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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 30, 1895)
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THE OMAHA , MAY 30 , 1895.
THE OMAHA DAILY
n. nosnwATEii , RDITOU.
TKUMS QV BUISSCUH'TIOX.
Hoe ( Without Suml.iy ) , On * Tw . I J J
Itallr.lMr and Buncbiy. One Tear . W
Hlx Month * . 5t
Three Mr.ntlm . li
Ponj y ! * . One TMr. . . * J
Hatunfnjr Ifcrr Oiw Year . * J
VVetkly Il < , One Ycnr . *
Om.iha , Tlic r.i > o IIulMlnir. . . . . . . , .
nmJ Jllh Sts
Houth Omshn BlnRir IJIK..Cnrner N
rnuncll lUuff * . 1J I'nitl Htrcet.
nilKago ( Jlllre. 317 Clmmtwr of g" " ' " " cCMl ; _
Nrw York. n mn 1J. 11 nn.l li. Tribune Hlds.
WiuJilnston. lin K. Hired. N. > V.
All commtmlcahon < H rrlnllnic to new nn.1 rt
torlal in-ttter houMf \ iuMm eil : To the L..1IUH
All bu lncii letter * nml reinlttntieet ylinuM J )
luMrwrol to The llo I'ublWiInK C m-nny
Omaha. DrnfU. chrcfcn nn.l . p'to lw " 7,1 * " . l
l made | .ayLle to the order of the ciimian | >
Tin : mi : runt. . ! tm i Nf _ _ co.M I A NT.
HTATHMBNT OP CIHCtJIjATION.
0 nrite II. Tiwhiirk , ureretary nl The Heo 1'ut
lltlilnc company , llni l ? duly nworn. Kuy tha
Hie nrtu.il numlMT of lull HIV ! conmL-te twili * i.
th" IMIly Mornlntj. nwiilnir iiml H nl ; y I *
of lAibruary , 18W. wu
j > rtntp < l tlurlnu the month
i ; 215 ;
4 2 , t90 : : i ;
6 20013 JJ 19,7'
f 19.1)01 ) ) . . : : . } ! . < : :
7 n.cra 2) 19.7.
8 irra ji : vi ir
2 ! 13 ,
. ! * ' ai.
ii n. :
12 19. 1 . : . : " . . . . i9.o
2f , S
13 19.7M -
II 19,70) 2J 1 .6-
Totnl . . .rJ7.c :
Less deductions for uiiHoliI and returned
c > i > les .
Net sales 511,6
Dolly iiverae *
Sunday. ouonon n. rasnircK.
flnorn to liefnre me uml milmcrttieil ' " "iy pres
cnc < I 111 * 2d day of Mnrch. 189 " > .
( Seal. ) N. P. rntU Notary Public.
llrynn IH now for.iKinj ; in Mlssour
AH If Itliuul were not bit ; enough 1
tnkc care of his own ntntol
"Colonel" Kdpir Ilownnl will no'
Surpy county Jourmillsi
n strictly military Iwsis.
We nro still In tlio month of Ma ;
Tint May weniH to luivo Htpppod < low
u couulo of notches on thi > calendar.
The doclslon in the Debs case show
tlr..t the Ju.itic'eH of the supreme com
can still set together on propitious o
Is tlie name of the repitbl
can ctuidldiite for governor of Olii
HuahiiL'II Is also tiie name of the no :
fjovcrnor of Oiiio.
The council lias done the scnsib
thin } ; In regard to the water mippl
question. The only mail In position i
give tlie desired relief Is .Indue Dund ,
Congress oiiKht to accomplish a Kres
deal at Its next session inasmuch as tl
nupreiue court lias telleved It of tl
tedious task of repealing the Incon
"Even the railroads concede tin
Omaha's train service is sadly dellcien
If the local merchants and Jobbers pe
Klst In demanding the remedy an li
proved service must soon be obtained.
In selecting men for his milltai
family Governor llolcomb seems
liuve overlooked the several politic
warriors who pride themselves of tl
longest military records on paper oul
Senator Sherman dellnes free sllv
coinage to be "the degradation of 01
dollar to 00 cents. " The people Inr
only to appreciate tills definition to i
pndlate the sophistries of the free coi
Memorial day has come to be a gre
< lay for outdoor athletics of every d
Hcrlptlou. The day will be tilled wi
sporting events In every part of t :
country. The record will be a mo
telling witness to the Increasing pop
larlty of outdoor sports among t
If the owners of property In the <
clnity of the Eleventh street vladu
nro to have money damages for the I
jury suffered by reason of the closli
of that thoroughfare It Is to bo fear
that they will prefer to have danuig
continue to accrue rather tliau ha
the viaduct repaired.
It ought not to be necessary for i
mayor to remind the city council :
most every week of the promises
economy which It made at the time
Its organization. I-Jvery member of t
council ought to appreciate the neci
Blty of keeping city expenses down
the minimum as well us the mayor
By the announcement of the pora
n el of the governor's military staff f
braska becomes suddenly enriched wi
a now crop of colonels. As the title e ;
rlcs with It nothing more than t
privilege of purchasing a gold-braid
uniform at the appointee's own expei :
there will be but few regrets over t
moderate dimensions of the crop.
No more appropriate day th
Memorial day could be selected for t
obsequies of Secretary Gresham. Gi
oral Greshnm was n soldier of the tnn
type. He was an active participant
every movement to glorify the sold
of the late war of the rebellion. Eve
surviving veteran will but honor hi
self in inlying honor to the memory
the dead secretary of state.
Of course the city council will i
compel the street railway company
remove the unused tracks that i
marring and obstructing the streets
every part of the city. To enforce st
a task would , wo nro told , bo Imp
lug a most grievous hardship upon '
company Just at this time. The ha
nlilp upon the people using the stre
In question does not cut any tlgi
And now wo hiivo a man among
who can see the gray matter eogltatl
In your head and read your thoughts
easily ns ho could u school primer.
Btead of wasting energy it * > n the tt
pounding of prescriptions while bll
folded , that mind-reading phcnomci
ought to devote n little attention
Bourn of the boodlors In local ollloe : i
give the public the benullt of the <
covtirlox which he would be bound
The occasion which makes Its npccla
appeal to the gratitude , the rcverenci
and the patriotism of the American pee
pie Is again at hand , with the force o
that appeal undlmlnlshed , but If pea
slide stronger than ever before. Uvcry
whore pivpa rat Ions for the observanci
of Decoration day show that there Is m
decline In the reverence of our iwopli
for the dead soldiers of the union , n <
loss of Interest In the beanllful ciiston
by which for n.ore than a qmirter "f '
century u grateful nation has maul
fested Its care and affection for tin
memory of the men whose valor prc
served It. It Is most honorable to tin
American character that such Is tin
fact , for our devotion to the observanci
of Decoration tlay goes far to refute tin
accusation ( hut as n people we an ? sordid
did and materialistic , with little rcgan
for anything that does not lead ti
It has been said that the country I
blessed whose tombs treasure the ashe
of heroes. If that be true no country I
so blessed as this republic , the graves o
whose dead soldiers nre In almost ever ;
cemetery throughout the land. Kron
these resting places of American psi
trlots there springs a gospel which toll
the saving power of self-sacrifice , th
uplifting energy of n noble and 1111
Hellish patriotism , and the Inspiring In
tlnence of heroic dentil. The graves o
our dead heroes tell of a larger llbertj
the greater security of free Institution !
a stronger union , the Inestimable con :
pensatlons of loyalty and valor neve
surpassed If ever.equaled In the world'
history. Thus these dead soldiers of th
union still live In the great work tin- ,
achieved , and In this sense they wl
To bury the graves of our heroic don
n Mowers and brighten their names wit
eulogy Is to pay in part the great del ;
of gratitude we owe them , and th
beii"rtls are all for ourselves and thox
who shall come after us. In the uplif
Ing influence of tills occasion , in its ii
splratlon to a higher patriotism , In II
< trengthenlng effect upon our faith I
free institutions , and In Its teaching th
value of loyal citizenship , there is abm
dant compensation for all the time an
effort that may be expended in II
nit : point .U.IJY TinCIUKF ; LOS Kit.
In the current discussions of th
money question considerable stress I
being laid upon the existence of so\
oral large classes of obligation :
amounting in the aggregate to million
upon millions of dollars , whic
under a depreciated currency won !
entail irreparable loss upon tli
people In every walk of life. For o :
ample , it Is readily seen that over
depositor In a bank would , If the com
try were reduced to a silver basis , dra'
out his savings In dollars worth enl
half those that he put in. Every pel
sloner would have the value of his pei
slon cut In two. I-Mxed salaries woul
be practically reduced a half. Evei
man holding a" life Insurance polk
or a lire Insurance policy would be ab
to realize only half of what he expeclc
and had been paying for.
There Is , however , one class of sin
liar obligations which affect every pe
son In the country which has not r
colved the attention that It deserve
It la the amount of money in circnl :
tlon that under a regime of free sllvt
coinage would be reduced to the san
basis as the depreciated stiver della
Ordinarily it is assumed that the on
outstanding currency that would suITi
would be the stock of standard silvi
dollars In circulation , npproxinmtii :
some ? , " } ,000,000. Once in a while it
remembered that we have $ CO,000,0 <
of subsidiary silver , which will nece
sarlly fall along with the larger coin
But the fact that all of our paper cu
rency , with the exception of the go
certificates , Is convertible into currei
coin and must lluctuate In value wli
that coin , nt once adds to the loss tin
free coinage would force upon the poi
man. September 1 of last year the :
were In circulation $ UT , ( KiSOuU of silvi
certificates. Each of these represon
silver dollars In the treasury and If tl
dollar becomes a 130-cent dollar w
represent no more. There were also
circulation $5l'J.V.i17l > 77 In trensui
notes and $2S1,77. ( ,1W ( In United Stat
notes and . < ? r > SXr ( ! > ,000 In currency cc
tlilcates , all of which arc interchang
able with the silver dollar. Still fn
ther , there were In circulation ov
? i00,000,000 ; In national bank note
which the banks promise to pay mere
In lawful money of the United Stat
and which they would as soou pay
no-cent sliver dollars as not. Of tl
total money In circulation In Septoi
ber , aggregating $1. ! 0G71.-1S1 , le
than ifrUio.OOO.OOO consisted of gold ni
gold certificates , and more than ? 1OS (
000,000 consisted of silver and pap
convertible Into silver.
The great bulk of this money Is
the hands of the laborers , the sun
merchants and the local traders. C
down its value and wo Inflict a lo
upon every person who happens to ha
a silver dollar or n paper dollar in 1 :
pockot. The people who have tlu
savings in the form of money or bni
deposits nre the poor people. The ri
man takes care of the Investment
his capital himself. The poor in :
could not escape bearing the chief bi
den of a change to n siver mouey bas
The republicans of Ohio held tin
state convention earlier than usual tl
year , which may be Interpreted
meaning that they Intend to proseci
an aggressive campaign. There li
been some factional conflict In t
party , but no bitterness , and the p
cccdlngs of the convention indicate tl
in the campaign the party will bo foil
united and harmonious. The select !
of Senator Sherman as chairman of t
convention was eminently Judlcloi
The veteran statesman has 110 fnrtl
political ambition and his counsel coi
be accepted by the factions without a
doubt ns to Us sincerity. With one
two exceptions the candidates for t
gubernatorial nomination arc popu
men of about equal availability , so tl
It was hardly possible for the convi
tlou to have made n mistake In noi
natlng any one of them. Mr. BuMim
to whom the choice fell , baa long be
prominent In the politics of the stnt
and under his leadership the party wll
undoubtedly mnko a vigorous flglil
What will contribute most , however , i
make the contest on the part of the re
publicans an aggressive one Is the fnc
that Ohio hns a candidate for the presl
deney and that ox-Uovernor Fornke
desires to go to the United States sen
nte. With these two powerful leader
shoulder to shoulder In the tight , n
there In not n doubt they will bo , Ohl
Is certain to be the most Interesting pt
lltlenl battleground of tins present yea
ami the result is not the least bit donbl
The plank In the Ohio republican pint
form which will command most attei
tlon from the country Is the one rolal
lug to the currency. It Is an unequlvt
cnl declaration for honest money tun
Is , for money every dollar of which sha1
be ns good ns any other dollar. It fivers :
vors the continued use of silver In th
currency upon conditions that wl
maintain Its parity with gold , which I
true bimetallism. It demands that th
purchasing and debt-paying power c
the two metals shall be at all time
equal , which Is fair and honest. Ther
had been some apprehension that th
Ohio republicans would waver on thl
question and commit themselves to soni
sort of nniblguous proposition thu
would admit of almost any interpret !
tlon , but the sound currency and trn
imetalllc sentiment of the country wl
ml no fault with the declaration c
heir platform. Republicans general !
> vlll also agree with the onuncialon n
yarding protection and reciprocity. I
low of the utter failure of the deim
rntle tariff law as a revenue measui
10 unprejudiced person will questio
hat It needs modification and that I
hanging it the interests of America
ubor and American Industries requh
Iv.t the policy of protection should li
nore fully recognlxed. Important r
he currency question undoubtedly I
lot less so Is the question of a wl. < e an
ust economic policy that will provltl
iiinplc revenue for the government an
fccure nn adequate protection to di
The resolution presenting Govcrm
IcKinley ns a candidate for the pres
Icntial nomination In ISlMi and plcdgin
lim the support of Ohio In the next r
nihllcan national convention was e :
lected. If the republicans carry Oil
text November McKInley will have tl
olld support of the delegation fro
hat state in the next national conve :
Ion. In committing the party tp e :
lovernor Fornkor for the United Stntt
senate the republicans of Ohio Inn
undo a departure and it remains to 1
seen what the effect will be as to tl
eglslatnro. The conditions , howevc
foreshadow another sweeping vlctoi
or the republicans of the Buckeye sta
The decision in the Debs case brlnj
jnt one minor point prominently , an
that Is that a person has a much betti
chance to secure n reversal on appe ;
from a commitment for contempt of
legislative body than of a lower Ji
Hchil tribunal. Every time eltln
house of congress , or a. committee i
> ne of them , or some lesser logislath
authority , tries to Impose a pennll
upon recalcitrants who defy Its nutho
Hy to enforce Its orders or to comp
testimony , the party In default Is nlmo
sure to get off on a technicality I
taking his case before a regular judlcl
body. The precedents in this line
the United States supreme court nf
In the various state courts nre commo
On the other hand , the plain violntk
of a court order Is viewed In a mm
more serious light in the appellate j
rlsdlctlou. In the llrst Instance tl
question involves the exercise of j
dlcial power by an extra-judicial bed
In the second It involves the extent
the Judicial power itself. The distin
tlon seems to be one of great force wl
The decision in the Oregon She
Line receivership is by no means i
gartled as Inimical to the prese
management , and Union Pacific ei
ployes In Omaha have no cause yet
feel seriously alarmed. The condltlo
Imposed by Judge Sanborn upon t'
mortgage bondholders nre such as
render doubtful whether they con
with any safety comply with them f
the mere advantage gained of having
separate receiver. The contest over t
Short Line Is , however , not yet ov <
It will take them ten days to two wee
to get n definite settlement of the co
troversy. Until then all conclusions
to the final outcome must be held
The democrats of Omaha are capable
minding their own affairs without the i
or content of any other party on earth
Of course they are. They nre capal
of pulling themselves over the fence I
their bootstraps without aid or consc
of anybody. They have a natural <
paclty for brag and bluster that Is n
excelled by nuy other party , but wh
it comes to a showdown they have r
been able to elect even a member of t
school 'board on their own hook. T
only offices they cnpturcd would i :
have come within a thousand miles
they had depended upon democrn
The bondsmen of ox-Oil Inspect
nilton are very much like the bom
men of every other state ollleer. Th
will Insist on taking advantage of eve
possible technicality to evade the pi
ineiit of the sum for which they
tended to stand good. An olllclal bo
which binds the sureties Is a rarity
If the Central American republics i
really planning for a union It must
because the momentary lack of Inten
revolutions lias left them with nothl
else to do. They nre generally so bi :
lighting one another that they have i
hitherto had time to consider the i
vantages of peaceful combination.
Senator Sherman was unquestlonnl
correct when lie said that the decla
tlon of principles made by the Ohio
publicans in their state convention v
have an Important Influence beyond t
limits of the state In lending up to t
platform to be enunciated at the u <
republican national convention. It wll
have more tluuii.ordlnarj' Influence be
cnuse It hns lifl'ifl formulated to nccon
witli the boAj , l-epubllcan sentlmon
throughout tbut oiitlre country. If I
contained doctrines contradictory of re
publican policy " . 'U ' would not recclvi
more than passing consideration outsldi
A piece of "sllv'er stamped with tin
Insignia of tliv. United States mint I
now worth ju t-alMJiit twice ns nine !
ns without that.Impression. } ' Give n ,
free coinage at 1(5 ( to 1 by the Uultet
States alone and that difference wll
disappear. But It will disappear b ;
bringing the value of ( he sliver della
down to the bullion value , not by rain
Ing the bullion up to the coinage level
Fre silver menus a depreciated cut
> niT , All Tn
St. LouU Republic.
Not for Illinois , but ( or New York , wo rt
peat It : "A western man or bust. "
AVItrrn Arc thn Hi'lr < > * ?
The son of an English carl Is being de
tallied at Ellis Island under the act whlc
prohibit. ! the landing of paupers In thl
country. Hero Is a chance for some Amerl
M hen ThiMirle * < > < > in
riilUilol | > hla Ilfconl.
Theories arc all very well until they bul
heir heads against Implacable , Impasslv
'acts. Observe how the cheap money dc
iislon breaks Itself Into pieces In colllsra
with rising prices and larger wage ) !
Tim < : ! il Output.
The director of the mint reports a constO
Table Increase In the production ot gold 1
his country and a still .greater Increase 1
ho world's product or the precious in eta
Thla U Important as showing that the gllvc
men's Idea that gold as a commodity la a [
ireclatlng In value U erroneous.
Interim tlnuul lUmutulllsm.
The English advocates of true blmetalllsr
the use of both gold anJ silver realize tlu
ho financial question Is a world questioi
-ll < o Uieir zealous and persistent co-workei
n Germany , they believe that the reatoratlo
of sliver to the money ot the world , b
agreement ot nations , Is In the line ot prat
leal achievement , and can be attained It U
friends all dver the world will but follow th
good maxim , "A long pull , a strong pull an
a pull all together. "
The Sound Mmi ! > v Platform.
New York World.
The sound money men do not propose I
Jlmlnlah by a dollar the silver now In clrct
atlon or to take from It any o5 Its legal tcr
ler power. They propose Instead to Increa :
the coinage as fast as the demand for
shall appear and .to stimulate that deman
! iy the withdrawal ot all circulating notes (
less denomination than $10. They have i :
thought of discrediting any ot the money \ \
liave. Their sole purpose Is to keep all of
upon a sound money basis so that every do
lar ot It shall buy 100 cents' worth of good
at all times and hi all places.
Thn't Allticrcl Iteply.
Ex-Congressman Bryan of Nebraska he
made an alleged' reply to Secretary Carlisle
Memphis speech , lie Is one ot the mo :
sincere men In , public life today , but tbi
does not necessarily mean that he cannot 1
very silly when he tries. What , for instanc
could be more absurd than his Inttmatlc
that a man of G5 or CO must think exactly :
he did at 43 ? Are 'none of the new trutl
that nre discovered to bo utilized ? Ac
must the man of 43 think at that age as t
did at 23 ? Wo' .think not and wo bel
that 'Mr. ' " Bryan , desplto , his Memphis. . speed
fully agrees with us. It may not suit li
purpose to admit this In his speech for si
ver , but he agrees with us just the same.
The l > n d < nb.iii T. fader.
New York Sun.
We learn with poignant sorrow of U
death In battle of Jose Marti , the well knon
leader of the Cuban revolutionists. We kne
htm long and well and esteemed him pn
foundly. For a protracted period , beglnnlr
twenty odd years ago , ho was employed as
contributor to the Sun , writing on subjec
and questions of flno arts. In these thlni
his learning was solid and extensive and h
Ideas and conclusions were original and brl
llant. He was a 'man of genius , of Imagin ;
tlon , of hope and of courage , one of the ;
descendants of the Spanish race wl.o e Amet
can birth and Instincts seem to have addi
to the revolutionary tincture which all moi
ern Spaniards inherit. His heart was war
and affectionate , his opinions ardent and a
plrlng and he died as such a man might wl ;
to die , battling for liberty and democrac
Of such heroes there are not too many in tl
world , and his warlike g/ave testifies tb ;
even In a positive and material age the
are spirits that can give all for their prlnc
pies without thinking of any selfish retui
for themselves ,
Honor to the memory of Jose Marti , a :
peace to bU manly and gener0113 soul.
VXUSOXAL AND OTHKtt 'lSK.
The price of asphalt pavement tumbled
$2 a square yard In St. Paul last week.
Horizontal Dill Morrison Is believed to 1
Crisp's Ideal "western man with a w ,
Carlisle resembles Cleveland In ono r
spect. Ho declines to descend to the Dry :
level of ore-wrought Imagination.
It It all the same whether wheat Is hlj
or low. The average housekeeper rare
neglects shortening the staff of life.
It Is reported that ox-Congressman La
Pence of Colorado Is disgusted with ra
reading. Too much work , too little talk.
Mr. Whltelaw ncld of the New Yoi
Tribune Is cultivating a full beard , but it
not likely ho will attempt to break the Ka
Chicago aldermen wisely concluded th
voting franchises Is more conducive to heal
and happiness than sitting down on the t
Senator I'effor U said to be disgusted wl
politics and will not attempt to bo a cane
date for re-election. The senator undout
edly feels the cyclone In his whiskers.
The moral atmosphere of Kentucky-
undergoing a radical renovation In all sc
tlons of the stato. i Two natives stood befo
a church door in. Versailles last Sunday ai
pumped lead till , itwth tell dying. The
was a woman In It. i
The monument erected recently In Genet
J. T. Torrenco's burial lot In Hosehlll cem
tery , Chicago , U the. largest shaft In t
United States aver la private grave. It
of Vermont granite , 'ftfty-flvo tons In welg
and sixty-five feet. high.
Norman M. Cameron , the son of a Chelse
Mass. , clergyman , who has been cxpell
from the medical department of the Ui
veralty of Mlchlganr has the sympathy
all his friends , yjlo.sent to a Detroit new
paper , of which hewas a correspondent ,
story that a ponlor had eaten a sandwl
made ot human .flesh. H was true , but t
[ .preparation wasaB ij ko on the senior , a ;
he only ate oneiblte.f
Hon. Henri Wattenson will remain abro
during the presidential campaign , as wi
as during next fillti 'local feud. "For neat
thirty years I have been leading forlo
hopes and filling 'Impossible breaches , "
tayi , "and both my domestic and buslnc
Interests require that I abould take a r <
pile. " This Is more than Kentucky pathi
U is advance eulogy for tbo party corps
which he foresees will strew the politic
highways ot ' 95 and 'OG ,
Chicago Times Herald : Decoration da ;
will have one more gallant breast to cove
with garlnndn. North and south , cAst am
wet , will mourn a fellow countryman , whi
In war and In peace wore worthily Uio tunv
St. Paul Olobo : If Walter Q , Oreshsn
doci not rank with our great statesmen o
dltilomatl.ni. ho at least leaves behind bin
tlia record ot an earnest , pitrlotlc Amcrlcii
citizen. Anl what bolter epitaph than tha
need any one of us desire ?
Kansas City Times : Walter Q. Grcslian
\vai a grand man , n great personality , i
self-sacrificing patriot. The honor of hi
country was the guide of his lift. Uocausi
of his devotion bit vitality wjs overtaxed
and posterity will point to him as n mucl
maligned but mutt earnest and devote ,
Indianapolis Journal : Summed up , tt ma :
bo said that ho was a brilliant man wlti
many winning nnl agreeable social qualities
a god friend and a good hater , ambltlou. '
but lacking In the firmness and detormlnatlo
that make ambitions triumph. Although h
received high honors from three presidents
it Is doubtful 1C ho was ever content will
any the last least of all.
St. Paul Pioneer Press : He was n brav
and capable soldier , and ho served the coun
try well In the ofilco of postmaster genera
during Arthur' term , and for n short Urn
In the Treasury department ; but it wa
chiefly as a JuJgo that he made his best an
most enduring reputation. Ho wa ! , perhaps
too much of a Judge to be a first-rate Amerl
can secretary of state ; too judicial In hi
mental structure for that patriotic bias of
strong American feeling , the absence c
which was a notable characteristic of hi
Chicago Inter Ocean : His public service
were three-fold soldier , Jurist , and cabine
olllcor. In private life stainless and genla
ho was always personally popular. In th
army this popularity cxtcndcJ from the prl
vales under his command to the great com
mander himself. On the bench he was absc
lutcly Impartial In the administration c
Justice , and In the cabinet ho was the cspe
clal confidant ot both presidents with whor
hn was ajjoclalel. He may be Enid to hav
had a talent for friendship , and that amount
Ing almost to genius.
Globe-Democrat : Gronham's entrance Int
the Cleveland cabinet was a serious mlstak
In Judgment. On the bench , where he wa
not hampered by the restrictions and prepos
sessions of official superiors , ho was makin
a reputation which was giving him a cor ,
splcuous and honorable * place In his prate ;
clou. His talents and bent of mind , too , wer
Judicial and not executive or admlnlstratlvi
As a recent acceu > ' .on , moreover , to the part
In which he serve ! lie probably found som
difficulty In accustoming hmsclf to his no1
environment , and this detracted from hi
confidence and his usefulness.
AMr.niu.1 IUATS THIS
Such U the Opinion ot Knglmura Greater
NEW YORK. May 29. The English stall !
tlctan , Michael G. Mulhall , publishes In tli
Juno number of the North American Hi
view , Just Issued , an article on "Tho Powt
and Wealth of the United States. " M :
MuluaU's conclusion Is tnat "If wo take
survey ot mankind In ancient or modcr
times as regards the physical , mechanic ;
and Intellectual force of nations , wo fin
nothing to compare with tbe United State
In this present year of 1S05 and that th
United States possesses by far the greates
productive power In the world. Ho assert
that the absolute effective force ot th
American people Is now more than thrc
times what It was In I860 and that th
United States possesses almost as muc
energy as Great Britain , Germany an
Franco collectively , and t ! at the ratio fal
Ing to each American Is more than who
two Englishmen or Germans have at thel
Ho points out by a careful comparison bt
tweeu the conditions In these different cout
tries that an ordinary farm hand In th
United States raises as much grain as thrt
in England , four in France , five In Gei
many or six In Austria , Ono man I
America can produce as much flour as wl
feed 230 , whereas in Europe ono man feed
only thirty persons. Mr. Mulhall call
special attention to the fact that the Inte
lectual power of the great republic Is 1
harmony with the Industrial and mochanlca
S7 per cent of the total population over I
years of ago being able to read anil wrlto.
"It may bo fearlessly asserted , " said he
"that In the history of the human race n
nation over before possessed 41,000,000 it
structed citizens. "
The writer sets forth In regard to th
growth of the wealth of the United State
that the average annual Increment froi
1821 to 1890 was 901 milliards of dollar :
which sum Is one milliard over the tou
wealth of Great Britain.
Classifying the whole wealth of the unto
under the two heads of urban and rural , li
finds that rural or agricultural wealth h
only quadrupled In forty years , while nrba
wealth has multiplied slxteen-fold. In a
Important scries of figures It Is shown tht
the "rise In wealth and the Increase 1
wages came almost band In hand. " In dca
Ing with tha development of farm valus
Mr. Mulhall makes the following statemen
"If the United States had no urban populi
tion or Industries whatever the advance <
agricultural Interests would bo enough t
claim tbo admiration ot mankind , for It h :
no parallel In history. "
ne ouxvan THK DRUS VKCISIO.
Amalgam itcd Association Pnnsoi Reiolu
tiling on the Subject.
CLEVELAND , 0. , May 20. Yesterday
session of the Amalgamated asioclatlon we
dovotcd to the consideration of commlttc
The following resolutions were adopted b
tbe convention In the afternoon :
Whereas , During recent years the courl
have been Issuing Injunctions against me
engaged In peaceable strikes and restralr
Ing them from being pro-sent In the vlclt
Ity of the place to which the controvers
relates ; and that the o Injunctions hnv
been Issued without even the allt-gailons <
the least unlawfulness having uccurre <
those pecking these Injunctions having HI
cured them by expressing fears that viol ;
tlons of the law might occur , and ,
Whereas , The ease with which Injum
tlons have been secured has brought th :
agency Into common use by employers <
labor whoso employes may take unite
action to better their condition , and.
Whereas , The courts In each succecdln
Injunction Issued by them have Increase
the scope and severity of the restrlctlor
therein contained until It would seem tin
the pleasures of the courts are , the 03
tent of our liberties , and
Whereas , The nupreme court of the Unite
States has just handed down Its opinion I
the case of Eugene V. Uebs , the lantjuaj
ot which opinion states In terms that cai
not be misunderstood the court's npprovi
of the us of this weapon against organize
labor In striken and thus Is the Ifsuln
of Injunctions further encouraged and tl
common people's rights further endangers
therefore be It
Hesolved. That we , In convention nssen
bled , do view with alarm the unnecessm
and unjustifiable curtailment ot our llbc
ties that Is being done by Injunctions : v
regard It as the means through which
steadily take away from the people t
piecemeal rights that n liberty-loving pci
pie would never permit direct legislation i
intcrfero with , thus making It the more r
pusnant because of Us pretended inn
Hesolved , That we regret this latest at
most far-reaching decision on Injunction
and that we believe that the time hi
como when the united force of labor shou
lend their forces to the correction of th
evil an evil that If permitted to go c
and continually Increase , as seems prob
ble , must Inevitably bring about the e
Blavement of the masses.
Hesolved , That our sympathy goes o
to Kugene V. IJebs and that we regard tl
denial of his petition by the supremu cou
as a denial of simple justice.
tot sy Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
he E KJBE
run iiKTTKn cnop
Agricultural Department Wilt Next Ycnr
Adopt n Natr Sjulom ,
WASHINGTON , May 23. A echcme to
make an Important change In the rystem ot
crop reporting In about to bo put Into opera
tion by the Agricultural department. U will
provide for detailed reports from a vast
corps of correspondents covering ovcry town
ship In the country , and It Is expected to bu
as thorough and complete a plan as will bo
possible lo carry Into effect. A correspond
ent will bo located In every township and hp
will bo required to report promptly to the
department. The plan will first embrace ojily
two ity Mates , ranging from Now York ' .o the
Innermost ot the central elates ; but these
comprise 90 per cent of the wheat area. They
Includu 1.3S9 counties , and the greatness of
the gchcino Is apparent when U Is taken Into
cotiilduratlon that the number of-townships
In a county average about fifteen. This will
bo use ) In conjunction with tbo sydtcni now
In vogue , each of these reports acting as a
check on the other , The present system pro
vides for ono chief reporter In every county ,
who Is expected to properly receive and
weigh the reports of three others In the
same county. There are now about 1,800
chief correspondents about 8,000 corre
spondents In all.
Steps looking to the organization of the
personnel nf the new corres | > ondcnts of re
ports have been taken by the department
but the now plan cannot bo put In oixratlon
befdro next year. The department Is send
ing the following circular to county ofllclaU
throughout the twenty states :
A largo Increase In the sources of tutor-
million available to this division In the
preparation , of Its crop reports IH de
sired. In pursuance nf n sURgestlon of the
committee of the national board of truilc
In n locent conference on the subject of crop
reporting' with the secretary of agriculture
anil the undersigned. It Is proposed to HO-
cure If possible n capable correspondent In
each township , election district , or other
subdivision of every county. Instead of do-
pcndlnij ns heretofore upon the report of
n single correspondent in each.ott are
Invited to assist the department In carryIng -
Ing out thlM oblect bv mihmlltliiK the
names of two or more residents In each
township or other subdivision of thu county ,
stating- their cnlllnjr and address. It Is
not desirable to limit the names submitted
to farmers oxcluslvolv. No doubt millers ,
physicians , grocerymen ami others may bu
found well uunlllled for the put pose. The
object of securing more than one nnmo Is
that the department may bo nblo to com
municate directly with the second person
nntncil should the llrst be found unavailable.
For this reason also you are requested to
submit the niunca In the order of their
probable availability. The only con idurn-
tlons which should weigh with you In
making a choice are the parties' opportuni
ties for keeping well Informed In regard to
crop matters' and the Intelligence and con
scientiousness necessary to supply Intelli
gent and honest answers to our Inquiries.
H. A. ROBINSON , Statistician.
Another plan , that of licensing all the
threshers who ate to bo required to make
the reports , has been under consideration ,
but It Is not regarded as feasible. The
threshers would fcave to bo licensed by the
state , and muat therjfjre report directly to
tha stato. This would cause a very material
delay lu tran mlttal.
Nuvnl HnttlvH In Chlnoffo VI'n torn.
WASHINGTON , May 20. The Navy do-
partmcnt has received from Commander
Barber , the naval attache at the United
States legation In Japan and China , a de
tailed acocunt of the naval battles In the
late war. So much of the report pertains
to confidential matters that the officials do
not make It public , but say that It contains
most valuable Information to the depart
ment and especially upon the subject of
torpedo boats and the successful use which
was made ot them. Commander Barber has
also expressed his opinions freely ot the
relative merits ot tbo Japanese and Chinese
navies , both as to equipment and manage
Department * to llo Cloned Decoration lty.
WASHINGTON , May 29. The president
yesterday Issued the following executive or
"It Is hereby ordered that the several
executive departments and the government
printing ofllco bo closed on Thursday , the
30th Inst. , to enable the employes to par
ticipate In the decoration of the graves of
the soldiers and sailors who foil In defense
of the union In the war of the rebellion.
"Executive Mansion. May 28 , 1833. "
Children May Got It Anywny.
WASHINGTON. May 29. Assistant Secre
tary Reynolds has decided that whom n
widow is denied or deprived of a pension
by reason of open adultery a pension maybe
bo allowed to the minor children , or children
of the soldier under 16 years of age. In the
same manner as It the widow's right to
pension had terminated by death.
> > iiflc Imtlrtod for Drunkouiiea * .
NEW YORK , May 29. A dispatch from
Lumberton , S. C. , to the Evening Post says :
Judge W. R. Norwood , ono of the fusion
"nonpartUan" judges of the supreme court ,
haa been Indicted by the grand Jury of this
county for drunkenness. The superior court
Judges , of whom there are twelve , rotate
In this state , so that the same judge holds
the courts of the tame district but once In
six years. Last week was "court week"
for this county and Judge Norwood came
here on Monday morning under the In
fluence , of liquor and continued drinking
to such excess that ho became Incapacitated
for duty. So the grand Jury of the Judge's
own court found nn Indictment against him
J.V A PLRASItra KKT.
Indianapolis Journal : "What , " n. ked the
Interviewer , "do you deem the greatest na
tion on earth ? "
With views of "Jingoism" and nntl-
Amorlrnnlmn rlMntr before his mind's eye ,
the Kft'iU man hedged , thus :
"Nomination , " said he.
Chlcngo Hcconl : Tommy Let's play
wo'ro politicians and hold a silver dvbato.
Johnny No , I cnn'U Mu won't lot mo
Minneapolis Journal f "Well , Maceo. " wild
General Jonohlm Maria , "I'm nfraul our
t evolution won't wash. " "I'm nfruld not , "
said Maceo , with a sigh ; "hut wo'ro mnk-
Ing thu other follows put up a good ilenl of
I'astlle xo.ip. "
Chicago Tribune : "If that drlcd-up little
man Is your ilad , " paid the boy on the
fence , "my ilntl could lick him with ono
" ' " answered the
"Your dad's big enough ,
boy Inside th fence , evlnir him with cold
contempt , "but he hain't got halt as much
board as my maw's Rut. "
Washington Star : "ICepp out of ilobt.
young mnn , " wild thn philosopher. " 1'coplo
will think bolter of you for It. "
"IVrlmpV was the thoughtful reply ; "nmt
yet I've noticed that the more I owe peoi > l
the gladder they always Bcem to see mo.
"My face Is my fortune , sir , " she. said ,
And she brightly smiled ns she sintke.
Hut the smile was too wide , and the fac
And ko she promptly went broke. . .
IA I , IIAl' .
Thn Soldh-r'n Itcrrrlc. " "
Written for The Iloe.
Ere night her starlit curtain drops , to hld
the sleeping day.
When all Is still
Upon the hill ,
I liln me then away.
While veipcr ehnnts nre softly hymned ,
\\hcn Labor's reign Is done ,
I sing the lays
Of other days
Now faded one by one.
I watch the sun , with dying hnnd , paint al )
the western sky ,
I.lko artist great
Whose brush to Bate ,
Eon heaven with eatth must vie.
His brlpht-hued work unfinished , over.
shadowed all -with gold.
A glorious mass
That none , alanl
Save He , could e'er unfold.
r love to lie uj > on the grass , here on thl
To dream of yore
Anil battle lore '
That fills my memory still.
It calls to mind the bivouac , of days for.
ever lied ;
Of comrades dear
Once gathered here.
Now numbered with the dead.
I lie here In the gloaming , 'neath the silent
And look above
With memory's love ,
And feel that they nre nigh.
I see the camptlro's cheery blaze , and watch ,
the busy throngs
The bugle's Bound
Had called around
To sin ? the battle tongs.
Some steep beneath n foreign sky , the
stony-henrteil braves ;
No sculptured stone
Tells of their homo
Within those silent graves.
With' mulllcd tread , 'ncath moonbeams'
rays wo bore them lo their rest.
No garlands bright ,
No daisy white
To place upon their breasts.
And each before mo taken his place In that
grand battle line.
And here I wait
To welcome Fate
That calls mo to 1111 mine.
To hear forgotten names once more , to
grasp each comrade's hand ,
And know them all
In that roll call ,
The last grand battle ataml.
Here , day by day , I como to muse whll
llcctlng- moments stray. _ " "
To cover hours *
With memory's flowers
And watch the dying day , >
Till glow worms through the darknost
gleam and glisten , one by ono ,
Then oft I hear
A whisper near
From comrades that arc gone.
Ilrokcn Dow , Neb. , May , 1893.
Written for The nee.
Dear Comrades , In your coats of blue.
Hosting "on arms" beneath the dow , '
Sleeping fair summer's houra away , i-rt
We moot to greet you all "this day.
Not that you need our blame or pralso
To bless , or any crown of baya
That wo can bring you , or thcso tears
Memorial , after these long years.
nut. knowing this ; That yo are freed
And heart to heart , our skills may read ,
We bring , dear comrades , gifts of love
Unchangeable , and fnln would prove .
That comradeship hath stronger grown
With years , and on each marbled stone
We place sweet wreaths of buds and lloweni
Spring's first-born gems of sun and shower *
That yo with spirit eyes may sec
Throughout the halls of memory
There are no vacant chairs ; we bring
As emblem of eternal spring.
These evergreens and plant about
Your moss grown tents whose "lights nra
Old comrades ; restt Nor tap of drum
Shall mar your dreams of love and homo.
For love and homo beyond the grave
Await the faithful , true , and brave.
A batter country you have found
Than "Fame's eternal ramping ground , "
A land where souls llnd sweet releaia
Fiom al ! that wounds the Inn 1 of peace. '
H. BOYOdt'ON. ' *
David City , Neb. , May , lb .
Decoration Day ,
And see what we are going
YOUR MONKY'S WORTH OR WH WILL TRADE BACK.
Reliable Clothiers ,
S * W. Corner 15th and Douglas Sts.