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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1894)
TUB OMAHA DAILY BElSi FRIDAY. MAY 18 , 180k
THE OMAHA DAILY 15 EH.
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Tolnl Hold * * 'r
Dftlly nvprnijij net circulation t-un
Sunday , . , , .
onouon n. T7.srHuru.
Bwnrn to l > ofnri > me nnd nnhscrlhed In my pros-
cnco thla 2d ilny of Slny , IRil. , , , ,
( Sonl ) . N. P. Frill * Notnry Public.
The state warrant shavers are still doing
business at the old stand.
The republicans In the senate might with
advantage follow the example of the demo
crats and get together upon their policy
with reference to the tariff bill.
Walt but a little while and you will see
senatorial votes listed on the Stock exchange
nnd quoted at varying prices from day to
day , according to the state of the market.
The paving contractors appear to have
abandoned the work of laying pavements and
to have taken to the work of securing pro
tests against the materials used by their
The Irresistible attractions of city life
, nre again Impressed upon the public mind
lliy the man who murdered his wife because
, nho refused to give up her residence In town
and consent to llvo upon a farm.
These senators must hove an exalted
opinion o the value of their own Influence
, ln the senate If they glvo credence to the
* 8tory that parties stand ready to pay
$100,000 , If necessary , to secure a coveted
We now know why Coxey wanted to go
to Washington with his booted petition. He
wished to Inform himself upon the work of
icongrcss preparatory to going there as a
lull-fledged member. Coxey Is to bo a can-
tdldato for congress.
A Chicago paper sees signs of mctropoll-
itanlsm In the discovery of a smoke nuisance
In Omaha. The fact Is Chicago Is behind
Omaha In smoke consuming devices , What
wo nre now urging Is the rigid enforcement
of the sinolto ordinance.
The talk about using brick for country
road pavements Is out of the question. The
experiment on Leavenworth street In this
city shows Just what a brick paved country
road would bo even with a concrete base ,
which costs more than the brick.
Up to this time the street car company
Is not seriously alarmed as to what the
council will do after the electrician gets
homo from Chicago. It Is confidently pre
dicted that Mr. Murphy and Mr. Wiley will
bo able to como to n satisfactory under
standing without coming to blows In the
The bill for Utah statehood has been re
ported favorably to the house and awaits
the time when It can bo called up for action.
The prospects of Us early consideration-
not at present very bright , but these who
have It In charge should watch their op
portunity. Utah ought to have a regular
representation In the next congress.
Wo have not yet heard the explanation of
the change In the Invitation -for electric
"lighting bids , by which the capacity of the
lamp to bo furnished tlio city was reduced
from 10 amperes to 9.5 amperes adjusted
to forty-five volts. Perhaps there Is no ox-
, planatlon to be offered except that Wiley
and his tools were confident that the fraud
would not bo discovered.
The acting city electrician Is full of volts ,
watts , amperes , ohms and all that sort of
electrical gibberish , but all this scientific
gabble does not prove him to bo an expert
iclcctrlcal engineer qualified to make chem
ical and electrical tests that require years
of special training. The most amusing
part of all these mummeries nro the learned
disquisitions of that eminent glass Insurance -
anco scientist , Councilman Wheeler. What
Wheeler does not know about electrics
would cat through several 21-Inch water
mains and pass through all the gas pipes
from Alpha to Omaha.
The objections to sandstone as paving
material for country roads on the score of
economy nro absurd. If Jt Is true that
Eandstono pavtug blocks will cost three
times as much as macadam , the block pave
ment will probably stand five times as much
wear and take one-tenth of the repairs.
Wo all know that wooden blocks cost about
one-third as much as sheet asphalt for pav
ing. And we know It to our sorrow. The
cheapest Is not always the best by a long
way. If the proposition before the com
missioners was simply to Improvise a pave
ment that will reach the furthest for the
least outlay they should build a plank road ,
Omaha Is ready and anxious for a first
'class roof garden which will bo accessible
and attractive as a family resort during the
summer. The roof garden Is one of the
latest fads In the eastern c'.tlcs , and a most
sensible fad at that. Such an enterprise
conducted upon liberal lines and kept free
from objectionable feature * will certainly
command the undivided patronage of all
amusement-seeking people who are compelled
to remain In Omaha during the summer
months , Its popularity wll depend entirely
upon Ha management , who must tee that It
does not degenerate Into & rendezvous for
disreputable charactcm. Omaha has need
for a rcipt-ctablu amusement resort and will
support one of that kind whin It It opened.
Such an enterprUo should be encouraged.
HKDUCTIOff OF riMVT.ATHiK.
The per capita circulation at present , ac-
conllijB to a statement prepared from the
official figures at thu treasury , Is less than
It was January 1 of the current year. This
Is due In part to gold exports and In part
to a reduction In bank circulation. It Is es
timated that more than $12,000,000 In gold
has nemo out cf the United States slnco
May 1 , of which upwards of $10,000.000 was
taken nut of the treasury. As legal tender
notes mint be withdrawn from circulation
In order to secure cold , there has been a
contraction of tlin circulating medium to
the extent of the gold nxnortcd. At the
same time there has tiecn going on a re
duction In bank circulation , as shown by the
fact that the bonds of banks deposited In
the treasury have declined In amount from
$207,000,000 to 2ll,5 > ' ) < 01 This would In
dicate a contraction < . ' the bank circula
tion hlnco the beginning of the current
year to the extent of about $5,000,000 , but
probably It has been somewhat Ics * than
tint. The following statistics from an
official treasury statement arc Interesting :
Since July 1 last year , when there was In
circulation of all classes of money $1,59.1-
720,411 , the circulation had Increased up to
May 1 to $1,091,703,090. On July 1 , 1893 ,
the estimated population of the United
States wan GO.It 1C,000 , and on May 1 of this
year , 63,153,000. The per capita circula
tion slnco June 30 , 1S93 , Is stated as fol
lows : July 1 , $23.80 ; August 1 , $24.02 ;
September 1 , $23.01 ; October 1 , $25.29 ; No
vember 1 , $23.49 ; December 1 , $23,57 ; Jan
uary 1 , $2..S5 ; February 1 , $25.50 ; March 1 ,
$21.90 ; April 1 , $21.85 ; May 1 , $21.83. It
will be observed that the per capita of cir
culation Is creator now than ten months
ago , with an Increase of population , the
decline having taken place since the begin
ning of the current year.
It Is to be expected that the reduction will
go on BO long as the outflow of gold continues
and until there Is a resumption of business
to Induce the banks to Increase their circu
lation. With regard to gold exports , If the
usual experleno ? Is repeated they will prac
tically cease within the next flvo or six
week ? , but It is Impossible to estimate will )
any degree of o-Jtalnty what amount will
go out during that time. The situation Is
exceptional. For example , In April of last
year the Imports of merchandise exceeded
the exports by a llttlo over $17,000,000. In
that month of this year , on the other hand ,
the exports of merchandise exceeded the Im
ports by nearly $5,000,000. In April , 1893 , the
gold exports exceeded the gold Imports by
$18,000,000 , or about the amount duo to for
eigners for the month's excess of Imports of
merchandise. , but during April of this year ,
whsn the foreigners owed us nearly $5,000-
000 for merchandise , wo nwertheless ex
ported gold to the amount of $9,000,000 In
excess of Imports. Treasury official's ' , It Is
said , argue from this condition of affairs
that the gold balance will fall rapidly. So
far In this fiscal year , of which less than
six weeks remain , the exports of gold have
been In excess of the Imports of that metal
to the amount of about $ CO-
000,000 , notwithstanding the large
balance of trade In our favor.
Why this Is BO Is a problem which the
trrasury officials do not attempt to solve.
The explanation Is to bo found In the fact
that the Austrian government Is still ac
cumulating gold , and as other European
countries are holding on to their gold , the
greater part of what Austria Is getting
doubtlsss is supplied from the United States.
Another thing Is that whllo the trade bal-
anc , Is In our favor we are still a debtor to
Europe , which holds our securities to a much
larger amount than the trade balance , and
thes3 securities are available both In the
settlement of balances and In drawing gold
But whllo there bos been slnco the be
ginning of the year a slight reduction In the
circulation per capita , the actual circulation
May 1 was greater by $98,000,000 than In
July 1 of last year , so that there Is noth
ing In the rated decline to strengthen the de
mand of the advocates of moro money. There
Is an ample supply of currency for the pres
ent requirements of business for Its prob
able wants for a considerable time to come.
A CASK OFMISTAKRN CREDIT.
Commenting upon an address delivered
at the meetlnc of the National Railway Sur
geons' association , held at Dallas , Tex. , last
week , the Philadelphia Press complains that
the railroads of the country nre not given
sufficient credit1 for the good work which
they accomplish through their surgical
service ; The statistics supplied by the ad
dress are to the effect that whllo In 1893
the number of employes ) killed on tha dif
ferent railroads throughout the United States
was 2,254 and the number Injured 23,207 ,
and whllo the number of passengers killed
was 376 and the number Injuredl 3,227 ,
making a total of killed and Injured of 31-
126 , yet this "unpleasantly largo total" must
bo offset by the 40,000 sick and Injured per
sons who were cared for by the railroads at
some tlmo during the year. In thosa 40,000
cases It Is said that the railroads not only
supplied medical assistance but also paid
all their expenses , and In many Instances
contributed In addition to the support of
their families during tha period of their
disability to the extent of several nlllllons
of dollars. On this account the Press wants
us to revise our opinions of the railroads
and Instead of looking upon them as the
soulless corporations that the public gen
erally believes them to be , to fjlvo them
tb.9 proper credit for the provision which
thy make for thosa harmed whllo In their
care or their employ.
Wo must admit that If. as the Press
Infers , all tlicso peed deeds were done by
the railroads of the country entirely volun
tarily and out of a pure spirit of public
charity , they certainly ought to bo credited
with something to balance their numerous
and frequent misdeeds. But will the facts
boar out such nn inference ? Should the
railroads bo given credit for something
which they do only because they nro com
pelled to , for something that they do as
a matter of financial economy to them
selves , and not In order to alleviate suf
fering or to relieve the unfortunate ? What
are the facts as to the medical and surgical
departments of the great American rail
In the first place the expense of the rail
way physicians and hospital service Is In
Very few cases borne by the railroad. The
employes are required to submit to regularly
recurring deductions from their weekly or
monthly pay as forced contributions to thu
hospital or Insurance or sick benefit fund.
The company may add' an additional sum ,
but the bulk of the fund Is extorted from
the employes , who are at best paid none too
well. Yet , although the remuneration of
the physicians and surgeons who are to
attend them Is furnished chiefly by the men ,
they have neither volco In their selection
nor power to control or dismiss them , The
otllcera of the medical department are re
tained at the expense of the employes to
care for the interests of the railroad com
pany as against these of the employes.
Look at the question front still another
standpoint and the credit which should bo
given the railroads becomes of yet moro
doubtful character , The railroads arc , by
common law , responsible In damages for any
Injuries which their passengers or employes
suffer frflm defects In the service In the
absence of contributory negligence. The rail
roads then are legally liable for nil the nec
cssary expenses Incurred for the care of
those who are Injured on their lines. The-
surgical and medical attcndanco which
they furnish Is directed toward making
those damages as small as possible , and are
always sot up as a counter claim whenever
the victim dares bring suit In court to
maintain his rights. The railroads doubl-
Icss consider that they drove a very good
bargain when they had their surgeons at
tend these 40,000 cases In 1893. They played
their part from purely selfish and mercenary
motives. No one Is desirous of depriving
the railroads of any credit , however small ,
which their actions may properly deserve.
Hut If they would devote more energy to
the prevention of railroad accidents , rather
than to securing settlements from passen
gers and employes who have been need
lessly maimed , they would have a better
claim upon the public for credit.
AffOTllKtl 1IIG STKIKKlXl'linSl'RCT.
The proceedings of the convention of the
Amalgamated Association of Iron nnd StcM
Workers , In session at Cleveland , will be
watched with great Interest , not only by
the 15,000 members of the association , but
also by the manufacturers of Iron nnd steel
who employ members of the association.
The Indications point to a probable general
srlko of Iron and steel workers In tha
United States. It Is stated that they have
been making secret preparations for such a
strike. Thousands of the Iron workers in
the Plttsburg district , the report Is , who are
working ostensibly as nonunion men , are In
reality still members of their old organiza
tion. During the past six months , as the
stress of circumstances has forced the em
ployes ot mill after mill to accept terms
other than these demanded by the scale of
the association , It has been given out that
the mills were nonunion and that the amal
gamated lodges at them had been dis
banded. It appears that In the majority of
cases this Is not truo. that the old lodges
are still in existence , and that not a single
lodge has handed In Its charter.
Last winter , when workers at various
Plttsburg mills were forced to sign so-called
Ironclad agreements , the president of the
Amalgamated association announced that If
manufacturers proposed to fight an open
organization In that way _ they might bo
forced In the near future to deal with a
secret organization. From the reported fact
that secret lodges are flourishing In the
Plttsburg district It would seem that hU
words wore prophetic and that the hint
they conveyed has been acted upon. But
the association Is not as strong now as It
was a few years ago. The present conven
tion does not contain much more than half
as many members as attended the conven
tions In the more prosperous days of the
organization , and the reduction of the mem
bership of the association has of course been.
accompanied by a decline In financial
strength. Five years ago this organization
was largo and powerful , exerting an Influ
ence within Its field second to no other
labor organization In the country. It con
trolled the principal mills , and Its word was
almost law to the mill owners. Slnco then
It has lost power east of the Allegheny
mountains , except In a few localities , and
Is not nearly as strong west of the ( moun
It Is still , however , In a position to glvo
the manufacturers a great deal of trouble ,
If the Cleveland ' convention should adopt
a policy that might precipitate a contest.
The Iron and steel trade Is experiencing
depression In common with all other in
dustries and under existing conditions it
would bo the wildest folly for the workers
to Invite a conflict. They will bo doing well
If they can hold their own for the present.
They have had some disastrous experiences
In the recent past which should prompt
them to act now with caution and con
servatism. This Is not a tlmo for ex
perimenting in attempts to secure better
wages , and If the convention of Iron and
steel workers shall be governed by wise
counsels It will do nothing likely to bring
about a contest between those It represents
and the manufacturers , for there cannot be
a reasonable doubt what the result of such
a contest would bo under existing condi
The city authorities are still wrestling
with the railroads over the question of con
tributing their proper shares of the cost of
putting the existing viaducts over Eleventh
and Sixteenth streets Into a safe condition.
Under the charter the railroads are required
to pay for viaducts over every crossing
whenever the mayor and city council deter
mine the same to bo necessary for public
safety. In vlow of the fact that the viaducts
are a protection to the railway com
panies against damages for Injuries
liable to bo sustained at grade crossings and
save them the cost of maintaining guards ,
the law cannot bo regarded as working In
justice. In Omaha the railroads have been
moro than repaid for any outlay they have
made for viaducts by the liberal grant of
rights of way that are worth hundreds of
thousands of dollars. This Is not all. They
have enjoyed almost entire exemption from
local taxation , when by rights they should
be made to bear their proportion of the bur
dens of city government. In the aggregate
their tax exemptions have amounted to
enough every year to pay for a now viaduct.
According to the estimate of the city en
gineer the cost of the contemplated repair of
the Sixteenth street viaduct will not exceed
$4COO. Divided between the Union Pacific ,
the Burlington and the street railway com
pany the amount taxed against either of the
companies would not exceed $1,500 , The
street railway company and Union Pacific
have agreed to pay their proportion of the
expense. The Burlington road absolutely re
fuses to contribute a dollar. Why does the
Burlington refuse to pay Its share ? Only a
few days ago Manager Holdrege notified the
mayor of Omaha that ho wanted protection
for the company's ' property by our police
force , for which his company does not pay ,
and furthermore served notice that it would
hold the city responsible for damages to Its
property by the Commonwealcrs who might
pass through Omaha on their way eastward.
Consistency Is not one of the jewels that
adorns the Burlington management In these
parts ! They refuse to pay $1,500 once In flvo
years for repairing viaducts over streets
through which they have been given a free
right of way. Their lawyers say that under
their construction of the law the city must
pull down the viaducts before they can be
made to pay anything toward rebuilding : .
Well , then , let them have their way. It Is
the right thing to do if the ctty is 'to have a
decent viaduct. Wo have submitted for
years to a vermin-eaten old Immigrant shed
as a depot and wo can stand it without a
VfOAdon mantrnp ncr0ksixtccntli street for
tha next twelve montp.jfi
Iy ) all means pull dSlwn the rickety old
bridge and make tHMllroads replace It
with n dtipllcato of tt | ninth street viaduct ,
Mo.tntlmo let the rdlfrOla be required to
m'nlntrtln gates and guarda at every crossing
In the city thnt Is noJ'p'r'A'tectcd ' by a vladucti
tt Is about time for > itlie ; city to assert Its
rights. If the nurlltiRton-wants n flght with
Omaha It can be accommodated. This city
has been truculently submissive for years.
It has given to the IliitfAiiBton the cream of
Us patronage , but Its fjiVors have never been
appreciated or rcclproc.Wd.
The democrats who contend that congress
has no constitutional authority to levy a tax
on stut ? bank Issues , and this Is the con
tention ofi many of them from the south ,
will probably bo no more willing to accept
the authority of Albert Oallatln , the dis
tinguished secretary of the treasury In Jef
ferson's administration , than they are that
of the supreme court of the United States ,
but everybody else will be disposed to re
gard It as of great valuo. In writing of the
United States bank , -Mr. Oallatln , who was
a man of great ability , asserted the right
of congress to "lay such a duty on all bank
notes as would convert all the banks Into
banks of discount and deposit only , and
annihilate . paper currency and , render a
bank of the United States unnecessary In
reference to that object. " Kxccpt among
the radical sticklers for state rights thcro
has never been any question about the con
stitutionality of the state bank tax , yet
whenever the question of repealing this tax
shall come up In concross there will un
doubtedly bo found u number of men there
who will strenuously maintain that congress
overstepped Its authority In Imposing the
tax. The constitution plainly gives to con
gress full power to regulate circulating
money , whether coin or paper , and It Is
good and safe doctrine that this power
should never be shared by the states. The
privilege they once enjoyed In this matter
was outrageously abused , to the grat detri
ment of the country , and It would bo a
Bravo mistake to repeat the experiment.
Postmaster Dayton of Now York has finally
decided to resign his place as delegate to the
constitutional convention of that state In
order to avoid all possibility of vlblatlng
the law that prohibits postmasters from
engaging In the service of any state during
their terms of ofllco. Ills decision In this
matter will not Injure Now York's pros
pects of securing a revised constitution
and cannot fall to redound to the benefit of
the postal service. The law Is based upon
the general consideration that no one can
well serve two masters and Is sound In prin
ciple. It Is only to bo regretted that It
does not extend to other federal officials.
Wo have had altogether too many Instances
of ono man holding numerous offices at the
same time. No onpiBjut the all-grasping
officials will suffer from an abolition of the
Des Molnes' official expense account for
the entertainment of Kelly's army during Its
nine days stay In that fclty , ns approved by
the city council , consists of $480 for special
policemen , $225 for'tht Irent of the stove
works as an army barracks at $25 per day ,
and $14.78 for meat , , The amount expended
for pollco was thus twlco as great as that ex
pended for food and 'lodging combined. This
does not , of course , In.ciyde the contributions
ot charitable Individuals In their private
capacities , but it shows how much the DOS
Molnes city trcasur _ 'fsufferfed by reason of
Kelly's visit to' tbal"city. . Omaha spent
nearly as much on food for the army alone ,
although it did not even stop within her
city limits. Omaha can certainly challenge
comparison with Des Molnes on Its Judi
cious Investment of the money devoted to the
While the warrant shavers are in the
front of the latest move to obstruct
the execution of the law requiring the in
vestment of the school fund moneys in state
warrants , thev are well tailed up by the
favored bankers who have been getting the
benefit * r school money deposits without
paying Interest to the stato. The extinction
of the floating Indebtedness of Nebraska
would reduce the profits of these two classes
of treasury barnacles. That Is the reason
why they are both so Interested In main
taining the debt unimpaired.
If congress has no constitutional power to
Impose taxation for any other purpose than
for revenue only , what Is the democratic
majority In the senate doing In attempting
to adjust the duty on opium so as to prevent -
vent as much as possible the Importation
of that drug In any shape ? Is It constitu
tional to use the power of taxation as a
preventatlvo of revenue ? But , then , the
democrats in congress have parted company
with their Chicago platform.
Sixn FrnnclHco Uxiunlncr.
The national democracy has submitted
to the mutilation of the tariff bill In the
Interest of the trusts.
Not Untlroly Out nf 1'lnro.
The crank who tried to rnnko a apeech
In the bouse of representative ) ) made the
slight mistake of not getting himself
elected n , member before making the ef
A Murl < 'il Dlrforitnco.
d lobe-Democrat , ,
It Is true , ns the democrats say , that
the republicans consumed ten months In
passing the MoKlnley law ; but then that
wa a measure to promote and not to
destroy prosperity , and so the delay did
not qause general business depression and
An IrrpBlDtllilA Doinnnd.
British goldolaters nil their allies may
seek to Ignore- the great nnd growing de
mand for the rostortitlftn of silver to the
world'H money , butMt will be all In vain.
Their idtudel may l > -defended never HO
zealously , yet It inuHt , fall at hint , and the
people of every clylllzpd land will have
"their own" again , i ,
A Koimlblq Alotliod.
Kaunas jClty Star.
The settlement ofiil , ) .differences between
the Great Northern , Hallway company and
Its employes by an 'arbitration board of
business men should' form a precedent for
future dlfllcultlos Of the kind. Business
men are deeply interuntod in securing good
train service and life also prosperous or
otherwise un thole. , yM8tomers , the vast
majority of whom are worklnsmeii , are
well or poorly paid. ) t
\Vhuro till ) lllll'CiiiiuM In.
Philadelphia 'necord. '
The bill Introduced In the Ohio legislature
to appropriate $ C59 to defray the cost of
removing Oulvln'B "army"- Coxoyltes
from u railway train Is but ono Item In the
lengthening expense account the payment
of which must ultimately fall upon the real
Industrial army ot the country u fact
which , If fully appreciated , Humid make
the latter chary of any expression of ym.
pathy for what Is literally and In all senses
un extravagant business.
The Doctrlmi ot foinmiinliiiii.
New York Sun.
Under cover of .darkness and secrecy the
president of the United Htates has again
welzed upon Uio lighthouse tender Violet
and converted < that now celebrated vessel
to hla private use and convenience ,
Thla Is u practical application of the
principles and doctrines ot communism.
Iteduccd to the last analysis , It ls dllllcull
to ace In what manner the act of I'ruul-
dent Cleveland , nldcd nnd abetted by Sec- |
relnry Carlisle nnd Fighting Hob Kvntm ,
dlffert from the sclzuro of freight trains !
on the Great Northern lallroml by Un
organized C'oxeylle * . In the latter rase '
I nlled Statc.i troops were called out to
prevent the outrnso nnd to restore- the
property to the control of the federal
.V/WM.SK.I J.Y/J A'/r/J/M.S/i'.I.V.S.
Kearney Is to hnvo a cob plpo factory.
That la a thing she long has sought.
A revival will bo started the 1st of Juno
at Tccumseh with Evangelist Plcrsoti In
Madrid thinks she has n curiosity In the
shape of a woman real estate agent. She
Is a hustler and advertises ,
S , B. Thompson Is now ono of the super
visors of Custcr county. Ho was appointed
to succeed Wilson Hewitt , who had left
Clyde Vale , n 16-year-old Superior boy ,
was thrown In front of a cornstalk cutter
by a runaway team nnd ono leg was so badly
mangled by the knives that amputation maybe
Two of Grand Island's tainted fairies
wore run In by the police and no one would
pay their fine , so they were locked up In
the female ward of the city bastlle. Soon
the aroma of strong , old Illuminating gas
was detected Issuing from their room and
an Investigation disclosed the two prisoners
In a state of collapse with notes by their
sides saying they had gone to the happy
beyond. But they had done nothing ot the
kind , for a little fresh air revived them and
they were soon fully on earth again.
William H. Brown of Elsie , Perkins
county , has a scheme , and he has written
Congressman McKclghan abotit It nnd given
the iettcr to the Madrid News for publica
tion. His plan Is to tap the Missouri river
between Bismarck and Helena and divert
Its channel so that the stream will flow
across the arid region Into the Gulf
of Mexico. Ho proposes to call the stream
thus created the Progressive river , and he
thinks the plan will solve the problem of
Irrigation and of furnishing work for the
unemployed at the same time.
I'KOl'LKAXl ) T///.VO.S.
Blond's presidential boom Is necessarily
childlike and Inoffensive.
Cleveland cast his bread upon the waters
of Missouri , and lu ! It returned as dough.
San Francisco papers advocate the Interests
of silver without diminishing their admira
tion for the Golden Gate.
Congrcssnnn Berry of Kentucky strikes
a lofty key when ho speaks. Ho Is the tall
est member by three Inches.
Congratulations to Bismarck on his last
birthday numbered 11,000. The popularity
of the Iron chancellor outruns the mellow
Influence of his breweries.
The distressing slump In Now York poli
tics Is not solely due to the retirement of
Dck ! Croker. The Hon. J. Sloat Kassett is
abscrblng fog In San Francisco.
The rumor that Cleveland's picture was
turned to the wall at the Missouri demo
cratic convention Is a foul slander. The
picture was not brought Into the convention
Lillian Ilussell has shaken her third hus
band forever nnd aye. The frequency of
this practice by the airy Lillian suggests
an Innovation on the diamond-stealing ad
Even Mrs. Cleveland comes In for a shore
of censure because she gives too much at
tention to nor children and too little to
society. That Is the one bright feature of
The ; reason why the Ideal alderman is
represented with a corpulent body Is be
cause that condition renders him Impervious
to criticism. With his expansive girth it
is difficult to "rub It In. "
Paragraphers will welcome the senate to
the charmed circle. But they Insist on more
than six paragraphs In five hours. More
speed and better quality must be shown or
'the union will bo dissolved.
When Galusha A. Grow was vigorously
supporting the emancipation proposition In
the war congress , George Washington Mur
ray , who sits beside him In the present
house , was a barefooted slave boy on a
South Carolina plantation.
Amid the desultory remarks on platforms
and like monthly topics In the Missouri dem
ocratic convention , there were a few enliv
ening expletives. Impressive periods were
driven home with hardened dukes and peep
ers here and there closed under fistful hyp
Dowe , the Manhelm tailor , whoso bullet
proof fabric Is likely to make many others
as well as himself wealthy , was so poor
when ho had his discovery completed that
ho had to borrow a revolver to test the
cloth. Even up to within a few weeks his
.condition has been but sow-sew.
N of vouxritr no.tns.
OMAHA , May 17. To the Editor of The
Bee : Within the last week a great hue and
cry has been raised before the Board of
County Commissioners over their recent de
cision to use certain materials In the pav
ing of country roads. Each class of ma
terials has found Its advocates and Its de
tractors , and unstinted criticism has been
poured upon the luckless heads of the un
fortunate commissioners who have been
compelled to inako the choice from the rival
After a fundamental error has boon com
mitted It Is usually the case that the men
who have not the tlmo or Inclination to
probe the subject to the bottom content
themselves by attacking separate details.
It Is thus with our country road paving. The
fundamental error was committed two years
ago by a somewhat misguided , though prob
ably well meaning , board In submitting a
proposition to bund the county In the sum
of $150,000 , for the purpose of paving or
macadamizing country roads. In spite of
protests , In splto of sound argument show-
InglnB Its Inexpediency , the present board
has gene ahead and sold bonds to pay for
work that shall over bo unsatisfactory ,
that can never return value received for
the money expended ,
The reason for this can bo briefly stated.
There Is not u road In Douglas county , of
any Important length , that Is In a fit con
dition to receive a permanent surface.
Owing to our foolish system of locating
roads on the section lines wo II nil our
selves In possession of a system of roads
that is a disgrace to an Intelligent com
munity , a system that stands as a paradox
In the light of the end of the century. Yet
with all our boasted freedom from tradi
tions , with all our self-asserted western en
terprise , wo rush blindly ahead and dccldo
to perpetuate a system at the stupidity of
whlcli the Incas of Pom would have won
dered , For before white men saw Amer
ica tlie Peruvians had built a system of
highways that would put us to shamo.
There Is no standpoint of utility or econ
omy , thcro Is no argument of reason , be
fore which our road system does not stand
condemned. It matters but llttlo now
whether sandstone or macadam Is to bo
used , the money that Is spent In perpetu
ating these monstrous roads Is to bo wholly
wasted , and this work shall stand In fu
ture years as a monument to the unreason
ing baste that characterizes BO much of
our so-called public Improvements ,
CUHTISS C. TURNEK , '
In our Extension Full Indemnity
Policy insurance against all that
any other accident policy covers ,
and , in addition , against fatal in
juries resulting from sunstroke ,
freezing , lifting , somnambulism ,
gas , poison , or choking in swal
lowing , which is
WHAT NO ONE
The United States Mutual
Accident Association ,
IM , III 4 114 BROADWAYi NCW YORK.
Ciuntis n. I'JST , Wv. PRO. Surra ,
H. A. WAGNER , State Agent ,
203 First National Bank Building
Tim tim.tr. .i.vij T//K in.u. : ,
I'lillumiiliin Not Cur for Induttrliit
CliicnRa Record. Apart from the Inter *
esl In Its Immediate ru.iult * the strike ut
I'ullman cannot fall to attmrt renewed lit-
tcntton as the outcome of an Industrial sys-
tcni which , at Its beginning , wan \\liloly
hailed as a model. The Pullman commu
nity tins been ndvcrtlacd here : itu1 abroad
nearly as much us the famous model village
at the Kniii | | works In Qornmny , and Ilia
present Industrial troubles doubtless Mine
as n surprlsn 'to those who hod learned to
rcKard It us nil Ideal.
The present strike , however , U at least a
slRti that such a oommunlty U not n panacea
for nil Industrial nllmcnts , nnd It has brought
forwnrd very s < | uaroly the question na to
whether the I'ullmau system Is or Is not n
good thliiR. The plans upon which the com
munity wns formed are well known. The
village I ? owned by the Pullman company ,
from which many of Iho Cunip.tny'H laborers
rent their houses. The stores where the
worldngmen buy their provisions are a No
the property of the company , the merchants
being merely tenants. Thus most of the
worklngmcn have n double account with their
employer , receiving certain wages for their
woik nnd paying back A portion In settle
ment of rent and water nnd gas taxes. In
directly they contribute money to their employer -
ployer by patronizing the stores rented from
the company. Since the reduction In wages
cases have been reported In which nn em
ploye's wages barely balanced his Indebted
ness to his employer and left him but a pit
tance for current expenses.
The advantages which ar ? claimed for the
Inhabitants of this somewhat paternalistic
community nro many , nnd some of them nre
genuine. The company , as the landlord nnd
proprietor of the town , keeps the public
streets nnd alleys In condition nnd nets ns
general caretnker of the village. The ten
ants hnvo the advantage of residing In n
community doslgno.l to be n "model" In the
matters of sanitation nnd comfort , nnd
planned with n vlow to common rather than
Individual benefit. Ear more than nil , tlicso
benefits are offered to the villagers readymade -
made , so to Bpcak. A living system which
no body of men not working In n stnto of
socialism could devise has been perfected
and placed at their disposal without their
effort. They live In better houses and nmld
better surroundings than possibly they could
expect to do If they had been required In
dividually to supply their own living ac
It Is suggestive that while Mr. Pullman's
"Ideal" system has thrived well enough In
prosperous times , It has been of little avail
In ameliorating matters during times of ad-
vcrslty. And a highly significant phase of
the trouble Is the fact that the features of
the system which constituted Its advantages
during the days of good wages are now Its
most evident drawbacks.
The Intervention of the company In the
affairs of Its men as landlords and Indirectly
as provlsloner was nil well enough for a
time. Hut now the company as employer
reduces wages whllo the company as land
lord does not reduce Its rents , and the worlc-
Ingmcn have found themselves caught be
tween two adverse forces , both of which
nro moved by one agency. It may not be
claimed that the company has used Its
power wrongfully , but the extent of that
power In swaying or coercing Its men Is
unquestioned. It is possible that the de
fects In the Pullman system are not so In
tegrant to It that they might not be weeded
out , leaving the groundwork Intact. There
Is always In prospect the Krupp village ,
wherein 25,000 worklngmcn dwell In an
"Ideal" Industrial community. Hut for the
present It ought to bo sufficiently evident
that the Pullman plan docs but little , If
anything , toward precluding Industrial
T1IK ( , 'Al'TII'Jt C'O.V/ra.
Yonkers Statesman : The ninn with an
elastic step should go upstairs at a single
Philadelphia Record : A suburban paper ,
reporting a meeting of a Woman's Dress
Reform league , says : "Thirty odd women
were present. "
Truth : Wiggins And do you think that
Skinflint Is a miser ?
Druinp Miser ! Why , that man would pro
pose to a woman by postal card.
Buffalo Courier : "Gotrox has sent''that
wooden-bended son of his on an ocean voy
age. I wonder what for ? "
"I understand somebody told him If there
was anything In the boy the sea would
bring It out. "
Somervllle Journal : The Inconsistency of
man Is never better illustrated than when
he pays good money for an alarm clock , and
then gets fighting mad the very next mornIng -
Ing when It goes off spitefully and wakes
Indianapolis Journal : She I suppose you
sing the classical song , "Saw My Leg Off , "
of course ?
lie No , Indeed. It's the medical depart
ment that sings In that way. I nm in the
law school. We sing It "Pull My Leg Off. "
Philadelphia Record : Customer I'd like
to get a silk hat.
Dealer Yes , sir ; what size ?
Customer don't know. You had better
take my measure. I wns elected president
of a political club last night.
Cleveland Plain Denier. '
Away with presidential hope ,
That racks the weighty brain ;
Away with things of lessor scope
That seem to make life vain !
I stand today where thrones and kings
Fade In dissolving views-
Far , far above earth's vulgar things
I'm wearing yellow shoes.
Ho Will Not EC n Cnndhlnto for Rouonilun-
tiou in the Pint ,
CRITICISES THE COURSE OF LEGISLATION
None of the l'iirtU' < Ciinio lip to 111 * Simul
ant mill II , , .Mtut lIuriMtflrr Act
Alonv-lIU Letter to Olmlr-
WASHINGTON 1WKKAU ( > ! ' Till ! 11KB ,
1107 K Street NV. .
WASHINGTON , May 17.
In a letter mailed today to Chairman
llroady of the Klrst dlitrlct congressional
committee Congressman Uyran announced
that ho will not be a cnndldatu for reelection
tion to congress this year. He says : "I do
not expect to bo 11 candidate for any olllco ,
but shall return to private lite with farmer
mor ? Interest In public affairs than I had
when I entered congress. "
The letter cf Mr. Ilrynn Is n very Ions
one , and la replete with criticisms of the
republican , d mocrallc and populist parties ,
and contain * the remarkable statement that
"a few democrats who lean toward the re
publican doctrine on the tariff question nnd
Income tax , with tli * aid of the president ,
may prevent the bringing of any financial
relief to our people. If th president's finan
cial policy becomes the policy of the demo
cratic party I do not scu any reason for
the continued existence of the democratic
party , bacaupo the republicans , having fol
lowed that policy longer , are better pre
pared than we to support It. I shall watch
this contest with deep Interest , for my
political alllllatlous will depend upon Its re
sult. The populist party does not give suf
ficient emphasis In the nocoiJHlty for tariff
reform , but strongly advocates the Income
tax and the election of United States sen
ators by the people. On the sliver question
they have the advantage over any other
party In the fact that they nro n unit for ttin
free and unlimited coinage of silver at the
present ratio. There are Indications that the
populists will concentrate their efforts toward
securing the reforms which are dear to the
hearts of those democrats who take their
Inspirations from Jefferson and Jackson.
At a time llko this , when n single vote
may determine the action of the senate or
house , wo cannot afford to put party or
name above principle , or guard the party
organization to the neglect of the party
"The situation In Nebraska Is full of
dllllcultles , for whllo n largo majority of
the people are apparently In favor of the
measures which I , In common with the
populist representatives from that stole ,
have supported , the friends seem to bo
divided Into hostile camps , whllo the enemy
wins with a minority because of our dissen
sions. I bellcvo that It Is the duty of
those who are In earnest for reforms to
Join together and make their volco effec
tive , oven though separate organisations
are maintained. If , however , these who are
In control of the party organizations pre
fer defeat In the middle of the road to n
victory shared by others , I shall avoid re
sponsibility for the consequences by support
ing the best man who has a chance to win. "
The Iowa Construction company of Sioux
City was today awarded the contract for
furnishing and placing the heating and
ventilating apparatus for the now public
building at Purls , Tex. , at Its bid of $3,500.
Hy direction of the assistant secretary of
war , Corporal Mons T. Ahlqulst , company
H. Seventeenth Infantry , Fort D. A. Russell ,
Wyo. , to date June 3 , 1831 , will be dis
charged from the service of the United
States on the receipt of this order by the
commanding olllcer of his station.
Sii re < l Coin unit Siinilliiigglng.
Hut wo fall to sec wherein , except as
to Its vulgarity , this attempt at bribery
Is more Immoral than the successful cor
ruption of which some of the most pro-
tenttous eastern senators have been vic
tims. If Mr. Hun ton had pocketed his
$23,000 lie would be rightly called a scoun
drel. Hut what then shall be said of
Senator Murphy , who secured "protec
tion" for the shlrtmnkers of Troy by
threatening to vote against the bill ? Of
Smith of New Jersey , who sandbagged
the llnnnce committee into granting a
license to steal to the "special New Jersey
Interests , " of which ho Is the representa
tive ? Of Harris ami Pugh and White ( of
California ) and IJrlco and Gorman ? Of
the sugar-growing senators from Louisiana
who are seeking to pass laws to line their
own pockets ? Of the senators who held
up the sugar schedule whllo they specu
lated In sugar , certificates In the New
York Stock exchange ?
Clothier nnd rurnlshpr.
The lovers now upon the gate i
At eve arc gently swinging ,
And overhead , In lofty state ,
The twilight bird Is singing1.
To go upon his northward trip
The tramp Is now preparing.
And every one who has the grip ,
Has given up despairing.
The merchant has a brighter eye ,
For spring trade up Is looking ,
The buyers now begin to buy ,
And orders he Is booking.
The only man who's glum at all
And this Is not surprising
Is he who ever since last fall
Has done no advertising1.
Tim larcost umki-rs and
llnu clolliurf on o.irlh
Your monoy'a worth or your niiinoy h-io'f.
N It's Time.
It's time to buy that light coat and vost.
It's time to put on that now straw hat.
It's time for boys' shirt waists stilts with $2 worth ,
Most complete assortment , at various prices.
o BROWNING , KING & CO. ,
S , W , Cor , Fifteenth and Douglas Streets.
* JMdy * MMMU * * . & &
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