Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 16, 1897, Page 4, Image 4

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* '
E. HOSBWATKIl , Editor.
3 > ally lice ( Without SunJny ) . One Year . IJ 0
3 > ally lice nml SunJny , One Year . *
KU Montlu . 1 * '
.Three Month ! . J J *
UuniMy lice , One Year . JJJ
KMunlny Uec , One Year . ' J ?
M'etKlx Ike , One Year . * *
Omaha : Tlic Doc Ilullillnc. „ .
Bouth Omaha : Slnscr Illk. . Cor. N and Illh Sit.
Council mufti : 10 IVnrl Street.
C.ilcngo Olllc i 31 ? Chamber ot Commerce.
Now York : Itoonm 13. 14 ami 15. Trltuna DM * .
IVniiilngton : SOI Fourteenth Street.
All commtinlcntlonn relnlliiK to news and edito
rial mailer nhoulJ lie nddrcued : To tlie l-.dllor.
All tiinlncri letters nml remittances should he
niMremed to The lice PubllililnB Company ,
Omahn. Drafts , checks , express nnd postolllce
inotiey order * to bo made payable to the oruer
ot the company. . . . , „
Btnte of Ncl > rn ka. UouBlns County , * :
aeorce II. TzKClnick. secretary of The lice Pub-
llshlni ; company , being duly worn , nays thai the
nctiial number of full nnd complete copies of The
J > nlly , Morning , Kvenlng nnd Kundny lice prlntM
during the month of September , 1K < 7 , was as fol
lows !
Total net wile GM.STI
Net dally nvcrnKc 1MOJ
aionoK n. TX.SCHI'CK ,
Sworn to before me anil iiilwrlbeil In my pres
ence this 1st day of October. 1S97.
( Peal ) N. 1' . TOIL. Notary Public.
rim HKK o.v TIIAIXS.
All mill-mill no Nliiiyn lire
Htll | > llf < l \\llll OIHIIIHTll llCO.t
tn iici-iiiiiiniiilitlc i-vcry IIIIM-
Ht-iiKor MlioriintM to rcnil 11
m'WNnnpi-i * . IiiMlxt utiiiii linv-
llIK TillHOC. . If .VOII CllllllOt
Kcl n HIMon n ( rnln from tin *
IICIVN nu'i-iil , iilciiNi- i-i'iiort
the fill'I , Minting " " I' "I' " mill
rnllriiiut , In I lie Clrt-tilnllnii
Dcp'irl lui'lil n ( Tin- HIMThe
Hoc IH for Hiilc on nil triiliiN.
Wlion tin' luillots art1 I'oniiti-tl on No-
vi'iulu-r' ' Knink Knspiir will loam some-
thliif , ' to Ills ailviinttiKc.
Field lias Hit' consolation nt nil
events of luring pivvoiiti-d I'ri-.slilont
Cleveland from aiipnintinj ; his siicw.ssnr.
The volunteer cablni't-inakiM'.s may now
enjoy u mv lease of 11IV rwoiistructlui ;
I'rusitlonL McKlnh-y's ollk-ial laniily for
1'ho .stallliotisi' nuu-hlne anil Its Omaha
coiilhiKi'iit. are tlglitliitf shy of thtj Hun-
8oin ruvvlallons aliont IJovi-rnor llol-
< ; oml's coinplh-ity with Hartley. It Is
a tt'iiilursu'.ijeL't with Imjnis ivfoniK'1'.s.
llolnircd pratIcally a wa k-
nw y for re-eleetlon as I'oiinly Ireasuior.
Tilt- candidate on lht > mongrel tlelcet will
( . ontiiiiii ! to Inspect oil and work for tlio
Ktato house inachino for another year.
Tliu right of the street railway com
panies to carry I'lilled Stales mail un
der , their franchises is lieln iiiestioned |
iu Chicago. Tlie Clileapi aiilhoritk'.s
cuin to overlook tliu fuel that United
States mail lias the right-of-way on all
liosl roads In the country.
There are tricks In all trades , and the
trades by which the state forfeits
school land leases on which rentals are
In default lu order to make new leases
appear to be cutting as many tricks 1111-
< lur the present populist administration
as under Its republican predecessors.
Oreat Itritaln poses as a great patron
of International arbitration , but when in
vited to confer on the sealing question
with the nations Interested In the mat
ter , ile.clines to accept the Invitation.
Tim P.rltlsher prefers not to arbitrate
anything that he lines not feel sure will
fonie hi.s way.
Tom lloetoi- denies that be voted "no"
on the resolution to discharge ( ! eraldine.
As It was a secret ballot , his denial
Hliould be accepted. It is passing strange ,
however , that Ir , Hot-tor ( lid not take
mlvanlagc of the opportunity to tell the
board what be thought of Geraldlne's
of doing business.
David SI. Ilaverly is a man of unblem
ished reputation , eminently ipialilled to
flll the position of county clerk , for
which he has been nominated on the re
publican ticket. True , he Is not a pro
I fessional politician , and lias never been a
candidate for ollice , but Hint should not
count against him , even If his A , 11. 0.
reform opponent can boast of having
been u candidate for some olllee most of
tliu time and held two salaried olllces at
oiio time.
"Word comes from New York that the
federal grand Jury has failed to Hud
nn Indictment against the millionaire SI.
Louis merchant who was caught last
spring In the act of smuggling diamonds
ami Jewelry Into the country. Whether
this would have been the result were
tliu oft'ender less prominent and less in-
tluentlal Is something Unit may be held
over for speculation. Law-abiding citi
zens , however , can not but ho tempted
to aHlc themselves whether the penalties
ngalnst smuggling mean anything or are
clastic to lit each particular case.
The attorney general of South Dakota
deserves n big credit mark for shutting
down on an attempt of a state legisla
tor to crawl into n lucrative Job ere-
nteil by a bill log-rolled through the
legislature by himself. The South Da
kota constitution wisely has an
prohibition against this sort of abuse , as
hits also the constitution of Nebraska
mul various other states. In Nebraska ,
unfortunately , tliu constitutional pro
vision has been evaded and even
openly violated by the very olll-
cen > who wt-ro elected to see , that
It was enforced. The South Dakota
example ought to operate with salutary
cITet-t upuii salary-grabbing legislators in
that .state and lu
We have already noli-d as a probabl
outcome of the accumulating supply of
gold that tin- New York banks will soon
begin to furnish gold for customs diilii > > .
as they did until about four yearn ago.
when tliu ivlntlonn between the national
treasury anil tliu banks , In the matter of
gold payments , were close and imiiimlly
helpful. l'i to 1S ! > 2 tin ? sub-treasury at
New York settled Its debtor balances at
the clearing house lu gold or gold cerllll-
cates nnd the banks provided the same
sort of currency for the payment of cus
toms duties to the extent of from 7ii to
1)5 ) per cent , also furnishing the gold
needed for exportation. This gave the
treasury n sure ami steady gold income
from the banks and exempted It from the
demand for gold for export , thus ke'-plng
the treasury reserve ample and stable ,
while there was very little demand for
the redemption of legal tender notes.
This arrangemoiit , which had worked
most satisfactorily for many years , was
abandoned In 1SIKI by the secretary of
the treasury , with results distinctly to
thi ; disadvantage of the treasury , for
While It was the purpose of Secretary
Foster to Increase the gold reserve the
opposite result followed. As pointed out
by the New York Journal of Commerce ,
when the treasury failed to supply the
banks with gold they were compelled to
stop supplying the treasury through the
custom house and having no utllclent
stock of gold to satisfy export require
ments they could only get gold for that
purpose by taking It out of the treasury
In exchange for legal tenders. Thus were
the drains which repeatedly depleted the
gold reserve started and the government
forced to issue bonds for replenishing
the reserve. - " '
It Is urged that the time IH now propi
tious for renewing the arrangement that
existed before 1SIK5 between the national
treasury and the banks , as a measure of
security to the government gold reserve.
The latter now amounts to nearly $1. > 0-
( MH,0 ) ( ) ( ) ami the associated banks of Now
York hold not from .flOiUlOO.WK ) , with
the prospect of increasing It by not less
than S'jri.OOO.OlX ) through importations.
This Ls n situation which certainly ren-
deis a renewal of the former policy prac
ticable and there does not appear to be
any sound reason why it should not be
renewed. It is said that Secretary Cage
has given the matter some consideration
and it is also stated that the banks are
prepared to consider the question as soon
a.s the secretary approaches them with a
di'llnll" purpose , their view being that
tlie Initiative should be taken by the
liensiiry , where Hie responsibility for the
abandonment of the prat-lice of gold pay
ments between the treasury and the
banks belongs. .Manifestly the question
is of great , if not urgent imirortance. "It
is nothing less , " as the Journal of Com
merce says , "than tlie protection of a
monetary reserve which , In the last re
source , Is the means of redemption for
"fl.OOO.O'lU.OOO of denund currency noil's. "
It is a policy which cannov reasonably
be objected to as offering any undue ad
vantage to file banks , while it seems to
bo perfectly clear , in the light of experi
ence , that it would be a distinct advan
tage to the treasury.
President Fa lire of France , in Ids ad
dress at the banquet commemorating his
visit to liiissia , gave reassuring expres
sion to the purpose of the powers to pre
serve the peace of Europe and spoke of
the all-pervading tendency among the
nations to advance their material wel
fare. Talking as a business man to liusi-
ness men , SI. Fa lire urged that Franco
should push forward for the conquest of
new markets and the extension of her
commerce. "Hasten , " he said , "under
penalty of being anticipated by our for
eign competitors and of having France
excluded from the posit inn which its ca
pabilities and unquestioned commercial
Integrity give It the right to sivk. "
Never before was there so aggresive a
commercial contest among the nations of
Kurope as now and the leader in it is
Germany. The Teuton Is everywhere
making himself felt in the world of
trade. lie has Invaded even England
with ids goods and wares , he Is compet
ing successfully in Asia and Africa and
he Is steadily extending his trade in
South America. The commerce of no
country lias grown faster relatively in
the last few years than that of Oermaiiy.
It Is easy to believe that SI. Fa lire had
this In mind when be urged greater
efforts to extend French commerce , the
growth of which has not kept pace with
that of most other European commercial
nations. France has less reason to be
jealous of tliu military prestige of Cer- !
many than of tlie steadily Increasing
power In the commercial world of the
Teutonic empire.
The last dispatch of Secretary Sher
man In regard to the Lterlng sea con
ference has again aroused the Ire of
some of the Hrlllsli newspapers and they
scold vigorously at the veteran states
man and yet there Is nothing In this
dispatch that can reasonably b regarded
as offensive. It expresses the surprise'
of this government that ( ireat lirllaln
should have declined to participate In a
conference with Itussla anil Japan , In
vlow of the fact that the Fulled States
government bad been led to believe ,
down to a recent date , that there would
be no objection on the part of flreat Hi-It-
aln to the participation of Itussla and
Japan In a conference. Secretary Sher
man said that there were verbal .nego
tiations between Lord Salisbury and
Ambassador Hay In which specllle reference -
once was made to the participation of
Itussla and Japan and nt one of these
verbal exchanges Lord Salisbury said he
would advise with the oim-ials of the
foreign ollice concerning the subjects
discussed , which Included the participa
tion of Itussla and Japan. None of this
Is denied. It may be admitted that there
Is no binding force In these verbal exchanges -
changes , but they unquestionably gave
warrant to this government for thinking
that the Hritlsu government would not
dec-line to participate In a conference
with Russia and Japan.
The fact Is that In the early stage of
the negotiations I/ord Salisbury was
probiibly not unwilling 'to ' have Itussla
ami Japan In the conference , but subse
quently Canadian Iniliicnco was brought
to bear ujwu Llui aud it was this that
Oltlttf '
led him to declinetQ enter a
with those countries. In Hie llrst place
the Itrltlsh prime minister , who knew of
the desire of this government to Include
Russia and Japan In the conference , took
a falr-mliided view of Hie matter , but
later surrendered this to the Canadian
demand. It Is Secretary Shermair.s
blunt way of pointing this out that Is
displeasing and It certainly does not
place Salisbury lu the most favorable
light. ;
The American people will not think
any the less of secretary Sherman for
the opinions regarding him of Hi.- Eng
lish press. He may be lacking In the
arts and wiles of diplomacy and he Is
probably too old now to acquire them If
he were disposed to , but he knows how
to state-facts so that everybody can un
derstand them and he has shown himself
to be a match In controversy for Salts-
bury or any other llrltlsh diplomatist.
The persistency of those attacks call for
prompt attention. Mr. llosovvatcr lias re
signed. H's refllRtiatlon should bo promptly
accepted. Ills usefulness an a member of the
executive board Is nt nn end. If he Is an en
emy of the exposition because bo could not
rule hi nil tilings let him take his stand out
side the breastworks behind which loyal
Omaliatis are lighting the battle for their
A town that Is not big enough to withstand
the bluff anil bluster ot one man who bluffs
nnd blusters because be cannot bring every
other man to his own way of thinking Is not
n big enough town to successfully carry out
a Transmlsslsslppl exposition.
Let .Mr. Hosewater go and help him with
Ills going. Let It bo established right now
ns an Omaha rule that bo who In not with
Omaha Is against Omaha. Let It bo written
upon the outer walls or this city , where ho
who runs may read , that the opinion of every
good citizen Is entitled to all duo weight , but
that one-man rule Is a thing of the past.
G. M. Hitchcock lu the World-Herald.
On Hie eve of the campaign against
prohibition in ] SK ! ) G. SI. Hitchcock
started on a pleasure tour of Europe.
During his absence abroad bis paper
played fast and loose with the vital is
sue while The Hoe was battling might
and main to ward off the blight.that was
threatening the prosperity of this city
and state. Iteturning from Europe in
the very midst , of the struggle , Ci. SI.
Hitchcock issued Ids famous manifesto ,
"Throw tlie Jonah Overboard. " That
frantic appeal of Hie man who has
squandered a half million dollars in
wrecking two newspapers was almost a
duplicate of bis present demand on the
exposition board to let Kosowator go and
help him with his going.
In 1ST ! ) , as in IS'.K ' ) . tlie editor of The
I See did not seek the arduous task Im
posed upon him. As manager of the
autl-prohibillon campaign he labored
night and day with pen and voice to
achieve success , without pay and without
reward. In spite of the Jonah cry and
the backfire of Imbeciles and malcon
tents he conducted the campaign to a
victorious ending and buried prohibition
by r.0,0 . < ) ( ) majority.
The position which the editor of The
Heo holds as one of the managers of the
Transmlsslsslppl Exposition which ( . ! . SI.
Hitchcock covets was unsolicited and bis
work In behalf of the exposition has boon
performed with no oilier hope of reward
than the promotion of the general public
interest. The resignation of Kosewater
from the. Hoard of Managers is iK-ilher
bluff nor bluster , nor an attempt to dominate -
inate the board. It Is a positive declina
tion to serve In the executive board so
long as"Dion ( ii-raldine is retained in the
service in the face of convincing proof
that he has imposed upon the credulity of
his superiors , conlldenced the exposition
and stood in with favored contractors.
The war on ( leraldine and the cen
sure of Wattles for conniving with him
anil usurping powers to the detriment
of tlie exposition Is not a war upon the
exposition. On tlie contrary , it Is an ef
fort to reinstate the exposition in popu
lar confidence , which cannot be regained
so long as Oeraldine is retained in charge
of the work of construction. If Tne Hoc
succeeds in dethroning Ooraldlno and
compelling President Vfatlles to carry
on the business of the exposition upon
business methods It will accomplish more
for the .success of the exposition than all
of the backets and satellites of Geraldine
have done or can do for this great enter
So far as Uosewater Is concerned he
has asked to be relieved and does iu > t ask
to bo retained. If bis usefulness to the
exposition is at an end , lie has no desire
to intrude himself upon the manage
ment when it Is so plain Hint Sir. Hitch
cock Is Itching to take the place and
everybody knows that be will work In
harmony witli Geraldlne and Is sure to
Inspire faith In the Integrity of his bene
ficiaries and side partners. All that is
needed now for tlie success of the expo
sition Is to take up Hltclicoek'ri old cry ,
"Throw the Jonah Overboard. "
It Is to be hoped that iiryan's original
olllcial reporter will not fall to accom
pany the meteoric ni'.Tinald on his foth- :
comlng speccbmaklng tour next
week through Nebraska. It would cer
tainly be n public calamity If the ac
counts of his trip omitted mention of
the earnest farmers who had slopped In
the midst of garnering an unexampled
harvest to drive llfty miles to hear
Hryan tell them they are still overtaken
with dismal calamity. We ought to b.-
notllled each time J'.ryan calm.s the bois
terous audience by simply uplifting his
hand and suavely pleading that they
save their applause for some one else and
give him his time. The little glrU and
.sliver quartets that sing "Hryan ! Ilryan !
Echo Ills Name ! " deserve * recognition
In the olllcial record of the Journey and
the fulsome interviews with mummed
and unnamable prominent citizens and
aged granddames belong on the pro
gram. Under no circumstances can the
excursion score an unqualified success
unless the work of the property man
and hired claqueurs be properly
acknowledged In the descriptions of the
stage thunder sent to the popucratle
press. The olllcial Ilryan reporter Is
really indispensable.
The State Hanking board set out a few
months ago to Ibid out why the state
banks In the process of liquidation were
not realizing on their assets and dis
tributing the proceeds moro promptly
among dcppsltors and other creditors.
The tMmri1.l ; i\lovi ] | < , has b > oii remark
ab\y \ qulcseMrtor ( this one Ion. ? grantl
stand play a lpo.xltors l lu broken state
banks havouwwhad anything to thank j
the board rtfr. lint then this Is a re
form slate adinijilslratlon.
European t il reports coiillrm the es
timated shortages that have been made
from time to ( ( me and give assurance
that the foiyjgn demand will keep the
prices of American breadstntl's up to
the point allnutvliich they have lluctu-
ated for the \\ukl \ \ few weeks. The property - j
erty of the'A'in-rlcan farmer Is not a
myth In any'sense of the word.
lloiv to Ili-noli fluKml. .
St. l < .ul . tVpubllo.
Spain "cannot exactly fix the date wlnsn
the war In Cuba will end. " Why , It II curt'
Just the mlnutu Spain throws up the spouse.
-j if liiiltnlloii.
Ol < -leinticrnl. .
Tlie counterfeiting of certain lines of
American manufactures Is reported to be n
new Industry In Germany. Hut as a rulu
American goods an > lll < e American girls , and
cm not be successfully Imitated.
iiuv\iiir i.iiiKi or iu-iit.
Ijoulcvlllr CViurlpr-.tournnl.
The Dole government of Hawaii Is young.
but It has already Increased the bonded
debt from | 2OOO.OUO to $4,000,000 .and the
floating debt from $200,000 to $750.000. That.
of course , Is another reason for annexing
Hawaii , for Is mot a "national debt a na
tional blessing ? "
.liKllt-lnl Ini-nii-lriio.v. l
Imllniinpolta Jmittml.
It Is a striking commentary on the liv
eniclelicy of American judicial methods
the case of Uurrant , the Calirronl.i church
murderer , should still be hanging In the
supreme court of the United Stairs. It never
should have come before that tribunal. It
should have been disposed of long ago by
the California courts.
I'lttMlinru ; llnlMliiw Cnln.
New York Mull nnd Kxpirag.
It Is to be hoped that the public spirit
of thr manufacturers and merchants of
I'lttsburg will ho cciual to carrying to ar
tistic completion tlie suggested colossal
statue of Ttibal Cain. It Is proposed to
erect a bronze llgnro of this Ironmaster
of Scripture where the Allegheny and
Monongahela rivers Join to form the
Ohio , typifying the leading industry of
Pittsburg and holding a beacon that shall
blaze Its llgnt Tar over the waters and
herald to the traveler his approach to
this great center of iron and steel. This
bold conception needs the highest quality
of art for Us effective success.
SlTOlm lIllMllll-MS I'olllllT.
Gluhe-Democnit ,
The monthly statement of tlie postal re
ceipts of the principal cities of the country ,
which bus Just been nmdo public , is of
great significance as an Indication of the
condition of general business. A handsome
Increase In the income of the postoillccs of
the lead'rig cities was made In September
as compared with-the same month In IS'JOi
In only a few places of 50.000 inhabitants
or over was there any falling oft In the
month. One of these was New Orleans ,
where the decline was probably duo to the
yellow fever , which has seriously depressed
business In that town and throughout n
largo part of the region bordering on the
GulC of Mexico.
' Ail vnm-liiu' I'roMiK-rlty.
"Hulllmorc Sun.
The Financial Chronicle notes ininy proofs
of Improving business. Hank clturings in
August were 3fi per cent better than in
August , 1S9G , and September clearings are HO
oer cent hotter. The September clearings , In
fact , are the largest in our history. Kalluros
were but 1.012 , with liabilities of $10,300.00 ; ! ,
against 1.5U , failures , with $29.171U7 ! of
liabilities In the same month last year. Hall-
road .earnings were 1.1.5 pe.- , cent better on
eighty-four roads than on the snmo reads in
the same month of 189fi. These are cheering
signs of a general growth In business nnd
returning prosperity. Ifvo could only quid
OUT jingoes and give oraptleal Interests n
chance a. bright futuie might beanticipated. .
iN(5I.\XI.S ( iltl-I.VT .STIIIKK.
1'lir-Itoiii'liliin' mill Iiijirlfiiis In Us
Illll IK'lll-l- .
NV\v York Sun.
The statement that on Friday of this
week the Federated Trades , about thirty In
dustries strong , will be called out lo surt'art
the lockout of the Amalgamated Society of
Engineers , Indicates that the year IS97 may
close with one of the greatest strikes In
Ilrltaln's industrial annals.
When the trouble 1103.111 about 17,000 men
wcro Involved , and since the calling of the
engineers Is ono of the most important of
skilled Industries , the controversy has for
a long time crippled British work of various
sorts. With the. present prospect of swellIng -
Ing the runka of the Idle to100.000 by their
voluntary action In sympathy with the quar
rel of the engineers , the outlook Is dark In
Ono point Involved Is extra hours above
the day's work. The men , say the accounts ,
treat overtime not as an opportunity for
earning mo e , but ns a disagreeable neces
sity , nnd would make the additional wagon
for overtime above eight hours largo enough
lo diminish resort to It exrcnt iu cases o ?
urgency. Then como the brcader Issues of
eight hours a day instead of ulno and the
question whether certain Inbor-suvlng cinili-
ances shall be used with trio minimum num
ber of men required , without Increase of
wages , even If hands are discharged as su
perfluous while- products are Increased.
What will bp the- effect of the new nnd
widespread strike ? Onn effect , already felt
to a great extent , may be to carry across to
the continent much work that would othor-
wlso bo done In Kngland. Another will ho
thc > hampering of homo wo-k In various ways.
Probably Increased efforts will soon bo made
tO SL'ttlO It.
Tin : .
How Mr. llrynii'N I'nu-tli-c DlnVi-M from
Mix I'riMicliliiu' .
C'liloaco Inter Ocpnn.
The Wichita ( ICan. ) Kaglo Is authority for
the statement that after making his speeches
and receiving his pay which was In the na
ture of "gate money" at that city Mr. nryan
requested the banker who wrote the draft
to maintain silence ns to the amount of h'a
earnings , and becgrd the reporter to excuse
him from stating the sum received by him
M his share , of the receipts. The Eagle
however , aver that $2,400 was his share of
the W'lclilta pntvrtaJnnicnt of ono day'o dura
tion , and $500. 1 $ hlH regular compensation
for a slnglo speech. If this bo true the pay
of nn agitator far exceeds that of a presi
dent of the TJnlji'il Stales , or , Indeed , of the
picsldont of 'iiliM of tlipso "soulless mo
nopolies , " agalbsf which Mr. Ilryan thunderu.
and In point of Itjcomo Mr. llrynn hlmaolf
must bo a vcri' pronounced plutocrat.
Wo do not'KrVulRO Mr. Hryan hla hard-
earned wealth , for/Biieh labor as his Is very
exhaustive of tjeryoiis energy , and , more
over. It Is highly skilled labor , for Mr. Ilryan
easily Is chlpf-nf-tiio demagogues. lint wo
pretest against the Inconsistency of ftil-
inlnation against ' 'iilutocrats11 by a man who
Is oven moro 6f'a money getter than an agi
tator. It Is Xf ° ni > those whom Mr. llrynn
delights to describe as "wretched , " "down
trodden , " and "poverty stricken" that the
half dollars that bo divides with the specu
lators who arrange for his meetings conic.
No other man who has pcaed seriously ns a
presidential quantity ever has made himself
an attraction similar to , though far moro
profitable than , the bearded lady and the
two-headed man at a county fair or a city1
The peiisa of the Impropriety of "n tax
levied upon the plain , common people" for
the privilege of hearing Mr. Hryati's allega
tions In denial of the return of prisperlty
struck "tho oppressed" so forcibly at Kansas
City as tn Inspire them to break down the in-
closurrH of the money changers. "Tho money
power" Is very strong , and wo are not sur
prised that Mr. Ilryan has succumbed to It.
The man who can refuse $500 a day for repe
tition of the atno speech , with occasional
gala days In which the net profits may be
$2.400. t a very rare personage. Hut such
a oua should tuna bis speech to another key
than that of denunciation of "plutocrats. "
I'Ol.ITU All mtlPT.
Then ? are eight tickets to pick from In
The tot l ros'strittlon ' In M.iliimoro this
year Is 111,236. a Tilling oft of only 1,118
from last year's roslstratlon.
Senator Gorman of Maryland lias IIPRUII to
skirmish for Ills toga , whwp possession will .
bp adjudged by tlio next legislature of Mary- .
land. The lionpst money democrats have mot
nnd decided to support the republican log4. |
lallvo ticket.
Ocorge Kred Williams advises tlte Massa
chusetts farmers not to go to the news-
pjpors for political Information and Instruc
tion. The newspapers tell some things about
George froil and political gymnastics that
are very annoying to spoilsmen.
Nothing Fbort of tlio returns properly at
tested will determine whether George or Van
Wyck will carry Montana. .Just now there Is
3. painful division of sentiment as to which
Is entitled to support on tlio seoro of regu
larity , and Montana papers are Illicit with
letters hotly discussing the burning ques
Maryland will vole tbls fall on a constitu
tional amendment establishing tlio merit sys
tem of appointments to office In the civil
service of the state. The now plan will
nldo extend to municipal and county ap
pointments , and the method named for se
lections Is to be that of competitive exami
nation , "so far ns practicable. "
Senator Cullom of Illinois who has Just
returned from a long visit to Kurope , says
that resentment against the United States
on account of the Dlngley tariff. Is general In
all tradp circles. The senator says It Is al
most Impossible to get any news ot America
from tlio continental papers , which , espe
cially these of linglnnd. BCOIU given over to
the markets nnd the news of the Klondike.
The labor commlFflioiipr ot Kansas , I.eo
Johnson , lays himself open to the charge of
treason to his party by tooting tlie horn of
prosperity. Mr. Johnson , In an Interview ,
says that Kansas laboring men are now moro
generally employed and are making more
money than for a number of years past. Farm
laborers everywhere have plenty of work ,
coal miners are usually busy and railroad
shops everywhere are working full time.
A young statesman ot the Dakotas , pos
sessed of n melodious dialect , was selected
to Introduce Ilryan to tins multitude not long
ago. This Is the way he acquitted himself :
"Des bncii happiest day of ma life atandlns
on platform with such stntsman as Ister
Ilryan. Ay bncn Oov'r al same. Ay baen
watchln1 des questions , an' ay tank
Jcs lak other etntsman ay tank wheat nnd
silver ba oil same price dollar bushel. "
The city of Haltlmoro Is1 soon to celebrate
the 100th anniversary of Its establishment ,
and a proposition recently made that the
mayors of other cities be invited to par
ticipate therein has not been well received ,
for the reason , perhaps , that at the recent
Columbus municipal convention of mayors
of American cltlca New York. Chicago , Phil
adelphia , Uoston , Urooklyn and St. Louis
were unrepresented. The residents of the
city of Ualtlmore believe themselves to 1m
citizens of 'a city of thp first class. The
assessed value of Haltlmore property by the
last appraisement was $ .100,000,000 and the
debt of the city of Haltlmoro was $3:1,000.000. :
net , or about aim-fourth of Ihu net debt of
the present city of New York. In 1S(5 ! ) ( there
were 12 : > ,000 votera In the city of Haltlmore ,
or considerably Inoro than a third of the
number of registered votes In the city ot
Xew York at the same election.
Ka'nsas City Star : Uncle Horace Holes says
the Chicago platform has had Us dav before
the court of List resort. If this is treason.
-Mr. llrynn will have to make tlio best ot It.
Sioux City Times. The manner of e\-
Govcrnor Holes In supporting the ticket that
Is running exclusively on the Chicago plat
form In Iowa is winning for him the kindly
regard of every opponent of free sliver in the
Springfield ( Mass. ) nt publican : Rx-Oov-
ernor Horace Holes of Iowa regards the
popular verdict last fall as final against the
Chicago platform , and pioceuds to call at-
te.ition to hl own scheme of issuing
trmsury notes or certificates against u-i-
1'mitid ' deposits of silver at the * narket price.
Tlitio is precious little to "b'josp from as
bpU\ceii the 1C to 1 proposition and this.
liiiklmcrc Sun : In a letter to the Dea
Mt-lncs Leader , the opinion ii c\pr < tsert by
u\-fovetnor Holes that the Chicu ' ) platform
is i.ot necessarily to contiauc forever lo
be the gospel of democracy. He supported It
liKt > CB ' , Lut It was beatL'ti. , and fjr
was new in It loyal ilcmoc-iH : may now
su-Miuto ! : something else. lie Is at liberty ,
lie thinks , to bring forwaid his plan of
"gold nnd silver bullion for money" a plan ,
hi- fays , llrst suggested by Scjrctary WliidtMi.
Itcfeiiiiife to the objection tn 'm plan 'tha :
U is not In the Chicago platfoini , hi- says :
"Tho objection is at variance with the wliolu
theory ol our form of goveriiinruit. If vail 1 settle nothing , majoil'irs i-case lo
rule. " Something , hu sa > s , may be learned
from defeat. One need not , to l.e consistent
K-'i'ji making the same blunder over and over
; iri I n.
KCN 1 vo CnpiillratIDII ! ( of Hntlriuiil
( * orporn t IOIIM ,
Kansas City Star.
According to the report of tlio Interstate
Commerce commission , wlrlch has just been
Issued , the capitalization of the railroads of
the United States Is $10,500,000,000 , of which
just about half is stock and half bonds.
Dividends are paid on less tlun SO per cent
of the- capital stock and about 17 per cent
ot tlie bonds draw no Interest , so that about
41 ! per cent nearly half of the total capital
Invested In railways receives no returns
Tbero has always been a great deal of well
founded complaint of the overcapitalization
of the rail nays of tlio United States , but
these fliurps ; show that thorn are more than
4,009 millions of railroad securities upon
which no interest or dlvidcndH arc paid. In
other words , the railroad companies find It
Impossible to collect sulllclcnt rates for trans
portation to ixiy returns on that vast sum
ot capital invested , und thprefo-ro - , so far as
the pouplo who pay railroad freights and
fa.-es are concerned , the water Is pretty ef
fectually squeezed out ot the railroad capi
talization of tlie United States.
It can hardly bo claimed by the most rad
ical advocate ot government control of rail
roads that more than 40 or 50 per cent of tlie
present railroad capitalization Is fictitious
and not fairly entitled to any return. It IK
hardly possible that tlio railroad systems of
today conld bo reproduced for half of the
amount of stock and bands outstanding
against them. So far as it affects the people
who can use the railroads , the evils of over
capitalization have boon practically elimi
nated by Ilia fierce competition which Imt-
brought about such radical reduction in
I'ralgbt rates In recent years. Hut there is
a serious menace to the country in this ex
cessive cai.dtillzatlon , even If transportation
charges sufficient to pay returns on It are
not collected.
In the llrst place , It acts as a constant
Inducement to railroad managers to try to
squeeze as much as possible out of tlie
busVicKS , so as to make an effort to piy
returns on the total capital. A norae fea
ture Is the fact that this enormous extra
capitalization upon which Interest Is not
paid , and should not be paid , constitute ! )
an ImmcnEo volume of uncertain and really
valueless securities , which are constantly
being purchased by small Investors , not well
Informed as to their worth , und the money
tliUi ? Invested , Instead of serving as a source
of Income to Its owner. Is practically
thrown away , or , In effect , fraudulently ob
tained by the men who sell the worthless
Thi ) 1,000 millions of such securities are
the first to shrink enormously In value
every time there Is any suggestion of a
financial crisis In the country , and tlio
lo&it-ii entailed by such Bbrlnkage glvo an
Immeaso Impetus to the downward move
ment of all values In times of depression.
In fact , the most serious evils of every
financial crisis can bo traced directly to
the existence of this Immense volume of
utiHtahla eecurltlesyhlch have absolutely
no Income-producing power , und only an
uncertain , and fluctuating fipei > 'atlvo ' value ,
given to tlipm by false hopes of future re
turns , held out by financiers who know
there Is ao real bisls for such hopes.
In such securities annually are invented
millions of dollars of funds which ought
constitute a part of tlio constantly In
creasing capital of the country , but which.
In fact , might almost a.i well bo thrown
into the sea.
As the Transvaal elect * ltd president for a
term of five years nnd ns the third term of
President Kruger IB to expire next yenr.
"Oom 1'Mtl" Is already taking measures to
Insure hln own re-election. Ills health Is not
Rood , but Apparently he believes himself nblo
to gervp his country for another term of five
years. I'nlcss ' his condition prows Manning
or unless he appears to be on the point of
death before the election day comes around ,
It may be taken for granted that "Oom Paul"
I ? likely to have his wish. This la so not
because his political opponent Is so weak , but
rather because the president Is so strong
with the voters of the Transvaal. President
KriiRcr has for nn opponent In this cam
paign , as he had In the campaign of tS)2. ! ) one
of the strongest political leaders In the
Transvaal. General Joubert , who saved his
country more than once from nn Invasion by
tlu < Hrlllsli nml who was recently successful
In crushing the Jameson raid , has the honor
to contest with President ICrugcr the pres
idential election ; but unless "Oom Paul's"
health prows worse In the meantime , there
Is little doubt ns to the result of the cam-
palRii. It Is probable that General Joubert
himself will not be disappointed nt the out
come. President Krugor bns certainly a
right to the affection nnd support of the cit
izens of the Transvaal. Perhaps some other
commander could have led the Iloer army as
successfully as General Joubert , but It maybe
bo doubled whether any other man could have
done so much for the Transvaal ns the
rugged , unpretentious , sturdy and Indomlla-
blo Paul Kruger did for the Transvnnl. He
linn stood the te > t of adversity and prosperity
alike with equal credit.
Kmperor William's determination to force
the question of an enlarged navy upon his
people seems destined to result at least In
the fall of the German ministry In the
future. If It shall have no other effect. It will
bo straitKo Indeed , but that much seems ns- j
sured. The government will oneo I
press tlie naval bill upan the Holohstag. j | I
which will vote want of rnnfldence In the
ministry , and the collapse will becomplete. .
It Is said that Chancellor llohonlnho realizes
the position In which ho Is placed , and de
sires to resign , but Is restrained by the em
peror , who Insists that his wishes be carried
out to thp end. How far William will presume -
sumo to pi Is problematical. All attempts
to popularize the naval plan having failed ,
HIsma'Th. who was appealed to , gives only n
half-hearted support to the plan In bis state
ment that he approves the strengthening of
the navy by an Increase In the number of
cruisers and by a replacement of the obso
lete battleships , but ho renders those obser
vations nonoffeetlvo by deprecating "a course
calculated to alarm the taxpayers by a gigan
tic scheme. " The people will In all prolu-
blllty bo appealed to on the question , and
there is evo-y possibility that they will re
turn ii iKirllametit as llrmly op/posed to tlie
C > la-i as the present. Then It will bo Wil
liam's next move , and It will bo awaited with
v # * *
The Chileans , "the Yankees of South
America , " are moving In the matter of rail
ways , and the Chilean government Is con
sidering TII offer from n German syndicate of
$33.000.000 at l'i per cent to lie expended In
building lines. The ofTer Is a stroke of enter
prise not merely as an investment , but be
cause of tlie foothold It will give Germany
in South American Industries. In a moun
tainous country like Chile $3.,00n.00n will
not build many miles of road , especially since
the first effort will probably be to scale the
Andes and establish communication with
the Atlantic states ; but It will build so much
that more must be had in order to make
the first available. In the end It la most
probable the sum will amount to $100,000,0.10
or more , besides which many other millions
will have to bo invested In equipment , and
Germany will be In a favorable position to
furnish all that Is required. If prcperly con
ducted the movement will be profitable to
both Germany nnd Chile , and though tlie
United States may regret to see Mich nn I
alliance between a South American state ' 1
pud a foreign nation , the United States will
have nothing to say In contravention ot it.
I i 1
The advance of the Angio-Kgyptlan Su
danese expedition Is watched anxiously In '
Italy , where there Is said to bo considerable - I '
able uneasiness In government circles over
the report that the troubles In India , '
creating an unexpected denund for llrltlsh
troops In that quarter , may prevent the im
mediate execution of the original program.
Not only would postponement of the ic-
occnpatlon of Kass.ila by the Egyptian
forces necessarily di/lay tlio settlement of
Italian dlmcultlcs In their colony of
Kryihroa , hut the advance of the situation
on tlie Nile seriously increases tlio danger
of dervish inroads and attacks both upcri ] and upon the whole colony. The
dervishes now with the Khalifa arc authori
tatively stated to be moro in number than
these cncampsd at Dongola last year , and
unless their power be speedily broken they
are almost certain to raid the Italian pos
sessions in searcli of means of subsistence.
The intlro armed force in Krythrtu Is nov.-
about 12.000 men , ot whom only one-third
are Unropeana. It Is doubtful wither halt
of thta force would bo available to opjtoso
dervish raids , and the possibility of further
military disaster awakens tlie liveliest ap
prehension , to say nothing of tlie chance
of further complications with Abyssinia , or
the prospect of additional expenditure when
tlie financial resources of the country are
strained already to their uttermost.
* * *
Turkey's circular note to the powers , sub
mitting her terms for the settlement of the
Cretan question , Is an Illustration o' the supreme
premo height of Impudence. The terms are
such as might be proposed by a conqueror
to the people of a newly conquered province.
The dkurmamcnt ot tlio Christians , although
the proposal to thiu effect Is accompanied by
nn offer to simultaneously disarm tlie .Mos
lems of Crete , would mean the exposure of
the Cretans lately In Insurrection to retalia
tion a la Turqiio. It would not be forgotten
that the Greco-Turkish war was merely an
Incident In the Cretan queMIon. The Turk
ish circular note would indicate that , not
withstanding the Intervention of Europe and
the frequent announcements of the Impend
ing establishment of autonomy in Crete , tlio
problem of the settlement of affairs on that
Inland Is a : : far from solution as ever.
* * *
An Interpellation of the Ilavarlan govern
ment by a member of the Chamber of Heprc-
sentatlves on Friday lant shows to what ex
tent the kaiser's provoking assertlveness
lias allimatcd the South Germans. Tlie sub
ject of tlie Intc/pi-Hatlon was the assump
tion of thn command of the llavarlans by lie !
kaiser during tlio recent military maneuvers ,
and particularly strong exceptions were taken
by the Bpcakors to Ihn kaiser's reference to
the liavnrlan forces as "my army. " What n
dlffercncii between South Gorman sentiment
now and Iti tlie days of the wur with Franco ,
when llavarlans. Wiirtemliorgers and Hes
sians gloried in tlie fact that they were com
manded by Hie Prussian Crown Prince Fred
erick , whom ( hey ultecl'lonately hailed as
"Unser Fritz ! "
( illKAT DAV I'lHI MIllltASKA.
SUi-li-lu-H of MilUn.v \ Jclelli-lllccl ill
\nnli vl III * .
New Yolk Bun.
An Interesting addition to the poetry and
eloquence of the United States uua made at
Nashville Icr.l week , and Is recorded hero
for the general benefit , and especially for
the advantage of the compilers of school
"Speakers. " Nebraska day was celebrated
at the Centennial grounds Friday , and Hume
ot the most Illustrious of Nebraskans were
on hand to celebrate It. Among them were
Governor Silas A. Iloicomb , oncu a money
lender , now a foe of the money power ; tliu
Hon. William Jennings Hryan , a peripatetic
Instructor of the people for half the gate
money ; the lion. William Vincent Allen ,
senator In congress anil champion long-dU-
tanco orator ; Colonel IlufTalo Hill , and
Hrlgadicr General Hills. The weather wan
Imj rested. It ) the words of our estci-im-d
contemporary , the Nashville Manner , "tlie
dawn broke btlghtly for Nebraska. " As
soon as another cslccinei ] contemporary ,
"Oh ! Sol , peeped alxive the horizon , " thou
sands , and tens ot thousandH rushed into
the streets to see the distinguished visitors.
Forth to tun exposition marled a noble procession -
cession , consisting ot "elaborately capari-
soiled horsefl , handsomely uniformed men ,
and beautifully attired women , riding and
marching to the sound of martini music. "
The Hon. William V Cody ( Huffalo Hill ) not
only furnished Governor Holcomb's staff
with steeds but caused Ihe greatest admira
tion by appearing at Ihe held of the staff ,
mounted on his "celebrated charger. Puke. "
Governor Holromb and Governor Hob Taylor
of Tpr.Mpssee piloted magnificent palfreys ,
but Mr. Hryan rode In a common carriage. .
"It was first Intended that Mr. Hryan should
ride horseback , but at the la t moment this
was changed. " As a matter of fact , Mr.
Hryan never rlJcs any horse but his own
tried and true silver gray Hobby , sixteen
hands' hl h.
When the procession arrived at the Audi-
torlunf the seats were full and a crowd was
struggling to grt Inside. "A cheer went up
from thousands of throats" as Mr. Hryan'a
carriage came up , and 'llryant Hryan ! '
was the cry. " As a specimen of the ron-
thuftlasm this anecdote Is given :
One poor Illtle woman who sivw no ehnneo
of gelling n glimpse of the distinguished
visitor was determined not In let her bun-
band miss such nn opportunity and In her
excitement cried to him In a tone nlmost ot
anguish : "Give mo the buby , " nnd suiiitph-
Ing the red-fared Infant shoved the long ,
i lank husband t-hrough the crowd nnd when
! bo returned she met him with , "Old you su-o
. him ? Did you see him ? " nnd upon receiv
ing nn nlllrmatlve nnswor her face was one
{ big sunbeam.
U Is Impossible not to sympathize with
this generous ndtulratlon. Still , when that
red-faced Infant grows to boyhood and this
Bceno Is described to him he will bp a very
discreet youth If he doesn't say reproachfully
to bis parents : "Why didn't you show me
Huffalo Hill ? "
An I now n couple of speeches have boon
made and Governor Hob Taylor arises nnd
with his look draws audience still as nlghl.
He tn full of welcome and he diffuses It In
this pyrotcehnlral way :
I have giitbered welcomes from n million
hearts In Tennessee nnd have pressed them
Into u perfumed bombshell of smiles and
kisses. 1 lluht Ihe fuse ami toss It from
my lips ; It explodes above tbls beautiful
audience and scatters lu the air a mll'lon
sweet for-get-me-nols , and they come lloat-
Ing down nnd fall Into Ihe hearts of all who
love their homes and their country.
Having explode.l Ills perfumed bombshell
Governor Hob proceeded to set oft a box of
crackers :
Tonnestp ? weaves gnrlands of welcome
for Nebraska's distinguished governor , nn-l
n laurel wreath of welcome- for Ilryan , Ihe
nioriilnir star of the people' } ' hops , who tri
umphant In defeat , still calmly Icoks lulu
tin- frowning face of eentrallxed | x > wor and
warns It that II shall not "pies- crown of
thorns on Inlmr's brow nor crucify mankind
on a cro- of cxild. "
Hut 1 would not nmr the plonsutv ot
this delightful hour , nor would I forget the
properties of thlM grand occasion by pierc
ing golden 'hearts with "llvir arrow * And
yet when the silver-tongued leader of the
causenf human rights and human happi
ness comes among us luv can we repress
our polities , and how can we silence the
sons :
"nlm-y , glory , hallelujah.
filory. glory , hallelujah ,
Glory , glory , hallelujah ,
As wo go marching on. "
Then governor Hob exploded again , thin
time with tils normal contents , music :
I/.idles and pentloineu , music ! tin- wine
of the soul , and human hearts are the pur
ple clusters frou.1 whlrb It Is pn wsoil. If I
could 1 would pour out my heart In porn ;
todny , and Nebraska should drain the brim
ming' cup.
Wo love Nebraska for Ihe men sinba.i
produced. Wo love her for her i-ntcii.rlsc"
anil priigres- , but we love her best of all who is the borne of llrynn.
Yc.slerdav I saw the rough riilen of Ib"
world In tinraddle , led by Ihe king of tin-
world's lioirotnen , sinil as I sal In tlie
crowded amphitheater nnd b.honlith
{ iwlmmlng bend Hie mnrvoli u.-s feats nf tin s.i
matchles-s equestrians In tinaivna bolnw ,
1 could scarcely keep from rlsinj : to my
foot and throwing my lint In the air and
shouting. "Hurrah for Nebraska ! tinI I in I
of statennen nml horsemen. Hryan with
b's silver lariat lassoing the. buMs and li"iir' ,
and Cody riding fnvlftcr than the swiftest
wind nnd Miootlng tlie stars out of their
sockets. "
After tills triumphal strain , divided be
tween. Mr. Hry.'n and Huftalo Hill , the oth. r
orntors lind n hard job. II Icomb and Allrn
and llrynn made speeches * , flint the run t'-M '
been Or.ilncd and the music box was broken.
"Mr. " Hryan made a humorous reference to
Governor Hob's wlnp of thp aoul and brim-
mlng cup , and sill tint that day for the
first time In bis life ho regretted tint he
was a teetotaler. Hut Governor Hob's wlno
Is purely figurative. He brims a cup of m' .
lasses at breakfast , a cup of honev at din
ner and a cup of maul ? syrup at supper.
Ho finds that -tiiev conduce to musie. .In the
words of Mr. Slla.3 Wcgg , they are iiu'Uow
Ini ; to Ihe organ.
1 Indianapolis Journal.
"Mnn wnnt but little beibelow. . "
Wherefote should mortal fret ,
Slnco that Is u lint , as times now go ,
Jle's likeliest to get ?
I nok not upon the sparkling wlno ;
Of mixed evils pray beware ;
For wntPi' ' In the whisky's but
A dilution and a nare.
Oolaneo met Silllo on the bridge , and
kissed her on tlio hpot ;
The brooklet murmiirfd down below , but
Salllc miirmiiiod not.
New York Times.
Through woman ICden was lost unto man ,
Ami sin In the world bail birth :
Hut wherever sinFtiiniln her beautiful hands
Have bulldeil 10 Jens on earth.
Denver I'ust.
Ho called miHie dearest wife on earth ,
As he klFfl" ! mo and grabbed Ills Ii it.
I wonder , now , If my milliner bill
Hadn't something to ( In with that ?
\VimliliiBt < in Stur.
The proof reader said with a sigh ,
' "It would make mo liuppv If 1
Pould nml'o up my mind
If some things lint I Und
Are dialect pleco * or pi. "
ClilenKO lloeoril.
Slio wodH a lowly orphan , BO
She will not have to I1 ike
HlH comment on the pumpkin pl'-s '
HlH mother iibcd to make.
Detroit Krec I'rrs ? .
Now comrj' the trying lime of vcnr
When lordly man will loudly swap ,
When -woman tell.s him with a tear
That moths have chewed Ills underwear.
Tin : TIIIII : ! ' , HOSIOS.
Ohio Htalo Join mil.
Smiling demurely who Mands In the door
Timidly happy as maiden can be ;
Slio's only a bud at her ciiiiliiK-oul inrty ,
i'et no rose al her t'hdle U fairer thu-i
Lightly and gnyly who's tiiilntf ; ; th
in en Hurt' ,
Graceful and glad as n frolicking dir ;
She'M the belle of Ibu ball room , a lose lit
full bloMMin
The Hntnu little bud , but HM'H ! been out
u year.
leaded and , lonely slK- Hits lu a coiner ,
Not carlnjr to mix with the nn-rry youns
throng ;
She's the ro-o In full bloom , grown Into a
The sanii ) little bud , but she's bci-n out
Koyul makes the food pure ,
M 'lolesumo ' und delicious.
Absolutely euro