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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 7, 1892)
FHE OMAHA DAILY EE
TWENTY-SECOND YEAH. OMAHA , THURSDAY ftOUNlNG , JULY 7 , 1892. NUMBER 19
Tcirillo Struggle Now On Between linker-
tens and Homestead Strikers.
Y/ORKINGMEN / SHOT DOWN LIKE DOGS
1'ctwacn Twenty and Thirty Men Killed
nnd Wounded in the Fray.
AND STILL THE AWFUL WORK GOES ON
1 Lo Detectives Try to Lind But are Three
HELD AT BAY BY FIVE THOUSAND MEN
rrivjn Back to the Eivar Barges on Which
THEN A CANNON IS TRAINED ON THEM
Their Vessel Eiddlcd With Scrap Iron and
Many are Slaughtered.
THREE FLAGS OF TRUCE SHOT AWAY
Fronzisd Strikers K3ftno to Qiva Quarter to
the Imprisoned Invaders.
SURRENDER OF THE PINKERTON MEN
They Throw Down Their Arms and Are
Allowed to Corno Ashore.
BEATEN AND ABUSED BY EXCITED PEOPLE
Thrlr Murch In n I'lnce of Safety He-sot by
. Many Dangers Und nl the liattlo
Against Arineil Invasion Scene *
PiTTsntmn , Pa. , July 0. I'ittsburg has
linrt anutiiur experience with lunar riots and
this time , as during tlio fuarfu' ' scones wit-
_ , iios3cd during tbo railroad ilots of 1 > 7" , blood
"has boon spilled , life Jeop.trdizoJ and valu
able property placed In dancer.
Tills tlino there was no destruction of
property , hut the mob was thoroughly well
organl/.ol ; , well disciplined and had ofllcieiit
oftlcors nt the head to conduct thooporatlons.
The force einbracod nil the men employed In
thu extensive plants of the Carnegie iron anil
steel wort sat Homestead , nnd a battle , which
for bloodthlrMlness and boldness of execu
tion has not been excelled in uc'.ual warfare ,
wuircd from 4 o'clock IM the morning until ! >
o'clock this nftcrnocn and only ceased when
tha force of 1'inkurtons brought to the plnco
to suppress tlio strike unconditionally sur
rendered , leaving their arms in the barges in
which they hud been transported to tlio
Ciiiise of the Trouble.
The riot today was the culmination of tbo
troubles which have been brewing at Homo-
btcad for the past mouth. The Carnegie corn-
pony submitted n bc.ilo ID govern their work
men | n Iho steel plant and announced that It
was tholr ultimatum. The sculo made n
sweeping reduction In wages of skilled men ,
mid itwasortlclallynnnouitccd that unless the
terms worocoinpllod with by July 1 the nlaccs
o ( the workmen would ho filled by others.
This was followed by n peremptory rolusal
on the part of the company to recognize the
Amalgamated Association of Stool and Iron
Workers ns such , or to confer with any com-
mllleoof Iho workmen , short of an accept
ance of the terms offered.
The men stated they would never suomlt
to the proposed reduction and announced
their determination to resist any effort on
, the part of Hie Carnegie company to start up
tholr plants with nonunion men. As both
sides wcro determined , both proceeded lo
prnparo for the contest which culminated In
such deads of violcnco and bloodshed that
wcro witnessed today In tuo big hive of in-
dubtryon iho Monongahcla.
rreiired | ; lor tlio .Struggle.
The contest was precipitated by the work
men at Homestead by hanging II. C. Krlek ,
president of the company , in ofllgy , and In
retaliation the company ordered tin immodl-
u'.e shut-down of the big works iwo days
before the limo provided by Iho contract
under which thu men were working. Tno
employes at once proceeded to organize for
tno defensive and the company erected u
'I high board fence around iho entire works ,
giving them the appearance of an immense
itockude , the sides being pierced with port
T Yesterday the Carnegie company an
nounced their Intcnlloi , to proceed to cot
ready to make repairs and the olllclals asked"
thu' sheriff to appoint deputies to protect
their properly , Tbn sheriff ent a small
fiqmul of moii up to the works , but thu
strikers assembled in foivo and notlllod them
lo got out of town as no disorder was In
tended and that no damage would bo done to
any property. They even oITorod to bo sworn
In as denuiles and to. give bonds tor their
faithful 'jorformanco of their duties us con
servators ot iho pence.
lelii ed ( lie Worltmen'ii I'ruteellnii ,
'When this offer was declined the advisory
committee , which had been directing iho
notion of the workmen , und which had held
the turbulent spirits among the workmen in
check , was immediately dissolved and oil the
rocordB of the committee promptly destroyed.
The developments today bhowod that the
applications made for assistance from the
flhcrlll were merely for the purpoio of cover'
Ing what was intended to be a coup do main
on the part of the Carnegie compiny in
clandestinely Introducing a body of Pinkerton -
ton detectives Into the mill enclosure.
The duiectlvus had been rende/vousei )
some six miles bulotv iho city on thu Ohio
river , at which point two baruos hud been
prepared for them , The holds of the bargvs
were tilled with bunks , cooking arrange
ments nnd other accommodations , and as un
extra precaution , as if In preparation of tbo
lege lo which they were subjected today ,
were lined with heavy stocl plates on the in.
side , wbllo the whole bnck deck vrat pro
tected in u bliullur manner.
When thu Iliittlu Opened ,
It was the lrtcutlou taut the rueu should
reach the works about 3 o'clock , this morn
ing , but , the guards which were on duty
nlong the river got word of the threatened
invasion of the hated Pinkcrton men , and
prepared to receive thorn. The barges were
towed up the river by o tow boat , but lone
before the Pinkcrton men reached Home
stead thousands of strikers had gathered on
thn banks of the rlvor ready to give them a
When the boats attempted to land the
workmen broke through the fence surround
ing tbo mill nnd , entrenching themselves be
hind piled up steel billets , prepared to resist
the landhiR of tbo detectives.
By 4 o'clock In the morning nn effort was
made to land the detectives , but tha strikers
mat thorn and a fierce battle was precipi
tated , both sides exchanging n heavy volley
of shots. The detectives were all nrmod with
Winchesters , but nt the point where tbo at
tempt to land > vas made there was a steep
embankment nnd they wcro compelled to go
in single Illo nnd were soon driven bark to
the boats by the steady fire from the shore.
Mowed Down by llutlet * .
. The noise of the tmttto snrcad about the
borough llko wlldllro nnd thousands of men ,
women nnd children thronged to the rlvor
bonk to witness the light in progress , The
Pinkcrton man were determined to land and
they poured volley after volley Into the ranks
of the strikers , many of whom were stricken
down by the bullets , some of them being
fatullv injured and others killed outright ,
As tha battle progressed the striken toox
tila position behind a breastworks hastily
constructed of stcol rails and billets , nnd
from this place of safe refuge wcro able to
pick off the detective : as soon ns they ap
peared on the deck of the boats.
Cut lioose from the llnrgex.
In the meantime Cap.aln Holn nnd Super
intendent Kllno of Iho l'lnkc ons were dis
abled , and Iho tire became HO fierce that the
crow of iho tow boat hastily cut loose from
the barge and steamed up the river , carrying
us many of the wounded as they could roach
to Uraddock , from which plnco ihoy were
sent down to the hospitals at Plttsburg.
So\onof the force were thus cared for ,
while Iho strikers that fell wounded were
carried to their homes in Homestead , the
dead being carried to the undertaking es
tablishments In the town.
News of the riot reached PltUburg ns
early a ? 0 o'clock In the morning , nnd thou
sands of mill workers , who uro now idle
pending the conference1 un the scale , congregated
gated In the streets , while bundrods of otn-
ers , armed with guns and revolvers und well
supplied with ammunition , took up the line
of march to rolnfono the strluers.
AS soon as daybreak the strikers secured a
small brass ton-pounder cannon und planted
It within a stool built embrasure so a ? to
command the barges which wcro moored at
the river bank. At Iho same time n force of
1,000 mon took up a position on the opposite
sldo of the river , and nlso planted a cannon ,
which they protected with a breastwork of
'Shortly before 9 o'clock the cannon were
trained on the boats , nnd for several hours
an nwful bombardment was kept up. The
stout oaken timbers forming cho sides of the
uoat were splintered , but Iho honvy steel
plates on the Inside prevented the balls from
punotrating Iho interior. Many of the strik
ers , huwovor , were oxpart imrksmen , und
they sent shot after shot into thu porthcles
of the boats and inilicted terrliblo Injury
the Imprisoned men.
Attempted to Hum Them Out.
When It was found that little Impression
could be made by Iho cannon on the boats , an
effort ivai made to lire the barges nnd Ihus
compel the detectives to leave the shell or
suffer the terrible futo of being burned alive.
Hose was procured und oil sprayed on tbo
decks und iides of the barges. While this
was being done , barrel after barrel of oil
was being emptied into Iho river above Iho
mooring place , the object beine to allow It
to float against the boats and then Ignite ,
The terrible deed was atlnmpted several
times , but the boats did not burn nnd then
the mob became infuriated and hurled )
dynamlta bombs at the vessels with great
The situation of the detectives was such ns
to appall the stoniest heart , . The men had
not left the barges and wcro cooped up at
Ihe mercy ot Iho infuriated rno'i. ' The to.v-
boat had loft them und they were so encom
passed by the maddened army of strikers
that no succor could reach them.
Shot Down the Hug of Truce.
Three times they run up a Hug of truce ,
but ns many times It was stricken down by
bullets tired by the strikers. Then It became
evident that the ammunition of the besieged
detectives was olthorexhausted or they were
too much worn out to continue the fight , nnd
for nearly two hours baforo the end of the
struggle was reached not n shot was llred.
Toward dusk efforts were again made to burn
the bouts with their living freight , und Ihoy
would doublloss have succeeded had it not
been for the interposition of the leading of-
llcors of Iho Amalgamated association , who
went to the scene in 'he afternoon.
Through tholr efforts It was agreed to
allow the detectives to surrender , but this
was not secured without the greatest objec
tion on Iho part of the men , many nf whom
have lost friends. Bcsido3. us In all such
outbreaks , there were thousands of turbulent
smrltH , and as ihoy owed no allegiance to
any organization could not. bo controlled.
They wanted to fioa the carnage go on , and it
was not until sonio of the strikers pointed
their guns nt the outsider ! that a bearing
was obtained ,
At 5 o'clock the Pinkcrton mon hung out
another white fl.ig , und inls llmo It was re
spected nnd a committee of strikers went
aboard to prepare terms of capitulation.
They guaranteed safe conduct for the Pin-
kortons provided they loft llielr arms und
ammunition behind , und ugrocd lo Icavo the
place under guard. The detectives hud no
nltcrnatlvo and promptly accepted the terms
of the men , some of iho men saying It wan
the first tune they had over submitted to
such a humiliating surrender.
When nn Inspection of tlio boats was
made it was found that ut least seven Piu-
kortons had been killed nnd twenty or
thirty wounded , many of them HO b.idly that
they will die. As they were brought from
thu boat they presented n terrible unpcnr-
ancn. Many of them were besmeared with
blood , while all of them thawed signs of
exhaustion from tbo long coiilluomunt in tbo
close quarters between deck-i.
I'rUonm-k llriitnlly ileatun.
The most btioeklng and dastardly deed * ,
however , wore committed while the prisoners
were being escorted through the ktreets by
the escort appointed by iho strlk rj. An
mi pry mob lined the street. A the men
passed by , each In charge of two deputies ,
HID mill men and tholr friends kicked them
and tlm-w tome of thorn down. The unfor
tunate dntoctlviM begged for uiercy. Some
of them had phiol shot wounds in their
beads und three were soon that had their
oyci bbot out. Several were shot la the
shoulder * , nruis and ktfs and. could scarcely
limp along. Blood was running in streams
down tholr shirts and tboy fairly yelled with
pain. Fully thirty Injured men wcro taken
to tha town hall. One of thorn had his eyes
punched out by nn umbrella in the hands of
n woman. Sand was thrown In tholr eyes
nnd they wcro hit by club ) and other mis
Many were knocked down with clubs ,
tramped upon , ana some were too weak to
wnlK when they were started for the town
hall. The mill men used the stocks of their
rifles and struck the detectives over the head
nnd Uiouldor * , Inflicting serious ana in some
cases perhaps fatal wounds ,
.Miulo Them .Suluto tlio ring.
As the procession reached the Amalga
mated association hall the detcctlvas had to
rotnovo their lints nnd salute the Hag. When
they removed their hats , mon nnd women nit
them with umbrellas and sticks und abused
them in every way imaglnnblo. There
seemed to bo n determination to'kill the
prisoners , nnd It was with great dlfllculty
that the dcmon-.iko crowd could bo re
strained. The men were finally locked In
the opera house where ihoy wcro to bo kept.
Thousands hava gathered around the build
ing , nnd the wounded mon nro kept In a con
stant stnto of terror , nnd It was long before
tholr wounds could bo dressed.
linrnei ! tlio Itargcs.
After the prisoners had been released from
Iho barges tbo rioters had tholr rovongo.
They carried oil Into Iho holds , poured it
over the bedding and furniture , and then set
It on lire. Ilrst securing them so they could
not float down the river and cause damage at
points below. When the flames broke through
tbo decks the cheers which rent the air wcro
deafening and the noise could be hoard miles
away. The hills on cilhor side of the river
were literally crowded with pcoplo who
could witness from this high point all that
was transpiring on the battlefield and bo out
ot range of the deadly bullots.
The day xvas ono that will bo remembered
with horror by the pcoplo of the borough , as
well os the citizens of the entire county ,
who. for the socona time , will bo called upon
to pay enormous amounts of money eutnllcu-
in the shape of riot losses.
Mat of the disunities of tlio Day's light
ing us Far us Obtained.
PiTTsnuuo , Pa. , July 0. A complete list of
the killed and wounded was not obtainable
nt midnight. As far as could bo ascertained
cloven workmen and nine detectives were
killed and eighteen workmen und twonty-ono
detectives injured in the battle. In addition
to these nt least 10J detectives were seriously
injured by the strikers while on their way lo
the Jail this evening.
The names of ihe killed nnd injured as
near as can bo ascertained are as follows :
JfU-n : MAUKOWSKY.
J. II. KI.KIN' .
. TWO UNKNOWN MKN ( Hiingnrlnni. )
' J0l-.ril SIIUI'I'KU.
NINi : I'INKEUTON DETECTIVES ( Tholr
nimes ; h tvo not lieeu le.irnud , us mo.t of thaiu
were down by numbers. )
Tliu Wounded *
DVVID LI TKII. detective , shot in the head
and nnklo sprained ; not .serious.
FIIKK HBIN , chief detective , shot in Iho leg.
Kursci.i. W 1:1.1.1 : , detective , shot In the log.
J. G. IIorKMvs , detective , shot In the knee.
GCOUCII : W. UUTTUK , Homestead steel
works , shot ir. tha hip ai.d dangerously
LiwiiKSCi : LVUGIIMNstcol worker , thigh
AN UNKNOWN- POLE , sbot in the ktioa ; un
conscious from Ins * nf blooj.
JOHN Mi Ctuuv , watchman on the Little
Bill , shot in the groin ; dangerous.
ANIMIW : : SITI.IU. :
WXI.MCI : MLT.HAV.
JOHN KIM : .
AN UNKNOWN MAN .
Cii'TAiy HINHY. :
Jolts CMS , shot through then \ % .
ANDIIEW S < jnuvuu , shot through the knco
cap.Tho Imprisoned Pinkertons say ihat seven
of their men wcro killed outright and eleven
wounded. They believe several dead mon
wcro thrown off the Littlolilll into the river.
'I ho number of Pinkortuns now In Iho rink
ii " . " 14. They came from Now York , Phlla-
dclpia , Chicago and Brooklyn ,
urrn THU .M
l.almr Lenders l.'mlriivqr to Stay tlio Ter.
IIoMKSTGAD , P.i. . July (1. ( After a lengthy
conference of tho"Atnalgamat.od loadera
mooting of the locked out men was called at
I. p. m. U was attended by 1.0J3 mon , many
of whom carried muskets. The national o.l'l-
cers of the Amalgamated association made a
strong appeal to the moil while the cannons
roared outsldo. Praildont Welko pleaded
with the men to withdraw and assured them
that iho barges containing the deputies would
Untreiitles of I/ilior f.e.iilerx.
Assistant President G.irlaml Raid : "Men ,
for God's sake , and for your families' sake ,
and for vour own sake , listo-i to tno plead
ings of cool-headed men. We hive poMtlvo
assurance that tboio deputies will bo sent
away and all wo want l Ihoslatomont Ihat
you will not do any more lirl'ig. "
I' . II , McKvory , vlca prnjidont of the
Mahonlngund Shenaiidoah districts , sakl :
"Thero has been nn immouso slaughter of
human lives hero today , and by all inouns
further sacrifice ? should b3 nvoldoj , I know
full well It you conllnno doing at you aro.
the militia will bo ordered out before dark
and you will ba dofo.itod. In C.ISQ t.ho
rallltin comes you will loose iwo men In
evorv instance where you have so far loit
butane. You have gained Just achievements
over FricKO and now are not you willing to
allow these boats to return i"
' Yes , wo will , If they show the while
Mug , " was iho wply of the oxcltoil men.
At this juncture President Welke again
attempted to address the crowd , but Instantly
ihcro was a loud report und wlih one accord
cvorv man rushed pill mill to tbo scone.
Bvon wbllo iho appeals worn bolng made
Birring hearted men were endeavoring to
pump oil on iho burgos. It was useless to
continue und the meeting adjourned.
.Miidn nn Imp imlnnciil I'll.I lor .Morey ,
An hour later , while tha mon were waiting
for nightfall to burn the barges and the men
In them , Hugh O'Doniioll , ono nf the leaders
of the strikerj , grusp3d nn Ametlcnu llair
and mounting ; a pllo of iron made an impas
sioned speech for mercy fur the Plnkortons
lying like caged wolvo In their barges. The
extraordinary power of O'Doniioll over the
strikcis became matufoit ut once. A few
people demurred and cried out : "Let's uurn
them. " But they were sileneed.
"Let's turn them over to the shorlfT nnd
make Information for murder against tuom , "
euid the loader. ThU wai received with
cheers , and when a striker waved bis hands
nnd asked tbo Pinker ons to surrender , there
was an Immediate response from the bout.
Captain Heiu , the loader , had fled. M.IIIV
others escaped when the Little Bill cuuie
down Ibo rlvor , and the remainder wcro
terror stricken , They were mostly preen
men In labor troubles and expected to bo
Itlllod. In Incredibly storl tlmo the loaders
of tha strikers catno on'tleck. Then began n
Rtrnngo sccno. Tho'strikers ' crowded into
tbo boats , capturing fiftes nnd stealing and
looting ovorythlnff. They were mad with
A Itlecdlnc null Dying Detective.
The first man jtukon off the barge was
dying , shot through the side , then ono by
ono the Plnkcrtoni followed in charge of nn
alleged guard. Tha guards carried Winches
ters taken from thi PlnUortons. Six Pinker-
tons were reported * Kilted mid many were
Tha guards took"no man a mile to a rink.
There wcro 209 of ihom and probably two-
thirds of thorn wor > beaten orutully by the
ttui9 they reached'.ho ; Improvised Jull. They
were compelled torun n gauntlet composed
ot men nnd women. Thov were knocked
down with stones. truck with clubs , klcited
almost into Insensibility and otherwise mal
treated. When tb y reached the Improvised
Jail , medical attention was needed by a largo
number. They wwo generally clad , however -
over , that they itero'not klllod. None ex
pected to leave Hor.ostcnd nllvn.
Absolutely Terror Stricken.
They claim they were miserably misled
nnd that they cam from different towns ,
were strangers to one another and had boon
told that they worojxvantod as watchman. In
proof of thls'oach guard were it bad go with
the Inscription , "Watchman , Carnegie Steel
Company.1 They ivoro huddled In the rink
absolutely terror slflcken , fearing a lynching
from nn Immsnso ci'owd -peoDlo gathered
outsldo. There sooinsMo bi llttlo danger of
this , ns they nro } guarded by 11 fly of the
locked out men armed with Winchesters.
STOUY OF .l AVOUNDKD .M.V.V.
.lolm T. .McOurryTTclls of the Opening
Seoiie.s Hi the It nttle.
PiTTsntmo , Pa.'July 0. The steamboat
Llltlo Bill came down"from Homestead this
afternoon. As sUo.Btcamnd Into the landing
with n now Ainoricnn Hair floating from the
HagslalT , she showed thu effects of the
fusllado of bullets thut HUO had gene through.
Many panes of glass in the pilot house and
elsewhere were scattered , nnd the wood
work was perforated In dozens of places. On
board was John T.'McCurry , who was shot
in the groin. A reporter interviewed the
wounded man , whoTsulcl. -
"Our boat had Inflow ouo birgo of Pinkerton -
ton mon , nnd the Tillq had the othrr. While
going up the Tldo.\vos disabled und wo took
our oarge in front of , Homestead nnd went
back for the Tide'sr iVo made n landing at
the Homestead millsubout fl o'clock this
morninir. The snbra wns crowded with
locked-out men nnd'Vholr sympathisers. The
armed Pinkcrton men commenced to climb
up the Dank. Then the workmen opened
llroou the dotocllvd * . The men sbot llrst ,
and not until thr o Of the Plnkcrlon men
had fallen did they respond to tbo lire.
Itetrnutcd to tlio Marges.
"Tho workman wora so strong in numbers
that it was useless fur 33 ! ) or-IOJ Pinkerton
men lo oppose Ihon turlhor , ; they retreated
to the barges , carrying their dead and
wounded. Ono Pinltocton man was shot
throuch the head nud instantly killed and
live were wounded. , Wo backed out Into
iho river and anchored the barges , nnd then
took thn dead and wounded men up lo Port
Perry , from where they were sent on to
Plttsburg.Vu 'tl.en went down to Home
stead again. When wo reached the mills the
strikers opened llro on the Llttlo Bill from
both sides. It wap.thi i I was.lilt. The bul-
lets-broko thotfrasi-ap.usi > Huterod the wood
work. Captain Me.MtehaolB was ut the
wheel. The bullets crashed through the
pla s pilot house an 'o save his life , ho had
to rush below. Cnp'latn Iloccrs was on board
nnd ho displayed grcut bravery. There was
no one on board ut the tlmo wo were ihod
upon but the crew , Captain Rogers and one
PinUertou , J. II. Kolunf-oti of Chicago. "
CAi.i.ii : i-'oit AID.
Itrumms Wliv Mtato Trn i > < \Voro Xot
Ordered to the ecnu of Trouble.
PiTTHiiuud P.i. , July 0. Upon iho receipt
of the governor's telegram , refusing to inter
fere until all means had been exhausted by
the county olllclals , Sheriff MeCloary wired
buck the tollowing dispatch :
llos. UOIIKIIT E. I'ATTIROS , Governor , Ilurrls-
burg : Atler a personal visit to Homestead
works ycstonluy mointug and careful Inquiry
as to the siirioumllinCi' . 1 endeiivore.l to gailicr
u force tognuH Iho Wi.Yks , but WHS unable to
ontaln them. 1 then sent twelve deputies ,
aliiio-il in/ entire foruo , to Homestead , but
tliuv were driven fruiii the grounds. The mill
( iivners early this fiomlng sent an iirmed
guard ot..Ui men by tl.ver. lloals containing
this guard wtiu llred on whlleon their way up
the river and when thuy attempted to land at
the company's gro-inds , were mot by an armed
limb , nlilcli hud taneh down the company's
fuiicts ami taken piibSCKlun of the landing.
An oneouiiter I'lis'ie'l , In which u number
weie wounded on both sides. Several are re
ported dead. The ecroner has Just Informed
me that one of the gourds has jdsldlcd. Tno
guards liavu not been able to land , nnd the
works are In po. < > 384oii ! of the mob. who are
armed with -Illes an.l p.slolb and are ninorted
to have one einnuii. The guards remain In
ImrpeH near the lamllnz , havliu been aban
doned by Uioste.iiiinr which towed Ihem there.
The civil nntharltrvi bore uro poivorlo-s to
meet the situation. An nrmod and disciplined
foree Is needed uloiu-p to prevent further loss
of life. 1 would therefore nrxo immediate
action on your iriri.
WILLIAM II. MCG'LUAKV. Sheriff.
Ordrred toln o Another lOltort.
As no effort has b'idn ' made by the sheriff
to secure n force of dooutlos after Iho failure
of tr.o twelve mon ? ont/up yesterday , the
govorLor. after a consultation with Adjutant
General Greenland&pnt the following mes
sage to Sheriff McCjoary :
Your tolo.-rams luuluato that you have not
made any attempt to lixueitio the law or en
force order and I must. Insist upon you eail-
1m ; upon the vlt.onrfor : an luloqnalu number
On receipt of this telegram iho sheriff Im
mediately issued the following proclamation :
All good oitl/oni i.ro hereby Humuionnil to
appear at the shurlf's olliro tomoirow ( Thurs
day ) ulUuYlo.'U a in. with anus and snli-
H.hteiice toald tht ) Uorlir In suppressing the
not now In pro.'resH at Ho mislead ,
W. II ; MCL'LBAIIISheriff. .
In explanation ol Ills failure to secure ad
ditional doputloi , Sheriff McCleary said : " 1
believe it wpuld bo nuicido for ma to lake mv
men ttmro. Flvu hundred deputies could done
no more than a ilo/n. 'BeMdiM , I hnvo bean
unable to secure mon. They nil refuse to go. "
I'roposotl Congremiloiiut'liiviMtlgittloii How
thu I'reNliIaut lUJe.cived the New * .
WASWIXOTOX , D , C.t July 0. The tint ofll-
cial recognition in oonrrj a of the troubles
ut ' .lie Homestead mlUn toaay appeared when
Representative Cumlnottl Intioduced u reso
lution culling for Iho appointment of n select
committee to Invus Iga'lo tbimi. Preceding
.the resolution H a loiigvprcamblo , reciting to
the effect that the ntmtillcati p irty hat co.i-
tended that ouo of tha main purposes of Its
tariff legislation wa > the protection of Amer
ican labor und ttic Increase of pay to the
wage-earners in protected Industries ; that
contrary thereto Indastrlei protected
by sucn leuUliUlon huvo , In many
instances , liistuait of Incroitlng the ,
pay of waae-woruorst , actually materially
reduced them ; tuiu the Homestead mills ,
controlled by Curnugloand his associates ,
opcrutliiir an Industry which bus received
the fostering' curt ) of said logiilatlon to such
an extent as 10 typify it us un examploof tbo
results therefrom , from whatever standpoint
It U viewed , lias ivducod the wagoi of em
ployes ranging to an ex tout , of from " 0 to OJ
per cent ; that .contrary to tbo position in-
ttumod by said party that the piotertlon so
afforded regulates tha price of labor , It is
stated by II. C. FrlcUo , manager of ( aid
inilU , that "wo tnadu the ftculcs to uit
trade nnd mechanical condition * und gave no
thought to the political cause or effect nor
the tariff ; " that tallowing this announce
ment tbo employe * have rofiiKod f.
JCONTIXULII OX KECO.MJ 1'AUK.J
NO COMMITTEE YET NAMED
Cnuipbsll Will Make the Appointments
Whllo in Now York.
REPUBLICAN CAMPAIGN MANAGERS CONFER
Clinlrnmniililp of the National Cominlttco
Still Uimuttlml 1.1st of ThosuVlu >
Mny Surrcqil to tlio I'onltlon
WASUISOTOX BUHKVU OP Tun Din , 1
51M FofllTIIESTII STItr.KT , >
WASHINGTON- . C. , July 0. (
There was raoro guoislng than there wore
actual developments today about the chair
manship of the republican national commit
tee , which Mr. Campbell of Illinois has de
clined to hold. Mr. Campbell loft Washing
ton today for Now York. Uoforo ho left ho
continued tbo conferences with prominent
republicans which were begun nt the Arling
ton hotel and iho whlto house last nigh' ,
Mr. Campbell was ns rcttccmt ns over about-
the composition of the executive committee of
the national committee , the members of
which ho will announce probably while in
New York , and who will elect his successor
as chairman and executive manager of Iho
It must bo repeated that Mr. Campbell's
flr.-st acceptance of tha chatrii.r > nshlp was
conditional and that his retirement is not
duo to any disagreement with either Presi
dent .Harrison or any of the members of the
committee. If the lack of harmony which
has been depleted in some quarters had any
real existence In the national commhtco it
might bo expected that Its last chairman ,
Senator Quay , might give some Intimation of
It. It wasi , h'owovor , a subject of general re
mark today that almost the llrst act of
Chairman Cninpbcll this moruing was to
drive to the house of Senator Quay , whore
ho held a long conference.
Considering the Appointments.
Hoth Mr. Campbell and Mr. Quay declined
to say what they talked about , but It is un
derstood that the Pennsylvania senator gavu
Mr. Campbell some earnest niul disinterested
advice as to the formation o ! the executive
committee which ho U to nppolnt.
As to the chairmanship , a-number of
names nro under discussion , but there < s
good authority for saying , first , that iho
chairman will bo selected In accordance with
the wishes of the president and , second , that
the president Is not likely to roach a final
conclusion ns to his own preference for some
days. His personal relations with ex-Attor
ney General Michonorof Indiana have natur
ally brought that gentleman's name to the
front , but General Mlchonor's law practicJ
in Washington commands his attention
and besides the president and sonio of
his advisors think it desirable that
the executive manager of the campaign
should come from another stnto than that of
the nominee. Thn names of ex-Governor Cheney -
noy of I''ow Hampshire , Massey of Delaware ,
Huston of Indiana , Payne of Wisconsin ,
Mugco of Pennsylvania , Land Commissioner
Carter of Montana , ex-Senator Spoonor of
Wisconsin and Senator Aldrich of Khodo
Island , us well ns some others , are all in the
list of possibilities. Mr. Spoonor. acting for
the president , had a talk with Senator Al
drich about the chairmanship this afternoon ,
but the duties of the Khode Island ncnator ,
ol Dot U a public and private nature , nro so
l-reii' that ho said this evening ho did not
thiim he could assume tbo rospcnstbilltics of
the position , although ho may yet. yield.
It Delighted the IJomournts.
The tragical events of the Homestead mills
in Pennsylvania was the principal topic of
conversation today at the capital. The mem
bers of. the house , having nothing to do all
day but answer roll calls on dilatory motions ,
found the Homestead riot an lutorostingsub-
ject of speculation. It was natural that Iho
conflict should DO viewed from its political
asnact , and there was a feeling almost ol
Jubilation among the democrats nt the blood
shed because u seemed to sumo of them that
the loss of. lifo could uo turned into campaign
Itvprosontntlvc Camlnotti of California in
troduced a resolution demanding the aiinolnt-
mont of a special committee of live to Inves
tigate thoc.iuso of the labor trouble , ihocon-
dillons producing It and the ellcctb of tariff
legislation on waies. and labor. In a long
preamble bristling with whoroasos , Mr * .
Cuminolti lays all tno blame of iho strike ut
the door ol the tariff.
The wording of Mr. Oamlnotti's resolution
was so unique that it caused n smile ol
amusement among his colleagues. It was re
ferred to the committee on rules and will
probably rest , there.
Mr. Ituyncr of Maryland , a democratic con
gressman , said toaay : "Mr. Cuminuitl'a
resolution cannot amount to anything. There
Is no question involved in the Homestead
strike over which congress has Jurisdiction.
Congress can investigate railroad troubles
because of the Interstate commercial char
acter of rallro.id Irafllo , but there Is abso
lutely nothing In the Homestead affair over
which congress has any authority. "
Ono Aspect of the Situation.
It has econ Intimated that the United
States army can bo culled upon to inter/ore
on the plea that thestrilter.s are endangering
the navigation of iho Mononguhola river ,
which Is n national highway. It Is not
likely , however , that the War department
will interfere until after the stata of Penn
sylvania , through Governor Pattison , con
fesses her own helplessness and appcaU to
the federal government.
Notice was given by Colonel Dates of the
comnilUeo on Judiciary that on Krlday morn
ing next his special commitlno would begin
un Investigation Into the Plnkorton detec
tive system , The resolution for this inves
tigation was Introduced months ago by Kup
rcsantntivo Wilson ot Georgia , ono ol the
demagogic alliance members of the house.
U made no tieudwuv , howo/er , until after
the bloody result of this morning to Homo-
btoad armed bodies of men. Colonel Dates
today notified Mr. SVatson to appear at the
moutlng of the cominlttco on Friday and
make n statement of what \vns alleged
against the employment of armed watchmen.
Mr. Wutson sold today : " 1 have held
that n body of armed men such as were
brought to Homestead amounts to an army
and is In vlolut'lnn of the provisions of the
federal constitution. Kor months I have
been Irving to have congress take some stops
to stop'this hiring of dotenllves by capital
ists' . 'I Introduced a bill which would have
annihilated the Pinkcrton agencies. Next I
Introduced a resolution to Investigate Iho
en 11 re Pinkcrton system , but the bill and
resolution wont to the committee on Judi
ciary , wnero they drugud along for months.
The bill bus never seen the light Einco.iho
committee got hold of it , but the resolution
was reported favorably , after confining the
scope of tha investigation to the Pinkcrton
sybiemus applied to interstate commerce.
After I In' 11 ( into \Vu > Stolen ,
"ISvcn In this restricted form tholnvostlga-
lion has hung lire and no stop has oeon taken
to hear witnesses until this uwful occurouco
at Homestead tuismorning. Within un hour
of the time the news ilrst reached the house
Colonel Oatos cuino to mo and said ho would
Dogln the Investigation , It looked like lock
ing ibo stable dooruftcr the horse was stolen.
My idea is tlmt concross has the | : owcr to
Di-ovent the bringing of armed men bv prl-
vatu corporation * Into the state. Notwith
standing thu claim tlmt federal legislators
have no right to Interfere with the Adminis
tration of stnto laws , I hold that u body of
men such us WUK at Homestead this morning
U an army , and under the United Btntoi
constttulion iho right of maintaining troops
IK expressly reserved to the feCoral govern-
iiiunt , "
The provision referred to by Mr. Watson
In urtlclo I , iiectioii 10 of the constitution ;
' No ntuto shall , without the consent of con
gress , lav uny duties of tonnage , hoop troops
or nhipt ot war In llmo of peace ,
enter Into any agroowunti orcompuct with
another state or with a foreign power or en
gage in war uulois actually invaded or in
tui'h imminent danger as will not permit of
Mr , Watson continued : "An army may
consist of nee or M.OJO men an " ? v forcoof
aut ) nt the Homestead mills \ . * > Is Just
as much an army as though It V. been en
rolled and had sworn nllogltu , & o seine
rulor. No man has a right to rai main
tain n band of mercenaries who , ' . r the
guise of deputy sheriffs , can shoot < . * ' citi
zens of tbo United States. ItoUabli the
precedent that disputes between capnd
laoor shall bo settled by force. "
Mr. Unison 1ms asked Colonel Oa , % o
summon Mr. Powdorly to pivo evidon f
the operations of armed men nt thooxteii Vvo
SU Louis strike and also to furnish the
mimes of prominent labor leaders who are
familiar with .ho work of private detectives
during the New York Control strike.
W.int IVrldiM Nominated ,
Hoprcsontntiveslolly and Plcklor of South
Dakota are enthusiastic In their praise over
the manner In which Congressman PerKlns
has holpad them toward securing legislation
for the people of iholr state. They say ho
has been iho "third inombar" from South
Dakota , and that in many Instances only
through his Influence hnvo they been enabled
tosecuro the passage of bills. U is their
sincere hope and wish that Mr. Perkins will
iv'aln represent the Klovonth district in
Iowa. Mr. Perkins bus worked earnestly
and faithfully for the good of his constitu
ents , and lowans hero hope ho will comeback
back to congress another term.
Some opposition has arisen to the confir
mation ot Postmaster Hnzlott of O'NcIl ' , but
the senate Is evincing n disposition lo con-
linn the nomination In the face of the oppo
/i'ho patrons of the postoftlco nt Fort
Mobrarn have been requested bv Senator
Mandorson to forward their recommendation
for iho appointment of n now postmaster nt
Lund OfllcorTowlo nt O'Xoll has boon in
formed In reply to an inquiry that there is
no authority for the employment of any land
oftice clerks until the regular executive ap
propriation bill which is now In conference
is signed by the president , ns the employes
of local land ofllcos are paid by specific ap
propriations and the government survico Is
now being conducted by an extension of last
year's appropriations. The now bill will bo
linnll.v passed within two or throe weeks at
Myra R Hogoburn was today appointed
postmaster at La Platte , Sarpy county ,
Aob. , vlco J. O. Leary , removed , and 10 in ma
\ . Harper nt Manner , Johnson county , Wyo. ,
vice J. H. Hankens , resigned. P. S. if.
l'II.IlHJSTiiIN : < i AUAI.NSr SII.VKK.
Anti-free Colimgu .Mini .Malio u Hot right
In tlio House.
WASHINGTON' , D. C. , July 0. The house
waltod nil day for a working quorum or for u
report from the committee on rules. The
nntl-silvor democrats had asufllcienl number
of members lo call the yeas and nays on any
motion , and with this power in their hands
they llllbusteroa whenever silver came to the
Mr. Tracoy' motion to refer the Stewart
bill to the committee on banking and cur
rency was defeated , and then filibustering
prevented action on Mr. island's motion to
roler the bill to the cotnmllleo on coinage ,
weights and measures.
The republicans showed their determina
tion to remain neutral , und to allow iho two
factions of tno democrats to light the ques
tion nut without interference.
Xho river and harbor conference report
was agreed to and the diplomatic and con
sular conference rcoort debated.
Tho' conflict between the working
men at Carncglo's works nt Home
stead , Pa , , and the Pinkcrton dc-
eetlves was called to Iho attention of the
Konnto today , lirst by Mr. Galliniier , who
offered n resolution for an invontik'auor. uy
tho. committee on eduiunou und labor , nnil
atterwards by Mr. Poffer , who proposed thu
appointment ol n select committee ot three
senators , "of different political parties , " to
Inquire into the employment of Pinuorton
detectives ; their first opp'earanco in the
United States ; how they are organi/ed ; how
and for what purposes and uy wlnitn em
ployed , and what legislation is necessary to
prevent their further llletral use and emplov-
mont. Hoth resolutions were laid on the
taolo without action and will bo taken up to
A ionato bill to increase Iho pensions of
these who have lost limbs in the service of
the United States , and which will add 7,000
to the pension rolls , was passed , while u
house bill 10 ponslon the survivor. * of Indian
wars was , after Its provisions owing consid
erably extended , recommitted to the cox-
mliteo on pensions.
The conference report on the river and
harbor hill ivas apreod to und u concurrent
resolution for final adjournment on Iho
UUlh of July was ollercd by Mr. Aldrich and
referred to Iho commiitce on appropriations.
Mr. Kyle's resolution providing for nn in
vestigation relative lo iho "slums of cities , "
was tnken from the calendar and adopted.
Yeas , III ; nays , M.
After an executive session the senate ad
> 'K\VS I'OK Till : AICMV.
Complete 1,1st of Clriiigi > In tlio
WASHINGTON- . C. , July 0 [ Special
Telegram to Tin : Uii.J : The following army
orders were issued yoitorday :
The extension of leave of absence granted
Captain John MuA. Webster , Twenty-second
intantry , JunoU4 , 1VJ.J , Is further extended
to include Jjly : il. The Icavu of ab
sence granted Lieutenant Colonel Ivl-
win V. Sumner , Kighth cavalry ,
May 'i'l , is extended two months.
First Lieutenant John M. Neall , Fourth cav '
ulry , Is relieved from timber duly at iho
Stale university of Nevada ut H'-no , and
will report In person to the commanding
oflicor of his regiment at Fort Walla Walla ,
Wash. , for duty. Lieutenant Colonel Wil
liam D. Wolverton , assistant medical pur
veyor , will on the expiration of his piesont
leave of vbsonco , proceed to Fort Omaha
and report In purt > on to iho commanding olll
cuv of that post for temporary duly during
the abiuiicu'ot Major A inert Harlfiulf , sur
geon , on leave , reporting by letter to the
commiindlng general , Department of the
Plutto , Lieutenant Colonel Wolverton will
proceed to Join his proper station on the re
turn to duty of Major HurlsulT ,
Major Danlol N. Hash , paymaster , hiivlng
attained the age of ( U year * , U by direction
of HID president retired from active hervicu
this date. Leave of ntm'iicn lor threes
months oo surgeon's certificate of disability ,
with pormUsloti to go boyoiid. the sea , Is
printed Captain Charles it. Burnett , ajsibl-
nnt quartermaster. Louvo of iilnence tor
ono month and twenty days , to lake olVojt on
or about July 'JO , U enintml Mujjr George K.
Smith , paymaster.
ntouroit roic OIIAIMAN.
Ho Will I'rolKilily Miniuiii-il Uiiniiliill on tlio
Keiiuli llciui I 'oin in It tee ,
WASHINGTON- . C. , .lulvil. it Is stated
hero tonight upon good authority that the
president und his advisors are favorable to
the election of Senator Proctor of Vermont
us chairman of the republican national com
mittee , and it in altogether probable that ho
will b < ) selected.
The senate ctfmmluco on appropriations
today finished the consideration of the sun
dry civil bill and reported it to tlio snnate.
The amount of the appropriation made by
the bill Is ? ; kJ,707,7'-i ! , being nn Inereaso over
tlio bill as It lasted thu house nf ? ll,57-ill ) .
There IB an appropriation 0 $ , " ) .lljjjj'j ; ( in nld
of the World's fair imd n requirement thut
the govcrnmrnt exhibit shall not bo dU-
pluyed on Sunday.
The proaldunt and Mrs. Harrison loft , hero
lub afternoon for Leon lake , in the Adiron
dack * ,
Confirmations--Gcorgo l > . Johnson of
Loulr.ljuu , to bu a civil servicecominUsloner ,
viculi. B. Thompson , resigned ,
.Money for Oiiiiilm'K 1'uttolllro ,
WASIIINUTOX , D. C. , July -8pecial | Telegram -
gram to TUB lluc.jTho Henato hua added
$100,000 to the sundry clvlltppropriatlon bill
mlUllkmsl for thoOmutia puUia building.
FIGHTING AGAINST SILVER
Opponents of the White MetU Ro3Drt to
ITS ADVOCATES SANGUINE OF SUCCESS
They Itpiiilvo Not to Olmriiet I.eclslutloiii
Hut Let Illinium * TiiUn IU llcgulur
Course Oppoted by u
, D. O. , July 0.Tho silver
bill has not advanced ono stop today. That
was the Ju.lguicntof conservative members
after the smoke of b.mlo had cleared nwny.
Tlio silver moil who declared that they
would not permit any business to bo Uono
until the sonalo bill had bjon referred to tbo
coinage cominlttco decided this morning
that they dad better not itttompt to obUruot
the legislative fuvorlto , thu rlvor and harbor
appropriation bill , and the bars only bolus
let down It was easy for the managers of the
diplomatic appropriation blllto creep through
with their coiiforcnco report , Tlio silver
men were- the moro willing to permit this , na
they realized that , they had no Immodluto
means to check the progress of the ilUbifttor-
ing motions tlmt followed ono another with
steady persistency whenever silver was
foremost and disappeared whenever there
was any special nttompl to return
to the consideration of other legisla
tion. They are getting vury linpnilont
nt the failure of a number of absent members
to return to tholr post of duty , and It was
threatened by somoof thorn tliat they would
try to Bccuro the passage of nn order pro
viding for the punishment of the deserter ? .
Nevertheless tno wtiliu have had sonio suc
cess and today the total of ono vote was 2sM ,
v.'ith a promise of more tomorrow.
Will AlMtimi from Obstruction.
It wils said this availing tlmttho anti-silver
democrats had concluded to nhstnln from
further obstruction to the bill. This Is prob
ably promnlnro , at least , bulthcv will have
n conference tonight to endeavor to arrougo
The democratic members of the rules com
mittee wore in conference for two hours this
altcrnoon. They prooor Jed upon the theory
that this statement was correct and con
tented themselves with agreeing to pass In
the full committee tomorrow a resolution
lixine Friday n suspension day , when the
tariff bill , the Utah local government and
some other measures can oo disposed of , It
cannot bu learned now whctl.or the rules nro
to bo suspended by a majority vote or , us
heretofore , by a two-thirds vote , and the dif
ference. . i very material to the silver men ,
for under the Ilrst named order they might
see their way clear to rush the silver mil
.Still on tlio Speiilcer'a Table.
Ono of the loading members of the coinage -
ago committee said today that ho believed
the bill must ronviln in "tho committee nt
least two days , when it IE Unruly reached , an
it was possible for its opponents to consume
that much liiuo in offering amendments ami
vollni ; . Moanwliiio the bill is allll on tno
speaker's table and the house must dccldo
whether to rcfrr it tomorrow , as soon as the
diplomatic conference report la noted upon.
There are thirteen voting members ol the
coinage cominlttco. Every ono of tnotnisln
Washington except Mr. McICo.lghun of
Nebraska , \vlio has been attending the poo-
pie's party convention at Omaha , and hn is
oxnocled hero within the next fortv-olgub
The free silver members feel confidant that
nothing stands In the way of n favorable re-
Dortof the committee , though It may bo delayed -
layed by amendments being offered.
CU FKillTlXd IX
< eminent Troops DrtVutiMl by lluvolti.
tlonlntri on I-vary .Side.
ir-imj/r/u.'ilol ISHIi'jJiini'i ( ItnlinennctM
VAi.i'.vii.Uho ( via Gulvoston , Tex. ) , July
0. | IJy Mexican Cable to the New Yorlt
Herald Special to Tin : Bcr.J Latest nd-
vices from Klvora state that Marshal Isiyoro
Fernando/ the head of 7,000 , revolutionists
is marching upon Bilge In Kio Grnndo do
Sul. His advanced cuard had n liarco light
with tun government troops and defeated
them. The result .of tuts skirmish has
aroused great indignation against Colonel
Kscobar , who was in command of tbo gov
ernment forces. All of the slate of Kio
( iraiiuodo ( Sul , except Bago , is now occupied
by the revolutionists.
Another covurnmcnt force , under com
mand of Colonel Fideles , wnsdofcatcd by the
revolutionists , who captured the town of
Sun Pednto and discovered a number of
government soldiers who wore In hiding.
The prisoners' throats \\cro cut and other
barbarities worn committed.
The Herald correspondent at Montevideo
lulogr.iphs that the wreck of the Brazilian
war vessel Solomles has been located. Divers
are going to work upon It.
The Hank of London has opened negotia
tions fora silver issue.
Tlio Argentine Heel has sailed for Cadiz. It
will touch at Santos and the Canaries.
There isnn linmonso increase of tbo Influ
enza opldemlc in Santiago and Valparaiso ,
although up to data few of thee cases have
resulted fntaltv. In Buenos Ayres , how
ever , there were (101 ( deaths from iho grip
during last month.
The Chilian coast from Talcaliuanato Port
.Monti tins been visited bvu furious norther
with excessive rain. Great damage has
The pl'in ' of Minister of Finance Maclvcr
to establish n bureau to receive funds of
metallic curronoy for thu conversion of tlio
punor Issues will receive tlio imeut of con
Argentina advices stnto that the sonata
has refused to extend tlio privilege of voting
in future elections to illllur.ito poraous.
ricmllsli ItrlgiiiuU Captured.
The Herald correspondent at Santiago
tcK-graiiliH that the tiolleo of that city have
Mirceedi'd in arresting eight brigands who
wore iouorned : In the barbarous crlino
seine days ago nt tlio hacienda I'ornl , whoa
Hit ! proprietor WIIH lillieu and his wife and
daughters subjected to tlio most outrageous
treatment. It was miiy after a desperate
htrugglo that the robbers were captured. As
soon an iho pollco , Illlecn in number , fcur-
roimded them , thu brigands opened llro.
'J'hoj kept the police ut bay for an hour , kill
ing two of thu olllunrs and wounding two
others. They were then taiion prisoner * nna
locltod 'ip ' in the San IMego Jail. Their trial
IB 111-olv tn tie eumninr/and thoirpunlsh'iiout
Ttio Chilian ex-mliil tcr to Kngiaud ,
AugUKtln Itchs , is expected to arrive in Val-
uaraiio OP July 18. H has been appointed
to tno council of ntnto and will also probaMy
bo olecttf'l ' senator from the province of Turn-
puca In place of Manuel A. Malta , who died
the other day.
A iniiKT'.s strike lias taken plnco ut tha
manganese deposits In Camzul iind Ilajo.
They doninnd un Increase In their wages.
There Is nl.io a btrllio among the tailors of
San Diego und Valparaiso. They ( tslc
for u M per cunt Increase ol
wacs. ( Jihor Mtrikim uro oxpecti-d nnion
nil claskos of unmans in thc.se two cities ,
They uru inuchdishutUllud with their present
lOxchungo In coiiKCiiuonco Is low , I nrn
given to undcrsiiuid that their Htrllics tmva
iieon Itifiiivated by mnmbnrs of the new or-
gunucd liiimuccdUu clubi In order to .0111-
L.irrnss thu government.
.tlovi'ini'iilK l Decin stcainorii.
At llaltlinore , AsrlrudIludglns from
At Now York- Arrived -Bproo from
Bremen ; City of New York from Liverpool ;
HoUordiun from Anuterdum ; Klbu from
At rioulliamplon Arrived -Havol from
New York ,
At Copenhagen ArrivedThlufVftllufiom
At Lizard Pamed Obilam from Nan
York for HOUIOKHO ; Illinois from 1'UllaaoU
phla for Autworp.
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