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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 2, 1894)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE
ESTABLISHED JUXE 1 ! ) , 187J , OMAJIA , TUESDAY OCTOBER 2 , ISO I , SLXGLti COVY FIVE CENTS.
TROOPS ARE WITHOUT FOOD
Corruption in the Cliiaeso Oommissatial
SUPPLIES PURCHASED HAV : D1SAPPEAREC
Cliliicno < 'iini | > rlllcil ulth ICntv I.ovlct nuil
Dlnonlor U Itii is > int Mcrrh.int ) Ml-
Kriitliig to Comt.TowiM KofiiRccs
from 1'liiK Yiiiie tit Muolitlcn.
LONDON , Oct. 1. A dlfpatch Bent fron
Shanghai today states that the Chinese wa
council continues to sit , but the dlsorganlra
tlon Is apparent. The corruption In th
commissariat passes belief. There 1
nothing for the trocpa , food Is scanty am
weapons and war munitions bought an <
paid for can neither bo found nor traced
The- great Chinese camp between Tien-Tali
nml Taku Is filled with raw levies and dla
order Is rampant , although executions ar
frequent. Many Chinese merchanto hav
J nlso migrated to the coast towns , fpelln
that they Will be more secure with the fo.
elgners. Remnants of the Chinese fore
from Ping-Yang have reached Mookdon
"They lost everything. Troops have beei
ordered lo proceed from Canton to Formosa
The Times will publish a dispatch fron
fihnnghal , tatlng that It Is reported tha
85,400 Japanese troops have been landed 01
the Shantung coast , between the Yellow rrvo
niUl Tientsin. The Times will also publish :
disputed fiom Tientsin , confirming the on
fr nt Shanghai Baying that LI Hung Cham
Is vigorously supported by the dowager cm
LiissoNs or THI : pitihiNT : WAH.
Kjilp YunU Simula llu I'rrpiirnl tn Prompt I ;
WASHINGTON , Oct. L One valuabl
lesson which officials of the Navy deptirtmeti
think has been taught by the great nnva
battle between the Japanese and Chines
fleets at the mouth ot the Yalti river is th
nccosMtj of maintaining navy yards , repal
Miopi and store rooms In readiness to
Instant service. According to the reports
the fleets engaged In the battle sustain ?
great damage. True the Chinese lust man
vessels entirely , but they still had a formic !
fiblo force afloat , while scarcely a VCLSC ! c
llio Japanese fleet escaued without sever
damage , nlulnly from the murderous ( Ire r
the machine guns. At the conclusion of th
light ench side withdrew to their neares
icspectlve dock yards for repairs. Upon th
cniclent equlpm lit and management of thcs
lock yards very much depends In Just such
CASO as the present. Each llect Is well nig
< ll abli'd for further operations. It th
Cltliiete yards , whlcu nro notoriously 11
equipped and miEmanagcd , arc unable to con
lilolo the repair of their fleet In six vvceki
which Is about the time allowed her b
nuval expeiIn , while the Japanese put the !
vessels In shape for service In two weeks , o
they count on doing , they will be masters <
Ilia , Yellow tra nml can Inflict rnorr.iou
damage on China , landing troops from ti.ini
port * at the very door of Pckln , the Chines
capital , nnd ravaging the coast. All c
, vJtlch demount ! ates the great value of goc
( luck yards.
Naturally this has turned the attention t
navnl ofllccu to a consideration of our ow
resources in Hint line , and there la seen I
lie n pressing need for a radical reform I
the system at some points. A few of on
yards are well equipped with modern plant
for ship building and for extensive repair
New York and Norfolk , for Instance , but I
almost every other place the yauls are lllle
vvjlh antiquated tools and lumber and shl
houses , nil very useful In the old d.is (
wortrtcn ships , but now a positive' ei
ctinibrnncc to war.
Wlin.N TIMU IS L1MITKD.
U haa been urged that the navy could hav
lecourse to private ship building firms fc
Repairs nnd construction work In time t
need. But on the other hand these est.il
Jlshments may bo crowded with prlvnl
orders' , necessitating their absolute counsel
tlon by the government tn order to contii
tlttlr works , nnd besides Ilicro are only
few private- plants nhlo to undertake tl
heavy work of overhauling one of our gre ,
battle ships , They cannot bj provided in n
uncrgeacy. us was done In our civil war. f (
the complex and expensive plant need. ;
Tor mndorn naval works requires years li
ilead of days In IU construction.
These tacta liavo strongly Impress *
thoughtful naval officers with the belief thi
ftnmcthlng must be done to put all ot 01
navy yards and stations In good condition , i
modernize them and equip them so th.
they shall bo available at short notice , fi
In these days war comes like lightning fro :
u summer sky. the actual declaration follov
ing Instead ot preceding hostilities , and 11
nation In read I nets taking quick advantac
of that fact. Probably the lloston navy yai
will be the first to feel the effects of th
I1 * . rehabilitation of the yards and others wl
follow as fast as congress can be Induced t
urgent representations to appropriate the ne
Another subject gcrman" to the first inei
Uuned has been impressed upon the Nu >
department by bomo of the brightest Ugh
In the service men who are not aahamed
adopt a new Idea If a good one because It
of foreign origin. . Is an entire change In tl
system ot supplying ami commissioning at
IT IS A GRRMAN IDCA.
The Idea comes from Germany , where
luis been practically applied with astonish ) !
results , There would bo JHI difficulty In I
application to our own navy , though ton
Blight change In detail might bo necessai
In order to glvo It sufficient elasticity for
country wlt'i two widely sepiratad coast line
It contemplates the division of the vesse
ot the navy Into four classes. The first wou
Include vessels Iu actual service , the secoi
" those lying In port and ready for use at
( lay's notice , the third thosa vessels In nei
of limited repairs , say a month's , and tl
fourth vcsKclft needing extensive repairs. C
each station , North Atlantic , Paclfl
nuropaan , Avlutlc and South Atlantic ,
llxed number ot vessels must bo malntalne
nnd of this number not less than a flxi
percentage must be Iu the claries one at
two , thus Insuring an absolutely rellul
force at any given point at any time ,
Iu pirsuance ot this plan at home doc'
each vessel would have set apart n sto
house , . In this would be kept her suppll
when not In class one. Everything must
provided and sol apart In Us proper plac
\ When there should bo need ot a ship It
VnedlatiOy a draft would bo made on rla
two , nnd a proper vessel selected. The en
would march to the store house , each in. .
l > lck up his load , picked In advance , ai
carry It aboard ship , coal would \m \ taki
nml everything moving like clock work , t
chip xhould bo able to tall at a day's notl <
This would bo In refreshing contrast to t
present system , where coal Is taken nt o
place , boats at another , ammunition Egpj
where cite , tubes and supplies tclegra l
for from another yard or obtained from
contractor and the ship detained a week
a. month as the ease may bo , and all , ti
e.fitr much hurry and worry and friction ,
ItrilUli Mcnmrr lri-ua Siilil to Have >
Obfterred 1'ropor Prec.iutloiii.
SHANGHAI , Oct. L Dispatches rccelv
here from Tlen-Tsln say that private advlc
reached ( he latter city from Peking , warnl
all foreigners from proceeding to the caplt
The road nnd waterways from Tung Chow
, Peking are alive with soldiers vvho are hi
tllu to all Europeans. Several IlrltUh re
rlent * ot Peking have been uiaulted , Inch
i IIIR Mr Tours , the Interpreter ol the Drill
* v T legation , Dr. Dudgeon and other * who wi
It i * tlio rumored that th Drllfsh stean
Ireu , which ard > t4 M Tlea-Tiln Septeml
25 from Shanghai , having on board a num
ber of Maxim rapid-firing guns and a quan
tity ot ammunition for the Chinese , hag In
fringed the neutrality laws. The representa
tives of the British government are under
stood to be taking action In the matter.
imCO\KUii : > A TKYITOJl.
Clitof CliliiMO MtiRhtrntG round to Have
\\fvn \ In thu KIIOIII'S Pay.
SHANGHAI , Oct. L H Is reported that
the Tuotal Shting , chief maclstrale ot the
district , has left Tien Tsln. As It has been
reported that Shuns was Implicated with
others In furnishing Information to Japan
of the movements of the Chinese forces on
land and sea. It Is now believed that the
fugitive will be unable to render additional
a li > tance to the enemy. Taolal Shung Is
bcllevtd to have betn Hie person who has
ki-pt the Japanese so well Informed of the
inuveinenta of the Chinese ships In the past
and It IH K.I hi that It Is ho who i.otlf.cd the
agenlH of the Japanese army of the Kow
Shins expedition , which resulted In the
sinking of that transport and the drowning
of over 1,000 Chinese soldiers.
Oillclal advices received here from Toklo
say that Ihc Japanese government has de
clared lead to be contraband of war.
The docks at Nagacalka , Japan , ari full
ot cruheis , war ships and other vessels
The Japanese troops , It Is stated in Japan
ese advices leeched here , are rapidly approaching
preaching Moukden , the. capital of the
Chinese province of Manchuria.
The Japanese army which has been marchIng -
Ing upon Moukden tver since the battle of Pine
i an , where the Chinese v.erd completely >
fueil , losing over 10,000 men , the nnjorltj
i-f whom were taken prisoners , raccntl , ic
cupled Helchoii , on the fronlle- Manchuria
Later advices from Tlen-Tsln say thai
nothing U actually known of the destlna.
lion of the fugitive oITlcIal , but It Is be
llevi-d ( hut hU Japanese friends have sue-
corded In smuggling him to some place o :
safely , fiom which he- will shortly escape tc
.lap mere tuirllory. It Is said that he li
not the only Chinese official Implicated li
furnishing Important war news to Japan.
SIM Mill MI.MCS KOIl TIMS M
Uuj.il Asoclitiim ! tn tlu 1'nriueil for Ciin-
tiollliiK Ilin American TrilOo.
MADRID , Oct. L Commissioner Dupuj
du Lome , who has Just returned from ai
odlclul mission to the United States , tin
object of which was to report upon Amor
Ir.i as a mtirkct for Spanish wines , has an
nmincecl th.it the prospects of opening \ \ \
such a maiket for the vintages of Spain an
f.ivor.ible. Therefore the Spanish govern
ment lias drcMded to invite the formatloi
oE n n > yal assoelutlon of wine exporters , li
Iniimliive Spinl h wines Into the Unllci
Slutcs. a'nU has promised to assist the en
tcrpilse llnanc'nlly. A central depot vvll
bK vsUblUhed In New York , with branche :
In tin1 other principal towns of the Unltei
PlutoH. The Spanish Kovernment will con
trot Ihc management of the new ulne as
hiiclnllun. In orilt-r to enbute the quality o
the wines exported to Amsrlca ,
.lAl'ANKSi : CLUblNM IV.
Their CriiUui-H Mglited llnlly OIT tlio I'orl
nf riii ; run.
LONDON. Oct. 1. A cable dispatch fron
Che I'oo tu the Pall Mull Gazette this aftei
noon --a > a that Japanese cruisers are slghlei
( Lilly off that port. It Is added that the na
turc of their operations are unknown. But
collided with the fact that It has alread ;
boon repi/rted that the Japanese have cffertei
a lauding to the northward of Che Too , tlies
movements nre regarded as significant an :
as lending to confirm thu Mory of the Jap
anene landing. The Hrltlsh squadron In tli <
Chinese waters is cruising In the Gulf o
An Insurrection Is said to have broken on
in the province of Shanghai Tung. The resul
ot the uprising or its nature U not known.
ltit\TIO.\S : Of LONDON AND PAHIS.
DKrimluu of tlio Kcyptliiu Oueitlnl
( Ir.iiln Ulv I'roitiltln ? a CrHU.
PARIS , Oct 1. The Klgaro says that M
de Crals , the Trench ambassador at London
has returned from that city much discourage :
and that the belief gains ground that he ha :
been entirely unsuccessful.
The Kigaro ad.li : "Our relations will
flie.t Ilrltaln for some time pist have bcci
of a illlllcutt nature. The truth Is , the dls
ctis'ilon of the Egyptian question Is no longc
ventured upon between Paris and London , "
TinI'uils Temps , as already cabled , an
nonnced today that De Crals has resignei
and that he will be succeeded by Baron d
Courcel , who wus president of the Bering sei
tribunal of arbitral Ion.
ai A i' or i in : SUXK : of IIATILI- .
War llcp.irtmcnt Following the Cliliiu
.l.ipiu I'.tfiiti ( .liooly ,
WASHINGTON , Oct. 1. The bureau o
military Intelligence ot the War departmen
has prep-ited a large map of exceptional !
fine ilr.uightfcmanshlp showing the China
Japanese sceneof hostilities. It phows Plnp
Yang and the various points ot the recen
eiigigcments and Is made with special regar
lo use as a military reference. The orlglnn
draft uf the map Is the only one avallablea
yet and this Is held In the Intelligence bu
le.iu. It Is expected , however , that cople
will bo made at an early day , although th
printing of a map ot this size and inlnut
detail will Involve considerable expense.
iMriuoitVIM.IM : : ro VI-.IT
DiTliroi tli.it lie Will (5i > to tlio Trend
Capital In 11100.
PARIS , Oct. L The Gaulols says that Em
pi-ror Wllllum recently said to u Frcncliinn
vvhu wu Jomneylng In Germany : "I sha !
meet > ou again at the Paris exhibition c
The Frenchman expressed surprise , nnd th
emperor thereupon said : "I know the Trenc
cliaracliir. Oaca 1 bay I shall go to their e >
htbltlon , I know what I have to d In orde
to carry out my Intention. "
lUliDln lluvo the Host uf the Fighting.
NUW YORK , Oct. 1 , A ipcclal dlspatc
from lUienos Ayres says : A rorresponder
In Rivera , Ilraxll , sends word that flghtln
hau broken out again In the province of Rl
Grunde do Sul between the rebels nnd th
government troops at four different point
and that the Insurgent ? arc getting the bette
of It. They have arms and ommunitlo
and declare th y will now fight to the bltte
end. In all the frontier tnwna the peopl
are Jiilning the icvolters nnd the affal
seems to be a reopening of tlici war.
Huti'li Tronpj Ainliimtiril Atuln.
AMSTERDAM , Oct. 2. A telegram r <
celveil from Hatavla btntes that a di
Uvhment of Dutch trcops were led Into a
ambush kct for them by llullncso rebels t
the l.slaiul ol Lombok. A captain and llct
tenant were killed and ten men wet
wounded. The troops were led Into ambus
by the treachery of natives , who were aclln
for the Dutch In the capacity of spies.
MM 11 tut R iiot In Hnmcli ,
imrSSELS , Oct. 2. The socialists of th
city yesterday attempted to hold an ant
mllhjiy ilomonitratlun , They wereordert
lo ilUpersie b > the police , but no nttentlc
wan | ialtl tn the order. The pollco thf
used force tu enforce their demands , wll
the result that a free tight occurred , durli
which p v ral of thi rloioiu socialists we ;
'In Impriitu the Lz.ir'x Hvallli ,
ST. PiTiasnUlin : : , Oel. I. The czar , tl
cranna the czarowttz , the grand duk
aeargf and Mlchue-1 , the grand duche :
Olga an < l Prince Nicholas of Grreco le
Spila jeslcrday for Llvndla , In the- Crime
where U is expected that the czar will slat
a better caaaco et ImjjrgYlnc bU health.
n n urn TA IIITOIVPPP ITP\T
TALKED TO BUSINESS MEN
iovetuor McKinlej Adclrcs3e3 tLo St , Lou's
Merchants Exchange , i
ALL MCN WANT FINANCIAL PROSPEttMV
'ii } * n Illffli Compliment to tlio lliuliicm
Stability of the City at the Km ) nf
the 111 : llrlilgc Talked tof.O.OOO
Youngstersnt tlm I'ulrUroumN.
ST. LOUIS , Oct. 1. While Senator Vest
\as opening the democratic campaign In
lUsouri at KanEas City tonight , Governoi
itcKliiley. facing a vociferous crowd In o
nrgc hall here , made the opening address ol
he republican campaign. It was the third
tate campaign which he has opened \\lthlr
a week , Hon. Chaunccy I. Kllley , chairman
of the republican state committee , ex-Con'
gressman N'ledrlnghaus , and a committee ol
cceptlon met Governor McKlnlcy at the de <
> ot and esccrted him to the Planter's hotel
vherc he held a public reception. The goV'
crnor paid alslt to HID Merchants' Ex.
change , Mr. W. G. Iloyd , president of th (
exchange. Introduced his guest In a littlnt
speech. Governor McKlnlcy said :
"Mr. President nnd Gentlemen of tin
Merchants Exchange : I count It a ver ;
great honor to be presented to Hie Mer
chants exchange of the city of St. Louis
composed as It Is of representative busines :
men of this strong and progressive city ,
firing lo you the good will of the state o
3nlo , assuming that whatever d Iference :
we may have , whatever differences you ma ;
linvB. you are all for the city of St. Loui :
'applause ) and for the btate uf Missouri
What we want In this country , no matte ;
: o what political parly we may belong , 1
justness prosperity ( applause ) , and whatcve
will bring that aboil' we mean to have
( Applause. ) This country Is too g-eat , Hi
resouices lee mighty , to permit of anythlnj
permanently standing in the way of Hi
[ irpgress and prospeilty , and \\lmtcve ;
stands In the way must get out of the \\a ;
[ applause ) ; for whatever else we ma ;
lie , Ohloans , or Mlssourlans , we are al
ol us for uur country , first , last and all tin
time. ( Applause. ) I congratulate the cltl
ions ct St. Louis upon their tplcnd d con
servatlsm In business. We have gem
through In the last eighteen months a dread
fill panic und yet the business men ot thi
city , testing as they did upon conservative
business Integrity , survived that panic , and
a. I am Infoniuv ) , In your great banking In
Etltutlotis yen did not have a single failure
It was A. remarkable history to make , and
congratulate you t-pon It. "
Governor McKlnley next-was taken to thi
Fair grounds , where Children's day was be n ;
ODlsbrateJ. Some 50,000 youngtters were 01
Che grounds and they all chccrid lustily fo :
"McKlnley. " Then c.une a vltdt to the c.\
position , wheie , in i espouseto a storm o
cheers and demands for a speech , the gov
unor spclce for a few minutes.
TALKS : POLITICS AT NIGHT.
The Immense crowd In the Suburban hal
tonight overflowed the large build ng. 15x
Secretary of the Interior Noble vat one o
thcco on the stage. Hon. Chauncey I. Flllc :
called the meeting to order and presentci
as chairman Hon. Charles Parsntn , who
nmld uproarious cheering , mentioned Gov
ernor McKlnley as his choice for the prest
denllal candidate In 1.SD6. Ths cheer ng o
the great audience becamenlmobt cyclonl
when Govtinor McKlnley ate e , ami con
tlnued for several minutes. With an .ex
prenslon of amazement on hlb face ah
speaker began with :
"Your chairman Raid that this was thi
opening of the tepubl can campaign In Mis
iourl. 1 vondei In my heart what Its clos
will he. "
"Tho truth Ib , " continued ( he governor
"that no hall Is large enough for rcpubllcai
meetings this year. " A contract was mad
between the Industrial conditions that ex
isted under the republican tariff law am
those existing at present , the result , It wa
charged , of democratic legislation , and Gov
ernor McKlnley Inquired whether the an
dlence thought It the bus4ness of congress t
legislate for the benefit of the United State
or of foreign nations.
"Nobody , " tald he. "has heard of any In
dustrles being revived In the United State
since the WlUon tariff law was passed. 1
anybody In this audience knows of a slngl
one let him name It. On the other hand
they are being revived In Europe. Has 1
built a single fire , or given employment to
single Idle1 workman ? Has It given you bel
tcr prices for the products of your farms
No , no. They say the law of 1S94 Is bel
tcr than the law of 1890 because I
has reduced duties. It reduced the duties 01
tin plate , and Mr , Nleilrlnchaup , who sit
besldo me , can tell you what the result ha
been. He has closed his tin plate work
because , under the tariff law of 1894. he can
not compete with the cheap labor of Wale
and pay the wages he paid under the law o
IbSO. I would rather make H hard for for
elgn products to get Into this country thai
to make It hard for American citizens to llv
In this country. "
While Governor McKlnley ipoke Inside th
hall , Hon. Charles r. Joy ami Consressma ;
Dai told addressed an overflow meeting o
2,500 or 3,000 people outside. Late tonlgh
the governor left on a special train for Kan
eas City , Mo. At the eollc tatlon of Mayo
Barnes of Kansas City , Kan. , who came t
St. Louis today to present his requcsl
Governor McKlnley will also speak at tlui
city tomorrow afternoon.
VKST 01 KM3l > TII12 OAUI'AHJN.
cH with the PrpHliIout Will No
AfTeet Ills Vnrtj' 1'iyivlty.
KA'NSAS CITY , Oct. I. Senator George C
Vent opened the democratic state p.impnle
at the Auditorium In this city tonight , Ove
2,000 enthuslaFtlo people crowded t'ie lar
theater , nnd accorded the speaker pcrh.ip ; a
rousing a reception as any orator ever n
celved In Kansas City. Upon entering th
hall Senator Vest was gtceted with uproar
ous applause , and when he arose to speak tli
cheering became an ovation. He was Jntn
duccd by Tohn L. Peak , and made what man
people regard as one of the strongest speochu
of his career , He said In part :
"If any one Is here with the expectatlo
that I will attack the president if the Unite
States or any other democrat , lint cxpcat. '
tlon will not be realized. Whatever diflei
cnces of opinion as to public questions ma
exist between the president and myself , the
shall not Interfere , so far as I nn conceinei
with my duty In the hour of conflict an
danger. My contest Is naw with the eiicin !
not with democrats , No word fro !
me shall furnish an Excuse ft
lukcRurmness or hesitation by duin
crats , nor give encouragement tc on
too. The democratic parly In 1892 pledge
itself to certain reforms , Kirsl , the repei
of the fedt-ral elections law , with the autho
Ized use of United States marshals and so
dlers at the polls. Second , the repeal i
the Sherman act. Third , the reduction i
tariff taxation to a revenue basis. Fourt !
the lessening of governmental expenses.
"Governor McKluley. in his recent spree
.it Hangar. Me. , made the statement that n
a single pledge of the democratic party hs
been ledecmed. When we reflect that h
speech , carefully prepared , and nnde us
bid for tlic pn-s'dency , contains no allusic
to his \\f\\a \ on the two great Issues
silver coinage and the Income tax , It is n
surprising that he should add mendacity
cowardice. The democratic party has ,
fact , repealed both the federal elections la
and the Sherman act , \\hllu the opprcisl'
provisions of the McKlnlcy tariff have elth
been entirely eliminated or greatly mod
lieu , aod governmental expenses largely d
created. 1 elull not be so disingenuous .
lo evade the fact that the repeal of the She
man act , which authorized the purchase
silver by the government , wis a ceo m pan I.
by serious and Irritating diversity of oplnii
In both the republican and democratic p
tics. We believed Una , anil believe cow.i
country can bo t , prosperous with
Increasing popuU'lon ' nnd-decreasing money.
Wo were told the ' repeal of the
Sherman net would bring Immediate relief ,
but the clouds have been daHter"anJ the bus
iness depression far greater * tlnce the re
peal. The New York banks w'cro still glutted
with money , while the continued f-ill In
prices of all commodities caused capital to
avoid Investment for felr bf further shrink
age. Tree coinage In tha United States wilt
not flood thn country with silver , as Is so
often predicted. The European nations will
not send the billions of silver which they use
at a ratio of 15'i to I as standard money to
bo coined here at the ratfo ol 16 to 1 , which
would Involve an enormous lw In the ratio ,
besides the cost of transportation. 1 protest
against the United Stntcs"conllnulnK a policy
which Increases the burdens of the laboring
ami debtor class In order to Increase the In
comes of the rich. "
In reference to stile and national banks ,
Mr. Vest said : "The leguvlat'.on which taxed
out of existence tlic circulation of state banks
la a gross perversion of the taxing power and
shculd be repealed. " Taking Up the tariff , the
speaker repeated the history of the passage
of the new tariff bill 'as ( old by him In the
senate , and declared there'was ' never a mo
ment when the Wilson bill could have passed
Ho said : "If any differences oa the sub-
Icct exist between the president and myself
It Is that I am more extreme In my views
and long since have dlncdrdcd the fallacy
of a tailff for even Incidental protection.
The statement that there " /as any Issue be
tween the president and rpyself as to tariff
reform Is false. The statement that I sympa
thised with Senator Gormnji I * equally false.
If the president had contented himself with
denouncing the < < e who farcml amendments
upon us I would have iald nothing , but
when lie attacked the whole senate Indiscrim
inately for action to which he had given bin
approval ns absolutely necessary , I could not
rcimiln sl'ent. \
"Tho new tariff removes .ntany of the op
pressive provlslors In the McKlnley act and
ODES not deserve the anathemas which Ig-
noianco and prejudice hu\c , poured upon
It. I ! there were no reductions of duties In
the new low 1 should gladly support It , be
cause It provides for a In * upon all net in
comes nbove J4.000 a year. "
Senator Vest referred to' ' ther comparative
expnidlluios under rcpublloan and demo
cratic administrations , asserting the latter
was by far the most Ecdnoinlcal. und closed
his speech by assuring his heareis of a
KUNIMV I'OI.ITIUAIVllll' PUI.MNU.
Alleged Traveling .lion I.u < Rlnr for Tiit-
limcil Com nt Lincoln ,
LINCOLN , Neb. , Oct. L ( Special ) There
was a meeting of alleged traveling men at
the Lincoln hotel yesterdgy af.ternoon , which
was addressed bv Joe Burhs , Ed Slzer. Gen
eral Thayer und II. E. Moora. There were
about twenty-five men In the' room who could
lay claim to belonging toltlie fraternity ol
the knights of the grip , and all wore badges
ot red , white and blue strlpea , with a. pic
ture of "Honest Tom" nl Inched.
Colonel Ed Slser spent , seine lime In de
tailing the elaborate arrangements being
made for the reception 'of .McKlnley , and
one of the officers of tho' ' alleged travelers
slated that he hul : had prepared a , mimbei
ot badges and had purelidscd .a lot of unv
brcllns , to be ntcH on the ! 'occasion.
In his address General , Thoyer said :
"I do not conbMer It out of place to ills.
cuss these things Sunday ) afternoon , be.
cause , the principles ot republicanism arc
nc.xt tn Importance totire / principles o !
rellgloc , for the salvation of , tlm best Inter
csts are at stake In this fUU'sXclecifan. Wt
all know how It has bec t ! tii ourBlstei
states ; we all know htiw fToriuUbiiUli.i3 at'
fectctl their business Uelests , ani 'I saj
It not to excite- enthusiasm , but as a mattei
f _ fact , th'at I have ( leVer ' known the re
pulillcatls of the state to be so thorough ! )
aroused to their own best. Interests. " Hi
devoted the remainder of h'U talk to con
dcmntiig the "crazes" of tfie populUts. ti
eulogizing Jesse 13. Strode , ; to condemnlnj
One of the visitors who did not take par
in. the proceedings was n former vice presl
dent of the Northwe&te'ni Tiavellng Men'i
association. He staled to , a reporter tha
he went Iu expecting that It wus to be i
traveling men's meeting , but that us sooi
as he got Inside the dour he } rcillzed It wa :
lo be a political meeting : and quit.
At the close of the meeting a permanen
organization was effected , and a club wa :
orgaplzed under the name of "The Sup
porters of the Hepubllcan Ticket ot 180
Club. " i ; . J. Cullcn was then elected presl
dent and C. C. Caldwell eecjetary. A com
mlttoe was then appointed .to confer wltl
other committees and republican organlza
( Ions , consisting of tlm president , secre
tary. W. E. Dones , H. HC iRathbun and A
A. Wilson. _ .
WAS A IllU'UIU.ltVtX Ij.lNUSMOIi.
Local Klectlons In Connecticut Show Hcuvj
ic | > ul > llrun dnlns.
NKW 1IAVHN. Conn. , DC" ? . 2. Returns o
local elections from dllletcjit parts of thi
state are slowly coming Inand , al 2 o'cloc )
It appears a republican landslide has swep
the slate. Out of forty powns heard fron
the republicans gain ton. Among the flrs
cities and towns reported nineteen were re
publican and eight democ.ratjc. Norwich gavi
550 republican majority.Valertown , Middle
bury , Thomaston , Bethany "and Orange an
all republican , Stanford cave the blgges
majority since the war , and , Mllford was re
publican for the first time In thirty years
Al New Drltatn the citizens' ' ticket -was vie
torlous. At New London , Johnson Mem. ) dp
featod Bentley ( rep. ) , but ( he republicans re
gained control of the council. Dan bur ;
elected Hie entire republican ticket.
Talking Will lluvo No KrTHCt.
PORTLAND , Ore. , Got. 1 ! Governor Pen
noyer today , In the letter jlecllnlni ; the In
vltntlon to fill engagements this week tor thi
populists In Montana , said ; "It the piesen
ruinous depiesslon In business and values
resulting directly from the demonetization o
sliver , and not from ahy tariff taxation o
change In such taxation , will not pci-suad
the people of Montana td 'kvot against thi
political parties doMnftftetVT3y ; Wall street
and equally responsible. such demonotl
zatlon , then no persuasion ofmine would b
availing ; neither will they' be persuadei
though one arose from the
.lolm r. Watson Unilor-iocI ,
NEBRASKA CITY. Neb. . : Oct. 1 , ( fpecla
Telegram , ) The republican 'caucus of Ne
braska City precinct dqcWWto present th
name of Hon. John C.Vktsoa for state sen
ator at the county cbnventl6n , to be he !
Oclober 2. Hon. William JJtshof. who vva
also a candidate for tha tape office , inovln
to make the choice unnnmons ! and agrccln
to make the nominating * speech. The cau
cua was a very enthusiastic , one.
Ki-triirU Itcpnlillinni Uiirmnilimn.
SEWARU. Neb. , Oct. 1 ( Special Tele
gram. ) Republicans held a' harmonious con
ventlon today and nominated Lee Smile
and I ) . J. Iliovvn for representatives , and n
P. Anderfon for county uttfruer. and electe
delegates to the senatorial 'convention to b
held. In David City toniotrow ,
Cumlni ; ! ! upiibtt < Mii ric.minl.
WEST POINT. Neb. . 'Oct. 1. ( Speclal.- )
The nomination of William Stueter of till
city for state senator forthU district at tn
convention In Oakland' on Saturday give
great satisfaction to the republicans or thi
county. He was nominated by acclammatloi
roiulUt | l.'niertuln Alma People.
ALMA. Neb. , Oct. 1. ( Special Telegram.- )
Prof. Jones and Hi W. McPadden , popull :
candidates for superintendent and set
retary of state , addressed 200 people here t (
day at the opera house. They were we
received , and spoke for three hours.
Xiillicil mi Old Soldier.
TEKAMAH , Neb. , Oct. 1. ( Special. ) Tli
republican delegates for the Thirteenth r i
rcseiitattve district met In convention In Ti
katnali today and nominated L C. Weber i
Arlington for float representative. Weber
* n old soldier and a German.
PVPI A\tl > PTIIH/PP IMVtMP
GiCLONE SIRIIILS KANSAS
Piostratod Te'ograph Wires Makei D.Gnitc
Infoimition ' nidtoQat.
MANY BUILDIKGS DESTROYED AT WICHITA
Strong : Lily ami Tort Scott AUc
In tlio I'uth of tlio ntorm ' 1 raiding
Tou.tr > l KitntiH Xlty and Muuli
Aiuk'l > J'clt There.
WICHITA , Kan. . Oct. 1. For twentj
years Wichita has f lt eaiy about cyclone :
on account of an Indian legend , which salt
none ever visited or would vis.I it. Tin
legentl , as well as the popular source o
security , weic buretcd tonight when n rail
cloud from the west came In contact with i
storm cloud from ( he south , both at onci
fusng nnd proceeding to do business. Thi
division headquartets nnd the Twelfth Btree
d-epot of the Missouri Pacific road was thi
first building struck and It was complete ! )
demolished , the roof btrlUIng the stable o
Mr. Hupps , two blocks away , crushing It Ilki
an eggshell. Tnilvo m n were In tlu
b.illdlns at the time and Etrango to saj
none of them were ijurt , although they v.-cn
thrown about from one end of the bulldlni
to the other. The storm passed east iibou
one mile , accomplishing all Us destructloi
In less than two minutes. About thlrt ;
haute * and barns were wrecked und prolmblj
6UU shaflo trees , rome of them ten feet h
circumference , were pulled up by the root :
and strewn about In all directions.
The path of the cjclone was about lift' '
feet wide. It progtesbed with .1 fenrfu
roar and was a regular twister. Thre
children were hurt and two men were tc
ported killed at police hendquarteis , bu
their names could not be n&eertalned. Owlni
to the terrible wind which accompanied th
storm , and has lasted since , It h imposslbl
to ascertain the full extent of the Injuries
Lightning stiuck a little boy named KHz
gibbons and killed him. Lightning als
struck the Klfteonth street depot and th
car stables of the electric street lallvvay am
completely consumed it , with all Its con
tents , before the Ore department could il
anything for it. The Fairmont Klectrl
Street railway wires were completely de
stroyed. Roughly estimated , the loss In th
city will ba $50,000. It may exceed tlmt sun
u good deal.
Reports from Kechlt township say that th
twister played havoc there , but owing to th
continuance ot the rain storm It was Im
possible to obtain any details. The cjclon
passed within ten 1'ect uf Governor Lewel
KANSAS CITY , Oct. 1. Times special
from ninpor'a. ' Strong City and other west
crn Kansas towns tell ot a storm of cyclonl
proportions that broke over that terrltor
this evening. As far us known tiiere we
no fatalities. Telegraphic conimunlcatlo
lias been shut off , howtver , and It Is feare
that > vhen the wires finally come up re
ports of seilous dimagc , perhaps eniallln
Iocs of life , will be received from the snini
outlying towns. The stor.n struck Km
porla about 7 o'clock. It soon tool : on th
proportions of a cyclone , and In half a
hour's time' had done thousands of ilol
lars \vprth of damage. In all pail
of the city outbul'dtngs ' were topple
over , trees and shrubbery uprooted , signs an
fences demolished , and much other mine
a like fate. The > storril came from'tr-e w .i .
creating dnrriago en route and planting tha
part of the state oft from wire1communlc :
Reports received here late tonight Indlcat
the storm prevailing In Kansas Is travelin
this way with all Its force and may be os
peeled to reach here In the morning. Tele
graph wires between here and Fort Scot
began working badly late tonight , Indlcatln
the approach of the storm. Much fear Is e\
pressed by the citizens of the latter city.
Lost 'Mvo Men ( M prlioiird.
NEW OUI.13ANS , Oct. 1. The Crotmve
line steamship Knickerbocker ai rived Ihl
morning from New Yoik , badly bJtteie
and reporting the loss of two men. Tli
Knickerbocker left New Yotl < last Snlui
day evening In command of Captain llnlse
and with about alxty pus engei- ' . She gr
Into the very teeth of tin- biff term when I
latitude 29 degrees 30 minute * and fo
thirty-six hours was topped ubout like
cork by wind and wave. In the midst of tli
big blow the main mnst was can led awa
at the hounds nnd the crew wan set lo wcr
at once , and while the men were biavel
battling to clear uvvay the wreckage
mountainous wave wa ° hed over the dec
and when the ship righted Inn self ugal
Second Mate O'Neill and Seaman Ilamle
were fc'one. Thev hud been washed ovei
board and no effort could be madt' to rcscu
them. Much of Ihe bulwarks ot the veiw
was battered In ,
Knroanlrrril , i Iliirrlrana.
NEW YORK , Oct. L The Cromwe
steamer Knickerbocker , concerning vvhlc
some anxiety has been fell , has reached Nci
Orleans In a crippled condition. She enconr
tered a hurricane enrouto and her sccon
mate and one seaman were lost ovcrbourt
She bad her rculn mast carried away and he
bulwarks stuve. The Knickerbocker carrle
thirty first cabin and thirty ttecrage , passer
JlOU.DIXtlS.lT NKH J-'Ollt CttOOIC.
ivcrytliliff ; DrpriHta on ttio Itcrolpt of Kill
for 'lllrlr Const ruction.
WASHINGTON , Oct. 1. ( Special Teh
gram , ) Captain C. P. Miller , assistant cpiai
termaBter general , who has charge of tl
construction of new posts and forts , todu
said : "There will be no action tnken t
the War department In the matter ot tl
construction of the now buildings at Fo :
Crook until the new bids have been receive
and the contracts i\rc awarded. The adve
tlscments are usually run for thirty day
but on account of the lateness of the seasc
there may be a curtailment of the tlm
However , that matter will rest with the of !
cer In charge. As scon as the bids arc i
celved they will be considered by the depar
mcnt here. "
Iowa postmasters appointed today wen
Cambridge , Story county , K. n. Sllllmai
vice M. M. Mason , removed ; Lungfllt , Da
las county , S. K. Trlbby. vies J. W. Lam
fltt , resigned ; Mclntyre , Mitchell county , I
0. Woodman , vice O. J. Dabcock. rcmovei
Traxler , Henry county , J. I. Mundtnli
Charles Ogg , resigned.
Reserve agents for national banks lia' '
been apiirovod as follows : Nebraska Hani
crs National bank , Chicago , for I'lm N
tlonal bank , Iloldrege. Iowa Citizens N
tlonal bank , Dn Molnes , for Toil Dodge N
tlonal bank , Fort Dodge.
Cnuulit IIU loot In i > l-'ioz.
LOS ANC.ELK3 , Cat. . Oct. -The Soutl
em Pacific yards hfiu welo the wrne i
an accident today. Mose Damson , a labor
who recently arrived fioin Kalonn. had h
foot caught Iti it frog an ho
crn s the tracks In front of moving tiul
Tlio engineer rould not KOI | the tiulu , an
as the locomotlvu bore down on him. Dm
ton threw hlf body to OIKeldn nnd iillowi
the x\liecl9 tn pai-H over the pinioned llm
His teg wns cut off above the knee , f
great was the shock that ho may die.
Hun In'o : ui Oill | ftivltrll
unt ANO. Cat. . Otl. I. 1'afsenger tra
No. 20 ran Into an open switch enily th
morning at a point ilvo miles couth of lie
and wns u recked. Two of the Meppo
rolled Into the rtlu-li. All of the paRHonge
wcro badly fhske'i ' UK. nnd some mlr. full
though not dnngeioulsy Injured. The mu
painfully Injured aic. Hobert Wldney , c <
far I jo no broken urn ! breast badly bruise
S , Hflnnmn , foot fiusOic-tl ; unknov
woman , back badly Injured ; Pullman Co
due-tor Caldwell , InJuieO In thu buik.
llie Nill lardiry Ini-d.
CI-nVKI.ANU. Oct 1- The Uaatkei Wl
Xall company of this city , the largest vo
pern of the kind iu the world , has clog
down for an Indefinite period. K Is rnld
that the plnnt may bo clo inl permanently ,
owing to n , combination with eastern munu-
fnctuicra. On uccount of the liuslne ° s Mc-
tiresslon during the post year thn plant lian
been run to only n limited extent und not
to exceed LW men ulll bo thrown out ot em
ti.noi.i.1 un.i. in : itKc.tt.i.r.i ) .
High < iitliolic DlRiiltury TiilliK if Cln > iivi >
In thn Church In Amcrlnt.
NF.W YOIIK , Oct. 1. A special dispatch
to the World fruin Home sn > s : A high
ecclesiastical dignitary wns teen l > y an As
sociated press correspondent with regard to
the I'XpccU'd changes In the administration
of the Catholic church In the United States.
Ho sold :
"It Is quite true the pope Is preparing n
document concerning the United States.
This document will den ! with tin general
pcsltlon of the church In the United States.
It may also discuss the Washington dcli-M-
tlon. Instead of pasting through the In
termediary of the [ irefcct of the propaganda
Mgr. SaU'lH would ref r matters to the pope
"Tho question Is one of form rather than
of substance , especially as tlio pope lus al
ready authorized Mgr. Satoltl to Judge a la KO
ni.mber of cases which formerly would haw
had to be submitted to the propaganda.
"As to assuming , as Mgr. Keane eays ,
that the pope will transfer the administra
tion ot the American church to Washington ,
the Idea Is ab&urd
' "I lie situation may be sumnrd up In these
teins : The pope wishes to maintain and
stiengthon the d legnt'on ' , but Mgr. Salolll
will certainly be lecallcd. " ,
Cnrdliml < ! n Im.n I'mms Arliltrntloii.
rnOSTnUKQ. Md. , Oct. I. Cardinal Olb-
bong. In a letmon en the labor question
yesterday , said In part ! "Labor hits lit.
rights , chief among which Is the privilege
uf organization without Infringing upon tlii'lr
employers , One of the most dll'.lcult iitc < "
lions In our times to dUcuss is the ipieitlon
of ctillxCfi. Slilkcs , as cxprlt > nc < has
demon&tratcd , are very questionable mcaiia
for the redrcps of the laborer's Kri"var.o n.
Statistics furnished show that the loss to
the emplo > es by strikes for cl ht yt'JM
amounted to nearly JTS.OO .OOB , while tlio
employers only lost one-half this amount.
I earnestly hope some efllclent remedy will
be found to put tin end to our recurring
fctrlkcs , nnd arbitration tei'iiu to be the mnst
potent method that can bJ conceived of. "
ro.su.r nits : if , xi.tr rtntit.
Six Story liictorv liillttlntr ! UlMli n > rd
Mnny > nrrow ! Ncnpo . '
NEW YOIIK , Oct. 1 The factoty nf Jonas
Si Neunengerg. cutters and hatters furs , In
the six-story double brick building , Nos. 510
and 512 West Fourteecuth street , was de
stroyed by fire early this morning. U wns
the largest factory of Its knd : In Amu lea.
The loss will be about ? 7 1.001.
The flames broke out suddenly and were
beyond control before the flr t alarm was
turned In. Twenty mlniitn after the ( Ire
broke out a number of firemen had a narrow
escape from death by the building practically
breaking In two , the walls falling In ( rout
and on the side Portuu.uely no one was
Injured. The cauca of the fire Is not known
Pour I'erinlieil In tin * Mume * .
MILWAUKEE , Oct 1. A special to the
Wisconsin from Kenosha , WIs. , tays the ics > -
Idcnce of n. n. I'lerce of Wilmot. WIs. . was
destroyed by fire Saturday night. Thice sons
with ages ranging from 2r to 3ii .veurs and
daughter IS jears od | perished In the flninus ,
Ilt.l IXtt CO I. l.l WJM.Y-.T//.H S'O till I. * .
v tl' - * It * tl - - '
Wreck IlpHultfl tram Ii < u'ir < lleiivu of ( Jnlers
< in thn An-lilJiin uiul IIiirllncKin.
ST. JOSEPH , Mo. , Oct. 1. Last night a
Santa F < < passenger train and a Kansas City.
St. Joseph & Council muffs fteiglit train
collided eighteen miles south of this city.
The collision was caused by a disobedience
of orders on the part of the Irelsht crew ,
Engineer Page of the rat eniser had a leg
broken nd vyus Internallyir ! il , .Several
other people were fcrlously Injured , but It la
thought none will die.
The injured are : C. J3. Page engineer of
passenger train , leg broken and Inteiral In
H. A. Tatt , baggageman , Injured about the
hsid and phoutders.
N. W. O'Dell , ankle ppralnpd.
Fred I ) . IJulger , a St. Joseph traveling
man. biulfe : ! ,
Several other pass-enpers were bruised , but
tt'Axixu i/.v/r.\/ > .
tor tlio Alnuth Miiinut it : < ; lit
Mllllnn Mure 'Hi. in ( Cecelpt * .
WASHINGTON. Oct. 1. A convpanillvt
statement of the receipts and expenditure *
of the government fchows the receipts foi
tlie month of September have bepn ? , > : ; ,
621,2 8 and the expenditures (30,323,018
leaving a deficit for the month of $7,701,700
The receipts of the firt > t three months ol
the piesent * fiscal year amounted to $7 ! )
379,414 and the disbursements ! 9S,459I29
leaving a deficit for the quarter of ji ; > ,079 , '
710. The cash balance In tha treasury todaj
was $119,919,719 , of which 158,873,317 wa ;
gold resen c ,
Iteiireseiitnclve n ( .V > wpnl.ind Xego-
tltttln ? trltli tin ; United Mute * ,
SAN FHANCISCO. Oct. 1. Joteph How
ard Whltford. representing the New Xealani
government. Is here enroute to Washlngtot
to urge upon the president and secretary 01
state the desirability of Rtlinulntlng trade be
tween the United States and the Auxtiallai
colonies , The foreign trade of tha colonlei
last year amounted lo JfiOO.OOO. To > < rcuro i
share France and Germany are supportlnf
lines ot steamers. He states that his euiin
tryinen would prefer to Import from tin
United States rather than European nations
transportation facilities being equal.
nlrt'H I.a I ici r t'ny.
SAN FUANCISCO , Oct. 2.-Uuslneps !
generally suspended throughout tin
city today , It being1 Labor d.ij
by tlitue of an opt of the Ian
state legislature. The no-called lahoilnf
classes Ignored the ilay. Their organlza
tlons continue to boycott the leglHlature'i
hollduy. Admission day coming In Hi-p
ternber , the Btnte legislature refused lo dc
clare a second holiday In that month.
Trnmi" Kill Tuo ( inirrni.
TACO1IA. Wnsh. , Ort. 1. The romitr :
about Pirjallup Is gieatly e cltell over tin
cold-blooded murder last night of Constiibl
John Fry , Two hundrfil citizens full ;
nimod surround the two tramp intirdeier
In the thick wixidB near McMillan Tin
fugitives ojiened ( Ire and Deputy Sherll
Moore was shot Uircncli the elite and I
not expected to live , livery avenue of es
cape Is uuaided.
SeirrrViil I t'i > lliti i with I'M I at llmult *
HOClir-STlCIt , N. Y. . Oct. 1. Thiee moi
were buried by the cavliif In uf u KCWV
leading1 fiom the State hospital throtiel
Ooodman rtreet today. Pcrdlnand HIU ,
years old , nnd Charles Him aid , 20 yourn o
ago , were killed. John Kllck uus rvviifil
The aecldent waa ctiu ed by leiuovlrn
braces before It wa sufn to Oo EO.
MU < M'liltfUloil of Heart Dl enie ,
CHICAGO , Oct. 1. The verdict of til
corojier's jury today In the Inquent on tli
body'of MlHS Hullo While , who died In III
Sophia Hantla'R facial mansage ln tltutlor
was that the deceased cam" to her dcntl
through functional hetut illeea e , not by th
electric ponse or the coculne used In th
wi Inkle cuie.
Trlliini J.'ut fur Rule.
C1IIOA < JO , Oct. 1. The proprietors of III
Chicago Trltuno cmphatl' ully Oeny th
statement mo'lo by a Phlladelphlu iiajio
of tlio Halo ofl the Tribune to 11 II Kohl
tuat or to any peiyon or syndicate. Th
property la not lor sale ,
LABOR HAS RIGHTS
Futlge Harkn Bondora an Opinion in Line
with Judge Oaldweli's.
ENKINS1 FAMOUS STrIKE RULING REVERSED-
Finploycs OanQiitI Jlvidually or Ojllect-
ivoly if Ihoy > Irose.
OTIIERWIE SEIiVICE WOJLD BE SLAVED
ilx ; t Nit Oonspho or Oombiao to It-jura
the Lorn any's Property.
HiSTORV OF THI GREAT CASE REVIEWED
Jutlju .Tniklm Sit Knildo llorlnil on th *
llencli Ulicn < lu Opinion \Vi lc-
ll\vrcil iiiul Did Not. Appfur to
lie lit All 1'vrturbcil.
CHICAGO , Oct. 1. Judge Jenkins' famoui
strlko liijtmctloii was overruled totlay by tha
United States chcult court of appeals , nnJ
the cause ns rctrandecl vlth directions to
strlUo out the reetrnlnlng order of the court ,
the clause ulilcli arou ed the country when
the crdir VMIS IEEUCC ] , and \\hlch resulted In
the Ioatnr ) Invest gating committee ot con-
Keen * . The Intcrvcntors , representing the
Icallni ; labor otgi.nlratlons of the. country ,
asked that luu sc-ctlcns of the Injunction bo
eliminated. The coutt of appeals decided
that no court ccuhl restrain a man or a body
of men from quIttmR individually or In &
iK'dy the service of an employer. The court
snld that Jtidce JenKlna had exceeded his
powers when he enjoined the emplojoi of the
recelvsrs uf the Northcin Pac fie Kallroail
ooniiMiiy fiom " < | Ulltlng the tervlco ot said
c-inpnny with or without notice , so as to
erlpple tl.e vroierly or pr vent or hln-Jer
the operation tf told railroad. "
U held , l.outncr , that the ECCtlon ehould
tHtid In v hlch the M'n were prohlb.tcd from
"combining and conspiring to quit with or
without notice the service * ot said receivers ,
with the cbjcct und intent of Gripping tha
irjperiy in their custody or embarrassing thft
operations ot ( aid railroad , "
The dec elon was considered by the Inw-
> us who packed the court room as one ot
tha most impoitnnt opinions delivered In tha
United States In a decade. It defines tha
status before the l.iu uf labor organizations
In their conduct of EtrlKcs , and affirms the
powers til courts of equity to Interfeie ' / i
InMiietloiiheic there te reason to bcllrra
thu luw ulll bu violated. It holds that the
in tn may withdraw In a. holy from tha ser
vice ot an employer , using , however , neither
force , threats nor humiliation toward em ol
ployes who du not join them , nor must their
HM any -Mexico" to moleht , hinder , alarm or
intii-'tif with others Mho desire to tcio
Justice Harlan of the supreme court de-
Ihored the cpln on. Sitting with him were
Judgcn Woods. Tlunn , Grosscup und Jenklnj.
Judge Jenkins appeared undisturbed by tlio
opli.lon. The miilleikcc which listened to
the7 reading uf the opinion was a mnet dlk-
jtUjgulshed one. Ex-Prcaldent ; Harrison
aiil"Khl ( < * partner' sal t side by side ,
well up > tpward the 'bencH. AlUr
dl pusing of other cases the flmllhgs
of the court were merely nnnouncci ] by
Judges Woods and Jenkins , and Justice Har
lan began the tedding of the opinion In the
case of I' . M. Arthur ct nl , Interveners ,
agalnbt Thomas lOjkes , Henry C. Pay no
nnd Ilemy C. House , rccehers of the North- HI
em Pacific railroad company , as the cele
brated case | g Known on the doclwt.
KKV1BW OK THE CASE.
Jiistlco Harlan , boCoro giving the conclu-
s-lonn of the court , reviewed the history ol
Hie cel.-brated Injunction. The iccelvers , ol 1
the road In December Inst gave nollco of a
i eduction ot wages along the line and when
tlio men threatened to Ktrlk Judge Jenkins
1-Mictl the Injunction , on December 19 , pre
venting a strike. Two days later ha
nmuuled the Injunction , making It mora
fatilngent. The Brotherhood of Locomotlvo
niiKlnecrt ) jolncl lth the other labor organi
sations to uhlph the men belonged and ap
plied to Judge .1 Jillni for a mortification of
the order. Judge Jenlelus refused to atrlko
out the clause enjoining a tstrlko and tha
labor unions appealed to the higher court.
The decision says that the Injunction
against employes so "quitting as to crlpplo
the property or prevent or hinder the opera
tion of the roid" was equivalent to a com
mand by the court that they should remain
In the aclUe employment of the receivers ,
and perfoim the torvlce appropriate to their
respectl\o positions until they could quit
without crippling the road. The time when
they could milt was not Indicated by the
older of thecourt. . -
"Under what circumstances , " eays tlio de
cision , "may the employes of the receivers
of right null the service In which they W B
engaged ? Much of the argument of counsel
was directed to this question , Wo shall not
attempt to lay down any rule applicable
to every case that may arJsD be
tween employer and employe. If an
employe quits without cause and In violation
of an oM > refa contract to serve for a stated
time , then his quitting would not be ot right.
Hut the vital question icmalna whether a
court of equity will , under any circumstances ,
by Injunction , prevent one Individual from
quitting the service of another.
IT IS INVOI.UNTAIIY SERVITUDE.
"An afllimatlvo answer to this question Is
not , we think , justified by any authority
to Mhlch nur attention has been called or
oC which vc nro aware. It would be an
linaslon of one's natural liberty to compel
him to work for or remain In the personal
service of another. One who U placed In
such restraint Is In a condition of Involuntary
fcenllude a condition which the supreme
law of the land declares shall not exlut any
where within the jurisdiction ot the United
The decLslon tlitn went on to discuss
whether the * tact tlmt the property Involved
\\iis a rallun ) ulth public duties to perform
Rave the court the right to restrain the nun
from quitting. The receivers , the decision
declared , had the right to make a new
schedule of wages ami offer It to the min
with the alternative of acc-rtlng It or quit
ting the service. The men had the right to
accept or refuse and to quit If they were
not Hilling tovor ! ( for less wages. The
court should hav eliminated the words "anil
from to quitting the service ot the said > < - -
celvers , with or without notlco an to crlpplo
tlu property or prevent or hinder the opera
tion of thu road. "
"Hut different considerations must control , "
said Justice Harlan , "In respect to lh worda
In the paragraph of the Injunction , and irom
combining and conspiring to quit , with or
\Uthout notice , the service of Bald receivers
ulth the object iiml Intent of crippling tha
property In their custody or einbarrattlng tha
operation of the road. Wo have said that It
employes were unwilling to remain In the
service for tbc compensation prescribed for
thi'in by tlio revised schedules. It wna the
right ol each one on that account to With-
diuw from that tervlce. "
IUOHTS OP EMPLOYES.
The ilecUlon discussed the right of em
ployes to strike , as follow * :
"The general Inhibition upon combination !
and conspiracies formed vtth the object itmi
Intent of crippling the property and embar
rassing the operation of the railroad mutt ! >
construed as referring only to acti of violence
lence , Intimidation and wrong. We do nod
Interpret the wordi last above quoted an tm-
) > rnr > ing the cate of employe * who , being 'llt-
satlaflcd with the proposed reduction of their
uaKen , merely withdrew on that account ,
ulncly or by concerted action , from the * crv
Ire of the recdvcri , using neither forco.
threat ? , persecution nor Intimidation townr *
employes whQ did ntt join tUejn , nor any de-
vU to luolett , binder , alarm or
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