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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 3, 1895)
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20 . TIlE OMAHA DAILY DEE : SUNDAY , MARCH 3 , 1SO .
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i TUAINING TiE YOUNG IDEA
Current Probhm1 Affecting the Publc
Ichcols of the Ooutr
OPINIONS ON THE MILITARY Rill
_ _ _ _ T'IO "nl anr the I'olltlelan In the Manage -
intiL-l'til.lIc Scinol I.Bnll . \ n11"
. of T4.rhln Cln.IIRlfI--\"rl-
OUI IInctIonaI : ) IIHcn"
The mater of military Instruction In the
pubIc Icholl I receiving considerable atten-
ton In varioul Mctons of the counlrr. Al a
rule the drit II 1 fnorable to the Innovation .
and It Is probable congrel at Is next uslon
will accelerate the movement by Ilmdlng ma-
In some quarters the fear Is expreuell that
: the institution of the military drill < will divert
the attention of pupils from important
8tulel , and therefore shoulr ' be subordinated
and Indulge,1 In mOderately. Other believe
: . that the chief advantage of military drill :
lies In the physical benefit It may be to the
pupils. In thp citizen soldiery of every state
are to he found omcers who arc OppOsed to
continuing military Instructions In the puhlc
.g schools . claiming that It Injures recruiting
_ _ _ for the militia. and that young men who have
, t 'helf 'mce In a school regiment arc reluctant
to accept subordinate positions In the militia
of the state.
On the other liantl . It Is l stated as n fact
by the 10ston Globe . that "the register of the
Massachusetts volunteer militia will show
Malachu etK mlltl wi
' that many of its brightest : officers were grad-
uatrd from the high and Latin schools and
received their earlY milar instruction as
members of the Boston school regiment. "
lend , the Globe nld , that "the trend , Dr public
. time Is unruostion-
sentiment at the present tme unqueston-
ably towarll a military educatIon for the
oung. Many Ilarelts and teachers believe In
the system as one calculated to Impress boys
with the rules of obedience and discipline .
of subordination -
. anti give them a proper sense
, tion and command. "
There are now upwards of 100 United
States army omcers on duty as professors bf
. military 'Bclenco and tactics at unlversllcs
. an,1 , colleges In dllerent parts of the country ,
and a plan to extend the same priviege to '
the high schools In large cities Is said to b
favored hy the present secretary of war to
the extent that encourages the belief that at
no , lstanl day urmy omcers wi supervise the
drill of high school cadets. I ,
Whatever may he said for or against
military Instruction In the rchools , says the
Minneapolis Times , no ono will deny that lS
nn exercise It Is far superior to the fee hie ,
meaningless calisthenics that arc required
by some teachers while Its dlcplnary benefits -
fits are excellent. I gives a "Het-up" that
ordinary gymnastics , especially of the fchool
variety do not confer. I restrains nervousness -
vousness and awkwardness , Imparts readi-
ness and Inculcates order , cleanliness and
obedience. The decided ] advantage that It
has over other kinds of exercle lies In the : ,
fact that the boys like It. The perfunctory
swinging of arms and legs that Is girlish
and Ineffectual substitute for exercise Is regarded -
garded hy healthy and lively boys with undisguised -
disguised contemllt. Give them a chance to
play soldier and they go Into It with their
. TOO MuCIIANICAL' .
The assertion of Mrs. Julia Holmes Smith
at the National Council Dr Women that "the
. , methml at present used In public school
teaching are entirely tco mechanical " forms
the text of n lively editorial In the New
York World In which the conspicuous evils
of school management are
; gloves. "Tho evi fact " rays the World , "Is
r tim necessary consequence of an emclent
, cause. Our schools arc governed by more Dr
less ignorant l3cards. of Education , whos
! . That
primary concern Is always for poltcs.
; ' Is one difficulty. A worse one Is that our
I I3oards of Education have no notion of any-
t . thing bettor than machine methods for testing
' beter . 'fhe fetich of
- the qualificatIons Dr teachers. letch
examinatIon Is the sole ge In their pan-
; theon. I n young woman can pass a good
I oxaminatlon on the text booka she gets a
. 4 _ examinaton place some other girl gels It away
- . ( ron her by a pull. There Is no Inquiry
whatever as to her capacity to teach what
, . she has learned. And when she gets a place
J she quickly learns that If she wishes to rt-
. , , . tam Ilulcily must not Indulge In any efforts
, . tln ratonal to educate te her pupils. leI 'job'
, tn,1 , htr promotIon llcpend ullcn the 'marks'
4 ; . , mode by her classes In a poll parrot examina-
tion. She must not stop to educate them.
She must devote all her tIme dnd energy
to tie task cf fling them so that they
, . tlo glibly answer questlJn , even though
: their answers be 01 mechanical and as unln.
. , teligent as the reslonses > of the 'leal n d
11 ! '
: , ' , I tIm public schools are ever to educate
tIm chIldren of tbo commonwealth wo must
c begin hy educating the Doud of l lucaton ,
' , .01. still better by appointing to them men
' and women already educated and enlght-
. ened. "
t , , PUII SChOOL LANDS. ,
. O Thirty states of the union nre the direct !
f . beneficiaries or a bill Introduced In the house
by lIon. W. M. Beclmer of Kentucky under
; . , , tIm title "A Bl to Equalize the Several
States of the Union In the Grant of Lands for
Publc School Purposes. " The bill provhles
: : ' dccor&hing to the New York Sun . that there
, 10 granted to the states named lcrlp for the
k i amount of pUblc ) land set Ollilosite their
k- . . JU1nes to 10 Hold nnll the proceeds to be
fi. . used In ' maintaining 1 free . public school system -
. toll Inail states The following list of
; 'stltes Is Rlvon. with the amount If 1 land anr
D . the ' value itt the price of $125er acre :
. . , A total of 27 , 89,996 acres , valued at $3t.-
487.495 ; , on a basis of $1.25 an acre Not In-
tf ' . eluding Alaska 1IIIan anll mIlitary reserve-
j ; tlons amI railroad nll other selectQns not' '
) el adjudicated wblch may he restored to the
- PUblic domain , the government owns GOGOIO.- '
. :13 : acres
11c The discrepancies In the amounts ollpor-
, . . tonell are accounted for by the fact that
, - y tome . states have been 10re favored than
. In 185 The congress of tile colonies passed
' In ordinance 11rovllng that lot IG or every
towushlll be reuerved for the IllntenlCO DC
: a \IUblc school within auld district , and frol
, thIs \ time untl 853 each tlte allmltell received -
celvcll the benefit of the ensue reservation.
. tf In the ( eel organizing the territory of Ore-
. non. dated August H , 1848 , Slllhcn A. Doug-
& . has inserted In additional grant of the thirty.
lxth secton for school purposes . mllllnl I
reservation of two aeciloils . or 1,280 acres ,
In elch town hlp of six Iles square . which
. ' ' las been the Illcy with rlerelc to nil
. states since admitted ,
4 'ho lands thus given have aggregated G7.-
. h , 893,919 acres , onll the states uIII territories
. ' have rl'celvll an additional IIGIS,520 acres
for unIversity Purposes , orlIlnatnr wih the (
'w Illmlulon of Ohio The agrlculurl % all 10 ,
, . i clUnlcal college act of 186 gave these states
' . .t n further advantage II that those In which
there were lID ; Public bll were cOllel t\
to take Icrlll , which they could only sell before -
. ' fore locating the / lands . The amount IIsed
tinder this act eCuall'd OGOO.OOO ncres. Under
t ; the S\III ) and o\rfowcl lands act be t sa-
- . hue land grants . grants for building canals .
' mltiry roads railroads . and \ other minor
. , . grants , these favored states have received
3'J6G69,372 acres niece. Time object ot the
t bill 18 to equllzo time rights of the original
. states and those II which there was 10Iub \ -
; . lie donlln ! attbo tmo Dr their admission.
, . TWBNTY THOUSAND WANT TO TEACh.
. . Twellty tholNnd candidates for teachen'
. , , cerllfctea Illileard for examInation at the
. four sessions of tie ) New York cWlnlnlono' .
- , ' held lat 'cu. AccordIng to the ( New York
' Herald , "S.Ier \ cent of this number were
: 'omen. some of them already teacher , 0lber4
' Jlormal school graduates , and the remainder
, i , ) oulg IIUola who had undergone a special
I curl d training to qualify for the \ork.
"A ROe typavriter can tarn t\ ice Dr
V nearly twice , 1 much .s :11 excellent school
teacher but I 14 rate . to ) that ther& era
_ . . ' lot 20.00 nTow tl\wrler 1IIIII'Inl for II ! .
. , tltonl during I single pear In New York
, state. 10wov\ \ ' . the IljoI : ) ' or those wbo
: - 'iittteJ to be school teachers wee Ict natty I
( f New York . atungo a that Iy seeiII.
: - They 011 frnl'UIOU StlitU . even remlte ,
, aui from foreIgn \luutrles II .010 cues.
ft "Under the law. tlsy * are . obliged to pay
, tuition fees The popularity ! of these leb3lt
. ln 1\0 nearly al to their utmost cpCIIY ,
I and I oren happens that applicants frm
this state are unable 10 tall admission 'en
this icoouut. I cauiIidts.i wee 011&1 tc
, . - ' - " ' - ' ! * . ' - ' - . , . , - - -
' . . .
4 - -
- - ' ' - p
. , . . .
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ' - - -
residents ct New York shone It might b
different. And ret the dwellers In this state
do net seem to be one anxious 10 be teach-
HI ; outsiders show more dllpsllon to try
. , place.
"Ir sit the politicians In the state . lite
and big bad a normal school training I II
appallIng to think boW greatly the army of
qualified teachers would b augmented. That
U.05O1.2/ pall out last year In sal-
aries I enough 10 mike the average political
place hunter writhe at his InabIlity to be
' . '
'In the deal.
"Nearly 3,0 teachers . however , shared
In" It. TEe were 27.83 women who are
proud because they have such an over-
whelmlnr majority . and 5.096 men whom
the women think could find something more i
suitable to 10 than eanlnglchol funds.
"Some of thee men however , teach not
for money but just for the sake of demon-
stratng that they knoW something more
than somebody else. This I the vieW of 1
young woman who was unsuccessful In a re-
cent examination . and the truth of It can
b ascertained only by In Individual and
personal acquaintance with these noble fel-
lows who instead of assuring the eountry's
salvation through ohitics . arc doing so by
the cultivation of the pung Idea.
"Time was when the young Idea was
trained t Ihoot , But that primitive western
method has given way to the most advanced
theories. The young Idea I now trained to
syloglze , which Is just a effective a the
UfO of any nrearm. Of the Idea there arc
1. : , :25 available for culture In this state ;
hut that there are still more than S00,000
of them 0 yet untutored Is the hope 01
tie great army of young women and young
men who want to become teachers. "
EXAM nNf\IONS AND PRO [ TIONS.
At a late ' meeting of a committee or the
fhlnrl.lnhh nnu,1 or tducatIOfl. Sunerln-
tendent t ' ' 'lirooks " rthe' city schools presented
h\ views on promotions and examInations.
The superintendent pointed cut that the Ide11
lYlter of promotIon In a system of graded
schools Is that all pupils shall be advanced
from lower 10 higher grades , on the judgment
er their teachers. Weekly records of the
progress and tandlng of puplhs . based upon
the knowledge of teachere . are preferrable
to the marking of daily recitations.
To carry out such a ! y tem Superintendent
Brooks says several conditIons are necessary :
" 1 lrst. there must be teachers of ski and
experience whose judgment Is reliable. Sac-
end , there must be principals who can super-
vine the school and become familIar with the
work of the teaches and progress
standing of their pupi ! . Third , the3 principals -
clpal and teachers must bi so circumstanced
that they can exerco a fre , Independent
snd unbiased Judgment upon the matter.
Given the ' e conditions . the problem Is an
easy and simple one , and examinations for
promotions are nol only unnecessary but an
absJlutt waite Dr time. "
In a conlrehenslve summary of the whole
question Superintendent Brools says :
"After a very thorough consideration of
the entire subject. based on a careful obser-
ration of the conditions and working If the
schools. the following conclusions have been
" 1. That we are not yet really to promote
to the higher schools without an examina-
tion. . . : . - -
" 2. 'hall II , promoting the pupIls from
gmle , . tojuade . In the lower sc'aools , fourth
and eIghth grades promotions to other schools
should for the present 1m examined by the
department of superlntenlence.
" 3. That promotions In the elementary
schools having all grades should be made
with as few examinations as possible . cer-
tainly not more than one a year.
" 4. That It would be unwise In the board
at present to abolish all examinations for I
vromotlons to the llgher schools or from
grade to grade In the lower schools. "
MODE SCHOOL BUILDING.
The George W. Cblds publc school buildIng -
Ing , recently dedicated In Philadephhila . Is regarded -
garded a I model one. The buildIng Is divided -
vided Into twenty-one divisions. . On each of
the three leers Is one large lsszmbly room
subdivied Into five divisions by means or
sublli doors. In addition . there are on
each floor two separate class rooms In the
wings at either end of tie main buIlding.
Coat room ' adjoin each clara rom , and In
, the opposite receses are closets for books
and general school supplies. The' walls Dr
the cla8s rooms and corridors are artistIcally
colored and decorated with map and pic.
torlal friezes 6ulable to the various grades.
Fire escapes are easily acc Jlble from each
floor. Tie system of ventilation Is perfect.
By 1 double all pipe fed by enormous fans
the atmosphere In each roam Is changed enry
six minutes and It Is estimated that each
chIld Is suppled with ? forty cubic feet of
fresh air minute. Beside thin
all per Delde thll generous
Provision for the health and comfort of the
students , there Is I large playground adjoin-
lag , which Is not always to bo found In . con-
necton with city school buildings.
Names , Acrcs. Valne.
NOw Hampshlro . . . . . $ 329,955 $ 411,413
lussachuseH' . . . . . . 27.333 316.6G
Hhodo Island . . . . . . . . 46.435 58,01
Connecticut . . . . . . . . : . 163,389 20,486
New York . . . . . . . . . 1,67,11 2O8.8
New Jersey . . . . . . . . 293,822 : r,7
Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . 1,635,660 2 , 011.666
Deluwaro . . . . . . . . . . 71,832 93.0
Maryland . . . . . . . . . . 395.2 491.40
VI .glnln . . . . . . . . . . . 1,363,4S4 1.701,335 ;
North Carolna . . . . . . .I,802,80t 2,233,501
South Carolina . . . . . . 1.208,889 1,611,110
Georgia Carolnl . . . . . . . . . 2.O2.2t 2&77.777
Kentucty . . . . . . . . . . . 1 , : .733 1,674,606
Vormont. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' 63.093 433,866
' 'ellCssee erm\1 , . . . . . . . . . . 1.62.33 2,027.916
Maine . . . . . . . . . . . . J.224.HI 1,10.rO.
'VeHt Virginia . . . . . . . 817,77 184.108.40.206
,0h1o . . . . . . . . . . . . . 711,47 88.089
l.oulslanl . . . . . . . . . . 733.92 917,110
Inana , . . . . . . . . . . . . 601,018 751,31
MississippI . . . . . . . . . 88.3:8 1,017,010
. , . . . . . . . . . 985.1 ! IZI.42/
Alubtnn- . . . . . . . . . . . 91,72 . . 1,127,160
1lsHourl ! _ . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,1r2,1 . . : ! 1 , 52.6jO
Arlcan5it ; - . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' n . ( 1,153,831
Michigan . " . ' . . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . 1,003,573 1.2.466 1IIS31
Fboriln. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 0,6r' 1,317O
10' lol'lln ( . . . . . . . . . . . . . 975,800 1,219.750
\'Iscolsln . . . . . . . . . . 958,648 1.198.310
The"I1gMaluro of Indiana Is considering a
bill provIding for free schlOI books throughout : -
out the ; state.
The Boarll of. Education of New York City
has appointed Mrs. W. S. lalnsforl a school ,
trustee for the Eighteenth ward to hold : .
until 1899. She Is the wife of 11ev 1)r Halns-
ford . rector of St. George'g church
'Io New York superintendent of education
states In his latest report that Dr ; Alexnn-
tier Carolus Curtis was the first Lath : teacher
of New York City. lie came over from
Amsterdam II 1659. lIla salary was $280 a
year which closely allproaehes the average
salaries 11311 to teachers In ] 894.
Prof. Cayle . the famous mathematicIan of
tins University Dr Cambridge , hlmigiand I . who
died a few days ago was the author of 800
Ilthematcal treatises .
Three thousand Boston children of school
age can't get Into the overcrowded schools.
At time McCormick Theological seminary
elity-thrl of the divinity students are the
SOlS of farmers , thlrty.ono of ministers twen-
ty-threo ( or merchants three of lawyers anti
three of nhnlclans.
A fnnn lll oleer of the University ot Chi
cage says bat ( its capital Dr endowment Is
$8.000,000 and its Ineomo $600,000 annually. I
transpires Iiiciilentaiiy . that one of John D.
nockefeler's ' large donations was In North-
erl Pacific I L per cent gold bonds , then 1 elt ,
edged security . but the Interest on which
since has been ilefaulletl . Mr. Rockefeller
makes good the amount of the Interest eael
year to the university .
Next 'ear's school budget In Chicago will
amount Co ( " 8000000.
David : St"ckbritlge . colored , known to nearly
every man who has attended Yale college
during time last thirty years as "Old Davy "
was found delnl In a chair at his home 497
Winchester avenue , the other afternoon . lie
was 68 years old . and hall ) edlled candy
about Yale college for moore lien ( a quarter of
n centur ) ' . Delth WIB duo to heart disease.
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11 J'\ ' .I.L'S .U 1. 1 r.
Arthur Cluipmnanincuileago Record.
\"cn lisa's l\a ) ' It seems ' 1 though
Tb' sky , ls dark an' folk must know
At lumln'l wrong : un' 101 it's chi
. Au' dreary home-tb' hOuse Is stl
As : ' creepy.lile
W'en mile's away ,
. \"cn mats away they uln't no fiI :
I I jest tot roun' nn' can't eat 101C.
. .tu' feel 1) ' heart begin t' sink
At all th' uccllclt 1 lblnl
101 happened \ure
" "CI ml'l awn ) ' .
\efl IlIft'S away imp 10 that ( place
Wimt'ri lunrY angel's got n face
. 'hl'llry anlI'/ !
'H 1.lml 'ii hcr'l 1 b'lce\'o I'l die
An' fuller luer 'cause I cQn't try
\n' live olol\
" "Oi ma's . nwa ) ' .
. t\ Sicilian monk Is said to hve Invented :
mchhll' Ly "blcb editors can Ilul their own
I crr f&a ( & tue. The machine would be a
positive lrhncnt to the profession as I
woul tltrrlve Ihe ( mUlbel of lust cuven-
lelt and UInohiul reuse fur .111 : of the
pencIl . , 1t tI' intelligent compoator
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- - - - . . - - . --e , . ;
WHTIER wnn YOUNG FOLI
Mr. [ Whittier one day told an Incident or
his youth to a young frIend of his. lie saId
that In the beginning ot his career , when he
was only I abut 21 , b was put temporarily
In chare of a leading ne'pper. I think It
was In Hartford. The editor was to be ab
sent a few weeks or months. During this
time there came abut I mel unprecedented
crisis In public affairs . and the young editor ,
was let to grapple with a difficult question
which In some way affected slavery Dr to
pas over the matter In silence . a. possibly .
the permanent editor would have done and a
would have ben the more prudent way I
looked at only In the present time and were
one without an ideal of life and Its duties .
and without patriotlsmn . But prudence of
this kind was a cap which In no vise fitted
the young poet . gIfted lS he " 'a with a
judgment which later often guided public affairs -
fairs through public men who sought out his
ad\'lce. His soul was on fire with earnest-
ness and his con clencetha grand con-
science smlch the branding iron of time
never feared-was alive with instincts Dr nn-
Uenal rlgheou nel. lie burst forth In an' '
editorial which one Is sore In thinking must
have been flue , as I certainly was stirring.
The editorial allpeared. And the next morn-
log appeared In another paper from a famous
Oem ) the most scorching criticism of this
editorial and the most contemptuous comments -
ments upon tbe literary ability ot its author
with the suggestion . forcibly made that he
had better go back to his bench , since I
was plain that writing was not his "Dca lon.
The young lan , fresh from home modest
ns the truest greatness Is . susceptible to
praise or blame as the finely attuned nature
of 1 poet must be was overwhelmed by the
ridIcule cast upon him : He writhed under I.
and I came near being the turing point of
his career But genius Is like love : many
waters cannot Quench It , neither can the foods
drown I ; and at toe time that Whiter told
the story his name was known over the
world and that of his once famous critic bad
long ago fallen Into deserved oblIvIon.
I may be that his experience added to his
natural " kindness toward literary aspirants
for lila hopeful words and his helping hand
held out to these are tOo well known to need
To I young friend who poke to him with
admiration Dr that beautiful poem of his .
"Tho Pipes at Lucknow " he _ confded that
after having written the poem he had hesl-
lled about It and sent It to another poet
not now hiving , for his critIcism. The said '
poet had written him back word that It was
not up to the mark. But after having kept It
a while . the consciousness wlhln himself ,
"It does move , though " was too strong for
\Vhlttier . and , fortunately for the world . he
sent I to his pubJsher ! I
His scorn of deceit and his sense of humor
were fully roused by on offer that was once
made to him by 1 man old enough to have
known better-and who could bo young
enough not to have known better ? , This
man came to him and proposed that they
should go Into a literary IJartnershlp. The
unknown would wrIte the poems Mr. Whit-
tier would put his name lo them and the
two would share the profits ! But even here
the poet \\as too modes and too swect-
natured to tel the deceiver that the world
would not be gled by dross for gold. "Thee
are a minIster of the gospel , " he said to him.
"Now. does ' thee think that such a thlnl
w'oull be' right ? " -
Among all the great personages whose auto-
graphs have been sought after . none gave
his wIth more kindness and comprehension
of the attuqe of the asker than dId our
Quaker poet. .
A young lady who had never seen him and
who neither had nor was likely to have any
opportunity to proffer her request unless she
made such oppqrtunity . yet resolved to se-
curD his autogah. ; Feeling that her request -
quest . It wrler ; \ might bo consigned to the
limbo to which In late sears lome of the
letters which the poet had not time and
strength to answer ' and which , ad no spe-
cial claim were'ofi'necessity sent she deter-
mined upon anolher.lno of action . The poet
hlmsrlt told with Infnlo amusement how
she entered upon the , campaign . and the
result. ' _ J , ' , '
I happened one. , delightful autumn day
when he was on hs : .way . t.o the mountains.
The sunshine , the brilliant' colors of carth and
sky the nectar of tha.cear , and balmy air ,
all acted upcn his sensitive nerve , and
brought n keen pieaaure . . which prepared him
for the enjoyment of any amUsing phase of
human nature that might ccme In his vay
The laden train drew up at 1 junction , AI
Mr. Whittier alighted from his car . and ,
with the alertness of movement that almost
to the very last distinguished him , made his I
way toward his exchange 1 young lady '
forced her way through time Crowd which
was puehimmg and rushing on all sides.
"Are you Mr. Whitier ? " rime inquired
breathlessly The poet assented "Then
won't you please write your name In my al-
bum ? " ' And she held out her beck , open at
tIme desired page
The dark eyes fuhed with I keen amuse-
ment and passed swiftly from the pulng :
train-his train-on which In another mo-
.TOIIN 0 , WII1TTIEII ,
meat the bell would , ring and from which
the conductor was already crying "All
aboudl" to the eager soul entreating race Dr
the speaker . He appreciated the sItuation .
And he lIked her Pluck lie was wiing
enough to wrIte h ! name , but where wu
the pen 1 He flashed a glance about the
station . that glrce'cb ' tok In every-
thini , _ and then , wah the youimg lady In
tow he hurried UI to the telegraph otflee .
seized a pen daBbed ( f hil autograph . walked
swiftly to his train amid In another In-
slant was whirled onward . laughing and
cbucklng to blUstr at the victory which be
had helped the cnterprll'u applicant to win
But tim another instance lie was even moore
accomunsodatlng. It w.a I lomntr nl.tmt t , nt
far from mndnght : ! but the paet had bee fr
some tine lying lhepleu , ' . 111 he kept early
hour . when the : wu a sound of \oce : , out-
aide and I sharp Ihal at the deer bell inquiry .
qulrbru&h out the fact hat this had been
c- : fr . . . = _ . - . ; . . " : : = '
- - '
male hT a party of pleasure , seskers reurn-
log through AmuburT rrem one ef the
beaches . They hid with them a young girl
who was vr anxious rcr the poet's auto
graph . and they had called to ask for It-t
that hour !
D\dtd : between amusement at the absurdity -
Ir Dr the thing not the least part being
the asker's uncnscousneu of its prump-
lion . and desire to gratify the young autograph -
graph fiend . the poet arose dressed . went
down stairs . wrote his name . and handed I
to the girl and the party drove off , vociferating -
Ing their thank .
Yet he could say "no" as wel as " ) f"
when asked for his name and do I In away
way to raise a laugh instead of giving of-
tense. 1 remember him one day standing ht
hIs own door 1S moung lady a friend whom
he liked much . 1 wag taking leavc. I was
several yearsiag , at the time that shares
upon the Eaterlralrod were at the 10wlt
ebb and the .harholders , of whom he was
one , were not' sanguine u to the outlook.
ills young friend wanted his autograph at the
bottom of a : hee or paper that she mIght
write above aomfthng that alma told him
about . or I'haIR give It 10 another person
. who was to do I this fer It was I Joke In
which another YS concerned . 1 can see
now the brhht ! and laughing face c the _
petitioner . and M. Whittier's Quizical gaze
fixed upon hei lie wa not to be caught In
any such arrangranent , frank anti hOlest as
he knew her'tombe ; but still les was he to
refuse moron'b" , cr evenly solunnl' . lie
shook his head lightly , still laughing as he
Elllod by. dndassure : her that his name
wasn't good for anything now that the East-
ern railroad g had gone down so low I
! o gne 10wn
No one was mere ready to accept the him-
iatons of fame and find subject for humor
Shortly after he had gone to Danvcr to
- - - . - - . - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - _ ;
, . i' .
- - . f'1. ' ; ' , ,
1 g- .8 is
. / ' ' / / ?
. f ' _ ! ' . . - ' 'k4 . . . , . . . . ' - : ' . . .
js.r'\ ; : (5 , . . ' ! _ ' ;
, , ; 10-'U . \
' . / ' ; . : -je : ,
. , . 'I , t- , ,
_ . . ' - . ti ---Llip ' .t.c .i
. ; . - - . . . - ; ; . : ' ; :
. . . . . .
- - ' .1 tl q 'r lJ !
- - - -
- I THE WHITTIER HOMESTEAD.
live ' ( although he never gave up hIs Ames-
bury home reserving always his roms and
the right to occupy 'them at any time , 1 right
which he came to exercise more and more ) ,
sone" young Amesbur friends of his went
there to carry him a birthday gift. lie was
Irndensely amused at an Incident that happened "
pened on their way. There was more than
one Danvers station , and 1 member Dr the
party inquired of the conductor which Dan-
vcrs was the home of Mr. Whittier. " 'Vhl-
tier ? " he repeated . meditatively . "Vhlttler ?
What does he 10 ? "
This recals a scene that took place In
Amesbury ) 'eaSf before. AnswerIng a sum-
mons to the door one day he , found on the
step a child ot10. She had lately come to
make her lomw . In the place and had' brm
'Eent.to the shoomaker's , wlth.i pair of boots
t b repaired. ' The shoemaler"happened to'
have the same cognomen. The , child reache
up , the boots'.o the poet and began her meso
sage. "Hasn thee made a mistake ? " asked
the latter . checking his smiles before her
timid accent : No . the , little one was sure
she hod mod no mlstalw. How could she
have ? . She : hal been sent to Mr. Whlt-
tier's-and here he was. , gain Iw assured
her of her error. But It was reserved for
the , older members of her family to make the
child blush for ' -her inajiuity to distinguish
between tIm dbbler and the Ilet.
We hnve all s.un men and women of letters
who demanded , Indefinitely Dr condescelded
Infinitely In dealing with others not gifted
with their faculty of expression , alhough
these might have had quite as much power
Dr thought. But Whittier's soul was too
great , his nature too large In Its sympathies ,
and his mind too really grand to allow this
"Iooldng supulor down" upon his fellow
mortals. And If these things had failed him ,
thlt keen sense ot humor for which he was
so remarkable would have kept him from the
absurdity . He was too great to be other
than simple. Ho enjoyed human beings too
much and lo\e them too well to hold them
as other than comrades.
To' grow old with dignity and graciousness .
to male no effort to hide one's years and
yet to keep life sweet , wih sympathy In
JoYs and sorrows that are pant to one's self .
to be fresh always with fresh Interest 11 the
ycuth of the world and I future , to Judge
from the highest standpoint and to love out
of the deepest heart-thmis was Whittier. To'
Illumine everything with his genius , and to
make email things great In its iigimt . to en-
large rather thin lessen or belittle the powers -
ers of others-lhls was Whittier This Is the
spirit ot Immortal youth , and always In sym-
pathy wih youth2. Nol children so much , as
young people were ever welcome companions
to him. And yet a chIlIs simplcity Dr
beauty were never unnotIced. A hi.tle visitor :
cause to one of hs ! friends , and went to see '
him The poet's sister had lent her 1 vol-
ume of fairy tales When she returned
thiem something was said about his prob-
ably not remembering her. " 0 , yes I do . "
he answered , and added aside to time older
friend , "such eyes are nol easily forgotten . "
And then he smiled again Into the beautful
gray eyes that were leaking at him wih
their chi'id's ' gravity.
There I no higher inspiration from Whit-
tier for youth or for age than the beautiful
liberality Dr his spIrit. his life vas lived so
near to Go that happiness and , goodness
around him were u happlness.to hminm . and the
high achievements of others he gloried In as
one who share In all the trlumllhs of his
ather's woriml 1 ls. day sung _ themnseh'es .
In the mcasures Of that Ilem Of tile : "MY
"hail . to time coming singers !
Hal to the bravo Ishl.brlngersl !
Forward I reach and , share
All that they sing ant dare
"The love or GOII and neighbor ;
Al equal.hnndot labor ;
The richer life . where beauty
\\'ahks hanl II hant with duty . "
FRANCES C. Sl'ARIIAWIC. "
oNote.-Mr. Pickard In his 1lfe of Whit-
tier" tells Vita anecdote a little differently.
The article \ 'A'hittier ' with Young olk" was
written and placed months before Mr. PIck-
ard's book appeared p' . 0 , S.
She J'orgot , time Ihh1'
The Chlcogo Trlblne tells 1 rather amusing
story on a young society matron. The daughter -
ter of wealthi and Indulgent parents she
had never known a care until she assumed
the responslhltyor housekeeping at the time
of her marrin" a few years ago. She I
now a molher. Her younger sister 'vas se.n
recently arms. In Bteet car with a child In her
"Whos baby Is thm'it7" Inquired 1 friend.
who was ralleJlstonshed to see the young
lady taking call' of 1 ctmiitl.
" 0. It Is statue's . " she replied. "Sho was
out It the house last night and when she
left for home forgt the baby . I 1m takIng
It to her now
But hOI dl'the forget her baby Inquired . .
qulred the surprised frIend.
"She kneW ; sh was forgeling something
whom she let.ibut cond ! not hlnk what It
The MIurl-tgl1ature ! hu deeded ! to put
the , tatecaptniiom : : wl el' , Sedmhia . tie pros-
pctve bnefear. : ngus I as a gael thing
and -pushsitatng. .
Cock's lnmperhsi. World' Fair "blghest
a\ar. ec1 ei clSI:1fae , good elenu-
bauqet dehicous : flavor. : '
, epee , agreeable uq\et , delcous lior
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" x - " : - - - -
REDEE1HNG STREET WAFS \
Work Aocoinp1isho : by the Children's Aid
Society of New York
TIE STORY OF PATSY AND MCKEA :
Street . \lb5 Taken from the City anti
i'Iret1 In ( land lclu nnln -
cOII/rll to Irollo ( loud
Every six weeks a party or twenty boys Is
drafted from the ranks or the Newsboys'
lodging houses In New York CIty . are Put In
charge of an agent of the Chlhlren's Ail
society ' all distributed through all parts of
the west and ! south from the prairie farms of
Dakota to the orange groves of Florida.
The lan who comlucts 1 company of these
sharl-wltel. mercurial individuals over 1,000
miles of terrier ) necessarily lends n life
untnged with mcnotony. Some of the experiences -
periences of Mr. 13V. . Tlc , one of these
agents , for ninny years identified with . the
emigration department of the society . arc
better told In his own words .
"Several years ago , " said he . In conl'ersa-
101 wih time writer . "I started \ ouL.ror the
far wesl wih as lively a crowd of boys as
It would 1 possible to find , Most of then
'were Irish and Canadian. the ones who arc
nIWs : getting . into trouble , and who also
make best \ Sl of their opportunities. Anyone -
enl of them would fight at the top of 1 hat .
and I assure you that I was I dim cult nuder-
taking to keep them froJI annihiatng 'neh
other on time Journe
PATSY THE DIFFER.
"The star member of our troupe was nn
Irish boy . about 16 ) 'ear old. knoll as
Patsy Differ . Dr simply 'Differ . ' In addition
to this he bad several olher names , finding
the 1 necessary to use 11 protectIng himself
against the 'police . his practice being to give
' different pseudonyms upon his different contacts -
tacts with these functonaries , with whom he
had extensl\ aequmaintance. Through mich
. .lmoJmatl. become "erclever boxer ,
practcq JI./ad / . bcomo a very Ioxer
wa1an ' . inder In his way Inl only
' 'alerl'f ' iiio je worlds to conquer.
"Oimc eoj'l day we arrived at n small town
In "Oni ' Nebraska , where there was In
seslon R''l remember , a teachmers' county
Inhttjutc "r to\yn 111 assumed a gala tip-
Inb.J.utC and the boys . as was the custom ,
left.he hotel In the lernoon. to . meander
about and , see the sights.
_ , Alopg \ tm ! that night we waited surlIer
" ou tme"Bhl&r'amid } several of his friends . nod
finally . and abut hal through the macal
they ent red. Pats presented a sorry sight.
Ih..n'.1 . ls neariy closed his hat was
rim less and his clothes In tatters. Though
unable to conceal his old defiant Dower
swagger , he , nevertheless , looked Fomewhat
aslmnce at me , so I turned to Mickey Mor-
rel , his right-hand man , for time story.
Mickey , who was glowing with suppressed
excitement , related the events lore g allhl-
caly than lucid.
. 'They couldn't do Patsy , ' he blurted out ;
'he just hit the big gay 1 punch In the bngle ,
and youd ! ought ter seen him tumble. '
"It seans that / this town was Infested with !
a gang sems of boys who greatly nnnoyed tIme
shopkeepers and citizens In general 1y p11-
fering , breaking wlncows , Insulting girls all
bullying every passerby. They had heard or
our New York boys being In the town and
had laid In walt for them In front of the
town hall , In order to have some sport. Bul
they had run up against the wrong crowd.
The town' buly. a great hulking fellow . had
tackled Patsy Differ . and , as the bystanders
expressed I. 'he was a sight to seo' when
the fight was over. Time DIffer hall cross-
'countered heavily on the point of time bully's
chin , and It was some time before ho could
sit up and take iotice. -
"Tho figlmt was of such a decisive nature
that time gang was completely broken up , and
' to \ls day , hmas never ben reorganized. The
citizens of that town wrote a letter , thanldng
citzens the Differ's services , and four ot the
most prominent each took a boy.
DI FER'S SUCCESS.
"Patsy Differ Is now assistant cashier Dr the
county ban It. His foster parents write that
he Is a terror to evil-doers and Is regarded as
time omclal vigilance committee. his last
feat was to thrash a man for stealing. He
Is a fine musician , clever artIst , wilY conversationalIst -
versationalIst . has n high sense of honor but
\orsatonalst. very except when Il comes to box-
Ing. Ills brush and blacking box are dis-
played among the curios at the Newsboys'
Lodging home , and are treasured very imlgimly
by his Quondam' mates , who coma frequelty
lmammdle timeim They
to look at them and hanlle :
generally conclude their inspection by remarking -
marking that 'Patsy was fast with his dukes
marldIg hadn't ought tcr went way out west ,
where he'll imever get I chancQ tel use them. '
he'l ne\er .
"Mickey Morrel has had a career similar
to that , of his fighting friend lie became
quite a favorite In the town and Iy his
quick Irish wit was able to fill several re-
aponsible positions. lila Inhlrent laziness
however . finally cropped out , and In his last
letter he Informed us that hQ was about to
start for Denver where he expected to buy
I rep ura ! ! aimfi 'rest for I wliiie. . '
'II " TQUGII , BUT
"Thero Is a bond of friendship and sympathy
between these homeless and friendless boys .
vhlch : 1s trlllY . ltouchlng. When large par-
tied al"taken to time great west the ones
win have shared and shared alike their
meager ral'el In a flowery restaurimmit who
have slept In the Homo store box , and have
fought each other to the biter end , beg not
fCught to be ' separated , and the agents always make
an effort to place them'll time same town Dr
11 nelghbotl10d. eforl This cameraderle Is shown
very well by the following Incident : Some
month agu'there was found on the steps of
a house In Long island city I poor little
waif , emaciated with hunger all cold The
owner of the house brought him to New
York and pUl him In the custody of the
Children's Aim ? socIety. At the Newsboys'
Lodging IIuso 1 fund was subscribed
dent to buy him a lult of clothes anll pay
his expenses It the imoapilal. lie was such
that the feared
a frail little fellow surgeons
he would never get well again. lInt he
turned otit to have 1 wiry constitution , arid ,
within I month wa able to sell Ilaper. Ills
gained for him ninny
affectiommato nature soon malY
friends , and his comrades neil with each
other In doing him favors. A good stand
was procured for him at the entrance to
Brooklyn bridge , where he lay be seen any
day calling out In his sbrl treble voice ,
'gxtra ! Extra Edltonl Sporting Extra ! Buy
a Paper sir ? ' and his sales are always large ,
for his friends zealously prevent any boy
from pre.emlltng the stand.
TENDER IEARTgD AltARS.
Another Instance of this loyalty was broueht
out 1 hort time ago when a bright utIle
fellow , . kn'wn by the name of Swigge hind
his frail life crushed out by the juggernaut
catilo car whie he was attempting to 'cross
the track to make ! .8 sale Willie Swlggs had
no reistlv'emm or friends but his own youthful
assoclutes who tenderly cared for imimn When
the city authorites came to convey his body
to tbe Potter's field the bootblacks and news-
boys gave. their last mmmoncy many of them
pawning their clothes . to buy him a plot In
a quiet country cemetery which lies along
the green banks or the Hudson. Nor did
they stop imere for every Sunday some one
makes the journey lo the little obscure grave
and place on It a cheap wrealh of leaves Dr
flowers . The papers which he carried when
he mode his lat sale are carefully vreservcd
IT WORKOR BOYS.
' of New York
The Children's Aid socIety
which Chldren's this scheme of emigrating
these street arabs to time welt and south . Is
the most extensive charitable oreanlzatlon
In this country. In the forty.two years of
its existence it has rechlmed from the Jlums
of the ( city 10.00 I boys , and piacod them In
Christian hmomnes . Some of these Ion hne
become famous lawyer Journalists . surgeons
and artists . while many or them occupy seats
In the various state legislatures mind one I.
today governor Dr North Dakota. Yet so .
gOl'eror are the method , of the society
unprtentlolB been made
' before have these
known to the general public. '
Thirty years ago there was picked up In
Baxter street year a little Irish boy who exlted
on crusts atree bread which he procured by
creeping up on the back roofs If tenement
imouses and stealing the led out of the cblm-
nelL houles which be sold for a few pmnlc. When
caught doing this be was sent to Randall's
island . Thai boy was picked up br an agent
. _ .
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5' < : \ \
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Fop just ten days \ve shall make
every possible effort to close out the
balance of the Furniture stock.
There is but little of this stock left
and but little tine to close i out.
We have on the way on entirely
new line of Furniture , much larger
than heretofore carried in this department -
partment , of which we shall say
Something later , But just now 've
are making quick moving prices on
what we have We bought this
stock from the bank at a loss to them
. of 80 per cent-so why shouldn't 've
we sell i cheap ?
ORCHARD & \VILHEL \ M ! CARPET CO
. , ,
, . , . .
I oilS . '
. ' . $11' : lis.i , . . . .
t D D I" : . ' D 1 _ L D I D cLIELE ,
I. " .
Li Eli . Men in a Hurry [ [
DD often eat food insufficiently or not [
ii properly , cooked. Ripans Tabules F '
t cure 'dyspepsia and \ sour stomach hand
. and 'immediatey ' relieves hedahc. ,
D , Li.
. ' . I .
D ' - . . . , F111
'fl . Inns
/nns Tnbules : Sol by drmmgglsts . or by mal tt
LI the price ( (0 cents 0 box ) Is BClt 10 the 1tIJammm5 g'
Cimenlcal , . , , : . '
: Conipaimy No. 10 lipruco Si New loik.
BDCDD ' D DDDO'
EEJr-1DI i 2 0 I
EXACT SIZE PEUFEC11
TiE 1RCANnLE IS THE FAVORITE TEN CENT CIGAR. I .
For sale by all , , lfirnt / Class Den/eIB. / MUluflcturcll hy tins . _ .
F. R. RICE MERCANTILE CICAR CO. ,
. j , - " 'j I" : ' Fmtctot'y ( No. :0.J , St. J.oIIH , Mo . 1"
_ A . _ ' . JUNII > ] ? _ ' IH hell use I by thouslnIH or ! aloH , immommtlily , TI Ie the
ii.t ! IOltlh' I
CAlIOLT . 1 , iR /arrlod lady's trlonll Irregular . , ( rl IIY "al o. I li Ha' .
mind rohmmbio. never flubs guar.immtoo whim bottle , ' 'hIH Icmmmu '
001 rollbU. . "mlrUloo wlh every lOllo , Hi' " . 10 I I'IY. ' IHIICI" li fal' : Huporlor to
1Is iK every . botle IH uatollld II'/or loses ll Klrlulh. . lolll ' sill iieimhimm drli.IHtt , l'rieu , $ 2.015
per bollo. \ourdrUI lst douO 101 nave H lull o..Ul tlli : wo will forward you mm lolJ bi UX/rOII
. OAMOLE JUNIPEft C ) _
Western 0111cc. Omaha , Neibrrsslj' " . '
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for the All society , anI ' In a short time left
wih 1 party for the west. Ills foster IJrents
gave Idiom a Hood common school education
and thel sent hum : to Yale where he grad-
ulerl wih honors. In a few years he went
to Alaska ) vhero he became a llrorlnent
member of thin bar , an,1 , Is IOW known as
lion . Judge Brady . United States commls-
sinner to Alaska.
Another lad was taken from Randall's
Island about the annie time . Though only
8 years of age hQ ball made a reputatIon as
a professional pickpocket along tIme wlarrl
of the East river underneath which he had
always lived. Soon after being put on a
western farm he enlisted a8 a drummer boy
In tIme war of time rebellion . where he served
with distinction . After thin war he engaged
In various enterprIses , but finally lad Ills
hand baly , cut and was compelled to go to
school , to whmichi fact lie miour attributes lila
success in life , In hue heers to thin Aid sa-
ciety lie always wound up by saying timaL lie
intended "to be somebody , " ammO everyone
who known Governor A- of North Dakota
wilt agree that lie lies fulfilled IsIs boyish
promise , _ _ _ _ -S _ _ _ _
CUNXUJII.l L I TI1 ,
Rev , J. II RyIarmco , rector of St.
Mark's h'roteatant Episcopal church , New
York , will be married shortly after Ranter
to Miss Ellerm Coo , time head of the Now York
free circulating library ,
"liighistop iseemna very blue since Miss
Coins throw hum over. " "Yes ; lie's heartbroken -
broken to think what arm excellent husband
alma lies missed. "
Sihlicus ( reading paper-Thma ) bride was
supported to time altar by imer father , Cyni-
cue-Yes ; and I dare soy be wilt keep on
supporting tier , _ -
Janmeaon-Vby do you advocate long en-
gagernenta so earnestly ? hiirnson-Tho
longer they're engaged limo less time time In
whicim they'll be oimarrle'l ' ,
Eg.Ooyemnor John W. Iavls of PawIuket ,
it. I. , and Miss Marietta l'earco of l'rovm'
dence , respectively GO and 50 years of age ,
were married at Swansea , Mass , , on Mommday ,
and left time next day with an excursion varty
for time I'acithu coast , Thi groom has time
distinction of .eiug hio only democrat
elected govemnc.r (4 lila. state since the war ,
There is one c1a ; ip the Pittsfield ( Mass. )
Methodist ) lumnlay sipaol which ii remarkable -
able in one reicJj &t least , During the
past four years seventeen young Woimien have
belonged to time class , amid omit of that numn-
her eleveim have married dimming tIme forty-
eight mnoimtims , To the mmiarrlage of these
pupils mimuat lie addemi time wethilirmg of this
teacher , nod last week aimothicr engagement
was anrmoummcod , : miaklmmg thmlrteerm ,
Jie-.Detmr Clara , will you hme my vlfe ?
Sbmo'-IIam'rP ) , I have tried every sort of wa
to bring you to a ImeOlmomal , I have experl-
meuited with time baby stare , reckommed by
lIly friends an particulurly felcimllig , I have
trie'l ( liD soulful glance , immmtl also tIme down-
drooping lid ; I have with apparent artless-
hess intl time cotmversation up to ii iiriImt where
it ceerimed inpoesibie for you to avoid asking
for immy hand ammO heart ; but all , all without '
avail. harry , I wIll smut imimawer you at
ommct' . I will think time rustier over. I wilt
give you time , I feel that to accept you at
ommco were too sudden ,
Forty-two marriage licenses were takemi
out 1mm Chicago on lit , ValentIne's day , anc
only eluvexm of tim brides were nailer 20.
years old , One confessed to 31 years , and
she was going to marry a hush 000 ycasm
yolirmger. Siam hail reached an migu whmoro
ithe could not afford to be too liartlculasu
about mimimahi matters. 'Fiio ohilest groomim wan.
40 mind ho married a guI 27 years old , and
limo ) oungust groomim was 19 , whim his bride
For the third time Mien Arnie Nunnan of
Vimmstocl , Coimn , , lmas hiecim doserteti just as
tIme omarriago ceremony was abomit to Lie per.
formed , 'I'iii timimo she was to hmavo been
married to Patrick J , Burke , and imow ho
cannot be found , She iii $4 years old , anc
Iwelu's years ago lmo was mmgagwi to it Toe-
rlimgorm ( man , who a low days before time
ilatu for limo weddimmg rcftmae'l to accompany
her to time altar , Seven years later shin be.
caine engaged to Thmoinas Myers of hartford -
ford , and when ( lie day for the we'ldln ar.
riueti lie did smut appear , Shin sued him and
obtaixme'l $500 for hmrcaehi of jmronmlso. Burke ,
who Ii 35 years old , returme'i fromim the West.
a few years ago with a snug swim of money.
lie irmvestod in business amid runmowod 1:1 *
acquaIimtimnce wilts' Miss Nunnen. it. wag
eulmiioserl tjmat iso was really attached 1s
liar. I'rc'parations for tIme ceremony were , J
made by Mice Nunnan , and at time appointee , : '
hour , February 21 , tim church was filled wills
her friends. Miss Nunomin and lice parents
wore imromptiY ( ? u hand , but , though they ,
waited for 5)111117 rniuutes , Burke 41 xmQ
' . _ . _ . _ m , d"t'.1 I '
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