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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1895)
4 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE SATFKDAY , JULY L'O , ISO , * ) .
Tire OMAHA DAILY BEE
K. IJOSKWATim. CDITOn.
1' I I' J.I Kil. D "rTvntlY MOUNtNO.
Pally lire ( Without Sumlny ) , One Year . $ 8 W
Dilly lir. . .md Sunday. One Yrixr . 100"
Rlx Mutitli * . . . . . . . . . . 6M
Ttirte M.Mniia . . . Z
HuniJav Ilfo , One Ynr . s J2
Bntunlny lien , ( wemr . 1 " °
Bee , Ona Year . e5
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Ooiim.l lilurr * , 12 I'entl Street.
Chi. ii KO Olllcc , ail Chnmlwr of Commerce. -
New y rk Itwitnn 11. 14 nml 15. Tribune Dulldlng.
\Vii.l.itiSton. 1407 II" Hlrpot. N. W.
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during the ntontli of May. IN" . * follovn.
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Net nil , * . 6 2
Daily mitigc : . 1JlJl1
onoiiou n. TKSPHUCK.
Sworn tn before me nnJ RulwrlfceJ In my pres
ence thU 1ft d.iy of .limp. IVtt :
( Sent. ) N. 1' . FKJU Notary 1'ubllc.
AXOTIIKK NK\V KKATUHK.
THE OMAIIASUNDAY BEE.
THU ENGLISH WORKING CLASSES.
AininKcniciitH have been made to pub
lish In The Sunday 15ei > , commencing
Suii'lny ' next , n series of letters on the
Kmtllsh worklnc olappes , wtlttcn by the
well Unown author on social topics , Mr.
Henry Titckley. Mr. Tuck ey lins al
ready nulillshuil a work entitled. "Musses
and Classen ; A Study of Industrial Con
ditions In Knulaml. " and Is now abroad
making further studies nlontf the sumo
line. The scries will consist of flvo
letters. denlltiK with varlouu phases of
worklns cliisd life In litiRland , the
homes , personal habits. Income and ex
penditures * , thrift anil Insurance , morals ,
loHtlcs. iclatlons to the church , relig
ion , reform. The first letter , which will
appear Sunday , treats of the inlliienco
of the Knillsh workmen In the general
election , and Is full of Interesting tlo-
tulK These letters will appeal espe
cially to our readers among the workIng -
Ing classes. It Is for them that The Uee
has arranged for the exclusive use of
this tlmoly special feature.
TIIE OMAIIA SUNDAY BEE.
KOU TIIK AVOKKINO MKX.
And the snrprlsps in llu > elec
tions arc not yet at an eiit
What lins become of tne report of the
council retrenchment committee ? Has
It been lost In the shuflleV
A few more unexpected defeats and
the liberal party will be almost bereft
of leaders In the new House of Com
Most people are at a loss to under
stand why any one should think the re
port of the Ilorr-IIarvey debate worth
Ex-President Harrison's presidential
chances seem to worry other people a
great deal more than they worry Mr.
There seems to bo a healthy rivalry
between the different religious denom
inations as to which can et up the most
enthusiastic national convention.
The lU'lj'lan Chamber of Deputies Is
said to have had a heated session the
other day. The temperature In Hcl lum
must bo very like the temperature In
No ono need be frighted by a few
picayune shipments of gold out of the
1'nlted States. This country has with
stood several drains upon Its gold reserve -
serve and can do so again.
Another big Irrigation enterprise has
been launched In Ueiiel and Keith conn-
ties , Involving a district of l.H ) ( ) acres.
The people of the western counties pro
pose soon to be In position to defy the
If there Is an author who has written
on economic subjects from the time of
Moses down who has not been cited on
one side or the other of the free silver
controversy he certainly has reason to
feel Insulted. '
Army olllcers and private soldiers are
disqualified for engaging In politics.
There are many reasons that It should
bo so and these reasons apply with
equal force to members of the munici
pal police and fire department.
The cattle rustlers of the northern
border have pleaded guilty and will be
transported to Lincoln for safekeeping.
Here Is an example of the advance of
civilization In the Nlobrara country. A
few years ago the cattle rustlers would
not have lived ten minutes after their/
Efforts to connect the recent changes
In the police force with the Citizens'
league movement will fall utterly be
cause thn one has not the remotest re
lation to the other. Any police olllcer
who may hereafter feel c.illcd upon to
dabble In politics will doubtless stumble
on to this fact In short order.
The Nebraska State Itclief commission
seems to have resolved Itself Into a
commission for the relief of a few clerks
and stenographers employed in the sec
retary's olllce and the propagation of
A. IA. . literature. The commission
should make Its report , discharge Its
employes and close Its otllce at once.
People who believe what the Lincoln
I ) Journal has to say about the wonderful
In. nctlvlty of Attorney ( Jeneral Churchill
In thu appeal of the maximum freight
rate cases will be Inclined to think that
the legislature made a mistake In mak-
Inj ; an appropriation to retain the serv
ices of a capable attorney to represent
the state In these cases. Had the legis
lature only known what a jewel It had
Jn Mr. Churchill It might have saved to
the taxpayers the fees which It agreed
to i > uy to ilr. Webster.
Without undertaking to say on which
side the right Is In the trouble that has
grown out of the eviction of settlers on
the Indian reservation In Tlinrslon
county , The Uee earnestly advises the
people there not to allow themselves to
lie Influenced by passion or by the coun
sel of rash leaders. All the talk about
resorting to bloodshed to protect the
rights of the settlers Is reckless folly ,
which must be discountenanced by
every good citizen. As we understand
the matter , the Indian agent has acted
strictly In compliance with Instructions
from higher authority , and If a wrong
has been done the responsibility Is not
with him , but with those who direct
him , and the remedy Is to be sought at
Washington. There can be on doubt
If the proper effort Is made by the per
sons In Interest to put their case .before
the Washington authorities It will re
ceive careful consideration and that
strict Justice will be done , but on the
other hand If they attempt to resist by
force the authority of the government
olilclals they will place themselves In
the position of public enemies and must
expect to suffer the consequences. The
utter folly of such a course ought to be
clear to every citizen of Tliur.-iton
It is proposed to hold a meeting at
Ponder next Thursday at which the
Nebraska senators and representatives
will be present and talk over the situa
tion with the people , with a view to the
adoption of a course that will avoid
further trouble and maintain the peace
until congress shall have an opportunity
to take action In the matter. This Is
the proper thing to do and It Is to be
hoped it will have the desired ell'ect
HOW IT WOI1KS.
An Illustration of how the foreign
manufacturers are favored by the pres
ent tariff law Is furnished by a state
ment of the United States consul at
Itradford , England , showing the value
of declared exports from that consular
district to the United States during the
month of May 1S)4 ! ) and IS'.tf. ' The
Bradford district is one of the great
manufacturing sections of England , but
at the time our present tariff law went
into effect the Industries there were
suffering and nowhere in ( Uvat Urit-
ain was the enactment of that law
hailed with greater gratification than
by the manufacturers of Bradford. How
much reason they had for this feeling Is
shown by the statement of the Ameri
It appears from this that the value
of the exports from the Bradford dis
trict to the United States in May ,
IK'.Vl ' , was only ? ; ! . " 0)00 ( ) , while
in May of this year It was $ Ii-181-
( XXV an increase In one year of
.iltl.OOO. Looking at the details of
the statement It is shown that tin-re was
an enormous Increase In the exports of
worsted coatings , stuff goods , woolen
and cotton goods , worsted , mohair and
silk yarns , and other articles which
come Into direct competition with
American manufacturers. While the
trade of this one manufacturing district
in England with the United States hus
Increased ( iX ( ) per cent In a single year ,
that of some other districts lias un
doubtedly grown' to nearly If not quite
as great an extent , and this is the way
the democratic tariff policy works for
the benefit of the manufacturers of our
greatest commercial rival. No wonder
the London Board of Trade extended to
Mr. Wilson the extraordinary compli
ment of a banquet at which the demo
cratic policy was lauded and the hope
earnestly expressed that that party
would long continue In control of the gov
ernment. It will bo remembered that on
that occasion Mr. Wilson advised ills
entertainers to look out for their mar
kets , because under the new tariff the
American manufacturer was going to
make an effort to capture them , but this
warning did not disturb the equanimity
of the shrewd British business men
there assembled , who well know what
the democratic policy meant for them.
As yet the American manufacturer has
not captured any foreign market noi
ls there any prospect of his doing so ,
but the British manufacturers are real
izing all the advantage they hoped for
from the new tariff. This Bradford sta
tistics furnish an Instructive object les
son for those who tire interested in the
welfare of American industries and
TIIK 'fUAXSAWlUA CfMSKD.
The bond transaction between the
treasury and the Morgan-Belmont syn
dicate has been completed so far as'the
transfer of bonds Is concerned , this
having been effected In London a few
days ago by Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury Curtis. The payment for the
bonds was completed some time ago.
The only relation between the govern
ment and the syndicate now Is the obli
gation of the latter to protect the treas
ury against withdrawals of gold for expert -
port until October 1. Thus far the
syndicate has been able to carry out
this obligation , but whether it will be
able to continue to do so until the ter
mination of its agreement is a ques
There arc Indications of a ten
dency toward another drain upon the
treasury gold reserve , and under prevailing -
vailing conditions a depletion of the reserve -
servo Is by no moans Improbable , though
It may not , at least for some time to
come , assume any such proportions as
before the negotiation of the last sale
of bonds. Within a week the treasury
has lost In gold not far from ? 1,000,000
and there is a prospect that It will
have as much more within the next
week. The shipments of gold have
boon made by Importers , and In view of
the fact that the Importations continue
heavy while the exports of merchan
dise are only moderate , thus steadily
Increasing our Indebtedness to Europe ,
there Is reason to apprehend that the
syndicate may llnd It very dllllcult , If
not Impossible , to so control the market
for exchange as to prevent a largo out-
How of gold and thus protect the treas
ury. In addition to the excess of Im
ports there Is also to bo considered the
extraordinary amount of travelers * cred
its this year , estimated to reach $ " . " > ,
000,000 , which constitutes n factor In
the situation the syndicate may not
have fully taken Into account. Indeed
It U entirely probable that tills powerful
combination of bankers did not fore
see all that has taken p'ace to Increase
the foreign Indebtedness of the 1'nltod
States since they entered Into the agree
ment to protect the gold roiu'rvo of the
treasury and that consequently they arc
now confronted by greater dllllcullloh
than were anticipated. That they will
do Iholr utmost to carry out the agree
ment cannot fairly bo doubted , In view
nf what they have done , but the task
was much less dllllcult while the syndi
cate was paying for bofids than It will
bo now that the transaction , Is com
The treasury now has a cnsli balance
which appears to make Its condition
perfectly safe at least until congress
moots , the gold reserve amounting to
$1011,000.000. Under ordinary circum
stances It would experience no embar
rassment In mooting till obligations dur
ing the next six mouths , or for even a
longer period , though receipts should
continue to fall behind expenditures.
But In the event of such a rate of de
pletion of the gold reserve as was ex
perienced last January , the treasury
might be compelled before the mooting
of congress to sell more bonds , and It.
Is the opinion in some quarters that
such a contingency Is more than prob
able. Obviously existing conditions
favor It and these are growing steadily
more adverse to our ability to keep our
gold at home.
WIIKUK 'run MtAMiiiT ra.vKs.v. .
The man who runs the Jackass Battery
wants to know whether a minority of re
publicans when dissatisfied with their
own party action should have the right
to name nominees in a nonpartlsan
movement. That depends upon condi
Once upon a time the United Stales
senate was equally divided between
democrats and republicans. The re
publicans wanted to boat the democrats
In organizing the senate , but no democrat - ,
crat could be persuaded to cut loose.
About this time a man by-the name of
David Davis , who had been elected to
llll n vacancy from Illinois , took his
seat. Davis had boon a justlcv of the
supreme court and his disposition waste
to stay In the middle of the road as an
Independent. So the republicans con
cluded that the minority party com
posed of one member had a right to
name the candidate for president. Davis ,
very modestly but naturally , thought
that ho was the best 'man In his party
and therefore named himself.
Moral In a political campaign good
generalship and military necessity may
require the recognition of the minority
without which the battle cannot bo won.
Tin : sTtmr w 'inv r.i.u/cr , .
With an overlap of over ? 20,000 star
ing It In the face and a marked de
crease In the tax valuation the council
still persists in running the municipal
machine on the basis of .flMO.OOO.OUO
valuation and 1200,000 population. In
stead of lopping off supernumeraries and
laying off men who are drawing pay
without doing'any perceptible work the
pay roll is kept at the highest notch.
Not many years ago the council man
aged to got along comfortably without a
paid sorgoant-at-nrms. The chief of
police , either by himself or deputy , was
present at every session to maintain
order and papers were served upon ab
sentees by a police olllcer detailed for
that duty. This did not entail one dollar
lar of extra expense and the service
was In the hands of an olllcer who at
tended to his business ana inul authority
to enforce obedience.
.Presently one of the council combines
which have domina-tod the city and
looted the treasury In turn decided to
provide for ono of the ward politicians
by creating the oflk-e of sergoant-nt-
arms. This olllcer was at llrst paid Iflt
for every council session. Thou bin
salary was raised to ? " . " > per month and
lie was required also to act as a runner
for the city attorney In working up evi
dence for city cases. It was the old ,
old story of the camel who was trying
to wedge himself into the Arab's hut.
First Mr. Camel poked In ills nose , then
he squeezed in his head , then his neck ,
then his shoulders , then his hum ) ) , and
finally Mr. Camel presented himself at
full length Inside.
No sooner had the council established1
the complex otllco of fici'scant-at-arms
and court snllllor than it was found that
there was altogether too much for one
man to do. The Siamese ligament had
to be cut. The olllce of sergeant-al
arms was continued at ! ? ! ) ( ) ( ) a year and
the city attorney's runner had his sal
ary raised to ijil.'JOO a year. Those sal
aries arc paid year in and year out ,
whether the council Is away on a junketer
or whether the courts are adjourned.
In other words , $ : ! ,100 is drawn out of
the treasury for political favorites
whoso actual work could and should be
done by police olllcors detailed for that
purpose , and with no additional expense
ponso beyond their regular salaries.
What Is true with regard to those two
useless taxeators applies with equal
force to a score of other hangers-on who
have leon ) foisted on the city pay roll
when they are In reality doing either no
work or scarcely any work for the city
or are performing the work which others
are paid to do.
When will the taxpayers have relief
from such systematic taxeatlng ? Will
they ever rid the city of salaried
barnacles so long as the old party ma
chine , republican or democratic , con
trols the city and county governments ,
and makes the spoils of olllco the re
ward of dirty political work ? How
Is It possible ever to purge the
city of boodlerism when ward heelers
and boodlers are In position to pay
themselves out of the city treasury by
raising salaries , creating needless otllces
and playing Into the bauds of Jo1 > bcrs
and contractors ?
The Sioux City council sees the ne
cessity for an ordinance prohibiting city
olilclals from -selling anything to the
city or engaging in any contracts with
the city directly or remotely. Omaha's
charter provides heavy penalties for
such business , yet It has been violated
time without number without a single
The free silver tlomocrats of Ne
braska are llgurlng on a monster mu
tual admiration mooting sometime In
October , at which Senator Morgan or
Alabama will bo the principal ex-
imunder of frco sllver doctrine. Seiuv
tor Morgan ls"ft be Imported all the
way from Alabi ma to tell the demo *
crats of the nort i to do what the demo-
crats of the soul I have refused to do.
The commlsslti lers for the Nebraska
exhibit at the Vtlanta exposition de
serve every ojvciniragemout of their ef
forts to make a creditable display of
Nebraska products. The principal ob
ject to be galnrd by having Nebraska
represented Is to advertise Its resources
and work up now Immigration. Other
states will m < iiellvely pursuing this
work .and prollllng by the occasion , and
Nebraska should be In the front rank
of Its sister states.
The Sunday Bee will contain extracts
from some Interesting letters written
l > y Congressman Mercer during his vour
of China and Japan describing the
places he has been visiting and com
menting upon recent events In the
Orient. The article will be a treat , not
only to Mr. Mercer's friends , who are
almost legion , but also to all of our
readers who are anxious to know
more about China and Japan.
Whore are the patriots who wore so
anxious for police reform and reorgani
zation a few months ago ? They wanted
a competent and iiupurchasablo now
chief and they have boon accommodated.
They wanted the force purged of dis
reputables and Incompetents and they
have boon accommodated. Surely they
ought to feel happy now and commend
the police commission for carrying out
When Omaha gets Its new union de
pot , a market house and a million-
dollar hotel we will probably also got
a now sidewalk In front of where the
old opera house stood on the corner of
Fifteenth and Farnam streets. In the
meantime the sidewalk Inspector con
tinues to draw his breath and his salary
and , HUe the rot of this suffering com
munity , Is overworked and underpaid.
6priilni : ? ! > } thn ( tint.
Governor McConnell of Idaho , who says
"the silver men will not force the financial
Issue In the republican national convention , "
Is right , of course. Then ; will be no financial
Issue next year.
A > vfiil ( unmi ; In Ctihii.
The latest news from Cuba Indicates that
despite the efforts of the bloodthirsty revo
lutionists and their hated oppressors to keep
away from each other , they are managing
to maintain thejr usual average of fatalities ,
amounting to one killed and three wounded
every thirty days.
Uroat Ilevlvnl of I'ro pcrlty.
New York Woil.l. .
Ths hard times are over. Kvery Indication
points to improved and Improving business
throughout the country , to Increased em
ployment , to better wages , to larger sales and
to restored confidence abroad In American
securities. Th last Is only another way of
saying that our currency , our finance and
our business methods are again regarded
by foreign Investors with favor and confi
I'rnjfresnlvii I'oltro Jtoforin.
Knnnas City Star.
Twenty-five policemen of Omaha , who were
appointed because of their political and A. 1' .
A. "pulls , " apd.vliq had been disturbers
of the worst kind ; ' ii'lvo been discharged
summarily by the new chief and the police
board , and strict orders have b cn Issued
that all other olllcrs must not let political
and religious matters Interfere with their
duties as guardians of the peace of all the
people. If this new regime bo continued ,
Omaha will soon rival New York In police
J'rco Si Ivor's \Vnnk 1'olnt.
The strongest argument against free Fllver
Is to be found In the fact that the treasury
cannot possibly keep more than about one-
eighth of the total supply of sllvsr dollars In
circulation. They are put out at every op
portunity , but they will not stay out. The
number now In use Is only about 52.000,000 ,
which Is smaller by 15,000,000 than the num
ber In circulation on December 1 , ll > 90. A
man need not be much of a fin.inoier to
understand that It would be poor policy to
Increase the stock of such dollars when
seven-eighths of those already coined lie as a
dead weight In the treasury vaults.
InU'riiRtlon U Il'motHUni. .
The prospects of an International money
conference appear to have been Improved by
the agreement of the German states to call
such a conference , but the prospect that
"something will be done for silver" Is not
Improved thereby. A conference of the kind
proposed Is much more likely to put a
quietus on silver agitation by showing It to
be hopeless. Mr. Head's vagno suggestion
of a tariff war to help silver Is scarcely en
titled to serious consideration. It Is only In
tended to tickle the fancies of the silver
men. A tariff war would cast about as
much as a real war , and there would be no
glory in it for anybody , not even for Mr.
"Iiuforw" I < > lly in > ( Yorlr.
The determined effort of Mayor Strung and
Police Commissioner Roosevelt ru i.-n'orcp the
Sunday closing law In New York City is not
only foolish and visionary , but dangerous
from a party point of view. It Is a question
whether It has not already set reform back
for years to come In that city and prepaicd
the way for the return of Tjmm.viy to
power. Of course one hears ths usual talk
that the purpose Is to make the law odious
by enforcing it. Hut it la happening : n Now
York , as It happened here twenty years ngo ,
that the Quixotic crusade Is nuklni ; the
crusaders themselves and the ldcas they are
supposed to represent odlouu. It Is alienat
ing from the cause of "reform" .1 nultltudo
of respectable American voters. It vU | drive
away thousand's of American voUra who
worked for the rcfqrm candidates upon the
supposition that v''eH ' ' elfctcd they would
unite their energies' aralnst the corruptions
and frauds of TaminanV. Compa.-.itlvely few
dreamt tlut the/ Would seek to enforce
class legislation and1 offensive Mimctuary
laws. ' ' _ | '
I'OIVK UFXlltoSTATK 1'lttSS.
Holdrego Citizen ! The big corn crop in the
great state of Nebraska will do more to settle
the money Issue than 'all ' the efforts of the
politicians. y ii i
Arapahoe Pioneer : ! Some people In Omaha
do not consider iV'acrime to take $23 000
from the city , provided the money Is '
turned when the tileftls detected.
Kullerton Journal ' , the free silver contro
versy Is gradually tpnnlng Its racs , and other
matters will " : '
come"tg1'the front once more
The agitation has h'acj the effect of educating
the people , and tlyhave ! ( bacome better In
formed upon the currency question than over
bfore. They have learned that the lack of
the free coinage of Silver is not the came of
all of our national and private troubles The
discussion will also bring about a readjust
ment of the silver question to the good of the
uTiti-.it r. I.Y/J.S TJI is otita.
Two ycnrs HRO tie ! annual allowance Of
King Oscar of Sweden and Korwayvns
reduced. It was a pretty serliw * cut-down
rather more tlmn 30 per cent. At. the same
time the nllowanco of the crown prince was
cut more than CO per cent. This ' .vns at the
time of the great depression , when wages
of worklngmen wcro reduced generally. It
was hardly as n matter of economy , how
ever , that the cut was made in the wages of
the royal family of Norway and Sweden , It
was rather the way which the Norwegian
radicals In the Parliament look to Inform
the king that they were dissatisfied with his
opposition to their plans for consular and
diplomatic representation. King Oscar , there
fore , can hardly plead the general restoration
of the old scale of workltiRincn's wages In
Justification of his demand that his salary
be put back to the figure of three years ago.
Yet , as the wages of kings go , this figure
seems to bo a reasonable one. The 300,000
crowns which he used to get look like a
large sum , but really amounts to a little over
$98,000 ; while the 250,000 crowns which ho
Is now allowed count up only $ ri8 , < iOO. As
for the crown prince , his pay used to bo
$21,100 , and under the- reduction he gets
$8,000. There Is the other side to the affair ,
of course ; namely , that the Parliament has
had the monarchy business done for two
years at n considerably reduced rate and
quite as efficiently as ever before , and sees
no need of returning to the old schedule. In
case this view prevails there Is nothing for
King Oscar to do but to strike ,
I3y the Berlin treaty Bulgaria was made
a , tributary principality of Turkey. From
the first day of Stamboulolt's advent to
power ho has constantly thwarted Russian
Intermeddling wfth Bulgaria's domestic
policy , and has been equally constant In the
effort to make the country Independent of
Turkey. To this end ho was Influential ,
the chief Instrument. In the election of Prlnco
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-(5otha as prince of
Bulgaria , and to the Bamo end ho brought
about the marrlago of the prince with Marie
Louise , eldest daughter of Uuke Hobert of
Parma. During his career Stambouloff , In
steadily pursuing his designs for his coun
try's advancement among the nations , has
Invited the hostility of Turkey and Russia ,
and has also incurred the enmity of his own
sovereign. Such a career In a country
which possesses so many Inflammable and
volcanic elements must necessarily have been
a tempestuous one. Many Bulgarian leaders
who had the hardihood to conspire against
Prince Ferdinand while Stambouloff was his
prime minister were executed. In 1891 an
unsuccessful attempt was made on Stambou-
loff's life. In the subsequent trial Stambou
loff laid bare a conspiracy to overturn the
prince's government , and four of the con
spirators were put to death.
Almost the last official work done by the
law cfllcors of the crown under the Uosebery
government In England was to render an
opinion of the greatest significance to all
rural parish councils. ' . Ono of the moat im
portant functions of the new rural adminis
tration Is the provision of allotments. Under
the allotment acts , the provision of land Is to
be for "tho laboring cbsses. " It was ono of
the -doubtful points of the new law whether or
not this limitation applied to parish councils
at all ; but on the presumption that it did , the
opponents of allotments In many districts
seized upon the term , and attempted to glvo
it the narrowest possible explanation , arguing
that It Included nobody but actual laborers
engaged in the cultivation of the soil ; mil
cases have arisen repeatedly In which village
artisans hive been refused the benefit of the
act because of the acceptance of this narrow
definition. Now the law olllcers have ruled
that "the laboring population" means the
ppulatlon that , in substance , makes a living
by manual labor , including all smiths , car
penters , ploughmen , artificers , workers In
factories , or others whoso work Is In the
main manual , even though skill and knowl
edge be required for It. They further de
clared that the act authorizes letting not
only to those who labor themselves , but to
these also who may fairly be said to bo of
the laboring population , such as the widow of
* * *
Although the Belgian government has de
clined to accept , the offer of King Leopold to
take Immediate possession of the Congo free
state and transform it without further delay
Into a Belgian colony , yet It has voted the
$5,000,000 needed for the construction of the
Congo railroad , and for the repayment of the
$1,100,000 loaned to the free state by an
Antwerp syndicate , which had accepted a-
securlty a Hen upon certain rholce pieces of
territory. In voting this money the Belgian
government has stlpuated that the free eUto
should enter Into no financial engagement
of any kind whatsoever without the consent
of the homo government until the year 1800 ,
when Belgium will have to decide definitely
whether the Congo will be taken up as a
state colony , or bn abandoned to its fate.
Possibly , by that time Its prospects wl'l ' bear
a more promising aspect than at present. It
Is easy to understand that the sensible and
matter-of-fact burghers of Flanders should
hesitate ao matters stand now before deciding
to saddle their prosperous end thriving coun
try with a dependency that his hitherto been
a source of frightful expense to King Leo
pold , apd that Is now Insolvent.
* * *
There are three questions now on the Kuro-
pean carpet which may at any time assume
an acute phase. The first concerns Aimenln
and the Turk. The second centers In North
ern Africa , and Its sensitive nerve Is the
English occupation and administration of
Egypt. The third grows out of the Japanese
victory over China and Russia's aggressive
policy toward the new power in Asia and the
Pacific. Of these three questions the one
which at this moment seems most dangerous
is the first. Tie | Armenian atrocities remain
unavenged and the Turk has not yet giver
any guarantees against their repetition. There
Is troubles in Macedonia , too , of the same
sort , and It begins to be suspected In London
that Russia Is playing once more her old
game of stirring up Christian revolts In order
to provoke the Turk to commit outrages , and
thus furnish a good excueo for reopening tli
whole eastern question. There is , unhap
pily , no reluctance on the part of the Turk to
furnish euch an excuse. Ills barbarism Is
always sure to show Itself whenever his
Christian subjects glvo him any trouble. Back
of the Armenian , the Egyptian and the Husso-
Japanese problems , the one fact that looms up
above all others , and Is full of danger , IE
that all the European nations are maintain
ing armaments so costly that the screws of
taxation cannot bo turned much further to
support them. Either there must be a war
that will rcscttlo the relations of the powers
as they were settled by the Napoleonic wars
that closed with Waterloo , or there must be
an agreement to disarm and reduce taxation
all round before long. Unfortunately for Eu
rope , the word "disarmament" seems to have
dropped out of the dictionary of her rulers
* 4 *
The French Journals are calling on Ger
many and Great Britain to make note of the
fact that the Russian an ! French fleets at
Kiel were fervidly fraternal , and that behind
them there is naval and military force enough
to whip the rest of European creation. The
Berlin and London papers are retorting In
kind , and the English press In particular ! <
much more ouUpoken than usual In replying
to the Parisian war talk. Thus we find the
United Service Gazette and the Ilroal Ar
row , the two representative Journals of Brit
ish military an ! naval opinion , pointing to the
Kltl parade of worships as n. proof of Ilrltlsh
ability. In alliance with Germany , wlioio cooperation -
operation wlih Great Btitaln against a Iranco.
Russian alliance Is taken for granted , to meet
and defeat all comers. One of these Journals ,
after remarking that , "more than one navy
has sent Its ship unwillingly to compliment
Germany" and that the eating and drinking
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
at Kiel "went on with nn uneasy scnso of
thunder In the air , " boasts that the English
ships "havo shown the assembled spectators
of the continent that this country Is not
wholly cffcto nnd that we are prepared to
hold our supremacy on the water. " U closes
this bristling article by expressing the opin
ion ( hat the now canal "doubles Germany's
strength for defensive war. " The United
Service Gazette takes the same tone and goes
Into n detailed counting of forces to show that
Great Britain can alone muster moro fighting
tonnage and guns and men on the seas than
Russia and Franco put together.
Davenport Times : The mayor of Missouri
Valley , this state , lint Issued a proclamation
warning the citizens of his town nnt to feed
professional tramps. This Is good advice
so far as It goes , but It docs not solve the
Sioux City Tribune : The signs of the
times are auspicious , and no Industry , occu
pation or vocation will bo denied satisfying
participation In them. It has been many
years elnco all the conditions necessary to
general prosperity were as free from disap
pointing elements ns they arc now. More
over , the people everywhere feel that the
country Is entering upon an era of plenty ,
and they assuredly have a multitude of rea
sons for feeling so.
Davenport Democrat : Govcnror Jackson
announces tliat the work on the new Iowa
code has been finished so far as the commis
sion appointed for the work Is concerned.
The codified laws are In the Imudu If the
state printer , and It Is expected that they
will bo ready for distribution In September.
The demand will naturally be large , and as
the issue Is limited to 2,000 copies , there Is
room for disappointment. The completed
work Involves a large amount of money , ono
estimate placing It as high as $100,000.
Sioux City Journal : General Drake U not
a millionaire , although he Is wealthy as
wealth Is counted In Iowa. He Is probably
worth considerably less than half a million
possibly as much and probably something
more than ex-Governor Boles. It Is very
doubtful if Iowa ever had a millionaire gov
ernor. Some states , as New York , In the
case of Samuel . Tlldcn , have had millionaire
governors , but Iowa Is not one of these states.
William Larrabce is doubtless the richest
man that ever occupied the chair of governor
of Iowa , but he was not a millionaire when
GUI' OUT I'OltFtA
Philadelphia Ttocord : Farmer What
makes you think the corn crop will be
Chiropodist The style of shoes they're
Indianapolis Journal : "Isn't he rather
fast ? " asked the anxious mother.
"Ye * , mamma , In one sense of the word.
I don't thlnlc he can get uwuy. "
Detroit Tribune : First Chlcagoan How
Is it she married Smith ? 1 thought she
was going to marry you.
Second Chlcagoan I was late at the wed
ding nnd loat my place In line.
Chicago Post : "Tobacco , " said Charley
Callcash , meditatively , ns he puffed at his
cigarette , "Is very Eoothlnj ? in Its effect.
You'vo no Idea how delightful It Is , Jllss
"J should think you would smok.o It ,
then , " .she replied. Innocently.
That's why ho threw the cigarette away.
Boston Transcript : It was a mighty
mean man who , because ho happened to see
several elderly Indies In the crowd , wanted
to know If It was a "hendeavorer conven
Chicago Record : "That mail causes me
no end of annoyance over n bill. "
"Why don't you sue him and collect It ? "
"Collect it ? lie's trying to do that. "
Once a Week : "Tramp Madam , yer don't
happen to have u porous plaster in the
house , do yer ?
MM. Husfirr ( sympathetically ) P'r'nps I
liRve. Is It for n headache ?
Tramp No , ma'ntn. I just want to patch
dls hole In me pants.
Life : Mndge I reallv think Jack would
ask you to marry him If his prospects were
Dorothy Indeed , If he only knew It , bin
ptospects nro very good. You don't know
how fond I am of him.
TO SPITE THE MEN.
New Yoilt Iteoorilpr.
When women meet they always kiss.
Ah ! why this waste of honeyed biles ?
Because they know what grief nnd imln
They cause the men , who long In vain
And groan to think of wasted sweet ,
And kick themselves , when women meet.
.IT / / / ; / ; l-'HKT.
He knelt before her In most courtly fashion ,
As maids romantic think n lover should ;
The crowded thoroughfare lay Just before
But here the shadows of the quiet wood.
Down at her feet he bowed , while she In
Waited , with covert glance cast about ;
No one was near to catch their words or
It was a timely moment , beyond doubt.
Ho knelt before her ; but the lover's wooing
Had all been done a year or so ago ;
He WHS her husband , and 'twas at her bid
His knee was bent , hishead , was drooping
He rose and mopped his flushed and weary
And muttered , as they"wandored from the
"That's the fifth time you've got mo at
this business ,
Next time I'll tie that shoestring In a
Brooklyn Ragle ! The two combatants
to be good for a keg apiece , and as to th
public whew ! If the Chicago barroom * do
not put a premium on standing room for the
next tew days wo lose our guess. Depend
on It , the brewers arc behind IhU g.ihfrst.
Globe-Democrat : Messrs. Herr and lUrvcy
propose to emit 140.000 words In their finan
cial debate , They adopt the wrong kind o (
measurement. They should pledge them
selves to so many cubic Inches of wind. Tha
rot they are giving out should bo gauged bjr
wind and not by words.
St. I'aul Globe : So far the debate has
waged around the unmeaning commonpl.ic 's
that constitute EO large a share of the. silver
discussion. The publlo iecd not expect any
thing more forceful until tli ? disputants
reach the only practical question In the
whole subject : "Should we have free coin
age by the United States alone at the ratio
of 16 to 1 ? "
Chicago Chronicle : Discussion In Its nobler
form Is undertaken for the ascertainment of
truth. Carefully prearranged discussion , such
as Herr and Harvey's , has no other purpose
than the beguiling of dollars out of Ilia
pockets of the public. The advertising ma
chinery Is elaborately arranged , and It Is
within the bounds of probability that the
fakers may be successful and will divide
the plunder as previously arranged. If the
great American public likes this thing , why ,
as Lincoln used to say , It's the kind of thing
Chicago Tlmes-Hrrald : The forensic hp- !
podromo will continue for some days. It Is
a purely private speculative enterprise. In
order to secure the largest free advertising
for It Mummy Jefferson will be cross-exam
ined further , and othir lald-away citizens
of early times will be brought forth also to
be catechised , whipped , Mood on their head * ,
or made to dance to marionette tunes. Fran
silver humbug has reached Its l.i t SUKO
of decrepitude and dilapidation when hippo
drome debates are Its only resort long r to
detain public attention.
KXCLUSIVH SI'KCIAUPHATPHKH. .
Tim OMAIIA SUNDAY
TIIK ENGLISH WORKING CLASSES :
The llrst of a scries of letter by Mr.
Henry Tucklcy on working class life In
England The Inllucuce of the working1
men In the Ilrltlsh elertlons Something-
for American laborers to read and ponder
THE HMALLEY LETTER :
A new ft'alliro added to The Beo'3
already unexcelled fort'lmi news sorvleo
The latest news of European capitals
explained by the veteran Journalist ,
Gi-uruc W. Hinnllny , long the Ix > ndon
correspondent of the Now York Trlbunn
anil now American represpntatlvo of tlm
London Times Mr. Hmnlloy will avail
himself of the latest cnbfe dispatches
and rearrange and explain the reports of
Kuropoan events for American readers -
The Ueo will bo enabled to glvo Us
patrons the bonellt of this enterprise us
n regular feature of Its Sunday issue -
It alone will be well worth the prlro oC
a Sunday paper.
MKN OK THE MOSS HAGS :
Additional rim liters In S. II. Crorhott'a
quaint story with aitlsttc Illustrations.
CONGRESSMAN IMKRC'ER IN TUB
Tour of Congressman nnd Mrs. Mercci
through China and Japan Graphic de-
fcrlptlons of the dlffcient cities visited
Sumo pprtluert roimuks upon the con-
duet and corn lusion of the war between
China and Jnpiin.
COIN AT SCHOOL IN FINANCE :
Fifth and concluding extract from
George 10. Roberts' answer to the frets
silver fallacifs of Coin More Interesting
than any series of dry silver debates-
Arguments- the free sllverltes csplodoil
with homely everyday facts accessible
MONITOR AND MERRIMAC :
Story of the famous naval engagement
as told by the pilot of the Monitor , Lieu
tenant Samuel Howard , to the popular
newspaper correspondent , Frank G. Car
EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS :
The festive bonk agent the ever present
tempter at the great Denver teachers'
convention Lack of economy In the
management of the public schools Live
GARFlliLU'.S MOST TRUSTED GUIDE ,
Story of Joseph Seward , the military
scout The dangerous services which bo
undertook for the union army during tliu
WITH THE CIRCUS COOK :
The biggest traveling kitchen In the
world How a great circus Is fed Vat3
of soup and mountains of bread.
THE COMING GENERATION :
"Without a Coinpas , " n story for the
boys and girl ? How to dive with ease
nnd safety Bright bits for youthful
IN WOMAN'S DOMAIN :
The fashions In yachting clothes nt the
seashore Women In shoe stores Lady
Cook on woman's bravery Just what thu
women like to read.
SOCIETY IN St'.MMER :
Weddings of the week Omaha people
nt summer resorts What the stay-nt-
bomes are doing Movements of the so
THE WORLD OF SI'ORT :
Turning jiolnt In the Imso ball situa
tion The whirring : of the wheel News
notes of local bicycle cliib.1 The best re
ports of sporting events In every part of
the country. '
UNEXCELLED NEWS SERVICE :
Special cable letters on the doings ot
the Old World An Incomparable market
page Nebraska news from The lleo'n
corps of special correspondents All the
TIIE OMAIIA SUNDAY
Cliango IOIIF Pants
For this is panting
"weather. Now is the
time to pant. We. change
the price. You change
your pants. If you wani
to , They never were so
SEE OUR 15ti ! STREET WINDOW.
11 ll'Pt Ht'O
$1,50 $ , $2 $ , $2.50 $ , $3 $ , $3,50 $ $3,75 $
JUVT AHOUT IIAI.l'
Men's fine Black Clay Worsted Pants
that ha veal ways sold at $3 , $6 and $7 ,
we have nut on sale at
"You never saw , nor you never will see
again , best Clay Worsteds at that price.
Your Koney's Worth or we'll Trade Gaclc ,
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