Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 06, 1889, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE OMAHA DAILY BEEfcyWEPNESPAYv ; NOVEMBER 6. 1889 ,
BEE.
B. RO3BWATBR. Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY MOBNINO ,
THIIMS OK flUHSCKirnON
Daily ftnfl Sunday , One Your. . . . . 11000
Hlx Month ! ) . . . . . > . . , . . 00
tlnrpo Months . 2 tt )
Buntlay Itoe , One Year . . . . . . . . SCO
Wcetfy lice , Ono Year with 1'remlum. . . . ECO
OITICES.
Omnlm , HPO RiilMlng.
Chlcngo Office , JOT Itookcry Tlnlldlntr
Now York , Itootni 14 nnil ID Trtbuno llultd-
"w'aalilnjrton. No. MS Fourteenth Street.
Council iilnir * . No. 13 Pearl Street.
Itnroln. 1CC01' Snoot ,
Houtb Omaha , Corner N anJJMth Btreots.
, COIlIlKSI'ONDltaCK.
All comm'nnlcntloni minting to news nnd edl-
torlnl rnnttitr sliould bo addressed to tlio Kdltor-
Inl Department.
UUSINKSd LHTrima.
.All Imxlnciui letters nncl remittances should
lift nrtrtwicd to 1 ho llco Publlslilne Compnny.
Oirnhn. DruftK , checks anclpostolllco ortiora to
b made payable to the order of the company.
T&cBce & PDWIsMnfCcDipany , Proprietors
HER llulldlng Fnrnnm and Sovcntconth Streets.
I mi I'.oo on the TraiiK.
TherolsnooxcnsoforafnllurotoRotTiinrheB
on the trnlni. All newsdealers have been notl-
Jled to curry a full fiupnljr. Travelers wtio want
Tin' llnr. and can't Rut It on trnlnt where other
OmnliRDapers ore carried are requested to no
tify TIIK IIEI : . . . . . , ,
1'IenBO bo particular to clro In Ml cases full
Information as to date , railway ar.d number of
Olv'o us your nnmo , not for publication or un-
nccengary use , but n n guaranty of oood faith.
TU13 UI3K.
Pwnrn Htnirinuiitor Clroulntlon.
Etnto of Nobrnsko , I g ,
County of Uonelai. f _
Ocorrro II. 'J7icliuck. ( secretary of The Hco
I'ubllshlDK Company , does solemnly swear tnat
the actnnlclictilatlon of Tin : DAU.Y HEK fortho
wecrcndlnii November 8 , 18BH was as' follows :
Fuudny. Oct.ST . 81.61 ?
Monday. ( ) ct,28 . ! . *
Jliotdny.Oct. HO . 11MIII
Wednosduy , Oct. : . 1 . ' 0 <
Thursday , Oct. 31 . 18ft.'l
Friday. Nov. 1 . 19.71)0 )
Batimiay , Nov. 3 . 18.008
Average . 1O.:10
QE011UK U.T/SCHUCK.
Ettite of NcbrosVn , ( „
County of Douglas. f
Bwornto boforiimo tied BUbscrlbcil to In my
prcscnco thisM day of November , A. 1) . IfSD.
[ Seal. ] N. 1' . FKIU
Notary 1'abllc.
State ot Nobraskn , 1
County of Douglas , f BS
Gcntgu JJ. Tzschuck. bcliiR duly sworn , do-
Iiotes nnd cays thut he Is secretary of The llco
J'ulillslilng Company , t Irnt the actual nvoraco
dally circulation of TUB DAILY linn for tlio
month J > cm-inter , Its. " , IS.HMl copies ; for De
cember. 1W , IHS a copies ; for January , 1W.
18,574 copies ; for February , IkiS ) , 18.UJ8 copies ;
for March. 1M ! > . 1H.8J4 conies ; for April , ItW ) .
IC.ViU copies ; for .May. It-tfl , l.n copies : for
Inno. IStti , lf.H.j ! copies ; for July. Itfcl' ' , 1P.7IW
copies ; tor August. 1W , 1S.051 copies ; for Hop-
tomber. istii , 1S.710 copies ; for October I8M ) ,
If.MiT copies. OKOHOK U. TZSCHUCK.
Kworn to before me and ttubarrlbcd In my
prcscnco this "d day of November. A D. . ItS'J. '
[ fc'oal. ] N. P. FEU. .
Tniinu elections within thirty days
ought to satisfy the cravings of the most
avaricious ward worker.
THE public debt was decreased nine
million dollars during October a pretty
good fall in the nation's burden for a
'fall month.
OMAHA may congratulate herself that
Cut-Off lake has bcon declared to be in
Iowa. But this decision should not pre
vent the punishment of the thug who
shot the man Cross there a few days
ago. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
CAl'TAiNZALiNSKldoesnot mnlte as
much noise as his gun , bub ho com
mands just as much respect from the
monarchs of Europe. The captain is u
highly explosive gentleman in warlike
matters.
Tni : Nebraska Central bridge Is the
key to Omnha's prosperity. A quarter
of a million in bonds is a bagatelle com
pared with the immediate and lasting
bonodts which its constructipn will con
fer upon the city nnd county.
A NHW sot ol rules has boon pro
vided for the police force. The mem
K bers nro prohibited from smoking che-
roots'or "tutors , " or chewing gum while
on duty , but there is ijo objection to the
members posing for effect upon the
-feminine population.
T THE sous-in-law still lingering in the
federal building have received assur
ances that they will not bo disturbed
for a few months yet. The indications
point to nn oxcuodingly cold winter for
'the remnants of Cleveland's adminis
tration in this vicinity.
TJIKUI : is no bettor evidence of the
growth of the city in population than
the crowded condition of the public
schools. Kvan with the addition of now
buildings , the onla'rging of old schools ,
aud tlie renting of- adjacent buildingSj
the accommodations are insufficient.
THE Brotherhood of Locomotive En
gineers has wisely done away with the
barriers which prevented closer union
with the firemen. Both organizations
nro essentially one in aims nnd occupa
tion , and the close * they ally their in-
"eats , the bettor it will bo for their
growth and usefulness.
' IF IT bo true , as intimated in the meet
I ing of the school board Monday night ,
that many incompetent engineers uro
h employed , in the furnuco rooms of school
houses , the matter should receive
immediate attention. It is not pleasant
to contemplate that nny minute a house
f full of children may bo blown to atoms.
It is barely possible , however , that the
regular ongincova have boon out "on
"election duties , " and that the Incom-
potonta spoken of nro merely substi
tutes.
THE newspapers will bo compelled to
tafco notloo of the pubtto disgust gen
erally expressed nt the mismanagement
of both motor systems since consolida
tion. While a newspaper cannot undertake -
t take to regulate tt street car company it
. must reflect publio Bontlmont : Instances -
stances of carelessness and inofllciencj
of train men are becoming BO frequent
that the management of the Omano
troot car lines cannot bo ignorant ol
the condition ot things.
OMAHA'S treatment of the Pan-Amer
ican excursionists is warmly and en
thusiastically commended on all eldos ,
especially by the members of the press
nccompnnylupr the party. As a mode ]
of hparty western hospitality , without
tlrocomo oratory , or strained formali
ties , it was not approached by any oltj
in the union , and the members have
shown their appreciation by sounding
thu praises of the city on all occasions.
As unnd vorllsoraoiu of the city , the cost
was money well Invested.
TUB
All that can be fiald this morning
with nny degree of certainly regarding
the elections yoslonUy In the states
upon which general political interest
centered , is that Ohio , Massachusetts
nnd Iowa oloctcd the republican tick
ets , and Now York and Virginia the
dcmoi'ratlo tickets.
The indications are that the re
sult in Ohio will bo very close. Fora-
kor fiUflorcd from a combination of
causes , chief of these being the third
term issue , nnd the belief of many of
Senator Sherman's friends that the
governor did not deal fairly with him
nt the last national republican conven
tion ,
In Mnhsnclmsotts , where the Aus
tralian ballot system received ita first
complete test in this country , the re
publicans claim their usiwl majority ,
but the probability is that the
result will fall somewhat short of this
estimate. The state , however , is se
curely republican.
In Iowa the republican vote has been
reduced , and the plurality of the party
will bo small. The river towns gener
ally show largo democratic gains. The
legislature is doubtless safely ronubll-
canso that the ro-olcctlon of Senator
Allison is assured.
Governor Hill has scored another vic
tory in New York , though probably
with a reduced majority , the republi
cans claiming considerable gains out
side of Now York city and Brooklyn.
.Mnhonc , in Virginia , is defeated by
at least twenty thousand , nnd possibly
more , a result wlilch will bo no surprise
to those who have closely watched the
campaign in that stato. It should per
manently dispose of Mnhono as the re
publican leader In Virginia.
It must bo confessed that on the whole
the results of the elections are rather
more encouraging to democrats than to
republicans , and they convoy BOino
lessons which the latter should profit by.
L NEEDS.
Having created n department of agri
culture , congress is in duty bound to
mnico provisions for such liberal sup-
poet as shall bo found necessary to its
usefulness and oUleioncy. The report
of Secretary Rusk shows that congress
did not make adequate provision fortho
reorganization from a bureau to a de
partment , thus hampering the depart
ment in the performance of the woric
required by the act creating it. This is
easily to bo accounted for by the fact
that congress could not have an ac
curate Knowledge of the amount of ap
propriation necessary at the outset , and
besides there was an opposition to the
creation of the department which
might have boon rendered so formid
able aa to defeat the project if it had
been proposed to appropriate a very
much.larger amount than had been re
quired to administer the bureau. The
last congress was quite liberal in some
directions , but the advocates of the new
department were not so largely In the
majority as to bo able to do all
they -perhaps would have liked
to do in starting it. With
a bettor knowledge of what is required ,
and possibly with a stronger intercstin
promoting the usefulness of the depart
ment , the next congress may reasonably
bo expected to be more liberal in pro
viding for it. The generous policy of
other governments in this particular ,
as shown by the ligures presented by
Secretary Rusk , ought to have some in
fluence favorable to larger appropria
tions for our agricultural department.
The secretary submits sugges
tions and recommendations whicli
should receive serious con
sideration. Ono is the appoint
ment of a state statistician in every
state and a comprehensive plan of agri
cultural surveys of the states and terri
tories. This would require a very con
siderable annual expenditureand it is
necessary to consider whether the only
apparent advantage to bo secured ,
that of obtaininc more trustworthy
statistics of crops and of the agricultur
al resources of the states , would repay
the cost. Another suggestion relates
to the duty of the government to assume
a more definite supervision of such
forest areas as nro still owned by it. and
as occupy a position of importance in
the regulation of water How and climate
conditions. This is in line with recom
mendations that have bcon in ado to
congress annually for a number of years
past , without receiving much attention ,
but there is better promise of the matter -
tor receiving favorable consideration
from the next congress. The secretary
renews the recommendation that the de
partment bo empowered to afford aid
and oncouiagomont to the work of
the agricultural organizations through
out the country , which have attained
a growth during the last few years that
gives evidence of nn expanding spirit
of eolf-holp among the farmers. It
would seem that the department might
properly do whatever is practicable to
encourage this spirit , and there nro
obvious ways in which it could , assist
those organizations without very great
cobt to the government.
The average citizen who has
no knowledge of the enormous
proportions of the nation's agricultural
interests may not regard with favor the
demands of the now department , but the
importance of fostering those interests
by a liberal government policy will bo
conceded by all who take the trouble to
acquaint themselves with the immense
contribution which the products of the
farms of the country annually mtiko to
the national wealth nnd prosperity , and
with the largo proportion of the popula
tion which subsists by agricultural and
its kindred pursuits.
CIVIL
There will be matters upon which the
president will address congress of moro
general Interest and greater importance
than civil service reform , but this sub
ject promises to occupy a share of publio
attention from the consideration it may
receive in congress. It is strongly in
dicated that there will -bo developed a
vigorous hostility to the reform , or at
'any rate to the present method of Its ad
ministration. Republicans of promi
nence in both houses of congress do
not hesitate to say that they are in
favor of either abolishing the law or
changing it in important respects , and
the sentiment is understood to largely
prevail , among heaUu of departments
nnd chiefs of bureaus that the present
operation of the law is not at nil satis
factory from the point of vlow of the
interests of the publio service. The
president has boon furnished with ob
jections nnd arguments against the law
from a number of sources , and on the
other hand ho 1ms been freely as
sailed by criticisms of the wrfy in
which the law has boon administered.
Standing between thopo antagonistic
forces it would not bo surprising1 if ho
should fool some embarrassment In deal
ing with this question.
The impression is , however , that the
president willrr.nko no recommendation
to congress looking to an abridgement
of the scope of the reform or in any way
inimical to it. Ills believed thut on the
contrary ho will BO dispose of the
hostllo objections and arguments as to
place congressmen in the nttltudo
of opposing the "administration if they
fight the law. This would obviously bo
not only u consistent position for the
president , but It would be the most con
clusive answer ho could niako to his
critics. If ho can silence the hostility
to civil service reform in his own party ,
nnd prevent any Interference with it
which would bo a stop backward , ho
will certainly have n just claim to bo
regarded as the friend of the principle ,
oven though in the administration of
the reform the expectations of some , as
was the ease with his predecessor , have
boon disappointed. There appears to
bo good reason to oxpoot that in this
matter the president will amply vindi
cate himself , and point congress the
way to render civil service reform moro
effective and generally acceptable.
THE MUTUION
The annual report of Governor
Thomas furnishes a calm , conservative
reflex of the present condition of affairs
in Utah. It shows that while the Gen
tiles have grown in numoricaletrength ,
the Mormons have increased by foreign
importations at an nvorngo of nearly
two thousand a year for the past nine
years. The Gentile strength is con- '
lined mainly to Ogden and Salt Lake
City. In the rural districts there is no
perceptible chance ia the following of
the church. It has increased rather than
diminished , owing to the fact that non-
Mormon farmers , even if they could
secure land by purchase , would bo prac
tically without n market for their pro
ducts in the small towns.
Having driven the crime of polygamy
from open into secret places , n now dan
ger threatens the welfare of the puopla.
The Mormons propose to abandon the
public schools and establish schools of
their own , where their childran will be
taught "those principles of salvation
for which the Latter Day Saints made
so many sacrifices. " This is the policy
outlined by President Woodruff , the
successor of Briglmm Young. If
carried into effect it will wreck
the publio schools of the territory ,
nnd force the education of all classes
into sectarian channels. There is no
avenue of escape. The Mormons own
at least three-fifths of the taxable prop
erty in towns and cities , nnd control the
municipal machinery .of all except
Ogdon. With schools' thoirown.it
is absurd to suppose that they would tax
themselves to maintain public schools
to undermine their power and'educate ,
enemies of religious pollution. Solf-
prcsorvation is the first law of nature.
The Mormons are human' , and they will
exorcise their political .power to protect
and strengthen themselves until forced
to retire by superior members.
TilElti ; is said to be a great deal of
anxiety among democratic members of
the next house of representatives as to
who will assume the task of party
leadership. The death of Cox re
moved a safe dependence when the men
who ranked him gave out. Randall
lias not the vigor to undertake any
really severe work in parliamentary
generalship , nnd Carlisle is said to be
so physically broken as to bo practically
out of the lists. Mills is not in
good health , and if ho were ho is not
regarded as a safe man to guide the
party. Ho was a bad leader when in
the majority , aud could hardly bo
expected to bo moro wise anddiscieot
in leading the contest of the party when
In the minority. Crisp , of Georgia , is
thought to bo the most likely man to
bo charged with the hard work of lead
ership , as the situation now looks , but
ho is not thoroughly equipped for the
taste , which promises to bo an arduous
and trying ono. It .thus appears that
the democrats in the next house of rep
resentatives nro likely to find their dis
advantage increased for want of 11 cotn-
pct < nt loader who can bear the strain
of the battles that are pretty sure to
occur , and hence they are contemplat
ing the situation with a great deal of
eorious concern.
THE people of Connecticut' , having
rejected prohibition by a most decisive
vote , are now giving attention to the
question of adopting high license.
Under the existing law liquor licenses
nro subject to the regulation of county
commissioners , the maximum rate that
can be charged boltfg five hundred del
lars. Quito generally since the election
ut which prohibition was rejected the
license rate has been raised by
the county commissioners , and
the tendency of popular sen
timent is distinctly in the
direction of high license ns the natural
and proper policy to result from the ex
pression of publio opinion. Increased
licenses will undoubtedly bo the rule
throughout the state before the end of
the year , and it is quite * probable that
tho.noxt legislature will bo asked to fix
the maximum , rate , at least for the
cities , at a higher rate than nt present.
Connecticut's decision against prohibi
tion is not likely , to bo disturbed for
many years.
THEUE is no reason why Omaha job
bers cannot secure a slmto of the trade
of the now slates of the northwest ,
They have direct communication with
the commercial heart of Montana , Oregon
gen and Washington , nnd are thus
placed on nn equality with St. Vuul and
San Francisco. The extension of the
Union Pacific to Spokauo Falls , with
the certainty that the line will bo
pushed to Puget Sound at an early day ,
opens to them untrodden fields of trade
of the most inviting nature. Recent
experience proves that the people ot
that section are weary ot the monopoly
os San Frnfly co , nnd are ready to turn
their ordofy } , enstward If proper Induce
ments nro bfforod. It Omaha jobbers
make the t Td t , there is no doubt that
they can cnfHpro and hold n largo share
of the IrndU'ot ' that rapidly developing
section of ty $ country.
THE bllz ifd in Now Moxlco Is n
phenomenal , , atmospheric disturbance
for that section of the country. Great
damage and , Distress will result , be
cause the popplo are not prepared for
severe cold -wonthor. It is a singular
fact that the mountain benches and foot
hills of the territory were covered with
snow all last winter , whllo the entire
north and west enjoyed n. winter of un
usual mildness , with but little snowfall.
The present storm ton s to confirm the
general belief that the atmospheric con
ditions of the woat are undergoing rad
ical changes.
roads have not made much
progress in smashing the Union Pacific- .
Northwoslorn alliance. The Burling
ton und Rook Island believe that the
cheapest and most effective plan is to
extend their lines to the Pacific coast ,
and they will carry out that plan as ox-
pcditlously as they can.
KATE FIELD'S pen picture of the
short-haired members of her sex is in-
cislvo ns well ns truthful. A majority
of the female politicians who promenade
through the country seeking notoriety
display a reckless disregard for truth
that is appalling. They uro a disrjraco
to .womankind.
DEVELOPSIENTS in the Blytho will
contest in San Francisco show that an
active , wealthy man can begot moro
heirs alter death than ho dreamed of In
life. In this respect iho poor man is to
bo envied his successors and assigns
cannot afford to rake up his indiscre
tions.
THE addition of physical culture to the
curriculum of the high school smacks of
physical cruelty , when It is considered
that the studontsiaro compelled to climb
from basement to garret several times a
day to reach their class rooms.
THE colored voters in Virginia took
the tissue ballot cue from their white
brethren , but they did not succeed be
cause the opposition controlled the box.
To bo successful tissue ballots must bo
in dcniocrntic/hands. /
The Umitulcy Kiinstn.
ioiifjvtl/e / Courffr-Jbi/rnaf.
The Kansan \vnp is not killed in n rollgloua
riot or a county scat war Is finally chowcd up
by grasshoppers.
Not tJio' ' Popular Style.
Herald.
A loading Ijpw York tea ctoalor says that
the best way to , sample tea is not to taste it ,
but to smolllt. filial ts probably the bc.it
way also to sqmplo vmisky , but it won't
como Into RcnccaLuso.
A Practical Vlnw of tlio Onse.
St. lin/its / GlolioDcmocrat.
When wo got through showing our South
American visitors what a wonderful country
wo have it would ; bb a qood idea to send a
delegation of commercial tourists homo with
ihcni for tlio purpose of acquiring accurate
information us to the needs of the people
whom they represent , the proper methods of
preparing goods for shipment , and the terms
upon which they are willing to trade with us.
The Starvinii Lmtmulor Fishermen.
Detroit Journal.
The annual nlea for the starving fishermen
on thocoiwt ot Labrahor has been issued.
The fact is the Canadian government ought
to deport this fringe , of people to some ptuor
part of the dominion where they can got a
living. The barren rocks extending hundreds
of miles will not produce enough to keep n
chicken alive , and when fish fall the inhabi
tants might as well bo in the center of the
ucsert of Sahara , or shipwrecked on & rock
ia the middle of tlio Pacific ocean.
Tribute to a Lonilinir Democratic.
New York Sun.
Eloquent as the Hon. WillUm TJ. Scott has
been as the champion of a people ground
dfi'wu by monopolies and robbed and op
pressed by corporation averico , ho was far
moro eloquent nnd truthful when' ho wrote
to the president of the Now York Central
railroad ; "Send mo a free pass to help mo
out in my district. I am a democrat and you
are a republican , but wo are both of us Ilrst
of all for the corporations. If I got back to
congress you xvill know whore my heart ro-
ully Is ; and be sure that on any question af
fecting your corporation ray vote viU go
whore it will do the most good. " The Hon.
William Li. Scott may not bo liable to con
viction under Section 5,500 of the Ho vised
Statutes , but wo fear much that ho is liable
to conviction as an awful humbug.
riTATB AND
Nebraska Jot tin 11 % . .
Crelghton hopes to have ofectrio lights in
the near future.
Falls City Is to have a band fair the first
weak in December , continuing four days.
As the result of n revival nt Union twenty
persons have ] omud the Presbyterian nhurch.
Rev. L. Llewellyn , or Rushvlllo , has boon
called to the pastoruto of the liaptist church
ut I'lulnvlow.
The pent-up literary taste of McCook has
found expression this fall in the organization
of u second literary club.
The Lj'ons Mli-ror now reflects the opinions
of Peter O. Landon , instead of those of
tinilth Hros. , as heretofore ,
II. A. Harding , proprietor of the Oakland
Independent , but now a foreman In the gov
ernment printing omco at Washington , has
Just been - * . In Wisconsin to Miss
y E. Cull , f&rmorly preceptress of the
Oakland scboolJJ0 ! !
The announcement that Cumlng countv
lias u nlno-your-old boy who weighs 100
pounds calls outvho assertion that there Is
In Hhiir townsliiiv Washington county , u
bright miss of ihJ'HumQ ' ago who turns the
scales at 175 poifijifo
George UardnotVof Pawnee county , gath
ered from ono ucro of ground 10J bushels of
corn. Mr. Gardner was competing for n
$500 prlz , nnd four roliubio men naaUtcd In
thupathoriuKUVMVoighing and niulto nfll-
dnvit that thu above js u fact.
While removing "tin old straw stack near
Curtis N. B. Hunts uncovered a hen which
had been Imprisoned under the pile alnco
last suring , A half u dozen chicks in the
nest were dead , but the ben lived twenty-
four hours after being rcstdrod to light and
liberty.
Itlchard , T. McClees , a Oundy county
fanner , concluded to emigrate east and
started off In a prnlno schooner without
paving his debts before ho Bulled. A con-
Btublo , however , overlmulad him at Stratton ,
and rather than go on the buck track .Mo-
Clcoa paid thu amount demanded.
lOWUlUillll. .
The Iowa potato crop Is estimated at over
0,000,000 bushels.
The towns of Hrltt and Garner have sa
loons ruuulng wide open.
The third annual session of thoatato Loyal
Legion convenes at Cedar Rapids Novem
ber 19 ,
D Whllo bplltt ing kindling wood Fred Haff-
nor , of Slcournoy , cut off two of his tooa wild
n hatchot.
'
Twenty-two prisoners have bcon received
at Antunosa since the fftll terms of the dis
trict courts bogan.
Miss IJolIo Slaughter , iVBixty-lwo-yenr-old
Mnlono girl , took her Ilrst ride on n rallronil
train the Other day , going to Clinton.
In n speech atDubuquc Colonel Henderson
said that Iowa's nnnuul product * , not includ
ing bnttor nnd eggs , amount to $20r,000,000.
A 1,000 noldlors' monument is to bo nrcctad
In the court liqti.ioaquiiront Toledo. The design -
sign submitted by n Cedar Rnpldn llrra Imi
T > ccn accepted , and the monument u to bo a
combination of bronze nnd granite.
D.V. . Van Antwerp , of Masonvlllo. fell
th much n trap door and struck on Ills hond ,
breaking hi * nock. When picked up ho WAS
still nlivo , although his botly Is paralyzed
and tliofo Is but lltllo hope of his recovery.
The Iowa. Jersey club , in session at Cedar
Rapids , elected I ovi Hoblnson. of Town City ,
president ; lion Vnn Stoonbcnr , Preston , vlco
president ; Don D. Donnon , Cedar Hnplds ,
secretary ; Job Reynolds , MaquoUota , treas
urer , nnd U. II. Paraon , Mulcom , test com
missioner. ,
Mrs. Ktlzaboth Hoilotto dlod nt Adol Sop-
tombnr 2.1 nt the 050 of 119 years. She was
born In South Carolina , of French Uo.icont.
Slio was married In 1733 , the year of Wash
ington's inauguration. Shn has llvod suc
cessively in South Carolina , Tennessee ,
Ivontuclty , Indiana , nnd finally moved to this
state. In her prlmo she weighed 109 pounds
and never had a doctor. She leaves
twenty-six grandchildren , nlnoty-thrco
great-grandchildren nnd live grOat-grcat-
grandchildren. She never ownad u plcco of
Jewelry nnd was nn Inveterate lever of to
bacco. Wbon aho died she had attained
within ono year tbo ago of the patriarch
Moses ,
llr-ynml tlio
The Hotel Holonn. nt Helena , Mont , will
bo opened to the publio about the middle ot
December.
A banana trco In Jacksonville , Ore. ,
stands fifteen fcot high nnd is full of ripe
fruit. It was grown In the open air.
A plot has boon discovered in Helena ,
Mont. , by which the coroner sold bodies to
undertaKers for burial and then pocketed
a commission that varied from (5 to $10 on
each "stiff. "
Dell Young , who was divorced from James
Wilson , uftor n sensational trial at Oakland ,
married n Dr. Younir , bu' eloped with Wll-
Bon after a week's experience with her now
llcgc lord.
Jack Stone , a Miles City , Mdnt. , cowboy ,
was arrested by a deputy sheriff for robbing
the United States malt near Hillings , two
years ago , but bo easily proved that ho was
not the stngo robber.
A. Ersly.of Colfnx , Wash. , loft town n few
weeks ego for n vacation. Ho was last scon
at Spokane , nnd on October 24 his account-
book with the Colfnx Hank and n note In his
fuvor for S043 were found In tlio bush near
town.
October 31 xvns tbo anniversary of the ad
mission of Nevada ns a state. The nvcnt
was celebrated by n banquet of members of
the Society of Pacific Coast Pioneers , and
the national ensign Heated from the staff on
Pioneer hall.
Fred and Herbert Rolfo with W. A. Hill
have been indicted by a grand Jury of Al
bany , Ore. , for murder In the second degree.
They displaced n switch on tbo California
Pacific road in July nnd killed Engineer
Miller nnd Firnman Guthrio.
Fanner Wolf of Los Anceles , tCnl. , Im
ported 200 bogs from Tulnro last week.
Thov were attacked with some riiystorious
disease soon after reaching his ranch , and
170 died In a few hours. The animals were
fat , nnd the loss is not loss than $ -,500.
The Shosbonu and Bannock Indians nt
Pocntollo , Idaho , have bcon holding a great
pow wow nnd rntn dnnco , and the next day
after the ceremonies began the ram began
to appear. The dnnco brought together a
largo number of the remnants of these and
other tribes from Nevada nnd Idaho , and a
general tirno of rejoicing nnd dancing "bus
lusted -for the past week. Grotesque nnd
fanciful costumes and decorations' were
'seen , and all the braves wore painted up in
great shape , "band painted" for the occa
sion , regurdlctts of exputito.
The Grand Lodge of Masons of Montana
has Just closed a profitable nussion at Great
Falls , nt which these o dicers were elected
for the ensuing 5'oar : John Anderson , of
Missoula , G. M. ; W. G. lioardman , of 13uttc.
D. G. M. ; K. O. Hickman , of Virginia City , .
S. G.W. ; Moses Morris , of Helena , J. G. W. ;
M. Parchen. of Helena. G. T. ; Cornelius
Hcdtros , ot Helena , G. S ; .Tamos McNulty ,
G. S. D. j D. F. Fridley , G. J. D. : Philip
.L-avell , G. S S. ; J. Norlan , G. J. S. : W. C
Fowler , grand chaplain ; C. R. Middleton ,
grand orator : S. Alicbaugb , grand standard
bearer ; Joseph Duncan , grana sword bearer ;
J. D. 13aker , grand tyler.
HOPE FOR THE NEW SOUTH.
The Greatest Activity Yet Reported
In { jouiliern Development.
Great enterprises are crowding ono
upon another so rapidly in the south
that no ono can tuko a general view of
the whole situation without being
amazed at the magitudo of the revolu
tion that is in progress. The Manu
facturers' Record of tnis week contains ,
wo believe , reports of the organization
of a greater number of gigantic enter
prises than over before made public in
ono wrek. Ono of the most striking
features is the heavy investments of
eastern and especially Now England
caoltal , which is pouring into tlio south
as it formerly did into the west. A
number of.Philadolphia capitalists have
just returned from Florence , Ala. ,
where they in vested heavily , including ,
it is reported , $300,000 toward a $500OUO
carpet mill. The Now England excur
sionists to Fort Pay no nnd JJonieon left ,
it is said , over $500,000 in these two
towns last week. Special dispatches to
tlio Manufaoturci-b' Record announce
the organisation of a $5.000,000 com
pany , with all stock subscribed by load
ing Now England bankers nnd
othoua , who have purchased 2,000
acres of land adjoining Chatta
nooga , where extensive enterprises will
bo established , and the purchase by a
$3.000,000 northern company of 2500,000
acres of land in east Tennessee , the en
terprise being in the hands of the
wealthiest members of the prohibition
movement. In Chattanooga a $1,000,000
bank will open for business shortly.
Two companion , ono with $800,000 and
the other with $000,000 capital stock ,
have neon organized in England for
gold mining operations in Georgia.
Birmingham has organized a $1,000,000
coal mining company ; Center , A a. , a
$100,000 , iron company to repair and op-
urato an old furnace ; Dadevillc , Ala. , a
$50,000 cotton mill ; Mobile a $50,000
paving company ; Kentucky a $500,000
contracting company. In Louisiana a
sulphur mlnintr property bus boon sold
for $200,000 , Laredo , Tox. , has secured
a $50,000 foundry and machine shop. In
Virginia there have boon about a dozen
enterprises , including a 8-200,000 town
company , $50,000 lumber company and
a $200,000 iron company at Graham ; the
sale of iron property on Cripple Creel :
for 8100,000 for development ; a $100,1100
iron company and n $100,000 town com
pany at Max Meadows ; a $100,000 man
ufacturing company at Richmond ; n
$1.000,000 land and investment and
a $500.000 land company at Honnoku ,
with nniny other enterprises being ac
tively worked up. This is but n brief
summary of the loading enterprises re
ported in tills week's Manufacturers' "
Record , but it indicates a dugrou of ac
tivity that has probably rarely ever
been soon in thu development of any
section of ourcountry.
flufttilo Untie
A curious industry of North Dakota ,
which will decrease in time , is bulTnlo-
bono picking. The vast herds of buffalo
have boon slaughtered and their skins
sold , und now tne pioneers nmko mer
chandise of the bones scattered over the
prairies , The bones uro shipped to St ,
Louis or Chicago and turned into glue
nnd fertilizers. Kansas , Colorado , Ne
braska , and oven older fatutoa , have all
been the scone of this strange contribu
tion to wealth , und no one luiowd hotf
many thousands of carloads have thus
been gleaned after the slaughter of the
American bison.
A PROJECTED CANAL.
It Will Connect the Clyiln with the
FoYth nnd Cost S 10,000,000.
To engineering schemes there sootn
no end , says the Duiidoo ( Scotland
News. The Forth bridge nnd the Man
ohostor canal , both ot which are ii
course of construction , nro marvels o
the onglnoor'f ) daring nnd skill , An
other huge project has boon under dls
cusslon for fiomo tltno and will probably
soon reach the ptngo of actuality. A
canal to connect the Clyde with the
Forth has long bcon talked of but tlio
Manchester canal undertaking seems to
have given the sch o mo n considerable
impetus Into the region of practicabil
ity. Altogether throe plans have boon
mooted to construct Iho canal by Loch
Liomoiid , to construct1 the canal bv the
direct route , nnd , finally , to so Improve
extend and deepen the present Forth
and Clyde canal n to nmko it suitable
for the passage of the largos' '
vessels. The third scheme is , o
course , the least expensive. The
Caledonia railway company , to whom
the Forth and Clyde canal belongs , nro
understood to bo willing to dispose of it
and the needed improvements huvo been
estimated at 1,600,000 to 2,000,000.
To construct a now canal by iho best
possible roulo is , said , however , to bo
the favorite sohomn. The necessary
outlay is estimated at the gigantic sum
3f 8,000,000 , about 500,000 pounds less
than the cost of the Manchester canal.
The traffic by such a .route has boon cs-
tlmutcd at 10,000,000 tons the Ilrst year ,
which at a toll of 2.i Od per ton would
yield a revenue of li50,000. ! Deduct
ing working expenses , estimated nt
176,000 per year , the amount allowed
for the Manchester canal , and Interest
on the capital cxpandlturo of 4 percent ,
320,000 there would remain un enor
mous balance , which , even allowing for
gross oxngorution In the above esti
mates , would still remain a balance suf-
tieicnt to pay a hundsomo dividend.
Probably the projectors of this gigantic
undertaking will await the results of
the Manchester canal boforo'procceding
with the now canal.
DISTINGUISHED BLIND MEN.
A. Number of Conspicuous Instnncas
of IVcll-Uirootoil Hnortty.
Instances of blind persons who have
achieved distinction nro by no means
infrequent , says the National Tribune.
The brilliant case of Prof. Fawcott is
well known ; Dr. Campbell , himself ono
of the royal commissioners and principal
of the Royal Normal college , is a con
spicuous itistauco of well-directed energy -
orgy , while several blind gontlqmcn
have passed through Worcester college
and the university with croditand taken
luly orders ; another , who gave evi
dence before the commissioners , is a
solicitor in good practice. Another re
markable case is that of a successful
wool merchant , whoso loss of sight has
been no hindrance to him in the
conduct of a largo and Important busi
ness , and who has undertaken a
sueciul voyage to Australia , and made
largo and successful purchases of wool
with no guidance but that of his own
unaided judgment. The experience of
this gentleman is so remarkable that I
give his own words : "I and my friends
thought that when Ibecame blind I
should no longer bo able to follow my
trade , but after the first shocic I deter
mined to carry on my business as usual.
My business being to judge the value of
colonial woolit was thought that as this
is very dillicult for seeing persons I
should not succeed , but bv close atten
tion I soon became as good , nnd , indeed ,
in some respects , a bettor judpo than
before my loss of sight' . In 18811 visited
Australia , and in Melbourne , during
ton weeks , I purchased moro than 150-
000 worth of wool , doing nil my own
business , banking , exchange , and ship
ping , without the help of any broker.
1 only mention this as an encourage
ment to others not to bo daunted when
this calamity befalls them. "
o
No Tjonccr tlio PivDlnl State.
The effect of. the admission of the DOW
states may bo summed up as robbing
New YorK of her former prestige as
arbiter of the political fortunes of the
whole country , savs the Washington
Star. The battlefield of the future , for
a considerable period at least , will bo
located in ono of tho'lessor states , such
ns Indiana or Now Jersey , whoso loss
would probable bo irreparable to the
democrats , and where the republicans
could spend their time , labor and money
to much bettor advantage. The fa.ll of
the great state from hoi-former pedestal
of supreme importance will save her to
some extent from being every four years
the scone of n desperate struggle in tiio
arts of political corruption. The votes
of her citizens will not so outweigh
those of other Americana that immense
sums of money will bo spent and great
risks of the penitentiary taken to secure
them. The change will also bo marked
by the cxorciso of great' caution in the
choice of candidates , In order that , if
the head of the ticket must coma from
Now York or her neighborhood , ho
shall at least bo acceptable to the people
of the states whore the other fierce
lighting will bo done. Finally , it will
murk a change in the old notions of tlio
value of sectional solidity , for the dem
ocrats will now roali/.o the wisdom of
throwingmoro force into thciroirorts in
the northwest , while the republicans
will make an honest struggle for some
of the southern states whoro-immigrn-
tion from the north , nnd a change from
purely agricultural to mixed industrial
conditions , seem to offer u possibility of
success.
An Electrified Dooi-Ntop'n Victim.
Ono of the most "shocking" affairs in
the history of the city occurred this
morning in front of the clothing etoro
of U. S. Levy , 407 Nicollot avenue , sayo
a Minneapolis dispatch. An electric
light wire pusses down in front of the
store. In borne way it got pushed out of
place and foi'mcd a close connection
with the largo plutoof iron which forms
the stop leading to the sidewalk. The
sidewalk was covered with a thin coatIng -
Ing of moiled snow , nnd hence these
werq conditions of an unlimited amount
of hilarity. As the pedestrian stepped
upon the sidewalk hu felt an oleutrio
shook , and when there were number of
people on It. they nil eoemod to bo
ilfccted the same way and were notable
to walk well. Those inside the store
noticed the trouble after some time , but
Lhcy did not dare to cross thu slops
loading to the walk. Finally they
iecuroci the attention of a passer-by
long enough to bring ( in electrician.
In the meantime thu fun progressed ,
An old lady stopped on the section and
with u scream she throw her bundles ,
gave a jump , nnd foil insensible. A dog
was the next victim , nnd with a yelp ho
whirled about to grasp ) iin supposed
assailant. Thin electric wire had trans
mitted its power to the stone shib , The
fortunate individuals who were rubber
shoes passed over the stone unshocked.
Atlustu rubber-coated , rubbor-mittonod
electrician mounted a ladder and turned
iho current into its own channel. Had
the electric current been a little strong
er it would have killed those who uumo
in contact with it.
A IlollirloiiH C'umpnlmi.
The services of the Church of Eng
land nro frequently diversified by nin-
T ; ulur Incidents , suya the London Truth ,
tut * I httvo riovor oomo across anything
equal to the campaign going on beT -
twoon Mr. Shoots nnd the vicar of Chat *
torla. Mr. Shools' family pow wn nl-
torod without his nssont. Mr. Shcols
thereupon announced his intention ot
sitting with his family in the vionr'a
now. The vicar's family dofoalod this
intention by coming to ohuroh before
the Shools family , hoatl nossldonlos.
At last , however , Shools maneuvered
his detachment In first. The dear
opened llro on him from the reading-
desk and called on the church-wardens
to remove him , but In vain. The vlcnr
before the following Sunday padlocked
his family pow. The Sheols were
"swarmed" over the door , followed by
his two sons. The second son was
stopped in traupllu by the church war
den , who lump on to Ills lop bravely ,
but youth triumphed. Next , thoohuroh
wardens thought to terminate the ecan-
dnl by restoring Shcols' pow , but the
vicar appeared on the sconoand stopped
the work ; and so the dispute stands.
This is hardly what the apostle had In
hluoye when ho laid down that things
should bo done "docontly aud in ordorj"
but It no doubt helps to show the Chat-
torls people how much wo should losolf
wo disestablished the church.
TEA-TIME IN MOROCCO.
How the Monra I'rrpixro ilia Cup Tlmt
Clioori but .Not
Whllo the Arabs of Algeria are ex
ceedingly fond of coffee , nnd skillful
in their preparation of it , their Arab
neighbors of Morocco tuko llttlo , or no
colloo , but are uroat toa-drlnkora ,
says the Youth's Componion. A Euro-
oun traveler , who recently wont
through the country , asked u Moorish
chieftain why there should bo suoh a
remarkable dilYoroneo in the customs of
the two Arab races.
"Tho Arab. " sala the chieftain , "If
loft to himself , drinks nothing but
water , If ho takes either colToo or tea ,
It is because you have brought Itto him
and taught him to drink it. "
It is cortnin thut tlio Moors take to
ton us if it were quite natural to them ,
though their manner of preparation of
it is singular to foreigners.
When n party of guests outers Iho
house or tent of a rich Moor , ono of the
the near rolnttvosof the host is charged
with the duty of making tea. lie squats
in one corner , having on ono side of
him a largo server or platter. Upon
ono of those servers is u number ol mips ,
and upon the other a sugarboivl , u box
of tea , n pile of > frngant menthe loaves ,
a copper apparatus for heating water ,
and a ton-urn.
The teamakor sots the water to belling -
ing with a Httlo fuel , nnd then pours
the boiling- water into his toa-uru ,
quickly adding to it some tea and some
sugar , and allows the compound to sloop
a few moments. Then ho pours out a
cup of the tea and tastes it , smacks his
lips , snlirs iho odor of the liquid , and
draws a deep breath all with an air
which says. "I am going to got this tea
just right. "
The chnncos are that ho does not find
the compound to his tnsto at the Ilrst
attempt , for ho pours the tea in his cup
back into the tea-urnadds a llttlo sugar
or a little tea , und pours out another cun
for n second tost.
This process goes on , the ton-maker
tasting his tea and pouring it back
again , until ho gets it juat to his mind.
Then the guests nro called , and If
any _ ono of them does not finish' his cup
ho is expected to pour it back into the
urn , for it is the custom in Morocco to
tnko throe cups in succession , nnd the
tea-making has to bo begun ever
again.
The first of the throe cups offered is
plain tea with sugar , and the two suc
ceeding cups are perfumed withmenthe
or vervino.
In preparing these successive kinds of
tea the cups go back to the tea-maker
and change hands at the next serving
without any washing.
If this changing of cups is somewhat
distressing to European guests , it is not
so much so as the next course in the
little feast , which consists of a kind of
Moorish confection , which travelers
can compare to nothing else in appear
ance and flavor , than the sticks of cos-
mntics sold by apothecaries and hair
dressers. ' It is best eaten , they say ,
with one's eyes closed. But the natives
find it highly appetizing.
A Wlntllni5tieot In USD 172 Years.
Mrs. Catherine Mary "Wankor , who
was buried recently in the German
Lutheran cemetery tit Richmond , Ind , ,
was ninety-six years ot ago , and was
Imried in u robe 17:2 : years old that had
before done niucy service na a. winding-
sheet. She was born at Fordcn , nour
Osuabrook , kingdom of Ilnnovor , Ger
many , Novumbor lit , 170 , ' ! , nnd she and
lior husband came from tlioir native
land to Richmond in 1811) ) . Sixteen
fours ago she luid Mrs. Miller muko
icr this burial robe. This waa made
out of material woven by her grnnd-
nether 17U yours ago , and intended and
originally used for a winding-shoot or u ,
iheet to cover the dead. It was util
ized uy a largo community find covered
the HfelosB form of many a loved one.
At Ilrst , when not in service , it waa
iccpt in the house of her grandfather ,
afterward in the house of her father ,
luu after his death in iior own IIOUHC.
She brought it with her to America
nnd kept it most sacredly. After having
covered many dead bodies of those near
nnd dear to her , it at last covers her
iwn form and is returning to dust with
her own dust.
Georuo Wuslihiiitntt'H Moilicr.
The grave charco brought by Arto-
miB Ward against Chaucer that hu
"couldn't Bpol wol , " applies to no less a
personage than Mary Washington , the
mother of the father of 1m country , fti
Lhe Co.smonolitan Magazine MOD euro
I ) , Con way nnblistios a fac-slmile letter
taken from the original in the oolloo-
, ion of Dr. Kniinet , whicli runs HB fol
lows :
July the 3 , 1870. Dcnr Brother : This
Comes uy Capt. Nicltulson you Suem to bliiin
no fur not writing to ymi butt I Uoo a Sliour
you it is Not for want of n vcr.v fjroat Hoard -
; ard far you the funnily but us I don't ' Ship
ub.icco tlio Captain Never calls on mo HOU
that I Never know when tlia coma or when
tlitiuou. I bullovoyou have got u vary good
overseer ut this quarter no\v Ciipt. Newton
us taltcn a largo poauc of uround from you
wbloh I daar Buy If you had bcon hoar your
Self It had not been Don. Mr. n.uilel & Ida
wife & family is well Co/on Hmunili has
teen nmrnoil mid Lost her liusbund blip has
ono cliilil a bov pray K\VO \ my Love to Sister
lull & Mr. UownumuA ln Lady nud uin
Dear Hrotlier your Loviim Sister ,
AUnr
I'rltioii .Journalism.
A place among the curiosities of lit
erature should certainly bo reserved for
wo journals which _ huvo boon for
warded to mo from America the
'rison Mirror and the Summary both
> f whicli are edited , jirintoil and pub-
Ishnd Inside goals , the former of thum
it Stillwator , Minn. , and the latter at
Jlmira.N. Y. , says the London Truth.
In many respects these papers offer n
good example to journals wliioh nro
mbliHhod outside pribons , and pnrtkw-
arly In the matter of truthfulnosn and
loncHty , for I notice , among other
points , that the source of ( ill matter
vhich is not original is scrupulously
iclcnowlodgod. Some of my contom-
mruries might find it worth their while
go to America and get locked up in
order to study thla latest phase of the
now journalism.