Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 08, 1897, Page 4, Image 4

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    .TUB OISIAKA DAILY 1J3J1I3 : FRIDAY , JAISTJAHY 8 , 1807.
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE ,
H. noanWATKIt , Kdltcr.
HVUHY MOKNIXCI.
TKRMH or swsciurriox.
Dally Ilea ( Without Humlny ) , Cue Year 10 00
Dully Dee nml Htimlny , One Ye.ir S M
Mix Month * 400
Three Month * ! CO
HumlBV lite , One Venr , . . . . . , , . . . 2 00
Hntunlay lice , One Venr 1M
Weekly IJee , One Venr . < S3
OWICKHt
Omnliti : The Dee IliUMIng.
Smith Omnhu : Hlnitfr Illlt. . Cor. N anJ J4th 8M.
Coiiiu'll llluffx : 10 1'entl jlleet ,
Chicago Olllce ! 317 Chnmbcr of Commerce.
Now York : Itooiru 13. 14 nnd 15 , Tilliune Uldff.
Wellington : Ml 14lh itrtct ,
connnsi'ONDiiNcn.
All cninmunlcallnna relntlnjr to news nml edl-
toilnl matter rheuM lie nddroefoil : To tlie Kdltur.
IIVfltNKSS I.IJTTIIHS.
All liufttne * * Icltcru nml icinltlcinccn nliotlM bi
* Mirtrc < \ in Th * lies I'ulillHhlnK Conipnny ,
Onmlin. Drnfts , checUs aivl postollke ordfr * to
! > mnde pnyiililc to tlm enter of the ooinpnny.
Tin : IIEB I'tnii.isniNO COMTANY.
STATHMKN'T Of C1HCULATION.
Blntf of Ncljfnfku , I
Dcnnlas County. I
UeorKO II. Tuchuctc , Kccrctnry of Ths Hco I'tiu-
ilxlilnn compnny , liclns Ouly nworn , ay tlmt tlio
nctunl numtur of full nnd complcto copies of Tlie
Unlly Mornlnir , Kvenlng ami Humlny ll < < prlnteil
during the montli of Mccembcr , U06 , wns an fol
low * :
1 19OS9 17 13.757
2 20,180 18 10.S13
3 20,113 13 13.M2
4 20.116 20 20.33i
C :0.14C Dl 19.S1I
6 10.605 22 19.M3
7 ID.Mfl
E 10,997 54 20.CM
0 10.1C S3 19.102
10 20,031 2 < ! 19'JSO
11 20,011 27 20,100
12 IP.fiTO S3 20,01'i
13 20.C70 29 20,003
H 19.S93 M 20.051
15 19. ! 5 31 n.KZ
16 20,830
Totnl C21.50-5
trftvi deductions for unsold nnd returned
copies 9,513
Totnl net tales 012,583
Net ilnlty nvernso 19.705
OKOItOK II. TZRCIIUCK.
Sulipciltol In my presence nml sworn to be
fore mo tills Id day of .Tnmiary. 1S97.
N. P. FEU , .
Soul. Notary Public.
.And tlioy never will 1m inlsswl !
All eyes arc focused on the state
treasury.
Who will bo the watchdog of the city
treasury for the year 1807 ?
Governor Holeoiub has the record for
length Of jim biennial message.
The cloak room would doubtless run
nway If It did not havu u custodian to
guard over It.
Tim legislature should not feel the
stress of hard times HO long as there are
Ilk-lies In the house and Hansoms In the
Benate.
No more epistolary exchanges 'of com
pliments between the governor and the
other members of the state appointing
board.
The ratio of bills introduced Into the
Nebraska legislature to those that sur
vive and become laws will not bo kept
anywhere near the bounds of 10 to 1.
The Hee claims the unique distinction
of having refrained from ceisurtng ) the
government for furnishing llnnnclal aid
to Cuba In sending Senator-elect Money
to Havana.
Bryan Is hailed by his Lincoln ad
mirers as "America's most brilliant citi
zen. " What Is the matter with Chaun-
cey M. Depew , Hobert KItzslniinons and
llov. T. De\Vltt Talmago ?
Citizens who escaped being swindled
by the smooth British sharper who has
just been laid by the heels in Omaha are
wondering whether an American rascal
.would have come so near taking them In.
The new council has an excellent
chance to start out squarely and
effectively hi dispensing with taxeaters
nnd repealing ordinance : ) tlmt Increase
salaries in dellancu of charter provi
sions.
Weyler has caused his typewriter to
assort that the general Is ready to retire
whenever the government want's him to.
Governments have n persuasive way
with them in such cases which their
servants llnd It hard to resist.
Mr. Bryan lectured three-quarters of
an hour at Lincoln Wednesday without
charging a cent for his talk and dropped
$100 Into the hat besides. Bryan should
bo credited therefore with a contribu
tion of ? : t,100 to the sliver cause.
The first thing the legislature should
< lo Is to try to ascertain what transfers
have been made from one fund to an
other In the state treasury during the
past few months and to what funds
the money on hand legally belongs.
Senator I'effor's bill "to improve the
banking bu.siness" ought to have the
unanimous endorsement of all the bank
ers In the country. The latter have been
engaged for some time past in an earnest
effort "to Improve the banking business. "
Tlio first effort to retrench on legisla
tive expenses by lopping off unnecessary
legislative employes failed signally. The
effort will doubtless lie repeated from
time to time during the session , but the
public will lie pleasantly disappointed If
it meets with butter success later.
Kansas Is stirred to the core over a
daring attempt to abolish , on sanitary
grounds , the beautiful and lime-honored
custom of kissing the' blblo at the in
stallation of state olllcers. If this keeps
up we shall expect to hear of hull-
vidual communion cups in the sister
state.
Any company or syndicate that buys
the government's claim upon the bond-
aided raelllc railroads will be merely
buying the privilege to get the money
all bacR wjtlrn big prollt out of the
people of the western states who are
dependent upon thosi * roads for travel
and transportation.
When lie was a candidate for the
council A. J. I.unt promised to' resign
from tlio school board. But up to date
bis icslgnatlon has not been tendered. If
It Is proper for a councilman to be a
member of the- school board why not
iinvo the council manage the schools or
the school board manage the affairs of
the city ? One olllce for oue man at onetime
' "
time ,
Tin :
The biennial message transmitted by
Governor Holcomb to the newly con
vened legislature Is the most compre
hensive document of Its kind that ha *
over been promulgated by an executive
of Nebraska. It takes up in flystematle
order nearly every subject of state Im
portance and discusses them In a dis-
passlonato manner from the broad
standpoint of public policy. While wo
may not agree In all things with the
conclusions and recommendations of the
governor , he Is certainly entitled to the
credit of stating his views frankly and
forcibly nnd giving reasons for his opin
ions generally based upon experience
and common sense. If the legislature
does nothing else In addition to passing
the appropriation bills besides giving
full consideration to all the matters
brought to Its attention by the governor ,
It will have Its time more than occupied
for the whole period of the session.
Tlio Bee has discussed editorially
most of the questions dealt with by
Governor Holcomb , In many Instances
taking the same position upon them that
lie occupies , and it will discuss them
further as the legislative session pro
ceeds and the legislature prepares to
grapple with them.
Tin : XK\r \ STATK < iun-nx.MixT.
For the llrst time In the history of
Nebraska Its state government has
passed entirely out of the control of the
republican party. Within the thirty
years since Its admission Into the union
Nebraska has had but live state ollleers
who were not elected on the republican
ticket , and of these two occupied non-po-
Iltlral positions as regents of the State
university. The new state government
llnds Itself In absolute control of the
legislative branch and Is therefore In
position to Inaugurate whatever policies
it may deem proper.
With full executive and legislative
power conies a grave responsibility.
The dominant party or parties will be
held accountable by the people for the
use or misuse of the power that has
been conferred upon thorn. It. will
devolve upon the men at the helm of
the state government to redeem the
pledges made by them and for them In
the late campaign and by their acts to
disabuse the public mind of the preju
dice that exists against populism In
general and populists In particular.
As an advocate of republican princi
ples "It does not behoove The Bee to
mark out a policy for the party in
power , but- its interest in the public
welfare will justify It In pointing out
the rocks anil reefs that may endanger
the ship of state and In making sug
gestions designed to promote the prog--
rcss and prosperity of the people. The
oiiicers of the now state government
may rest assured that no frivolous
faulMlnding or fractious opposition will
be met from this quarter , and In this
The Bee believes It will be acting In
accord with the best element of the re
publican party. At the same time It
must be understood that It will not
fall to criticise and denounce abuses , no
matter by whom committed. That has
been The Bee's practice when the repub
lican party was In control and will be Its
course In the future , as In the past.
Tin : AXTi-ruuuxa GLAVSR.
It appears that the tallroads are pre
paring to make another effort to secure
the repeal of the anti-pooling clause of
the Interstate commerce act. The bill
for repeal Introduced at the last ses
sion is still in the hands of the senate
committee and the representatives of the
railroads are in Washington with a view
to urging that it be reported and of over.-
comlng , if possible , the opposition to It.
The Indications are that they will not be
successful. It Is regarded as very doubt
ful whether a measure of this kind can
be put through the senate during the
short session and there is certainly no
hope for It If the opposition is perslstant.
A few senators by employing all the
means of obstruction at their command
may easily prevent action on the -bill.
Consequently there Is very small chance
that the efforts of the railroads in behalf
of this legislation will accomplish any
thing.
There are cogent arguments in favor of
the repeal of the anti-pooling clause and
permitting the railroads to pool under
the regulation and supervision of the
Interstate commerce commission , but
there is a very strong public feeling
against abandoning what has been re
garded as a vital principle of the law ,
and the fact that the railroads are no
urgent for repeal tends to strengthen
this feeling.
J.ICKSOX DAY.
The memory of Andrew .Tackson ,
soldier and statesman , will bo widely
celebrated today , the eighty-second an-
nlveisary of his victory over tlio British
at New Orleans , which was the crowning
event of Jackson's military career ,
though lie subsequently carried on a suc
cessful warfare against the Indians.
The name of Andrew Jackson will al
ways occupy a distinguished place in the
list of eminent Americans. His was a
remarkable career and like many of our
great men , who have contributed most
largely to the making of American his
tory , he was of humble origin. Ilia
parents were Scotch-Irish , who came to
this t.ountry two years before Andrew
was born. They were poor , his father
being a farm laborer. Hence the BOD
received little education as a boy and Is
wild not to have been especially fond of
books. Ho enlisted In the revolutlonaiy
forces when only thirteen years old and
experienced the hardships and priva
tions of the camp and the prison. At
eighteen lie commenced the study of law
and after his admission to the bar his
rise was steady and rapid. He was the
llrst repivsi'iitatlve In congress from Ten
nessee and was also sent to the senate
from that state. But at that period Jackson -
son did not take a very great Interest In
politics , manifesting a preference for n
business career. He was destined , how
ever , for other work than that of com
merce , though It Is noc to be doubted
that he would have been successful in
that line.
Conceding to Andrew Jackson a high
order of military ability , it 13 not his
fume as u soldier that chiully
hlfl memory nnd gives his name high
place among the most distinguished
Americans. Ills dyll cnrcor will com
mand principal attention today and It is
as a statesman and a patriot that hU
name will bo lauded and cheered at
many banquet tables.
In honoring the memory of Andrew
.Tackson all Americans can unite. That
Ho was a man of the high
est patriotism will not bo ques
tioned. That ho had qualities
of state.smanshlp Is undoubted. He
was a friend of the jwople and the
Implacable foe to whatever he regarded
as Inimical to their Interests. Person
ally Intrepid , he was fearless In public
life In de-fending whatever principles
and policies ho believed to be right and
best for the country. But ho was not
faultless. It was Andrew Jackson
who Inaugurated the spoils system In
his llrst term as president , by a general
removal of political opponents from
olllce , a course that was Justllled by
another distinguished democrat , Wil
liam L. Marey , In the declaration that
"to the victors belong iho spoils. " In
this Jackson disregarded the example
of Ills great predecessors and showed
that strong spirit of partisanship which
was a marked characteristic throughout -
out his career. The great events of
his two terms as president were' his
vigorous action against the nulllllers
of South Carolina , under the leadership
of John C. Oalhoun , whom he threat
ened to hang , and his war on the United
States bank. In both cases ho tri
umphed , in one suppressing Incipient
rebellion and in the other crushing a
llnancial monopoly which he believed to
bo a menace to the people and the gov
ernment.
Tlio name of Andrew Jackson has
been used in behalf of the free silver
cause. No greater injustice could bo
done to his memory. He was a staunch
advocate of an honest dollar , declaring
that the welfare of producers and labor
ers depended upon their being able to
exchange their products and their Inlwr
for sound money. i\\v have spoken
more strongly in this respivt than
Jackson. He was also a llrm believer
In the execution of the laws and It Is a
grave Injustice to his character and
memory to assume that he could have
had any sympathy with the declara
tions of the Chicago platform nnd thn
attitude of the present-day leaders of
democracy. There is nothing In his
record to justify the bi-llef that were
he living lie would approve of array
ing tlio masses against the classes mid
section against section. There Is little
In the democracy of today that Is in
accord with the democracy of Andrew
Jackson.
TllK A'KII' J'DLICK COMMISSION nil ! , .
That the legislature will repeal the
law that created the present Omaha
police commission Is a foregone conclu
sion. Tills law was Inspired by personal
vlndictlveness and political shortsight
edness. It was begotten In star cham
ber councils and forced through the leg
islature under false pretenses by men
'
who wete 'masquerading as reformers
while acting as stool-pigeons for gam
blers and professional crooks. It was
made a republican caucus measure nml
members were clubbed Into voting the
bill over the governor's veto against
their own conscientious convictions.
Fundamentally wrong , the law lias
utterly failed of Its purposes either as
a reform measure or as a political brace.
Tlio police department of Omaha was
never more thoroughly demoralized and
never so ineliielent as It is today and at
no time has there been greater need for
real police reform.
It Is presumable that the legislature
will reinstate the' governor In the pre
rogative of which he was deprived two
years ago and place upon him the sole
responsibility for the selection of the
police commissioners In cities of the
metropolitan class , it Is also expected
that the legislature will restore the
mayor to a place on the commission.
The chief executive of the- city should
have a voice in the management of the
police force time must be under his Im
mediate direction In emergencies.
It Is , however , not essential that the
mayor be a member of the license board.
On the contrary there are many good
reasons why the mayor should have
no part olllclally In the granting or for
feiture of liquor licenses. As member
of the license board the mayor would
be constantly tempted to use his posi
tion for the promotion of political ends
or the gratification of personal revenges.
What Is most desired Is to divorce the
police and lire departments from poli
tics and enforce , as far as possible , the
merit system , which insures promotion
to the most efliclent regardless of po
litical pull or personal influence.
A new law framed on these lines , a"d-
mlnlstered by a board of commissioners
selected with a view to fitness and in
tegrity , will be welcomed by the citizens
of Omaha without respect to party.
According to the United States
supreme court a man who dis
tributes lists of lucky numbsr.3
In a lottery drawing Is not
guilty of violating the anil-lottery laws ,
bfcause his action Is subsequent instead
of precedent to the lottery. Wonder If
the court wants the man to distribute
the lists of lucky niimbera before the
drawing takes place. There have been
lotteries conducted In these parts under
HID old Pateo regime In which the
formality of a drnving ; was not nectM-
tmry to tell who held the winning
tickets.
The new chicory mill will be a welco-ne
addition to Omaha's manufacturing In
dustries. The raw material can ! > L
profitably raised close at hand , a largj
and steadily Increasing demand exists
for the finished product , which Is now
supplied almost , entirely from Kuropo ,
nnd Omaha should gain both fame and
llnancial reward from the new venture.
Nearly every legislature that meets
this year will have Its attention spe
cially calle'd to defects In revenue laws
that make tit a to taxation oppressive ami
win bo expected to grapple with the
problem of equalizing tax burdens. The
trouble Is that economic and Industrial
conditions have changed , whllo our
' -jvenuo laws and Lax methods have
remained sbritunnry. These laws must
bo module ! " nild aditptod to changed
conditions l 'tij o the revenue systems
can be rostmredi to an equitable basis.
Eastern nnriails | | , It Is said , are about
'
to attempt tiJ 'if-n the grain tralllc back
to Now York'.from ' southern ports by
providing bi$6jj terminal facilities with
reduced chavgo.1 } . None of the western
railroads , however , are doing anything to
promote tlio' ijoVompnt of grain , either
by lower rates or Increased storage
facilities. 'Jlueastern ) > roads have to
moot southern -coinpMltion , whllo the
western roads are In position to do about
ns they please.
The Boo prints In full the message of
Governor Holcomb to Ihe legislature.
The message Is a complete review of
the state's affairs during the past two
years , and despite Its length should
provo Interesting reading for every tax
payer and citizen of Nebraska. We be
lieve our subscribers will approve our
judgment In devoting so much space to
this Important document.
It : transpires that the clerk who was
dismissed from ( lie Depnrtment of
State a year ago for a shortage in his
accounts managed to get away with
? i0,0X ; ! ( ) of public money before he made
his exit. And the Department of State
Is not generally supposed to be a de
partment thiu handles public money to
any amount worth mentioning.
The eight national banks of Omnha ,
taken together , have a fraction over -II
per cent of the amount of their deposits
on hand In cash. As they are only re
quired by law to be provided with J5 pel-
cent of their deposits on call , It will bo
scon that their condition Is such as to
dispel all doubts of their stability.
Coal dealers who allege tlmt the pay
ment of the i ? 10 license would use up the
entire profits of their year's business
ought to engage In some more lucrative
line of trade. Even plumbers make more
than that In a good year.
'HtifT to Do II.
Globe-Democrat.
T'IO United Htntcs'contributes 20 per cent
of the fresh nold from the mines tlir.t Is
pourlnc into tlie commercial arteries of the
world. Under tlie circumstances this nation
can maintain the ROld standard as well as
any country on earth.
rincliliiur llu > Stool Trim * .
Kansas City Star.
It THIS tlio ctislVm of the government previ
ous to the war. to maintain bhlpbuildlng
plants , end therc'aro no obvious reasons wliy a
raturn to the practice would bo Inimical
to public Interests. Anyway , the extor
tions of the Steel ( rust must bo stopped.
Sliorlosf Strike 1111 lli'oiu-il.
' Ccilar'ltplilds Ilcpubllcan.
K.tprena drivers In Omaha went out on a
strike , not btcansc ot any dispute about
hours or wagsv but because the manager
posted a notice forbidding the driver to
"rush tlio can" about the .barns. This Is
probably one of' the merit fcollsh strikes
on record. TnB itspatcii ) announcing this
disturbance cftils'Vllh' statement that
the places wore filled without much dlinculty ,
which statemtp't'yas superfluous.
3fuuleli > a ) JJnniroJ In Gi-t-at Hrltulii.
In/JlaniipolU Sentinel. ,
The , cxpccjtr.ee oILEuropean oltlos Is moat
Instructive to American cities In the matter
of lightening the burdens of municipal ex-
pcnau through a rational use nf municipal
franchises. V.'hether.you take Birmingham ,
with a profit of over $2,500,000 In twenty
ytara front municipal control of Its gao
plant , v/ItU greatly cheapened rates to con
sumers , or Paris , with a net revenue In
twenty-five years of $10.000,000 from the
lease of its gas franchise to a private com
pany , the Ic&son Is the same.
. If t-iftioii of Culm's Triulo.
Chlcnpo Chronicle.
The protracted re\olutlon In Cuba has In
deed hail a serious effect upon the commerce
fcetxvct-n the Island and the United States.
In 1S93 Cuba sent to us 552,000,000 worth of
products nnd tcok In return 512,000.OflO worth
of our KOO-JS. The war lias almost entirely
Icsts-oyed this pro\vlnc ; trade and worked
nre&t losa to both countries and much Buf
fering In Cuba. Serioiu as tills Is. it is no
caiu > a for our dcciarlnp war upon Spain , nor
even for the recoRnltlon of a government
which has no foundation In fact.
Sciinlor Allrii'.i ( > ootl M'orlf.
Chanpcll llcglstcr.
Senator Allen Is doing good work In the
senateIn the way of sticking up for Ne
braska. In a recent epecch In'tho United
States senate , he reassures the country
that Nebraska h all right and that the
new state administration will not retard
the enforcement of legal contracts or ob
ligations. Ills eulogy of Nebraska will go
far to allay the apprehensions of capitalists
and establish confidence in our state. 1IU
reference , to the beet and chicory bounty
Is also a timely hint that the obligation
of the state in this respect will be made
gooa. senator Allen snould have and ! j
getting due praise for sticking up for Ne
braska.
THUI3 I'imi'OSHS OF IMlOTiaCTIOX.
Koiiuhllcnu ' 1'i'iitliii U'lildi ( lie Tnrltr
Commit ( < < Should I'midt'r Over.
St. Paul Pioneer Press.
According to the reports of various hear
ings given to the representatives of manu
facturing and producing intercuts by the
ways and means committee , with a view
to tariff revision , It would seem that while
most of the demands for incrcaacd protec
tion arc classed na "moderate , " almost
every interest considers Itself entitled to
more- than it gets now ; end there appears
to bo n disposition to grant all such moder
ate dealres. But It would bo well for the
committee to bear In mind the fact that
the people do not recognize the necessity
or the desirability ; of an advance In all
'
ca3c\3. Established' Industries able to make
oven moderaliiroflt \ ( under present tariff
schedules In competition with foreign man
ufacturers , havf'np ' claim whatever to aid
from the goverimMt In the form of protec-
tlcn , and even BflllE'it ' needless advance In
the tariff on tnw. products , If It should
rejult In iv rise , of ' ' rlres , will be a wholly
unnecessary tax..pi ) the millions of con
sumers for the jpeflt of a few who have
no Just claim tb protection.
The true and 9pv | Justifiable purposes of
protection are Jp , jjhlc-ld for awhile such
Infant Industrie , as can bo carried on suc
cessfully In our country from unfair foreign
competition whleli would crush them at
the outset by underselling In order to pro-
tervo the markQt-ond to enable established
manufactories ( jo - < puy American wages to
their operatives- ! ' Aside from those pur
poses the tarlftbKhnuld be arranged with a
view to revenuo'-ouly , and laid so far as
possible en Imports-of foreign luxuries not
producible In Airierlca. The people recog
nize the fact that protection gave the north
tha Industrial eupcrlorlty which o largely
p.lded In subduing the rebellious south and
preserving the national unity. Hut In a
largo number of cases It has accomplished Its
end and Is no longer required. A tariff to
yield a. sufficiency for the cxpcntca of the
government and a email annual reduction
of the national debt a tariff which shall
Increase as little as poivlble the cost of the
neccEearlcs of llfe < a tariff so adjusted that
It shall enable manufacturers to pay decent
wftgca where they compete with the pauper
labor of Europe , and shall enable all great
Industries , suited to our climate and In
stitutions , to take vigorous root that U
the tnrirf the people want. Dut they do not
want to be taxed to build up exotic Indus-
trim which can never Bland alone hero.
And of all these facia the ways and means
" ramUtcc may well take note.
PACIFIC ROADS FUNDING BILL
Mcnsuro Comes Up for Oocsidorntlon in
tlio IIouso.
ABLE ARGUMENTS ARE PRESENTED
I'oivi-rn UcnilM < lic lcl nlp 111 Fnvor of
tlie Polullnir Illll Oilier .SicnU-
ui'M Arc lluhliiu'il , Hell
nml Crow.
\VASH1NCITON , Jaa 7. The Pacific railway -
way ftlndlng bill , which ii considered the
most Important piece ot legislation which
will come before this congress at this BCS-
slon , came up today in the licuao under a
special order which allows two days for gen
eral debate and one day for amendments
and debate under the flvc-mlnuto rule with
provision for a final vote on Monday next.
Hcprescntatlvo 1'owcrs made a long speech
In favor of the bill , thoroughly reviewing
the situation from a business view. To a
question whether he regards the bill as n
Judicious and proper arrangement , ho re
plied with a decided ainrmatlvc. The- gov
ernment , ho said , must ace. If it took the
road , It would have to pay off over $01,000-
000 of llrst mortgagee nnd would get only
an "inside road" without terminals. Not a
train could get into Omaha , The property
would bo at the mercy of the owners of the
terminals. If the present bill passed , the
government would get Its money out of
the roads and if obliged eventually to take
It , would get a rallrond and not a part of
one. The committee bill squeezed the roads
to the last cent. The question was whether
the government should undertake to col
lect Its debts or throw them away and not
one ot a fight between Huntlngton and
Sutro. "
Ho explained the elements which reduced
the estimated earnings of the roads and made
It unlikely that they could meet the bonds
wncn tney became clue. The governments
Interests In 1SC2 were estimated at $3,892,000.
At that time the army and navy transporta
tion and the postal service to the 1'aclflc
coast cost the government $7,357,731. Yet
notwithstanding the vast Increase in the
government transportation to the Pacific
coast the rates of compensation paid by the
Government to the companies were reduced
so low that Instead of receiving an amount
double or even equal to the Interest on the
subsidy bondfl they were left debtors an
nually to the Interest acconnt In a largo
sum.
sum.Ho
Ho gave a computation of the present In
debtedness of the roads on January 1 , 1S07 ,
at ? 53,71G , 3 on the Union 1'nclllc and Kan-
S2s Pacific , and $57,031,514 on the Central
Pacific and Western Pacific.
'Ihe bill provides for the Issue of the
companies' bonds for the government's bal
ance of $112.000,000 at 2 per cent , nnd for
payments by each company on account
of principals of $305,000 annually for ten
years , $550.000 for ten years and the balance
at the rate of $750,000 annually.
'
-Figuring net earnings of the roads at
$1,000,000 each , the charges , allowing for In
tel cst on first mortgages , against the Cen
tral Pacific would be $3.S25,8'JO and against
the Union Pacific $3C28C48.
Mr. Powers. In renlv to n nnpsttnn nlinut
the additional security offered the govern
ment under the proposed now Hen said the
Pacific railroad commission six years ago
estimated the value of the additional secu
rity at $02,000.000. Ho also said to Mr. Por-
klna. republican of Iowa , that the bill in
Ho way affected the Sioux road or the Cen
tral branch of the Union Pacific. In con
clusion , Mr. Powers said the Pacific railway
commission had offered a plan which had
bpen sanctioned by every committee of the
house or senate * tlmt had investigated the
subject. They had squeezed the roads to the
last cent and reached the verge of the ability
of the roads to pay.
HUDBAIID REPLIES.
Mr. Hubbard , republican of Missouri , who
had charge of the opposition to the measure ,
followed Mr. Powers with an extended argu
ment. He plunged at once Into the subject.
He based his argument against the bill on
throe points : That the Pacific railroad com
mittee had not learned enough of the condi
tion of the companies to bo able to toll the
house what Is best to do ; that the companies
made offers before the committee and are
ready to concede terms very much belter for
the government than those embodied in the
bill and that the propositions In the bill are
neither a good nor safe settlement for the
government. This , ho said , would not the
government $1.100.000 annually In Interest , or
870,000.000 , with the $75,000,000 at maturity ,
or $105,000,000 in fifty years , counting the
preferred stock as worthless. Dy processes
of comparison he said the offer the com
mittee rejected was $18,000,000 better than
the ono the government "would accept under
the bill.
Mr. Hubbard criticised severely some of
the financiering of the Union Pacific , espe
cially In the matter of certain liens given
and collaterals deposited. Ho went Into the
question of the dlvcrsio'n of business to the
Southern Pacific. The absolute net earnings
of the Central Pacific from 1S74 to 1SS4 were
$ .12,000,000 , and during that period It paid
$34,000,000 In dividends. The road was then
almost entirely In the hands of Stanford ,
Huntlngtou , Hopkins and Crocker , so that
they received practically all the dividends.
When they had unloaded the Southern was
built , which leased the Central , and then the
latter stopped paying dividends. This lease
would continue under thU bill. Under the
bill the Central Pacific debt would be ex
tended eighty-six years , that of the Union
Pacific eighty-three years , and the govern
ment get a worthless second mortcacc.
Mr. Jicll , democrat of Texas , a member of
the Pacific railroad committee , then took the
floor , also In antagonism to the measure. Ho
began by saying the builders of the Pacific
reads were entitled to no consideration , The
scandals growing out of their manipulations
wure a blot on the civilization of the age.
None of those men , ho said , had a right to
ssk congress to extend to them the great
prlvUego granted by this bill. He addressed
himself to the question as to whether the
government held a lien on the terminals.
Ho insisted that the government did , and
that by express provision In the original act
and confirmed by the ninth section of the
Thurman act. He admitted that the roads
had not been making satisfactory earnings
for years.
years.WnONO
WnONO IN THEORY.
Mr. Hell said the pending bill proceeded on
the wrong theory. The present earnings
were figures and the bill made to conform
.to the present earnings. Ho said the guar
antee In the bill of the Southern' Pacific for
$21,000,000 was made much of. Uut the
Southern Pacific of Kentucky was ono thing
and the Southern Pacific of California an
other. The former made the guarantee in
the bill ; the latter was the railroad. The
Southern of Kentucky was n mere corpora
tion to operate railroads , not to own them.
It leased the Southern and other roads. Did
any one believe , he asked , that that corpora
tion would not wind up Its business rather
Mr. Dell then explained the substitute ho
had proposed , which provided that If the
roads would make the United States oecuro
by paying off the first mortgage bonds , the
government would extend the debt any rea
sonable period at 3 per cent. These roads
could do this.
Mr. Grow , republican of Pennsylvania , oc
cupied the remainder of the day to the hour
ot adjournment In favor cf the bill. He ar
gued that the government , holding , as It
did , a Junior mortgage , was in u position
where It had to make sacrifices In a reduc
tion of the rate of Interest and an extension
of the principal of the debt , In ordur to
protect its Interest. What the road could
pay depended upon Its net rarnlngs , and
the scheme of this bill was based on the net
earnings. It was conceded by the minority
that In the event of a foreclosure and Halo
the government must I MO half the debt. ,
When the committee rose sovoj-al minor
amendments to the bill agreed on by the
Pacific railroad committee were adopted to
perfect the mt-asure. At 5:08 : p. in. the house
aO'ourned , _ _ _ _ _
I'rrxlilcnl .Viinu-H 1'cixtmiinlrrx.
WASHINGTON , Jan , 7 , The president has
sent to the senate the following nominations :
Postmasters William Karrlngton , McmphUi
II. 0. Deunctt. Derry Station , Pa. : William
Urler , Now Ulooaiuold , Pa. ; Milieu F.
Meyer , Mkens. Pa.j Inaao O. Pffliitz , Lltta ,
Pn.j Qnorge Mnson , WolflCPburR , Colo. ; WIN
llftm anllnghcr , Snndcnwlllo , On. : Wllllnm
O. Mfflsler , Chntsworth , III. ; Peter Kroman.
nyorsvllle , In. : M. J. Kcllcy , PnrkprnburK ,
In. ! David H. Korby , Seymour , In. : Stephen
C. Mnynnrd , Grnml Junction , Is. ; W. J. Sim
mons , Prlmghnr , In. ; Chnrlcs K. Moucll , Kir-
win , Knn.j drovernor 1) . McCubroy , Ilnrnea-
vlllo , Minn. ; Lniiff C. Allen , Clnrksdnlp , '
Miss. : N. Leech , Cnpo Olrnrdc.ui , Mo. ; Alex
Dcvlno , Anaconda , Mont , ; drncc I.nmout ,
Dillon , Mont. ; John .H. U\ylor , Douldcr ,
Mont. ; Francis A. Simmons , Ccdnr llnplds ,
Neb.
tinny Day In tliu Suunto.
WASHINGTON , Jan. 7. Thescnnto had a
long and busy session today , papnlng on thn
laws of navigation , also the bill authorizing
the president to renppolnt to the navy Com
mander Qunckcnbush , whouo case hno oc
casioned much controversy. Progress wns
mnde on the bill for free honicstcnils on
Indian Inmls , but n finnl vote \riut not
reached. Mr. Platt opposed thn bill In a
lengthy speech , pointing out that It would
cost the government a lo s of mnny mil
lions. It was disclosed during the day that
Hcpresentrttlve-elcct Edward K. llobhlnn wns
the author of the letters from Hnvnna rend
In the scnnto yesterday. The ether Cuban
development of the day was a Joint resolu
tion offcroJ by Mr. Mills , democrat of Texas ,
declaring that the power of recognizing a
new republic resides In congress , recogniz
ing the Independence of Cuba and appropriat
ing $10,000 for a United States minister to
the rcliubllc of Cuba. Mr. Mills will speak
on the resolution next Mondny. The senntr
adjourned over until Monday.
AVmil MimufMt ; < urcrN OIL IIiiuil.
WASHINGTON , Jan. 7. The wool manu
facturers furnished nn InternUIng day iu the
tariff hearings. They did not ask for free
wool , but represented tlmt the Wilson law
had closed half of their mills and had proved
destructive to the country's business gen
erally. They wanted compensatory duties
on woolen goods nnd A more moderate tariff
than the woo ! growers had asked.
llci'rlV TN for \nloiinl IliniU.v
WASHINGTON , Jan. 7. The comptroller
of the currency has appointed Dank
Examiner Dlnnclng tompornry receiver of
the First National bank of Sioux City nnd
Exnmlner Anhelr receiver of the Citizens'
National bank of Fargo , N. I ) . Dank
Examiner Turllot has been appointed re
ceiver of the Second National bank of Grand
Forks , N. D.
To Invrxtliiiitr tin * .Horn Cliilm.
WASHINGTON , Jan. 7. The senate , In ,
executive session , hno adopted a resolution
Instructing the committee on foreign rela
tions to Investigate the payment of the Mora
claim.
Dully TroiiNiiry Stntoim-nt.
WASHINGTON , Jan. 7. Today's state
ment of the condition of the treasury
shows : Available cash balance , $230,137-
716 ; gold reserve , $138,539,551.
1M115SHXT A IIIG HIM * 1.-OH PAY3IHXT.
TVuivortluTii 1'iii'lllc Coiiiiiiiny Axlit'il
( o Put Up 111 , 11.7(1.
MILWAUKEE ; Jan. 7. The Northern Pa
cific Hallway compnny , the new corporation
that purchased the properties nnd franchises
of the Northern Pacific Railroad company at
the foreclosure sale , today filed nn answer
to the clr.tm ot the Illinois Steel company
for $ G 1,211.70 for steel rails. The answer
raises the Issue made by the Northern Pa
cific receivers os to the validity of the lease
under which the Northern Pacific company
operated the Wisconsin Central lines and the
Chicago & Northern Pacific terminals. Dy
the decree of foreclosure the purchaser of the
Northern Pacific property wns made liable
for the unpaid Indebtedness that was made
preferential by the court nnd which the re
ceivers had not paid. The now company
denies that the claim comes within the de
cree and that It was assumed In the purchase
of the road. The company alleges further
that the claim Is not an Indebtedness or a
liability directed or Incurred by the North
ern Pacific In the operation of Its railroad.
Sonic IliinkorH llrorlvcd 11 Tip.
CHICAGO , Jnn. 7. Henry W. Austin ,
president of the Oak Park Stnto bank , re
ceived Information of the dangerous condi
tion of the Illinois Nntlonal during the
week previous to the fullire. | Acting on
this tip , Mr. Austin says ho Immediately
took liark the money ho hail there $50,000
was withdrawn Friday previous to the Mon
dny In December when the National Hunk
of Illinois failed to open ; tlio following
dny , Saturday , $13,000 more , which consti
tuted the balance duo the Oak Park State
bank by the National Hank of Illinois , \vin :
thkcn out. Hlnkley t Tilden , proprietors
of tlio West Side bank , wire also warned
In time to withdraw their cash from the
tottering Institution. ,
IKMllH < > T O CCIl II VCNHCIM .Illll. 7.
At New York Arrived Spree , from Bre
men ; Southwark , from Antwerp.
At Bremen Arrived Havel , from Now
York , via Southampton.
At Quccnstowu Sailed Germanic , for
Now York.
At Glasgow Arrived Anchorla , from Now
York.
At London Arrived Mobile , from Now
York. Sailed Mohawk , for New York.
At Rotterdam Sailed Spaarndam , for
New York.
THLEKUAI'IIIC IIHKVITIKS.
Governor Llewellyn Powers of Mnlno wns
Inaugurated yesterday.
J. Plerpint Morgan 1ms been chosen com
modore of the New York Yacht club.
Tliu Lake of the Woods : . ; illlns company
Is shipping 300 cars of Hour per month to
Australia.
J. II Johnson & Co. , diamond dealers ,
New York , nsslsnicd yesterday. Liabilities.
$2l ! .000 ; assets , $201 000.
The Commercial bank ef Eatt Cla'rc ,
Wis. , capital , 530,000. closed yr.sittrday. De
positors will be paid In full.
At Stephen , Minn. , yesterday a Oreat
Northern engine was derailed and Kn l-
ncer Duke Jewell fatally Injured.
John W. Daniel , a prominent citizen of
Saline , Mo. , was fount ! lying by the road
side yesterday morning frozen to death.
The United States court of appeals at
Chicago yesterday ruled that the leases
mmlu by the old Whisky trust arc void.
The American National bank of Denver
.reopened ycstordny under new manage
ment , with $ COOCOO cash on hand to meet
liabilities.
At Hamilton , Out. , Lulu j'ones , aged 11 ,
u servant , employed at. tlio homo of ex-As-
Hlstant Postmaster General 13. C. "Jtnth-
bonc , was burned to death yesterday.
Anthony Henderson was lynched at Una-
dlllii , Ua. , for the assanslnatlon of old man
Gcorgu Sumner ami an attempted ussuult
upon the person of Stimntr'B daughter.
At Guthrlf , Okl. , Felix Ott. who claims
to havu been IlceceU out of JW by Jennie
Anderson and her mother , assaulted the
two women. The older woman had tliroo
rlh broken and Iu r skull crushed , and
will die. Her daughter was seriously hurt.
Colonel J. P. Catiby. chief paymaster of
thn Dpnartmcnt nf Colorado. Cl vears of
age , icllrol yesterday from UiOBcrvlcB i ft r
i'-n experlcnci- nearly tlilrty-tliref years
In tlio United States army. IIu Is succeeded
by Major C. C. Snlflln of New Yoilt.
Harry J. Stephens , wnrld'H champion
'cross countryman and Jll-lmur utralxht-
away liool and toe walkt-r , challenges the
\vorM for from l.'Ort to $2.000 for a Ill-hour
straightaway liccl-aml-too tvalklng match.
lie prefers W. A. HoaKland of Cincinnati
or Frank Hart of Chicago.
The Protective League of American
Showmen ban elected otllccitt no follows :
President , John It. lloblnioii ; Drat vine prc-s.
idctit , Hurr Iloblns : secretary. W. H. bon-
a'dHon ; treasurer , II. W. walker ; board of
directors. P. G. Sloat , P. O. Schacffur ,
Gcorjro M. Leonard , Hurr Itobblnu ; nor-
ircaiit-at-nrms , J. B. Williams.
Tlio jury In the Duffy cnso rendered a
verdict yesterday that Jnmen Duffy , the
i > ugillit , came to his death by mcnltiircal
licmorrlmgc , HUiKirlnduccil January 2 , 1M)7 ) ,
at the Hroadway Athletic ; club by excite
ment following u boxing exhibition v/Ith
George W , Ju.itlro nnd accelerated by liy-
pprtrophy of the heart. Tlio Jury exon.
crated the club , Thomas O'llourltn , inniirx-
Kcr ; Hlchard Itochu , referee- , and Cieorgo
Justice ,
Pattl Is anxlotiH to necuro the decoration
of the Lciton ; of Honor.
Kmporor William hat : designed and drawn
plans for the tower of tlio German ProtCHt-
ant church at Jc.ru aluiii.
Mlsrj Edith Lyman Collins , the only
daughter .of Mr. Clartmctt Lyman Colllnn
of Now York and ward of Dr. CTiauncey M ,
Uepew , was married yesterday at Parm to
Huuhld Hey , Count tiziiykowHkl , councilor
of the Ttirklali cmbaaay at Home ,
f sioxnv KOII OMAHA KXPOSITIO.V ,
( liivoi'iiiir nf South Dakota llrooin-
iiienilN nil Ail | > roirliitlon.
PIB1WH , S. IX , Jnn. 7. ( Special Tele
gram. ) The governor's message \vi\a rend
to Iho joint session today , nttor which both
houses begun the introduction ot blllfl. In
the urnnto the only bill Introduced wna n
railroad bill by Scnnlor I'nlinor , which Is
bnBcii on the Io\rn law , In the house bills
wore Introduced by Mitchell to provide for
a public examiner , for appeals to the cir
cuit court from the board ot equalization ,
for the protection of people and property
from Injury by steam engine * on tlio pub
lic highways , nnd for a maximum rate of
charge for express companies , A bill wns
Introduced by Holmes ot Pcnnlnglon for
the protection ot game and to protect deer
and elk. A Joint resolution wan introduced
in the- house memorializing congrcsa for
free homestead , for the Cameron Cuban resolution
elution , nnd nn nmrndmont to the constitu
tion requiring full citizenship as n quali
fication for franchise. The governor's sec
retary to.lay gnvo out n radical statement
In regard to the publication In advance of
the message after It had been secured on a
promise not to do BO.
In the message nn appropriation U rec
ommended for tlio Transmt&slsMppI and In
ternational exposition at Omnha.
Tlio chairmen of the various scnnto com
mittees , which will be announced tomor
row , arc : Judiciary , Kcllar ; appropria
tions , Keith ; railroads , Palmer : elections ,
llouck ; engrossed nnd enrolled bills , Majors ;
rules , McUlonn ; charitable and penal Insti
tutions , Jackson ; public health , King ; tem
perance , Wlicaly ; rchools and public lands ,
Whraley ; highways nnd bridge. ? . CSrant ;
counties and towns , Hrndley ; state au"nlrs--
Klndfchy ; ways nnd means , Wilkinson ;
printing , Duck ; corporation , Scblund ; Irri
gation , Stownrt ; cities , Cook ; military af
fairs , \Vobb ; legislative expenses , Slcltor ;
apportionment , Grill ; agricultural , Morgan.
Following arc clialrmon of bouse com.
mlttecs : Public health.Jonea of Day ; ware
house nnd graillng. Morcson of Miner ; mili
tary , Oliver of Mcade ; federal relation ,
Andrceon of Pcnnlngton ; public buildings ,
Hyan of Clark ; Irrigation , McNVliorter of
Hand ; rules , Kldd of Drown ; bouse Journal ,
King of Potter ; usury , Olbbs of McCook ;
Judiciary , Schwartz of Mlnnehnha ; educa
tion , Colton of Mlnnchaha ; agriculture.
rotcron or urooicings ; raiiroau ,
of Hanson ; appropriations , Kirk of Minor :
temperance , Court of Lawrence ; ways 'nml
means , Weeks of Drulo ; county nffalrs ,
Holmes of Pcnntngton ; printing , Drlnkho'der
of Drulo ; engineering , Mastic of Ouster ; state
affairs , Olson of Lawrence ; Insurance , An
derson of Aurora ; banking , Purdon of Mc
Cook ; mining , Druco of Fall Illvcr ; charItable -
Itablo Institutions , Anderson of ICIngsbury ;
penal Institutions , Wright of Moody ; high
ways , Olson of Yankton ; Immigration , Ger
man of Edmunds ; elections , Daley of Drown ;
Indian affairs , Denton of Marshall ; manufac
tures , Lilly of Lawrence ; school nnd public
lands , Denno of Union , municipal corpora
tions , Lastlo of Custer.
TO HHCOVnil IMIOOKUDS OK SAIjH.
Volt' York Dry CJooilM SI Mi SUP n Iln-
coln Firm nml Onialiii l.ttwycrN.
LINCOLN , Jan. , 7. ( Special Telegram. )
II. 13. Clafllln & Co. , the big-Now York
dry goods men , today began suit In the dis
trict court ngnhmt Samuels Bros. , Joseph
Goldgrabbor , M. L. Scars of Omaha nnd Kd-
son P. Illch of Omaha. The petition al
leges that Samuels Dros. signed a contract
with plaintiffs to take a lot of goods from
their Lincoln store down to Ashland , Neb. ,
and sell the same at auction , the proceed ; !
to bo deposited ! In the bank at Ashland and
bo applied In payment of plalntlffa' claim
of $1,600. The goods , It Is claimed , wore
sold , but plaintiffs did not receive the money
because of nn alleged conspiracy between
Samuels Dros. and Rich nnd Scnrs , the
Omnha lawyers. A judgment Is asked
against the entire outfit for Jl.COO.
The Samuels brothers were recently burned
cut In Lincoln , nnd It Is understood the In
surance companies refuse to pay the poli
cies.
cies.Edson
Edson Illch Is one of the Douglas county
delegation In the house of representatives.
I'EXSIO.V OFKlCIi COMICS TO OMAHA.
Itinnor Hint Doit .MolncN IM tn TONC an
Iiniiortitiit Stnllnii.
DES MOINES , la. , Jan. 7. ( Special Tele
gram. ) It Is reported that the federal pen
sion office hero may bo removed to Omaha Jn
the course of n year. Tlio office Is one of
the most important paying stations of life
Pension department , keeping the accounts
and making payment of about $8,000,000 of
pensions annually. The quarterly payment
Is now being made. The office pays for
Iowa , Nebraska , Kansas nnd in part for sev
eral other western states. It employs about
fifty olllcers and clerks , nearly all women.
Without nn Overcoat or Ulfitor monna
m > uiul of discomfort. Our Overcoats
nnd Ulsters at whatever price you pay
nru as line nml soft and warm UK n quilt
of eiderdown , and every garment Is war
ranted.
Just at. prcscunt wo nru making rsoino
unusual low prices on n lar e majority
of our Ktocit. Many HIICH of Suits ami
OvercoatH are nil sold except "ono or
two" of n kind some Inr e nml some
small sizes. We nrc anxluus to close
these out and so clean up for siuliif ; pur
chases , and have placed prices on them
that will surely do it provided your B'/.O '
is there. Take special nuticu of our
Douglas street windows If yon are Inter-
ested. We will Imvu soniu of thcso
.Suits on exhibition there. AH our own
( 'rndu production.
8. W. Cor.
15th nnii
D ouj ; I us 6t