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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 22, 1895)
10 THE oar An A PAILT Jitagr SATURDAY , JUNJD 22 , isos.
VARH WEATHER WISDOM
Ects nallo Suggestions Concerning the
Cares of Housekeeping.
HOW TO MAKE THE HOUSE ICOK COOL
Ami Inlni thn KilBO < Jf Mercury's Lofty
Clliiilit Itoiit Annornncfs with Mullen
Mini Don't ( let Hot The
Vto of Hi" liutli.
"Keep CM ! ' How can one keep cool ? " asked
a weary mother the other day , "when the
mercury Is limiting Hie 90X the baby U
broken out with the heat , as cross as two
sticks , and I am ready to drop to sleep this
minute with weariness , and It ts not 11
o'clock yet ? I don't know how I am evci
to get through the dny , without a servant
to do a hand's turn , too. Wo have to
economise since John was let out of olllcc. "
And there that poor young mother and
little mjre than a year-old wife was econo
mixing right where she should have made
Sier most lavlah expenditure. In rest. The
baby was cross and fretful , and badly broken
out with hfat. as she had said , bu' she never
ntopp'd to think that her own heJteJ con
dition and worried mind and tired body was
half the cause of It , and that with every drop
of milk that her baby nursed It was absorbing
Q larg r quantity of her own nervousness , to
vex her with all night , perhaps. Being-
"tired L'nough to drop , " the proper thing to
do was to drop , and take a good , long nap ,
from which she would have arls ° n with more
cheerful views of life , and would have found
also that the wheels of the household ma
chinery would have moved much more
smoothly when ehc hud satisfied nature by
Bolting a little rest. Then , too , the dear
little baby would ha\e had one good meal
of Its mother's milk , that was purified from
worry and microbes of nervousness , and the
jirlckly heat would have had less to feed
"Keeping cool" this blistering weather ,
says the Washington Star , does not mean
physically only , but menially ns well , and
you can materially add to your comfort by
observing a few common sense rules. The
woman who Is managing ami who looks well
after her family will get most of her work
< lone very early In the morn ng , before any
body Is astir , and before Old Sol gctn so
fervidly familiar. Of course the house should
bo dressed for summer , If possible. The
carpets should ba taken up , dusted and
cleaned , If you Intend to have that done be
fore putting down In the fall , and then they
Hhould be tightly sewn up in closely woven
bags , to keep them from the Invasion of
jnoths. All the heavy curtains should be
taken down and treated In like manner , and
all the hangings should bo removed and
stowed away , for dur.ng the summer , open
windows , sunshine and iiiisl would ruin
them , and your peace of mind at the same
THE ROOMS LOOK COOLER.
If yon can afford It , light stra.v matting Is
the Ideal summer Iloor covering. If not , stain
your flojrs and content your.'elf with rugs.
It mav be that bamboo furniture will not be
available , either , but light linen covers for
your pretty upholstered parlor set will be.
for you can get patterns and make them
yourself. Strip your rooms of all the fancy
bric-a-brac that catches duU so easily , and
tfiat "tplght get overturned and broken In the
liurrleJ dally dusting.After clearing the
houjo of the "litter" that makes It so cozy
and bright In the winter , but only enhances
Its "stulllnesa" In warm weather , yon will
bo surprlwd to find that your labors In keepIng -
Ing your house clean are appreciably light
ened , and with heavy hangings gone the
rooms actually seem cooler.
Uy arising at daybreak , leaving the little
ones sleeping , the whole hoiuo excspt the
Bleeping roomj can be put In cJcr before
breakfast. Don't go about this cleaning
without fortifying yourself , though. Drink
A glass of cool lemonade cni cat a biscuit or
n dish of berries or other fruit , which will
nol leave you with that "empty" feeling , nor
. yet destroy your appetite for breakfast. If
3 on have not done your marketing the night
before , of course It should bo done as soon
03 possible after you got up , so that you can
arrange for the day's meals. If you are a
real sensible woman you will have learned
what U the best kind of warm weather fooJ
for the o Is a vast difference In the hcat-
j-roduclng properties ns well as the health-
KlvliiK ones of the various articles of diet.
If the man of the family has to perform
manual labor , ho will need melt twice a day
For yourrelf once a day Is quite enough , un
less you want to Increase your discomfort , for
meat IB heating. If It Is a roast or a boiling
piece tha' you Intend to have for dinner , cook
It rarely done In the morning and sot It
nway In the Ice box , or at least where It will
keep cool. Save the broth that has formed
about It , and If you Want soup you can make
It from that broth In five minutes' time
when you are getting dinner. If you prefer
the meat hot for dinner cut neit slices of
the rarely done ronpt , place them In a pie tin
nnd pour over them some of the Juices you
have saved , and set them on the gas stove erin
in the oven to heat through , then slip on
the hot platter and serve.
COOKING MAUB RASY.
Make your potato salad , or the chicken or
veal salad whllo yon are about It , and th :
pie or bread pudding , or custard , or gelatine
dessert. It It Is sliced cucumbers save all
chance of Indigestion by slicing them Into
tailed Ice water and set them In the Ice box.
rinse before putting on the table. With
these tilings prepared , a vegetable or two for
cllnfirr can easily bo cooked over a one-
burner gas s'ove In a double boiler , and the
matter of getting the dinner confined to half
an hour , and another half to getting the
If you have any regard for your digestion
eschew hot bread , oatmeal , cracked wheat
nnd erldillo cakes In hot weather. They are
ull heat producers , and fat producers as
well. Fruit , fresh fruit , and plenty of It ,
fihoulJ be found on the table at every meal ,
both summer and winter If possible , but In
the summer especially. Day old bread ,
thinly sliced , and toasted a golden brown
and .eaten dry , Is the very best kind of bread
for ono who suffers greatly from the heat ,
IVrhaps you are too much wedded to coffee
to give It up , but drink less of It , and more
lemonade , that Is , If the lemonade docs nol
Klve your nursing baby the colic.
If you \ \ [ \ \ carefully note when your babj
la the croescst you will generally find thai
Us crying spells follow closely on a fit ol
nnger , Ill-temper , overheating or overeating
on your part. The summon appetite 1 <
usually unite dainty In the morning , sc
never have anything heavy for breakfast
The first course should be fruit , always
After tlmt the tastes of the family must be
considered , but whatever you have cook II
nicely , serve daintily nnd do not have sc
much of It on the table as to disgust the
light cater. Iy a little managing you car
save yourself a great deal of work over t
liol stove right In the heated part ot tin
Whatever sewing you feel that yon inns
do. rush through In the morning. If yoi
iver > wise you would have llnlihed up mosi
ot your sowing wh.le It was cool , say li
March and April , bet the children plaj
their hardest nil morning , and about 11001
bring them In nnd strip them. Give cacl
one a rubbing duwn with a towel dipped li
salt water , put their night dresses on then
and send them to their rooms to go ti
tlcep. They will jvobably object , but lo
them know that It has to be dor. ? , and II
will not be long before they \v lifj-omc o
thalr own accord , for nature Is very meth
odtcal , and a sleep nt a curtain hour oni
day Is sure to Induce ono nt tko same hou :
the next day.
A QHATEKUL , ItHST.
Then darken your honso from top to bet
torn and Und the coolest place In It am
take u nap yourself , An hour U loni
I'lionth , and will amply repay you for wha
you stele from your morning sleep and ro
uuperate you for the loss stiiUned thrcugl
lie t and nervousness the night before
Your children will probably sleep for tv.i
or three hours , they can scarcely get to
much , and when they get up , cen huv
on their clean clothes ami will bo good
humored for the remainder ct tha day
which will , of course , add to your owi
Ono of the greatest blessing * in bo
weather U an Ample supply of clean clothes
Sticky , scllcd , 111 imelllng clothing woul <
sour the temper of a ruraph , so In you
spring sewing Include a change from th
nklii out for rr.ch day. It Is easier to was' '
two plocns of linen that are slightly nolle
than OIIB that hat to be washed Into ho1"
to Kft the dirt out. Make all the "even-
day" chiding simply and without frllU a
anr description , U will eivo tlmo ui
strength , which you need for nobler dutlct
and will greatly lessen your laundry bills.
For your own house dresses you should make
plain , unllned prints , which nre so easily
laundered and kept clean , and have no
weight to tire you In getting about. A
woman who elects to wear out her cast-off
finery at home Is always an object of pity , I
think , and always gives the impression of
thinking JOBS at her own than she docs of
strangers , since she reserves for the home
circle things that she Is ashamed to have
anybody outside of It sec.
Dnn't fret ! The woman who wants to keep
coal must smile when 'the coffee Is mil My
and toke Katle'H torn ( rock as a great Joke.
She must not "stow" became her bangs
won't stay In curl , or storm at the lint
weather. About the very bait body heater ,
aslds from a fit cf temper , Is to walk around
with a fan In ono hand and a handkerchief
In the ether and o.sk If anybody over saw
littler weather. Take the heat philosophic
ally. It Is here , and It has to bo en lured
You only Increaao your own and everybody
else's discomfort by talking of the hot
weather , for whllo one cannot "wallow
naked In December snow by thinking on
fati'astlc sumnifr's heat , " one certainly can
Increase one's temperature appreciably by
dwelling Intemperatjly in the torrll weather.
Uy nil means avoid Ice water and filling
up on Iced drinks and frozen fruits and
custards. A light appetite Is a good thing to
IOBSPSS In hot weather , for both eating and
rlnklng Increase the temperature. The
emulation to take a cool drink or a dish of
ream Is strong when ono Is heated to the
oiling point , and yet thai Is ono of the
ulckcst steps to sunstroke , Indigestion and
VAHM WATKIl KOIl WARM WEATHER.
The Idla person finds the weather hotter
han anjbody else. If you have something
o occupy your time and attention , you do
lot find the weather nsarly so uncimfort-
blo , brcauso you do not have thus to thlnlc
bout It. Of courii ? bathing Is ono of the
efuges from excessive hot weather , and
leanllness is one of the cardinal virtues ,
ut don't make the mistake of thinkng
liat n bath In cold water will cool you off
'ry ' water a little more than blood warm ,
.ml after some experiencing the delicious
eellng of Ihe cool air striking the tndy on
warm day , you will always remember that
old water for c.ld weither and warm water
or warm weather Is the rule to follow.
Nsver maks the mistake of bathing the
ace when heated. It will be sure to g.ve
ou an uncomfrtable feeling , and If you go
ut In the sun will be almost sure to blister
ho skin. Dry your face gently of presplra-
Ion with a soft linen towel , and then llter-
jlly dredge It with starch or talcum powdei.
The latter Is best , as It is wonderfully cooi
ng and absords prcsplratlon. Cold cloths
in the wrists w'll ' cool one greatly , and a
iold cloth at the back of tha nsck Is good
'or ' a headache caused by the glare of the
Jim , covering the eyes with another. If the
head gets heated , lot the hair down ami
Ift the long strands so as to let the air get
o the scalp. Frequent washing of the hair ,
ince a week at least , Is necsssiry In summer
; s the hair so soon gets to bs musty.
To sum It all up , the best recipe for keep-
tig cool Is to eat temperately and drink
.he same way , control your temper , get
plenty of sleep , do not stint yourself In clean
clothes or clean water , and refrain from
iitxni * ui' J/u : MUMii
'UINCRTON STORIES Uy Jesse Lyiub
Williams. Cloth , $1. Charles Scribner's
Sons , Now York. From Jlegeath Station-
cry Company , Omaha.
College life nt Princeton , In Its varied
aspects and characteristic features. Is vividly
depleted In these lively stories. The differ
ent types of character are drawn with fidel
ity and penetration , and the author has a
natural gift for short story writing which
ndues his book with an Interest quite In
dependent of Its special subject.
OUWAIU ) HOUSB Dy William Scovllle
Case. Cloth. $1. Charles Scribner's Sons ,
Now York. From Mcgeath Stationery
Company , Omaha.
The romantic quality of the stcry Is en-
lianced by the mystery which Is not solved
by the teller of the tale himself until the
very end. The rapid succession of Incidents ,
which plquea without satisfying the curl
oslty In regard to the shadowy figure of the
girl In the story ns well as touching some
rithcr matters , Is carried out by a group of
men who have a degree of Individuality.
Colonel Forward himself , his two sTang---
sons , Mlstor Hawke , the leader of a piratical
crew. Mister Hunt , who was a witness of and
a participant In all that occurred , and who
tolls the story In Inimitable fashion , with
Molly Forward In the background , fill the
stage with strongly contrasting and highly
ALASKA Uy Miner W. Hruce. Cloth , Il
lustrated , $1.25. Lowman & llatiford , Seat
tle , Wash.
An experience of six years In various portions
tions of Alaska enables the author of this
work to give authentic and accurate Informa
tion concerning the development of the re
gion during the past few years. In order to
enable the formation of n more accurate
and complete conception of the country and
Its outlook Mr. Ilruce gives an outline of Its
history , a description of Its topography , Its
climate. Its agriculture and its flora. Ho
also gives an account of Its mineral re
sources , Its timber and the great Yukon
gold fields that are attracting so much atten
tion at present. In connection with the lat
ter the route to the Yukon Is carefully out
lined , the land and s > ea animals , the Alaska
Indians and Eskimos , In fact all the dis
tinctive and prominent features of this vast
country that covers one-fourth as much sur
face as the entire United States are detailed.
The tourist route and the Alaska boundary
question are also among the topics touched
up-in. The Illustrations , of which there are
a largo number , ara taken from photographs
and are a great help In conveying a bettor
conception of the land and Its people.
MADAME DE STAEI , Uy Helen Hlnsdale
Rich. Paper. The American News Com
pany , New York.
A lecture delivered before many prominent
societies In the United States by Mrs. Rich ,
"Tho Poet of the Adlrondacks , " presenting
a scholarly analysis of the celebrated French
woman's character , works and Influence upon
her times. The print. In the style of Stone
& Klmball's publications. Is very neat and
M'CI.UHF/S COMPLETE LIFE OF NAPOLEON -
POLEON Ily Ida M. Tarbell. Paper , CO
cents. S. S. McClure , Ltd. , New York.
Alexander Inherited a crown , Caesar and
Hannibal were each born to station and
affluence , but Napoleon Ilonaparte began the
struggle of life under great difficulties on a
Ilttlo Island that had Just been humiliated
to dependence upon foreign powers. To
read the story of the rise of the little
Corslcan Is to witness one of the wonders
of the world , for what wonder may even
bo compared to the prodigious marvel of
such a career as his. Pyramid and temples
are dwarfed at the mention of his vast In-
lluencB upon history. Simply to tell the
story of this man Is the recital of a romance
whose equal has not yet been penned. What
a plot evolves and what characters march
Into the arena of the mind engaged In con
templating the unfolding of his life. Miss
Turbell has succeeded not only In telling
the story well , but In bringing to It the
latest and moil authentic versions of the
facts that enter In Its plot. One of the
most Important features , howtver , for which
the book will bo prized Is Its princely collec
tion of portraits and Illustrations , that lend
additional ' .uster to the work. These com
prise not alore the grnat collection of en
gravings oi. Mr. Gardiner Hubbard , but a
large nwififr of others copied from rare
pictures 'n private collections In Franco.
CHIMMin FADD13N EXPLAINS. MAJOH
MAX EXPOUNDS Uy Edward W. Town-
send. Cloth , $1 ; paper , " 0 cents. Lovell
Corycll & Co. , New York.
The book comprises u ssrles of sketches
most of which have already altracted atten
tion In the columns of the Now York Sun ,
The characteristic feature of the sketches If
the Introduction of Uowery vernacular In n
ityle trlto with a delightful Idiom , thor
oughly realistic and full of wit and humor
The character of Chlmmle Is unique and tin
remarka on society that drop from lit :
lips lend special charm to the book.
OU'rilK-MISH Dy Puul Hourgot. Cloth
$1.75. Charles-tfcrtbner's Sons. Now York
From McRcalh Stallonety company. Omaha
"Outre-Mer" Is nut a philosophical treatise
on American political Institutions and nd
ministration , IIUo Ua Tocquevllla'a am
llijro's. but It Is , In Us way. equally ecrlous
U has lt light , mid oven Us gay sldu. bid
none the loss does U contain food foi
thought , and depict with precision the socla
physiognomy of a considerable portion ol
America and Americans. After a few day >
In New Yn-fc. of whlci his first Impression !
are vlvacloucly presented , bo repaired U
Newport , ot whoso society ho elves aa ex
tremely sympathetic and discriminating ac
count. An analysis ot the different types nt
the young girl naturally follows. Then the
reader Is taken slumming In New York and
en visits to Archbishop Ireland and Cardinal
ntbbons , with whom the labor problem and
Its political aspects are discussed. Chicago
naturally claimed a gooil drol of M. Hour-
gol's attention , asvull as St. Paul , Haiti-
more anj Washington , though naturally
New York and Iloston are mosl exhaustively
treated. The different subjects discussed.
It should be said , are cancontrated
and presented topically throughout the book ,
which mclhod satisfactorily breaks Ihe nar-
ratlvo of Its author's Journeys and wit
nesses the fact that Ills Impressions have
been systematized and digested.
A TRUCKS AND OTHER STORIES Hy Mary
Tappan Wright. Clothl. Charles Kcrlb-
ner's Sons. New York. From Megeath
Stationery Company , Omaha.
Eneh story In this book Is the tale of a
man and woman. Each theme Is the oldest
and the newest that the world holds love.
There Is no plot to spaak of. Very little
Incident. The Interest lies In the working
out of the typa of character. The studies of
women are very close and sympathetic. The
workmanship Isdelicate , and * If the general
effect Is somber , It Is because life seems
gray to tlit > sensitive vision of the author.
MYTHS OF NORTHERN LANDS Uy H. A.
Ouerber. Cloth , Illustrated. The American
Ilook Company , New York.
Properly speaking , the myths herein de
scribed are the classics of the north and
urnlsh the stork from which tha earlier
ellglous beliefs and customs of the Danus ,
wedes , German , English and French wore
erlved. The style of composition and the
tie quality of Its Illustrations not only
ontrlbiitD to make It an excellent text book ,
ut render It invaluable to the general
SUPPRESSED CHAPTERS AND OTHER
UOOKISHNESS Uy Rcbjrt llrldsej. Cloth ,
$1.25. Charles ScribnVe Sons , New York.
From Mt-geath Stationery Company , Omaha.
'UT ' YOURSELF IN HIS PLACE Uy
Charles Reade. Paper , 25 cents. Laird
& Lee , Chicago.
KWEL DON TS Dy Edmund Ruwell.
Paper , CO cents. The Dramerton Pub
lishing Coninany , 135 Greenwich Street ,
'HE FRIENDSHIP OF NATURE Dy Mabel
Osgocd Wright. Paper , miniature , 25 cents.
Macmlllan & Co. , Now York.
CONVENTIONAL LIES Dy Max Nordau.
Paper , 50 cents. Laird & Lee , Chicago.
.IAUREEN'3 . FAIRING Uy Jane Uarlow.
Cloth , 75 cents. Macmlllan & Co. , New-
AFTER MANY YEARS Poems. Uy Rich
ard Henry Savage. Cloth , 255 pages. F.
Tennyson NeIy , Chicago. From Megeath
Stationery Company , Omaha.
THE HERITAGE OF THE KURT3 Dy
UJornstJerne HJornson. C'oth , $1.00 ; papr ,
CO cents. Lovell , Coryell & Co. , Ne.v
York. From Megeath Stationery Company ,
Harper's Weekly for June 22 contains an
llustrated article on Chlckamauga park by
General H. V. Uoynton.
rV number of extracts from an amusing
Japanese "Life of General Grant" will ba
printed In the July Century.
It Is reported that Tolstoi has bcome an
enthusiastic blcyciipt and Joined the Moscow-
Cycling club. He rides for an hour avery
day , accompanied by membeis of his family.
Going on a epros Is "painting the town
red. " Has the Elizabethan parallel ever
boon pointed out ? Prlnr ; Hal with Polns In
the Hoar's Head Tavern says : "They call
drinking deep , dying scarM. "
An admirer of Edgar Allen Pee suggests
as a means of Increasing the contributions to
the fund for the poet's monument In Daltl-
moro that roses be grown on his grave and
sold at fancy prices.
The title of Miss Wlnnlo Davls's novel ,
soon to be Issued , Is "The Veiled Doctor. "
It Is descrlbsd as telling the story of an over-
M.nsltlve man whoso married life with a nol
very sensitive young woman was a tragedy to
Mr. Herbert Spencer , who was one of the
three men , outside of Germany , who were
recently appointed by Emperor William
Knights of the Ordre pour le Merlto , has de
clined the honor on the ground that his
opinions , repeatedly expressed In his writing
ing- ' , debar him from accepting It.
Mms. Recamler's correspondence has beei
put up at auction In Paris. It embraces a
number of love letters written to her bj
Luclen Honaparte , Uernadotte , Missena and
Uenjamln Constant. The letters of Prince
Augustus of Prussia , who wished to marrj
the famous beauty if she would obtain a
divorce from lur bankrupt husband , are no
among the collection.
McCluro's Magazine for July will contali
an illustrated article by Sir Robert Hall
professor of astronomy In the University o
Cambridg ? , England , showing how rccen
scientific discoveries tend to bear out-early
speculation In favor of ths existence of life
on other planets than the earth. The same
number will contain also some very Inter
ostlng Stevenson matter.
The Westminster Gazette says : "It ap
peara that the Russian censors stand li
much greater fear of Tolstoi than he does o
them. They begin to tremble as soon as
they learn that he Is meditating a new book
In making up their minds whether the work
of the grtatest Russian writer Is to b
placed under their ban , they have now to
consider , not only what people will say In
Russia , but also what people will think In
Europe. When the 'Kreutzer Sonata' was
prohibited , Tolstoi's wife , it Is said , went In
person to the czar and lodg d a complaint
Alexander III. received the countess v < ry
graciously , removed the ban , and declarer
that In the future he would himself act a
censor of Tolstoi's books. "
A serlis of prize essays on the Hbor ques
lion are published In pamphlet form unde
the rather lengthy title , "A Dad Way o
Settling Difficulties Detween Capital and
Labor. " Various plans for the peaceable
settlement of labor dlfilcultles are argued
but nothing of distinctive Importance brough
to light. The American Humane Society , 19
Milk street , Hoston.
"A Iluraau ot Municipal Information , " I
ono of numerous timely topics considered In
the June number of The Municipality and
County. Niagara Publishing Company , Duf
falo , N. Y.
La Revue Franco-Amerlcalno , a Journa
printed entirely In French , but designed fo
American readers. Is an Illustrated monthly
magazine , the Initial number bearing dat
of June. Masters of French literature am
the principal arllsts of Franca will alone b
admitted as contributors. The varlou
schools and systems of art and llteralur
will be represented , and side by side wl
appear the names of Tolstoi Clemenceau
Mallarme , Dourget , Uarres , Severlne , Her
vleu , Mendes. Alph. Allals , Grosclaude , Cour
tellne. etc. Among the artists will be Puvl
do Chevanncs , Whistler , Helleu , Foraln
Caran d'Acho , whllo Princess do Chima
will contribute articles on fashion , an
Princess de Pollgnac on artistic decoration !
The Revue will not be composed of extendei
heavy studies , but will contain short , vivid
vigorous articles on subjects of universal In
tcrest. The Revue Franco-Amcrlcalne wl
bo printed In Paris , Its literary editor beln
Prince Ponlatowskl , who Is well known I
America , and whose name and reputatlo
will bo sufficient guaranty of the worth , excellence
cellenco and success of his enterprise. I.
Revue Franco-Amcrlcalne. S3 Duane Street
A largo and complete map ot the Unltei
States In sectional strips Is one of the fea
lures of the June edition of The Rand &
McNally Official Railway Guide and Han
Ilook. American Railway Guide Compan )
102 to 171 Adams Street , Chicago.
THE METAPHYSICAL MAGAZINE Th
Metaphysical Publishing Company , CO !
Fifth Avenue , Now York.
THE NINETEENTH CENTURY Loouar
Scott Publication Company , New York.
THE DANKER'S MAGAZINE John G
Floyd , 83 John Street. New York.
THE HARVARD GRADUATES' MAGAZIN
Harvard Graduates' Magazine Assocla
tlon , C Deacon Street , Doston.
THE CLOTHIER AND FURNISHER Th
George N Lowery Company , 13 Astor Place
THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW Leonard
Scotl Publication Company , New York.
DATON The Daton Publishing Company. 31
Y. M. C , A. . Kansas City , Mo.
THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW Leonar
Scott Publication Company , New York.
HANKS AND DANKERS Hanks and Dank
era Publishing Company , 77 Dexter Dulld
Ing , Chicago.
OUR DUMU ANIMALS George T. Angel
10 Milk Slrcel , Hoston ,
RHODES' JOURNAL OF HANKING Dra >
ford Rhode * & Co. , 7S William Street , New-
THE PYTHIAN TRIDUNE William D
Kennedy , 240 West Sixty-first Street , Ch
'ROM ENClSfi PIT TO CAB
regressive Stc'JS in the Training of a
lee motive Engiueor.
RADUAL AND- CAREFUL PROMOTION
crmi nt Apjiri'iltleoililp Drpon'lcnt on In *
It'll cento ami Appllcttlluu TJio lttp : *
tura of Ilia llily , the Itoiillz.i-
tlou of Jho Ainu ,
Every boy , arrlvoil nt n certain age ,
vlshes to take part In tlio work of the
vorlil which he sees going on about him.
tuny doslro to bsconio locomotive en-
Incera , but tow of these understand how
mrj ami how lens Is Iho way to gratlfica-
Ion of that ambition. They may be
leased to read my experience , which
a llko the experience of many a man who
las worked his way from the cornfield to
ho cab of a locomotive , says a writer In
My first railroading was In the humble
apaclty of a water carrier for the gra.lers
u the Vandalla nail , In Illinois , where
ny father had a small contract. Finally
he grade was completed and tfio construe-
Ion train came along behind the first
ocomotlvo I had ever seen.
Of course I was deeply Impressed with
ts grandeur. E\ery boy gazca at a loco-
nollvo with rapture partly compounded of
ear. If boys playing foot ball hear the
vhtstlo of an engine they will stop and
ook. A boy swimming , who Is supposed
o forgot everything , will turn and swim on
its back and watch the train go by.
Our farm lay near the railroad , just at
he end of a hard pull. From the field
where 1 worked during my youthful years
could see the fireman at his furnace ,
vhllo the great black steed tolled slowly
up the hill with half n , mln ! of cars behind
ler. I never looked with envy at the en-
Incer. If I could be a llreman , 1 tliougnt ,
ny cup of happiness would be full.
It Is not an easy matter without Influ
ential friends to get employment on a rail
road , especially If the applicant happens to
tavo hayseed In his hair or milk on his
shoe ! . When the brakcman , who Is the
> ald elocutionist of the train crew , wishes
.o humiliate a fellow workman , he In
variably calls him a farmer. No greater
nsult can be offered to a brakeman.
I had lived a quarter of a century and
failed In balf a dozen business ventures
Alien I 'decided to go rallroaJIng , being
prepared tocept the humblest position , ao
eng as It was In the path that le.J to the
throttle. I presented some strong letters
the master mechanic of the Denver &
Klu Grande , at Sallda. Colo. , a clerk wrote
my name and address In a large book , say-
H ? that he would call mo when 1 was
wanted. I begaji to think I would net be
wanted , for I had to wait a month or more
when the caller came one evening and told
me to report to the night foreman.
First I Joined the wipers , a gang of half
a dozen men whose business It Is to clean
Lho engines up when they oome In from the
road. This gang Is made up of three classes
old men who are not strong enough to
perform heavier work ; young and delicate
youths ; strongyoung men who expect to
become firemen when their names are
The wiper's work I's not very arduous , ex
cept for the long and dreary hours , from 6
In the evening to G I'n the morning. But It
is disagreeable work.1 You have to get down
In the pit under the locomotive reeking with
oil , and wipe the machinery clean and dry
with bunches of waste. All this time you
are obliged to Inhale the awful fumes of tln >
torch you carry. '
If you are faithful and patient you may
be promoted to the day shift In six months.
Here you perform the wine work , but without
the torch , and you sleep of nights. Uy and
by you are promoted again to tha position
of engine watchman.
There are from twenty to fifty locomotives
In the roundhouse , and it Is ? the watchman's
duty to keep water In the boilers and enough
atcam up to move the engine In case one Is
wanted In a hurry. Before long the foreman
! f ho think. ] you deserve to ba encouraged ,
will put you on a yard engine as fireman.
This will take you back to night work , but
It Is one step forward and the work Is light.
When there is a vacancy you will bs glve'i a
day engine , and again you feel thankful ;
you 20 the sunlight ; It gives you courage ;
you are glad to bo free of nlht work. I
do not know of anything that will embitter a
man's life and sour his disposition to swiftly
and surely as working week after week
through the hours of darkness.
From the day yard engine you go out on
the road , and now you are a real fireman.
You are assigned a regular locomotive , and
you are expected to keep everything clean
and In order that Is. everything above the
running board , that board which you will
see on all locomotives , extending from the
cab along the s.lde of the boiler to the front
end. On mountain roads , ten years ago ,
wipers , watchmen and all roundhouse helpers
were paid $1.75 a day , firemen on yard en
gines $2 and engineers $3. Firemen on road
engines received $2.40 a day and engineers.
$1 ; but eastern roads do not pay nearly so
well. I know of half a dozen railroad presi
dents who began nt less than 50 cents a day.
Another great advantage the men of the west
had at that tlmo was that they served , as a
rule , less than three years as firemen , though
now on eastern roads men commonly fire from
five to ten yearn But the west was then
developing rapidly , and new roads were being
built every year.
At the end , say of three years , the fire
man may bo promoted to be hostler. The
hostler takes the engines from the coal
track , side track , or wherever the engineers ,
leave them. Ho has them coaled up , the
fire cleaned and then runs them Into the
stalls In the roundhouse. In this work
ho becomes familiar with each and ever }
engine on the division , and If he Is ob
serving ho will retain this knowledge and
use It when ho becomes an engineer.
The next promotion takes the hostler
back to the night yard engine ; this tlmo as
engineer. His pay' Is now $3 a day or $ DO
a month , but ho was making over $100 a
month at $2.40 a day as fireman. Head en
gineers are paid by the mile forty-four
mountain miles or eighty-five valley miles
being a day's work. Thus , when business
ts good , the engine crew makes forty and
fifty , and once in a while sixty days In a
month. ' " *
The man on"the Vilght yard engine goes
through the same stages of promotion that
the fireman went through , until at last ho
finds himself at the throttle of a road en
gine with another 'Increase ' In ray and a
corresponding Increase In responsibility , but
with less real' hard work to perform. On
some roads a man ] nust , I believe , serve a
tlmo In the shops as helper and machinist
before ho can ) ) ope to bo promoted to the
position of engineer , This Is not absolute ! )
necessary , for the. , reason that the en
gineer Is not required to keep the engine In
repair. Most master mechanics will tel
you that the machinist Is not always the
best "runner. "
There Is a book called the work book
where the engineer whoso engine needs re
pair writes Its number , what ho wants
done and hU name. If ho Is not quite sure
about the disease he may make a repor
like this : "Examine right steam chest. '
The foreman will sot a machinist to work
who , nine times out of ten , will locate the
trouble In a very short time.
Even when promotion comes rapidly 1
takes from four to six years to work fron
the whipping gang to the cab , but' these
years ro not wasted. Every day am
every hour you become more and more
acquainted with the various parts of the
great Iron horse till at last the knowledge
picked up In these years of toll serves to
make up the sum of yonr education us a
locomotive engineer. The years seem sur
prlalngly short , for there Is always the hope
that springs eternal to lure you on.
The life of an engineer la fascinating
especially where tfie road lies along tin
banki of a beautiful stream , or over gram
mountains. Here at every curve a new pic
ture Is spread before him. To reach the
summit of some high mounuin at sunrise , to
look down the winding- trail which he must
travel and see the blue-gray cloud lying1 across
the track ; to dash through the cloud out Into
he glad sunlight again , the verdant valley
tretchlng away below , the high hill ? lifting
heir hosry crests above , l apt to Impress
ono with the awrful grandeur of God's work !
o thnt he will carry that Impression through
A very small percentage of locomotive en
gineers become railway officials. It promo-
Ion comes to the engineer he Is usually pro-
noted to the office of traveling engineer.
The duty of this officer I ? to go about over
he road to see that the engines arc made to
vork to their full capacity , and to seu that
he rnglnemcn do not auuss the engines or
waste- the supplies. The traveling engineer
liually recommends firemen for promotion.
Vhllo railway rules permit the promotion of
Iremen In accordance with the length of
line they hnve served In that capacity , the
ulo IP not always applied ; and It should not
> c. One man will learn as much In a year
as another will In ten and all men do not
nak ; good engineers. Then , again , If a man
s given to dissipation ho Is not , and should
lot , be promoted In his turn.
Thure Is a vart Improvement from year to
tar In railway employes as n cl.tps , morally
and Intellectually. It Is no longer con
sidered necessary for a man to b ? "real
ough" to b9 a good train or englneman As
a class , the men who now enter the railway
strvlco are more Intelligent than thopo who
sought such employment fifteen or twenty
cars ago. The traveling engineer Is often
iromoted to the position of master mechanic ;
rom that place to superintendent of motive
lower , and sometimes he becomes siiperln-
emlent of the road or general manager.
Cornrrliii : tlio Wlilto SI tliil I'rino * nil I x-
JU'IIMVU .till ) .
A Washington dispatch to the Chicago I'os'
ays : Now that attention has been directed
o the business motive behind the . 'liver
agitation. aldltl > nal facts are being brought
o light every day , and people are wonder-
ng how they could have been so dumb and
jllnd as not to have discovered what was
really behind the movement. Since the pur-
chayiu of silver by the government stopped
wo years ago the production of that metal
n the United States has approximated $115-
000,000. The director of 'he mln. Is nu horlty
or the statement that there ha , ? been no Im
portant Increase In the amount of silver
tut Into manufactured articles , hard times
laving cut down the trade. The net exports
of the fiscal year 1S94 were $21.000.000. and
the net exports of the fiscal year 1S94-5 will
approximate $35,000.000. Possibly $10.000.000
las gone Into manufactures and arts , which
would leave a surplus In bullion at the end
of the present month on the record of the
ast two yoaro of about $30 000,000. The sub
stantial character of tho-e fig'ires had i.ot been
Jlsputed but It Is Just PA well to fortify
them from such official Information as can be
There Is therefore no doubt that the
amount being carried by the combination Is
substantially aa given , and the amount is
being Increased at the rate of between
$2,500,000 and $3,000,000 per month. The
prlco of silver Is cheap , or at least It wouU
be considered cheap under ordinary circum
stances , but the situation with the silver
market at the present time Is similar In
many respects to the wheat market during
the last four or five years. There was a
long season of overproduction , the result of
which was that the trade had to carry a
colossal surplus through a back-breaking
period until consumption could overtake pro
duction. The lowest pr'.ces of a hundred
years followed ; all the way down from $1 In
vestors stepped In and helped carry the sur
plus because the prlco looked \ery low.
Probably $100,000,000 would not pay the losses
to bulls In wheat during the last four years
that amount having been sunk carrying
property for which there was no market.
So with silver. The price looks very low
and the capitalists and producers who are
putting their money Into It fully believe that
It will go no lower , and that when the metal
receives the "recognition" which by some
process of mind they figure It Is entitled teat
at the hands of the government they expect
to realize enormously on their Investments.
When the combination went Into the deal It
is doubtful it many of the members thought
It would grow to the size It has already.
From present appearances It would look as
though they were hardly fairly embarked In
the enterprise. Two years have elapsed and
the combination finds Itself under $35.000.000
worth or nllvcr bullion. The earliest they
can expect relief Is two years , and by that
tfmo they will bo carrying ever $200,000,000
of the metal ; that Is , they will bo carrying It
If they can last that long.
"Cornering" silver Is a good deal like "cor
nering" wheat , except that In the case of
wheat It Is always fairly safe to calculate on
certain ascertained facts with regard to con-
luinptlon , whereas In silver the element of
speculation of a moat hazardous typo must
be consldereJ. In this case It will bo neces
sary for the combination to yacuro favorable
legislation at tlio han.ls of congress to help
them out. This Is a most uncertain quan
tity , yet without such assistance the crowd
will luve left upon Its hands twenty-four
months from now over $100.000,000 worth of
property for which there will bo no active de
mand in this country. In tho'r sober ,
thoughtful moments the men In the back
ground of till * deal , who are putting up their
millions of dollars , mu t realize that they
have engaged In an extra hazarJous under-
aklng. and ono that will require sustained
effort , remarkably able generalship and rare
good fortune to bring to n successful out
The discovery of the full facts relating to
this silver conspiracy will not tend to adJ to
the popularity of the free coinage crusade.
The maizes may decline to stay enthused
over a question which Involves primarily the
fortunes of a handful of rich mine owners
and speculators merely. The glamour which
now surrounds the hurrah discussion may
evaporate when It becomes generally under
stood that the motives which are Inspiring
the silver agitation are quite aa tordld as
those controlling Wall street , which , cccordlng
to popular belief , Is the head center of the
machinations of a torrlfylhg gold conspiracy
of some sort , the horrifying details of which
are vaguely hlnteJ at by such orators as
Ilryan end Peffer and Tlllman. These dis
closures will go far to show that , when It
figured down to a fine point , a crowd of
silver millionaires Is In reality no better than
a crowd nf cold millionaires.
We Offer YOU A KEIUHDY Which
Insures Safety to Life oi Mother
Debs Confinement of Its Pain , Horror aud Itltk.
My wife used "MOTHKIIN' F11IEVI > " be-
faro her Brut clilld bail no cr.inip' iva cicilckly ro-
lle cd suffering but Ilttlo no pnlna altorirnrd
pld.E.K.JOUNSTONKufMl > iAla.
tVSent by Mall or KiprMon recelptof price ,
tfl.OO | icihollle. . Book "To HolliiTi" mailed Hce.
UUAUF1KLI ) ItKOULATUH CO. . ATLANTAQA ,
Sold by ull
V'o s n'l tlin marrf lotji French
llumtdy CALTIIOS fi-r , ami x
varlcocelo and constl
nation. One dollar n
box. six for $3. For
unto by TII1J GOODMAN -
MAN nRUOCO. , and
TCUHN & CO.
Sold everywhere TIICTT 17 IT * mi ) 1 MW
M hen In doubt what to uufoi Ntrvous DcWHl ) . t.e cf Seiual Power ( In tllher
MI ) . Impoleiuy , Atrophy , Vitlcuccle n.l olhcr vcllcnesln , from ny c u , u
S ln IMh Uralin ch-cke.l ami full tlfor quklly tcitortd. If hfk-l ted. tuch
llnxitU " , ° , "I'M | i uH fatally Mailed any liete , cilfit. fur | l. > . 6I.OXM for } < oo. W till
> M J m ordfr r g\n \ a l il ITU.IMIIIM In one rclimd Iho m ne > . Addrcll
SIIKKMAN & McCONNF.LL DJIUO CO . . 1513 Dodge afreet , Omnlm , Neb.
The Average Man
who suffers from headaches and
biliousness needs a medicine to keep
a his stomach and liver in good work U
ing order. For such people
Ripans Tabules fill the bill. One
LI tabule gives relief.
Hlpan's TnUiles : Sold liy druggists , or by mall
If the price (50 ( cents n box ) Is sent to The Ill-
pans Chemical Company , No. 10 Spruce St. , N , Y.
KOTADARK IHCAHDESCEH T
IN ANY PART
NIGHT AND DAY
BUILDING , ELEVATOR
The Bee Building. SERVICE
DIRECTORY OF OCCPUANTS.
BEB HUII..DING DAUBER SHOP. 'Freil. H.V. . COWDU11OY , Buftet.
Huelow , Proprietor. H. E. CA.MPIJELL , Court Rotunda , Clean
FIDELITY THUST COMPANY. Mortgage and Tobacco.
THK OMAHA LOAN AND BUILDING
\VYCKOPP , SEAMANS & BENEDICT , ASSOCIATION , G. M. NaUlnfcr. Secre
Hemlmjton Typewriters ami Supplies. tary.
FOREST LAWN CEMETERY ASSOCIA MUTUAL LOAN AND BUILDING ASSO-
BEE BUSINESS OFFICE , Y. W. CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION.
AMERICAN WATERWORKS COMPANY. MRS. A. S. CONVERSE. Beauty Cultun
SUPERINTENDENT BEE .BUILDING. Room.
WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH- - E. T. I'AUDEE , Agent Fort Wayne Elec
FICE. tric Co.
DR. K1NSLER , Nose and Throat.
MASSACHUSETTS MUTUAL LIFE IN- DR. CHARLES * ROSE WATER.
SUKAN013 COMPANY. HARTMAN & ROBBINS.
C S ELGUTTER , Law Office. O. HARTMAN. Inspector Flte Insurance.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE READING EQUITABLE LIFE INSURANCE 8 *
J W 'SQUIRE. Lonns. HEAD & IJKCK13T , Attorneys.
GEORGE E. TURKINGTON , Attorney-at- I' . F. 13ICKNI1KHO. Fresco I'ulnter.
Law. nn. A. K. DI3TW1LLUH.
W. A. WEBSTER , Real Estate , EQUTY COURT. Room No. 6.
HUGH MURPHY , Contractor. J. A. WAKEFIELD. Lumber.
R. W. PATRICK. Law Otllcc. P/IOVIDKNT SAVINGS LIFE ASSUR
UNITED STATES LIFE INSURANCE CO. ANCE SOCIETY OF NEW YORK , M. * \
DR. O. S. HOFFMAN. Rohrer , Agent.
M. R. TUAUERMAN. Attorney. THE GRANT ASPHALT PAVING AND
EQUITY COURT , Rooms No. 6 and 7. SLAGOL1THIC CO.
E. W. SIMERAL. WM .SIMUKAI * Law OMAHA LIFE ASSOCIATION.
PROVIDENT LIFE AND TRUST COM.
VAVI3COMPANY. PANY. Philadelphia. W. H. Alexander ,
NASON & NASON. Dantlsts. BTANDARD ACCIDENT INSURANCE
GALBRAITH & KELLER , Brokers. CO. . Percy B. Ford , Agent ,
PACIFIC LAND CO. , Poitlnnd , Oregon. OMOHA COAL EXCHANGE.
C. E. ALLEN , Alpha Council No. 1 Wood. 1JR. HANCHET.
man ot the World. DEXTER L. THOMAS , Rcnl Estate.
1'ACIFIC MUTUAL LIFE AND ACCI DR. EMMA J. DAVIES , Homcopith.
DENT INSURANCE CO. PENN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
WEBSTER. HOWARD & CO. , Flro In HARRIS TITLE AND INDEMNITY CO.
buranrc. A. M. HOPKINS. Court Htcnograpber.
J. lj. BLACK. Civil Engineer. CHARLES L. THOMAS , Real"Estnte. "
G. W. SUES Sc. CO. , Solicitors of Patents. WASHINGTON LIFE INSURANCE CO. ,
' ' ' ' FIFTH FLOOR.
ARMY imADQUAnTERS.DGPARTMENT I
OF THE PLATTE.
BATES & SMITH , Mortgages and Loans. STATE'MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE'S. ,
BEE EDITORIAL ROOMS. Worcester. Muss. Frank E. Hartlgan , Gen
BEE COMPOSING ROOM. eral Agent.
C. F. DEINOORFF. Architect. MANUFACTURERS AND CONSUMERS
U. B. GOVERNMENT PP.INTINO OFFICE ASSOCIATION.
13. P. ROGGEN , Life Insurance.
ROYAL ARCANLM LODGE ROOMS.
LADIES' BATH AND TOILET PARLORS
109-110 Bee Building ,
A TULL LINE OF
MME. YALE'S COSMETICS.
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