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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1896)
TTTR OMATTA DATT.V . BEE : SATUHDAY DEOEMRER 12. 1flfffi.
TUB OMAHA DAILY BER
E. , Editor.
TKItMS Ol * BUIISCIUI'TION.
Dnlljr tlo ( Without Rurnlny ) One Your t M
I > lly lien mi'l Sumlny , One Year . . . . .JSOO
RU Monlhn II 00
Three Month * Z W
Humlny IIcc. One Yenr I * W
Hfttunlny lice , One Yenr H M
Wcoicly lice , Ono Yenr 3
Ornntm : The llif ItulMlng. ,
Boulh Omalm : Hlngcr IJIk , , Cor. N nnJ Still Sis.
Council Illurrn : 1G North Mnln Klrcct.
Chlrimo OIllcv : 317 rhnmber t Commerce.
New York : Itoomi 13 , H nti'l ' 15. Trlbuna
Washington : HOT V Street , N. W ,
All communication * relnllnu to new * and edi
torial matter chouM ) , e n < ldrr > > cil : To the Editor.
All lititlnoM letter * and remittance * nhoiiM In
ntlilrencil to The lice I'libllnhlnK Company ,
Omnlm. Draft * , check * ami poitnlllce order * to
bo made t'fivnblo ' to the order of the company.
THI : nnn I'um.isiiiNQ COMPANY.
HTATIJMKNT OK CIIICUI.ATION.
Htnto nt Nrlirn'kn , I
Dmmin * County. 1
, 11. TzKCliuck , rccrotnry ot The Ilco Pub-
ri tiiany | , lirlnif iliily nworn , paya Hint tlio
iK'tunl numiiorof full nnd complete copies of Tlio
Iinlly Mornlnir , Kerning nn.l . Humlny lice printed
ilurlnu the montli.of November , IbOfl , wim ns fol
21,000 , 16 SO.CCO
21.1H 17 ! ' ) , C | ( !
2lr , IS 20,420
j ? r.- 19 20,2.12
27.M7 21 20.411
7 212H 2" 21.000
8 21KO 23 20.072
! > 20,931 ! 2 | 20.051
10 20.MI 2.- , 20 131
11 21,001 20 19.911
12 , 20,770 27 20.1CI
13 20.1KO 2 ? 20.015
II 29C < U 29 2023 ! '
15 21,010 JO 20,023
Total * MO,3I2
Ix > na deductions for unsold nnd returned
cople.i A 12.7S !
Total net fnlcs CIT.r.GO
Net dally average 2I.&S3
cinonoK 11. Tzsnmnc.
Ruhpcrlhod In my iirenence ami nworn to before
ino Ililn 1st day of December , ISM ,
N. P. riir. : .
( Real. ) IJotnry Public.
TIIE OMAILV SUNDAY BEE.
IIOIJKHT HA UK'S
NBW SKIUAL STC-riY.
"Till' ] JIUTAI1M2 MANY. "
TIIK COLOSSUS OP rOKPOUATIONS.
J'HOnilKSS OK TMH C5AS INDUSTRY.
SUIISNTII-'IC ASI'KCT OK MKTIJO11S.
MUSIC AND DltAMA.
WITH TUB WIIBBUNa WOULD.
KIBU ) OK SPOUTS.
KOU TUB LITTLM ONRS.
ANTH IIOOM HfMOES.
GOSSII' OK SOCIETY.
TUB NBWS AND ALL TUB NEWS.
Tim OMAILV SUNDAY BEF *
HUY IT ! AM. NKNVSOKALKUS !
A lobliy of district court reporters maybe
bo one of the unique orimmont.s of the
These are the days when a man can
not even jrmvs what law Is going to be
doclnrct'l unconstitutional next.
Some of tho.se towns In Culm oiilit ?
either to uIiaiiKO their unities or at least
adopt abruvialed forms of spelling
Uncle Sam may be willing to relieve
.Spain of her Cuban possessions , but he
would not take the Philippines as a
It Is to b < - hoped that It will soon be
known whether Kitswlninious fouled
Slmrkey or not , so that thu public can
breathe comfortably once more.
The Transmlsslsslppl Imposition In-
Biires a new union depot for Omaha by
1SOS. That much may be put down as
beyond the shadow of a doubt.
The mills of the gods may grind
slowly , but the Mills of the United
States senate can with dllliculty be
restrained In his warlike Impetuosity.
In view of the unexpected presence In
this country of Queen Lilltiokalanl It
behooves congress to keep Its cyu on the
president and to
discountenance all en
The suspicion that this city will fare
poorly in the distribution of populist
pie will only be partially dispelled by
the news that the deputy attorney gen
eralship will remain In Omaha.
Omaha wants to treat uvery franchlsed
corporation which has Invested money
In this city fairly and it wants every
franchlsed corporation to treat ll
patrons , both public and private , fairly.
Thanks to CS rover Cleveland and the
onward march of civilization , the present
annual meeting of the National Civil
Service Itefonn league is less of a lodge
of sorrow than former gatherings have
President Cleveland Is about to stnrt
on a warlike expedition against the wild
fowl of South Carolina. When ho re
turns , with the smell of powder In his
nostrils , it will bo well for Spain to
beware of him.
The danger to the United States from
the movements of Messrs , Carneglo and
Rockefeller Is not that they will oppose
each other In the Iron trade , but that
they will form a coalition In the nature
of an oppressive trust.
It Is safe to predict that the self-styled
bimetallism , who are already ostenta
tiously preparing for a cruclllxlon of
mankind upon a cross of sliver in ltK ) ( ) ,
will receive Just as much attention from
their political opponents as they are en
titled to and no more.
One of the newly elected state olllcers
who has about four salaried positions
within Ids gift Is said to have received
applications from nearly WK ) pei'mms
anxious to serve the public in any
capacity. The gceat reform combination
has troubles of Its own.
The attorney general of Nebraska has
given a written opinion to thf effect that
the law providing for themibstllutlon of
guaranty company bonds for personal
bonds Is unconstitutional. A number of
county and city olllcers have < itmllU ! > il
for olllce by tiling guaranty company
bonds , which , If the law i > o unconstitu
tional , are worthless and of no binding
force. The question Is , What are the
lut'Ul authorities going to do about ItV
AN TO A'fiir SIV1THS.
Hills to grant statehood to Arlzon
and New Mexico nre nmoiiR the nn
finished business before- congress , tin
there appears to bo some doubt \vliotliu
there will be any nctlou on them. Tli
republican national platform deelnrot
In favor of the admission of the re
malnlng territories at the parllost prac
tlcablo date , "having due regard to th
Interests of the people of the terrltorle
and of the United States , " and It I
urged that this commits the represent ! !
lives of the parly in congress to sup
port the bills for the admission of tliost
territories , but the question Is whethei
It would bo to the Interest of the pee
pie of the United States to do so. Wouh
It IIP wise to run the risk of IneroasliiK
by four the free silver vote In the Unltoi
Stales .sonato within the next foiii
years and reinforcing the column o
probable free silver states to the exleii
to six electoral votes ? We venture t (
think that the republicans and soiim
nionoy democrats In congress will In
united In the opinion that those terri
torles can very well remain as they an
a few years longer , especially as theli
claims to statehood are questionable
Arizona , Is really not lilted by popula
thin or development to become a statt
and while Now Mexico has stilllclent
population a considerable- proportion of
her people are hardly qualllied for self
government. Itseems pretty safe U
say that those territories will not bi
given statehood by the present eoiigre.
and they are not likely to fare any bet
ter at the hands of the next congress.
A VlUtr NKH70UX I'HlllthKM.
Attorney General Churchill has rendered
dered an opinion at the request of Oov
ernor lltilcomb on the validity of tin
law authorizing public olllcers to sub
stltuto guaranty company bonds foi
personal sureties. The attorney general
oral holds that the act under whlcl
guaranty bonds have been accepted Is
defective and therefore void. In othei
words , the attorney general declares his
conclusion to be that all olllela ! bonds
furnished by such companies do not
conform to the requirements of the law
If this view Is correct then all olllcers
now serving secured by guaranty com
pany bonds are without legal bonds.
This Is a very serious matter. AVhlK
the opinion of the attorney general wa *
given for the guidance of the governoi
in his action on the bonds of state
olllcers. It presents the same question
to all county and city authorities who
have accepted guaranty bonds since tin
enactment of the law by the last
legislature. The question is. What Is
the status of those olllcers who have
qualified upon guaranty company
bonds ? What shall be done In the im
mediate future with regard to accepting
guaranty bonds from olllcers whose
terms commence next month ? AV111 It
bo safe to accept such bonds before the
defects pointed out by the attorney gen
eral are cured ? Can the legislature
validate the bonds already given ? If
not , shall olllcers who have given
guaranty bonds be compelled to secure
now bonds ?
Those questions concern the people
of Omaha and Douglas county more
perhaps than they do thu people of any
other section of the state. While the
officers affected should not be put to
any needless expense or trouble , the
public safely demands adequate security
for the safekeeping of "all public funds
and the faithful performance of official
ItnTTKIt HAXKIXO V
It Is generally admitted that In
portions of the south and west the
banking facilities are inadequate and
it is believed that If these wore im
proved much of the dissatisfaction In
these sections regarding existing
financial conditions would disappear.
The comptroller of the currency con
siders this matter In his report and
makes remedial suggestions which will
command attention , whether they haw
any practical result or not.
lie proposes to amend the national
banking law so as to allow to be or
ganized In places having a population
of less than -.000 Inhabitants national
banks with a capital stock of not less
than $2."i,0f > 0 , or one-half the minimum
amount of capital with which a national
bank can now be organized. lie would
also provide ; that national banks be
permitted to establish branches In
towns and villages where no national
bank Is established and whore the
population does not exceed 1,000 , such
branch banks to have all the functions
of the parent bank except that of Is
suing circulating notes.
The comptroller urges that such
branches would be agencies
through which a better trade
distribution of currency could and
would be made. "The very smallest
of agricultural communities , " he says ,
"oven though deprived of transporta
tion facilities , under a branch-bank
system could still be given the ad
vantages of available capital , lower In
terest and lessened cost of exchange ,
privileges they cannot enjoy when
dependent upon the banking methods
employed by the village or
entirely Isolated storekeepers , " The
( ! 'inaillnn Imnklii" HVstnin U
cited , in evidence of the benellclal re
sults of the branch plan. There are
thirty-eight banks In the Dominion , with
no restriction as to branch banks. One
bank has fifty branches , another thirty ,
anil so on. This secures competitive
banking facilities In every village of
Canada , with unlimited funds at very
low rates of Interest everywhere. It
gives rise to competition for custom
and It provides elasticity , the note Issue
expanding ami contracting according to
the demands of business. The Canadian
system has been strongly commended
l > y able financiers and It Is certainly
true that It has worked admirably since
its cieatlon , there having been but eight
failures In the last sixteen years.
There are two classes , however , who
will oppose the proposition to permit
national banks to establish branches.
Ono class are the o who arc hostile to
the. national banks and desire to have
them abolished ; the other class are those
who will see In the success of such a
imposition the assured end of all chance
o secure the free and unlimited coinage
of ullvei ut the existing leuul ratio ,
These classes can bo safely depemled
upon to antagonize any plan for en
larged banking facilities through Increas.
Ing the privileges of the national banks.
Especially In the south the popular hos
tility to these Institutions Is very gen
eral and pronounced , the demand of that
section being for a state bank currency ,
but there Is no little antagonism to na
tional banks In portions of the west
also , though the motive Is not the same
as In the south. In the former It Is duo
to the sentiment that all currency should
bo provided by the general government ,
while In the latter It sptlngs from the
state rights theory , which still has a hold
None the loss , the suggestions of the
comptroller referred to merit thoughtful
consideration by all who are Interested
In the question of better bunking facili
ties In the sections whore they are mani
The action of the attorney general In
advising the flato auditor to draw the
sal.iry warrants for district court stenog
raphers at the old rate of $1,000 pr year
rather than at the rate of jjl.riot ) pot * year
fixed by the law recently declared un
constitutional by the supreme court will
force the legislature to enact a new law
covering this whole subject. Without
going Into the disputed quest Ion of the
amount of the salary , it is plain that the
charges for transcripts have been quite
heavy enough , whereas under the new
ruling they are to be doubled. Litigants
have a hard enough row to hoe now
without having the wtenographers' fees
twice what they have been. The
charges fixed In the old law now resur
rected were based on Iho slow and
laborious method of transcrllilnu bv
hand. The use of the typewriter has
made ( his work not only easier and
quicker , but also cheaper , and there is no
reason why the litigant who pays the
cost should not have some of the benefit
of these Improvements.
nsttusu I'turri'.t nux S
There Is nnquostlnnab'y more protec
tion sentiment in ICnglaud than was
represented at the conference held In
London on Thursday. There has been
a growing feeling among the agricul
tural class for several years that free
trade is not a good policy for the I'.rlt-
Ish farmer and this class has been per
sistently urging upon Parliament th
necessity of a di'pnrturo from that pol
icy In order to relieve agriculture from
tl > " depressing foreign competition to
which It Is subjected. ItooenMy the pro
tection sentiment , has found favor with
some manufacturers and with workingmen -
men employed In the manufacturing In
dustries , prlnoliHi'lv ' due to the growing
Invasion of the Kngllsh market by the
manufactures of Germany. As shown
by the address of Mr. Lowther at Iho
London conference , however , the chief
opposition to the Kngllsh fiscal system
comes from the agricultural element
and the fact that U.uOO.O'.iO acres of
land have , as staled by the speaker ,
bt'on driven out of cereal production In
Kngland as a consequence of the free
trade policy Is certainly an impressive
argument in favor of a change.
Lord Salisbury some time ago made
an observation to the effect that the
principles of Cobden wore not being
\lnditated by the prevailing conditions
but none the less there Is no chance
that in the present generation , at least
Knghuid will abandon those principles.
A very largo majority of Englishmen
are firmly wedded to Iho belief that
free trade is the only true and sound
policy and citing the example of tin
United States and I'rance under pro
tection makes no Impression on them.
Even Englishmen who come bore and
are compelled to see the great benefit !
this country has derived from the pro
tective policy the marvelous progress
ami development that have boon
achieved under the operation of that
policy as n rule cling to the free trade
theory. Still U is quite possible that
the protection sentiment will make prog
ress In England and perhaps there could
be no more favorable time than the
present to cultivate It. It appears
from what Mr. Lowther said that only
England and Turkey follow the teach
ings of Cobden and such a fact ought
to have some persuasive force with
Englishmen , .since it shows that the
dvlllKed world rejects their national
Attorney General Harmon In his re
port endorses the statement of Special
Counsel Jlr.'idloy ' that there Is grave
doubt as to the ability of the govern
ment to preserve much longer the
present situation of the Pacific rail
roads unchanged. So far as the pub
lic Is concerned there Is no desire that
Ihc situation remain unchanged. The
sooner the Union Pacific receivership
Is made unnecessary and the road's
management priced on a pormam-n.t
foundation the better. If congress
lees not act the other creditors cannot
! > u expected to hold off Indefinitely.
Hy all means let us have the matter
settled one way or the other without
Kansas populists must be credited
with fertile political genius If the
latching of schemes to raise campaign
funds can bo attributed to political
genius. The latest Is a registry of
ill candidates for appointive state olll-
ces with the Incidental accompaniment
) f a registry fee which Is to go Into
lie party coffers. Pretty soon they
will assess ( lie outgoing republicans
mil refuse to let them give up their
olis until the assessments are paid.
When the ICansas populists omit to
urn u political penny It will be squally
sailing for prairie schooners.
Do your Christmas shopping early and
ivotd the rush. And when you start
ut on your shopping tour remember
hat the merchants who advertise In
'he Hoc are the merchants with whom
oil can deal and rely upon getting best
; ooils anil honest prices.
Chairman Jones of the popocratlc na-
lonal committee Is quoted as saying In
i letter that the feeling throughout the
ountry In unanimously In favor of con-
Inning the tight for bimetallism. When
Jones talk.-i about bimetallism ho moaim
HI to 1 five1'JflfVlir [ ; coinage , and therefore
fore- the singly sliver standard of Mexico
ice , China ullU'i.tnpan. Jones ought to
read the elec o ; } ? , returns and wake up
to the fact time llryan and silver were
bra ton by n ° j'Jiiulur ) majority tin-
precedenled Iju riicent years.
The WoridIlorald Is up to Its old
tricks of decop'tlpn , brag ami bluff to
Intimidate applicants for liquor licenses
Into contrllniilng $10 apiece to that
hold-up coiiii-'riu The law requires
liquor license" npfillcatlon notices to be
published In tin ) paper having the larg
est circulation lir the county and The
Omaha Even'jiig ' Hoe Is that paper.
Druggists and saloon keepers who act
upon the false statements of the World-
Herald do so at their risk.
If it Is true that an olllclal bond under
the laws of Nebraska Is not worth the
paper it Is written on. then the law
ought to be strengthened or the require
ment of bonds abolished. Hut It Is not
stilctly true. If you don't believe It
just ask a few of your friends to go on a
bond for you.
What has Sowall been doing since the
election ? The Maine end of the split
tail ticket will be several laps behind
hl-i Georgia associate unless he soon
speaks out so Unit everybody can hear
him. Lot Sewall tell whether or not
he Is enlisted for thei campaign of JR)0. ! )
Profound Sllotii'i * .
If llioro Is nny state in the union that
doesn't want a cabinet position lot It dwlaro
Itself at once.
llurt'.ly Knoiiivli lo Klrctrh.
Undo Horacp Holoa pave that "tlie > silver
In 1000 will lie n broader Issue. "
Then It will have to bu mighty thin.
A Itrvlvnl of . ) lin .luiiivs.
General Wolseley , of England , says the
Russian empire Is destined to be overthrown
by an Invasion of Chinese armlo3. In the
matter of predictions Wolseley Is apparently
the IJrltlsh Senator Jones ,
Tlnic fur it I'nil' Trlil.
ImUnnaic ; 1U .Journal.
Whatever Important changes are to bo
made In Ihc tariff or currency should be
made as soon as possible ! n order that they
may have a fair trial nnd be vindicated be
fore another [ .residential election.
Till * KortiiiifH iif I'rcsIilciilN.
A p'.lver ' contpmporjry , In order to nnhc
a point aEMiii1' I'ro.'Idcnt Cleveland , ccn-
nuits the fortune It says ho pisscspos with
"tho po r and ragged farm" to which An
drew Jac ! srn retlroJ. Wo will wsor an
1SD7 tandem ( Rlrl thrown in ) asilnsl a Jug
of buttermilk that , Mr. Cleveland's Now Jcr-
ney home can.'t hold a ciuJi'1
to the Hermitage. Tie ! IlermltaRO
Is am ! was v nr macnlflccnt o utli-
or'n mani'on ! < : y.-orthy to bo the refd-
donco of any eta'tpunpn In the world , and the
2,000 acres of TRimassc-o bliiCRracs In which
It sat then made an ostite tit for n duke.
IJcsldej , there J'.avet bsen ether rich presi
dents , and whoa ( iivjrju Wao'.iltiKton rctlrcJ
to Mcuut Yemen ( uhlch Isn't to bn compared
to the Hermitage ) ho , was the wealthiest gcn-
tloman of hla < J.7r.
The ICliH'lIon Total * .
UHll > cmccrat.
The l.iteot estimate of the plurality of the
McKtnloy Hootori over the Bryan aid
ScwaM cle-torn.i'U'lth nearly nil the statm
official , diid theinthura wtlnmted , b 770.21- .
The Hr/an aiid.l\\'ct4ouclcctoni received a
total of 152,37.1) Mld > Irlhesc- arc credited
Co Uryan the plurality of .MfKlnley over all
Bryan tblccta Is fi23SG7. Tlila , with the
J'ulmer vile of 125.037 , gives a sound money
plurality of 7IS.OO-1. Ac Dryan never recog
nized thu Wn'son tlu'.tct , and as It w.in
detrimental to Ma cundlilacy. It should be
kept distinct In the final official table. It
. -cprrnroita the vote of pspi'llstsvlio rofta : ! > d
to fuse with democrats. The vote of r.io
country , so fnr cs reported , was McKlnloy
7.122,724 , Uryan nnd Sewall C,34fi.4 < ! 2 , Dry in
.iml Watson 132,375. Palmer and Duckntr
12. = ioi7 : , Levering 123-l.s : , , Matchctt 16,010.
'lontley fl.Con. a total of 13.S07.7SI. Thl < In
cludes the worcanV vote of 120.000 In Cole
rado. Utah and Wyoming , of which Uryan
received 100,000 and McKlnlpy 20,000.
1OXVA IMIW.S3 CO.M3I13.Vr.
Des Motnca Capital : Iowa Is all right ;
jl'.o has some warrants afloat , but they
were all Issued for a goo : ! purpose. Iowa
institutions arc noted for their economy
instead of their extravagance. Iowa Is all
Sioux City Times : Judging from the re
ports of official corruption In DCS Mollies
she people of that city are not In the right
kind of n house to porniit thorn to Indulge
In Indiscriminate Etono-throwiiijj at ether
cities of Iowa.
Cedar Ilaplds He-publican : If the good
gentlemen who compose the Iowa legislature
will give us a goo'l codo. Insure- the utato
building , > nd pass the manufacturing law ,
they will ir > alp the best record of the year
and of the decade.
Slcux City Jcurnal : The Iowa llnuor law ,
imperfect and Krotecquo es seme of Its fea-
tuies are , has one.preat ; advantage. It does
not thrust tljc whisky question into local
ule-stlgns. This Is n great relief. It Is a
Krrat relief from the previous state-wide
prohibitory Isw , because that virtually
thrust the ( ] ue .lon of license Into nil se
lections of locil olllccrB. The question was ,
In fc-rm , whether the law should bo enforced -
forced , or rather , whether an exasperating
but generally futile- effort should be made
to enforce It. The present llenuo law
operates as a great relief from these tur
moils and costly futilities In local politics.
THIS CU1\ :
St. Paul Pioneer Prr s : While the prcsl-
duit has been elow mid hesitating In meet
ing the appropriate requirements of the
situation In Cuba , as wt'j , t.i say Iho least ,
anticipated In the concurrent resolutions
adopted by congress some ten months ago ,
tbero Is a set of hnt-hcadn In that body who
want lo go a gooil deal farther than Is war
ranted by the facts. The recognition of
the belligerent r hl.s of th Cubans Is an
far iKt tlila cnnntrv ran nrnnorlv or iirildEiitlv
go In the preocai aspect of the contest.
Philadelphia Times : The tlmo has como
' .vlicii common KSIISU nhould como to the
aid of humanityI'an ) end this terrible- and
fruitless war that' ' Is- waged In Cuba. There
Is no prospect of Spain over Inducing the
Insurgents to atfrfemlcr. It la Idle to talk
about It. The Oubaii pcoplo will never
again accept any trms from Spain , be
cause her faith llhs been violated over and
over again ; but vltl\Jndcpendcnce achieved ,
and the obllgatlpnar of the new republic
guaranteed by tills government with the
power to maintain law and order and to
enforce the fulfilment of contracts , It would
bo the best poailblo solution of the Cuban
problem. PresliU'tot , Cleveland has opened
thu way , and If , npnln IH wisehhe will heed
the admonition and accept the friendly
counsels of tlila"gTVcrnmcnt.
Washington Post : It Is absurd to sup-
pe > so that the president nnd the secretary
of state arc speaking without Information ,
and the mccsago shows clearly enough
that the administration U not , and hax not
been , Influenced In lit ) action by any preju-
llco In favor of Spain and against the
Cubans. Wo arc bound to accept thcne
statement/ ) authentic and to agrc-a to the
proposition that to "recognize" a Cuban
'overnmpnt would be to glvo unbalance to
i mere creature of tbo Imagination. It Is
evident from the president utterances that
the struggle In Cuba Is rapidly approachIng -
Ing a Rtago at which Its termination will
jecomo Imperative , but It In equally evl-
lent that the true way of terminating It
lees not llo through such exppdlentn as
arc proposed by Mcusrs , Call and Wood-
A STOItV OP
'Ntcrn .Hi < l < < iiu < \Vlltiout 1'ni-nllol
In tinIllnliiry lit Civilisation.
St. I wl Cllolie-DcmoeriU.
The report of the secretary of the In
terior RhouB that fllnco the passage of the
homratend law there have been nearly 103-
000,000 acres of public land entered by act-
tiers , and over 335,000,000 acres have been
acquired under other laws. That Is to say ,
the area of settlement and cultivation had
been enlarged within the lifetime of the
present population of the country to the ex
tent -1HS.OOOOOO acres. These figures tell
n story that Is without a parallel In the his
tory of civilization , and one that can hardly
be comprehended without the aid of the
Imagination. They are equivalent to an Increase
creaseof 3,111,250 farms of ICO acres each ,
or twice that number of the- average nlze
of such estates In the- localities where mosl
of the entries and purchases have been
made. This means n corresponding multi
plication of the homes of the people , with all
of the attendant gains of comfort and happi
ness. Never brfore in a like period since
tbo beginning of time h33 so much been ne/ /
compllslipd In the way of material develop
ment nnd the extension of the mrans ntid
opportunities of prosperity. The record In
cludes , of course , not merely a great widen
ing of the domain of agriculture , but the
forming of new stntco , the construction of
railroads , the building of churches nnd
school bouses , nnd Iho general advancement
of the Interests of humanity.
Tlure arc yet about 000,000,000 acrca of
public lands , nut Including Indian nnd mili
tary reservations , estimated at Sil.9GO.OOD
acres , nnd the district of Alaska , but the
limit of this residue Is considered worthless
for civilization. It may bo said , therefore ,
that the end of tlila process of development
has practically been reached. There la .no
longer nny frontier with tempting possibili
ties for hoinc-seokoTs. The old aong , "Uncle
Pain Is rich enough to glvo is : nil a farm , "
had censrd lo bo true , so far as vacant terri
tory Is concerned. There- still a west , but
It Is now only n geographical expression nnd
iloca not signify what It formerly did to
people- anxious to briter their condition
tlnough the toll nnd privation of pioneer life.
In the course of events the remaining Indian
icnervntlons will be opened to settlement , un
doubtedly , and there Is reason to expect that
the lai e stretches of arid lands will ultl-
. . .i * . . * . . . . , , u , , , . , , ii- iiiiuiiiiuy some eysioin ot
Irrigation , but the general fact at present Is
that comparatively lltllr- chance Is left for
securing homes from the government. It
will , ; iovur bo pofallilo to duplicate the scheme
of bc.neflccnco and progivaa that hns enabled
'so many Industrious and deserving citizens to
become land-owners. The situation has been
oormancntly changed nnd a new oiu han
dawned , with different conditions and tcnd-
We may well give serious thought to the
mportanco of the work of development that
Is thus brought to a stop by the exhaustion
of material , s to speak. It Implies a great
deal more then a wonderful Increase of
Individual welfare. The effects which It
bos produced are not confiiic.1 to the classes
or localities Immediately concerned. It hai
brought radical changes to pass for the
wnolo country and fnr all elements nnd In
terests. In a sense , It has compelled a re
adjustment of business methods nnd appli
ances from the Atlaullc to the Pacific nnd
oven beyond the oceans to some extent.
its abundant products constitute n potential
factor In the markets of the entire world ,
Iho Inllucnce of Ita energy and Us cnlcrprlse
is fell everywhere In financial and commer
cial operatloj-s. - .Moreover , It has Invaded
the politics of the country , raising new Is
sues and Introducing now sources of in
spiration ; and it has not failed at the same
tlmo to make a decided Impression upon tbo
social nfi'nlr.s of the nation. It stands for a
great empire that has been evolved out of
the grass nnd silenro of the public lands
sluco Iho close of Iho civil war. No other
force of equal strength and significance
Has ever been nJdeil to our facilities o ;
achievement. It Is to bo regarded wllh
prldo and oxullatlon by Ihe people of nil
sections and all parties , and surely In the
future It will bo worth sllll more to uo
than It hns been in the past.
MI'MUIPAI , OWMSHSIIIP.
The I'ndi < < > city MIIIUIKCIIICIH f Frmi-
t'htHt'tl ( 'oi- | > f > rtitlmi-i.
fit. 1'nul 1'loncer l'rciv .
The path to city ownership of street rall-
rondf , gas workfi , electric light plants and
telephone lines lies through the application
of the principles of civil service reform to all
branches of civic administration. So long
ID city affairs are made the foot ball of
pirtloin organizations , whoso primary ob
jects are entirely foreign to the matters In
volved In municipal government nnd
, so long
as the nines ? of candidates for city offices is
determined , not by experience or skill In tbo
affiiro confided to those ofllcers. but by their
ability to pronounce certain party shibboleths
and rally the "boj.s" to tlio polls , to long
will the better judgment of the community
bo against city ownership. Thnt judgment
opposes the bringing of mere politicians ) In-
otcad of well elected exports Into control of
matters so Intimately connected with the
popular comfort nnd prosperity nnd Involving
such wide opportunities for the establishment
of "boss" or "ring" domination.
Hut when , under a properly constructed
charter , this' ' danger Is done away with ; when
uuch a charter provides net only for the complete -
plote severance of municipal elections from '
the Influence- nntlonil politics , but for !
the filling of all subordinate administrative
ofllcoj by men whose fltnena oball have ben <
ascertained by a proper examination baforo-
band ; when the test of merit shall bo the 1
only ono applied in the appointment of sjiy
city employe , from the chief cf a department '
to tlio lowest c'.crk , and wnen fixity of tenure
end tlio certainty of promotion for efficient
ccrvlea shall make municipal employment
attractive to the most cntorprlslns nnd am
bitious cltlzono then will conservative
opinion be reversed and municipal onncr-
tOiip of monopallos become a desideratum
The failure of various experiments In
municipal ownership under the old order of
things , and arguments against the extension
of such owneWilp based upon nn assumed
continuance of thnt order , lore nil llielr
force In tlio prcfonce of practical demonstra
tions of the ability of tlio reformed civil
service incthodo to cope with the demon of
corruption and to successfully and profitably
manngo nil municipal affairs , the various
"monopolies" Included. Glasgow nlono ,
where the Idea of city ownert'blp has been
cnrrlc-d to tire extreme limit , eo Ibat this
famous burgh lias been compared lo an Im- a
mentv municipal "department store , " affords
a oulllclent answer to all objections that
can bo raised. Olafgow'B example would
seem to show that the farther the Idea of
city owncrohlp of monopolies \ carried the
greater the advantage to the people. Mnco by
each successive step In that direction the
burden of taxation hns been diminished nnd
popular comfort promoted , until now the re
turns from the various monopolies pay all the
expenses of the * city government , the city Is
entirely out of debt , nnd nt the ( nine time
popular comfort nnd enjoyment has been
promoted to nn extent known In few other
towns , through the reduction of I'lreet ' car
fares , the extension of parks" " nnd boulevards ,
the erection of hospitals nnd Imih housvs , the
establishment of employment bureaus , tlw
provision of public concerts nnd the like.
Where such refills follow , arguments ngnlnst
municipal ownors'hlp ' , under like clrcnm-
stnncev , are vain Indeed.
Hut we say "under llko circumstances. "
Not all nt oneo did Cllagow step lo such a
position. Thnt city , llko others , had Us
experience In other methods of administra
tion , of elective nnd appointive sjstoms and
"rings. " Human nature la very much the
same In Scotland ns In America ; nnd that
the canny Scot la sometimes capable of cor
ruption and dishonesty Americans know
from the story of the distressing bank fail
ures In Gln&gow some years ngo. There , ns
must be tinonse everywhere , the first otcp
townrd nuiiili liil | : ownership of monopolies
wn * reform in municipal ndmlnlslrntlon.
That accomplished the people were ready
for tile next , nnd one fraiu'lilse nfter another
wns recalled from private ownership nnd
its gnlns diverted to the city treasury.
Klrat , a revised , modernized city charter.
No\t , a thorough application of reformed
civil service methods to all departments.
Initially , the recalling , one by one. so fnr as
possible , of franchises granted to private
corporations utilizing municipal opportuni
ties for Individual gain. These are thentcps
toward such a goal ns Olnsgow , Illrmlng-
bam , Manchester nnd other Kngllsh cities
show to be nttnlnnhlc by any clly under
a system of home rule a goal won there by
Iheso steps and by a slcndfnst adherence to
the spirit of thnt admirable motto , "Lot
Glasgow KlourlMh. "
< ; ti.\.ss TiUisr eoxsi'lUATons.
Ail Oi-Kiiiil/.tillini DcleriiilniMl lo Dety
The window glass manufacturers boldly
announce that they have completed the or
ganization of their tniE't nnd "nro now de
termined to defy nil competition. " This Is
frank , to the point , nnd superlatively auda
cious. It convcya only ono meaning , nnd
wns meant to convey only one meaning , that
nny man who dares lo fell window glara In
opposition to the trust will bo crushed. The
report adds lo tills general warning some
dolnlls of how It Is to bo made effective , as
"Ono of the first things decided on In the
articles wns the taU'lngof nn enormous trust
fund for the purpoi < o of fighting any minor
factory that shall attempt to manufacture
gla ! < s nnd soil It without consulting the trust.
This fund Is to be rnlsed by taking fi per
cent of nil sales , which means If tlio truot
factories dispose ot $20.000,000 worth of
glass the first year the reserve fund will
amount to $1,000,000. It Is likely to be
over this rather than under It. "
This trust fund or war reserve la tlio
usual resource of impudent monopolies.
It hns a definite purpose. If n glass manu
facturer tries to sell his product nt n price
below thnt charged by the trust , beennpo
ho can make n rcni-onnblo profit at thnt
smaller price , the "war reserve" of the
trust Is promptly drawn on to equip nn cs-
Inbllsbment In Iho . territory covered by
this presumptuous manufacturer , nnd the
output Is sold nt nny price , however low ,
thnt wilt compnss the ruin of the manu
facturer or drive him In eolf-defcnsx ) to
come Into the trust. H 1ms sometimes hap
pened Ihat a war of this character bos made
heavy inroads on the trust's war treasury.
Hut the restoration i ? prompt and ample.
The trust price Is raised ssllghtly nnd the
consumers are robbed to replenish the
The Glass trust manufacturers. .It appears ,
filled of absolute unanimity since the east
ern nnd western associations retain their
separate organizations , but they will work
In such complete harmony that the con
sumer will feel nil tbo trust effects. An
executive committee composed of rcpre-
Denlallvcs of the two associations will fix
the prices to bo charged Jobbers , so that
thcro will bo no suggeitlon of competition.
The committee. It Is furthermore asserted ,
"will have plenary powers In fixing prlceo
and enforcing penalties against factories that
vlolato Ibo trutit regulations' . "
Having fixed things so snugly within the
trusl , Iho managers feel Justified in declar
ing brazenly that with their "war reserve"
they "can control the entire- output of the
United Stales nnd bo oblo lo contribute
largely ' for any legislation thnt may be do-
sjircd ' In the Interest of the trusl. " Or , to
speak ' moro plainly , they nre In a iwsltlcn
to throttle any would-be rival , 1o defy the
piiblia nnd tbo law , nnd buy nny legislation
in ' their Interests that happen ! ] to bo for
Tills open threal lo competition. Implying
a ' derision of the law which It openly violates
lates ' wllhout suggestion to secrecy , Is an
exhibition of bravado which almost excltet
admiration. If sonic giant uliouUl station
himself at the corner of Stale and Madison
slreets and declare ho would rob everybody
who tried to pass him the self-assurance
could not bo moro complete. But the trust
will not stop here , as It plainly Intimates.
It expects to use KOIIIO of this Irust fund to
obtain legislation , nnd Ihat means mon
tariff. The tariff now on plain window
glass Imported Is from 3IV6 to 89 per cent
ad valorem , but agents of this trust will be
In Washington soon , if they are not there
now , urging a little higher tariff , a little
moro protection iu order to keep up or Increase -
crease the wages of their employes because
of the ruinous competillon from abroad.
Hut the window glass trust has shown its
hand fully , and It Is possible for every
congressman nnd every other person to
know now and always that this trust seeks
only to kill competition at homo so thnt It
may charge consumers any price it pleases
for glass. Neither the wages of employes
nor fear of foreign competition worries this
glass trust. It announces flatly that It In
tends lo conlrol Iho window glass oulput
of the United States , that It will crush'nny
man who opposes , and that It has plenty
ot money with which to buy n "lltllo moro
larlff" In order safely lo raise Iho prices
llttlo or considerably higher.
The absolutely pure
ROYAL the most celebrated of all
the baking powders in the world cel It I
ebrated for its great
leavening strength and t
purity. It makes your
cakes , biscuit , bread ,
etc. , healthful , it assures
you against alum and all
forms of adulteration
that go with the cheap
OTIIKH I.AMS THAIS' Ol US.
The French government 1ms undertaken
to naaln advance aRRreimlvely toward the ,
perennial eastern question , and hna made o
mess of It In two directions. She hna dis
covered that she U moro tlio tool than the
ally of mirNlfl. nnd Hint the latter , by per-
milling her to perpetrate additional follies ,
has further alienated her from the balance
of ICtiropo nnd Increased her dependence upon
the friendship of tbo czar , who ndmlres her
big navy nnd appreciates ills need of n part
nership In western Btiropo which cannot bo
severed by cither ( Trent Ilrllnln or Oormany.
Hussla has allowed Franco to bo humiliated
In Kgypi for this reason , and becnuso she
la not unwilling to be n silent party to Bug-
land's hold on Kgypt If , by this course , she
can add to her ehnncro of remaining solo
arbiter of Turkey's future. HtiMln has re
fused to endorse the Turkish financial scheme
because It would mean practically the aban
donment of nn enviable position which Kit-
rope realizes , oven If It will not acknowledge.
French capitalists may hold millions of
Turkish bet ds , and by controlling the sill-
Inn Jturola again fastens her hold upon tbo
heartslrlncs of Krnureas well as Insuring
herself niMlnst Ihe probabilities of defeat
for her scheme of exclusive control of the
Illack sea nnd free exit Into the Mediter
ranean through the Dardanelles. Franco Is
playing nt diplomacy , nnd her only reward
Is the Increased alienation of Btiropo , nnd ft
rebuke from her only ally.
A Japanese statistician , Mr. Snlto Kokuftl ,
is authority for the statement thnt milt-idea
have been steadily on the Increase In hla
native country during the past ten yearn.
H appears from the tabulated statement of
.Mr. Kokufu that nmong women those under
the ngo of 25 years nnd the unmarried nre
peculiarly susceptible to the suicidal mania
--n phenomenon which has nlao been ob
served by statisticians In this nnd In Buro-
pcan eounlrlrs , nnd which has been ascribed
by observers who cannot be etMpected of
cynicism to the fnct thnt these emotional
victims of the suicidal Impulse "hail nothing
else to do. " At any rate , women In the statu
of matrimony seem to be too much occupied ,
even If It bo only with Iho cares of family
life , to entertain the Idea of Kelt-slaughter.
About one-half of the suicides In Japan have
been found to bo persons of unsound mind.
Among men not limane the meat frequent
cause of suicide Is financial trouble. The
suicides of men hnve been found to bo moat
numerous nt the period when accounts are.
supposed to bo closed nnd liabilities met.
Enlightenment In Japan has evidently In
creased the stress of competillon , and this
hns been accompanied by the nntiotinll/.itlon
nmong Iho Japanese of the common "dis
ease of civilization. "
For n few months no news has como to
us from the Island of Crete , nnd the general
Impiesslon baa been growing that the re
forms promised by the sultan were being
carried out , or , nt least , Dial his oflklnlti
were procrastinating In an Inoffensive way.
Hut now a journal from Athens brings
tbo report that the Cretan Revolutionary
assembly lias met in Vamos , and hns ad
dressed a protest to the foreign consuls In
Crete , who In n way were to have the np-
pearance of seeing that the reforms were
carried out. calling their attention to the
Fact of the non-fulllllment of the promisee.
Of course , the consuls can only represent
the state of nffalra to their respective gov
ernments ; but to the Turks this protest
ims the significance of an ultimatum , fur
It ends In Iheao wordsVe : demand that
the reforms bo Immediately applied. Wo
leslro no excuse ; noun will be accepted.
Unless a favorable nnd consistent answer
be nt once made , we shnll be obliged to
secure by force our ncqulred rights. " After
nil , It may take the abused degenerates
of the I'cloponnesla , who appeal to us mod
erns only through tbo glorious past of
ilcllas , lo do what Ihe rcsl of Iho civilized
world has failed to do force n promise
'rom the Turk nnd make him live up to It
by force of arms.
* * *
The news which It Is reported that Husln
I'nsha , Turkish ambassador to Hussla , has
telegraphed to the porte , Informing the
sultan of the existence of a complete understanding
derstanding- between Kussia and Great Brit
ain In regard to the enforcement of reforms
In Turkey , will undoubtedly prove ns sur
prising to the other world ns It has proved
to Abdul Hnmld , who Is eald to be greatly
excited over the announcement. If It bo
true , It undoubtedly presages some real re
forms throughout the Turkish empire.
Coupled with the dispatch , which conies
from Constantinople , Is the statement that
call a , conference of ambassadors Imme-
key , who Is now en route to the porte , will
call a * conference of ambassndore imme
diately upon his arrival tbero. when a dis
cussion of financial nnd other reforms Iu
That is an essential truth re
garding our advertising. We
mean to always be within
bounds and are ready to stand
by every claim we make for
the superiority of the clothing
of our manufacture and for
reasonableness of our prices.
This is true of the Children's
as well as the Men's Overcoats
and Su'ts , and true too of
everything in our Furnishings
If any purchase is not whol
ly satisfactory , let us know ,
promptly and it shall bo made
right or your money will be
refunded without a word.
S.V. . Cor.
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