Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 25, 1893, Page 12, Image 12

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    THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : THMUSDAY MAY 25. 1893-TWELVE PAGES.
CITY COUNCIL IN SESSION
Confirmation of 0 , V , Moa Hcconiidorod and
His Appointment Hung Up.
STREET OPENING DAMAGES DISCUSSED
{ TroniuryVntch DOR Plcmln tlio Cnno of
tlio 1'ou'r 1'roprrtjr Owner * L'onnell'i
I'otrrr to DciVi'ito rating Mn.
tcrlnl Contrncts Awarded ,
The nrst thins : done by the city council nt
Its regular mcotlnR Tuesday nlht | waste
to reconsider the eonhrmnticm of tlio ap
pointment of C. V. Mos as clerk of the pollco
court , on motion of Mut.ro. The appoint
ment was then referred to a special com-
inlttco of live , consisting of Councllmen
Munro , Wheeler Hascall , Howell and Me-
J > carlo for Investigation. It Is promised , by
those familiar with tlio matter , that there
will bo sorno racy developments in this case ,
the investigation of which , at request of Mr.
Mos , will bo public.
Cltv Attorney Connell reported on n reso
lution by Mr. Wheeler to pay damages as
follows for opening Twenty-ninth avenue
from McCormlek'snihlltlou to Farnatn street
to bo paid out of the general Judgment fund
or iho general fund : Louisa Van Cott ,
$760.Ks ! Catherine M. Tusler , ffi03.60 , and
Howell Lumber company. $8,025 for opening
Jxjavcnworth street. The city attorney
expressed the opinion that tlio llrst two
claims should not be paid out of the Rcncral
judgment fund , but out of the special funds
created or to bo created for the purpose of
paying the same. With reference to these
claims steps have been taken to
inako n new levy. In regard to
the llowcll Judgment Mr. Council said a
proper assessment had already been made to
cover tlio cyst of opening Lcavenworth
street , and warrants In favor of the Howell
.Lumber company have been turned over to
thu clerk of the district court. There Is not
eufllclcnt money in the fund to pay this
claim , because the llowcll Lumber company
lias not paid its taxes. The city attorney
recommended that the resolution do not
pass.
pass.Mr. . Munro supported the position of the
city attorney , nnd Mr. Howell protested
against the proposed assessment for open
ing Twenty-ninth avenue , saying that it had
become dangerous for him to go homo : it
night , as the people in his ward wcro up in
arms.
IVhcclcr Opine * tlio City Should Fay Up
Mr. Wheeler went into history on the
matter for the enlightenment of the Junior
members of the council , covering a period of
seven years and showing what ho claimed
was un Inju.'tlco done the parties Interested.
Many of the claims had been transferred , ho
said , the parties holding them originally
having been obliged to sell their claims to
aavo themselves from bankruptcy. The city
hiul attempted to settle these claims by issu
ing warrants , which wcro nothing moro
than notes , or promises to pay , which was
really no payment nt all. The speaker
thought that if these claims wcro not paid
soon the city would probably be mandamuscd
nnd compelled to pay them.
Mr. Elsasscr favored compelling the prop
erty owners on the street to pay the dam
ages , instead of unloading the burden on the
city at largo.
Mr. Hascall snld it had been proposed ,
' when Twenty-ninth avenue was ordered
opened , to soil that part of Twenty-ninth
street which was vacated , the price received
to bo applied on the payment of the dam
ages , but the sale of this street had been
enjoined and the matter so stands at pres
ent.
ent.Tho
The question being on allowing the claims
Of Mrs. Louisa Van Cott , Mrs. Katharine M.
Tussler and the Howell judgment , the lirst
two were taken up together , on requcit of
Mr. Hascall , and allowed.
A motion by Hascall to lay the Ilowell
claim on the table for further investigation
ivas lost.
The vote to pay the Howell judgment
stood : Yeas , 10 ; nays , 8.
The mayor was requested to sign a peti
tion for red Colorado sandstone In paving
district No. r > 3T > on behalf of the city fo lots
. D and 0 , block 110.
The gas inspector was directed to make a
test 01' the fuel gus furnished by the Ne
braska Fuel company , now seeking a charter
from tlic council , the expense of the test to
bo met by the company.
About Alplmlt Itcpiilrs.
The committee on Judiciary recommended
the adoption of the resolution directing the
city attorney to Investigate the validity of
the contract with tno IJarbcr Asphalt com
pany focropairing asphalt paved streets for
ten years at 8 cents per yaid , and if in his
judgment it Is illegal that he take steps to
abrogate and annul the same.
The same committee gave it as its opinion
that a special assessment could not bo levied
against abutting property to pay the ex
pense of repairs uoon the streets paved with
asphalt upon which the five years guaranty
Jiad not expired previous to the date when
the contract was made and which were men
tioned In the contract. The committee rec
ommended that in the future when tlio guar
anty expires that the contract for repairs bo
awarded to the lowest bidder , and the cost
bo assessed against abutting property.
Atlrililcd to Huiitliin Mutters.
Major Ftiray was granted five days leave
to attend the meeting of the Loyal Legion at
St. Paul , Minn.
The following contracts wcro approved :
Samuel Katz , grading Poppleton uvenuo
from Thirty-thin ! to Thirty-sixth street ; 1C.
D. Van Court'paving Davenport street from
Twenty-second to Twenty-fourth with brick ;
F. L. Hcevcs & Co. , sewer on Dorcas and
Nineteenth street ; McGavock & Daley ,
newer on Valley street between Tenth and
Eighteenth street ; iloman & McDonald ,
sewer on California , Thirty-sixth and
Thirty-fourth streets.
The city engineer reported that 'no had
examined thu paving petitions referred to
lilm and found that the following streets
liad presented majority petitions for the
materials specified : District No. M ! ! , Dodge
street , asphalt ; No. MI , Charles street ,
brick : No. 622Thirty-sixth street , asphalt ;
No. 61.M , Thirty-third street , red Colorado
sandstone ; No. f U8 , Twenty-first street ,
same ; No. f > 2'J , Twenty-second street , same ;
No. 6t'J ! , Plerco street , same ; No. 53(5. ( Nine
teenth street , asphalt : No. C.r > ! > , Knimott
street , same ; No. Ml ! , Cuming street , red
Colorado sandstone : No , r > 54 , Cuming street ,
usphaltum ; No , MO , Cuming street , same ;
No. 6M , Half Howard street , brick ; No. 543 ,
Thirtieth street , red Colorado sandstone ,
Council Might I > i' l"imto Mntvriul.
- The city engineer reported that In four
Uistrlcts-MO. 513 ! , 533 and C35 majority
petitions had been presented , asking for
paving , but a majority had not united on
any one material.
Mr. Wheeler moved that the council do.
ride where a majority had not decided upon
the material.
Mr. Edwards opposed the motion , hut the
city attorney hold that the recent decision
of the supreme court would warrant such
action on the part of the council , The only
point nt issue , Ho said , was whether u
majority of the property owners wanted the
street paved , and in raso such majority
could not unite on the material the council
uhoulil decide.
After discussion Mr. Wheeler withdrew
his motion and substituted u motion to the
effect that nil petitions notlmvinga majority ;
*
asking for paving bo rejected. Carried.
City attorney , city engineer and Hoard of
Publlu Works were Instructed to prepare a
proper form of potitlonjfor paving ,
John O'Conncll aim others petitioned to
Imvo the boundary Hues of the ' 'burnt dis
trict11 extended so us to include 11U feet west
of Tenth street between Douglas street stul
Capitol uvenuo. Referred to Hoard of Fire
and Police Commissioners. rob
City .clerk was instructed to notify Plumb
ing Inspector Duncan that ho is a member bDf
the Board of Health and that It is the
opinion of the council that he should assume
his duties us such under the provisions of the
new charter ,
Gas Inspector Gilbert was directed to dis
continue nil gas lamps within a block of any
rlcetrle light except in such places us In his
Judgment require such lamps.
A resolution was adopted instructing the
Hoard of Public Works to cause the tele
phone company to repair all holes and de
pression lu pavements caused by the sinking
of its subway trenches ,
Striking Cotton Oprrttturi Will Kuilcratc.
DKNVEH , Colo. , May 2-1. The striking
operators at the Overland cotton mills
are going away. The question of emi
grating IMS taken hold of the employes
and arrangements have already boon
made to leave the state for their old
homes. The mills uro being operated
at present by a reduced force.
iint wiu > run tii.oun.
Tlrutnl Action ! of the Mot > Which Lynched
Murderer SullU-nn.
DHTHOIT , Mich. , May 21. A special to
the Tribune from Corunna , Mich. , pays :
William Sullivan , whoyestorday pleaded
guilty to the nuirdor of Layton Lcotch
nnd the attempted murder of Lcotch's
wife , paid the penalty last night. Ho
was taken from the jail and lynched at
! t-10 : o'clock. The mob consisted of over
800 men , who cheered themselves
hoarse over the lifeless body.
Just before ho was taken from
his cell Sullivan attempted to commit
suicide by cutting his throat with a
knife. His cell was broken with sledges
and he was dragged out and through the
jail corridors at the end of a noose. Ho
was taken to a low plcco of ground about
200 feet In the rear of the jail building ,
under an oak. Men struggled and fought
and cheered for the privilege of helping
to tug at the rope , which was thrown
over a limb. With a sudden jerk Sulll-
vnn , who was lying motion
less and apparently unconscious ,
on the ground , was raised to a
sitting posture. Another pull and
his head and shoulders became visible
above the mob. A terrible scene fol-
lowed. The body was pushed from hand
to hand and several drew their pocket
knives and lunged at the swinging
corpse. Then they began to tear the
clothing , nnd in a few moments only the
shreds of his shirt remained hanging
from the shoulders.
When the body was lowered to the
ground portions of the mob that had
been unable to got close enough to take
a hand seized upon the rope and
dragged the lifeless body through the
streets and around the court house
square.
ALMOST itimsrLim.
Hydraulic Mnehlno Tested ulthit Pressure
of n Million I'ouniH.
ST. LOUIS , Mo. , May 21. Some in
teresting experiments were made at the
Washington university yesterday with
an hydraulic testing machine , the larg
est in the world , capable of exerting ;
the enormous pressure of a million
pounds. Hugo timbers , such as are used
as pillars in largo commercial buildings ,
wcro crushed not broken lengthwise.
The almost resistless force of the
machine can hardly bo appreciated. A
piece of timber capable of sustaining
8,000 persons was crushed llko an egg
shell when jjlaced In the machine. The
best brick piers two feet squarocolnmns
of granite a foot square and sandstone
three feet square are ground to powder
with the greatest case.
The machine was designed by Prof. J.
B. Johnson , who occupies the chair of
consulting engineer of the university ,
and for the purpose of pursuing inves
tigations being made by the government
of the strength of commercial woods
grown in the United States. The
specimens crushed yesterday will form
a part of an exhibit noiv at 'tho World's
fair.
XUEOUOUB I1WM.IS WILL AT.II * .
The Dinioulty Over tno Muglcnl Director
ship of the r.ilr Settled.
CHICAGO , 111. , May 24. The Theodore
Thomas question may bo considered
practically settled , and as n result Mr.
Thomas will remain in charge of his de
partment with his powers' of control
slightly curtailed to satisfy the members
of the Jiational commission who wcro
clamoring lor his dismissal. The result
was arrived at at a stormy meeting of
the boar'd of reference and control , held
last evening.
Commissioner St. Cluir offered a reso
lution which in effect provided that it
be reported that Theodore Thomas is
under the direction and control of Di
rector General Davis , just as Mr. Davis
is under the authority of the commis
sion , and the council of administration
was by it instructed to look after and
fully protect the rights of exhibitors.
This will settle the matter temporarily
at least.
J1E UK.II THE JJAXDIT8.
American Ilnllrontl Man In Mexico Snvoi
Himself from Ilobbcrs.
NKGIIAS , Mox. , May 24. A
telegram received at the general olliccs
of tlio Mexican International railway
hero gives an account of a desperate
encounter between B. I3akor , the Ameri
can station agent at Gabriel , and Tomas
Maruje , 11 prominent ranchman and
bandit , with his mo/.o. Mr. Baker was
out on horseback and was fired at seven
times by the two bandits and wounded in
the arm. Just then a section foreman
came along. As the foreman approached
preached Marnjo and his pal made off.
The local authorities immediately or
ganized a posse and captured the bandit ,
who will probably die from the cll'ects
of injuries received at the hands of the
intrepid American , who beat him over
the head with a saber
CnmlldHte8 Tor the Derby.
Nnw YOHIC , May 24. The American
derby at Chicago next month is going
to bo a great horse race , if the work of
the various candidates in the vicinity of
Now York is to bo considered. At
Shcopshcad Bay the Morrjs representa
tive , Rainbow , by Longfellow , with Fred
Littlelleld , worked a mile and a half in
2:305 : , having fully 120 pounds up. The
time of the first mile was
1:4 : ; ) } , the mile and n quarter
2:091 : and the mile and three
furlongs 2:2i. : ; This compares favorably
with any public trial by a Il-ycar-
old. The Onok stables candidate ,
G. W. Johnson , worked with Sir Wal
ter a mlle nnd a quarter in 2:11 : } , and
the former was easily llrst at the finish.
Hampo , Gideon & Daley's colt that will
bear the stable in the $00,000 race , has
made n mlle and a half in 2:41 : and is
ready to go much faster when called
upon
Norinnnnln 1'anirngfir After Dunmgca.
NKW Youic , May21. The first sut
for damages against the Ilamburi
American Packet compan was I.egun
in the United States circuit court yes
terday by Judge Heers of Bridgeport.
Ho sues for $10,000 damages. Judge
Beers was a passenger on the pest-luden
Normannla last September , A number
of witnesses testified today. They all
said they were induced to take passage
on the steamer by misrepresentation on
the part of the packet company , whoso
agents assured them that the Normunnia
would carry no stcorugo passengers ,
while she was crowded with them.
The attorneys of the famous Iron Hall as
sociation which , it will ho remembered , as
sured members they need not die to hit the
combination , propose aplun of reorganization
to take the affairs of thu association out of
the courts and the slough of bankruptcy.
Tlio plan of reorganization suggested Is : Anew
now supreme betting and now onlcers
throughout ; provision for preservation and
application of the fuuds of the order , and
some plan for the payment of matured cer-
otlllcatcs ,
B _ _ _ _
Among the workers at the Harvard col-
U'KO observatory who have shown special
bclcntltlo ability Is Miss Maury. She is a
granddaughter of the Lieutenant Maury
whoso meteorological and other scientific
work has been of luiuieuso vuluo to seamen
on the Atlantic , and a nleco of Dr. Henry
Draper , lleforo beginning her work at Cam
bridge she \ \ & graduated at Yassar.
CARLISLE ON THE TARIFF
What the Democrats Propose to Do in Fulfill
ing the Platform Promise.
AGAINST PROTECTION AS A PRINCIPLE
Kxprcuslon * of tlio Secretory of tlio Trent-
iiry Upon the Suliect | H'lilch Mny Inill-
cate tlio Policy to IIo I'ltrfnoil by
tlio Ailinlnlntrnllon.
WASHINGTON , D. 0. , May 24. Mr.
Carlisle has given no recent intimation
as : to his purpose with regard to the ad
ministration tariff bill , which , there can
bo no doubt , Is in course of prcparatl on.
But ] Mr. Carlisle has been so long in
public life that ho has left on many
pages 1 of the Congressional Record and in
many published utterances his opinions
as to what a tariff bill should bo. T ho
ait
time ! has como when , if Mr. Carlisle is to
bo allowed any independence of thought
or action in tlio management of the
Treasury department , ho will bo give n
an opportunity to formulate In a bill ,
which Is to be called the administration
bill , the theories which ho has so fre
quently expressed regarding the tariff.
Probably the most precise and definite
statement of Mr. Carlisle's personal
views upon the the tariff , irrespective of
any notions of party expediency , were
these which ho announced when ho was
last a candidate for speaker. That was
at a time when there was a very sharp
division in the democratic ranks upon
this subject , and when the inlluonco of
Mr. , Randall was a1 important element
in the democratic politics of tlio house
of representatives. There was then a
very strong protection faction in the
democratic party in the bouse. There
was talk then , as thcrowlll bo when con
gress shall again convene , of the neces
sity of a compromise between the two
wings of the democratic party upon the
tariff question. The qucstion'thon was
how to reduce rather than bow to in
crease taxation.
Mr. Carlisle's southern friends were
exceedingly anxious that there should
bo reductions In certain classes of In
ternal reveuus taxation , and they were
not satisfied that ho had not , as they
maintained , kept his pledge made in the
preceding congress to recognize ono of
their number to move to reduce the tax
upon tobacco and fruit brandy. Tboro
had been some angry correspondence be
tween the southern "democrats and Mr.
Carlisle , in which the latter was
charged , over the signatures of eminent
democrats , with n breach of faith. These
southern democrats were not ready
then to sacrifice the interest of their
section in order that any faction in the
democratic party should attempt to put
in practice its favorite hobby as to frco
trade. It was at this time that Mr.
Carlisle laid down bis personal views as
to tariff legislation in these words :
"I do not recognize a principle that
would impose a duty above the revenue
point merely for the purpose of giving
what is called protection. If wo were
called upon now for the first time to de
clare a principle or inaugurate a policy
upon the subject I should not hesitate
to announce my adherence to that creed
which demands the largest liberty in *
trade ; that doctrine which opens the
channels of commerce in all parts of the
world and invites the producer and con
sumer to moot upon equal terms in free
markets for the exchange of their com
modities , for I sincerely believe that all
commercial restrictions are , in the ona ,
injurious to the interests of tlio people. "
There is no reason to doubt that these
are the present opinions of the secretary
of the treasury , or that if ho can i.avo
his own way bo will give no approval tea
a tariff bill which shall not bo framed
upon the lines of this statement , inso
far as the condition of the treasury will
permit of such sweeping reductions.
It is not a fact that the president has
definitely decided to recommend to con
gress the passage of a law to impose an
income tax. Nor is it a fact that
the subject has yet been con
sidered in the cabinet. Members
of the cabinet at all events are the
authority for the statement that the
president has never called the attention
of the cabinet to this question. But
there is one member of the cabinet who
has privately expressed the opinion that
the president would ultimately como to
such a decision. It is possible that the
story that the president has decided to
recommend an income tax grows out of
the expression of this belief by ono of
his constitutional advisors. It has been
learned , however , that the president has
been considering the subject of an in
come tax , oven to the extent of reading
the debates in the British Parliament
on the subject , as ono of the subjects to
bo considered In connection with the
financial schemes ho has in .view.
Iron Hull Itnnrglnzutlmi Doluajml.
INDIANAPOLIS , Ind. , May 24 Nearly
2,1120 members of the old supreme sitting
of the Order of the Iron Hall met hero
in response to a call sent out by Supreme
Accountant Walker. It was giovn out
that the officials would attempt to
formulate a plan for a complete reorgan
ization on lines that would bo acceptable
to the court. The object of the sitting is
to inako another attempt to get the courts
to turn over the funds , something less
than $2,000,000 , to the otllccrs , who would
then go ahead with the reorganization.
This object is apparently balked by a
supplemental complaint tiled in
the court yesterday by these
who were Instrumental in throwing
the society into the hands of a
receiver. This complaint gives an - exhaustive
haustive showing of the funds and the
condition of the order in the dilTorcnt
states , and alleges hopeless insolvency.
This action took the ofllcora completely
by surprise , and they nave delayed
taking any action looking to reorganiza
tion.
llonnctt Hilt ! The lluralil.
NlJW YOKK , May 2 * . TJio No. , York
Herald , in a leading editorial today ,
says that legal proceedings for libel will
bo taken against Router's agency for
cabling to Kuropo that the Herald waste
to be turned into a stock company with
a capital of $2,000,000 unless the agency
categorically denies the report and
prints in substance the Herald's edi
torial. The editorial alleges mallco
in placing the purchase price at
so low a figure us $2,000,000 , and
bays in effect that the name of Mr. Ben
nett was removed from the editorial
page simply because ho thought its
further retention tboro was unnecessary ;
that tlio names of three leading beads of
departments were left there , us the pro
prietor desired "credit to bo given
wboro credit is duo , " and that the plan
ho basin contemplation places every em
ploye whore ho will receive his just
share.
Whip Triut.
KALAMAZOO , Mich. , May 21. The
Warron-Feathorbono whip factory at
Three Oaks has been bold y > an English
syndicate. The sumo syndicate has
options on thirty-two other whip factor-
lea in Webtficld , Muss. , and a dozen
moro nt WolWrllle , O. They Intend to
buy all the fmflorles In the country nnd
control the entire whip output.
DOINGS ,
D. Clem l > eaTer , K. P. Loavonworth
and C. Vatidcrsoo have been elected by
local assembly f)141 as teachers from
that organl/mion to tlio school soon to
bo established by district assembly ISO.
In accordance with the scheme of the
district assembly to establish a school to
advance members in the science of
government nml on economic questions ,
four instructors were elected to meet
with similar men from other nasomblies
next Monday for organisation. W. A. J.
Goodwin , M. Nelson , Thomas Holiday
and W. Simmons were chosen to fill
these positions. The latter two are
colored men and by their election the
knights claim to show that the color line
Is not drawn in any of their organizations.
Sixteen now members were Initiated at
this mooting , making a total of sixty
members taken In during ono month.
Whllo formerly the clerks of the city
were unorganized , two such associations
have now sprung into existence at onco.
Ono of thorn Is under the protecting
wing of the American Federation of
Labor. Tlio latter maintain that the
federation in this particular was actu
ated by selfish motives and jealousy ;
that In doing so they have exhibited the
same Intolerable spirit which has all
along prevailed toward the knights , and
which is not inclined to further
the interests of organized laboring -
ing classes to any degree.
Meetings of the dorks have been bold
under thu auspices of both principal
labor organizations and applications for
charters wcro made to the head institu
tions. Saturday the charter for the
Retail C orks association under the
Federation arrived and a meeting was
called for "Wednesday evening , in tlio
Patterson block. Yesterday the charter
of the Omaha Clerks assembly , organ
ized by Knights of Labor , arrived from
Philadelphia and the latter has also
called a mooting for the same date at
their hall on South Fourteenth street.
At present each Is endeavoring to out
strip the other in membership numbers.
RAILROADS IN POLITICS.
Not .Much Prospect of u Harmonious Tarty ,
Hut It Miiy Control.
Tutor Ocean : The attempt to organize
into ono political party the farmers and
the laborers who consume the farmers'
products was not consistent with the
idea of self-preservation , but it had a
certain success because it was an attempt
to array the poor against those wbo were
supposed to bo bettor off in this world's
goods. The talk about organizing a rail
way party in politics may appear to bo
founded in consistency , on the ground
that tlio interests of the railway em
ploye , the railway olllclal and tbe rail
way stockholder are the same as against
the rest of the world that patronizes tbe
railroad.
But the history of railroad strikes
shows very plainly that the employes
and the stockholders do not stand to
gether , but fur enough apart to regard
each other with the suspicion of a readi
ness to take eyerjr advantage. In the
present relation of capital and labor
tboro is not anucb prospect of a bar-
monious railway party , though tboro
may bo enough men interested in rail
ways , as stockholders and employes , to
control all elections. Mr. Harry P. Kob-
Inson , of tbe Railway Ago and North
western Railroader , has contributed to
the North American Review a very in
teresting article on this subject , in
which ho shows that there are 800,000
voters in tlio immediate employ of the
railroads of'this country , and about a
million and a'ouarter of men who are
shareholders in these railroads. Going
into the trades and industries im
mediately depending upon the
railroads for support ho finds
moro than a million more
of men , or , all told , about 3,000,000
voters whoso interests should induce
them to stand together to protect tlio
railways from legislation that would
curtail their earning capacity. It may
be that those . ' 1,000,000 men have a com
mon interest , but if Mr. Robinson can
convince thorn of it ho will bo able to
use it to better purpo&a in preventing
strikes than in organizing a new political
party.
Mr. Robinson , however , presents some
very interesting figures in bis article.
Ho reviews the history of the Railway
Employes club in the northwest , which
is credited with inllucncing recent elec
tions in Minnesota , Iowa , Nebraska ,
Missouri and Texas. It is no doubt true
that the railway men helped to defeat
the republican party in Iowa two years
ago , and that they have taken some part
in politics in several states , but it is also
true that tbe stockholders of these roads
live in the east , where there was no op
portunity for placing the two interests
in the same road cither together or
agnin&t each other in an election.
Mr. Robinson she vs that the railway
interests in capital are greater than any
other Interest in the country. "Tho
capital engaged in banking is but a
trlllo beside It , " said Prof. Iliidley.
"The world's stock of money of every
kind gold , silver , and paper would
purchase only one-third of tlio railroads. "
The capitalization and bonded debt of
the railways of the United States at the
beginning of ISOIlnvas about $11,500,000-
000. The grosH earnings of the railways
of the United States in 1891 were about
$2,000,000,000 , or six times as largo
us the entire annual revenue of tlio
United States government. Of the ninety
separate companies operating railroads
in Iowa. Minnesota , the two DakotuH ,
Wisconsin , Nebraska and Kansas only
fifteen have earned dividends. In 1888
thoio was $2,500,000,000 , of railway stock
unproductive of dividends. In 188 ! ) there
was $2,021,497,0112 of unproductive stock ,
nnd in 181K ) this stock had in
creased to 2,811,520,552. , In 1888
the unproductivebtiilwuy stock
was 01.07 per con ' of all the railway
stock in tho'country ' , and in 18)0 ! ) it was
OIJ.70 per cent. This would indicate that
only HO per cent of the stock of railways
in the country was earning dividend' In
the year 181M ) . In the states of Kansas.
Missouri , Arkansas and Colorado 72.00
pur cent of nil railroad stock is unpro
ductive , In Oregon , Washington , Idaho ,
California , Utah and Nevada 8I1.64 per
cent Is unproductive. In Texas OU.U'J
per cent is unproductive.
Mr Robinson takes another way of
showing the hardships of the railroads
in the west. West of the Mississippi
and Missouri rivers ho shows that fil,2 ( J
miles of railroad with a capital stock of
$ li20,5ir,025 : ' ; earned only $501,410 above
operating expenses in 1881) ) , or 1-25 of 1
per cent for tbe stockhold orn. With
four times as many miles of road the
not earnings on thesa western lines
were less than one-third of the not
earnings of the group of lines in
the two Virginias and two Carolnag. !
In the year 1801 receivers were ap
pointed for twenty-six companies in the
United States representing $84,17U.OOO of
capital , and twenty-one companies with
a capitalization of $180,000,000 were sold
under foreclosure. These figures show
thatwhile railroad managers may make
Individual fortunes , the railroad stock-
holders urs not getting much return
from the money invested , but the mil-
lennlum will not bo far off when the rail-
road employes and the railroad mana
gers and btockholdoru go into politics as
ono party to vote the eumo ticket ,
MIGHTY NEAR TO A PANIC
New York's Money Center Shaken by an
Unexpected Upheaval ,
BANKS TRAVELING CLOSE TO THE HEARSE
Uncnsr reding In Wnll Street Itntiltlnc
from Iho rnltnrvi Tlmt llnvo l.ntrly Oc
curred Uonnrrvjtilvo Institution !
llnvo Much IVortlilou 1'npcr ,
CHICAGO , 111. , May 24--Tho Trlbuuo
has the following from Now York on the
financial situation : The suspension of
the National Hank of Deposit , the fail
ure of a house which has boon prominent
In the toy tratlo with liabilities nt SHOO- ,
000 , and iho attachments that have been
issued against the Domestic Sowing
Machine company indlcnto thr.tsomoof
the reports which prevailed In Wall
strool last week were not without
foundation. These troubles , it is bo-
llovcd bore , are only the beginning of a
scries of financial embarrassments which
will bo made public one after another ,
and will probably last all summer.
They will not como of a sudden proba
bly , although some of the bankers
are a little apprehensive that panicky
conditions may prevail after the govern
ment's llscnl year begins in Juno. Hut
the bent of opinion is that they will
simply indicate the stringency of time ? ,
the depression of business , and the im
possibility of procuring discounts with
which to carry on business. Some of
our largo banks have already been quite
severely hit within the last two weeks.
They are institutions which are man
aged with exceeding euro , and there Is
no likelihood that any of them will be
come embarrassed , as was the National
Bank of Deposit. There are two , and
perhaps three , which have loaned largo
amounts of money to institutions which
have failed , and if it should happen that
any ono of those was supposed
to bo financially embarrassed ,
the report would certainly cre
ate a panic. They carried 81,500,000
of Cordatro paper , and although they
seem to think their loans will bo paid ,
yet the fact that they have such dis
credit paper among their assets tends to
make all bankers careful and suspicious.
Ono of those banks Is reported to bo
carrying $100,000 of the paper of the
Domestic Sowing Machine company , and
although that corporation insists that it
is solvent nnd will meet every obligation
as boon as it is due. yet the fact that a
banking institution hero has scon fit to
levy attachments upon the property of
the company has , of course , seriously
shattered its credit. Then homo of these
banks had the paper of Ivcs , Blakcly &
Williams , which failed yesterday , ono
of them for nearly $40,000 and the other
for nearly $ ; tO,000.
The items would bo comparatively
trivial as far as banks are concerned
were it not for the fact that this makes
the third time in the course of two days
that they have been discovered to bo
traveling close to the hcarbo. as the ex
pression is in Wall street , and the ques
tion is asked whether , if institutions as
ably managed as those have been caught
in tnis way , how many others of smaller
consequence have been unfortunate.
A financier who has been in Washing
ton for a day or two and has seen Mr.
Cleveland , and I think Mr. Carlisle ,
brings word hero that both the urosl-
dcnt and hfa secretary of the treasury
now bcem to understand that it would bo
unwise to pass any tarilT law until the
policy of the government in respect to
silver is determined.
A MODOC POCAHONTAS.
Jlovr the D.iiichtor of an Indian Chief Ito
friended the White * .
Over fifty years njro there was born in
that desolate region of southern Oregon ,
now known as the Lava Beds , an India
girl , the daughter of So Cot , a Modoc
chief , says the San Francisco Examiner ,
Among the white men who had pene
trated into the Modoo country a few
years later in search for gold was a
young Kentuckian named Frank Kiddle.
The beauty of the Indian girl had its
effect on the white man. whoso qualities
were pleasing to the chief , and after thu
usual ceremonies incidental to an India
marriage Wi-ne-ma and her white hus
band bet up their own lodge. It was
this marriage that strengthened the re
gard hold for her white friends , and
ever after she remained loyal to the race
to which her husband belonged. The
discovery of gold in the Klamath
region drew many adventurers
to that field , with the usual
portion of the lawless element.
In 18.)1 some emigrants who had been
very aggressive toward the .lodocs . were
put to death by the Indians , and the fol
lowing year a band of whites loft Yroka
to punish the savages for the act. The
avengers were led by Bou White , an old
mountaineerwho had hunted and fought
Indians with Kit Carson ; .Tim Uoekwith ,
John Scott and Jim Bridger. After a
long elmbo through the rough country ,
which was not productive of good re
sults , the chiefs were invited to meet tlio
whites and make a treaty. This they
agreed to do , nnd the warring parties
went into camp near each other on Lost
river , the Indians outnumbering tlio
white men by three to ono. Karly on
the morning of the conference a
young Modoc bquaw , breathless , her
clothing torn and her feet bleeding ,
came into the Wright camp and asked
to BCO tlio leader. Her errand was to
warn the invaders against treachery.
The night before she learned at the
council lire that her people intended to
Hiirround the white men during the con
ference nnd put them to death. Wright
nnd his men mot cunning with cunning.
They wont into ambush near the place
of conference and when the unsuspecting
Modoos foil into the trap but two c&capcd
from the blaughtor that ensued. This
affair IH known in the history of north
ern California as the Bon Wright mas
sacre. The bquaw who convoyed iho
timely warning to her white friends was
Wl-no-mn , the wife of Frank Riddle.
This fact was never found out by her
people , elbe hoi1 life would have been
forfeited.
Twenty-one years passed. The Modocs
were confined by the government to a
reservation and treaties made with thorn
which wcro repeatedly broken. The
tribe were the prey of post traders , con
tractors and of almost every white man
who came in contact with them. The
only ono of the hated white race in
whom they had confidence wa < j the late
Judge Elijah Stoele. To this man they
went for counsel and advice , but in the
lapse of time they oven contemplated
taking his life , and in the Indian mode
of reasoning the death of a single whlto
man erases the wrongs perpetrated by
many. Sullen at first under their in
juries , the Modocs were awakened to
fury and declared vengeance on their
oppressors. The memory of the Wright
atlttir was kept keen by the older men of
the tribe , and after a council of the
chiefs the whites wcro apprised that war
was uthand. Shortly after hostlliticH
began the government appointed apcuco
commission to confer with the rebellious
redskins and endeavor to muko peace. In
the meantime Riddle and other squaw
men on tlio reservation used their inllu-
cnco toward a settlement of the difficulty ,
but to no effect.
The turbulent warriors led by Captaiu
Jack were bent on a slaughter. When
the pence commissioners arrived on the
ground the Indians refused to treat with
thorn. They did. however , finally agree
to surrender to Judge Steele nnd two
other mon of that region and arranged
to give up their arms the following day
when Steele and his companions wen
to the agreed place of surrender not an
Indian was in sight , nnd they returned
to the military camp. Steele then agreed
to go nlono and Interview the war chief.
That night Steele went through an ox-
pericnco few men have ondurcd. While
talking to him in pacific terms , in the
Chinook jargon , they were discussing In
their own tongue the advisability of
murdering their visitor. Stoclo under
stood suflleiontly their language to com
prehend his danger , but did not betray
hit knowledge. The chiefs finally de
cided to spare his life on condition of his
bringing the commissioners and com
manding olllcors of the troops to confer
with them. Hut for the efforts of the
bravo squaw , Wl-no-mn , war would have
broken out long before. Many times Him
took the weapons from the hands of war
riors bent on the destruction of bottlers
in the region , and it was she who warned
the officers of the army of the trouble
browing. Her influence with her pcoplo
began to wane as their rage against the
whites increased.
Colonel Mcacham , who was in com
mand of the military post , wits u huumiio
man and did all in his power to right
the wrongs of his dusky wards. This
man Wl-no-mn revered , and when the
second peace commission was appointed
did all in her power to prevent him from
attending the council with the chiefs.
She grasped his horseby the bridle ,
begging A aelmm ami C'anbv not to
meet Jack and his band , when she
found entreaty was in vain the devoted
woman mounted her pony and rode with
the lllfatcd party to the plnco of meet
ing. The story of that meeting has
been told many times. When Mcacham
was attacked by the bloodthirsty Scon-
chin , Wi-nc-niu throw herself on the
savage and begged him to spare the life
of her white friend. Others coming up.
Wi-ne-mu ran from warrior to warrior ,
turning aside their weapons. At last
ono of many bullets struck Mcnchnm
senseless , and the quickwitted squaw
turned aside the weapon aimed
to finish his life , with the
words "Him dead ! No use shoot ! "
Scoiiehin tried to scalp Meachtun , when
Wi-ne-ma grasped the knife. The en
raged buck struck her a terrible blow ,
almost knocking her senseless. Again
tee wit of the woman came into play.
"The soldiers are coming up , " she
cried , and the next moment a detach
ment of troops did appear.
For weeks the noble squaw nursed her
friend Mcacham , and at last , a cripple
for life , and broken in health , she got
him to his wife and family. Wi-no-nui's
only child , a son , died of consumption
long after , and in a few yours her hus
band followed. Colonel Moaclmm , in
gratitude for the solf-sacrillco and dovo.
tion of the little woman chief , used hi
limited means to help the condition o'
her pcoplo , with the usual results'
Mcacham has been dead eleven years
and since that time his Indian friend
has suffered hardships she should not
have been called upon to endure. It was
his desire that Wi-ne-mii should bo pro
vided for in her old ago , and through
the contributions of those who knew her
btory the little woman chief is passing
the declining years of her life in comfort
in the country of her birth.
A RAVING LION" .
How ii Woman Took n I.Ion fornNewIouml-
lind Dog and Drove Illtn OT. (
New York World : When the Barn'um
& Bailey circus left its winter quarters
hero in 'March for Madison Square gar
den , several animals were left behind.
Some of these were forwarded as fast as
their golden cages wore completed , but
a Numidian lion , an ibex and a few gray-
hounds remained. Last week the lion
began to show signs of going mad. The
keepers did not know what ailed him
and called in Dr. McLollnn , a veterinary
surgeon.
Some quieting drugs wcro given to the
king of beasts with his noonday meal ,
but the result was satisfactory only so
far as bis hind legs were concerned
They became paralyzed. The lion roared
and dashed against the iron bars of
lus cage , always dragging his hind legs
about. Ho became moro and moro furi
ous. IIo reached out and struck at bis
keepers. They tried to got water into
his den , but the beast dashed the iron
pails aside and roared and howled so in
cessantly that yesterday afternoon it
was decided to kill him.
Dr. McLellan thought the best way to
kill the lion would bo to shoot him , and
lie scoured u revolver from Chief of Po
lice John Rylands for that purpose.
Chief Rylands accompanied the
doctor , and the keepers looked on , ex
pecting to see the lion drop dead at ( ho
lirst shot. McLellan fired twice , but
the shots only added to the lion'ti frenzy ,
lie flew at tlio iron bars with such tor-
ride force that they bent outwards and
the lion became wedged between the
twisted bars. Dr. McLellan than run
away.
The keepers seized the long iron prods
used for poking meat into the den and
tried to drive the lion back , but ho was
wedged too firmly to retreat. Chief Ry-
lands picked up the revolver , walked up
to the roaring lion , aimed at his eyes
and fired three shots in quick succession.
That ended the career of the lion.
During this excitement the ibex be
gan to diiHh Itself against the Hides of its
cage. It , too , had boon doctored , be
cause it had exhibited signs of madness.
Mr. Bailey had ordered it killed in case
it did not grow better. Chief Ilylands
reloaded his revolver and fired twice ,
but the ibex fought hard for its life and
the shots only drove it into a frenzy. A
rope was thrown over its horns and
when its head was drawn down the keep
ers despatched it with an axe. The hides
of both were sent today to the Smithson
ian institution at Washington.
The lion was ono of a litter of cubs
born in captivity when the winter quar
ters wcro first established hero. Its
brother was the lion that os-caped when
the old wooden winter quarters burned
several years ago , and ran into the cow
house of Mrs. Christiana fJilligan , That
good woman happened to go out to feed
her cow and found the lion snuggled up
beside it. She mistook llio king of
beasts for a Newfoundland dog and
whacked him with an old lioo handle
until he roared with pain and ran away.
Mrs. Gllligun's heroism at once made
her famous. The third lion of the same
litter Is still with the circus.
IIll Nil Hid Um
A younn spark , notorious for his conceit ,
was boasting in the prrsenco of several
Kciitlomen about tlio conquests ho hud gained
over the female Heart ,
"Look , " said hoj "hero's a handsome
present I had from my last Inamorata , " nt
the same time handing round a beautiful
clu'ar case.
All admired the article , which had an In
dorsement of its quality stamped u | > on it.
"Very nice gift. " remarked ono of the
company. "I perceive your Judy love even
had your name put on the case "
"Well , that'a quccj. " answered the
boaster ; "I never noticed it. "
"Look attain , " rejoined the candid ono.
"The case is Ulstim-tly marked'real calf.1"
No 1'euor ,
Fritz Hufnaglo is a professional grave-
dlfe'gcr , who dt not always j > ay hla dehts
promptly , OHO dity whllo ho was hard at
MorkUiKgniK down about five feet into the
bowels of the plunet ho perceived a dark
; between himself nnd the sun. lx
IIIR up ho perceived hU Inmllord. "Vat's' '
madder nowl" " '
1'yo Just dropped around- }
see about Imt month's rent. " "Mine ( Jotv ,
exclaimed the unfortunate man , protrud
his hend from the hole In the ground ,
nmn has no peace ovcu dot eravo in. Yd
goontryl vnt a peoples 1"
Hod I.P.irt.ril 111 * I.CMOII , ? i
"If that man's watch bad run down at
only needed winding , " sMd the npprcntl
why didn't you wind It nnd hand It hack'
hltut"i
"You are no judge of human nature , i. "
boy , " said the old Jnwelor , "If 1 hnd dtv
that I would have- lost hi * trndo forever. " !
And ho nut n dollar tag on It nnd hunp.
up lu his window. r
Stnrtlnl tlm Sniui | > rii.
Kato Field's Wnshiniton : Ono of the I
fleers of the I'lnta was found eonvulsed wit
Inughtcr the other day , statuihiK bcforo
shop In Fourteenth street , Now Yoi
"U hat's the matter t" asked n friend , vti ,
fenroll thu young Spaniard had been su
denly deprived of his senses. "Ix > ok ! IxoVJ )
gasped the son of Ibcrln , "they've uamoo :
now kind of eorsot after the Infanta 1" f
Opposed to Itcliirin.
llrowuo Wiint became of Sllcko. i
famous robber , who was recently pnnionC-
Smylo't They sny hu has reformed , burt
don't hcllovo it. ' ;
llrowno U'lty uotf
Smylcs Hoeauso ho Is to run a hotel !
the Catskllls this summer.
Driving the Brain
at the expense
of the Body.
While \vc drive
the brain we
must build up
the body. Ex
ercise , pure air
foods that
make healthy flesh refreshing'
sleep such are methods. Wlicnj
loss of flesh , strength and nerve
become apparent your physician
will doubtless tell you that the
quickest builder of all three is $ '
Scott's Emulsion I
of Cod Liver Oil , which not onlj. '
creates flesh of and in itself , butf.
stimulates the appetite for othci\ \
foods.
Prepared br Bcotl 4 nowno. N Y. All clrueel't * . .
Are tho33 igrnoraa ! ; protanlars
without any qualifications , imy ability
any oporienco , any skill , claim v ,
possess the power to euro all the ilia 61
ho human raca. Bub thair want of
worth soon becomes apparent to their
would- dupes , and these consclon&e *
Icssquacks ara sooa consigned
oblivion they BO richly merit.
In stranga and strong
these miserable boasters is the
dignified yet courteous demeanor oi
hose noted loadora of their profession
Who , during the pa3t 27 year s , ho
abundantly demonstrated their abilitj
to effect speedy , perfect and porraanen
cures in all the worst forms of thouo delicate
icato sexual maladies embraced withii
the general terms of i
NERVOUS , GHROH1&
AND
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