Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 26, 1893, Page 4, Image 4

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K. ItOHKWATKIt , Editor.
liilly Ilrocwtlhotlt Simdnjrl Ono Year. . I fl 00
mlly nnd Sunday , Ono Yi-ar . 10 ( X )
ilsAlonliK . . . . l > 00
riirroMonlln . . . . - 2 & 0
iiindfiy lice , Ono Yrnr. . . . . - 2 OO
iilnrilny nco.Onn Yrnr . . . . . . . . - 1 " 0
Vecklylltu , Onu Yrnr . - 100
< 01.TICF3.
Onmtin.ThP Itnf ItulUllnz.
Houlli Oniiitm , enrnnr N nnd 2 < 5tli Stroon
Council 1l1ufr , 12 Pearl HtreoU
( /lilciiBoOnirn , 317 Ulmmbnrot Commerce.
New York. KOOIIH 13 , 14 niul 16 , Trlbuno
Washington , 513 I-Ymrtcnnth Slroot.
All communion ! Ions rolntlns l now * nnfl
tdltnrlaJ mailer should boaddnmod : To the
AI1tiu ltir < uilrttir ) * nnd rnnillUnoM ulio'Jld
taaililrnMdl to Tim line Publishing Company ,
himilm. Drafts , check * niul piuMfHcn orilor *
In 1)0 ) rnadn payublo to tlio onlcr of the corn-
PnMlcs leaving tlioclty for Inn MJmmor ciui
Imvn the llr.n writ tholr address by leaving nn
nrili't nt UiN olllrc.
of Ni'bniKka. I
County of Omiclnn. f ,
rOi-onnOl.Tiwliiick.Hccn tiiryif Tim nr.r Pub-
IIMiIng company. ' ! ' > < Moli-iniily nwi .ir llial thn
ficlunl Hruiiliitlon of TIIK. IMir.vY.r. \ \ \ for tlio week
Milling July IIwlM ! , wnnua followm
iind.iy. July lit . 20,020
onday , July 17 . " : t'Zu
'iiiwlay.Jiil.v IH . al'ZS :
VMliipMilay. July II ) . ss.fln ?
rininMlnv. July W . 2l,8 : a
prlitny. JnlyJl . -
B.itunlay.Jiily - ' - ' . 24,5'J8
, > . SWOHN to bpfoni III" mill Hiifo-HTlNMl 111
JSBAI , Jniy pnwiico tlilnJlili ilny of July. 1811.1.
, I N. 1' . KM i. . Notary Public.
Tim HIT In Clilru ii.
t'lilrnpn til tin' following places !
I'nlmorliiinsc. .
< 5 rand 1'acltlc hotel.
Auditorium hotel.
On-lit Northern hotol.
Oorn hotel.
I.i'lnnd luitnl.
Files of Tnr : 1UK : ran bn spnn nt tbn NP-
lirankn ImlldliiL , ' niul Ihu Administration Inillu-
liift , Imposition uronnd.s.
.or , liin , 181)11 ) , Ul.'jtn
. NKIMASKA la koopiiif ; well to tlio front
In the Tumors' tournament nt Mil
THIS little controversy between Franco
and Slam nmy compel the geographers
lo revise their inupa of Europe-nud Asiu.
Tinship of state can Imnlly bo ox-
cusoil from wabbling in UH course as
lonrr ns Qtiartortnaster Cor roll is at the
TIIK numerous treatment auconleil the
tourist minors by tlio citi/ons of Grand
Island is certain in the end to redound
lo their bunullt.
TIIK fallen heroes of Wounded Knee
now hnvo a well-earned memorial in
Dndiirlnir granite as well as on the
InolTaueublo panes of history.
THKKK are only 9,11)1 ) plaeos in Now
York City licensed to sell intoxicating
liquors. And our prohibition contem
porary is also published in that city.
THE city of Lincoln is to bo congrat
ulated over tlio admirable manner in
which its financial institutions have
weathered tlio storm in the face of so
many disturbing rumors.
TIIK Chinese are bound to create
trouble. Now it is the detection of eight
federal ollicials who have been assisting
In smuggling contraband Cinnamon into
this country at Portland , Ore.
TIIK Dorgan-Sowall outfit at Lincoln
make an open secret of the fact that
they will never bo brought to trial on
the serious charges laid at their doors
by the Lancaster county grand jury.
TIIK desperate situation in the mining
districts of Kansas ought to commend 1
Hsolf to the warlike instincts of the gov
ernor of Colorado. If the worst comes
to the worst ho may yet bo able to urge
his panting steed through billows of
TIIK anxiety of Colorado's idle popula
tion to reach the eastern states is in
marked contrast to the incendiary con
duct of the governor and some of the
leading citizens. The laboring men want
work with bread , rather than blood with
SKNATOU MAUTIN believes that the
eastern leaders of the democratic party
are sounding Its doom by their attitude
upon the financial question , Is this not
ungrateful from a senator who owes his
Beat to the parliamentary manipulations
of these very leaders ?
A COUNTY ofliclal gives currency to
the apparent paradox that the moro
mortgages tiled , the bettor the times ,
and ho supports his assertion by statis
tical evidonco. This is no doubt truo.
A little reflection will soon cause the
paradoxical aspect to disappear.
IOWA railroads have withdrawn the
obnoxious rule requiring prepayment of '
charges for hay shipments without wait
ing for iho hearing and decision of the
railroad , commissioners upon the com
plaints filed ai'tiinst it. Nebraska rail ]
roads are still some distance behind the
standard of their competitors on the
other side of the Missouri.
KVKN Nicarnguan revolutionists are
expected to observe the rules of conduct
prescribed by civilixnil nations for the
govornni'mt of belligerents. The pretest -
test of Minister Haker against tholr violation
lation is timely , concise and diirnillod.
The revolutionists , if successful , would
apply for recognition from the United
Slates , but they will find that tholr ac
tion in bombarding the capital without
giving previous notice is not the course
of action to insiiro such recognition.
VKUll'lOATiox of the report that one
of the largest railway systems of the
east intends to supplant its telegraph
Eorvlco by the long-distance telephone
will be awaited with much interest.
The telegraph monopoly htt3 always dis t.a
couraged the introduction of the tele
phone for commercial purposes and o1 1
to this time has been successful in carryIng > -
Ing out its policy. An extensive use of
telephones for railway service ought to
result in Its general employment with ,
consequent reduction of tolls all along
the lino.
ll wns scarcely to bo nxpeotml thnt Iho
railroads of Ncbrftskn would quietly * bM
mil to the operation of a maximum freight
rivto Inw , lioworcr small tlio enforced re-
ductlon In charges might bn , without
ultimately attacking Its fOnctllutlonality
In the courts , lint when the prosldiMtts
nt tholr meeting a fortnight ago cnmo to
nn agrrcmont to nbldaby the legislation
for the llmo being and to fix their tarllTs
according to the legal schedule , the hope
was universally aroiiscd that a fair test
of the law would convince the railway
managers that they had not been treated
so badly ns they had imagined and that
they would prefer the law as it now
stands to the uncertainly of what might
follow the repeal if mailo obnoxious to
the people by a too literal or forced con
struction of Its provisions.
The injunction begun by the Hurling-
ton company to secure nn order from the
United States court restraining the
State Hoard of Transportation from per
forming its duty under the law is evi
dence that that road does not want the
law to stand , although a fair * trial
should show that Its provision ) are
neither arbitrary nor unjust. Uy a , cir
cuitous route it proposes to luuupor the
enforcement of the act before it can go
into actual opnratlon , and its uttornny *
roltornto their confidence in tholr abil
ity to prove the unconstltutlomillty
of that measure. Yet it is illlll-
cult to scu how the entire bill
could bo declared null , oven if the
present injunction proceedings should
succeed. Tlio now statute expressly de
clares that it applies only to rates for
transporting freight between point *
within this state and the paragraph
authorizing the railroad commission to
reduce unreasonable charges refers only
to rates upon intra-stato freight. Assum
ing for the moment that the clause in
question should bo declared void for
technical defects , it does not necessarily
follow that such defect renders the
whole law unconstitutional.
Ono other aspect of the present situ
ation betokens insincerity on the part of
some of the railroads which joined in
the agreement to obey the provision of
the maximum freight rate law. This is
the unceasing efforts of tholr ollicials to
render the law unsavory in the
eyes of the jobbers in interior
Nebraska towns. Because ono or two of
thcso towns had boon enjoying differen
tials discriminating in their favor , the
retention of which is not enjoined by
the now statute , the railways have at
tempted to make the abolition of those
unjust discriminations appear as a
menace to every interior town , and thus
to array them all against the continu
ance of the law. If this is their pur
pose , to be forewarned is to bo fore-
armed. The now law simply fixes a
mileage rate as the maximum charge to
bo mado. That rate is on the average
Homo 20 per cent below the present
charges. At the maximum rate the
law does nothing moro than place every
jobbing center in the state upon
an equal footing with every other.
If ono or two towns appear
to be in a less favorable relative posi
tion than heretofore , it is only because
up to this time rates have been in force
grossly discriminating in favor of such
towns at the expense of every interior
point. The apparent advantage of
Omaha about which so much noise is
being made is the result of the removal
of existing differentials which discrimi
nate against its jobbers -and not of the
imposition of rates in its favor. The
abolition of all discriminating differen
tials affords fair play to every town in
the state. It places nil on the sumo
plane of competition without favor to
any. Interior merchants and jobbers
must not lot themselves be blindly mis
led by any transparent ruse of tlio rail
roads or their organs.
A Slill'JjK K/A'.liYC'MX , I'lllJOKAM.
Representative Hartor of Ohio at
tained prominence in the last congress
as ono of the most active and determined
among the democrats who opposed the
free and unlimited coinage of silver.
Ho is a practical man of alTairs who has
given intelligent study to the financial
question , and except his advocacy of re
peal of the tax on state bank issues his
opinions have generally boon sound.
Mr. Hurter is believed to have the con
fidence of the president and it is prob
able that ho will exert considerable
inllunnco in the Fiftythird'congress ,
where ho is likely to be again
conspicuous in leading the demo
crats who favor a sound and stable cur
rency , lie will doubtlu.-M bo one of the
trusted supportorsof tlio financial policy
of the administration.
Mr. Hurter has recently submitted for
public consideration a simple financial
program which ho thinks will meet the
immediate needs of the country. It em
braces four propositions : First , the un
conditional repeal' the purchasing
clause of the so-called Sherman act.
Second , the national banks to be allowed
to issue notes up to the par value of
their bonds deposited to secure their cir
culating notes. Third , authorizing tlio
secretary of the treasury. with
the approval of the president , to
issue U per cent bjiuls when
ho dooms it nueossary for the
purpose of maintaining the paper and
silver money of the United States at a
parity with its gold money , or when he
deems it necessary in order to pay
promptly all debts of the United States
as they become due and payable.
Fourth , give authority to the president t ,
when lie shall have been properly ad 1-
vised that not lojs than t'ua of the lead 1- 11
ing nations of Europe , including Great ,
Britain , Germany and Franco , have '
opened their mints to the free and un
limited coinage of both silver and gold
as legal tender money , to open the mints
of the United States to the free nnd un I-
limited coinage of both metals at the
same ratio as then governs the Kuroponn
Thereis merit in those propositions ,
but they will not have the approval of
the free silver men or of those who in
sist that there Is not now sufficient cir
culation to do the business of the coun
try. The former will not bu willing to
await the action of European govern
ments regarding silver. Tholr position
Is that the government of the United
Stated should act with absolute Inde
pendence in the matter , that this coun
try should bu usroe from , 'llniinciul us
I . . .
I mini political ' -cntan lln tullaiieti *
with foreign tuitionsIn n word , llmt wo
j ; should Imvo n inmuMnry nystom of out1
' own , regardless of iho rest of tlio world ,
j There is no prospect ! liny Hiiro-
i penn , country going back to the free nnd
I unllinltod ciMnngo of Mlvur nnd thorn-
j ! fore the free silver inon will not bo
j satisfied , with Mr. Hurtor's foiu-tli
i proposition. j , The people who dointuitl
I moro currently will ask for HOinetlilng
I more thnn allowing thu nntiotml banks
to Issno notes to the par value of the
bond * deposited to sootiro circulation.
Tlmt would not miiko up for the luss to
the circulation of the monthly issue of
silver cortillciitns. The silver men mid
thu inflattonistii may thOreforo bo safely
counted on to oppose -tlio plitn of the
Ohio congressman , should ho present It
in congress. Hut none the less the pliui
is worthy of consideration us u compro
mise in which there Is no menace , to the
soundness and stability of the curreii''y
and which would place the country in
as independent a linancin , ! position as it
is perhaps possible for it to take with
safety to its nronotary relations with
other countries.
It is announced that President Clove-
hind has cjiumcncud work on his message -
sago to the extra session of congress. It
is also said that the president is feeling
quite confident thai thu financial policy
of the administration will prevail. The
assistant secretary of the treasury , Mr.
llamlin , is quoted as authority for this. olllclal Is reported to have said a
few days agoVo : shall carry the
day so quickly and so unanimously that
you will hardly know that there is nn
opposition. " The conservative financial
and business men of the country would
bo very glad to know that this confidence
is well founded , but there is rea
son to apprehend that cho assistant secretary -
rotary of the treasury takes a rather
moro optimistic view of the situation
than the facts warrant. There are men
In Washington who have had a long pi-
litical experience , some of whom nro in
hearty sympathy with the financial pol
icy of the administration , who are not
.sanguine that it will bo an easy matter
to sccuro the unconditional repeal of the
silver purchase clause of tlio Sherman
law. On the contrary , these shrewd po
litical observers are anticipating a pro
longed contest and predict that there
will bo no intermission between the
extra and the regular sessions.
repeal in the house are believed to be
favorable , though a great deal will de
pend upon whether the rules nro
changed so as to prevent filibustering
nnd to enable the majority to carry out
its will. This is admitted by democrats
favorable to repeal to bo necessary , but
it will not bo accomplished as easily as
some may suppose. The element op
posed to it is strong and will make a
vigorous fight to prevent any chock
being placed upon it. There is every
probability that it will bo defeated , but
the passage of a repeal measure by the
house will not Insure Its adopMon by the
senate. It is by no means certain that
there is a majority in the latter body
favorable to the unconditional repeal
of the silver purchase act , but if
there should bo a strong majority could
prevent the passage of a repeal measure
for un indefinite time. There is no re
striction upon debate in the senate and
the ability ofta minority to defeat an ob-
jectional measure is simply a matter of
endurance. They may "talk it to death , "
as has been done many times. Tlio free
silver men have already given notice
that they will resort to tactics of this
kind if they find it necessary to do so ,
and there can be no doubt that they will
make good the promise. The real fight
ing ground over the silver question is
therefore pretty certain to bo in tlio
senate , and there appears to bo every
assurance that the battle there will be
uncompromisingly waged by the free
silver champions.
It is pertinent to note in this connec
tion that tlicro seemed to be a disposi
tion among senators to resent the idea
that they can bo influenced by the ad
ministration , either by the use of pat
ronage'or otherwise. A democratic sen
ator is quoted us saying that the presi
dent has no right to intimidate or
bulldoze the legislative branch of the
government or to seek to force it to obey
his commands. Tlio statements that
have boon made as to the design of the
president to resort to a coercive policy
toward members of congress may have
boon wholly unjust to Mr. Clovoland.and
it is fairly to he presumed that ho is too
good a politician to adopt such a course ,
to say nothing of the regard
ho should bo supposed to have for the
independence of the legislative branch
of the government , but that their effect
has boon detrimental to the legitimate
and proper inllnenco of the administra
tion seems highly probable.
From present indications the country
may prepare for a long conflict in con
gress on the silver issue , and nobody can
say , with any degree of certainty , what
the ic.sult will bo. Tlio chances are , in
deed , somewhat favorable to the silver
purchase clause of the so-called Slier
man act , but it scorns inevitable that
there will have to bo some sort of a com
promise acceptable to the free silver
IT HAS been found upon examining
the now bids for the superstructure of
the new federal building to bu orccted at
Omaha that the prices for granite are
not materially lower than when bids
wore previously received. This menus
that granite cannot be selected as the
material unless an additional appropria
tion l.s Ural secured. In the meanwhile
the prospect is that the contract will not
be completed until another effort is made
in congress to secure the desirable
funds. Thu federal officials appointed
under the present administration may
now begin to calculate whether occu
pancy of the new building will commence
before or after the expiration of their
terms of office.
TIIK marquis do IJurlules , brother to
the duke of Voragua , feels certain that
his veins contain just us much of thu
blood of the
renowned Columbus as
those of thu duke. And when It comes
to a showing of poverty ho is able to
dincuunt his brother. If compensation
is to bo made at this lute day fur thu
'iitforreil upon the Inhab
itants of the I' Stnto by hlx great
nnce.itor , the waVj ils Is qtilto n iroil
that ho will ( ID ivIJo to fulfill any condi
Hens that may Wproserlboil in proro-
qulslto to a shai-fi ! ! fi | the spoils. When
the subscription''fund attains nttrac-tlvo
proportions wo neefl not bo surprised to
POO poverty-strlckci descendants of Oot-
tnnbu * spring tii { [ by the hundreds in
every part of tho-rjobo.
TllK decision o Jie United Slates supreme
promo court in tluiL-nso of the Union Pa
cific , rendered a furv days ago , \vas more
far-reafhlng than wns indicated by the
press dispatch referring to it. It fully
sustained the statute of Colorado , under
which the case was brought , and in doing
so it declared the right f a state legis
lature to make such regulations as shall
bo doomed necessary to protect the pub
lic from discrimination on the part of
common carriers and to put all persons
having business with common carriers
on an absolute equality. Tim court also
recognizes the right of a legislature ,
while prohibiting ililTorcncoJ In rates ,
as between persons or between places , to
empower a commission to grant relief
from the operations of that rule In ape
dal cases. Tlio decision is said to bo re
garded by the Interstate CJinmorca
ojinmlsslon as an indorsement ot its con
struction of the second and fourth sec
tions of the interstate commerce law and
to regard with especial 8atlsfaetlon that
portion of the decision in regard to
criminal violations of the law which dis
countenances "fabricated claims for dam-
ages" as the bails of rebates from pub
lished tariffs. The defense , pleaded by
the Union Pacific , the court de
clared , If hold to bo valid , would
open the door to the grossest frauds upon
the law and practically enable the roll-
road to avail itself of any consideration
for a rebate that it considers aulllciont ,
and to agree with the favored customer
upon some fabricated claim for damages ,
which it would bo dlfltoult , if not impos
sible , to disprove. The decision is im
portant and will greatly help in the en
forcement of laws regulating common
. TIIK attitudes of the newspapers of
Paris and of London constitute one of
the remarkable features of the turn
which tlio Siamese affair has taken. The
French journalists continue to insist
that the question at issue is solely be
tween Franco and Slam and that Great
Britain has no justifiable cause to inter-
fore. At the same'time they assort that
British aid is boing.glven . to the Siam
ese and that plans for open assistance
when hostilities pncjo Dogin are practi
cally adopted. The London papers , on
the other hand , maintain that France is
aiming moro at Ijlngland than at Siain
and that active efforts must bo made to
check the movement. With a public
opinion so suspicious of ono another it
cannot bo surpriqing if the tension be
tween the two countries is soon stretched
to the lighting point.
A TKNXKSSKK court has removed a
sheriff who failed to protect. u negro
from the attacks OX a mob of organized
lynchors. Summary- proceeding of this
kind seem to be the only means of bring
ing such officers to a sense of their duty
to their prisoners. A general imitation
of the. action of the court might possibly
servo to lessen the number of successful
lynchings that are now becoming so
SILVKH purchases at less than 70 cents
per ounce will be a revelation to the sil
ver owners , who thought that they
could fix their own price for the treas
ury. The resolute stand taken by the
treasury officials and their decision not
to purchase the authorized amount un
less offered ut reasonable rates are serv
ing to prevent the bidders from taking
undue advantage of the Sherman law.
TIIK BKK wishes to assure its readers
that when the name of their distin
guished fellow citizen , Allen Root , ap
peared in the list of delegates to the bi
metallic convention as Allen Rott the
mistake was purely a typographical
error. Tlio intelligent compositor was
not aware that ho was casting aspersions
upon the characteristic utterances of
this esteemed populist.
OMAHA ought to offer inducements to
the parents of the numerous twins
which are to be exhibited in Chicago to
iniiko their homes within its limits. If
the natural increase cf this city during
the last census period had been by twos
instead of at the ordinary single rate ,
our percentage of population increase
might have been a greater record-
breaker than it was.
Kxnol In Armor.
niirftiriilK Cuinmeretal ,
The tests that are boinp inmlo with guns
niul armor plate In this country show that
wo have gradually become possessed of nr-
tlllury of ( jroixt power , and that our nrinor
Dlatcs are the most tnTpcnntrablo in proportion
tion to thulr weight that have heon manu
factured. Wo mo In prutty good shape , ovum
now , to defend ourselves In cuso any power
should provoke us to do so.
J'riMh l/.ilr ot the Tiger.
l'lilliilrli > lil < t Ileconl.
South Carolina's 111-ponslilorod dispensary
law , with its resultauf , muildlos , prom
ises to make as line u harvest for thu attor
neys as it has dona apr the "blind tigurs. "
The latest discovery .istlmt many of tlio hot-
tics in use by the statu glvo short measure ;
anil no true South Carolina freeman can ho
oxpcutcd to stand tha . Of the twenty-two
dispensaries opened , ' UV , ttio state , one-third
are already In the oojirts.
- 'J
\Vlicn the extra session fouvoncs it should
before during to proceed witli .silver IcgUta ilJ ili
lion , iucroaso the army to about , ( KKoii ) , ) J ) ,
strongly fortify tlio line of the .Mississippi to
guard against invasions from tlio wild and
wooly west and coneentrato tlui navy in Oaf-
ifornian waters , soyis to sustain n bnso 1Df
operations there airainat the powerful revo
lutionists. After nil this is done let congress
proceed tlmldlv anil cautiously with its
work , over keeping uu anxious uyo across
the Mississippi.
Hero and 1'lonuer.
Sdii rniMltcn Chronicle
A nephew of Dr. Whitman , the pioncor
missionary to the Indians of Washington , Is
now endeavoring to collect n claim for depredations -
dations committed by thu sivagej : over forty ;
years ago. Whitman's life abounded in lie.
roloand pu'turesijuo incidents , but none had
in It moro dr.unatio elements than Ills riUo
in winter across the plains to : ivo tlio
United States from hslng Oregon and Wash
ington. This .sorvleo ought to have assured )
liis heirs generous troutinent , but our gov.
eminent Is like a big cor | > oration It ra
to have no bowels. 1'robably some time in
iho next coutury Whitman's heirs may gel
tno modest sum for which they have waitoa
all these yoara.
ot.w > .imirr Tint F.ttit.
A Clilonco mnn oxhllilt * a mnrtilno for
( leaning Msli In thn Klshorios building.
Tlio jfovornnitMit appropriated
nlwtit ' ? fiHHK ( ) ( ) for exposition puriwio * nnd
the display made is creditable In every re-
j In comparing the furniture m.ido hy A inert-
j can manufacturers with that which Is for
| eign liitilt , ono cannot fail to note how much
moro , comfort our own productions provide
The assertion that the Florida state
building U ono of the most popular on the
grounds is Iwrno out D.V the facts. Tlio
Inillilln ? , which is a reproduction of the old
Spanish l ) rt Marlon at St. Auguitlno , Is
crowded with visitors tlnlly. The exhibits
arc typical Florida products.
Umnford Inn is iho jolly sounding name
of iho Massachusetts sanitary cooking ex
hibit. It is connivtcd with the of
hyglono and sanitation. A professor of
chemistry Is In charge and * besides ttio
healthful , scientific meals , Invalids' dishes
are also to bo prepared tboro.
Or.iilnnlly Unclu Sam is arranging the
government exhibits sn that iho pcoplo may
see llioni and appreciate ' .ho working of the
machinery by actual tests. It look a long
llmo for tlio ofllrlals to realign that idle
whin-Is nnd still boals and dry oars nnd tents
of war Implements had no auractlon for
visitors. 1'raetlcal demonstrations of life
saving was the llrst inovciiictit in the re
form. Then came the opening up of the
ship Ulako to the inspection of the public.
The Bra/lllan building is ono of the hand
somest and inoslattrai'llve among the struc
tures erected by foreign governments. It is
ornamented in staff nnd painted white. Thu
structure Is in the form of a Greek cross ,
and In arehitoutiiro It is a pure class ot
French rannlssanco. The Interior i * a vast
arena , the walls and coiling of which are
highly ornamented In sculpture and orna
ments emblematic of historic events per-
talnlng to Urarll. There are no exhibits in
the building. The ofllcos of the commis
sioners are on the llrst Moor.
The elephant's hldo In the leather exhibit
weighs over Mo pounds and it took thrco
years to Inn it. It is ono of Iho curiosities
of thu building. Another Is a tanned horse
hide with the head , main and Uil on it. An
alligator's hldo tanned with the head
stroiches out thirteen and a quarter foot
long and back of it Is a goat skin water hag
that had actually socn eighty years service
In Jerusalem. In Machinery hall Is a leather
belt which Is said to bo tlio largest In the
world. The shoe and leather building
laughs at it , and shows n bell twelve foot
wide , capable of transmitting 5,000 horso-
power. It nslo says It has the longest bolt In
the world in the twelve-inch .bolt , which is
10,000 feet long.
A crowd is around the "Grace Uarlinct"
boat , which stands in the center of the
Transportation building , from morning till
night. The boat Is painted green and white
and black , and is interestingly battered nnd
scarred and unsafe looking now. Ono end
has n hola which looks as though it had
some time run against a sharp rook. The
crowd does not always know what it is
looking at ; it looks because some ono else is
looking. When they read , "In this
boat , in IS'iS , Grace Darling , at the ago
of ii years , with her father , saved the Ilvbs
of nine men , " ihoy are inclined to think that
this is not partlculary remarkable ; that it
was ai sort of eighteenth century heroism
that in these days women are braver by the
score , where then it was only ono , anil be
sides that she had her father lo do Iho work.
Hut in the lima of the heroic act this
country and other ' countries rang with
praises of the bravery of the girl , and the
deed has become historic.
IinproromontH In I'othnoks.
C/i / rnuu Herald.
The stenographers are to meet in congress
soon. If they will adopt certain rules and
mnko them inflexible they will add vastly to
the usefulness of their calling and confer in
calculable benefit on nn nlllieted country.
First , let them require nt least a minimum
of literary qualifications in those they admit
to their association say power to spell com
mon .English words and knowledge of En
glish grammar sufficient to make verbs and
subjects agree. Secondly , they should insist
that when n stenographer has not distinctly
understood n dictator or is unable to read
stenographic notes , words shall not bo in
serted by guess and luck trusted for the re
sults. Thirdly , they should make a vigorous
effort to bring about agreement n to pho
netic symbols so that the notes of any sten
ographer who is competent shall bo readable
by all others. Those are a few of the im
provements that can bo made in the busi
ness of stenography , which is nmost abused
Put Wire * Underground ,
] \ u.ihinuti i Star.
That all oleetrio wires should bo placed
underground is n proposition now boyotid
the reach of rational controversy. Years
ago the electric companies argued that the
placing of working wires in conduits was
impracticable , and when that prop was
knocked from under they used a great donl
of language over the matter of'expense. .
Now it is generally known that underground
wires will give as satisfactory service when
cai-ried beneath the streets ns they will if
strung on poles and across housetops , and
the difference in expense is not n matter of
much moment. Exposed wires are danger
ous , not always from purely electrical
causes , but nevertheless dangerous. Tele
graph and telephone wires have no damag
ing current , but they nro continually celling
in the way of the lire department , and so do
the olectrie light wires which in this city
are too frequently found in tlio open air.
Suiitiitloinill.sin ami Folly.
rtttUi < ll ) > nla rime * .
Sensationalism would bo harmless boy on d
the contempt it invites upon its authors , but
for the cowardice that shrivels up common
sense with many who have money. Tlio best
of dividend paying stocks are now purchas
able at the lowest rates for years ; but the
cowardice that Is cherished by thousands
makes them hoard their money. They draw
it out of banks ami lock it up in boxes. They
know that ttio banks are safe , but others
are alllii'tect with cownrdico and lock up their
money , and they do it without reasoning on
the subject. By-and-by , when the soeuritles
llioy could buy today at the lowest prices
shall hiwo advanced lid , : ) or W per cent ,
they will rush in nnd make investments ,
nnd when the banks nnd the business public
will have no need of their surplus money ,
they will unlock tholr boxes and deposit it
again. _ _
Silly AtturkH on
All this disparagement of the pensioners
Is silly and mischievous. It is neither
honest nor becoming. There is Just one.
proper course for the government to pursue ,
nnd that is to go ahead and detect ami pun
ish every Impostor on tlio rolls. In doing
tnat the government will bo honoring the
worthy pensioner , because it will bo cleans
ing and purifying the system of which ho is
n part. Every citi/.un who knows of a fraud
ulent case should report It to the department
so that it may bo Investigated , That is true
patriotism and tlio porformaucoof high duty.
The operation of such a plan , striotly ad
hered to , would bo to make the pension lisin
roll of honor nnd lo eloso Iho lips of scandal
mongers for all time to como.
( irowliii ; ivil ; nl' Di'fiortliin ,
A'cic I'lirk Trtliiinc.
When Hon. Uedflold Proctor was at the
head of the War department a determined
effort was made to decrease the number of
desertions from the army , and at hU sug
gestion and on his earnest entreaty several
changua in the laws wore mado. Apparently
these have not produced the oxpoclod ef
fect ; at all ovenu there have been a food
many desertions in the last year or two , and
the ijucation how to prevent this great and
growing evil is pressing seriously on the at
tention of the military authorities. .Some
of the changes BCOIII , in fact , to have stimu
lated rather than hindered desertions , and is IKUV urged. The wholu mailer
should receive careful attention when cou-
gross meets.
Now You'ru Talking *
National onMnizalions which select nny of
the hospitable- and bu.iuliful cltloi in the
corn belt for a general meeting in July or
August may llml the weather uncomfortably
hot for the reason that It is adjusted to the
o.iru-gron'ing schedule , and the production
of 1TIK.OUJOUO ) , bmtiolb of corn U no alight
unUertaking. Lei ihom in .May or
early Juno , September or Oulobor and they
will vole them the most charmlny cllloj in
the world.
Creditors hnvo i-lovd Ueck'.i MdiUrry
establishment nt Hcntrlro ,
Orleans liorsnmcn propose to Imo a , horse
fair hold In their city shortly ,
The now Catholic church nt HnrrAnt h.i
been dedicated with appropriate ccromonlos.
A sleek manipulator of the ph toboanli
rnrrlcul off $700 belonging to Nobi-.uka City
A district Methodist camp mooting will bo
icld near Oakdalc , Autolooo county , August
17 to 27.
Mrs. K. T. lloot , a well known llMtrleo
lady , died In Chicago whllo on n visit to the
World's fair.
Lightning struck Farmer Anderson's
louse In Kock county , shocked n buy Into In
sensibility nnd killed n dog. Otherwise no
damage wns done.
A H-yonr-old daughter of J. N. Knuoff of
'nwneoCity foil from a window fifteen foot
o n platform , striking on her bend and frac-
turliig her skull. She may recover.
Incendiaries burned Uio barn of E. I' .
House , near Alexandria , nnd two horses
.lorished in the ilamos , Tlui villains also
wont through the hoilso niul stele .1 gold
watch nnd olhcr valuables ,
Lincoln county citizens will try to Jiavo a
aln , and have ordered 5.000 pounds of dyn.v
mltcioxplodcdiin the following towns In the
ounty : Wnllneo , Welllleot , Itrady Island.
Sutherland nnd North 1'lntte. It will bo ox-
ilodod lu the next thrco or four days.
As a result of boys playing with matches
.lohn . Ulock. living two miles south of Peters
burg , lost his barn , corn crib nnd granary ,
together with corn , oats , rye. flour ami
several farm implements , besides n lot of
muling twine he had just bought for the
season's harvest.
Mrs. .Tames McNnmnra had ono ankle
sprained nnd the other limb broken above
the nnklo by Jumping from a buggy at
Hoemor. The horses wcro runnlntr , scared
by the buggy sinking ngalnst thorn whllo
going down hill. These that remained In the
buggy wore not luTrt.
Hoys smoking cigarettes set flro to n barn
belonging to Q. W. Leo of Harvard. A tluo
driving horse , valued nt $200 , n cow nnd
buggy nnd a quantity of liny nnd grain was
nlso consumed. Another barn near , belong
ing to Fred ICorgan , caught lire , but by tlio
exertions of the tire company It was saved.
The loss to Mr. Leo is about § 500.
The Stuart Lodger tolls the following
story of the saving of n little girl's life by n
tramp : Tlio little Jl-year-old child , Alice , of
Mr. nnd Mrs , O. W. Norton , living near the
railroad west of town , had nn escape from a
horrlblo death which wns nothing short of
miraculous. The mother went to the Held ,
leaving the lltllo ono in care of its ll-yoar-
old sister. The mother crossed the track
and wont out of sight behind a grovo. The
little ono started to follow her. It reached
the railroad anil wns groping its way across
a culvert when the Chicago express came
thundering down the road only u short dis
tance away. A tramp wns plodding his way
nlong , bent on some ainilej destination ,
when ho saw the perilous situation of the
child. Ho rushed to save it. The child
screamed with fright at his sudden on
slaught and tried toovado him. Ho grabbed
It up in his arms , slipped , almost lost his
balance and then started for the end of the
bridge with the train almost upon him , nnd
as ho loft the track the cowcatcher
his hindmost heel. The older sister arrived
at this time and took her sister , whllo the
tramp sank from exhaustion nnd fright upon
the ground , unable to give his name.
Wll.TKn1T. \ \ . -
Indianapolis Journal : Summer Landlord
Well , how does the thermometer stand this
inornltiK ?
Summer nuest It docs not stand. It llos ,
by about llfteun degrees.
Philadelphia Times : It's the ultlnintn of
flippant scorn to tell : i man ho can't oven lick
ono Mile of a postage stamp.
Yonkcrs Statesman : The ball player who 1ms
his "uyo on tlio ball" is least apt to got the ball
on his eyo.
Komorvlllo Journal : A nat may look at n
king , lint she wants to keep both eyes open
when .she looks at it family hotel janitor ,
Ilrooklyn Life : "As what charnclnr does your
huslmml CD lo lids 'aniMistnil ball. ' "
"lln will go droned as Ills grandfather. "
"Thi'ii the servants and police will navor lot
lilm in. "
Danvlllo Ilroczo : How much easier Itsrems
to be to udvt-rtlfco tlio finding of a liamlkor-
chlof with a bolu In the corner than n purse
with a dollar In the corner.
Philadelphia Lcnitnr : It mny bo observed
in tb ( ! Konnriil illn of embarrassed banks ami
Himni'htl agencies ( but many of thorn wouldn't
on In such straitened circumstances if there
woren'l. Mime crooked clrunniitunce.s accom
panying them.
DNew Orleans Picayune : Thc > lly that the
spider wovti a web for was not MO very lly after
all. Ho was cnrlons about the weaving nnd
got tauen In.
Detroit Kroo Press : Ho I would that I
might go with Ihco through life holding thy
Joy , anil .sorrows.
Who You may. AH I wish to liUld Is the
n'mliln tmt i/dr. /
Caleb went n-swlmmln'
In the Mvlnimlii' pee ] ,
Where the bblf tin' .shaddors
Keeps the water cool.
CalobVi father licked him ;
Uckrd him sonn' and good ;
Caleb dltin'l mind It ,
' ( JaiiiO he kuowed ho would.
Hut fur him to do It
It'aly wns u sliamo ;
Kf ho'd seen tlui watur
llo'd a-dono the samo.
I'/-oi'// . \ ;
Denver comcn oiifrof the boat with cabin
Ity shrlnkcrs with it voluptuous black nyo.
An Alitsknn volcano h broken out In i
now spot , in a hopeless effort to outslirlol
populist Rovornors.
Ono by ono classic phrnscs wither and fnl
by Ihovnysldo. . In the lexicon of today fall
Is n conspicuous word.
Mrs. Loaoo will attend the silver i-on-
volition In Phtaago. VorlljV the path of sil
ver 1 a rocky ono.
Ohio's democratic convention ftMointilei
August" . After th.U date n sharp ilncrcnse
In the output of gas may bo expected.
Two hundred thousand dollars of the half
million required to put the winter fnlr on n
working basis has boou subscribed in San
Valuable record * of ICansai
town worn oaten by a goat the ether day.
Animated whiskers nro the butt nnd bauo of
Kansas life.
iho temperature In north Missouri Isn't a
chvumstnnco to the heat of politics. Hero
is the Kansas City Times hurling pica title
shot at the supporters of tlio Sherman law.
The Now York Trlbuno is firing open letters -
tors at ( tuvornor Wnlto of Colorado. Unfortunately -
fortunately there Is no prospect of Inducing
these gladiators to como wllhln goro-spllling
JaJfUlJH Singh , nnilmrnjaU of Knpurthnln ,
Is viewing the elephant at Coney Island. Hv
degrees ho U reaching n piano from which
the Midway of tlio fair may bo properly ap
America's halr-trloker governors might bo
judiciously employed by tlio froiu'h stirring
up n war feellmr in Slam. Their appearance.
In Hangkok would Insure n peaceful acquisi
tion of moro territory by Franco.
A brother of the duke of Vornugua wants
n slmro of the projected sum to bo raised by
American ailmlrc-rs. The enthusiasm of
pauper royalty for American i-oln Is as
charming ns the prospect of getting It U
President Cleveland Is sahl to bo hard at
work on his message to congress down nt
Gray Gables nnd reporters are roosllng In
the woods for miles around with n desperate
hope of gaining some Idea of iho contents uf
the document.
Hcnjamtn Franklin's mother nil vised bur
ambitious printer son not to start n newspa
per , "becnuso Ihoroare already two papers in
the country. " There are now H > , r > r.l news
papers published in the United Stales nnd
Canada , and moro being started every day.
Anthony Dro.vol lliddle , grandson of the
late A. J. Drexel , who Is heir to $1,000,000 by
the terms of Hie dead banker's will , is n ro-
porleron thn local staff of thu 1'hiladolphla
Lodger. To the uninitiated Ihls may appear
surprising. The truth is , every reporter
would be n millionaire if his services to man
kind were unshed nt par value.
Vice President Stevenson nnd his party
were nt Los Angeles , Cnl. , when the now
Long wharf was completed and they wore
invited to attend the formal ceremonies
which marked Its dedication. Mr. Steven
son was asked to drive the last spike , nnd ho
did so with great vigor , seizing n heavy
sledge , spitting on his hands and going at Iho
Job llko a section hand on a railroad. The
performance was vigorously applauded.
Sir Cecil John Khodes , prime minister of
Cape Colony and the richest man In South
Africa , made most of his enormous fortune in
the diamond mines at Kimberley during the
perioil of speculation that led to their con
solidation under one maiiagiMnent. Twenty
years ago three partners owned n block of
claims on the diamond Holds. One of them
has .since been hanged , another is n loafur
nnd beggar , and the third is Mr. Khocios.
liiHiittiililo ( iruoil.
A'niisdx City Tunes.
The civilized world will watch with inter
est the contest now on between France and
Siam. England is keeping greedy eyes on
the scene , nnd at the .slightest cauio for
action Great Uritain's boats will bo ordered
Into the Monam river. It is doubtful if ttio
English will permit a French protectorate of
Slam without a quarrel , for such n hold in
that part of Asia by Franco would give to
Victoria a second place in power in the fur
cast. That is a position that England never
assumes in peace. In the meantime Slam is
not to bo considered much in the inter
national quarrel. The nation , with its
native king , princes and all , will likely bo
goboled up by a Christian power.
About a month or so a o my life was free from
cant ,
My home was full of happiness , with minshlno
ovyry where ;
Hut now them's endless trouble , I a certain
sauni'.ss feel ;
My days lire full of anxlousncss my daughter
lias a wheel.
She rides It In the morning , on the walk nnd in
the stlent.
She rides It in her "nooning" hour , amid tlio
dust nnd heat ;
She rides it in the evening , when the shadows
softly Kteal
There's nothing clso btitrl < llng , now my daugh
ter has a wheel.
To keep lier off tlio crowded street most con
st an ly I beg ,
And worry nil the time for fear she'll fall and
liruak her leg ;
Hut still him goes a-sjilniiliii ; , heeding little my
Oh , what n burden life Is since my daughter
has a wheel.
She mod lo lllto to study why , bho'd study
like a Turk I
Hlio used lo llko to sweep and help her mother
with the work ;
lint now lt'n very different , there is qulto an
other "deal ; "
The ImiisoImsiinilurgonoucliniiKo my daugh
ter lulsu wheel.
ft CO.
MannfuetnrDra : iml KutalluM
ol Ulothlu lu tlio World.
Sawed in 2.
Wo promised a great backing' up of prices to
begin Wednesday , and after
you peruse this if you don't
believe it , como down to the
store and we will convince
you. We have just 85 sea
sonable summer suits , rang
ing in price from $10 to $28 all
season that have been placed
on one table and will let go
at just
Half the Old Marked Price.
20 suits , sizes 33 . 11 suits , sizes 34
6 suits , sizes 35 . 2 suits , sizes 36
6 suits , sizes 37 . . 2 suits , sizss 38
3 suits , sizes 39 . 17 suits , sizes 40
9 suits , sizes 42 . 8 suits , sizes 44
and only , one suit of 46 size. The sizes are broken ;
that's why you can got them at half price. Besides
if you don't want a whole suit wo have arranged
all our $4.50 to $7.50 pants in ono grand lot to go
at $3.50. The colors and patters are numerous , but
the sizes are not many ; however , if you can find
just your size , you will save from $1 to $3.50 on a
Store opoi vorvovon.n . * till O-U ) | S ( ftfi