Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 09, 1897, Page 4, Image 4

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Il , KOSmVATKn , IMItOr.
runusuui ) nvr.nv MOIININCI.
Dally lit * ( Without Sumln , Cno Y ar . 8 90
Dally lice ami Sunday , Onu Yesr . . . . . ?
Hlx Months . , . J < J
Tlirra Months . J
Hundny lie * . One Year . . . J W
Bntunlnv llee. One Ytnr . , . > " 2
W klr Ilec , Ono Yenr . . .
Omnlia ! Th I\te \ Hull'llng. '
Hnuth Oinnlin : Slnscr lllk. , Cor. N and Zltll St .
Council Illurft : 10 IVnrl direct.
Oik-ncn Olllcei 317 Chnmhcr of Commerce.
New York : llnotni 11 , 14 nnil 15. Trlbuno UME-
Wnitlilngtcii : Ml lllli etrcct.
coiuuwoNDKNCt : . . . .
All romniunlcnllonn relntliiR to nnvrn nml edi
torial mnttcr utiOuld lie ndilrmoil ! To Ilia 1-Mltor.
All lm ln < > 8 letters nnd remittance * should UP
mlUrciucd to Tlio lice Publishing Company.
Omnh.t. Drnfts , checks nnd ponlolllcp orders teL
L inndo pnyiilile to the order or the company.
Btntc of Nrlirnrltn , {
K Coimly. I ,
11. Twclmek , nccratnry of The ! ' ' rui > -
comiHiny , liMnc duly iworn. any * that tlti
nctunl nuinlicr of full iiml complete copies of Tlio
Unity Mnrnlnff. Hveiilnir nnd Similar Ilec ptluteU
iJiirlnc the month of December , U'j , was u foi-
1 . I3.9VI 17 . 1S.JGJ
2 . 20.1N ) 18 . 13.S J
3 . 20.113 ID . I3.S12
4 . 20.111 ! 20 . 20,51 ;
C . JO.Hf ! 21 . I'.SU
e . , . so.nor , 22 . js.ya
7 . 1D.MO 23 . . . . . . 13.S16
8 . 19.M7 21 . : . * > .MS
9 . J0.1W 25 . 15.102
10 . 2A.KU 20. . .
11 . 20.011 27 . M.WW
15 . 19,970 2S . Zft.Olii
11 . 20.GTO 2J . 50.00S
H . I. . . . ID.fSI SO . 20.01 !
15 . 19.9M 31 . 10.M3
16 . 20,530 _
Totnt . ttl.OM
T.OIS deductions for unsold nnd returned
copies . 9.513
Totnl net sntci . CI2.1" !
Kct dnlly average . 19.7J2
OKOIlOi : 11. T/SC1HJOK.
Hul ) prlli > d In my piescnce nnd sworn to be
fore me this III day of January. 1807.
N. r. rr.ii , ,
Senl. Notary Public.
Tin- festive petition for endorsements
for federal nppohitmuntb Is on Its
Governor Iloloninh Is enlisted for the
whole exposition campaign. Paste Unit
in your 1mt.
Even the olllee Hint lias no pay at
tached docs not linvo to seek the man
In tliOHd tlnys.
I'lnnr del Ulo , repeatedly "pacified"
liy General Weyler , shows a deplorable
tendency not to stay paelllod.
When It comes to Ki'ttliiK an oflldal
lioml In tlio sum of $2,000XM ( ) a state
treasurer lias to Include Umnlia In the
Btiitc of Nebraska after all' .
Governor Ilolcomb's Inexplicable delay
In appointing his personal stall' Is griev
ously disappointing to tliu deferred hopes
of a number of would-be colonels.
The rule of one olllce for one man atone
ono time onjdit to be engrafted on tlio
statutes of Nebraska before the present
session' ' of the legislature adjourns.
A poll tax to bo levied for failure to
vote except In cases of sickness would
be In the nature of a bounty to the
doctors , who would be kept busy furnish-
ins sick certificates.
The number of citizens who will not
Ret cabinet positions Is seen to be dally
on the Increase and it will probably fa
exceed , before March -I , the tale o
those who will bo appointed.
Senator Allison says ho will not be i
member of President MeKlnley's cabi
net family. Senator Allison has prob
ably declined more cabinet Invitation !
than any other man In public life.
Uncle Sam collected nearly three
times as much Internal revenue h
Nebraska In 1SJMJ than he did in 18C !
If all the states had done as well a.
Nebraska by the national treasury tin
delicti would have completely dlsap
A French physician announces to tin
world that he has a sure cure foi
hunchbacks. There Is no oed reason ,
however , why this should stimulate
uoKlect of children that would lead tti
an Increase of the prevalence of thin
terrible deformity.
Governor Ilolcomb repeats Senator
Allen's assurance that the credit of Ne
braska will have nothing to fear from
the populist state administration. Tlio
populist members of the legislature can
not afford to disappoint the expectations
of these two party leaders.
Wo now know who the sureties on the
bond of the state treasurer are , but the
people ouglu to be taken Into tlio troaw-
urer's conlldence long enough to learn
how much of the state funds was turned
over In cash , how much In due bills and
where the money Is deposited.
Tin * certainty that two mounted aides
to General Porter will bo appointed to
take part In the ( Inauguration cere
monies Is responsible for the present
agitation among the handsome and
soldierly men who constitute the greater
part of the population of Nebraska.
The disposition of the federal govern
ment to deal generously with the Trans-
mlssts.spp ! | Imposition grows more ap
parent every day. And that part of Gov
ernor llolcomb's message which treats
of this subject strikes the keynote of
Nebraska's probable action in the matter.
Divine guidance has been specially
Invoked for the young men In thp legis
lature who are endeavoring to frame
the statutes of the commonwealth.
Just why the old men should he shut
out Is not apparent , unless they arc
erroneously considered not to bo subJect -
Ject to the temptations which bssi't
the path of youthful statesmen In the
capital city.
Kmperor AVtlllam having achieved
fame as a poet Is now trying his hand
HH an architect. The emperor has ono
great advantage over others who strtig-
glo to make a name In art or science.
It does not matter what the real merit
of his work may be , he can aUvays
rely upon having favorable mention
wade of It by mpii who would not euro
to Incur Imperial dlapluaauro by do
strucllvp crltldaiu.
.ft AND ms DK.WOUAC\ ;
In his Chicago Jackson day speech "Wil
liam Jennings Ilrynn dellncs the creed
which he would prescribe n the test o (
true democracy. According to Sir. Urynn
"a. democrat In the broadest sense lu
the one who believes In tlio form of gov
ernment In which tlio pc'oplo rule. When
I say bollovcs In this form of government
I mean actual , sincere , heartfelt belief ,
not a formal anil enforced submission.
* * Those who endorsed the Chicago
cage platform are democrats , and those
who refused to support the platform are
not democralfl. "
Presumably Mr. Hryan Intends to con
vey tm ! Idea that those who bolted the
Chicago candidate did not support the
platform , nntl have , therefore , ceased to
bo democrats , while those who voted for
Uryan and Scwall supported the platform -
form anil are slmon-puro deinocrato com
mitted to every principle enunciated In
the Chicago platform.
William Jennings Bryan has appar
ently exnerlcnced n radical change of
heart within the brief lime of twelve
months. Less than live month * before
his nomination for the presidency he
penned an edltoilal which appeared In
the Om.Mia Worhl-IIorald of February
20 , 1SIHJ , under the- heading , "The
Philosophy of llolting , " In which he de
fends ( lie right to bolt In the following
language :
Tlio etrciifth of parly organlz-illon U fouuJ
In the fuel that men do not lllte to icpuitl-
ate a nominee or Icavo llieir party for light
nr trivial causes ; In fact , tlio to'ndoiicy to
vote u straight ticket Is so great that inea
require tlio strongest ot reaimnu to justify
desertion , and yet Hie right to bolt orabamlon
Is essential unless a man Is to become a mere
murhlno and unless the party inachlno la to
ho made omn-inottnt. Tun rteslro to draw
voters to the party maltus the party careful
to endorse thewltcst policies , and the fear
that men may bolt Is tlio moat effective pro
tection against bad nominations.
The reason why abandonment of party Is
not frequent Is found In the fact that party
principles arc generally permanent In char
acter , and therefore the members of the
party , agreeing In opinion , work together
harmoniously to carry out thojt , opinions In
legislation. The fact that a now national
platform Is adopted every four years Is evi
dence that the right of a party'to.clunjo Us
position on public questions Is unlvo-sally
recognized , and the fact that a ca-np.ilgn Is
carried on through the press and upon the
stump Is proof that the right of the voter
to change Ills party adulations Is also recog
nized. The party Is a means , not an end.
* * It may he sad to contemplate the
disturbance of harmony or the disintegration
of a party , but until human nature 13
changed and our form of government aban
doned such things ' must bo contemplated.
* * * If abandonment of party Is ever
justifiable the voter must determine for
himself when the ( Imo for abandonment ar
rives. When should ho decide ? The
proper time , 'If not the only time , is after
the party has adopted Us platform and named
its candidate. Until that tlmo ho does not
Itnow whether ho can rely upon It to secure -
cure Iho government which ho regards a
gooil nnd the legislation which lie consldora
necessary. Does participation In a primary
or a convention bind the voter to support a
policy which ho considers ruinous ? If he
tries , through his party organization , to save
hl-j country and falls , must ho then Inko a
hand In Us destruction ? If n great ques
tion arises must he assume that his party
will go wrong and therefore leave It before
It acts , or should he try to hold Ms party
to tha right course ?
In making these declarations Willian
Jennings Hryan was paving the way foi
u wholesale bolt of the free silver whif
of his party , which at that tlnu
seemed to be on the eve of defeat it :
the national convention. Hut tin
changing of the tide turned the tablet
and Itryiin found himself supported b >
a majority of the delegates. Who be
lieves that he would have supported
thy Chicago candidate or the Chicago
platform had he been turned down'
Who believes that ho would have re-
llnqulshed his claim to the name ol
democrat had the gold wing con
trolled the convention and been van
quished at the polls ?
There Is something passing strange
also in the assumption that the 0,470-
( "it ! people AVho cast their votes for
Uryan electors are all "actual , sincere
and heartfelt believers" In 1 ( ! to 1 free
coinage and all the other doctrines In
the Chicago platform. Mr. Hryan
knows as well as every Intelligent
American knows that fully one-half of
these voters gave "a formal and en
forced submission" to the decree of
the convention. It Is a matter of
history that the six New Kngland states
which gave Hryan li'tL ( ! . " ( ! votes sent
gold delegates to Chicago pledged
against free silver. The states of Now
York , New Jersey and Pennsylvania ,
which cast 1,11'J,171 votes for Hryan ,
were equally pronounced against free
silver , and so were the delegates from
the stales of Delaware , Maryland , Wis
consin and .South Dakota and a ma
jority of the delegation from Minnesota
seta , while the Michigan state conven
tion had also declared against free sll-
If the millions of democrats who
supported Hryan and the Chicago plat
form against their honest convictions
are good democrats according to the
latest test prescribed by Hryan , under
what ride of morals or ethics can Hryan
proscribe the democrats who had Iho
courage of their convictions and fol
lowed the advice which ho volunteered
before his nomination ? If Hryan's
democracy Is true Jacksonlan democ
racy , as he would have us believe ,
then the Xe\v Kngland states and thu
great central states must bo forever
abandoned by the democratic party ,
ami from a great national party It will
sink down to a mere sectional and
factional aggregation , In that condi
tion Its fate would be that which over
took the whig parly when It disinte
grated and passed out of existence.
Legislatures are In session In more
than half of tint states and these minor
congresses of the people have It In their
power to do mote for'tho general welfare
than It IK possible for the national con
gress to do. They exercise great powers ,
which wisely used can accomplish a
very great deal In promoting the progress'
and prosperity of the communities for
which they legislate. Whoever has read
the recommendations of the governors
of tlii > various states In which legisla
tures are uuacmbk'J cannot doubt that
there Is abundant opportunity for use
ful work by these bodies. There la a
universal drmnnd for reforms of ono
kind and another , rendered necessary
cither by changed conditions or because
policies and methods now In operation
have been found to bo Inimical to the
public Intcrcets. The most general de
mand Is for the better regulation of cor
porations and In some of the states very
aggressive legislation Is recommended.
It Is noteworthy , also , that there Is a
pretty general demand for stringent
nnll-lnist legislation ; which Is Blgnlllcant
of a recognition on the part of state au
thorities of the power of the states to
deal with this form of monopoly. It has
been said that there Is too much lawmaking -
making and this Is doubtless true , but
there Is still opportunity for wise and
practical legislation In every state and
In not a few of them It Is urgently
Hccanso the country has not realized
In the few weeks since the presidential
election a full restoration of the pros
perity of which It was deprived through
Iho operation of democratic policy and
the agitation for a debased currency ,
the defeated advocates of free sliver
oxullliigly proclaim that the republican
piomlso has failed. The fact that a
number of national banks have re
cently suspended , duo In nearly every
case to reckless management and the
rascality of otllclals , : uul that business
failures have been numerous , Is pointed
to as showing that no good results have
followed republican success and as evi
dence that prosperity cannot be ex
pected under the gold standard. This
was done by the free silver lender In his
address at Chicago Thursday night and
It .Is to bo expected thai what he said
will bo echoed In the free silver organs
and by his adherents throughout the
These people are not candid and whllo
they will mislead some , they cannot de
ceive any who take an Intelligent ,
practical and unprejudiced view of the
situation. These know that although
business depresssion has not been en
tirely removed the conditions are bet
ter than before the uluetlu'i. What
are the facts that justify this statement ?
The most important of them Is that
liiiancial apprehension has disappeared
and there Is conlldence In monetary
stability for at least four years to come.
There Is greater Industrial activity
and more labor employed thus In
creasing the purchasing power of
thu people. Thu balance of foreign
trade in our favor Is being steadily en
larged by the excess of exports over
Imports , so that Instead of borrowing
money abroad we have money to lend
there. Gold Is accumulating In the
national treasury , the banks at the
money centers arc amply supplied with
money , capital Is beginning to seek
out safe Investments. There Is reason
to believe that as a whole the banking
Institutions of the country are on a
sound basis and while there will con
tinue to be business failures for thesj
occur in times of prosperity as well as
in times of depression they will proba
bly become less numerous. Thu fact is ,
that when one fairly considers the se
vere strain ami stress to which the busi
ness of the country has been subjected
for the past year It Is surprising that
failures have not been more numerous
and disaster more general.
The republican party Is not yet In
power. The democratic policy which Is
responsible- depression Is still In oper
ation. The republican promise was to
restore financial conlldence ami to give
the country legislation that would pro
vide the government with stilllclcnt reve
nue and afford reasonable protection to
American industries. Confidence , so far
as concerns monetary stability , Is re
stored. There Is every assurance that
the republicans will propose legislation
that will Infuse new life Into our In
dustries and make an active market1 for
labor. A part of Its promlsn has , there
fore , been fulfilled ; the other part will be
If not prevented by the men who are
falsely declaring that there has been no
change for the belter and who don't want
prosperity because It would bo destruc
tive of their theories. When republican
policy Is fully inaugurated If It does not
produce the results promised then the
free silver advocates will bo Justified hi
Inveighing against the gold standard ,
but all fair-minded people will bo dis
posed" to wait until the party called to
liower has had an opportunity to put
Its policy Into effect before declaring the
promise of that party a failure.
It appears that Iho visit of Senator
Wolcott to Kurope , for the purpose of
ascertaining the. sentiment regarding an
Intel national conference to consider bi
metallism has not aroused much interest
there. London advices say that bankers
and practical financiers are talking about
It quietly among themselves , but It has
received no public discussion. Still It Is
expected that the senator will be cor
dially received , partlcuhuly by the bl-
metalll.sts , who constitute a very respect
able element ami whom It Is easy to
understand will be very glad to learn
Senator Wolcott's views. The London
correspondent of the New York Tribune
says that the financial situation Is favor
able In one re.spLict for promoting the
objects of the senator's mission. The
export of gold from Kngland to India has
begun and In view of the monetary
stringency In India Is likely to continue
for .some time. It Is admitted by fiimn-
clers that the reopening of the Indian
mints would be of great assistance in
the present criyls and for this reason
Senator Wolcott's visit Is thought to bo
well timed. The correspondent says It
Is possible ho may receive some conces
sions on the sliver question from finan
cial authorities of the Hrltlsh government
and otllclals of the Hank of England ,
but none of these will bo In the direc
tion of International bimetallism.
The truth Is that nobody seiloiiHly
expects any practical result fiom this
mission. The most that can be hoped
from It Is an accurate understanding of
thu otllclal and public sentiment nbroad
regarding bimetallism , from which the
next administration can determine as to
the expediency of Inviting an Interna
tional conference. Meanwhile congreus
can make provision for having the
United State's represented In such n con
ference , as coutojnplatctV In the proposi
tion to bo submitted to the senate re
publican catic'jUi'Tlio. Inquiry to bo made
by Senator WSftxilt will servo a good
purpose for the guidance of this govern
ment , but It jfittot probable that It will
have any value beyond that. There Is
no reason toTTeflevo that any of the prin
cipal Kuropoah governments arc favor
able to a fro1'coinage ! agreement Just
" ' '
ow. , ,
JIMA'3'TO 0 AlllWAD.
It Is rcmarknblo. how many people
are willing to sqrvo the country In for
eign lands. ItIs said that senators and
representatives who will servo In the
next congress arc being deluged with ap
plications for consular appointments
under the next administration , the Im
pression evidently being that there Is
no barrier to spoils-hunting In this di
rection. The fact Is , however , that there
will not be a great many consular of
ficials appointed by the next administra
tion If It adheres to the rule established
applying the merit system to positions
Jn the consular service where thu com
pensation is not over $ - ' ' , 00 or under
$1,000. Applicants for such places arc
now required to undergo an examination
and It Is presumed that the next admin
istration will maintain this rule. More
than one-half the total number of con
sular positions are subject to this rule ,
so that the chances of getting Into the
service are small. As to the better posi
tions , many of them are now filled by
experienced men , most of whom will very
likely be retained.
It Is expected that the next adminis
tration will endeavor to Improve the
character and elllcieucy of the consular
service -and in order to do that It will
probably appoint new men only In cases
where the Incumbents have pioved In
capable or unfaithful. It Is pretty safe
to say , therefore , that there Is disappoint
ment in store for a very largo majority
of the applicants for consular apppolnt-
The Kansas state bank commission ?
attributes the bank failures of th
past few years to simply an oversuppl ;
of banks , or more banks than wer
needed to do the banking business o
the country. There may be somothliij
in this , although It Is not a conipluti
explanation. There were not toi
many banks when business was every
where running at the top notch , bu
the reduction In tlio number of busl
ness houses and the decrease In theli
total buslness luis bad the effect o
contracting the banking business to :
point too low 'to ' jsupport all the banks
More tersely expressed , all our busl
ness interests ai'e so Intorflepouden
that one cannotbe | , Injuriously alTectei
without reactliig'on the others.
Governor Liso of South Dakota Include. '
In his Inaugural.message a strong en
dorsement ill' .the Transmlssl.-slpp
Exposition and an urgent recom
mendatloii of a liberal npproprhi
lion by the legislature for an adequate
exhibit from South Dakota. Governoi
Lee rightly Insists that his state has tin
resources to iiako'ouo ) of the most creditable -
able displays at the exposition and that
few states are In position to benefit from
It to a greater degree. The hearty co
operation of South Dakota has been re
lied upon from the first by the exposi
tion managers and for that reason the
good words of Governor Lee arc doubly
According to William Jennings Hrynn
a democrat Is a man who believes In the
free and unlimited coinage of silver at
the ratio of 3 ( ! to 1 and a man who does
not believe In that proposition is a re
publican. If this Is the correct version
then every populist is a democrat , every
prohibitionist who believes In free silver
coinage Is a , democrat and every repub
lican who advocates the free and un
limited coinage of silver Is a democrat.
In other words , democracy consists of
democratic democrats , populist demo
crats , prohibition democrats and repub
lican democrats.
Modern authorities may differ as to
what a democrat really Is. History ,
however , shows conclusively what An
drew Jackson was and with equal clear
ness what ho was not. There never
was any doubt about "Old Hickory's"
attitude on any subject upon which ho
expressed himself. And ho was most
emphatically not of that dishonest
breed which , fifty years after he Is too
dead to object , uses his name as a cloak
for schemes of repudiation and fraud.
Ciiiitini'N WuiiliiK rilory.
ChlciiRO Chronicle.
Only two months moro and Canton , O. ,
will sink iback Into the obscurity which has
swallowed Lincoln , Neb.
lH'lr .MriiMiirc.
I'hlladelplila I.eilecT.
Thin week a number of the state legisla
tures 'began tholr winter's work of convinc
ing the people that a serious mistake was
made In electing thorn.
Iiitiiilnnilo mill Iiiiiiiiiropriiitr.
St. Jfn it I'loncor I'resa.
The Smlthsonlaiu Institute la preparing
to present the sultan of Turkey with a Hfe-
slzo figure of a Sioux chief In full war
array. Wouldn't a Apache In the act of
slaying a victim bo more to the caliph's
taste ? (
A Iii-NHim Jn linnoHt Ilunkliiir.
Ciiea/p ( / Chronicle.
A sllverlto cxcltango says "The recent
bank failures at1 Chicago and elsewhere hive
anly Intensified the sentiment In favor of
bimetallism , " "NoAsonec ! The only popu
lar wmtlmcnt tlmt ban been. "Intensified"
Is that In favor'tof honest bankers and hon-
ret banking method.1) .
, 'for the I'Vi-lilr ,
Jlljijiinj.olla ; ) Journal.
Governor PJiwrc.q favors a law that will
lend to jail oypry person who smokes
ilgarottes , as well as these who sell thorn ,
uid declares that If such an act Is passed
luring hla term ot ofllco ho will ilgn It.
l'Ingrcc/8 head Is level , Ho may eeem to
certain persona to bo radical upon thU sub-
led , but the pcrfcon who wants to amoko
} Ugut to bo compelled to use tobacco.
NiirriiHiu ,
New York Bun.
Nowa ot sarcastic retribution cornea from
Washington , -where Secretory Morton la try-
n U to Induce the momboru of congrraa to liavo
.liclr packogc-a of government seed addrmscd
inj sent off OH rapidly as ponalblo. It ap-
icara that "someof the congressmen who
oolt the most trouble last year In sending
> ut the woods to tholr coiisHtuenta ucro ( lo
cated. " I'Yom which It ls clear that gov-
iruincut aocd baa a real value hitherto not
attributed to U , ft.Yul possesses the rlc
humor Inevitable In everything which come
from the Department of Agriculture.
Cnmlnir Convention of I.invliroaherx
New Tork WorM.
At their next meeting the manufacturer
ot ntcel billets < wlll discuss the scheme of re
organization , the salient points ot which nr
those : To close down many ot the manu
factories , throw thousands of men out o
work and brlbo the owners not to atari \t\ \
by paying them largo salaries to do nolli
Ing ; to concentrate nil the production o
atccl billets In the liands ot a tow larg
concerns , which will pay what they sec II
nnd will sco to It that no competition arises
to advance the price enormously , althougl
at present they are Belling steel billets It
foreign markets several dollars a ton cheapo
than they sell thorn to their own country
An I.H-nl Turin Hill.
I'Mliulelplila Inquirer.
Kxpcrlcnco has taught us that the grea
bulk of our revenue must come from duties
upon Imports. Shut those Imports oft en
tlrcly and wo have to turn to Internal taxa
tlon , which Is a direct tax , for our Income
The Ideal tariff bill would give every Amcrl
can Industry a fair show. The duty wouli
bo high enough BO that all employe * woulc
receive American watjes , nnd at the same
tlmo give the capitalist a profit. Such a bll
would open nil the doors of our manu
factories , and at the same time would pro
vide all the revenue necessary for the ex
penses of the government. This Is the kliu
of a bill that Major McKlnlcy Is bcltovci
to advocate- , and which la expected from
the now congress.
I'nt.-nl ( KIU-- U.-fonn.
ClilcnRQ Tlmep-IIcinlil.
If one.half the news that comes from \Vasli.
Ington coi'Ccrnlng the Inside workings o
the patent oftlco Is true the eooner that In
stitution Is made the subject of a drastic
search by a congressional cumnlttcc tin-
better. It Is charged by moro than ono cor
respondent that individuals and corporatlona
Intcrcated In money-making patents are In
stantly advlLcd of the mini ; of applications
or of cnveuts affecting them , and by this
means they are enabled to take advantage
of new InvuitorH ami their Inventions atu
sometimes even to forestall them. It has
long been suspected that there was under
hand work perpetrated Inside tlio patent
ofllco In rorncctlon with the Issuance of the
II 1st telephone patent , though It was so hid
den that the ft and could not bo cxpoacd.
That hundreds of Inventors havn been de
frauded and robbed through Information
given from the Inside Is alleged so frequently
that something ohould bo done cither to
end , the scandal or to provo there la no
Aixsuir TO ins M
TlioNsuiiiiitlon tint ! AiulriMV JiiekNon
\ViiN a Sllvi'i-Ilc.
Washington Star.
It Is dlfllcult to follow those who claim
that If General Jackson were alive today he
would bo a free silver man. There la .no
authority for the claim In any of his state
papers , or In any of his ofllclal acts as
president. It Is probably based on a glit
tering generality. General Jackson tackled
and overthrew the United States bank of
his day , and out of that performance has
grown some undhcrlmlnatlug praise about
lib standing for the people as against what
Is called the domineering power of money.
Hut not a olnglo financial feature of that
light can with safety or In fairness be ap
plied to this silver question. General Jack
son , If alive and In ofllcc today , would be
obliged to meet that question , and would
meet It , with only a general reference to
the other.
How ho would meet It Is , of course , a
question. lie had a very direct way of
looking at matters. Ho settled a number
of Important questions In a very straight
forward and satisfactory manner. Ho never
yielded to clamor. He never led or coun
seled a criMade against the rich. He was a
plain man and stood for the people , and he
was a national man In all'bis deliverances.
Ho frowned upon sectionalism In all forms ,
and ho would have gone to war to preserve
the union as readily as any man who ever
at In the white house.
If he were alive today , therefore , two or
three things about this silver question would
be- likely to engage hU earnest attention.
In his direct way ho would probably want
to know about converting C3 cents' \yorth of
allvcr bullion Into n legal tender dollar.
Ho would be very curious * about the arraying
of ono portion of the people against an
other , and the sectional cry would arouse
him at once. And no , as he favored sound
money whllo be lived , and was a national
man In all his Instincts and dcllvcrancco , I
Is not difficult to think of him as bclongtnr
In his Influence to the Round money sldo ol
the present financial question.
In a letter dated December 26. 1SCC , ad
drcwed to Itov. A. S. K. McUallum , Andrew
Jackson expressed the sontlmcnts of a con
firmed golduug. as fallows :
"Tho useful and ornamental purrcsfs to
which gold can be nppllcd nro the properil'-e
that glvo It real value and render the
demand for It universal. This , with other
peculiar qualities , has madu It In all aijcs
throughout the world , the standard of vuluo
There la no fraud In gold ; like the hones
principles ot the founders of our government
who declare by constitutional provision the
precious metals to bo the only money of the
republic. It Is unchangeable , and will do Its
olllco well everywhere and at all times ; no
alchemy can multiply It no chartered prlvl-
legcu can glvo cuddon and unseen cxpanclim
or contraction to Its amount. Nature ! ms
set limits and labor Imparts an Invariable
value to It. It la , therefore , the true repre
sentative of the principles of justice am !
equality which should enter Into every
thing that operates on our Institution * , am :
should bo over Insisted on by the Industrious
classes as the actual circulating medium to
bring continually to the teat ovary species
of credit currency , and to suppress the
spurious paper system , resting on no solid
basis , and giving birth to frauds and jtock
gambling ; which tends so much to estrange
our rivordo from honest and useful nurctilts
and our legislation from that primitive
patriotism which was once entirely directed
to foster them. "
Incident In ( 'npl. .luck Crnwforil'H Cn-
rccr UN Corri'HiouiIi > nl ol'TIic JIcc.
New York Herald.
Few persons comprehend the dangers
that were attached to the work of western
newspaper correspondents back In the days
when Indian fighting was tlio principal oc
cupation of soldiers on the borderland ,
General Nelson A. Miles , U. S. A. , famed
the country over for his success In doing
battle with the redskins , was In Chicago
several days this week , and ono of the first
men ho met was Edward Hoaowater , editor
of The Omaha lice. The meeting was sig
nificant , for It recalled an Incident of the
early ' 70s and how the Nebraska newspaper
secured a meritorious scoop.
Intimately connected with the Indian
uprisings wcro Frank GrouanI and Captain
"Jack" Crawford , the latter being better
known as tlio 'Toot Scout. " Both did good
cervlco as scouts with the Seventh cavalry ,
General Custer commanding.
Captain Crawford , mya the Chicago Jour
nal , which tells the story , acted at this tlmo
also as a correspondent for The Dec , then a
nniall dally , struggling for existence. Dur
ing CtiBter's last stand Crawford was with
Colonel Uentccn , who commanded a part of
Ouster's comma ml at Slim Duties , and
GrouanI was with Colonel Hone , who com
manded another detachment of Custer'a
forces. After the Custcr massacre Ileno de
spatched Grouard to Deadwood , S. D , , the
ncarcHt tolrgraph station , to notify the War
department of the terrlblu affair. At about
the same tlmo Captain Crawford concluded
to rldo Into Deatlwood and dispatch to The
Ik-o the particulars of the light and seooji
the cntlro country. The majority of the
great papers had correspondents with the
troops , but noiio of them dared to rldo
through a country filled with hostlte In
diana nor could they get any ono to do It
( or them , Kveu Imd they hnd the courfigo
to do this they could not have withstood
the hardships of a three hundrcil-mllo rlJfl
over a rough country.
lloth Crawford and Grouard met at the
atago station at Hook Springs , Wyo. , and
each divined the other's Intention of getting
oft the news of the massacre first , lloth
wcro superbly mounted on thoroughbred
cavalry horses , and both were equally
matched aa to physical strength ana en-
dura nee.
H was tacitly agreed to ride together for
mutual protection. Hour after hour they
rode , sometimes exchanging shots with
ntraggllng Indians , and again resting their
tired horses. On the morning of the last day
of their ride both stopped for a short nap
and to res ? their Ivorpoa. Kach kept an cyo
on the other , however , to prevent him from
atealhiK a march.Vhcn they got ready to
go CJrounrd broke bis cinch whllo saddling
his horse , nnd before he could repair It
Crawford wan rounding out of sight In a
deep gulch. They hail entered the foothills
of the lilack Hills , GrouanI galloped after
him. As the cabins of the llttlo town of
Spcarflsh loomed Into view Crawford wa.i
half a mile ahead. AM ho entered the town
his Jaded horpe was ready to fall. Seeing a
cowboy's broncho hltchrd In front of a
house , ho leaped from hla horse and upon
the cowboy's , and was oft Just as Grouard
rode Into the town. The fifteen miles be
tween Spcarftsh and Deadwood wcro soon
When Grouard rode up to the telegraph
oftlco In Dcadwood Crawford had sent half
of a 2,000-word dispatch , and the people In
Omaha wcro reading the details of the
slaughter. The Omaha Hco thus secured
the biggest "scoop" any paper In the roun-
try bad ever had up to that time. In this
ride the two scouts covered 300 miles In
thlrty-Alx hours , with but three changes of
Dining the last Indian campaign at IMno
lUilgo , In 1SDO-91 , Grouard was General Miles'
chief cf scouts and dlil goad service. Ho also
nctcd In the same capacity during the trou
ble between the- cattlemen nnd rustlers In
Johns > on county nnd Wyoming. Ho was
then with Major Whlteslde's command at
Fort McKlnney. Grouard li of Indian blood
and hli family lives at IMno llldgc agency.
At present ho Is In St. Joseph , Mo.
Captain Jack Crawford Is n resident of
New Mexico at present. He IB In the employ
of the United States government In the
Department of Justice. Ho Is well known
'rom his lectures and poetical contributions.
: Ic la a. picturesque character , and still af
fects the long hair and habiliments ot tilt
western plainsman.
George Parsons Lathiop has Joined An-
gustln Daly's business staff as press agent.
Of the thirty-eight sultans who have ruled
.he Ottoman empire since the conquest ot
} onstantlnoplo by the Turks thirty-four
mvo died violent deaths.
I'rursla'a high executioner , Hcrr Ilolndcl ,
being about to retire , hundreds of appllca-
lens for his .position have appeared , lie
gets $37 for ea'cli execution and his traveling
McKlnley will bo the tlvlrd Methodist prca-
dent of the United States. Of the others
Ight have been Episcopalians , six 1'resby-
crlans , two Unitarians , ono Christian ami
ono Freethinker.
General S. H. Hucknur ami Mrs. Hucknrr
vero lionized so much while they were In
Joston that they have rejected as fables
ho stories about the coldness of New Ung-
and people. They say they might have sup-
loscd themselves to be In ths south except
or the east wind.
Lane county , Kansas , which has declared It
self bankrupt , Is named after Senator "Jim"
> ane , the "red-leg , " as his enemies called
ilm. It was Senator Lane who elicited from
'resident Lincoln the declaration that "In
line of civil war every foul bird files abroad
nd every dirty reptile raises It. ? head. "
Said George Du Maurlcr once In n private
hat : "I think that the best years In a
nan's llfn are after he 'Isto. ' . A man at10
: es ceased ( o hunt tlio moon. I would add
lat. In order to enjoy llfo after 40 , U Is
erahps necessary to have achieved , before
caching that ago. at least some success. "
Ono of the valuable relics Intrusted to
the care of the grand master of Massachu
setts Masons la the "Washington urn" a
small golden urn containing a lock of Gen
eral Washington's hair. Mrs. Washington
presented the lock to thu grand lodge In
1SOO , and Grand Master Paul Hevero made
the urn.
Investigation shows the following stalls-
tics regarding the- United States Donate :
Lawyers , slxty-flU ; business men of various
'clnds. Including miners , ship owners , stock
raisers , etc. , thirteen ; preachers ( studied
aw ) , ono ; farmers ( ono having studied law ) ,
three ; Journalists , two ; surgeon , ono ; olllce-
holdcrs , three.
Max Muller , distinguished philologist ,
says In the current number of Cosmopolls
that ho remembers the poet , Uhlaud , at
Lclpslc , o.i a little , old , wrinkled man , who
waa very shy and retiring. Once some
Btudcnto marched to the poc-t's house , sang
some of Ins eongs , and cheered him , and
Uhland caiac to the window , but ho was too
timid to say a word.
Baroness nurdctt-Coutts Is &ald to bo a
great admirer of the pluck of .Cecil Ilhodfia
In his efforts to develop Rhodesia. For
every selected young man who promises to
scttlo In that possession , nnd who chooses
a wife from among the young womrn in
her charitable Institutions , shei will present
them with 100. Mr. Hhodes will under
take to find employment for the husband.
The late Judge Thurman was Invited itt
one tlmo to a mooting of certain weak-
liiiceil democrats who seriously contem
plated tlie breaking up of the democratic
party. An soon as the old Unman compre
hended the object of the inre-tlng ho
promptly nroso to his feet and said : "Grn-
llemen , this room la too d d small In which
to break up the party , " and Immediately
loft tlio meeting. That was the last over of the movement.
It Is recalled that It Is not so many years
slnco It wns deemed effeminate for a man
to play a piano and unladylike for a
woman to practice the vlolln. 0n ono oc
casion at a party given by Sir John Mll-
lals Lady Hallo rose to play the violin ,
when to her Intense amusement Klie heard
Landsccr exclaim : "Good gracious ! A
woman playing the flddlo ! " On the other
hand , an old-fashioned nobleman when he
say a gentleman &lt down to the piano
contemptuously remarked , "I wonder If the
creature can sew ! "
Davenport Democrat : Good times or had ,
the people of Iowa Invest every year moro
than ? 5 000,000 In the support of the public
schools. They find It pays rcgardlraa of
what corn nollH for.
Dra MolncH Leader : AH proof of the
length of the Judicial career of Judge Hotb-
rock It Is enough to H.iy that the Jones
county calf ccno came up In Its original
form before him when district Judge.
Sioux City Journal : Do not forget the
Iowa gold mlneu. Thrrc are thousands of
them and they are In every part of the
stale. The output of rich yellow butter
and cheese la on the Incrcaxo from year
: o year , and that U ono of the best rraitoiiH
why Iowa Is ono of the most prosperous
states of the union ,
Sioux City Times : A few days ago there
died in Franklin county , Iowa , one who waa
a typical rural pioneer of the Hawkcyo'stato.
Colonel John I. 1'opejoy nettled In Franklin
county In 1S55 , his family going by team
to Cincinnati , thcnco by raft down the
Ohio and by boat up the Mississippi and
acraw the country to the them wild
iralrlcs of Franklin county. Colonel 1'opo-
oy Rtuck to the farm and nt ono tlmo owned
about 2 GOO acres of land and fed and Hhlppc-1
annuilly from 3,000 to 5,000 head of cattle.
Highest of all In Leavening Strength.Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
The election held In Franco List Sun
day for one-third of the members of the
Senate resulted In the cbolco of more than
twlco aa many republicans aa tlio entire
number of radicals , socialists , and monarch
ists combined. It wn.t a very notable anil
uvvcoplng victory for the supporters of the \
existing Inaillutlons of Franco , ami the foi- /
lowers of the men who dcslro to perpetuate
and strengthen the present government.
I'arli may elect sooMlUts , nnd , In ftnno of
the ronioto and cxtrnmcly old-fashlonod ru
ral districts the Hourbona and thellona -
partlsts may show a llttlo power , but the
Brent majority of thp people of Franco
seem to bo more nmt moro attached to the
modw.ito form of republicanism which baa
given tie French nation a longer period ot
freedom from great wars and Internal revo
lutions than It 1ms before enjoyed In many
generation ! ? . The- country baa been proa- _ _ J
perons under the Institutions created twenty- \ .
six Kara ago , and the French voters re-
alUo that they have reason to bo thankful
for many things which might have been far
otherwise If cither n radical and socialistic
icpubllc or n reactionary monarchy hnd con
trolled the nation's destinies. That Is why
the surface restlessness In the great cities
docs not shake the foundations of the re
public In go-ioral election * . As long as
French thrift finds no serious fault with
the form of government which hao been
tried for more than a quarter of a century ,
tliero will be llttlo danger that French omc-
tlonnllKm can disturb the peace or endanger
the Institutions of the French republic.
As the tlmo for the opening of the Trnns-
slberlan railway approaches , enterprising
Russians are Interesting themselves more and
more In the commercial possibilities vlilch
will bo placed within their reach by the
opening of the now territory. Hspcclally
have the mining engineers been stirred
to activity , and at least one expedition ha
penetrated 'Into the great northeast. A
dispatch from Vladlvostock states that an
expedition under the leadership of Messrs.
Ilognadovltch and LemyaUIn has made Its
way from Nlkolacvsk to the Oudskoy Kill' .
The party had to contend against severe cold
nnd In places encountered mow seven feet
deep. Of the ninety reindeer -which they
had when they set out thirty died
on the way. The prospectors , however ,
feel thoroughly satisfied with the results of
their journey and report that between
Tchoumoukln nnd Ayan exceptionally rich
deposits of gold were found. Along the
river Aoka.shra and Us branches no less
than fourteen stretches of Kind were dis
covered abounding In the precious metal.
With llttlo digging gold was found In the
volcnn'c rock. Near Tchoumoukln rich de
posits of anthracite coal wcro found. The
country Is snld to bo fertile , the forests nro
Intact , fish exist In abundance , and In the
neighborhood of Aldan and YnkouUk tliero
arc cattle and hortvs. The gold sands are
thirty vcrsts from the mountain range , and
100 from the settlements where the natives
engage In agriculture nnd the raising ot
cattle. The party will spend the winter In
Ayan , nnd next Junn will complete Us mis
sion by exploring Kamsclmtka. i
The Fpcelplly close relations ot Hussln nnd
Franco are Indicated by the telegraphic
mriM.jge sent by the czar to President Fa lira
offering general congratulations and wishes
"for the prosperity of France. " The czar ,
referring to bis i-ecollcctlons of his "charm-
Ing sojourn" recently In France , pronounrca
tht'tu "Ineffaceable. " This Is In a tone dif
ferent from that of the czar'o father , a few
yeaia ago , when the prince ot Montenegro
was declared by the llusslan autocrat to be
"Hussln's only friend In Kurope. " My workIng -
Ing together Franco and Hussln will have
their will about many questions awaiting
settlement In ICuiopo and Asia , not to cmy
lUrlca. A Russian warship wca recently
aald to be surveying a strlfi of coast on the
IJed sen , near Obok. with a view to Us occu
pation. For some tlmo the czar him been
cultivating friendly relations with the Ne
gus of Abyssinia. A bold on that part of
Africa would enable Russia to assist Franco
materially In bor policy of making Kng-
land's retention of Kgjpt diflleuR. But pa
tience Is a prominent tnilt of Kngllsh pol
icy , i
Franco has been quick to take advantage
of her protectorate over Tunis. A few
months ago she negotiated n treaty with
Italy , \\hcvie citizens formed by far the
larger population In Tunis , Regarding In
ternal affairs there was nothing seemingly
aggreeslvo In the measure to Italy , for many
questions of icform and municipal govern
ment were left In the hands ot thu major
ity of the residents , who were , of course ,
Italians. Italy felt secure , and all the pa-
peis of Rome , with the exception of the Trl-
huna. praised the foresight nf the Dl Itudlnl
government In securing such ndvantageouc
concefiflons , uhen. according to the predic
tions made by cx-1'remler Crbpl , Italy would
Without mi Overcoat or Ulster nicnns
no end of discomfort. Our Overcoats
and Ulstors-at whatever prlcoynii pay
are as fine and soft and warm as a quilt
of oldordown , and every Kurniont Is "war
Just at proscenl we are making
unusual low prices on u lai'KO niajorlty
of our stock. Many Hues of Knits and
Overcoats are all sold except "oneor
two" of a kind some iai'KO mid KODIO
small sixes. We are anxious to cloHo
tlii'.su out and so clean up foi' spilnx pur
chases , and luivi ! placed prlers on thiMii
that will surely do It provided your K/.O !
Is there. 1'aku special notice of our
DoiiKlus street windows If you are Ink'r-
eHled. We will have some of thcso
Knits on exhibition there. All our owu
high frado production.