Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 15, 1890, Page 3, Image 3
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE ; MOXDAY , SEPTEMBER 15 , 1890. FIERCE BATTLE OF INSECTS , A School of Bed Ants Attacked by an Army of Elack Ants. DEPLOY SCOUTS AND SKIRMISHERS Ttic Wonderful and liitcr'.Btlnj ; Ma- nucurrcn ftticl &trntnctn * 131s- ployed byTlicc Lltllo In sect Warriors. On Saturday afternoon in August ns I wns walking ncro ? ? a pasture field near a town on Long Island. I noticed in the grass before me , two ants fighting ; one , a slim , black fellow nearly an inch long , the other a smnll , thick tot , red one , somewhat rcbcmbling a beetle. They were having a lively tubsel , and I flopped to watch them to see which would bo the victor , Bays a writer in Christian at Work. The red ant gccmcd to have the nd- vantage ; one after another ho bit off the black ants logs from one side. "When the last of the thrco was removed he withdrew from the contest , and , saving a few scratches on his back , seemed not much the worse for the fight. Retiring to the top of a email lump of eartn he cleaned himself snd dressed his wounds much as a fly washes itself. While en gaged lu this work , which occupied him for some time , a black ant , smaller thun the vanquished one , jet black , glossy and plump a handsome follow and evi dently a young one came out from the grass a few feet away , went up to the ant lying helpless ou his eldo , went all about him , troubling him with his anten- ne ; , and returned the way ho came. A mlnuto or two .later several other black ants camoup to the cripple , went about him ln theoamo manner as the first had done , und returned the way they came. The ruu ant had now left his lump of earth , and started toward the west at right angles to the direction the black ants had taken. I stuck up a bit of St. Johnswort to mark the position of the vanquished ant , and followed the red ant to see where ho was going. Ho led mo about nix rods westward to the base of nn old white stump. Between two widesprcadinp roots of the stump , on the south side of it , where the ground was sloping , were a number of openings as largo as a man's finger. Down one of these the red ant disappeared. A few minutes afterward red ants came swarming out like bees from under the stump , tumbling over each otherin their habto to get out. They ran about the stump , and over and around it in great numbers , and finally settled down in solid mass in u belt as broad as a man's hand , that extended from the ground over the southern face of the stump nearly to the top , forming a circle about the entrance to their homo , and everv ant with his head pointing to the pcrf- meter of the bolt. This proceeding aroused my curiosity intensely , and it was further increased by a low , not unmusical hissing noise they seemed to make as they were form ing the belt. I went close to them and stooped down to make sure the noise carao from them. Having satisfied myself that it did , I started buck to the scene of the combat. When within two rods of the place , I met a line of black ants approaching. Two or three of them were some feet in advance of the others , and were running back acd forth rapidly. They were mov ing on the line the red ant had taken , and anneared to act as scouts for the Ttrmy that followed. They ran about a yard ahead at each advance , and on each return touched the foremost of the line with their antenna ! , as if imparting in formation. The column of ants advanc ing grew more and more dense and widened to a breadth of not less than two feet ; at the sign of the St. Johns- wort the ground was literally black with , the moving mass. The place where the \ red ant had stood on the bit of earth I seemed to bo of special interest to each ant , who ran around and o'ver it , and then made off through the grass on the line the red ant had taken. When the column of ants had arrived to within twenty feet of the stump I re turned to it , eager to see the outcome of such extensive preparations. I found the ants arranged over the face of the stump and on the ground about the openings - ings to their nest in a ring nearly six inches wide and as rod as the reddest. On the ground , stationed two inches from the outside of the belt , a few larger nnd apparently older ants were continu ally running out a short ways and back again , but always keeping on their re turn about the same distimco from the bolt. There were others running over the stump on the outside of the circle , and on the they faced the direction from which the black ants were coming. The black ants continued to move for ward till they reached the stump , where they formed a mass from two to three . foot wide in a curving line on the east and south of it. Many began running over the stump on the outside of the belt t i-od ants , apparently looking for some place to enter the stump from the rear of the line. On the near approach of a black ant , a struggle was imme diately begun with one of the red ants that stood guard on the outside of the belt In nn instant the two became a righting mass us biff as n butternut by contestants added from both Hides. In the thickest of the battle there were six or more of these bunches engaged at once , in which at times the red unts seemed to nrtdom- inato , and at times the black. The main bodies of ants , both black and red , tool : no part in the fight , remaining quiet throughout. The red ants wore btill in order on the stump when the sun sinkIng - Ing warned mo that it was time to leave. The black ants were , however , now quietly dissolving their numbers , return ing by the way they came , leaving thulr . dead on the fiold. On examination , k these all appeared to have lost their JT logs on ono bide only , such disabling of his antagonist being apparently the red unt's method of fighting. The bodies were mere empty shells , and with in- uumorablo legs strewed the ground. The bodies of the few red ants killed were also empty shells. There apixsared to bo little reason for the retreat of the black ants , which were individually much larger than the red , and outnum bered them four to one. I watched the organisation and warring of these ants all the afternoon , full live hours , that teemed less than half that time , so fas cinating hud boon the occupation. Being a country youth , working from un to svin , I had no opportunity to revisit - visit the field until the following Sun day. Then I hastened to the nest of tno black ants. I found it all torn uprooted out and trampled down. But it plainly had been an oval hillock , about a foot high and about two by four foot In diam eter. It had been built in a sandy spot on the southern elope of the Held , with the entrances to the south. Before the entrances , for a space of eight or ten inches out , the ground was entirely cUw of any growth , and was as clean nnd flat as n flagstone. I picked up pieces of the roofing that were nt-arly two inches thick. It was composed of short bits of grass nnd dirt , the top overlaid with short pieces of grass with the blades all pointing to top of the roof. The under fide of thereof roof was glossed orer with n hard , gutn- like substance. The entrances were about an Inch and a quarter in diameter , and smooth with tho. same substance. A. few ants wore trying to rebuild the nest , and had already repaired the mound tea a considerable extent. I \ neighbor , noting my curiosity , told mo that a bull put into the pasture had torn the nest to pieces with his horns and pawed the pieces about ; that the ants in return had led him a dance over the field. The pawings and bollowings nnd mad antics that followed showed that the black ant knew how to fight his larger foe , though no match for the llt- tlo red one. I went over to the stump , some twelve or fifteen rods away. The red ants were gone. The roughest treatment failed to call ono forth from the stump. Not a trace of them was on the ground about Whether they had emigrated to a more peaceful hcction , or had attacked the blacks and been destroyed ; whether the organized warfare I had witnessed was simply to avenge the wrongs ol one of their number , or the fight thiit first attracted my attention was but the skir mish of scouting parties and it had been the intention of the black ants to steal tholarvie of the red anta , as 1 had known the honey boo to steal the Inrvto of their enemies all remained a mys tery. tery.You You cannot bo too particular about the medicine you use. When you need u blood purifier bo sure you pet Ayer'a Sarsaparilla , and no other. It will niinelo with , purify , and vitalize every drop of blood in your body. It makes tuu weak strong. 'IhnNciv Metal and Its Possibilities. Aluminum , aside from its lightness and strength , is malleable , ductile , does not rust , is as beautiful as silver , nnd is much more abundant in its native ttate than any metal in use , says Harper" * Weekly. oCryolite , or Iceland-spar , is the mineral from which it has been mostly obtained , but It is a constituent of clay and of other earths nnd prevails almost everywhere. The statement has been made that it composes more than a twen4ieth part of the crust of the globe The dilliculty is to secure it in a pure state at a moderate cost. Much has yet to bo learned also as to the methods of using it , and there remains t-omo doubt as to its adaptation to certain important uses. But within the last half-century its cost has been reduced from over &IO a pound to less than $3and it is now being put to practical use as an alloy. Recently a series of tests to determine the virtues of aluminum bronze was made by government naval officers at the Watertown ( Mass. ) arsenal. A tensile strength of 1)0,000 ) pounds to the square inch was shown , which is largely in excess of anything before developed. The tranvcrto strength of the composite metal was found to bo GCOO jwunds to the square inch a result which has bo in only equalled by the finest quality of crucible steel. There are busy brains and hands con stantly at work to reduce the expen&o of manufacturing the pure metal ; and as the incentive to success is very power ful , their labors are not likely to bo dis continued. Its capabilities , sooner or later , are very sure to bo exhaustively tested. If they provo as satisfactory as there is reason to hope they will , and the laboratory processes give way to mill production at low cost , a wonderful revolution in works of construction will have been entered upon. How. far in the future the desired end will be there is no telling. Remove two-thirds of its own'weight , without diminution of strength , from the vast structure that connects New York and Brooklyn , and its effective ness for service , provided room were sup plied , would bo correspondingly In creased. Bridges of aluminum sup posing always its qualities are truly rep resented could bo thrown across streams and ravines to span which is now impossible. The capacity of steambhips would bo similarly enlarged. Not only would cargoes take the place of the lessened weight of the body of the ves sels , but also of that of their machinery. Enough coal could be stored to indefin itely lengthen voyages without freh supplies. The cost of transportion would be lowered in many ways , foreseen and unfores-eon , and speed and safety in creased ns well * The calculations of a competent engineer as to the advant ages to bo gained would nroduce a showing difficult of belief rt first. The Eiffel tower as a con structive feat would sink into insignifi cance. The field for architectural ad vance would be all but unlimited. Ah navigation would leap forward with a bound if feasible at nil when its great desideratum , a material combining strength and lightness in a degree never before known , or even approximated , hac been secured , street cars , wagons , car riages , etc. , would bo Improved , anc save Immensely in draught power anc wear and tear. Machines and instru ments would partake in the benefits o the cnango , and new ones invented tha are now unthought of. These are bu suggestions which experts in each par ticular branch of mechanics can seize the meaning of and nmplify. Should the reasonable hopes of the aluminum workers ors bo realized , mankind would seem U have boon emancipated from a burden o heavy material which it had be n wrest ling with for ages , and posteritv vroulc talk of the unspeakable waste of human energy that had been involved in the use of iron. The now offices of the great Rock Island route , 1002 , Sixteenth and Parnam streets , Omaha , are the finest in the city. Call und see them. Tickets to all points east at lowest rates. Pretty Husky Specimen * . A North Dakota dispatch in the morn ing papers made it out that the Indian on the reservations up there were swiftl ; going the way of all flesh nnd wouli soon bo all good Indians , which is the same as dead Indians , and that once flourishing tribes were already but ! pitiful remnant , owing to the prevalence of consumption , the influence of fire water and the other ills that Lo i peculiarly heir to , says the St. I'au Pioneer-Press. If the writer of the above could drop down Into the govern ment building these days and t-izo ui the numerous specimens' the Nort ! Dakota red man who lie about the corrl dors awaiting their turn to appear b < 2 fore the grand jury , ho would feel like eating every last word that ho has said. For If over there was a plumper , health ier , more robustious-looking lot of people ple than the bucks , squaws and papooses representing this contingent , they ex isted back in periods unbeknown to modern men. If they represent their tribe fairly , it is in no danger of perish ing from the earth for some cunturles to come. Tickets at lowest rates and superior accommodations via the great Rock Island route. Ticket office , 1602 Six teenth and Furnaiu streets , Omaha. How They Make Wooden Shoe * . One of the moat Interesting places in a Holland village la the "klomptn1 maker's ihoj > , where klompen , or wooden shoes , nro made , says Anna Page Scott in the September St. Nicholas. Not far from Rotterdam , surrounded bv high dikes , lies the little village of lujsoord ; in that village , beside the Skalkydi jk river , is a shop in which an old man and his son work enrly and late , supplying the inmsants ( who never go barefoot ) with shoes. There are at firt-t roughly shaped from blocks of willow wood , as a statue at first rudely outlined by chipping the murblo block , and af terward the shoes nro finished smocthly with sand paper and pumice &tone. The willow trees are grown for this purpose and when they attain the re quired slzo they are cut down , the branches are trimmed off nnd only the trunk Is used , being divided into blocks , each one of which is the length of the longest shoe. The work goes on without interrup tion through the morning , unless some friendly neighbor looks In over the half- open Dutch door ; and this Is the oc casion belzed upon by the two men for refilling and lighting their pipes , and drawing a few long whitTs , while they lis-ten to a little village gossip. Q At eleven o'clock the good t'vrouw' ' ap pears at the door with "koillj , jongens , " ( collce , boys ) , and they follow her into the adjoining room. It has a low , thatched roof of do jp-yellow rood ! ? , and contains the great lire-place , wherein damp weather the newly made shoes are placed before the fire to dry. All their food is cooked in the snmo fire-place , excepting the bread , which in every peasant's homo is supplied by the baker. The shoes nro piled round tno smolder ing embers , often with , the tea-kettlo simmering among them ; and while the sap dries out , they give little groans , and sighs , as if they know the hiu-d fate i waiting them when the time shall come or them to cover the feet of some sturdy ) utch pea&ant or workman , and to clat- er over the pavements of the town. After this morning's refreshment , vhich all of the peasants enjoy , they re turn to work. _ _ I'UKSUiSl ) 11V SH VU1CS. . I5tpcrlc cci > C Fishermen Iti n ynclit off Jersey Const. Townsend's inlet runs down to Here- 'ord ' inlet Stone harbor is midway be t \vccn the two inlets , and is a famous ilaco for shark fishing , bays the Phila- Iclphiii Times. There occurred at Stone narbor the rarest and raciest adventure of this summer season. J. B. Ratcliffe , Lho comic actor , made up his mind to take a day off with Eichtird Stevenson , a gentleman farmer from west Now Jer sey. Sherman Todd's cat-rigged yacht , the "William Boothby was engaged. "What surprised the party most was that after an hour's hard fishing neither fisherman could corral ontoti single bite , not oven a tiny blackfi&h. This was soon explained. Stone harbor was full of big sharks devouring the mo bunker& , chased in from the deep sea by the nil- devouring mackerel. Ilntcllflti , who is an all-around sports man , always travels with a parrot and a monkey , both given him by some of his admirers in Brazil. Ho brought the parrot and money with him to see the sport. RatelifTo also brought on board with him that latent and most effective ngont of civilizntion , a repeating rifle. "When the shark catno too near the boat the actor fired his repeater into them , and the inlet soon ran red at ebb tide with blood of the hungry man-eaters. This raibud , as ho expressed it , "a bloody great commotion among the sharks , " who began forthwith to fight each other. There must have been fifty of them Two of the mo&t conspicuous gave battle In a sea war to the death. The man- eater was fifteen feet long and the other at least ten feet. Steven = on dropped his bluefish line , and , against Sherman Todd'e earnest remonstrance , picked up a fish harpoon and let fiy at the biggest shark and struck him square on the spinal column. The shark dashed off toward Avalon , pulling up the killick , lashing the water Into a white foam as ho ran away with the boat as if it had been a shell propelled by crack oarsmen of the Schuylklll navy. There was commotion on that boat The monkey flew to the rigging. Ste venson went below. The par-ot , who had sat t-erenely aloft in his cage up to this moment , began to scream. "Jim Ratcliffe , give the shark h 1. " Rat cliffe stood , rifle in hand , bold as the boy who stood on the burning deck. SlTerman Todd was cool enough to keep the yacht in the channel and turn her toward the drawbridge. All the sharks pursued the captive. Nearing the drawbridge the harpoon pulled out , and the boat giving a sudden lurch over went Stevenson in thirty feet of water , yelling lustily. He is a' cap ita , ! swimmer , but ho was in imminent danger of being devoured alive by the fifteen-foot shark , whose anger was kindled as ho made vicious lunges at the boat and with dull thuds struck her bottom tom with resounding blows. Hatcliffe refilled his rifle's magazine after throw ing a life line to Stevenson , who strug gled , a spent swimmer , to regain the yacht Hatcllffe's good aim at the school of sharks surrounding us clearly saved Stevenson's life. He was soon pulled aboard wet , but happy as "a Laverock in alilt11 All the sharks within a mile gathered around the boat. The fight was re newed between the big and little shark , the fifteen-footer and his gamy and de termined adversary. They tried to sail away , but the big wounded shark came up near the boat , took a flying lean , and full plump into the bottom of the yacht Jocko , chattering , flew to the top of the mainmast and the parrot screamed with rage : "Kill the d d shark and bo done with it. " There lay the monster thrashing the bottom of the bout Stevenson disap peared In the cabin , but RatelifTo stood his ground , safe behind the big mast , with only two cartridges in his rifle. He fired at the big shark , but in his nervous haste , killed the little one. Stevenson came up from below with new-born cour age , seized the small axe and alined a deadly blow at the vicious enemy , dap pling the deck as with a trip-hammer. The axe struck the shark on the tailand up went his flukes with a tremendous whisk , sending the axe spinning Into the thoroughfare twenty feet away and knocking Stevenson senseless near the rudder post Just as Rntcllffo was aiming his last round at the shark's heart Jocko came down from the rigging , seized abelnylng pin which nobody else had fceonand gave the big shark a resounding blow on the back of the head , which made the mon ster quiver like an aspen as the monkey flow back again up the rigging like a streak of greased lightning. Ratcllffo was equal to iho emergency and delivered bis last shot , ten feet away , into the shark's brain. One con vulsive throb and all was over. Jocko came down from his perch up aloft and Boomed as happy as a clam at high tide. The parrott urccncd his feathers and in shrill falsetto voice , cried out : "We've won the bloody dayl" A bucket of saltwater thrown overtho prostrate Stevenson brought him back to this mundane sphere , a place , ho. 1 says , "I am loth to quit by reason of a blow from a shark's tail I" The two sharks were weighed at Angleesea and together turned the scales at 1,407 pounds. Ilatcllffo and the inonkej wore the real heroes of the hour. I Van Houton's Cocoa-Largest sale la thj i world. \ ) ' ttvf'PVTiinn DESERTERS DEMURE , Trying Momenta in the Life of n United States Soldier ; ' PRIVATE BROWN AND THE § IOUX INDIANS the llcilskltyj Under Mani fold IlUadvniilanos Ilyw ItFnrtil xvitli Throe Men Intent on Kx the Bloclc'lllUg Country. About twelve years ago a private sol dier Private Brown I'll call him was stationed at ono of the United States frontier posts. His military service had not been of so long duration as to en title him to the appellation of "veteran , " ns his date of enlistment was a little less than a year preceding the tragedy hero related , says a writer in the Toledo Blade. The regular routine of military service hail become exceedingly irk some to Private Brown. lie grow tired of his post , of his duties , of his surround ings , of everything pertaining to mar tial life , and pined to throw off the "bluo" ' and once more don the familiar habiliments of a citizen. While- this frame of mind the tempter cnme 1o Pri vate Drown , andthoboldsoldier yielded. unfortunately for himself , as the sequel will show , and still more unfortunate in their butaequeat adventures were his companions. At that timotho Sioux war was raging Sitting Bull's warriors were committing depredations all over that section , and it was unsafe for persons , unle.- well armed and in considerable numbers to leave the post. Notwithstanding this state of affairs every now and then * inall parties of adventurers , sometimes only two or three in number , would come Into the fort , stop a ds y , and proceed on , gener ally to the Black Uills , then the great objective point of all western-bound wan derers. Ono day two men came into the fort and , tarrying awhile , made the acquaint ance of Brown. Being mutually agree able they proposed to the soldier that he accompany them to the Blac-k Hills. The proposition suiting Private Brown ho as sented thereto , and the next evening they set oat on their journey , the soldier dcMirting his command and taking his rifle with him. They traveled all that night , the deserter being anxious to place as longan interval as poa&iblo be tween himself and the military authori ties. ties.Thoy continued their journey more leisurely the next day , taking a long halt for breakfast , and resting two or three hours for dinner. Toward the close of the afternoon they saw at a distance what they took to be a herd of elk , which shortly disappeared , but in less than an hour again became visible on a distant hill. From this time the objects drew gradually nearer , nnd abont sundown It wus discovered that the supposed band of elk wu * a small party of Sioux warriors , who , seemed to have dekcted the adventurers early in the afternoon , and had leisurely followed them , purposely keeping at a distance until tne tiiau for aeti&n had arrived. Upon discovering who their pursuers were , the white men immediately sought shelter. Any they could find was inade quate , but in that country , as is common in the plains , frequent depressions nro found in the ground , of' ' slight depth , in which , if a man lie prostrate , ho is par tially screened from any missile that may bp directed at him. The three fugitives speedily found and ensconced themselves in separate rifle-pits as provided by na ture , and awaited the onset The sav ages , however , did not charge upon them , nor did they for some time com mence any offensive movements. After the manner Of the Indians , they waited until it became so dark that objects be came indistinct , when they began to circle around the besieged , riding faster and faster , and occasionally discharging their ritles , all the time yelling like demons. Every instant the unfortunate white men expected the entire band to ride over them. During all this time they did not fire a shot , partly because tnoir supply of ammunition was very limited , but principally because in tha obscurity a shot fired at the swiftly circling savages would almost certainly bo thrown away. After amusing themselves in this man ner for an hour or more , the Indians ceased their operations and apparently withdrew , from the field. During the remainder of the night until daybreak all wus quiet Not a sign of nn Indian was visible. The three adventurers , however , fearing a ruse , remained In their holes , keeping vigilant watch all night. Their suspi cions were well founded. Just as day was breaking , with a fierce yell the Indians burst suddenly upon them. This time they came in deadly earnest Round and round tho.y rode , circling nearer and nearer their victims , the bullets falling about them like hail. The as sailed endeavored toroturn the fire , but with no effect , the savages rode so fast , leaning on the farther side of their ponies as they rode. The light was indistinct , and moat unfortunate of all , none of the whites were accustomed to scenes like this , nor oven to the ordi nary use of firearms. Ono of Brown'scompanions , an elderly man , was struck by a bullet. He could barely gasp , "I am shot , " and died. The three lay so near each other that con versation in an ordinary tone could easily bo carried on. The surviving companion , shortly after his comrades dcatn , proposed to Brown to "rise" and "run for it. " As ho was speaking , he unconsciously half are o. Hardly had ho uttered the words when a bullet pierced his head , and without a groan or u struggle ho fell back dead. Brown truly foil that his situation was a desperate one. He was constitution ally timid , but it has been said that a coward when cornered it > the most for midable of antagonists. Brown proved no exception to the rule. Ho was most emphatically cornered ; to run was im possible , and to raise himself to an erect position was almost certain death. There wus no alternative but , to fight or die , with the chances strongly in favor of death. Ho was more favorably situated than either of his companions nnd been. In the hurry with whicnthey had scram bled for the holes ho h/id / chanced upon the deepest one , and , besides , was much better armed than they , having the United States regulation rifle , with a belt nearly filled with cartridges. After the death of the last of his companions he began to fire rapidly , taking ns care- ul aim as ho could. lie shortly suc ceeded in shooting one of the ponies , after which the Indians became more wary. They continued , how ever , n brifck fusilladn until day fully broke , when the entire band suddenly disappeared. All day long Brown laid upon the plains , not daring to arise from the depression which sheltered him for fear that ho would become the target for some unseen marksman , After the withdrawal of his foes his natural tirnld- 3ty reasserted it elf , and his imagination pictured an Indian behind every hillock. Tales he had heard of Indian cunning and perseverance in laying in wait , rushed upon his mind , and the real ter ror of his situation was magnified by his liaaginary horrors conjured up by his fertile Imagination ? . All day long in the hot sun ho lay , not daring to move , nnd expecting surely by nightfall that his lurking enemies would again assail him. But night came and no Indiana. Complete darkness enveloped the plain , but no attack wiw made durine tha night. Brown had such snatches of feverish sleep as thirst hunger nnd fear would allow ; but still ho remained in his place. Ho still feared an attack at day light , but when , after daybreak , no In dians appeared , exhausted nature could endure no longer. He fearfully crept from his hole , nnd first of all , cxnmlncd the canteen of his nearest dead comrade. To hi joy , it was hal. full of water. Draining the contents at ' a draught , ho next exa'mlncd their hav ersacks for something to eat All ho found was sou.o raw bacon and beans. Ho greedily ate the bacon nnd munched the benna , und without any hesitation set his face toward the post , and begun to retrace his stops which had led to the scene of the tradegy. Obtaining all the refreshments practicable from the bncon and beans , filling his pockets with the one , and with his hands full of tbo other , ho trudged nlono eating as ho went , In- tontoti leaving behind him , us speedily as possible , this scene of horrors. On reaching the poM , which ho did early the next morning , Private Brown promptly reported to the sergeant of the guaru , and was with equal promptitude placed under arrest for des-ertion , for which ho was subsequently tried , and on his own confession convicted. The stony-hearted authorities , although sympathizing with his misfortunes , did not allow their sympathy to influence tholr verdict , and Private Brown was sentenced to the usual term of two years confinement in the military prison for the crlmo of desertion. Economy : " 100 doses for one dollar. " Merit : "Peculiar to Itself. " Purity : Hood's Sarsaparilla. llll'EFOIt HUV General Mncco on the Stale of ThhiKH in Culm. General Antonio Maceo , who was ono of the leaders in the last Cuban insur- rci'tion recently , arrived with his family by the steamer Cionfuegos in New Vork s.iys the Times , no has been exiled by the new governor general of Cuba , Gen eral Pahivlaja , who assumed the govern ment of the island on August 2-5. General Maceo was at Santiago do Cuba ut the time. A lew days ago the mayor of that city handed him a letter that ho had just received from the gov ernor general. In it the mayor was in structed to inform General .Maceo that it would bo best for him to leave Cuba for some foreign country , and that ho should sail by the first American ( learner that would leave Santiago. The mayor was directed to pay the pas sage and other expenses of General Maceo and his family. Should General Maceo insist on cull ng on the governor general , the mayor of Santiago was to in form him that the governor genornl could not receive him. So General Ma ceo and his family were pent on board the Cieufuegos and came to New York. General Muveo said that no reasons whatever were given him , nnd ho could not tell why ho hud been thus treated except it was that the authorities of the Island were jealous of his popularity among all classes of the population. The condition of affairs all over the island , General Maceo said , was very bad , in commerce , politics and social life. The administration , to begin with , was very defective. The government employes were badly paid , and their situations were not permanent , for with every change of the ministry in Madrid the governor general of Cuba was also changed , and so were all or nearly all of his subordinates. Therefore every body did his best to make as much money as hu possibly could while he remained in oflice. The result was corruption nnd extortion everywhere. The head of a department generally did the robbing and then divided the proceeds with his subordinates and supporters. All this produced its natural effects upon the commerce of the country. There was a want of confidence among merchants aribin from a feeling of un certainty as to what the future might bring forth. There was a lack of credit and bubinesj was to a great extent paralyzed. In the country districts matters were no better. Banditti abounded and extorted blackmail from the planters. The civil guards were greater ruffians and thieves than the banditti. The latter had a sense of honor , and after getting their blackmail they kept their promise not to molest the planters until the next season. On the other hand , the civil guards had no sense of honor. General Chinchilla , the predecessor in otllce of General Palaviaja , General Maceo said , was a sincere nnd wise man. Ho did all that ho could to ameliorate the condition of the Cubans , but his hands were tied by the corrupt ring by which he was surrounded. His removal was caused by the fall of the liberal min istry. General Palaviaja was the ap pointee of the conservative ministry. General Maceo did not think that Cuban affairs would bo improved under Palaviaja's administration. The new governor general had been a brigadier in the Spanish army during the last Cuban insurrection , and was without any experience whatever in civil af fairs. What Cuba at present needed most was a man who had a thorough knowledge of men and of civil affairs. Taxes had been steadily growing heav ier ; and dissatisfaction was found everywhere. Many prominent Cuban families who did not sympathize with the last revolution were now thoroughly disgusted with the administration. Gen eral Maceo thought thatmost , of the Cubans would be glad to overthrow the Spanish yoke. The country seemed ripe for another revolution , and was only wailing the proper man to start it. The only railroad train out of Omaha run expressly for the accommodation of Omaha , Council Bluffs , Dos Moin'js1 and Chicago business is tha Rock Island veatibuled limited , leaving Omaha at 4:15 : p. in. daily. Ticket oillco 1002 , Six teenth and Farnain sts. Omaha. CUJMOUS DEFINITIONS. Wliat Mny Bo Found In the English Dictionary of 1(12(1. ( New York Star : Many of the defini tions In the English dictionary of 10"6 are amusing and some of them are ludi crously absurd. The "polo" ' Is described as "tho end of the axlo-trco whereon the heavens do move"a very primitive ex planation. The "Hebridcan wavo"seoms raihcr a poetical substitute for the Irish sea , and a "badgor"is a still mere extra ordinary equivalent for a corn merchant "ono that buys corn or other victual in one place to soil it in another. " Still dennlcr are some of the natural history Definitions. A "baboon" is said to bo "a Infatliko an ape , but farro bigger ; " a "lynx" is "a spotted boast it hath a most perfect sight , insomuch as it is said that it can see thoraw a wall. " The ac count of the "salamander" reads like an elaborate joke "a small , venomous beast with fouro feet and a short taile ; It lives in the fire and at length , by his extreme cold , puts out the firo. " Turning to more general topics , wo have the "alnhabet'r defined as "the cross rowe of letters , " nnd "abcdorian" is "one who teaches the cross rowe. " According to Cockoram "an idloto" Is "an unlearned asso ; " a "labourer" is u "swlnkcr ; " nnd "nheretlck" Is sketched more roundaboutly , but with a clear in sertion of the right of private opinion , a > "ho which mnkcth n. choice of him- selfo what poynts of religion ho will be- llovo and what ho will not. " Then from classic times the " " "Olympic gamos" are "solemn games of activity , " and "Am- phltrlto" Is not as usual , the pod Joss of the sea , but the "sea" itself. "Maine- raaticks" and "mi\thcmatlclansaro hardly dealt with. The latter mean ? a "soothsayer , " and the "sclenao , as defined , Includes nearly all knowledge "tho arts of arithmetic , muslck , geographic , geometric , astrono my , astrology , cosmography , " remind ing ono of the triumvira and qujulrum- vlum of the schoolmen of the Middle Ages. "Actrcsso" has a very literal and Interesting signification "a woman doer , " but at this decudo of the seven teenth century there were no actresses In the modern sense ot the term , the fc- male parts being then taken by boys nnd young men. Women actors first appeared In 1CCO. Bail drainage eiiu es much sickness , nnd bad Mood and Improper action of the liver and kidneys l bail ilr.ilnafro to the human system , which Uutilock Blood BittersronioJy. in : PAID rim ms KKKSII.VKSS. How Uic Captain of n Parlflc Steamer Protected n Lady. On a through eastern train of the Pennsylvania road , ono day last week all the scats in the car were taken except two , says the Pitts-burg Dispatch. A lady sat In one and a man from the west with a big sombrero occupied the other. He was a line looking , manly fellow , and was taken by these around him for a lawyer. At the next station un attrac tive drummer got on the oar. Ho sized up the situation at a glanco. The lady was pretty and that settled it. Without even asking her ho sat down by her and at once commenced to malco himself agreeable. She trio.l to avoid him and looked out of the window , but the fel low's gall was immaculate , and ho main tained the one-sided talk. The west ern man was calmly watching the pro ceeding and stood it as long as he oould. Going up to the lady ho said : "Madam , I too you are annoyed. Wouldn't you prefer to have my scat ? " " 0 , thank you , " she replied , "certainly , " and the big man helped her to transfer her valise , while the other passengers tit tered at the drummor's discomfiture. The latter was boiling over , but kept his wrath until ho got to Altoona , and then he demanded satisfaction for the insult. The words were scarcely out of his mouth before the western man banged him on the jaw , nnd thun with his foot kicked him around as n football. "Stand back ! " veiled borao of the tickled passengers. "Kick him hurdcrl" they shouted together , and that drummer finally crawled under a car to escape further punishment , a wiser and sadder wan. Lverybody wanted to know who the western man was. Ho turned out to bo the captain of a Pacific mail steamer out on a vacation. Change of life , bick oae , monthly larities , hot Hashes are cured by Dr. Miles' Nervine. Free samples at Kuliu &Co. , 15 : h aud Douglas. The Only survivor. Fort Rilcy is now the headquarters of the Seventh cavalry , made famous by General Ouster in his Indian campaigns , says the Kansas City Star. The only survivor of that part of the command led by General Ouster at the buttle of the Little Big Horn is Comanche , the dun colored horse ridden by Colonel Keogh who was slain early in the battle. At midnight after the battle Comanche was found on the fleld of carnage with scarce ly a spot on his body that wsis free from wounds inllicted by Indian bullets and arrows. Another horse was found alive , but a leg was broken and it hud to bo killed. When Comanche was raised to his feet his wounds bled so freely that the soldiers tore up the clothes of some of their bravo comrades who had fallen a few hours before and staunched the flow of blood , thus enabling them to get the suffering beast a few miles away tea a steamboat where its wounds were care fully dressed , after which ho was taken down the river. Comanche is the hereof of the regiraont. and has never been rid den since his master fell. There is a standing order that anyone who clevatrs himself to Comanche's back shall at once be court-martialed _ and summarily dealt with. The her o is twenty-seven yenrs old and _ his dun-colored coat is rapidly turning gray. Mrs. "Winslow's soothing Syrup is nu unex celled uiediciuo for children while teething. 2o cents a bottle. Conversation In .Maine. A stock broker who was recently in Maine was impressed very greatly with the extreme cleanliness of the hotel at which ho was a guest during n brief stay in the town of Kittery , says the New York Sun. It was kept by two old maiden ladies. Ono morning the broker heard a conversation between them. "Jane , " called out one of thooldmnlds , who was at the head of the stairs , "O Jane. " Jane.Vell " \Vell ? " answered Jane. "Got some hot water from the kettle and fetch it up here. I want to scrub the floor. " "They ain't no hot water in the ket tle. " "What ! no hot water in the kettle ? " surpriscdly. "No. No hot water in the kcttlo" sadly. "What ! No hot water in the kettle ? * ' sharply. "No. No hot water In the kettle ! " very sadly. " \Vell , I bo durnedl" M. L. Blair , alderman , 5th ward , Scranton , Pa. , stated Nov. , 'SS Ho hud usoj Dr. Thomas' Elootrio oil for sprains , burns , cuts , bruises and rheumatism , Cured every time. Books. McPunnsoN's HANDBOOK OF POLI TICS FOR 1300. Published by J. J. Chap man , Washington , D. C. Hon. Edward McPherson has issued another volume of his handbook of poli tics , covering the period from August , 18S3 , to July , 18'JO. ' It is replete with valu vblo statistics upon important matters of public concern and furnishes the texts of the principle enactments of national and state legisla tive bodies during the period covered. It is quite up to ino standard of previous volumes of the series and also contains several now features. An interesting chapter traces the history of the coinage act os 1873 showing the numerous and gradual steps by wnich the act demone tizing silver became a law. A mlsun- derstanding of the history of this law has been the cause of n great deal of controversy during the recent discussion of the silver question. 1002. Slxteentn and Farnara streets Is the new Rock Island ticket office. Tickets - ets to all points east at lowest rates. rrlrnary , Ffcondarj or Tcrtlarr w-nnanentlj cured In iO to VO d.ji. V tiitr.li.atc > ill poion Iron the ev * la'or.y form. 1'trtiea can Ui tn.-aiwl it li"r. , ( for tbo anne priro b. v n\ M > itd uiulrr tl rine piaran O V pMi I I If > " C' l ' " tboievhopre X f I'H I I I X hr to come lore , e -llJ I I I E I El J contract to cue them or * I " ' 'ref tind all monrj and 7 ) entln ezrmxe of comlnr , rallnjid far * and hotel till ) . V.'cchallirir * tbtvurldfor cat i v cannctrure. Urntlonihliixpcr , Addrrrn , COOK ItEVEJtY CO , , Omaha , Xeliraflia , Office. 5t.CUlrlIotelCor.Uth and DoJi.eSt Omaha Manufacturers , Bootrf Anil Shoes. KIRKKNDALL , JONES it CO. , Wholesale Manufacturers ot BOOJS& Shoes JfenUfor notion lubber Phor Co. , lib ] , 1104 indllot lltrnay Sttf U Omaha , .S > b. HrovrrH. BTORZ * IL.ER , lager Bcci Brewers , 1M1 Ntrth 1Mb Street , Omshn..Neb. EAGLE CORNICE WOHKS , Manufacturers of Galvanized Iron Cornice Window eap nd mrUIIcikrllnbli. John Kprnrter , fronrlftor. W and 110 South IWh trrrt. ArttMn * Matcrlali * . A. HOSPE , Jr. , Artists' Materials , Pianos and Organs , IMS IK > ujl : Street , Omaha , Neb. l Coal , , Coke. Kto. " " * "oMAIlACbAL , COKE AND LIME CO. , Jobbers of Hard and Soft Coal. 1. E. Cor. IClh and Doulai Btreeta , Omaha , Neb. Clgnrn. DEAN , AHMismONG & CO. , Wholesale Cigars , OSN If.th Street. "Hello PUSS. Dry Goods niul Notions. M. E. SMITH It CO. , Dry Goods , Furnishing Goads and Notions Corner llth mid llonird Street * . KILPATRICK-KOCH DRY GOODS CO. , Importers and Jobbers in Dry Goods , eenU'l'urnlihlnsOood * . Corner llth and lUmiy BtrrclK , Omaha , Neb. I' " ii rn It tiro. DE\VEY At STONE , Wholesale Dealers in Furniture , rarnnm StreetOrontu , Nobraika CHARLES SHIVERICK , Furniture. Dumb * , Nobr kn. Groceries. McCORD , BRADY & CO , \Yholcsalc Grocers , li > lh naU Tcnirorth Streeli , Orniha. Xtbmnta. Lumber , Ktc. " " " o.vr. DOUGLAS "AS"co. , Dealers in Hardwood Lumber , Turd 1310 X ICtli ft. , Onuha. * JOHN A. WAKEFIELD , Wholesale Lumber , Etc. , Etc. Incortcc ) and American Portlntid Cement. fllat * afentJor Mll * uke Hr < lr ullo Cement , and Qulncr While Mnio. CHAS. R , LEE , Dealer in Hardvood Lamoer. Wood oarptti nni ( r rquct npnrtnR , Bin and Doucla * Btrccto , Umnba , Kebraiko. FRED W. GREV , Lnmbcr Lime Cement Etc. Etc , , , . , , Corner Wh nnd Douulin Street" , Omaha , Millinery ami Notlona. iToBERFELDER & CO. , Importers and Jobbers in Millinery , MS , SlOandSl ! South 11th ( trout Notions : J.'T. ROBINSON Wholesale Notions and Furnishing Goods , 1K4 llnrnej utroet , Gmahn. CONSOLIDATED TANK LINE CO. , Bolesale Refined arid Lubricating Oils , AxUirttJie , tc. , Omaha. A. . 11. lllihop , Mnnnjfr. _ Paper. _ CARPENTER PAPER CO. , Wholesale Paper Dealers. Curr a nice itock ol prlntlnc. wrapplnj and wrltlnj papir. Special attention clvcn to card paper. Safes , Etc. L L. DEANE it CO. , General /cents tor Halls' Safes , JJl infl 333 Sou til 10th St. . Omaha. _ Toya , Ktc. _ H. HARDY te co , Jobber ! ol Dolls Albums Fancy Goods Toys , , , , ! ! oo e KurnlihlnR ( ] < > udi > . Children' ! C&rrtaget. 124 Varmun Rtrwl. Omaha. Kfb. Water . Supplies. _ _ U. 8. WIND ENGINE & PUMP CO. , Steam and Water Supplies , Halllduj- Kind mills , nil and VMJonci it. , Omaha. 0 , f. ! Uio > , Acttnt lanaj'cr. ! Iron Works. PAXTON A : VIERLINQ IRON WORKS , Wrongbt and Cast Iron Building Work , Knelno , brain work , General foundry , machine ua4 blacfcimllh work. UMIcc and works , U. 1 * . KT. and 17th itract , Omaha. OMAHA SAFE If IRON WORKS , Mani'rs ' ol Fire and Burglar Proof Safes , Vnulu , Jail work , Iron nhuttcrs rind tire c enpe U. ADdreen , ijrop'r. Cor. Ktb and JacUBon Sis. Bash , Doors , Ktc. . * H. A. DISBROW &c CO. , Wboleiale miriuf acturcn of Sash , Doors , Blinds and Mouldings , Branch oBce , Itth and Itard itrcoti , Omaha , Neb. "UNION STOCK. YARDS CO. , 01 South Omaha. Limited. Nt-BHASKA National Bank U. 8. DEPOSITORY , OMAHA , NEB. Capital. . . - - $40OOO < Surplus Jan. 1st , 189O - B7OO < Ofilcennnd IHrectori-OIenry W. Vatoi , ( 'resident L Kl .S. Heed , VicePretiaent ; JumeiW urn its V ] V.Morne.JbhnH. Colllnt , U. C. Cuililnf , J. N , I I'aUick , W. 11. B. Uin-liea , ciiUler. Ti-im IRON BANK : : . Corner Kill and ITarnam Sit. A Genera ! IliiuUnc Ilutlnuu Transact * ! . " COMMERCIAL National Bank. Capital , - S4OOOOI Surplus , - 44.0CK Oniceri nnd Dlrrrtorn A , 1' llcpklni , prvildnt W U , Mial , Tlrn iire.ldont ; AlfriMMHUr-J cs.iilil.-l y II. llrrunt. Militant caililrr. Chitrlei Turnon 1 * H. Wniami. B. .U. Muriiuian , W U Mar , E. a WANTED ISSUED DY CITIES , COUNTIES. UCHOOI , . DISTRICTS , WATCB .elicited. Correipondtnce COMPANCB. | CTO KVHARRIS / * COMPANY , Backer * IOI-I03 Deorborn Street , CHICAGO 70Bt U tr * U B01TOU.