Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 18, 1897, Page 4, Image 4

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    THT3 OMATTA TAIT/T 1ETC : SATURDAY , SEl'TTCTSrirKll 18 , 1897 ,
U. noSEWATKIl , KilKcr.
TKUMS OK auuscturrioN.
Dally Hoc ( Without Sunday ) , Ona Year K 00
Dully Itft nnd BunJuy , Ona Tear 8 Vi
Six Monti 40)
Three Month * * 0"
Humlaj- Her , One Yrnr a t 00
Haturilny lire. On * Yenr 1 Wl
Wrrlil ) ' Itec , One Vonr 61
Otnnha ! Tha lice HiilMlng.
South Omaha : Blnger Illk. , Cor. N unit 2ltli Bt. .
Coundll muffs ! 10 IVnrl Hired.
Uiilcnito Ointc : 317 Cliainbcr of Commerce.
New Vntk : Itoom * 11 , II nnj IS , Trltiune Hide.
Washington : Ml rourleontli Street
CC.miliSI'OXr > 12NCE.
All communication * rclnllnK to news nml nlllo-
rlJ mnttor rlmuld lie nddrcnfcU : To the IMIlor.
All bUKlnr * * letti-tB and remittances uliould tie
adilrenred to The llto rubllMiliiR Cnmimny.
Omaha , Drnflx. chorlu , < ! xiire s nnd pntnlllce
money onlrrn tu lie made pnyible to the urder
of the cumimtiy.
Tin : ii BI : I'uiiMsuiNO COMPANY.
Gtnte uf Nrhrnrkn , Douglng County , ff. i
Ut'ttrno II. TxM'Irtick , ntuidniy of The llo I'lit-
IfehlnK comiuny , belnR duly sworn , yiya that the
nctunl nuniliFt of full nnd complete copies of The
Daily , Morning , Kvcnlni ; nnd SnnUny llee printed
during the muntli of August. 1S87 , was as follows !
1 19.I.V > 17 19,573
3 19.149 IS 1J,4H !
3 19,43. 19 19,574
4 11,370 20 19,7(54 (
r , in. .110 SI IW.93' '
e W.BOS I ! 19.6JO
23 WS2 <
' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '
* . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . is'.itio 21 15.33 :
9 19,12 23 19.C41
10 19,421 ll 19,361
11 19.S4S 27 19.C7J
II 19"J9 ! " 28 19.r/l
13 19,688 29 19.COS
14 19S9 < ! 30 l , a
15 19feOO 31 19.44S
U 19.CC3
Total " 7.991 * returned nnd unsold copies 9.KS
Total net Hnl"i- GOS.1TO
Net dnlly averuRi- 13.CIS
OiOll012 U. T/.SC1IUCK.
Sworn to before me and subscribed In my
trencnce tills 2d dny of September , Ii9" .
N , I' . KI2IK
( Seal. ) Nolnrj' Public.
All rnllriiiiil IIOWHIMIJnrc )
pllfil with cituuKh lire *
tu noroniiiuiilHte < > vvry JIIIM-
wh iron ! ) * to renil n
iiiMv | iaiiiT. liiMlxt upon linv-
IIIK The live. If you iMinnot
K 't a lice < ui n trill ii from the
MOWN IIK'II | ( plriiHC report
the fuc-1 , ntiitliiK the- train anil
rnllroiiil to the Circulation
Department ut The l e < ; . The
lire Is for Niilc on all traliiH.
If you wnnt to llutl a slot nmchlm ; ask
a policeman.
Down with the U'kwaiih polos. They
nro dniiKcroiiH , unsightly ami unneces
sary. _
Nebraska funncrs are too busy
their wheat ami corn to inarkt'l to listen
to calamity talk.
merchant who advertises Is the
merchant who will fetch the trade of our
out-of-town visitors next week.
It Is not yet too late to get your ro-
paviiiK petitions In In time to reap the
advantage of the present low prices
made by the pavlnt ; contractors.
The Ilec Is pained to note that some
of the most active aspirants for nomina
tions on the democratic county ticket
nro on its list of "democrats who
called. "
Klne words butter no parsnips. Neither
does line Fourth of July oratory disprove
that Jiidtfn Sullivan Is In sympathy and
association as much of a railroad demo
crat as Tube Castor or Sun Shine Alice.
The Iowa democratic state platform
bewailing the failure of prosperity to put
in an appearai.ce and lamenting the
fall In thi ! price of farm products will
have to be expurgated for Its second
The KiiKKi'.stlon that business meiv and
householders decorate their premises in
Junior of the visitors to the State fair and
Ak-Sar-Hen festivities Is a jooil one. A
jjny looking city will add to the city's
fin letIOH.
The World-Herald wants It distinctly
understood that the mention of Its name
will Ret "our Mr. W. J. Hryan" free
railroad passes even on railroads that
would grant the favor to no other per-
on connected with the concern.
Senator Thnrston denies that ho has
become an opponent of Hawaiian an
nexatlon. That means simply that the
mniator Is still at sixes and sevens with
the Interests and sentiment of his Ne
braska constituents on that point.
Having reopened Its doors to students
who belong in a preparatory school , the
Btato university may be expected shorlly
to complain about being crowded for
coom and In urgent need uf a few more
Itulldlngs to accommodate its classes.
Another reason why the silverltes pro.
for to fiu'i * rather than consolidate con
solidation might prove uncomfortable
for those non-partisan boards constituted
by the governor out of mi'ii who tly
different colors but vote the same ticket.
Olio member of the Hoard of Klro and
I'ollcu Commissioners was formerly a
member of the ministry , but he Is
acquiescing In police-protected auto
matic gambling Just the same us his
most notorious gang associates on the
It Is to bo noted that notwithstanding
the dire threats of memburs of the Slate
Hoard of Public I-ands and Itulldlngs ,
the democratic superintendent of the lie-
a trice asylum has been permitted to ten-
tier Ills resignation and retire wllh-jtit
being ejected.
Perhaps some of the Itolln bondsmen
have memoiandum slips In their cash
drawers representing money advanced to
thu owner of tliu World-Herald , who can.
not conceal his anxiety to see them beat
the city out of the money for which they
agreed to stand good.
As that little question of veracity be-
tuven Chairman Mutr. of thu legislative
investigating committee and ex-Ulmlr-
man Doanu of thu Hoard of Trustees for
the state schools for thu deaf and blind
is Ktlll open , another letter from the
epistolary legislator protesting his lion-
uiuy be expected ut tuiy moment.
yu runuv OFF/CK/I ADUVK
The Trench revolution effectually do
mollshod the doctrine of the dlvlno righl
of kings. No human being Is so uxnltci
that ho can do no wrong and no public
olllcer , not even n populist governor , Is
exempt from criticism for his Indefensi
ble acts.
In his self-written newspaper In
tervlcw , replying to Judge Doane's ex
planation of the causes thnt led him to
resign from the governing board of the
State Institute for the Denf anil Dumb ,
Governor Uolcotnb , not content with giv
ing his version of the controversy , goes
out of his wny to Insinuate that the pub
lic haw been misled "by the desire which
seeina to have recently devi.'lnpwl on the
part of The Heo to do mo Injustice and
misrepresent me on nil possible occa
sions. " In airing this delusion Governor
Ilolcomb deceives no one but himself.
Not only Is the impugnment of The Hue's
motives entirely out of place coming
from Governor llolcomb , to whose per
sonal explanations and self-laudatory
statements Us columns have always
freely opened without price , but It Is en
tirely at variance with the facts nml the
For more than twenty-five years It has
been and Is the policy of The Hee to com
mend public olllccrs when they honestly
and foarlcssly discharge their duties and
to expose and denounce them when
they misuse their power or prove rec
reant to their trust. Although The
Heo is unquestionably responsible more
than any other single agency for the
elevation of Silas A. Ilolcomb to the
ollice of governor of Nebraska , It has
never hesitated to criticise him when
It has believed his action to bo In con-
lllct with the public interest. If the
governor has been subjected to Just crit
icism on recent occasions more often
than formerly It Is because his recent
offenses against good government have
been more open , , more flagrant and more
numerous. When the governor's am
bitious partisanship leads him to Join
with the men who previously had been
his most bitter enemies , losing no oppor
tunity to vilify and abuse him and to
prostitute the executive power to the
promotion of political Jobbery at the ex
pense of the taxpayers ajid the helpless
wards of the state , The Hce owes it
to the public to denounce the outrages
no matter by whom committed.
The very fact that The Heo has given
space to the governor's unwarranted anil
uncalled-for attack upon Itself Is proof
that It is willing and anxious to give
the public all versions of the disgraceful
Deaf and Dumb Institute scandal. Even
though the removal of Prof. Glllcsple
from the superlntendency of that school
were demanded for Its good , which has
not yet been made to appear , nothing
the governor can say can Justify him
before the citizens and taxpayers of Ne
braska In turning over the deaf and
dumb children of the state to bo experi
mented upon by n inniir absolutely with
out experience In deaf mute instruction
simply to pay a political debt and gather
In the patronage of the institution for
political favoiltes.
The assailant of President Diaz paid
the penalty of his rash act with his life ,
so that his motive for the attack will
probably remain a mystery. The fact
that the man was found to be unarmed
seems to warrant the opinion that
he did not intend doing the president
any serious bodily harm and simply
desired to show Ids hatred of the chief
magistrate of the republic. Hut what
ever the Impulse that led him to the
commission of the rash act , the people
regarded It as meriting death and they
promptly put their Judgment into effect.
Arroyo was given no opportunity to pose
as a hero.
President Diaz Is not only the fore
most statesman of Mexico , but as has
been newly attested he is the most pop
ular man in the republic. He Is now
serving Ids fifth term as chief magis
trate , having been re-elected a few
months ago without opposition. Diaz
lias given Mexico an excellent govern
ment , not , perhaps , from the American
standpoint , but such a government as
Is necessary to Mexico , where a greater
centralization of power Is required than
here. He has maintained peace In the
country , held in check dangerous politi
cal factions and steadily promoted the
material progress and prosperity of the
nation. He has done more than any
other man in the republic to give it the
high place it occupies In the respect of
the world , being always solicitous to
seep tin ! credit of the government sound
> y the prompt payment of all Its obliga
tions. In a word , Pcrllrlo Diaz is an
enlightened anil progressive statesman
mil if his methods of administration
mvo sometimes seemed to be unrepub-
[ lean , from the American point of view ,
they have been vindicated by results.
The people of Mexico are fully Justi
fied In their feeling of admiration and
ilTectlon for their president. Ho Is a
really great man.
The currency commission authorized
liy the Indianapolis currency reform
convention has been completed and It Is
( i be presumed will enter upon its work
if considering a plan for revising the
currency system without delay. lie the
membership of the commission all see-
Ions of the country are represented , but
inly two or three of Its members have
more than a local reputation. It Is
understood that ex-Senator Kdinunds
will be the chairman of the commission
mil he Is one of the members with a
national reputation , but it Is as a dis
tinguished lawyer rather than a finan
cier. Kx-Sccrtitary of the Treasury
Falrchlld Is another member of whom
the country at largo knows something ,
but there is nothing in the record of Mr.
Fnlrchild as secretary of the treasury
that gives him a claim to bu regarded
is a great authority in financial affairs.
Prof. Laughlln is a political economist
> f some distinction , but he has probably
lad very little experience as a practical
The composition of the commission
will doubtless bo subjected to criticism.
Hanking , manufacturing , merchandising ,
railroading and the legal profession are
runmitjuted on it , but the great agrl- '
cnUuntl Interest nnd the no less Im 1
portant labor Interest were Ignored In
making up the commission. This was
certainly n mistake nnd one that will
be very likely to have an effect upon I
public judgment not altogether favor
able to the conclusions which the com
mission may reach conclusions , It may I
be remarked , which can be pretty accurately
curatoly foreseen. In a word , the coin
mission seems to have been constitute !
with a view to approving the suggestions
of the Indianapolis currency refer n
convention. We have no disposition
however , to discredit the commission
though as we have heretofore said wt
do not expect any practical results fron
Ita labors.
Thu Dec charges that the bondsmen for
ex-Treasurer Uolln are exerting every effort
to ernile responsibility. That Is to ho cx-
f.pctcil , but what Is the republican city at
torney doing to protect the Interests of the
city ? Why ( ioca The Heo criticise Doltn'g
bondsmen , who are following human In-
ttlncts by looking out for themselves. nnJ
fall to call upon thu republican city admin
istration to look out for Uio city's'
The expected sometimes happens. It
was to have been expected that thi
World-Herald would rush to the defensL
of the Holln btmdsmen and their attor
neys In their efforts to evade their self
Imposed responsibility to make good tin.
Holln shortage to the taxpayers. A
paper that would proclaim to the worlt
that Mr. Holln was honest after he hai
admitted himself an embezzler , just be
cause there was n memorandum slip in
the city cash drawer representing stolen
money loaned by Itolln to the proprletin
of the World-Herald , would find It ill
most second nature to stand up for the
defaulter's bondsmen In their fraudulent
transfers of property to render them
selves Judgment proof and their high
handed Interference with the city's wit
nesses by enticing its experts out of the
city and out of the jurisdiction of thu
As to the pretended fear that the re
publican city administration may not
prosecute the suit against the Holln
bondsmen , the popocratic organ neei
lose no sleep. It need only bo recalled
that the principal surety oiv the Holln
bond is also principal surety on the Hart
ley bond , and w'as accepted still more
recently as principal surety on the bom :
of the present populist state treasurer
If public interests suffer by the collusive
transfer of property to trustees am'
bogus land companies formed for the
purpose , the responsibility for neglect
cannot be evaded by the democratic at
torney general In cliarge of the suit on
the Hartley bond , nor by the populist
governor who approved the Meserve bom'
and who has made no demand for a
new and substantial bond , although
aware of the jugglery being practiced
by the sureties on the questionable docu
ment that Is on file.
The Bee does not deny to the Kolln
bondsmen the right to defend the suit
brought by the city , if they think they
have a legal defense , but It does deny
their right to impose upon- the city with
promises of settlement , never intended to
bo kept , to gain time to put themselves
beyond the reach of the law. It denies
their right to tamper with the city's wit
nesses. It insists thnt the public should
be warned by the fearless newspaper
against the men engaged In this corrupt
work and that the newspaper that de
fends It Is no better than the bribe-giver
or the jury-fixer.
The question of the right of an execu
tive ollicer of the government to remove
or reduce employes in his department ,
which may have to be decided by the
supreme court of the United States , is
one which chiefly concerns those who
are In ollice , and ( yet there is enough
Involved in the question to make it of
ntorest to the general public.
Some time ago the superintendent of
mails at Louisville , ( ICy. , was removed
from that position nnd given a clerkship
In the railway mail service. He Insti
tuted injunction proceedings against the
postmaster general and the first assist
ant postmaster general In the supreme
court of the District of Columbia , his
bill of complaint charging that the
change was made for political reasons ,
was without cause or opportunity for
tearing and was contrary to the presl-
lent's order directing hearings in case
of removals , A temporary injunction was
granted by the court and a few days ago
the complaint was dismissed , .Midge Cox
rendering an opinion1 on the question of
the power of removal and In regard to
civil service rules.
The court stated that it was settled
law that the power of removal was an
Incident to the power of appointment and
hat both could be exercised by the head
of a department In reference to snbordl-
late olliclals. In regard to the civil
service rules Invoked by the complainant ,
whether made by the president or the
civil service commission , it was held by
the court that they were not authorized
) .v the law and were therefore void. If
this view should be sustained by the
supreme court of the United Stales , to
which It Is expected the case will bu
ippealed , It would wipe out some of the
nest Important rules that have been
naile by the president and the commis
sion , notably the recent one protecting
lursons In the classified service against
irbltrnry removal. According lo the
tplnlon of Judge Cox , the civil service
aw Imposes only one restriction on the
tower of removal. "Tho power of dls-
nlssal , " said the Judge , "for any reason
xcept a refusal to make political con
tributions Is absolute with the adminis
tration. The court had no doubt , however -
over , that the president may lay down
rules for the Internal policy of his nil-
nlnlstration and may require his chief
executive olllcers , dependent upon his
ileasure for their tenure of ollice , to con
form to them or else to sever their
) lllclal relations with him. The enforce-
mint of such rules Is wholly a matter between -
tween the president and his cabinet.
The civil service commission , It seems ,
lees not regard the opinion of Judge
Cox as in any way affecting the binding
jlwraeter of the president's order In re-
Biinl to removals upon all olllcers of the
bervlcc. It Is not to be doubted that Presi
drnt McKlnlMHtnvlli Insist upon n full
observance ofMhj * and other rules which
he approve * , Inn if .fudge Cox Is right
nnd the clvlFSnTvleo law remains un-
changed , a succeeding administration
could make sweeping removals and prnc-
| tlcally inaugurate the spoils system as to
a large number op the otllees. It would
seem , therefore , that there Is necessity
for Htrengtlieuliiff the civil service law
and broadenlngi fis scope.
Under popullsrlcontrol the South Dakota
kota School ofMlnos seems to be un
dergoing an fjji-loiiee ! something simi
lar to the reorganjzatlon of the Nebraska
State Institute for the Deaf and Dumb ,
and both Institutions seized as political
spoils for populist partisans. Political
experimenting with educational Institu
tions Is no more justifiable In South Da
kota than It Is In 'Nebraska , which
means that It is totally unjustifiable. It
Is to bo deplored that the people who
support these Institutions have no re
dress except by turning down the olH-
clals responsible for It when their terms
of ollice expire.
The nonpartisa'n reform police board
Is respectfully asked what excuse there
Is for giving one man captain's pay for
doing the work formerly performed by
an ordinary detective ? And what ex
cuse Is there for paying two chiefs of
detecllvos salaries when these high
salaried olllcers are more than
? 70-a-mouth employes did before ? Is
this retrrnehmetit and economy ?
The Hell Telephone company has only
paid 10'Xj per ctSnt dividends on its In
flated stock so far this year , with pro
portionately more in sight for the re
maining months. The telephone could be
made an Interesting competitor with the
telegraph If these giant corporations
were not so tied up together with agree
ments not to Interfere with one another's
An ex-assistant city physician who
was boasting his republicanism not five
months ago in his effort to retain his
place has boon recognized by the fusion
state house ring with a job at the state
Institution In this city. This Is rank In
gratitude to the ex-county physician
whoso republicanism also lasts only so
long as ho draws a salary by republican
It Is in accord with the eternal lltnoss
of things that the paper which faked an
endorsement b y Governor Ilolcomb of
the ifW.OOO Dorgiin penitentiary steal
and then called the governor a liar for
repudiating .ftlie spurious interview
should now rush Mo the front to uphold
Governor Ilolconib Jn his question of
veracity with Judge Doaue.
This yoar's.'i'cpnbllcan campaign Is not
expected to G lfnlUbnt of a year ago for
fireworks nnd noise , but there Is plenty
of room for energetic , quiet work , and
with the ranlC uil file of the party thoroughly
oughly imbue * ! with a determination to
recapture thesta'te , steady , systematic
and progressive Inroads should bo.uiadu
' ' '
upon the'fusluh lines' .
Snimil Money , Too. (
It Is estimated that Nebraska's crops this
year will add to Its wealth $184 for each man ,
woman and child In the state. There is no
hardship In the fact that the Increase is on
a gold valuation.
IH There it Kami inIn KiilirU-HT
N'cw York Commercial Advertiser.
Practically every mill and factory of any
importance In Rhode Islam ! Is now running
on full time , with every prospect that this
condition of things will continue indefinitely.
Has anybody heard that there Is a 'shortage1
of cotton and woolen fabrics In the old
world ?
Wily Thin CliniiKiof Tiniel
Indianapolis NPWS.
The sllverltes had scant respect for the law
of supply and demand last summer. They
printed elaborate tables , the purpose of which
was to show that for years wheat and sliver
liad been moving In the same directions.
They did not. It Is true , make out a very
good case , but their object was unmistakable.
I'ondil HiinUM ai ( ioo < I Tlilui ? .
New York Tribune.
In England postal savings banks have hecn <
In existence moru than a quarter ot a
century , and liavo been established in all
British colonies , In Russia , France , Sweden ,
Italy , Austria , Japan and almost all other
civilized countries , Including Hawaii , where
there are between * 2,000 and 3,000 depositors
with navlngs amounting to more than a
million. Last year In England there were
C,45,597 ! ! depositors In these institutions ,
their funds amounting to nearly $000,000-
AVIiy Mrxluim Hmployrrn KleU.
LouUvllle C'oiirltr-Juurnnl.
What Is the meaning of that dispatch
from the City of Mgxlco to the effect that
manufacturers and agriculturists favor the
continuance of the silver standard ; that they
can send their exports profitably to gold
standard countries , and that "It Is bulluved
; bat wheat Hour can bo shipped to the
United States at a profit , as the grain Is
; rown and the flour made oa thu silver
mats ? " Simply that the wages paid In
Mexico on the silver ImBla nro the lowest of
laupor wages , as they are without uxcop-
: lon In every silver standard country In the
world. How do our 'worlclngmen ' like the
imposition to make our money cheap by the
ice coinage of silver and thus dagrado their
wages to the basis of wages in Mexico and
China ? "
Tlic PiMVi'i' of llriiioviil.
rhlbilt'lplila Times.
The decision of ttio District of Columbia
court In the civil servleo case Is Indisputable
unl It is not clear how any other view could
iu maintained.V\ postal employe who had
icon removed , w transferred to an Inferior
losltlon , sought to have the postmatter gen-
. ral enjoined fromxjnaklng this removal on
ho ground that It was In violation of the
iresldtmt's recent order. Judge Coxo points
ml that the power of appointment nnd re-
noval , except as expressly regulated by
statute , Is an oxduutlvo power and the courts
will not tiHiiilru-JiiU ) the lawful exercise or
executive discretion : The president may
nako rules to govern appointments and ie-
novals , but these rules apply to those under
dm and their , .olnervaiico ts for him to
enforce ; ho caquotglvo them the statutory
authority that would enable a court to
enforce them. , , ,
I'roof of \ \ ' > ' | IT'M Cruelty.
I'hlladelplila I'retis.
That the Inhumanity of the Spanish sol-
llery In Cuba Is duo to positive orders from
Wcyler Is shown by n , fact narrated by the
Condon Chronicle's Cuban correspondent ,
who Is telling of Cuba as It Is. lie notes
hat La Iteglou , the conservative organ at
Matatizaa , recently published In Its official
tows a private 'bando' of General Weyler ,
giving Instructions to the field commanders
o spare no one found beyond the Spanish
lues , armed or unarmed , and to destroy
ill Insurgent hospitals within their respect-
ve tones. The authenticity of the order iu
undeniable , and Its publication was sane-
toned by thu press censor as an official notl-
Icatlon. The editor haa now been fined for
ack of discrimination in selecting military
'reclamations. " This Impartial evidence
confirms all that Americans have written
about the butcher and hla methods ,
llussla' * sincerity In the AllUnco with
France m y or may not bo op o to quratlon
but It Is certain that Nlcholix , whctho
sincere or not , docs not Intrnd to lose any
advantage which may accrue to Russia In the
first flush of l-'rench enthuitnim over the an
nouncenicnt. Accordingly , Nicholas will Is
RUO at once .1 lonm of $200,000,000 In Paris
And we doubt not that the Trench people
will Joyfully snap It up and be Bind of tuo
ch&nco to assist their good friend nnd ally
At the same time ait a sort of feeder to UK
enthusiasm of the French people the Ilus
slan minister of finance will put Into affcc
in October hi * recent decree cancelling the
law under the provisions of which trus
funds , bank reserves and the moneys of pub
lie companies are not allowed to bo Inventcc
In French undertakings. This of course wll
further Induce France to subscribe llb rally
for the now Russlnei lonn. So fnr Russia
reaps all the advantages ot the new alliance
but of course Franco may enjoy her prolHt
An association has boon organized In
Franco with the object of counteracting the
shrinkage of the birth rate. The population
of Franco has arrived at a condition o
standstill. The deaths arc aa frequent a
the births. Unless something can be denote
to cncourago the bringing of more French
men into the .world even the Russian al
llance will hardly avail to maintain the
prestige of the republic. Among the ronie
dies proposed are the passage of a law re
duc'iig taxation In proportion to the number
of children In the taxpayer's family ; the Im
position of a surtax In the case ot ( ami
lies whcro there are moru servants that
children , and the education and rare ot al
children over C In any ono family at the
public expense. These propositions seen
fantastic , but they are born of very serious
conditions. In aormany , England , Italy
Spain and other European states whore the
people are not moro prosperous or con
tented 'than In Frcmco there Is a yearly preponderance
ponderanco ot births over deaths. This
makes the French sterility the more remark
able. It Is a wonder that the Inducement has
not been hit upon by the assoclatlrn hav
Ing the Increase of the birth rate under con
sldcratlon of offering a government prcmluu
on marriages.
4 *
Portugal seems as tired as Italy Is of the
drram of territorial dominion In Africa. The
construction of the railroad to Dclagoa bay
was the mainstay of Portuguese hopes o
profit from the African colonies. The hope
has not been realized. The road has no
proved a mine of wealth , and British crcd
Itors have been clamoring for years for a
settlement of accounts. Belgium has been
considering , for moro than two years , the
advisability of surrendertrfg all Belgiai
claims to government In the Congo , as the
receipts from trade privileges do not'justify
the work expended in civilizing that district
French statesmen have not yet arrived a
the point of proposing to abandon the
French -possessions In northern Africa ; bu
the fact remains thnt the work of colonizing
Algeria has not been successful and tha
the possession of that colony has resultec
In no appreciable benefit to the French re
public. Under certain conditions the Frond
colotvles may bo abandoned with hardly a
protest at Paris.
Uganda Is now recognized as a part of the
British empire. It will , however , still have
a king ot Its own. The llJritlsh will pu
Mwanga's son upon the throne , with a coun
cil of regency. Thus a stable government
will bo assured and the work of civilization
will go on. For Uganda Is really becoming
a civilized country. Its people are indolcfr
and unambitious , but they are docile am
intelligent , and take readily to clvlllze <
ways. Agriculture and manufactures have
made much progress among them. The gos
pel of good roads has been preached and bi
cycles are } iot unknown. Huts are being
abandoned for houses ; European furniture
and clothing are used , and there Is talk o
a trolley line. When the steam rallroac
from the coast Is finished , as It soou will bo
there will bo more rapid progress , and the
"Pearl of Africa" will doubtless become the
seat of genuine and by no meaiie rudi
mentary civilization , to which end .Mwanga
by his timely departure , has materially con
The Increase In the price of brend nnd
flour consequent upon the- rise In the wheat
market has been severely felt by the labor
ing classes in Vienna , although It has not
as yet led to any demonstrations like those
tin Paris. WHthln the laat week or two the
price of bread has'risen 20 to 25 per cent.
The Fremdenblatt attributes the rise In the
wheat market less > to the actual deficiency
In the supply than to the action of specu
lators. It suggests the possibility that In
the autumn , when a moro accurate estimate
of the world's harvest has been made , these
Kontlemen may find themselves caught In
their own trap. It points out that this
problem of the food supply of the mabses
Is ono that cannot be evaded , and that the
more a government docw for the protection
of the producer the sooner it will have to
reckon with , thn opposition of the distressed
consumer , as has been demonstrated In
France. It Is reported that the municipal
commissioners In Budapest are considering
measures for the supply of chcnp broad , to
bo exposed for sale in the public marko !
place. One of the effects of the high prlca
of sugar In Austrln , where Its production Is
supported by bounties , has been to force
the poorer classes Into the use of cheaper
sutntltutca. Tlrls has gene so far In Bohe
mia that the provincial association of sugar
manufacturers haa appealed to the govern
ment for protection against saccharine.
President Kruger of the Transvaal repub
lic , having decided to retire , It Is reported
that his successor will probably bo General
Joubort. comimi'dcr'ln chief of the Transvaal
forces. Whether such a selection would lend
to lessen the tension of affairs between Great
Britain and the South African republic re
mains to bo seen. It Is somewhat significant
that a military man should bo chosen for
prtsldont , and it is hardly likely that lie
would bo considered for the place unless It
WM believed by the Boers that ho was thor
oughly In sympathy with the policy mapped
out by his predecessor. Whatever policy
may be pursued , however , It Is pretty certain
that Great Bnllaln has no Intention of aban-
denlng her claims as suzerain of the Trans
vaal in Its foreign relations.
Davenport Democrat : The Iowa sllver-
crjtlc platform says : "The farmers of Iowa
ro marketing their produce at lower prices
than cver before. " The fanners and those
to whom the farmers soil , together with all
tha consumers in the state , know this to
bo tin unqualified misrepresentation. Not
an advocate for the falsifying platform dare
stand up outiiidu of an Imbecllo asylum and
attempt ' .o defend tha declaration quoted.
And yet this In hardly worse than others In
thn same string of resolutions.
St. Paul Pioneer Press : There Is some-
hlng almost pathetic in the present prc-
llcamcnt of the Iowa fuslnnlsts who are
carrying around on their backs a thing which
hey call their platform and which was pin
ogcthcr In Juno. It contains these words :
'Prosperity has not made Its appearance ; the
nills and shopg are closing down ; the army
of thu unemployed Is growing larger and the
'armers of Iowa are marketing their prod
ucts at lower prices than ever before. "
Not even u last year's fashion plate could
> e so hopelessly out of date as this. But
t would bo an exceedingly good wind which
would blow nobody HI , and since Homebody
must suffer it may as well bo the Iowa
Ceilur Rapids Republican : No ono has
BCtn any reports of speeches by Horace
loloa In the newspapers for the very good
reason that he has not made any of late.
Now it Is given out from popocratio head-
luartcrs that owing to 111 health , the ex-
governor will not appear on the stump again
during this campaign. It Is probable that
loraco Boles Is suffering with a bad case
of 6clf-assertlvenc3s and Independence. He
will not yield to the pressure put upon him
by "Bishop" Walsh et al and refuses to keep
silent concerning his conviction that freu
coinage at the ratio of 1C to 1 Is neither
possible nor desirable. That Is thu secret of
Ills retirement from the stump. The popu
lists have galived such complete control of
the democratic party In Iowa that even
Horace Boles , the only man who ever led
them to victory In Iowa , baa betm forced out
ot the present campaign.
Phenomenal Agricultural Wealth of On
Section of the West.
lltiinil < > iiN of ( lift Wuvo nt I'm *
perilHtMtuccil ( o One-IIuiidrril-
Coiit Dollnm The Km of
MurtKHKc I'M'Inn.
The great agricultural area In the Unite
States tributary to the Mississippi and Mis
sottrl valleys , says n writer In Harper'
Weekly , never enjoyed greater real prosperity
bettor conditions or brighter prospects for th
future than at present. This Is duo to tw
causes the thorough liquidation or flnnncla
house cleaning of the past live years , an
tha abundant crops of the present season
which are selling at prices not secured I
nearly a decade past. These conditions ar
widespread , covering many states and apply
Ing to nil manner of agriculture. The goo
effects nro not confined to rural localities , to
every town nnd city which Is handling a per
tlon ot this great yield ot farm produce I
reaping a commercial harvest of Its own , cal
ciliated to glvo a stability to Us business in
( crests , lacking , in many cases , for eevcra
years past.
Wltli this prosperity so general It Is dlfll
cult for ono section to establish a just claln
to particular notlco. Such section exists
however , and the conditions therein are mor
than noticeable they are phenomena'
Roughly outlined , this section may 1)0 said t
bo 350 miles long north and south and ,10 (
miles broad east nnd west. U commences It
northern Nebraska , extends sotlthwar
through Nebraska and Kansas and ends In a
rounded point In Oklahoma , It Includes
therefore , the central portion of Nebraska
central and eastern Kansas , and the casten
half ot northern Oklahoma. Kansas City
Mo. , Is the gathering polnti for the product
of thls.arca nnd the distributing point for It
supplies. The story of conditions In the In
terlor is dnlly being written in the bank ac
counts of the Kansas City merchants , postei
on the blackboards of the live stock , gralt
and produce exchanges , and tallied by th
car checkers of the twenty-tight railroad
which enter the Kansas City yards.
The first Intimation ot something unusua
yet to come was an enormous Increase In m
dcrs for agricultural machinery and fnrmln
Implements. Kansas City sold In this arc
In 1S9G about $15.000,000 worth of such goods
Before the first of August , 1S97 , the sale
had amounted to over $20,000,000 , nnd severa
million more will be added before theseaso
closes. Ono Item ot thcso sales has bee
20,000,000 pounds , or about ? 1,000,000 worth
of twlno for binding grain. Closely follow
Lm : these ordois for harvesting maclilner
came rcoorts of Increased acreage , and a
Lho thrnshimr machines commenced their la
bars it wns soon made apparent that th
yield per acre had never been equalled be
fore In the history of the grain-raising west
The average wheat yield In the Unltci
States is seventeen or elghtecen bushels pe
acre. In southern Kansas anu Oklnhom
there have been many fields cut during th
nast month In which the straw was six fee
high and the yield forty-flvu or more bushel
to the acre.
Then came the question of prices. It wa
thought there would be a slump when th
now crop came In. Experienced grain mot
figured September wheat as low as 45 cents
But It has gone up steadily until It reached
and climbed above the dollar mark In Kan
as City August 20 , and this market may
be said to represent farmers' prices , as It I
In the midst ot the wheat shocks. In Ell !
county , Kansas , there Is $1,000 In wheat fo
each family In the county. In Stunner county
there Is $800. There are about thlrty-flv
counties In Kansas where the wheat per cap
ita Is equally large , some ot these countlc
Inculdlng good-sized towns. In Bartoi
county a man. rented a farm , agreeing to glv
one-third of the crop to the-owner. Ho als
took an option on the IbU acres at $10 an
acre. Ho raised 3CIS bushels of wheat 01
154 acres , and with the proceeds of his two-
thirds paid $1,000 for the farm and had a
S200 surplus. In Falrvlow a man owc (
XI.000 on a form. Ho persuaded a banke
to let him have $200 to get out of the coun
try with. The banker did so and took a
deed of the farm , on which was a growing
crop. The banker sold the wheat therefron
for $1,700 and has the farm left over. An
other farmer owud $800 on 160 acres and in
1896 he sowed a crop of rye. The crop was
noor. and refusing to harvest It , he left the
country In disgust. The rye ripened am
lodged In the ground , coming up again as a
volunteer crop. This spring the neighbors
vroli to the owner of the land , urging him
to como back and harvest his crop. He dli
so. and out of the proceeds paid off the
mortgage and had some loft over. Many
farms bought last year at from $10 to $20
an acre have been fully paid for by this one
crop ot 1897.
In 1896 Kansas raised30,000,000 ihushols
of wheat , Nebraska 19,000,000 bushels and
Oklahoma 5,000,000 bushels. In 1897 Kansas
has 50,000,000 bushels of wheat , Nebraska
30QOO,000 bushels and Oklahoma 20,000,000
bushels. In 1896 the farmers sold their
wheat for 40 cemts a bushel. In 1897 the
farmers are selling their wheat close to the
dollar mark. In this territory alone the
difference In crop and price means a differ
ence of about $75,000,000 In the Income of
the farmers , or as much as the entire cot-
.on crop brings the Texas planters. In 1896
: hls same territory produced 655,000,000
lushols of corn , and sold It for 12 cents a
nishol. This year It will produce 600,000,000
jushcls , and will sell It for 17 cents or more ,
In 189G 5,471,246 head of live stock , worth
101,000,000 , passed through the Kansas City
stock yards. In 1897 6,000,000 head , worth
$150,000,000 will be handled there. Cattle
are 20 per cent higher this year , hoga 30
> er cent , and sheep about the same. The
great demand is for stock cattle to reatocl {
lepletcd ranges , and for thin cattle , or
'feeders , " to eat the great corn crop ot this
'amod ' section. The prices now being paid
for feeders Indicate a contlnuatlen ot high
> rlcos for beef cattle for at least three years
o come. Wheat , corn , and cattle are not
the only things being sold at handsome
iroflt from this area. The Kansas valley
s noted for Its potntoca. Potatoes are plenty
n the Kansas valley and scarce elsewhere ,
icnco three times as much Is being paid for
hem thin year as last. August 2 there stood
n the railroad yards of Chicago 100 carloads
ui potatoes from the Kansas valley , for
vlilch 50 cents a bushel had 'been ' paid.
Apples , peaches and other fruits are llko-
wlso plentful hero and scarce elsewhere. One
man near Atchlson , Kan. , sold his apple crop
rom 135 acres for $14,000 , the apples to bo
licked by the buyer. Just south of Kansas
: ity. Mo , , the owner of 600 acres of apple
roes Jiau reckoned his net profit. * for thu
nason at $35,000 ; nnd so on the story gees
rom farm to orchard and to cattle ranch.
Cowhcro In all this Immense urea so favored
jy fortune can a man be found who does
lot feel the benefits and is not profiting
hereby. It may be said , without fear eif
Ispute , tint hero exists an agricultural con-
lltlon thi ) Ilko of which cannot bo found
Isewheru In the world. The high-priced
grain Is blockading railroad trallle , cuttlit
mycrs are scouring the country for htfrds
vhlch they cannot find , The trrcs of the
orchards are breaking to thu ground with
ho weight of the fruit. In 189G , during the
veek ending August 20 , Kansas City paid
ho people of this section $2,016,000 for the
iroduco they brought to town. In 1 > J7 , dur-
ng the week ending August 20 , Kansas City
iald these same people $4,202,000 for thn
iroducts of their farms which reached the
Cansas City market In those six days. Of
his amount $300,000 wont to the railroads
or freight , and $60,000 to the Kansan City
irokcrs for commissions ,
During the last three years Nebraska has
iald off $30,000,000 In mortgages and Kansas
50000,000. In Oklahoma there were few
nortgagcs to pay oft , for the people had so
ured no title to the newly settled land , and
md no credit otherwise. The result it that
he Oklahoma people have their wheat
nouoy clear. They are using It to got title
o their land , put improvements thereon and
o buy cattle to feed for market.
Thu cry for cheap money has been lout In
liu whir ot thu harvester and the ruatlu of
! io wind la the corn rows. The politicians
isvo changed their tactics , and now It Is tha
robbery by the rallrouda" aud the "cor
ruption ot the United Stolen district cmirH. "
Those are the koynotoi of the long-h lre < I
political ! ! . U matter * little , how
ever , AS moat anything will do to amuse the
politicians , as the people nro too busy lo pny
much Attention to what they are doing or
saying just now ,
I'Ol.n IfAli 1)111 IT.
There Is trouble In the free- silver ramp In
Colorado. The white metal democrats put up
a goldbug for Judge of tlm supreme court.
This Is much Ilko the work ot the IOWA
fuslonlst ? . who fashioned n cMnmlly platform
In July and apologized for It In September.
Ono of the queer turns of our contusing
politics Is now to bo witnessed In Now York.
The Sun beams forth as the organ of Platt
rcimbllcanUm | ur excellence , whilst the
Tribune strongly favors the abandonment of
the machine- and rallies to the support ot
Seth Low. candidate of the ClUens' union tor
The republicans of Now York Clly will not
IIRVO a monopoly of dl rord. Tammany ha *
"troubles of her own. " Sliver democrats nra
organizing to Insist on .1 declaration In favor
ot the white , wlillo the leader * of
Tammany propose keeping mum on thnt sub
ject. Their motto Is , "Glvo us the otllccs ;
wo care not for Issues. "
Kentucky's gold democrats will put up a
hot light this fall. That pnrty has nlrendy
booked Hovonty-flvo meetings , to bo nddrosscd
bv democrats ot national reputation , A
feature ot the contest In the Btuo Grass state
will be the nppoaranco of Tom Wntson on the
flump as an advocate of slmon pure popu
lism. Ho will chase Bryan through the stale.
In view ot the populist ngltation for a
special sot lon of thn Kansas legislature this
lu.'ar. the slate treasurer has nnnounrcd that
thereIs no money In the tro.isury with which
to mv for an extra nosslou , and that If ono
should bo called the members would have to
wait another year or moro for their pay.
It Is thought that this announcement will
dlscourago those who ate clamoring for the
extra session.
The Now Orleana Picayune thinks that "It
Is peculiarly unfortunate for the sllverltes
that the largest and most striking Item In
the general sum of Improvement Is the ad
vance In wheat. This Is not merely becnuso
the ndvnnco In wheat is coincident with the
decline In diver , thus refuting a favorlto
dictum of the silverlte financiers , but also
because- , outside of the south , the cause of
silver was strongest In the great whcat-
crowlntr "status. "
Rival mayoralty candidates In the llrst
year of the enlarged New York will , from
orcsent appearances , bo nominated on the
snmo night. The republican convention has
been called for September 28 , with the general
understanding that It will not nominate on
that night , but will adjourn over until thn
30th. The Tammany hall convention has been
called for the 30th. The last day for the
filing of ccrtillcAtcA ot regular pnrty nomina
tions Is October 8 this year.
The Dubuque Telegraph , sllvor-plated , regards -
gards the present era of prosperity as n tem
porary affair , to bo followed by n tcrrlblo
relapse. Hero Is the way It chiirkloti over
the dark prospect worked up In Its mind :
"While lu one seiibo this will bo n misfor
tune , In another It will be a blessing In dis
guise. After the temporary spurt in pi-ices
and revival of Industrial nnd trade activity
the depression will be the moro keenly felt.
It will gall more than If no relief had come. "
Pennsylvania Is In the throes of n political
sensation of largo dimensions. During the
contest which resulted In the cle , tlon of
Roles Penroso as United States senator the
supporters of John Wannmnker were charged
with an attempt to purchase votctj , and that
they offered Assemblyman Weiss $3,000. E.
A. Van Valltcnburg , Wanamaker's agent , wns
arrested nnd his trial Is to begin tills month.
Mr. Wanamaker and his friends denounced
the charge as a conspiracy and have slnco
collected sufllcient evidence to cause the ar
rest of General Recdcr , secretary of the com
monwealth , Assemblyman Weiss nnd Morris
C. Luckenbach. Reedcr resigned his post
and has been uuccecdcd by David Martin.
The evidence on which the arrests were
based was furnished by a man named Wil
liam Winsboro of Bangor , who was a Quay
man and a close friend of Reoder last winter ,
but later left the state on account of busi
ness troubles. Ho sayfl the- whole nffalr wns
a scheme concocted to injure Mr. Wnnn-
maker ; that the detective who offered the
bribe to Weiss was really an agent of the
Quay machine nnd that the attempted bribery
was a mere fake. It Is evidently the purpose
ot the Wanamaker men to connect the whole
Quay machine with the alleged conspiracy.
Hence , the arrest of Rceder , who was chair
man of the state committee.
1 Intllannpollg Journal.
He blindly mlpsed the golden vein ,
And now to frenzy Bonded ,
lie gronned again and yet again :
"I didn't know 'twas loded ! "
'Vt'iishlriRtoii Star.
Now doth the bu.ay candidate
Go forth with Joyous greeting ,
And crook the olbow'H pliant hinge ,
That votes may follow trcutliiE ; .
: Detroit Kroe 1'rcss.
"Gather the roses while you may , "
Your girl with them be plying ;
For ten n bunch Iswhat you'll pay
When winter sets you buying.
Cli-volanil Plain Denier.
"Trousers , " says thp gifted Oulda.
"Are so ugly I can't bear 'em ; "
Thero's a woman for a wlfie
Now -we know she wouldn't wear 'em.
Hlppled back from her brow dlvtno
The waves of golden bull-
Till they broke behind her car ; she got
The iron too hot Just there.
Jho carelessly spoke of her brougham ,
Whereupon the- poor fellow on woughura
To snillo ho had deigned ,
Was visibly pelgiied ,
For he read In these fuw worJs his done-
Cincinnati Tribune.
"Tho Widow's Home , " ho read the sign ;
And ! IH the good souls near and far
Swarmed out nnd .smiled , ho murmured
low , '
"Geo whizz ! Well , I should say slio nrol"
NVw Qrlpatm Thni-n.
Her lips for i-arnatlonH ulaml ,
Her brow IH Ilko thu lily ,
Her chi-ckH nro blooming roscH , and
Her eurx would knock pinks Hilly ;
Yet 'tis but inituro'H nymnintry
That all these gifts I've chorused
Belong to her because , you see ,
Her father 1st u ilorlst.
Kotnervlllo Journal ,
t was a perfect autumn night ,
rim air wan noft , tliu moon was bright
And riding high.
Jiion a wiive-lappod beach their atrolJ
Vus ending ; not a single HOII !
Was nigh.
"or two wee-lex bo had been to ner.
And Hho to him. without deiniir.
Yes , moro than friend ,
Now on the morrow bu must KO ;
ho Hoiil-exchaiiKu that thrilled them so
.Mum end.
They walked and talked , and talked and
walked ,
\ml talked and walked , and walked und
talked ,
AH lovcrx do.
lo kissed her , with a grace export.
Oh , Ned , " wild Mhi % " 1 lov to Illrt ,
Don't you ? " .
. -I
Royal makes the food pure ,
v > 'lolecumo and delicious.
Absolutely Pure