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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 20, 1891)
PflRT ONE , THE PflGES 1-8.
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TWENTY-FIRST YEAH. OMAHA. SUNDAY MOKNING , SEPTEMBER 20 , 1891-SIXTEEN PAGES. NUMBEK 04.
JUST COMING OUT.
English Mantifaotnrcra Beginning to See the
McKinley Law's ' Effects ,
WHAT A LEADING COTTON FACTOR SAYS ,
Hia Market in America for Ohcap Goods is
ONLY THE FINER GRADES WANTED HERE.
Luxurious Tastes of the United States Still
Supplied from Abroadi
EVEN THIS W.LL BE LOST IN TIME.
Chance Tor Yankee Ingenuity to did
Trade on 'i'liln Sldo
the Atlantic ilcclnroc-
1S01 bit James ( laninn ncmn/1.1 /
ini , Eng. , Sept. 19.-Now [ Voric
Herald Cable Special to Tun Br.n.J As
: the enormous stocks of fabrics crowded
Into America In anticipation of the McKinley
tariff law begin to bo exhausted the British
inanuiacturors and exporters nro getting
n gllmpso at the real effects of the
now duties. The heaviest blow
has fallen on Bradford and Leeds ,
whcro the woolen industries are fainting
under the shock. On nil sides the feeling Is
bitter , but the influence of the McICInloy
law on coiton manufactures , while very dis
tant , Is not so serious as it may bo.
It Is thought that the relation of
British weavers to the raw cot
ton market may In tlmo result
in lowering the vnluo of the
cotton crop in America. Hitherto a portion
of the American crop hns boon paid for the
exchange of manufactured cottons. Tnls has
had the olfcct of keeping the prlco of raw
material very high. Should the American
market for manufactured poods be cut off ,
and all the payments bo made in cash , it is
clear the manufacturers would insist upon
One of the clearest headed representatives
of the cotton manufacturers in Manchester is
Mr. Barlow of the llrm of Barlow & Jones ,
the leading makers of decorative cotton quilts
nnd counterpanes in the world. They are
nUo extensive manufacturers of towels and
AVhat Mr. flat-low Suld.
"It Is almost too early to lorm n. final
opinion as to the effects ot the McKinley
tariff in our trndo , " said Mr. Barlow. "Still
wo are bcglnnine to sco the drift of it. Tbo
McKinley law Is driving us out of the lower
into the higher grades. You see
these counterpanes , fshowing some
cheap ones ] nro of n very
low grade. Wo sold them for twoorthroo
shillings. Our orders from America were
for tens of thousands. Wo had an enormous
trade In thorn. Now wo send none to Amer
ica , for Americans are making them them
selves. The tariff prevents us from com
"But look at thcso other counterpanes.
You sco thcro is hand embroidery upon them.
That quality is exceedingly fine. And look
nt the work so exquisitely dono. These wo
sell for ! iO shillings each. The tariff on them
Is cnormops , nnd yet wo sell thorn and ex
pect to Increase our American trade iu that
"But where wo sold tens ot thousands of
others , wo only sell hundreds of these. Wo
bavo mado. up our minds that the American
market is permanently closed to us for com
mon manufactured cottons , and that the only
Hold open is for fancy work for articles deluxe
luxo , us the French would say. At the pres
ent tlmo American manufacturers have not
yet worked up to the finer articles
in cotton. So long as wo conllno
ourselves to this line wo shall have the trade.
American people who nro rich have luxurious
tastes. If the tariff on these things is high
they don't mind paying the difference in
price. Our manufactured cotton trade with
America now resolves itself into the question
of suiting the tastes of the pcoplo. "
Hope for America.
"Will not America in tlmo work up into
the bettor grades of cotton manufactures
also ) " I asked.
"Yes. It Is too true. "
"And Great Britain's ontlro trndo in that
direction will bo lost ! "
"I think so. "
"Isn't it n fact that already American call-
cos have been sold hero in England in largo
quantities ] "
"Not In the way of competitive trade , and
that U u phenomenon that can bo easily ex
plained. America pursues n policy fol
lowed * in all highly protected countries.
Whan the market Is overstocked and
Eho cannot sell at n protlt
rather than lower the prlco at homo she ships
the surplus stock abroad and gets what she
can for it. Otherwise , the homo market
prices would bo reduced and It would bo slow
work getting them up again to the foimcr
level. That Is how occasionally American
calicos nro sold in England. "
"What u 111 bo the ultimata effect of the
closing of the American market , " I asked.
"Wo nro already looking about for new
markets In India and Africa. South America
is also n promising Held. "
Itoclproclty Will Work.
"But will not the American reciprocity
treaties with South American governments
check British trade there I"
"It is very likely. Our people nro so
firmly convinced that the frco trade
pollpy is the only good policy that there Is
uo hope of securing treaties such as America
U making. But wo shall have good markets
for our common goods In Africa , and , be
sides , our homo trade Is constantly lucrcas-
Mr. Parsons , master of tbo Manchester
Hoyalcxchnnpo.sald that the cotton trade was
very bad Just now , but ho thought tlio depres
sion was as much duo to llnnnclal stagnation
tn Encland as to the McKinley tarltT.
Fifteen Hundred Arrested.
[ Copi/rfuht IS3J ha JUKI'S f/i nlon lttnwtt.\ \
P.utis , Sept. 19. [ Now York Herald Crtblo
Special to Tim ButTho ] line weather
continues. That accounts for Iho largo num
ber of people remaining away from Pans.
The sensation of the week has been the
representation of "Lohengrin , " which came
with the immense boom In various sections
of the Boulanglsts. The socialists use it as.
their war cry under the guise of pairlotUrc.
The tire hose would have been most otlldent
In dispersing the crowd. There were 40,000
In the crowd which filled the streets around
the opera. Probably not 1,000 came to
demonstrate. The others came as spectator .
Over ) , VK ) brroiU were made but consider
ing that only thirty were held serves to show
how unnecessary they wore. The Now York
police would Jiave cleared the crowd In ten
M.I r .w/ia.v WAII ,
Trouliln Said to Uo Brewing Between
Guatemala nnd San Salvador.
[ Copi/rfoM 1S31 tin Jamu Gordon HertiutLl
SAX SU.VAIIOK ( via Oolvcston , Toi : . ) , Sept.
19. | By Mexican Cnbloto the Herald Spe
cial to TUB Bun. ' During the past few days
vague rumors have boon afloat regarding the
Impending trouble between Guatemala and
San Salvador. These reports ewe their origin
to iho fact that the Guatemalan gov
ernment had boon welcoming Salvadlnlan
immigrants with the probable intention of
arming them and then putting them into San
Salvador's territory to start n revolution.
The dismissal of General Am.iyas from the
War department , taken in connection with
the expulsion of General Plazas from the
country , have confirmed these reports. The
facts , moreover , are quickly followed by the
rumor from the Guatemalan frontier that
General Barllhw Is mussing troops nnd war
materials thoro. San Salvador hns natur
ally been on the alert for such disturbing
demonstrations. The reason for the hostile
movement is not clearly understood bore be
cause there has not been the slightest cause
for it given by General Ezotas. ,
General Ponclano Lolba has been elected ,
or rather matlo , president of Honduras by
General Bogran , with the object ot govern
ing that country ftom behind the scone. In
reality ho continues the actual president ,
and the former policy of servitude and
obedience to Guatemala will bo carried out.
There is not the slightest intention on the
part of General Ezetannozota nor of his
brother , to interfere in the affairs of Hon
duras , lioth deslro pence , nnd the whole
country longs for It. Sun Salvador bates
wat , hilt will fight If shots obliged to do so
by the ambition ot Guatemala's chiefs. As
Honduras is ready to obey the orders of
Barllas , San Salvador has deemed it best to
closely observe what has taken place on her
borders and to cover the frontiers of both
Guatemala and Honduras so as to bo prepared -
pared , no matter on which sldo the expected
war might break out. It is believed , how
ever , that Guatemala will bo tno country
to start the trouble. San Salvador is now ,
as an actual fact , nerfectly nt peace. Ono
strong proof of Guatemala's secret prepara
tions nt the Irontlor is the fact that her gov
ernment has wilfully stopped all tolegraphlo
communications with San Salvador. Fol
lowing Guatemala's example , Honduras ,
under pretext of its elections , actually stopped
The earthquake shocks are generally grow
-K.VW/.JMJ irif.L XOT .l
That I'ionic Party at SlRri of Little
Moment English News.
[ Cnpi/rtuliteil IS1) ! , New \'nrk Aiiocbtted Prcsi. ]
LQMIOX , Sept. 19. The sultan has doomed
the moment opportune to emphasize the en
tente between tbo potto and the Franco-Rus
sian alllanco by conferring upon M. Hlbot ,
tbo French foreign minister , the grand cor
don of the Order of Osmanio , nnd upon
Mmo. Hibot the decoration ot Nichanl-
Chofakat , an order for ladles founded by the
sultan himself. 'Associated with this news
the British foreign ofllco has received advices
from bir William White , the British ambas
sador at Constantinople , to the effect that
Said Pasha had sent him a report from the
governor of Smyrna on the MItylono Inci
dent with a note reciting In urgent terms the
porto's request for au explanation. Sir
William White does not mention the receipt
of any Information concerning Sigrl from Ad
miral L6rd Kerr on which the response ought
to be based.
The delaying of the reply tends to confirm
the belief that Admiral Koir acted under
orders and that lt\\as not chance that caused
the manouvros. Sigrl , It Is believed , was se
lected as an unobtrusive place to effect a sug
If Admiral Kerr acted under instructions
Lord Salisbury's explanations may rest upon
the fact that the porto had long accorded the
privilege of maneuvering and drilling upon
the Islands of the Archipoltgo. Whatever
the nature of the response , it will not bo
The Standard , In an article directly in
spired , If not written by Lord Salisbury's
private secretary , puts the position explic
itly. It sayst that Englan d under no circum
stances will allow Kussla to obtain command
of the Dardanelles. Immediately the gov
ernment of the sultan shows Itself Incapable
of performing the imperative duty of guard
ing the straits England will not shrink from
mooting the dllllculty.
The liberal chiefs moot the great party
federation nt Newcastle with tlio question of
the party leadership determined. Mr.
Gladstone will accept the premiership , if
victorious In the general elections , having
Sir William Vernon Harcourt ns deputy ,
with n full share of the responsibilities in
leading. In viaw of the limited physical
resources of Mr. Gladstone when the homo
rule bill Is carried , Mr. Gladstone will re
tire , aud Sir William Ycrnon Harcourt will
succeed as premier. Lord Spencer will head
the liberal lords , aud the earl of Hoscberry
will become foreign secretary.
The federation meeting , as it is the last
that will bo hold before the country Is
u l tin god Into the general election , is of ex
Emperor William has offered a Gorman
squadron with or without the aid of British
or French vessels , to enforce a diplomatic
representation of the Chinese government ,
The French foreign minister proposes a Joint
demonstration nt Tien Tsln.
The statements in the veterinary depart
ment's annual report that three cattle cargoes
from Now York and Baltimore , landed at
DopUord contained ten bead of. cattle
affected \vlth pleura pneumonia , and that
cargoes from Now York and Boston con
tained four head similarly affected , moots
with an explicit denial from the Now York
coniulate. Under Mr. Cbadlln's regime the
measures for repressing the foreign cattle
trade are rigl-Jly antorced , but the long con
tinued freedom of American cattle from
disease , enable Mr. Lincoln , tl < o American
minister , to demand the removal of the
quarantine regulation requiring that cattle
bo killed within ten days nftqr landing.
Probably before the regulations come Into
force on January I , next , Mr. Lincoln will
have succeeded In removing the obnoxious
slaughter law , and ficod from restrictions
trade will then boom.
Countess Ktissoll will reopen her divorce
suit against the earl in November.
The Danish royal family mooting at Fred-
cnsburg resulted in the betrothal of the
eldest sou of the crown prlco of Denmark to
Princess Victoria of Wales.
ratlin Work Done.
ilKMixoroiti ) , Neb. , Sept. 19. [ Special
Telegram to TUB BEB.I At the republican
county convention hold hero today a resolu
tion was unanunouslv adopted endorsing
Judge H. C. Halcman for district Judge and
ho was Instructed to choose delegates to the
Judicial convention. Ha selected the follow
ing : Hon. r. M. Dorrlngton , II. B. Auslor ,
Hon. G. W. Slmlnson , F. A. Smith , James
A. Ball aud John ArnoU
No Division There.
NKIMUSK i CITV , Nob. , Sept. IU. [ Special
Telegram toTun BEE. ] I'ho republican pri
maries to elect delegates to the county con
vention which takes place at Syracuse on
Tuesday wore held this evening. Only ono
ticket was voted In each ward and every
thing was harmonious. All of the delegates
go to the convention unmstructed.
LION AND THE BEAR.
Russia Said to Bo Making Ovotturas of
Friendship to Her Auclent Enemy.
CONQUESFS NOT THE CZAR'S ' AMBITION.
It is Suggested that England. Renounce
Her Anti-Russian Policy.
MINISTER PHELPS CONGRATULATED.
Germany Will Not Make Use of the
Right to Re-examine Our Fork.
WILLIAM TAKES COMMAND IN PERSON.
lu\st Day ol' Germany's Army Man-
oenvcrs The Standard Oil Com
pany and Its European Ulvuls
, ISM. In Ke\u \ i'mk Associated
BEUU.V , Sept. 10. The army manouvros
which have been in progress for some days
were concluded today with an nttaek of the
Fourth and Eleventh army corp ? , com
manded by Emperor William In person , upon
the enemy under General Wittlch. The oin-
peror lolt Mulhauscn yesterday morning and
proceeded to Volkemoda , where ho assumed
command of the Eleventh army
corps. The Fourth corps , quitting
th < bivouacs at 4 a. m , , Joined the
Eleventh and the united force marching in
three columns , advanced towards Schlotholm.
The operations ended with the repulse of
General Wittch's command and its retreat
upon Longensalza. Later the emperor
started for Wilhemshoho.
Criticising Millatary Maneuvers.
Military experts nro reviewing the recent
series of army maneuvers by Austrian , Ba
varian and Prussian troops , and all concur in
the opinion that grave defects were exhib
ited by the Austrian troops , owing to
the absence of generals capable of directing
their movements without blundering. Em
peror William Is reported as having told
Emperor Francis Joseph that his men and
ofllccrs wore lit to meet any enemy that
might bo brought against them , but that his
generals were lacking in self-reliance , asso
ciated with u consciousness of their ability to
handle their men.
The Bavarian and Prussian manwuvros
disclosed loss serious defects. The generals
in these armies displayed great cfllcjoncy and
readiness to take the initiative , but the
colonels commanding the various regiments
acted too much like machines in adhering
strictly to the letter of their orders. Lost
evening the emperor grouped tno ofllccrs of
his army in a Hold near Schlotheim and made
a brief speech to them , in the course of
wbich ho advised that a loss rigia system bo
followed in marching and that freer meth
ods bo adopted in drilling in order to add
elasticity to the movements of the troops.
At the same time , and in spite of his criti
cisms , his majesty complimented the troops
upon their general efficiency.
High military authorities are agreed that
both the Austrian ana Gorman armies are
now fully ready to meet the enemy.
Emperor Francis Joseph tonight Issued an
ordur touching the maneuvers of the
Aubtrlan troopa , In which ho commended the
discipline and cfilclonoy shown by them , and
said that ho was certain that the army would
fulfill its duties , alike iu peace and war.
Docs Not Claim Special i'livilcces.
Finding that the English government is
eagerly disposed to make the position of the
Dardanelles matter a weapon of offence ,
Kussla lias suddenly changed nor diplomatic
tactics. M. NelldofT , the Husslan ambassa
dor at Constantinople , has informally ad
vised Sir William White , tdo English am
bassador to Turkey , that the alleged occupa
tion of Sigri on the Island of Mttylcno by n
British force does not In any way concern
Russia , and Count Yon Schonvaloff , the Rus
sian ambassador at Berlin , hns explained to
Chancellor Von Caprivl that Kussia dis
claims any special privileges In the passage
of the Dardanelles.
Desires KiiKland's Friendship.
A romarkabln inspired article , which ap
peared in the Bt. Petersburg Novostt yoster-
dav , and which was telegraphed hero through
a soinl-oftlcial agency , offers the hand of
friendship to Great Britain.
"Tho empire of Kussla , ' ' says the Novosti ,
"is already too extensive for her to dcslro to
add to It by iho conquest of India. If she is
forced to undertake the enterprise at some
future date it could only bo as an act of re
taliation for hostility shown by Great Britain
to the czar's government in Europe. On iho
other hand , should Great Britain renounce
her antl-Kusslan policy she would have noth
ing to fear from .Kussla as regards India. "
The Novosti concludes by urging the Salis
bury government to enter Into a definite
acrecmont with Kussla at tbo present mo
ment , when it could bo done under moro fav
orable circumstances , perhaps , than It could
at any available later juncture.
The article has given rise to the suspicion
hero that the c/ar's government is about to
attempt to effect a compromise with England
with n view to detaching her from the drol-
The c/ar will go to Warsaw in October and
thence to his chateau at Sklernlwlo , the
scene of the famous meeting Jf three em
perors in 188J.
Congratulated Mtiilste. ' IMielps.
Hon. William Walter Phelps , United
States minister to Germany , has re
sumed his duties at the legation. Mr.
Phelps had a day's vlow of the army
maneuvers and mot Count von Waldorseo ,
who congratulated the American representa
tive upon the success of his efforts to secure
tbo removal of the prohibition against the
Importation Into Germany of American pork ,
saying : "It Is entirely duo to you. " AccordIng -
Ing to the terms of the decree rescinding
the prohibition Chancellor von Caprivl Is
allowed to maito the re-examination of the
pork at Gorman ports whore it is entered n
condition of its admission , but the chancellor
has not made and will not make use of this
right , preferring to permit unrestricted im
ports upon American certificates.
Mrs. Phelps , wife of the American minis
ter , sailed for Now York on the 10th lust.
.Standard Oil In Germany.
There has recently been so much talk con
cerning the efforts of the Standard Oil com
pany to establish a Gorman monopoly that
lion. William Walter Pholpi , the United
Stales minister , believing that injustice was
being done loan American interest , requested
Mr , Lib by , the European agent of the com
pany to present to him u report on the posi
tion of the company , with a vlow to com
municating the truth of tbo matter to tbo
department of cJmtnorco of Germany , at the
head of which is liaron Borlcnscho , au old
rollogonmto of Mr. 1'bolps In Dresden. The
Standard Oil compixnv has bougbtout a rival
concern , which was lately organized In Stet
tin , nnd is erecting largo tanks and other
structures for Ube In Its business.
Over 21,000 Italian emigrants recently pro
ceeded by rail from 'the north of Italy to
Stettin , where they embarked for the Uuitea
The term of tbo Austro-Gennan treaty of
commerce with Italy hus been fixed at alx
years , at the end of which tuna tbu X.oll-
vcrelu convention will bo doilultely con
cluded. Negotiations will bo resumed with
Spain with a vlow'oO > blainlng thn benefits
of the most favored nation clause to extend
to the Spanish Antilles.
At a mass incoting'ot'soclnllsts ' In Munich
today , Liobknccht'n-ntlTdllmar were recon
ciled" and there was.mloptcd n common pro
gramme for the socialist congress to bo held
nt Erfurt on Ootoboi U , at which it Is now
believed the turbulent minority constituted
by the youni ? oclolji arty will Imvo but a
diminished chance tosap , tbo position of the
present directing committee.
jiiXKPTiotr oi < ( iroiiKifittatitr.
Words or WlBdonj 1'roiu n Good and
( liimnno Mnn.
HOME , Sept. 10. Tfib pope today received
in the icstlbulo of St. Peter's church , the
first contingent of thV pilgrimage of French
workmen , which wait announced recently as
having been arrange . TJio pilgrims num
bered 2,000. The majority of them looked
llko workmen In Sunda ; attire.
The pope was bornd into the hall seated on
the ccdla ccstatoria. < IIo was received with
fervent acclamations t by the pilgrims. Ho
seemed oxroplionallyfwoil. The usual pal
lor of his face was replaced by a Hush , evi
dently duo to excitement.
Cardinal Latigenlux"who headed the pil
grims , read an address , in the course of
which It was stated tbat Iu all 20,000 work
men were coming to Homo to express to the
pope the gratitude ot the labor world for his
recent encyclical. f
In reply to the address Iho pope , in a voice
which , though weak , ' was clear and penetrat
ing , said :
Great Is our Joy nt Witnessing the ardor or
Chilstlan Kranco. Wonro happy our encyc
lical 1ms contributed to the elevation of work-
liiRtnun. Social nnd labor questions will never
find thulr true practical solution In uure civil
laws. Their solution U bound no In precepts
of perfect justice , which demand that the
rate of wanes Miall adequately correspond
with the labor done , abd lies , thorofoie. In the
domain of conscience. ) A mnss of legislation
dcalliiK directly with ilia outward acts of man
cannot comprehend .tho direction of con
science" . The question demands also the aid
of charltv. coins beyond justice. KellRlon
alone , with Its rovcalbd idoRinas and divine
precepts , po-HCKsus tlio right to impose on
consciences that perfect Justice nnd charity.
The secret of all social , problems must , there
fore , be sought In the notion of the church.
combined with the resources and olTorts of
public powers and human \\Isdom.
"His Imperative to , ' act.In all directions
without losing precious time In barren discus
sions. Indisputable principles must Ho ap
plied , leavlni ; tiino unrl experience to eluci
date obscure points which * are Inevitable In
problems so complex. In your work bo dili
gent nnd docile. Avoid perverse men nnd es
pecially coming under "tho nan.e 'socialists , '
whoso object is to overthrow social order to
our detriment , Form under the high patron-
aio of your bishops , Join In associations
wherein you will Iliul , ns In a second family ,
honest Joy , light In dlfllculty. strength In eon-
Illct and maintenance In Inllrmltles
nnd old ago. OlVo your children
moral nnd Christian education , that you
mav rocoho through theifi and by wise thrift
u tranquil future. Kay .on your return that
the heart of the pope Is ; over with the heavy
laden and sulTcrlnx , f } .
The pope spoke for twonty-flvo minutes.
During this tlmo bo maintained a standing
position and was slightly-exhausted at the
conclusion of bis address. . He was strong
enough , however , to receive with dignlflea
urbanity the loaders of- < the pilgrims , who
knelt iu succession I'boforo ' the throne on
which ho had seated himself after his speech
aud kissed his foot. Twelve cardinals at
tended the pope. J-3
After the reception ccrflmony the pope was
carried , again seated on' tbo sedln ccstatoria ,
to his apartments In the --Vatican , raising his
hand in benediction Bs'cbo passed through
the crowd of pilgrims , .j - ° ,
- * . -
MARH1ED , X11RKE. TI3IK9.
* * * > ' Ytf"
DifllcuHicB iVTts's PttterMot AVltli In
SccurYn'g u'lIiT Imnd.
CHICAGO , 111. , Sopt.-lO. ' TlTo announcement
of the inarrlago of Allsf Gertrude W. Potter ,
daughter of O. W. Potter , a millionaire and
president of the Illinois Steel company , to
Julius Clarke Daniels of Now York city , has
been mado. Tbo groom is the son of George
H. Daniels , general passenger and ticket
agent of the Now York Central railroad. The
brldoand groom lort for the east this after
An authorized statement , made for the fam
ily this afternoon , adds a heretofore unknown
feature to the affair. The statement says :
"December 31 , 1SSO , Julius Clnrko Daniels
secured from the county clerk of Cook
county a license to himself under the name
of Julius Clarke to Gertrude Whiting Potter
under the name of Gertrude White to marry.
Acting under that license Julius Clarke
Daniels anil Gertrude Vhltlng Potter were ,
on the 1st day of January , 1890 , united in
marriage by Uov. H. A. John , pastor of St.
Paul's ' church in the city of Chioigo. The
parties continued thereafter to live at their
respective homes. Subsequently Miss Potter -
tor submitted to legal counsel the question of
the validity of her marriage with Mr. Daniels
and was advised and' believed that such
inarrlago was invalid. She then in
formed Mr. F. Leal Rust of the cere
mony performed on 'the ' 1st day of January ,
between herself and Mr. Daniels and of tbo
advice which she had'irpcelved. ' Thereupon
both parties believing * they had a right to dose
so , a ceremony of marriage was performed at
Lake Geneva , Wls. , on the Oth day of Juno ,
1891 , by Uev. M. J. Ward.
Both of the ceremonies referred to wnro
secret and wore unknown to onv of the
parents of the parties concerned. The ccro-
mony of Juno ( i , 1801 , was first made known
to the parents by its publication about a
week ago. At the tlmo they were also ilrst
informed of the previous ceremony of mar
riage. " The statement then goes on nnd
elves the details of the suit for and dcoroo of
nnnullmont of tbo marriage with young Dan
iels substantially as already recited in these
dispatches , and continues as follows :
"No actual necessity exists for any decree
of court annulling tbo marriage which was
in fact void , but tbo same was secured
for the reason that the interests of all con
cerned made It proper. Under the circum
stances stated September 10 , 1801 , Mr. Julius
Clark Daniels and Miss Gcrtrudo Potter
woto again united In marriage ut n ceremony
performed by Hov. Dr. Stryker of the city of
Chicago ut the homo of MUs Potter's parents
in the Virginia hotel , In the presence of the
parents and families of both parties.
City Lots Under Water A Clover
CmcuflO , 111 , , Sept , 19. Another alleged
land swindle came to light last night , when
George II. Wolton and'Alfrod F. Dreutzer ,
members of tboDoForcsULnnd Improvement
company , were arrested , charged with ob
taining money under 'falsa pretenses. The
company was incorporated early In the pres
ent year and Is composed of George H.
Wolton , his son Cbarlq-s > Wolton , Alfred F.
Droutzor and William A. Collorn. They ad
vertised a largo tract of land In Bloom town
ship which had boon subdivided and was In
full vlow of the World's ' 'fair grounds. The
company represented that fully one-half of
the lots had been sold for factory purposes.
It is stated tbat a largo number of lots
were sold to working people at figures rang
ing from $10 to f 120 per lot. /.otterbere ,
who was employed as agent , says the
president of the compauv showed him a
line tract of land In Bloom township ,
which ho represented to bo the land for sato
and most of the purchasers thought their
lots were ou this tract , A few days ago
Mr. Marlow , ono of tbo purchasers , becnmo
suspicious and , in company with Zotterberg
and a map , wont out to sea tno property.
After traveling for half a day they found the
lots , but they were under two feet of water.
Upon ilndlng that ho had boon taken In
Agent /.ctteroorg Immediately quit the com
pany nnd sot to work to find out whether all
the lota ho had sold were In the sanio condi
tion. It did not take long to ilml out that all
tbu lots sold were water logged and that In-
sto.id of being within sight of iho World's
fair grounds they are at least eleven miles
south of the grounds. Mr. Mnrlow decided
to prosecute. The younger Wolton und
Collcm huvo not yet boon found.
NITRATE KING TALKS.1
Declares That Ho Took No Part in the
COLONEL NORTH'S ' VIEW OF CHILI'S ' WAR ,
Vigorously Defends Minister Egan's Course
In the Premises ,
NO BRIBES PAID FOR LEGISLATION ,
Company's Interest Entirely in the Direc
tion of Continued Peace.
SOME OF BALMACEDA'S ' PECULIARITIES.
Nebraska's Citizen Could Easily Have
Boon Deceived by the Smooth
Diplomat Methods of the
( .CopiirtaMctl tsoti \ \ James Gunlan Hemic'f.1
LOXDO.V , Sept. 19. [ Now Yoric Herald
Cable Special to Tun Bun. ] Colonel North ,
the nttrato king , today formally answers tno
charge tuado against him at Santiago , to the
ofTect that ho caused the revolution in Chill
mid spent $700,000 in bribing the legisla
ture. When I called on the colonel
at his country residence ho road
the dUpatch which I handed him ,
giving particularly close attention to the
statement made by Senor Edward ; Mat to ,
that Minister Euan had done nothing to for
feit the good opinion of the victorious revo
lutionists. "So I was the cause of the revo
lution In Chill , " said Colonel North placidly.
' Well , that is rot. Why should I cause the
revolution ? \Vhat end had I to servo by
causing the revolution ! Is it likely that I
would try to endanger rav own interest and
English Interest generally ! The charge
is simply rldlculsus , besides I do not like ,
and never took any part In Chilian politics ,
and I took no sldo in the ruvolution. Now ,
that it is all over , I nm very glad the consti
tutional natty won. They bavo been called
insurgents , but they were the constitutional
party and were lighting against a
dictator who clung to his posi
tion because ho saw great wealth almost
within his grasp. Baunacoda's idea to bo
succocdca by n tool ol the country , however ,
was against him. The victors are men who
Imvo much at stake in Chili ; they are mnn of
property , many of them , and have the good
of their country at heart. Under the now
rule Chili will soon regain her old prosperity.
All wo ask is for peace.Vo want
to ROO the country well governed ,
so wo may prosecute our business
without hindrance. As to thesecond charge ,
that I paid $730,000 in bribes to secure favor
able legislation , why , that is rot too. Why
"should Ivranfto buy-when thcro is nothing
to buy ! If the balance shoot of the company
shows that sum was expended _ fpr legal ex
penses -"tfto balance sheet toils * Hid truth1. "
Only those who have been there and in
dulged in the pastime can have any idea how
expensive a necessity law Is. "
Egnn's Hands Clcnn.
"As for Minister Ejjan , " said Colonel
North , "ho was thousands of miles from us
and I noyor knew ho was even charged with
being interested in n nitrate scheme , what
ever may bo meant by that. Much that wo
have heard from Chili in the last few months
has of coursq been exaggerated. It
should bo remembered that Balmaccda is
n most plausible fellow. 'My bouse" is
Is yours , ' is a favorite expression of his and
ho probably hud no dinicult task in getting
the bettor of Egun. One bit of intelligence
recently furnished to us from Chill is very
good. One of the illustrated papers depicts
jjulmacoda as commanding In person the last
battle. Ho is directing the artillery fire in
ono picture. The joke of it Is that Balmaccda
had loft the city two hours before the battle.
By the way , Edward Matte , who now stands
sponsor for Egan , was ono of Balmaceda's
friends when the revolution began and for
seine time afterwards However , the war is
now over , and like other enterprising people
wo will soon bo extending our interests
thoro. Ttioy could not well have been en-
dangccod before , but they are safe beyond
doubt now , and wo will bo in a much better
position than before to increase their value.
Nltrnto prices will improve. "
IMovomontH of Americans.
Dr. Hamilton Grlflln , father of Mary An
derson , ( no actress , was to have sailed today
on the Etruria , but having boon run over by
a cab on Thursday evening , was delayed.
K It. Kennedy , n N.ow York banker , sailed
for Now York today on the Columbia ,
Colonel Earl of Dundouald and his secretary
sail for Now York next Thursday on tUo
Kaiser Wllholtn. The second Pnllorowsk
pianist is booked to sail for Now York
November 4 on the steamer Sproo.
It is probable ho will return to England and
then go to Australia.
Minister Charles Emory Smith and wife ,
who have spent the week in London , leave
for Scotland today , after which they go to
Paris and thence buck to St. Petersburg1.
Blundcll Mania told mo today that ho had
received a now offer for Common , the win
ner of the triple ovent. The offer was $125,000.
Maple declined the offer on the samn ground
that bo declined an offer of $100,000 several
days ngo. It Is suspected that the last offer
came indirectly from the Austrian govern
ment. Maple says ho is glad the pcoplo glvo
him credit for patriotism In refusing to sol
Common. The fact is the horse is a good busi
ness Investment. In the next two years ho can
make $00,000 In breeding ; after that ho can
make J-10,000 o year If ho applies the ordi
nary business rules to his connection with
Hlnvlii Thirsts foi > n Fl ht.
Frank Slavln says there Is no money in
prize lighting. It only pays ifn man is shrewd
enough to turn the notoriety to account.
"I'd llko to have ono moro light , " ho said ;
"It I could bring that off I'd turn the bust-
nets up. "
"You arc thinking of Sullivan I suppose !
I think you'll bo abla to got a match.1
"No , I don't think Sullivan wants to fight.
The Melbourne club offered to put up
n purse of $25,000 if ho would meet
mo. Ho did not accept the offer. Now for a
man who wanted to light that offer Is good
enough. Ho does not want to light and his
friends , those who nro In Now York , know
it. They know that I was to leave Now
York on a Saturday and they made an
appointment for 11 :30 : on Friday
night at the Hoffman house. Wo were there ,
but they dU not come there at all , and It was
not until 5 o'clock Saturday morning that wo
were wtilotollnd thcm.und tlion they would do
nothing. Afthor wo leave Now York they
post 11,000 , that Is Johnson and Wakoly
do. I am not b'Oltur to advertise
n rum shop kept by them and I will IAR }
notice of what they say or do. I wan
light Sulllvitn anil If Sullivan want * to 1
mo ho knows ho wiU bo accommodated. \ jgjx
if I once mot him I'd ' turn pmo lighting vipr
1 hero's more money in luy present business
of hookmaklng. I'm doing fairly well at it
and thlnlt I will succeed.
Kvcnt-t Loading Up to the Assnnrilnn-
tlon of 1'rcHldiMil Ilournn.
Nr.w YOIIK , Sept. 10. The report that Don
Luis Hogran , the president of Honduras , has
been assassinated create ? no siirprl o among
tlioso who nro acquainted with his eventful
career and the state of affairs in Honduras ,
for ho had made many strong and bitter ene
mies. In fact , It was predicted a year ago
that ho would bo assassinated.
Ho was born In Santa Barbara , the me
tropolis of the republic of Honduras bearing
that name , on Juno II , 1S11I. His father was
General Saturnintus Bogrnn.
When Barrios was president of Guatemala
and Don Marco Aurcllo Soto president of
Honduras , Bogran was 11 soldier of consider
able prominence in the small army of the lat
ter nation. II o was restlessly ambitious and
ho attempted to create n rebellion against the
president. The 111-latcd Del Uardo was at
that time governor of the province of
Gardlas , and was sent by the president with
n force of s&ldlers to put down Bogran's re
bellion. He did so effectively , capturing the
leader. After having captured Bogran , Del
Gnnlo summoned him before him and said :
"I give j ou your liberty. You are n man of
too small Importance to bo of any danger to
the republic. " Soon after Bogrnn began
to inlrlguo with Barrios against Don
Marco. Barrios sent the letters which
ho received from Boprnn to President Soto
and ndvlsca him to arrest the man as a trai
tor. Tnls President Soto refused to do.
Afterward in 1SS4 , when a misunderstanding
arose between President Soto and President
Burlos , the latter took up General Bogran
and used him as a moans of fomenting dis
cord In Honduras. Tbo ovorvthelming power
of Guatemala , the .strong will of Barrios and
20,000 troops which he hold in readiness to
march against Honduras forced President
Soto to resign his seat. General Bogrnn was
elected to the presidency almost unanimously
and ho has hold It to the present time. Tlie
presidential chair bus not neon n scat
stufTcd with roses or lined with
swansdown , however. Bristling bayonets
have surrounded it and frequent rebellions
have threatened its stability. In 1SSO , Del
Gnrdo Invaded Honduias with n revolution
ary lorco. Ho was defeated in bnttlo by
General Bogran and carried prisoner to
Tegucigalpa. His companion , General Moro ,
In that last battle In the mountains , in the
sight of both armies , blow his brains out
with his own pistol , thus ending a career of
adventure which hus hardly its parallel In
Tied to an ass' back Del Gardo was taken
to Comayagua , where ho was shot in the
plaza with sixteen of his companions. Dr.
Del Gardo of Salvador was at that time ono
of the ministers of President Monondcz. Ho
was a brother of General Emlla Del Gardo
and tried to sava his lifo. Before the death
of President Monondoz Minister ( Del Gardo
resigned his olllco. The Ignoinlnous manner
in which General Bogran put his brother to
death has never been forclvon by Del Gurdo.
Tno revolution attempted by Del Gardo
was only one of many witu which Bogran has
boon called upon to cope during his term of
ofllcc. Barillas , when ho succeeded Harriott
as president of Guatemala , continued the
policy of his predecessor , and the league be-
twcon himself .and Bogran hus been one of
the strongest kind. In the * " \var\vlSlcu Bdr'-
rlos had with Salvador and in which' ho was
killed , Bogran attempted to fulfil his con
tract and to march wllli Barrios against the
Salvadorian frontier. But the invasion of
his own territory by the armies of Nlcaraugua
and Costa Rica proVOMtod his doing it. On
the downfall of Barrios , Nicuruugim and
Costa Rica withdrew their troops , leaving
Bogran still In ofllco. The alleged discov
ery of correspondence between Bogran
and Colonel Ulvas , which correspondence was
said to have plainly shown that the revolt of
Itlvas against the authority of Ezeta was In
stigated and uldou by Bogran , Incensed the
Salvadorlans against him. His later visit
with a portion of his troops to the Snlvn-
dorian frontier was , President Bogran al
leges , for the purpose of subduing n rebellion
which had broken out In that section of Hon
duras. In order to glvo weight to that state
ment , ho hanged n couple of rebel ofllcors of
his own , whom ho caught , ami also a couple
of oilicers who had revolted \vith Uivus
against the authority of Ezeta. The capture
of tlio correspondence , however , hus been
most unfortunate for Bogrnn. No amount of
hangings over could remove from the mind
of the victorious Ezeta the idea that Bcgran
was trying to play him false.
When Just 30 years old Bogran married
Miss Teresa Morojon , u charming maiden of
17 , the daughter of one of the most notable
families in thn department of Yoro. In per
son Bogran had the Boulangor typo of
countenance and always affected a rather
dashing and military manner.
H'JJ.l'2 lliit FUltKU.lHT ,
For Omaha and Vicinity Generally fair ;
For South Dakota Fair , cooler ; north
For Nebraska Fair , westerly winds ;
slight changes in temperature ; cooler Mon
For Colorado Fair , variable winds ; slight
changes in temperature.
For Iowa Generally fair on Sunday ; west
erly winds ; cooler by Monday morning.
Missouri Fair , stationary temperature in
the southwest ; slightly cooler In the north
west portion ; south westerly winds.
For Kansas Generally fair ou Sunday ;
slight changes in temperature ; southerly to
westerly winds ; cooler on Monday.
North Dakota Fair , except local ahowors
in the eastern portion : cooler northwesterly
winds ; cooler Monday.
WASHINGTON- . C. . Sept. 10.--Tho area of
of low pressure in the northwest has moved
eastward ana is to bo north of Manitoba.
The barometer has fallen slowly in the south
ern states , and there are Indications that a
disturbance is terming in the east gulf west
of Cuba. Heavy rains are reported from
southern Florida and southern Texas , and
local shower * are reported from Minnesota
Kansas , Nebraska and South Dakota.
It is from live to twenty degrees cooler In
New England , the middle Atlantic states
and the lower hike region. The temperature
has fallen slightly , but continues higher
throughout the central valley , but tboro has
been a decided fall In the temperature In the
extreme northwest. Indications are that
cloudiness will Increase in southern states
with rain Monday , duo to the advance of the
disturbance now In the gulf and that cooler
weather will prevail In the northwest Mon
FKT.l. FltOM A ItieHMlK.
Fnto of n Jlono , Nov. , Desperado Who
Had Hhot Two .Men.
IlEN'o , Nov. , Sept. 10. Louis Ortiz , n
desperate character , and another Spaniard
named BaptUto , quarreled on the street yes-
tordny , Ofllcor Ulclmrd Nash attempted to
arrest Ortli , when the latter shot him In the
proln , ir.lllcting a severe , if not fatal , wound.
Tom vVelsh , a bystander , was also wounded.
OrtU was tniton Iroin ttiu county Jail latu last
night by u hundred or moro men and hanged
to tt o iron bridge.
North Dakotii'H linnieiiHO Crops.
VAM.RV CITV , N. D , , Sept. 10. A very
largo percentage of the largo crop which
was raised this year Is still standing In
stacks awaiting the arrival of the thresh or.
Tbo threshing crows arc all working short
handed and unless moro harvest hands can
bo secured the work will bo seriously de
layed. The stubble Holds are so dry that n
spark will Ignite thorn ana great danger it
oxDcriuucod from prairie Urea ,
A IDEAS OF AN EXPERT ,
Dr. Kcoloy of Bichloride of Gold Fixmo on
LAWS CANNOT SAVE THE DRUNKAHD3 ,
Government Prevention of Liquor Traffic a
MORAL SUASION ALSO IS A FAILURE ,
Mon Will Sign n Pledge , but nro Not
Strong Enough to Keep It.
TEACH YOUTHS PROTECTING HABITS ,
Drunkenness IN a Disease and Must
lie So Treated What the Doc
tor Says Should Ho
i filnn Itamttt. ]
LONDON , Sept. 10. fNow York Herald
Cablc-Soecial to Tun Bnn.l-While the
great controversy about drunkenness and its
cures Is raging In the Times , Telegraph and
other papers , Dr. Leslie E. Kcoloy of
Dwlght , III. , who is becoming famous for his
rapid en res of alcoholism and opium habits ,
has arrived In London. Ho hns Just finished
a tour of Franco , Germany , Austria , Switz
erland and Italy , made for the purpose of
studying his specialty.
The doctor loft America for this journey in
Juno , mid , staying n week or so in London ,
will study tho.qucstion of drunkenness' In
Ireland and particularly in Scotland , where
it is said n man Is not considered drunk :
while ho can bo on the ground without fall *
Yesterday Dr. Kceloy received n cablegrams
from Chicago announcing that thuBlohlorldo
of Gold club Had reached a membership of
1,000. This club consists of ox-drunkards
who have been cured by bichloride ot
gold at the Koeloy institute In Dwlght or atone
ono of its sixteen branches in thn United
States , TUo club was formed by men who
had sufforcjl the terrors and sorrows of
drunkenness and had been saved.
Whllo on the continent Dr. Kecloy mot
Lord Graves , who is so deeply interested In
his woric that ho intends to visit America
with n view of founding in England an insti
tution similar to Dr. Kocloy's establishment
at Dwicht. . It is possible ho will sail for
America with the doctor.
Drink Habit a Disease * .
The most remarkable thing about n long
chat which I had with Dr. Kceloy yesterday
was the stress ho laid upon tnn fact that
drunkenness is not n vice * and is not to bo
approached or considered as anything but a
disease , to bo treated as malaria or any other
physical malady. Hero is a gray haired ,
keen oycd man of the west , who ba < i in
twelve years cured over ninety-five hundred
'drundards and opium takers , and with all the
experience that such a record Implies , ho
turns his back on the remedies offered by
legislation and the churches. If it were n
vice , law nnrt religion could prevent or
remedy It ; but it Is n disease , and physical
remedies are the only moans of checking in ,
The doctor says that from the time ho left
England until the time ho returned to Lon
don , two days ngo , ho only saw two drunken
men. Tncso were two nt Naples. Ono was
n drunken boatman , the other was n young
fellow returning from Sorcuto in n pleasure
boat. Ho attributed the general sobriety of
all continental nations to the habit of light ,
wlno or beer drinking , which , so to speak ;
begets power of resistance that makes
stronger alcoholic drinks unnecessary. This
Is on the principle of vaccination as u pro *
ventntlvo of small pox.
Ho Install cos the fact that the first negro set *
tiers in the Great Dismal Swamp dlcd off like
sheep from malarial poisoning , yet the swamp
today is ns thickly sottloa as any part or
North Carolina by n strong , healthy race ,
who have become inured to the climatic con *
"Doctor , " I said , us I sat beside him yes.
torday , "from your observations of the effect
of light beer drinking in Germany and light
wlno drinking in Franco and Italy , what do
you think about , the plan pursued In other
countries of attempting to wlpo out drunken
ness by absolutely prohibiting the sale ot
liquor , or by the system commonly known ns
total abstinence , which involves a written
pledge ! "
Prohibition In IfopclrHi.
"I do not think prohibition will ever obtain
in the United States , " said the doctor. "It
is impossible to control the liquor trnfllo.
thorcforo I think light boor drinking ought
to bo encouraged as n matter ot govern
ment policy in America as in ICiiglnnd. As
to the attempt to wlpo out drunkenness by
moral suasion In the form of written pledges
or oaths , I know that enthusiasm or religion
may often bring about n mental and
moral condition that cannot bo attained by
any other means , and many people who have
taken the pledge try very hard to keep It.
But for ono who will keep such a pledge , an
hundred Tall by the way ,
"Alcoholic drinking is not n vice. It Is a
disease. This is the way I regard It. For
that reason I treat it as a disease with better
success than has boon obtained any tlmo In
the world's history. You can neither wlpo
out drunkenness by preaching nor by mak >
Ing lawH. "
"What has been your observation as to the
so-called temperance movements I"
"Thoy nro still serving to mould publlo
opinion , which goes far toward wiping out
the dramsliop in .small towns and villages ,
and it also serves to make drunkenness dis
"After your study of the question In Ku
rope , would you , If you had the power , utthl
moment substltuto light , wlnu and beer for
prohibition and pledges ! "
"Yes ; emphatically yes. It Is bettor to do
this and have parents form the tastes of
youths so that wlno and beer would bo as
sociated will ) meals , and not with a debauch
than to have the habit for strong drliiK
secretly contracted , "
Ho Was imminently Hospcutnhlc.
\N FitA.vuisco , Cal. , Sept. 19. Harney
son of the well known capitalist
of this city , and brother ot Hon. .1. C. Mc-
Mullen of Fresno , shot mid kilted himself
in a house of III repute early thli morninir.
It is stated ho also attempted to kill Multlo
Ueynolds , ono of the Inmutea of the house ,
but the woman iweapod him. The youutf
man had been indulging In liquor and this , or
Jealousy , is reputed to bo the cauho of the
On an IC < | Ualltjr.
BI.OOMIS-OTO.V , III , , Sept. 10. The Illinois
Methodist conference. In session hero , voted
this afternoon to admit women to the elec
toral and general conference by a lurgo m <
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