Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 20, 1894, Image 1

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Prctident Cleveland Writes a Letter on tlio
Tariff to Chairman WiUon ,
House Urged Not to Compromise but to
Stand by the Wilson Bill ,
Eenato 511 a Violation of Time-Honored
Demceratio Principles.
INCOME TAX A PERMISSIBLE CONCESSION Voted to Stand by Its Conferees und
Auks fur Another Conference with.
the Scimtu Suvoml I'olntcii
Speeches JMailu.
' WASHINGTON , July 19. Intense Interest
was created by Mr. Wilson's announcement
In the house today that he had n letter
from President Cleveland , which the latlcr
liad permlied lo be made public. The teller
was Ihcn sent to the desk and read amid
profound silence. It was In the president's
vigorous style , and was n stirring Irlbute
to the Wilson bill , and a direct blow at any
surrender to the scnale bill.
The galleries were crowded , and Ihe scene
on the floor was an animated one In antici
pation ot Ihe debate on the tariff conference
report when the house met. WhElo the
journal waa being read , Chairman Wilson
entered the room. His head was bound with
with a while handkerchief , and he was evl-
dcnlly suffering great pain. His appearance
wai the signal for a great demonstration
on the democratic side , the members cheer
ing wildly nt the Fight ot their tariff leader.
Kut the real sensation came when the pres
ident's letter was read , as follows :
, Personal.
'July 2 , 1S9I. To Hon. William L. Wilson.
My Dear Sir : The certainty that a confer
ence will bo ordered between the two houses
of congress for the purpose of adjusting
differences on the subject of tariff legisla
tion makes It also certain thai the house will
bo called upon lo do hard service In the
cause of tariff reform.
My public life has been so closely related
to the subject , I have so longed for Its ac
complishment , and I have so often promised
its realization to my fellow countrymen as
a result of their trust and confidence In the
democratic parly , I hope no excuse Is neces
sary for my earnest appeal to you that In
this crisis you strenuously Insist upon p'irty
honesty and good faith and a steady adher
ence to democratic principles. 1 believe
these are absolutely necessary conditions
to the continuation ot democratic existence.
I cannot rid myself of the feeling that this
conference will present the best If not the
only hope of true democracy. Indications
point to Its action ns the reliance of those
who desire the genuine fruition of demo
cratic effort , the fulfillment of democratic
pledges and the redemption of democratic
promises to the people.
To reconcile the differences In the details
comprised within the fixed and well defined
lines ot principles will not bo the sole task of
the confcrenco , but , as now seems to mo ,
members will also have In charge the ques
tion whether democratic principles them
selves are to be saved or abandoned.
Thora Is no excuse for mistaking or mis
representing the feeling and the temper of
the rank and file ot the democracy. They
are downcast under tha assertion that their
party falls In ability to manage the govern
ment and they are apprehensive that efforts
to bring- about tariff reform Jiiay fall ; but
they are much more downcast nnd apprehen
sive In their fear that democratic principle
may bo surrendered. In these circumstances
they cannot do otherwise than look with con
fidence to you and these who you have
patriotically and sincerely championed the
cause of tariff reform within democratic lines
and been guided by democratic principles.
This confidence is vastly augmented by the
action under your leadership ot the house of
ropresentallves upon the bill now pending ,
Every true democrat and every sincere
tariff reformer knows that this bill In Its
present form , and as It will bo submitted to
the conference , falls short of the consumma
tion for which we havo. long labored , for
which wo have suffered defeat without dis
couragement ; which In Its anticipation gave
us a rallying cry In our day of triumph , and
which In Us promise of accomplishment Is so
Interwoven with dcmocrallc pledges and dem
ocratic success that our abandonment ot the
cause , or the principles upon which It rests ,
means party perfidy nnd party dishonor.
Ono topic will bo submitted to the con
ference which embodies democratic principle
so directly thnt It cannot bo compromised.
Wo have In our platforms and In every way
possible declared In favor ot Iho fno Im
portation of raw materials. Wo have again
and again promised that this should be ac
corded lo our people and our manufacturers
os soon as Iho democratic party was invested
with the power to determine the larlff policy
of the country. The party has now that
power. Wo arc as certain today as wo have
over been ot the great benefit that would accrue -
cruo to the country from the Inuuguratlon
of this policy. And nothing 1ms occurred to
release us from our obligation lo secure the
advantages to our people. It must bo ad
mitted that no tariff measure can accord with
democratic principles or promises or bear
a genuine democratic ; badge that docs not
provldo for free raw material.
' In these circumstances It may well oxclte
our wonder that democrats arc willing to
depart from this , the must democratic of all
tariff principles , anil that the Inconsistent
absurdity of such a proposed departure
should be emphasized by the suggestion that
the wool cf the farmer bo put on the free
list and the protection of tariff taxation bo
placed around the Iron ere and coal of cor
porations nnd capitalists. How can we
face the people after Indulging In such out
rageous dUcrlmlnatlons nnd violations ot
principle ?
U Is qulto apparent that this question of
frco raw material docs not admit of adjust
ment on any middle ground , since tha sub
jection to any rate of tariff taxatbn. greater
or small , Is alike vlolatlvo of democratic
prlnclplo and democratic good faith.
I hope that you will not consider It Intru-
live It I say something In relation to another
cubjcct which can hardly full to bo tnniblt'-
gomo to the conference. I refer to the ad
justment of tariff taxation on sugar. Under
our party platform und In accordance with
our declared party purpose * , sugar Is n
legitimate and logical artlclo cf revenue
taxation. Unfortunately , however , Incidents
have accompanied certain stages of the legis
lation which will be submitted to the conffr-
encj , that have aroused In connection with
thin question , a democratic animosity to man
ners and manipulations of trusts and com
binations. I confess to Flmrlng In this feel
ing ; and yet It seems to mo wo ought , It
possible , to DUtllcIcntly frco oureclvt's from
prejudice to cnablo ua coolly tovclli thn
considerations which , In formulating tariff
legislation , ought to guldo our treatment ol
-uuar an a taxable article.
Whllo no tenderness should be entertained
for trusts , and while I am decidedly opposed
to granting them , under the guise of turlft
taxation , any opportunity to further thflr
peculiar methods , I ( uggcat that we ough'
not to bi driven away from the democratic
principle nnd policy which led to the taxa
tion of sugar , liy the fear , quite likely exag
gerated , that In carrying out this principle
and policy wo may Indirectly and Inordi
nately encourage a combination of sugar re
fining Interests. I know that In present
condition ! ) this Is a delicate subject , nnd I
appreciate the depth nnd strength of the
feeling which its treatment has aroused. I
do not believe we should do evil that good
may come , but It seems to me that we should
not forget that our aim U the completion of
the tariff , and that In taxing sugar for
proper purposes and within reasonable
bounds , whatever clo may be said of our
action , wo are In no danger of running coun
ter lo democratic principle.
With all there Is at stake there must be
In the treatment of this article some ground
niKin which we are all willing to stand ,
whcro tolerntlon nnd conciliation may bo al-
Icwcd to solve the problem , without demandIng -
Ing the cntlro surrender of fixed and con
scientious convictions.
I ought not to prolong this teller. It
what I have written Is unwelcome , I beg
you to believe In my good Intentions.
In the conclusions of the congress touch
ing the numurous Items which will be con
sidered , the people are not afraid that their
Interests will bo negLcted. They know
that the general result so far as they are
ciaccrued will bo to place home neccssltl.'H
nnd comforts more easily within their reach
and Insure bolter and surer compensation to
these who toll.
Wo nil know that a tariff law covering all
the various Interests and conditions of n
country as vast as ours must of necessity bo
largely Ihe result of honorable adjustment
and compromise.
I expect very few of us can say , when our
measure Is perfected , that all Its features
are entirely as we would wish. You know
how much I deprecated the Incorporation In
the proposed bill of the Income lax feature.
In matters of this kind , however , which do
not violate a fixed and recognized democratic
doctrine we are willing to defer to the judg
ment of a majority of our democratic brethren
renI think there Is a general agreement
that this Is party duty. This Is more pal
pably apparent when we realize that the busi
ness ot our country timidly stands and
watches for Ihe result of our efforts to perffct
tariff legislation , that a quick and certain
return of prosperity waits upon a wise ad
justment , and that a confiding people still
Irust In our hands ihelr prosperlly and well
The democracy of Ihe land plead most ear-
neslly for the speedy completion ot the larlft
legislation which their representatives have
undertaken ; but they demanded not less ear-
neatly that no stress of necessity shall tempt
those Ihey Irust to the abandonment ot dem
ocratic principle.
Yours very truly ,
The reading of the letler was frequently
Interrupted by enthusiastic cheers ana hand-
clapping on the'c side.
There were no preliminaries at the opening
of the house. As soon as the reading of the
Journal had been completed Mr. Outhwalte
of Ohio , from Ihe coniml'leo on rules , offered
the following resolution , by which two hours
were to be allowed to debate the conference
report on the tariff bill :
Resolved , That after ths adoption of this
resolu'lon It shall be In order , when the house
conferees on house roil 4861 ( the tariff bill ) ,
make a report ot disagreement , to move that
the house Insist upon Its disagreement to
the senate amendments to said bill In gross
nnd ask a further conference with the senate
on the disagreement votes of the two houses
thereon , that two hours of debate shall bo
allowed on said resolution nnd without other
motion the vole shall be taken thereon.
Should such motion prevail the speaker will
at once nppolnt the house conferees nnd the
matter shall then for Ihe time being pass
from the houso.
Mr. Hopkins attempted to offer an amend
ment to extend the time lo four hours , but
objection wns made. The previous ques
tion was ordered. This gave thirty minutes
for debate.
Mr. Reed took the floor and offered a
word of protest against cutting off debate
In Ihls summary manner. Ho thought there
\Vero members of the democratic side who
desired time tn express Ihelr opinions of Ihe
senalo amendment- . With something of a
twlnklo In his eye , he yielded ten minutes
to Mr. Johnson , the free trade single taxer
from Ohio.
Mr. Johnson immediately launched a pro
test against Uie spec al order because It
gave the lioiu-o no opportunlly lo vole separ-
alc Instructions on the different schedule )
and especially on the subject ot sugar. He
denounced the discrimination in the sugar
schedule In favor of the trust as criminal
and declared , amid a burst of applause , that
If the Sugar Irust or any other trust was to
legl-late for the people , It made lltllo d ffer-
enco whether that legislation was Imposed
upon them by the McKlnley or the Gorman
"Mr. Speaker , " Mr. Johnson asked , "In
case this order Is agreed to , will It bo In
order lo move to instruct the committee
on sugar or any oilier single Item ? "
"If the disagreements are Insisted upon In
bulk , " replied the speaker , "it would not
bo In order to move separate Instructions. "
"That Is what I thought , " retorled Mr.
Johnson , "Hint Is why I shall vote against
this order. "
"If the house Insists upon Its disagree
ment , " 'Interjecled ' Mr. 'Warner of New
York , "lhat would practically bo an Instruc
tion for frco sugar. "
Mr. Reed Ihen arose. After what Mr.
Johnson had cahl. he began , the house could
see what It would do to Itself If It adopted
this rule. U would give the house no op
portunity to express llself upon llio vllal
differences between the house and the senate ,
but would put all the differences togelher
without giving Individual points strength or
"It could not by a separate vote , " he
gald , "strengthen the hands of the house
conferees In the game of what shall I call
It ? "
"A bluff , " shouted a voice ns Mr. Reed
"No , " continued Mr. Rccd , deprecatlngly ,
"not a bluff. "
It Is a game ot moral courage. If this
rule Is adopted the dcmocrallc sentiment In
this house will be muzzled. The senate will
not be given an opportunity to see how much
strength It liao here. In closing Mr. .Reed
referred to the fact that the adjust
ment at tlio tariff was cut.rely In the handset
ot the louthern men.
Mr. Outhwalte , on behalf ot tlio committee
on rules , replied to Mr. Reed. The consti
tution of the I'nlted States , he said , Im
posed upon the house the duly ot prepar
ing a rovemm bill. It Is Its duty to say
the conferees shall adhere to their duty.
Amidst u burst of applausa ho declared tlut
the pending resolution would lr. an Instruc
tion to Iho conferees not to recede from the
pos ( Ion the democrats nt the huiise took
when they passed the Wilson bill. Ho re
ferred , amid continuous evidences ot en
thusiasm , tn the moral courage shown by
the house conferees tn standing out ag.ilnat
the senate amendments. He pointed out the
sacrifices made by southern m < jmburs In
surrendering their privileged Interests , end
said : "The crewt leader ( Mr. Mills ) who
began Ihe light In the house , although from
a wool growing state , nhl that It frcs wool
would give the people ot the country cheaper
clothing the \vnol growers of Texas would
not hesitate to s'jc their picduct en the
frco list. "
"Why not give us tin opportunity to etc
isop.iraloly on sugar ? " Inquired Mr. Johnson.
"Up to this time , " said Mr. Outhwalto
in reply , "I judge that there la no differ
ence of sentiment on this -de. | Wo nre all
shoulder to EhoulJer. " ( Loud democratic ap
plause. )
Mr. RseJ , tn closing , In referring to Mr.
Outhwalla'a eulogy of the house conferee * '
courage , risked what the courage amounted
to that backed down. "How long will this
courage last ? Is It to be permanent ? The
gentleman from Ohio ( Mr , Outhwalte ) Is
silent. Into the future ho cannot penetrate.
( Laughter. ) Hit mind Is not prophetic. He
Ins takfti the first and last opportunity he
wilt have to commend the courage of the
! HSO c Tferep * " ( Applause )
\VIM.IIU further debate the vote was then
( Continued on'Klttu Page. )
Senators Htither Ohtiry of Expressing an
Opinion on Cleveland's ' Letter.
Republican * Arc Inclined to Allow tlio
Democrat * to U'ork Out Their
'U\vn Saliatlon bcnato Not
Likely to Yield Much.
WASHINGTON , July 19. The news of the
reading of the president's letter was not
long In traveling from the house to the
senate. Mr. Wilson had kept his secret of
the possession of the letter well guarded
and It proved a decided sensation. Informa
tion as to the contents at the document
was eagerly sought on both sides of the
chamber. A copy was furnished by the
Associated press nnd was In great demand.
It was taken to the democratic cloak room
and read In turn by groups of senators of
four or live , ono of them generally reading
It aloud to the ethers , and In other In-
Instances two of them looking over the shoul
ders and reading with the senator holding
the copy. After senators became familiar
with Its contents they again gathered In
groups to discuss the document , both with
reference to points made by the president
and the policy of the president In writing It.
So Intense and general was the interest that
for two or three hours very little attention
was paid to routine proceedings on the floor
In the senate. Whllo nosenator. . hesitated
to express his views privately the democra
tic senators were loath to submit to Inter
views for publication. They said the circum
stances were unusual and that for their
action as a body In opposition to the position
taken by the president they could not give
publicity to their opinions , whatever they
might bo.
Republican senators were at first Inclined
to express themselves on the policy of the
letter , but when they discovered , as they
soon did , that their democratic colleagues
were generally inclined to remain silent
they changed their policy as If by common
consent , ami announced when spoken to
upon the subject that they preferred the
democrats should do the talking , declaring
It was a time for republicans to be silent.
The most common expression of opinion
among senators was that the writing of
such a letter was "very extraordinary" and
In many Instances , where the speaker was
sure of not being quoted , stronger words
were used. These expressions were heard
with slight variations on both the demo
cratic and republican sides of the chamber.
The proceedings in the senate tomorrow
are expected to bo of unusual Interest. It
Is hardly probable that many of the senators
will express any personal resentment , but
there are expected to be some very emphatic
declarations against a change of front by the
senate , especially from the conservative
senators , who arc regarded as responsible for
the most pronounced Increase , made in
the bill. It was understood before the let
ter made Its appearance that several of these
senators , Including Messrs. Gorman , Smith
and Drlcc , had announced a purpose to state
to the senate that only the senate bill could
pass , and to say In giving their reasons
for this view that the bill had been the result
of the most careful deliberation on the part
of the members of the senate ; that It had
been found to be the only bill that could pass
when the Jones amendments had been ar
ranged In the caucus , and that an attempt
to change It materially at this late day
would prove there had been no modification
of sentiment since that time.
Senator Hill has announced an Intention
to take advantage of the president's posi
tion and Influence to make another effort
to Eecuro a recession by the senate from Its
amendments for a duty on coal and Iron
ore , and ho Is said to believe that ho will
double the vote which his proposition re
ceived when first advanced.
During the afternoon there were several
conferences among the democratic leaders ,
and at first there was a disposition to re
fuse further conference on the tariff bill.
This was advised by qulto a number , who
felt very much aggrieved at the course
taken In the house. The republican steering
committee has held a meeting and the gen
eral opinion was expressed that It was good
policy to allow the democrats to do most of
the talking on the subject. In the house
the question as to whether the tariff question
had been simplified or- further complicated
by the president's letter was the subject of
much speculation , after the stirring pro
ceedings of the day. Members on both sides
of the chamber agreed that It would have a
profound Impression en the situation , but
there was a disposition to wait until Its
effects on the senate had been seen before
prophesying the result It might accomplish.
The letter , together with Mr. Wlson's
speech , constituted a declaration of policy
which was very satisfactory to the re"enue
reform clement In the house. It was con
strued to mean that the house would never
yield Its principle of free raw materials , and
in tills It had the strong support and Influ
ence of the president. As to the effect of the
letter on the sugar conflict , there was wide
divergence of opinion. The Louisiana mem
bers professed to bo well pleased with the
president's letter and said that It clearly
recognized nnd approved the policy of raising
revenue from sugar. On the other hand ,
these members who have most persistently
urged free sugar expressed apprehensions
over the letter. They sad ! It seemed to make
a deadlock certain.
From the republican standpoint , the gen
eral view was expressed by Representative
Hopkins of Illinois , a republican member cf
the ways and means committee :
"President Cleveland's letter Is without
precedent In the history of the country , " said
he. "The queen of England , , even the
Georges In their most arbitrary day , would
not have dared to express such views ta a
legislative branch of the government. "
Seimta mill IlniiRu Conrrn-rs Cnnnot Agree
an tlin Appropriation for Kxtcrinlimllnn.
WASHINGTON , July 19. There bids fair
to be something ot a deadlock between the
conferees on the agricultural appropriation
bill over the senate amendment carrying
$1,000,000 for the cxtcrmlnalton of the Rus
sian thistle In the D.ikotns. Senator Hans-
brough won a long legislative fight , and one
which looked at times a hopeless one , wncn
he succeeded In getting1 his plan tacked on
as an amendment at the twelfth hour and
carried by a narrow majority. Early this
session the sena'or ' from North Dakota en
tered upon his crusade against the thistle ,
Introducing a bill to give the sum finally ap
propriated to kill It , but the bill met with
defeat In both the house and senate com-
Governor Shortrldge came from Dakota to
urge congress to do something for the state
In Its light. It was represented that the
government owned Urge tracts of land In
fested by the psst. an.l th.\t the nature ol
the plant was EIICI ! that unless It was totally
cleared away Us seed would be carried by
the wind , and nil efforts of the farmers to
wards clearing their own lands would amount
only to suppression , nnd not to extermination.
Secretary J. Sterling Morton wrote a let
ter opposing the government old asked for
on the ground that It savored ot paternalism ,
and recommended that the work should be
done by states or Individuals , rather than
the general government. Incidentally he
made a humorous suggestion that In view
ot the fact that sheep would eat thu thistle
the Dakota farmers might abandon wh-.Mt
growing and turn their attention to raising
sheep. Ills suggestion was tnken nerlously
in some quarters and led to correspondence
between thu secretary and members of the
houw committed on agriculture. After
wrestling with the quettkn for some tlnu
the house committee MlUd tbe _ ; 11. thut
action being Influenced by certain parties
who wrote that they considered other weeds
more destructive In Dakota than the thistle ,
but thu point ot paternalism was the cliltf
reason for the action.
The senate committee followed the action
of the house In reporting adversely upon the
bill , but finally Senator George , Its chair
man , was Induced to change his position on
the representation that the government was
a large land holder In the thlatlc-rlddcn ser-
tlon , and the bill wait tacked on ns an amend
ment to the regular agricultural bill.
The thistle appropriation. Is the largest
addition made to any of the regular house
bills and the committee on agriculture Is
talking defiance to the senatorial recom
mendations. Still Senator Hansbrough may
win In the end.
Congrooinmn Irccklnrldg of Arlditxn * to
Siirrrrd Andrrtr I ) . AMiltp , U'lio KcnlinR.
WASHINGTON , July 19. Mr. Andrew D.
White , minister to Russia , has tendered his
resignation on account ot III health , It Is
said , and Representative Clifton R. llrcck-
Inrldgc of Arkansas , one ot the lending mem
bers of the ways and means committee , has
been nominated as his successor.
The report first gained circulation nt the
capltol nt 10 o'clock , and was fully verified
by Chairman Wilson of the ways nnd means
committee , who was cognizant of the facts
that led up to the presldsnt's action. Much
significance was attached by members of con
gress to the appointment , and It was the
main topic of conversation to the exclusion of
the Impending tariff conflict.
The appointment was finally decided upon
yesterday afternoon. It had been In con
templation for two wc'eks , and Mr. Breck-
Inrldgc has been n frequent visitor at the
white house1 during that time. He was with
the president again nt 2 o'clock yesterday
and remained for some time , the acceptance
of the honor being concluded before he left.
Mr. Wilson , who Is n clpse personal friend of
Mr. Drecklnrldge was one of the few
outside of the executive circles who was cog
nizant of the facts of the case.
The causes leading ui to the appointment
were well known among Mr. Brecklnrldge's
friends. He was ono of the foremost advo
cates of President Cleveland's policy of re
pealing the silver purchasing clause of llio
Sherman act. This action proved to be un
popular In Mr. Drecklnrldge's constituency
and ho was defeated for re-election In the
congressional convention a few weeks ago.
At the time Mr. Brecklnrldge was absorbed
In tariff work nnd could not go to Arkansas to
attend to his Interests. Ills letter at the time
stating that his public duties were paramount
to his private Interests nt home attracted
much attention. It was soon after his de
feat for renomlnatlon that Mr. Cleveland be
gan considering the advisability of nomi
nating him to the Russian mission.
Mr. Brccklnrldga has been conspicuously
Identified with the house tariff bill of late ,
and throughout Chairman Wilson's severe
Illness and absence lii "Mexico , Mr. Ureck-
Inrldge was looked upon as his personal rep
resentative. While the bll | has-been In con
ference Mr. Drecklnrldge 'has taken much of
the arduous work oft Mr. Wilson's shoul
Mr. Drecklnrldge Is a native Kentucklan ,
but went to Arkansas In 1870 nnd engaged lii
cotton planting and the commission business.
Ho has served continuously In congress for
twelve years , except wheji unseated on a
contest In the Fifty-first "congress. He has
taken high rank In congress nnd Is regarded
ns a man of line scholarship , polish and lit
erary attainments.
No time has been set for. Mr. Drccklnrldgo
to take his now post , but an arrangement
has been made by which Mr. White will con
tinue In olllcc until/such time as Mr. Breck-
Inrldge's can relinquish 'his congressional
duties and reach St. Petersburg , the under
standing being that Mr. JQrecklnrldge will
continue In the house until the tariff bill is
Itcport of 1)Uirrciii : ; on the Tariff Not
I'roiliivtlvo or MpopclinmltliiK.
WASHINGTON , July 19. When the senate
met today the conference report on the
diplomatic and consular appropriation bill was
agreed to.
Mr. Voorhce , the senate manager on the
senate conference on the tar.ft bill , rising
to a privileged question , asked that the
house message on the tariff bill be laid before
the senate. Mr. Voorhees stated ho was
commissioned to say the bill had been under
full and free conference and the conferees
had not agreed to the amendments agreed
to In the senate bill end that the senate
conferees Insisted on their amendments.
Having consulted members on both ildes , he
said ho should asl ; to have the bill lay on
the table , to be taken up 'for consideration
tomorrow Immediately after the reading of
the journal. The motion to 'lay on the table
was agreed to.
When the tariff bill had thus been dis
posed of , the Indian appropriation bill was
taken up. The most Important amendment
was offered by Mr. Shoup ot Idaho , direct
ing the president to appoint three commis
sioners to allot in severally the lands of
the Uncompahgrc Indlsns In Utah and to
negotiate with the Ulntah Indians In Utah
for the allotment of their lands In severally
and Die rcllnqulshment of all lands i.ot
needed for thlt purpose.
An amendment wn's agreed to directing
Ihe secretary of the Interior to Inquire Into
the propriety of discontinuing the Indian
contract schools as rapidly as possible with
out Interfering with thn education of the
Indian children , and to report to the next-
session ot congress an estimate of the cost
of substituting government schools for all
the contract schools now existing.
A further amendment was adopted appro
priating $ inGSG , due the Wyamlotte Indians ,
to purcha o lands In severally from the
Quapaw Indlnn * In Indian Territory for
absentee Wyandotte Indians. The bill was
then passed.
At 5:45 the senate went Into executive ses
sion and shortly thereafter adjourned.
Srimtu Comitilttoo I'ri'parlng Hills for Now
Mexico nnd Arlzonn.
WASHINGTON , July 19. While the senate
committee on territories has virtually de
cided to report bills for the admission of the
territories ot Arizona and New Mexico , the
prevailing opinion about , the senate hi that
the bills will not to considered during ( ho
present session of congress , unless the ses
sion should be prolonged beyond the expecta
tion of n majority of senators. Senator
Faulkner , chairman of the committee on ter
ritories , lias expressed the opinion that con
sideration of the bills will be deferred until
the short session. If,1 however , the tariff
bill should cause ni ) adjournment to be de
ferred for some time' , calculation might bo
There Is also a possibility that a subcom
mittee on Arizona may not act on the di
rection ot the full conunlttce to prepare the
bill for the admission of that territory for
presentation to the senate after the meeting
ot the full committee next Wednesday , This
subcommittee is composed of Senators Hill ,
Call and Davis. The two last named wire
among the members ot the committee pres
ent who voted against such Instructions to
the subcommittee , mid an Senator Hill was
not present ho Is not olllclally committed
on the proposition. If , however , he chould
prove to bo favorable to admission , there
would still bo a majority of the subcommittee
tee- opposed to admission.
The members of the committee who favor
a bill for admission are not , however , wor
ried over the case , for they say that with
a majority of thu committee favorable the
subcommittee can easily be overruled , and In
case of thu refusal on the part ot thn nub-
committee to accept the Instructions ot the
committee the bill can and will be taken out.
ot their hands and' prepared by the full com
mittee. Hence the advocates of admission
admit no doubt as to thu favorable report
upon both bills , tlio New Mexico bill hav-
Inc already been put In shape by the sub
committee Imvlnc It In charge.
Another tjURiir Inxt'ktlgutlon.
WASHINGTON. July 19-The senate
Sugar trust Investigating committee bus
decided to Investigate the new charges of
BpeculHtlon by senators.
fomo Men in Ohica-ro Not Afr.iid of Eeing
"Branded ns Scaba. "
\Vurnliig tliut 'llicy Would Ho Itriindcd tin
SculiH lluil No TprrorA for Tliuni
I'ulhimii iinploiIttlttlilnff :
After Their , lol > .
CHICAGO , July 19. The Debs manifesto
resulting In the Overtoil edict , warning all
railroad men at the stock yards to desist
from work or be "branded ns scabs , " seemed
to have little effect today on the men to
whom It was addressed or upon the situation
at the Block yards generally. Railroad em
ployes rclurned to their work nil ,
switching wns continued nnd the packers
seemed Inclined to treat the mat'.ur us a
The receipts of the different packing
houses showed that business 'a Improving.
There came In 13.000 head of ? attj ! , i-VuO
hogs and 5,000 sheep.
The Stock yards company will endeavor to
solve the problem of * eurlnK protection lor
Its men outside of working ho'tr ' * by lo Iivnt ;
nnd boarding them In Its buildings. Cols
were placed in some of the house-i ' .jday.
The rough treatment of working moa by
the strll.o's xtil ! goes on and cou-jIug ! rins
are being used on heads ne-ii'Y us cfion as
on trains. Cci blderable nlinn Is fell list
Ihe fire of last night shnul'l prove to to
only the first of a number pf outrages.
At the Pullman works todiy Manager Mid-
dle'on was b'iMly engaged In registers ; men
willing to wor'c. ' The amion.icim * it tl .1
the shops will cpen as soon , .s a smiUclont
force Is secured has developed considerable
weakness among the strikers , and II Is
claimed In Iwo hours today the mynnger
registered 325 men. A force of about
1,000 will be necessary before the works
will resume. Vice President AVickes says
the works will then be opened whether the
military forces are still on duty or not.
About 100 Hollanders were Intercepled
while on their way to tha Pullman shops lo-
day by n crowd of slrlkers. A free fight en
sued In which no ono was seriously hurt , and
after rotreallng Ihe Hollanders reached llio
shops In small groups and were put to work
clearing up the works. The affair was the
first case of violence that has occurred In
Pullman proper.
Companion A , K and It of tlio Klghth In-
fnntry ( ? o to Montana.
BUFFALO , Wyo. , July 19. ( Special to
The Bee. ) At 10 o'clock Tuesday morning
orders were telegraphed to Colonel Van How ,
commanding at Fort McKlnncy , to dispatch
the three companies , A , E and H , of the
United Slales Eighth Infantry , now sla-
tioned at that post , to Cheyenne. Accord
ingly the troops marched shortly afler noon
to Clearmonl , on the II. & B. railroad , where
they will take the train. Major Wells was
temporarily In command , but Lieutenant Ran
dall , who has only just recovered from his
accident nt St. Paul , will leave tonight , and
overtaking the troops at Clcarmont , will
assume command. The following ollicers
went with them : . Captain Savage , Lieuten
ants Ames , Gose , Miller , Terrett , Laftyetle
and Dr. Henry Alden Shaw. Fort McKlnncy
Is now left with two companies of cavalry
and the headquarters staff of tlio Eighth In
FORT ROBINSON , Neb. , July 19. ( Spe
cial Telegram to The Bee. ) One hundred
and thirty-eight men and .eight officers of
the Eighth Infantry , under command of
Lieutenant Colonel George M. Randall from
Fort McKlnney , passed through hero this
CHEYENNE. July 19. ( Special Telegram
to The Bee. ) Four companies of the Second
Infantry reached Cheyenne nt noon. Four
troops of cavalry from Fort Robinson nnd
thrco companies of Ihe Elglh Infantry from
Fort McKlnney reported to Colonel Bates ,
and at 3 p. in. the command proceeded west.
Two special trains were required to transport
the troops.
CHEYENNE. Wyo , , July 19. ( Special to
The Bee. ) Forty engineers , firemen , brakemen -
men and swllclimen went west yesterday.
They were from the Lohlgh Valley railroad
and arc cnrouto to California to lake tlio
places of strikers on the Southern Pacific.
All were nonunion men.
Trains Will Move , TlmncliVlirn I bo Oinalm
Troops Arrives
HELENA , July 19. The strike in Montana
Is practlcall ybroken , ns far as the Northern
Pacific Is concerned. The through line and
branches , except the short line from Ilozo-
man to Butte , are now In regular operation.
Passenger trains run under military guard.
Nearly all classes of employes have re
turned to work , or are ready to do so , except
firemen. Butte Is about the only place In
the state where A. R. II. men are united.
The Union Pacific Is tied up for elghly
miles between Dillon and Rutle , but this line
will be opened tomorrow , when troops from
Omaha reach the scene. It Is expected ,
also , that the Northern Pacific short line
will then be put in operation. At present
all through trains pass through Helena.
Mayor I'lirilen of OnUlunil HUN Issued u Itlot
OAKLAND , Cal. , July 19. Mayor Pardoe
has Issued a riot proclamation In which ho
orders crowds off Iho slreels and requires
that people keep Indoors , leaving home only
In the pursuit of their legitimate business.
The reason for the proclamation Is staled by
the mayor to be a condition of affairs In Oak
land threatening the destruction of property ,
disturbance of tha ponce , Inlerferlng with
travel by railroad trains and the cessation of
Undo Snin'N SoldlrrH l.ravci Chicago 1 odity
for tlui I'orlu.
CHICAGO. July 19. Tlio federal troops
moved out of Chicago today. At noon the
Ninth regiment from Madison burrncks ,
Sacketls Harbor , N. Y. , left on a special
train over the Lake Shore road. All other
troopH marched to Fort Sheridan and will
reach there tomorrow. The troops going lo
Fort Sheridan Include the Fifteenth rest-
niont and the details from Furls Itlley ,
IJrady , Leavenworlli and Nlobrura.
No TruliiK North of Illllnn.
LIMA , Mont. , July 19. The troops sta
tioned at Dillon have been withdrawn and
have joined the reft of their company on
their arrival here. Quito n long line of tents
nro pitched near the roundhouse , and the
soldiers am patrollng the yards and company
buildings. Regular passenger trains run each
way dally , but cannot get further north
than Dillon. Passengers and baggage are
conveyed on to Butte by stago. it Is ex
pected that the Union Pacific will run trains
through to Ilutto In n tow days. George
Vrooman , chairman of the grievance commit
tee of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi
neers , will arrive hero tomorrow morning.
To Open Up thn I'nlon I'nulflc.
GREAT FALLS , Mont. , July 19. Flvo com
panies of the Twentieth Infantry from Fort
Asslnaboln passed through this city last
night on a special train. They ago provi
sioned for thirty days and will open up
the Union Pacific road from Dutte west.
Moru Troop * for Tort Logim.
DENVER. July 19. Improvements are be
ing made ut Port Logan to provide quarters
( or an entire regiment ot Infantry and two
troops cf cavalry. Eight companies of the
Seventh have been heretofore stationed ni
Fort Ixjgan. It Is now proposed lo bring the
two detached companies to this | wst. U
Is also staled thnt the McGregor cavalry
squadron , two trt > ops of the Second , regi
ment , will bo located here.
ON TltlAI. I Ott MUIllHMt.
I'lvo or tlio .Snrrnttifiito Stillu-r Charged
with Tmtn Wrocklnir.
WOODLAND. Cal. , July 19. The pre
liminary examination ot the live strikers
charged with murder ns n result
of the recent horror at the railway
trestle west of Sacramento was re
sumed today. The Judge settled the first
point ot contention by ruling that the live
prisoners must bo examined Jointly. The
case ot Wonlon , however , was finally pcr-
mllltcd to go over until Monday. The hear
ing of evidence- against Knox , Mullen , Hatch
nnd Compton , all members of tlio mediation
committee wan then begun.
Johnny Shprbune was first called nnd
proved n telling witness for the prosecution.
He Is n 11-year-old boy. who Is In the employ
of a Sacramento de'.lveryman. The lad sayA
that on the forenoon ot the day of llio
wreck he drove Worden lo the- outskirts
of Sacramento and took Into his wagon n
crowbar , snmo wrenches nnd other lools.
Lnler Worden wns Joined by five other men
whom Ihe bay did not know. They then set
out for the trestle nt which n train was
subsequently wrecked and live men killed.
When within n few rods of the trestle nil
the men left the wngon , taking their tools
with them. The lad teslllled that he was
then ordered to drlvo a short distance toward
tlie city. Ho did ns Instructed , and while
waiting heard a loud explosion. Soon after
ward Warden came up and the Hey drove him
back to the city. As they were entering
Sacramento they were told thai a train had
Just been wrecked. When told that Engi
neer Clarke had been kl.lcd , Worden applied
a vile epithet , and declared that he was
Klad of It. This straightforward testimony
left little doubt In the minds of most of the
hearers that the men whom the boy had
tnken lo the trestle were responsible for
the wreck. A sensational climax , came , how
ever , when young Sherbuno testified thai on
the day following the wreck his employer
sent h'tn ' to AVonlen with a bill for the rig ,
\Vordcn went with him to the office of the
A. R. U. mediation committee In Sacra
mento , and there- the bill was paid. The
boy was on Iho witness stand all forenoon
mid under a severe cross-examlantlon was
not shaken.
sritiKi : .MAY iti : i > i < : oi..vitin ori-\
Debs < ! lv < " > tlio Southern Turlllo Moil Au
thority to Coinproinlxi * .
SAN FRANCISCO , July 19. The strikers
it Oakland are excited tonight over a report
that Roberts , their local president , has In
his possession a telegram from Debs In
structing him to effect n selllcmcnt with the
Southern Pacific company provided the com
pany agrees lo lake back Iho strikers wlth-
aiil prejudlc ? . II H also reported that Dslis tel
egraphs that ho has come to an understand
ing with Pullman. Besides this announce
ment there has brcn little excitement in
California today. This morning the Southern
Pacific dispatched a train for Portland , the
first that has been sent out on thai line slncN
Ihe slrlko began , and lonlght the railroad
nfllclah say that they have men enough and
that they nre conducting their business
without hindrance but the strikers , on the
other hand , Insist that the through service Is
still badly crippled. It Is certain that trains
are running very irregularly. Military guards
still go upon all Important trains and Die
trouble Is by no means over.
At Oakland , relying upon the militia , the
company has reduced the number of deputies
from 300 to fifty.
A company of slnto mllltla. sixty men ,
was today ordered from Nevada City to Port
Costa , where the strikers have caussd con
siderable trouble.
At Sacramento many oC the strikers are
rcturnlnc to work. In the shops there are
forty-six men at work today.
Later reports from Oakland are to the
effect thai Iho dispatch received from Debs
did not stale that the. strike hnd been de
clared off , but merely Informed the strikers
that the strike In California could ba
ended by n majority vote of Iho unions con
cerned In It.
AVhoN'xnlo Indictments AgilliiRt Striker * .
ST. PAUL. July 19. In the United States
district court today the grand Jury reported
between fifty-five and 'sixty Indictments
igalnst strikers nnd others for Interference
with the malls during the recent strike on
Llio various northweslern roads. Bench
warrants were Issued nnd until the nrrests
ire made no names will be given out.
J'olti-r * Will Iti'tnrn to Work.
EAST LIVERPOOL , 0. , July 19. The
striking potlers , at a meeting today ,
rescinded the action taken lasl night , and by
an almcst unanimous vote declared the
strike off. Work will bo resumed at all tlio
potlerlcs next Monday after n strike of six
months. The men will accept a l-/i per
cent reduction.
IlrM Will Not ( ilvu Dull.
CHICAGO , July 19. Messrs. Debs , Howard ,
Rodgers and Keliher were brought from the
county Jail yesterday afternoon to
Commissioner Hoyn's office by United States
Marshal Arnold for the purpose of consult
ing with the attorneys , who again insisted
an their giving ball , but the prisoners de
Will Not Tnl < ItacU the Strllccri.
M1SSOULA , Mont. , July 19. Strikers hero
seem to regard their cause as lost , nnd
many have offered to return to work. The
officials have refused to laku back members
of Iho A. R. U. Passenger Iralns on the
main line are running , nnd It Is expected
freight trains will bo sent cast and west to-
Striker : ) Out on Hull.
OGDEN , U. T. , July 19. About fifty
strikers , who were Indicted by the grand
| ury charged with Interfering with the
United States malls , were before Judge Miner
Ibis morning and all pleaded not guilty lethe
the charges. They were released on bond
ranging from | 300 lo $1.000.
HIIH Not Hoard from Ilclin.
OAKLAND , Cal. , July 19. President Rob
erts of the local A. R. U. denies the report
circulated this ntternonn that ho had re
ceived notice from President Debs that the
strike had been settled. Ho says Hint as
yet ho has not received a single telegram
trom Debs today.
Colorado ( /'mil Strlkn Alioiit r.'ndcil ,
DENVER , July 19. Coal mlno operators
are confident that the sympathetic strike
among Iho miners of Colorado Is aboul over ,
and It Is reported lodny thut Organizer
Howells has concluded to call off the strike-
Iliuninom ! A , It. U > VOICH to ItcKiuni1.
HAMMOND , Ind. , July 19. Just before the
close of a Etormy session the Hammond
branch of the A. R. U. decided
lo return to work. The mo-
llott was carried by ' 12 to 37. The excite
ment Is at a high point and troublu In ex
Ilncliiniil OIT ut St l.oiiU.
ST. LOUIS , July 19. The East St. Louis
strikers' executive board today declared the
A. R. U. strike off. A ballot was taken and
the proposition was carried by a two-tlilrdii
In Ynitiirility ninl Out Todiiy.
ALTOONA , Pa. , July 19. A number of
men who.went to work In Mitchell's mints
at Cambria yobterday for 35 cents n ton
were Induced by thu others lo quit today ,
All Onlct ut Hi" I'rutt Milieu.
BIRMINGHAM , Ala. , July 19. All Is quiet
In the mining district today. It In now
known that two nioro turilters were wounded
In Monday's battle at thu Pratt mines , one of
ICruUnued on Second Pago. )
Humbert's ' Arms Successful in the Cam
paign Agaijst Afric.ui Arabs.
Town t'arrlcil liyosiuilt Aflor it Wonrf
Tlirro 1)11)1 ) .Murcli llritvy Nullto
I'uimtry for an Allude on
JUirnptMin.4 ut Carealml.
MASSO\VAII. Egypt , July 10. A flirco battle -
tlo has tnkcn i > lnco between n force of na
tives mid Itnllnna comtnnnilctl by llio gov
ernor general and a largo force of dervishes
that had sought refuge nt Knssnln. Tlio
Italian troops \\cro victorious and Kassala was
A large boily of dervishes recently rnlilcd
Ciircabal. an Italian village , killed many of
the Inhabitants , and captured and ocnt Into
tlio Interior ns slaves all those who were not
After leaving Carcnbal , the dervishes
niarcheil toward Agordat , with the Intention
of capturing that place. News of the raid
readied the governor ionoral ; who was at
Korea on the llarca river , aa Italian post
somewhat less than half way between this
place and Kassala. The governor general
had at his disposition a force of 2,400 troops ,
natives and Italians , commanded by Itnllnn
ollicers. With this force hs started In pur
suit of tlio dervishes ami after three days
weary marching , arrived In * the vicinity of
Kn sala. The dervishes , at the approach of
thr Italian column , bought refuge In Kassalti
and prepared for u desperate resistance.
The governor general encamped for nwhllo
on the Mnreb river and niado preparations
to carry Knssala by as ault. On the morn
ing of Tuesday last , July 17 , the Italian
troops bilng thoroughly rested nm ndvanco
was made on ( ho place. The dervishes ably
defemkd themselves , but the town was finally
carried by assault after a llerce battle.
The dervishes loss was very heavy , and the
Italians captmcd many ( lags ami a largo
number of cannon.
Nurrcnv Kxcupo nf tlio Schooner C. I ) . Itiiutl
from Ill-Ill ) ; Sriitllnl ,
VICTORIA. 11. C. . July 19. The sealing
schooner C. D. Rand has returned from a
scaling crulso which was cut short owing
to a mutiny of Indian hunters. The first
signs of mutiny appeared oft SltUa on Juno
li > , when the wages were paid. The In
dians then lowered their canoes and prepared -
pared to desert the ship. Owing to the now
regulations Indians arc the only hunters
available for Boring sea an white men can * -1
not us > e spears , so the Indians demanded
$5 per canoe extra. To this the captain
agreed and the Indians returned to the
schooner.- The Indians again mutinied nnd
took possession of the vessel. The mutineers
numbered twenty-one , while the captain had
only live white men and two faithful Indiana
to help him , The Indians threatened to cut
the throats of the .faithful seven and In
tended to ECU ! tlo the vessel , securing the
skins which they believed were In the hold.
Several times the vesrel nearly capsized
owing to their bad management. At last
the captain and his seven men got tlio drop
on the mutineers and drove them Into the
hold where they shilt.thnm. 'He then sailed
for Sltka , where ho obtained handcuffs from
the government officials and brought the
Indians down In Irons.
Sovcn .11 I'M lllmvn to IMi-ri'H In HID Solent
OIT Portsmouth , ICiiKlunil.
PORTSMOUTH , Kng. , July 19. An acci
dent resulting In the death of seven men
occurred today. A Trinity House boat , hav
ing a crew of seven trained wreckers on
board , was engaged In blcwlng up the.
wrecked yacht Azalea In the Solent , ns It
was dangerous to navigation. In some man
ner which will never bo known n dynamite.
cartridge exploded , killing the seven men
and shattering the boat.
ColoiH-1 llci'iiiinilcIll In .lull.
GUKRRRRRO , Tamnullpas , Mexico , July
19. A private dispatch from the City of
Mexico announces that Colonel Nclvcs Her
nandez , the olllccr sentenced to llfo Imprison
ment for alleged complicity In the Gar/a
revolution , Is lying In prison critically 111
and there Is but little hope of his recovery
unless Immediately released from confine
Colonel Hernandez was In charge of the
military forces here at the time of his ar
rest and his friends are preparing n petition
for his pardon , which will bo presented to
President Ulaz.
( 'liiv < 'lilll ; OITi-roil to Mediate ,
BERLIN , July 11) ) . The London corre
spondent of the Vosslsche Zeltung declares
that both Russia and the United States have
dona their utmost to avert war between
China and Japan over Corea. The United
Slates , the correspondent odds , has even
exceeded the limits of friendly persuasion
over Japan and China. A dispatch from
Washington to a news agency here states
that ; President Cleveland has offered to
mediate in the Corcan question.
Children Unrrloil OIT liy tinCurrent. .
VICTORIA , I ) . C. , July 19. A sad drown
ing accident occurred yesterday afternoon.
Lizzie and Edward Spllltmtn , children of 13.
Splllman , dlrcator of the parliament build
ings at Victoria , went bathing nt Jericho.
Seeing them about to go In , n man shouted
for them to go further down the beach ,
owing to the strong current. They failed
to hear him and both were soon swept away
and were not again seen.
Cliind Alexander Alloxviiil Divorces
EDINBURGH , July 19. In the court of ses
sions hero Lord Kylnochy has been hearing
evidence In the action for dlvorco on the
ground of Infidelity brought by Mr. Claud
Alexander of Ilallochmyle , Ayrshire , against
his wife , formerly Lady Diana Montgomcrlo ,
youngest daughter of the late carl of Egllag-
ton. Judgment was rendered today for the
petitioner. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
\VIII Alii llio Ciinnl.
MANAGUA , July 19. President Zclaya
says that the Nicaragua Canal company
shall have every possible chance to complete-
Its work. lli > feels confident that the present
company will comply with the stipulations
of Its charters. Ho has received word that
the work on the canal will begin at an
early date. _
Curnot'H rimil Inti-mii-nt.
PARIS , July ID. The final Interment of
the remains of the late President Carnet
took place today at the Pantheon , where
they have been resting temporarily In a
vault. The remains of the murdered presi
dent were placed beside these of his grand
father , Laznro Carnet , the "Organizer of
Victory. " _
hpulil mid the Argrntliii ) Republic. .
MADRID , July 19. The Spanish govern
ment Is negotiating with the government ot
the Argentine Republic for a reciprocity
treaty , principally for fruit products.
C'lmlcr.i ( 'IIMH ut St.
ST. PETERSBURG. July 10. Two hundred
and eight fresh cases of cholera and eighty *
two deaths were reported today.
l'urtlMiuilei | In the Itlvlera.
MONACO , July 19.-- Blight shock of
earthquake was experienced hero at 4:30 :
o'clock this morning.
< holcra llnllctln from I.lugu.
L1KGIO. July 19Thrco new cm of
cholera have been reported hero.