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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1892)
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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE ; SUNiJAy , JULY 2 < t. I892--S1XTEEN PAGES.
THE DAILY BEE.
EL 11CSKWATEH. EmTcn.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE QITY.
TTUMS OK BUIISCHH'TIO.V.
Bally ttea ( without Sundiir ) Ono Year t 8 00
Dnllf and Sunday. Ono Vcar. . 1000
flu-Month * , | ° 0
Ihrco ilnntln. , *
Hunrtay llpp. line Irnr SCO
HaturuBr lice , Onn Vonr. . . . < < > ' "
V cHy Hoe , Ono Vcnr u. ICO
OmiiliB , Tlio VOP Biilhllnir.
Ponth Cnmlin , corner N unit ZOtli StrootJ ,
Council Illnim , 12 1'eorl Strocu
Chicago ( mice. SI7 Clmmbor or Commorcfl.
Ni-w Vork. llonmii M , II nnd IS. Tribune llulldlng
AVBtlilniiton. M.I Kourtoontli Htrccl.
All coinmiinlcallon rclallnu lo new nd
editorial matter elioul'l bo nddroiicil to tlio r.a-
llorlal llci > nrtinont.
Allnilnotn ) Iptlom nnd romlttancos should bo
dire ! BoU to The Ileo I'ulill.'lilntr Compnnr. Omahn.
Draft * , cliockn nnd iiostunico ordora lo bo made
payable to tlio order of tlio company.
THE BEB PUBLISHING COMPANY.
HWOIIN KTATICMKNT OV CIHCUIjATION.
County of Donulnn. f
( Iconic it. 'jMchurk , nocretary of Tim Bun Pub-
ll hlnir ronipnnr , rtors nolemnlr swear llint llio
nclunl c'rcnlnllon of Tin : li.Mi.v IIKK ( or llio wcok
4 cndlnir Jnlr VI , 18'i2 ' , wn n follows :
i * Mundnr.JuIr Btinilnr.JuIr 17 IS . , . . , . . . 21.611 2l105
Tuviulny. .Inly 11 '
Avnn < Ko . S4.OS9
( JKOHOK II , T/.SCIItlUK.
Sworn lo linforo mo nnd inljetrlbed In my | ire -
nco Ihla rd ilny of July , Wit. N. 1' . Km.
Ulrcnliitloii for Juno y,1H02.
BASK bull news IB us dull juat now ns
1 thooloplciil dlsousaloiiB or Philadelphia
< Mt. } CAHNIXHIJ will probably now
fj corao homo. It would Imvo boon well if
if ho hud done it before.
eruption is incronsing in
violence nnd promises to equal the
record of W. J. Bryan.
find Stevenson had their
pictures tnkcn while in Now York. But
those pictures will soon bo turned to the
RUDYAHD iCii'MNG li.ta insulted the
best people of Montreal. It is ilia way ,
.tlio way of an impertinent und egotisti
U was prosoutod to tlio czar
last woolt , having rested an hour in the
palace before the interview. It was the
cznr's turn to talco a rest after the inter
CiioucitA is paying no attention to
( Mount JEtna , Cleveland or Homestead ,
t It Is as persistent in its purpose as the
1 venerable democrat who is still votinp
Puiirau opinion in England ia flcklo ,
nnd Gladstone's majority of 42 may bo
Fubjcctcd to a minority of tnnt , amount
within a year. There is no jugglery
like English politics.
persistent way in which Omaha
I leudo the cities of the country in cloar-
, j ing house gains plainly shows where the
lj most rapid growth in this country in
actual prosperity is being mado.
JTyouLD seem to be the manifest
purpose of our democratic exchanges in
speaking of the Homestead troubles to
allow truth to remain in its uncomforta
ble position at the bottom of the well.
SIOUX CITY'S city council and busi
ness men Imvo at lust convinced the
mayor that that city's business prosper
ity must not bo jeopardized by useless
and futile fanaticism. Now Sioux City
will go alien d again.
THIS Now York. JifjewZci.t ? ) foreman
ran a column of Colonel Elliot F. Shop-
nrd's address on "Tho American Presu"
Intoan address on "Tho American
Ship , " by Senator Fr.vo. Our heartfelt
sympathies are hereby extended to Mr.
CoNomss : was ready to do a long delayed -
layod not of justice Friday to the desti
tute settlers on the DCS Molnos rivur In
Iowa , hut a Tennessee democrat ob-
joctud and the bill had to go ovor. This
is only characteristic of the bourbons of
the south , but that bill may bo passed
Tun editorial and the news editors ol
the W.-JL ought to "got together. "
The news page tells us of "a distinct im
provement in trade and in prospects for
trade all ever the country , " while the
editorial ptigo fnlIts lugubriously o !
"Our Trade Outlook Not Favorable. "
Which shall the people behove ?
Tun frivolous objection to Justice
Shlrna is nuido by the Now Yorlc
Evening Post that he has never hold a
judicial olllco. Neither had Marshall ,
Walto , Chut > o and Fuller , all chief jus
tices , nor Justice Millar , recently deceased -
ceased , nor Chlof Justice Book , who
eorvcd twenty-four years on the supreme
bench of Iowa.
Quit foiuin ) o oxnhnngo down street
epoaks of President Harrison's ap
i pulntocd abrrad as a "sot of dulTors. '
Hero are some of "tho duffers" : Rebar
Lincoln , Whltelaw Reid , Andrew
Whlto , W. W. Pliolps , Thorndyko
t Rico , Charles Emory Smith , Fred Grant
A. G. Porter and Low Wallace. Pioaso
furnish any list of Cleveland' for com
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
AN VASTKUNT society journal gravely
in form a us uf Uiu tremendously importan
news that "Secretary Whitney Iwsbooi
driving out at Newport in a now gieoi
nnd red coach with ladies attired Inbluo
nnd white lawns. " This Is a great re
Hot to people who thought that the
noble WUHuoy was driving in a blue
nnd white-coach with ludica in green
und rod lawns.
RKV. C. R. BUOWN , who attended the
conference and was ofllulal reporter fo
the dully Advocate , his resigned his Cln
clmmtl pastorate and gone into the Con
gi'Qgatloiml camp at Boston , and hi
people mourn. Ho alleges the undue
power of the bishops und small Independence
pendonco of the pustor ua the causa o
hia elmngo. But why did ho not eothl
mark for a bishopric and become ouo o
the rulers himself ?
TUB SUOOTIKO OF
The labor trouble nt llomostond has
been characterized by nnothor tragic
occurrence which every friend of law
nnd order will profoundly doploro. The
nttomptcd assassination of 11. C. Prick ,
ho manager of the Cnrnoglo company ,
adds n chapter to the history of the
nlrcudy unfortunate conflict between
hnt company nnd Its oraployos which
vlll comtniind n. deeper interest than
nny thnt hua gone before.
This most untoward event should bo
considered by nil poroons with Uio greatest -
est possible freedom from pnsslon nnd
the spirit of resentment. Those who
miiy bo presumed to nnturnlly sympa
thise with the polloy of the CarncRlo
company should not bo too ready to luy
the responsibility for the murderous
deed of Borkrrnn upon the men who
uivo n contiovorsy with the company.
Thuro is no ovldonco in the facts nt
land nt this writing that the would bo
ipwiesln had any connection whatever
with the striking mill men. It appears
thnt ho had boon at Homestead but n
low dnye and thnt ho was the employe
of a sowing machine company In Now
York. It nlso appears that lie hud fre
quently boon in the olllco of Mr. Frick ,
where ho wns admitted without quos-
, Ion. A fair Inforcnco from these facts
s that Uorkmnn had conceived the fa
natical idea , engendered , perhaps , by a
fumilitirity with nihilism , that ho had a
nisslon ns an avenger , and believing
thai the Cut ncgle company was likely , to
jo successful in Iho contest wth } its men
iroeoedi'd to execute his self-appointed
On the other hand , it will bo most un
wise for these interested in or in sym-
mthy with the cause of organized labor
, o approve of or attempt to justify this
crime. The policy and the duty of or
ganized labor everywhere , not only at
[ lomestead but in all partd ot thooun -
try. is to unqualifiedly condemn the nt-
tomutcd assassination. The working-
inen of the country could make no
jrnvor mistake than to manifest any
sympathy with Juch a deed as Mint of
Borknmn , aud wo do not hesitate to
predict that they wi 1 treat it as it
should bo treated by law-ruspeeting
Ameiican citizens , who do not desire to
see intioduced into this country Russian
methods of vengeance.
At this writing Uio facts at hand re
garding this doplornblo affair are
meager. An accurate judgment can bo
farmed only when they are all known ,
and then will bo time enough to con
sider what lessons the tragic occurenco
conveys. _ _ _ _ _ _ _
IMl'IlOnxa T1IK CHDllXAT , CljASS.
The Chautauqua idea has boon intro
duced in the penitentiary nt Lincoln
with results that are extremely gratifying - ,
ing to nil who fool an interest in the
moral and intellectual improvement of
the criminal class. The prime object
of penal institutions is the punishment
und rcstaint of criminals to the end thai
society may be protected , but it is clear
thnt.any measure by which convicts
may bo reformed and their numb'or di
minished will result in moro permanent
Benefits to society than can possibly
como from forcible restraint. This is
the view taken by these who are respon
sible for the successful ellort that hns
boon made to establish a Clmutauqua
course iu the state institution af Cincoln.
It appears that ever sixty of the inmates
of tlio penitentiary have recently com
pleted a year's courtio of systematic
reading and study and that they have
thorobv acquired not only useful knowl
edge but now views of life that will bo
certain to in lluonco their future conduct.
It is said that ono man who was recently
released from the penitentiary upon the
expiration of his torrn has already in
duced sixteen of his former boon com
panions to join him in a Cbautnuqua
course of study. The friends of this
movement say thnt Governor Boyd hns
promised to recommend in his next rocs-
saero the establishment of a school in the
penitentiary , nnd although It is antici
pated that this will meet with opposi
tion it is believed that the legislature
can bo induced to favor it.
Measures for the reformation of in
mates of penal institutions hnvo often
boon tried with varying degrees of suc
cess. Many people believe that they
are entirely useless and that it is a sheer
waste of philanthropic endeavor to try
to eradicate the criminal tendencies of a
convict. Out facts speak for themselves ,
nnd if the Chautiiuqna Idea tins done all
that is claimed for it in the penitentiary
at Lincoln it is evident that society is
n , gainer. The inlluonco of books is
powerful. Education is a deadly foe to
crime , as a general rule , notwithstand
ing that Bomo men of learning nro the
most dangerous rascals. The Chautau-
quu plan hns many elements of ad
vantage over any other for enlisting the
interest nnd enthusiasm of prison in
mates , and it is by no means unreasona
ble to suppose that at least n small per
centage of these IT ho embrace the edu
cational opportunities offered them will
go out into the world again with im
proved tastes nnd good purposes. The
intellectual improvement of tlio criminal
classes will naturally go hand in hand
with their moral improvement , and the
logical result will bo the improvement
of society at largo.
The present congress ought to do
something for the bettor protection ol
the forests in the public domain. This
important matter has boon too long nog-
loctud , or given inadequate attention ,
to the very serious loss of the govern
ment and the people , The senate com
mittee on agriculture aiid forestry has
reported a bill whioh has boon very
carefully drawn , intended to provide
the necobsary protection , afid in ordoi
the hotter to accomplish this It proposes
co-operation between the federal am
state governments. There has not been
a session of congress In u qirirtor of a
century , or perhaps for u Ion gcr period
at which this subject has not been pro
Bontocl in the reports ol the Hocrotary o
the interior and In bills , but , while
there has boon a great deal of ioglsla
lion relating to forest preservation , none
of it has fully met the requirements.
The bill reported to the senate is b }
far the mo.it practical nnd comprehen
sive measure over presented to congress
and it would bo well if it could be actoi
upon ut the present nessiou of congress
0 that Its provlfclons might go into
effect as soon as possible. It is pro-
umod that everybody who has any in-
olligont ideas on the subject concedes
the importance of protecting the forests
igalnst the rapid destructive nponclos
that now assail them. Unless this is
lone It cannot bo many years before the
orcsts in the public domain are wiped
out , and as those in private control are
rapidly disappearing the country is in
danger of being denuded of timber with-
n half a century. This is certainly an
alarming prospect from every point of
view , and ono that aught to load con-
rcss not lo longer dally with the mater -
, or , but past experience does not oncQiir-
ago the hope that it will bo so. The
average politician who gets Into con-
; ross seems uttorally incapable of Ink-
ng any interest In a practical question
of such general nnd far-reaching concern -
corn , however zealous ho may bo in on-
Icavorlng to secure an appropriation for
1 crook or unnavlgablo river in his dis
trict. It is to bo hoped the senate com-
nlttqo on agriculture and forestry will
irgo this measure and if It bo possible
secure notion upon it at tliu present ses
sion. There is no good reason why this
should not be done , since the subject
docs not require extended discussion.
\ \inntsK.\ ; a.v ixmiaTin.it , OH vivn
The industrial growth of Nebraska
within the last ton years has boon nolo-
ivorthy. Every year has boon marked
jy progress and the industrial possibili' .
tloa of the stale h ivo attracted wider
public attention. Until within a few
, 'oars Nebraska was thought of only as
, great agricultural state , but an in-
cstigation of its manufacturing condi
tions has demonstrated that in some respects -
spocts these are unsurpassed. The ex
position of Nebraska manufactures in
Omaha last month g > ivo evidence of a
dovulopmont In this direction which
'cw ' of our own people had before any
doa of und which served to create a
widely different vi-jw of the industrial
capabilities of Nebraska thau had pre
viously boon entertained.
A recent contribution to a Chicago
journal regarding the industrial ad
vantages of Nebraska manes a coinpro-
lonslvo statement of what has boon
iccomplished and what is possible of
ittainmonLjn manufacturing enterprises
in this BtUo. : The writer points out
that canning factories have hero the
llnest vegetables at the lowest cost , and
that the s ime Is rapidly becoming true
of fruits. According to this authority ,
who has evidently given most careful
investigation to the situation , cream-
erics , cheese factories , pickle factories ,
starch factories , distilleries , soap works
and a number of other lines which oni-
ploy crude raw materials founfl in
abundance right hero in their neigh
borhoods , actually pay enough loss for
their working stock to make a good
profit on the active capital invested
when compared with loss favorably lo-
caied concerns in what have hitherto
been the manufacturing centers of the
country. In the case of flouring and
corcal mills a more conspicuous example
of prosperity has boon dh'own , and it
may bo incidentally remarked that
Hour making has become ono of the most
import uit and successful industries of
the state. The conversion of the minor
grains into various forin3 of broads tuffs
Is being rapidly developed , and with
marked success. Prepared oats and
barley are being regularly ahippod
direct to foreign countries from Nebraska
mills without iho intervention of any
middle men or brokers. The manu
facture of beoi sugar has become an im
portant industry which , with proper
encouragement , will in a few years bo
tt great resource of wealth to the state.
But the industrial progress of Ne
braska does not depend wholly upon the
raw materials produced in the state.
Wood , iron and other raw materials are
brought into Nebraska at a moderate
cost , and they can bo worked up hero
almost as cheaply as at the most
favored points. It' is a fact not gener
ally understood that fuel for manufac
turing purposes is cheap in Nebraska ,
the prices of coal ranging from $1 25 to
$1.75 per ton. It is important to con
sider , also , that a grout market for
manufactured products is right at tlio
doors of the Nebraska manufacturers.
A territory embracing 4,000,000 inhabi
tants Is tributary to the manufacturers
of this state ana it is steadily growing.
Such facts arn certainly reassuring , and
they ought to bo especially BO to the
people of Omaha , since in thn industrial
development of the state this city should
have the largest shore. Th6 indications
are most favorable to splendid crops in
Nebraska this year. If this bo realized
the state ought to Imvo a rapid growth
iu the next few years. The outlook for
the contiguous territory Is no ices favor
able. Such a condition of affairs ought
to bo potent in inviting Investments in
JIOMICIDI ! IX TUK UMTKU bTATKS.
There are few questions of' greater
public interest than that which relates
to homicide , and the bulletin upon this
subject Usuod by the consuu bureau Is
therefore of real value. It appears that
of the 82,329 prisoners in the United
States Juno 1 , 1HU ! ) , the number charged
with homicide was 7,380 Of this num
ber , omitting 83 who wore charged with
double crimes , 0,0')8 wore men and UO , ' )
wore women. As to color , M2- ' ) wore
white and 2.7UO wore negroes , 95 Chi
nese , 1 Jupanobonnd 92 Indians. Of the
1.-12.5 whites 8,167 were born in this
country , 1,218 were foreign-born , and
the birthplace of 55 is unknown. Moro
than one-half of the foreign-born whites
are unhaturalizod and loss than one-
llfth can speak Iho English language.
The occupations of 0,51G of iho.se
prisoners prior to their incirceration
are given as follows : Professional , ] 02 ;
olllcial , 88 ; agricultural , 1,8'JH ; lumber
20 ; mining , 212 ; HshorloH , 10 ; trade and
commerce , 178 ; transportation , 880 ,
manufactories and mechanical in *
dustrlos , 1,080 ; personal service , 000
unskilled labor , 2,253 , und miscellaneous ,
21. The number unemployed ut the
time of their arrest was CaO ( ) ; employed
225 ; unknown , 407. Tlio number of tota !
abstainers was 1,282 ; occasional or
moderate drinkers , 3,829 ; drunkards
As to physical condition , 0MO were
iu good health , 000 ill , 283 insane. 21
blind , 14 deaf und dumb , 18 idiots and
203 crippled. Obdkiioso charged with
lomteldo more "Man one-eighth tire
awaiting trial , fj lhoso con.lctod 158
are awaiting o.ttjcntlon , 2,400 , are son-
oncod to imprisonment for life , 815 for
20 yearn nnd ov-oR 1,138 for from 10 to 19
years and 1,803 fovaloss than 10 yonra.
i'ho sentences prMouncod upon nagroos
are moro severe | \ym \ those pronounced
upon whites , anjl Jho severity of son-
.oncos . gonorall.Vi < increases from east to
vest aud from itiorth to south. The
severest sontencosunro pronounced uppn
Jhlnamon. J w
The number o 'dnses classed as mur
der Is 5,518 , and in nearly one-halt of
lioso cases the life sentence was given.
The number of cases classed as man
slaughter is. 1,701 , and in moro than
; inlf of those the sentence was ever ton
In the census previous to this there
ivero reported 4,008 prisoners charged
with homicide. Tlr > increase is 69.53
) or cent , while the increase in the total
lopulntton is only 21.80 per cent. The
explanation of this lies in the fact that a
majority of the homicide cases reported
in 18SO are included in the present ro-
| iort , owing to the long terms for which
, ho persons convicted are imprisoned.
The executions reported by ahorllTs
for 1889 were 150 , of which 91 were in
the south Atlantic and south central di
visions , and in those divisions also oc
curred 01 of the 117 lynohlngs reported.
There is nothing in this report to
show an increase in the crime of homi
cide in the United States , but the basis
upon which the llguros are compiled
seems to bodofuctivoand unsatisfactory.
The nuiribor of convictions during the
, ast ton years would bo interesting and
valuable for purposes of comparison , but
wo have only the number of persons
in coniinomont under sentence for homi
cide. But the reader will bo able to
niako some comparisons and deductions
from the figures given. Ono of tlio
most interesting facts revealed by the
report is that 94 of the 117 lyiichings
occurred in the southern states. When
the ratio of lynchlngs to population is
considered , it will bo seen that the
south has a monopoly in this lino.
naixaixa CANADA TO TERMS.
The bill to enforce reciprocal com
mercial arrangements bdtwoon the
United States and Canada has passed
both houses of congress , and inasmuch
as thin legislation was recommended by
the president there can bo 510 doubt ro-
gat ding the executive approval. The
measure provides , that when the presi
dent is satisfied 'fchat the passage
through any canal or , lock -connected
with the navigation .of the St. Law
rence river , tho. great lakes or the
waterways connecting the same , of any
vessel of the United. States , or of car-
joes or passenger's" In transit to any port
to the United StKtos , is prohibltod'or
made dllllcult or burdensome by the im
position of tolls oVcJothorwiso which ho
shall deem to bafrcciprocally unjust or
unreasonable , ho. ijfall have the power
to suspend thor right of free passage
through the St. Mary's Fall's canal , so
far as It 'Volutes to the subjects ot the
government discrhiiihaitng , ngaiiiBt the
United States. ;
In effect this bill will moot an imme
diate necessity , and it fs' plainly intended
for immediate enforcement. The con
ditions described now exist and have
existed for a long time , and it is pro
posed by the president and by congress
that they shall cease to exist or else the
Canadians must pay a penalty. All
efforts to induce the Canadian govern
ment to live up to the pledges which it
made in the treaty of 1871 have failed.
The discrimination complained of still
continues , and it is plainly the Canadian
policy to continue It as long as the
United States will stand it. American
vessels bound to American ports are
compelled to pay tolls greatly in OXCORS
of these charged' to Canadian vessels
passing through the Welland ship canal.
The object of this is to promote the
trrain trade of Montreal , and other
Canadian interests , at the expense of
American interests. President Harrison
risen has called attention to this subject
in two messages to congress lately , and
now the whole country is beginning to
take an interest in it The action of
congress was prompt and the president
will undoubtedly give his immediate
approval to the measure.
As Tim BIJK showed In a recent
article on this subject the question is
really of loss importance from a prac
tical point of view than by reason of the
important principle involved. The
Canadian government is deliberately
violating treaty obligations which it
assumed in consideration of valuable
privileges conceded by this government.
The United States has kept Its pledges
in letter and spirit and now that it is
found useless to appeal to Canadian
honor it is proposed that other moans
shall bo tried.
Other bills more stringent in their
terms are pending and if the ono passed
proves ineffectual . they will no doubt
become laws. Ono'of these proposes the
cutting oil of tp- ) | valuable privileges
now enjoyed by yiOj Canadians of ship
ping goods through the United States
in bond without" < ho payment of duty
and imposing 'ilf&criininating ' duties
against Eut'opoanuand Chinese imports
entering the Unlt jl States via Canada.
Whether the ; Enforcement of the
retaliation act will bo looked upon as
an abrogation of tjifty treaty or not is yet
to bo seen. Howqver undesirable such
a result mlcrht bo ? it is evident that this
country cannot u rd to anuriHco ita
right and its dignity to the extent of
quietly Bubmittlhf/ flagrant treaty
violations by Gu da. All thr.t the
United States asku'is fair play. If treaty
obligations are "of/no / force in Canada
there is no reason for a longer con
tinuance on our part of the favors
granted In consideration of these obllga-
IIOVSK AND TIIK AM IT.
Although the present house of ropro-
Bontatlve's has made u very decided de
parture from the liberal policy of the
preceding two congresses regarding the
navy , the country Js tq be congratulated
upon the reversal of its unwUo decision
against the naval review appropriation
and the new battleship. It would have
boon a very grave mistake , for which the
natlou would have suffered humiliation
in the opinion of the world , to have
abandoned the naval review which will
) oono of the features of next year's cole-
jrrvtlon of the discovery of America.-
All the nations having a navy have
jcon asked to join vts In this nautical
imgcant , as a specially appropriate csro-
inony In honor ot the great voyage of
Columbus , and moat of them have signi
fied their intention to do so. To aban
don this for the paltry consideration of
saving $50,000 would subject the country
to the ridicule and contempt of every
other nation , and might have a dam
aging clluot upon the World's ' fair so far
ns the contributions and tlio Interest of
other countries are concerned. Such a
demonstration cannot bo made without
coating some money , but the expense
will bo small in proportion to the mag
nificence of the affair and the moral in
lluonco it will oxort. The appropriate'
ness of the proposed display is unques
tionable , nnd besides it willenable us to
give the World an object lesson as to our
naval strength that moy have great
It Is hardly loss a matter of congratu
lation that the house receded from Its
llrst position of hostility loan appropria
tion for a battl6ship. That body , disro-
nrdlng wholly the recommendations of
the secretary of the navy , had voted to
contribute only ono now vessel to the
navy , which was to bo a cruiser of the
best typo. The senate voted for a num-
lor of now vessels , according to the
suggestions of the Navy department , but
In the dual conference of the two houses
a compromise was reached which insures
the construction of ono battleship , which
[ t is contemplated shall bo ono of the
most formidable war vessels afloat and
Is specially Intended for harbor defense.
The credit of having secured these concessions -
cessions from an unwilling house ,
anxious to make political capital at any
sacrifice of the public Interests , is almost
wholly duo to the firm stand taken by
the senate in opposition to the policy of
practically abandoning tho'construction
of a navvi A naval review next year is
now assured upon a scale which will bo
creditable to the nation , and tlio govern
ment will not halt in the now popular
work of building up a navy adequate for
protection and defense.
Ari'itoVAi. from political opponents is
always of some value. The Now York
limes K\\A' "President Harrison's ju
dicial appointments have been , on the
whole , so good in tlio past that the
selection of Mr. Goorjro Shiras of Penn
sylvania for the place on the bench of
the supreme court made vacant by the
death of Mr. Justice Bradley will bo
generally accepted as. ono that Is likely
to justify itself. " The Sun says that "it
Is an appointment worthy of praise , "
and other democratic journals of influ
ence are of the same opinion. The
president seldom makes a mistake , and
that is why people put their trust in
him. Ho is a safe man and the country
at present cares moro for safe and pru
dent administration than for anything
IOWA is to have an economical , accu
rate and practical geological survey.
Prof. Samuel Calvin of the State uni
versity has been made the head of the
survey with Charles R. Koyes of DCS
Moincs us his assistant. This country
contains no abler or moro scientifically
competent man than Mr. Calvin , nnd
Mr. Koyes has just taken the degree of
Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins and is a
scientist of national reputation and a
young man of high character. There
will bo no jobbery or scandal about
Iowa's geological survey.
Tlio Kecnrd DIMM tliu Talking.
JVcio Yurlt Comwrcfaf.
Air. Harrison cnu afford to bo judged bj-
tlio record of tbo party which ho represents.
HOXT Aiuirchy In l.'reil.
Sew York llcrahl
An awkward womau with a biff umbrella
on the shady sldo of a crowded street is
enough to turn even a Mayflower American
into uu anarchist.
Tlio SURD of 1'rlokly Fear.
Tom Carter Is fully as well known to the
people ot this republic at largo as Is that
Pennsylvania parson of tbo wild , wehd name
of Hardly , isn't It about tlmo for Josuph
Benson ForaUor to Issue from occultutlonl
Till ) Involution ol Tholt.
Deli ult Fiecl'rust.
When a man In prlvato station steals f 150
his oflfonso Is called theft , and frequently
state prison Is regarded as noco too good fo'r
him. When a publlo clllclal makes away
with $15OUU which does not belong to him ,
ho merely "misappropriates" it. Ho has
been "unfortunate" unit , mayhap , a trine
UliliiFKDVinclom. . ;
New Yin Ii Herald. }
Streets in China are often not moro than
eight feet wide. China has boon experi
menting with street cleaning departments
for six or eight thousand years or so , and
has Dually como to the conclusion that tbo
wider a street Is the moro dirt It will hold.
Americans are patting into tbo tame way of
Soil KaUnif ; Monuments.
J'/illadflji/ifa / / llcainl.
Tbo announcement by the custodian of tbo
Washington monument that the foundation
of the struoturo. inxtead of sinking , has ac
tually riion , no that the shaft is taller than
when originally created , may possibly foretell -
toll a halcyon era of self raising monuments ;
which would lift a great strain olT tbo patri
otic resources of tbo country.
Coal TriiKt Jlnlilittrlnn.
.Sj > r/ii//lfW / ( / ( Mfint ) llcjHilillcan ,
Two moro advances of 25 cents a ton each
on autbraclto coal nro talked of by the man
agers of the Reading combination , ono to bo
made August 1 and the other September 1.
It Is to bo roinomborad that no lots than four
advances of 1Ikn decree have already been
made alnco the formation of iho combination.
Thera is now no doubt as to the intention of
the ring to pu h uu the prices to a point that
will yield u return on all the inflated capital
ization of tlio Heading system provided the
publlo nnd the ham coal market will stand
It. Aud what are they to do about it )
ripalllii ) . * Itciioriii ,
The Now York Sun gives the countenance
of Its distinguished approval to a spelling re
form with regard to the words now In uio to
aonoto typewriting and typawrlters. Hereafter -
after those who adopt this now spoiling will
obtervo those ruloi ;
"For 'typewriting * say 'typing. '
"For ' ' the machine
'typewriter' ( ) gay
"For 'typewriter' ( the operator ) say
"For 'typewritten1 say 'typed , '
"For 'to typewrite * suy 'to typo. ' "
Tbo protjoimon seems to ofTor a practical
remedy from the confusion that no\t reigns
concerning tbo typera and the typlsu.
By the will of J-.uoy Fairwcatbcr , widow
of the millionaire- leather merchant of Now
York , Uanlol B. Fulrweotner. M,337OUO Is
bequeathed to various colleges and hoipltau.
Yale gets fWO.OCX ) , Harvard 8150,000 iiud
1'rlucotoa f 150,1)00.
The Now York World's fair commissioners
have bren trying to find a model of Fulton'd
steamboat , the "Clortnont , " to bo includoj
in Iho btuto'a exhibit at Chicago.
n'OHLU'S JF.lllt S
Expenditures up to data amount to $7,250-
Several Amazons from Dahomey ro likely
to bo among the freaks nt the fair.
The fnmud "Six Notion * " in Now York
Blnto will bo well represented In the Indian
exhibit at the fair.
Should Sunday closing prevail , there would
doubtless bo a repetition of the Centennial
exposition plan , where as high ns 0,000 In
fluential people were admitted on Sunday by
spoclnl orders. Sunday closing will not
affect these who have n "pull. "
An effort U being innao to show by an ex
hibit In the woman's building nt the World's
fair the relics nnd data ot the past and pros-
out literature , musical , dramatic. Industrial
and philanthropic work of women , The Irish
portion of this exhibit promises to bo partic
ularly complete and Inturosltntr.
The stnto authorities of Now York have
applied Tor lluor space In the transportation
department of the World's fnlr In which to
muko nn Qlnborntn display of models , maps ,
rooorts nnd" statistics delineating the mil-
road system ot that state and Illustrating tbo
history und present stntjo of development.
At the World's fair next year n Pennsyl
vania firm \vlll exhibit a mop of the United
States , ISx'Jt feet , mndo entirely of piclilos ,
vegetables , fruits , etc. , preserved by the
company which makes the "exhibit , The
state lines will bo accurately shown and the
lakes and rivers will bo represented by vin
egar. The larger cities will bo Indicated by
spices , The whole will bo covered by n
Mnglo ploco of plato glass , which is being
specially made for tbe purpose. The expense -
ponso of this Interesting exhibit of the
pickling aud preserving Industry will bo
The fair management Is farming out priv
ileges -.vhlch promise to DO effective in llcoc-
Ing the unwary. Trafllo lo the park bv the
lake has been granted to a steamboat syndi
cate , which has the exclusive right to land
at the fair ground. Klviil boatmen carry
passengers to n dock near the park fence ,
nud passengers are compelled to walk half a
mile to roach the fair grounds gate. It Is
dldlcult for strangers to determine tlio syndi
cate boats from the othcri , as they are prac
tically oltko nnd start from the saino point
on the lake front. Another fleecing arrange
ment Is the rule prohibiting prlvato car
riages In the grounds. If you deslro a con
veyance In the grounds you ara obliged to
biro cno from the syndicate which has boon
given the exclusive pnviloso.
The Nebraska building has perhaps the
best place of any state building on the fair
grounds , as It fronts south on FIftv seventh
street , while a magnlllcontboulovard borders
It on the east and a largo lake on the west.
It covers 0,000 square foot and has 12,009
squuro foot of iloor space. Its
dimensions nro fXxlK ) ( ) foot , two stories high.
The style of architecture is strictly classical ,
of tbo Corinthian order. The cast , and west
fronts huvo wide porticos nnd there nro
largo , wldo siops on all sides , which cover
ono-third of the length of the oulldlng. Each
portico Is supported by six massive columns ,
which run the full length of both doors nnd
to the undcrstdo of the cornice. Over each
portico , and resting on the columns Is n
largo gable on a line with iho main cornlcn.
In the gablo. in bas-rollof , la the Nebraska
stnto senl , five feet In diameter ,
VLEI'KIt ASH VAVST1C.
Atlanta Constitution : Sixteen poems that
no man can understand Imvo been received at
thN ofllcc. Why will the poets mistake the
newspapers for the magazines ?
Atchlson Olobo : Ills ufTort wasted trylun
to got n pretty girl of in to tliu mourners'
bench. Walt until HIO ! Is M , and her husband
111 treats her nnd the Imhy cries.
Now Orleans Picayune : A Connecticut man
swallowed his fnlso teeth \Uilln usloop. Ho
should not bo surprised If ho fools as If some
thing were gnuwlug at lnu vilala.
Baltimore American : Counting the chickens
before they nro h.itchod Is the lililiesi way of
showing confidence In the reliability of tbo
Now Yorl : Sun : Mrs. Drown What makes
you think Johnnie hurt himself when ho
turned Hint somersault ?
llrown Uuciuiso hoilldn'tdo it ovur ngnln.
Slftlnzs : When you como rlnlit down to the
facts In the e.iae. It's the loosu-llttlu ? straw
hat that shons which wuy tliu wind blows ,
TVINO A TIE.
Xtw Yiirlt Herald.
Her shoo oniuo milled ,
llu bout down to tie It ;
Her foot w.is so small.
'Twas nice to bo nUli It.
While tylni her Uo
Ills imspuiidcrs gnvo way
And his mental remarks
.11 aile sal.in feel gay.
Somervlllo Journal : Yoiinz Author What
do you think of mv now novel ?
Oynlcnl Uncle Oh , It Is all wull enough. I
Minpose , but for uonoral use 1 tun Inclined to
llilnlc somu other opiate would be cheaper .
and easier to taUo.
Washington St.ir : "Now. " said the now ro-
tmrlcr , us Ills eye followed the truck of tlio
liluo penull , " [ undarsl.in I wliat Is meant by
tin editor's line of lliou.-lit. "
I'hllnaclplila llocoru : A South Jersey paper
makes Iho romarknhlo Hliitoiiiont that thin
puqplo uro very thick In this neighborhood. "
She Jilted you , and though you boast
You never o n forgot her ,
You know that In throe month * at most
You'll Joy you didn't got her.
Philadelphia. Timus : Considering the trou-
blotovorlubor In nil pirls of tliu country ,
iniiybo the tramp Is Instinctively wise in hav
ing nothing to do with It.
IlliiRliiuntoii Kopublloiiti : It often happens
tliul a fallow who "won't RO Home till inorii-
liu" can't go homo ttion until somebody pays
u line for him.
Yonkor's Statesman : The shoonmkor Is n
man who frequently gels "bouton out of Ins
boola. " ,
A A ir mar FJIOM V
European Edition Ktw I'orh 7/eruM.
ron A i.Awx r-irar.
This dross Is made of oronm colored pongee
gee do Clilno , printed with rod roses. Trim-
miiiga of croura colored surah nud wtilto
guipure. Sktrt straight tn front nud blnlso
behind. Tlio blouse bodlco Is of croniu
surabvlth ample back , fastening In
the cantor , nnd vary full front. Small gui
pure voit , open front and baok , wltli casquea
fastened to the waist by a broad sash pass
Ing through. The hat In pallia uo fantalso ,
covornd with lace and trimmed with a bo\y
of rod ribbon mid small sprigs of myosotls or
THO A Kir.VltlCS. .
Ihomai llattcu AMrtch ,
Dot wuon the budding and the falling lent
Hlrutch happy tmlos ;
With colors niul s\\oot urloa
Of matlni : birds In uplands and In gindoa
Tliu world la rlfu.
Thun on u sudden alt llio nnulo dies.
Tint color fiides.
lluw fugitive iiiid brluf
Is niorlal Ilfu
Between the budding ana the fulling loaf I
O , sliort-broatlieil music , dying on thn tongue
Kre Intlf tliu mysMo uantlclo bo stint ; !
Who , It 'twere his tn cheese , would Know
Tliu bitter swcotiu-ssof the lost refrain ,
Its rapture nnd Its puln !
ThoiiRh I ho stint tn ilurktic-s , and become
Insitiillontdust , blown Idtv More nnd thnro ,
I'or having unco had hold nuntnsl my Up
Mfo's hilinniltiKOUpof hvdromnl und rue
Koi having once known woman a holy love ,
And u chlld'H kiss , nud torn llttlu .space
Ilcun boon companion to the Day .uul Night ,
1'ocl on the odors of the summer dnwn ,
And folded In the buauty of the slurs ,
Dear Lord , though I bo changed to senseless
And serve the potter us ho turns his wheel ,
I thank tnuo fur the gracious gift of toai-sl
The republican doctors of the state of Ne
braska nro requested to solid delegates from
their sovenl counties t moot In convention
nt Iho city of Lincoln , August 4 , 1812 , at 10
o'clock a. in. , for the purpose ot plaaln ; In
nomination candidates for the following slatt )
Lieutenant governor ;
fcoorotiiry of stnto :
Auditor of publlo accounts :
Superintendent of public Instruction ;
Attorney general ;
CuninilsHlonorof publlo lands an I bulldlnga ;
Elcbt presidential electors :
And tn transact such other business ns may
como before tliu convention.
The several counties are entitled to roiiro-
sunt ttlon as follons , bolus bused upon tliu
votu cast for George H. Hastings for attorney
general In IS1) ) ) , giving ono dologalo-tit-luriio
to ouch county and ono for each 100 votes nud
the major fraction thereof :
It Is recommended that no proxies bo nd-
mlltcMl to llio convention and tlutt the dele
gates present bo nntliorl/ud to cast the full
vole of the delegation.
y. I ) . MKIICRII , Chairman.
WAI.T M. Sniu.r. I
U. I ) . llAi.coMiin , > Secretaries.
J. 1C. SUTIIF.III.AND , )
Largest Manufacturer * ami
of Clothing In the World.
When It's Hot
The is to pay. We've got a hot lot of hot coats
and vests at hot prices for hot weather.
Our negligee shirts keep out the hot in
great shape , while our prices make
other dealers hot and our customers cool
and pleasant. We've sold all those boys'
50c knee pants warranted not to rip ,
but we have another lot a little better
at 75c which we guarantee not to rip.
Our boys' summer Jersey knee pants at
$1 have no equal under $1.75 in Ameri
ca. Ages 1 to H $2.50 and S3
2-picce double breasted plaid cheviot
suits , ages 10 to M , at $1.25. Long pant suits , M to 18
years. $ < 1 ; were $5 and $6. $7,50 suits for $5. All
the $8,50 , $ Q and $10sults go at $6. Star shirtwaists 35c ,
regular 50c ; 75c ones at 50c$1 ones at 75c. These arc
not rejected remnants in waists , but-the genuine Star
Shirtwaist , everyone perfect ,
Browning , King & Co
fur atoro ulosos at OiSO p. in. , except SalnrI I 0 . \ Kth ft Ct
- | days whi-ii wo close ut 10 p m , | 0.I IdlU U ol