lo llnClrciilntloii
l ) < -iiirtiu | < > n < tif Tinll ' < - . The
Hoc In finHMI | - on nil ( rains.
INSIST OX IIAVIM ! THU IIKIO.
Itushu-ss pointers nil point iini- way
the wny of ] HTiiiiiu ! > tit prospi-rlty.
Over Si-MJ.OOO rnllroiiil i-inphiyes In the
United .Slates. The railroad employes
nre and oimlit to ho nn Important i-le-
inont In the lahorliiK t-livk-s of the coun
Coin Ilarvi-y Is another of the quon
dam silver apostles who Is apparently
oblivious of the faot that a political cam
paign Is In progress In ti law part of
the United Stak-s.
H Is to he noted that the states where
the popoerats set out to make .silver the
issue at tlie election are just tlie states
where the victory of the republican can
didates Is all but coneudL'd by their op
Each of the four leading candidates for
mayor of New York Is convinced that the
flfjlit Is between himself and one of the
other fellows. Politics affects the line
of vision of most people in a most pe
From the renewed activity of the
Hawaiian unnexatioiiists the Inference
is unavoidable that the ratillcatlon of
the annexation treaty Is not such a
cocksure event as they would have the
Florida is to have a tobacco fair , where
Jiome firown imported tobacco will lie
exhibited and the most experienced con
noisseur challenged to tell the difference.
America Is a wreat country and there
nre none like It.
The State university student who
wants to win the prl/.o offered by Wil
liam J. ISryan for the lust essay on the
science of f ; ' > vernmeiit should read Mr.
Jlivvau's spi-i'ehes on that subject for < > x-
iimplos to be avoided.
The presidency of the new Union Pa-
oIic ! I.s an important thiiif ; , but before
Ilie president can be named we must
know who Ihe new owners of the road
are to IILThere Is many a slip be
tween the cup and Up.
A court decision just rendered holds
that , no one can hold an exclusive rlulit
to the name of a town as a tnull-mark.
The only way to patent a town name IK
to take out a trademark lir.st and then
Intllil a town by the same name.
The new election laws must not be
overlooked by the men in chaw of the
party machinery. Nobody should be dis
franchised by technical neglect ln-cause
of Iffiiorance of what changes the late
legislature incorporated Into the statutes ,
A resolution adopted by one of the
'New ' York labor organizations refers to
tlie backers of Henry ( ! eorjias "a com-
filiation of political freaks and queer
people. " It Is plain that no section of
lit- country has a corner on political
American exhibitors at the Urussels
International Kxposltion captured a
peed ihtire of the awards In tli.'Ir respec
tive classes , Kon-lKii nations are uradu-
ally liPi-oniliii ; accustomed to see Auit-iie.i
take the prize In nearly every open com-
President .McICInley is to attend a ban
quet ut I'lnclnimtl with the understand-
tiif ; that he In not to be assigned a place
on thu spi-ak.-r.s' list , nid any one ever
hear of Hrynn attaching such a condi
tion to the acceptance of a banquet In
It Is to be hoped that the Information
to the effect that reports of the Irish
famine have been crossly exa wrated
may prove to bi > line. Tins people of
Iivlaiul are pt-rhaps less able to cnduri !
crop failure unaided than those of any
other aj.Tleiiltnral section of Kurope and
Hhould the threatened famine be less
Kovcro than at llrst feared It will meiin
that the unfortunates will be
much actual physical s
.1 MJN't'AllTIS'AX SCHUUIi 11QAIW ,
With a profound conviction that the
public . chools should bo kept dlvon'ed
fi'niii politics , The Itro has steadily ad
vocated tlio election of members of llio
Hoard of Kdurntlon without vc iini to
parly nlllllntlons. On March 'J , 1S7L' ,
when the Itonnl of Kducatlmi system
under which the public whool-4 ofOinnltM
arc conducted was nhout to In ; InauRit-
rated IMP position of The Hee was
enunciated as follows :
Hccclit devploimieiits In certain quartern
leaveno room tor iloubl that parties nro
already scheming to control tlio new odtira-
tlonal s > ntpni which In to Ijc InaitRuratctl In
Omaha Iliis spring While wo nrc not yet
quite clear as to the motives which Impel
those who seek positions of honor without
profit as members of the now baanl , we cnn
hardly ! > o mistaken about the tlo.il&ti of others ,
who am already hatching , even before the
chicken has had on tpportnnlty t lay Its
CKRS. Wo have taken great pains lo on-
couraKO the establishment of A uniform sys
tem of education based on the experience of
the. best modern educators , a system free
from all sectarianism and partisanship , which
would ItiHpIre respect and confidence In nil our
citizens , Irrespective of crceil , nationality or
political party. Our citizens will therefore
lake heed not to liitro.lnc.p the seed of dis
cord and fanaticism Into the Hoard of Kduca-
tlon bv endorsing nnd furthering the plans of
any Individual or clique , however plausible.
In rearranging the present educational system
and laying the foundation for the future all
personal ( ( references should be disregarded ,
the main object being to secure the services
of gentlemen thoroughly trained for this dlfll-
cult tusk. Let us select a bc rd unpledged
and untrammelcd by any tics which could
bind them to the cart wheel of any religious ,
.lollllcal or literary zealot.
These views , expressed a quarter of a
century ajo. are applicable to present
conditions. In seloctlii } , ' members of Ihe
Hoard of Education the cltl/.ons of
Omaha should be actuated solely by a de
sire to Improve the public school system
and free its management of partisan
and sectarian machinations. Kaeh can
didate on the respective school board
tickets should stand for himself and by
himself and not on his claims to recogni
tion for political services rendered or to
nxuAxn wn.i. cobnut.
Tile American .State department hnv-
liiK suyircsted a seal conference In ac
cordance with the terms of Lord SalN-
Imry's agreement , as he construed it ,
that is. between experts of ( .real
Britain , the United States and Canada ,
Salisbury was bound In uood faith to ac
cept Hie suggestion and the proposed
conference will be held. There will also
be a conference in which the United
.Slates , Itussla and Japan will Join. Thus
the question of a meeting of experts to
discuss seal conditions Is llnaily settled
and the Knglish and American people
may exchange hearty congratulations
over the fact. The negotiations leading
to tlds result caused sonic little irrita
tion , not. perhaps , in olllcial circles of
either country , but in the public mind.
The Hrltlsli press has found occasion in
It to say unkind things about the Amer
ican secretary of state , whose plain way
of stating tilings , somewhat out of the
line of diplomatic usage , was displeas
ing , while there has been sonic Indul
gence here In criticism of the course of
Lord Salisbury. All feeling of this icind.
it Is to be presumed , will now disappear
and the amicable sentiment which it
should be the aim of both peoples to cul
tivate will resume sway. So far as the
American people are concerned they
have the right to feel that their govern
ment has secured something of a victory
In inducing the Hrltlsh government to
participate in a conference under any
Hut the question naturally suggests it
self , what will these conferences amount
toV What practical ivsults are likely to
come from them ? It Is hardly to b < - ex
pected that the Knglish and Canadian
experts will be persuaded to relinquish
juiy of the views they have already ex
pressed and It Is equally probable that
the American experts will stoutly adhere
lo the position they have taken. In that
case the situation afler the conference
will be simply what it Is at present. So
far as the. conference in which Hiissla
and-Japan will participate Is concerned
It is merely a side matter , which can
have little hearing or Inlluence in any
direction. However , it is at least an
amicable way of discussing a perplexing
question and can do no harm if it accom
plish no good.
KO jy/v'ir / Ki'.i/m/KA7' .
The effort will be renewed at the next
session of congress to create a new ex
ecutive department of the government ,
as proposed In the 1)111 Introduced
by Senator Kryo in I ho last con
gress. Tlio matter was discussed
before the convention of boards of trade
in New York last week by Mr.
Nlmino , formerly chief of tlio Hurcan of
Statistics , making an argument In favor
of establishing a department of com
merce , whose head should be a member
of the cabinet. He urged mat the exist
ing bureaus of statistics , life saving ,
navigation , stcnmhoaT inspection , light
house , const survey and marine hospital
should be transferred 1'ioni the Treasury
department to a new department , saying
that by this means legislation in regard
to commerce would lie facilitated.
"Oftentimes a single legislative In-
qulry , " said Mr. Nimmo , "i-inhrncus ques
tions ivferable to two or more of the
olllees which would properly compose
such a department. Many questions nlfo
arise in the conduct of the executive
branch of the government which would
naturally be referred to tile chief of the
department of commerce and thus the
danger of error be averted. "
All this , together witli the Idea that
the proposed department would serve to
foster a wider and more systematic de
velopment of our foreign and domestic
commerce and of th. < various Industrial
Interests throughout the country , sounds
plausible , but Is not conclusive. The
authors of the project admit that the
new department would be hardly more
than a consolidation under one head of
certain ollices already In existence and
as It probably would not be allowed to
act decisively in any Important matter
without the authority or consent of con
gress , It Is dltllcult to sen what practical
end would bo served by Its establish
ment. On the opposite hand , another ex
ecutive department would meuu another
member of the cabinet , a body already
sutllclcutly large for harmonious conn
ells and action. It Is a question wltli
many whether any good object was promoted
meted when the bureau of agrlculluiv
was ral ed lo a department , though
probably that department Is now grow
ing In popular regard , of course every
body desires-to see the Interests of com
merce and Industries advanced , but the
success of these , so far as the govern
ment can Intluence them , depends chiefly
upon sound llnauclal and economic poli
cies and upon the energy and enterprise
of our people. American trade and In
dustry have developed marvelously In
the absence of a special paternalistic
oversight nt Washington ami they will
doubtless continue to do so under like
conditions In the future.
It is Impossible to say what disposi
tion will be shown In congress with
reference to the proposed new depart
ment. In behalf of which a very Inlluen-
tlul pressure Is likely to b.- brought to
bear , but we do not believe a project for
which there Is no urgent necessity and
which would Inevitably Increase expend
itures , will have popular approval.
( jiiiAinixN XOT
Tlie only excuse offered for retaining
Dion ( ieraldlne at a salary of ? . " ( > ( > a
month on the pay roll of the exposition
Is that bis services arc Indispensable. If
this assertion were true It would In
most damaging to the exposition to have
it so understoml by contractors , conces
sionaires and employes. If Geraldlne Is
Indispensable he can ride rough shod
over everybody , levy tribute on con
tractors and distribute jobs and sin
ecures right and loft.
Kortunatoly Dion Oeraidine is not In
dispensable , lie is a mechanical moun
tebank who claims to be a born genius
and mastered all trades and professions ,
when In fact he Is an expert In mine.
During ills lirst residence in Omaha h- >
acted as agent for an agricultural Imple
ment house. Within a few years lie
blossomed out into a general master me
chanic , and yet he has done nothing for
the exposition except costly experimentIng -
Ing and tampering with plans made by
sewerage engineers , landscape archi
tects , hydraulic engineers and other pro
fessional experts specially engaged by
the exposition management. All that he
has done could easily have been b.-tter
performed by any nuc of a score of
Omaha men at less than half the salary.
What remains to be done by the super
intendent of grounds and buildings can
be done by any -man of executive force
and mechanical training.
Not only can any number of compe
tent men be found in tills vicinity to
take Uoraldine's place , but the exposi
tion will fare better without him than
with him. It Is not only generally be
lieved but established beyond reasonable
doubt that Oeraidine can not be trusted
either to tell the truth or to deal hon
estly with the exposition. He has pur
sued a course of systematic deception
and doiibledeallug with Ids superiors ,
carried on intrigues with contractors
and foisted useless favorites on the pay
rolls as employes. He has rendered him
self offensive to the great body of work-
ingmeii and arrayed against the exposi
tion public sentiment which should and
would be in hearty sympathy with it.
In this lie is but repeating his World's
fair career , which was abruptly termi
nated to promote the interest of the ex
A FULL munrx
The growth of the iron and steel in-
dnMry of tinfulled States and the facr
that American manufacturers are not
only invading the world's markets , but
underselling Hrltlsh manufacturers in
their own markets , attests more strongly
than anything else , unless it be the
growlli of the tin industry , the superi
ority of American enterprise and ingenu
ity under the stimulating inllueiicc of
the protective policy. .Japan comes lo
Ill's country for most of the sti el lai'.s for
her projected lines of railroad , finding j
that American tails are better than those
mad" , in Kngland and cost no more , or
even less. II was not long since re
ported that the london & North
western Hallway company was ne
gotiating with American manufac
turers for the delivery of 100.-
000 tons of steel 'rails and a company
at Cleveland , O. , recently received HIL
contract to supply the rails for the new j
underground electric railway In London ,
while the award of a large contract to
American manufacturers for steel rails
for Hrltlsh India , made a few months
ago , caused no little commotion among
the steel rail makers of England , who
were outbid by the Americans. In a ic-
cent competition for supplying a large
quantity of cast-iron piping to the gas
company of Glasgow , Scotland , an AIU > M- .
lean firm outbid local firms to the
amount of $5 a ton , to the great surprise.
of the Glasgow ironmasters.
11 appears from tin- returns of our
foreign trade for the last llseal year that
in steel rails alone th.-re was an Increasi-
over 1SJM ! In the quantity exported from
llm't tons to. HI7.SIH tons , while the
valiu- , which in IKilU was l"i 10,71)7 ) ,
reached In the llseal year ending last
.lime , the amount of .f'j.-IS'--'OS. Nearly
one-tenth of Ihe total production of steel
rails by American mills for the year was
sent abroad. Hut this Is only a small
part of our exports of the manufactuivs
of steel , the total value of which fur the
llseal year JS07 was In round numb.-rs
: , iUI.OOO ( , < ! 00 , an increase of nearly 1"-
000,000 , or K."i per cent , In two years ,
while the annual Increase In the exports
of manufactures of steel by England
has hardly averaged 7 per cent for some
years and of late has been as low asI
per cent. It Is not surprising , tlier-fore ,
as a leading trade Journal observes , that
the competition of the t'nlted Slates In
the products of thi- Iron and steel Indus
try should be exciting a great deal of
anxiety In the I'nitcd Kingdom and that
no danger that has threatened Eng
land's economic supremacy during the
last half century should be regarded as
so serious or so likely lo be peiinaiu > nt.
It seems to be no longer questionable
that steel can be made as chuaply In this
country as anywhere else In the world
and the causes which have cheapened
Iron and steel production are still at
work. There Is a practically unlimited
supply of Uessemer ore 011 Luke. Su
perior , much of It lying at or near the
surface , whlgli-v-nn be mined at n merely
nominal cof. fi'iic average richness of
this ore Is siUUnn be considerably greater
than that of England and Germany.
Abundant capital is now engaged In de
veloping these mines and in devising
plans for still further cheapunlng the.
cost of transporting the ore and of mak
ing Its products.
This great Industry has been built tip
by the protective policy , until It has
reached a imintjwhere , In the opinion of
those qtialllleii to Judge. It can maintain
llself even were all protection with
drawn. Indeed. It seems certain that In
any event It must continue to grow , mak
ing the I'lilted States , In the not i emote
future , muster of the world's markets
in the products of Iron and steel.
stwH : MHsminrs itnxn.
The trial now In progress of the still
brought by the state to recover on the
bond of ex-Stale Ttcastircr .Joseph S.
Hartley suggests the necessity of over
hauling the olllcial bond of his .succes
It has transpired In the"course of the
trial that the amount of money which
Hartley should have turned over to bis
successor exceeds Jjl.iiOO.OO ! ) . t'nder the
constitutlrii the bond of the stale treas
urer must be at" least In double the sum
that comes Into Ids possession at any
one time. It follows as a sequence that
Treasurer Mi-serve's bond should have
been at least J-t.OOO.OOl : ( ; instead of
? : : .00tooo ! , the bond approved by Gov
ernor Iloicomb Is for S'.M)00 ) , < ! 00 only.
it also transpires from tlds trial that
the greater part of the Mcserve bond Is
made up by sureties who are also on the
bond of Hartley and who have since
done everything they could to make
themselves judgment-proof. As it now
stands. It is doubtful whether Treasurer
Mcserve's bondsmen could lie held for
? roo.oio. : \ \ nil , , it Is true that the
amount of cash carried by the state
treasurer has been reduced by applying
part of the school funds on hand to the
redemption of warrants , the bond as it
stands does not fulfill the requirements
of the law. Tlu > system of collecting
monthly from the treasurers of the most
wealthy counties yields a steady Income
in cash and the aggregate in the treas
urer's hands is liable to. exceed by liun-
dieds of thousands the amount , that
could be recovered on Ids bond.
In tills matter , as In his dealings with
Hartley , Governor Iloicomb is by far too
easy-going for the safely of the lax-
payers. Without , rellectlng upon the in
tegrity of Mr. Meserve. the only safe
guard against a recurrence of treasmy
losses is to enforce rigidly the provisions
of tin- constitution and the law relating
to the custoilv of .state funds.
According to advices from St. Louis
I'.ryan has concluded after conference
with some of the democratic leaders to
keep strlctly nloo"r front the contest In
Greater New York nnd to saw wood on
that subject during the entire campaign.
All requests 'for an expression either of
sympathy or of opinion are to be care
fully ignored'and Hryau himself to con-
line ids labors lo Hie western slates ,
avoiding all reference to the ( ! renter
New York light. This mny subject the
ex-presidential candidate to the charge
of cowardly evasion , but it will leave
him free to claim the successful candi
date as an exponent of P.ryanism if a
democrat and to tell why it happened in
the event of democratic defeat.
And now the railroads that were given
live years to equip their cars with auto-
malic couplers and modern brakes want
more time allowed before the penalties
for violating the law begin to accrue.
The railroads that have disregarded the
law at the risk of the lives of employes
and patrons have no claim on further
concessions. They seem to have become
imbued witli the idea that the law is to
suspended at their pleasure and to
have no conception of the rights of tin-
public to protection from their niggardli
ness. There is only one way to make the
railroads adopt safely devices on their
cars and that is to enforce the penalties
on those that'defy the law.
Iteporls are already in circulation to
the effect that an organized effort will b > >
made lo induce Hie senate to defeat the
piospecflve transfer of Attorney General
McKcnna to the I'liiled States supreme
bi'iich by injecting all sorts of side Issues
Into the question of his confirmation.
The only point which the public will
consider in connection with the appoint
ment to ( ill the seat vacated by Justice
Field is whether the president's choice
has thi > qnnlilications to make a consci
entious and able supreme judge , and the
senate will not lie Justified in tailing any
other anil irrelevant matter Into ac
Congress is expected to fnniMi some
interesting Information through a com-
m'tlee lo Investigate alleged frauds in
the admission of Chinese Into Ihe coun
try In violation of , the exclusion act by
the corrupt . .connivance of federal In
spectors. If government officials have
been selling Indulgences to Chinese who
iunore the provisions of the exclusion
laws they should by all means be ex
posed and subjected to punishment.
Then- no nvisoi ) why any guilty man
should be. permlneil lo escape.
Germany may In' depended on to omit
nothing to obstruct the Introduction of
American-made Into the markctn
controlled by/Guftnan / merchants and
manufacturers.1''J'he ' ' one way to over
come these ob tr'iH'tlons is to produce
American ar/JcJun/of / / superior quality
and moii-attractive prices so that people
who demand them will be satisfied with
Statistics compiled by the ofileers of
this national organisation of horsesho.-rs
go to show Unit , notwithstanding the In-
loads of ( lie bicycle and the progies
of tliL- electric motor , the total number
of horses In actual use In the country Is
over loo.ooo more than It was In IS'.ia
Thehoi'M ! Is by no means an extinct
The assets of the Western Union arc-
placed In Its annual statement at $1-8-
000,000. Hut even this colossal and In-
Hated sum may nut be u bur to u pusta !
i tolepraph owned nnd operated by the
government when the people wnk" up to
the economy of Its nciitilsttioti.
\V < minii'.i
Mlnn npoll * Tlm'-s.
A Nebraska young man did something to
offend his best girl the other day and she
promptly Impilel his ribs on her hat pin ,
ftKaln Illustrating the wonderful versatility
of the sev.
It In announced that the French will at
tempt to build a steamer to break all At
lantic records. If the French nre ai faM nn
tl-p fe.i as they nre said to be on land the-
records probably will have tn go.
till * Trniililt'M of llor Own.
1-lilln UMphln 1trn.nl.
Queen Victoria Is reported to have lately
expressed eollollude for the stability of the
American republic. The situation In Irolnml
nnd llu- Industrial war still nearer the
Hrltljli throne suggest that the solicitude ,
like charity , mluht properly bgln nt borne.
W lit-rc Are I IIP StiiHIiN f
Now Vorlt .Sun.
If U Is true that the Iron trade of I'cmuyl-
Is RohiB to build H colo'sal statue
"m-.mewhe.ri > near the henrtwateis of the Ohio
liver" to Tub.il Cnln. Inventors will be much
encouraged. To be sure , the honor come
somewhat late , but when It comes It will beef
of hf-role size. We should have Btipposed ,
however , that not the workers In Iron nnd
br.iFs , but the world-gltiiiliiR utul universal
Smith family would have been the proper
persons to erect a memorlul of Tubal Cain.
Vrrlilnm- I. run I Huriiiiient * ,
St. 1-aul < ) 'ol)0.
The ordinary lenal document , whatever It
may be. Is usually n mass of vetblnpe which
la not only useless for any practical effect ,
but is simply ihtleulouti. And still the courts
iir.d the lawyeia Kt > on yielding obedience to
the crnblifd and senseless forms of cen
turies now dead. In an age of brevity , of
strict economy and of Incomparable haute ,
simply ticcaus * some clerk with his quill pen
mill his Ink horn invented the duplication of
these phrases a few hundred yearn a o to (111 (
his scanty pmse.
Wi-nliiu's * of Kit. .liiry > > xli'in.
tiMtroll Krno I'ri'Sfl.
Tlui Jurv system which has been handed
down to us from our Kiigllsh ancestors has
been fondly cherlthed ns the palladium "f
our liberties and the foundation of our Indi
vidual rights , but there arc not wanting men
today who believe the system shauld bo
iro.ll lied I. ' not entirely abolished. Theoret
ically u jury trial will always secure ] nstle.
Radically It often subverts It. Corruption
and Imnrcoc : influencing of juries have be
come so notoriously common that the whole
system has galue-l disrepute and suspicion In
the public mind.
SiMri'll'.r.vVNIIII'.N | | Plans.
New Voili Mull mill 12x'icvs. |
Spcretary Wilson's plans for the Department
of Agriculture , If properly supported by con-
Ricssioiial appropilatlon , will greatly euarge
the tcrrie and usefulness of that li.anch of
the public service. Mr. Wilson believes that
the operations of the weather bureau .should
be extended by the establishing of additional
observation stations ; that the bureau of aul-
nnl Industry should be enlarged and lendered
more etllclent. and that nn agri-cultural ctt.uho
should be appointed for iach of our embas
sies and locations in Hirnpe. These sugges
tions are practic.il and valuable. They denote
the buslness-liUe i.iollcy which Secretary Wil
son has instituted in the department , and If
approved by congress they would uuiiiestioii- |
nhly tesult in substantial benefits to Ameri
can trade and agriculture.
IHMIIISTir IIKICT SMiAlt.
I'ulilif AuiiUi-nlniv ( i ) ( lie I'o
of UKImliiNtr.i . .
Nt-w YwK Mall niul Kxpivs4 * .
The much abused sugar schedule of the
Dingley tariff law holds the possibility nt
causing this country to grow nil the sugar it
consumes instead of paying nboul $100,000,000
a year for Its Importntlous. The beet sugar
Industry may be slow in development , but
there are scattered evidences that the farm
ers hen- and there are awakening to Its
possibilities , and its establishment In Xe-
braska Is regarded ns permanent.
Sonic figures In a recent report from Grand
Island , where this year over 10.000 acres
ham. been planted with sugar beets , arc of
Interest. The estimated product is 100,000
tons , or ten tons to the acre. Delivered at
the factory beets averaging 12 per cent sugar
and SO per cent purity , bring ? l a ton. the
prices ranging downward on an established
scale for saccharine strength and purity to
.fi'.fiu a ton. Hut tin- growers who are skil
ful and attentive receive $1 a ton for their
entire ciop. Laud values have risen greatly.
Forms near the factory that were worth only
$20 nn aero three years ago now command
JllOO an acre. H Is reported that the Grand
Island factory will this year produce 10.000-
000 pounds of standard granulated sugar.
As was well ald during the tariff debate ,
the best way to fight the Sugar trust is to
have a beet sugar factory in every congres
sional district where neil and climate permit.
XH\V Kit A I.\
KIIIIIIrnmilsliu ; II < > iirli < ihl It I'Tunus
Ht. I juls Cilolir-IVinocrnt.
More Is going forward In domestic science
and household reform than appears en the
surface of affairs. The most active move
ments In this direction relate to servantu
regularly educated , to co-operative house
keeping , and -to the teaching of cookery In
the -schools. A new organization of promi
nent women in Iloston , called the Women's
Kducatlonal and Industrial union , will open
this month a school devoted to domestic
training. The studies comprise Information
concerning every part of the house , methods
of cuiing for it , foods , economical buying
and Fervantri. One of the branches will be
devoted to keepiii ) ; a house clean and .pre-
serv'ny Its appliances In the beat p3. siblc
condition. A course In sanitation will he
given nnd also lessons In artistic furnish
ings. The graduate will go Into fcrvlce , but
will not be called a servant. She will bean
an cmprloyn. aud lifted In the social scale as
trained nurses have been. Unfair employers
will bo reached by this new system and
Impressed with the
dllterenco between n
skilled employe and the haphazard drudgo.
A far clearer knowledge of duties will ac
company a better mutual undemanding as
to v.ork and privileges.
In the public school system of the country
the study of cookery has made consider
able headway , especially In the large cities
of tlio east. New York provides manual
training , with workshops In various me
chanical branches , for the boys , and for the
girls , cooking and fiowleg. The cookery
classes In the Philadelphia public schools
darted off this year with an enrollment of
1.MS : . ' girls In ninoty-four classes. The riyw-
tem was established ten years ago and lian
become popular. Ulght school kitchens uro
distributed throughout the city. While one.
main object U to show the Importance of
home duties r d the dignity of domestic
life , the lessons are practical , and pupils
make certain dishes under the supervision
of Instructors. The arrangement of tables
and etiquette of meals are not overlooked.
Hut cookery an n study Is not confined to
public Kchools. Some largo and noted In
stitutions it learning are giving alteration
to this and other kinds' of domestic science.
Co-operative housekeeping makes rather
slow progress considering the Immense num
ber of arguments that can be brought tn its
nupport as a theory. Of course , wash days
should be banished from the homo , but It
Is still there , consuming two ilaya of each
week , or 101 days of the year. Co operative
buying , cooking , heating anil light tdiould
save a great dual of money , yet experiments
to prove It usually fall through defective.
or dllllcult management. Hut there are 001110
successes. A co-operative cooking oclcty
ban flourished In Orenoblo , France for forty-
flvo years , and the fond la either delivered
at the resldencn nf subscribers or served at
a central restaurant. An avcrago of 1,300
meals a day is called for. A ijuart of tioup
cc.aiH 2 centH , four and a half ounces of
cooked meat , -1 cents ; five ounces of broad.
1 cent ; a plate of vcgetablea , 2 cunts , and
dessert tin ; same. At least four woupa are
( iurved dally and moru than that muny kinds
of meat. The accounts are In charge of a
committed ( if 100 subscribers selected from
time to time. A pension fund of JS.ooo for
old and faithful cmploycn has lieun accumu
lated. Co-operative housekeeping Is by no
means a dream. I'erscvcrcnL-o and brains
in time will turn U to account.
) II\SIS I'lUMI ItVM'S UOIIV.
The pig vould vniher hive s lll than
Marrying for money U an * M > eiislvc In
The mnn who has a hobby'will never lark
for exercise ,
\Vlmt the fox lacks in legs he hate make
Up In cunning ,
A large he-ad may 'be ' as empty as a last
year's bird's nest.
Why bo troubled about Ilia trouble that
may never happen.
The world lakes off Its hat to tbe man
Kolig up the ladder.
Thi' devil roars 'With laughter when pro
fessed Christians tly nt each other's throats.
Slid J.Alt SHOTS AT TUH 1't I.IMT.
Davenport Hepubllcau : The laymen of the
Methodist church want to hnve a large voice
In tin' management of afT.ilrs. Simply to
My "Amen" to the preacher's remarks nn
longer satisfies them.
St. houls Republic : It Isn't strange that
f St. Until * clergyman should have gotten
, Jotiah and the whale mixed up In his ser
mon. The Incident seems to have been a
pretty b.id mlx-up for both principals at the
Washington Test : Kven If the pulpit when
It projects Itself Into the political arena
.would do so with an upward Inclination ,
seeking to elevate political thought and
melho.lQ to higher planes , there would still
Jie old-fashioned people who would be sad
dened by the movement , for there Is a deep
and widespread conviction that the clerg > .
In the conduct of church services nnd In
their preaching , ought to call the minds of
their heareM away from the turmoil and
strife of parties rather than ( duiiRc therein
Chleigo Cluonlcle : Ulshop Merrill's dec
laration that .Methodist preachers who do not
believe in Methodism ought to get out of the
.church Is entirely justified. A clergyman
lias no more right to style himself n Mclli-
odlst and preach Unlversallsm , for Instance ,
than he would to preach Huddhlsm or the
doctrine of Mohammed wlrlle remaining In
the Methodht communion. The iiuesllun In
one of Hying false colors , and It applies to
ill creeds. If there were more Intellectual
honesty among clergymen there would be
fewer heresy trials.
MIKIMI w TO si
Chlcigo Tribune : Secretary Shernnn In *
replied to the maniuls of Salisbury's mite
declining to participate In the Washington
conference on the sealing question In n
spirit to which even our Irritable friend ,
"Johnny Hull , " can scarcely take an excep
tion. If thcicis any intlnutlon made of In
consistency or "backing down" H is backed
by such documentary an ! other evidence
as the Hrltlsh premier and people will have
no occasion to call In iiltestlnn.
Detioit Journal : Secretary Sherman ha. "
Informed Lord Salisbury that this govern
ment U astonished at Great llrltaln's refusal
to confer on the seal question wlili Japan
and Kupsli. Of course 'thin notice is purely
polity and formal. AK a matter of fact , this
government was not at nil astonished by
Great Hrltntn'H , undignified sneak out of the
conference. It was expected. Nothing that
cculil be mean or treacherous coming from
Great Hritaln would astonish this govern
Kansas City St.ir : The reply of Secretary
of State Sherman to the recent note of Lord
Salisbury , embodying the declination of the
Hrltlsh government to unite. In a conference
on the seal question with Uussln and Japan
us participants. Indicates that the dispute ,
so far as the United States and Great Britain
are concerned , wilt be settled In the near
future. Secretary Sherman expresses sur
prise and regret that the government of
Great Urltain has declined to participate In
a conference with all the parties Interested ,
but In order to clcse any bolo through which
Lord Salisbury might wriggle out of a con
fer cjice altogether , accepts the proposition
advanced by Great Hritaln for a conference
between the experts of Great Hritaln , the
United Slates and Canada. Sucb a confer
ence would not , of course , be conclusive , for ,
however it might result , the Interests of
Itnssta and Japan would necessarily be the
subject of subsequent consideration. Hut
H will serve to disclose the plans of Great
Hritaln and reveal the sincerity of the
United States and that accomplished public
sentiment will do the rest.
There are two Hlrds flying for olllce In
N'e\v York City. What is more , thuy flock
A bank failure In North Carolina is said
to have swept away the fortune of the fam
ily of Hill Nye.
The fall picnic nt the state militia at
Hazleton will cost the taxpayers of Penn
sylvania ? 10Q.OCO.
A monument to Tubal Cain , the first of
the Smiths , is projected at I'ittsburg. The
Since the Calcutta professor dipped Into
the discussion , all loyal supporters of the
white metal swear by Ghosh.
General John H. Gordon of Georgia has
been obliged to cancel his lecture engage
ments on account of poor health. Overwork
Ib the cause of his breakdown.
Chicago policemen nre sorely perplexed as
to what provokes a mysterious female to
assault them with kisses. The- woman must
be what Nordeau describes us a decadent ,
The 107th anniversary of the birth of the
great tumpuiance advozate , Hev. Father Mat.
thew , was recently celebrated In Boston and
the event recalled the fact that he met a
great disappointment In that city In tlrn" op
position he encountered from the abolition
ists under William Lloyd Garrison.
Away with the unxk-tles of the hour ! Who
cares for a llttlo extra heat In October when
such breezes as this are wafted from the
inner cult of fair Hoston : "Until recently
we believed that oxygen rendered the pro
toplasm of the organ phosphorescent with
the disengagement of the pluisphoretted hy
drogen. " That's the point , exactly.
A celebration was recently held In I'on-
toise , France , for th ? coachman Georges , who
gained undying renown In IMrls by his brav
ery In saving lives at tlio bazuar disaster
In the Hue Goujon. There was a lianquut
and a public meeting , with speeches ( from
which Georges escaped at the i-aillust oppor
tunity ) ' ami a presentation of a gold medal
Someone has found out that "Tim" Camp
bell's famous retort , "I'shaw. what's the
constitution between friends ! " was antici
pated 200 years-ago by no less dignified a
pprsonago than John Solden , the witty and
learned Kngllsh lawyer. Ills version ads :
"Tho House of Commons is called the lower
house in twenty acts of Parliament , but
what's twenty acts of Parliament among
friends ? "
Sonic ThliiKH lluil II In III | | i >
Tin-re ivllli I'riilll ,
The celebrated Dr. Kvans of Paris , who la
said to have made $5,000,000 out of his rela
tions with the teeth of royalty presumably
by promising to let the tenth alone after the
firs ! ui ( > llcatlon announces his admirable In
tention of devoting that sum to the founding
of a grand dental Institute which ehall excel
anj thing of thu kind In the world.
The doctor will undoubtedly accomplish a
great good. Thu world is waiting for an In
stitute of dentistry which Is amply enduwdd
and Intelligently planned to Intulcatoa proper
method ol practicing th's ' toothsome uelonco.
Tim ono great fundamental trouble with
dental education at present Is that It begins
on exactly the wrong promises ; U puts the
student at precisely tlio wrong point of view
namely , behind the operating chair Instead of
If a man Is to be qualified to become a
IPIU'IU he should iond a y < Mr at least having
lils teeth pulled , drilled , filled , filed , uawti.1.
capped and blasted. Ho should bo taught
dm of all what It Is to have a brother dentist
i each down through an aching tooth anil
slowly but surely pull his heart u < > by the
ro-jts. With a gent-ration of dentists thim
trained , the. practice o. " dentistry would bo
lovoliitlonlzed. Let ilcntluta genially under
stand that It hurts to fill a tooth and tlit-y
will no longer Insist upon trusulng thu vicJm
up with enormoiiH steel clainpu over his gums
and a lar e. uncomfortable rubber bib In his
If thin U tlio kind of Institute Dr. Hvans Is
going to found , thu public will not even In
sist upon his dying bvforu tlio handing over
TWO TV PUS OK TIII4 Mll.UOXI1113. .
llnrltrd lIIT < Tri pp llrtwrpti
Uiirlrt Hint I. rit It Ulntor.
rMi-oli rite vttm.
Ogden Ooelet parted with his fifty millions
In New York the other dny and went the way
of nil earth. He and his father befor him
owed their great wealth to the fact that thMr
Knickerbocker ancestors came Into tlio pro
fession of consldernb'o land on the Island
of Manhattan when It was of little value.
and all who came after the original owners
clung to It until the enterprise and activities
of other men In extending the city of Now
York had given the holding n fabulous value
The enhancement of the value of the prop
erty , with the growth of the city was all
the Buceesslve generations of Goelcts re
quired to live In luxury nnd ease , nnd It was
little worry the work of the world gave them
Knowing nothing of the struggle 'for apqiiue-
mcnt , which Is the lot of most men. and
never stopping to think that he was lndcbti 1
to the city at largo for any portion of Ins
great fortune , It was quite natural that Ofidni
Hoelct should neglect to iirovide for nny
charitable or civic Interest or enterprise m
The estate was bc-queitlicd to his widow and
two children with the thought , no doubt , that
they would be able to go through life in the
enjoyment of the pleasures which great
wealth can command and lie compelled to
bear no part In the serious business of ibo
world. The heritage makes the Goelet chil
dren two of the richest young people In tlm
world , but time alone will tell whether their
linmeiifp fortune will be the blessing llirT
father Intended It should be. That the ri 'i
man's failure to make nny thank offering ,
soeletv in return for the or > i > rtunltles a'
forded him for the a "ctimul.it Ion of wealth
was disappointing to the public Is very t-v ,
dent , and the fact will b , < seized upun l > y Mm
socialistic classes ns confirmation of their
arraignment of the public policies nml.-r
which such Immense estates arc i ib .1 up
The late Mr. Goelet could not be cniled an
agreeable type of American millionaire , but
fortunately be was nn exceptional type. Mive
often It Is the cave tint men who have ac
quired great fnrttiiun have thplr own genllla.
diligence and capacity to thank In great
measure for their material success , and in
most eases a generous portion of their ac
cumulations Is devoted to the public good
Of this more common and rin-oni aging type
was n prominent citizen of Ylrglula. Majm
Lewis (1 Inter , who passed away ln t week
He , too , hid amassed an Immense forluno.
but he did It by participation In many it' < K
trial and commercial cntciprlsrs uul by
applying his own hands and mind to Mm
businesses with which he wus cm nert. 1
Hi-Ins In the midst of the activities of Inv
and not concerned solely about his own com
fort and self centered enjoyment , lie appte-
plated the sliugg'es and aspirations of th sc
about him , as well as-- what the toil nod
genius nnd outorpilse of other men had con
tributed to his own material surrr es
When his will was admitted to p-olmte It
was found that , besides munificent b stownls
upon a great cliclc of relatives mul frlendi
he had provide ! generously for twriity sex .it .
religious and .chat liable Institutions in th
city ( f -1111101111 the home of hi'dnpMi'ii. .
xvhlch had already profiled nhnndnirly
through his public spirit , business raiicrv
and philanthropic Impuls-s.
A comparison of the origin and dispos' '
tlon of great fortunes In th-se two CUB' "
conveys its mo-al to all who have him
blessed far beyond their fellows witli 'li a
world's go-ds. It suggests also xxh.it i' ' is
that gives large pi sssiois : their highrxt
Household Words : TenspnutWhy nrc
you so nngry nt the doctor ? Mrs. nvn-imnt
When I told him 1 had terrUmtnvl
reeling : he told me to show him my IHMCU
Kllogondo Illnelter : Husband My fr rn I
hiirdly reeoKiilzcil you todayWlre TliitH
stnnmo for I .wore . Ihe same lint you liou-tht
for mo three years ago.
Chicago Tribune : "You ought ; o si.M'i
Knyri'fnl'H bouse. She keeps It so c-l.-m \ I
could wit elf any of th" Uooro"
"Hub ! She keeps It so clean that In i ) m -
band liiis lo cnt off the top of tbe xx n ' '
or out In the shed live or wlx wi-i-1- UM y
Clevelnml Lender : Harriet And < so Pr. d
Dtillxvich has n.sked you to marry him , lias
Marirnret ( sighing nnd bliis'iinVi ) >
night before last !
Harriet Whnt a stickler he is for form. 1-
Chicago Record : llroxvn I am sntls'l'd ' ,
judging from my own experience , thai in if-
rled life li the only happy one.
Myers How long1 have you been m mv ' ' '
llrmvn Stllfo limtVilnpnilnv. .
Jlyors 1 thought so.
AYnsliliiglon Star : "Hid you tell that
young man not to rail here any more' * "
nsked M.ibi-l's father , m-verely. "N no. "
"Why not ? " "I didn't think li was incc
nary. I don't see how he could call any
more noxv. lie calls suven tlini-s a xvcek. "
Cleveland Plain Dealer : He man young lint
ardent. "I xvlsb T were the glove ft
pi esses your lovely hand , " be sa'd to Mm
phiinnlng maid. She glanced at him xvlth
a bexvllohlng smile. "Aren't yon enough of
a kid as It Is ? " she softly asked.
Hrooklyn Life : lie had rome homo very
unsteady , and she xx'as good and mid
"Yes , you are my husband , .Mr. Stulilis.
liut , thank goodness , yon are no blood n ! .i-
tlon to inu. "
Chicago Tribune : It was their llrsl < | inr-
rel , anil Jive bail given him a iileciof "cr "
"I llttlo thought. " muttered Ailam. nn bo
wont anil sat on a slnmri ami f.inin il ' : i-
self 'with .1 fig loaf , "I would ev < ; r find .1 rib
roast so unpalatable. "
Til 13 S WHIST OLD STOUY.
I'lcvfliiinl 1-liiln lii-filer.
"Oh , coin * xvlii-re my love Hew illnm'i" ? ,
She hummed In accouls low.
And nero > s tbe strings of bur ln.-triim.- . >
She lightly ilrexv the boxv
"Oil , come where my It.ve Il-s cl
Apil out through iho licdrinm door
Then- limited upon Ihe almosplii-ro
The sound of her husband's nnoic !
A mtllAII IAV.
I cl us f-'o forth to the old wood
Whore onks the storm < uf yearn have stool ,
Thi'lr russet trunln xvllli IIIO.SH nVi.uii ) ,
The whitethorn blossoming In Ihe wluidu ,
We'll steal from time a truant ibiy ,
As wtliKOiiu'is tin- early May ,
Mnlunt as summer's fruitful prime
And Kolflcii as the autumn time.
Let' iia po forth nnd then anil f
Shall prcc-t the morn , ere yet the fiky
IH molloweil from its transient line
Into a fairer ilHop nlng blue.
Why , In those Inter yoara , It seems
Tlio Fprlngtiilo lost ltd IIIHI lovoil ilreums
Through darker moods , but Just today
The hlnlH will sing tlieJr old-time lay.
Let im K < > forth ! Illusions bring-
A jieaeo the seraphs may not sin ; , ' ;
On , on , Into tin- summer noon
' And loioh the nrlim p-rlmim too soon.
'Jliere shall xvo find the fr-rn-wrenlhoil liroolf
And Ihun xvllt rruil thy favored book
A summer test for then and mo ,
lust as nt yore'twas xvont lo bo.
L t us po forth xvlion dny Is done ,
Ami eiirlv winks the 'minion MIDI
Tlirontli lloMn where unbound wheat dotli
Whore 'popples droop and KWIIUWH | | fly.
And In the forest ileop'd groxxn soar
JKor the ' snko of yenw thul hnve been de.ir ) .
Thon'lt iy ( is In thai autumn past ,
i'liou lov st but mo tinMrsttht > lu (
( - ATMKHINK HfSII.
into pay ing a high
price for a Swiss
Watches are the
most accurate made.
For sale by all retail jewelers.