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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1893)
THE OMAHA i DAILY BEE.
TWENTY-SECOND YEAR. OMAHA , FRIDAY MORNUjTG , MARCH 81 , 1893. NUMBER 28/5. /
ENOUGH TO IMPEACH
Opinion of the Eminent Attorneys Concern
ing the Ooll House Testimony.
House Notifies the Senate and the Joint Ses
sion Convened at Once.-
ACTION DEFERRED TILL THIS AFTERNOON
Motion to Adopt the Impeachment Resolu
tion Laid Over One Day.
POSITIVE REPORT FROM THE JUDGES
r.vldrnci ) In l'o < ifl < Mlon nf the
AiiiplySiilllcirnt to Warrant I nipcnch
inont nnil Trial iif tli Accused
LINCOLN , Neb. , March I ,0. [ Special Tele
gram to Tun BKU.J For the second time
since Nebraska was admitted to the union ,
the state capltol has witnessed the formali
ties of an impeachment.
It was nearly noon when the special com
mittee of the house appointed to report on
the weight of the evidence as regards im
peachment , through its chairman , Mr.
Barry , submitted its report , accompanied by
the recommendations of the three eminent
attorneys to whom the testimony taken by
the cell house and asylum Investigating
committee * ) had been submitted. There
was a scene of suppressed excitement such
as lias been rarely seen in representative
hall. Interest In the outcome had
been wrought up to a high pitch
by the report that the result of
the advisory committee's examination into
the testimony would bo made known.
There was not n great throng present , but
the unusual clnructcr of the proceedings
made a deep impression on all who wit
nessed them. As the clerk read the report
of the committees and the statement of the
attorneys the keenest attention was paid
to each word. Silence , broken only by
the strangely formal sound of the reading
clerk's voice seemed almost oppressive , and
the fact that the Impeachment of the ofllcers
accused of misconduct had begun impressed
itself on all more forcibly than had there
boon a more noticeable demonstration of In
During the .Iiilnt Snsalnn.
This tension was not relieved when the
two branches of the legislature met at -
o'clock in joint convention to consider the
formal resolution of Impeachment. It was .1
solemn occasion , and such it was felt to bo
ovgn. ny the curious crowd that had gathered
to witness tlio proceedings. There was bur
rying through tbo corridors and up ant
down the stilnvays.
Long before the time set for thojotnt con
vention tlio senate ) galleries were dcsortcd ,
and the spectators gravitated by an appar
cntly Irresistible tendency toward the house
The galleries of the great hall filled am
every inch of spsco on the floor except thai
actually occupied by the scats of the mem
bora was Vacund with the hundreds wh <
wished to view an occurrence that comes bu
seldom in a lifetime. All the sp.tco outside
the milling was occupied.
So short had been the notice that then
wcro-fow In the assemblage except a casua
legislative visitor and the rcgula
habitues of the state house , but these jil
crowded their way to the hall of reprcsenta
live ? . Oftlclals , deputies and clerks sharce
in the general curiosity and were present
but It was noticed that none of the ofllcial
whoso acts had led to this impressive gatli
oring were any where exposed to view.
Deepening Interest Full.
When at a few minutes before the bourse
for the session the senate approached th
entrance to the hall , the Increased excite
iiiuut was Indicated by an intensified stlli
ness as the scrgcant-at-arms of the uppe
house announced the coming of that augus
A deep hush pervaded the hull when tli
lieutenant governor ordered the reading o
the opinions of the legal advisors of the In
pcachmeat committee , and the reading fcl
with far heavier weight than when lira
hcaril in the house at the morning sossioi
As the secretary paused between the sci
tcnce-s ono could almost have heard thodrot
ping of a pin.
Thcro was little debate after the attorney !
recommendations had boon read. A motio
to adopt the impeachment resolution wa
promptly followed by a call of the housi
Five members of the lower house were al
sent , thrco having been excused. It wi
charged that , the others were trying tododg
the voto. After a warranThad been issue
nn agreement to meet acain at 4 o'clock ti
morrow was reached and the joint convci
A fcolins of relaxation came when the ca !
of the house was mado. The otfect of tb
Ktrain was noticeable , however , during tli
remainder of the afternoon. It may pc
haps ave somewhat prepared the mcmboi
for the session ot this morrow , but there wll
bo nn improsslvo si-eno that may well ufTec
oven thos who ordinarily profess to feel ii
Impeachment Seems Ort.'iln.
What the result of the joint session t
rabrrow afternoon will bo is something thr
still belongs to the future , bu | seiitlmei
tonight finds but ouo expression. Th :
articles of Impoachmcnt will bo adopte.d
regarded as Just as certain as the day is I
dawn. Strenuous efforts are being mai
tonight by the friends of the unfaltl
'fill' ofllcials to l.idtitM the republicans t
stand llrm against impeachment , hi
they hue : mot with indifferent siicces
Intense partisans .say in answer '
tnolr pleadings ilmt it lias now gone too f ;
tf ) rccodu. and that there Is but ono thing
do , The Uu-hors of the impc.ichablcs iisse
that the impending action could bo avcrti
If the ivpubliearrs wu'lld stand togethor.'as
Tew independents and democrats could bo i
\ueo < 1 to take the same position , but the m
Jorlty of the rupublieans cau sco no Justice
the proposition oven if it WITO truo. The ;
trc several of the ropubll-ans who have d
toi-mlncHl to vote against the omVlulx m :
tboro is stvmlr.irl.v no possibility by whle
thcnmVliilscan avoid going to trial befoi
lli supreme court.
llvriimniiiml ilium of the t.'ummlUrc.
The report of the cemmlttco was as fc
To TUB UONOIUDUC KUMIUJKNTATIVKS or TI
Wr.yotir coiilinlttpc , ail-
point c-d by your honorable Imily In employ
counsel ami take1 inch steps ns M'emed proper
for the purpose of Instituting proceedings of
Imponchmrnt against , state and I'V-statc olll-
clalH shown to he guilty of nialfcaianco nr
negligence Mifllutcntlo warrant Impeachme'iit
proceed I ngd , beg leave to U'port :
That we have xnhmtttcd to your eonmilttee
of legal ndvl e.r.s , to wit , George.V. . D.jani1 , H.
11.1'ound and \V. I * . Urren , all evidence bearIng -
Ing upon tlin matter above irun'd , and here
with present their ( hidings mid report as a
part uf this report.
We also recommend the paviagp of house
toll 371 , appropriating money to he placed In
tlio hnnilN of the governor of Hilt Male to re
cover state moneys wrongfully obtained and
to prosecute all p'-isoiH guilty of misappro
priation iifstnle > funds.
Wo further recommend the adoption of the
following accompanying resolution.
1' . II. II.MIIIV ,
.1. I ) . VAN ItciL'HKN ,
A. I.IICKMII. :
Diiano anil ( Ireeim'n l'linllnjs.
The report of Judge Doano and W. L.
Greene was as follows :
ToTIIK Ho.soiiAiii.K llousnof HIIPUKSKNTA-
TIVIS : : Wo , the undersigned , appointed by your
honorable body to examine the testimony
taken by the hoveral committees appolntFcrto
examine Into the acts , u.xpendltuies and other
features of the Mute Institutions and to
report whether or notsiieh testimony shows
liny of the state olllclali or the o.v-stato olll-
clnls to bo guilty of malfeasance or neglect
Mlllli'lent to warrant liiipeaelini"Ut pro"eed-
Ings against thum or any of them , beg leave
to report :
That wo have heard read all the testimony
taken by said committees which has been sub
mitted 10 us , and have carefully considered
the.same , and that In our opinion there H
Milllclunt testimony taken anil reported by
said committees to warrant , the Institution of
Impeachment proceedings ugalitst the follow
ing persons , to wll :
J. O. Auix , secretary of .state.
A. K IHi.Mi'intKV , commissioner of public
hinds and Imlldlnirs.
( J. II. HASTINGS , attorney general.
, t. E. HIM , , e.v-troasurer of stiito.
Wo do not understand that It was within the
lurvlow of the resolution under whlcli we
were appointed that we should report any
special findings of fact upon which our con
clusion If based , and we have therefore not
ilonoso. Hut as a matter of law , wo have no
ilouht that the facts , as testified to before the
iiivenil committees of Investigation appointed
by your honorable body , are sutlli-lent to war
rant articles of Impeachment against the per
sons above named.
The testimony shows a systematic and con
tinuous plundering of the state by some of the
rontractors for furnishing supplier to the hos
pital for the Insane and In the accounts re ri
le red to tint Hoard of Public hands and Itnlld-
IriL-s for material furnished and labor applied
In the construction of the addition to the pen
itentiary , known as the "new cell house , " and
we recommend thatsult be Instituted at once
against such of the fraudulent , contractors as
are financially responsible , to recover luck
the amounts which they have so fraudulently
obtained from the state.
Also that suits ho commenced against such
of the. parties as the testimony shows worn im
plicated In the frauds , as alders and abettor *
thereof , while In tlin service of the state , ami
the securities upon their bonds , In cases where
bonds ucruglvon ,
All of which Is respectfully submitted.
Cmimr. W. DOANI : ,
WJI.UA.M li. Gitr.uNU.
tJiiil Q Pound's Opinion.
The report of Judge Pound was as follows :
To TIII : HoNniiAiu.i : llousr. or KEIMIKSIINTA-
nvr.s : As ono of the three counsel appointed hi
a resolution by your honorable body toe.xandm
the rcportsof the several committees of the
house and'tho testimony accompanylng the
same In respect to alleged misconduct am
malfeasance In ofllco of state and cx-stuto of
ficials , and to give n legal opinion whuthui
such testimony Is sulllelcnt to warrant Im
peachment proceedings against said o Ulcers ot
liny of them , I have the honor to icport as fol
That said testimony. If accepted as accurate
and true , the same not bavins been subjected
to the tustof cross-c'Mimlnatum In thoabsenec
of a full hearing on their partexplaining tholr
motives and thulr circumstances under which
they acted , seems to Justify , In my opinion ,
Impeachment proceedings against the mem-
burs ot the Hoard of Public Lands and Ilullel-
Ings for employing ono William H. Dorgan , Ii
the spring of 1H01 , and retaining him to act as
thu agent of the hoard In the erection of a cer
tain cell house at the state penitentiary
knowing that said Morgan was at tin
samu time the agent of C. W. MoOiur
the contractor of the stale penitentiary
whoso Interests were adverse to those of tin
state , thereby enabling said Dorian am
Moilier successfully to defraud the state on
of many thousand dollars ; and for an up
parontly Inoxcnsablo and reprchcnslblei care
cssnessand Indifference In the cxamlimtloi
and approval of vouchers , accounts and re
porlxof Dorgnn , anil of his disposition of th
public moneys placed In his hands for tils
bursoment , knowing the temptation and op
portunlty afforded him to defraud by roasoi
of bis dual relation to the hoard and to tin
contractors ; and also against certain member
of said board , mentioned In said testimony am
In Iho loports of said committee , fo
Using and expending , without authority o
law , public moneys in traveling toexamlm
prisons In other states In the fall of 1H91.
I further report thai , In my opinion , sal
testimony falls to show thadho members o
.said board , or any of them , were actuated b ,
conupt motives , or that they or any of thui
\\eie guilty of any wilful breach of olllclii
duty. All of which Is respectfully submlttec
t > TKi'iii.N : 11. POUND.
Wont QvrrTill Altcriinon.
Tho" following was the resolution presents
by tho- committee and recommended fo
Hesolved , That articles of Impeachment b
prepared and presented to the. supreme cour
of this state for malfeasance In olllco a''alns
thu following person , to wit : .lohn C , Allei
secretary of state ; A. It. llumphiey , comml-
tilonorof public lands and buildings.Gcorg ;
II. Hastings , attorney gunural ; .1. K. Hill , es
treasurer of state. * i
As soon as the clerk tlnlshcd the. roadin
of the report and the legal opinions , Barr ,
moved the adoption of the report.
Hnwo asked that no hasty action bo taker
and wanted it to go over until : JrOp. : ! in. t
give time for consultation.
Kccklcy backed up Barry , and said tha
Iho report should promptly bo adopted , s
as to glvo timely notice to the senate to met
the house in Joint convention. After consii
erablo sparring it was decided to malco th
impeachment resolution a special order fu
2op. : : : m.
Soon after the house reconvene
Barry offered a resolution instructing th
committee to go ahead and take evidence n.
ganling other ulllciaU and ox-oftlci.its whos
names do not appear In the ixvommeiidatio
This was obviously aimed at ex-Audito
BentiMi. and Barry declared that Us objet
was to prevent any guilty man from eseai
ICaup iMhcd the point of order tint thl
j was a matter for tin- Joint coin out ion to coi
sider , but the spoiker held it properly c-am
ho f ore the house
CUispcr saiil that the evidence take
strongly Implicated other olllcials. and add
tional evidence should bo taken. The rcsi
lutlon was adopted.
Invited ilie Senate In ,
The clerk of the house transmitted n ri
te > n notice to the senate notifying that bed
that resolutions to Impeach Allen , Hun
phroy , Hastings and Hill hud been entc
tallied by the house , and inviting the set
ate to appear In the houbo within three dayi
is required by the constitution , to meet with
ho house of representatives in Joint convcn-
Ion to take joint action In the matter.
When the notice of the house was served
n the srnatc , the sctuto sent hick notice
hat the sonata would meet the lower house
n joint convention at 4 o'clock this after-
Shortly before 4 o'clock the pages began
irlnglng in chairs for the senators and the
iou.se soon presented the appearance that it
) ffcrcd every noon during the pcndtmcy of
ho senatorial fight.
Opened on Time.
It was then called to the attention of the
ipcakcr that the house had not concurred in
he action of the senate In fixing a time for
ho joint convention , and the oversight was
speedily reined loci by a viva voce vote with-
nit dissent. The clerk was again sent over
o the senate at .1:45 : with this nnuouncc-
nent. It wanted six minutes of 4 when
iergeant-at-Anns Alley of the senate ap-
icared at the entrance to the hall of repre
sentatives , mace and silk hat In hand , anelau-
lonnccd , "Mr. Spo.ikcr. the honorable sen
ate of the state of Nebraska. "
The senators filed to thu scats that had
icon prepared for them , and the lieutenant
governor stepped to the speaker's chair , the
alter taking a seat beside him. after reply-
ng to the greeting of the president ot the
"Well. Mr. Speaker , we meet again. "
The rolls of the two bodies were called by
their respective -secre-tarlcs. showing ttio
ircscnco of thirty-three senators and ninety-
live members of the bouse , the absentees
jeing Ames , Carpenter , Harman , Jensen and
The lieutenant governor stateel the ob-
ect of tlio convention and read the
irovlsions of the constitution governing
such matters , and stating that it would rc-
Itilro sixty-seven votes to adopt the rcsolu-
; ion calling for the preparation of articles of
mpnachmont for malfeasance in cfllce
igaltist the four ofllcials and cx-ofllclals who
constituted the Ho.ird of 1'ubllc Lands and
buildings during the past two years.
Itlorked by Anint' Abiunco.
Senator Moore of Lancaster called for the
reading of the opinions of the legal commis
sion nppolnlCil by the house to pass upon the
At the conclusion of the reading of opin
ions , Barry moved the adoption of the reso
lution submitted by the house.
Senator Pope raised the point of order
that the communication w.is not directed to
the house , but It was not sustained by the
Kyncr demanded a call of the house to
compel the attendance of members who were
In the city , in order to put them all on
record. The demand was duly seconded and
roll call was again ordered. It showed
the absence of the same members. Schlot-
feldt was excused by the convention , and
it transpired that Carpenter and Harman
had been excused by the house.
McKesson moved to raise the call , but
Kyncr objected , claiming that ono member
was in the city and had absented himself ,
knowing the business by the convention in
order that ho mitiht avoid going on record in
The member referred to was Ames of
Douglas. Some of the members sought to
show that ho had been excused , but the
records failed to bear out the statement. It
was claimed by some that Ames had gone to
Omaha , but this was disputed , and the scr-
gcant-at-arms was armed with a warrant
and sent after him.
COIIII-H Up This Afternoon.
The convention was not held long , how
ever , as an agreement was rcachc4 by which
a recess was to bo taken until 4 o'clock to
morrow afternoon. The call was raised , and
at4:4r : > o'clocl : a recess was declaed : In ac
cordance with the terms of the agreement.
ir.tititjxa viiouT.tir Ktonvxs.
AiiMerx , I. T. , AVIII Undoubtedly Ho the
Scene of Another Conlllct.
ANTLEHS , L T. , March 30. The greatest
suspense prevails here and people are waitIng -
Ing with bated breath for the end. No ono
can tell what the outcome will bo ; all is con
jecture. That another bat tic will bo fought ,
and that soon , seems Inevitable. Judge
Duke and lifteen men went from Paris
through to Talihina last night. On reach
ing thcro Duke made a bold and vigorous
speech , in which ho declared' Locke and
his followers must and would bo squelched.
Locke had but ono more night of
grace. Today active preparations have been
going on oy both parties for a battle.
This afternoon sixteen mounted militiamen
went through hero cnrouto to Goodland ,
whcro the militia is being massed. On the
southbound train thcro were sixty-live
more. Besides these , there is a largo force
already at Goodland. Locke has withdrawn
from town and crossed the river" to his
ranch on the east side of the Kiamata river ,
about three miles northeast of town. No
one knows positively how many men ho has
with him , but It is believed ho has a
stronger force than ever before.
Governor Jones will arrive in Paris , Tex. ,
nt 10 o'clock tomorrow and it is thought by
some that tbo militia will wait at Goodland
nntil his arrival thcro. Others believe that
Duke will endeavor to march on Loeko to
night and malco the attack for fear Governor
Jones may pursue a less violent course and
endeavor to settle it without bloodshed. If
the battle takes place it will bo a light to
the death a light In whlcli ono or the other
of the factions , It would seem , mnst bo lit
erally exterminated. All hopesof a reconcili
ation are at end. Both sides are manifesting
the most dogged determination not to yielJ.
Both proclaim the justice of their cause , and
both insist that the other /action is in the
wrong. When the clash comes , if the militia
are victorious , fears are entertained that
they will wreak vengeance upon these citi
zens who have acted as mediators and have
endeavored to settle the matter without loss
of life. It is believed that they have sovcral
white men marked for slaughter in case thej
win the day. So strong has this feeling ol
uneasiness become that tonight Hon. John
C. Gibbous , United Slates commlsslonci
hero sent the following telegram :
ANTi.rus , I. T. , March 30. Lee lle-nnott ,
Indian Aient. : .MusUocce , I. T. : I'oiccs stll
Increasing ; bloodshed unavoidable , and that
soon. Hope no I'niU'd States eltl/en will be
Involved , hut afraid they will. If you art
coming you had bettor be quick.
JOHN e1 , ( iiimoNs.
Telegrams of a similar nature were sent tc
Hon. Charles B. Stewart at Gainesville ,
Tex. , and Judge James M. Shackollford ,
Muskogce1 , I. T. The following was alst
AXTI.KIIS , I. T. . March 30. Hon. Hoke Smith
Hi cretary of the Interior , Washington , 1) ) . ( ' . :
e'hoetaw forces wlihln a few miles of ouch
other ; bloodshed Inevitable unlcsImmedlati
icllcf Is had. ( Joviirnorlimes can be rcachei
at Purls , Tex. , tomonow morning narlv.
JOHN c' . tiiiii'ioNS ,
I lilted States t'ommlsslonur.
Whether these ofllcials can do anything al
tills stage of the impending tragedy is doubt
ful. It is known that the militia bitterly re
sent the Intervention of nonclti7.ens In- this
matter. A few hours more will undoubtedly
bring the climax.
It.111.UO.limit * AltllKltTKll.
M ami ririunrn Acciucd of
the Mlsmiurl I'urllle.
Sr.iui.iA , Mo. , March 30. A railroad sen
satiou , in which sovcn Missouri Pacific loco
motive engineers , and another employe an
concerned , came to light tonight , though tin
details of the affair are unobtainable. Tin
engineers are charged with being in collusloi
with a timekeeper at Scdalla to rob freigh' '
trains on tlio Missouri Pacific. It is salt
thousands of dollars worth of property have
been stolen an I more arrests may bo ex
jicctcd soon. The Mbsourl Pacific oftlclali
could cot bo induced to talk of the affair
Thonamor of the employes connected will
the robbery arc not known.
Movements of Orriin Steamers Murch .10.
At Brow Head- Passed Tainic , from Nor
At Lizard Passed Italy , from Now York
At Hamburg Arrived Uussta , from Nev
At Genoa Arrived Wcrra , from Nev
At Bromerhaven Arrived Lahn. fron
WRECK ON THE'BURLINGTON
Passenger Trains Oollith inm Sidetrack at
German townj ( Neb.
ENGINE CREWS SAVE THEIR LIVES
I'lri-fimii S\vrrn anil nMnll Clerk Injured In
the Crushon : idfrnble Kallrimil Prop
erty-Dent royoil Tralllc Intvrlcrcil
with n Few lloiirn.
SnwAiii ) , Neb. , March 80. [ Special Tele-
jrani to Tun BCB. ] A collision took place
: his afternoon about 1:10 : at Qcrmantown ,
jctween passenger trains Nos. 4t and 4'J.
S'o. 41 , going west , takes the sidetrack at
Qcrmantown and No. 4'J does not stop be
tween Scward and Lincoln.
No. 41 was on the sidetrack waiting for
No. 42 to pass. The switch had been left
open at tlio west c'ld of the sidetrack and
when No. 41 reached ( icrnmntown it took tlio
sidetrack and the two big engines came to
gether with a great crash.
The engineers and Jlrciucn jumped and
Fireman Swcen of No. 42 struck the ground
in suelyi way as to break ono of his legs
near the ankle. The mall and express cars
wore Imdly hmkcu up and ono of the mail
dorks slightly bruised , but all others escaped
The two cnzlnes were badly demolished.
Trains wore delayed about two hours , until
other engines and cdrs could bo scut out
It Is not known who loft the switch open.
Ilii Cliurttinl Mnlpractlcc.
H.vsTixns , Neb. , March DO. [ Special to
Tun BKI : . ] About two years ago .lohn
Howard , a brakcinan on the H. & M. , ' run-
nine between Hastings and Lincoln , fell
under a train while switching cars at Dor
chester , and was severely injured in the
foot. He was brought to Hastings and the
company surgeon summoned to attend him.
The injury was pronounced not serious , but
a clay or two latfr" gangrene set in which ex
tended above the knee. The limb was tlion
amputated. The llrst amputation being
improperly made , a second operation was
performed. Howard brought suit against
the railroad company for ? A" > ,000
damages , alleging that the company
surgeon was guilty of malpractice and that
inasmuch as ho acted as the agent of the
company it was bound by his actions. The
case was on trial all yesterday and today
was submitted to the jury.
This afternoon the Jury ! returned a verdict
giving the plaintiff 6,000 damages.
The company has a somewhat similar snit
In which Hobert Trospcr asks for $20,000
damages fora foot which was injured and
which ho claims did not receive proper
treatment from the surgeon furnished by
Two lliirRhirrt <
C.ENr.VA , Neb. , March SO. [ Special to Tin :
BEK. ] Two burglars , who refuse to give any
names , were brought to town at noon by U.
J. Town , sheriff of Thaycr county. Thov
arc the two who robbed n store in Fairmont
last night as reported hi this morning's BCE.
From there they went to Straug and broke
into the general merchandise store 6f
Sheppard & Son , 'tailing a largo amount of
valuables. They wW : discovered by a
couple ol young men as-thoy came out of the
store and followeel. ' They secreted the
goods In an old desertcd"'corn ; crib near town
and seeing that they V-'crc discovered ran.
The twoyouuKmen'follMi' T-.nlSJli to Brifn-
Ing , where they profcprirtlielp. and captured
them. TJio robbers lVd over Jo'X ) in cash
and quite an amount < cf. other valuables on
their persons when captured. The sheriff
thought it best to present them with hand
cuffs and brought thcn'i to town in that man
ner. They are now safely lodged in Jail.
The case of State against Phillip Costcllo ,
charged with shooting with intent to kill , is
being tried here.
Arbor Day I'rnchtmatlnii.
LINCOLN , Neb. , March : -Special [ Tele
gram to TUB Br.c. ] Governor Crounso today
gave out his Arbor' day proclamation. It
STATK op NIIIUASKA : , KXF.CUTIVK III AIIT-
MISNT , LINCOLN , Nnb.-Marcb 20. The ii''d day
of April Is Arbor day , . I trust the spirit which
Inspired the Institution of the day and had It
sot apart as ono of thu legal holidays of the
state will bo kent nllvo by a becoming observ
ance of It upon Its recurrence this year.
To that end I would a lf that the day bo given
generally to the planting of trees , shrubs and
vines , to the adornment , , of homos and high
ways and the beautifying of narks and public
grounds. Especially wmilil 1 recommend the
observance of the day by tlio public fcchoois ot
Nebraska by such ox&rolMjs and ceremonies
as shall bo In harmony with thu occasion ,
Intchtlmony thereof I have hereunto set
my hand nnd caused to bo iitllxed thu grat.
seal of the state. Done at Lincoln this 20th
day of .March , of the htatotho Twonty-sovcnth
and of the Independence of the United Status
the ono hundred and sovc'iitountb year.
LOHK.S'ZO lhuu.\SE , ( lovisrnor.
AttostJoiiN O. ALLEN. Siicrulary of State.
Work of K Nebraska lllacl'amltli.
v DouciiBSTCii , Neb. , March W. [ Special to
THE BEL-.J F. B. Psikai ; a Bohemian black
smith living about seven miles southwest of
town , shipped from , hero today for exhibi
tion in the manufacturers department of
the World's fair thrcii articles , viz. : Christ
nailed to the cross , justice with balances
in hand and a leaden casket.
The miniature Christ' is about four feet
in height , wears a crown of thorns and has
arms extended as they were supposed to
bo while nailed to the cross. Justice ,
a woman about seven feet in height , with
lifelike expression of the face , stands
erect , holding in one hand a pair of scales.
The casket is about , four , feet long and is
decorated over the outside with beautiful
raised flowers. The material used in the
manufacture of 111080 * articlca was heavy
plato zinc , and eousuiering that they were
made at a small country blacksmith shop
the workmanship is indeed good.
D n It otTcit y TTtlsiTt I u n.
D i HOT A CITY , Nob. , 'March BO. [ Special
Telegram to TUB Ucn.The suit for * ! ( ) , -
000 damages instituted by Mrs. Allco 10.
Sides against P. J..Koafo , William Hi toy ct
al. for Iho death of } ier husband caused by
whisky sold bv the defendants , which was
commenced in the district court yesterday ,
resulted in a disagreement of the Jury after
.being out sixteen hours. At ono time the
Jury stood nlno to throp in favor of award
The Jury today awarded William Hedges
$ ' 20 damage lor the loss of a steer which Joe
Lamorc , a Winncb-.igo Indian , failed to re
turn aflcr Ui3 hcrdlnjj'scasoii last summer.
'IV11 ThoiiHuml lliiOu-lH ol Com Itiirnril.
Wr-STEHN. Neb..March , ! ) ' ) . [ Special Telegram -
gram to THE Biii'.rfTwo largo cribs con
taining 10,000 bushels of corn belonging te
the Western Elevator ( Company caught lire
this evening at fi o'cloak and were entirely
consumed , very little , of the grain being
saved. All efforts to use Iho chemical engine ;
belonging to tlio city wpro useless as'tho machine -
chino failed to work. < A bucket brigade sue-
ceded Itv-stiving thei iterators and other cribs
nnd B. & M. cars. Thq loss is about # : ! 0,000 ,
No insurance. Origin 01 the lire is unknown ,
( irauil Island XVIierlnipn.
OiiANi * ISLAND.v Nob. , March 00. The
Gr.inel Island Wheel qlub was reorganised
last night , with W. H. King ns president ; P
W. Meyer , vice president ; Hubo Powell , cap
tain ; Arthur Mayer , Secretary ami troas
urcr. Wheolwomen will bo made honor.iri
membcis. Hiding tours to tlio surroumllii ; .
towns uro to bo n feature.
Dralh of Nuiiruiik.i I'lnnitor.
BKUI.IS , Nub. , Maiyh 1W. [ Sixstial Telegram
gram to TUB Bin : . ] Mrs. Mary Paup
mother of Fred Paap of this precinct , fllwi
last night , arcd 84. Airs. I'aap wiu one ol
Otoo county's oldest settlers , having livoel
hero continuously since 1W7.
Kent to thrylum. .
FUEMONT , Neb , . March W ) . [ Special to TIII
Bun. ] Mrs , Peter Pcdcrson was examinee
by the commissioners of insanity yesterday
ind pronounced Insane , Her husband has
known for some time that her mind was not
right and lately it has been falling rapidly.
Sheriff MIlllKcn took her to the state hos
pital for the insane in Norfolk today.
Soittliraateru IMuratloimt Amodiitlon ,
BEATIIICR , Neb. , M'nvh ! W. [ Special Tele
gram to TUB linn. ] The following were
L-lcctcd ofllccrs of the Southeastern Ne
braska Educational association this after
noon : II. T. Hosic , Auburn , president ! Miss
Evelyn Blrss , Peru , vice president ; Miss Ida
A. Tow , Beatrice , secretary nn-1 treasurer ;
executive committee , C. H. Atkinson. Fair-
bury ; J. t > . Bacr. Lincoln , and Miss Mattlc
H. Gregg , Beatrice. It was decided to hold
the next meeting of the association in tills
city. Tonight the association was enter
tained by a lecture on "American Politics
mid Politicians , " at the Paddock opera
house * , by ox-Senator J. .1. Ingalls of Kansas.
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Ingall's lecture ,
the prl/.c banner for the county having the
largest percentage of teachers present was
n warded to Ncmaha. There were thirty-lire
teachers enrolled from Nomaha coitutv.
llralnco Ncnnpapcr Change.
BnATiucn , Neb. , March ISO. [ Special Telegram -
gram toTilE Br.r. . ] O. F. S. Burton of the
Plattsniouth Evening News was In the city
today with a view to consummating a deal
by which ho will become a half owner in the
Beatrice Dally Times. The now llrm will
bo known as Knotts & Burton. It is under
stood the now arrangement will go Into ef
fect at once , if consummated at all. The pro
jected sale is an outgrowth of the dissatis
faction of local stockholders of the concern
with the conduct of the paper In the present
city campaign. The papar is presumably re
publican , but is supporting the citizens'
ticket against the regular republican ticket.
1XCIIK.I ! > J.V T11K I-'IXKS.
IIMUI 1'iMiplo Pi'lrrinliicil to Itrgulnto the
Cr.iiAii KAHIIS , la. , March 110. [ Special to
Tun BBC. ] The sentiment that tlio saloons
should contribute to the expense of running
the city governments of the state In the way
of paying monthly lines is on the Increase.
This system has been in vogue in several of
the h.rgor cities of the state for some time ,
but not until this year have thu
smaller towns adopted the method.
In no less than twenty towns
have the councils passed "disorderly
house" ordinances , providing for the monthly
lining of the saloons. The lines are gradu
ally being made larger , too. At Denlson a
movement is on foot to increase the monthly
line to $100. The people have come to the
conclusion that prohibition is a howling
farce and b"lievo this method the best under
" " To IHovnto tlii % Colorrtl IIUT.
Dis MOINP.H , la. , March t0. ! [ Special Tele
gram to THE BEE. ] The Afro-American
state convention today passed n resolution
organizing the Afro-American Association of
Iowa. They adopted numerous resolutions
favoring support of all worthy enterprises
In which colored people were engaged and
decided that In future the association should
meet annually on a day as near August 4 as
practicable. Vigorous addresses were made
in support of measures that denounced race
discrimination and a resolution was adopted
to stand by colored men and women in their
honest endeavor to elevate the race. The
following uro the oftlcersof the now organiza
tion : President , T. L. Smith , Ki-okuk ; vice
presidents , A. G. Clark , Washington ; W. H.
Mllligan , Anamosa ; Joseph Marshall , Sharps-
burg ; recording secretary , ! Joseph Hopkins ,
Ottumwa ; corrpsi > onuing secretary , A. O.
Smith , Dcr. Mollies ; , treasurer , II. Killing ,
Sioux City ; chaplain , W. J. Barnett , Mncha-
hliiock ; executive committee. W. T. Shields.
Sioux City : C. C. Curtis , Newton ; H. T.
Handolph , Hitcmau ; J. J. Jones , Clarinda ;
William Hoblnson , Wiota ; 0. W. Anderson ,
Keokuk ; J. II. Perkins , Evans ; B. F. Taylor ,
Uoone ; W. E. DeClaybrooic , Muscatlnc ; J.
D. Heeler , DCS Moincs.
lotru ICallruail Changes.
DE3 MOINES , la. ( March W ) . [ Special Telo"-
gram to THE BEE. ] Information was made
public today of the resignation of John II.
Green , general agent for Iowa of the Chicago
cage Great Western railroad , headquarters
at DCS Moincs. Mr. Green has been general
agent for two years and before that was
city ticket agent. To his rustling after cus- ,
torn and his increasing popularity is duo tlio
wonderful increase in business of the old
Diagonal and the now Great Western over its
Iowa division. His successor , for a time , at
least , is Albert W. Noycs , who has been city
passenger agent for two or three years.
Charles J. Brooks will bo city ticket agent.
Ho lias of late been traveling west out of St.
Paul for the road , but will arrive In DOS
Moincs tomorrow to assume his now duties.
Another selection is of 11. W. Payne , late of
Now York City , and who will bo the travel
ing passenger agent for Iowa. The entire
change will take place April 1.
FOKT MAWSON , la. , March -Special [
Telegram to THE BEE. ] The action of Post
ofllco Inspector Mercer , in "suspending Post
master DutTus and appointing another man
to his place , created quite a sensation and
turns out to have been unwarranted. A shortage -
ago of $111:1.7 : * . ! was found by the Inspector but
this was in moi'oys owed by business men for
stamps and envelopes , for which Mr. Duffus
had them charged , most of which was paid
as soon as the news of the trouble had be
come known. The shortage was made good
as soon ns Mr. Duffus was apprised ot the
fact. In an interview Mr. Duffus claims the
whole thing is a schcmo concocted by his
enemies to get him out of the postoftlco. Ho
said he had sent in his resignation and was
willinir to step out but not as a defaulter.
It is the general opinion that Mr. DitlTus
simply made the mistake of bMng slow in
making his collections. No ono thinks he
intended to rob Uncle Sam.
ICMVI ; .11111 Destroyed.
NEWTON , la. , March 30. [ Special Tele
gram to THE BEB. ] The Wilson mill , east of
the city was destroyed by llro early this
morning. It was built twenty-live years ago
by J. It. Mcrshen and has always been the
leading mill In this part of the suite. It was
overhauled and moderni/.od a few years ago
at a cost of $12,000. Three years ago tlio
mill passed into the hands of a co-opcrativo
milling association. J.t afterwards passed
into the hands of Wilson. Forbes & Maflltt
and was the properly of Mr. Wilson. The
entlro loss will bo near ? 15,000 with jrK ( ) ( ]
The plelcet fence machinery house of F. L.
Maylan and the milling machinery business
of the Eagle Bros , were located in the mill
and were destroyed.
ltiitmt : | Youiij ; IVopln Mrnt.
SIIESANDOAH , la. , March fiO. [ Special to
THU BiiE.l The district convention of the
Baptist Young People's union of south'
western Iowa bus boon in session in this clt.v
for the past two days. A largo number ol
dclcirutcs hare been present and the meet
ings have been very spirited. The exercises
closed last evening with an address bv Kuv.
W. P. Hclliugs of Omaha.
While hero the delegates in a body visited
the Western Normal college building , whlcli
has just been completed , and expressed
themselves as urcatly surprised to llnd sucli
a line collc'go e > dltlco.
I'uld fur a l.lhrl.
CCIIAU K.U'ins , In. , March ! -Special [
Telegram to THE BEE. ] When the ease ol
Egbert C. George of Vinton against the Itc
publican Printing company of this city foi
$ ! 0.cKX ) damages for llbM came up in the dis
trlct court at Marlon today the defendant
offered to confess Judgment for f''OU am1
costs which was accepted apd the casa was
dismissed. The Republican printed a sensa
tional item in regard ton shooting affray ,
which the plalntilT claimed was false.
Tort Doileu iWlerut llilllilliii ; .
Four DODOE , Iu. , March 30 , IS'icciul Tele
gram to THE BKB.Tho ] llrst stone for the
Fort Dodge government building was swunt
into position today. The building U to cos
$7a.OOO. It will bo built of granite and brick
and will bo enclosed by September 1.
Groves & Ilackctt are the contractors.
Horrible Voluntary'Iiith. ) .
SitEi.nt , la. , March HO. [ Special Telegram
to TUB Hen. ] John Squires of Persia , this
county , committed sulcldo yesterday by lying
on the railroad track. His body was horribly
ribly mangled by a freight train. He Is sup-
jioscd to have committed the deed because
of trouble between himself and wife. Fwl
Selre. a German , SO yonra old , committed
suicide by hanging near here yesterday.
lo M It lllroad Mull Itrsl nt.
Dr.s Mot.ST.s , la. , March .TO. J. H. Green ,
gencnil western passenger agent of the
Chicago Orcat Western , lias resigned , to
take effect April 1.
iro.v .1 am t > .11. vivruitr.
( Irnrriil ViiMiirz | DcfeatH lloiiilnran Ili'bcU
anil I'nts ttin Army to flight.
| Coi/rfihfnl ) | ( lS.1liiJitmri / finnlnn llennttt. ]
PANAMA , Colombia ( via Galvestou , Tex' . ) ,
March : ) . ( By Mexican Cable to the Now
York Herald Special to Tin : Br.i.l : A
telegram from an ofllcial source has been re
ceived from Comayagua in which It Is stated
that General Vnsquoz has attacked the
revolutionists and won a signal victory. His
forces opened lire on the enemy in all
directions and sticccc.led in e-omplotelv dis
lodging them. Then they dispersed scatter
ing in groups of ten or twenty leaving their
arms on the Held. Many of the revolution
ists were killed , but the government troops
escaped without loss.
A later telegram from the same source an
nounces the recapture of Tattimbla by Gen
eral Vllleta. This Is discredited"however ' ,
as it comes irom a government ofllcial.
Trouble In Colombia.
CAUACAS , W. L , ( via Galvcston. Tex. , )
March IU ) . | By Mexican Cable to the Now
York Herald Special to THE BEE. ) Gcn-
ci'Al Castro of Venezuela , who , It is alleged ,
sold arms to the Colombian llbnrals , is under
surveillance at Bucaromanga. Ho is pre'-
vented from going to the Venezuelan fron
tier where it is supposed the arms have
been concealed. Slne-o the publication of the
article in the Herald of news of the sale ot
arms the Colombian government has in
creased Its vigilance. Stringent measures
have been adopted and forces have been
dispatched to increase the garrison in PAn-
nnm. whcro public opinion in favor of gov
ernment is strong. The government has de
clared Its ability to meet any uprising and is
prepared to quell any revolutionary demon
A manifesto has boon issued by the lib
erals announcing their formal intention of
combatting the enemies of the government. It
arraigns the administration for its unconsti
tutional acts. In the llrst clause the liberal
constitution rc.'ogiii/.es that the republican
regime in Colombia is negatived by existing
laws , which confer extraordinary powers ,
and above all by abuse of powers by public
VALPAUAISO , Chill , ( via Galvestou , Tex. ) ,
March HO. | By Mexican Cable to the Now
York Herald Special to THE BEE. ] The
Herald's correspondent at Artigas tele
graphs that General Fcllcs with his forces
has tirrived at , Bago. General Javaroz has
abandoned his position near there and is
fleeing toward Jacqnaronibo. A deserter
from General Sariva's army says the
wounded were left to perish In the sand.
The rovolters are beheading the prisoners
whom they capture.
From Montevideo the Herald's corre
spondent telegraphs that the prcsldont.chiefs
of nrmy and political chiefs In the several
provlh i'6 have been in conference regarding
the coming clectious.
The Uruguay gun boat , General Tare/ , has
been ordered to Kivera.
There 1ms been issued in Uruguay a dccrco
ordering the demonetization of , all foreign
silver. The forces sent by Catamarca to
Santa Kosa have put down the revolution
there by arms.
From Buenos Ay res the Herald's corre
spondent telegraphs that ScnorAnchoroailms
renounced the Idea of the Chilian protocol
being sent to congress. It has therefore
been approved by the government with few
minor alterations. The text will bo ptib-
Hshed-ofllciaKy in Chill and Argentina sim
Importing Cliliicno Laborers.
Liaron Ladano , according to a telegram
sent by the Herald's correspondent In lllo
Janeiro , has left that city for China. Ho
proposes to return with 100,000 Chinese
laborers to work in that country.
By a dccrco of the Chilian government
half of the silver coined by the government
has been put in circulation.
Captain Serrano and Lieutenant Bar ! of
the Chilian navy have been dolachcd from
the Hua&ear and will , on behalf of the
Chilian government , assist Prof. Pickering
in his observation of the eclipse of the sun
at his observatory in Peru.
An attack was made on the American
students cnrouto to Chicago in La Paz ,
Bolivia. The Herald correspondent at that
place telegraphs that thu students were
attending in procession the funeral of a
Chilian who was being buried awarding to
Masonic rites. Urged by the priets , a mob
attacked the students. In their fury they
smashed the Instruments carried by the
students , many of whom were seriously In
The government of Bolivia has raised the
state of slego in the republic except in the
state of Beni. Conditional amnesty has
been granted , but the right lias been reserved
to prosecute all who were engaged In the
recent attempt to overthrow the government.
s.ix jiM.ir/AttO'.s itiri.iit vusruitv ,
Ho Is I'lanul L'uilnr Arrent by a French
' Naval l-'orco.
NEW YOIIK , March : iO.--Tho Clydo line
steamer Saginaw arrived from San Domingo
this morning. Her passengers bring news of
vtho arrest of the president of San Domingo
by French naval ofllcors In San Domingo
City. According to tholrstory the president
had taken fil' > , ( )00 ) from a French bank , the
manager of which called upon two French
cruisers lying in the harbor to prevent the
escape of the president to Monte Chrisli ,
whither ho was about to start to quelfun
The president's sudden descent upon the
bank was the outcome of a le'gal suit between
him and some of the French residents , in
volving the payment of a sum of money. The
case was scut to the htaher courtr for Judg
ment , but apparently this delayed it too
loilg to suit the president. So ho ordered
out the militia , with Instructions to seize
whatever French gold they could llnd.
The soldiers proceeded to the bank nn
March 14 , tore down doors , blew open vaulls
and carried off S'W.OOO ' In cash. The French
commander on thu cruisers was apprised
of the outrage and sent an armed force
ashore , which capture ! ! the president us ho
was about to proceed to Monte Cbrlsll. a
small place on Dnnlnican and Haytian
borders. The president was held In custody
and word sent to France rognrdlnjj the
affair. Another French cruiser Is on the ;
way to San Domingo City , with instructions
as to how the cuhObhuuld bo disposed of.
An indemnity of $110,00' * } W.-IB at. lrst ! de
manded , but this demand wiis withdrawn
pending the arrival of the next French mail.
1'ho passengers who reached hero today
state that there la trouble brewing in San
Tlin I'Iro Itcconl.
CI.UVEI.INM > , O. , March 80.--Flro broke oul
In the Forest , Cily varnish works this after
noon and spread with groatrapldity. Owinp
to the combustible nature of Iho content ;
the Interior was soon a Hcolhliig hirnaco ,
Ono life was lost , that of Charles Double
man. Loss ,
iin i\i > tTto < i it.
Wu. > ii\iim % Del , March 110. Thomas F
Bayard says that his appointment as ambas
nador to Great Britain was not uncxpcctce
aud that ho will probably accept the offer ,
TO DEFEAT THE BILL
Plan to Stave OfF Action on Honso Eoll
No. 33 Announced.
WILL ADJOURN BEFORE IT IS REACHED
Ihilroiuls Ainounoa t'ao ( bncuction of a
Probably Successful Scheme.
PUSHING SENATORS HALE AND THOMSEN
Grout Pressure Brought to Boar on Thoto
by the Corporations.
SOME MORE SUNDRIES TIIVT NEVER CAME
Cut Ohm * IiiUMiunM ami Similar Artlvlc *
That Aiipe.ir In tlio Hill of ShlllliiK
HriM.-A Commltteii Coming
to Omiilm lor Alii.
LINCOLN , Nob. , March : tO. [ Special Tclo
gram to Tin : Br.n. ] The startling announce
ment was made shortly before midnight to
night that the railroads had succeeded in
killing the maximum rate bill. The news
came from a room of General Manager
Hurt of the Klkliorn , and it created
a wild ( lurry among the membera
and politicians , who still remained in the
rotunda of the Liuculn , notwithstanding the
lateness of the hour. It w.is asserted that
the plan was to adjourn the seiuito Tuesday
noon slno die , and that the railroads had
seventeen votes uledgod to their plan. It
was asserted that besides the twelve repub
licans they would have the three democrats
who have voted with them from the start
and Senators Halo and Thomson.
It was also given out that the plan was to
llllbtistcr until the time had expired aiu\
then adjourn without allowing the bill to go
upon Its passage. The call of the house In
the Joint convention was cited as part
of the plan and will assist just
that much in the schcmo to kill the
time of the upper house. It was given color
by the presence in the city today of a num.
her of railroad men from Fremont and
Schuylcr. who have been laboring with the
two senators named as persistently as it is
possible for mortal to do. lOx-Seaator Deern
of Fremont and Hay Nye have dogged the
steps of Senator Thomscn and h
has not been given a moment' *
pence. Ho was seen after , the report
port got out , and was asked as to
the truth of it. Ho admitted that enormous
pressure was beinir brought .to bear upon
him , but ho insisted ithatit would avail
nothing , ns ho was hero to vote for the bill
and proposed to do so. Ho said that the
senate would not adjourn till the bill was
passed. Senator Halo could not bo found.
That this is the sohomo of .tho railroads au-
inlta of no doubt but whether it will bo
successful remains 'ot to bo-"clj'JSin ! l jrf" ! *
Another Stiirlllii ) ; Kiliniir.
Another announcement bordering on ttio
sensational reached the cars of those wait *
ing airxiousl'V for n revelation of the truth to
night. It is nothing more nor less than it
has Just been discovered that the name of ox-
State Treasurer Hill does not appear on the
$1,000,000 bond given by him to the
state. The names of sixteen bondsmen - ,
men appear on the document , but not a sign
of the name of the treasurer appears. What .
the effect of this omission will bo is prob
lematical , as the opinions of lawyers differ
as to how It affects the validity of
the bond. Some assert that it ren
ders tlio document worthless , and
that not n cent can bo recovered on it , while
others take the position that it makes no
difference whatever. Certain it is that the
news created a lively buzz when it reached
the rotunda. How it happened that the
discovery was not made until now is some
thing that is hard to understand.
Judge AVakcley , who has been retained by
the governor to push the suits for the re
covery of the state money lost through the ?
failure of the Capital National bank , will
Illo the llrst papers In the suit tomorrow
morning in the district court of Douglas +
county. The suit is against Hill and all of
his bondsmen , and suit is brought to recover <
the full amount of SDM.OOO.
Suom * to lln SomntliliiR In It.
The attempt of the railroads to force an
adjournment of the upper house to prevent
the passage of the railroad bill calls for
more 'ban passing notice. That something
was In the wind has been apparent for the
past three days , as Iloldrcgo , Burt and all
the other railroad generals have stayed
right hero , although working under cover.
Their headquarters at the state house has
been In the rooms of the lisutcnnnt governor ,
and a small army of the attendants and
messengers has been kept constantly em
ployed. It now socmn that orders were sent
out to bring in every individual who would
bo likely to have any inlluei.co with either
Senator Halo or Senator Thomscn , and
ihoro was such a response as seldom follows
an ordinary request.
If the report is true , as it leaks from rail
road headquarters tonight , the Jig Is up and
no mistake , as it would give seventeen votes
for adjournment. It is stated that Senator
Halo has expressed a determination to
vote for the bill in case it comes
to passage , as ho pledged himself to Jhat
effect during the campaign and
It was on that pledge that ho was elected
over Dr. Alden. Hois further represented
as saying that he hoped thu bill would not
got that far , as ho was personally opposed to
it and would not think of rotlug for it ex-
oept for his plmlgo. There are now but
twelve bills ahead of the railroad bill c.tx
I bird reading , an I as that order Is to betaken
taken up In the morning It could bo roachoel
in ono day if it worn not. fur tlio fact that
the Joint convention comes on at1 o'clock.
It Is stated that one of the plans of the
railroad contingent In the way of lllibustcr-
Ing is to move to recommit bills on their
passage , and In that way throw down the
bars for debate and thus kill > .ho time.
It is not now apparent how the bill can bo
reached before Satin-Jay at the earliest , and
possibly vet bcforo next week. It is ap.
parent that , votes to llx a day of adjournmci cttr *
b'jforo the bill is passed are indirectly votes
against the bill , as the railroad schomcrs
will iind a way to kill all the Intervening
time ) if tlio initial move eat | bo nuecessfully
made. Grim determination ami the greatest
good faith on the part of all the supporters.
of the bill will ulene ? leud to Its passngov
Whcrura Tliv u Article * ?
Among the Items In the bill ot Shillinir
Bros , for goods funtlsUoi the Icglelaturo lit
ono for a cut glass inkstand that Is charged
at $18 , while another of the same articles U
assessed against the state at $10. I\osucli
articles are visible to the naked optic
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