Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 02, 1892, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE OMAIfA DAILY TUESDAY FKBKl'ARY 2 , 1892.
THE PATLY BEE
E. rtOSWV'A'fKlt. r.tatnn.
PU1IL1SHHD 13VBRY MORNING.
TUtMS 01' SUUSOUU'TION.
Ji ) llyllon ( without Sunday ) Ono Year. . . . I B HO
Uiillv nnd Sunday , Duo Year. . in no
HixMonlhs . . . i . fiW
Uhrvo. Month * . ' . . = >
hntiduy lireUno Year. . . . 200
pntiirdtiy lice. OnoYoar . J J
V.ijfUty lice. Uno Year. . 100
01 KIOP.S.
nmnliB. Thnllco nnlldliiK.
FiiiitliOiimlini corner N and -Cth StrcoU.
I oiincll Illnffn , l-Tourl Street-
rihlPH oOnict' . Ili7 ( Inunbcrof Coininorce.
IM-W York.llooinul" , 14undi.Trlbunollulldlnp
\\iishliitoti \ ( , 6ti : fourteenth htreou
COItUESPONDKNOK.
All coiiiinunlcntlnnii rolntliiR to now * and
Mltorlal matter should bo addressed tc the
1 dltorlal Department.
m'SirsEPH I.KTTEHS" " .
I AllnmlncM letters and remittance should
1 onddnwod to The Hoe I'utilMilnic Company.
Oimihn. Uriifts. checks and poslofllco orders
lo lie made p.iyabio to the order ot the com-
jinny.
Proprietors
TUB IIKE BUII.DINO.
nVOHN 6TATKMK.NT Of CIKOULATION.
Itutnof NoliriisUu l. '
County of Donclns. I
Oco. II. Tz'chuck. sonrotury o ( The nr.r.
1 nhllshltm rompany , docs solemnly swear
Hint the ncttiul circulation of Tin : lUlt.r HEK
11' tor the week endliiB Jmiuury IW , 1B ! . was as
it I Htmlny , Jim. 2 . - - . /jj /
Monday. .Inn. 2S . W.tt
' 1'iifndny. Jnn.'Jrt . "s'-'a- ' , ' ,
\Vcdi.osday. .Inn. 'JT. . 2.I.J.I )
MhursilBV. Jim. 2S . J'.Ci3 '
1 rhlay , .fun. II ) . 2,1.0 S
bulnrday , Jan. : : o . 2V.V4
AvornB °
Sworn to 1'cfnro tno and s nhserlhud In my
iirrsenco thlHuOlb day of Janunry. A. I ) . 18 1
SHAI. N. P. I'ltiu
Notary Public.
A UTTU : cntorprlKO nnd poralatonco
will plvo Omtihn a boot suptir factory
this.ycnr. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
PKKHAPS some nsttito diplomatic dem
ocrat can devise a moans of attacking
tlio free coinage problem piocomcal.
THEUE is something significant in the
fact tlmt ths fosoltition askiiif , ' President
Harrison to recall Minister Ejjan is
fathered by a man named Arnold.
Tin : straw votes now being taken entrains
trains , in legislatures and elsewhere are
entertaining enough , but it has long
BIICO ! boon learned that they neither
nominate nor elect presidents.
CATAHINO GAH/.A is a bettor looking
in in than the pictures in the nowapa <
pars indicate. This much can bo said
without incurring the displeasure of the
Mexican president , because ho could bo
very much better looking and still pass
for a bonlor dcaporado.
CAitniNAt. , GimioNS is intensely
American. Ho is also a preeminently
able prelate. If the conclave of car
dinals are looking for a pone who is
fully abreast with the ago to succeed
Lee XI1T the Baltimore cardinal will
meet the demand admirably.
GKNUIIAL BUTI.KK has gone upon the
principle that if you do not blow your
own horn verily tlio same shall not bo
blown. ITo therefore lays claim to al
the credit there was in sight for him
during the great rebellion. Butler
modesty was never his distinguishing
( haractoribtic.
TIIKKI : is now a rumor that Patrick
Kgan will bo transferred to China and
hi place will l > o ill led by the appoint
inontof Henry \V. Blair as minister to
Chili. In this way the fooling of the
two gentlemen would be greatly eased
and something like retribution would bo
moled out to botli China and Chili.
HOKIZOXTAL BILL MOKUISOX , view
ing the situation from his interstate
commerce porch , has decided thnt tlio
democrats want a western man for pros
idont. Ho has therefore ) consented to
enter the race. Democratic presidential
lightning is remarkably erratic. In the
lunirungoof the late lamented Pottingor
of Nebraska , it is just as liable to strlko
a peanut stand as a national bank. Mr.
Morrison may bo hit , improbable as
Bik'li a thing appears.
TIIOSIJ who have doubts as to whether
reciprocity has boon productive of any
practical bunoflts to the country will find
it instructive lo study the statistics of
trade with Cu a and Porto Uieo for tlio
month of December last. Those show
an increase of our exports for that
month of the previous year of 100 per
cent , and during tlio four months that
a part of the reciprocity agreement has
boon in force our export trade with the
islands lias grown to the extent of nearly
$3,000,000. , The full agreement will not
CO into effect until July 1 next , after
which iiHtlll grovtar : increase of trade is
reasonably to bj expected. A policy
which in HO brief a time brings sucli
benefits from a source where very largo
gains were not looked for is far from
being a humbug , as leading democrats
have pronounced it. When all tlio con
ditions are candidly cousldoieil reci
procity is doing bolter than its most
Bungulno friends oxpoclod , and there la
over } * reason to nnticiinto a steady increase -
crease of good results.
Tun National Boartt of Trade adopted
n resolution in favor of ohoapor teleg
raphy. In this it voiced ati almost uni
versal demand , but ono that is not likely
to bo met until the government is
enabled to establish a postal telegraph
lyatoin. It is useless for bo.irds of trade
or any ether organizations to ask the
telegraph monopoly for cheaner rates or
batter facilities and service. It will pay
nn attention to such requests. The only
hope of relief for thn people is in a postal
' telegraph'and if the present congrosa
has any genuine concern for the public
intorosta it can do nothing more likely
to promota them than to carry out the
recommendations of the postmaster gen
eral regarding a union of postal and
telegraph service. The United States
are behind every advanced country of
Europe in this rospool , and the time is
ripe for inaugurating the reform hero
The arguments in favor of doing HO are
conclusive , the popular approval of tlio
proposition is general , and all that is
necessary is toovjroomo the corrupting
inlluonco of monopoly in congress Uti-
'ortunatoly , this is so strongly intrenched
hat tha task of routing ft will not ho
easy , but thnt it will ultimately be driven
nit is not for a moment to bo doubted.
TIIK DKCISIOX.
The decision of the Untied States supreme
premo court in the LJoyd-Thayor caSe
sheds a now nnd most important lighten
on tlio question ol required citizenship.
It enunciates doctrines which go to the
fundamental principles of our repub
lican system , and are now judicial ! } de
clared for the first time in the history
of this government. Its olToct will bo to
correct some long-prevailing misconcep
tions regarding what is necessary to es
tablish citizenship.
While congress has enacted general
laws providing a uniform ruloof natural-
tuition for individuals , there have neon
numerous Instances of collective natural
ization by treaty or statuto. and the
opinion of the court Is thnt there can bo
no doubt that in the case of the admis
sion of a state 'collective naturalization
may bo olTocled In accordance with the
Intention of congress and the people ap
plying for admission. It Is necessary ,
in order to place the now state In all re
spects on an equality with the original
states , to adopt as citizens of the United
States these whom congress makes mem
bers of a political community , and who
wore recognized as such in the forma
tion of the now state with the consent of
congress. It is what congress does In
regard to citizenship that is to bo eon-
nldorcd , and not what the state may do.
Applying this doctrine to the Nebraska
case tlio court said that all who had de
clared their intention to become citizens
congress so regarded , and placed these
whoso irituralizatlon was incomplete in
the same category with persons already
citizens.
Regarding the contention that because
.Tinner 13. Boyd had never declared his
intention to become a citizen of the
United Stales , and the father had failed
to complete his naturalization before the
son attained his majority , therefore
James 13. Boyd could not bo held to have
been made a citizen by the admission of
Nebraska , tlio court held that the status
of Mr. Boyd was established by tlio fact
Lhnt for oror thirty yourj ho had on-
eyed nil the rights of citizenship ,
nnd that under the circunr'tancos ho
was entitled to claim citizenship ro-
urdlosb of the failure of .his father to
complete his naturalization. The oaths
10 had taken as a public ollicial and his
notion as a citizen entitled him to insist
ipon the benefit of his father's act , and
ilaced him in the same category as his
'ather would have occupied if he hud
emigrated to the territory of Nebraska.
That is to say , having fulfilled all the
requirements of territorial citizenship
within the intent and meaning of the
iicts of congress , Mr. Boyd became a
cltizon of the United States and of the
state by virtue of the several acts which
gave Nebraska statehood. The decision
vlso holds that the father of .fames 12.
Boyd completed the act of citizenship
n 1854 , thereby making the latter a
citizen , and in this opinion the court
was unanimous.
The decision is very voluminous , and
it is not only one of the most important ,
but also one of the ablest , decisions over
handed down by the supreme court. It
fully sustains the position of Justice
Maxwell of the supreme court of Ne
braska , and ia in complete accord with
the views of the editor of Tun BKK ox-
presaod in these columns last March
when thci case was before the state supreme
premo court.
AXD aooi ) WIIL.
The Chilian government certainly
ought to b'o satisfied with the note of
Secretary Blaine notifying it of the
necantnnco by the president of the ans
wer to the demands of this government.
In spirit and in langunjjo the note is
model of courtesy and friendly assurance.
The secretary of state informs the Chil
ian minister of foreign affairs that the
response of his government has giver
great pleasure to the people of the
United States nnd to the executive
department of the government , and
expresses the belief tliat it will render
a full and honorable adjustment of al
unsettled matters easily attainable.
Tlio Chilian government is assured o
the desire of the president to moot it ?
overtures in the most generous spirit ,
and with regard to tlio question o
reparation it is suggested that it may
ho settled by the usual diplomatic moth'
ods , the faenso of justice of Chili being
relied upon to bring the matter to
speedy and honorable conclusion. The
note is calculated , ns undoubtedly it
was intended , not only to fully reassure
the OhIIian government , but also tc
remove any fooling of humiliation whicl
may e.xi&t and to mollify popular passion.
It is absolutely free from any intimation
of a BOIIBO of superiority on the part of
the government of the United States
and accords as cordial consideration to
Chili as could ho extended to the most
powerful government. It the note of
Secretary Blaine doas not huvo the
ulTcct to calm the passions of all classes
of the Chilian people and induce a kind
lier feeling toward Americans tney are
indeed implacable.
Certain journals , whose capital as par-
tibiin organs Is in criticising the admlii-
ihtratiou , have charged that the presi
dent was hasty lu sending his message
to congress , nnd that ho had knowledge
v.'hon hi ) did so of the peaceful intentions
of the Chilian government. These piper -
per were from tlio Inception of the dllll-
unity opprwed to any aggressive action
on the part of the United States govern
ment in assorting its rights and main
taining its honor. They ridiculed the
claim that there was any honor or dig
nity at Htako , and declared it would bo
shameful for this country to attempt lo
inforco its demands. After the firm and
patriotic policy of the president 1ms
cleared the way for un honorable settlement -
mont it might reasonably have boon ex
pected that the carping ctltics would bo
silent if they could not say anything in
praise ot to signal a diplomatic victory ,
but they now attempt to disparage the
result by pretending that there was
never nny ether than the most friendly
intentions on the part of Chili. The
grout body of the American people can
not , however , bo inlluoncod by this sort
of uuputriotlii carping , They are en
tirely satisfied with what has been
accomplished , and they will not fail lo
give the credit whore it belongs. Prom
a 1'ko ' spirit of fault-finding comes the
complaint that the preparations for pos
sible war have cost tlio government
$2,000,000 ua if this amount was u com
plete waste. The greater j rt of it has
gonu into naval improvements that will
bo permanent , but oven If this were not
so it is an Insignificant expenditure if
Its effect was to avert war. At any rate
the world has more respect for this
country than it had throe months ngo ,
and this is worth something.
jriir.
Judge Scott'a charge to the grand
jury Is a remarkable doeumontln several
particulars. t'Vir ' a numuor of years no
grand jury has boon imp.'tnnolod In this
county , and the charge is therefore un
usually I'omprohonslvo in Us scopo. It
is also striking because of the strong
axhorUvtlon to the jury to spare no ef
fort in collecting evidence against un
faithful public ollicliils. Vho judge
speaks so plainly upon this point that
the jury cannot possibly overlook its
importance without something akin to
contempt of court. Unless he is wholly
rock Ioss in the expression of hla belief
regarding the conduct of public officials
within the last few years there should
bo some presentments made , for ho says ,
in the plainest possible words , that the
jurors cannot throw a stone without
hitting individuals that have violated
their sacred oaths of olllco.
The judge voices a conviction which
Is very general among our citizens.
Many clrqninstancos have led taxpayers
to the belief that city councilmen and
ether public , servants have not hesitated
to accept bonoflts from corpmitlons ,
contractors and individuals receiving or
seeking favor * at the hands of these
servants. The air has boon full of
rumors ot bribe-giving and corruption.
The grand jury has boon summoned to
inquire into those charges and rumors.
It should not be difficult to locate the
truth nnd to indict men who have
almost admitted their guilt in investi
gations hltho rte held.
Tlio grand jury if it does its whole
jluty will exert a wholcaomo moral in
lluonco upon the public service , whether
the men suspected of corruption are in
dicted or otherwise.
TJIK UA'IOX DKl'OT
Tlio Union Depot company may insiat
that Omaha is wrong and the company
right in thia depot controversy , but this
will not build the structure which the
businuss interests of the railways so
much demand Neither will It aid in
tho'final satisfactory hotllemont of the
dilliculty. Acrimonious discussion
mo rely prolongs the agony of both par
ties.
ties.Tlio
Tlio city can force the construction of
the Union depot if it undertakes it in
earnest without contributing ono dollar
by way of bonus. It is to bo hoped ,
however , the Union Depot company will
not force the issue either by its indif
ference or its impudence. What Omaha
and the companies both need is a Union
depot commensurate in coat and conven
ience with the requirements of the paa-
songer business centering in this city.
Tlio pcoplo of this city have been very
much exa&perated by what has seemed
to bo a purpose on the part of tlio do pot
company to evade plain provisions of a
solemn contract. Until the corporation
shows beyond question that it will act
in absolute coou faith there is llttlo
probaollity of an adjustment of the con
troversy on lines involving the question
ul delivery of the depot bonds and deed
ing the depot grounds.
The Union Depot company must
abandon its theory that Omaha is en
tirely wrong and the company entirely
right before negotiations looking to nn
amicable understanding can bo ex
pected. The sooner the company
reaches the conclusion that aomo conces
sions uro duo from itself to Omaha , the
soonoi ; will it bo possible for the whole
controversy to bo satisfactorily-adjusted.
The longer a settlement ia postponed
the moro dilllcult will it , become to roach
an agreement.
Ruv. O. II. Si'UiuusoN of London is
dead. Tlio announcement , though not
unexpected , carries grief to Christian
he'arts every where. Mr. Spurgoon has
for many years been the most distinguished
tinguishod pulpit orator of the English-
speaking world. Hiu sermons have been
the inspiration of thousands of less fa
mous men , and his Metropolitan Tuber
uncle hue never failed to draw and hold
the attention of as many as could bo
comfortably accommodated within its
spacious auditorium. In addition to hie
weekly sermons , whicli have been regu
larly published ainco 1853 , the grput
preacher has found time to write
number of religious works , which are
accepted as authority by all Evangelical
clergymen. Tlio charities conducted
under bin supervision huvo likewise
been widcapread in their inlluonco and
extremely practical in character. Ho
was a pure man , devoted wholly to his
noble calling , u Arm ndhorent to the
doctrines of the Baptist denomination ,
but , liberal and charitable toward nil ,
and a clergyman of exceptional execu
tive ability , as well us eloquence. Ilia
place will bo dilllcult to fill.
OMAHA now employes sixty cigar
makers. Before tlio opening of the
Home patronngo campaign the number
was thirty-five. White the increase at
this dull season of the your is gratifying
there should bo 1,000 oigarmnkors rogir
larly employed in thin city. Oiuulin
alone amokos cigars enough to employ
this number , The cigar manufauturors
should bo encouraged , however , byvlia
has boon accomplished unu by maintain
ing the quality of their goods bhow the
people they are entitled to homo patron
TIIK futile attorn pt of Interested par
ties to make the Board of Health as in
dependent of other brandies of tbu oil }
government as ia the Board of Fire ant
Poll i' Commissioners Is responsible for
the bungling provision of the city ehur-
tor relntivu to the public health depart
mont. In their greed for olllco thoj
overstepped themselves.
AsANITAUVcniiiinlseloner ittlL'00 poi
annum is a luxury and not a necessity
This is a good time lo lop elf luxuries.
AlJKN governor Is a term of reproacl
which the supreme court pronounces t
libel an applied to James E. Boyd.
THKIII : is as muili ! reason for dividing
the Seventh and Ninth wards us the
Sixth. Wo can null along with eighteen
counetnon ! y/of / , ! awhllo. The Tenth
ward Is not essdntlal to the city'a proa-
porlty or to HIS'wolfaro of Sixth ward '
' "
taxpayers ,
SoMK of our focal horsemen look with
aver upon th'tPlilea of building a racing
ruck in East $ $ uihn. This is ono result
of laying out in/town with nn eye single
o trackage facilities.
w r
TIIK fnrmoramif Douglas county will
jo wise if thovjUit the city capitalists to
ho test and guarantee enough sugar
) oota to maintain n factory in Omaha.
Louis IlKiMUOD can now tlio his ro-
> ort as oil inspector with the real gov
ernor. It will Imvo a place in the state
archives.
PIIIML > AxnitKS will not now an-
rngonizo the ordinance which wipes out
the olllco of sanitary commissioner.
THE ex-sheriff of Dodge county is now
very glad ho resigned in time to escape
the hanging bee of last spring.
A imMOuitATIO administration in No-
liraaku ia a novelty which will wear oil
by November.
Alt , THUltul Ed Cams. Did you hoar
of that explosion in Washington'1 '
Vmry U > HH Tariff lloriirm.
ll'im/idif/dm / I'nsf.
If , as the democratic organs claim , reci
procity Is free irado lu spots , is not Mr"
Springer's tariff policy protection In patches !
'
-
\Vlth 11 TlKiir Uniiimiit. |
A number of Now Yorlc politicians have
constructed what seems to thorn to bo a
mountain , tint which hni to ether parts of
the country the aspects of n mole Hill.
o
.lushing Our Court H.
CVi/rnyo / filler Offdll.
A convict m Nebraska whoso term of
sorvloo has Just expired has rocolvod notice
from the courts that "a now trial" will bo
granted him. The Nebraska courts nro
nearly ns brisk as the courts of Chill.
The Drmncrutlo Drift.
ninlic-flcmomit.
The drift of democratic sontltnent is un
questionably in favor of Hill Just now , but
there uro many cbaucos for htm to ioso his
advantage during tbo next four mouths , and
It may be lhat fate U merely encouraging
him at present for the purpose of ( jotting n
decisive whack at him In June.
Kopoul of n rooIlHh Il\v. :
Kansas City Star.
The press of Now York has named a great
victory In the passage of u bill allowing re
porters to witness executions. On Its own
side the press should now defer to decent
sentiment and refrain from the hideous and
oxhaustlve dotalU Which can pander only to
the lowest and most morbid impulse.
Outlivedllollotx nnit KuliiRy.
P/iftarWphfrt / llttortl.
General Honry.A. . liarnum , who died In
Now Y'ork yesterday , was Inft for dead on
the field of Malvorn Hill. A body supposed
to have boon his was buried , and a funeral
oration was delivered nt his homo. This did
not prevent him , however , from taking n con
spicuous part iiijOthor campaigns. Ills name
will ahvays shiuo with luster on the national
roll of honor. '
T.iuiiciituiloiis ut Imimry , '
Clitcagn Itltrr Ocean.
The editor of the St. Louis Republic Is
still the maddest man In the stnto of Mis
souri. People who know bow the odllor has-
boon kicked and cuffed all aloni ; the line
dou't wonder at it , but , on the contrary , on joy
the spectacle. Just nowho is mad at
"Drigadlor General Ben Harrison , com-
mandcr-in-chiof on the Wounded Knee. "
The Republic palls in anguish for "unoiner
bucket of pappooso blood. " Perhaps Brer
Crisp can furnish it.
3UXISTKK KG AX.
Chicago Post : It Is ouvtous enough that
there isn't the slightest "jail" for presentIng -
Ing Minister Ecun with a handsomely bound
copy of the ' 'Complete Letter Writer. "
Now York Tribune : The expression In
Mr. Egan's letter whtob Senor Malta con
strued as a threat was this : ' 'If the facts DO
as reported by Captain Schloy , ni > govern
ment cannot doubt that the government of
your excellency will offer to II prompt nnd
full reparation. " The man who cannot dis
criminate between a compliment and u threat
is too deficient in his mental equipment , to
serve as a responsible minister.
Philadelphia Press : Minister Egan is
amply vindicator from every charge made
r.Raiust him by the recora and by President
Harrison's message. Ho has done his duty
under trying circumstances , with strict rnf-
oronco to Iho claims of humanity , the obliga
tions of n neutral and his position as tbo rep
resentative of a great and friendly rouublic.
Mr. Egan came tojils work , as most of dlplo-
mallsls do , without previous training or ex
perience , nnd the general verdict will bo
that , like Mr. Wnshburno In Paris , ho has
acquitted himself with ability , courage and
Independence.
Now York Sun . The Minllarity of discus
sion upon the Chilian matter found In the
English newspapers and ! n American news
papers that cultivate a inugwiimplsh nympa-
thy with Chill's attltudo cf uollanco , is
marked distinctly. A prlmo cause of agree
ment in sneering at the American efforts to
obtain reparation for the Baltimore outrage
is Kgan. They don't like the American min
ister to Chill , and almost every atlorapt to
support Chill's side of the controversy will
bring in Egan ns a jimitlcation ; whereas the
fact is that Mr. Egan has no more to do with
the Issue bijtweeii this country and Chill , or
can by no possibility bo moro of a factor In
Its consideration and adjustment than thn
man on the unseen sldo of the moon. So
much for the Kgan Idoa.
TIIISKS lltllKOXS MA Y UK I'Ol'K.
Ur , MciJIymi l ! llov i Thorn Are ( iixxl 1'rim-
piiutH for the Carilliml.
NKW YoitK , FiJB. 1. Dr. MeUlynn , spool-
ingot the possibility of the next pope being
un American , sayailhat twcnly years ago it
would have sountklil ridiculous to talk of the
prospects of there bplng nn American cardi
nal , but Iho potM nl agitation of tuosun-
Jocl bv American newspaper * forced the pu
pal sue to iippomknicarulnal lu thn counlrv.
The coinplliMlioi jWf ( European politics , Or.
McOlynn Haul , may render ll udvisabio on
the death of the tuwtonl pope lo appoint mi
American us his.iuecesser. ( Komo such solu
tion of the question which imitates Italy
must bo found , or another revolution similar
to that which shooJc Franco a century ago
would bo the reiulU'
"Tho ni'xt coiifflwn of cardinals , " he con
tinued , "will in .aUprobahililv bu held out-
aide of Uomo , wimU ; means thnt for tl.o Hr l
tiino in ; i.VJ carijuo pope will not uo un
Iiullun , II uunliol be n Fienchmaii or u
( erintin , still leiu un Englishman , so It looks
us Uioui-h selection would huvo to bu made
from this country , in which event Cardinal
Gibbons would bo named. "
Lr. ) McGlynn thought that Cardinal Gibbons
bens would make an excellent pope Lceauao
he U go Intensely American und is possessed
of good common sense , unu sagacity enough
to meet all the dlfllcultlei of the papacy , IIU
rolgn would bathe bediming of n glorious
era for the Cathaljo ( Uiuroh.
\\rn\i\ct \ \ ul tliu lliirlliiRtiin.
CmcAdo , 111. , Kob'Tha { btutomeiit o (
the Burlinb'lon system for 18'.H show * net
earnings of jl.ij'n.lW ) , un increase of
llulliiln Hill itad Cuiilli'ld Sull.
QiiKNaiow.v : , Kob. l.--Spoclul |
to TIIK UKi-\V. : | r. Cody ( UultJlo Bill )
nnd his private fiecro'ury ' , Sherman Oanllehl ,
sailed yi" terJuy by thj Urania for Now
York. After n day or two in Gotham they
will go to Uninhn , which H famous throuRh-
out the continent the dwelling placa ot
Colonel Cody and hi * atTablo secretary , who
hns ' Just closed a season with the border
drama "A White Mly , " pUycd to big bnsl-
iicn throughout the"provinces. . The Wild
West show H In winter quarters In London ,
Major UurKo remaining ( hero to look after
things.
r.v nr A , i/.i ; > IMII.MIH ,
Hnlr-r.iiHliif ; i\pi-rlciirii : nt I'IMMMIRPM oil
tlu < On-KiMi Mmrl I , Inc.
K \iUiTY , Mo. , Feb. 1. Probably one
of the most oxclttnt ; Incidents over known In
railroading U told hero by .lullu * Smltt , who
has Just returned irom a trio lo the north-
weal. Ho win in Tacomn , Wash. , fqr some
time on n vttlt nnd on his return started back
ever the OreRon Short Lino. The road loads
aloni : Iho biiso of the mountains nnd the
ptwsongors were enjoying a line view for
some distance and everything appeared to bo
going on nicely , until suddenly It was no
tlcod thnt the train wns Rradtially'lncreaslns
In speed until in fairly How along the rails ,
Tha passengers began to got tinoasy , hut
when they saw the conductor and brakonmn
riiiih frantically toward the front of the train
they know that something serious wns the
mailer. Fatter and faster How the train un
til It bounded from slllc to side nt n fearful
rate , nnd tlio frightened pnssungors were
thrown about the car llko so many puppets.
Trees and poles Hashed by nnd the train was
going nt a clip of n hundred miles an hour
whllo It seemed only a mlrnclo which kept It
on the track. Around curves It would spin
almost flinudlng tlio poor victims on their
bonds , while they were every moment ex
pecting to bo dashed to pieces. The con
juctor soon discovered that the engineer had
gone mad. lie stopped for nothing , but
Unshod past the stations at lightning speed
and for n stretch of sny Hvo miles the train
wont so fast thnt It wns Impossible for the
passengers to hold their scats.
The fireman could not bo soon in the cab
nnd It wns determined to mnlto an effort to
got to the nmdmnn before ho Rent the whole
train load of people to eternity. The con-
.dnctor and brakonmn crawled along the tender -
dor and worked their way Into the engine behind -
hind Iho engineer , who stood with his head
buro und his long hair ( lowing back as ho
gazed ahead , multoring to himself. With a
blow the madman was laid to the lloor and
the conductor shut oil steam and gradually
brought the train to u standstill.
The madman was secured nnd a dispatch
wns sent bank over the road asking for In
formation regarding the llromnn. It was
discovered thnt nt tlio laststopplng place tba
engineer had shoved the Ilrom.ui from the
engine Just us ho started and then pulled out
full speed. The onclnear was always sober
and had never shown any signs of Insanity
boforo.
r.\minTVN KIGKXHU nir.t
Liquor Doalrrs * Measure Iiitrodtit'f'd lu till )
> Vw York I.uRlHliiturv.
Nnw YOUK , Feb. 1. W. H. Arnotix , A. W.
Loser and Robert Graham , on behalf of Iho
Associated Temperance Excise Reform Sun
day and Protective League organizations of
this city , have Issued an appeal to the people
of tho.stale against the proposed excise legis
lation nt Albany , nnd they summarize its
provisions thus ;
The organized society of Ilipior dealers has
presented the most lol'tiuitous measure ever
introduced in nny legislative body In any
civilized community.
1. ft legalizes the sale of liquors on Sunday
from 1 a. m. to t a. m. on Mondnv.
" . Under what Is technically known ns the
"police spy" ease , It prevents any adequate
Inspection of saloons 'luring prohibited hours
or any possibility of obtaining proof of illicit
sales ,
: i. It places no restrictions on the number
of licenses granted and reduces tbo license
foes.
4. It virtually repeals the civil damage not.
5. It withdraws the power of local option.
( ! . ft gives power of appeal to the liquor
denier and withholds It from the citizen.
7. It gives permission for all night sales.
S ov run v
ICato I'leld' " ! Washington says that the
brotherhood of man Is slowly but surely em-
hraulne the wonion.
Chicago Trlbiirin : John Hull What could
yon Imvo done with that llltlo navy of yours ,
nnvhow ?
Uncle SHIII ( pointing to his sailors ) : Go road
the answer in these tars
I'ni'lc : Klist ElectricWlreWlth nil their
kloKlmr. tnoro is one tiling people never
thrrntcn to do to us.
Second Elootrlc Wire What Ii that ?
I'll it Klcctilc Wire Handle us without
Il.irper'H nnar : Architect And on these
panels you wish , t believe , the double convo
lute.
lute.Mrs. . Nouvi > au Oli , no. indeed ! 1 mild I
wanted just a plain wiggle running down ouch
side.
FIACC i-KiiciiKi ) iiiinr.
MlntiftmllK ) Ti f/uiiic /
Now whlto-wingod peace broods gontlv o'er
the land.
Illiielc , low'rliiK war-clouds quickly change
tholr line
To lints of rose and pearl , with ( locks of blue
In recognition of your tTnolo Samuel's Hand ;
Athwart the rifts shlnus frlondslilp'ti binlllng
sun ;
The dove returns with vurilnnt oil vu hough.
1'u I r C'hlll bus escaped an ugly row ,
And Johnny gladly puts away his gun.
Rood News : Illnklo- had a great notion
to lick my hey for gutting to the bottom of his
coiruphv ola'-s today. 1'liiK'lo Why didn't
you ? Illnklr Wull. liu iiiit seine of the ques
tions to ma that tliu luuohur put tn him , and
us I couldn't nnsunr one of 'om 1 let him go
and licked the teacher.
Smith's Monthly : Goodman Smith Why
not come to oliureh , lltown ? You would hoar
a huniiliful scin , on.
lliuldon llnnvn My dear hey , I licuid one
when I uaino homo nl 9 o'clock this morning.
and 1 can't st.ind anolher today.
liodiuMtor 1'osli I'fist Dox Shall wo Invllo
TiiwserV
Becimd Dox No. bo's not a bit stylish.
Hist Dos lie's gut a line now winter coat.
Second Dog Ves , but there nro no creuses In
his iiants.
Olothlur nnd Knrnlslier ; I'oathoralono Doyen
yon bullovn In ghosts ?
'J'ravori Wn'.l ' , for years I Imvo been living
In a haunted house.
Koulliorstono You don't toll mo ? Who U It
hiuinlud by ?
Truvors Ity my tailor ,
Till ! 1MIET ANI > TIIK ItOSK.
l > ne ! ; .
The Poet :
I.et mn pluck the , and madly quaff
Thy buaiily , O nmtchle- . ! rose !
The Hose :
Iliihl ihou two dollars und a hulf
Uoncouluil within
Ohlotiso Tlmus : "Whuro huvo our pouts
pono'r" ImjulrcH Wu'trr ' lies. ml. Into the 1.0:1 : p
and lonth uowdur bnslnesc , peilmps.
WonMvt .Miss Tuluphust My
hands are qnllo clndoy. Mny
Miss I'huiturliy What iln you moan , dour ?
Why , chappy , yon know.
lioc'liostor Post : Thn Tioy l.iumlry plrls
seem to have MriK'k while thn irons weie
lioi ,
IVm'ru Ouzulto : ll h easy to rovlvo a faint
Hlftinss : The uxorcMnz of horsoa Jnit bo-
fora a nice U the pieiunhle.
AIA , IHtXK.
Itevleif.
[ to Uilkod nliout divinity , and pondered un
Infinity ,
Anil spokcof base humanity ui nrilmalculue.
Un .studied up astronomy , the nclonre of
autonomy.
And wondmid If Insanity was common to
the Hon.
llu plnnned Into /ootomy und wanderel
through phlebotomy.
And rend for wcuUs on history from Adam
down to ( Into
llu an lured on thco diiy , and dwu I upon
cosine -ony
And Miniiili'cl deep the mystery attending
liiimiin fate.
Uo showed supreme unxluty forliito und early
iili'ty.
And H | > olelth Kraut felicity of higher
st.u a- , than this.
lie lectured quite dranr.it cully to show how
The force of eluolrlclty wus central Ina I ; Us.
Hot while with such intensity he spouted on
,
IIU wito with hVM.'et dc vex Ity WHS cutting
qilllO ll dash ;
And with Mich lir.-ennlty she munkoyud hit
annuity.
Jle found lu his perplexity uliu'd drosrd
away hla cash.
AFFIRMED THE BEE'S VIEWS
Mr. Eosowatjr's ' Citizenship
. Opinion Upon Boytl's
zenship as Expressed Last Spring ,
A CONCISE STATEMENT OF THE CASE
I'rrsmts till' ( irniliuls fur III" Hr-lli'l"
Tim I iliinirs I' , lln > ilViis u
( 'ItUrn When lUoctcil
Uuvrriinr ,
Last March , when the Uoyd-Thayor con
test ctiso was pending before the state
supreme court , the editor of Tun UKK pub-
llshed ever his nnino n revlow of the subject
nnd clearly outlined the grounds upon which
ho based his opinion that.lnmos B. UoydAvns
n full-Hedged cUt7cn when elected nnd therefore -
fore eligible to the olllco of governor.
A few editors of tno state press railed at
Tim Ili'.i : for taking this stand nnd dubwd
the editor "Judgo , " ItitlmUntlng that ho as
sumcd to bo the fourth member of the stnto
supreme court , oto.
In view of the fact thnt the national supreme
remo court has reversed the decision of the
state court , Tun UIH : will bo pardoned for
reproducing In this Issue Mr. Hosowntor's
editorial of March 30 , IS'.ll , as follows
Alien or Cltl/rn.
A bitter partisan controversy has boon In
progress In this state for morn than three
months ever the eligibility of James K. Hoyd
to till the oOlco of governor. At the urgent
request of it number of prominent citizens ,
republicans and democrats , 1 have decided to
present the conclusions 1 tiavo reached after
thorough research and mature deliberation.
Was James E. Ho.vd a citizen of the United
States for two years previous to the -Ith o/
November , IS'.K ) , or was ho an nllon at that
data !
If ho was an nllon at that data , In other
words , n citizen of Great Britain on the day
ot election , no act of his own slnco the day of
election could make him eligible.
1 nui fully convinced that .lames E. Boyd
had boon a full citizen of the United Suites
for twenty-three years when ho became a
candidate for the ofllco of governor. This
citizenship , 1 hold , was acquired by the acts
of congress under whicli Nebraska was
carved out as a territory and adnltto.l Into
the sisterhood of states.
The Kansas-Nebraska bill of ISM , which
became the organic law under which the ter
ritory of Nebraska was governed for thirteen
years , conferred the right of suffrage upon
every actual white male resident of ai who
was a cltl70n of the United Stntos nnd these
( foreigners ) who snail have declared on oath
their Intention to become such and shall
bavo taken an oath to support the constitu
tion of the United States and the laws of
Nobraska.
These persons were not only qunlllled to
vote , but also to hold every elective oftleo in
the territory. By nn act of the territorial
legislature passed In pursuance of the or
ganic act , the nirht of suffrage and citizenship -
ship was conferred upon all per'.ons of for
eign birth of ! il years and ever who hail de
clared their Intention to become citizens of
the United States , and had boon actual resi
dents of the territory for n period of six
months.
James E , Boyd came to Nebraska in IS50.
Ho was of foreign birth , but his father had
taken out declaration papers before the son
had ronchod ttio npro of 10. When the lather
formally renounced his allegiance to Great
Britain nnd took the oath of alleghuico to the
United States , ho severed nil political iclu-
tlons with Great , Britain , not only for him
self , but for every member of tils familv.
When James E. Boyd found himself
a resident of Nebraska six months ho was In
position to acquire territorial citizenship
without any individual declaration renounc
ing allegiance to Queen Victoria. That act
had boon performed for him by his father
und would have been so regarded by any
court had ha seen lit to apply for his Until
naturalization papers. It is manifest , thcre-
fore , and is a matter of record ibat James E.
Boyd was a legal voter in the territory at
loajt ton yo rs bolero Nebraska was ad
mitted into tlio union.
In duo time Boyd was elected to the territorial -
torial legislature , und when ho took the outli
to support the national constitution and the
laws enacted under it ho futllllod every re
quirement proscribed by the organic net for
citizens of Nohrasua. If ho was an alien
when ho landed on Nobrasku soil , which I
believe cannot bo maintained if bis father's
undisputed absolute renunciation of fealty to
Queen Victoria was valid , ho certainly ceased
to bo an alien after ho became a citizen of
Nebraska und ono of her territorial law
makers. Nobody will contend that oven at
that stage ho could have boon claimed ru n
British subject or entitled to any protection
from British authorities.
When Nebraska was invited to outer the
union James E. Boyd was not moraly an in
habitant of the territory , hut n citizen enti
tled to every prllogo enjoyed by all other
citizens of Nonraska. But he was not yet a
citizen of the United States.
On ftlurch 1 , 18(57 ( , the president of the
United States issued his proclamation in con
formity with the enabling net declaring Nebraska
braska admitted into tha union on nn equal
footing with thn original states without any
further action whatever on the part of con
gress. By this solemn and Irrevocable- act
Nebraska was endowed with the full sovereignty
eignty of statehood , and lior citizens , regard
less of race , nativity or previous condition ,
became sovereigns and peers of the citizens
of every other state in the union. Every
citizen of Nebraska was made a full eiti/en
of the United Statoi without luther formal
ity.
ity.Thus
Thus James IS. Boyd. than a oitlzon of
Nebraska , became a fullflcdged citizen of the
United States , and In mv judgment has been
a cltuen of the United States ever slnco.
In answer to tnobe who insist that nobody
could become a citizen of the United Status
without complying with every technicality of
the naturalization laws , I will point out some
established precedents und suggestive possi
bilities.
Sam Houston , a nntlvo of Virginia , re
moved to Mexlcn nnd alter some years' resi
dence helped to establish thoToxan republic.
As president of that republic , Houston had
foresworn biz allegiance to the United States
nnd was un alien to all intents and purposes ,
as If ho had nuvcr ucon born In the United
Stales. When Texas was admitted into the
union she came in llko Nebraska , on a per
fect equality with tha original states , Hous
ton wus elected United Slate * senator and
took his seat without renewing his ulloirluncu
and notwithstanding the provision of tha
constitution that , , requires uvorv Honator lo
have been n cltizon ol the United. Slates for
nine yuurs previous to nis election. Does It
stum ! to reason that the Inhabitants of terrl-
torioi acquired by conquest or purchase tire
lo enjoy greater privileges and immunities
thnn the citizens of organized territories of
the United States (
Let us assume that Canada hnd bean an
nexed and an enabling act wore passed , un
der which Canada was admitted into the
union. By that act Canada would bo entitled
ut loan to one member of congress and two
United Stales sonators. Now , nobody n
eligible to u sent in the lower house unless
ha has been a ritlron of tha Unlled States
seven years , und nobody is eligible 10 the
Fonala unless ho has been a full citizen of the
United States nlnn years. I should llko to
know how the Canadians could gel repio-
sentution in the national loglslatuio. All
Canadians would become full citizens by the
treaty of annexation , but if dUtohood was to
follow UH a n.iri of the treaty no Canadian
would bo eligible lo a seat lu either hnuso on
toclinicn ! grounds. How , then , would the
stale of Canada bo admitted on an equal
footing with the other states In the union I
To my mind the conviction is overpower
ing that Ihonct by which Nobraska'wns
made n state made every territorial cltizon of
Nebraska the poor of nny ether ollinon of the
United States , B. KOSKWATCIU
t.
.so.v run i'iustni\T ,
llorlrontnl Illll tins Asplriitlous tit llrnil
dm DciiKirliltlc Niitlniiitl Ticket.
Cuii'Mio lit itr.U' or Tun HKK , )
Cmcvuo , Ii.t. , Fob. 1. I
Hon. William It. Morrison appears ns n
vundldato for tha democratic nomination for
Iho president nnd his friends in Illinois
have started n movement to glvo him the
delegation nnd cut out Oonoral Pnlmor.
Uhlcrtt'o democrats do not take kindly to the
scheme , bill are gener.illy In favor of giving
I'nlmei Illinois' endorsement and standing
In n position lo take advantage of events In
1 the Ctovolaml-Htll conflict. . To ascertain
I what the real situation Is between the
[ Cleveland nnd Hill factions before the Cook
county democrncy can bo committed to any
person "br policy , Hon. John P. Hopkins
will .go to Now York and mnko
n personal Investigation of the affairs re.
luting to the presidential nomination.
A story Is allo.it to the effect thnt ox
Congressman Lewis E. 1'ayson of the Ninth
congressional district will soon return from
Washington and announce himself ns a can
dldnto for the republican nomination for
governor ,
Wiinliliiirno I'MMH-S r.lrtutcd Tnirks.
Mayor Wasnburno has Just returned from
the cast 11 r inly committed to the elevation oC
railroad trucks In this city.
" 1 Wont east to satisfy taysolt that elevated
terminals nro n success nnd that Ihoy nro nX
benollt to tha punllc"Hntdhe. "I ciiniohnck '
with my mind made up on both points. I am
ready to declare myself In favor
of elevating nil the railroad tracks within the
city limits. I shall use my best efforts lo
have this Improvement made la Chicago us
soon ns possible. It Is n duly which the cliy
council owes to the public to force all roads
entering the cliy lo olovnlo Iheir tracks. "
lluhhi'd u I'rciiclirr-Kilttor.
Kov. Henry M. Field , a brother of Cvnu
W. Fieldwho pro.ichod In the Sixth Pwsby-
loriun church In this city yesterday , wiis ro-
llovod of his overcoat during Iho mornini ?
service. Upon entering tno church Or.
Field was accompanied by ono of the deacons
to the ward 10bo Immediately in Iho roar of
the pulpit , where he removed his $75 over
coat. When Hie services wuro ever Ur.
Field discovered Unit a sneak tliief had on-
tared through n back door. The pastor made
him u loan of u coat and the church will
probably present him with a new ono before
ho loaves Chicago. Ur. Fluid look the Inci
dent philosophically nnd remarked that ha
guessed the world's ' fair city wns 100 swift
for him.
Odds mill llnds ,
Public bath houses , It H expected , will boone
ono of the subjects to come before the city
council tonight. The subject will come up
In the shape of an ordinance providing for
j the erection and muinlummcoby Iho city of a
number of such rosorls. Similar ordl
nances have boon presented to the coun
cil , but have boon invariably referred
to committees and l.uvo died there.
Little ii-your-old Sam \Viirlski slept In a
cell at the West Chicago station last night.
Hoforo ho slept In an ash barrel loss than u
block from Ills home at 707 Holt street , from
which ho hud been turned out by tils mother
and stepfather. Toilay tha humane society
wits asked to look after htm. and at some
time take steps toward punishing his mothei
and stop-father for their cruelty.
The olllctrs of the Economic Gas company
enter u vigorous don ml of the story telegraphed -
graphed from Now York that they huvo boon
swallowed up by the gas trust.
Jucu llunnon and Billy McMuhon , West
Side amateurs , fought to "a llnlsh In tlio rear
of a theater on West Madison street. Although - '
though the contest was In Hannon's favor
throughout , it proved to bo quite n ilorco af
fair , McMahon being knocked out In cloven
rounds. In this connection It is stated that
"on the " being
weekly prize lights quiet" are
hold in the Owl , Alderman Van Praag's sa <
loon , on State street.
The Hollanders of Chicago propose to erect
in ono of the parks a monument to William
of Orange , surnnmud the Silent.
A fanner near Lisbon , 111. , is doing a pay
ing business raising turtles. P. A ,
HA.v.Inoni ; : is A roa.
Tli Sti'iiiiixliip I lilt > r U rucltcd nut llui
LONDON , Fob. 1. A dispatch received this
morning stales Ihutlho North Gorman Lloyd
Sloamor Eider from Now York for Bremen
went ashore last night In u fog at St. Cuth
erlno's Point , Isle of Wight. Tugs have boon
sent to take oil the passengers und pull tin
steamer oft the ledge. The ugonts of the
company stnto there Is no cause for alarm
either tor the .safely of ihojpasjongnra or the
vesbel.
The tugs have reached the Elder , but nn
attempt will he mudo to ( 'et bar off until high
tldo this evening.
\
.Murilcil to ICnrupo tint Itrliiriniitory.
NBWIIUWI , N. Y. , Fob. 1. Miss Mattlo
Shaffer , the 10-yaur-old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Alonzo Shaffer of Red Hook , was mar
ried to Jeremiah Moore of the same place ,
whoso ngo Is 7Tho caromony was per
formed at tbo bridegroom's olllcu in lied
Hook by Justice Kdgar L. Traver. Tlio pa
rents of Miss Shatter hud commenced proceedings
coodings to have lier committed to a reform
atory when tha aged Mr. Moore gallantly
stopped In and married her , thus becoming
the guardian , protector and future judge of
his girl-wife's conduct.
DUiuihii mill Superstition In Itnsxlii.
LONDON , Fob , 1. The OJossu uornHpon
dent of the Daily News says typhus in
spreading ulnrinlnijly. In largo towns lu
Ihnl region all Iho hospitals nro illled and
prlvato buildings nro being converted Into
Hospitals , Tliu Is tlio slalo of alTuirs exist
ing in Mnscovn. A correspondent writing
from Ransom declares that the moro super-
stilious portion of tno peasantry believe that
count Tolstoi is anti-Christ , nnd decline lo
accept his bounty for four they will commit
tholr souls to perdition.
Stole l < i ( ; < ! llrcml.
Some days ugo Fred Dukor&lolo n quantity
of clothing from u man named Miller , who H
employed ut Shivoriok's. linker was ar
rested lust evening anil told a pitiful story.
Ho uumitlc.l committing the crime , hut said
that ho was hu.ngry and destitute ut the
lime , and had lo do something to get a meal ,
Since that time Halter claims 10 huvn found
work , und wants to make some sort of settlement
mont with Miller , This will probably bo
done If the clothing Is recovered ,
i ( inn I'liiyliilni-H * ot it Child ,
JlA > Uirr , Midi. , J''iui. l.-.Iohn Olffol , n
HhnumuKor , and hU wife and IS months-old J
child , were horribly uuriind last nlghl. ( Jlf
fol was rjpalrinir shoes nt his bench und hnd
n largo lump huni/ing before him. Tliu child
thruw u hummer , striking tlio lump , shutter
ing It and throwing Iho burning oil over the
father and child , salting lire lo their clothes.
The screams of Ihci child brought Iho mother
lo tho.sceno und In attempting to suujiw the
flames she wai badly burned.
Wheat Not Injured ,
, Kun. , Fob. 1 , The < icrctrry ol
Iho Sluto Board of Agriculture has an-
nounojd thnt wheat fas suffered no dumngu
so far , but that the conditions must he ex
tremely fuvorublu to Insure u good crop.
Strike hiiccuMHliilly Arlillrutinl ,
iNDUNAi'ot.iH , [ ml. , Feb. 1 , Tliu Hoard of
Aibitrntion tuU morning rendered a decision
In tno lulu street car slrlko nullifautory to
both sides.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
\