Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 20, 1893, Page 12, Image 12

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    12 , , T3TIliMQMATTA : DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , AUGUST 20. ISOttHSIXTEBN PAOKfl
PAILY BEE.
I'UIIUHIIRI ) r.VKItV MOIINISO.
TiUMS : OI1
> ally UPO ( without Sunday ) Ono Y nr. . I H 00
inlly nnd Puiidiiy , Ono Year 10 00
jlx Months B uo
liroo Months. . , , . , 2 50
umliiy lice , One Year , 2 00
tattiriinv Her. Onn Year 1 r > 0
Weekly Boo , Ono Yenr 1 00
OI-TIOJW.
Omnlm.TIi * ) Hoe Ilulldlng ,
FnulliOnriha , corner N and 2Ctli Street * .
Council ItliirK 12 Ponrl Strom.
riilcnBdOlllco. 317Uluimlorof Commerce.
New York , Itoonn 13 , 14 and 15 , Tribune
Building.
Washington , 013 I'mirtonnth Street.
COUUKSPOXimNOB.
All communications minting to now * nnd
ftlllri-lnl mutlnr should bo nddrcsacrt : To the
Editor.
IIUBINHSS MVTTim
All business Inttrrs nml remittances should
lo mldroiispd to Tim Heo Publishing Company ,
Utnnlin. Drafts , checks mid postolllco orders
In Im inado payable to tlio order of tlio com-
pnny.
Parlies leiivltiK Iho city for the Mimnttr can
hnvo THE UKK sent to their nddrcss by lonvlnff
in eider at Oils oHIoo.
Tin ; iiin PUBLISHiNn COMPANY.
Tlin lltn In ( ililinico.
TIIK DAILY mid HUNIIAY BUB U on sulo In
Chlcngo nt tlio following pluccs :
Palmer home.
Urn lid I'nclflo liolol.
Auditorium liolol.
Ureul Northern liotol.
( Jon1 hiilol.
] . < 'lind : Imtol.
Kilos of Tun HBB run bo "Scon nt tlio No-
hrimka building nnd tlio Administration build
Ing , Imposition grounds.
SWO11N STATKMHNT OK ClUCUhATION.
Slain of KohrnHk.1. I
County of Dondan. f
Oeotwil. T schiicU. Rccretm-yof TIIK BER Pnl > -
IIMiIni : company , iloeH Kolomnly swear that the
Bctunl circulation of TIIK DAII.V llrK for the week
CmlltlR AllRURt HI , IHll.t , WnHllB follOWHI
Similar , AiiRimt la , . . Jd.OM
Monilav. AtiEiiBt II \ r fJH.7il :
riipwlav , Auirnnl in ttil.Tlil
tVtilncHilny. Aiieimllll , i , 'jn.THM
riinrmlny AIIRIIHI 17 2:1,711 :
Friday , Atiirimt 18 1.7011
intiml.ir , August HI 21,7:1. : )
Oroiicinn T/'CHttrif.
i > , HWOUN lo before mo anrt HtibscrlbiMl In
, < SKA I. viny prvMMici'lblH IDIIi ilny of Aniiml,18i3.
11 , ' N. I1. Km. . Notary 1'nbllc.
sVverinjo Circulation lor .Inly , 18011 , 3J'J58
THAT "independent papor" repudiates
Hio inovoincnt for a nonpartisan
'judiciary.
Tun coinnierciai u onoios take a more
hopeful view of the financial situation
and arc beginning to ndinit that times
are on the inund.
Tin : next Htop in the falhvny kaloido-
jcopc shoulil ho a dissolution of the injunction -
junction and the enforcement of tlio
maxitniim freight rate law.
RKI KISINTATIVK : FALLOWS of Now
York is irolnji to reply to Congressman
Bryan's silver olTort on Tuesday noxt.
Follows will no doubt toll Bryan what
ho ought to have said.
TIIK Now York 6'un says that Governor
Boles owes his election to republican
dissatisfaction with prohibition. The
republicans are about to roinovo the
cause of dissatisfaction.
Tun Nebraska delegation in congress
may not bo harmonious on financial
issues , but whenever the passage of K
Nebraska appropriation is at stake thoj
uvill bo found pulling at the same rope.
Tun iiooplo of Kansas have revived ar
old project to split the state in tw (
parts audjlwvo two states instead of one
By continuing the subdividing process
Indefinitely Kansas may yet .secure t
majority in the United States senato.
A OIIRAT many banks may fail and t
jrreat many factories may close whih
the worthy members of congress are exhausting
hausting themselves in an intorminabli
debate over the financial problems. Tin
crying need of the day is action , no
tvords.
AN INCREASE in the si/o of tha house
committees may not conduce to the ofll
ciont dispatch of business , but it will
supply a few moro places by which the
noakor will bo enabled to satisfy tin
demands of the numerous ambitious
'songressmon.
A I1ONU swindle hchomo can wlthstam
the pressure which urges it on to insol
voucy only HO long as the now sucker ;
continue to bo caught in numbers corro
spending to an increasing goomotrlca
ratio. The disastrous end cannot be
muny years postponed.
"Vfr. AHK told by a local paper that tin
agitation for a nonpurtisun judiciary i
dying out. It seems to , bo oxortlnj
itself quite well considering its dyinj
condition. A glorious revival will niiov
that the nonpartlsan judiciary has no
yet given up the ghost.
SPKAKINO of practical Christianity
Jho man who would best fcorvo his follo\
man might sot a worthy example b
restoring his hoarded funds to gonuni
1 circulation , thus doing something towaiv
.relieving . the llnanolal depression whlcl
la bearing hard on the mon who have n
savings to hoard , but who arodependen
upon tholr daily wages for tholrsupporl
TiiKKU is a sinister significance in th
Btatomont that the disinter which liu
overtaken the Northern Paclflo wa
mutorlally liastonod by the radical en
in rates made by Jim Old's Oren
Northern sygtom. The fact that Mr. 1111
Jias already proposed to purchase th
Northern Pauillo and consolidate it wit
bis own line warrants the suspicion thr
the Uhsuults upon the credit and rev <
ntion of the Northern Paulflu were nc
entirely the result of chance.
COMl'CTHNT and unpri-judiced judge
Uko Governor l-'urnas give it : tn thol
jptniou that the Nebraska oxhlb !
U the World's fair Is acoon
Dlhthing the very purpose for which :
MH boon made. It is advertising th
irjgnilleont agricultural resources c
; ho state and attracting the attention c
thousands of well-to-do farmers of th
3U.torn btatesyho are looking to th
west for homes either for themselves c
their children. It is an exhibit whie
convinces oven the most casual vldltc
Si lat Nebraska ns a graln-prcduoln
and stcck-growing state has r
superior and but few equals on tl
globo. It also proves conclusive ]
to the dairy farmer , the boo keeper an
the fruit grower that lie will 11 nd in th
fitato every advantage for tlio pursuit <
those upeclaltiCB. Thid is the kind of u
udvertlbomuut the people of tiostate ) ai
paying for uud it Is what they are go
tin ? ,
TIIK issVEs jinx an.
The attorneys acting In behalf of the
members of the State Hoard of Trans
portation have filed tholr answer to the
petition of the railways asking for an
Injunction of the United States circuit
court to prevent those public officials
from doing their duties under the provi
sions of the maximum freight rate law.
In this an&wor the Issues that are at
Rtnko are distinotly joined. The various
allegations made by the railroad attorneys
noys are flatly denied , and Iho court la
requested either to innKO them provo
tholr pleadings or to dissolve the tem
porary injunction.
The legal battle before the courts will
bo fought by the state along soy-oral
lines. The state's attorneys claim that
the railroads. nITccted by the bill are
purely domestic corporations and that
as such tholr rates of charges upon
freight transported between points
within the state are subject to legisla
tive regulation without the interference
of federal authorities of any kind. They
emphatically assort the power of the
legislature to constitutionally enact
statutes fixing reasonable niajdmutn
rates. Furthermore that house roll 3,1
creates a spccUlf : procedure by which
any injustice either to railways or ship
pers may ba remedied by appeal either
to the State Board of Transportation or
to the regularly established. ' Judiciary ol
the stato. In view of this provision , all
jurisdictions of the federal court to In-
( | uiro into the reasonableness of the
statutory maximum rates is denied.
But should the federal court persist in
assuming jurisdiction , the state's
attorneys will bo ready to cham
pion the reasonableness of the rates
established , not only by questioning
the statements of the railways as :
to the cost , capitalization , bonded in
debtedness and profits of their lines , but
also by comparing the rates with those
previously in force , and with those ir
force in the similarly situated state ol
Iowa. They show that * Burlington stock
is three-fifths water , ' that dividends
have , In reality , boon 20 to 25 per cent ,
and that the expense account is ox
ec'ssivo and unwarrantably largo , while
receipts are diminished by persona !
favors and free transportation.
The- defense then will rest chioflj
on a throe-fold pleading" . First , the
stato's attorneys deny jurisdiction of tin
federal court. Second , they uphold the
constitutionality of the legislativ
action. Third , they assort that no property
orty is taken without duo process of law
because the maximum rates are , in themselves
solves , reasonable. With the issues
thus joined , and with able lawyers t <
defend the validity of the statute , lethe
the battle proceed in order that the lav
may bo vindicated at the earliest possi
bio day.
c//xrjT.trQ.i KAST AKD irwsr.
The 1893 season of the western Cliau
tauqua assemblies has boon closed
although the originalChautauqua sossioi
at the homo of the movement in Nov
York state is but now ending its activi
operations for the summer. In this fac
alone wo have one mark of the esson
tlal differences that distinguish Chau
tauqua in the cast from Chautauqua i )
the west. With us the assembly solder
fasts longer than two or throbrw'cek'
and the limits of time form ono of th
most potent obstacles to extended ani
thorough work. The necessity of crowd
intr everything into a too brigf period c
study offers some excuse for a dopartur
from the principles upon which tb
movement was founded.
At the bottom of the Chautauqua or
gani/ation lies the idea that regular ani
scientific study can bo brought homo t
the ambitious student by a course c
systematic reading under the diroctio
of trained instructors. The outdoo
assembly is but a means of supplement
ing the pupils' work by a series of lee
turos and recitations modeled very muc'
upon these which are proscribed for th
students in our better colleges and uni
versitios. To this idea the original Chat )
tauqua has consistently adhered ; it i
practically a summer session of a oollocr <
a college which gathers together its fac
ulty from among the most available an
best fitted members of the educutlona
corps of all our loading oducatlonaWnst :
tutlons. Its continued , success in attract
Ing both students and professors i
ample evidence that the program is on
of merit and of real eciontific value.
Compare with this original Chat
tauqua the Chautauqua of the west an
wo shall find that the latter not enl
started on a piano far below that of it
model , but also that it has on the whol
failed to make any noticeable progros
toward bringing it nearer to the ideal t
which it ought to aspiro. Besides th
unfortunate time limit which ombai
rubsu1 : ! the Chautauqua in the west t
which wo have alluded , these Instltt
tlons have so slender and precarious
connection with the Cliautauqua organ
xation that their work scarcely come
within the purview of u poison purauln
n systematic course of study undt
guidance of the reading circle , Th
attendants at the assembly then are nc
these who could profit by the wor
which might bo expected , nnd oven di
the real student attend , dliwppolntmoi
In the facilities offered would no doul
force him to consider his time worse tlm
wasted. An examination into tli
methods , purposes and programs of son
of those institutions will soon show tl :
reason for tholr failure as viewed froi
an educational standpoint.
The great defect in the Chautauqn
assembly of the \vo& is that It loses sigl
almobt completely of the Chautauqi :
idea. ICducutlonal features are over ,
whore haerlllcod to drawing attraction
Wo read in ono report , "This was tl
big day of the Chautauqua. It was 01
tiroly In the hands of the Grand Arm
of the Republic and was preside
over by its comnmndor. * * *
brilliant display of fireworks onde
the day'd jollification. " Prom a ;
other wo learn that "this hi
boon Odd Fellows' day at the assomb
and consequently was attended by
largo number of the order. " And w
hear of "Lincoln " "
day , "Traveling Mon
day , " and various other "days" win
the entire exorcises are glvon ever
outside organizations. If this is dove
oping the Chautuuqua Idea , our oonoo
tlon of that idea la greatly In orro
Education cannot be popularized In ni
such manner. If the promoters of tl
woitcrn Chnutauqun want to run n sumner -
nor camp mooting , or If they wish to in
augurate outings for various classes ol
ho community , lot thorn net with thai
llstlnct understanding. But If the ;
mvo the better education of the poor
but worthy student In mind , lot thom
abandon thcso spectacular methods nnd
emulate , so far as is possible , the work ol
ho original Chautauqua.
TT/Ml'lS X
The promoters of bond sohcmca Indlg' '
nantly deny there is any element ol
chance In their business. They Inslsl
hat the system of bond payment based
on the multiple of throe , nnd those
laving no multiple basts , are within' the
comprehension of the average man. .
Admitting the latter proposition , li
confirms the charge that the element ol
chance Is a factor in scouring business.
I is the possibility of getting ahead o
.ho game of securing an early matur-
ng bond that constitutes the lottorj
enture of bond schemes.
What is a lottery ? Webster defines H
as "A Bohomo for the distribution o ]
> rlzos by lot or chnnco ; especially r
ranting schonio in which 0111
or moro tickets bearing partlctilai
numbers draw prizes nnd the
est of the tickets are Xlanks. '
Jndcr this and like definitions bone
iromotors imagine there is a loophoh
'or escape , in that all bonds are to Ix
mid ; that there are no blanks , nnd thai
all porslstont investors will rccoivo the
amount "nominated in the bond. " The
courts and writers on criminal juris
> rudonco construe lotteries to moat
much moro than defined by Wobstor.
"To constitute n lottery , " saya Blshoi
Statutory Crimes , soc. 955) ) , "thoro ncot
JO no blanks , but there must bo sotni
property disposed of by lot. " Again it
sec. 952 , ho says : "A lottery may bo de
Inod to bo any scheme vrhorobv oho , 01
mying money or otjior valuable thlnj
-o another , becomes entitled to rocolvi
'rom him such return in value , or noth
ng , as some formula of chance mav do
tqrmlne. ' ' Precedents established b ;
courts are equally clear in defining a
.ottorios dovlcos similar to bom
schemes.
A case reported in 23 N. J. law involves
volvos the two points of chance and tin
absence of blanks. A piece of proport ;
was subdivided nnd. each tot sold'for ai
equal sum. The lots wore of unequn
value. The scheme was prepared nni
exhibited previous to the sale , and thi
purchasers paid tholr money not for ai
equal undivided share of the land , bu
in the hope and expectation of obtainlnj
a valuable allotment and thus onrichlni
themselves at the expense of the others
In deciding the cose Chief Justice Grcoi
said : "Tho fact that the scheme con
talnod no blanks , but that every adventurer
turor was to receive something for hi
money only rendered the device mor
successful and the results consequently
moro injurious withou * . altering its os
Bontial character as a lottery. " A cos
involving similar points was decided ii
1818 by the supreme court of Pennsylvania
vania (4 ( Sorg. & R. 151) ) , Chief Justic
Tolghman pronouncing the scheme
lottery. a
In the early CD's , when latter
agents were required by law to pay
license of 3100 , a land speculator in Ai
toria , Oro. , Bold a number of lots f
equal value at an even price per lei
But to give eclat to the sale ho offered
few extra lots as prizes to purchaser !
When charged with operating a latter
without a license his defense was that n
there wore no blanks and as every ma
received an equivalent for his mono }
ho was not liable. Judge Dcady , lat
justice of the federal court of Orogoi
hold that the device was a lottery.
In Bell VB State (5 ( Snood , 507 , 509
Judge Caruthors of Tennessee says : "j
lottery is a game of ha'zard , in whicl
small sums are ventured for the chanc
of obtaining greater. "
There is a practical unanimity in al
published decisions that who rover"th
element of chance becomes a consider !
tion the device is a lottery. Chance i
the main feature of bond investmot
schemes. State and federal laws prc
hibit lotteries. It remains for th
proper authorities to enforce the la1
and suppress lotteries , in wlmtove
guise they may appear.
JNTEKNATIUNAL AltlltI'ltATlOlf.
In answer to a question regarding th
moral effect of the Boring sea arbitri
tion upon the nations , Mr. Phelps , ' on
of the American counsel , expressed' th
opinion that it would bo good. A Ilk
opinion has boon oxprosaod by the poac
congress , which adopted rosolutior
approving of arbitration for the sotth
incut of international controvorslo :
The Now York Tribune , in an artlcl
on the decision of the Paris coui
of arbitration , said : "Tho mort
effect of international arbltratlo
must not bo overlooked. It Is
distinct gain for civilization to hav
matters at isaue between grot
nations submitted to a court of this hig
character. It is an object lesson fc
Europe with its circle of military camj
and Its impoverished populations stu ;
goring under tlmburdons of war taxatln
in a time of profound poaco. Englan
and the United States can well afford t
pay the costs of an arbitration whic
oxeris a benotlclal educational effect i
promoting the ends of peace and gwi
will among nations. If the results <
the arbitration are ofjuully satisfactor
to England and the United States tli
object lessen is the moro valuable for tli
humane onda of civilization. The worl
now knows that it is practicable for t\v
nations to submit tholr claims an
grievances to an international court ante
to obtain a decision which will bo muti
ally satisfactory. It Is a practical lease
in the higher arts of civilized progress ,
This is the spirit in which the latoi
and ono of the most important of into
national arbitrations is generally r
garded.
It Is distinctly to the honor of tl
United States , among the great natloi
of the world , that arbitration for tli
settlement of international disputes In
bo grown in favor with onlightene
governments. For a century th
country has boon the ud vocal
and exemplar of the principle of ail
trillion. The first trial of the luotlu
was made In 1791 , to settle a dispute ;
to what river was intended under tl
name of iho river St , Croix , formli
> art of our northoasU p boundary. The
iccond appeal to nrUtrnltoi was niado
n 1797 nnd was to dotdrmlno the com-
lonsntlon duo to JMMsh subjects In
onsoquonco of impMiihonts which cor-
aim of the United Jjpilos had , In vloln-
.ion . of the provisions , of the treaty of
> oacoof 1783 , Intorpiis'qdito the collection
> f bona fldo dobU ijy. fcHtlsh creditors.
'
The most important'numtration under
ho treaty of l"83j hKd relation to
[ uoatlons of contraonn'u , the rights of
neutrals nnd the flnnlityiof the decisions
of prize courts. Sf fot'nl ' disputes that
voro submitted tq. ' . | arbitration arose
indor the treaty of ( Bhont , negotiated In
814 , the most hnpof i'rij of these having
reference to dotormlnfng the northern
boundary of the United SUilos along the
nlddlo of the great lakes and of tholr
communications by water , finally sot-
, led by treaty in 1812. A very Inipor-
ant , arbitration related to a general
ottloment of olaltns between the United
States and Great Britain and was
irovldod for by a convention con
cluded botwoou the two governments In
853. The treaty of Washington , con
cluded In 1871 , provided for four distinct
arbitrations , the largest number ever
established under a single convention.
Fho first In ardor and Importance was
hat at Geneva , which has boon referred
iO as "tho noblest spectacle of modern
tlmos , in which two great and powerful
nations , gaining In wisdom and solf-con-
.rol . and losing nothing In patriotism or
Bolf-respoct , taught the world that the
magnitude of n controversy need not bo
a bar to its peaceful solution.t' ' It
vas this memorable arbltra-
.ion . that settled the Alabama claims.
The last of the arbitrations between the
Jnlted States and Great Britain before
that relating to the Boring sea dispute
was held in 1877 and related to compen
sation duo to Great Britain for prlvi-
egos accorded by the rcaty of Wash
ington to the United States in the north-
easto'rn fisheries. This country has ar-
jltratod differences with Franco , Spain ,
Mexico , Hayti , Venezuela , Colombia ,
Paraguay , Chill , Brazil , Peru , Portugal ,
Denmark , China and the two Sicilios.
Altogether the United States
iias entered into forty-eight agree'
inonts for international arbitra
tion , referring to which Prof. .Tohr
Bassott Moore of Columbia college , froir
whoso published investigations the
above facts nro derived , says : "Tin
arbitrations of the United States have
embraced many typos of international
controversy and many highly important
questions of law , both public and
private. Not infrequently the questions
in whoso solution hey have resulted
were hotly discussed1' as" just and almosl
necessary causes ofwai1 , involving na
tional rights and national honor. I
the contending parUost ad resorted t (
force they would fmrfttlpa never have
realized how casijj , , ' a'nd honorably
tholr differences might/ ( have boon ad
justed by reasonable methods. If thi
° '
United States and 'dreat Britain , in
stead of making tho.itren.ty , of Washing
ton. had gone to war'abJut the Alabam :
claims , which involVoif , ' the rights am
'
honor of both countries , 'and even thi
public legislation 4 and Hho conduct o
the public authorti'ftljtf.090,91 thom , i
is probablo'that-iniiiy patriotic writer ;
in both countries wbmd naw'bQienga'ge'i
in showing how Impossible it was <
submit such .questions to arbitration.
The Bontimont in > favor of Internationa
arbitration has made marked , growtl
in the last half a century , very larcel ;
due to the example of the Unite
States , and the latest evidence of th
value of this method of adjusting con
trovorslos between nations is very sur
to further strengthen that sentiment
Still there are many who will contlnu
to believe that there are some causes o
international difference which cannot b
decisively settled except by resort t
forco. Prof. Moore , it may bo remarked
appears not to bo one of thoso.
THK llUUSINU OF THE POOR.
When the census reports that nearl ;
five dwellings out of every 100 in th
United States are occupied by more tlm
ten pors'ons each , while in Chicago th
ratio roaches ono out of four , and in Noi
York one out of every two , the importance
tanco of the problem of housing the pee
becomes apparent at a glance. Tb
crowding of people into buildings bull
for the accommodation of moro than on
family is an incident of urban life and i
a phenomenon that has noon constant ! ;
increasing with the increased density o
our population. The topic is ono c
great sociological interest and no mor
clover handling of it could bo ox pee to ,
at this time than is found in the recon
monograph of Marcus T. Roynplds , wh
by his work won the prize offered b
the American Economic association las
year.
The tenement house evil and the extremes
tromos to which crowding the poor ma ,
be carried have been manifested mor
sharply in Now York city , and as a cor
sequence Air. Reynolds confines hi
study chiefly to tho3o phases of th
question which have there bcoomo proir
Inont , The unsanitary tenement ii
alas , too frequently mot at the preson
tirao , but existing buildings are .novoi
thol OBI a vast improvohaont over wha
was formerly the custom , With no build
Ing regulations , wlth-'ilo sanitary inspection
spoction , the shells ol 'otl ' to bring tin
largest financial roknrni-in the tmortofl
possible time woro' transformed int
brooding places of.jjjlls.'u'aso , .vice an
crime , u menace to tlio health and cor
tinned welfare of thS'tji | | ro community
Efforts to iini > rovc > 4hp ( . .condition int
which the poorer worKlng classes hav
either fallen or boonj'1f | 'ced , take on , t
a rule , various dlffort nk .forms , It wa
at one time thouglir'that loglslatio
would provo the sh 'ilo t and suvoro ;
remedy. This has latuuinod the chat
actor of oxproprlaftorf laws by whic
plague spots are utl'orly rooted out e
laws , compelling the reconstruction o
prohibiting the erection of unsunitur
structures , of laws establishing baarc
of health with plenary powers , of law
granting subsidies to owners of modt
tenements , qf laws regulating ren
While recognizing the elllcuoy of logli
lation for certain purposes Mr. Iloynuli
refuses to see In it the Halo means of r <
forming the dwellings of the poor.
On the other hand curtain philai
throplc persons have on various occ ;
blons themselves attempted the reform
.tion of existing bulldinga by buyiu
horn In , restoring thom nnd then rent-
nff thom to desirable touants. Tliesa
efforts hnvo proven aucootstul , but must
of necessity bo lltnitod In tholr ccopo.
The single tenement oracled on ono olty
ot bltls fnlr to remain tlio norm ol the
IwolHnga for the poor. It has parsed
.hrough . a multiform development , a
hat the latest approved plans are sub-
act to but few objections. The same is
TUO of the model tenement oroctoil as
nvostmonts by people Inclined to turn
nn honest penny while helping In 1m-
> rovlng the condition of their fellow-
nan. The spread of the suburban cot
tage Is to bo commended , but depends sc
nuoh upon the character of the popula
tion and the physical geography of the
city that It can not bo rolled upon as n
) ornmnoiit remedy. The very poor who
iced reformation most can not attain It ,
finally Mr. Reynolds suggests and
flkotchosaplan for what ho terms the
warding tonomont. This is simply n
model tenement in which the eulinarj
lopartment is conducted on a cothinu-
ilstlu basis a feature which , it ii
.bought , would provo of immense saving
to people who buy tholr food and other
supplies In minute quantities nnd pay
four and five-fold prices for thom. The
greatest Improvement in the houses ol
the poor must como from the education
of both landlords and tenants , and for
this the first requisite Is an aroused
public interest.
TIIK Nebraska Manufacturers ant
Consumers nssoclntton will make an exhibit -
hibit at the state fair nt Lincolr
next month. An opportunity is thus offered
forod to all manufacturers to dlsplaj
the products of Nebraska mills nt a time
when the people of the state will
bo able to inspect them. The rail
road companies have glvon rates tc
exhibitors within the state that will be
nn inducement to thom. The managers
of the state fair arc in perfect accore
with the enterprise. It may therefor *
bo safely predicted that for the first tirm
in the stato's history our state fail
will have as a principal cxhibii
sample products of the manufao
tories of the stato. It will bo i
revelation to many citizens who have
never gained a lair idea of the extent o !
the stato's manufactures. The action o
the atato association will moot with the
endorsement of every manufacturer nne
all others who have an Interest in th <
development of the stato's resources.
THE fact that hundreds of people an
halting on the border of the Cherokee
Strip , only waiting for the signal whicl
will precipitate a mad rush for free
lands , is ono of the most significant ob
ject lessons in the history of the coun
try. It shows' that the desirable landi
at the disposal of the government an
very nearly exhausted , and that honii
seekers who desire to avail thomsolvoi
of the homestead laws are moro numer
ous than the opportunities for securing
good lands. But it must not bo forgotten
ton that hundreds of the Chorokci
boomers are speculators who simply desire
sire to secure lands for the purpose o
reselling' them to less fortunate com
1X5 ti tors.
SEVERAI. European educational insti
Unions , 'particularly the polytoch'ni
schools , ; have undertaken to assist thoi
students to visit the World's fair at Chi
cago. The United States madoiprovisio :
for Bonding the cadets at West Point t
the great exposition and they are no\ \
beginning their sojourn at the Whiti
City. Competent authorities1 say tlm
the fair is an indispensable part of a liberal
oral education and for the study c
special technical pursuits offers unsur
passed advantages. The educations ]
aspect of the great show must not b
neglected in favor of its merely ontot
taming features.
Uinriirrunteit
n'asMn.ton Aeus.
No man who has three square meals a da.
and a bed with a 'mattress on it at nigb
should ilovoto more than two hours out o
twenty-four to growling.
A Truut Never Jletruyccl.
New 1'orfc Tribune.
When the republicans nro in power th
democratic minority can never bo doponclo
upon to Uo the right thing. When the dom
our.its nro iu power tlio republican miuorit
is tlio hope of the nation.
Cunt nc " ' Way.
CMcago Inter ijcean.
The corn crop and cotton crop are gooc
The ctttlo : on a thousand hills are /nt. Th
wool crop and the fruit crop never bottor. J
is only tiio political crop that is a failun
Grin and bear It and uiuko a change whe
the time comes.
Misery I.ove * Ooinpiny.
Cincinnati Commercial.
The hard tlmos In England are muo
worse than hero. This summer very ffv
men of affairs wore able to leave th
metropolis for oven a fortnight's vaoatiot
while- the politicians have boon compelled t
unru their scanty inoad of bubble ropuuuio
by constant attendance in Commons clurln
the vigorous and bitter homo rule flglii
Jxmaon is far from happy Just now , but'i
has co-npany in Its mlsory.
J'JIL / ' K AND Till * OS.
Although MUs Silver has broken wit
Clovolnnd she will doubtless remain u slstc
to him.
Even If the country did not gain all it con
tended for before the arbitration cotir
there U causa for congratulatlou in tlm
inura clausum and contra bouoi mores wor
knocked out of the seal ring.
If trio unemployed will take themselves t
the harvest fields they can wada in work ute
to the bridles.
The dispatches favor Mgr. Satolll with
profusion of titles. Ho Is called "ahloKato ,
"dolutfftto" and "legato. " The former dealt
nation , as applied to the pupal roprusonU
tlvo , is wholly wroug. An ublotfatu is
bearer of mimugos a messenger. Dologat
or legato signify what ho Is an oculusiastl
representing the pope and possessing th
authority of the holy suo.
Having failed to fence in Raring sea , w
are ready to admit that the whole buslnoa
U a skin gamo.
Mrs. Henry G , Newton of Now Hnvon I
the ilrst woman In Co'nnuuclout to ruglatu
for voting at the coming school election. Th
legislature paused a law giving to womc
the right of tlio ballot in school election :
Airs , Now ton la tuo wife of u lawyer In Not
Haven , and IJ norself u prautlulng pbyulciai
Captain Jack" Adams , who is indorsed b
thu Uapurtuiontot Massachusetts for cou
muudur-lnmtilof of tliu ( Jrund Army , vrm :
Into the war us a privutu. Ho was1 at tli
battle of 1'YodorioUsburg , wa frightful !
wouudcd at tioitysuiirg , was captured t
Cold Harbor and sent to Andersonvillo , an
was dually oxuhanuud ut Columbia.
That collection of antlnuo corkscrews ui
earthed In north Nobi-.uiia uud South I ) ,
kota leave no doubt that u colony o ( Jov.
prohibitionists camped iu that section I
) > rehittioriu days.
There woru no lings raised to wolcoii
Minister Paramount Ulount at Baa Fra
uUoo ,
H UtFT TO t.M ,
tllifTMo ICxpfosst llhvlntt sent the pope n
wpy 61 IhorutHtltMtldnof the United Htntcs
1'reslilont Clovolrtml now tle lrcs to furnish
the pontiff n copy of hU ofllolul import n *
they wore prupnn.il and puhllnhcd for cam-
| ) ( \lgtl uso. Tluw ( loonmciiU , then , nro
next to the constitution in Importance , nro
thcyj
Washington 1'ost ! Wo do not doubt that
nw holiness will DO moved by thU thought
ful overture to an offer of similar and equal
RoneroMty , nnd predict that woshall tliui bo
pornilttod lo enjoy the speotnclo of the two
Rrentcst rulers of the earth exchanging
pledges of cuiinaonoo and affection niul sot-
tliiK an pxntnmo of simple htttn.in klndnois
which all may follow to their prollt.
Cincinnati Commercial : \Vo have llttlo
doubt that the pope will treasure the etiblo-
Bram ho received from President Cleveland ,
and that when the valicnn library ruooivos
the sleiulor voluino containing Mr. Cleveland -
land s public paper * nnd speeches It will ho
cnrofully locUrd up In n fireproof -nfo. It U
not often that the vnttoan bibliophiles hnTO
tin opportunity to secure such mro literary
material without prloo.
Minneapolis Times ! The United Stntes Is
ilolnp what It cnn to brace up the Dope's
library. Ho has been presented ntut has
vraclotmy accepted n copy of the constitu
tion of the United States , nml now PrcM-
uont Clovolnnd mnkov him a tender of a
book containing his public papers during hi *
former term ns president. With thcso two
volumes nt hand hU holiness may Rot ft
irood deal of valuable information about
America.
Now York Advertiser : To road of the
subltmo spirit of consecration In which
urover dedicated hl-nsolf to the Julius of
the presidency cannot but strengthen nnd
sustain the pontiff ntrild the trials of his
daily administration. To revel in iho rnro
humor of Mr. Cleveland's Jocular references
to the "dead bents and bummers" hi his
pension vetoes and to enjoy to tlio full the
nobly contemptuous way in which ho refers
to tlio nhnshouso the veteran who dared to
nid in iho overthrow of the slaveholder's
rebellion , must Inevitably become the habit
of the iropo when ho seeks relaxation from
the carking euros with which ho struggles.
Good for Grovurl Tlio pope owes him a
benediction I
Now Yor * Commercial"Tho pope has
something to live for. Felicitated by Mr.
Cleveland to the extent of having placed "In
his hands n book containing the oftlclnl
papers and documents written by mo during
"
my previous"term of onlce , " the holy father
may dare hope ihnt later his soul and all
that is within him may bo ctioorea bv the
rouulptof abdund volume contnlning'IJrothor
Cleveland's momentous utterances during
his second term. Thrice happy. Leo ! Ono
can imagine the old saint sitting up 'o
nights committing to memory Mr. Clove-
land's epoch-making deliverances on "Shall
the Chorckco Injins bo hanged ? " and
"What inherent right have red herring
off the Coast of PnssamniiuoUdy ? "
An liiuuntlin lluinrprlio.
I'htlniMiihla Heer.nl.
The train robber has resumed anil will
continue business indefinitely , or so long us
100 submissive passengers and a train crow
shall continue to hold ui > their hands to
three or four masked men and meekly per
mit the rufllans to depart after having riflud
the pockets of their victims. A few dam
aged train robbers' hides might help matters -
tors wonderfully ,
F1.HXII AJMJt/fef.
1'lillndolpliln Tlmos : A late explanation of
tlio harlior'fl hahltof IlllliiKhls victim's mouth
with lather Is that ho.mt.s to Uo all thu tall > -
Ing himself.
Boston Herald : llammurod silver promises
to bo much In vogue If the hamir.urlng Uuops
on for two weeks more.
Baltimore Amorlcnn : The most popular
htrdof uass.iKu arriving at the port of Now
York this month U the goldoaglu.
I'hlladelpnla Itorord : "Why do you look so
mlii'i-able ' , Mr. Sappy ? "
"Oil , MlsiSprlgut , I'vo Just been cut by my
liest friend , tlio person I love most In the
whole world. "
"Wuro you shaving your ulf , Mr. Sappy ? "
Boston Transcript : Tlio king of Slam wears
n gold hat weighing twenty-seven pounds.
Whun his mujeity talks through that hat
whatever liu s.iy.s must have weight.
Clilc.-iKO iHocord : Husband The Bnt.-UloAt
knowledge , ot huiiiau naluro ought lo have
prevented you from making sucli'u fool mis-
tate us you made last night.
Wife What opportunity have I had to study
human nature living with jou ?
Indianapolis Journal : Hungry HIsRlns
These hcie gravel loads Is mighty tough on
whoes.
Weary Watklns Yes , Hint's so : hut where
there U good roads the people bus money , and
where people has money they ain't so many
uogs.
_
Now York Press : Husband I nm going on n
yachting erul.se for a few days , but I'm afraid
I'll ho sea-lick.
Wife Oli , no fear of that , dear ; you should
bo something of a sailor.
Husband How do you make that out ?
Wife I've seen you half beus over many a
time.
UNUKVT.
UNUKVT.Slur.
Slur.
Qh , llerlngsoit ,
Our bosoms still
With upprohurislvo
Thoughts you thrill.
With "mother souls. "
Anil tender "horrts"
The words aio piled
On top of words.
Oh , must you ho ,
To spoil Ufa's cup ,
A Mare Ul..usum
Thut won't shut up ?
ancvi..tn snont AT TIIK rci.rir.
Now York Sun Mrlllynn U ft solf-plorl-
llernnd traducer /lo / Is n notorloU > hunt <
Ing , onnllng , cllh-tongucd man , with nn
I to hint , ' palm Ho tin * IKVOIHO n inibllo txiro ,
HU iicsurvcs to liu turned nut , nnd knpt out
Philadelphia Ucvonl : Wo respectfully
recommend , to the Society of Christian Kn
ileavor a Sundny corralling of nil the glrU.
It would nut luirt thu girls , and It would till
the churches" and glvo the pastors such op-
iwrtuulty of admonition nnd wholosonu
leaching ns they so nrdentlj dcslro.
llostou Glebe : A Connecticut pastor ,
Mho.so ( congregation has paid him so poorly
ihat ho declares ho had to pick liucklo-
berries to keep tUlvo , Is reported to hnv <
shouted last Sutulav from iho pulpit : "I'm
starving , nnd my family has nothing lo ont
but boriloa ami broad ! IIolp , or I luirUhl"
Yet Homo of the deacons Itopt on do/Ing , and
Iho only result of the npponl was the calling
of a mooting to roprlmn.ul the pastor for tin-
truth fulnosi.
Chicago Times : A rrxfnyotte , liul. ,
prCAchor lias stirred up a hornet's licit la
his congicg.Ulon. I-.asl Bunilliy ho s.ildi
"Hod mndo the earth In six days nnd then
ho rested ; then he made man nnd rostoJ
tigain ; then ho made woman ; nnd since thai
tlmn neither God nnr man has had a rest. "
Morons of women loft the church nnd , it li
bald , neUuliltsMiptmont Is Imminent. And
'twould servo the Impertinent pastor right ,
too ; \\onionniYirtliuly iiMuagora of the
World's fnlr nml .shouldn't bo so adjudged.
Minneapolis Tiibumv Church union U un
dergoing a pr.ictloal experiment In Kansas.
In Chirk county crops have been a failure ,
nnd iho people hnvo found It necessary la
economize In every way In order to ninka
both onils moot. Savon denominations sup
ported uhurchos and pistors In Ashlnml , the
county sent. They resolved tb combine for
tlio reduction of expenses , nnd so they dis
missed sootavlivu bias for n time and deohlod
upon a union chuich. The most popular pas
tor wns selected bv n vote of all the church
nminbors of nil denominations nnd Installed ,
the chief stipulation being Hint ho wns to
pass lightly over doctrinal points , Six cler
gymen hnvo lost tholr situations , but they
itcqulosco in the Hat. knowing that the couv
inuulty could not. support thom all.
I'Mlatldvlitn Times.
A girl bosldo thu wntorMUs ,
The noonday sun Is warmly beaming !
Her nose and nucl. are turkey rod ,
Her eye with radiant hopuls gleaming.
Him winches Close thu hobbing cork
Advanced upon tho.tlny billows ;
A jerk , a swish mill lilgli above
Hho lands a sucker In the willows.
That's INhlni ; .
A fair maid trips the tennis court ,
A diizcn eyes nilmlro'imr golti ) > ;
Her bliiuk and yellow hlantr burns
A hole right tliroUli the suiisot'ri glowing
Hho drives the ball minus tlio not ,
And Into hearts consumed with wishing
She drives u dart fioni Cupid's bow ;
She'll land it siiekor , too. Shu's llshlng.
That's llshlng.
The politician on his rounds
Tuukles both nurkliiRiimii and granger !
Ho tries to niaku them Ihlnic tlnit ho
Alimecan save the land from danger. I
He chucks the baby on the chin ,
Ho says your wife looks ronlly youthful , t s
And , though yon know you're nftr-tlvo ,
You look Ju U twenty If bo's truthful ,
That's llsblng.
My llttlo wife beside mo stands
And steals u illmpled arm around moj
A klssjipon my lips that's halt
Homo Information to astound mo.
Her bonnet Is quite out ot style ,
Her Hummer wrap quite past thu using )
That lot uly ono so cheap at Brown's
la just the uno she would bo choosing.
That's llsblng.
Bo whether the game ho llnh or men.
The halt bo kisses , worms or'bos
The place at home , by sunny * . ( * '
Or toimU ground nt. evenings nushos
'TIs the old guiiiu the serpent \ihiyod
With Mother Kvo In Eden's bowers ,
And Adam's sous and daughters all
Will love the sport till time's lint hours
That's lUlilng.
European dit < un ficw Yurh IleialA
FOR A MATHOX.
Dross of lettuce Rroon silk shot with roil
pink nnd brocaded with a small deMgn ol
rosen , lace bertha arranged so as to form a
Marie Lionlso llchu , collar and bolt of luttuoo
green mirolr volvot.
I
CDL \ \
Lurgost Manut.ictiirori .in 1 ItatnUoM '
olUlothluxlutUo World. T
Touching it off
That is to say , letting1 it go , and if you had
been in our store Saturday you
would have thought Uncle Sam
had brought back the good old
times we read about , Oh , but we
did sell lots of suits. We have
taken oIT from $2.50 to $7.50 on
each suit , making suoh an extra
low price that oven if you do not
need it now , it will pay you bet
ter than savings bank interest to
pick out a suit now and put it
away till spring , This is not a
broken size or broken lot sale , but a nice olean stock
of the finest suits ever brought to this western coun
try. If you hesitate you are lost for they will bo
rapidly taken up.
BROWNING , KING & CO. ,
| S ( yf § COf , IBt'l StS.