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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1893)
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TIIR HMATT A 11A1F.Y H151.1 . * l\VI.nMKS11A Y. A HO 11ST
THE DAILY BEE.
K. UOSKWATKU , ttlltor.
I'lHIIitHllKD KVKUV MOHNIMJ.
TKItMH OK HUIISCIIII'TION.
Ilf > niwltli < mtHumli y Onn Yflfir. . t 8 00
Daily mill. "iitnlny , Otio Year . 1000
HlxMniitln . BOO
TJUPO Months. . . . , . . . . , . . . < . a en
Bttmlny lire , On Ynr. , * . . 2 00
Siitiirilny Urn , Onii Ynnr . r 1 60
Weekly live , One Year . 1 00
Omnlm.Thnllcn llnlldlnz. s
South OinMiK , rorniT N anil 2flth Street * .
Council Illiilft , ta 1'rnrl Street.
( JhlcnKi Dillon , 317 Clmmhcr of ( Jnmmnrcft.
Now' York , Kooms 13 , 14 nnd ID , Tribune
Washington , BiaTYnirtoenlh Street.
All communications relating to now ? ntid
rclltorlnl mattur should bo uddrcsiMi ! To tlio
All huslnrx * letters nnd rrmlltsnrrs should
1)0 ) nillln-twil to Tlio lleo I'nbllshlnc Company ,
Umnlm. Drafts , Checks nnrt-poMofflco order ?
to bo tnndc ! payable to the order of tlio com-
1'nrlle * leaving Ilio city for tlio summer can
liixvo Till ! linn sent. tn tholr address by leaving
an order nt this office ,
Till : HER I'UIIMSIIINO COMPANY.
SW011N STATKMBNT OP C1IICULAT10N.
Elntrs of Xrbrnsk.1. I
County uf Doiiclai. f
' Oronroll , Ti'.wliiicfc. wrcrdnry of Tim tit * Pub-
llihtiiK company , ilm'H Nnlctmilv-myrnrlhnt Inn
iiclnnl drrtiUtlmi of TMK U.Mi.r lire for tlio week
ending July 2l ! , 1MUJ , was as follows :
Hmirtay. Jiilv'.M 20,0X0
Moml.'iy. JiilviM 23,701
Tuewlay. July tf.1 23,7nr
Wcslm wliy. Jnly'-'i ) yn.snil
Tliiint.liiv.July U7. . . . ' . 23.8(10 (
Friday. July''H 2l,77fi :
Saturday , July ' 'U ' . ' 4,413
OrolltlK 11. T7.HCIIIICK.
. SWOHN to liffnn < inn nncl Riibscrlbo l In
j.BEAI. Miiy im-Hunue tbln 'J'.nh il.-iy nr July. IR'.Kt.
I ( N. 1' . F : iU Notary I'ubllo.
Tile licit III Clllr I' ! > .
Tnn Il.Mi.v nnd SUNDAY HVK : l on .sain * In
Clilrnpi t tin ) following places !
Ur.inil I'ai'lllc : hotel.
flreat. Northern hot < 'l. i
( lorn holol ,
I'lloi of Till ! IlKK n.in hi ! SPPII nt thn No-
tirnnkn bnildlnsr nnd tin ) Administration build
ing , KxposltKin grounds.
ATt-rngit ( 'irc-iilntlnn Inr.lnnc , IHD.1 , 'JI.'JIO
Tonn CASTOR is in WnshiiifCbn. Dem
ocrats inuy now oxoc-ct something to
drop. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
APPLICATIONS for positions nt the
disposal of tlio now house of representa
tives must bo In by the end of this week.
THE pooploof Iowa uncross fully fought
Iho rnllrniul problem to u mitlsfactory
finisli ixnrt the people of Nebraska can do
TunTumitmny tifjor in rnUiiig a heart
rending howl over the now federal ap
pointments in Now York City. Just
wait until Nebraska is oared for and
then listen to the roar.
SIIYVKU purchases fur July fell short
by 2,110,000 , ounces of the authorized
amount because of the selfish demands
of the silver owners. Free silver men
will not fail to see in this another
"crime against silver. "
CHICAOO announces that nho has prac
tically declared her independence of
Wall street and that she will hereafter
Hocurc her supplies of pold direct from
Europe. Chicago's confidence is all right
BO long as lior collateral holds out.
COMITHOLMCR KC1CKF.8 Ventures to )
predict that nine out of every ton failed L
national banks will open for business
ngnin. If the comptroller would venture
to say when this will happen ho would I
'afford the people a mifiih desired com
TIIK north wall of the now cell house
at the state penitentiary seems to have
the "bulge'1 on the rotninotl architects
who recently visited Lincoln in order to
oxprosB their admiration for the work
manlike manner in which it had -boon
TilK frenzy of the two subsidized rall-
roaS organs of Lincoln has shown some
little abatement since the railroad in
junction was granted by the federal
court. They no longer regard the
menacing attitude of the Stito Board of
Transportation with fear and trembling.
THE statement of the Chicago , Milwaukee -
waukeo & St. Paul railroad for the fiscal
year oifdinyr Juno .10 , 18'JII ' , shows the net
earnings to be $11-180,01.08 ( ) , as against
> ll-168r , , > 0&l for the preceding year , a
gain of 818.-H3.14. . This is ono of the
roads "subject to the so-callod ruinous
RAILWAY olllcials assert utter aston
ishment on the iiitorferoncoof'tho stock
holders to prevent them from complying
with the provisions of the maximum
freight rate law. Tn this some of them
may bo sincere , but it is safe to say that
the greater nuinbor have boon in secret '
collusion and hourly sympathy with the
whole injunction uchomo.
THE comptroller of the currency sug
gests that thu banks \vill remember in.
the future the panicky depositors who
ara now distrusting them. It is usually
BO dillloult for a banker to remember
any ono without repeated identification
that the panicky depositor has a good
chance of escaping in tlio universal for-
potfulnoss of banking circles.
A OKKTAIN railway refuses to trans
port the pauper minors of Colorado on
the pro in id rf that such action would bo
in direct violation of the United States
emigrant laws. 'Tlio railways are
assiduous in obeying the law when
uuoli obedience servos the Interests of
their revenue accounts. They are not
always HO bubmlsslvo to the law.
WE were not surprised to learn of the
resignation of one of the United States
lonatoM from Wyoming ; there Is really
nothing nttrautlvo in suoh a position.
I3ut thu announcement that a Douglas
county justice of the pence has resigned :
is a genuine tmrprise. Something un
usual must have happened to induce the
justice to rcloaso his hold upon so lucra
tive a position.
TUB State Board of Public Lands and
Buildings continues to hold the publlo
In supreme contempt by transacting the
people's business behind closed doors.
These o.xoeutivo sessions are only hold ,
it Is notlo-jd , when a oontraoUs to bo lot
to Bomo favored inombor of the ring or
when some ono of tlio numerous camp
followers is to bo " iPn
employed as "superin
tendent'1 at the rate of $5 per day.
/OHM'S HAILWAY K
There is nn old ndngn to the off cot that
oxporlcnco in the beat schoolmnitor , and
most nion have learned to tholr sorrow
that its truth IB not to bo questioned.
Man > nay learn by experience , but , if wo
nro to jtitlgo from tlio history of railway
legislation , a railway corporation never
learns anything , Defeated upon point
after point , It como9 forward again to
fight over the same old ground , and
Beonis perfectly willing to throw upon
its stockholders the costs of repeating
the often tried nnd unsuccessful oxporl-
ments. Everywhere in this country the
railroads have from the first assumed a
hostile attitude toward all legislation
enacted with a view to regulating the
conduct of tholr biHinoss. and every
where they have yielded only when
driven from their positions by the
The course of railway legislation in
almost any state in the union might ho
cited as evidence of the plghcadudness
of railway nlllclnls , hut no inoro instruc
tive'lesson could ho road at this time
tliiiu that furnished by the sketch of
railway legislation in Iowa published
yesterday in the columns of this paper.
The railroads operating in Iowa con
tributed to the wave of anti-monopoly
sentiment which carried through ' .ho
granger laws of the early 70's.
They were bold in assorting tholr abso
lute freedom from publlo control of
whatever kind and insisted that they
were private enterprises conducted for
private profit , with no duties to the
pcoplo other than they jchoso to
perform. Their rates were ad
justed to favor ono and dlscrim-
Inato against another and when
complaints were heard upon nil sides
they Insolently aald that their partiality
nlTected none .but themselves. They
fought every olTort to subject" them to
legislative -control and when llnally a
maximum freight rate law was passed in
1874 thoyjrofttsod to pay any attention
whatever to it and contldontly carried
tholr cases to the United States supreme
Their confidence in this instance was
shortlived. They were rudely awakened
from the dream into which they had
boon lulled when they learned that that
tribunal had sustained the constitution
ality of those measured. The right of
the states to regulate railway rates was
distinctly and plainly ulllrmod. Beaten
on this point , they yielded a sullen obedience
dionco to the law , construing it whcrovor
possible to the injury of the shipper.
No olTort was omitted to make the
law obnoxious to the people and
at last these efforts proved successful
in securing the repeal of the statute.
Three railway commissioners remained ,
but these were so shorn of their power
that the railways regarded them as in
offensive and impotent.
For the next few years dabbling in
polities' seemed to have supplanted the
transportation of passengers and freight
as the purpose for which the companies
were incorporated , and by the lavish
distribution of railway favors they man
aged to stave olT all further legislation.
By 1838 the anti-monopoly forces found
themselves once moro in power , and
I despite the desperate resistance of the
I corporation lobby they enacted a String
ent law , placing in the hands of elective
commissioners the power to establish
reasonable maximum rates subject to
appeal to the regularly established judi
ciary of the stato.
Again the railways showed their dis
position to resist the law. Again they
tried to make the enforcement of its
provisions as obnoxious as possible to
the people. Special tarilTs and terminal
rates were withdrawn and distance
charges substituted conforming to the
letter of the law , but so excessive as to
bo extortionate. When the commission
ers omploy.od their power to construct
and promulgate a tariff of maximum
rates , the railways displayed their pro-
deliction for injunction proceedings by
securing a temporary restraining order
to prevent the board from putting the
now schedule into force. Here , too ,
thuy displayed a ouniiingncss in waiting
until only a few days before the now
rates were to become olToctivo before
bringing in the petition , with the express -
press design that the proceedings might
necessarily delay their enforcement. At
length , cornered in their own game of
litigation , with the temporary injunction
withdrawn by the court , they recognized
the futility of further opposition and
submitted unconditionally to the man
dates of the law. For four years they
have been operating under the reduced
rates fixed by the Iowa commissioners
and the threatened bankruptcy has not
' yet appeared. Not ono employe has boon
discharged solely on account of the maxi
mum rates , nor have the stockholders
discovered that their private property
has boon confiscated.
If the railways were inclined to listen
to the dictates of reason , hero is a les
son whoso moral might well bo taken to
heart. But corporations do not learn
by experience. The railways of Ne
braska , in part identical with these who
wont through the lire of Iowa legisla
tion , prefer to pay the penalty for each
now acquisition of knowledge. Tlio
same tactics will be pursued -Nebraska ,
with the same ultimate results.
COMMISSIONER GAUNKAU has led some
of the newspaper people of Chicago to
believe that the Nebraska building may
, have to bo closed in consequence of the
' action of Auditor Moore in demanding
that receipted vouchers shall accompany
the commissioner's drafts upon the
World's fair appropriation , Auditor
Moore Is now cheeking up the commis
sioner's July accounts , and if ho abides
by the recent decision of the supreme
court ho will draw warrantsonly for suoh
sums as are covered by vouchers. In
short , the commissioner , under the rul
ing of the court , cannot draw money in
advance covering the estimated expend
itures for a month or a quarter. While
this may handicap the commissioner in
some respects , and revolutionize his
methods of doing business , it wllj not
justify any attempt to close the Ne
braska exhibit. Mr. Garneau certainly
could not seriously ontortulii such an
idou , The power which created the
otllclul position occupied by him also
provided for the Btato exhibit at the
World's fair. No authority loss than
that of the legislature Is competent to
' \ >
close the exhibit. Bo It will bo peen
thnt the commissioner Is simply talking
IVIBS/OKAT CLKVKIiANI ) OH TOP. I
As the time for the mooting of con
gress draws nearer It becomes more ap-
parent that the campaign which Mr.
Cleveland has been prosecuting in his
party ' for the repeal of the stiver pur
chase act has been far more successful
than was expected. The president secma
to have shown exceedingly good judgment -
mont In the conduct of the campaign ,
and it la by no means improbable that a
good share of the credit for this is duo
to that exceedingly shrewd politician ,
Colonel Lament , secretary of war , who
is j splendidly equipped for almost any
task requiring political acumen. About
the . first niovo the presi
dent made , after having induced Mr.
Carlisle to abandon the free silver cause , |
was to make an adherent of Mr. Crisp.
Tiio ex-speaker desired ro-olectton , and
it was not'dlfllcitlt to convince hfm that ,
the easiest if not the only way to secure |
it was to bo in harmony with the admin
istration. Crisp will again bo speaker ,
and , if his recent utterances are sin
cere , the administration will have no
inoro faithful friend nnd supporter in
either branch of congress than ho. Not
only docs ho favor the repeal of the sll-
* vor purchase clause of the Sherman net
but in order to insure that result
ho is prepared to have the L'ulos
of the house framed according to
the precedent sot by the last republican
congress. In both thoso. respects the
Georgia congressman is thoroughly and
completely n Cleveland man. Having
inado sure of Crisp the next most important - (
portant person to bo converted was Sen
ator Voorhoes , who , as chairman of the
senate committee on finance , could exert
a decided inlluunco. The Indiana sena
tor was a most pronounced nnd uncom
promising free silver advocate and very
generally regarded by the anti-free sil
ver men as a hopeless case. It cannot bo
over three months , if so long , since ho
declared that under no circumstances
would ho support a measure for the
unconditional repeal of the Shot-man law.
But unless Mr. Voorhcos has again
changed his mind within the last few
days lie is now an adherent of the ad
ministration and is willing that the pur
chase of silver by the government shall
bo stopped unconditionally.
There have been other conversions ,
but it is sufficient to mention the most
prominent and important. Of course
there are free silver democrats whom
the president has not been able to con
vert to his views and mil not bo. But
as the situation now appears lie does not
need them. If this shall prove to bo so ,
and the most trustworthy opinion pro-
diets it , Mr. Cleveland may fairly chum
to have achieved a signal victory , for the
odds were very largely against him when
ho started lit on the campaign. Being
on top there is reason to believe thafj
the president has made himself HO secure
in his position that he will have no
difficulty in retaining it. Nobody now
questions that the silver purchase clause
of the Sherman act will bo repealed in
the house and it is very generally con
ceded that a measure tor this purpose
can bo passed in the senate.
TUB LAI10R 3IAKKKT.
Not the least serious and deplorable
feature of the existing distrust and de
pression is the condition of the labor
market. Within the last few months
tons of thousands of workers have boon
thrown out of employment and every
day adds to the already vast army of
j idle labor. All over the eauntry in
dustrial enterprise is being restricted.
Mills and' factories are suspending
operations altogether or greatly cur
tailing production. Michinory which
year ago was woricing to its full
capacity ia now motionless or is
being worked but a part of the
timo. In scores of mills the hum
of the spindle has ceased and
in hundreds of factories and workshops
whore a few months ago the hum of busy
industry was hoard there is now silence.
In every industrial city of the
country there are hundreds of
willing workers idle where a
yeau ago there were almost none , and
the indications are that this already
large army of unemployed will continue
This is a most unfortunate state of af
fairs and it is to bo apprahondod that it
will become much worse before there is
a change for the bettor. It promises to
place hundreds of thousands of the wage
earnora of the country in a position to
experience much hardship and priva
tion during "the coining winter.
It threatens the creation of an
extraordinary demand upon the
resources of charity. It has already
caused some hardship , but people can
manage to get along at this season of
the year on a comparatively small al
lowance. Just now It is simply a matter
of enough to oat to sustain life and the
plainer it is the bettor. A few months
hence moro food will bo needed , warmer
clothing nnd fuel , increasing materially
the expenses of every family. This is
the season of preparation for the larger
demands of the future , but it will bo lost
to the tens of thousands of laboring people
ple who are thrown out of employment
now and if they are not able to procure
work later on in the year theirs mmt bj
a hard and bitter experience before the
coming winter is passed.
Perhaps it is not well to take a too
pessimistic view of the situation. It is
possible that the depression which is
proving so disastrous to labor inuy not
bo prolonged beyond a month or two.
There are some whoso judgment Is'wor
thy of respectful consideration who confi
dently predict that as soon as the currency
question is properly settled there will bo
a restoration of confidence that will carry
with it u revival of business. It is to bo
hoped that this will bo the eaie , and it
is also to bo hoped thaC congress can bo
induced to bhuro this fooling , so that
there shall bo no unnecessary delay '
in reaching a proper settlement
of the currency question. Un
doubtedly that would Imyp an
excellent ulToct , but that it would re
move all reason for dhtrustnnd all cause
of depression is by no means assured.
Hvory intelligent student of existing
conditions must know that the shutting
down of mills and factories is not wholly
duo to the money stringency and thu
laok of duMnoM. iltbwovor largo apart
thcso may fairly uViv&fliimeil to play In
producing 1 the Industrial depression ,
there ' is another iilllnenco nt work which
will continue to ijpqrnlo after Iho cur-
roney question is deposed of. This Is
the uncertainty nndt apprehension n l"
what the democratic congress and oxocu-
Jlvd-may do In regard to the economic
policy I of the : co'untry. The fear
that the party in qoptrol of the govern
ment . may carry \c\vltt \ \ reform to nn ex
treme that will bo , seriously injurious if
not destructive twrnttny of'thcindustries '
elk the country may prov ? to bo n groundl
less fear. There Is reason to believe
that Mr. Cleveland intends to restrain
the radical element of his party and interpose - '
torposo to jirovont tariff legislation that
might : bo damaging or destructive. But
the fear ox tats , nnd it bin its inlluonco
In inducing manufacturers to curtail
operations. The president "might dispel
extra session of congress , but It Is under
stood ( that ho proposes to confine that
communication to the discussion of the
silver question , perhaps believing that
In the solution of that question will bo
found the remedy for all the financial
and'businoss Ills that nfillct the country.
THE farmers in some of the Now IStig-
land states are unable to got sufficient
help to harvest their crops , which nro
more than ordinarily bounteous , nnd tills
notwithstanding the fact that there is a
great deal of unemployed labor In tlio
cities and the farmers are offering good
wages. Ills said that they are willing
to pay as high as Si'i a month with board
and lodging. The eastern farmers had
a similar experience last year , and there
was difficulty in the northwest also in.
procuring I sufllclont labor during har
vest time , although extraordinary In
ducements were offeree ; , but there was
loss 1 unemployed labor last year than
there is now. There are several ex
planations j of the indisposition of city
laborers to go to the farms. Work on
the . farm is hard , especially to these not
familiar with it , and then farm life gets
in n short time to bo very monotonous.
But an able-bodied man but of work and
with no prospect in the city but that of
Idleness , would deserve no sympathy if
ho refused for thcso reasons a chance for
farm work at fair wages and his sub
THKRE is something attractive about
the proposition of the Colorado pcoplo
to issue silver certificates upon bullion
deposited in the vaults of the state , but
it will hardly commend itself to the
shrewd business judgment of the men of
the west. If Coiorado can issue n cur
rency based on deposits of bullion , Wyo
ming could as easily1 do the same with
coal as a basis of. circulation , or Ne
braska with corn , or Dakota with wheat.
The southern farmers could authorize
bunks of circuiatioif with cotton as the
basis , and Virginia and Carolina people
could do the same with tobacco and rico.
The idea is a favored ono with the popu
lists , but it is ono which will never be
'is now talking
in Chicago. Hirf latest utterance is :
"The government that is responsible for
such a condition of things as now exists
in the United States , when thbro is no
war or pestilence , should Do wiped from
the face of the earth , but it should bo
done constitutionally. " Under what
clause of the federal constitution two-
thirds of the people of this country can
bo wiped from the face of the earth tbo
governor does not stop to explain. Ho
will , of course , not admit that his 111-
eonsidorod utterances have had much to
do with the social and financial condi
tions in Colorado. Ho should demonetize
SAVINGS banks throughout the east
are rapidly following the example sot by
the resolution of the Now York and
Brooklyn presidents to take advantage
of the rule requiring notice for the with
drawal of deposits. Whatever the effect
of this action may bo upon the present
condition of affuirs it corta'nly ' has great
significance , in that it denotes a confi
dence on the part of these banks that at
the expiration of the designated time
confidence will have boon restored so
that their resources will remain unim
paired. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
SHOIITUNINO the working time at the
local factories and shops imposes a con
siderable hardship upon the laborers ,
but is moro satisfactory than would bean
an entire stoppage of work. The em
ployes cannot well refuse to ah are with
their employers the losses of the present
glut in the commercial markets.
LIST the jobbers and merchants of this
city make a showing of the fact. ? before
the Western Freight association at
Chicago on August 8 and they may bo
coriain that the complete equalization
of the bridge tolls will follow.
XIMV You'riv Nhmitlug.
Nebraska , with it corn crop worth $50,000-
000 , is right up wltlir.ho procession.
With Mr. Ghulatonp'.s devil's advocate ,
Mr. Chamborhiln's Introduction of Herod
nnd the Irish mombaiN'"Judns" ' choral , the
debate on the homo nf | bill closed in line
old ecclesiastical stylf
" I'remunt Trllntne.
Tun DUB publishcs'iStarviuws with a num.
borof Omalm businomj-inoii whoso uniform
testimony is tlmt , dosplto tlio cry of Imra
times , their business U larger tlum ut this
time a yuar URO. Such cheerful testimony is
valuable at this
Thu ruth nf H ifetjr.
.Veto AIJA [ sun.
Roponl the iiurchatftjff oluuso of tbo so-
called Shonimn act. - -
Autliouzo the issue by national banks of
circulation up to par of tbo United States
bonds deposited with the treasury to secure
- Issue no UnltoJ States notes ot a loss do.
nomination than $5.
The ( lulil .Mmoment.
, ( Ilulic-Deinccrat.
I The gout movement , is a feature of the
flnnucml situation which deserves some nt-
tuntlon , Hlnco January 1 the country has
exerted about * C'J,000,000 in gold and im
ported about $11OOJUOO. In our dealings
with the outsldo world In the jmst seven
months wu have paid out about (53,000,000
moro gold than wo have taken in. Hut the
tide has turned in our favor now , Whllo the
exportation of the uiotal has ceased its im
portation Is setting in. In the past two or
tnreo weeks it has been coming in at the
rate of about $1,000,000 , u week , und the
movement Is Increasing. Mou than twlco
thM ' mnonnt U on Its w.\y to tlio country nt
tlio proac-nt timo. The tirob.ililllty t * thnt
by the tliuoconitrcM pnU fnlrly at work In
the exports of Iho moUil will bo M.OOiMHO or
' .ho o.xtM soMton 11,000,000 a wook. This ln > -
crciiso In romlored tolerably certain b.v Iho
present , growth in morchnmllvi i > \ ) > orts nnd
tlio reduction of the balunco of trade against
A I'rrinliiin nn Itroxit Tires.
The last Now York legislature enacted n
peculiar nnd orlultml tax law which prom
ises to have n very important nnd far roach-
Injf effect upon the roads of thustato. U
provides simply that every person using a
two-horse wapon or ono still InrRcr on the
publlo \ highway shall have one-half his road
tax rebated If the wheels of his vehicles
have tires not less than three Inches in
width. This Is pnttlncr n notable premium
ii | > on the use of broad "tiros , and cannot fall
to Induce a largo and steadily IncrciuliiR
number to adopt this best protection of the
highways. Already wagon Healers In the
Htnplro state rciwt n Rreat Increase In the
sale of broad-tired wagons , and many farm
ers are having wheels with broad tires put
on old wagons In place of the old narrow
tires. Tha opinion is unanimous that the-
law will certainly nnd sncoJIly lead to the
general adoption of broad tires.
ICmbivlliK the ItlncUn.
The school amendment to the constitution
//nhnntn , upon which thu people of that
state will vote , provides that tun taxes for
school purposes levied upon the white * and
blacks shall bo kept soparnto utui thnt each
race shall have the buuniltof what It pays.
The result , if the amendment Is adopted ,
will bo that the school facilities of thu
nugroos will bo very scant. In a technical
sense they pay only a fraction of the tax for
the support of the schools , but any econo
mist Unows that -this Is no fair criterion of
the part of the burden of taxation they
boar. Alabama seems determined , however ,
to net up this discrimination , The whites in
thnt state , having robbed the black man of
the ballot , propose now to keep him In ig
n\i hiii'jl n .Slur.
The extraordinary session of the Fifty-
third congress Should profit by the horrible
exampto sot by the Uouso of Commons nnd
whenever there Is danger of friction had
better adlourn promptly rather than risk
the possibility of physical conlllct. Tno
damaiio resultant from nn English parlia
mentary free light Is limited to bruises , for
there the list is the only weapon , but n riot
in the house of representatives would give
oxpcris on gunshot wounds and stabs
numerous opportunities fcr extending their
oxporlonco. Therefore It behooves the com
ing congress to restrain Its sarcasm and
anbduo the nnirry passions which are always
The Km ot Itoxuinptloit.
CM&ma Inter Ocean.
Many of the suspended banks In the west
which have proved themselves financially
sound are arranging to resume business , and
the people wilt not in. the future bo so easily
frightened into "runs. " Hundreds and
thousands of men have lost their savlnir.s
of the years past Uy withdrawing their
funds. Eastern savings depositors have
acted with moro discretion than have tholr
r.inki or thu Sum * Sii
Kansas City Journal.
The attorney general of Colorado rules
that it is within the power of the legislature
to provide for a dojwsitory of silver bullion
and tbo Issuance of certificates thereon , as
signable by delivery and rccoivablo by the
statu In payment of state taxes. The state
ticket elected in Colorado Inst fall appears
to bo pretty much alike , all the way down.
Governor Wai to is only an average sample.
Sign * nf Improvement.
Many mills have closed in different parts
of the country in the past few weeks on
account of the financial disturbance , but
some of them are opening again. One big
factory in Connecticut nnd another in Now
York have just resumed work. Resump
tions will probably bo numerous before the
fall season fairly begins.
' 11OUXD AHOUT 'IIIIS f.lltl.
Brazil exhibits more than 3,000 different
grades of coffee.
There is no denying the fact that the
American girl it ono of the loveliest exhibits
at the World's fair.
The band music In the galleries in the
Manufactures building is having a good ct-
feet in attracting visitors up the stairs.
Spain's exhibit of sllvorwaro is insignifi
cant in extent , but the Spanish silversmith's
art is shown to best advantage by two colos
sal iron vases , chiseled and inlaid with gold.
They are valued at10,000 and $33,000 re
Silver occupies the place of honor in the
United States exhibit , as it has taken pos
session of that ono of the fourcorners around
the clock tower which has boon given to our
country , while Germany , England nnd
Franco hold the others.
liclglum has withdrawn her exhibits from
examination by judges of awards. The Bel
gium jurors arrived in Chicago July 1 , on
tlio promise of Mr. Tluicher that Belgium's
exhibits should all bo Judged bo/oro July 20.
Tlio jurors are obliged to return at once to
Belgium , none of the displays having been
examined , so that In Justice to tholr ex
hibitors Belgium lias withdrawn altogether.
William Uylo of Paterson , N. J. , Is ono of
the largest silk manufacturers in the coun
try. Ills father ndd mother first began the
making of silk with n hand loom as far back
us the early " 50's , and wove the American
flag which waved over the Crystal Palace in
1850. It Is n leap from that period to today ,
when there are moro than 100 silk factories
in that town engaged in throwing , dyeing
and weaving silk.
The fourth wife of the mahurajah of ICap
urthala has I'oon Interviewed , nnd had her
picture taken in Now York. "I like America
ica : your women nro pretty and they have
such lovely eyes , " said her hlghncas. Then
she .smiled , showing her pearly teeth.
"Their figures are good aud they are so
graceful. I have- hoard of your great coun
try in my homo in India , but it is so much
bigger than I over oven dreamed. "
In the coming live stock exhibition nt the
World's fair Iowa growers should bo well
represented. Thnt suite has done the hand
some thing by the stock brooders and this
industry should bo shown to Its best ad-
vntungo. An appropriation of $10,000 , was
made , through which nil the expanses of
shipment , care and keep of nil horses , cnttlo ,
sheep , awlno ami poultry will be paid by
the state , leaving no expense upon the ex
Ono of the very interesting places nt the
Columbian exposition Is the exhibit-of the
American Hell Telephone company in the
Electricity building. There nro shown the
original Instruments of Prof , Bell , and nil the
various forms of telephones used and experi
mented with since the grunting of the
patents to him. There are also churls and
diagrams of largo size , showing the progress
of the art nnd the Increased use yuar by
year of the telephone.
A jolly Irishman from southern Indiana
has built himself n greenhouse just to tiow
visitors how to vontllnto such buildings. To
demonstrate the possibility of producing any
temperature ut any time of year by the
proper means , ho has camped in his patent
arrangement during the hottest of hot days
past and discoursed on the comfort of an
atmosphere controlled by the Indiana plan ,
Ills enthusiasm dampened u little , lie says ,
du jng the middle of ono day , but with that
exception ho has been ready to show that
Ice crfmm might almost bo manufactured
without ice In a house using tils ventilator.
Comanche , the only living thing thnt es
caped the mnssacro on the Litllo Big Horn
when Custor und his command were annihi
lated by thu Sioux , died a few years after
the battle , und was stuffed by order of the
government. Ho Is now to bo seen nt the
Kansas state building at thu World's fair ,
having boon loaned to the state by tbo na
tional government. Comanche was the horse
of gallant Captain Koogrh , who was killed
with his chief nt the "Inst rally , " The
horse was wounded In the battle , nud lib
life was with dlfliculty preserved. Ucno's
men cared for hfm as though ho had been
hutimn , and after his recovery ho was sent
to Fort Lincoln , from which | Kilnt ho was
sent to Fort Meade , Later tin was trans
ferred to Fort Uiloy , Kan. , where ho nassod
lib latter days in peace , dying of old ago
when ho had rounded out the ripe term of 31
years. Captain Keogh was the last man
who rode Comancho. Tha dignity ot n gen
eral order wus Invoked to save the horse
from the indignity of torvin ? ia the raukn.
The Ohio democratic convention meet *
next week , when preliminary arrangement *
| irlll bo made for the fall funeral.
After n series of rlotou.s crabs the political
flnandfirs of Snn Francisco are wrostllnfr
ivith a blooming deficit it f3tM,72l.
Newspapers nro the mercury of local con
ditions. Contraction Is visible In Denver
Capers to the extent of several columns.
H Is a dreary day In Colorado that does
tint fabricate a euro-all for the silver debll-
ty. The gold euro Is Invariably oxclmlod.
As the Chicago convention Is an enlarged
reproduction of Denver's gory gathering. It
Is presumed the delegates are right In the
Oeorgla Insists on n moro sonorous slloo of
'ederal plo unit hns forwarded n cargo of
watermelons to Washington to expedite the
For the Information of all concerned It
should ' be stated that tlio Nebraskan who
'tululgcd in a three weeks sleep contracted
, ho tired feeling while rending small plea
editorials in the Kansas City Times.
The agility acquired In answering the
. alls for moro copy anil m.iking the pay roll
linrmenizavllh the Incymo ot the St. Paul
Globe , enables Minister Hukor to easily
dodge the shots of successive revolutions In
Nicaragua. ICnnnl hns no plnco In his gym-
Mr. Crawford , the American consul at St.
Petersburg , Is preparing a work so massive
that the Imagination weakens before it. It
Is to bo Issued In llvo big volumes , the first
of which Is nearly ready. It Is a translation
otnnonicliU report on "The Industries ot
Hussla. " Mr. Crawford Is assisted by a
largo force of translators.
Alincry Hazelton made his nppoarnnco nt
Westbrook , Me , , the other day after -an nb-
senco of forty-two years. , IIo ran nwny to
sea when n boy of IS , and was lung slnco
given up for dead. As a sailor ho visited
every quarter-of the ulobo und afterward
betook lilmsolf to mining , He was working
In Utah when the impulse seized him to
come homo nnd see the folks , or the fuw
who wcro left of them.
Somdotch Phra Paramlnda Mnha Chul.v
lonkorn Patlndir Dubla Maha Alongkut
Purusl.ir.ituo Kaja Ka WOIIRSOVarut
Mabi-otigso Parabut Warakhattlara llaja
Nlknro Tama ChaluranU Parama Maha
Chntt Unbar TiroGasangkas Paruinadharm
Mlkn Malm Kujad Hiraja Pnra Alanartli
Pablto Phra Chula Chomklau Chan Yu Hua
Is the full nit mo of the king of Slam. If
l-'ranco hns annexed a slice of It In connec
tion with the land grab , the world will ap
plaud its heroic stand for civilization.
Chat-ley Collins dead I The annouuco-
ment will bo received with stncoro regret
by all the older newspaper men hithe Mis
souri valley. A more generous soul never
winged Its flight to Its maker. A brighter , '
brainier or moro companionable man could
hardly ho found in thu roster of western
journalists. His make-up was a bundle of
electric nerves with an nro light on top. Ho
pcrsonllletl hustle , and was impatient of de
lay In reaching the goal ho sought. Work
ing as liu did under high pressure , his safety-
valve gave way frequently. For this ho was
considered erratic. It was rather n yearn
ing for a broailor sphere than was within
his grasp. Whatever his faults , they worn
trifles compared with his boundless sympa
thies and'lavish generosity prompted by a
heart as warm und uuselllsh as over throbbed
in human frame , Peace to his spirit 1
XK111C.ISKJ. A.\l ) XKHll.lliK.lXli.
The division of Knox county is still being-
Ed J. Mock , oi'.itor of the Alma Record ,
has loft town anil tlio plant of hU paper lias
Mrs. Aden , for eighteen years a resident
ot Tnayor county , died at her homo In
Hebron of old ago.
The Holt County Soldiers and Sailors as
sociation will hold Its annual reunion nt
Ewing August 2S3 , 31 and 23.
Several lodges of the 'Ancient Onlor of
United Workmen in the Elkhorn valley will
hold a picnic at lowing on August 5.
The Christian church at IJu Hois will bo
formally dedicated next Sunday. Uov. II.
C. Henry of I incola will conduct , the exor
Jay Smith is now the editor and publisher
of the McPherson County News , published
ut Tryon , nntl D. P. Wilcox , the founder of
the paper , has gouo to Lincoln.
Potcr Sharp is languishing in Jail nt Tokn-
mah for sulllmr boor , without n llconso at
Bancroft. Six kegs of beer full Into the
sheriff's hands at tho'samo tltno Sharp did.
While little Helen Gould of York was
playing with heivfathor on a bed she fell
through a scrcftn nnd out of an open window-
to the ground , breaking ono arm In two
A young man named n.irbor. n Burt county
farmer , tried to carry n gun while riding on
a mower aud made a failure of it. Tlio
charge took ofToct in his side , producing a
fatal wound ,
linckhamlod Work of tlin ItoiuU.
Grand Maml Imlepcnilcnt.
The Nebraska railroads acted as if they
were ready to comply with thn maximum
rate law , preparing now tariffs , dtc. But nil
this seems to have been only a feint. The
olllcurs of the roads and the complaining
stockholders , of course , net together with n
full understanding In order to protect the
olllccrs from the heavy flues of the law , and
in order to takmtlio decision away from the
Nebraska courts nnd throw it into the federal
courts. The question of the constitutionality
of the lawwlll certainly bo taken up to tlio
United States supreme court , in this way
delaying the carrying out of the law.
inn LOUTISH oratAM.
Ihiffnlo Express : Incidentally , the present
French government tins ilono n grpftt stroke
of campaign butlnc.ss which will count hi
the August elections.
Globo-Dcmocrat : The glory thnt Franco
hns pained In the Siamese innttor Is very i
much Ilko thnt which n bulljr achieves by -
Intimidating n cripple.
Kansas City Journal : Franco Is cllsap-
pointed. Slam's unconditional yielding to
nil her hoggish demands tins loft no sem
blance of OXCUAO for war.
Chicago liccord : In the main the bold
stroke of the French government has benu
successful , nud n republic which Is llttlod Is-
posed to colonize foreign territory hns ac
quired now rights. How long will It rest
content with its now possessions t
Minneapolis Tribune : For n small ropub-.w / " * > -
He , Franco Is doing qulto well In the Innd- - * * f
grabbing Business , and Is apparently just
getting fairly under way. She Is said to ho
looking with covetous eyes upon Kiypt nnd
Morocco nnd is pushing forward steadily in
the Congo region nnd Dahomey.
Now York Tribune : Henceforth the nnmo
of Slam will have only u historical signifi
cance. But It Is ah unsurpassed bit of the
Irony of fate that the wisest nnd best of
Asiatic rulers .should llnd his own and hi *
country's destruction nt the hands of thnt
very civilization whth he hns so assiduously
Cincinnati Commercial ; So poor little
Slam has had to back down nnd give tn , nud
the French JlngoUt" have won a bloodless
victory , with which they can npponl to the
passions of the voter * nt the next general
election , Tlio-Frcnch rfTovomctit was dra
matic enough. Slam could not rolst the
foreo presented by France , nnd willy it Illy ,
right or wrong submitted to the demands
of the French jlngolsts.
Chicago Times ! England i.s probably
sorely disappointed that Slam gave in to
Franco before she was ready to stick her
nose into thn quarrel. The United Stati-s Is
the real sufferer by iho failure of n wnr ,
though : for the United States would have
boon called upon to food all the comtutants
nnd the majority of tlio stay-at-homes as
well. Which she is prepared to do nt so
much per head without limitation ns to nuiu-
bora or prejudice as to principles.
Tin : , rji.i.v rn.4i.AX.Y.
Itoslnn Courier : Durlhij the preserving sea
son the housiiwlfo reallne.s that ono csientlivl
of the occupation Is to preserve her equanimity
Kato Kleld'.s Washington : Johnnie 1'npn ,
are despots Impny ? I'apa t don't , know. Ask
the hired girl.
I'till.idolphla Uncord : "Miss Itllnkor has
been up In the Allcirhonliis , mid now .she's oil
for the Kutvlor.skllN , " observed WlgRs. "Ah ,
lm , " nld Wungs , "olT for other climbs , uhV"
InUi\nipo1ts ( : Jom-iml : "Ain't you workln'
now , JlmV"
"Naw. I thanked n p.issotiRorTlio h.tndod
me his fare the other day , and u hlamml spot
ter nn bonrd allowed from that thai I was Ink
ing the faro for my own USD. "
Life : Tankloy OoBplns sent mn n. bottle
yesterday containing u snake preserved In
( it lines Think he meant to Insult.yon ?
Tank ley ' don't know , lint. I certainly do
nut nnprocluto the gift nor-tlio spirit In which
It urns tendered. *
Ohlcaco Trll'uno : Kwedtly Miss Walknh
'paid mo nn ni\reeililo : eompllmunl lust night ,
fhollv What wiis lt.ilei\h boy ?
Kweddy 1 iihslteillior If slut would rtawnce
with mo , nnd she said she llkod my fuce.
Detroit Preo Press : Collector ( mad ) When
are yon golns ! tn piv ; this bill ?
Debtor Never. Wliat'N the use ? As long as
you lire coming after It why should 1 bu golns
to pity It ?
I'uck : Clerk Now these .shoos have the
improved sliou laeu warranted mil to come
Fair customer ( In haste ) Oh , put the old
kind In tnuin , please !
Dallas News : Kvory thrifty American citi
zen has L\voor tluee duudhuiits on his buck.
Truth : "Why do you tukn a Philadelphia
nuwspanor , Illuks ? " iiuerled Mnwson.
. "It rufroshus my memory , " replied Hluks.
t'hlcaco Tutor Ocean : Jennie Don't you
think .MU.s tivvcetlook's pup eyes Kpoll her
Tom No ; It's her Ice cream mouth does It.
Clt\/ \ Journal
How pleasant , tlii-sn warm summer days ,
To nit buneatb tlio sliado
Of aiiromlliiK trui-s ont. In the park ,
With some sweet summer timid ;
To ru.stution tlio cool , itreon irass ;
And talk of IOVO'H delights ,
Then llu nwaku at nlulil for hours
And scratch the ehl 'or bites.
fllE l-'OUl , Kir.l.f.H'S A
HVm/idiyton / Star.
I hnvo to linger by the wuvn
And watch thn man who rocks the boat ;
In many ways I'm occupied
As any one may surely note.
It Is my < lnly to observe
Tlio man who thinks It would bo fun
To point ut Homo Ill-fated friend
Thnt dldn'l-knnw-'twus-loailed gnnl
It Is my task to note the youth
Who fuels that naught will do for him
Except to si'c'lc thn shorn and see
How far from safety he can swim.
The man wlm leaps from dl/y holKhts ,
And ho whoso joy his pen hns wrecked ,
Am K od old customer * of mlnn
Whoso dolnx * 1 may not nugleut. -T'
Anil this Is why , good people ) nil ,
I Idle bi'cni , whim Hiich a Hood
Of words are loosed on iiimruliy
And brldlus that/ are dipped In blood ,
annf.icturorg : ml Rotation
ol Clothing In the World.
How people will rise up and slay thoumpiro ,
and it is just as Funny how
people will wait till the last of
July to buy a summer suit
May be they don't may be
they buy a suit somewhere
and it wears out before July.
They don't got it hero. At
any rate we have had quite a run on our summer
suits in the past , probably on account of the pho-
nominally low prices , Wo never carry over any
suits , even if we do sacrifice on them. Wo are also
making some extraordinary prices-on straw hats
to close out the few wo have loft. A $2.50 brown
stiff hat for $1.50.
BROWNING , KING & CO. ,
Store op over/ovenln tUl j >