Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 28, 1892, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE OMAHA DAILY Bflff ; MONDAY , MAUCH 28 , 1892.
DnlljIlcowithout ( Sunday ) Ono Year. . . f fi fn
flnlly nnd Sunday , Ono Year. In 00
fix Mon tin BOO
Three Moulin. 2M
fluidity lire- , Ono 200
Saturday Hoc. OnoYoar 1 B' '
Weekly lice. Ono Year. ICC
Omnlm. The lion DuUcllng.
PoulhOinnhn.PornorN tind 2fith StrcoK
Council lllulTs. IS I'narl Street.
Chlcnro Odlco , 3.7 < haml-rr of Cornmorco.
Now York.HooiimPHand i.vrrlliiinollulldln ?
Wnfililnplon , Mil KonrtRcnth btieou
All communications rolnUnx to nowi and
editorial matter nhoutd ho addressed tc the
L'dltorlal Depnrlincnt ,
All tiinliien" leltcrnand ronilltnncni should
1 ondilrcf.feil toTholIco I'nhllRhlntr Company.
Omnlm. Uraft * . checks nml poitonico onion
to bn miulo pnyahlo to the order of Iho com-
Untnnf Nebraska { . .
County of Douglas. f5 *
N. 1' . Foil , huMnrss manager of The lleo
I ubUnhlmr Compnny , docs solemnly swear
tluil the actual circulation of TIIK DAILY Ilp.K
for the ncolc ending March " 0 , IS'.r. , was as
follows !
f-undny. March 20. . S8.'ft"
Hominy. March 21. . illOU
Turidny. March 22. . . . Kl.iW.4
Wednesday. March El . SIMM
Ihtirsdi'T. March 24 . 2'.aso
1'rldny. March 2.i . , . tr TJIl
fcuturdny. Mnrcli SO . * ' 4.0.3
Average .
N. 1' . KKII *
Bworu to I cforc me and subscrlbrd In my
rmtnro llilsL'Utli day of Muron. A. I ) . 1832.
SEAL K. 1' . llonoitv ,
A vernal ) Circulation Tor IVlinmr.v ! J'lnil ) .
So i.ONO na the ciiucitsos uro ullowod
to dulocl tlolopiitos to bo voted for at the
primaries , just so lonp tire the primary
elections tin unnecessary oxponso.
TitKitK is very little use in calling the
democratic national convention now.
Congressman Bryan has issued his en
cyclical letter to the faithful In behalf
of Horace R Boles.
EM rjiuoii WILLIAM proposes to pro-
roRtio the Landtug and Reichstag1. This
Is done probably so that ho can shoot
woodcock undisturbed in the Wartburg
forest from April 10 to lo.
COUNCIL BLUFFS will hereafter bo a
port of entry. The president has signed
the bill conferring this dignity. Little
by little our enterprising Iowa neighbor
assumes metropolitan features.
GOVEKNOH Bones had the good sense
to decline an Invitation to address the
Missouri legislature. The governor
knows ho cannot puff out his boom by
aping anything Senator Hill has done.
KANSAS CITY has not yet secured the
$ o,000 flouring mill concerning which
her papers have said so much nnd said
it so often. This is a hint to Omaha
which some wide nwako committee
should tuko homo to sleep and think
GAS In Kansas City is sold at 81.50
per thousand feet nnd an agitation has
been in progress for many months lookIng -
Ing to a reduction to 81. The rate hiDes
Dos Moines has been $1.75 and efforts
have boon made to reduce it to $1.15.
The price in Omaha IB $1.75.
EX-SPKAKEU REED'S sarcastic and
cutting remarks calling attention to
proceedings in the present house from
time to time , the like of which in the
last congress brought abuse upon his de
voted head as speaker , are very irri
tating to the ox-speaker's irrasciblo
democratic successor.
THE primary elections should bo ns
closely guarded against fraud and corruption -
ruption as the general elections. The
way to make these elections honest and
fair is to eliminate the caucus and en
courage all republicans to participate in
the primaries where they can vote for
the best men ns delegates to conventions
without caucus domination.
EX-MAYOU CHEQIEU'S sonJs involved
In the Chicago rottenness now being exposed -
posed by the grand jury. If the testi
mony offered is reliable ho appears to
have boon about the cheapest boodlor In
the lot. Ho is charged with taking
8350 In full payment for using his In
fluence with his father in furthering the
plans of the disbursor.of boodle.
Mil. BUYAN in a column letter to his
Omaha organ gives ns the reason for
nominating Governor Boies for the pres
idency the facts that ho has no enemies ,
Is a renegade republican , was born in
Now York , Is a f roe trader , and can very
cleverly straddle the free colnugo issue.
These facts will , however , scarcely com
mend Governor Boles to eastern demo
crats. Like many other public men ,
Governor Boles Is In greater danger
from tlio praise of his fool friends than
from the abuse and criticism of malloloua
OKLAHOMA , the land of booms , will
this week experience another of those
phenomena for which this country only
is noted. The Cheyenne and Arapahoe
lands are to bo thrown open on tlio 1st
of April , and already the region adjacent
to the Indian reservation Is filling up
wljh boomers ; The Cherokee strip ol
0,000,000 acres will bo nvullablo later in
tlio season , and then the rush will bo
something like that pf three years ago.
Every Eqttlqr In Oklahoma can thank a
republican administration for his oppor-
tunlty , to secure a homo.
McCONNELL In Chicago has
rdndorcd n decision in a gambling case
which will bring joy to the gntnbloru of
thixt cityand uhewhoro , but will hinder
the enforcement of laws prohibiting
gambling. Ho holds that gambling
utensils obtained under an ordinary
eoaroh-wnrrnnt cannot bo legally de
stroyed by the pollco odlcerti ; Inc.vutia
thofitatuto directing their destruction
does not provide for notlco to their
owner or for auy trial whatever , and
therefore violates the constitutional
principle provision that no ono shall bo
deprived of llfo , liberty or property
without duo process of law.
tr/LL COXTIXVK THK r/o/ir.
The repulse ot the silver men In the
house of representatives wns n disap
pointment to them , but U appears that
they are not wholly discouraged. If
Mr. Bland , the free silver lender , cor
rectly represents the sentiment o/ his
followers , they propose to continue the
fight. By the action of the house last
week the free coinage bill wns sent to
the calendar , but a special order can bo
made that will bring it before the house
nt any time , nnd it is expected that the
committee on rules will report such an
order. Speaker Crisp and Messrs.
Catchings and McMiltln , who make up
the majority of the committee , can bo
rolled upon to respond favorably to the
demand of the free silver men , and then
there will bo another test of strength
between the supporters and the oppon
ents of free silver.
It would not bo safe to predict the re
sult of such a test. The vole of ln l
Thursday in favor of laying the silver
bill on the table would probably bo re-
psated , but moro Hutu 14S votes will bo
required to defeat another special order
if the free silver democrats should bo
able to muster their full force. There
Is some probability that the oppoltlon
will bo found to have increased. Mr.
Bland is reported to have said that the
repulse of last week was directly duo to
his being betrayed by men whom ho sup
posed , as they always claimed , lo bo his
frloiids. A leader loses prestige und in-
lluenco after being beaten , nnd it is
highly probable that Mr. .Bland will
hnvo cause to complain of moro be
trayals of his confidence whenever
another test of strength Is made.
The opposition to free silver will
undoubtedly maintain an unbroken
front. The anti-silver democrats have
boon encouraged by the action of the re
publicans , and the statement of the re
publican loader of the house regarding
the sentiment of the minority leaves no
doubt as to where they will bo found on
this Issue. All but about a dozen of
them can bo counted with absolute cer
tainty to vote against free silver and
against all efforts in tno interest of such
legislation. Ex-Speaker Reed takes the
view that the republicans should now
stand up against bringing the Bland bill
to a vote at all , and while it is under
stood that some prominent members of
the party in the house differ with him ,
on tlio ground that the outy way to
make stiro of the future Is to have a
square vote for or against free coinage ,
it Is hardly to bo doubted that the view
of the ox-speaker wl'l ' prevail.
It should not bo too hastily concluded
from what has taken place that there
will bo no free silver legislation at this
session of congress. The advocates of
that policy are still very determined ,
and they .will exhaust every resource at
their command. But manifestly their
chances of success have boon greatly re
duced , and there Is much stronger
reason now than a week ago to expect
that President Harrison will not bo
called upon to veto a free silver bill.
The anti-option bills introduced in
the senate and house have not been lost
sight of , although interest in thorn
scorned to have very much abated. It
appears , however , that the represent
atives of the farmers in promoting this
legislation have not bcon idle , and it is
said that there is now favorable promUo
of the Hatch bill bolng taken up at an
early day in the house. It is expected
to pass that body without much op
position , and there is very litt'.o ' doubt
that It wouldpromptly pass the somite.
The extended hearings that were
given the friends and opponents of this
proposed legislation by the house com
mittee on agriculture unquestionably
strengthened the position of the former
In the opinion of the committee , so far
as the general prlnciulo involved in the
legislation sought is concerned. The
Hatch bill as originally introduced will
bo amended in some particulars , but
without impairing its prime purpose of
putting an end to purely speculative
transactions in "options' * and "futures. "
It la not intended to interfere with legit
imate operations , and it makes sulH-
clontly clear the difference between
legitimate and illegitimate dealings.
All the testimony submitted oy the op
ponents of anti-option legislation confirmed -
firmed the charge that a very largo
amount of the transactions on the prin
cipal boards of trade of the country is
not legitimate speculation. Tlio bucket
shops are by no moans the only"olToiid -
ors , and , although their business may
fairly bo .described as wholly illegiti
mate , it is by no means certain that
their offense is so harmful as that of
the boards of trade which permit illegit
imate dealings. The heavy transactions
of the latter and the influonso they
exert upon the markets must reasonably
bo supposed to result In greater mis
chief than the bucket shops are capa
ble of , though there is not a word to bo
said in defense of these gambling places.
It is possible that the proposed law
would not accomplish all that Its advo
cates hope for , but the experiment is
worth trying , and it is the duty of congress -
gross to respect the almost unanimous
demand of the agricultural producers of
the country for this legislation.
The American farmer of the not very
distant future will bo the most indepen
dent citizen of the country. He may not
cultivate so njany acres of ground or own
so largo an area ot hum as at present ,
but ho will bo n little king upon his farm
and envied by loss fortunate neighbors.
The electrical ago Into which wo uro
entering Is big with promise for the
agricultural communities. In two years
more the telephone'patents Will bxpiro
and then for 82.50 anybody can have an
instrument and battery. Oao wire of
the barbed wire fence may bo isolated
from the others nnd become the line of
communication from house to house und
from neighborhood to the city. Eloclrlo
lights will take the olaco of candles ,
ivoroseno lamps nnd lanterns. When the
farnur hearti a disturbance in his baru
or u.i < uU ( i oop ho will press u button
which will light up his entire promises
und place him In position to punish in
trude ra ,
A single stationary steam engine fed
by a boy or girl will gono.-ato olootrlo
power that will work the churn , the
knitting machine , the mewing machine
nnd the washing machine for the use of
the housewife , The farmer's corn shelter ,
threshing machine nnd other imple
ments will bo run by electricity f'-om ' tha
same source. Ho may and probably will
have a storage battery which shall push
his plow throtigli the soil and another
for Ills carriage or wngon for a trip to
town. In fact electricity will take the
place of horses In much of the farm
work and relieve the farmer's wife of
much of the dreaded drudgery she now
The electrical ago will more com
pletely revolutionise , the conditions of
modern llfo than the ago ot steam
changed these of sixty years ago. The
present generation need not bo sur
prised If it shall bo a common thing to
see a telephone In every fiirm house , an
electrical plant on every farm and oluc-
trie motors of ono kind and another car
rying farmr-rd to and from the city at
their will , over flue roads constructed
purposely for their convenience. The
isolation of farm llfo will ba ended. The
telephone will bring farm and city Into
closer union , nnd dally mail deliveries
will keep the agriculturist ab-east of
the piocress of the intellectual lifo ot
his ago. The Ideal farmer ot the future
will bj nn educated gentleman ; his
family will bo cultivated and contented ;
ho will make farming a business profit
able always , free from the hard drudg
ery now required , and attractive ns the
professions or other city occupations.
This style of farmer will , of course , bo
a thrifty , industrious one ; not the corner
grocery whittler or the Inzy follow who
is without ambition. The indifferent ,
ignorant or indolent farmer will not
realize thcsa. conditions.
The views of loading Gorman llnan-
clors on the subject ot an international
conference in the interest of bimetallism
are not encouraging to the advocatea of
this method for reaching a settlement
of the sllvor question. Germany would
take part in n monetary convention pro
vided Great Brit-iin agreed to partici
pate , but the judgment of these finan
ciers Is that England Is not llkoly to
make any change in its currency. Ono
ot them remarked as lo Germany that
It was very comfortably oil' now with its
gold coinage , and ho did not think that
country could bo Induced to materially
increase its sllvor coinage. Another re
marked that except a few agrarians no
body in Germany dreamed of such a
thing as bimetallism. Others hold sim
ilar views , showing that thora is no sen
timent in Germany at all worthy ot con
sideration that is in favor of a bimetallic
monetary systom.
It need hardly bo said that all these
financiers agreed in the opinion that the
adoption of free sllvor coinage by the
United States would have a very bad ef
fect on American prosperity. Its oltect
would bo to turn the current of gold
still moro strongly toward Europe , to
lower Amurlcan credit , and ultimately
to hurt these who expected the greatest
benefit from the law. Said ono of them :
"America is n rich country , able to
stand the results of serious errors , but
there is a limit oven to its resources.
The turning over ot its commcrco to the
silver men may bring America danger
ously close to these limits. " The deter
mination of the question of an inter
national agreement regarding silver
manifestly rusts wholly with England ,
and there IP not the slightest prospect
of auy change in the currency system of
that country. Secretary Foster found
there some sentiment in favor of bimetal
lism and he got the Impression that it
was growing , but as a matter ot fact
there is no evidence that such is the
case. Two or three years ago there ap
peared to bo quite a movement in this
direction , but it has very nearly If not
entirely subsided , and the financial in
terests of England aro'iiowhoping ' that
tbe United States will adopt free silver
coinage , thereby bringing about the
single silver standard hero and Improv
ing the financial and.commercial advan
tages of Great Britain. It is too much
to expect that the extreme free sil
ver advocates will pay any attention to
the intelligent and candid opinions of
foreign financiers , but they ought to
command the thoughtful consideration
of those who are not bDyond the roach
of sound views and honest , disinterested
When the are-light street lamps were
introduced it was given out that the city
would .Do able to reduce Its gas lighting
bills very materially. This.llko all other
projects of economy in the interest of
frnnohised corporations , has proved u
delusion und a snare.
Wo are naying for a largo number of
electric lamps at the ruto of $175 a year ,
when the same company offered to place
are lamps on the World's fair grounds
at Chicago at $38 for nlnn months and
finally contracted for them at 525. The
spasm of economy in reducing the num
ber of gas lamps gave out last summer
and nt this time wo have a larger num
ber of gas and gasoline lamps than wo
had when the electric lamps were sub
stituted for gas and gasollno , and now
the council proposes to add several hun
dred to the number of gns and gasollno
posts just bcc.iuso the charter permits n
levy ot turoo mills for street lighting
and the increased assessed valuntlop
will yield Increased revenue.
This is economy with a vengeance.
Instead of reducing the rate of taxes the
policy seems to bo to increase the reven
ues of the franuhised corporations.
The llopu of tlin Hub ,
] Intun ( Hoi ) * ,
Hero's hoplnir that the German cinporor'a
vacation In fie woods may uuUu u now man
of him , mentally as well as phvsiually , and
enable him to realize what time it Is on the
world's ' dial of progress.
AUvuncout lluinu Hull * .
QMii'Democmt ,
Scotland's aspirations toward homo rule
will help Ireland in Its crusade la the same
direction. Evidently the day of local parlia
ments la the different divisions of tbo Unltod
Ulucdom U near at had.
1'ri'a ICum' Triumph ,
I'liftniletpliti Itteoitl ,
In Iowa the river counties wilt still enjoy
free rum whllo tbo Interior counties po dry ,
the lower bouso oft tin legislature ln.vln in
definitely postponed the bill recently potscd
In the senate substituting uounly oution for
prohibition. The vote was strictly nartUun
with the republicans raiiuoU on tbu pro
hibition side. IJhjOj political effect of this
action will prol bjr bo the ranging ot Iowa
with the solidly , iiOomocratlo states of the
Union. .ofjo-
iii ill'- ' -
r lHSpn [ In Sjinro.
JlftTfyfM Democrat.
Whllo the Doibocrat stands pat upon Its
former position on the sllvor question , It regrets -
grots to goo It'brtniRht Into this campaign ,
and particularly 5/31 / It regret the position
taken by Lr. Mlli'df and other eminent lead
ers In the party , ' heroin they dcclnro tlint
Mr. Bryan shalUbo road out of the party
because of hli VIUjvs on the sliver question ,
nnd that ho nnu octicr mon ontortnlnhip the
same views shall not bo permitted to attend
the democratic national convention as dele
gates. The democrats have much to lese end
little to gain by forolnu au Issue biforo the
people nro ready for It. The tnx qucstlou
must bo settled llrst. It has boon a long
campaign of education nnd the people have
shown their faith In the principles of tariff
reform. Wo should not Introduce ether
issues that , will loio us vote * In the east
when we cannot hone for stufllclont gain else
where lo carry n sinqlo republican slate. On
the other hand wo do not endorse tlio attempt
of any men or sot of mon to road out mon
who have advanced tdens on the currency
question. The democracy of Nebraska has
no men to sparo. and least of all , the brilliant ,
brainy congressman from the thirst district.
A UolnniiH Olli-iiRo.
-Ufmmip ' " * Wimir
Another letter from Mr. Cleveland Is in
ordor. Kdltor Dana charges him with the
heinous and undemocratic offense of wearing
a night shirt adorned with n rod rufllo. Will
General flrnpg kindly write and nsU tbo
prophet about Itl It won't do to lot a story
lllio that gallop over the country at the very
beginning of n campaign.
i ! ; , Outlawry.
Xoxva republic ins have defeated th o Gatcu
local option bill In the legislature , thus
riveting ipo'n iho stnto for two years moro
the prohibition law which the ncoplo > have so
thoroughly ropudlatod. Iowa Is a striking
illustration of government by the minority.
- f
A Xativo TliritHt.
Clitcd-jii Ttmts.
People who are bent upon abolishing cor
ruption In politic ? uy cutting down ttio vol
uino ol Immigration miy lind a theme for
cogitation In the fact that every ono of the
seven aldermen Indicted for boodhup was
bum In the United States.
KiT | > Your I'owilur Dry.
-Ycit' I'mlt Il'ollil.
Look out for some now Standard Oil dev
iltry 1100:1.V : boa n trust bus a clover law
yer , a $20,000,000 surplus , and suddenly ad
vertises the acquisition of morality , It ii
time for small spaculator * to "cash In" and
get out of the game.
> . . . . . . . _ _ - -
Fit A Ul > HUH UK ED.
Globp-Domoor , Vtrop. ( ) : Thosuoromocourt
of Wisconsin haj.jsct osido the apportion
ment bill passed bv , the domocratiu , legisla
ture of that state , l .st winter. Oh , for a supreme -
promo court at Jpffcrson with nerve enough
to Uuocit the llfo out of the democratic gerry
mander of this state.
New Y"ork Trlbmlo ( ron. ) : The supreme
court of Wlsconsiothas 'clvon a righteous de
cision , ilcclaringithat the democratic gerry
mander of scuatannd assembly districts Is
unconstitutional fTliu character of'tho bad
work done by the democratic legislature may
be judged from tho-fact that the decision of
the court , court is ling of three democrats and
two republicans,1 Unanimous.
St. Paul Pioticcr/'Pres3 ' ( r'op. ) : The effect
In Wisconsin is farilcss important than the
effect of this doulsiqn ut largo ; affirming , as
It docs , iho doctrlu.9 that oven a state loglsla-
turpjcaonotmuufpuato [ ropresentati6n , ns it
pleases , cannot euT but'"dlstrlcts "fqr party
purposes without the slightest reference to
law o"r justice , 'casnot-carry the gerrymander
to the ejUrotno that ba's , been tbroateued
without judicial reproof and restraint.
New York Herald ( Ind. ) : In these days of
roapportioume.its and gerrymanders tbo de
cision rendered yesterday by 'Iho ' supreme
court pf Wisconsin will have a avjdeipread
interest and should have a wholesomeeffect. .
The court holds that under the constitution
of that state a cuunty may not bo divided In
iho formation of asorobly districts. That is
to say , every district must bo composed of
ono or moro counties entire. Nona can law
fully take In a part only of any county.
Chicago Herald ( .uom. ) : The decision Is
probably correct. But the conclusion in
many minds Is Irreolstiblo that if the gerry
mander had been made by a republican in
stead of a democratic legislature nobody
would have thought of attacking its legality ,
and oven If such an attack had boon made
tbo chances would , bavo been that tbo same
court which has just held tbo democratic :
measure Invalid \yould have sustained au
equally partisan republican apportionment
and noyer doubted that It was doing its
wbolo duty.
Chlcairo Intor-Ooean ( rop. ) : In all north
ern states nnd among the host mun of nil
partlos , there is au awakening of conscience
as to crimes against the ballot ; many things
that once were doomed as justifiably "smart ,
practice" now nro held infamous. It is com
ing to bo the bcliof .of the people that govern
ment by a European dospotls not worse than
government by a lot of hcolors and bosses
who manage to deprive tbo majority of tbo
voters of their votes and to substitute gov
ernment by a minority for government of
the people , by the people and for the people.
CnicagoTribune ( rop. ) : ThU decision is
of special importance because it Is the llrst In
volving the newer of tho-judlclary to review
the action of the legislature In u matter sup
posed ti > oe as peculiarly its own as the matt
ing of an apportionment. It was claimed by
thuio interested li the mutntcuanco of iho
law that iho supreme court bad no jurisdic
tion wbutovor ; that the power of tbo legisla
ture was absolute , and that the only appeal
from it lay to the people. The Wisconsin supreme
premo court hai determined otherwise and
has decided that nocommunity , can bo de
prived of tbo right of equal representation ,
and that a temporary and accidental majority
cannot make an apportionment which will
uoop it in power after it bonomos a minority.
Now York HaruUI ; The handle to his nuim' ,
if helms ono , is tliu tluni ; to work when pump-
In i ; u mun.
Eomurvillo Journal : To some or his audi
tors : i pruauhcr always scumod to not ax
ir hu tliouRhl/ho wiia dolni : the blhlu u
honor liy Bouutbi0ii passage from It for hU
tuxt , '
Oil City IllUzirdsiVriio rollow who stoaU
fuel from UU mvxliljur' * ! wood plln und tlniN
sumo or tno mleku charged with dynumltu
may ho s-uhl tu 8trkor.a | nupuntilVQ sord.
lioston Huraldi'OlIt wo t "Hamlet" Ubalu ;
pluyud imilcr thai' alluring tltlo , 'Was II , s
Nibs Oir lilt ) Nut ? ! ' Uilr.iwj hotter th it way.
I'liariiiarcnt 1 jal J.r : | Io.stc3i-Ciii ; you r.irvo
Youiu B-itt-bonjSi-iVus , iiiii'uiu simnlU bu
dulUlitod. llrliir\lia ; , liody.
New I'j7t ) | llerjlil.
Bho walked into , j dry uooJs a tore
One iiiornliiiisl ) nt tjti
And wlion tliumUlloiof I'Vunln ; foil
Hlio Uiiio.I fut'tnlair iln ;
Ana wliun her hiuUuuU itHkeJ her why
Miu too ic uu | uii'jtu ranu'o
Within tliat.ii.urn.bhu tola him that
Hho did U fey H _ chaiigu.
Wiishlniton Star : It was observed tint the
rumnrksof llio in.'iirwlio aut ( lo.tu on thu tie It
were short uud to tlio | i < > lnt.
.Iowoors'Clri | < uliir ; Hahoony Hollo. Lounuy !
Whul are you duin ; nuv ?
Lo'iniTr.ivttlliiR for u Jewelry huusu.
Hub Jonv .Vh ! kOlllii * good * , uhf
l ounuy Xo-o jin > t traveling.
Iliizar : "I J > IUT MM. llunkorton
touuy."oulU UiuUi. ' iiholpolcudiuiKuly hand-
bomu too.
"SJht-'s an odious woman , " returned tin.
" \ uu novpr did ucim ro any of my old slrls , "
s-ilct llk'ks. "Thit : H only oitu , uud I
jmi i hough ! her jiorf ect-1
"Wliluli oiiii wi H lli.ttV" ( lui'rleil Mrs. Illcks.
" \ oiii-iL-lf , " roiortoJ Illuks.
Ilojlon Trnnsorliitl A youiitf womnn ox-
pr ! > xuiihu tfjiitlmcnt , "Uhvro l.nor.inoj IK
u lt > * ' ( , * to 1)0 wlvoi , "
ColiimliiM 1'nsi ; Tlicro U gonurally " an ; tl-
of ruUiiomuiu" In tlio neiiih'jurhoo.l ot thu pu-
truieuiu fuutofy ,
Roruiuisconcos of Walt Whitman , Poet and
ASIrnngniinil Striking 1'ornoimllty Itoumls
( lut n Inng nml Viirlod Ciirrcr
from nn ActHo ,
llnelnl l.irc.
Walt Whitman , the ntrcd poet nnd phlloso-
tmcr , has passed the portals ot otornlty. Ills
death was not unexpected. For over four
months ho has been gradually , under the
spell of nn Insidious dlscaso , sinking Into
that "sleep that knows no waking , " and
nssed away as ono who had
'Wrnpuod thodrapory of hUcouch about him.
And llus dnn n to pleasant dreams. "
The "good gray poet , " as ho was familiarly
Known , lived a varied llfo. Ho sprang from
good olct I'urltnti stocu on his father's side ,
and froai a rugged Dutch maternal ancestry ,
which may account for his striking virility
of thought. Ho was born nt West Hills ,
Long Island , March til , 1310 , but was brought
up in Brooklyn , where ho learned the print-
era' trade. There ho afterwards edited a
paper called the Freeman and wrote
his "Loaves of Grass. " During the war period
and up to 13rJ ; , ho lived In Wash
ington , whcro his strong , well-knit llcuro
was n familiar object uround tlio slroets , chid
as ho always was in a loosely lilting suit ot
gray uud nn olcl.slouch hut. Ho developed a
marked fondness for riding on struct curs.
Ho always rode on the front platform , seek
ing Uin friendship ot iho driver , and It Is said thuro wns s'cnrcoly n driver In the city
with whom ho was not on terms of consider
able intimacy. Walt's sauntering habits
clung to him nt Washington , and General
Oiirllold was ono of these fond of meeting
him on the avenue. Ho always grcoted Whit
man with a remark or n quotation from some
of his tiooins. Those ot a literary turn uf
mind who visited Iho capital always sought
out Wall. Ho was of an ucoumuical turn of
mind and lived in the attic of a frame build
ing opposite the treasury and whcro the Cor
coran building now stands.
Early In the war his brother , a colonel in
the army , was wouudod nnd the good gray
uoct , then an unknown man. came on lo visit
him. For a year Wall spent all tils time in
Iho military hospitals in Washington , giving
comfort to the suffering soldier. " , writing
their loiters for them and muling aloud.
In the spring of 1803 ho bugau to wnw letters -
tors lor the Now York Times. Ho first oh-
tuinod a position In iho Interior department
at 81 , ' OU , and devoted his leisure time to
writing. Some department oftlclal took offense
fonso nt some of Whitman's writings and at
once hud htm dismissed.
His friends rose to his defense and ho was
transferred to the Donartmont of Justice at
an inci cased salary. Litter ho was trans
ferred to the olltco of the solicitor general of
the treasury. Whitman contained in oflico ,
living in Iho garret all Ihls time , until IS * ; ) ,
when the news of Iho doalh of his mother
brought on a stroke of paralysis. Ho then
went to live with his brother at Camdcn , and
there ho has remained over since.
Whitman began his literary career thirty
years ago as an athlete , and poured enough
of the cssenro of his robust vitality into bis
poelry lo make tt live , while the moro
metrical and harmonious verso of some con
temporary poets has been lorpotten. The
verdancy of what nn English writer calls
his "freshest of speech" was prophesied in
the tltlo of his book , "Leaves of Urass , "
which remain perennially green and are ,
Hko the grass , .tbo hiding plauo of many
beautiful flowers. Wo will not believe , says
a writer In iho DolroH Free Press , that wo
should never have discovered the merit of
Nv hitman's pnssiouato prose poetry If Emer
son had not told us that ho was a possible
genius ; or Iho Massachusetts attorney had
not given his voluino tbo celut , of forbidden
reading , by suppressing it. But there is no
doubt that Emerson's kindly word of recog
nition and the temporary sensation of Iho
law's intcrfercnco did attract attention to
the work and its author aud help to make
both popular.
The uncouth personality of the man and
bis haired of shams ; bis loyoltv to nature
and his impas'iioncd faith iu democracy ; bis
mysticism , which never divcrecd into Irre-
ligiou ; his unabashed descriptions and illus
trations of truth , which few writers dare ex
press oven in veiled motophor all these
surged and boatlbrough his rhythm , and the
reader was made aware at every line of the
strong personality of the writer. ,
A few years ago a little nonhow of Walt
Whitman died. In the middle of the room
lay the dead cnlld in its wbito coffin. Near
it. In a great chair , sat the pool , surrounded
by children and holding a beautiful little
girl on his lap. She looked woudorlngly Into
the old man's face , overcome by tno specta
cle of death. "You don't know what it Is ,
do you , Bear'suid ! ho , and added : "Wo
don't , either. "
There were a great many opportunities of
meetinc with congenial spirits , and among
his recollections are these of a supper at
Boston , at Young's , wberoEmerson , Joaquin
Miller , the pout of the Sierras , and John
Boyle O'Hcilly were present. Itvas then
that Emerson gave him nn exquisite pleasure
by reciting from memory pauos of selections
Irom "Loaves of Orass. " Then Miller fol
lowed with his own opals of verse descrip
tive of California life , and u'temperate ban
quet crowned tbe felicity of the hour.
Whitman has boon called the poet of dem
ocracy , and bis "Loaves of Grass" opou with
Ibis b'old statement :
1 celebrate myself.
And what I uaiunio you shall assum ? .
Korovury alum belonging to 'iiu as good be
longs to you.
It may bo said'to bo the declaration of the
umver.tul individual. As 10 bis form of coin-
position , not nttr.ictlvo to road ors of verso at
lirbt sight ho "dlscbargo.1 blmsolf qulto alto
gether from thi ) old laws of poetry , consider
ing thorn nnd their rosulis unlit for present
needs und especially unlit for the United
States. " His clulni was that of inaugurating
' an original modern btyle , " and the theory
thereof Is "that our limo * exhibit tbo advent
of especially iwo now croatlvo Worlds or in-
lluuncos. giviug a radically changed form to
civilization namely , the woild of science for
ono nml the world nf democrailu republican
ism for another , and lhat u third influence ,
a now pootlo world of character and
form , adjusted to the new spirit and facts
and consistent with democracy and
science , U ludUiiunMblc , " Ho saiu that hero
wo "must found our own imaginative litera
ture and poetry and lhat nothing merely
copied from and following the fuudal world
will do. And I dismiss , " ho has often said ,
"without ceremony all iho orthodox ac
coutrement * , trope ? , haberdashery nf wonts ,
feat measure , that form the onllra stock iu
trade of rii.vine-UillUng heroes and heroines.
My metro ii loose and free. The lines are of
irrogulur length , apparently lawless at llrst
perusal , but on closer acquaintance you will
lind thut there is regularity , Hko the recur
rence , for example , of the losacr and larger
waves on Iho suuihoro , roll in [ ; in without In-
tormissfou , aud fitfully rising and falling. "
Whitman not u doubter nor a cuvllor
xvhero thu bltilo and rulUion uro concerned ,
Hu behoved firmly in tlio Immortality of the
soul , ihouijh ho did not prctumi 10 under
stand thu profound mystery of deulh. When
In Ptitlailulpbiii on the occasion of the recent
grant colouration In his honor ho mot hi :
friend and eulogist , Colonel Ingorsoll.
' Uood-bye , Walt , I hope you railllvo
umnv yea yiM , " sold the uoloncl ,
You might have wUhod mo something
better tuna Unit , " said Mr. Whilman , sadly.
Ills own varso furnishes nuny awcot and
soothing words on thu parting hour , UU
"Whispers of Heuvrfnly Death" comprise a
chapter of poenu. Tiuro urn many passages
of duvout belief , uhurn of creoda , in tits
writing * ,
"Ah. ninro tlrui niiy priest. O soul , we , too , ho-
lint u Iu ( iod ,
But \vhli _ HID mystery of Qed \\a dura not
His war poems nro amoug the fluoU of bU
ueroio verso. "Tho Wouud-Uroisor" Is a
faithful history of his own work among thu
aoldierj , And ba It recorded to his honor
thai ha "Coniiiraiicndod all northern anil
souiheri : " In hu ministrations of mercy and
"sllghtod none , "
Iu iho summer aud wilunin months before
discing forod hU conilnument at hU homo la
( jaiud m , ono ol hi * Plo.uuros wai to dnva
out 10 "Huiloluh" and suparlntond iho
erection of u vault , which is to t > o bis last
railing place.
Ttvp mlloi from the Philadelphia forrivs
and casv cf aooosu by road or rail lays llar-
Icigh cciv.otuiy , beautifully ailuatcd ou ono
of the few picturesque spots around Camdcn.
The main road to HaddonHold Is directly past
Its pates nnd the first Impression on entering
thooo is of a splendidly appointed park , laid
out on n landscape lawn principle. Beautiful
oval lawns of soft volvctv grass , shafts , col-
urans and monuments of granlto and marble
in perfect uniformity are scatlcrod about ,
hero and there nro lovely beds of flowers
artistically arraneod with oxqtilslto tasto.
whllo la the volley Ho * a beautiful lake fed
from the hill , In which has boon orcolcd the
vault of ttio "Hood Gray Poot. "
U Is hero among n plantation of beech anil
magnolia trcoj , nt the head of the lake , that
\ \ nit Whitman selected the spot for his last
reitlnir placo. The vault Is built into the
hill on the west sldoof the irraunds and Is
composed of enormous boulders of granlto.
Iho stone door Itself , although hum ? on mas-
slvo brais hinges , requires the united effort
of three stronc mon to close Its portals. The
two front stoiie < , standing there like Immo
vable sontrlos , are very Imposing. A solid
ploco U laid across thcso on the top nnd a
heavy handsome triangular stoi.o Is placed
ncalu oa those , with the simple Inscription ,
"Walt Whitman , " cnivod out of this solid
cap stone. The whole structure. In Us totlr-
Inu' uuostonlallous situation , Is In entire
keeping with the man to whoso memory it
annuls ns n living romombranco.
Mor/o.v.s i-'iinsi ,
TIII : rio.xKniiR.
Coino. my tau-fiu'nd children ,
Kullow well In order : cot your weapons roadv.
llavuyott your p.stols , have you your sharp
edited uioi ,
Pioneers ] O , pioneers !
Have the older races halted ?
Do thuy droop and end their lesson , wearied
nvrr there buyoml the seas'
\\o taKe iiptlm tisU ; eternal , and thu burden
ana thu lesion.
I'loncL'inl C , Pioneers !
Sons of the mother of All , you plmll yet ho
i ou shall yet laugh toMcorn the nttacUa of all
the remainder ot thu nirlli.
To Michigan , Kloiuin perfumes shall tenderly
Not the perfumes of llowors , but sweeter and
wafti-d beyond tluiilh.
The dependence of liberty shall bo lovorn ,
Thu continuance of cipmllly shall ho com
rades :
These shall tie you aud band you stroiuor
limn hoopof Iron ,
O , ecstatic ; U , partners ; O , laud , with the love
of lovers tloyotil
Klue of stars : thick sprinkled Vnintln. ,
l.oneyot your road , fateful ling , lonu
Vet your r.xul , iind lliuHl with bloody death !
Tor thu prlzi ) I see lit Ismto Is the world !
Dirt you nsk dulcet rhymes from mo ?
Did yon lind tlinlwhtu I san eiuwhlloso Irird
tu follow and understand ?
Why , 1 wns notslnilir-'erowhile for you to fol
low and nndorstand. Norum 1 now.
What to such as you. such a poet as 1 ? There
fore letivo my worlcs
Aud ea lull yourself with what you can un
Kor 1 lull nobody and you will never under
stand mo.
Thanks In old aio thanks ere I no.
1'or health , the mlddny sun , the Impalpable
air for lite , moro life.
* * * * * * *
Kor holiius , groups , lovo. deeds , words , books
forcjlors. form.
Per all the brave , stron' ; mon devoted , hardy
ineu who'xo forward sprung In freedom's
help , nil years , all lands.
For hnivor , stioiiKpr , moro dovotcil men ( a
special laurel ere I go to life's war's chosen
The e.innoncers of sons and thought the
great artillerymen the foremost leaders ,
captains of thu soul. )
As oldlor from mi ended war return d as
traveler out of myriads , to the long pro
cession retrospective ,
Thanks Joyful IhunkaY a soldier s traveler s
thanks. _
It may not bo generally known , but never
theless it Is a fact that Goldthwaito's Geographical
graphical Magazine Is ono of the moHln-
structlvo nnd entertaining periodicals Issued
from the American press. Every number
looms with valuable artichs on a rich
variety of subjects and it is by no moans
confined lo the treatment of geographic
matters. Some idea"of the vnrlqd nature of
the contents may bo formed from n glaiico av
Iho Ulloa of a few ot Iho subjects handlnd In
the February nuiuh'er , viz : "Coullng Sta
tions nnd Trade Uoutcs , " "Tho Canyon of
Iho Colorado , " "Columous and Ills Times , "
"Tho Women of Samoa , " "Honeslv in Yom-
ba , " "Chili and Iho Chilians , " "Tho Can
nibals of Herbert Uiver" and "Tho Obonuo
Pigmies. " Published by William M. Goldlh-
walte , 132 Nassau slreet , Now York.
"Tho Consolidated Statutes of Nebraska , "
compiled by J. E. Cobboy of the Bontdco
bar , In many of its Important features fat-
surpasses any-other editions of our siato
laws , in fact It contains the written laws
governing1 the citizens of the state from the
preat magna churta of King John 'down to
the last act of the legislature of 1891. The
sections nro numbered consecutively from 1
to 0,320 , which is a great Improvement on the
old systom. Then Mr. Cobbey has used the
"interior ca'.ch word system" m the sections ,
employing bold face typo lo designate the
salient points of each section. The citations
of the decisions of the supreme court of Ne
braska follow each sectlou upon which they
boar , affording the lawyer a very accurate
digest. Published by iho State Journal
company , Lincoln , Neb.
HobertF. Walsh , thu aulhor of "Tho Land
Agitation nnd Traau , " "Tho-Industrlol Possl-
bllltios of Ireland , " "Tho .Development of
Irish Fisheriesnnd several ether works ,
has just given to the world another book of
liKi pages , entitled "The Great Loaders of un
Oppressed but Brave People , " asd very
properly dedicated it to Ibo Irish raco. It is
Ireland's In ! bio
u memorial volume to corrupt
son , patriot and statesman , Charles Stewart
Parnoll , nnd recounts his brilliant nohtovo-
monts nnd the great sacrifices nnd horola-
deeds of a llfo devoted to his country , It
nlsp Includes the llfo and public services of
tbo eroat emancipator Daniel O'Connoll , nnd
nn outline of Important events In Irish hlv
tory , the latter Doing from the ready pen of . -
Thomas Clarno Luby. There are iikowlso X
excellent portraits nnd biographical sketches /
of the most notable diameters engaged In v
the struggle for Irish aolf-government ,
together with a graphlo account of the Incl
dents botwoou 1V48 nnd 1875.
Few can form any adequate Idea ot tin
stupendous amount of work necessary to the
production of such u largo volume nt the ono
under notice.
The history of the Irish people it naturally
an Intensely Interesting ono nnd its perusal
Is as fascinating as would bo that of any
romance. It has apparently been the aim of
the writer to bo thoroughly impartial In the
treatment of the subject nnd iho result Is a
n volume which emu bo read with both profit
and pleasure whorevor-lho Kngllsh language ,
is understood. As iho author remarks In his
nrofneo : "In iho writing of this work my
solo endeavor has bcon to clvo n truthful
narrative of the llfo and patriotic services of i
Ireland's List great loader , without promdtco _ *
or without entering into the personal nnd f
controversial matters which have occupied
the attention of iho Irish race during the
past ton mouths. In order to accomplish this
purpose I have quoted moro oftou from M r
1'arnull'a enemies rather than from frlondlv
writings. "
Without nuv great pretensions to n high
standard of literary excellence this enter-
talning work may truthfully bo described n >
a valuable addition to iho literature or ,
America. Puollshcd by Gay Hrothera & Co.
! )4 Uo.ulo street , Now York.
"Tho Golden Idol,11 by M. C. Walsh , Is n
tale of adventures In Australia and Now
Xcalaud and Is full ot exciting scenes nnd
trngio events , it has , however , n well sus
tained plot and the various characters which
appear in it are nortrayod with artlstlo skill.
It is well worth reading and once started 1s
not liable to bo Inld down until finished.
Published by Donohue , Hounoborr.v ifcCo. ,
107-425 iJcarborn street , Chicago.
The musical hero of the day Is Ignaco Pnd-
orowskl , to whom In the March Century uro
duvoteu a portrait , a critical study , a bio-
crraphlcal sketch , and a poem , the last by K.
W. Gildor. The critical study terras him "nn
Inspired and phenomenal artist , " and finds
that his ability to hold nn nudlunco of the
highest culture ntid lo Interest ouo of loss in--
telllircncc and taste is of Iho rnrost Itiml. 1)1- )
ographlcally considered , it appears that ho Is
of nn old Polish family , having boon born
thirty-two years ago in Podolla. Ills tastes
nnd ability were pronounced In cnrlv life , so
that at "slxtpon young Padorowskl maao n
tour ibrough Russia. During this Journey ho
played his own compositions and these of
other people : but. ns'ho naively uonlosscd ,
they were nil his own , no matter what ho
played , for ho did not know the music , nnd ns
ho had little toclmlch and could not munago
the hard places , ho Improvised to fill up iho
gaps. There wns ono concerto by Ilonsolt of
which ho could play the first and second
themes , but neither the extensions nor pas-
sages. But ho played it uoforn
audience : nnd got people to listen to It. It
must have been a prbtty sight. The bov ,
with his bright hair and delicate mobile face ,
sonslllvo and shy , but trustful In his power
to win and charm , gathered nuotit him the
audience , oftou poor and rough , nuhraltting
unawares to the old spell of genius the
goultis of the slugor the very sumo typo of
musician that the Greeks understood so well ,
and gathered up In nil its lovely dotuil
into the myth of Orpheus. The Journey was
of great vnluo. The young arllst learned to
watch his Midlouces aud to play to thorn , Just
as ho does today. Ho tested his powers and
his bright boy's eyes noticed every detail of
costume , adventure , national holiday era
a an co. Ho stored away among his artistic
material tic ! characteristic Intonations of
every dialect and the melody of every folk
song he mot. Married nt IU , n widower at 'M ,
with hoped crushed out of him , Padorowskl
throw his whole llfo passionately Into
music. Ho went to Kiel In Berlin and Stud
ied composition. Kiel was n wonderful
teacher of counterpoint. 'You will soon
"hoar" very differently,1 ho used to sny to
his now pupils , as ho taught thorn to braid
the strands ot polyphony. The ouo composer
who carried into modern llfo the musical
fceliugof the preceding century , his own
style was simple , unaffected nnd uoblo. 1'mi
cron-ski declares Bach the 'poet of musi
cians.1 But it was inevitable that ho whoso
ardent spirit belongs to our own ago , should
reject for his own composition the tradition
of a past epoch. Paderowsltl's pure , trans
parent and well balanced fnguo playing Is
probably the bojt result ot Kiel's Inliucnco.
Kosolvlng to become a vutuoso , ho sought
Lcschotltzky in 1SSO , and sot to work with
his accustomed onerny. With Paderowsul
practice and study never ccaso. Before
ovcry concert ho Is accustomed to shut him
self up and to practice all nicht , going care
fully over his wholo. programme. No pulnt
of phrasing , technic or execution escapes
him. When nil Is securely thought und
worked out , the arllst is ready for his hoar- - .
ors. The next day ho goes to the piuno-irms-
tor of his material , and free from - concern
about notes or mechanical moans , plays wllh
perfect abandon out of his inner feelings.
This , his own statement , Is berne out by bis
expressive face when playing. The snlrlt
that spoaus through Paderowskl's musio Is a
splnt of light. "
A popular official in Washington , say * the
Star , ouco wont fishing with n Baptist cler
gyman. Bites were plentiful , but the ofllclal
seemed to got them all. The clergyman
walled patiently nnd at last was fnvnrcd with
a Dibble. Then the line parted nnd his hopes
and a portion of his llshlng tncKlo vanished
simultaneously , tlo said nothing for almost
a minute , and then , turning to his friend , re
marked : ( ,
"John , if my early oducatlon had been
nocloctod what do you suppose I should luivo
& CD.
W. Conior l" li ! iinl
Oh ! / -
What a Snap
Yes , the snappiest kind of a snap-
We've got the snap on the
finest importations in
spring wear , and while
we're not giving the snap
away , at the same -time
you can snap up these
snaps if you snap quick
enough. We handle none
but the very best clothing
for men and boys , and if you want some
thing shoddy you'll have to go elsewhere
for it. But if you want something nice
in a spring overcoat or spring suit at the
price of inferior goods come to us. The
make , the style , the quality and the price
will suit you , That's where the snap
comes in.
Browning , King & Co \
i.1. " " " | S. W. Corner isth and Douglas St