Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 02, 1891, Part 1, Image 1

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Part 1. H Pages 1 to 8
r T . . J 7fr.L , * ; i T
Ancient and Modern Oharaotorist'ci ' Elbowing -
ing Each Other at Holland.
Commercial Push and Energy Fringed with
the Mass of Antiquity.
Frugality , Happiness and Content the Eulo
Among the PeopU
Mr. IloNewntcr'H OhnrrvnttonH In the
Netherlands Public liiiildini ; " and
Pnlillc AVorlcs Marvelous
Growth of CltieH.
IIII.H , July 18. [ Editorial Correspond
ence. ] You toke the Great Eastern railway
train nt London nt 8 p. m. , embark on the
steamer two hours later , and when you get
on deck by ( I o'clock next morning , you are
sailing up the river Scheldt , through n land
scape dotted with windmills and interlined
with canals nnd irrigating ditches , with
here and there a village , with those quaint
steep-roofed , rod tiled cottages. And when
the steamer drops Its anchor bv 0 n. m. , at
( the docks of Rotterdamyon realize that "the
Dutch hnvo taken Holland , " and are still
holding jt. True , the porters , baggauo
smashers nnd professional guides assail you
from all sides In pigeon-English and try to
make you'eel nt homo , but the clatter of
wooden shoes on the brick pavement , the
Jabber nnd chatter of the haekmen and huck
sters , and the outlandish appearance of
everything nnd everybody Impress you forcl-
.tty 'vith the fact that you are 110 longer
, nniong nnglo-Suxon peoplo.
The first tulng that struck mo as sugges
tive , upon setting foot in Rotterdam , was the
extensive use of brick for street pavements ,
The brick in use for this purpose is very
hard , almost vitrified , These bricks nre only
IJf inches thick , and set up edgewise in two
layers over a sand nnd gravel base. At
Amsterdam there nro miles upon miles of
tins pavemetit , which I presume is given
preference over stone by reason of its
The Plains or Holland.
Holland is as level as a barn floor. The
great plains of America , bettor known as the
Platte Valley , would suffer by comparison
with the plains of the Netherlands. The
valleys of the Platte nnd Republican are
nearly everywhere bounded by bluffs nnd
high bills , but Holland is simply a dead level
in which the monotony is only vnrled by
groves oftroos find thousands of windmills'
that are perpetually pumping water from
rivers into canals , nnd from canals into irri
gating ditches , that enable the cultivation of
the land to its utmost productive capacity.
You sco no fences or hedcos in Holland.
Irrigating ditches traverse the country in
every direction. They not only , diffuse
abundant moisture to the soil , nnd afford an
Inexhaustible supply for watering the hun
dreds of thousands of cattle and sheep , that
grnzo upon these plains , but they effectually
keep these herds within the bounds allotted
to them , thus saving the farmer the expense
3f .hording , and servo n boundary lines be-
voon each fnrm nnd parcel of land. It goes
without saying that this irrigating system
has reached perfection in the Netherlands nnd
affords a profitable study for the promoters
of irrigation In our Trans-Missouri states.
Transportation and Product" .
Whllo the Inland canals nnd waterways of
England have been to a great , extent super-
, ,4jjcded by the rnllroadu , I Hud that in Holland
and Belgium , the inland transportation is
carried on by river and canal. At Rotter
dam , Amsterdam and Antwerp vast quanti
ties of garden-truck , butter , eggs , cheese
nnd farm products generally , are
landed by canal boats and vessels
that ply up nnd down the
rivers , and this traffic by wa
ter ways is carried on almost nil the year
round , a : the winters in this region nro com
paratively mild. With every inch of ground
cultivated to petfection by bund labor ; for I
noticed very llttlo harvest machinery any
where , and with every acre made available
by irrigation nnd fertilization , Holland and
Belgium do not , ns I am informed , raise food
products enough to supply their dense popu
lation. Belgium with over llvo millions of
people , occupying an area smaller than that
of Custer county , Nebraska , Is obliged to im
port food products from foreign lauds. As
far ns Iean _ learn the people of Holland and
Belgium nro not discontented , and but very
few of them have any disposition to migrate.
; J Their cities certainly show u great deal of on-
il terprlbo nnd vitality.
How Hollander ? ) Iilvo.
How do these people llvo I Huvo they food
L enough to keep soul and body together ! Are
BF ) * * > - i lFJihpv comfortably housed and decently
" "clofhtdl These questions naturally presented
themselves to me , and I have endeavored , so
fur ns possible during a week's Junket in the
Netherlands , to ascertain the facts by per
sonal Inspection nnd contact. To my own
surprise I found that the common people of
the country , embracing workmen In cities
and farm laborois , enjoy llfo as well and in
some respects have moro real enjoyment than
the same class of our people. I have seen
nothing that would Indicate leal want. There
is n marked difference In the dross of the
farmer nnd common laborer nnd that of the
mercantile nnd wealthier class , but every
body , men , women and children , appear com
fortably clothed at all times , and on Sunday
the masses going to worship In churches o'r
seeking nmujcmcnt on excursion boats and ut
the great galleries of art and zoological gar
dens and parks are us well dressed as nre the
mass of people you meet in New York , Phil
adelphia and Chicago.
Wooden shoos are worn by porters nnd wo
men scrubbing Ihesldowalks nnd front stoops
and field hands on the farms wear tbo clumsy
footgear , but 1 hixva soon nobody barefooted
and nobody In rags , The houses of the
working people are very plainly fuiuUhcd ,
but kept moro cleanly than these in crowded
streets of American factory cities , Beyond
noticing the scljool buildings in tbo larger
cities I am unable to nay to what extent edu.
catlanal facilities are furnished , but I a'm as-
lured that an elementary education is within
.yi-ench of at ) . For the higher branches , ospo-
jr dally what pertains to art and science , there
V Is greater opportunity for thorough Instruc
tion than on our fcldo of the Atlantic.
One thing strikes the traveler everywhere
In Holland and Belgium , and that Is the extensive -
tensive cultivation of flowers and their gen
eral appreciation. Everybody , men , women
and children , worklngmon and tradespeople ,
alt Invest In flowers and wear bouquets on the
Qnnlnt Amsterdam.
Amsterdam stilt retains much of the an-
tlqua nnd medieval , by reason of her peculiar
location and environment , with canals run
ning in every direction through the very
heart of the city nnd all .buildings resting
upon piles driven into the innrsh-Hlta soil ,
she is another Venice , A reconstruction of
any largo building Involves enormous outlay.
In marked to Amsterdam , Ant
werp is rapidly modernizing , while Brussels
has become a mlnlnturo Paris. These who
desire to sou the architecture of the middle
ages , and the characteristic Dutch nnd
Flemish styles of architecture of the six
teenth nnd seventeenth centuries must not
poitpono their visit moro than anotucrdccado.
Antwerp nnd MriiHiclH.
I have viewed miles of painted canvas In
museums , art g.ilteiles and churches , and
ga/cd upon hundreds of celebrated pictures
by the most famous Dutch masters. Ant
werp , the homo of Rubens and Van Dyok ,
outdoes herself In..displaying a prodigious
number of portraits from their prolific brush
es. I have traversed the great zoological gar
dens , which iii some respects exceed these of
London. The aquarium of Amsterdam , with
its wonderful aggregation of fresh and salt
water ilshcs , ns well us seaweed , mollusks ,
crabs and shell llsh , and marvelled at the
Ingenious contrivances improvised for tlio
care nnd feeding of this collection. A de
scription of theio places vlsltod by nearly all
American touiists , would scarcely bo inter
esting , I will not , however , close this letter
without calling attention to the fact that
both Antwerp and Brussels have had as
rapid n growth within the past twenty-five
jcars ns any of our most progressive American
cities. Ithin thattimoAntworphasincreased
fiom ir.,00il ( ) to 2J.'iOfJ ) population , nnd Brus
sels , which in 1S5 ( ! h.ul a population of less
than " . " 0X)0 , ( ) , now contains over half a million
population. And Brussels boasts the most
magnificent public building croctod in mod
ern times. Her palnis do Justice ( court
house ) covers on nroa fifteen times ns
largo as the Douglas county court house
qunro at Omaha , nnd the monumental struc
ture was erected at a cost of $10,000,000 ,
which"in America would mean double that
sum. A less modern tut mnro interesting
public building at Brussels Is the Hotel do
Vlllo ( city hall ) which contains the historic
banquetttng hall of which Byron wrote :
"There was ft sound of nnelrv by night ,
And Ilclu-lnm'.s capital li.ul gathered there
llor beauty and hi r chivalry. "
The night referred to wns that preceding
lune 15 , 1815 , on which the battle of Waterloo
was fought , nnd from the tower of this city
hall , \\ltli Its gorgeous council chamber
more magnificent than the chamber
of the house of lords , may be
viewed the lion monument on the top
of the pyramid of earth erected over the re
mains of the heroic dead on the battle field of
Waterloo ten miles distant.
Visitors Find the .French Un-
, l . „ > < . -w j. . _ , . „ . , , , Capital . . t- > r-xoM" -
plciiHiuit During tTuly.
lCoji/i | luht 1S ! > 1 IniJiinm ( laritan Hewlett , " ]
P\uic , Aug. 1. [ Now York Herald Cable
Special to Tun BII.J : Wo nro Just on the
verge of the bain denier season , and-nlreudy
hundreds of Parisians are flitting off to
Trouville , Dieppe , Cabourg nnd Houlgnto.
Tlio Paris edition of the Herald most em
phatically denies the movement and Pignrro
and Gaulos publish ontrefllots announcing
the Foraln notre excellent artiste.
The Parisian will commence Sun
day In the Herald an amusing series
of sketches and caricatures of scenes on
pluro ntTrouvillo. Foi'ain is u young artist
who possesses the truthfulness of Hocrnrth
with the inspiriting dash of ttio Parisian im
pressionist , Vervo. His drawings nro looked
forward to with great interest. The Herald
is also about to publish during the Trouvillo
racing week , n colored illustrated supple
ment especially devoted to Trouvillo which
will bo Iargel3' contributed to by G. M.
Foraln and for which many really good life
like sketches are all ready. An innovation has
been made In the delivery service. The
Paris Herald together with other Paris
papers only reached that popular watering
plnco by the oxnrcss train arriving at 4 in
the afternoon but now the Herald's bioyclo
service brings the Herald from Llslont , n
Junction on the Cherbourg line and the news
boys sell them on the plazo ut 2 o'clock.
ArrivulH nnd Departures
Mr. nnd Mrs. Hurry Legrand Cannon of
Now York have arrived in Paris from Lon
don , and nro at the hotel Westminster.
Charles Wnrburton , proprietor of the Phila
delphia EvoninR Tologr.ibh , and Miss \Var-
burton have arrived at the Hotel Continental.
Dr. M. L. Ituthfa surgeon of the Amoiican
navy ut Washington , Is nt the Hotel Athonoe.
John H. Harjes nnd family are making
n tour In Swit/orlund. Mrs. John H. Mitch
ell and Miss Mitchell , wife and daughter of
Senator Mitchell of Oregon , uro at the Koynl.
Miss Sara Hallowoll of Chicago is spending
a few voelcs at Morot Sur Lolng. Miss Hal-
lowell bus recently been offered n
position ns assistant director in
the world's fuir art department ,
but declined unless her conditions
nre accepted by tbo committee. Mrs. John
Monroe , wife of the Paris banker , has taken
n villa at Etrato for the summer. Air. and
Mrs. Fail-man Rogers and Mrs. William
Hilton of Boston have arrived at the hotel
Bristol. John Davis and Miss Davis , Now
York , h'ft Paris to tike euro at Spa. Mrs.
John Lowry of New York has left Paris for
Baden-Baden. Charles Slngo'nnd family ,
Mr , nnd Mrs. Rudolph Aronson and Fay
Tomploton nro en route to Now York. Fred
erick Coudert and family of Now York have
returned to Paris from Germany nnd are at
the hotel Meurico. They sail August 8 for
Mrs. S. T. Gorman , wife of the president
of the Anglo-AniorlCiin bnnk , Mrs. Edmund
A , Smith and Miss Irene Smith of New York
have uriived at the Hotel Continental on
route to Hamburg. Mr. 0. P. Clark , presl-
dent of the Now Haven railway , who has
been spending a few days at the Grand hotel
has loft Purls for London. Mr. M. E. In-
Rails , president of the Big Four railway ; ar
rived by the Lufcrne , reaching Purls Tues
day , J. NoiUon Howard of Newport has nr *
rived at Paris. After n brief visit to Eng
land Mr. nnd Mrs. U. H. Galbralth and Miss
Dnhme , of Clncii.natl , havn arrived at the
hotel Bi'lleme. Mrs. T. D. Broad man of
Boston has loft Paris for Dlvonno Los Bulns ,
Mrs. Jr.mes Brown Potter arrived iu Paris
Thursday night from Marseilles , and is
stopping with her parents at tbo Hotel do
Holhindo. Miss Urquhnrt has gene to S" .
Morltz to visit Princess Hatstlold , neo Miss
Huntlngton. Ivyrlo Bellow bat loft for Lon
don. Mrs. Potter's plans nro to visit her
father and mother fur a short tliaa before
8. Gerber of Omaha Sentenced to the Hints
for Life ,
From a Well-to-Do State , His Family is
Reduojd to Want.
Ho Had Absented Himsalf from Russia for
Five Tears.
The Hnnlslmicnt Ordered Notwith
standing Gcrbur Had hliown
Declaration to Ilccomo a Citi
zen or tlio United States.
THE BRE , several days ago , published an
article tolling of the arrest in Kussian-
Polund of Solomon Gcrber , a citizen of
Omaha , bis imprisonment in Lomzy , the
capital of his native province , and .of his
eventual life banishment to Siberia.
The information on which the article was
based was rather meager. It consisted
simply of the recollection of a party who had
road in the letter of a friend a short refer
ence to the subject. Since then but few ad
ditional facts have been brought to light al
though THE BIB : has studiously endeavored
to obtain all the points In the case In this
respect It will continue until all tbo features
shall have been laid before its readers.
\Vlio and Wlmt Me Wnn.
Gerber was n peddler. Ho was well known
throughout the stato. Ho was especially
well known in this city , doing business with
several of the banks and regularly remitting
money to his family , all of whom save two
boys , ono about sixteen years of ago , ro-
malncd in their native place. _ ,
Gerber came to this country about tlvo years
ago and immediately settled in Nebraska.
Ho made his headquarters in this city and
returned hither several times u year in order
to replenish his stock.
In the latter part of January of this year ,
Gerber made up his mind to return to his
native place. Ho desired , ho said , to sell
some property ho hold there nna return with
his wife and children to America.
Ho made application for steamer tickets at
the B. & M. city office and was accompanied
thither by Mr. A. Bernstein of this city.
The latter remonstrated with him regarding
his journey. Ho advised him to scnd.for his
family and authorize an agent to dispose of
the property at.homo.
Gerber , however , would not hearken to the
remonstrance. ,
"I will go back , " ho sni < 3. ' 'soo ' my.wifo
and"children"onco moro in my native laud
nnd I will bo nblo to got moro money for the
land which I own thoro. If I should change
my mind nnd remain at home , I have money
enough to support mo the rest of my life. "
As ho said this he displayed a roll of bills
of several denominations which contained
Prophetic Words.
' 'Yes , " exclaimed City Passenger Agent
Uowling , you'll go homo and the first thing
you know they'll throw you into prison and
keep you there the royt of your life. " , .
Mr. Dowllng didn't know that ho was a
prophet. Ho scarcely believed what ho had
assorted. He simply gave expression to thcf
belief that the czar of all the Russians was a
dangerous customer with whom to have deal
ing. At the present writing , Mr. Bowling's
prophecy is in n fair way to bo realized , if in
deed it has not been realized already.
Gerber bought passiigo for himself and
son on the Hamburg-American packet line
nnd also bought tickets to Mishonitza , Rus
sian Poland , February 0. The presumption
is that ho bailed in the first steamer after his
arrival In Now York. Last May his son fol
lowed. Up to the receipt of the news of
Gerber's arrest , nothing had been heard
from him by his friends. The latter information
mation was contained in a letter to Mr. B.
Schomborg. Graf , Nob. , and of that latter
Tin : 13ru has obtained a translation. The
missive was written by Mrs. Schomborg at
Mishonitza , who still resides in Hussinn-Po-
land , nnd the part relating to the point at
issue Is as follows :
Story of His Arrest.
That man Oorbor Is arrested , and If you
want to come homo you must come pretty
soon. If you'lon't coma right nwity you will
cct the same us Gcrher. When ho WHS IIfit
arrested ho got away from the police and
went to Uormany. The Russian authorities
then telegraphed to the Uerninn officials of
the taut and requesting that bo lie delivered
to thimi as Mien as possible. In the meantime
Clurbcr sent his father to a Russian lawyer
and authorized him to olTur the latter COD
rubles If ho would soonro his liberty.
Tlio attorney , however , said that ho could
do nothing for Unrber. The Hermans Hum
cuiiuht Ueiber and conducted him to the
frontier , where they surrendered him to the
Russian police. Tlio latter bound him hand
and foot with chains and drairucd him to tlio
Jail In , uhvio ho will loin.iln for one
year. After that hu will lo sent to Slboila
for life. Ills wife and children ory all the
time and nobody can alTotd them any cense
It Is only by Inference that the reader will
bo able to determine why Gerber has been
consigned to a living tomb.
The missive must therefore bo explained.
The Russian omplro does not recognize ex
patriation. It never relinquishes its hold
upon ono of Its subjects unless It bo these
whom it expels from thocountrynnd woo bo to
them if they are detected upon their return.
Why Ho WUH Arrested.
It is equally sovorc upon a subject who ,
without permission , absents himself from the
umpire for moro than three years. This was
the offense charged against poor Gorbcr. Ho
had left his native land tlvo years or moro
ago , nnd his absence had not been excused.
This was a heinous offense In the oyoa of the
government. Gerber , however , was not
aware of the fuct. Innocontlv ho returned
to his uatlvo land , hoping to depart tlicnco
with his family for these shores. The rest is
known. Gerber is doomed to the horrors of
Siberia , his property has been confiscated
and his family are paupers.
There is no doubt that the minions of the
Russian despot takoespnclal delight In en
forcing this law or custom. It is
to their Interest to bo vigilant and unrelent
ing. To them comes a lurgo proportion of
the chattels and money confiscated. In
Geroer , with his ancestral farm and homo ,
nnd I ho fKH ) ( ) which ho had acquired in this
country , thev found sufficient incentive to n
&tt let compliance with the robber luw. As a
consequent ) , while they are revolliif In the
ixjsession of their illgottenealth , the man
who created it will bo plodding along on the
droury treadmill ot death In dreaded Siberia.
It is uiltlcult for an American to believe
that any government JMII have such author
ity or rather inllli't such n penalty for such
an alleged offense.
The opening lines of the extract In ques
tion show that tbe snmo futo stares Shorn *
berg In the face : "If you don't ' como right
awuy , you will get the same as Gerber , "
From this , It may bo Inferred that Mr.
Shomberg has been in this country very
UL'urlv tbreo years and that , as a consequence
quence , before long his excusable leave of
absence will have expired. With Gerber's
futo before him. Shombarc would be an ad
venturous mortal Indeed to run auy risk ot
' 'going homo , " csDOclaliyjwBenMho uhances
are that bo would have to go'tiSiberia. '
BO\tr nussuK uifMoiu
In another part of thti loiter In question It
Is explained that the yeitrVbonnnoinent of
Gorbcr nt Lomza U In 'punishment for his
escaping from-the officers and running into
Germany. This is ono of * thd humors of the
case. The govern men tsoks to inlllcterratcr
punishment by an imprisonment which in so *
verity is not to bo metttidtiod In connection
with that of Siberiaa *
There uro few pcopleTfvho could not eom *
mlscrato uny mortal , ofvmt ! race .soever ,
who , for so trivial nn offoosp If indeed it bent
nt nil nn offense should bo consigned to such
everlasting punishment , , What must bo the
feeling , therefore , of' the.Atnerlcati citizen ,
when Informed that thls'pUnlshmcnt ' is about
to bo meted out to a mau.who had renounced
allegiance to the czar of Russia.
According to the records of Uouglofl county
Gorbcr had not yet acquired citizenship , but
bad taken the first step In that direction. It Is
thought , however , that ho perfected his citi
zenship in Now YorK in 1889. The record in
tbo district court of Douglas county is as
follows : ' ' ,
Declaration of Intention ! I , P. Oerber. do
declare on oath , that It Is'bona Ido my Inten
tion to become n citizen tit < the United States ,
and to renounce and abjure forever all allegi
ance and fidelity to all ami any foreign
prince , potentate , state or sovcrolsnty what
ever , and nartlcularly to.i'tho czar of Kussla ,
of whom 1 was a flubjcct , ' S. OKiiimu.
.Subscribed In my presence nnd sworn to before
fore me , at my ofllco In Omaha , this Mth day
of September , A. D. , 1800. ft * ,
FiUftK E. Moonr.R.
Clerk of the Dlstrloti'Court for Douglas
County. Nebraska. JjL
When GerDer was arrested ho declared
that ho was u citizen of this country and pro
duced bis paper. But It had no effect. In
fact , it simply attested " that ho hud abjured
bis allegiance to the czar , a circumstance not
calculated to sweeten tup disposition of a po
tentate whoso hold of a subject is never re
laxed. - "
Solomon GcrljorWns
WASHINGTON , 'Aug. l. [ Spcclal Telegram
to TUB Bui : . ] On Anrll f ) , 1801 , Solomon
Gorbor. n native of Polaifd , took out a pass
port. Ho was naturalized in the superior
court ot New York in 18S9. There is nothing
Ifi the record to show whether or not ho is
the Oniahn man. * ,
The state department officials will not sny
whether or not the fact , that S. Gerber ab
jured allegiances to the czar will entitle him
to the protection of this "government. If ho
merely declared his intentions to become n
citizen ho is not a citizen. ' If ho secured his
full citizen nanors , commonly known as "sec
end papers , " bo is a citlian of the United
States and entitled to the protection of this
government. Ho could no't secure n passport
unless ho had taken out his second or full
citizen papers. If ho Is n ci'i/on ho should
appeal to the noarcst Unlto < i States consul in
Russia or to the United State ) legation at St.
Petersburg. There has nothing 'been brought
to the attention of the state department as
yet regarding any trouble that S. Gorbcr
may have gotten into in Russia.
Who Got the Passport ?
WhlloIt is not absolutely clear that S.
Gerbi-r , who loft Omaha in February , and
Solomon Gorbor-who secured a passport in
April of this year , nro/idontlcal , it is cer
tainly a reraarKablo coincidence that two
men of the same name , 'both ' natives of
Poland , should almost at. the same time take
passage to the fatherland ;
THE Bnn will endeavor to 'ascertain the
.identity of the man who secured the pass
port. , M
t > , '
.Garment Supposed * Jto' Have Decu
Worn by the Savior Nottr on. Exhibition
TUIEII , Aug. 1.-r-Tho "Ktotj , Caat of Trier , "
the garment supposed to n
th6 Savior , will co exhlbptji
here for sir > Jvc l > c < > r4. .
Fully two million pilgrims ore 'expected to
visit Trier during that timo.
An earnest and long controversy has been
waged regarding the genuineness of the
relic- Chaplain Dasbascb , member of tbe
Prussian diet and ouo of the committee for
the exhibition of the holy robe , think that
there can bo no possible doubt as to its gen
uineness. It has been exhibited only twice
during this century in1810 and in 1844.
Many miracles are claimed to have been per
formed Dy this garment and it is said to still
possess great merit.
The relic is said to have bepn given as a
present to tbo bishopric , pf Trier by St.
Helen , the mother of Emperor Constantine ,
upon the latter's conversion to Christianity.
The robe itself is it tumla about flvo fcotlong ,
cut narrow at the shoulders : nnd gradually
widening toward the knees. " It is woven out
of ono pleco without any seams whatever.
The material is .supposed o have been linen ,
but Its great ago prevents any exact exami
nation. It is enclosed in an outer casing of
purple and gold cloth , supposed to have been
some time in ihe seventh century in order to
preserve the relic. During the exhibition
extra trains will bo run dally to Trier from
Coblozo and Cologne.
Ilniilc of Home in Trouble.
PAUIS , Aug. 1. A dispatch to the Figaro
from Rome says that some excitement was
occasioned in banking circles in that city to
day by the threatened suspension of tlio
BnnK of Rome , ono of thotCatholio Institu
tions. The trouble nroso ov.or an order from
the pope for the withdrawal of $2,000,000 de
posited In the bank to the credit of St.
Peter's pence. Not having the necessary
funds on hand to meet this order when it
was received the Bank of Rome notified his
holiness of the state of affalrs , and requested
that he Issue nn order countermanding the
first ono. For a tlmo It was feared that
serious trouble would result from the sudden
demand for such n largo sura , but huppilv a
crisis wns averted bv the pdpo delaying the
withdrawal of the ? . ' ,000,000.
A financial paper hero says that the Bank
of Rome would have been compelled to ask
for n moratorium but. for the assistance
rendered by n French financial syndicate.
The collapse of the Bunk'of Rome , the paper
continues , would not affeot they general credit
because the bank had tak n no "active share
in general business affair.Tho clerical
papers of this city nnitber confirm nor deny
the truth of the report of thn threatened sus
pension of tbo Bank ot I Rflmo by a largo
order made on the Institutldirby the pope ,
For Omaha nnd Viclnitjt- > Fair ; station
ary temperature. * i
WASHINGTON * August 1 , forecast till 8 p.
tn. Sunday : A storm attendo by cloudiness
nnd rains over the country from Missouri to
Virginia. In the Curo\Inas \ < the rain has been
very heavy , Considerable 'rain ' has fallen on
the Now Jersey coast , r Showers have
occurred from Colorado to Iv1ehigan. |
For Missouri Generally - fair Sunday :
slightlv cooler ; westerly winds.
For Iowa Generally fair Sunday ; westerly
winds ; stationary tompnraturo :
For North Dakota and South Dakoto Fair ;
variable winds ; slightly warmer by Monday.
For Nouraska GeneraUyi fair Sunday ;
stationary temperature ; northwesterly winds ,
For Kansas nnd Colorado Generally fair
Sunday : variable wind stationary \ toinoora-
turo , except cooler.
Swl s Centennl * llOnluliratlnn
GKNFV * , Aug. I. The celebration of the
sixth contonnary of tho. Swiss confederation
WAN commenced toJay by u series of fetes in
Bchw/ , ono of the four forest cantons situ
ated near the center of the confederation.
Delegates from all the cantons nnd cities of the
republic , herded by President Wtltlas.omlcd
In Schywz today and witiicxuvi a beautiful
historical procession. ; Iu the evening the
delegates attended a gala concert perform
ance and were afterwards entertained at a
suoclal splendid banquet given In their honor.
Tonight the whole place was brilliantly illu
minated by u display of fireworks and a num-
bvr of huge bonfires , which wora lighted on
the various height * In the environs of the
town ,
TranqniHty of E.iropain Politics May Bo
Suddenly Disturbjd ,
English Visit of the German Emperor
Caused Dissatisfaction
Great Britian to Be Foroad to Desert Egyp
tian Territory.
Prevailing Discord Deeper Than Sup
posed Solution ol' tlio Problem
with the People
Ministry Perplexed.
[ CopurtaMcil ISO ! l > u James Onitlim Ilennett , " ]
LONIIOX , Aug. 1. | Now York Herald
Cable Special to THE Dr.n. | The close and
intimate relations which have been estab
lished between Great Britain and Germany
in consequence ot the emperor's recent visit
have given great umbrage to Franco. Sumo
purblind persons supposed that when Em
peror \Vllllam went to visit Lord Salisbury
at Hatfiolds it was only to
talk about Queen Elizabeth. the
weather and crops. It was said by some nt
thc > time that the occasion was of high politi
cal Importance and Franco mid Russia have
now become fully alive to the fuct , hence tbo
treaty or agreement just signed by the
French and Hussiun minister , the exact pur
pose of which cannot bo made
known , but I loaru by excellent au
thority that the object is to make a formidable
counter movement ntrainst Brltuinize-German
alliance and to bold In reserve a severe check
for England should events call for it. Your
readers will see what sort of a check and
how it can bo delivered. Lot them remember
the position of England in Egypt. She remains
there against repeated protests from Franco.
Over and over again the French government
has made known its disuporoval of English
occupation and Insisted that it must look
upon it as an unfriendly act. Still Enelnnd
sticks fast and the sultan has thus far acqui
esced but ho will not run any risk of quar
reling with the czar to accommodate England.
Ho has no desire to get another squee/o from
the Russian boar. What moro natural than
ttiat Franco and Uussia should put their
heads togothcr to incite the sultan to clean
England out of Egypt ! Of course the sul
tan would not" say to England in so many
words "You must go1 for that would pro-
"voko bittcrnessondporhops' hostilities be-
'tween hlmsdf.imd the greatest naval power !
* ih tho" world , .but roundabout method * . can
* 1" * * * ' &
There is nothing to prevent his pondatory ,
Towfik Pasha , from making it unpleasant
for England to remain in Egypt or supercede
Tewfik altogether and establish the
Ithedivo who would promptly obey orders.
This scheme is now agitating the
various courts of Europe. It was
observed that Lord Salisbury at
the Mansion house was laboriously effusive
in his expressions of good will for Franco
and of his delight at the approaching visit of
the French fleet. AUo It was noticed that
ho declared ha had never known foreign poli
tics to bo In a moro tranquil condition. When
Lord Salisbury talks In this waj1 there is gen
erally mischief iu the wind. Ho knows well
that tlio czar is greatly disgusted by the re
cent demonstration bore , popular as well as
official , in favor of the Gorman omporor.
France has looked on witu ill-disguisod dis
pleasure. Both powers undoubtedly think
that this now approachmont is a menace to
them. But what would England do if
the sultan , through his khedive ,
gnvo her notice to quit Egypt !
Would parliament and the people go to war
for the sake of holding Egypt , knowing well
the constitution of our great parties hero ? I
say that if parliament would utterly decline
the embarkation of an army in such an enter
prise there arc many conservatives and liberals -
orals who would contend that England has
no real right to bo in Egypt.
No Kitflit in Egypt.
Some say she is there in the interest of
Egyptian bond holders. It would ho Impos
sible to pot 100 voted in parliament for
fresh warlike operations In Egvpt , no mat
ter how they might bo disguised , for it
would rouse the whole country against
another expedition. If , then , Hus-
sia and Franco persist in their
present intrigue , great humiliation
would bo Inflicted on the English and that
would not only bo Inviting , but an encour
agement to the Gorman emperor to persevere
iu cultivating close relations with Great
Britain. He would naturullv interpret it as
n sharp reminder that it Is not safe for him
to cheese nn ally without the con
sent of Kussla or Franca and that
England is but a broken reed , to loan
upon. Such Is the problem before Laid
Salisbury. It will not tonJ to sweeten his
holidays. Uneasy lies the head of England's
foreign minister. Those ticklish times ono
fulso move in foreign politics and the pres
ent ministry Is gone , The undercurrent in
favorj of Gladstone is always in
motion. The conservatives In Eng
land are prominently outnumbered by
the liberals and It is only when dissensions
break out among the latter that the former
over got into office. The liberals nro now
closing up their ranks in all directions , In
stead of union , they are talking of a
great reunion which next year is to
witness. If they hold together the con
servatives must inevitably bo thrown out
of power , How , then , can Lord Salisbury
decldo on a permanent foreign policy , or how
long can tbo Gorman emperor place depend
ence on the English alliance ! Those are
questions which have to bo weighed in Lon
don and Berlin as well as at St. Petersburg
and Paris , Momentous Interest clusters
thickly around thorn.
.Uy M'i co 11 San i itl3 i.
Wnon the American Immigration commis
sioners now on an Investigation In Europe
get through their work they will ceriulnly bo
in a position to make a sensation. They
have found many organised systems which
are unloading poverty stricken humanity on
the tvoatcrn continent. Half tlio truth Is not
yet known. If the commissioners huvo the
nerve to toll 'til the facts without regard to
whom they hurt it will open the eyes of the
blatant demagogues who have so far prevented -
vented sensible legislation.
Tbo subject ot a general strike among
[ Welsh tin plato matters , which Is to
' decide whether the men will go
to America or not has been partly postponed.
The Herald's special correspondent at Swan
sea , telegraphs today that the men are
furious nt the treatment of the masters , but
they roeognlro tllat the present Is the wrong'
tlmo to tight , so have they resumed tholy
places , but the Mi'lyncrythnn worlcs , ownln/ /
eight mills and ' '
producing l-.O'JO box/ /
of tin plato per week , will stop Mi'
tlav. This will give Americans n ctmCv , ,
to got the licit ofVcNh \ labor If they acilto
such soi vice. The editor of the Welsh In
dustrial Times lias received applications for
the unities of American ngonts , so that the
men can make arrangements to go. The
American Tin Plato Workers union propose
to stop a half day every Monday and so make
a reduction of 810,000 boxes per year.
The masters have mot and determined
to oppose the plan to the utmost.
The members of the British Steel
Mill Men's union have decided to refuse tlio
prices offered by the Forest works at
Swansea , so that the largest tin plate works
in Wales is Indefinitely closed. I am satis-
fled that Americans can get all the Welsh
workmen they want , although the rumor
that Secretary Foster has revoked the de
cision exempting the tin plate men from the
operation of the contract labor law has
created great excitement. The London
edition of the Herald bus received by mall a
sheet of tin plato with the following letter :
To the Editor of the Herald : The enclosed
piece of tin WHS made In St. 1-ouls. Mo. , re
cently , and there were no Welshmen at the
ba rilng. A lave YANKICK.
Purncll anil Ills Pinna.
"Purnoll is said to hnvp still another card
up his sleeve , " the London correspondent of
the Yorkshire Dally Uhroniclo wrote his
paper n few days ago. "A fresh scandal is
whispered in connection with the parlia
mentary party. There is , of course , n
woman in the case , but no Implication
of the guiltv party has been made yet.
The member whoso name has been mentioned
has simply boon a victim of misfortune , the
story being , with n slight difference , similar
to that of Enoch Ardcn. " Naturally the
first question Is , who is it ! I A member of
the Irish parliamentary party says Purnoll
has passed through the lire and como out
considerably charred. I think the Yorltshlio
Chronicle's correspondent only has a slight
inkling of the truth. If my information is
correct there is no Enoch Arden in the i-aso.
The story as told to mo is that a member of
the Irish parliamentary party married his
wife some years ago and the
union produced two children. Thole
separation is credited to incompatibility
but the separation was described to mo as de
sertion on the man's part. Not long ago the
man married again , now it is said the first
wife Is alive and if such is the case and Par-
nell has the necessary evidence there is llttlo
hope that ho will keep silent , for In spite of
closperato efforts on his part , ho is unublo to
hold the member in question to his side.
The bugle blast biown by the Chicago
world's fair commissioners in London i echo
ing throughout Great Britain. The serious
utterances of Sir Richard Webster and Viscount -
count Cross shows that the government has
taken up the matter in earnest and that
Great Britain wllUprobably-.ti ke4bo lead.of
the world in manyexhibits. , Xho most im
pressive" ' fact is that India is to duz io
Atuorina with her treasures. I-am able to announce -
nounco that the Indian government will
make n huge display. The American con
sul at Bristol , Lorin A. Lathi op , has
written an official letter calling attention
that Bristol was the homo ot the Cabots. who
discovered the American main land , and for
that reason their achievements ought to rank
with those of Columbus. It is proposed that
Bristol shall have separate room for exhibit
ing her anoiont charters , memorials of an
tiquity , municipal regalias and everything
illustrating the time of the Cabots.
WafllilngtcmN Autograph.
A Bristol firm of tobacconists , Messolur
Wills , have an autograph loHer signed by
George Washincton , notifying them of a
shipment from Virginia of four hogshead of
tobacco. The Ancient Navigation Guild of
Merchant Venturers still exists. It's first gov
ernor was Sebastian Cubot. The guild
wishes to be represented at Chicago and it is
likely the mayor of Bristol and several depu
tations will attend the openlnir ceremonies.
Koborf McCormick , the resident commis
sioner Iu London for the fair , haf resigned to
accept the secretaryship of the American le
gation , and yesterday began his duties , a
magnificent suite of rooms in Victoria street
being fitted up for him.
The tremendous winnings of nn English
man named Boll nt Monte Carlo is exciting
interest. Correspondent Nottingham GuardIan -
Ian is authority for the story that during
three days ho won $100,00. ) . Ho sat at the
table eleven hours ouch dav without food and
sent all his winnings to England so hp could
not bo tempted to lose them.
Grouse shooting opens August 12. Experts
state that England young birds suffered se
verely through heavy thunder showers. Part
of the birds were drowned In the nest during
the hatching period. Cold weather in Scot
land injured the hatching. The second nest
ing has been good , A report from Caithness
states that birds are numerous mid tnoru is
no disease. There is nn extra stock on the
Shurroy , Webster and Westllold moors.
There "is magnificent grouse prospects on
lower moors.
The bitter quarrel and separation of Actor
Harry Leo and bis newly married wife is
talked of by All Americans in London. It is
said that Leo this week locked his wife in
her room for three hours and threatened her
with death if she did not llvo with him
n/aln. The throats had no effect on
Mrs. Lee , who yesterday consulted an emi
nent solicitor with a view to bringing n
suit against her husband In connection with
the pawning of her diamond necklace. Leo
is said to bo uttering threats against any
man \vho associates with his wife while she
Is separated front him.
I have luuostlgatcd the report that Brown
& Shipley , umikers , are in trouble and find
that it is absolutely false.
Whllo General Booth is on his way to as
tonish the Africans London Is being flooded
with Salvation armv looters labeled "Light
in Darkest England. " The following reasons
nro given why the publlo should buy army
matohes ! "First To raUo the wngca of
tamtoh nnd box makers. Second To
llph't against the sweating. Third To
help tuo poor to help thomselvoi. " The
other labels on the boards are : "Lovo thy
neighbor as thyself , " "Provide things hon
est In the sight of men , " "A my of houo lor
ttio match workers , " "Hub lightly and strike
quickly.1' General Booth claims to pay his
match makers higher figures than any other
other manufacturer.
The Herald is authorized to deny the
cabled story that till- Augustus Huirls ,
Gcorgo Edwards and Horace < Sedgor propose
ta build a combined theater and hotel on
Broadway. Edwards says there lt > no foun
dation for the story.
There Is widespread Interest in the do-
cUlon of Judge Buploy in the Westminster
' /i itscho
' ; < , tscho Bank is Heavily Djfnuutod by
Two of Its Gloria
Other Berlin Banks nro iu a Vj y V/cak
Condition ,
Poor Quality of Alcoholic Drhki R > spnt- )
ble for the Increase of Suicides.
Ii of. Suluilter Springs New Itemed ) '
Wliloli lie Callrt "Gimlcol" t > r r.
Kooli Ileliif ; Asnlsel ; by
tlio Government ,
ni the AVic I'urft Awiclute-l
Ail ) , ' . 1. The shares of the
Doiitscho bank wlilch Snturelay lust , wora
quoted nt ISO closed todav at 110. Tlio frauds
on the brink porpotr.itcd by Its clerk , Frmiako ,
mill tliu broker , Sohwoiger , h.ivo excited the
\vholo Gorman world to a degree unknown
since the ombozrlumonts of the two directors
of the Lolpjlo Disconto GosscUch.ift.
The full cxtotit of the frauds oti the
Deutsche bank has not ooun disclosed. The
admission inailo by Schwolgor , who is under
arrest , covers only the operations carried on
by himself anil Fr.mcko In paper roubles
during the month of July. Doth of the men
were well qualified to olToct tlio swimllo.
Schwolgor , who Is nu ox-niauagor of the
Berliner Handel Gnssclchnft , had a good con
nection as a stock broker. Fruncko had boon
tor llftcon years in the service of the
Deutsche bank. Ho was entrusted with the
duty of revising and stamping brokers'
memoranda sent Into the bank.
Couple of Inrinj * KOKIIPH.
The manager of the Deutsche hank wai
nwny on a prolonged Icnvo of absence when
Scmwolgor nnd Franoko arranged the plnu
to buy roubles for a rlso for the July settle
ment and by means of forged momor.iudu
represent tlio purchases as made on account
of tlio bank. Fr.uicko falsified the b.inlc en
tries to oniiblo him to carry over his or.gnge-
monts. Ainonp these the July purchases nro
discovered. Hut the contracts falling duo
later , some of which nro now us hav
ing been carried over month after month ,
will swell the total amount involved In the
frauds to an enormous sum.
Franclto dealt largely in lottery specula
tions arid carried on u general speculative
game under the very noses of the bunk
directors with an adroitness suggesting that
Schwoiger is rigljj in his statement that.
Frauoko originated the frauds nub used nlm
us a tool. The hunk has offered a reward
for Franckii's capture. Ho has boon traced
to Bremen but there bo was lost sight of.
The immediate effect ef tbe swindle
threatened for a moment to produce a grave
llnancinl crisis.
I'iiinnuliil Situation Very Dollciitc.
The position of several banks Involved In
the South American collapse and weakened
through the existing bourse embarrassment
is so dollcato that any sudden strain may
load to a hreali down. The press and public
luckily accepted the Htutemonts of it reassur
ing character issued by the various banks. It
was uUo scon that isolated frauds , however
gigantic , did not warrant a panic. The com
mittee of the Hoich was appealed to
and urged to ease the position by a
i eduction of the nfllciul rate of
discount. The iccontinflux of gold to the
Helen bank from America , Franco and Eng
land was so large that the hnpn ol a reduc
tion In the discount was justified , The
directors of the Uolch bank consideiod the
request , hut utter deliberatlop decided
against mailing uny alteration in the rate
because , says a semi-olllcial communication
tonight , though the bunk holds a lurgo stock
of bullion Inlet national gold displacement
would Inconvenience the lurire central hanks
and the general position requires a. cautious
The imperial yacht Ilohcn/ollorn , with his
majesty , the emperor , on board touched at
Uionthclm today hoin wanl bound. All the
party is in the best of health and are timed
to arrive at Kiel on Wednesday.
The emperor's projected measure for the
depression of public drunkenness has become -
come , under the manipulation of the minis
ters , merely a proposal that the landtag
should increase the penalties imposed
on drunkards. Ministers llerilurth and
Miquo and others concur in the belief that
the public would not tolerate active legis
lative Interference with drinking. The em
peror thinks differently. A draft of the pro
posed bill was sent to him and was re turned
with suggestions concerning state supervis
ion of the healthy quality of beverages.
Kiid Liquor Causes KmuldeH.
Impressed with statistics concerning the
growth of criminal offenses and suicides aris
ing from drink , the government has opened
an Inquiry in regard thereto and is drawing
evidence from hospitals and other medical
sources concerning the increasing use
of potato spirits and other Impura
alcohols add how far the use
of these spirits may bo regarded as a lead
ing fhctor In crime. Tbo olllciul rut urns of
suicldos committed in Berlin during the first
fortnight of July shows a total of H7. The
cause of this enormous self destruction Is at
tributed chiefly to drink.
The emperor Is a friend of good beer , but
ho blames had drink for many of the viola
tions of law throughout the omplro but more
particularly in the great cities , especially
Berlin. Ho moans to try to attach such ,
penalties to the sale of bud liquors , both malt
and Hplrllous , that it will not bo worth while
to run the risk of Incurring them ,
A fresh decision of the Russian govern
ment concerning its policy towards the Jews
debars the children of Hebrews from having
the right of sojourn In Kussla without n per-
mit. The Kovn Vromla today in announcing
that this order will take effect at the begin
ning of the next scholastic year , praises the
regulation us assisting to reduce the Jews to
their natural society level.
Tlio inllux of Jewish emigrants into Gor-
mnny Is rapidly abating. This is partly
owing to the stt let oniclnl supervision , iluu-
diods of those emigrants who succeeded In
reaching Thorn huvo been sent back to Ru -
sin on the ground that they have fraudulent
passports or that they did not possess moans
to proceed to their destination outside of
The gioat number of Amcilcans who at
tended the Duyrenth festival has been the
subject of much remark on the part of tbo
German pi-ess. It seems to bo generally ad
mitted that the financial nuccess of the un
dertaking was practically duo to the great
American patronage.
Another Cure for Tnberoulohls.
1'iof. Dr. Max Schullorof tlio Horlin uni
versity has a now euro for tuberculosis. Mo
says he has experimented with it fur the last
twelve years , and that ho is perfectly sure ot
his results. I'rof. Scbuller is a surgton and
consequently hl experiments huvo mostly
been imido In cases of so-called surgical
tuberculosis , such a * affections of joints ,
bones , glands , lupus , otc , Ho says , however ,
[ CONFINUCU ox sum