Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 17, 1895)
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10 ; rITE : OMAhA DAILY 13EljJ : S'tIhNDAY : , J.tmBHUAUY : 17 , 1SJJ. ! )
OUrRAlTS ! ) OF ASIIINGrON \
DiEcovery of R LargtJ Collection of Old
Drawings in B3aton1
TilE FATtIER SKETChED IN TilE fIELD
1Iow .Tnhn Trllmhull , " ' , , "hllllton''OIlUI . \ '
Ahl.dc'ClllIlP , 8tlllll..1 the Urnl'ml
In All It \tllttulr.-Ynlllnhlo I ; t
( ol1)71I1hl IS9 : ; , hy a a , lItcctUtl' , t'mHN1. )
Of Oeorgo Washington ono might have
lIupposed that there remalnell nothIng new i
to bo learned , but the recent discovery of a
large collection ot alII drawIngs Ilscloses !
that while ho was with the Continental
Bllny before noston , In 17ilj and 1iiG , he
had beside him , part ot the limo In hIs
very housoholtl , n young fellow . who , mad
to bo an arllst , stllllled ( his teattires , noted
hIs every mood and posture , the light no
less than the grave , and , as he had op'
portunlty , stole olt and committed his ob.
servallons to the first shred of Mum-head
or tanned leer sllin that came to his hOlI\1. \
: . ,
"I' ' ' ' . ' "Ir. I , . .
: : : . . .t.J"r"
The result Is a series of portraits at \Vash-
Ington as he appeared In the dally life or
camp anti field such as wouhl be a rare
achievement even In these days of the camera
The young fellow who was thus keeping his
eye forever on the commander and committing -
mitting what he saw to pictorial record was
no ether than John Trmunbuhi now famous
for finished portraits of Washington aimtl
other revolutionary leaders , paInted at a later
date Soon after Washington went to Cam-
bridge ] to take command of the army he
chose Trumbull for one or his alds-lo-camp ] ,
- and It was to his slllll with the pencil , Indirectly -
directly , that Trumbull owed his placc
WashinGton desired a correct plait of the
enemy's works In rant of the Continental
position at Boston Necll The fact was
whispered to young Trumbull , a lad of 19 .
who had come on (0 lloston as adjutant of
the First Connecticut regiment , under Gen-
oral Joseph Spencer , and the suggestion was
added that 'rrumbull make such a plan as a
probable means or Introducing himself "to
the favorable notice of the general " Trum-
bull undertook It , "creeping ( under the concealment -
cealment of high grass ) " near enough to
time works to make his observations Before
Trumbull could finish a British deserter came
t. In and supplied what was needed , but TrulII-
. bull's uncompleted ( , sketch was shown to
Washington and soon after the young artist
himself "was presented to time general and
appointed his second aIlI-do-camp "
, Trumbull's taste for drawing had decldred
Itsetr early lie himself attributed It , though
not to a "natural genius , " but to an ImpUlse
of Imitation. An elder sister of his had acquired -
quired some Imowledgo of drawing and had
, . even painted In all two heads and a land-
; scope "Theso wonders , " ho says , "r ere
. hung In my mother's parlor and were among
the first objects that caught my Infant eye
I endeavored to Imitate them and for several
: ' years tIme nicely sanded floors , for carpets ,
were then unknown In Lebanon , were con-
, Btantly scrawled with my rude allempts at
drawing. " But. to bo classed as a mere love
of Imitation this youthful Impulse was much
too durable It grew with Trumbull's
; growth and against the pronounced oppasi-
tlon of hIs family. Ito was 15 before he
had seen a Ilalntlng deserving of the name ,
but ho had already striven to argue his
father out or a resolution to send him to
college and Into allowing him Instead to
take up the serious pursuit of art under the :
Instruction or Cople . Even engravings allll I
Prints were a rarity allll some that fell
Into his hands ho copied and recopied And
from tIme first almost his special bent was
I for portraiture
IlLs Employment as ald-de-camp to Wash-
Ington , Trumbull exchangell before long for
that of a major of brIgade ; but In time meantime -
time ho found hlmsetr , as he says , "In the
family of one ef the most dlsllngulshed and
dlgnlfiell men of the age ; surrounded at his
table by the principal oUleers of the army 1
and In constant Intercourse with theta " and
havIng for his particular duty .to receive
company and do the honors of the hioust ! ! ) to
many of the first people of the ceuntry of
both sexes " Out of the relation there grew
a ure-Iong and rather close Intimacy wIth
Washington , anti no artist could have asked
, for better 011f10rtunltles for the study or character .
actor and features than Trumbull enjoyed
with reference to the man who became his
Trumbull's mlll13ry services lasted less than
two years. Early In 1777 he resigned frolll
, I INr\ ¼
Jt : : ' . .i..t'l'r ' ;
. . , . . . . . .
_ " " \oft
the army because : of a dlltorence with con.
gre& ngarlllng the dale or his conllnlf&lon ,
and resumed painting , first at Lebanon ,
Conu" , his naIve " town , sail then In lIoston ,
" " : .Ir , Cople . " he says writing of this time ,
"was gone ; to Europe , and there n\1llned In
Boston 110 artIst ! from whom I c mild rsln ; oral
lnstf ctlon , " JIll thought ! he ( Iorh' ' ' ' ' benllll ,
O\VII" " h'oll aomna PQ2 or ctI5" '
' - L , - - - . . - .
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- - - : ?
European pictures mal10 by " : \Ir , S'lbrt , the
patriarch of painting In Amerlal , " and heft I
by him In the studIo which Trumbull now
inhmablteil Three yun later he went to Europe .
rope , and became In time a student ot lien-
Dy this time Trumbull had already executed -
cuted a large number of drawings and paint-
lags , the greater part cf them portraits lie
expl'citly mentions among the93 a "halt
length port"alt of Washington , copy tram
I'tale , " and "Oeneral Washington , half length ,
from memory. " In the autumn of 1785 , when
he hall for tIme seconel IImt > taken up his resl-
dance In London with Mr. West , he "began
to meditate seriously the subjects ! at national
lmistory the events ot the revolution , " whIch
were thereafter the great : objects ot his pro-
tesslonal lite The thing he laid \ : Iec'al ' 9tres
on , In time execution of these works , was the
portraiture. Thus he notes that ho "arrang
carefully the composition for tIme ! clar.ttlon
of Independence , and preparell It for reeelv-
. " " meet with
lag the portraits . as he "might
the diltinguislieti men who were present at
that Illustricus scene " Nor 11 leI he w.llt : for
chance to bring hla sUbjects In his wa ) ' ,
On his return to America he traveled into
the farthest parts of the country to secure
sittings from them Thus , what with hii-
torlc groups anti single portraits he has
lert Ul ! likenesses painted from life of most
or the Important llIen of the revolutionary
PUZZI.ED TilE INDIANS
nut Washlngtcn was Trumbull's special
theme ; him he painted again and again.
In 1790 he painted for the city of New York
the full length portrait that now hangs In
the city hall lie relates of this pertrnll the
followIng [ Inclelent :
"At this time a numerous deputation from
the Creek nation of Indians was In New
York and when this painting was finished
the president ( Washington ) was curious to S3e
the effect It wouhl produce en their untu-
tored minds Ho therefore directed mo to
IlIacI' the picture In ad allvantagaous light ,
facing the door entrance of the room where It
wal' ' , and having invited several of the prn- !
clpal chiefs to dine with him , he , alter din-
ncr , propos',1 to them a walll lie was
tJrNsed In full uniform , amid ltd ( the way to
the painting room , anll when the deer was
thrown open they started lit seeing another
'Greal ather' standing In the room One
was c3rtalnly with them , and they were for a
time mute with astonishment At length one
of thmo chiefs advanced toward the picture ,
and slowly stretched out his hanll to touch
It , and was 9tihi more astonlshell to feel , In-
stead of a rcunll object a flat surface , cold to
the touch HI ! started back with an exclamation -
clamation of astonlshment-'Ugh ! Another
then approached : , and placing one hand on the
surface and time other behind , was still more
astounded to perceive that hili hands almost
met , "
THU IBULL'S BEST PORTRAIT.
Two years iater In 1792. In Philadelph"a ,
TrumbllIJ palntd a prtralt ( ; of Washington ,
now owned by Yale elIege , whIch the artist
himself pronounces .tho best certainly
those which I painted , and the best In my
estimation whIch exists In hats : hero'c ml1l-
tar ) ' character " And of the painting of the
portrait he gives the followIng history :
"Tho city or Charleston. S. C. , instructed
WillIam H. Smith , one of the representa-
tives of South Carolina , to employ me to
paint for them a portrait of the great man ,
anti I undertook It eon amore ( as the commission - J
mission was unlimited ) , meaning to give his
military character In time most sublime moment -
ment or Its exertion-the evening Ilrevlous to
tim battle or Princeton when viewing the
vast superiority or his approaching enemy
anti time impossibility of again crossing ! the
Delaware or retreatiig down the river he
conceiveD the plan or r-turnlng . by a night
march Into the country from which he hall
just been driven thus culling off theo enemy's
communication and destroying his depot or.
'k ' : ( , 4'q-
utorea and provisions at Brunswlc ] I
: old the preshlent my object ; he entered Into
It warmly , and. as the work advanced , we
talked of the scene , Its dangers , Its almot
ksperatlon. 110 looked at the scene again ,
and I happily transferred to tile canvass the
lofty expression of his animated countenance ,
the high resolve to conquer or to perish
Time result was , In my own opInion , eminently -
neatly successful , and the general was sat-
Islled But It did not meet the views of
Mr. Smith lIe admired , ho was personally
pleased bl.t ho thouht ! the city would be
better satisfIed with a more matter.ot.fact
likeness such as they had recently seen hlm-
ealm . , tranquil , peaceful.
"Oppressed as the presIdent was with busi-
ness I was reluctant to ask him to sit again ,
I however waited upon him , stated 1.11'
Smith's objection and he cheerfully sub-
mlttod to a second penance , adding , 'Keep
this picture for yourself , Mr. Trumbull , and
finish It to your own taste ' I did so-an-
other was painted for Charleston , agreeable
to their taste-a view of the city In the background .
ground , a horse with scenery and plants of
tIme climate ; anti when time State Society of ,
Cincinnati of Connecticut dissolved them-
selves tIme first picture , at the expense of
some of time members , was presented to.Xale
colleg ! "
NEWLY DlSCOVEHBD POHTHAITS.
These IInlshed portraits are , naturally the
best l\11own of Trumbull's portrayals of WashIngton -
Ington , but It may now \Je \ questioned whether
they are time most Intrrestlng , In the lately
discovered Trumhull collectton there Is a
series of thlrly-four portraits \'aslmiiig- -
toil . sometimes alone and sometimes surrounded .
rounded by his generals and troops , all exe-
cutell In 1775 antI 177tJ. time period within
which Trumbull served as his ald-Ie-camp ]
In time ann ) ' before Boston all bearing
Trumbull's signature anti all giving In the
character or tIme work such further proof of
their authenticity that the experts siy : there
I no question 'rhey are drawings In sepia ,
or len ( and Inle , or , In some instances a
com hi nation of the two , with finishing strolle $
and e bath i U g ! In white china. ink , Th cy are
drawn on pieces of drumhead Dr on hard I
tannell deerskin , the deerskin often retain
lug on the' back some of the hair , There Is
nothlnl ; con\'E'nlional or formal about these
portraits , They arf' of charming simplicity \
Washhlton ! Is represented just as he apt
11rared 10 'l'rumbull In his movemenls In
anti about he I various headquarters , Four
01 the mosl interesting of them , reproduced
here for tht first time , aamiipany : : the vres-
It Is emil ) ' with the \"a5hlngton l1ortrnlt8
that we have to 110 here , but they are only
a part of the collection It conlalns also
portraits from life of man ) " re"olutlonary
gemmoral , statl'smen anJ oilier dlstlnguhhell
immen 'I'hert' are rtOl traits or Generals Put-
nmmumm Knox , Schu'lel' . Gatea , Stark , Greene ,
I.aru'ctte. Clinton , Montgomer , Lee , 1I10ul-
trio , I'lnclme ) ' , Arnold ; of John and Samuel
Adams Clymor , PranllIn , Patrick Henry ,
John Jay und 1I0ger liberman , and many
bClilde : .
TIme l'auNI ! , the heroes of the revolution
disappeared , - one by ono Trumbull had
gained fame abroad antI In his native land.
In his declining years he amused hlnnelf
In gathering UII these * amiiplea of his early
efforts , which 10 him hall more than the
value of Ilerlionni remlnl51enc : s. 110 hall the
collection carefully framed for future pr.aer-
"at lon , pasting on the hach of time frames
I'xtracU from aid \ pal'I'rS relating to the 111111-
\lluaJ8 \ porlrayell and writing I'xillanatory
note These notes have IJro\'pcl ef much assistance -
sistance In the elllssification of the collection ,
IYhlch bu : been very thoroughly done by the
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. . ' - ' : : - - - wTw _ ,
Cartwrigl11t's Moval Sale )
- . . . _ _ _ _ _ OF _ _ _ _ _ _ . ' . . .
Shoe ' Shoes I , Shoes I
Every dollar's worth to h sold b1orc IV11rch 1st. Profit no longer tbduht oC
. . : a
If you don't stock up now you'll rue it , for shoes will be higher next month , as \ve
can't afford to sell shoes at these prices forever.
. - . -
Two Doltnrs. Two Fifty. Dollar Fivc. : Two Do11ars. . .
LHlIes' : IIInehel'eltes , Iii fine \'Iel kid , 1'1111'1 lot IlIcltHIl's nil our \ $ :1.00 : ntHl CIII1h'lOII'I1 ( gomit IIl\ttoll ) \ slwlOH ( , .101111 1.llIlIl'S' litH'It' ! ! Ihl , I'hIlIlCt.lllhlll !
with IIHtl'nllllce stll 'S IIIHI 011 1'lccl\ $ . \.00 \ lIIell's calC COllt.1''SI'I Hhoes , with ( rmtIimm'r imimike , sizes SU ! to 10U ! . the 111111 ohmi'uig o tot ? . hutton shllel : : ;
( lillY IlIsls. Es'ei'y sIze 1\1111 wll1th. 11011111e soles , ul the IIU\'ll'-he:1l'I1.oC. : llpsl ) hal'galll : WI' limts'e I ! 111 the shH'e. niwmtyM Holl1 III : I.00 ) tlllll : I.iO. :
Om' l'tgtIlmhI' ? $ J.OO : shoe for $ : ! , OO ( before mice oC $2.60. : ! i 'l'OIllIlI'I'OW's 1ll'lee , $1.0 ; ; . . o111 $ 2OO. : !
Dollar Five. Niucty-fivc Cents. Two Forty.
Clllhlrell's hea\ ' ' tloiigolmt ' ' , All the IIIl1l's' : \'lellhl IInttoll shoes , ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Dollar Sevcttty-five.
lien'3' 811111)01'1'1 \ Lulll's' : hl'Ishops hint \ hIU'V'I'mU' ! !
with ( iollgoimt lii ) . It's the most CVI.'l'y shllJle ) toe , 11111111 01' tllIlll ) , hulltl ont ; iiimtle ! ! It 8111el1l1\11 , \ sl\H\1n \ shoe , ' ,
LII1\I'S' : \ cloth tOIl IInll ( hid tOil im1 : ( ' ( ' ,
faselnllllll bmirgitiii we hn\'e In the I wt\lel ! \ 01' h\llll : tlll'lIel1 , I4i'/ei 2 : ! , : ! 1/ ! ! ul\l \ ( ure wOl'th e\'el' cenl oC $1.00. ) .
. llItent ) III' t , OIWI'U ullll Phlllllelllhill :
store , ullll nil we IIsl is I ! ! $1.0 ; ; I nil 11 8 I , out' reguimui' $ ,1.00 , $4.00 ' J'jmiiI'l'OL'lO. : ,
. itiitl 1 " : r3.oo Sloes I , for , " , ; IC. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . toe ' limit I , we " _ \I ! ell , to sell for $100 ,
. - m'e now , " , 'I . w ,
Three Twenty. One Do11ar. .
Two D 0 11 ars.
\Iell's : \ 111\'II'IIIIIe cork sole shoes. '
Lnl1ll's' f'OlIl IlIce , patent leather .
Time $ Z.OO ; ; shoe thllt is I : : ; so neut nnl1 Mell'i' ! comigress shoes that we used to tiimiei ) , (1)1'1toe shoes , In IIU1'I'OW T"ro FIfty.
cOlllforlable. ) As long as they Inst sell for $ : iOO1.00 \ u\IIl $ ; ,00 hll\'e wldlh worth 1II0re thlln S00 : \ .
we will sell thelll for $ 3.2O. : : ! . been IJ\1I1c1wI ( III one lot to go ut 2 : . 1011I . choice ' , 1.00. All 011I' 01 and 1111 lola oC I en' :
fume Ilteltleatwr ) : shoes , worlh $ , OO ,
$ (10 ( , nIl $ T.K ( ) ; al I I III i Oll i' ! lot i nt I ole
Three Fifty. Four Dol1ars. Eighty-five Cents. Il'lce ) , $ : ! JiO. We iI'litblY ) l hm'e 'titir
All the men's $5.00 tan shoes for All the $ ( JOO mcn's lace shoes , In HI ? ! I I would II : ' 'on ) to cOle III
$1 ! !
, - All 011I' otlul amimi ( emni lots I t of C III 1 - mulI(1 SCI' .
heawlntm' : wear , imimnie oil the I'rench calC amid with cork sole ! ! , will O ( 1 111 ! ec
0' 11de 01 . . wih l11'ehi'S ( 1 n\ ( 1 . 'stiSitCH' 'I 111 , 'orUi $1.50
'i'eI'3' latest style ! ' ! t.Iovlng : \ go now nt 4.OO. J .
11 : to .2.5o. : ! 'Io'mul : \ Ilrlce , Sc. ; ;
sale Iwlce , $ : .i O ,
. -Three Sixty. . Dollar Teii.
One For.ty-flve. One 0 .
Fdty. : \ iIss' IIn(1 clihilrehm's flume grahim
( ( (
Men's flue 1iI'clch calf IHltent : leather \1 chllh'el's lne IIII '
All the OIls mind ends In the $2i I shoes , that we alwl : ' 1 cOlsllere(1 ( We ha\'e S01e IIrolwl lots III men's IInltol i41mett ( , such us we used to sell
$ :1.00 : ant $4.00 shoe ! ! for ladles will I 'cheap ' at $ S.5O , wi go tOlllorl'ow \ hue clllf shoe , $ :100 : alt $ . \ 0011 - itt $ : ! , OO , II mill sIzes and w 11 hs ,
be lllacl In ole lot , to go at $1.15. $ J.GO : , ties ; all 111 01W lot now for $ 1.5O. go now lt $1.10
T. P. CARTWIGHT & CO. , 1415 Douglas St. Yet.
Going to move : to 16th and Douglas Street March 1st.
Must sell all their shoes before they move.
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present owner of the collection . Pror E'l
Frossard of Brooklyn . a distinguished
archaeologist and numismatist who bas alco
published n descriptive catalogue
NEW BOUND COLLECTIN ,
Among the portraits of Washington . mime
earliest enl was drawn before Boston In the
early' spring of 177G. probably on the . occa-
sion \r the general's birthday. fhls
thought Is suggested by an autobiographic I
note on the batle of . time frame , which reads : '
"General George Washington , aged 4. Boston -
ton , 1776. " I Is n medium cabInet picture ,
drawn on hand-tanned deer skin , representIng -
Ing Washington's bust wrapped tn n heavy
military cloak , the head slightly turned to
the lert. The work Is finely fnihed and
the likeness Is admirable. Another repre-
sents \Vashlngton's head nearly life size
Several are full , erect figures from seven to
ten Inches deep resting on a musket ' or
seated , with chapeau , cloak amid sword , A
bate scene , labeled "Attack of the Ties-
slans at Trenton , " represents Washington \ aim
horseback , dIrectng time charge against the
fighting and retreating Hessians , ODe of
whom , eoarse-eatured and EtOut of body ,
falls backward with a hand pressed to his
breast to staunch the flowing blood ] .
Time most curious arc those plctnr.s w'lch
represent Washington as the central : nt1Ure
of several humorous headquarters Incidents ,
In one of thes he and Putnam arc 3pated at
a table enjoying a glass ol toddy ; In anLeimer
Washington Is reassuring an old lady , leaking ] -
ing ! with fright from her c t.ql iccr . In
two compositions Washington Is represented
In council with Generals PutnJI and nene-
diet Arnold II a more elabarto frame
Washington stands before his tent , an Imposing -
posing fIgure . stern-reatured and COlnMn' ' ] -
Ing , Issuing a miitary order to General Put
imamn The best drawn beat lreserved and
probably the most valuabll of the serIes Is the
portraits of George anti Martha \Vashllton ,
side by side. This Is delicately drawn In
ink . sepia and whie , emi bmooth IJlg-sliln ,
framed In gilt and Inclosed In an old cedar
box about IOx10 Inches , Besides being
unique In character , as no other portraits of
the distinguished couple arc Imown In this
form , It Is the only one In the entire serle
. , e
\ WWfr - - - '
CABINET POItTRA1T ,
that Is signed In full with 10cJtQn and rear :
"N 'York , 177G , John Trumt.II , " This
must have been drawn ] fem life In the qUi'
mer of 177G , just before the separation of
Irs. Washington rrom tile general , not0 \
see him again until the memolIbl8 winter
at Valley Forge ,
_ _ 0 _ _
4t I.UIlt , ' , III" ,
There Is a place near Glasgow , Scotland ,
where a railway track runs for some distance
beside the fence or a lunatic asylum Not
Ion ! ; ago bome workmen were busy repatrlng
the bed of the railroad , when In Inmate ef
the as'luI IpprolcheI : one of the laborers .
and , tram his position on the Inner sIde ot
the Inclclur , began a somewhat II renal con-
ye ra a t I 0 n .
Inmate-hart work , that ! I
Laborer-Troth , an' It Is ,
lnmate-Wiiat pay dae ye get
Laborer-Sixteen bob a week
Inmate-Aro marrlt 1
Iaborer-I am , worst luel.1 And have six
cit lid ron .
A pause , thrn :
Innmate-l'imi thinking , ma nun , 'c're on the
wrong aide 0' the fence. .
In Illut :
Indianapolis . .JourmmaiVe : hey met ,
brethrln , " said time Ilresldt'nt of the Oklahoma
Ibsen society , "we hev let to pan rell lu-
tlon or 'ondolence on time death of Brother
i1iiiswogiie. wInch was t Jell from our mld5t by
a mule's off hed las' Sa'rd , but here In the
sacred IJreclnets of the 101lge room I am
free to remark that I tunno whether we had
better orler condole with his folks here on
alrlh t'Ith time folks 01 the other shore , "
GEORGE WOOED TIE lSE
And Tried It onHia 2weothearts Without
R BUlS ,
THEY COLDLY TUHNE HIM DOWN
ills Uniorm IUII " 'I\lc Valor Snntches
. VIctory from the Brow of l'octto
Iofcat-llow lie Won I
Rich " 'ltiow .
Among ! the autoraphlc ! papers of George
Washington , purchased of his descendants by
die government of the United States , and
preserved In the library of time Department
of State , are four poems , written In his
youth ; probably In his 17th year. Two of
them , relates the Cimautauquan are undoubtedly -
doubtedly original , and are very bad verses
Time other two are manlfesly copied from
sonic newspaper or magazine , perhaps , from
a book , without credit or reference to their
authorship. But the boy who wrote the other
two could not possibly have written these , as
will be seen by the slghtest comnparisomm
Ono of time original poems has recenly
been discovered to bo an acrostic , which
was a fashionable trick of love maltng In
those days , and the Inital letters of the
hines form the names "Frances Alexa"-tho
last word evidenty being Intended for "Alex-
ander " But time Ioem Is unfinIshed , time remainder -
mainder of the page on whleh It Is written
being biank The muse of the youthful poet
and lover probably became wear ) ' . It reads
as folows :
From your bright sparklng eyes I was un-
Ra ) ' ! , you have 10re transparent than the
fun , . . _
Amilst Its glory I time rising vny ,
None ' equal In ' bright
can you your array ;
Constant In your culm und unspotted mind ;
gqual to ni , but Will to none Prove kind .
So Imowlng , seldom One ito Young , ) 'ou'l
Aim ! WO'H me that I should love and conceal
Long have I wished but never dare reveal
Even though severely I.ove's Pain 1 feel ;
Xerxes time great wasn't tree tram Cupimi's
And al the greatest lIem-oes , felt the smart.
The traditions of time famiy Indicate that
time bject or Ins effusion was 11 ' Fanny
Alexander , a daughter of Captain Philip Alex-
ammdom' a ( descendan of time carl of Stirhing .
frcm Wh01 time city of Alexandria Va , was
nllmed. The captain owned and hived upon
time estate adjoining Mount Veron on the
north , Time young lady was two years ohler
thnn Washington , and was probably his first
love Nothing Is known of their courtship
further than time evidence furnished by this
"A Journal of ! y Journey Over time Moun-
talus , " which was kepI Washington between -
tween time 1th of March.and the 13th of April ,
148 , when ho was a 11e more lmn iti
years old , eontalns 1 COllY , or , perhaps , the
original draft of a friendly and rather can.
fdental leter to "Vear Friend Hobin , " who
was undoubtedly a ) 'OUUlfll schootelow , although -
though he has never been identified , The
original of this journal Is In the library of
time Department of State , having heen discovered -
covered by Mr SarIU. time hilltoriln , In
1827 , when overhauling a chest of ohl lelerll
and documents ut Mount Vernon In search
of historical material , In 1834 , with a
quantity of other halters , It was 11rehas(11
by congress , and In 1892 was printed literally
with copious and vaiuiible eXIJlanatory notes !
by Dr J. M. Toner the accomplished Oracle !
Time letter reads as tolows :
lily plaea of Hesldellco Is nt present al
11' l.ordshllHI ( Lord Fairfax ) where I
mlghl , wus may hmttart disengaged , IUIS mmmy
tlmo very pleaennty , UI Iheres a very
agreellule Young 1.mi'my ' ' Lives In the same
house ( Cal Geol go FaIrfax's 'Ife'll Sister )
but ns hat9 only mudding Fuel to lire I
makes me the more ummasy tor hy oren
anti tmtmavoldabiy being In eolan : with her
rev'el any . former pUlslon for your J.ow.
hand Beauty , wherms was I to lIve more
retlre'i ' from ) 'ounl women I mhhl In some
measure elYluto may MrrOWH 1y burying
thaI elitist mind trouhlesome Passion In time
grave of obl\lon or entarnal forgetfuhlebs
for us I 1m \ very veIl asmiuremi Ihats the
only antidote , or remedy unit I ever Ihul
anI' by or emily recess that can ad-
mlnlstel" any euro or help 10 me al 1 um
eh1 convinced was I ever to Ileml1 In-
thing I should only get a enlul which
woull be only uddin ! grief to uneasiness
The slbtlr of Mr Fairfax , who revived "a
former pabslol" ' In this youth of 16 . was
Miss Mary Car ) ' , the daughter or Colonel
Wilon ( , for Ihlry-four year collector
of cusloms at lamplon , Va" , mind for the
lower James rlnr. He was I man of large
wealth and aristocratic connections . his eldest
daughter having married the cousin ( ; of Lord
Fairfax and the manager of his American
estates , which amoultel to more than 3,000-
Bishop Meade In hIs "Old Churches and
Famies of VIrginia , " says that Washington
was an ardent admireI of Miss Mary Cary ,
and at one time asked Colonel Cary's per-
mission to pay his addresses to her but was
refused The young lady aferward married
Mr. Edward Ambler who was a great . swell
among time colonial aristocracy , being a
graduate of Cambridge and the owner of a
large estate near Jamestown , Ho died In
17GS , at time age of 35 , and his wIdow , Who
survived until 1781 , was a frequent guest at
Mount Vernon after Washington's marrIage ,
as his diary shows ,
About this time Washington wrote another
tender letter , In which ho aludes again to
MIss Cary Tills was addressed to "Dear
Saly , " whose other name Is unknown , and It
This comes to Frederlcksbur fair In
hopes of meeting w4th ! speedy. las5age
to you If ) 'oimr not there which hopa 'ou'l
get shortly alUm I um almost discouraged
from writing to you as this Is mny fourth
to you since I reeelv'd any from yourself
I hope you'l not make the Old Proverb
good out of sight out of Mimi lS Its one
of the greatest Ilcsures I can yet foresee
of havIng In Fairfax In oren healing from
you hOlle you'l not deny It me
I Pass the tIme of much more agreenbier
than whnt I Imnglned I should as there's
a very Igreeahlo Young Lady hives In the
mie hOlle where I reside ( Cal , George
Fairfax's \Vite Sister ) thlt In I great
Measure cheats my sorrow nnl dejl'cted-
ness the nol so as to draw my thouJhts
altogether frm your Parts I could wish tQ
he weth YOu down ' there with nil my heart
but as It Is a thing almost Jmprctaltble
shlll rest myself where I 1m with hope
or shortly hlvlng some JlnlteH of your
transactions In you.mImmmrts which wilt \Je \
very welcomely received by Your
The "Lowland Beauty , " to w'hmoni Washington -
ton so tenderly refers In his hotter to "Jy
Dear Robin , " Is supposed to have been Miss
Lucy Grymes \Vebtmoreand ] cotmmmty who ,
In 1753. marrIed Henry Lee , eEq" , of Strat-
ford Hall , and became the mother of time
flmous : "Light Horse liarry"-thie Custer of
time revolution . Very little Is known of Miss
Gr'mes or of Washington' attention to her.
Other writers assume that the I.owland
Beauty was Miss Betsy , daughter of WIlam
I'auntleroy of Fredericksburg , who also re-
fused Washlngton's attentions.
'rime I.'aunteroy family hal a fine plantation -
tlon at Naylor's hold , on time Happahannock ,
about firteen miles from Wakeled ] , the birth-
place or Washington In 17&2 , when he was
20 years old the latter utdre.sed a letter
to Mr. I'aunteroy , which has been preserved ] .
asking Ilermlsslon to make a proposal of
mrrlal to his daughter , "In the hope , " ho
says , "of a revocation of a former cruel
sentence , anti see If I cannot find an alteration -
tion In lY favor "
This letter si'as written hnmellatel ) after
his return from the voyage ho made to Bar-
badoes with his brother , Lawrence , who was
In feeble health at time tme , anti died soon
after. So the "cruel sentence" must have
b pronounced \ before they sailed In Se11-
i temher , 1751. The fnlher's reply has not
I beeu preserved , but evidently was unravor-
This was time most lerlous love affair Wash-
Inlton ever had , except the later one which
ended In hIs marriage
The young woman who jilted him , after-
ward bcame the wife of Thomas Adams of
WIlamsburg , I Is a tradition of the town
that site marrIed for money Instead of love ,
and rejected Washington because ho had less
wealth than her other suior , I Is said too ,
that after ho bclme famous and visited the
town \'llamsburg as time guest of the
people , she watched from a window the
Irlnmphal pageant as ho passed on horse-
back through time streets , and fainted ,
Time house of the I'aunteroys I was a mag-
niticemmt mansion which . stood within a beau-
tiful hark overlooking the river , and re-
malne1 ! unt a few years since , when IL was
pulled down ,
puled Betsy I'anntleroy was addressed the
other original poem , which reads :
Oh ye Gods wlmy Ihoull my Poor eslstless
leart oppose thy mIght and Power
At last surrender to Cupimi's feathered Dart
And now las bleellng every lour
For her thl 'H I'ityiess of my grief anti
And \\'O\I not on mo Pi ) ' take
I'll Ileel ) Jmongst may most Inveterate Foes
I'l viths glnllnEss never wih to wike
In tieiutiltmg tlecplngl let my eyelids close
'fhat In an enraptured dream I may
In a soft huiiing sheep tumid gentle repose
50f lulng ! !
Possess thosp joys denl'd by day . ,
With the "olume In which thlll poem ap- i
imears was anolher , found at time same time
Ilear and also purchased by the government. I
beers the title , "Forms of Writing , " anti
contains models of deeds , bonds , contracts ,
receipts , recipes , bills of sale , manlrnloes ,
and other commercial and legal papers. 10-
gethmer with two poems "On Chrllmas Day"
and "True " lalplnc& " Then follow a form
y-oa-- . . . . . -
- - - - - .4 - -.e. , . :
of a "Subpoena for EvIdences to Prove a I
\viil . " amid Immediately after them appears
a reehls "To Keep 111 from Freezing ! or' '
The poms are as follows :
ON CIUSTlIAS DAY
Assist me , Muse divine ! to sing the Morn
On which the Savior of Mankind was born ;
But , Oh ! what Nnmbers to the Theme ClU
Unless kind ] Angels aid me from the Sldesl
Imletiminks 1 see the tuneful host descend ,
And with olcious JOY the Scene aleml ,
hark . i)3P their hymns directed on the RamI
The Gladsome Shepherds Ind the Nu ' cent
And view the Infant conscious or his Birth ,
Smiling bespeak Salvation to the 1artim
For when the Impartent Aera IIlst drew
In which the great Messiah should appear ;
And to miccompilahi hiS redeeming love ,
Resign awhile his slorlou > throne above ;
hleimeatim awhie Form should every Woe sus-
And by triumphant suffering fix his Reign
Should for lost Man In Tortures yield his
Dying to ave us from eternl ] Death I
) , mystic Unlonl-Snlutar ! Gree ! '
Incarnate God our Nuture Hhould emhracel
That Diet ) ' hmOtmld stoop to our Disguise !
' shoull should regaIn the sklesl
That man recov'l reluln
Dejected AdamI I from tn' gm'avo Ilcenc ,
' . Mmillce end :
And view the Serpent'l Deadly ' 1alce el\l
' Almighty's boundless
Adoring bless thO Almlght1 houndlesl
That gave his son a Ransom for they Hace !
Ohm nevel' let me Soul this DIY forgot .
But pay In grlfull jrmmise her Annual Debt ,
When ' 1lme. 111 ] Sin , and Death
TRUE lAPlINI SS ,
These nra the thlns. which once possess'
\'ihl malIc a life that'l truly Iilctm'd.
A Good ERlato on Healh ) Sell ,
Not got by Vice , nor yet hy tel :
Hounll a warm Fire a pleasant 'roke.
With Chlmne n overfreo from Smoke ,
entire A tmarkllng howl ,
A Stremmnthi Hlarklnl
A quit Wife I quiet Soul
A qui as wel as imoily . whole
Prudent Simplicity . constqnt Frle11s ,
A Diet which mme art eommends :
Night without mueh Jrlnltng ,
A terry NIJht much thmmnkimmg ! ;
'rhmougilt wlthmout thlnltn
A happy ' wlhoul
1uII'y 1hou/ht made Short
Eacim Night hy Quiet Sleep
A \\'Ili / he hut whlt thou art ;
Wi ' nh elpe defy ,
PosHess'I1 at these al Ih'CYr
to Dc ;
Al ] Neither . . . . . wish _ . . . . nor . .In. nO " " " " " 'I'
'mesa are Lmmt"st' . , - " u , _ ' . . _ . . . ' . _ n -
1leSo 111 ' truly bless'
Will make a
Wi 1 le contaIns the
Time hatter part of the volume
famous later of Civility , " by whIch WashIngton -
Ington governed hIs conduct.
Four after hll affair with Betsy
, \"ashlngton became
aunleroy of a proml
Miss Mary Pimhilipse , time daughter
nent anti wealthy l nglshman , I"rellerlcl P.
In a superb
I'hiiiiipse. who hived luperb
the bank of lvd J\lon , near West I'oiiit.
' to Boston In 1766 ho met
\\'hiio on a journey
Ihl young lady at thl house of her hrolher-
In-law , Colonel Beverly Hoblnson , who lived
In the same locality. After a few weeks 01
qualntance ho proposed to liar , and was
franllly Informel ] that site was engaged to
another. Time successful suitor was
captain Roger Morris , a coml1nlon In arms ,
, was an aId to General
who like Washlnllon
Braddock In time fatal Indian camnpaigmm
M'ss Pimlihipse was two years older than
Washington , hlvlng been born at Yonkers ,
, 11cr husband fought on the
July 3 , 1730 leI' fOIht
British side during the revolution. anti her
BrItsh were all royalsts , In 1778 Mrs Morris
ammmi her sister , Mrs. RobInson , were accused .
British were arrested
at acting as epIcs for the Britsh ,
rested and Imprisoned , anti the'r pNperty was ,
conliscateti ] , IL . Was In the IhlllJ8e Iiouse that
Benedict Arnold wall residing when he bc-
his country anti from their grounds he
traYIll took the boat which carried him Into time
iiritislm hues when hili treachery was IIsroy- !
Britsh . lnes , Jlmel , the French woman who
married Aaron ihmmrr afterward Ilurchabed the
estate and IvuI upon It , I
I Two years after Washington was jilted hy I
Miss Pimiiiipse. and wIlen he had just returned -
turned Ihlipse. Fort du Que2ne , lie wrnt to
w'ihihamsbung In military dress allendell by
WllamslJrg ordEly Whllo crossing ! \Vihhianmit' ferry
over the PamunltY river , u branch of the
York , ho was accostEd hy a \nerable gente-
who had iesrnetl
man named Chamberlayn , le1ned
his idemmtity , and invited to rest for awhile at
his house In the nelghhorhood Wushlngton
at first decii e'l ' . as his business with the
governor al Wiiamsburg was urgent , hut
finally consented to strp for ditner Having
arrived at the hospiable mlnsloa , imeras Introduced .
troducod to the family and I number of
trouced them a eharmlng and beautiful
guests , among 1 heautul
widow who lived near br There was a immu-
teal alncllon , and Instead of departnl ; 1m.
mediately after dimnerVmzsumington remalnell
through ater aferoon , anti finally cOllentec
to imass the night In limo morln ! ; lie Ilro.
las UPOU his way , anti ha'lng transacted
his business \'itiimmmmisbunic , returned to
Mr. Chiamubenlayn's mind spent several ilays
The beauthfuh widow Wi Martha Dalhlrldge
Custis , the daughter of John 1:1.lrldge : . , !
who e husband , Daniel Parke CUStN , died
a year or so previous , Leaving l hr two chll.
drel and a lareo fortune In lands and mmmommry .
. . _
" - - -
- - - - -
- - - -
; m r------- ,
She nas bor In . .ew J . elt count ) ' In 172 , .
was married at 17. and when Washlntol !
first met her was 2G years old . and In the f
richest bloom of womanhooll She had a fine ,
reshlence at Wiiiiamnsburg-"time elx chimney '
houso" It was called-anti a Ilantaton near 'rl
the city , wIth $100.000 of bones amid mort'I'
gne3 ! In her strong box I Is saId that time
day after she accelltedVashlngtol she "
planted a yew tree In the garden behind time (
"sIx chimney house , " a symbol of devotion 1
ant commstancy . I
The marrlnge tool place at tno residence or _
time bride on Januar 17 , 17&9-ahout. six r
months after the first meeting-amid tie eere-
10ny was followed by a reception WashIngton -
Ington was atendIng a session of the house
of Burgesses al Wiiliamnsbmmrg . then time
capital of Virginia anti at its close removed
with his wife and her two little chidren to
Mount Vernon ,
In time following Septer he wrote his
cousin visit England Iticimard : , declning an hllatol to
I al mmow I hell eve. fixed nt this sent.
With 11 arClble cnmrt for lfe , And
hope to tImid 1010 IIJlllness In retremelt
than I ever experienced amidst I wild
The unsallsfiei yearning to have children
of his own was frequenty disclosed In his
diary "nd In letters to friends , but WashIngton -
Ington was devoted to his atepcimhlmiremm . and
loved to have little "Patsy" and Nellie Custis
at his sitie ,
The engraving which first appeared among
a collection of "tho mules of the republican
commrt " many years ago and was afterward
lung In the "best room" of so many thou-
sands of househohls as that of Washington's
wire , WIS reall" n portrait of Betty Lewis ,
hIs sister , und time orIginal , with a com-
panlol niece by the same artist . of her hps-
banmi : II' . Flelilng Lewis , still belong to
time faml ) ' of Colonel ewlsV , Washmimmgton
and hangs In tie parlor of their mansion
" , "
: larmlon .
: ,1'7'J . if 'iu.wJ - TI ! . ! 1' COUNT .
New York Athu'ertlmt r.
A 10011-1)1 kiss Is 1 lIttle timing
With hmmumd emm time ( loot' to .
your 11111 al 1001' go
t. . , I 'nlnu " "nnm n' n' the .ln , '
Or ' I' thmotmgiitless ; - ' \ i'ormi - ; - 1i" cruel n.
' 1hl t you made mimi hour ago.
A ] IRS of ' greeting II sweet and rare
After the toll oC dny.
AntI II smoothel the furrow8 1110wed by care ,
Time lines on the foreheud you once culel
in ir .
In the ) 'earl that have flown nway.
"IIH I little thing to fa ) ' : "You arc 11m'
I love you . my 'Irlr , " ( nell mmlglmt
But I sends n thril throu/h your heart , 1
ft ii 1 ,
For love ] hit h'IH1PI' . love II 1lInd. ,
Al we clmh life's I'UIIC < hel/ht , -f
We starve ah oIlier for love's caress ,
\\tm tmmke , but we .10 not give .
1 Heems HO etmay I Iomo sonl to hess ] ,
But wo dole out love Gr.lglnll less an"
ies , )
' ' 1 It IR bitter 1111 harl to hive . '
FOR CHURCH FUD5.
\n ) ngl'nlols M"thld * , nr ) ' 1)111 Oa
n 111. . 1' ; IIhl. ,
The newest scheme for /-ln/ church
funds , relateR time New YOI'll Herald , Is that
recenty adoltell hy the memher of thB
gmhury Memorial Methodist I plseolal church
. o Brooklyn , of which Hc\ . Wele.ly ! W. Bow-
dlbh Is pastor Time plan has heen In opera-
! tel only a few weeks , hit time results thus
! far have been \ry atlsummctory anti the
time church emmtbusummmstic over
: memhcr of tl arc cntluslastc
the Inanclal prosimectit ,
I The plan consists In givIng to every per-
lion who 'a's $2 toward ' time church build-
log flnl a bock containing eOII'018 repre-
seltng JIOO worth of discounts , anti a list
of nrm . II ahnost every kind of business ,
which wi honor time coupons as cash , Time
terms of time discount are very simple , although -
though they seem a trife Invol'I'I ] at IIrst.
The great Itractol or the plan Is that every
Ilurchaser of a $2 book \ lm I : able / to save $100
hy time tme he has UfCII all the COUIOIO , This
church malagers reason that almost any-
body will give $2 for I ehalco .to make $100.
Evtmy hoole Is nealY bOi 11 , Inclulled In
I Is l u list itt IIrms In Brooklyn a 11 this
city wlo will give from & i to 20 per cent
discount 01 goods Ilurcha8ell for cash by
any one presentng time book amid detachIng
coupons equivalent to time amount ot hi
dlmicoummt - _ _ _ S _ _ _ _ _
" "t' , jouiiumlm'rstii.
llushjammti-My dear , I walt to ask you one
favor herore you go off on that long visit.
Wie-A thouunll ( , my love . What Is I 1
"non't try to put the house In order he. .
lore you lea \ "
"IL hn't hnlll work "
"Perhals nol : butt think of tie epenu
or telegrlphlng to you every time I want tQ
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