Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 16, 1890, Part II, Page 16, Image 16

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    16 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNBG1Y , MARCH 10 , 1890.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
The boom for Furniture Garnets and Stoves lias come. Our Grand Spring Opening last week was an immense success , people were actually turned away , -
ot the town. Our sales-last week were more than double than the same week a year ago. We will fur-
talk
Our fine assortments ; low prices d easy terms , is the
of
time to lor them. If doubt any
nish your . houseTfrom parlor to kitohenV in \ a very comfortable only style convince , at a very moderate but show cost you , the and finest you can line take ever your brought own - fflivi n Vl o pay . Free delivery for you 100 TVl ! I QCl. . Oar
our assertions , come and see for yourselves will not you
tickets furnished those living at a distance.
* " " ' " ' "
nniiiii miiiirvrn1"'i" !
Cook Stoves worth $14 this week $9.25
Wood Seat Chairs worth 65c this week 28c JNote Our Easy Terins.i
* T / r\ Cook Stoves worth $20 this week $12.50
Kitchen Safes worth $6.50 . . . .this week $3.45 .
$1 \vcok $4 month.
$10 worth of goods a \ or $ u
$25 worth of oods $ i.co \vcok or SO n month. Haiiges worth $35 this week $25
week .
Bedsteads worth $3.50 this $1.45 .
$50 worth of goods $2 n wool : or $8 n month.
Chamber Suits worth $2O this week $13.50 875 worth of goods S2.50 a woolc or $10 njnonth. . Wash Boilers worth $2 this week 88c
8100 worth of goods $3 a week or $12 a month.
Chamber Suits worth $3O this week $19.50 $200 worth of fcoods $5 a week or $20 a month. Potts' Irons ( per set ) worth $4 this week $1.60
Ingrain Carpets worth 40c this-week 23c Saby Carriages worth $15 this week $9.50
>
Matting worth 40c * this week 16c Baby Carriages worth $20 this week $12.5Q
Brussels Carpets worth $1 this week 67c Bookcases worth $8 this week $3.75
Stair Carpet worth 40c this week 18c Bookcases worth. $1O this week
Hugs worth $3.50 this week $1.90 Gasoline Stoves worth $ S this week $5.75
Parlor Suits worth $40 this week $23.75 Folding Beds worth $35 this week $25
Plush ( Rockers worth $14 this week $8.50 Folding Beds worth $50 this week $35
Comforts worth $2 this week $1.25 laounges worth $9.50 this week $6
Pillows worth $1 this week 40c Bed I ounges worth $14 this week $9.50
I ace Curtains worth $3 this week $1,50 Bed Lounges worth $19 this week $12.50
Chenille Curtains worth $8 this week $4.50 Wood Pails worth 25c this week lOc
Sideboards worth $25 this week $14.00 Hanging Lamps worth $3SO . . . this week $1.85
Hall Hacks worth $12 this week $8 Wardrobes worth $13 this week $7.5O
Come at once to avoid the rush. Wo trouble to show goods. Jtfo extra charge for collecting. No interest charged. All goods delivered free of charge and \
sold on easy payments to South Omaha and Council BltifFs.
TPPUTT
17 *
THE RIGHTS OF THE STATE ,
Ex-MInlator Bonjamln on the Dan-
of Over-Legislation.
THE EXAMPLE OF SPARTA.
AConipleto | .SiibJtiKiUlim nftlio Kl hls
of tlio "Individual The 1'rlnci-
plo onhieh Our Gov
ernment Is itnscil.
Mncnlfylntr tlio State. *
From the beginning of the world to
the present day no question has re
ceived inoro constant and general at
tention than the solution of the urob-
loin of government. The happiness of
every man is at stake in this question.
Btrungo to say , notwithstanding that
Bomo .approximation towards a satisfac
tory solutiqn ot this perplexing subject
Rppoars to have been rouchnd by sev
eral nations , thus ofloring a model for
others to follow , yet the question has
never been more earnestly discussed
than now ; this may uo in part because
of the greater general freedom permit
ted to the pcoplo in the direction of
government affairs. But in this coun
try at least it is also duo in part to the
fact that , while the true principles of
government are bettor understood at
present , many details relating to the
practical application of those principles
tire still in u nebulous or experimental
state.
There have been few sovereigns who
would bo willing to admit that they
wore inspired by other motives than
the welfare of their people oven in
tholr most arbitrary nets. Even the
czar of Russia , when ho undertakes , in
this nineteenth century , to iorco all his
tiubjocts under the sirossof horrible pon-
ultics to bow at one shrine , to speak but
ono language , and to avoid political
discussion or the seeking after individ
ual liberty , would doubtless vehem
ently assort that ho is moved by strong
patriotic motives alone. Most sov
ereigns , whether peed or bad , hnvo
boon blinded by such spacious pretenses -
tenses , ignorant of the tricks which
our mysterious human nature will play
on us.
MAClNirYINO Till : STATK.
The fact remains , however , that gov
ernment has been almost everywhere
in all ngos , a magnifying of the Btato
and a minimizing ot the people and the
individual. The state has boon every
thing and the individual nothing. This
might not always have resulted in evil
especially In small or now communities ,
like the Greek ropubllo or Rome in
ourly days. But the trouble has boon
that in most cases the hered
itary sovorlgn has boon do facto
if not hi theory an epitome of
the stato. "L'otut , c'est mol. " I nm
the sinto the famous dictum of Louis
the XIV if aomowlmt too llutly put , is
Btlll in point ot fact a correct definition
of government as it haa been practiced
the world over during those thousands
of years past !
Even the so-called republics of Greece
mid Italy wore actually oligarchies in
which the goornmont was really vested
in the hands of a low ruling families
who lived olT the Btnto and for whom
the state practically existed.
Till ! KXAMl'MS OF Bt'AUTA.
The most remarkable example of this
form of government , in which the iden
tity .and the rights of the individual
citizen or subject were merged in the
state , was that of Sparta.
This example is the moro noteworthy
because before the declaration of inde
pendence by the continental congress
of the United States there novel- was
nny moro deliberate , moro carefully
considered or more thoroughly tested
an experiment in formulating a' theory
of government than the plan said to
have boon invented by Lycurgus and
put into practice during several cen
turies at Sparta.
Although nominally a monarchy , the
government of Sparta was really an
armed camp , whoso sovereign was a
and whose
hereditary gonoral-in-chief
citizens wore soldiers who surrendered
their very identity as it wore to the
state. They sat at common public mess
tables ; both sexes , belonging from
birth to the state which had arranged
the selection of the parents , were
obliged to exercise naked at the vigor
ous public exorcises of the gymnasium ,
while those who were constitutionally
feohlo or deformed were Killed lost
they become a burden to the state. To
sucli an extreme was this principle of
the supreme importance of the state
carried that durincr the protracted
Mossinian war , when many of the
adult males were slain , n number of
vigorous young men were selected from
the army and ordered to return to
Sparta for the express purpose of roar
ing a , now generation of soldiers ; for
the good of the state the women ,
whether married or single , submitted
to this promiscuous intercourse. In
Suartn then the state was everything ,
the individual nothincr. The state.
which is merely an abstract lig-
mont of the brain , was elevated
to bo the chief end of gov
ernment. The same error was
mndo in the case of the Pharisees , who
assumed that man was made for the
Sabbath. What was the result ? Sparta
loft no arts , no sciences , no litaraturo ;
she made no lasting impression in the
progress of the race , and when she foil ,
nor citizens were the most sclllsh and
corrupt in Greece. They had been
taught but ono principle , physical
courage and strength developed for the
state.
OTHER EXAMPLES.
Most governments existing since
then , which have shown evidence of
vigor on the part of the rulers , have
practically treated the people as if they
existed only for the state , just as the
church 1mb too often treated the world ,
as though the people were for the
church and not the church for the in
dividual soul. Enormous crimes , ap
palling cruohtios , have boon perpetrat
ed by both church and state for the pur
pose , of forcing men to accept this prin
ciple of civil and spiritual govern
ment.
This is all wrong. Society exists for
the bonolit of every unit that composes
it. Government or the state exists not
for itself , but for the individual , and is
then only what it should bo when it al
lows the greatest possible liberty con
sistent with order to every individual cit
izen. The state should be like the heart ;
man docs not exist for the heart , buttho
heart for man ; so long as the laws of
hyglono are observed , the heart per
forms its duty of sustaining the lifo of
the individual in a quiet , invisible way ,
never interfering with the thought or
the action of the being whoso action it
sustains. The Sabbath is made for man
and not man for the Sabbath. So a
government is ordained for man Indi
vidually and not man for the govern
ment. Only on this theory can that
liberty bo preserved for which our
fathers fought and without which life
is w.cll nigh intolerable to the thinking
men and women of this generation.
It was exactly for tno purpose of forin-
I ulating this basal principle of govern
ment that the colonies rebelled and
formulated the constitution whoso adop
tion marked the greatest era in tlio
progress of free government since the
decline of Sparta. It is the rights of the
individual and not the glory of the state
which the constitution lays down as the
foundation principle of good govern
ment a government "by the people for
the people. "
Those facts are so patent to our people -
, plo who have now for generations im
bibed clear and generally correct no
tions concerning the right theory of
government , that it almost seems ab
surd to recapitulate them again. And
yet it is necessary from time to time to
recall them , for the reason that there is
a real and growing danger that those
very liberties which have boon assured
to us in this way may bo stolen from us
through thoughtlessness or failure to
perceive some of the dangers
which threaten our dearly bought
independence. There is unquestion
able danger that wo may drift back to
the mistaken and most deplorable theory -
ory that man is for the state and not
the state for man. It is not likely that
outside of the ranks of the organized
hierarchy of some branches' of the
church , anyone could bo found to ad
mit such notion. And yet tlio ill-con-
sidored efforts and practice of too many
arc loading precisely to such n result.
If it comas , wo as individual citi/.ons
cannot evade the responsibility of con
tributing to bring it about either by
negligence or by not sulllciontly scruti
nizing the character of tlio men who
make and administer the laws for us.
TOO MAXY LAWS.
Without looking at other causes , lot
us re 11 cot for n moment that besides the
two houses of congress there am no loss
than forty.two legislatures grinding
out law for this long-sulToring people ;
most of thorn outraged in this tremendous
deus task annually. Forty-throe legisla
tures steadily making new laws or tin
kering with old ones , for a nation having
not twice as many people as Franco ! Law
is a good and necessary thing ; so is
medicine ; but ono may have too much
ot cither.
Aside from the fact that wo have
twice as many laws as wo need , many
of th < 3so laws are positively bad , bad as
law and bad in practice. It is quite
possible that a people may become so
enmeshed with various potty laws , that
cither it is bound hand and foot if it ob
serves them all , or it becomes a nation
of law-breakers ; for it is impossible for
sueh a multitude of laws to bo always
strictly observed even by law-abiding
citizens.rlho greatest caution is re
quisite in legislating regarding matters
which are not in themselves bad , al
though perhaps liable to abuse. Better
that such abuse should follow some
times , than to hamper respectable citi
zens with a law whoso force they fail to
appreciate and for that reason flnd it
hard to observe. Man is not made for
the state , but the state for man.
UVH < 3 or
The danger from this cause is two
fold. In the flrst place the common
weal is imperiled when too much law
loads to a disregard of some ol tlio laws ,
and hence a disrespect in general
towards the majesty of the law ; and in
the second place , danger arises from the
resultant indliTornneo to the character
of those whom wo delegate to make our
laws. Granting that n certain proportion
tion of our legislators are men of
sound practical sense , high principle
and pure patriotism , the fact remains
that by far too many of thorn are either
hopelessly partisan or they are stooped
in ignorance and besotted with their
own Eolf-concoit ; or thoj are men feeble
in will power , or trimmers , who , for the
eako of retaining ofllco , make that the
truiding principle of action ; or , worse
than all , they are ranting fanatics , who
are elected or got themselves elected to
such responsible positions with the dis
tinct purpose of forcing on the people
the practice of some pet theory or im
practicable so-called reform of their
own on the spacious plea that it is for
the good of the stato. Most great re
formers are men of canncst views , who
by dintof theirsingle-mindtidnobStheir
arrogant , determined bearing , and
everlasting persistency succeed in over
coming all opposition and producing
great ultimate public bonolit. Un
fortunately , while most sclf-btylod re
formers are men of such character , but
few of such churactor light in a
thoroughly good cause or i dvocato
theories that would prove of bonolit to
any but themselves. They arc ,
however , by fur the most danger
ous men we send to our legislatures ,
for they possess the very qualities that
insure success , and when they do not
convince they finally win by dintof per
sistent hammering. These nro the men
who , for the so-called bonolit of the
state , are willing to sacrifice the rights
of the individual and throw to the
winds the dearly bougct liberties for
which our fathers fought and died. To
thorn the state is everything , the indi
vidual nothing. In Sparta they would
have been tyrants , in Spain inquisitors ,
in this country they are legislators.
Tim NATURAL HKSULT.
The natural result of this condition ot
things is a growing tendency to resort
to what is called mor-il or sumptuary
legislation. The experience of past
ages has shown how rarely such legisla
tion proves bonollcial or permanent , al
though it may bo expedient in rare
discs. Besides weakening the inilu-
cnco and responsibility of both families
and individuals , and lowering the moral
influence of the church whnn
functions belonging exclusively to re
ligion nro relegated to the civil
aw , the final outconu of this form ot
paternal government must inevitably
prove disastrous to that respect for in
dividual liberty which so strongly dif
ferentials our government from that of
different periods or of many other na
tions. The perfect system docs not ex
ist mid probubly never will in this
world , llonco great caution shoxld bo
exorcised that in avoiding ono apparent
o\il , wo do not. fall into one far moro
serious and nermanont.
Wo admit that as society impravos it
becomes more complicated ; just as the
Atlantic steamship of today is far moro
intricate und oomploxan nllair than the
ship in which Columbus came to
America. Uuttyot it can never bo for
gotten that however vast be the in
crease of detail in the mechanism and
organization of such a steamship , the
Hi-tit thing and the last thing to con
sider in that iiromlorful fabric nro the
rights and privileges of the passenger
for whom it was built and for whoso
bonolit the company was chartered.
In like mnnnor , if our republic pre
sents n far more complicated system
than the governments of other ngos , it
should still never bo forgotten that tlio
state was founded for the people and not
the people for the statr. Wo have far
too much legislation ; whatever bo the
remedy for this over-legislation ,
whether by reducing the number of
legislative sessions or by exorcising
moro caution in the selection of our
legislators , or otherwise , is it not time
for us to consider the drift of events ?
Is it not time for the people to empha
size anew the fact that man is not for
the state , but the state for every indi
vidual manV S. G. W. UUJMAMIN.
Uttlo Flaxen Hair Papa , it's raining.
Papa ( somewhat annoyed oy work in baud )
Woll. lot U rain. Uttlo Flaxen Hair
( timidly ) I wa yoluK to.
CONN UmAM TIES.
Within the list twenty years the courts In
Kansas have prantod 7,101 divorces.
A man who hail cloood ftom Easton , Pa. ,
sent his wife a note from Jersey City tolling
her to tclro care of the baby.
„ James G , mid Ann Tomllnson of Plain-
Held county , Indiana , lately celebrated thu
seventy Hist anniversary of their marriage.
The husband Is 100 and the wife ninety.
A Jackson county ( Mo. ) man is suins for
a divoroo from the woman ho woddoci thirty-
cigbt years ago. Ito said his wife made him
Jo the washing and the general housework.
A widow in Now Yorlf lias , it is said ,
brought a suit for damages against r. well-
known nourolofjist for taking her husband'8
brain , and also lor vlnlntlng an alluded con
tract to RIVO her Sl.OUO for usinghor husband
as a medical object lesson.
Do Trompy ( to a former flame who has
boon n party to a May and December mar-
naijo ) Is marriage a failure i Former
Flame ( with u glanca toward her husband
In the next room ) Not a failure. Only n
temporary embarrassment.
Rufus Thompson of West Swanzey , N.H. ,
the father of the actor. Doiunan Thompson ,
w s married n few dava ago to Aars. Sarah
A. WaiUor or Westminster West , Vt. Mr.
Thompson it eighty-throo .years of ago and
ttio bride is eight years his junior.
There Is n man at Crawfordsvillo , Ind. ,
who has loft his wife four'times. The first
time ho was gone seventeen years , five years
the second time , two years the third and
a year the fourth timo. After leaving the
fourth time his wife obtained a divorce and
now ho is buck upain. Slio has always
made tier own livelihood.
A man and wife residing In North Minne
apolis , who own forty acres of. land Within
the city limits , were ottered § 200,000 for it
llvo years ago. The husband wlshtid to soil ,
but the wlto refused to sign tlio deed. The
result was a quarrel between the pair , since
which time not a word has passed between
them. The wife coolis for both , but they oat
their meals at ( separate tables and sleep in'
separata beds.
An Englishman who c.-.mo to this country
thirty vears ago , leaving a wlfo at homo to
whom ho soon alter ceased writing , was
amazed Sunday at his boarding house , In
Cohocs. N. Y. , by coining face to face witti
her. They eyed each other for a moment
nnd than embraced. She Had been searching
for years for him , going from town to town
ill over the rountrv. Ho was u weaver , and
wont to Cohoos from Phlladolyhla.
An English court has just decided that a
wife married In Japan after the fashion of
tiiat country is a legal wiio in England , on
the ground tbat "Japan has long been recog
nized as a civilized country. " A previous
decision in a case where tlio wife was a
Hottentot and was married after tlio Hotton-
tot fashion had upset the union on the
ground that the Hottentots were heathens
aud poiygamlsts , and did not know what
niarnago , in n civilised sense , meant.
An old bachelor of sovonty-two winters by
the name of Nell of Watanga countv.Oeorgla ,
wantnd toinnrry Miss Myra McCulleck , n
pretty young girl seventeen years old. Nell
loved the girl bettor than his own life , and
whim ho proposed to her she rofuscd to
marry him , Ho boirgcd and pleaded with
her , nnd finally she told him aho never intended -
tended to speau to him again. Nell linmodi-
ntelv wont away , nnd securing an BY , ho
laid his right hand across n log aud with ono
stroke cut It oft at the wrist , saying ttiat it
would bo a mark of nflllctlon upon him for
learning to love a young girl whom ho ought
to uuvo kuowu would uovor marry him.
An AliHoluto Cure.
The ORIGINAL A WE TINE OlNTMENr
Is only nut up In larao two-ounce tin boxes ,
and Is un nbsoluto euro for till sores , burns ,
wounds , ohappod hands and all skin erup
tions. Will positively euro all Kinds of piles.
Aslc for the OUIUINAL , AUIETINE OINTMENT -
MENT , Sold by Ooodman Drug company
at ! 25 coats par box by mall 83 coats.
Kearney Is hustling hard for n ball team
and have good prospects of securing the fol
lowing players : Ted Heady or Or mid Island ,
catcher ; O. F. Mauler of Topeka , pitcher ; A ,
Bvdnoy of Silver City , la. , loft and olmngo
catcher : Harry Gatovvaod of Omaha , right ;
Leo Klpu of Ashland , Wis. , pltchor ; Charley
Crane , third ; Ullly Wilson , second ; Leo
Pond , short ; li. U. Barnes of Lincoln , first ,
and 0. F. Ueardtloy , uildUlo and manager.
The ( New ) Omaha Medical and Surgical Institute
Omaha Medical and Surgical Institute
Corner 9th nnd llurnoy Streets , Omaha , Neb.
Corner ittlli and Fariiain
Continuation of our Great Closing Out Sale
ESiiiidrudK arc IK-IIIR made luiM ] .V < lu'connlor Ilio Won-
< ! orl'u ! HJiu-aaint wo are oH'crin ; ; on IHverj tiling.
ALL DI/MOfWS ! RETAILED AT IMPORTER'S PRICES.
W vrcllKS ImtUes1 or Onnlliiinon'ti lif-nvy ! > IIIH | K cnnc-d , solid
( old , stem win ICIH. wnrruueil KOOI ! ilinorH , Ir.im J lIO upivnrtlH.
Imillrs' iln sol'il ' cold and ir-numo ( Iliiiuoiul UIIHUUVntclicx ,
ful jcivoldd mnvoinrmty , only $ : I5 and upward.
Al'l nilinr wnu-lips In nroiioKMI. . . , , , . .
, lUWI3ljllV OliiiHi , l iokoii-Il nan nn'l ' all otliisrjpwolry nt nlioiil
llAlifi1 nu-niiir | iiic ) 'n. < looks iiru colii'r lasr at our AIAHKKI )
DOWN MGUItlSS $ l > CLOCKS gn lor $5 , Ate IO/.OIIH ol'nijIoH to
Hiili'ct IYIMII. rini'st iiHunrtinont or IjaniM | ever hliowu In Oinnlin
( rom $5 up > .V " > " . Stn : tlinin. Iloiiuttriil llcyoiul iloic-npllon In our
line 01 Silver anil line < | ii.ilriiplc-ilntul ] wiim. It inii-t hi > HIHIII 10
tin appi-roiiitoil. Illuli , novel nnd origin il < lpfliiii ; Kiorjiiun | ,
Water SetH , Ten Siilf , Krull , Snliid and Nut HVH < | , Halco J > IHII > H ,
MUIP Tureens , IllHOlilt Jar * , O ko ItnsUrtH , Ililltor JHsliitH , IMoklu
Stands , Individual OUHKU-H , Napkin llolili ri , CHP , "ti- . , ItrHlcJc-H nil
IIIIIIOIINO llnu ufHinnll warn" , In artistlo pntipi-iiN , all or wliluli nro
iDliiUfolrl atalinui 5 DK.\T.S ON Till' ) DOMjUt.
.
STOIti : I'OK KKNT AMP riXTIJK 2& B'OIt SAM :
. B. i'cat ICoiliiution In IVICIM ol' INiiima anil