Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 01, 1891, Part 2, Page 11, Image 11

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Nature's Bounteous Stores Yield Generously to
the Magic Lance of Energy.
TJnusunl Actlvlly in All Departments of Industry In the Northwest
Gold nnd Grit Galor-e Agrlculturol and Mineral Pros-
pecto in xhe Imperial Domain The Week's
Summary of News.
City mid Oninlin.
Cur , Mont. , July 24. [ Correspond
ence of TUB Up.r..1 A lively Interest in the
proposed visit of lending business men of
Omaiia to Montmiu IH felt by the people of
this town. A movement Is on foot among the
principal citizens , the newspapers , dally anil
weekly , towards nhiduclnff the Rontloinen
from Omaha to stop oft hero if they KO tb
Helena via the Northern Pacific railroad , or
if they KO by the Union I'aclllc , to return by
the former route. Their wishes will proba
bly bo nut In the shape of nn Invitation from
the Miles City chamber of commorco. Some
of the leading clti/ciis of the town. IcnowliiK
of your correspondent's relations with Oiim-
ha , requested mo to communicate this intern-
fienco while measures aio being taken to put.
the matter in proper formal nnd ofilciai
It will not do for the Omalin visitor * to
Montana to sco only half or one-fourth of It
the northwestern portion -mid KO back with
out arcing eastern Montana. Hero lira the
the great cattle and hor-io ranchm-In this
big connty of Custor , as well
' as the great sheep ranges , Allies City , the
'county zoat , is the eattlo center of ( Mstern
Montana. If the South Omaha live stock
delegation should bi > olitisod to return with
out a visit to thl * nortlon their trip to Mon
tana would undoubtedly bo good for their
health , but there wouUl'lia no business in It
for them. For men Interested in beef anil
mutton to visit Montana nnd not look over
the custom and southeastern portion of the
state , would bo Jlku HI-MI intm-caten iu
nvoldlnp Newcastle They would certainly
bo in Montana for their health only.
For the other intore ts represented bv the
Omaha visitors Ihi'twinutiirturhift interests ,
the provision men , the clothing men , the boot
nnd shoo men a p.irilal visit would perhaps
have partial results , liusti-rn Montana con-
BUmos vast , quantities of provisions , wiars n
great many clothes , huts , boots and shot's ,
uses much sadtllory nnd liorso-poar. Mlles
City is the center of this vast trade and the
most important shipping point for live stock
on the Northern 1'aclllc railroad.
It Is the point for collection nnd
shipment of the entire wool crou
of this region nnd the great Now England
bouses have all tliolr agents , here in the wool
harvest buying the great staple.
Why cannot Omaha got her share of the
trade In supplies , provisions and clothing ,
instead of letting it go past her to Chicago !
There is plenty of ncca in this great eattlo
and horse region for Joe Oarneau's Omaha
made crackers , lor W. V. Morso's Omaha
made boots nnd shoes , for Max Meyer's
cigars , tobacco , time-pieces stop-watches for
horse timing purposes oven for hi ? diamonds
and jewelry nnd the objects of art with
Vrhlch his shelves nro lilted , for your c.ittlo-
man is a generous and princely buyer arm
wonts the best of everything regardless of
price. Why cannot the South Omaha stock
yards and packing nouses got the beef and
mutton raised in this region nnd now shipped
from hero to St. I'aul and Chlcaifol Here Is
the trade , nd nil Omaha needs to get it is
direct rail communication. The way to got
tnat trade is to push right through the heart
of the ranges by the extension of the Fre
mont < fc Elkhorn road , and as it will rintr the
boll of the target aimed at by pushing It by
Altada across the i'owder river valley to
Powdorvillo.thonco across the Pumpkin creek
nnd down the valley of the Tongue with its
big horse farms owned by wealthy and en
terprising young Englishmen , Irishmen and
Scotchmen of the very best families of
Britain its cattle ranches and its model
farms now mndo independent of tbo clerk of
the weather by the Miles City Irrigating
I regret that the excursionists will bo too
late fur the local strawberry , which is about
closed out now. Next year this crop will un
doubtedly assume proportions that will ad-
rait of considerable exportation. We nro
How eating up the Oallatin valley berry ,
which is good , largo and luscious as our own ,
but ours has the advantage of being ready
for consumption two or.throo weeks ahead of
the aallatln berry , MONTANA.
Rainfall l > y Concussion.
The production of rainfall by concussion In
the arid regions of the United States , says
„ Engineering , is just now a'favorlto topic for
the "funny man" of the dally press. But the
ezporiment is to bo actually made under the
auspices of the United States agricultural de
partment , and while wo have the very tnin-
est hopes that any results of value will fol
low , it will bo interesting as a selontiilc ex
periment. Dynamite or rack-a-rock wore at
flrst proposed as the explosive agents , but
those wore found to bo too heavy , and to ada
too much to the uo.stof the balloon to bo used
for raising them to the moisturo-charged air
ktratum. The latest experiments have bean
conducted with an explosive gas compounded
of oxygen nnd hydroeon. The tremendous
force of this explosive when fired by au cloe-
trlo spark : sent up in the wira In the anchor
ing cables , has been demonstrated in the pre
liminary tests made near Washington , I ) . C.
While rain did not follow the explosion , and
was not expected with the quantity used ,
Dr. Dvronfurtb , who conducted the test , was
officially requested to move his experimental
Btatioii to some point more remote from the
housed of these residing near the testing
ground , Sorno arid spot in Kansas-Is now to
bo selected , and Dr. Dyrenfurth there pro
poses to plant balloons along a line two miles ,
long , and to explode the gas by an oloutrlo
current and await results under un urn-
broiin , pornaps.
The long hold theory that the great battles ,
In our own wars were immediately followed
by heavy rainfall , has been vorv thoroughly
investigated by Mr. Edward Powers , C. E. ,
In his "War and Woatbor , " and as far as the
records hold this theory is backed by fact In
our own war. This Mr. I'owors , by the by ,
Is directly responsible for the present export-
mants. As long ago as 1ST I ho Interested
Bun ut or C. B. Fanvell , of Illinois , in his pro-
I''ct , and through him presented a petition to
congress asking that body to appropriate u
turn suftlciout to make an experiment un an
extended scale. Mr. Powers now seems to
" bu forgotten , and Senator Farwell is gener
ally regarded as the father of the scheme.
Mr. Powers suggested artillery as a means
of producing the desired concussion ; but
whllu it is well Known bv the records of vari
ous wars that rain very often follows heavy
artillery tiring , tno later project for produc
ing Uio nirlal commotion required In the
immediate neighborhood of the moisture-
laden stratum pi-onuses more encouraging
results. The most curious proof of the effect
of concussion upon rainfall 1 brought
forward by Senator Stanford. When this
gentleman , with Mr. Iluutlngtou was build-
inir the Central Padlle railway through an
arid bolt , In which rlan 1ms novorbofora known
to fall , the heavy blasting required was fol
lowed by rain , and the rain lasted as long as
the actual work of construction was being
carried on. When nutlvu work of this nature
ceased the rain sioppixl , and the region ii
now as dry as before. As this evidence
comes from a most excelluiu authority , It is
butter proof oven than the record of battles.
II rain can be produced by the explosion of
gaseous compounds , or by any other agent ,
the results would 'warrant a very considerable -
able expenditure , for in.itiy millions of acres
of fertile soil In the far west only need mois
ture. to make them productive. But wo fear
there nro too many conditions to be tilled to
make this artificial downpour certain and
oniclent , oven if It can be produced by the
moans now to be tested.
IIIIOH .Mining Pay ? .
The assertion Is frequently made that for
every dollar tin precious metals dug out
of the earth , its equivalent in toll , energy or
means Is expended. The absurdity of tbo as-
ertlon la BO apparent that refutation is uu-
n % ccjary , yet there are these who actually
bollevo it it to bo a fact , and the absence ,
heretofore , of accurate data ou production
capital Invested , vatuo of plants and the
amount paid to labor , lend to it considerable
Statistics complied by the census ofllco
furnish Information omitted from
the annualVejHirtH of the mint , on the rela
tion of cost to production. The coin value of
gold and silver produced during ISSil was
SMV-'sy.TiW , divided as follows : Gold , S.'l..SSi- !
7-11 , or 3 percent , of the world's product ;
silver , fciW.auO.O'sS , or II per cent , of the pro
duct of the world. The value of the lead and
coppar which are a component part of the
product , Is not given , leaving n considerable
item of iirolit from the grind total product of
gold and silver mines. The cost of pro
duction , Including .snicking , wajjos nnd sup
plies , was $ th.t ) : > 1,1 till , leaving n not
profit of f.J.5SWr : > yt.and ! this Is oxc.luslvo of the
load and ooppor output , whlco. swell the total
to at least ? 10.01)0,000. ) The total value of
mining plants Is placed at f 4lV ) , ! ( ; ( ) ir.M ( ! , made
up of buildings , railroads , machinery , under
ground improvements , mlno supplies nnd
cnsh , while the actual vnluo of the mines ex
clusive of the above items Is SKW.ODJ.S'JI.
The difference between the Improvements
and the cash valuoof thu mines is8l)7lSi'il7ir ! ) ! > ,
and on this sum the owners netted In 18S9 a
clear profit of 110,000,000. Who dare say
mining does not pay }
Of the 0,001 mines on which returns of pro
duction In labor statistics were made , iJ3 ! (
wore reported Idle ; 1,000 were reported
working but not producing bullion : 28ns pro
ducing over S. " > ( XUX ! ) worth of bullion ; 4t as
producing ? 'J50,000 to $ .V)0.000 ) : 107 as produc
ing * 100OOJ to &i.0,000 ; tr from $ i\000 to
$100,000 : 4117 from $10,000 to SiO.OUO ; 1,10-j
from f 1,000 to $10,000 , and 1,010 loss thau
From the statistics it appears that the
labor employed in the actual production of
the precious"metals is better paid , and more
productive In f.ict , than an } " other Industry
thus far ( May , Ib'.ll ) , reported iu the bulletin
by the eleventh census.
The average earnings of all the persons
employed at the gold and silver mines , 57,0:3. : ) ,
was $ T'r : > a year , while the average output
per man amounted to $ l,7i' ) a year.
Twenty-eight gold , silver , copper and
quicksilver mining companies , which make
public statements , paid dividends during
Juno of this year to the amount of S1H1,0'J1 : ,
and sixty-six companies paid 37,152 , ! > l in div
idends during the first , six months of the
present year. This amount is considerably
in excess of that paid during the same time
last year , nnd there is n prospect that it will
bo surpassed during the second half of this
Montana anil tin ; Teachers.
The decision of the National Educational
association to meet In Helena in 1802 , caused
surprise m many quarters. No great effort
was made to secure the honor , yut the city
had a walkaway iu the contest. Why was
thlsthuslyi Wore the wioldor.s of the rod
foscinatod by the magio name of Montana's
canltoli To be sure the delightful location
of the city , its charming urr.iy of tree topped
mountains and emerald valleys , its famed
Broadwater bath , the hospitality
nnd enterprise of its people , are
consideration : , of great , moment , but these
alone would not outweigh the attractions of
less distant cities. Weightier reasons swing
the pendulum of popularity toward Helena.
The city clusters around Last Chance
gulch. In that ravine some twenty years
ago , a party of prospectors , wearied "of the
cliaso for gold , pitched their .shacks , nnd
vowed that If the prospect did not pan out
they would face about and take the trail for
homo. Fortune smiled upon their labors and
the lake christened Helena grow strong nnd
vigorous , blossomed into a radiant
beauty and became the acknowledged belle
of the northwest.
The potent power of Last Chance is not
limited to glittering gold. It has other at
tractions. Montana contains more bachelors
to the square auro than any state iu the
union. They are fairly well fixed in the
world's goods , and Helena is their Mecca.
Putting this nnd that together the foresight
of the bchoolma'anu stands out in bold ro-
lioi. Tunir visit to Helena may prove a lost
chance in the matrimonial lino.
The significance of the mooting Is thor
oughly understood In the mountain stato.
Wliilo the .masculine spinsters of Helena
calmly await the bnsot , hoping to monopolize
the matrimonial market , Bntto's aggregation
of singles are on the nlort. The Butte Minor
avers that "there are several thousand hand
some , prosperous and chivalrio young bach
elors in that citv who would bo good 'catches'
for the best girls In Christendom. With the
meeting in Helena a committee from the
Butte bachelor club will go over In disguise ,
to look at the intellectual aggregation and re
port. If the ma'ams are as wo believe they
are the genuine , bright-oyed , sunny-faced
darlings who are com poll eel to wear masks to
prevent the big boys In school from falling in
love with them , tuon will Butte's young gal
lants sally forth and do the honors , which
means of course , that Helena's well moaning , *
butunfortunato youths will bo relegated to
the rear In short order. "
The Helena meeting promises to bo the
most successful yet held by the association ,
oven though the membership suffer a decided
falling off.
In .Alan's Attire.
For the past month Contractor Owens of
San Francisco has had a largo gang of labor
ers employed in making excavations for the
erection of residences on Park Hill. Among
them was one whose offominnto actions nnd
appearance aroused the suspicions of the
laborers that they had among them n woman
wearing u man's clothes und doing a man's
\rnrlr _
Lust \vootc Air. Owens had occasion to in
crease his force , und ho assigned a man
named Wolland to work with the gang iu
which the laborer of doubtful gender was.
When the coon hour caino the suspect , who
was known as ' 'Fritz ' , " was observed to shun
the rest and rotlro to a secluded spot. After
eating their dinner the men filled and lit
their pipes , whila "Fritz , " sitting apart from
the others , read u letter.
Wetland is a , Ciorman , uud recognizing Iu
'Frltz"a follow country man ho walued ever
to where "Fritz" lay stretched out on the
hillside and asked carelessly ; " \\'io gohts ,
Inntlsmi u i i"
On hearing this salutation "Fritz" turned
toward Weiland , but , 'immediately turned
away again. Although ' -Fritz's " face was
turned toward Wolland for only a moment ,
ho recognized it as that of Aliss Uatherinn
Bauer Stopping closer to Catherine , ho
called her by name , when ttiu unhappy
"Fritz" burat Into tears ,
Comprehending her situation , Wolland
asked bur to go to tbo foot of the hill to as
sist him In carrying up sou.o tools. When
they wnro well away from their fellow work
men Wetland asked Catherine why she was
masquerading In male attire nnd working as
a laborer. She said her falhor had died
about four months ago , nnd that $ hu bad ills-
gulsod herself to earn a llvllhood and support
hur aged mother , who lives ou the outskirts
of Ukiah. She said sliu had been working
for Contraittor Owens for three months and
boeitod Weiland to keep her secret.
Wetland , who knew Catherine , and her
parents when they were in bettor circum
stances , told thn foreman , Blnuchard , of Ids
discovery , and a purse was raised among the
laborers to assist Catherine. As soon ns the
contractor arrived in the evening he was Informed -
formed of the discovery and ho at once took
Mls llnuor to his home , where she will bo
elveu employment ns a domestic.
Miss Bauer U rather good looking and Is
about twenty-four years of awe. She says
that prior to working for Air. Owens she was
om ployed us 11 servant girl ut 1418 Howard
Coal Pile.
The claim is boldly made that there U more
coal Iu the state of Washington than In all
the AUantlo states combined. Workable
veins of coal exist In eighteen counties in
Washington and cover an nroa of over 1,000-
000 acres. Toward the development of thh
ercat source of wealth but llttlo has boon
done and much remains to bo done. Twenty-
four veins are being worked , comprising an
area of about 10,000 acres , which gave an out
put of coal In 1890 of 1,750,000 tons and n
probable output In 1391 of 2,500,000 tons ,
while the area worked out U loss than 2,010
ncros. Other companies are nt work devel
oping DO other veins , comprising an area of
about.Trt.OOO acres , some of which will bo
among the producers of 1S9J. Tims ono and
six-tenths per cent of the known coal lands
of the state Is held by compnnlos which nro
shipping coal and three per cent more Is held
by companies preparing to make shipments.
What of the other 05 4-10 percent qf coal
lands ? They nro held under claims by tiros-
Doctors who have made the discoveries , faomo
Tf these prospectors lack oven money to pay
the government prlco for the. land. Others
who have their lands nro awaiting means of
transportation to take their product to mar-
kot. The dtscovoiios already made show
Washlncton to possess the largest coal Held
in the United Stales probably the lareost in
the woild , nnd a large part of the territory
has not yet been prospected. The coal exists
In ton dflToront measures , or distinct groups
of veins , which show distinct-characters of
coal varying over a wide range of usefulness
and chemical composition ; from true cannel ,
showing 88 per cent volatile hydrocarbons , to
n soinl-anthraclto of 91 per cent llxod combustible -
tiblo carbon. Between these two extremes
are found all grades of gas , domestic , steam ,
coxing and blacksmith coals.
A Foi'ttumto ( Jlcan-Up.
In un Interview Iu the St. Louis Globo-
Domocrat. n San Fr.mclsco millionaire tolls
the story of his start on the road to ollluonco.
"Ton years ago , " ho sayn , "I stood without n
nickel in my pocket outside'of a restaurant
door In San Fr.vncisco. I was Indulging In
nn optical feast and wondering how all these
good4hincs in the window would taste if
they were sliding down my hungry palate. I
was trying to think how I could cot the
prlco of a meal , honestly or dishonestly , It
mattered little. Bolero I had evolved a plan
of action a prosperous looking man , who was
Hipping a half-dollar In his hand dropped it
through nn iron grating , nnd It fell Into a
subway below. Ho gave an almost uncon
cerned glauco In the direction the coin had
gone nnd then walked away. It was n
"groiind-hog-casn" for mo , and I determined
to secure that coin , so I walked Into the res
taurant and asked the proprietor If 1 might
retrieve a ? 5 gold piece which I nad dropped
into the collar. Ho replied , "Certainly , "
and gave mo a hatchet with which I might
remove a wooden bar that had been nailed
across a door leading from the basement to
the opening under the grato. There was
much litter nnd dirt down there , and In
searching for the coin I found many others ,
which had been dropped In a similar way. I
cleaned up W from that dirt , an amount suf
ficient to dwarf an able-bodied appetite , secure -
cure a clean shirt and a proportionate
amount of self-esteem and reliance. I visited
men of inllucnco whom I had not suQlcient
cour.igo to visit before , and I have not been
seriously insolvent smco that time. Thus
you may see on what a slender thread often
hangs u chance in life.
Montnnu'H Greatest Year.
The long continued rains which have made
It somewhat unpleasant for pedestrians In
the cities , have been a God-send to the stato.
A trip through the Gallatin , the Flathead
and the Deer Lodge valleys , says the Butte
Alinor. will onoii the oycs of the man who
has been crying for immigration , and a
climpsc of the ranges in eastern and northern
Montana is a reminder of the value of rain.
Never did Aloiitana present a more inviting
appearance to tuo farmer , the rancher or tbo
miner. The streams which furnish water
for the mines and smelters nro swollen bank
full ; the valleys nro gardens of luxuriant
vcrduro and the ranges are adorned with a
heavy growth of succulent , meat-producing
The rains have given proof of the richness
of Montana's soil , for in sections where It
was feared that oven with irrigation the
land would not bo productive , the grass is
from MX inches to two foot In height.
Tourists and business men traveling through
the state on the lines of railroad which
traverse her wonderful valleys and cross her
oro-Hlled mountains are treated to n delight
ful surprise , and all of them agree that this
is not only the ilchcjt mineral state in the
world , but that its agricultural and grazing
lands are the finest that over yielded golden
grain or fattened n romping steer.
The rain is all right. It has added millions
of dollars to the wealth of Montana and
attracted the attention of the Investor nnd
the horasseoker. As n result next year's
immigration to this state will bo greater than
that of any previous year.
Wyoming's Coal Protluct ,
The report of the directors of the Union
Pacific railway shows that during the year
ISSOtho total output mined and sold from the
six coal camps operated by the company
amounted to 1,050,074 tons , of which Hock
Springs furnished about throe-fourths , or
095,204 tons. In 1S90 Rock Springs furnished
052,408 tons , although the total output from
all the camps was 1,278,178 tons. Hiinna and
Pleasant Valley supplied most of the In
creased output. In 1890 , as they were not in
operation the previous vonr. The total re
ceipts for coal in 1839 were Si",1 ! ! ; , 187 a very
pretty amount and ono upon which the casual
reader would say the company reaped n hand
some profit. As n matter of fact their coal
business that year was conducted at a loss of
$47,923. The gross receipts for the coal
mined nt Hock Springs in 1889 was $591,933 ,
but it actually cost the company $ 91 i,47U to
got that coal out. Bringing it down to the
price and cost per ton they sold their coal In
ISb'Jfornn average ol 1. 54 8-10 per ton aim
It cost * them ? 1.59 4-10 per ton to got it out.
It was very llttlo bettor in 1890 , although
the profits were small. Tliolr total receipts
for coal sold in 1890 woroSI.9'J,99J ) , of which
Hock Sprinirs furnished WS5,711. ! Their total
profit on this largo business was only $75 , 13J ! ,
of which Hock Springs furnished $10,80i. !
The price per ton In 1890 was ? 150 0-10 a de
crease of nearly 5 cents per ton over 1889.
Ttio cost per ton was $1.447-10 a decroasa of
nearly 15 cents of 18S9.
Tim Coyote Uoimty.
California's coyote bounty law , which was
passed last winter for the benefit of the sheep
owners , nnd which wont into operation on
May H'J , la operating In n manner that is fill
ing the taxpayers and the fruit growers of
the state with dismay. It provides that for
each coyote killed ? 5 shall bo paid out of tbo
stnto treasury to the person presenting the
scalp to the clerk of the board of supervisors
of each county. Although only eleven of
fifty-four counties in the stnto have boon
heard from , the claims for bounty negro-
gated , on July 1 1 , $10,890. A banking flrm in
Tularo count ) ' , which has not yet reported ,
has notified the state comptroller that it
holds claims for $4,000. Wore all these chums
based on the scalps of coyotes killed In Cali
fornia the case would not be so scandalous.
But It has been learned that enterprising
Cnllfornlans are importing scalps from Arl-
/ona , Now Mexico uud Lower California. A
customs Inspector on the lookout toe Chinese
on the Mexican frontier recently seized a
package of fifty coyote sulns thut'iho owner
was trying to smuggle Into the stato. It Is
learned , furthermore , that tno bounty has
called Into existence a now and profitable In
dustry that of brooding coyotes. A a
female coyote can produce throe litters of
seven pups n year , she is worth something
like $100 to her owner.
To the national government's bounty the
western states are largely Indebted for tuo
magnificent condition of their educational
Interests. Lavish donations of publto lands
together with a per cent , of the receipts'
from sales have helped to roar substantial
buildings and liberally eiuiow tlio public
schools. %
Cougross has donated to South Daxota
( 0,000 acres of laud for different purposes ns
follows : Olio hundred and twenty thousand
acres for agricultural colleges , 40,000 acres
for the reform school , 40,000 acres for the
school of iniiios , 10,000 acres to the deaf and
dumb asylum , 40,000 acres for the university ,
40,000 acres for ( bo normal schools , 50,000
ncros for publlu building * . 170,000 acres for
other educational and charitable Institutions ,
If the amount realized from all these many
acres could bo put Into one Institution what
n gr\nd one It would trmkol Something like ,
that nt Ann Arbor , Michigan. The donated
land Is to be taken from the counties north of
the Hills. Commissioner Thomns U. Hutu U
Instructed not to sell school lands for less
than ten dollars per1 ncro nnd ho has sold
some for fourteen dollars per aero ,
O'nniortiln lioTdlc.
California political circles ara sttrrod to
their depth by ft case now on trial In San
Fninclico which promises to expose the
boodla method * of legislators ,
Oeorgo E. F.iytori , n lobbyist , sues Stnto
Senators W , O. Banks , Thomas Alayor , nnd
John F. Broderlck of San Fr.Hicisco county ,
nnd twenty other state senators , for p.iy for
his services in eiiRlnooring through the legis
lature what was known ns the Llleun county
bill.Fay ton alleges that the twenty-four defen
dants formed it combination at the lust ses
sion of the legislature for the furtherance of
this moaturc and that tor the services per
formed ns lobbyist In April last they ac
knowledged Indebtedness to htm In the sum
of $ t,0 ) < K ) but failed to pay that amount.
Couusol for Fayton stated In court that ho
proposed to show that the combine had
divided 3100,000 among Its moniboM.
Irrigation In Cnlifbruln.
The organization of irrigation districts and
the formation of incorporations for engaging
In Irrigating operations is proceeding nt n
rapid pace all over California , says the
Cnronlclo. Never , Indeed , was there so
much activity In this Hue of development.
Yesterday an Irrigation district election was
bold ut Tlpton , Tularo county , and two
others will shortly bo hold farther south.
During the past week an incorporation was
formed at Los Anitolos with n capital of
$1,000,000 , for the purpose of irrigating a
Innto tract on the border of the Mojave
desert in San Bernardino county. Irrigation
enterprises nro under way throughout the entire -
tire length of the state , from Lasson to San
Diego county. No other element will enter
so largely Into the future prosperity of the
state as tbo extension of irrigation.
Unenviable Notoriety.
South Dakota , as a place of refuge for per
sons who have found marriage a failure and
are seeking release from their bonds , has
achieved international renown. The procure
ment of a divorce alter six months' residence
nnd for almost any cause under the sun "in
compatibility of temper" being enough nnd
to spare Is ramloring the state justly popu
lar with a great many people In every part of
the continent. Already Sioux Falls has re
ceived and entertained thrones of people
more or loss prominent In society , and its
prowiug4mporUnco both as a summer and
winter resort for visitors with more money
than domestic happiness Is said to be on
chancine real estate values , and booming'
things generally.
Gold In Washington.
The town of Ellcnsburg , Wash. , Is excited
over the discovery of gold In Alonatash
Canyon , llftccn miles from the city. Fine
nuggets nnd dust are found daily and the gold
Is of high grade. Several good silver lodges
have also been discovered in this canon.
Gold has also bemi picked up In the hills
north of this city. The whole country is
wrought up to a high pitch , and pros
pectors are fitting out and starting for the
fields. These who Jiavo returned nro en
thusiastic over the prospects and have duster
or nuggets to back uptheir , stories. A great
deal of Iron is also Doing uncovered by the
gold hunters.
A Potato Glut.
Potatoes are a drug in the market In San
Francisco. There jts practically no sale , and
tons of thousands of them are rotting on the
wharves of the city. Ono million sar-ks are
already stored on the water front , and this Is
bolng increased daily , while the local con
sumption amounts to but 3,000 sacus per day.
There are enough pptatoes tboro now to feed
10oyo hungry persons every day for a month ,
but no ono appears toavant the tubers oven
at 40 cents a hundred pounds , about half the
regulation price.
\i yoniing.
Newcastle has an oil exchange In full blast.
Bulldlncs are multiplying rapidly at Gold
All roads In Wyoming now lead to mining
Flattering rsports of rich mineral como
from all camps.
The Buckeye mine at Atlantic has been sold
for ? 35,000 spot cash.
Clntsrost In the coming state mining con
vention is increasing.
Uhoyonno has added n building inspector
to her metropolitan trills.
The Swedish society nt Laramlo is about
to ornct a now church building.
Ah Coon , o Chinese minor atRock Springs ,
took the opium route to the hereafter.
Two Omaha business men are in. Bonanza
sockinir n desirable site for a flour mill.
The Union Pacific returns Pullman prop
erty valued at § 34,735 for state taxation.
Thh Union & Elkhorn Valley road have
put ou a passenger tram between Deadwood
and Denver.
Deposits of gnlond hove boon discovered
near Casper , in the same vicinity as the
asbestos fields.
The state encampment on the Fort San-
dero reservation is assured. State troops
will bo ordered into camp September 1.
James F. Aloskcll , a member of the Mill
creel ; placer company , brought to Laramlo a
small saclc of gold nuggets as big as peas.
Attention is being directed to the recent
discoveries of plaeors in the Tongue river
region in the northwestern part of this ter
The Platte Valley Lyre of Saratoga 'gives
forth sweet music to the touch of two
women Gertrude Al. and Laura C. Hunt-
The Wyoming commissioners to the world's
fair havo'docldod to erect a state buildlug
and will use Wyoming material , stone , etc ,
as far as possible.
The Deer Creek Coal company's ' mines at
Glonrock , nro on lire. It is believed the lire
started In the stables under ground , though
possibly the work of an Incendiary. The
mines will bo Hooded.
Isaac Nelson , a shop omployo at Cheyenne ,
Is In big luck , having received uotillc.Ulon
from Boston , Alnss. , tjiat his wife , lately de
ceased , has loft him and his daughter the
sum of 8100,000 , mostly cash.
In the Brush creek placer mines , owned
by Colonel Downey and Captain Alulllson , nt
a depth of sixty feet , another mystery bus
been encountered. While timbering ono side
of the shaft caved In , disclosing an Immense
cavern , the dltnouslous of which were too
great to bo ascorlaijldd at the time.
TrnckJoylng on thpBuffaio extension of the
B. As Al. U procoedlUK-at the rate of a mile
and a half per dav. Nine miles nro down west
of Aloorcroft , and the tr.ick will bo completed
to the now town on , th ( ) head of Donkey creek
by Augusts , when thu company ox poet , to bo
ready to ship stoolc to that place. It will
shorten the stage riljv'to ' Buffalo to seventy
miles , ,
The Hnwlms Jourpaj advocates n fund for
tno erection of a mouutnent over the grave
of Aianagl , the Samp-iu chief who died on the
train and was burled at that place last week.
jManagi was ono of thUjSamoans who assisted
In roiculns eighty drowning soldiers from
the wrecked United S.tatos man-of-war ou
the coast of ono of. tbo Sumoan islands , nnd
his grave should notrgo unnoticed by tbo
patriotic people of Wyoming.
The osossed value of LOJ Angeles , Cal. , is
$3,000,01)0 ) loss than last year.
The Chlnoso restriction act has raised the
wages paid to Chliinmnn on the Pacific coast
almost double.
The Humboldt county school census shuwa
a total of 4,570 chlldron A loss of about liOO
since last year ; but there is a gain of UOi
chjldren under live years of ago.
The Allisons of Heading have decided to lay
the corner stone of their now temple on Fri
day , August 7. The event will bo ono of great
ceremony and tbo day will bo generally ob
served there us u holiday.
Boring for natural gas In Stockton isan
enterprise that has become too common them
to excite remark , The now $ . ' 100,000 court
house is lichted und heated throughout by gas
from a well bored by the county.
Apples are as profitable a crop In California
as oranges. A grower , whoso ranch is up
4,000 foot in thn Slorra Nevadas , ttguroi out
a return of JlOtl per aero gross nt the rate
of 0 > | cents per pound , which bu received.
Tno citrus belt seems to be able to raise
something besides organs mortgages , for
Instauci ) . Property in Ulronldo Is mortga
ged to the extent of WIU7,110.81 , nnd In San
Bernardino the mortgage crop amounts to
The rcglitor of the laud ofllco in Los An
geles tins cotifplled statistics showing that
thnro nro many thousand acres of public
arable land us yet unsold In the district , the
principal drawback bolng the lack of water
for Irrigating purposes.
A peculiar feature ) of development soon
within the past year or two iu California has
boon the orir.inlratUm of incorporated com
panies tor the purpose of plantlnir trees anil
vinos. There must bo several hundred of
such Institutions now In operation.
Hlvorsldo has completed the shipment of
her orange crop for the season of 18K-9I. ! ) It
rcncbcd 11)75 ) carloads , nnd rcturnrd to the
producers upward of ? 1,250,000. There are
something Into 4.IXXJ acres of bearing ornngo
trees nt Hlvorsldo , which would give nn
nverogo return of over 100 to the ncro.
Ono hundred nnd twenty thousand dollars
have passed over the counter of the Bank of
Vacnvlllo , according to the statement of Ed
ward Fisher , the cashier , for the payment of
fruit shipped to eastern points , as against
J9J.OOO tip to the same time last Ono
hundred and sixty-ono caw ofijreon fruit nnd
four cars of dried fruit woroshlppcd east this
year , as against nlnctv-throo up to the same
time last year.
A Tulnro county , California , paper springs
this storvon its readers : A number of bees
selected the garret of n local church for n
hive , storing In it many tons of tioney. The
recent hot weatner caused the wax to melt ,
which loosened the store of sweetness. The
weight was too heavy for the church rafters
to hold and the whole partition of thu roof
caved Iu over the pulpit. The church paivs
and pulpit were completely burled In honey
and melting wax.
Great Falls is negotiating for n glass fac
Park county's assessment roll foots up
GMlatln county shows an assessed vuht-
ntlon of f5,970,0'.K ' ) .
A slice of Great Falls real cstato was sold
to Seattle parties for $112,000.
The Moscow mlno nt Butte has boon sold
to the P.irrot company for $ HO,0IO. (
Irrigation ditches In Gallatin county nro
now used to carry off the surplus of water.
The national government proposes to es
tablish n fish hatchery in northern Montana.
The tramp who murdered .Too Clancoy at
Billings , decorated a telegraph polo a few
hours alter the crime.
His stated that a loading Boston firm has
purchased over 1OJO(100 ( pounds of Alontana
wool at from 17 to IS cents.
Burglars and sneak thieves have become
ai. unbearable nulsauco In Helena. A vigil
ance committee Is threatened.
The number of tourists visiting the park
this season falls 00 short of the number who
arrived in Livingston to date last summer.
J. T. Woldridgo , formerly operator at the
depot at Missouia , but more recently agent
and operator at Stevcnsvlllo , was thrown
from his horse at Stovonsvlllo and almost in
stantly killed.
It Is reported that two men recently did n
profitable piece of work in the Ivnnboe , In
the Olrunngon country. In three hours' work
they broke off the ledge and scored sixty
sacks of ore , worth $1,000 a ton.
The lessee has made another important
strike in the Blue Bird , near Wickos , n clean
streak of galena being encountered that will
run over two ounces in silver. This mine
will certainly become an important producer.
A now vein was recently struck bv the
Herr canal company. The mlno was opened
up 3.000 feet , nnd an Immense supply of coal
has been uncovered. Sixty more coke ovens
will soon bo added , giving .1 capacity ot 150
tons per day.
During a terrific thunder-storm In Deer
Lodge valley lightning struck the house of
Evan P. Thomas. The man and wife wore
in bed , with n little child between them. The
father and mother were killed , but the child
was not harmed.
The Omaha lode , located on Carpenter
Creek , is owned by II. Alatthes et nl. The
vein Is now throe nnd one-half to four feet
wide nnd carries pay ere onfl foot in width in
a shaft of twenty foot. The assays hove
given seventeen , twenty-seven nnd thirty-
two ounces ot silver , $ J in gold per ton , and
08.7 and 70 per cent lead. Butte parties
offered to pay $ JOOJ and sink a shaft 100
feet for a one-third interest. Tno Omaha is
u bonanza.
The mercury and politics are in the ascen
A find of almost pure Galena ere has been
made about'oight mlles from Paradise.
The Bingliam mining exchange is now in a
flourishing condition , and is doing a rushing
A sianlinir phenomenon was witnessed In
Salt Lake recently. The Tribune commend
ed the project to rear a monument to Brigham -
ham Young.
A number of prominent Salt Lake and
Prove business men have become interested
in the establishing of a new bathing resort
at the mouth of Provo rivor.
The Utah canning factory at Ogden ex
pects to can 30,000 casoj of jollies , fruits , etc.
Throe thousand barrels of pickets will bo put
up , and n llko amount of vinegar manufac
The Samson property at Bingliam , n bul
lion producer , is to bo incorporated nnd Its
stock placed upon the market. Tno Samson
was recently sold for$05,000 , the bargain of
Into years in this territory.
Stockmen sav that more eattlo hnvo boon
shipped from Utah this season than any pre
vious year. Forty-ulna car loads of southern
Utah cattle , 1,501) ) head , divided Into four
trains , started east recently. Tno steers nro
from the ranch of Wooloy , Ltnd and Jueld ,
and were sold to Air. Swan of Chicago.
For the llrst six months qf the present year
the mines of Utah hnvo paid dividends as fol
lows : Daly , * 2 > I5MO , ( ; Horn Silver , $100,000 ;
Ontario , $ l5dOJO ; PotroU,60l , ) ; Contonninl-
Eure.ika , $ I20OJ ( ) ; Champion , 600.000 ; Mnm-
ii.oth , S10,000. ! . Total , $757,500 , with a score
or more mines of lesser note to hear from ,
The shipments of metals from Salt Lake
city for the week ending July were as fol
lows : 01 cars of silver and lead ores , 2,229-
180 pounds ; 9cars bullion , 272.471 ; tola ! 70
cars , or 2,501,051 pounds. The receipts of
ere anil bullion for the week eliding the 22d
instant , inclusive were to the total value of
$10:1,791.08. : of which $83,550.50 was in ere
and $80,238.IS In bullion.
Hecont arrivals from Deep Creole coiiutrv
brought in ere from a noiv place which is
said to bo a line strike. It conies from ' 1 linin-
as Creek , on the cast side of tbo Deep Crook
valley , In the Deep Cruok range , In wiint is
known asDurs t's Canyon. The ore brought
in came from the surface , and is rich in gold.
Bishop Talbot Is trying to raise $5,003 , for
the purpose of erecting an Episcopal female
seminary nt Boise.
News comes from Smoky that a four-foot
vein ot high-grade ere has lately been struck
in the Carrie Leonard. This mine Is bolng
worked by leasers , and they are jubilar . over
their good luclt.
Unless Komo unforacen difficulty arisen
within the next few dav.s n train will bo run
through the Northern Paeltlo tunuol on the
Cojur il1 Alone cut-off , thus completing the
connection between Mullan , Idaho , ami Mis
souia , Mont.
The Alullau Tribune states that a rich
strike ot opals was made by' Jotopn Davis
near the head of Alin crook recently , no
brought several of them with him Into Mill-
Ian nnd n jeweler at once purchased them In
the rough for $ sO. Davis says there are
gunny sacks full of the gems whore ho got
his sample- * ,
Aaron P. Parker , n JournnlUt of Idaho ,
telegraphs from Orangovllln as follows :
"Tholbort Walls nas Just arrived hero from
Elk City with news that Dr. Poynur of
Palermo , Wash. , has made a fabulous gold
strike on the Hed rivor. lie has a four-loot
lodge absolutely thick all over with gold.
From all accounts It Is u genuine and won
derful striko. "
It is u delicate subject with UH , crlos the
Idaho Falls Times , but wo are very much em-
harassed financially , and as free from incnoy
as u frog U of feathers. If some of you folks
that owe us on uubscrlptlon could hnvo a
photograph of our empty nt pockets you
would hustle a dollar or so aud changa tuo
picture. Our cash receipts have been BO
light the last month that n llosilan fly could
cast them up in ten seconds Wo dislike
this contraction of the currency very much ,
and you , one and all , should extend a hand to
help us out of the money panic wo are uudor-
going. P. S. Don't forgot to hnvo some sil
ver In your hand when oxtondod.
South Dakota.
President Cooper of the Iron Hill mjnos
has made arrangements to ship ere to the
Omahn smelter.
A detailed statement of public land In the
Hnpld City land olllco district shows a total
of 8.87"SsO acres , of which only 1,2 > 7,7SO are
In nn open cut on thn Caroline nnd Bavaria
lodes , situated within thn city limits of Deadwood -
wood , n strike of ere body assaying W3 in
gold nnd silver was mndo on Thursday nnd
has created a great deal of excitement.
The total valuation of property In Deadwood -
wood as returned by the asiouor and equal
ized bv the hoard of county commlssloaori Is
$ l,7JItW5 , divided into real estate , $ I,200MiV
por.ional property , $511,820. The total Is In
round lleuros but $120,000 greater than for
1S1H ) .
Dr. Hcaddon , president of the Dakota
school of mines , is now making an examina
tion of the galena deposits | in Canyon dis
trict , Pennlnu'ton county. If hli report
proves favornhlo n local symllcata stands
ready to erect laivo concentrating warns in
the district.
A oivu occurred in the Illgntnml ono of
the Homastnko group mines , at Lead City ,
on Wednesday night , tearing out all iloors
from the fourteenth down to tbo tenth and
bringing down several thousand tons of oro.
Dotrls is now being removed , so that this ore
can bu reached und molted.
O.iblo cars will bo running at Tacoma next
Tbo Ton AIllo region near Wtiotcom Is
overrun with boars.
At a recent sale of public school land n ar
Seattle , KMSaeroi hotted the co.unty $31l'il ! ) .
The transfers of real oitato at Tncomn ,
Wash. , so far this amount to $ J,9I9,170.
At Keith , a bridegroom of a wecic Is trying
to recover his bride , who has been Induced
by hur mother to forsake him and return to
the parental roof.
Ore has boon shipped from the Fourth of
July mine , at Coneommlly , by the way of
Coulee City , to Tacoma , which has gone as
high as $5UO to thu ton.
L. W. Hohonsoe , a prospector , has located
new and splendid fields of coal , iron and
asbestos , all within eight miles of Hamilton.
The samples of abastos brought In by Him
show n liber thrcii to ttvo inches long nnd as
touch as cotton warp. It was taken from
beneath n high bowlder , the weight of which
gave p.iossuru to the deposit.
The Hallway Age savs : " 'Snohomlsh Skv-
komlsh and Spokane' is the name of a new
railway in Washington. What a splendid
title for exorcising the advertising .nbllltloi
of the general passenger agouti 'Take the
great S. , S. and S. , the Sno-Sky-Sho
line ; hardest name and shortest route o'n tlie
continent ; the original and only Shoh-Skylt-
Spok Hoad. ' etc. etc. "
Horso-ownors on the Hoes river ranges
complain of the work of vandals in denuding
the animals of the hair of tliolr manes aud
The berry crop on the ranches surrounding
Carson is magnificent this year , nnd if the
weight of tbo apples don't ' break the trees
down Carson will have apples for the stato.
Small parties are being made up in Carson
to go to thn Pine Nut region , twenty-live
mlles from that city , where recent gold dis
coveries have been made.
A thunder storm Fridnv afternoon came
near wlplnc out the mountain town of Genoa.
About 3 o'clock a cloud burst near where the
bhf snowslldo occurred years ago. In a few
moments a great flood came down three sepa
rate canyons , swecpincr everything before it.
The best paving property in Nevada Is n
mine , whoso history Is thus told by tbo Cen
tral Noiradan : "Simeon Wonbaii had run
the Garrison tunnel at great expense and
was left a poor man , owing his creditors
$150,000 There was not n pound of ere in
sight whereby the debt might bo paid. As n
last resort , with a forlorn hope , after the
mlno nad been closed , .Simoon VVcnban'drill-
cd u hole in the hanging wall and blasted out
n hugo piece of rock , which ho found to bo
almost a solid block of metal and pirt of an
Immcnso vein which had boon paralleled
hundreds of feet. This fortunate last effort
marked n sudden change that seldom falls to
the lot of man. It was Won ban , the poor
man , tbo laborer , before that blast was fired ;
It was Simeon Wenban , the millionaire , but
n second thereafter. The first month's run
of his little mill gave him $30,000 , and over
since ho has grown moro wealthy. "
Idaho secures $35,000 for the survey of pub-
lin lauds.
The MuthoJlsts are building a church at
boim-annual reports or tbo slate treasurer
show receipts , $173,083 ; expenses , $75,834.
Alalad valley , exclaims the Enterprise , has
the best agricultural lauds , the best horses ,
the prettiest girls , the sweetest babies , the
kindest wives , the noblest husbands in thu
land. All wo lack is n good public school to
compute with heaven and the angels.
The silver vein on the 500 foot level of the
"Washington mine , near Idaho City , is five
feet wide , and promises to be the biggest bo
nanza In Idaho. It caries crystalizod ruby
silver , native silver nnd n llttlo bromide.
Tbo ere is very rich , some of it running 1,30J
ounces per ton. Further developments will
have to bo tuado to determine Its extent.
The l junUlar Snarl.
The mnn was cni-ryiny tv Inrgo basket
covered with u nowapupcr , says tlio Detroit -
troit Frc'o Press , nnd the woman curried
nimby. There wns a , cry of nil aboard !
ns they hurried through the gulo at the
railroad stutioa nnd they ran forward us
f.'ist us they could with their burtloiib.
"Next timo'.you'll boyin to-got ready
hoonoiI guosrf , " f-rrowlcd tlio man hur
riedly tossing hit ) biihkot on to the car
platform and pubhini , ' hits wife up nftor
"I guosa you'll walk faster , Unit's
what I puobs , " she replied , reaching
down for tlio babv's blanket , which had
slipped oil "I told .you nil tho.timo
you'd hnvo to hurry. "
"Y-a-iiH , von did. "
"Y-a-as , "l did. "
"A good doul you did ; you told mo
nothing , that's what yon told mo. Now
wo'vo got to Imvo that trunk como by
express. Wo'vo got no chock and no
time to got no chock. ThoroV 7fi con Us
lost through your dilly-dallying. "
"Through my dllly nothing. "Why
don't you got into ono of UIPHO BoatsV Doyen
yon w'ant mo to Ing this bnby through
Ilia whole train. "
They bundled into a seat and the man
looked ut his watch.
"Say , " ho biiid , "it was tlio conductor
of the other train Unit hollered all
aboard. Wo'vo got liftoon minutoH
yut , "
"Well , why don't you go and got the
trunk checked , tliuni" ' You'.ro ulowor'n
mohi&bos anyway. "
" 1'a-jm I am. "
"Ya-as , you aro. "
Tlio man bhnlllod out of tliocnr _ at thin
point and left the passengers without
any amusement to upoalc of until ho ro-
An Kiilm | > .lolccr.
A Munsflolil , Ohio , doctor It the owner
of n hor.-tu which has a fondness for play
ing practical jokns. Recently the phy
sician drove out into the country to an-
Bwor n Kiel ; call. Arriving ut his des
tination , ho tied Ills to a po-it noiu *
whh'h hung a rope attached to u largo
boll used iu a dlnnoi'hignal for employed
on tlio place , and went iribldo. Shortly
after the hell rung violently. The doctor
nnd thu man of the liouso both looked
out , but could MOO nothing oxcopl ttio
liorto. They had Imrilly turned away ,
however1 , before tlio boll rangngnin , nnd
again they looked but could w o nothing.
This WHS repeated , nnd the doctor do-
turmined to Bolve tlio mystery , heat tlio
third ring , instead of going into tlio
hotibo , ho ntepnud out and hid in the
yard. _ Ho kept ills oyoH on the boll rope ,
nnd in about n ininulo was auriirisod to
bco liis horse lift up Ills , siniio
Hlyly nnd glvo the rope n good , hard
tug.Vhon tile physician .sprung out
nnd confronted tlio homo , the animal In
stantly tried to put on u look of Inno
cence , but wus
OVIt COVXTKV , > TtS 1ttf TitKK ,
The largest spring In the world Is nt
Mnmmoth Spring , Ark. , from whlfrh
1)0,000 ) gallons of water gvlsh forth nvory
inlnulo , making n total of lft ) , 00,00'J '
gallons n day.
There ! s so milch rook suit In tlio Col
orado closort Ihuf the Southern 1'm'lllo
railway poonlo hnvo at ono place bil- :
lasted .1,000 foot of tliolr track with it ,
"Andrew Jackson" will soon bo hanjod
nt Memphis.
AlHiuico , O. , n prohibition town of
8,000 population , hus ninety open six-
Now York city's nldormantc budget
for IS'.H shown nn IncrwiM.'d valuation on
ronl I'stato of $ ir,05T,8tn ) ami on tnrconal
estate of S'J'J.IWI.KW , a total iiiorca o of
$ HS,87 , ! ) I3 ever the valuation for 18J. ! )
Iu the twelve months ending , luno 1 ,
18DI , the ntnount of money in lurculatloit
in the United Static nwo from * 1.-iil- :
IH-VWI to.-Mr > ( U,278.r > 0 < ) . An liu-roaso of
$7ilOS 1,855 in a single yotu1.
When the congressional library build
ing Is llnlshod and oponud to the public
in 18W ! , it will contain alcoves , stacks
and iron shelving nulllelontto stow away
1.500,000 books
nu mo IIIMV iiniuuuing nix iitnos as
much wino as wo Import. The number
of gallons of foreign wines imported lust
year was only /j.orw.H" / . ! , whereas the
number of gallons of homo production
was ever ; iO,000liMi. ( The importations ,
moreover , are only "iIOOIHI gallons moi >
than in IS 111 , when wo only produced
12" > ,00t > gallons of wine.
Missouri.prodnci-s moro 7.ino than nn
other two Htatos in tlio union , and tlm
value of the annual output of its load
and /.inc approximates io.OOO.OOO.
Tlio snmlU-.t paper in the United
States la tlio Ciu/.en , J'.ilntka. Ha. It
isIx.i inches , four pugos and lias ttvo
editors , vho part their names in the
TJiii remarkable feat -poi'Tormed by the
Philadelphia Uocord in turning a poplar
tree into newspapers within twenty-two
hours Is a wonoorful example o'f tlio
rapidity with which human ingc'iinity
can take the raw material from tlio hand
of nature and Imnsimtlo it into tlio
highest product of civilisation.
There are eighteen counties in I'eiin-
sylvania that have no debt. The com
bined debt of all the other counties is
& 5H,07l)7I. ) ! ) !
Boston lias two moro'banks than Now
York , 1'ittsburg has two more than
Chicago and thirty-two moro than Phil-
Tlio largest republic in tl.o world , and
tlio only ono that has ever lived a centu
ry on a purely democratic basis , is the
United States of America , which con
tains : iL'0,000 ( ! square miles , being al
most equal in extent to lOuropo , which
has ( ifty-nino kingdoms , empires , prin
cipalities and republics.
IJy running a single thread of worsted
through all the ailk ho imported , a Now
Yoi'lc merchant saved more than $1,500-
000 in customs duty. His lawyer , with
whom the idea originated , was remuner
ated with $50,000.
The output of whisky from the Ken
tucky distilleries hibt year amounted to
5,000,000 gallons , or nearly 8,000,000
moro than the amoiit produced when
the prohibition party was first formed.
The hat which will top oil the statno
of William I'enn on the dome of the
Philadelphia city hull is four feet high
and lias a brim twelve foot in circum
ference. President Harrison will never
see it without rejoicing that ills grnnd-
fathor'a tas > to in lints was moro modest.
A million mon standing close together ,
each not occupying moro than four
square foot , could bo placed on a patch
but little moro than n third of a square
mile. A square milo will accommodate
! ) ( ! . At that the
7-5,000 mon. rate popula
tion of the entire United States would
hardly cover nine miles squaro.
The census report on aluminium shows
a remarkable development in obtaining
that wonderful metal uilhin tlio hist
few yours. The total product of the
country in 183 ! ) was 471G3 pounds , val
ued at il)7,3M.
John Kuox owned a clock made in
Paisley in loliO , Lawyer Woods of
Iiuntiugtx > n , N , Y. , owns it now and
John Wilhorson , ono of llio signers o (
the doularation , brought it to America.
Hero's a "grandfather's clock" any of
the grandchildren might bo proud of.
The lire losses in May throughout tlio
union amounted to $22OS.j,7-IO , of which
$7,275,000 was caused by forest 11 res
For the llrst five months of the year tlio
losses aggregate $0,000,000 , against
$14,000,000 for the same period last year.
It is said there is a tract of forest
trees in southern Oregon embracing
about sixteen thousand square miles ,
which cut and . old at 810 nor 1,000 fcot
would pay oiir national debt twice over'
It is estimated that the amount of mor
ehnntablo limber btanding will reach
100,01)0,000,000 ) feet.
The .fifty-two ton now stool brooch-
lending gun , the largest ever made in
this country , was landed at Sandy Hook.
It was cast at the Wntorviiot arsenal ,
West Troy , is JMJJ feet long , bore ill feet ,
and will bland n , charge of 410 pounds of
powder. It is said that the gun will
throw a distance of liflcen miles.
' Probably the only original I'onUnentnl
Hug in existence is that in the posses
sion of the City troop of Philadelphia.
It was carried by that organization all
through the revolutionary war. "It is
spread , " says the PhiladoIphU Record ,
"between two largo pieces of plate glass ,
and is kept completely airtight. Tlio
probabilities are that were it removed
from this cnno it would fall to pieces. In
design it is somuwhit similar to the
KnfHish jack. The design was made by
a committee , of which lionj'iuniii Frank
lin was a member , in 177(1. ( A few years
Inter the llrst American standard ac
cepted hy congress was submitted and
adopted. Ita known us the constella
tion Hag , and was Himilar to the ono now
in tibo , with the exception of the thir
teen stats on a blue background. "
And HKSN Thnt are Worth Tliolr
"Weight In Ten-Dollar llillx.
"Thoro arc only four eggs of the great
auk now in thin country , " says u
zoologist in tlio NowIYoi'k Tribuno"and
they are valued nt WOO ouch , it booms
odd to think of a bird becoming extinct ,
but no one lias seen a Labindor duck ,
either , since 1850. There are but live
mounted specimen * In existence , and
none of the oggH are in existence. Klrt-
land's warbler is another bird that is
rare , Until recently but seven had ever
been captured , and these all weru found
in a region near Cleveland , O. , tubs than
u mile square. Specimens were worth
$100 apiece. Hutu little while ago u
naturalist who chanced to visit the ill-
liama islands came upon a colony of the
birds , nnd , knowlni ; what n mine he had
struck , shot about twenty and took them
to his country. When he began to un
load tlio blory came out and the market
sagged , so that now you can get u Kirt-
land for $5 or W.
"Tho t'onneelleut warbler IB another
bird of interest to y.oologUls. bccnuuu no
ono has yut noun Its eggs , it passes up
the Mlx.sisilppl river in tlio early spring
anil probably mates far In the interior
of British North America nnd goes south
in the fall by the way of the Atlnntlo
seaboard , if any ono can 11 nd the nest
of this little fellow with four eggd in it
it will bo 3200 in his pocket. "