Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, June 02, 1894, Page 4, Image 4

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E. nOBBWATEIt , Editor.
ruHU8inr : > r.vnnv MOIININO.
ov sungenii'TioN.
Pally llee ( without Sundny ) , On Year W
Jlnllr nnd Humlny , Ono Year '
Hlx Month * >
Three Month * <
Hundiiy Ilee , Una Yenr . . .M.
flilurdny life. One Yeir
Weekly lice , Ona Ycnr.
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fnunell lllufru , 12 1'enrl utrect.
nilcnen Olllce. 317 ninmher of Cnmmcres.
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Wn hlnston. HOT F direct , N. W.
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Btvorn to Ijeforc tno nnd suhsrrllxil In my P'c ' -
enie tills 2d day f Junf , 1S9I ,
( tteal. ) N. I' . 1T.IU Notary Public.
IJqtwecn floods nnd strikes the people of
Colorado are having a hard row to hoe.
The political pot Is beginning to boll and
Jt will get to boiling over within a few weeks.
There Is a senatorial hen on.
Senator Allen seems to bo getting all the
tariff concessions from the democrats that
, Jio asks for. Dettor ask for a few more.
Thu report of the Nebraska State Board of
Transportation contains only eighty-seven
pages , whereas former reports have been
padded to the extent of GOO pages. How
the state printer must have wept !
If , wo are to have street cleaning wo must
.have street cleaning Inspection. To abolish
the Inspector and let the street cleaning bo
done by the contractor Just as may suit him
would bo a piece of economy at the wrong
end *
Tlo predicted fall of the Rosebory minis
try has not yet occurred , nnd the latest
votes In the House of Commons Indicate
> that It has not suffered any loss of strength.
The political prophets In England will have
to guess again.
Delegates to the free silver democratic
conference to be held In this city the lat-
.ter port of this month will have to bring
credentials showing that they have a better
standing , In the party than the cbnoxlous
six-year democrats.
Mr. Martlri ot Missouri boasts'that ho has
n pull on the chief of police nnd members
of the commission . that enables him to
dominate the burnt , district. Mr. Martin
must let go his pull or the decent people of
Omaha will want to know the reason why.
That docking rule In the house of repre
sentatives will have to stand the blame for
a great many' unkept congressional engage
ments. It offers the most convenient excuse - ,
cuso a congressman could wish and Is
already being subjected to some pretty hard
The new French ministry makes a. clear
and conclso declaration of policy to mark Its
inauguration Into office. Dut all new min
' .1 . istries start out with good promises. They
can only be judged after waiting to learn
whether their promises are of any value
when measured by their works.
The execution of special police order No.
IS should have been entrusted to that same
merltrlclous pair. Sergeants Haze and
Sign-art. Their efficient work on a prevlono
Blmllr.r occasion ought to have distinguished
them as the only men on the force capable
of'performing this service satisfactorily.
The senate bribery Investigating committee
Is getting along superbly. It has had the
vice president make certification under the
Jaw pf 1857 , dug up anew , ot the newspaper
correspondents who have refused to dlvulgo
the source of their Information , A requisi
tion ( or a pot ot whitewash la order.
If the city Is going Into the business of
manufacturing Us own electric lighting It
must not stop there. The consumers ot
commercial lights require relief from ex
tortionate prices nlmoat as badly as the
city , A city plant must have capacity to
fcupply commercial lights as well as public
street lights.
Hascall , Wheeler and Holmes nro about
to solve the question of truant electric
currents In water mains and gas pipes. If
any Institution of learning Is In need of a
professor ot electrical engineering we com
mend ono ot the trio to the earnest con
sideration of the persons upon whom the
cholco devolves.
Judge Caldwoll's decision In the Union
Pacific wage schedule controversy naturally
came In for public commendation In the
resolutions of the delegates from the various
railway employes' associations recently as
sembled In Now York. The railway men will
not soon overlook such an oisls In the
desert of adverse decisions.
Chicago papers are raising a great hubbub
over the action of the striking minors In
Interfering with the movement of the coal
trains on Illinois railroads. Such lawless
ness Is most certainly to bo unreservedly
condemned , but what about the seizures of
private coal consignments by the railroads
thcinsolvoiT Wo have not seen any pretest -
test against these lawless acts In Chicago
papers. Is It because In these cases a
different ox wad gored ? We trust not ,
It Is gratifying to learn that Oinnha Is In
, an excellent position compared with other
cities to weather the coal famine , pro
vided , ot course , that It is not protracted
beyond many weeks. Oiualm has not yet
suffered materially from the effects of the
coal minors' atrlku , although numerous other
places have been compelled to watch their
facturlsi anil work shops close down , It
li to bo hoped that the trouble will have
blown over bulora Omaha' * coal lupply shall
have boon exhsuntcd ,
Senator Shermnn Raid In his speech on the
tariff bill that the culminating atrocity ot
that measure U free wool , No defender of
the pending bill Ima offered a single sound
reason or argument for the destructive as
sault on the American wool Industry that Is
Involved In putting wool on the free Itxt.
That Industry In ono ot the most Important
In the country. There Is Invested In It the
enormous sum ot over $500,000,000 , whllo half
a million people nro employed In carrying It
on. There Is annually expended for labor In
this Industry not far from $100,000,000. The
amount ot wool produced annually In this
country Is about 360,000,000 pounds , and the
annual consumption a little over 000,000,000
pounds , so that wo Import nearly 200,000,000
pounds n year. Under the protection given
this Industry down to 1883 It experienced a
'steady nnd largo growth. A serious check
to the progress of the Industry wan given by
the reduction of duties in 1883 , but with the
restoration ot n portion of these duties by
the McKlnley law such nn Impetus was given
to the wool growing Industry that the yield
again Increased at a rapid rate. The Increase
was from 310,000,000 pounds In 1891 to SCO-
000,000 In 1893 , nnd It Is believed that If the
prcsfcnt protection wcrd continued the pro
duction at the close of the century would
reach 630,000,000 pounds , or nn amount some
what In excess of the present consumption.
Since the advent of the democratic party
to power the price of sheep nnd wool has
suffered n considerable decline. According
to authentic ngures the 15,000,000 of sheep
In the United States on Janudry t , 1893 , were
Worth , In round numbers , ? HO,000,000 , whllo
on January 1 , 1801 , tholr value was only
$89,000,000 , a decline In ono year of $57,000-
000 , duo chlolly to the democratic threat to
put wool on the free list. The wool product
of the world has been growing rapidly during
the last twenty years. That of the Argentine
Republic has nearly doubled and now ex
ceeds the production ot this country. That
of Australia has moro than doubled slnco
1870 , nnd Is now not far from twice the
amount produced In the United States. , In
Asia the wool product has doubled In twenty
years , ' wfllle It has largely Increased In Rus
sia and France. Remove the protection to
the American wool Industry und leave it to
the unrestricted competition of the wool of
Australia andr Argentina and other countries
which produce n surplus , nnd It Is perfectly
certain that the effect upon the Industry
here must bo disastrous. Then , Instead of
Importing 300,000.000 pounds of wool , ns wo
have been doing , we would be compelled to
Import double that amount to meet our de
mand , for consumption. For the great sacri
fice of capital and labor this would Involve ,
who except the foreign producers would bo
benefited ? Can there bo any doubt that as
soon as this state of things was accomplished
the price ot foreign wool would bo ad
vanced to a figure largely beyond that now
paid for American wool ? According to the
estimate ot the department of agriculture
the total number of sheep In the world Is
531,000,000 , ofyhlch this country has about
9 per cent. The total product of wool In
the world Is about 2,500,000,000 - an
nually , and this about equals the world's
demand. Destroy the Industy In this coun
try , which supplies over one-eighth of the
total , and the effect must bo to Increase the
price ot the remainder. With this Increase
tho'prlce ot every woolen garment would ba
advanced. i
The states of the middle west and the
Pacino coast are profoundly concerned In
this matter , for the destruction' of the wool
Industry In these sections would bo a tre
mendous blow to their prosperity California
has Invested in sheep some $75,000,000 , giv
ing employment to over 80,000 peoplo. In
Oregon and Utah the Industry Is carried an
upon an extensive scale , and It Is Important
In Washington , Idaho and Montana. It Is a
valuable Industry In other states west of the
Mississippi nnd onp which the people of these
states earnestly desire shall bo maintained
and Increased. It Is ppctlnenUto nsk , why
should the wool producers ot- , America be
compelled to compote with the cheap labor ,
the cheap rents and the cheap production
of foreign countries ? Why compel-our people
ple to compete with this character of labor
In South America , In Australia , in Russia ,
Turkey and Asia ? A policy that proposes to
do this cannot bo Justified upon any ground
of necessity or expediency or upon any sound
economic principle. Senator Sherman was
not extravagent In characterizing i free .wool
as the culminating atrocity of the demo
cratic tariff bill. '
There Is nothing Incredible In the state
ment ot the Was'llnBton ' correspondent of
the Now York Herald that Mr. Cleveland Is
displeased with the way In which the tariff
bill has been bungled In the senate and
tainted with suspicion * of jobbery and cor
ruption. It Is hardly concelvuble that the
measure as It now stands can have the ap
proval ot the president , assuming that ho
has any clear Idea of what a tariff bill ought
to bo. Not only Is the pending measure
full ot glaring Inconsistencies and evldoncoi
of the Incompetence of the men who framed
It , but It Is admitted on all hands to bo
entirely out ot harmony with the tariff plank
ot the democratic platform. It Is true that
Mr , Cleveland did not endorse that plank.
On the contrary ho made It perfectly plain
In accepting the nomination of the conven
tion that ho was not In sympathy with Us
letter or Its spirit. Ho did not subscribe to
the absurd doctrine that the policy of pro
tection to American Industrie * Is unconsti
tutional. Dut the president' expected a
revision ot the tariff that would at least
bo consistent In Us details and would fairly
rettcct the reform Idea cf which ho had be
come the loading exponent , The pending
bill reflects nothing except the lack , ot a
definite economic policy , the willingness of
certain democrats to subordinate principle
to local Interest , and the sectional Influence
that domlnate-j the party In control of con
gress. As to the suspicions of corruption
and jobbery there seems to bo warrant for
them , but this may trouble the mind ot the
president less than the apprehension that his
administration will not get the credit of
having given the country a tariff policy In
harmony with the Cleveland idea. Cor-
talnly the pending bill doi j not contemplate
such a policy as that Idea Is commonly
Whether or not Mr. Cleveland shall , decide
to let the public know of his displeasure Is
probably not now of great Importanca , It
13 very questionable whether bis doing so
would have any Influence with the demo
cratic senators who hove committed thom-
tolves to the tariff bill as It stands , some of
them , It has been assumed , with the under
standing that the measure would bo ap
proved by the president. It might have
some effect on democrats In the house , some
of whom have already expressed their de
termination' to antagonize portions of the
senate bill , but It is hardly to bo tupposed
that anything the president might say would
Induce congress to enter upon another gen
eral revision of the bill. The desire of
most of the democrats U to got through
with the consideration of the metiurc as
soon n possible , so Hint they may go homo
nnd take care of their political Interests ,
Secretary Carlisle U made to bear the ro.
sponilblllty for much of the senate tariff
lilll In Its present form , and ho wilt need tc
make n very strong and clear defense tc
MVO his political reputation from being
Hcrlouily damaged. Meanwhile the republi
cans will find encouragement In any manifes
tation of displeasure the president may
make. Some of them still entertain the
hope of being able to defeat tariff legisla
tion , and the greater the dissatisfaction and
division In the democratic ranks the bettor
the chance ot accomplishing this.
K 1'llK STAVKS ,
The revelations concerning the Iniquities
practiced upon the denizens of the burnt
district call for energetic repressive action
on the part of our authorities , While every
thoughtful and Intelligent citizen who has
given the subject any attention must con
cede ttat | public morals jnd good govern
ment are promoted moro effectively by con
fining the ( octal evil within a separate dis
trict , the levying of extortionate rents by
greedy landlords Is a monstrous wrong to
an unfortunate class. And when ono man
becomes the owner of nine-tenths of the
disorderly resorts of vice and Is allowed
to domineer with an Iron rod by the aid
and co-operation of the police the com
munity tolerate ) n slavery more degrading
than was the bondage of the African In the
south before the war. The slave driver
at least hr.d some regard for the health
and comfort ot his human chattel. The
death of n likely negro man or woman en
tailed a loss of from $800 to $1,200 upon Us
owner , nnd where the death was caused by
cruelty on the part of a lessee he was
obliged to reimburse the owner for his loss.
Our man Martin does not wield the lash
and cannot torture his slaves to death , but
he can force them to contribute from the
earnings of vice so long ns they nro In
Jicalth and throw thorn into the gutter pen
niless or force them Into Jail by the con
venient help of the police. A more , horrible
rible state of affairs can scarcely bo Im
agined than are the tyrannical exactions of
$3 a day In advance-from wretched women
' who occupy mere hovels and nro loft to a
cholco between freezing and starvation , or a
life of shame. The miserable tenements
for which Martin gets $3 , a 'day or $1,100 a
year would not rent In the moit respectable
resldenco quarters for moro than $3 a
week. And when the stock ot female
slaves runs down others are Imported from
abroad or driven within the pale , which
practically means cast Into-slavery on Mar
tin's municipal plantation. '
There certainly must bo some way for
breaking "up Martin's monopoly by the
officers ot the law. Some means must be
devised by humane men and women in
Omaha to break the shackles of Martin's
When Senator Allen asked Senator Hill
on Tuesday whether he believed that a sena
tor could speculate In sugar stock without
having his vote on the tariff bill Influenced
by that Investment the latter replied that
Senator Allen was confounding the legal
question with the question of propriety. Thp
substance of that colloquy was to the
effect that a senator had a perfect
legal right to become personally interested
In matters about which he Is called upon to
legislate , and that he is doing nothing that
violates the laws jwhen ho uses his position
as a member of the senate to assist him In
his flnanplal ventures. So long as he does ,
not accept what can be construed Into n di
rect bribe ho can keep himself within the
bounds of law , nnd there Is little doubt In
the minds of those who claim to be in-
fcrmed that if the senate committee that is
now investigating the charges of the exercise
of undue Influence upon the senators whose
votes have determined the proposed tariff
policy of the country were able to get at
all the facts. It would uncover more' offenses
against senatorial propriety than any' ones
has as yet dared intimate.
There are moro ways than one. ot commU.
ting these breaches of propriety without
subjecting the Interested party to the ne.
cesslty of violating any.speelfic Jaw. The
usually careful Washington correspondent
of the Chicago Record says that the Inves
tigating committee has gotten to a point
where It seems advisable for It to stop if Its
members are to retain their peace ot mind.
They are said to have discovered some new
and unexpected leads , which , followed up ,
might make several people high In .official
tireles exceedingly uncomfortable. If th
line of senatorial propriety is rather loosely
drawn for the senators themselves It be
comes almost too faint for detection with
some of their near relatives , and soon dis
appears altogether. The wives ot the sen
ators and representatives residing at ono of
( ho leading Washington hotels are said to
have , entered a pool and cleared from $5,000) )
to $ C,000 each on the rlso in Sugar trust
certificates under the guidance of an ac
commodating friend , And ono of the mem
bers of the pool was the wlfo of one of
the cabinet officers , who , whether with or
without her husband's knowledge , carried
off her share of the profits without having
advanced any of the margins Or taken any
of the risk. The son of a certain member
of the cabinet , the private secretary of an
other , and the nephew of a certain senator ,
who Is almost constantly with his uncle
and Is said to carry his pocketbook , are
also , according to the Record correspondent ,
"mentioned as having studied the tape so
continuously while the sugar stock was on
the rlso that there was fear lest they might
Injure their eyesight. "
It the surrender of our public officials to
corrupt influences such as these Is at present
only a question of propriety It Is high time
that It were made a question ot legality. A
judge who should venture to adjudicate n
case In which he was notoriously ono of the
parties or who should allow his friends or
relatives to speculate upon an advance no
tice of .what his decision In some Im
portant suit was to bo would bo
a fit subject for Impeachment. The same
offense by members of congress differs only
In degree. If our senators and representa
tives have such a lax sense of propriety or
care so little for It as Ihcso numerous stories
Indicate they should have tholr consciences
strengthened by some timely legislation.
T o republican party cannot allow Itself to
become entangled by free coinage 1C to 1
sophistry. The republican party Is com
mitted to honest money and that means
money that will pass current for 100 cents
on the dollar and every dollar as good as any
other dollar , whether gold , silver or paper.
Free coinage at 16 to 1 simply means a Mex
ican currency and a shrinkage In the volume
ot money by the expulsion of all the gold
coin In the country and a foreclosure of all
the mortgages held by foreign capitalists ,
who naturally would Insist on getting their
pay In money ot the same quality as that
which they loaned , Free coinage on a basis
Inwhich gold and silver would bo paired on
the bails of actual vnluo In the world's market -
kot , * would bo u good thins , but It would
take on International'ifgrccment la keep the
two metals together if a ) lxd ratio.
There Is moro irrttrnnesa connected with
the dotectlvo department under Haze than
there was lost yi'P'ir'bt the Douglas county
jail. Hut Mr. HnzuTolnlnts that hu has n
pull with the ctrturMssfdn nnd therefore
cannot bo dislodged. This thing has gone
about far enouglf. Th6 detective force
should bo disbanded and thu police force
reorganized. The t | conimlsslon has had
ample time to inornate over the detective
scardals and If they contlnuo to Ignore the
matter much lonCTB'lhe * suspicion that the
'commission Is controlled by fear of some
unsavory exposure will be confirmed.
Iho attention of Assessor CosgroVc of the
Third ward Is Invited to the discrepancy
between the enormous rental Values ot
property In the burnt district nnd Its valua
tion on the assessment roll. When n piece
of property which rents nt $400 n month Is
assessed nt $2,500 while store buildings
which rent for $80 a'month are assessed at
from $3,000 to $6,000 there U n striking
discrepancy that calls for un explanation.
Twn-XhrilK | Might.
Expert arithmetic men have figured out
that the senate fnrlrt bill will reduce the
McKlnley duties one-third. So McKlnley
was two-thirds right according to his
friends , the enemy.
ChlcnRo Ilecord.
A Frenchman named Turpln has excited
the wrath of the French government by
soiling the secret of some terrible' explosive
to the Triple Alliance. It would seem that
the French ought to have been deeply
grateful to him for not adding another
to the list of explosives already In use at
Tlin JtomiUfH at Trust.
Springfield Republican.
A cracker trust hns been holding a meetIng -
Ing- out In Indiana. It Is said to Include
most of the large cracker manufacturers
cast ot the Mississippi river , and they nro
managing to hold up the price , notwith
standing a great reduction In the cost of
HOUR A 20 per cent tariff helps them. Tlie
farmer Is paying about the same price
for crackers as he did when he got nearly
twice ns muph for hla wheat and that Is
one of the , things which Is making popu
lists of the wheat growers.
- o -
The Ilatmicratln Traitors.
New York Sun.
We hear a cry of "traitor" throughout
the length nnd breadth or the democratic
press. When names are called , since his
recent speech Senator Gorman's name has
led all the rest , with Ilrlce , Murphy , Me-
Pherson , Smith nnd Caffery' almost on a
par. The failure of congress to pass a
bill according- the democratic platform
constitutes the treachery. Treachery there
has been surely , on a colossal scale , even
for the extravagant Imagination of this
wide country. Thu trouble was born In the
white house and began with the first mes
sage President Cleveland sent to congress
when meeting In Its regular session ,
Far-FotchPil hrimtorlnl Courtesy.
New York Tribune.
The courtesy of the senate is n fine old
phrase , with a flavor of crusty port and
long-kept Madeira , and , like them , rather
more suited to a'vorfner' ' tlmo than to this
one. It supposes , the senator , as such ,
to be ex-olllclo ehtlUed -peculiar politeness -
ness and consideration , ns If such stamp
and attestation ofr merit , as went with the
place were a sufllclng warrant therefor
under all clrcnmunc ( H. Hut suppose the
senator ought not to be a senator at all.
Suppose him to have been a stock jobber
out of the senate nnd to be one in It ; sup
pose him to have : bought his senatorshlp
out and out from the proceeds of a suc
cessful and not too creditable stock Jobbing
transaction ; or supfib1) * him to have won It
! by proficiency in the dirtiest kind of poll-
tics , or 'In many of tle.ways'lnwhich the
once-high place Is jio\v * Von Is" such a sen
ator entitled to Ihe cdurtesy of having
his performances .covered up and Murred
over by his Investigating colleagues , or
to have charges against him sifted behind
. closed idoora-.andafluL.of thqhearlnB of the
public ? It has , no-tloubt , been supposed by
the capitalist wu > put hs | .money . .Into . a
senatorial place that all the honors went
.with It ; but he mrij'jsome tlmfe wake up to
the fact that they do not always and
necessarily do so.
New York World : It Is an outrageous
proceeding ( or a committee which Is set to
Investigate senatorial bribery to divert Its
attention to the punUhment of newspaper
men for publishing the news.
Chicago Herald ; David Hill has lucid in
tervals. Ho Insists that the bribery In
vestigating committee should call as wit
nesses the senator. ! , brokers and lobbyists
who know all abdut the corruption , rather
than the newspaper corespondents , who ap
parently know nothing at all about It de
spite their large profcssjons of knowledge.
New. York Herald : The business of the
committee Is to investigate the matters
brought to public notice by those correspond
ents , not to pursue or persecute the corre
spondents. As there Is no lack of wlt-
no.'ses whoso testimony may prove timely
and pertinent there Is neither occasion nor
excuse for pursuing a course suggestive of
a purpose to switch the investigation off
from Its true line and divert public atten
tion from the real Issue.
Courier-Journal : Lobbyist Duttz referred
the bribery Investigating committee to Claim
Attorney Holeman , who referred It to Lob
byist Karris , who Is dead. Taking hU cue
from Duttz , Correspondent Edwards likewise
runs his side ot the Investigation into the
ground by giving as his authority for certain
statements ex-Speaker H. W. Hoyt of Con
necticut , who is dead and unable to contradict
him. The Philadelphia Press "scoop" seems
to have gathered nothing but wind.
Minneapolis Trlbuno : That's right.
Prosecute the newspaper correspondents for
refusing to give away their sources of In
formation In the Sugar trust expose. They
will pay their fines and servo tholr terms
of Imprisonment , but the Information will
not bo forthcoming , for the newspaper corre
spondents of Washington know their busi
ness. Whllo the so-called Investigating
committee Is about It , why not examine a
few of the senators who could toll the whole
story If they would ? Let's have an In
vestigation as Is an Investigation.
Philadelphia Press ; The work of n
journalist , as much a public service and as
necessary as that of the senate Itself , be
comes Impossible It his professional confi
dence Is violated. Public opinion protects
him In preserving this confidence because It
Is necessary to society that his work go on ,
and In duo time law and precedent , which
the action ot the senate Investigating com
mittee Is helping unwittingly and unwill
ingly to form and create , will also protect
him. Meanwhile , the duty of the journalist
Is clear. He caimqt and ho must not re
veal the source Rtjfliiy information which
reaches him In pr fijsajonal confidence.
Philadelphia Tlmoi : The senate has dig
nified this scandal by 'the appointment of a
committee to Investigate It. Under ordi
nary circumstancesIt might reasonably call
a halt when the quUiora of the scandal seal
their lips and confess that they have no
evidence to furnish . " 'But ' It Is duo allko to
the senate , to thonAdnflnlstratlon and to the
country that the truth , and the whole truth ,
should be ascertaTn d 'nnd the guilty party
brought to pimlihTnertt. Either Secretary
Carlisle has been tiullty of most Infamous
conduct , or two newspaper correspondents
have been guilty coMtho most Infamous
prostitution of thalriposition by building up
scandals from thd'ivaporlngs of the political
alums ; and the country should know , and
Journalism should know , on which side there
Is guilt. Probe the fccandal to bedrock.
The latest acquisition of African territory
gives Drltnln an unbroken line across
the length of Africa from the Mediterranean
and the Nile to the rxtrcmo point ot the
continent. In all , thin territory , held In
various ways , from Capo Colony up to the
"occupation" of Hgypt , Is In extent aboul
1,400,000 square miles , and has a population
of . " ,0,000,000. In the Nile valL-y it Includes
Incomparably the best of north Africa. In
Uganda It holds the key to the lakes of
central Africa , nearly ns largo as our own
lake system. The now treaty gives It the
high land west of Lake Tanganyika , con
siderably higher and healthier than the
eastern , In German hands. The new con
quests of the Urltlsh South Africa company
adds the great table land of the Interior of
subtropical Africa , in much ot which whllo
men live. Ltstty , there Is Capo Colony , the
only vita ? Kuropcan settlement In all Africa ,
As It stands , this great highway holds two-
thirds of all ot Africa In which Europeans
can live and carry on an efficient administra
tion , It has Iho most fertile tract In the
continent in Egypt , Us healthiest In Capo
Town , Its greatest gold mines nnd the enl >
region from which tropical Africa can be
controlled. Still Inorc Important Is Its re
lation to African water courses. A steamer
can start at Alexandria and run , when the
Mahdl's successor Is cleared nway , to a
point bn Albert Edward Nyanza-125 miles
from Lake Tanganyika , This runs to within
seventy miles of Lake Nynsso. From this
lake the Shire river , broken nt Murclilson
Falls , descends to the Zambesi and the In
dian ocean. From , n navigable point on the
Congo It is less than 100 miles to Lake
Tanganyika. The Aruwlnl runs ns near
the Nile. It Is possible to start at the
mouth of the Zambesi and reach the mouth
of the Congo or Nile with less than 200
miles of land travel , and the key and cen
ter to this great system Is now In English
* *
Thq discontent of the Finns at the differ
ence In the treatment accorded them by the
btc nnd the present czar made Itself mani
fest In some ot the speeches delivered on the
occasion of the recent unveiling of the mon
ument to Alexander II nt Hclslngfors. Af
ter the reading of a conventional proclama
tion from the reigning czar several native
speakers extolled the dead monarch with at
enthusiasm very foreign to the ordinarily
undemonstrative nature of the Finn. The
representative of the burghers quoted signi
ficantly the words used by Alexander II on
penlng tho. Diet In 1883 : "On my part noth
ing has been done that could disturb or
violate the agreement nnd understanding
which should exist between sovereign am
people. I wish that this agreement shouk
servo as n pledge In the future of pleasant
and favorable relations established between
mo and the true and loyal people .of Fin
land , " The representative of the peasant
class laid still moro emphasis on this point
Apostrophizing the statue , he said : "Arise
noble and kind-hearted monarch , whose
blessed memory thy Finnish people celebrate
today. Accept from us the confirmation of
thlno own magnanimous words , which wo
, the elected representatives of the FInnlsl
people here assembled , repeat from the dcptl
of our hearts. On thy part nothing was done
that could violate the agreement whlcl
should exist between sovereign and people , '
The Implication of bad faith on the part of
the present czar Is obvious , and the Finns
, wlll bs lucky If It Is not resented sooner or
later. .
* * .
| Although the general election In Belgium
will not , be held for nearly five months , all po
litical parties arc beginning to shows signs o
Jdeep anxiety concerning the possible result
The new electoral lists show that Instead of
20,309 votes , as under the old arrangement
Brussels and Its faubourgs will now possess
142,182 votes. The actual voters , however
do not number more than 95,150 a large pro
portion enjoying the qualifications of age
paternity , professorship and means , which
confer upon them the privilege ot the plura
vote. It Is calculated that In the rural con
stituencies thb electors will be Increased to
fourfold the extent shown In the registration
In Drusscls , where hitherto at least one In
habitant In five has possessed a vote , whereas
1n the country districts the proportion fre
quently Is as' ono to twenty , and whole
villages , containing a population ol
several hundreds , possess no vote at
all. The liberals , radicals and democrats ,
among whom must bo Included a strong con
tingent of Roman Catholics , will make the
representation of minorities their party cry.
They oppose , the policy of procrastination
adopted by the present cabinet , and the more
extreme of their organs are uttering ominous
nous hints respecting the financial condition
of the' Congo state , and the risk to Belgium
of embarking fresh millions In It. Another
bono of contention Is the project of convertIng -
Ing Brussels and Drugos Into Important har
bors , an enterprise regarded with great dis
favor , both In Antwerp and Ghent.
In. Daden a noteworthy suggestion has
been' made looking to a modification of the
cleptoral system. The existing method In the
grand" dUcliy for the election of the Diet Is
that ot universal suffrage , as it Is for tho"
Imperial Diet. It only differs from the Im
perial system In that the members them
selves ore Indirectly elected. An agitation
for the abandonment of this system , on the
ground that It has no practical value , has
been going on for some tlmo. A committee
appointed to discuss a radical motion ad
vocating the Introduction of dlrr : t suffrage ,
pure and simple , has accepted this proposal
unanimously on condition that the proportional
tional system bo adopted. This means that
the various parties shall be given members
In proportion to the total number of votes
which falls to each party ns a whole. The
resolution has to receive the sanction of the
upper Chamber and the government , and U
It not thought probable that any such assent
will be given. If adopted , the scheme
would result In an Increase of the social
democratic and ultramontane parties. Dy ap
plying this system to the Imperial Diet the
social democratic party would gain far
moro representatives than any other. After
the socialists would como the ultramontanes.
Tlie conservatives and national liberals , who
obtained about the same number of votes In
1893 , would possess an equal number of
members , and not , as now , sixty-eight and
fifty-three respectively.
Alluding to the recent scare In India cre
ated by the mysterious smearing of mango
trees , a corrrespondont of the St. James
Gazette says that "It has long been a tradi
tion among the Brahmins , In another quar
ter of India , that In this -year of the Iron
age , 1894 , the Immemorial sanctity of the
Ganges would pass away , and that the pris
tine virtue of the holy river would bo con
veyed through caverns under ground , 'meas
ureless to man , ' to the Nerbudda , Should
there bo any chance of Allahabad and Hurd-
war on the Ganges no longer taking toll
from the Immense hordes of pilgrims who
for centuries past have flocked hither to
cleanse them of tholr sin , we may well be-
llovo that extraordinary efforts would bo
made just now to publish far and wldo the
advantages ot other holy places , rJanaltporo
among them. It was at the city of Rajah
Janaka that the lotus-eyed Rama , the hero of
one of the great Sanskrit epics , won by a
feat of arms the rajah's ( daughter , the Incom
parable Slta. There has been some dispute
as to the situation of the ancient city where
Rama found a brldo , but the Brahmins of
Janakporo are , of course , provided with
Innumerable stokas In support of their claim.
So It Is moro than possible that the mysteri
ous occurrence reported from districts lying
between Nepaul and Benares U entirely the
Highest , of all in Leavening Power , Latest U. S. Goy't Report
work of Iliclr mlaslonfrs. The desire , In
deed. Is distinctly creditable to the oriental
Intelligence. "
t *
"Hungary" Is < t country which In n pop-
uhtlcn of lt,4Jil73 ( In IS'JO hnd but 7,2lfl-
730 Hungarians. This ID the serious weak
ness of such n prosecution tor "treason" as
linn Jtut been carried out against the up-
portent of Hounianbn nntlonMlty. In num
ber the Uomnanlans , In ull 11,591,005 , nrc one-
third as numerous as the .Magyarn , I.cs.i
lilnhly nlvlllzed , they como from iUlte | at
good n nloclc ns the MttRynra , nnd they liavo
acrosH ( heir eastern boundary In Uinunnnla
fi , SOD , 000 Uoiunanluns , who nrc making most
rapUV proKrcsR , crentlng n intlonnl literature
und nilvu with feeling. For forty
years the Magyar lian been endeavoring to
enforce Ills rule on tlio 10,000,0(10 ( associated
with him In the Hungarian kingdom and di
vided between various nationalities. In
every case the Hungarian government ami
the Diet has been forced after an InefCectunT
resistance to concede autonomy , as It will
In the present Instance.
Hrecklnrldgo has been denied an appeal
In the courts ot the District of Columbia ,
N'p\V let the Ashland district reject his ap
peal and the country \\lll rejoice exceedingly.
The petitions for woman suffrage pro-
scntcd to the New York constitutional con
vention contain 212,953 names. It Is not
probable the government \\lll procccl against
the signers for Interfering with the malr.n. '
General Oliver L. Shepherd , U , 8. A. ,
whose death was recently announced , grad
uated at West Point In 1S40. There were
forty-two men In Ills class who graduated ,
iiinoiiK them William T. Sherman , Cleorgo
II. Thomas , Governor 1'aul Herbert of
Louisiana and othcrn of note. General
Shepherd's death leaves only two members
of the class still living , General Gcorga II.
Getty and General Stewart Van Vilet. Flvo
members of the class were killed In battle
and many wounded.
Speaking of C. W. Buttz , the alleged
would-be briber ot senators , the Philadel
phia Ilecord says : "Ho .went Into the
army from this city In 1S01 as first lieu
tenant In the Eleventh Pennsylvania cav
alry. He .was an clllclont mid 'popular
o nicer , nnd In 1SR3 was madu assistant
provost marshal of Suffolk. Va. Realigning
from the service In that year , ho married n
southern lady and began practicing law In
Norfolk. For obtaining n writ of habeas
corpus In u case of arbitrary military ar
rest , General Butler ordered him -out of his
department. Huttz went to Washington.
and In company with Simon Cameron called
on President Lincoln and laid his case be
fore him. After pondering a few minutes ,
Lincoln's precise words , ns repeated after
ward by Duttz , were : 'Duller gives mo
moro trouble than any other general In the
army , and yet should I deprive him of com
mand , I should have the state of Massachu
setts and the whole of tfew' England down
here. ' Then ho wrote with his own hands
an order giving Duttz permission to return
to Norfolk and remain there 'without mo
lestation. ' "
_ _
Hallo : Debby What do you try after n
night oft ? Hubby My wife's patience.
Slftlngs : "Ah , Hint may be said to help
thu caws , " said a crow , na he looked upon
the corn Held.
Boston Courier : "What , give a prize to
your son ? He persists In doing nothing ! "
"Well , give him the prize of perseverance ,
then1' ! '
Washington Star : "Ob coh'se. " said
Uncle Eben , "time Is money. Hut It do
beat all how much cnnler 'tis ter gib a
needy frlen' two liounlis * talk 'bout econ
omy dan 'tis ter len' ' 1m CO cents. "
! Chicago Record : Weary Hokus Here's
'a ' paper w'nt tells of a fellow's bavin" de-
Hryum trcemuns.
Wandering ; Willie ( sighing ) Read It out
loud , pardnar. It's a long time since we've
had anythln' real soothln' .
Indianapolis Journal : Mrs. Watts This
talk of husbands having to foot the bills
for presents they get from their wives
Is the sheerest nonsense going.
Mr. Watts How about It when she pre
sents him with twins ?
Indianapolis Journal : "I Vlon't mind a
woman beln' neat , " said old Mrs. Jason.r
"but ono woman I used to know , was Jlnf
a little too neat for any use. Why. that
there woman used to take a couple of gold-
llsh she had out of their tank every Satur
day night and give them a bath. "
Philadelphia Record : She Kiss me again.
He My dear , I've Just kissed you seven
teen times In seventeen seconds.
She ( reproachfully ) Hni old , you love
Washington Star : "Mlstah , " said an
urchin to the man who was driving a very
poor horse ; "does yoh want me to hoi'
Mm ? "
"No ; this horse won't run away. "
"I didn't Tnean hoi' ' 1m fns' , so's he won'
run away. I mean hoi' ' 1m up , so's he
won' drap' , "
Detroit Tice Press.1
Miss IV > lly came to our house
To tea the other day ,
And I took Polly home that night ,
And loafed along- the way.
And when we'd got to Polly's house.
We both had hail our say ,
And Polly promised that she como
To our bouse to stay.
ChlcnRO Trlbuno.
If It will quiet General Weaver of Iowa
to give him an olllce of some kind , In hu
manity's name let him have It.
TIIK nan.
The Installment of M. Zola's atory ,
"Lourdes , " In The Sunday Dee ( tomorrow )
begins with the recital of the Third day's
cvenls. Competent critics assert that no
stronger work of notion was over heforo
presented by a newspaper In this country.
Interest Is maintained to the last word. It
U a literary frast. Illustrated.
A novel feature Is an Interview with
Ullenthnl , known ns the "flying man , "
whoso Invention of n flying machine ban at
tracted extraordinary popular Interest. The
article will be Illustrated. U Is a late , au
thoritative utterance by Mr. Llllcnthal In
regard to his Invention nnd experiments nnd
the solution of Mio ( lying machine problem.
"Stability ot Western Kami Mortgages"
Is the cnntlnn of an article by J. Henry
Wood ot Ho'ton , based upon recent census
statistic * . It la shown conclusively that of
the millions of farms In the United States no
moro than 70 per cent of them arc mort
gaged nnd none mortgaged to ex-
rood 50 per cent of value. The
a\crngo mortgage debt Is loss than 17 per
cent. The article presents n strong argu
ment In behalf of western Investments.
"Cnrp , " In his special letter from China ,
tells of the native antipathy to foreigners ;
describes the brutalities to which foreigners
are subjected nnd the methods employed to
create n sentiment of bitterness among the
natives nnalnat subjects ot foreign powers ,
Thli letter relates many new and sensa-
tlonUl ( acts , and Is exclusive with The Sun
day Dec.
"The Problem of the Allen , " by Prof.
Hjalmar II. lloycsen of Columbia college.
Prof. Doyeson has made a special study of
the Immigration question nnd has contributed
several notable articles to the reviews on
this topic. He treats his subjects In a vig
orous nnd muaterly way.
A local authority on matters pertaining
to "good form" In the smart world contrib
utes n criticism upon the Omaha young
woman which will cause something of a
flutter In exclusive circles. The writer has
lived here lung enough to acquaint himself
with the subject , which Is handled without
gloves. There will also be a budget of light ,
spicy reading of general Interest to women ,
with the latest fashion hints of the season.
The society page will chronicle the local
events of the week ; the sporting department
will treat of field sporting events , with gos
sip about sportsmen , while the local labor
news of the week will be 'presented ' fully.
The upeclaf cable service , unrivaled As
sociated press dispatches and The DOO'H spe
cial telegraphic service are a standing guar
anty that The Sunday Doe will present the
news of the world , while locally the flold
will bo thoroughly gleaned.
The Iliivlneit WlUon Hill.
Phllndelp'tln In'Jo'r.
The changes made In the Wilson bill
by the Kcnnto nro In the direction of pro.
tectlng American Industry. When corn-
Dieted the bill may not differ greatly from
thu net of 1SSH , which preceded the McKln-
ley act , except for me Inclusion of the
Income tax feattne as a wop to the IK > PU-
llRts. The republicans , however , nro
fighting for u nrlnclple. The passage of
the Wilson bill , In the event of future
democratic success , would , doubtless 'be
followed by a more radical revision , since
It 18 to the llrmness of a half dozen sena
tors that the country Is Indebted for the
modification Intioduced In the senate.
The majority of the democrats frankly
admit that the bill Is too conservative In
Its provisions.
TUU coxaitiss.
FlttsburR Dispatch.
( Tune "The Old Oaken Ilucket. " )
How dear to our heartH Is our democratic
As hopeless Inaction presents It to vlewji
Thu 1)111 of poor Wilson , the deep tangled
And every mad pledge that their lunacy
knew ! i
The widespread depression , the mills that
1 closed by it ,
The rock of free silver where great
Giover fell , - i
They've busted our country , no use to >
deny It , .
And darn the old party , It's busted fti
well.This a , Cleveland congress ,
This Queen lM\y \ congress ,
This wild , free trade congress
, Wo all love so well.
Their moss covered ple'lges we no longer
treasure ,
For often at noon when out hunting a
We lln'd that Instead , of the corn they had {
promised , JF
They've given us nothing not even a
How ardent we've cussed 'cm with lips
With sulphurous blessings ns great swear
worctH fell ,
The emblems of hunger , free trade and free
Are sounding In sorrow the worltlngmanV
knell. '
Tills bank-breaking congress ,
This mill-closing congress ,
This starvation congress
Wo all love so well.
How sweet from their eloquent lips to re- i- f
coivo it *
"CurBod tariff protection no longer up-
Wo listened and voted our dinner pulls
The factories silent , the furances cold.
And now far removed from our lost sltua-
The tear of regret doth Intrusively swell.
We yearn for republican administration
And sigh for the congress that served U3
no well.
This Fifty-third congress ,
This democrat congress.
This sugar-cured congress
We wish was In well.
IIP- §
Sl ;
.Down to
SPECIAL SALE of suits for $10 all wool , elegant -
gant suits that sold at $12.50 to $18 and $23
-sale is now on No fake but genuine , first-
class suits suoh as we only can make , accompanied
by our guarantee that means you get your money
back , or satisfaction , if you don't get more than
your money's worth. See the show window
everything in the window except the policemen's
presents is $10 The sale is now going on.
Browning , King & Co. , I
S , W , Corner 15th and