Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1892)
iO THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : TUESDAY , , TULY 5 , 1892-TWKLV13 PAGES.
ALL ABOUT ANCIENT ST , IVES
Pon-Pictttres of the Oornisa Fishing Vil
lage Renowned in Nursery Ehymo.
ONE OF THE ODDEST OF ODD OLD TOWNS
Ut. Ivon Iluy Coinpamlilo With Tlmt of
Knitlm-Uungi-il Tlii-lr llo t "fur the
Protcrtor' * I'lcnmiro" llmv tlio
I'llclmnl U lliirictittMl ,
[ C < i ) > uHuMc < 1.
ST. Ivns , Cornwall , Etig. . Juno 18. In the
tender realm of nurscry-rliymo lore there U
n no plooiontcr mysticism tbim that whloti
clings to tlio pretty rklillo :
As I WIIH KOlliR to St. Ivoi
I int't ii niiin with ROVCII wives ,
Kncli wlfu liiul seven H'K'ks ;
Knoll sauK liiul ROVI-II cuts ;
Kiiuh crit hud BOVUII kits ;
KltH , cnti , sacks nml wlvos
How in liny were thoio Rolng toSt. Ivc ?
So dcop ntid lasting nra tlio Impressions of
Shlldliood , thnt us I tramped nroutid the
iiouthorn rcnck of St. Ivos bay from the
pretty hnmlot of St. Earth , I found myself
unconsciously scanning tlio highway Jar
ahead for tills sumo wicked old follow who
has puzzled the honds of millions of Httla
follc. Hut ho wtii not to bo soon , any more
than the "kits , cats , sacks and wives" are to
bo taken Into account In the olden rtddlo.
lu truth , no man , woman or child was visIble -
Iblo upon the white and circling highway.
St. Earth nestled there silent and appar
ently ( Inserted against the cense and tlio hill
side. The tide was out In the bay. A few
fishermen's boats roultod Idly busldo mossy
old piers. Lung reaches of sand showed
hero and then ; shining and brown , like tlio
bncUs of IIUKO marine monsters. Gulls
wheeled Inzlly above. Land and son fowl
chattered in the clrellnc marsh edges , or dug
In the sund and 0070. Only to the north ,
through the rift between the headlands , was
thcro n slnclo slf-n.of lifo. On the sapphire
blue of the Irish sea were two far , white
But I know the ancient city lay behind the
hugo headland , and iiulcUouini , ' my pace I
soon stood at its sea-faco und Its highest ac
clivity. Hero the highway tumbles into ono
of the oddest old towns In all Europo. No
wonder that Londoiict nro coming this , to
thorn , tremendous Journey of 'JSO miloi for
summer loitering , and tlio grand promon
tories behind tlio town are lilllng up with
brllllnnt terraces ; or that artists
swarm to the remote place for
its bits of antique It ; architec
ture , Us quaint grouping of ilshor folk and
its outreactiings of wild and glorious Cornish
I'lrtiiro ( if Anrfuiit St. Ivos.
There arc pictures and pictures of the Bay
ol Naples. Hut were I nn artist 1 would
stake my hope of renown on the plcturo I
saw as I stood above the bay nnd ancient
town of St. Ivcs. The bay itself faces the
north. At your foot are purple heather and
waving ferns parted from the crystalino
water by glistening sand * . To the debt and
east the green hillock of the eastern shore.
Thou the broad yellow beach nf Penh-cock
ing , or the Forcsnnd. Dominating this Is the
great headland ofPednolva. Beyond , gleam
ing Ilito a Hold of gold , arc the magnificent
sands of I'ortliinlusior ; and further still , the
headland and rocky islet of ( Jndrovy , with
tlio Hitter's white liclithoiiho slltinc cameo-
lilto between the purple of the sea walls and
tbo tremulous blue of the ocuan.
Before you , the silent shimmering bay ,
with a few white-winged craft scarcely mov
ing , it acorns , tbo distance is so great from
the uelght'whoro you stand ; the ocean beyond -
yond , shining and blue and still ; rylhnilo
roaches of incoming tide-waves , ad-
ranclng and retreating , and breaking
loftly upon the shelving sar.ds in tiny
ridges of sparkling spume ; and lioro , to the
west , a grc'at mass of jumbled gray old St.
lyes crouching In a little poclcct ot the rocks ,
like a muss of mossy stone in seine shudowv
pi on sleeping away the centuries , uncon
scious of the thunderous son.
Up bore among Ibo terraced villas you can
form little Idea of the uuaint old town. The
great road jumps Into It at : i leap , nnd is
broken by the full into the oddest cloics nnd
wynds of any consUviso nook In England.
Ono could almost burl a stone across its
tiled roofs : nnd yet it houses fully ' .1,000 pee
ple. The streets nro so narrow , the pavements -
monts so meager , such queer turns are made ,
such shadowy arcndos tire ponotratcd , that
tbo surest-looted stranger pedestrian will
moot ninny a bump and bang in most careful
Odd N < iolts In I.tihyrlnthiiiu I.anna.
Then when you have reached something
like a level you have simply increased your
difficulties. All the lowsr thoroughfares are
scarcely moro that shadowy footpaths loadIng -
Ing bowlUlcrlngly from somewhere to no-
where. This ono , opening promisinglybrings
you squarely against n solid wall of rock.
That onn In half a dozen nlneos lands you
upon a flat roof , from which you may onsily
stop into the harbor , 100 feet beneath.
Another winds about a single structure
wlndowless as a tenth co.uury fortress.
Descending another you find a nest of homes
whoso roofs are the passageway of a street
Above , Dozens lead squarely into open
doors of lUhcrmon's homes , Many
ire like galleries before others.
Some wind through houses where
living rooms of the saino house will bo found
U cither side of a public passage.
And then In what odd nooks the llttlo
ill ops will bo found. Tbcro is not a single
troot 100 yards in length where a half dozen
ihops are continuously located. Even In
Ihoso you must needs often ascend or do-
icend a storv or moro. The moil nro litor-
illy hludon or parched in outlandish and out-
) f-tne-wav spots , where , If not .stumbled
jpon , ono must repeatedly coino with n
ruldo or find rediscovery hopeless. Hero
will bo ono perched In a h'alf-tlmborud ISlUn-
Dotbun projection , inviiv up them three or
lour stories from the street , anil you cannot
Hud an entrance. And tliuro ono will bo scon
us many stories beneath a t'.ny esplanaded
way , but , apparently you cannot reach it
without rope and tackle. Others are where
bltchoris should bo. And still others unex-
ncctodlv confront you fromdormor windows.
Everything of this sortpcotns bowlllcringl.v
reversed from Us proper order. Hut nothing
uvor seems to bo bought or sold in old St.
( vos ; the artist , gloats over the curious jumble -
blo ; and it Is all most winsome and charm-
Hirf to the xtrangor.
M'ltll I1 I'D 111 till ) \Vtltur.Hlllr.
If you coma at last through this labyrinth
lo the wati-rslilo , you will gaze back along
the dormers , penthouses and roofs of the
itrnngu ola city , and up and on tolls terraced
aclghui with Incroasoa untliUJlnsm for Its
rare qualntnoss and curious aspects. Tiny
.ewers show hero and there as if outfitting
from natural rook , lilts of luxuriant follago
Mid masses of vines sconi to spring from the
roofs like rich clumps of emerald moss.
Bplros and wondroualy high peaked roofs
itand out njtalnst this gruv und preen background -
ground llku .suaarhouds of unpolished stool.
Above all , the handsome terraces and the
rrand old heights , wboro once the beacon-
llrns were llelitod.
( iray and old us Is this Cornish fisher town
but two bits of oxtrenio antiquity remain.
Just in Iho roar of the White Hart Inn by
ths wlmrfsldo Is n hugo pile of greenish slate
rock. Built upon this rock , which forms Its
basement , Is u tiny ancient atone structure
known us Corn ( Jlazo houso. It was the
itronghold of n aniUKpHup , froobootlug fam
ily in Queen Anna's time , and the myriad
weird Usher and soa-larlag legends of St.
Ives have nearly all had their origin In , or
soar some reference to. this gruwsomo old
The parish church , built straight above the
bnrboreUKo , its cunt window sprayed with
the foam of the wild northern tuinposts
which often lush ( ho harbor furiously , was
tmllt lu the sixteen yours between 1410 und
141W , ou the situ of an olden structurefouint-
id by Saint Ivo , a Poraiuu bhbop , who came
Ivor from Ireland In tbo ninth century to
preach the eospcl lo thu Cornish Britons.
CiirlmiM Wood Citrvlnt : ' .
Some stone cuivlngs and a most Beautiful
Itid curious font ot tlio old St. Ivo chapel are
Hill preserved. Perhaps the quaintest carv-
IIIRS In England are to bo found at tbo prtw-
ia t cbuich. They were the work of the tnou
rlllago blnckunlth uaudyo and dovouto
iinti , " who carved thu oak of the benches and
t-liolr stalls , not omitting ; to carve the foruo ,
Ibo bellows , hammer and nulls and pincers
pf Im own sturdy craft , Ha threw in n fair
lupply of Tudor roses , moaUs and uuguls ,
Out , us Sulutu Andruw and Potcr aroupuro-
jriulo putronit of tUa church wboro couutlcss
thousands ot fisher follt have worshiped , the
good smith also put thorn into every concetv-
able bonoflcent attitude , nnd , a It to In
tensify their protection of the town of St.
Ives and Us people , also wove fishes , saints
and arabesques Into most generous nnd pro-
If thos'i wood carvfngs nro curious studios
some of thosoin stone nro equally outlandish.
Thuro nro stone grotesques whoso equals in
strunco and muanlneloss htdcousnuss c.in
hardly bo found olsowboro In Europe. Seven
represent mocking , leering faces of men and
boasts. Two are dlstondltur their mouths
with their fingers and protruding tholr
toncues. Ono is n most horrible flituro of tin
npc ; nnd another wears o fool's cap of the
The stranger will bo Impressed with the
extraordinary olovatlon of the soil of tlio tiny
churchyard. When the place wns first
quite filled with the dond , the burlnl-placo
wns covered over with several foot of sand ,
nnd interment wonton nnow. Thrco times titls
was done ; when It was finally found that to
hn'vo repeated the process would have boon
to bury the church itself , itum n cemetery
was secured upon the heights.
"Pop tlin Prntcotor'M PlraHiire. "
History , tradition nnd legend have carved
some grim pictures upon the dim back
ground of the past In this old Garnish lUbor
tovn. Ono historical fact will bo sufllclcntly
illustrative. In thoCornlsh uprising of 1010 ,
Us object being the restoration of the
Catholic rollglon , to whloh Cornubiuns re
mained greatly attached long nfter the Ko-
formation , John Puyno , portrlovo of St. Ives ,
was ono ot the inferior loaders. After the
defeat of the Cornish , Sir Anthony Kingston ,
with n royal commission , was seeking otltattd
punishing Iho rebels. Ho hung the mayor cf
IJodmlu before his own door. St. Ives' por-
triovo received Sir Anthony humbly and prepared -
pared a good dinner In his honor at the von
crnblo "George nnd Dragon" still standing
In Market square.
During the dinner the portrlovo hoard the
sound of hammering outsldo , and being dis
turbed was quieted by Sir Anthony with the
remark that they were only about to hang n
rebel. Dinner over , history relates , the com
missioner invited the portrlovo outsldo to In
spect the gallows. *
"What say /6u , Master Portnovot" quoth
Sir Anthony. "Is yon gibbet duly furnished
for the hanging of n traitor ! "
"All scorns ready , a'nt ' please you , " was
the prompt reply.
"Then , " said the commissioner , turning to
n man-at-arms , "secure Mnstcr Payne nnd
hang him straightway , for such is the pro
tector's ' pleasure 1"
Master Payne wns hung straightwav ; but
the Cornish , who are Colts , like the Celtic
Irish nnd Celtic Welsh , unpleasantly remem
ber these little nfterdinnor Jests of English
protectors and kings.
A Paiiioits Kislilng Port.
Orcnt was the olden fame of St. Ivos as a
metropolis of lisa nnd fisherman. It is still
the most Important of all Cornish fishing
ports. Fivn thousand folk live here on what
Is harvested from the deep. For a thousand
ynars or moro. from father to son. from
mother to daughter , the line has remained
unbroken , bos steadily increased , and so nar
row Is the Ufa horizon of all these fishermen
and families thnt not n score of them , it Is
said , over see other English land than the
hills and headlands of St. Ivcs bay , save
when nt "oa in their own bouts.
These boats are oil two-masted , lug-sailed ,
with round siorns , and ran go in tonnage from
twenty to thirty tons. With complete outfits
they cost from : ! 00 to 0.10. Botwooa ( iOO
nnd 700 men and youths nro cmnloyod the
year round In fishing. During the winter
they engage in line fishing for cnngor , whit
ing and Hug , also securing a few cod. In
March the spring mackerel fishing begins ;
and St. Ivcs men are always found on their
own grounds , from thirt'v to fifty miles
northwest of St. Ives In the Irish sea. Hero
th y remain until the last of Juno , when
they sot out for the castcoast Scottish hor-
riug fisheries , usually selecting grounds in
Iho North Sea , opposite the Firth of Forth ,
or nbruust of Coldlngnnm and Berwick.
During August they will bo found along
the onsl English coast In the neighborhood
of Whitby , Scarborough and the Yarmouth ,
of Dicitcus' Pegcottys. but are always back
to St. Ivns for the autumn St. Ives herring
fishing , and a largo number of their fleet are
homo in time for possible ruus of "pitchers"
( pilchatds ) , the "Fair Maids of St. Ives , "
for which the ancient seaport has been
famous for half a thousand years.
; ilarvesUiiK thu Pilchard. ;
As nearly as can bo desciibed the pilchard
Is the snrdlno of the Mediterranean waters.
It makes Us appearance at St. Ivcs , when it
comes at all. In tremendous shonU during
the months of September and October. From
daylight until sunset of every day during
these months watchmen called "huoro" are
stationed at lookouts on Carrmgaladen and
Porthmlnster Hills and Cam Crow's Island.
Their practiced eyes never fall in dis
cerning the approach of a shoal of these lUh.
They como in such vast numbers that the
surface of the bay changes its color nnd often
is broken iulo ripples and foam from the
movements of the dense masses ot fish.
On sighting a school of pilchards the
"btior" first blows n terrific blast upon his
speaking-trumpet. Ono blast Is sufficient.
AH St. Ives folk tumble from their homes
nnd rush wildly shouting , "llova ! hoval" to
the shore. Meantime the grea' , solnoboats ,
roadv-manned , have put out and are guided
wholly in surrounding tbo shoal by the sig
naling of the "htior , " which it done with n
hoop on which wbito muslin is stretched , to
which a long , light hatidlo is attached. It Is
called "tho bush , " for in olden times a bush
wns used instead.
Shooting the simc is so rapidly donj at St.
Ivos that often the entire sboul of pilchards
will bo literally impounded within ten min
utes tlmo from the "tutor's" trumpet signal.
Single catches of pilchards have exceeded
(1,000 ( hojshoads of salted and cured fish. Of
late years the St. Ivus pilchard fishery lias
been uncertain ; but. In 1839 there were 8,000
half-casks of 'J14 pounds each taken. They
nro shipped to various Mediterranean ports
for use in the Lenten season , Italy being the
A Puiiil | Simplu und Pinns.
The St. Ivos fisher-folk nro noted for their
simplicity and pleiy. Their are nearly all
fervent Methodists , honojt , superstitious ,
humble nnd good. They llvo lu us great
comfort as the llsher-folic of Nowbavun In
Scotland ; and the man Is moro the master of
his homo and belongings. Tbov are the
most scrupulously clean ami thrifty follt of
this sort , I have over mot. Tlio women ,
though strong and brawny , have few of the
Uillingsgato characteristics of the llnhwivos
of the English cast coast , of Scotland und of
Ciulwuy and the frish west coast. They
inond Iho nets mid "bulk" or pack the pil
chards. They are very domestic , und their
I-rayor-meetlnsrs and strict Sabbath keeping ,
thauuh they nro wofully Ignorant , have done
these St. Ivcs Usher-folk no hurt or harm.
EIIOAH L. WAKKMA.V.
Ooinl KIIIIHIIII Why It Should.
Mr. W. M. Terry , who has been in the
drug business at Elktou , ICy. , for the past
twelvoyours , says : "Chuiuborlalu's Cough
Komody gives better satisfaction than unv
other couch medicine I Uuvo over sold. "
There Is good reason for this. No other will
euro n cold so quickly ; no other Is so certain
n preventive nnd euro for croup ; no other
ntTords so much relief in cases of whooping
"DIE WACIIT AM RHEIN. "
Di'ilk-iitloii of a Moiiiimmit tn tlio Author of
thu riimiiiiH Hung.
Only n few weeks ago Franco culo-
bratod the contannlivl nnntvorsnrv of
the birth of Kougot do Llale , the author
of uTho MursolUaiso , " by unveiling u
monument in the natal place of the
sinjjor whcho song Ima stirred the en
thusiasm of Franco through manv
dcoiulos. On Sunday it was ( Jorraaiiy'a
turn to tinvoll iVinonuimmt to ono of her
great blngor * , whoso song , pitted in 1870
agaliiHt Unit , of iltougot do Linlc , cniuo
out victorious to Mnx Sohnookonbtu-
gor , the author of "DioVuoht am
Hhoin. " Strange to eny , SohnooUon-
burger did not \vrlto his famous song for
the 1870 campaign. Ilo wns then uoiul ,
und the date of ita origin ia 1810.
Max Suhnoulconburgor , according to
Ilia own account , was born on February
17 , 1810. and not ou the 7th of Unit
month , as many biographers state , at
Thalhulm , nBiir TultllngonVurtom -
borg. Ho waa the son of n respected
muruhtint. The house in whluti he waa
born ia atill preserved. On tlio ground
iloor atunda the atoru of MaxSohnocUon-
burger , the poot'a eon , who , on the death
of Ilia fnthotohoso the career of n mor-
ohnut. When 16 years old Sohnookon *
burger wits uiudo an apprentice to a
Huruo. uud lu 1810 ho not-
tied in Btirfcdorf , in the unnlon of
Uorno , In order t ? establish an iron
foundry. Ho made a homo for himself
there , marrying' the daughter of the
uastor of Thalliolm. tlo died too early
on May 8 , 184 ! ) when only 30 years
old. Ho was burled lit Biirgdorf , where
n slender Iron cross long marked his
The monument dedicated on Sunday
Is iitTuttlingon. ,
Hero follows the famous Hod :
A cry llliotlinndcr-poal Is hoard ,
Iilko nciian roar nnd cliisb of s\uird ,
To Hi' Hhlno ! to Hi' Ithlno ! to th' Gorman
Who'll form the river's guardian line ?
Dear Fatherland , let peace bo thine.
Firm .stands the Watcli upon thu Uhlno !
A hundred thousand hearts beat high.
I'lrtn Is the will and Hashed the oyo.
And Doiitsuhl.ui I's yu.ith , all strong and
Stand firm , the sacred stream to save.
And though dn.ith caIN mo from the ranks ,
No fee shall over own thy hanks ;
Itfch us In volume Is thy Hood ,
Is Doiitsehliinil , aye , lu heroes blond.
SolotiK as Gorman blool shall How ,
And aim can dual u sabur blow ;
Sn long as Mrm lira hc.irt and hand.
No fee shall tread thy sacred strand ,
The plo'Jgo Is tu'on. the Htroain runs by !
The It iiineM lluttor. hold on hlulii
The Hhlno ! The Ithlnu ! Thu Uonnnii Klilnol
Wo nil will form Its guardian line !
Dear Katlierland , let peace ho thlnu ;
Firm stands tbo Watch upon thu Hhlnol
It HiiM't ill" Clilldri-n.
Mr. C. 11 , Shawon , Wollsvillo , ICan. , savs :
"It U with pleasure that I speak of the good
Cnamborlain's Colic , Cholvra nnd Diarrhoea
Komcdy has done my family during the last
fourteen years. In the most obMitmto cases
of summer complaint nnd diarrbcuA ainoii ;
my children , It acted ns n charm , making it
never necessary to call lu a physician. 1 can
truthfully BIIV that in my jud'gmont , based
on years of experience , there Is not a mod
Icitio In the market that is its equal.
OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER.
The coming hog , says II. C. Dnwson
of Iowa , must bo a rustler ; ono that has
the got up and grow to him ; air animal
of fine proportions , with extra top line ,
broad , deep hams , clean cut , smooth
under line , free from "llabblnoss , " or
jowl , or belly , with deep bacon sides ,
the deepness extending well back to
llanl : and forward to shoulder , not un-
ovou and deep in editor , having a linocut
cut houd , smooth and broad between
the eyes , jaw broad and tapering well
and oven to muy./.lo , eyes clear and
prominent , with cars standing well out
from the head , breaking evenly and
smooth toward the point , but would
even prefer a standing up car to a drop
or Hop oar ; as a drop or _ Hop oar , Hobby
jowl aim uudor line in my experience
are not rustlers , and are moro in
clined to disease from their
nature of slothfulnc = s , and these
bad points are generally found together.
The bones should not bo too largebut of
flue and strong texture , linn , atanding
erect on their pins , taperinc well from
arm and thigh down to foot. Some
people have an idea that the si/.o is the
most desirable in thosoloction of a hog.
and that largo bones , no matter how
badly shapetl. is the hog for them ;
claiming that largo hogs must have ex
traordinary large bones ; while a good
bono is desirable if well shaped , a small
bono in'moro to my notion than a big
awkward shaped ono for this reason , a
heir that has the right form and small
bone possesses the faculty of putting on
deep llosii and making big returns for
his feed , and carrying to market desirable
sirablo moat , while the other is a
harder , longer feeder , and goes to mar
ket with a largo per cent of low priced
Millet anil Corn Compared.
As many farmers will this year sow
millet as a catch crop , information as to
its value will bo welcome. Tlio Hatch
experimental station at the Massachu
setts agricultural -college , has been en
gaged in some work intended to estab
lish a basis of comparison between millet -
lot and corn. A full report of results
has not yet boot : published for the roa-
bon that the analytical work has not
been completedand feeding experiments
with meals of millet and corn fed against
each to milk cows , and of the straw
against corn fodder , are still in progress.
When Iho feeding experiments are
concluded , especially that designed
to test the value of millet meal
as a milk ration , it will undoubtedly bo
a yaluublo addition to our knowledge of
this crraiii , ns the work of the Massa
chusetts bttttion is generally careful and
reliable. Such analyses as wo have
show that , chemically considered ,
millet lb almost a perfect milk ration ,
and yet popular judgment seems to dis-
tiust It for that purpose , as iti shown bv
the fact that so few dairymen use it.
Definite results from well guarded ex
periments will bo welcome , and \v'e are
glad the Hutch station has taken the
matter up.Vhilo full results are not
yet ready for publication , bulletin No.
IS of the station contains the following
by way of a preliminary report :
"For the present I desire simply to call
attention to the fact , that the millet han
enormous cropping capueilv. it gave
us to the half aero U7.2 bushels of faced
weighing forty-seven pounds per bushel ,
while the corn gave us 80.11 bushels of
shelled grain. Tho- millet fatraw
\vcghod ! 2,101 pounds , the corn stovor ,
( by no means as dry ) 2.100 pounds. The
millet straw , chopped , crushed , moiit-
cned and sprinkled with mual is readily
eaten by both horses and cattle ; but it
does not appear to bo equal to the corn
stovor lif feeding valuo. The millet
boed as phown in the results of foreign
analybcs appears to resemble oats very
closely in composition. So far as our
expedience in feeding it has gone tlio
meal from it appears to equal
corn meal In feeding value for milu pro
duction. The fertilizers , it will bo re-
momborcd , were the same for the two
crops. The labor cost considerably
moro for the millet than for the corn.
The crop , , howuvor , was cultivated In
drills and hand hood and weeded , while
in ordinary farm practice by judicious
rotation it would bo possible to seoiiro
good crops by Bowing brondcnst without
cultivation. The coal of threshing also
ib high when the work is done by hand ,
as it docs not threuh onsily. On a largo
scale the work could doubtless bo done
by a machine at a much lower cost. In
Hliort , I bollovo the labor cost per aero
can bo brought as low UH for corn.
Hinull Fruits lor ri
Can the ordinary farmer grow small
fruits for his own family ? Yes , by all
moans , and grow an abundant supply ,
not only for suramorbut for win tor , nays
Our Country Homo. It ia often said
that the fanner can buy his fruit
cheaper than * io can raise it. But the
plain fu-t io that unlesn ho does grow it
himself it is safe to say that seven out
ovary eight never would have full sup
ply , or even half of it.
If you have land that will grow a
good crop of corn or potatoes It will
grow a reasonably good crop of Btraw-
hordes , raspberries , currants , blackber
ries or grapea. Wo have strawberries
on our table for about a month , nnd
during the last week of that month wo
have the Marlboro raspberries , Sou-
began , n blackcap , ia a few days
later ; then comes the Gregg , a black ,
and the Cuthburt , a rod raspberry of
very choice quality. Before they are
half gone come the currants and the
black terries. Early grauoa nro ripe
before the borrioa are gone , and luut
until winter. There ncod bo no break
in the supply. There ought not to bo.
I do not know of n forty-ncro farm in
the entire west but 'vhoro all the fruits
should bo grown. Only think of having ,
not just a taste occasionally , but a full
supply for yourselves , your children and
friends , from early in the season until
winter , nnd , In addition , my good wife
puts up u full mipply in glass jars , so
that there is not a day in tlio year but
that wo can have tho'm If wo so wish.
My farmer friends , you may have just
ns full a supply as wo do , arid they aio
a comfort and "pleasure to us that money
could not buy. _
nl Ciittlit I'cmcK
The Maine experiment station , W. II.
.Tordan , director , [ publishes the follow
ing summitry oftlior ! results In experi
menting on /digestibility of cattle
leeds for the yoirj8l ; ! ) :
1. The Hungarian grass , both when
fed grcon and a/fer / drying , proved lobe
moro digodtibli * . ihnn the average of
other grnsses nolably moro so tliMii
timothy. , ' .
2. The drylngnof the Hungarian grass
into hay did not. diminish its digesti
bility. This isiu , | accordance with all
I ! . The corn plant as cut for the silo is
one of Iho m ( > 4 'digestible of fodder'
plants , rating in tbpbo experiments us
compared with , timothy us 100:120. :
Sixty per cent of the dry organic mat
ter of timothy was digested , while with
the various corn fodders the average
wus 7pur cent.
The experiments of this year disclose
no especial dllloroncus in the digesti
bility of the southern Hold and sweet
4. The digestion trial with roots
shows them to ho the moat digestible of
any of the foods tested , the amount of
waste material being very small , aver
aging not over 8 per cent of the whoio.
o. The gluten meal , which is u waste
product in the manufacture of glucose
from corn , was digested to the extent of
SO per cent of its dry organic matter ,
which does not dill'or at all from tlio
figure given in the Gorman tables for
the entito grain. The treatment which
the grain receives in converting the
starch into glucose docs not seoin to
alTcct the digestibility of the refuse.
0. The _ second trial of the digestibility
of American wheat bran gives average
figures almost similar to those obtained
in the first trial , and shows this cattle
food to bo but slightly if any moro di
gestible than good hay , and much in
ferior in this respect to grain such as
maize , oats , barley , etc.
Klifily Tiikos HID C'nUo.
Our sheep breeders point with prldo
to the fact that the snoop is a double-
geared animal , so far as profit is con
cerned , and that either the lamb or the
wool , on the pelt or oil it , will pay for
its annual keep. The advoc.ites ot the
"granger's cow' ' say here u milk ovoty
cfay it you want it , whether for butter
or choose , and a calf once a year.
Horsemen point to tlio brood mare that
will work her way and give the colt as
clear profit. Biddy , however , boats
thorn all. First , there are the eggs
fresh and bright , cash any dny in the
year ; young chickens when she gets
tired and needs a couple of months va
cation , chickens which in from three to
five months ate a cash crop for which
the world will pay a peed price ; then
manure fit to grow premium crops ot
corn , and lastly the body of the hen
itself , a valuable product' niter yieldinu
three distinct profits' . A doublo-purpnso
animal is a good thing , but biddy dou
bles the double-purpose and cackles , as
she bus clearly a'dight to do. /
* * * m - A
IHIqnottu Tor tin * Slimmer.
It is very bad foijm for the bkinny girl
to wear a fashionable bathing suit.
The summer girl , like the prohibi
tionist , should never wet her suit.
The fat girl , \vili continue lo enjoy
nothing but buiigpwung ( und rowed.
The girl in tho" Pariu bathing suit
should always come in when it rains.
'If your girl's shoo comes undone hurry
back to the house 'for a servant to tie it
Don't revive the poisoned ice cream
stories , or your girl will think you are
If you are unable to swim always
choose a squally day to _ take the girls
out in a boat.
If you fall overboard don't take oil
your flannel shirt , for you might not bo
able to got it on again.
Wliun you meet a perspiring friend
always slap him on the back and ask him
if it's warm enough for him.
If you see a girl In a Paris bathing
dress sitting on tlio sand you must never
think of asking her lo go in the water.
Now York Evening Sun : When a
mad chases don't call Iho
dog you , po
lice. It is just as well to bo bitten as
If you are in love with a summer glri
and got cut out , don't challenge your
rival. Komombor that ho won't got her
If you Intend to cut down expenses by
spending the summer at your country
eons' ' it's , be sure to toll alfyour friondh
you will p iss the season abroad.
If you are boarding in the country it
is not considered in good table to ask the
farmer how his ono cow can furnish
enough fresh milk for a score of board
If you are out boating with your girl
and her aunt and thu boat upsets , al-
was rescue the girl first , for they will
think you are one ot these bad men who
play poker if you appear anxious about
taking up the auntlo.
w LiiitVKXWtJiim. K , Juno 15 , ' 93.
r. J. U. Moore : i\Iv Dour Sir 1 Imvo
con subject to sick hoailnclio nil my lifo.
Over two yimrs HBO I bepm using "Mooro'rf
Tree of Lifo" fo t and uavor liaU a cnso of
side hoauiicho siiu'O , cxuupt when thu
mctliuino wns at ono oml of tlio road and I nt
the other. It is worth more than money to
mo. I liuni'tlly riiuormnoml It to nil sufferer *
of hoadacno. Very truly yours ,
W. B. Lit.i ! .
Pastor First Uapttst Church ,
for sale by all
THIS INFANT HAD NERVE. .
A T\vii-Vi-ir-lil ! Til ill riimtml In u UUturn
mill llrlpuil Itcsdiii ! JlliiKiiir.
Little Charles Lee Burden , the 2 < r > -
months-old grandson of Lee Burden , is
being potted and caressed by the citi
zens of Elmwooil , U. I. , both ns a
musical prodigy and moro particularly
In recognition of his wonderful presence
of mind and courage in the presence of
death by drowning which ho recently
displayed under the most trying circum
stances even to end of muturor years.
Charley was visiting Grandpa Burden
on Greenwich street a few days ago , and
clad In an ulster ami tight lilting bon
net , says the PrbJidonco Journal , was
playing In the yard accompanied by his
grandmother. TJAiro is a ciblorn in tlio
yard , ton feet In flqnth , about eight feet
in olrcumforonco ) and containing seven
feet of water. IMtiHUpplied with an iron
cover , and precautions had been taken
to have it Boourolyj fastened. Charley
decided to make till Investigation. His
grandmother loftlilm for an instant , and
the child in 801116' unoxplulimblo manner
either succeeded In tilting the cover by
partly raising itj or else us ho stopped
on tlio edge Itvia \ raised Hullldonlly to
make an opening 'through which the
adventurous infant was precipitated.
The grandmother returned to , the spot
where she hud loft him , but ho had
tion ! ,
Of the Stock of
Will commence Thursday , June. 30 , at 10:30 : a , m. , and continue
daily until the debts are paid.
3otrs ! of Sale , 10:30 : a , in. , 2:30 : and 1:30 : p. in.
This Stock consists of Diamonds , Fine Watches , Jewelry , Solid
Silver and Silver Plated Ware , Clocks , Table Cutlery , Opera Glasses ,
etc. , to be sold in single lots to suit buyers. Sale absolute to highest
J. H. KRE1NGH Will Ooncluct the Sale.
disappeared. She called out to him ,
but no response was hoard. She made
a circuit of the grounds , but no trace of
the boy was discernible. Happily she
though of the cistern , and seeing" that
the cover was bottom side up she re
moved it from the opening and was
tot-rilled to discover Charley llo.iliug on
the surface of the water. Ho had proba
bly fallen iulo Iho cistern feet foremost
and his clothing had buoyed him up , so
ho was able to lloat temporarily.
The frantiograndparoiitcalled to him ,
and ho responded bravely. She be
sought him to raise his head a little ,
and then called out to the gardener to
como to the rescue. Peter hastened to
the spot , and in his perplexity could not
devise an immediate plan of action.
Mrs. Burden rnalixed the dire peril of
the situation , and seeing a small pitch-
foik near by she seized it , and with
Potor'h assistance made a desperate ef
fort to fasten it into the infant's cloth
ing. Tlio cistern was dark and It wns
with extreme dilllculty that the exact
location of the child could bo discerned.
All the while the grandmother was
urging Charley to keep up courage
and uttering words of loving solici
tude , and the little follow responded
vrith lisping assurances. Finally the
handle of Iho pitchfork was thrust
witnin reaching distance , and Charley
wns bidden to cling fust to it. Ilo
quickly clasped his hands around the
slalV and clung lo it with dogged deter
Slowly and steadily the yoight wns
lifted lo tlio surfaoo of the cislorn , and
the wet and dripping figure was clasped
in the arms of his deliverers. Charley
was cool and self-possessed , and was
quickly taken Into the house and sup
plied with nn outfit of dry clothing , and
hot drink was administered to him , Ho
lisped thai ho was prolty wet , but that
ho was a smart boy because hoswimmod
in tlio water.
ACCIDENTS ON THE RAIL. .
StiirtlliiR Kcroril ol Drutli anil Mutila
An article in the current number of
the Forum on "Tho Slaughter of Hail-
way Employes , " contains some informa
tion that is really startling. There were
employed in the year 18)0 ! ) by all the
railroads in tins country 71U1 ! ) ; ! men , of
whom l-lol ! were killed and i22i : ! ) ( ! in
jured by various forms of accident.
This moans ono death for every . ' ! 00 and
ono person Injured for every thirty om-
ployod. As most of the accidents oc
curred to these engaged in the opera
tion oi the roads that is , in tlio moving
ol trains the proportion of accidents to
the number of men employed was even
moro sltirtling. The number of em
ployes of this class was Ifi SM , the
number of deaths 1.-I50 , and of injuries
not fatal 18,172 that IB ono death in
every COO and ono Injured to every 12
In the last report on statistics on rail
ways In the United states , the accidents
of Iho year and tholr results were classi
fied as follows :
Total * .
This shows that by far the largest pro
portion of those accidents occur to men
engaged in coupling and uncoupling
trains. As acoldonls of this kind are in
a measure preventable by the uao of
automatic couplers and other now de
vices , they cry loudly'or a moro rapid
adoption of thobo devices than the roads
are showing. KITorts have boon mado.
und are being moro and moro frequently
renewed ns the facts become known , to
compel the adoption of these devices by
law , and in resisting this tlio roads urge
thai these devices are now being sup
plied as rapidly as thay could bo under
compulsion , but this is" hardly honioout
by tlio facts. The stalislies gathered
show thnt Ihcro were in use in 18SO a
lolal of 29,028 locomotives , 1S)2 , ! ) of which
were added during Iho your , though the
engines litlod with automatic couplers
was only 73tf. The total cars of all
kinds in use was 1,101,188 , of which
03,033 were added during the year , but
only 34,700yoro supplied with counters.
So thnt Iho increase of the use ol lifesaving -
saving devices did not even Icoop pace ,
or b"gin to , with the increase of equip
ment. The companies certainly cannot
long prevent the adoption of compulsory
measures unless they imiko n botto'r
showing of progress. They are destroy
ing lifo unnecessarily nnd" ruthlessly if
they fail to lalco measures , as rapidly ns
they can bo taken now that Iheso meas
ures are known and within their roach ,
lo protect Ihoso who nro carrying on
their business at so great a risk.
Ilo Was " | : IM | > ; IITMSSIM | . "
There was a local election at Jackson ,
Miss. , BI.VS ; a writer in Iho Now York
Herald * About noon of that day , throe
miles enl of lown. I came across an old
darky seated on u roadside log. "Hollo ,
undo ! Imvo you voted yet ? " I naked us
I hailed. "No , suh , 1 hain't , " ho re
plied. "Just going in , oh ? " "No , suh
jest wuitin' fur my boy to como 'long. "
"But aren't you going to voto'r1" "No ,
sah. I'so dun got myself so embarrassed
dat I can't ' " " '
up woto disv'ar. "How's
that ? " "Wall , dar's Kurnol Rickets
lio's a diniocrat. Dar's Kurnol liobce
no's n 'publican. If I go in dnr boaf will
want mo lo wolcfur 'em. If I dun wolo
fur Kurnol Bobco don Kurnol Kiekols
will slop up an pnreccd to iiiqnur' all
'bout how dal meal house doah was ( iun
busted open an' two sides o' bacon toted
oil' . 1 hain't got much oddocushun , but
FHO smart 'null' to sot right yore till ttio
leukshun is obor an' dom two kurnols
hns lit it out ! ' '
I'lrfl Win-lit III AincrlcJi.
The first wheat rained in the now
world was sown on Iho Island of Isabella
in January , 1801 , and on March 30 tlio
ears were gathered. The foundation of
Iho great wheat industry of Mexico Is
said to have boon three grains carried
into that country by ono of Iho slaves of
tlio Cortex company. The first crop of
wheat raised in South America was
grown by a monk in the garden of n con
vent at Quito. Uarciluy.o alllrms that
up to 1(153 ( wheaten broad had never been
titod as an article of dlut by the people
It. J , EclinotiUs , lied Dak , Ia. , report * tbo
foaling , May 10 , of a buy IHly by Hmlwatcl ,
2:2'j : ( ) , dnm May KeJir.ouila , by ( Juolph ,
! 3.Kiji ! $ ; socoiul clam , licsBio Drowning , by
VIrKll , ! ) : ii7. I'lia dam ami pranUnm Imvo
both boon shlnpod to Konoshu , WIs. , to bo
bred lo KoUwuld ,
Tlioro nro now ever sixty Imrsos stubloil nt
tlio Iloltou , K'nii. , klto truck , niiionu tlio
trainers lutoly urrlvod tliuro being It. 1. Lee
of Touoka and N , ll. Horln toii of Hllvor
lfiuo. All tlio ilrlvor.s at tlio trade pro-
nouiico It u wonderfully Just otio.
WOETIS A OtflNBA A BOX , "
COVERED WITH A TASTELESS AMD
SICK HEADACHE ,
lilt/lnew ) , or Bnlmmlnir In the Head , H'lndi
' J'alp , and Kpuini at ( bo Htomaeb , 1'alni In
ithe flick , ( Jrniel , and II ) Ing 1'aliii lu ( ho
; Voiif , Uheuinuthiui , tic.
T k ( our , flre or * T II ( Is of lle diim'
I'lUi , and fo nfn oust euteflrn , ( Aty utll ffttt
iMt/lnlatHtynlnuUii fortUo pill will Koillreot
to uod letnoru tbe cause , ( A rautt b ina DO
moro nor l u ttitn wliiJtogotber ltti poliou'
OBI and noilouj vapouri , aud noiuntliuos
Of all drurfileto. Price ZB cnu a box.
Koir York Depot , 38) ( 'nuul Ht.
BOLD AND ENJOYED EVERYWHERE.
HEALTHFUL , AfJRnnABLE , CLEANSING.
For Farmers , Miners and Mechanics ,
A PERFECT SOAP FOR ALKALI WATER.
Cures Chafing , Chapped Hands , Wounds , Uurna ,
Etc. A Delightful Shampoo ,
IMTE RUSSIAN SOAP ,
Specially Adapted for Use in Hard Water
Parched Rolled Oats ,
Unequalled in Flavor.
Corn Gritz ,
Bold only In 2 } pound packages.
Velvet Meal ,
For mulllns and gems.
Till ? 1W N nWilWP
Solil by all rir t-ClnH ; ( irceors ,
Bails/ / ,
Dentisc The Loading 5
ThlrJ Ii'loor , Pixton
'Idephoiie 1085. llltli ami Furniim KU ,
A full not of icotli on rublior for IV rorfvctllk
Toi'oli without plalui ur rouiorcublu lirlduu wo r
lutliio thing fur ( Uigur * uf public ipoukur , uuv
TEETH EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN.
All Illllii at roiisoimblo riuiw. All work
wurranto'l. ' Uut thu out fur u guldo ,
Powered by Open ONI