Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 10, 1892, Page 6, Image 6

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fcoxTisunt ) mow nrrn rxos.J
a bolter fight might bo tnndo for the do-
irmnus of the department. Ho reported
from Iho commlttco the bill for the
transfer of the wonthor bureau to the
Agricultural department , nnd had the
natlsfuctlon of booing nn nmondod meas
ure become tv law. Secretary Husk pro
nounced liis work nt the end of thla
congress most onorjjotlc and valuable ,
nnd'norsonally congratulated him by
letter upon his efforts on behalf of the
2. Our exports in cattle had boon
hampered by retaliatory measures taken
by Knplnnd to prevent export of
live cattle into the kingdom on the
ground of contagious plouro-pnoumonla.
Bona'.or PiuldocTc Introduced and passed
n bill to provide for olllclal certification
of cattle frco from dlacaso and secured
increased appropriations through por-
ronnl olTor'H ' with appropriation com
mittees bv which plflitro-pnoumonln was
effectually stamped out in this country.
Complaint , was then made by England
that live e.nUlo were so injured In ocean
transit as to bo made unill for consump
tion when slaughtered. Senator Paddock
promptly intioducud a bill to provide for
the inspection of cattle vessels , passed it
in the sotmto , and hud the satisfaction
of seeing it become n. law. Ho
introduced the first bill for meat Inspec
tion , nnil inndo an exhaustive report
upon the necessity of microscopic ox-
ntninatlon of > nciit products nnd their
official certlllcation as sound. The whole
nystom now In such sncoesbful operation
in western packing houses of tagping
beef , mutton and pork Is largely the re
sult of Sotiator Paddock's persistent
labors. In consequence Franco , Ger
many and England have thrown down
the barriers to the American hog and ho
enters oncu moro into consumption
by the people of those nations. Senator
I'atldock was a strong supporter of the
reciprocity fcn'.uio of the McKinley bill ,
which the senate inserted in that meas
ure after the house hud rejected It. Ho
urged it among' his associates aild ad
dressed the senate in its behalf , quoting
from his speech of February 0 , 1879 , in
ndvocaoy of the policy.
3. On February fi , 1890 , Senator Pad
dock introduced a resolution ( ullingupon
the commUteo on interstate commerce to
report the potters of the Interstate Coin-
morco commission to regulate excessive
freight rales of agricultural products In
the west. The matter was at once
brought before Iho Inlerstulo Commerce
commissioners who made a personal
visit to Nebraska and finding the alle
gations as recited in Senator Paddock's
rcfiolulion sustained , mudo an order re
ducing freight rates on food products.
This practical legislation was the only
national one In six years which had ru-
Milted in reduced freight rules and it
was due solely to Senator Paddock's
} . It was in tills congress that Sen
ator Paddock drafted ami introduced
the first bill prohibiting the adultera
tion of food producls which over re
ceived Iho considoralion of our nalionul
K-frliilnturc. The bill at once attracted
the attention of the country and became
the subject of widespread comment. Its
lirat olTocl. was lo call out thousands of
notices and articles proving conclusively
the great e.xtcnt of the swindling of
thin nature which WIIB in operation
throughout the country. Medical socle-
ties , alliances , grange org.mizutions and
trade associations heartily endorsed the
inovemcnt. Tho-.o whobo nefarious bus-
inoas would have been destroyed by the
measure promptly rallied in opposition
nnd while at Ilrst not daring to openly
attack the principle demanded vital
amendment of the bill. During the
first session Senator Pa-dock's commit
tee hold twenty-six meetings to discuss
and perfect the Paddock purp food bill ,
nnd finally completed it in its present
form , in accordance with Senator
Taddock's last draft. The Agri
cultural department spurred its
chemical division to an exhaustive
invcstigatiulh and analysis of food pro
ducts , the results fully verifying Sena
tor Paddock's assertion that 40 per
cent of all articles entering into coui'
roon consumption were adulterated ,
Senator Paddock's report accompany'
ing his bill nas been quoted and re-
quoted so often by these engaged wit !
him in this gigantic fight against frnuc
nnd deception that it is not necessary U
live lioro any extracts to show the mo
lives impelling the senator to his eru
fade for the pi election of the stomuchi
of the poor ami the pockiits of the pro
duccrs. The best equipped and mos
active lobby in Washington fought tin
measure- lit every stugo and pro
Touted its consideration in tin
bonato. All the cotton state
opposed it , because they feared t
would prevent the continued use of cot
tonsocd oil in the adulteration of lard
Senator Paddock made vigorous effort
to have the bill made an amendment t
the agricultural appropriation bill ii
the closing days of the bcssion , and mud
on March U n speech of no.irly tw
hours' duiation , discussing the constitu
tlonulily of his bill , its character an
the pressing demand for its onnctmonl
The bill failed at the close of congroE
only to bo subsequently brought up nn
passed by the senate and favorably rt
ported in the house , where It no' '
awaits action on the house calendar.
6. The fifth subject of national r
veil as of local importance to whle
Senator Piuldocir devoted himself wn
th'nt of the protection of timber on th
public lands from lire and from di
midntion by the axe of tli
marauder. Several bills wcro bofoi
Ills committee and were freely dl
cussed. In .luno , 1890 , ho reported us
measure of temporary relief a , bil
iiL'compunylng the bill with n wrlttc
report providing penalties for the so
ting on lire of woods , underbrush or pru .
rio on the public domain. The bill wi
debated vigorously in the senate , ar
its passage opposed by Senator Tollo
who denied the authority ofo \ \ govori
inunt to enforce penalties within tl
states. It finally passed the penal
Meantime Senator Paddock was Tni :
studying the history of forestry , wil
the view of formulating a general to
cstry law which would place all fores
on the publiu domain under rigid m
tlonal Buporvislon , prevent doprod
tlons and wiihto and protect the tlmlx
mpply , and In Iho next congioss pr
unlod his bill , which is now on tl
U. At nn oirly : Btngo in the sossli
fuvornl bill * providing for the oncou
itgomonl of the cultivation of the ug
licet and the temporary exemption fid
duty of machinery for the manufaotu
of bcot .sugar wore tlcen : up in the coi
mlttoo on agriculture. The subject w
thoroughly dihcu sod and the lltorntu
on the question studied , As the rosu
a bill wus formulated and presented
* Iho senate , with an elaborate wrltt
tcport by .Senator Paddock , In , eon ;
quenco the sunato'nlacod an amondmu
ia the tariff bill admitting boot sug
aAachinury free until January 1 , Ibi
Uho thorough exploitation of Iho qu
tlou assisted in having the sugar bouii
cluubo added to the tarilT bill. Spnu !
1'addook assisted in debate in light !
' the amendment through the sonata.
1 Hosidoa lliuHu most important subjo
nctod upon by the coinmittoo , his co
jnitteo look up , discussed and made ;
ports on the Conger lard bill , amei
menu to the oleomargarine law. mlc
iconic invobtlgatlon of animal disoii
fjju the extension of thobu.ouuof u
mal Industry. The work of this congress -
gross on the part of the agricultural
committee oxcccds the total work of the
committee In the ton voara previous ,
and was encoded by that of no other
commlttco in the sonato.
Public l.itml. .
An senator from the state whore the
first homestead patent was issued. Sen
ator Paddock naturally was familiar
with the public land system. Much
of his most useful work in the
Bonato was done on the public
lands committee. In this congress
ho was particularly active. Ho made
thirteen reports from the committee nnd
attended every session. Ho reported
the bill providing for appropriations for
irrigation experiments , the bill creating
the Broken How nnd the Alllnnco dis
tricts , the bill adjusting salaries In the
land olllco by which Judiro GrolT's salary
was increased , the bill for the relief of
ontrytnen on the Otoo and Missouri
lands , the bill ( or the ealo o ( military
reservations In Nebraska , for the crea
tion of the Wyoming land district , to
amend the timber culture act and to
allow settler * to prove up before county
olllclals. Seven of these bills became
Ills work in the coinmittoo on pen
sions was indefatigable and enormous
nnd represented a largo part of the six
teen hours a day which the senator has
boon in the habit of devoting to his
work. Ho made no less than J03 re
ports on private pension bills , among
them a bill granting a pension to Mrs.
Gonural Crook. Of those the remarka
ble number of 147 became laws , many of
the boncllciurics of whirih had boon
vainly besieging the pension ollico for
years for relief. The hundreds of letters
of grateful acknowledgment from pen-
Bionorn relieved from distress by his ef
forts are ono of the most carefully preserved -
served and cherished mementoes of Sen
ator Paddock's senatorial term.Vhon |
the labor of investigating llio enormous
muss of papers nccompaning such claims
is considered Iho industry and patience
requisite to accomplish such results
wilt bo apparent.
Iliillnu DCpimhttKitiH ,
Sonalor Paddock was a member of
the committee on Indian depredation
claims , and was largely instrumental in
the formulation nnd the passage of the
measure which became a law provid
ing for the udjudicutlot of th is class of
claims , so linuorlant to many citizens of
Nebraska. Owing to the absence of the
chairman of the commitleo , Sonalor
Moody of South Dakota , it foil to
Senator Paddock's lot , as acting chair1
man , to tnko charge of the bill on the
floor of the senate , and lo load the
forces of its advocates. This ho did
with great shrewdness and ability ,
passed the bill , and afterwards snt on
the commitleo of conference , whoso
report was finally adopted by the house.
The passatro of the bill closed nearly
eleven years of hard work on the part
of Senator Paddock in advocacy of jus
tice to settlers on this line.
( . ( net-ill Legislation.
Senator Paddock took an active in
terest in the formulation nnd passage of
the measutes which became laws in the
Fifty-first congress. A glance over the
list will show that ho either introduced
or reported a Inrgo number in this gal-
ax , } ' , which forms the achievement of a
congress republican in both branches.
In every ono which came before the
committees on pensions , npriculture ,
public lands and Indian depredations
ho had a guiding and directing hand.
His sfugglo for modifications in the
tariff bill had much to do with Iho
'amendment of that measure on lines of
western demands. Among the laws enacted -
acted during this congress wora the
following :
The act providing for the monthly
purchase of 4,500,000 ounces of silver
and the issuance of treasury notes for
the full value of the same , thus increas
ing the volume of the currency nearly
$00,000,000 per annum.
The customs administrative provision
to prevent frauds in the entries of im
ported goods , which will make a saving
of many millions of dollars to the treas
ury annually without increasing the
cost of such goods to the consumer.
The act reorganizing in part the fed
eral judiciary system , for the relief of
the supreme court , ono of the most im
portant and useful acts passed by any
congress for many years.
The disability and dependent pension
net , which gives a pension to every ox-
soldier who has suffered the least im
pairment of his ability to maintain him
self and family ny his own labor , provid
ing pensions also for widows and minor
children , or without the requirement to
prove the incurrence of disease by the
soldier in the service and in the line ol
duty. In this connection the fact nlsc
may bo properly stated that the last
congress passed and the president ap
proved several hundred special acts
granting pensions to ox-soldiors and the
widows nnd children of ox-soldiers ,
where the required technical proofi
were impossible to obtain/ The ant foi
the relief of soldiers who served during
the late war under assumed names.
The act to provide certificates of honorable
orablo discharge to ox-soldiors wholuv <
lost tlioir certificates of discharge.
The act providing that no person ii
time of po.tco shall bo tried for descr
tion nftor the lapse of two years.
The resolution of the senate dlrcetinf
the Interstate Commerce commission t <
investigate as to oxccsslvo transporta
tion rates on the agricultural product
of the trnnhinlhsourl country to ouslon
11 markets , and lo apply a remedy there
I , for , under which the tnoht useful result
111 were reached. Thio was Senator Pad
t- dock's resolution.
t.1 - The act enlarging the powers of th
.118 Interstate Oommotoo commission in sc
id curing testimony , enforcing attendanc
> ' , of witnesses for better enforcement t
11- law and punishment of the violators i
its provisions.
The anti-trust and the anti lottery
, y acts ,
.h The acts for the admission of Idah
and Wyoming and Montana , North nn
is South Dakota and Washington , whicl
n- under acts previously p isscd , wor
na - also , by proclamation of the president
aJl1 declared to bo states in the union.
eli - The act providing for the colubratio
li u of the HHIth anniversary of thudiscover
of America in 180-
uii Thn land grant forfeiture net , I
ir- which the government has rocovurv
irar over 8,000,000 ucrua of unearned lam
mire under grunt * to certain railroads.
rein The nut oxtendinu' the provisions i
in- an act for the relief of railroad land so
tiers and of persons who have been c
rote railroad IUIIUH live years , but whoso o
trios have not bcon recorded.
teen The uot to repeal the timber cultui
en and pro-umntlon laws.
jo The provision repealing the act
int 18S8 unuor which all public lands wei
u r required to bo withdrawn from Bottl
J- . ment between the 10U0 meridian
JJS - longitude and the Cascade mountains
ity California.
The of the Fort Sod
ior act to dispose )
wiclv military reservation to actual st
tiers under the homestead law.
DlS The act extending the time of pa
of Omaha rosorv
lure moat to purchasers
reid - tion land.
id- Tin ) joint resolution allowing oxto
ro- sion of time of payments on account
failure of .
BOH crops.
ui- The act providing for the compulso
attendance of witnesses In land cases be
fore registers and receivers of land
The provision requiring suit to vacate
nn existing patent to bo brought insldo
five years , llic snrno not to bo permitted
to bo sold at public sale.
The act ninondatory of the law author
izing settlors' affidavits in pro-omptlon
and commutation of homestead entries
to no taken before county judges and
other local ofllcor ? .
The provision authorizing correction
of clerical errors In land entries ; also a
provision authorizing confirmation of
entries and in-tunnco of patents where
final proof and payment have bcon made
and certificate issued , there bolng no
advorao claims originating prior to such
final entry , and where the land wus solder
or encumbered prior to the 1st day of
March , 188S , and nftor such final entry ,
to bona fide purchasers or encumbrances
for a valuable consideration. ( This Is
the provision which has saved maViy of
the original ontrymon of the Otoo reser
vation lands. ) Roporlod by Paddock.
The act authorizing the taking nnd
filing-of final proofs when the day of
hoarinr came , during the vacancy In
either the olllco of receiver or register
of a land olllco , by the remaining olllcor ,
otc.Tho ncl croaling the Broken Bow and
Alliance land dislrlols in Nebraska.
The act to apply the proceeds of the
sales of nubile lands to the support of
agricultural and Industrial colleges.
The act providing for the selection of
lands for educational purposes , in lieu
of these appropriated for other pur
poses , in abandoned military and other
The ael for Iho establishment of a na
tional park on the battlefield of Chiclm-
inauga ; two nets setting apart the tract
of land containing the mammoth trees
of California fora national park.
The appropriation for the Oalvcston ,
Sablnc nnd Aransas Pass deep water
piojecls , all in Iho inlorosl of cheaper
Iran spoliation for the agricultural pro
ducts of Iho west to the seaboard and to
foreign markets.
The provision malting appropriation
for transforming the Hennepln canal
into a ship canal between the Missis
sippi river and Lake Michigan at Chi
Two appropriations amounting to
about $ GOUUfJ for Invostigalion and ex
perimentation poparatory to the com
mencement of preliminary work for ir
rigating the semi-humid lands in the
western D.ikotus , Nebraska and Kansas
by meaus of a general syslom of arlosian
and other wells and reservoirs.
The provision granting rights of way
over the public lands for irrigation pur
The net to prevent the introduction of
contagious diseases from ono stale into
The act transferring the weather bureau
roau from the War department to the
Agricultural department.
The act to provide u torrilorinl form
of government for the territory of Okla
The act to amend the act constituting
Lincoln u port of dolivoiy.
The nets for the construction of a rail
road bridge across the Missouri river
opposite Manona , In.
Two acls for the construction of
bridges over the Missouri river opposite
Omaha , Douglas county.
The act for the inspection of live ani
mals and the products thereof at
slaughter houses , rendering cstablish-
monls , salting , canning and packing es
tablishments the subjects of interstate
commerce. By Paddock.
The provision for the inspection of
live animals at ports from which the
sarao are to tie oxporled to foreign mar
The act providing for the inspection ,
under the direction of the secretary of
agriculture , of salted meats for export ,
also for the inspection of all imported
food products , drinks and drugs , with a
retaliatory provision against countries
discriminating against our hogsbeeves ,
the products thereof , etc. By Pad
The net authorizing the secretary of
agriculture to require suitable accom
modations , to make rules and regula
tions as to space , food and water supply ,
and such other requirements as may bo
necessary for the safe and proper trans
portation nnd humane treatment of
beeves exported from this to other
countries , with inspection ns to these
shipping arrangements both at the ports
in this country from which they are ex
ported and the ports in other countries
through which they are imported for
sale and distribution to the consumers in
these countries.
The provision making appropriation
for microscopical investigation nnd
chemical analyses to detect adultera
tions of food imported into this country.
The provision making an appropria
tion for producing sugar from boots and
The provision authorizing the presi
dent to suspi/nd imports from countries
making unjust discriminations against
our domestic products exported to those
The provision prohibiting steamship
companies from soliciting immigration ,
The act authorizing contracts to be
made with American ships for carrying
foreign mails.
Acts to encourage the shipping tc
South American and other countries o :
our agricultural and other product !
from this country in American ships.
The act to prevent the employment o
convict labor upon the construction 01
repair of any building , house or othoi
structure belonging to the United
The act amendatory to an act to pro
hibit the importation'of foreigners am
aliens under contract or agreement t
perfoim labor in the United Stales '
etc.Tho not to reimburse settlers fron
losses from Indian depredations.
The copyright act , for the protoctloi
of American authors , publishers an
Nitxnlitt | unil Dulmton.
Sonalor Pnddocic spoke sixty-eigh
times In the Fifty-first congress. H
addressed Iho senate at length twlc
during the progress ot the tariff debute
besides engaging in the discussion
many times during the progress of th
bill through that body. He protosto
against the use which had been made (
the appropriations for boot &ugar oxpoi
imnntal stations , with the eubecquor
result of securing the station i
Schuyior. Ho spoke against th
present consideration of the bunli
ruptey bill , expressing npohonsior )
that the alauso permitting orodltoi
to throw debtors into involuntar
bankruptcy would not moot the wlslu
of his constituency. Ho denounced i
infamous slanders the charges on th .
floor of the onato that the farmers i
of Nebraska wore paupers , assorting tin
I'O povon-oightha of the mortgage indobtei
I'Oo ness represented deferred payments e
oof land or block. He advocated Omaha i
in the location of the now court of appca
and Nebraska ns Iho place for the coi
tor of a now division for pension pa ;
it- men is ; urged the admission of Wyon
ity ing ; attacked the geological survey i
y- an ornamental appoadugo of the I
ya - torior department ; spoke twelve tlmi
an in currying the Indian depredation bl
n- through the senate and four times
nof . advocacy of his bill to prevent fo <
adulteration ,
ry | Among other subjects which Sonnti
Pnddpch discussed in dobnto In the
Fifty-first coin/boss were the inspection
of cattle , the MonVor lard bill , irriga
tion , the Infbfost of the west in deep
water harbors on the gulf , the pension
bill for Mrs. General Crook , in eulogy
of James Laird , and upon the Sioux
troubles on th < 5"Nobrn ka frontier. The
struggle which Senator Paddock with
soyoral ether western senators made
for tariff reduction in the Fifty-second
congress attracted the attention of the
country and thd approval of the repub
lican press nnd republicans of the wost.
It was maintained from the entrance of
the tarilT bill into the sonalo to the vote
upon accepting the cnnfcronco report ,
nnd was a steady protest against in
creased duties'tint ! In favor of reductions
where such scorned advisable.
Senator Paddock's position on the
tnrllT was in accordance with the Bontl-
mont of his constituency , on the lines of
republican profession and promise , nnd
In full consistency with his life-long
views upon the application of nn econo
mic policy. As long ago as 1878 , in ad
dressing the State Agricultural society
at Lincoln , Senator Paddock snld lu
speaking for reciprocity with the South
American republics :
" 1 myself was , aa many of you nro un
doubtedly aware , educated In Iho polit
ical school of Henry Clay , and , while I
think that in some cases and under sotno
circumstances protection through pro
hibiting tariffs may answer a gooa pur
pose , I am forced to bollovo that for an
agricultural stale like ours It may bo on
the whole an Injurious policy. "
And referring again to an unstable
financial policy nnd unnecessarily high
Import dutios. ho added : "I think It Is
susceptible of proof that this and pro
tection through unnossarlly heavy im
port , duties have cost this state since
1802 a larger aggregate sum than the
entire crops of three years. The time
has como when , without bias or preju
dice , wo should advocate a radical
change in our fiscal policy. "
Senator Paddock has always bcon a
protectionist , and avowed himself ns
such. Ho has believed In and advo
cated n protective tariff as distinguished
from a tariff for revenue only. Hut ho
has stundily insisted with Secretary
Blalno that protection is a policy , not a
principle , to bo increased or diminished
nccoroing to the necessity for revenue
and the equalizing of labor conditions.
Ho has steadily insisted that the de
mands of manufacturers should not betaken
taken us the republican standard of pro
tection , and that the wishes of Pennsyl
vania and- Ohio should not determine
the tariff which should bo imposed on
products consuired by the west. Sena
tor Paddock for nearly twenty years has
been an advocate of tariff reduction. In
this ho has represented the views of
western republicans on the tariff ques
tion , and ho did not falter in their ex
pression In the Fifty-first congress when
the tariff bill was under discussion.
riflj-Socoinl ConercMS.
The record of the present congress is
still incomplete. The second and clos
ing session , in which much legislation
now , either In the committee stage or on
the calendar , remains to bo disposed of ,
has yet to bo held.
The work of Senator Paddock in this
congress is therefore perforce princi
pally in the stage of transition. Sum
marized , it hab consisted of the intro
duction of fifty-seven bills and resolu
tions , the making of sevonty-sovon
reports from committees on which ho
has served , nnd the presentation of 18-3
petitions nnd papers. In addition ho
has made remarks on forty-five subjects
in the sonalo. Of 'the ' bills which ho
introduced seventeen have already
passed the Senate and four have already
become laws , , t'vbiity-fivo ( are still in
committee , nnd throe are on the senate
calendar. An amendment , that making
an apuroprlation of nearly half a million
dollars for the payment of Indian depredation
dation claims , was also fought through
congress to the great relief of many
worthy and long sutloring western set
tlers. Also ho secured the enactment
into law of an amendment providing
funds for the investigation and settle
ment of Indian depredation claims. He
also passed through the senate a joint
resolution extending the time for pay
ment for lands on the Pawnee res
ervation. Of the reports made
by Senator Paddock thirty-eight
were from the committee on
pensions , twelve of which were on bills
which have become laws , and eleven of
which are wailing action by the house ,
lie made ole ven ronorts from the agricul
tural committee , two of which were on
bills which have become laws. Ho also
roporiod fifteen measures from the pub
lic lands committee , seven of which
passed the somite. Those with two re
ports from the committee on Indian
alTuira , seven from the committee on
contingent expenses and two from con
ference committees , make up Senator
Paddock's record of hard work on com
mittees during the first session of the
present congress.
Senator Paddock introduced nnd
passed through the senate a number of
measures of interest , among thorn his
"Pure food bill , " for which ho had to
struggle at every stage from the intro
duction to its passage ; the Hastings
> public building bill ; the bill to provide
[ for the disposal of Fort HartsutY ,
5 Sheridan and Fort MePhorson , military
reservations in Nebraska ; an amond-
f | ment providing funds to enable the
secretary of agriculture to continue
investigations concerning the feasi
1 bility of extending the demands of for
eign markets for agricultural products
of the United Slates ; an amendment
1 providing funds for the continuance of
1'i 1o timber tests under the direction of
'i the secretary of agriculture , an amend
ment increasing the limit of cost of the
n Beatrice public building to $05,000 ; the
bill for a public building ; at Salt Lake
n City ; bills for the relief of Frank Rather
d and Wesley Montgomery ; the bill for
tiio adjustment of the Otoo reservation
land sales ; the bill lor a public building
at Grand Island ; a bill to readjust the
t salaries of land otllcors ; to pension Gran-
o vlllo Turner ; to provide for the survey
0 and transfer of tho.Fort Randall reser
vation to the stato.'of Nebraska ; for the
) , relief of Orson Putnam ; granting a pen
so sion to Marion O : Gurney , and granting
sd an increase of * pension to George W.
d Clark.
) f Senator Padd.pck's participation in
' thb debates oftlio senate during the
I'll past session covered , a wldo variety of
ll subjects of general as well as of special
it interest to the wast. Indian depredation
0 tion claims and the demand for their
prompt payment , the irrigation of arid
IS lands , the necessity for forestry laws ,
8y pensions for disabled soldiers , an up-
8s peal for the passage of the anti-option
; s law , silver coinage , the general condi
is tion of agriculture , the Hustings and
.03f Grand Island public buildings , the Oloc
3f and Pawnee reservations , Missouri
It river improvements , Nebraska mllitar.v
iin reservation lands , food adulteration
in postollico buildings for the 'smalloi
isU cities and towns , and the Grand Armj
U encampment , were a few of the subject !
11y upon wiiloh his voice was hoard.
iJS Senator Paddock's moatatriklncr char
n- acteristlo is his energy. HU industrj
nus is unvarying and unwearied. No Bonn
ill tor has boon more regular in his attendance
In anco upon the sessions of committee ? o
occupied his seat so steadily in th
eonato. An examination of the rol
Both the method nnd results when
Syrup of Fip is taken ; it is pleasant
nnd refreshing to the tnsto , and nets
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys ,
Liver nnd Bowels , cleanses the sys
tem efiectunlly , dispels colds , head
aches nnd fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only remedy of ita kind ever pro
duced , pleasing to the taste and ac-
ceptahle to the stomach , prompt in
its action and truly hcnclicial in its
effects , prepared only from the most
healthy and agreeable substances , its
mnnvcxccllentqualitics commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 7Go
bottles by all leading druggists.
Any reliable druggist who may not
have it on hand will procure it
promptly for any ono who wishes
to try it. Manufactured only by the
_ _ . .
Alien nn.l Comntoto TreM/nonl. conMitltiir ot
Supponltorloi. OUUmont la C.nnilloi , alio In Hot
unai'llls : * 1'oiUlvo Cure for i\trn : l. latarntl
bllndor UteedliiRltchUu. Chronic , UuiL-ntor lloroll-
Urrl'llei. Ttili llomoJr ha never bJun known to per boi li forfi ; suntbf mill. : Wlir > ullorfrom
thla larrlbla dlsoua nlien a wrlltin uuanintoj Is
DOiltlroIr given nltliGbJtoi or rofiuiJ thumunar If
not cured nun 1 stup for frou Sample , ( linrantoa
liiuoil bjlvutm , tCo. , Dru/Klsti , Solo AienU.cor.ioc
lill > uud Douk'lni > iroe U : = . .hu. Noli
calls during his oflieinl career will find
him present as often if not oftener than
any of his colleagues. And when record
ed as "absent" under the rules of the
senate , his name will bo found with but
few exceptions among these announcing1
themselves as "paired , " and therefore
precluded from voting.
On all the great issues which pre
sented themselves during his two terms
of olllco Senator Paddock placed him
self on record , and will bo found re
corded. He has never been found among
Iho dodgers and absentees when debata
ble questions came un for final determin
ation. On most such issues lie lias
spoken on the lloor of the t > onnlo , and on
many which others avoided ho has
freely given his opinions lo tfio press.
No stronger proof of his senatorial on-
eriry can bo found than in the numerous
written reports he has prepared Irom the
comuiitlees of public liuuls , pensions and
agriculluro , reports which number
nearly 400 many requiring long prep
aration and the arduous labor of digest
ing thousands of papers and consulting
innumerable authorities. Caring noth
ing for social functions , Senalor Pad
dock has porsislcd in carrying his legis
lative work with him homo lo his lodg
ings and in extending1 his day's labor far
Inlo the night , early discovering that in
no other way was it possible for him to
dispose of his work day by day accord
ing to his invariable rule , to keep up
with the mass of correspondence , and lo
prepare himselt for his work on Iho iloor
of the sonato.
Ilia success in expediting business
before the departments was < luo to close
attention to every case in which a Ne
braska constituent was interested and
in the indefatigable onorgj with which
ho presented it to the various govern
ment ollicials.
Hundreds of seniors on the public
lands in Nebraska and many more worthy
old soluiors and their widows owe the
prompt adjudication of their cases to tlia
fact tluil Senalor Paddock would not take
"No" tor an answer while urging their
claims in the land and pension oillces.
Senator Paddock never posed as a
professional reformer , seeking to make
capital for himself by assailing
the motives of those1 of hU
.colleagues who ventured tc
disagree with him. Differing often
from his associates , his courtesy in debate
bate was noticeable and initurullj
brought reciprocal courtesy in exchange.
His relations with the 'sonato have
always boon of the most friendly nature
and the existence of this feeling hat
boon very often of great value when r
single objection would have proven lei'
Iho consideration of some moiihuro o
interest to the btalc. The same may hi
Buid of the chlof executive and holds o
deparlmonls with whom Iho bonalor ha :
always boon on terms of kindlj
intimacy , which have smoothed the waj
for rapid and olVoolivo work.
Senator Paddock's success in dispos
ing ol publiu business is largely duo tc
methodical turn of mind whiul
causes him lo slid ; lo every Horn Ir
turn until It is out of the way and ti
take up each day's work and finish i
so far as possible before the day closes
lie has made it n rule to aeknowlodgi
on the .day of receipt every lotto
which came inlo ills hnndx , and to kuoi
bolh originals and nnswnr indexed am
accessible for prompt reference in uan <
of future inquiries. Ills mail for th
last six years is bald at the Wabhlngtoi
poatoluco to have been ono of the llirc
largest of all Iho members of congros-
There has not boon a year when liih bll
for postage has not boon live limes tli
amount allowed by congress. Tills dll
forenco ho has of course had to meet on
of his own moans.
Sonulor Paddoulc is essentially a dc
mqstic man and has missed greatlj
while at Washington , hisplcnr > nnt lioin
at Licatrlco , for which rented i coins a
the national capital have proved a pee
substitute. Continued IllncbS in hi
fatuity r/rovontod Iho senator from or
toi-tninlng or from accepting invitation
to ontortainiiiontHin Washington durin
the greater part of his sonalorlal son
Ico. Whatever locreation ho has til
lowed himself has bcon Indulged i
whllii in Nobranka among his own puc
plo and at his own homo.
A third characteristic of Senator P.u
docK is his tendency to'work Hist of u
for homo inloraati * . The opening <
Major Molvinloy'a Beatrice speech , I
which ho referred to Senator 1'addook
well known constant advocacv of Nc
bruHkn'a intoresU in Wabhlngton , wi
fairly earned. In all his varied bom
lorial work ho has steadily inaintainc
an eve bingle lo the intercuts of h
Btalo. " Ho has advocalod or opposed i
proposition of legislation . without luv
inir firfat carefully considered Its boai
ings upon homo interest * . Ho liu
struggled with appropriation eoinini
11 toei > for greater recognition of Iho bin
i mum TOR and Jotters' ' Directory
BoinisOmaliaBagCo fll , 0 , Daxon ,
Importer' nml mfr , Hour lllcfclo nM on monthly
n -k ! < , btirmi | , twine. i jnipnt * . IUN lllli St
Morss-Coc Shoe
! ! > ! > HnwnrlMrcol.
Knrtor ) cninrr lltli nml Pouitln * Mrool * .
rpmaklturi | < i < i"lciMtit rn + t > li\ii'i , uml ore
clllni ; n cla < * urirn.i.l' . nhlilt H very Mucnb.o
null mrr hMitv
and wrcslled in Iho departments and at
the while house lo make that recog
nition more olfertivo.
Senator Paddock's theory of the
double responsibility of a representative
in congress is that his first duty is to his
constituents and his second to homo ono
olso's constiluency. This may not bo
broud statesmanship , but it is 'business.
An examination of his senatorial record
will show it filled with defenses of his
htato and its people , with appeals for
recognilion of their demands for legisla
tion particularly allocling their in-
loresls and with speeches and
voles made and cast with a
view of increasing the material
prosperity of Nob-nska. Ho has stead
fastly endeavored to Iccop his fingers on
the pulse of his people and to honestly
voice their wishes. The nssorlion can
bo made with a confidence borne out by
an analysis of the Congressional Record
that no state has received in Iho senate
more careful watchfulness in respect to
all its intoresls than has the stale of
Nebraska during Senalor Paddock's in-
cutnboncy of ollico.
Sonalor Paddock has boon grcally
aided in his work by several personal
characteristics , namely , his evenness of
temper , his distaslo for display , his ac
cessibility and his courtesy of manner.
As ono of his colleagues once said of
him , "Senatorial dignity does not dis
turb his sleep. " At the btuno time ho
is neither llippant nor eccentric. Helms
made no ollcnsivo displays ol oratorical
gymnastics for the benefit , of the galleries -
lories or endeavored to gain iiotoriely
oy olTensivo attacks on these who hon
estly differed from him. Ilo has bcon
willing in tocislativo mailers to yield as
well as to seek acquiescence from olhors
and has gained in consequence.
Wilh no pretentious to eloquence ,
Senator Paddock is an carnnsl and
olleolivo speaker , largely so because ho
has always had something to say when
ho rose lo address the HU re
marks 'n ' debate have iibually been short
but 10 the point. His more ambitious
ollorts have never boon wenrjsomo.
While ho has spoken on many topics ,
ho lias not felt il his duty to consume
Iho time of Iho senate merely to got
his name into the Record or secure
an ephemeral notice in the public
press. Ho has had no ambilion to
destroy his inlhicnco in Iho senalo by
becoming known as a "wind bag , " ovou
if by to doing ho could gain a passing
notoriety. And yet on all questions o (
national importance alTocling the west
Sonalor Paddock lists spoken and spoken
well and spoken straight to the point ,
and no senator has boon loft in doubt , aa
to Iho reasons for his vote when given.
Fidelity lo duty , unwearied devotion
lo Iho trust committed to his charge.
loyalty lo his htiilo and Us people , and
intelligent devotion to republican prin
ciples arc the salient characteristics of
Sonalor Paddock's sonalorial caroor.
No buipioion ff external influences
directing his action attaches lo his rec
ord. Ills sUirth are free from Intima-
UOIIH of ulterior motives in position * :
taken , avoided or opposed. In hit
t-pueeh upon the McKlnloy bill ho boldlv
declined that every dollar ho hod in the
world was Invested In Nebraska , and he
added that ho did not nor would ho per
mit hinihclf to own a stock or bom
which might bo allectod by logiblatior
in which ho might bo called upon U
narllcipilo. Hu lias not , therefore
been impelled lo nltack corporations foi
the solo purpoio of depressing thnii
stocks In Iho market or lo dufond liion
lo bolbtor up nricos of hlb own holding
No corporation can nccubo him of black
mail any moro than any const Huont cai
charge him with having wockod foi
corpurato inlurobts.
Senator P.iddook , whatever his futtin
may bo , can confidently I.idttlgo in tin
roll'cotlon that during liltf public i-arco
ho bun given honest , faithful and tin
sparing net-vice ; Unit lie has put hi
abilities to thnir best IIBO foe his stall
and his section , and ho will loavi
Wahhlngton at least with the esteem c
his associated and tltu admiration c
these who have witnessed his endeavor
lo bo an able , enorgollc and cotuoior
liously useful representative of the pet
plo of the wudt , PKltitY S JlKATH.
Ntml llmr fur hmiiKjclmlVliuli ;
Lowlston Journal : A well-know
Lowibton business man haa been in Moi
Ireal rccenlly , and coming homo Ii
rode In the car near Noul Uuw of Porl
On approaching Ihu Slaloslho car wi
boarded , as usual , by the oiiKtom hotu
ollicur , aud IIP Iho olliclal wont throng
Ihu Kowiston man's baggage , Iho latti
whlsporod in Iho oilicor's car. "I kno
il's mean to loll on n man , but 1 halo '
BUO anybody ohoaling the ( jovorninoi
or anyone olbo.
lo "That old gentleman , " pointing t
Rector & Wilticlmy Co. Lobeek & Linn.
Corner 10th ml Jackson
itroeti. tnoolimiton' tooli.
1101 DoiiKl.n ttrpet.
Ches. II U& Io .nValelleliJ.
Carpenter Paper Co. Standard OiTco.
Carrr n foil ttopk of
printing , wrupplns Uml Hctlm-it niul Inbrtratlni
trrltlnit pnpcr , card | m oil * , nxlo Kreisi ; , etc.
per vie.
Kinz & Smcai
Mfc of "K A S" pixnti \ Vlio1clpOMi : > rii fancy
hlrt nnd ovornlU , plo. cplprr ,119 S KHlvMreot
fll la South llth st. tulppliuno < ll
" "
Branch & Co"
Whitney & Co ,
I'roiliiop. friilt of M
Hutter , PKKI ami poultry. klnib. orators.
. . .
.Ill ) South l.llhxt.
| Jas A. Clark &GJ.
I lliiitpr. ehi Mj , oin
poultry anil m9
I JIT Souf.i Utlut
FtovcrppalM nml wntor
atturhuipnt * for an )
klnil of Htoru nmito.
I.M ? Diiut'lax
Jl.A.Disbrow&Co. II. Hardy & Co.
Urxnufrvctarorn of laiti , ] Toyn , dotU. at' u ra
doom , bUrn's nn 1 unny goodhomo fur
inouldtnKa llrnnch of ilwhliitf uooili , ob 11
fice , 12th Mid I uml Bta tu'n'pcurrlnbfos
1.SIU lurnninSt
Union Stock Yards Company
Tieit cnttlo. hoi ; and shocp nmrKot In the wont
Till : LKADKIld.
OflMlHllWr'te ' * o this lie 39 for cc
. UJljUlrtri0t | , M lr hot Kuports.
Wood Brothers ,
l-outh Omulia Toluphono 11)7. - Uhlc.iio
WA1.TUK 1C. WOOl ) . f alan ger .
Market reports by mull auJ wlro cheerfully
furulhhuil iipoii application.
THE i-
Campbell Commission Co.
Chic u EO , EnstSt. I.ouls , ICiinsasOlty , South
Umiih.i. Sioux Oltv. Vot\i \ Worth.
A. D. Boycr & Company ,
58 and M Rxchnnzo Hullilln , South Omahv
CorrcspoHrtenco aollcltud nnd promptly anawarJd
bpcelnl attention to orilorj for otucKura ! i foeden.
Ketnbllslicd , I8h < ) . . . . incorporated , 13JJ
Cupltnl fully paid , S4U.UJJ.
Waggoner Birney C.ompany
Write or wlro us for prompt ami reliable mirkul
Perry Brothers & Company ,
Live .Stock CommKilon.
Hoom Cl LxuhiuiKo llnlldlti , bouth Oinalin.
Tuluuhoiiu 1707.
Gonot'iil Dow" , "hiis a vuliso lull of
Cuintdiitn liquoi- . You look for It. "
The olliuitil lee ] < urt at the Lowlslon
man for tin instant , fiiiid. 'Thnnlc you , "
ntul turnutl his iittonlion to Gonornl
Dow , whom ho did not know. "
Then followed quito a circus. lie
pulled-Mr. Dow's Vmirpngo out nnd KIIVO
it a very thorough ovorlinuling : Then
hotiblccd him if that was nil thobagsaKO
ho had. Then ho looked It over apuln.
Of courfio ho didn't find any liquor , and
ho looked his cuirpriso us holiirnud back
to Iho Lowlston man , who was havlnfj
ono of the boat times of IIH ! 11 fo , and Raid ,
"What did you say ho had liquor in hia
BiUchol for1
"Don't you know thai old uontlomanV"
said the Liiiwiston man , ua hu hold on to
his hltlo.s with lauchtor.
"No , sir. "
"You don't ? Honest , don't you ? "
"No , Hir , I do not , " mild the Government -
mont oltlclal. "Who is it ? "
That said the Lowlston man , with a
burbt of laughter. "Thatwhy ( U'B too
good ) That , sir , IB Neal Dow of Maine. '
This being a family piper , wo are
unable to register jint what Iho olllulal
An UllKriitrlul Voiini ; t < ir.
St. Louis Glebe Doinourut : "Tho
most retnarkablo adventure 1 know of
was that of a ten-year-old boy In Colorado
rado , " said Hion/.l I3eainhainp. : "A
party of us tiad gene from Pnoblo for a
week's hunting and fishing along the
Ai'lcniiiua Hlvor. Wo carried tents and
camped out ,
"A man named Ri-ltton hud hla young
MID with him , a nmnly litllu follow who
could land a trout and bring down an
mitolopo with the best of us. Ono ilny
ho got Hopitratod from the party , lost
Ills way , and apont the night In Iho
mountains. Ho had with him a short
itH-ciilibru sporting rillo , a good weapon
for small gamn , but In the section where
wo were camncd mountain lions wuro
plentiful. Ills father wns well-nigh dls-
trncUitl , and wu Hoarcliucl all night long
for the adventurous youngster without
avail , .lust lit sun-up wo started to re
turn to camp. As wo descended a ravine
wo discovered the object of our oourch
Bound ablenp , with his hoiul pillowed on
nn enormous mountain lion which was
juried up as though enjoying n nap.
Three of us approached cautiously to
within fifty yards , drew a bead on the
nniinul , and at a given signal firod.
"Tho brute never slirrod. The boy
y. whom wo supposed dead , half rose , rubbed
y.i bed his eyes , and Imiulrod peevishly
i- "What in li l are you fellers tryin't'do'i1
i10 I killed this yore lion four hours ago. "
10h . ToUl l ui < vf CI1IEB ,
jr bv w . . , J DIBTRICTb , : WATER
\v CorrPtpondenco ollclti'U.
lit to N.W.HAnRIS&COMPAHY.Bankers ,
I03-I6S Dearborn Htreet. CHICAGO.
10 Wall Street , NEW YORK.
LO 'a State nt. . UQUTOM.