Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 23, 1890, Part I, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , MAKOH 23. 1890.-SIXTEEN PAGES ,
TIIK DAILY BEE
E. ROSEWATER , Editor.
'PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING
Tl'llMS 01' StMISOUH'riON
Hall ) nm1 Sunday , Ono Vear . (10 f
MX mouths . . r > C
'llirfo Months . , . 2 f
Himlny lice , Ono Yfar. . . . . . 'H.
Ileo , Ono Voar with I'romluni. . . . Z I
nr.inlm. ( too Ilnlldlni ? .
( lil'-ngoOllloo , Ml Hooker y luilMlng.
t"f Fork. llooms II nml ft Trlbuni llutldlng
Muihlnuton , No. fill Kourtnnnth Street.
roiinclHllmrs , .No. 121'cnrl Street.
E'juth Uimihn , Corner N tm 1 BitnStraatl.
AllcominnnlcntlonH relating to news nml mil
torlal mutter fthould uo addressed to ttio IMItoi
JM Department.
iit'mNEss MTTKIIS. :
All business letters nml remittance * snonli
Ijonddrrtppdto'nio Ilcel'HbllnhlnR Company
Otmlin , Drafts. chocks and 1'ostolHew order
to be nmilo payable to the order of the Company
TlieBec Pnblistiing Company , Proprietors ,
) IKE llullillucr I'arnam andHerciitoantli Street *
THE DEE ON THE TRAINS.
Thmo Is no excuse for a failure to KotTiu : tlci
on the tnilnx. All nimmlcnlarii IMVO boon noti
lied to entry a , full supply. Travelers who wnn
Tur llr nail cnn't got It on trnlna whom othei
Omaha papers nro carried are requested tc
luitlfy TIIK HKK.
I'lease be particular to lvn In nil cases fill
Inroriuutlou ( is to date , railway and numboi
of train
' THE DAhr BE 7
Sworn Ktntcinciil ot Circulation.
State of Nebraska , I. ,
' "
County of Douglas. f
( icotqo II. UVscnuct , secrotnry of THE IIui
I'ubliMiInu Company , docs Holomtily swear thai
the actual circulation of Tun lUlt.v DEB for tin
week emllnif March SA 1KW , was as follows :
HWi'lnv..Marrli 10 , . 'il,30 (
Momliiv. March 17
'l'it < ilnv. March 18
Wednesday. March 1 - .
'llmr-dav. Mnrcn.1) : ) 20.2 ;
Trlduv. Miircliai 2I.IW
haturitny , MnrcU 21 -0,571
AvcruRO aO.H.'HJ
OEOIIOH II. TXSCHUOK.
Muirn to liofori moaud subscribed to In my
jirpno-.ice this SM day of March. A. 1) . rai.
( Seal. | N. I' . FII1U
Notary Public.
Bfnte of Nebraska , I
County ot Douglas. fss-
OcorKi D. TzschiieK , bolnK duly sworn , de-
' T'Oses ' and av * that ho is secretary of TUB lice
J'uiJlIslilHK Company , that the actual nveruRo
daily circulation of TUB DAILY IlRt : for tno
month of March 18W , l,85l copied : for April ,
W. JS.MHroplPs : for May , 1WJ. J8.CU ; copies ;
for.Iune. 1 > K . IS.SM topics : for .Iiilv , 1533. 1H.73J
copies : for AURimt. lf * ( > . 18V ( > l conies : for Son-
tciuher , IhS'J. ) H,710 copies ; for October , 1M1.
HV.KI7 copies ; for November , If89. liin ! ) ; copies ;
for Drcoinljer. 1SJO. :0,0t copies ; for January ,
IfflO. ll.r ! > , " > copies ; for robrunry , 180) ) . W.701
topics.
GEount : n. TZSCMDCK.
Swoin to orforo mo and subscribed in my
presence this lit day of March. A. I ) . . ISM.
tSeal. | N. 1' . FElr , , Notary Public.
Tiii : weekly bank stntcmont shows
the rchorvo has increiised $2.880,000.
The bunks now hold 1,410,000 in excess -
cess of legal requirements.
TIIK Dakota relief fund has already
reached proportions to olToctivoly rc-
futo the whines of the bclf-olocted cus
todians of the city's ( 'onerosity.
TUIK docs not dull hut only sharpens
General Van Wyok's eloquence in his
scholarly arraipnnient of corporation
tfreed ami monopoly oppression of the
people of Nebraska.
TIM : execution of a white nmn for the
murder of a nouro in J irisiesippi calls for
an iifiinndialo revision of the criminal
code to prevent in future stirh n horrible
miscarriage of Mississippi justice.
TIIK Now York court of last resort , has
unaniinousily iilllrmcd the constitution
ality of the act substituting electricity
for the pallows. Electrocution thus be
comes u ( Ixturo and banishes the
straiiffliiiir relic of b'urbario ayes from
the 12m piro stato.
I'UKSIDKNTlIfOIUTT of the Noi'th-
western road is too sensible n business
man to indulge in the foolish fulminations -
tions of Mr. Perkins of the Burlington.
The Northwestern proposes to improve
und uxtoiul its system and keep pace
with the growing development of the
Btato. And the Niobrara oxtonaion
>
will bo among the ilrst undertaken thfo
year.
GdVKU.vouTiiAYKu's porsonnl inves
tigation of the condition of the people
in the central counties proved that the
reports of destitution wore without
foundation. The reports wore not
worthy of a momont's-considtration. It
i llnnnuiiil distress that boars houvily
on the producers of the stato. The
trouble is a. superabundance of food
which cannot bo marketed at a profit
owing to excessive freight rates.
WITH the Rock Island extending
from Omaha southwest , the Missouri
Tactile building northward , the Ne
braska Central penetrating the fertile
interior , and the Pacific Short Line in
vading the heart of north Nebraska , it"
is evident that the corporations are not
rallying to Mr. Perkins'hupportin bull-
ilo/ing the people of the state. The
tlireiltu of the Burlington wear Kip Van
" \Vinklo whiskers , and it is impossible
to disunite their purpose or surround
thorn with the force of originality and
truth.
ATTKU an exhaustive investigation
of the question , flity Attorney Popple-
ton declares that all the 'territory
within the boundary of Omaha , as fixed
Inpril. . 1887 , is within the jurisdic
tion of the city. South Omaha has
exorcised jurisdiction over this tract ,
and collected taxes from the property
owners , claiming that the village had
been declared a city of the second class
prior n the extension of the corporate
limits of Omaha. This claim is shown
by the city attorney to bo unfounded.
The authorities of Omaha should
promptly exorcise the city's right In
the premises and if necessary force an
early settlement of the question in-tho
courts ,
Tin : protest against turning Liberty
Island in New York harbor Into an im
migrant station' is as vigorous us it is uni
versal. It is surprising that Secretary
\Vindom should bolect this island , hal
lowed as it is by the gift o'f a friendly
nation , in preference to all other Bites
In the harbor , and commit an act of dis
courtesy to the donors of the statue of
liberty. Hartholdl , the designer and
builder of the statue , expresses the
general feeling of the American people
when ho denounces the plan * as "a
monstrous one. " There Is no excuse for
the desecration of the island. To make
it the dumping ground for immigrant , ?
would outrage the patriotism of the
country and ileatroy what should beheld
hold sacred us a national park and
pleasure ground.
IIP *
i'on nnrnnsstoif.
The vlirorous expressions of dlscor
tent which hnvo come from the farmot
of tljo country , fully warranted by th
general agricultural depression , Imv
had the olloct to arouse congress to n
earnest study of the situation and
thoughtful consideration of remedies
Western representatives especially ar
showing that they are fully imprcsse
with the urgent necessity of providln
whatovcr relief may bo pooslbl
through legislation. Petitions Imv
poured in from their ngrlcul
tural constituents demanding that tin
interests of the farmers receive mor
attention than has been accorded thai ;
in the financial atul economic legisla
tion of the past. The unprofllnblonos
of agriculture is demonstrated in th
market prices of products. In Iowa
Nebraska and Kansas corn yields Ihi
farmer only about half the price ho re
coivcd for it two years ago. For tin
surplus corn stntes the dccrcaso li
value of this product in 1889 over 188 :
is estimated ateighty million dollars
Other agricultural products have no
suffered generally so great ti doolino
but most of them are lower than eve
before. The demands upon the farmoi
have not , however , decreased in amoun
or urgency. The interest on his mort
gage is not less than when the price o
his products was double what it is now
the exactions of the small money londni
are greater than when the farmer was
comparatively prosperous , and the rail'
roads take a larger tribute from hilt :
than in the time when his corn and
wheat gave him a fair return for his
labor. The middleman and the speculator
later are a'fco arrayed against him.
Such is the unhappy condition of that
largq body of ou > % people whoso industry
contributes vastly more than that of tinj
.other eletnont to the material prospcritj
and progress of the country , and cvorj
consideration of national interest , soum'
'
policy and patriotism demands thai
something praHical bo done toalloviato
it. It boars evidence to the existence
of evils and abuses and mistakes that
cannot bo boydnd remedy. It may
not bo possible to remove all
of them by legislation. II
may bo beyond the proper functions ol
government to supply all the measures
of relief which the circumstances sug
gest. But the more serious of the evils
and abuses .may bo reacned by legisla
tion , and thcro nro reforms and reme
dies that are within the authority and
duty of the government. The earnest
consideration of this subject by the rep
resentatives of the people is at least re
assuring , and it suggests to the farmers
of the country the expediency of main
taining their demand for roliof. Al
ready the olToct of their efforts is ap
parent in propositions which show a de
cided chanpo in the opinions of their
representatives. The interests of the
farmers will not be ignored in the Until
preparation of a tariff bill , and the con
sideration they will receive will bo
moro valuable than increasing duties
on their products. Their demand
for more currency will bo mot by the
passage of a silver bill that will add
from twonty-Hvo to thirty million
dollars annually to the circula
tion. Something may reasonably bo ex
pected that will give them relief from
transportation exactions , and there is a
disposition to try what may bo done to
suppress gambling in agricultural pro
ducts , an evil every whore regarded as
ono of the greatest atTocling the inter
ests of the producers. All these pro
posals for improving the condition of
the agricultural interest commend
themselves to the intelligent judgment
of a largo majority of the people , and
their adoption will bo approved by
a public sentiment not confined to
the farming population. The para
mount duty of congress is to rodtiuo the
burdens which oppress the farmers , and
the way to accomplish this is neither
obscure nor difficult. It is gratifying
to find that the representatives of the
people are beginning to have n serious
sonbo of this duty and to attend to it.
That they may not fail to do so it is
necessary , however , that the farmers
shall not allow choir own zeal to cool ,
ind that while maintaining the demand
for n reform of the conditions which
Dpprcss them they nslc only what is
rt-iso , practicable und within the power
if the government to provide. On the
whole the outlooic for legislation in
ivhich the great producing element of
: ho country will receive just considera
tion can bo regarded as very favorable.
OMAHA'S TRADE.
* As the renders of Tin ; Bir. : may see
jy reference to our commercial columns ,
, ho business affairs of Omaha ut this
imo , so far as its jobbing trade is con-
jornOd , afo much moro satisfactory than
night bo supposed'in view ot the ngri-
tulturnl depression throughout the
: orritory for .which this city is the dis-
ributing center. The general reports
rom jobbers indicate that in all
loparmontg the spring business thus
ar lw boon somewhat in
) \cess of last year , and the
n-osnoet sooros fu'vurabla for tv continu-
inco of this gratifying condition.
Moreover our merchants find eollet-
ions remarkably good under the oir-
lumstanees , having very little com-
ilnint to make on this score. Thu very
; onoral conservatism of country doal-
irs for some time past has enabled
horn to keep their accounts well eared
or , and on the whole tha record of
uercantilo isollootioiis for the Ilrst
tiroo months of the current year
nil compare very favorably with
irovious years. As to the financial
ilTalrs of the city they , are represented
iy the banks to bo in u very healthy
.nil satisfactory condition. There is ti
rood legitimate demand for money
dileh the banhfc are in condition to
iioot without the slightest strain , and
nero is nothing unusual or exceptional
n the monetary situation.
This experience of Omaha Is not , ac-
ordlng to the best Information , shared
iy the other cities competing for the
rado of this territory , and the for-
unato situation of this city ,
u far as Its enlarged trade'
i concerned , is to bo explained by the
ict.that Omaha is steadily Increasing
Is trade area. This is natural to its
uporior mmtlon as n commercial con-
or , as must inevitably become more
upareut from year to year. A very
casual examination of the map of til
territory for which Omahi Is a dl :
tiibutlng point , will show the great ad
vantages which this city enjoys In poll
of position over most of the compotin
cities , and of the benefit i
these it can bo deprive
only by the most unfa :
discrimination on the part of the rai
roads or n serious laekof enterprise o
the part of its business interests. /
to the former there has not boonagrci
deal of complaint recently , audit is ov
dent that our merchants arc not nllov
ing to escape them any of the ndvanl
ages that are within their roach. An
whenever our businessmen 3ocuro trad
in tributary territory they hold It.
In view of the depression very got
orally prevailing , and the coin plain I
of unsatisfactory trade at most of th
centers of distribution , the condition (
business in Omaha must bo regarded n
highly gratifying.
TESTIMONYFOIt UlQIl LIGEKSU.
At the last meeting of the Law an
Order society of Philadelphia som
very interesting facts were prosontoi
showing the effect of high and re
strlctivo license in roduclng-drunkor
ness in thatcity. Figures wcro give
of commitments to the county prlso
for drunkenness during periods of nin
months in the lust three years. Higl
llconso wont into effect in Ponnsylvani
Juno 1 , 1838 , so that the comparison
are for parts of two years under thi
policy s\ml of the year before it was in
stitutod. The showing is very strotij
testimony in favor of the policy.
The records show that under the ol
low license system the commitments fo
intoxication during nine months , fron
Juno , 1887 , to March , 1888 , numborci
over thirteen thousand , while for hk <
periods in the next two years the total o
commitments was very little over four
teen thousand. That b , while undo
low license and practically unrcstrlctoi
truffle the monthly average of commitments
monts for intoxication was nearly fif
Icon hundredunder high licon.so the av
oragohas been loss than eight hundred
It is necessary in order to obtain the ful
value of this comparison to consido
.that there has boon sotno increase ii
the population of Philadelphia sinci
high license wont into effect.
The testimony of the police magistrates
tratos and judges is uniformly tha
there has been a marked chance foi
the better , und this is the judgmon
of all who" have carefully obsorvet
the difference between the con
vivial customs of the community
under present and former conditions
It is admitted , that the high license
system is still capable of improvement
and has not yet successfully passed al
the stages of a thorough trial , but this
admission pnly serves to render more
significant the good results that have
como from it. There are many places
in the city where liquor is sold ciandcs
tinoly , just as there are in all the cltic1
of prohibition states , but the Philadel
phia Press says that in spite of these
leaks the evidence is conclusive thai
with high license the city enjoys a de
crease of moro than one-half in drunk
enness , disorder , Sabbath-breaking and
crime.
AltJIlTItATWlf AND J.AHOIJ.
The labor world was not only aston
ished but most agreeably suprised lasl
spring when the vencrablo Cardinal
Mann'tig ' cheerfullyaccepted the onerous
duty of mediating between the striking
dock men of London and their employers ,
The rcmarkablo success of the cardinal
in olticting a satisfactory settlement of
what thrcatunodtto become a disastrous
labor conU'ct , shows how important and
beneficial it is to these directly concerned
cernod , as well as to the public at largo ,
to enlist the services of men of unques
tioned character and. ability in
the controversies which disturb and dis
tress the public intovcst. Men of such
standing and reliability , free from
bias , possess powerful influencein
bringing together conflicting interests
and inducing the contending parties to
suspend hostilities pending an inquiry
into their respective claims. Once a
common understanding is reached a
settlement is certain , because neither
employe nor employer can refuse to sub
mit to arbitration without forfeiting
public support and confessing the weak
ness of his cause.
This fact was recently illustrated in
the conflict between 'the building
tradesmen and the master workmen in
Dublin. 'To prevent a disastrous con
flict at the , opening of tlio build-
inir soabon the archbishop of Dublin
was requested to exercise his influ
ence to bring about a settlement.
The archbishop entered heartily into
the work and dratted a code of rules
that proved eminently satisfactory to
both parties and paved the way to a
settlement of future difficulties. There
is so much sound , practical common
sense in the principles enunciated that
they deserve the consideration and sup
port of worfdngmon and employers in
this country , lloforrlng to the soparuto
3rgHimations maintained by employers
ind workmen without any central body
wherein both could bo represented , for
purposes of friendly conference , the
irchbishop says :
' 1 ho norm comes not from tholr oxlstonco
jut from the fact that they ulono exist. It
; ouius , in pthor words , from the fuut that
.hoso prh'tuiU < iUort3 nro not supplornoiitoil , as
; hey ought in onuli case to be , by some other
n-gunlztUiou In which representatives ot the
imployers and of the omployoil could moot
'rom time to tlmo to taUo counsul to otlior
ipon matters In which both classes nro inter *
moil. In thu absanca of somo'suoli common
irgiinlzation the natural , und * ludcud uecos-
mry , tomlor.oy of trade bodies tor the pro-
ocilon of sopurato trmlo interests , whether
if the employers or of the employed , is to In.
ur.rtify the irrltathu ud disturbing Inllu-
mcu of unj element of friction that may hap-
> en to exist In the relations between the two
busses. Tlio influence , on ttio contrary , of n
yatuiu of friendly conference between ttio
'oprojeiitutivos of both claucs meeting on
: ( | uul terms in u common organization would
> u to reuinvo many causes of possibly serious
nUutidcratniHllng.
' A conference ot the workmen and
imployors was brought about , the arch-
ilahop' acting as chairman , and an
igreomont cheerfully signed by the
'osponslblo ' representatives _ of both
ides -"That in future three months
'
mtlco bo given by either party to the
ithor before any change is made in the
ate of wages or in the hours of work ;
such notice bo jn given so as to expire
on the first M May of qnch year. " A
central or trade council was also agreed
to. composed of equal numbers ot work
men and employers , to whom rtll future
disputes shall submitted , and by which
a friendly Interchange of views may bo
had , "not only in rofcu-onco to
questions of wn'ges and hours of worlt ,
hut also In reference to many other
matters affoqfhjg the interests of em
ployers and , uio comforts and general
well-being of .the workingmon. "
Herein llcl In'o secret of the success
of arbitration. "The bringing together
of the employers and worklngmcn will
in nlno cases out of ton effect nn agree
ment by which strikes and the train of
evils following may bo avoided. The
intorofits of both being mutual , a
friendly conference tends to allay ill-
feeling and remove friction , and with
the services of disinterested arbiters
disastrous conflicts may bo averted. It
is to the interest of both that , Ilrst of
all , an agreement bo made re
quiring a reasonable notice of n
demand for n change of hours
or wages , so as to allow tlmo
for conferences and if necessary the
mediation of one or more eminent and
unbiased citizens.
The plan outlined by the archbishop
of Dublin commands itself as a simple ,
practical and equitable mnthod of pro-
van ting- strikes and bringing employer
and employed into close , harmonious
relations.
MMI BM
Tinm : : is now on trial in the courts
of Now York city a case which for dra
matic interest has rnroly if over boon
equalled in the criminal calendar or in
the imagination of the most sensational
novelist. It is the trial of the Flacks ,
father and son , for conspiring together
to obtain a fraudulent divorce from the
wife and mother. The storv is ono
in which the public is moro
or loss familiar. How the sheriff
of the city of Now York , abetted by his
son and others , obtained a divorce from
liis wife after a marriage of forty years
without her knowledge. The strange
spectacle is now pro&ontcd where the
state stops in to convict the wrongdoers ,
relying on the testimony of Mrs. Flack
to satisfy the ends of justice. To break
down her influence both father and son
resort to the desperate means'of charg
ing the wife and mother with drunken
ness , ignorance , lying and deceit. This
is u tragedy of Iho hcartstono which it
is gto bo hoped , for the credit of
humanity , may never bo repeated. The
sympathy of tlio great city has been
awakened in 'bpjlalf ' of the ngod and
helpless wife aptl'mother. . The strong
arm of tlin-law/s tightening its hold
about the villianous husband and un
natural son , and their base attempt to
stamp dishonoron the wife will onlj
aggravate thoih punishment if coir
victod. , .1
' ' '
* t'
TIIK late North Dakota legislature
passed a bill which , if approved by the
governor , "will Increase hither than di
minish the distress in the stato. The
bill extends the time for redemption on
real estate mortgages from ono to two
years. The 'operation of such a law
would intbtisily1'tho lifrrdships-which a
partial crop failure 6as inflicted on the
people , by draining capital from the
state and forcing money lenders to
oxncc greater security than is now de
manded. It is not reasonable to sup
pose that tlio holders of mortgages will
press payments under the existing con
ditions , because such action would depreciate -
prociato the security. It is to tlioir interest -
torest to encourage the farmers in theii'
efforts to get a now start , to harvest a
crop and thereby revive prosperity and
improve the financial condition of the
people. * This cannot bo secured by
drastic laws which , while they may
give temporary relief , invariably in
flict permanent injury.
IT was n very gracious and quite char
acteristic act on the part of Mine. Patti
in making provision for a medal to bo
awarded each year to the pupil of the
Now England conservatory of music
who is most proficient in vocal culture.
It will of course bo known as tlio Patti
modal , and the desire to secure so dis
tinguished an evidence of merit will
prove a great stimulus to industry and
effort among tho"mipils of the conserva
tory. It was a happy thought of the
great singer which cannot 'fall to bo
fruitful of good results" , while the for- ,
tumito recipients of tlio "Patti modal' '
will secure an invaluable passport to.
public attention and confidence.
TIIK veil now being lifted from the
army and navy In the several court-
martials through the country discloses
a condition that may well occasion
alarm. The arrogance and brutality
among the ofllcors , the demoralization
among the enlisted and the general
lack of discipline can bo laid to the sol
diers' worst enemies , grog and gambling.
The evil has assumed the proportion of
a public scandal and the authorities at
Washington can do the rank and file
no hotter Bcrvieo than to institute a
rigid inquiry andJonforco strict disci
pline in all branches of the service.
a boomerang when
wielded by tholawleiss eloment. As a
measure of revoVjtro for the enforcement
ot the Sunday , yding | ) law in Denver ,
the council passed tvi ordinance closing
all places of business , including cigar
stores , bakeries , ulrug stores and oven
news stands-on ttio Sabbath. It was
hardly necessary pr the mayor to veto
this foolish measure. It would -htivo
strangled itself. < t
GliHAT expectations center about the
now stool eruisffif''Newark ' , the last , of
five war vessels built by the Cramps of
Philadelphia. Qf Amoiican design and
constructed of American stool , the
cruiser , if equal to the contract require
ments , will bo ono of which the govern
ment may expect great things in com
parison with other war ships of the new
navy. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Is tlio Mopn Huimtor Jtuttled ?
I'ortlumi Owmfdii.
Senator Stanford has built another story
on bis tluanclal scheme. Ho proposes that
the government luill go Into the savings
bank business , as well us sot up u real es
tate , mortgage , und loan oQIce. Ho is taking
the advlca of lexul and financial exports on
the scheme. Ho would batter take counsel
with n modlcnt expert M to his own mcntn
condition.
from the Kant ,
/ttfxttii/Journal.
' .Vlion the public affairs of a town nra surrendered
(
rendered to political hoodlums a total wreck
is only n question of tlmo.
AVtmt Worries ' 13m.
MtnitcniMlt * Jiinnmf.
The democrats any the rep ublloan party
lm no policy. It has the onlcos , however ,
and that is what la bothering the democrats
most.
Tlio Wliul in Never Wenry.
' 1'htluMtihUiIit'iutrer.
Economy Is to bo the watchword nt the
present session of congress. Unfortunately ,
t applies only to dollars , and not to tlmo or
talk.
A llnllufto Nnw York.
MtiuiMiwtis Tribune ,
General Sherman announced the other day
that ho had his monument bought and paid
for , and the slcti of relief that wont up from
Now York caused the Brooklyn bridge to
tremble violently.
A Curious
I'corla Transcript.
Some Now York dogs , according to the
Star , wear collars worth $ .200. For some
reason this fact was noUirought prominently
forward , aa It should have boon , when Now
York was eating dinners and drinking wine
In nn Ineffectual effort to secure the world's '
fair. * * . < _ _
Iniquities of tlio Trusts.
Cleveland Leader.
'iholr proat protlts do not como , for the
most part , from economy of production , but
from pernlclous Interference with the mar
ket price of commodities. Nothing Is clearer
than that combinations to arbitrarily and ox-
ceislvoly advance prices nro contrary to pub
lic policy , illegal and justly hateful to tno
American people.
OUR CONTEMPORARIES.
Glvo Chicago n Show !
R'cw York Sun.
Wo protest against the proposition re
ported from Washington , as a part of the
world's fulr bill for Ohlcago , that the fair
must bo held sure enough in the year 1502.
Glvo the great western metropolis n fair
slmlto. Lot her have the broadest oppor
tunity and the most liberal margin * to get up
the fair and Invite the nations to it.
Nobody need Imagine that such an expo
sition can bo organized nnd opened lu May ,
18y2. Some sort of n thing may undoubtedly
bo got ready by that tltno , but not such a
fair as the occasion requires and the country
will demand , <
_
Our HclatinitH Townrt ! KusHia.
Ifcw I'm Ic I'mt.
'Jho United States have a tradition of
friendliness towards Russia , but it is not
proof nguinst such savagery as that which
Mr. George Ivennan has lifted the veil from.
It will not survive many floggings ol delicate -
cato women or many shootings of defense
less prisoners in filthy and overcrowded jail
yards. Diplomacy can probably dotiothiug
to mltlgato these horrors , out it ought to
make Russia understand that the line of
Cbristiandom is drawn at her borders and
that no decent government wants to have
anything to do with her.
Only a Step.
St. Louts ( llolit-Deinuuat.
The proposition of Senator Plutnb to hold
executive sessions of the sonnto with Closed
doors as at present , but to give the results
to the press at the end of the meeting , is a
step in the right direction , but it does not go
far enough. The people demand that this
whole attempt at secrecy be abolished. Re
sults are always obtained under the present
regulations , but the country asks that pre
liminaries and processes also bo revealed ,
and revealed openly und honestly.
The Ultimate Itrsulr.
liiiffalo KxprcM.
It Is estimated that if all the pension bills
Introduced in this congress should become
laws they would call for a present expendi
ture of 5070,000,000. What the ultimate re
sult would bo no man dare com puto , but it
would bo a sum beside which the present
public debt with its interest $1,001,713- '
813.82 would scoma trillo.
No Blade State
Ptllsluro Gazette ,
All the colored people need and all they
require nt the hands of the covornment is to
bo made reasonably sccuro In tlioir personal
and property rights. The solution of the
negro problem does not lie In the direction
of a separate state for the blacks , but in the
equal enforcement of the laws. The question
can only bo settled on the basis of justice
and equity.
_ _
VOICE OF THE STATE PRESS.
Prohibition nml Mich Ijjccnse.
Kearncu Xcw Ilia.
The Slocumb law is good law and theVo is
every reason for believing that , should high
liccsu carry , this law will continue In force.
The difToronco between high license nnd
prohibition is this : The former believe that
the best and only way to control the liquor
trnlllc Is by high license and the rigid en
forcement of the law ; the latter believe In
prohibiting the sale of liquor in any form
nnd under nU conditions. Now , the only
actual difference between these contestants ,
is as regards the most effective way of con-
trollng the trnfllc under consideration. Kx-
porionco has shown the failure of prohibitory
lav/a to drive out the sale of liquor ; und It
hus also shown that where high llconso laws
wore In force and the law rigidly enforced ,
the prccontngo of crime was not against the
latter way of dealing with the liquor trafllu.
Alwnvn to the fore.
CnlertilaeSeiil'iicl. ' .
Tnu nun takoj the load of Nebraska jour
nalism and keeps it.
A Covert Meaning ,
AraiKilioc Mirror ,
John M , Thurnion has given It as his can
did opinion that the great depression In
business Is caused by "over production. "
We guess John Is right , but ho did not tell
what kind of an "over production. " Of
course ho meant an "over production' of
junketing political blatherskites lllto him
self ,
Enterprising and IiiHUlrlnt ; .
SiiHon .lilcei liner.
It Is generally conceded that Tin : O.uuu
liii : Is the most onturpristn ? nowapapor between
twoon Chicago und Sun Francisco. Its
splendid hltn In- enterprise are a constant in
spiration to tlio west , and especially the
state of Nebraska. Its euorgy is its crowning -
ing dory. Omaha Is proud of Tnu HIK :
nnd NobrasUa Is proud ot TUB Hii : : und of
Omaha ,
A Oooil Kelioino Hut
Eastern capitalists uro talking of putting * a
barco line on the Missouri rlvor. It Is u
good scheme , and ono that everybody can
honrtlly endorse , who does not.mvust anv
money in It. 'Whon It gets silicic on a sand
bar It will stand thcro forever a * u beacon to
other bargee , warning them to hun the
shoals und iiulclcsands on which so many
budding schemes have found an early grwu ,
Try Men , Not I'urtlcH.
Party platforms and party pledges moan
nothing , they are only made to bo violated.
Party zeal U tlio cursu ot the country ; It de
prive * IrultvuluAts of cntiu ,
judgment. What la needed Is an ok'cllon
without ontluinlnsni , without brass unndn ,
without bonllrcit , without promises , without
money ; an election that will till the legisla
ture of every state with honest men ; ono
ttmt will mnlto n clean swoop of fl.vocl tilings
in both state nml nation. Pnrty to the dogs.
Lot us try men , regardless of politic * , nnd
principle rather than party.
Nn Cause for Surprise.
CiMOr County Lcailer.
Wo have n state senator from this sena
torial district who Is n banker ; a congress
man from thU congressional district who is
n banker ; wo hnvo a judge of Iho supreme
court whom wo elected last fall who Is a
railroad attorney , mm a senator of tlio
United States who Is another railroad nttQr-
noynndwoaro ; surprised that money Is
scarce and rates of freight nro high. "What-
soovor ye sow , that shall ye also reap. "
Stands AVoll Wltli the People.
niirood Jcnn1. {
Erie Johnson of yio Iloldrcga Progress ,
at present a member of the lower brunch of
the legislature , Is talked ot as a possible
successor of George W. Hurton of Orleans
in the state senate , llrothor Johnson has
shown himself to bo u frlonil of tha farmers ,
and In his own county ho stands well xvitn
the people ,
A Co i inn out nn Im\vs.
lleitianil IleraU ,
Congressman Laws has not done and is
notdolnc n single thing for the whole Second
district. The district might as well not bo
represented ut nit , for it is not a cent bettor
off , so far.
HERE AND THERE.
Two or three years ago n party of enter
prising gentlemen , headed by Ucoreo A.
Joalyn , were ambitious to build n modern
ten-story hotel at the corner of Farnam nnd
Tenth streets. They interested 8ovcr.il
owners of property in the vicinity , secured
four lota nt about ono-thlrd thotr market
value and gave hona to carry out the enter
prise. .Ground was Broken nnd nn excava
tion made , when suddenly work ceased ,
since which time nothing has uoon dono.
As the union depot question begun to bo
agitated with the prospects that the slto
would bo located at the foot of Farnnm
street everybody supposed the hotel scheme
was suspended until that matter could bo
sottlod.
It Is settled nnd Tenth street gets the
depot , as well as u line stcol viaduct. Now
will Mr. Joslyn nnd his friends proceed
with their enterprise ? That Is the question.
3no day last week n rumor was started to
ho effect that they urouoacd to go ahead and
erect the house according to plans und speci
fications originally contemplated.
Dut tine rumor lackoil confirmation. Mr.
Joslyn was seen yesterday nnd asked to
inako a statement. Ills answer was :
g''I knowJncUilng about it. May bo my as
sociates have been talking of taking the
scheme up uealn. "
"Who nro your associates } "
"Mr. Andrews of Des Memos nnd the
fact is , I urn entirely ignorant of any inten
tion to build that hotel now. "
"You once gave n bond to build it. "
"Yes , I am uwuro of the fact that wo did.1
"Isn't that bond still In oxlstanco 1"
' 1 presume it is. "
"Doesn't its provisions still bind you ! "
"Maybo they do though "
And Mr. Joslyn could not bo induced t <
say another word.
Some inquiries were nmdo elsewhere. Ii
was learned that Mr. Hosowator , Mas
Meyer , Henry Yules and ono or two others
took Mr. Joslyn's agreement , also chut tin
bond is still in Mr. Yates' possession.
A gentleman in no way connoctei
with the deal intimated his readiness to hot
money that the hotel wouKl never bo built.
"I can give you a pointer , " ho continued ,
'which convinces mo that they never had
any intention of building it. In the first
place , nnd on an exceedingly shrewd bluff ,
they secured a block of ground worth $100-
000 for $30,000. At these litruros there is
moro in speculation than n hotol. .
"Furthermore , there has boon souio talk
recently of Fred Ames utilizing his building
nn nnonposite corner for hotel purposes. ]
don't suppose ho would do that without
first being assured that the Joslyn hotel is
not to go up. Understand , I give you this
simply as a pointer , though it Is not entirely
without foundation , "
*
Half a dozen Omaha men , spocul itivoly
inclined own n silver mine away down m the
southwestern part of Old Mexico. Tno pro
visions for tnoir minors are
largely purchased and shipped from
hero. A heavy wholesale grocer doing business -
inoss on Tenth street happens to bo ono of
the company consequently ho furnishes no
very small portion ot the supplies used. Ilo
is supposed to bo shrewd and enterprising.
In fact ho has the reputation of always being -
ing up to snuff. Hut u Mexican customs
otllcor got the best of him not long since und
that too in a manner calculated to reflect
severely upon his shrewdness and enter
prise.
"I will tell you how It happened , " said
another member of the corporation. "So far
as you and I are concerned wo can oat peed
oleomargarine and never suspect thut it Is
not genuine butter. As the article Keeps
bettor und Insts longer , because of the fuel
that there is no- milk in it , wo sent 100
pounds , made ut Onnand's ns a
part of our last shipment of
provisions. When wo struck the customs
house nt El Paso everything In tlio car
passed inspection all right until the officer
came to our broad greasing. It , vus labelled
oleomargarine. You should liuvu soon the
fellow turn up his Moxic.in nose nnd got in
dignant. 'Mark this 'a chemical com
pound , ' ' said ha to his cleric , "anil levy a
duty tax of 73 cents per pound on it. "
"Well , that was a Btuimlng' blow to our
grocer friend. Having soon his own mis
take in the labelling , you could Have
knocked him clown wltn a feather. "
"Did you pay the dutyi"
"No , wo sent the stuff back hmnc. "
"Then It was labelled butter and re
turned ! "
turnedVull , as to thut , I urn not saying u word ,
but you can bet nothing hearing thu stamp
oleomargarine can got iuto Mexico. " *
* *
' Omaha received her sovercst and most
unfortunate nlow when ilia terminus of the
Union Pacllio road w.is , by law , established
at Council Bluffs. "
It was a gentleman oniclally connected
with the railroad mentioned who uttered
tins declaration , therefore ) publication of his
name uiight bring him tronblc&oma Inquiries
from Hoston ,
"I am satisfied , " ho continued , ' 'that ' had
wo kept It on this side our city would today
have n population of 200,001) ) . Only for thu
influence of certain men than connectou
with tlio company u change never could have
been made. Hut the question has boon re-
hoaraud so often that I don't care to discuss
It now. Wo nro going to pot Union Pacillu
dopot'ami ail the Iowa Hues hava agreed to
usu It , consequently lot us rojolco. I Bay
from the standpoint of u man In position to
predict , that Onin'iu ' will outgrow any pre
vious sot-backs she may Imvo hud and yat
become the metropolis of tlio Missouri
valley. "
*
"Yo , " said Dr. George L. Miller , yi ntn
rjulto familiar with Uanoral Crook's career
as an Indluu lUhtor. Sitting Hull was the
Duly war uUlof ha failed to conquer com-
plctoly. Once , nnd after n declaration ot
pence between them , tlmt old scoundrel bo.
trnycd confidence nnd triad to kill tlio gou-
oral.
"Crazy llorso proved to bo the greatest
fighter nonornl Crook ever mot. During the
Itosobud campaign that warrior dutln-
Riilshcd himself for shrowdncss and tlipto '
nmcy.
"Ills maneuvering In ono battle was /
aummntcd with such military skill anl /
successfully tlmt for n lonir tlmo the pubtle |
bollovcd ho hnd Tin urmy ofllcor with him , ;
Crook's forces were cut right in two and
only for Iho daring bravery of n lieu. <
tenant who rode under heavy lire \
through the Indian ranks Mud willed
thb demoralized soldiers loft behind they
would certainly all Imvo boon massacred ,
' It was General Crook , " continued Dr.
Miller , "who by his assistance enabled iho
civil authorities to capture and clean out the
most notorious loader ami band of outlaws
that over Infested nnd harrnssed the fron
tier , la that way nud as a man who could
make his Influence for honesty felt , ho did
moro to civilizeIsubraska than uny other. "
GERMAN AFF/1IRS. . /
'
With the resignation of I'rlnco UlsnmrcU
ms chancellor of the Ciorimm empire com
mences a new chapter In the history of that
country. The consequences of this net of
the great statoman as far as ttyo Interior pol
icy of Germany nloiio Is concerned can be
merely conjectured until wo Imvo authentic
m formation of his reasons for taking such n
doslslvo stop. There Is but little doubt that
tha result of the late rolchstug election und
the difficulties cauas.nl by the socialistic re
script of the Emperor William , which are
reported to have boon Issued without the
knowledge or advice of the chancellor , wore
the prlmo causes of his withdrawal.
Thcro may have also { boon differences of
opinion between the emperor nnd the ilritieo
in regard to the further stops to boJuken to
create u working majority In the now rolch-
stag for the government.
It Is gono'rally bollovod that the elmn- ] > *
collor would rather Imvo conciliated
tho-112 votes of the party of the centrum , If J
it could Imvo been done by moderate conces f
sions , than to form a coalition with the so-w f
clullsts und German liberals , nnd late devel
opments tend to show that Emperor U'lllfam.
might have been moro inclined to take the
latter course.
. Taking this view ofho present situation
the now government will have the choice of
coalition with either of the above parties ,
nuJ whuli ono is chosen will urobibly de
pend upon the amount of concessions do
niandcd.
Viewed from a. republican stundpolnt.an
alliance with the p.irtv of the centrum ,
which includes the clerical party , would sig
nify n reactionary movement , whilst the
support of Iho socialists and Gorman liberal -
ists would also insure n liberal policy of tl.o
government. Of fur moro importance may
1)0 the consequences of this net of the chan
cellor's for the welfare of Europe.
Bismarck was In fact ono of the
Treat powers of Europe. Tlio
bourse , the great political barometer of
liurope.fell several points at his resignation.
The press of France , Austria and -Itussin.
with ono voice proclaimed" that the main
> lar of peace Is broken by tlio resignation of '
the greatest stato.unon of ( his country.
Emperor William will .naturally exert lrftn
self to the uttermost for the maintenance of
the triplc-nllianco. but the nations of Eu
rope Imvo lost their confidence. The feel
ing of security , which in spite ot the threat
ening situation prevailed in Europe has dis
appeared with the chancellor , and the dan
ger that the greatest war that the world has
over seen wilt break out , is rondnroit more
imminent. UHU.NO T/SOMUCK- .
"Tho resignation of Ulsmarck marks anew
now era in German history , in fact a now
loaf in the history of Europe. What will bo
written on that loaf is something which no
ono cun forseo. The young emperor becomes -
comes moro and more enigmatic , or ua wo
savin German , "sprunghuftonsoitien Kntsch-
lios/uiigcn , " which menus that u man jumps
at his conclusions Instead of arriving at
them by reason of n steady progress. .
Tno most Important coincident of this
grout historical event of the day h the rup
ture between the emperor und Count Wul-
tlorsoo , which was cabled a day or two ago ,
Should this bo confirmed it would throw n
very interesting light upon two facts ,
first , tnat the young oraiicror - desires
sires nothing moro ardently than
to Impress the worU with tha 'luct
tliat ho has "become of age , " and after ilrst
getting rid of Bismarck the first , Is not will
ing to load himself , at least in the eyes of
the world , with Ulsmnrck .the second a
dignity which was almost unanimously ex
pected to.bo . in store for Count Waldurseu.
The second fact is thut the now chancellor ,
General Capnvl , who belongs to the heroes
neither of 1880 nor 1S70 , will servo no other
purpose- than to fill , for the moment only ,
iho Immense gup loft by llismarch's with
drawal , until William II , may have the
grout good fortunu his grandfather' had in
finding Ulsmarck , in discovering or InventIng - ,
Ing n 13ismnrck of his own. For there could
he no doubt tlmt the nbsoluto power jwhlch
Ulsninri'h awayoj ever the old amporor
cqulci bo transferred by him to the follovrors
of that remarkable monarulu
While William I. was and always ro-
nuiincd the finder und
creator of his creut chancellor he glow m
certain historical proportion with him and
oven ovpr him ho r.hvays remained his em
peror nnd muster and could quietly submit
to any Influence , and Hubjugatlon to his will ,
without any feeling of being ovorsliadov/ecl
by him who was and always remained his
'own vassal nnd man , "
How different was tlio case with his folio w-
orsl- They overcome , by nlnlieritance , this
roudy-mado Colossus ready not only as , the
leading statesman nml urbltrur of German
and European destinies , but ready also to
overshadow -them as n power behind the
throne , and an nn historical liguro , ut every
stop , Ho the inevitable hnd to como. It could
not come during the short rolgn of the un
happy Frederick HI. ; It comes now after tha
lapse of thu r.ceond year of the reign of thut
second William , who likes nothing hotter
than to bo likened to his grandfather Ill-
lam 1. .
Who will say. If it hnd not boon for this
uesiro nlono to Uu llko his grand fat her thut
the you nit emperor would not have , long bo-
foru , nont uwuv Ills "Iron chancellor" melon
with the golden mfts of now dukedoms , Held- '
marsltuUhlps and autograph luttorsovorllow-
ing with personal tenderness nnd gratitude )
UlIU HllU'lIVOUKI , .
T =
OMAHA
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COMPANY.
Subscribed < V guaranteed Capital , $500. ODO
I'utd In Ciipltul . - . . . . 35O.OOO
lluyri anil nulls stocks ui'd Ixwda ; nugotlaKM
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SAVINGS BANK
S. E. Cor. I6th nnd Douglas stroati.
I'aldJnCupltul , . . . . , . , . S5O.OOO
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rilANK J. f.ANlli : . Uasliler ,
A. U. Wyman , president ; J.J.llrowu ,
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DlliKorous : A. U. Wynmn , .1. II. Mlltnrd. J. J.
llrown , Uuy IVItiirtmi. K. NY. Haiti , ihod. I , ,
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