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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1889)
THE OMAHA DAILY B- : SATURDAY , OCTOBER 19 , 1889 ,
? HE BEE.
E.llOSEWATBR , Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TKI1MS OF 8U1ISI1UPTIOX.
Dally anil Sunday , OmyYear HOW )
Hlx Month * r. in
! Hin-o Month * 2 Ml
HuSnhiy lice , Ono Ycnr 2 1
WccKiy Hcc , Ono Year with I'remluni. . , . 200
Omntin. Hen Itullrtlnff.
( 'lllvnpo Olllcp. M7 Ilookcry Building
New York , Uoonii 1 ( nua 16 Tribune Ilulld-
AVnshlnRton. No. 51.1 Tourtconth Streot.
Council llliHTn. No. 12 1'earlStreeU
Lincoln , 1O V Bticet.
All commnnlontlnns relntln ? to now * nml cell-
turlnl matter Hliotllcl bo addressed to the IMItor-
lal Department ,
nusiNiss : I.KTTKUS.
All luiMnrM letters ixnd remittances ( should
lianditrtSNci ] to'llio llc Publishing Company ,
Qiiinhu. Draft * , checks anil po < ttollco ! oruora to
boimide payable to Iho order of the company.
TtioBcc PuWisMniHJiiinpy , Proprietors
JIK : llulhllng 1'nriwm and Sovcntrentli Street * .
The Hoc on tlio Trains.
There Is no oxctisoforafnlliifotoRet Tun UBK
on tlio Irnlif.)1 ) newsdealers have- been notl-
Jlod to nu'ryo full supuljllnvulew wlio want
Till ! IlKi : nml cau't gt tt on trains \vlirre other
flmiihnmiprre uro carried are requested to no
tify Tin : IIKI : .
Til 10 DAIIiV HUE.
Mviiro Statement of Circulation.
Statn or No ! r.iska , I . _
Cmmty or Donulai. fsa >
Ocorcu I ) . T/schuclc. secretary of The Itco
I'nbllshlng Company. iloosHolomnly mvo.ir unit
tliPHRtmilcirculation ot'l'in : DAII.V line forlho
wccc ( . 'iiiliuit October r.1,1 my , was as follows :
Hnudav. Oct. 0 2I.KO !
Momliix. Oct. 7 lv.ni'1
Tu < ! < li'.v. ! Oct. H 1S.077
VVodtKw.lav , Oct. U IH.filu
'Jhursilny. Oct. 1 1P.COI
IVIduy. Oct. II IK.toi
Salunlay , Oct. K 18. < 2o
Stuto of Nohrnskn , I . _
County of Uouitlan. f Ml
hworn lo boforu mo and subscribed to In my
12th ilay or October. A. l . IPS ! ' .
( ir.UUGKN. HICKS ,
( forgo II. Tzachuck. being duly sworn , do-
poset and says that ho Is secretary of Tlio llco
J'ulihslilng company , that 'llio actual iivernpa
dally circulation ot Tun UAII.V Him for the
month of October IS-V , was li . Hl foploa ; fov
Nowmlwr , Its * . IP.liiO copies ; for December ,
18KH , ls.2M copies ; for January , issii , 1H.5T4 cop.
less Tor Fubrunry , lt < 8 ! ' . tV-i'-Ucnpios : for March.
JW. IWilconici : for April. I8.-H. 18.55U copluti ;
for.Vnv. | "MI. lf.GlUroi > lfi : far June. isci" . 1C.S.VH
coplos ; for July. ItM'J , UVTH copies ; tor Aupust.
ISM' . IV'I copies ; for September , ISMI. IK.71U
copli'3. Oiniiir. : 11. 'IV.Tiifcu.
Sworn to bcforn mo nnd subscribed In my
presence this 1th day of O.'touor , A I ) . , IW.
lSoil.l N. 1' . Fnu , .
TIIK citizens of Oinnhu expect the
grand jury lo do its duty and its whole
duty without fear or favor.
A cors'rv which has a million dollars
lars in taxes paid annually can't nfTord
to have the hooks in its treasurer's
THK imnortanco ot Omaha as a com
mercial center is shown in the estab
lishment hero of iigencics for all the
leadiii' ' railroads of the countrv.
TIIK coils are tightening around Al-
'oxniKlcr Sullivan. The arrest of his
confidential , clerk for complicity in- the
jury bribing conspiracy in Chicago
leaves him but little room to escape.
TIIK next time a vacancy occurs in the
Second congressional district the rail
road bosses should name their man and
graciously permit the vassals of the B.
& M , preserve to ratify their choice.
thor of the Pacific railway funding bill ,
knows whereof ho speaks when ho de
clares that the coining congress will
deal leniently with these corporations.
TIIK standard of martyrdom has bepn
raised from throe to Uvo years in Utah.
Heretofore convicted polygamists con
sidered three , years in the ponitontiarj1
a guarantee of earthly glory and future
EX-SB.VATOR KKLLOOQ , of Louisiana
had only breathed the progressive atmosphere
mosphoro of Omaha for twonty-foui
liours when ho felt justilied in predict
ing a four years' boom for the whole sur
r , TIIK caustic criticisms of the Pari ;
jfirm s on Chicago's candidacy for the
world's fair is a serious rupture , of in tor'
national amity. Chicago is justified ir. .
declaring war nt once nnd smiting the
U'entps from her exchange list.
's thirst for political
martyrdom is likely to bo satisfied. He
proposes to load a lonely expedition intc
Franco and cheerfully suffer the conuo-
qucnccs of liia folly. Boulangcr will
boon bo known ns the Gcorgo Francis
Train of Franco.
Ir Sheriff Coburn imagines that Tin
Ci'.i : will remain passive with regard U
, hls candidacy lor a third term ho ii
very much mistaken. If ho knows wha
is best for him ho will hood the advici
M Tun Buuand relieve hid colleague !
on the county ticket from the tlcai
, \voightof his nutno.
TIIK barb wire trust justify anothei
ndvanco of prices on the ground
that the expiration of patents , the rise
in pig iron and extreme competition
liavo do tuo nil i 7.od trade. The puhlit
should demoralize tlio trust by patron
izlng firms and factories outsiilo the
combination. Such action would sooi
bring them to torms.
THK entrance of South Dakota inti
the union lacks only the benediction o
President Harrison to make the marriage
riago complete. Novcr wns a bridal ac
'couiplislicdvth \ heartier enthusiasm
From tlio James river to the summit o
tlio Black Uilla , from Aberdeen t <
Yunkton , the nuptials wore colobratot
with the cheers and commendations o
throe hundred thousand people. Tin
.event is certainly an Inspiring ono , am
phows how deep and atrong is tin
patriotic Bontiraont ol Bolf-covornmcut
TitKltK appears to bo some quostloi
In Washington as to the legality of tin
action ol the South. Dakota logislaturt
in convening and electing Unltod Stuto
senators. The point is made that then
is really no state legislature until then
la a state , and there can bo no stati
until the provident lias BO declared b ;
proclamation , The technicality thu
raised ia interesting , but in any ovou
the country knows who are certain ti
represent South Dakota In tlio natlona
ten a to.
THE FRAUDS AV MONTANA.
In view of the alleged frauds In the
late eloclloh in Montana , winch was
hold under tlio Australian ballot system ,
the advocates of iuo system will naVe to
qualify their claim that It ia
a certain preventive ot ballot cor
ruption. The republicans chnrgo
that there was fraudulent voting In a
precinct of Silver Bow county , tlio of-
feet of which was to defeat six repub
licans anil elect six democrats to the
legislature , and , upon investigationtho
canvassing board throw out the pro-
cinct. This action is subject .to re
vision , nnd the courts will pass
upon the chnrgo , but meantime the
fair presumption is that the board found
good reasons for Us course. Making all
reasonable allowance for partisan designs -
signs in the matter , it is not to bo fairly
supposed that the canvassing board ,
knowing that its action was subject to
judicial revision , would Imvo thrown
out the precinct unless it found substan
tial grounds lor believing that fraud
had been practiced. 'But this case is
not til no in cvltlonco that the
Australian system is not an abso
lute remedy for election frauds. Thcro
are allegations of fraudulent voting
in other districts , and the fact that no
ofllcial cognizance has been taken of
them does not necessarily show that
they nro groundless. ' The first experi
ment with the Australian ballot , system
in Montana can not bo held to have
been conclusive of the merits claimed
for tli at system.
It is anprohcndnd that the contest
growing out of the alleged frauds in
Montana will exclude her from the
president's proclamation , expected at
nn early day , admitting the now stales.
It is possible the president may
wait a reasonable time for a ju
dicial revision of the canvassing board's
action , as ho may do without embar
rassing any of the now states , but the
chances uro that the admission of Mon
tana will bo delayed. This would bo un
fortunate only so far as it would destroy
the harmony of the proceedings thus
far in connection with the creation of
the four nowstatcs. But no effort should
be spared to ascertain whether or not
the allegations of fraud are well
founded. The now stito ; must not
bo admitted until these charges
are cleared up. however great the
delay , and in the investigation
and decision of this matter it
will bo the duty of the national
administration not to concern itself to
the least extent. It is nn affair of the
people of Montana lo bo settled in the
way and by the methods provided ,
without any outside intorforonco. It
has been reported , that the president
has been aslcod to remove the judge before -
fore whom the Silver Bow contest will
bo heard , nnd who is a democrat , and ap
point a , republican in his stead. While' '
it is possible there are some among
the republican loaders of Mon
tana who would have the temer
ity to make a request of this
kind of the president , there
is not the least probability that
it would receive a momont's favorable
consideration at Washington. The ob
vious duty of the administration is to
keep itself entirely free from any inter
ference or inllucnco in connection with
this contest , and undoubtedly it will
AX AMERICAN MEROUAX'r NAVY.
HenryW. Cramp , of Philadelphia ,
one of the noted firm of ship builders
who constructed the fast government
cruiser Baltimore , recently made seine
interesting suggestions in an eastern
paper regarding the upbuilding of an
American merchant marine. Mr.Gramp
thinks that the American registration
of American-built ships should be con
tinued and that the coastwise trallic
must bo Hmitcd , as nt present , to ships
of American construction. Ho believes
that a irreat impetus to ship building
would bo given if the government
would follow the example of the
French and give a construction
premium equal to two dollars a ton on
wooden built ships under two hundred
tons ; four dollars a ton on these over
two hundred tons , and twclyo dollars a
ton on iron ships on the express condi
tion that all such steamships ns should
bo built on plans approved beforehand
by the navy department so as to ba
readily converted into cruiser * , should
receive fifteen per cent additional
After the result of the Inter-Ameri
can congress is known ana it it should
bo so favorable as to warrant the belief
tint our South American trade will bo
increased , it may provu feasible to adopt
in part at least the plans advocated
by Mr. Cramp. The ideas suggested
arc not novel and are now in force in
other countrieswhoro they are working
well. Franco by this method has built
up and is maintaining an excellent mer
chant marine , and England has under
her control all the ocean grayhounds ol
the Atlantic , which upon a few days !
.notice can bo converted into fast naval
HILL JN TIIK SOUTH.
The visit of Governor Hill to Atlanta ,
Georgia , where ho went by invitation
to bo present at the opening of the ex
position , may or may not help on hi ;
presidential boom , but it will not fail
to make the friends of Mr , Gnwor
Cleveland a little uneasy. Mr. Hill
has not hitherto cultivated thn south.
Ho has boon largely content with main
taining his control of the democratic
machine in New York , which is a
task requiring no small amount
of political skill , but having
pretty thoroughly demonstrated his
ability to do this ho may now find it ox-
pcdiont to seek now llolda of conquest ,
IIo has made but a brief stay in the
south and traversed very little of its
territory , but ho hunbroken the ice , and
it would Boom lias made a good impres
sion , IIo has had the gratification ol
hearing his natno mentioned there in
connection with the presidency , and
the opportunity given him to say en
couraging things to the southern people
has boon very fully improved. Gov
ernor Hill is said to contemplate a trip
to the west , but however this may bo il
is certain that ho is intending to widen
the scope of his activity. There is rea
son to believe that the fact is not
viewed with entire unconcern by the
moro ardent friends of the ox-president ,
who think that no other man bos any
right to indulge presidential aspira
tions so long ns Mr. Cleveland is in the
But while it is as certain as anything
can bo in politics that if Cleveland and
Hill are alive when presidential candi
dates are ngnln to bo olioson they will
make a vigorous contest for the nomina-
tionlt is notso cortam that tlio honorwlll
fall to either of them. There is ngrow
ing feeling among democrats who take
a broad view of what is expedient for
the future ol the party Hint its next can
didate for the presidency should betaken
taken from the wost. Those argue that
the time tins como for the democratic
party to make a deter mi nod effort to
breach the bulwark of republicanism ,
and that the only way in which the parly
can proceed to accomplish tills , with
nny promise of success , is to take a west
ern man ns its candidate for the presi
dency. This view , which has very
cogent reasons supporting it , is likely
to make great progress in the next
tbreo years , and a sharp contest be
tween the Now York aspirants that
should result in dividing the support of
that stale in the next national election
would bo very likely to lead to Iho se
lection of a western candidate.
MR. SXYDER AS A RANKER.
The Herald sets up a straw man and
then knocks him down. It pretends
that TIIK BKK has charged Adam Sny-
dcr with defrauding creditors of
the defunct hank foundered by C.
E. Mnyne. Pat Ford & Co. No
such charge has been made by
Tin : Biu. Wo have simply stated that
llio only llnanciul venture with which
Mr. Snydcr has boon prominently con
nected did not show much financial
ability on his part. To use plain En
glish a man who has no moro business
tact than Snydcr exhibited when ho al
lowed himself to be roped into the
boodle bank by Pat Ford is not a fit per
son to bo custodian of the county
funds. Ho ought to have known
better than to join in a scheme that
manifestly had for its object a combine
of city councilman and contractor ) who
wore expected to engineer jobs and
cover up boodle schemes. What ether
object was there in starting such a bank ?
C. E. Mnyno , Us president , was a mem
ber of the board of public works , and
the bank directors wore members of the
council. It did not take a inun as deep
ns a well to see the object of organizing
such a financial concern. Anyone who
ever saw the prospectus of the bunk in
which the names of Snyder , Pat Ford
and ether councllmen were paraded in
big typo , could not fail to comprehend.
It said in so many words that contrac
tors and parties who had axes to grind
with the city council or the board of
public workii would llnd it to
their advantage to do business
with this ban ! : . Its influence
was supposed to bo very valuable.
If Mr. Snyder did not understand
what his name was to bo used for by
his partners , ho must have boon very
stupid to say the least. And a man who
is so credulous and HO easily taken in is
not the kind of a man to manage the
Had Snyder been a man of average
financial foresight lie would novcr have-
made himself a party to such a bogus
banking scheme. That he his paid up
his stock at a loss is creditable to him ,
but that fact alone does not qualify him
for the county trcasurcrsliip.
The verdict of the coroner's jury
holding Engineer Gillespie responsible
for the wreck at Gibson is misleading.
It does not cover the entire case , and
wns evidently intended to smooth over
the causes of that deplorable calamity.
Tlio crow of train number six attempted
to shift the responsibility from their
shoulders by testifying that the air
brakes were tried before the train loft
the Omaha depot , and must have
been tampered with during the progress -
gross of the train to Gibson. This
theory contradicts itself , for it would be
suicidal for any parson to try to turn
the air-valves between the cars while
the train was in motion. The circum
stanced conclusively prove that the alt-
was not properly tested when the train
was coupled up at tlio depot. The rules
require that both conductor and brakeman -
man shall examine the air and see that
all brakes are set before the signals lo
release and start arc given. Tliev are
equally responsible with the engineer
for the safety of the train. That they
failed to do their duty is evident ,
and the jury committed an un
pardonable blunder in relieving
thorn from their share in the disaster.
Another important contributory cause
was entirely overlooked by the jury. It
is the reckless speed maintained by
trains within the city limits. The or
dinances provide that the speed of
trains within the city limits shall not
exceed eight miles per hour , yet it is a
notorious faat that twenty miles nn hour
is the rule rather than the exception.
It is not uncommon to sco trains rush
ing into tlio city and across streets at a
speed of thirty miles an hour. The
testimony shows that tlio wrecked
train was running at a rate
of twenty miloi an hour , within
tlio city limits , nnd this reckless
speed was ono of the loading causes of
tlio disaster. Hud the company com
pelled its omwloycs to obey the law , the
train could have boon controlled by the
engine and tlio destructive force of the
As it is the jury has made a sci.pogoat
of onp man , whllotho conductor mid
brakeman and the company were
Tin : maritime conference in session
at Washington ia a very important
gathering , and its deliberations will bo
regarded with great interest by all
who nro concerned , the world ever , in
improving the conditions of naviga
tion. The conference will consider a
great variety of subjects connected with
the navigation of the seas , among them
n system of signaling to prevent col
lisions , nnd if it does nothing beyond
adopting a code that shall diminish the
danger of vessels running into ouch
ether it will bo time and money well
expended. The conference is the re
sult of an invitation extended by tho.
United States to tlio maritime powers ,
and nil of,4 tb.om except Portugal ac
THK rcpubVtcan candidates for county
commissioners , Messrs. Berlin and
Smith , nro In every respect bolter qual
ified for managing the affairs of this
county than Corrigan nnd McGlnnis ,
Iho democratic candidates. Berlin is
well nnd favorably known ns a progress
ive , energetic young man , and Mr.
Smith is recommended by these who
have known him for years as a business
man whoso word is as good as his bond.
The taxpayers of this county ,
regardless of parly demand a radical
chance in the board of commissioners.
The grading job and hospital swindle
nro too fresh to bo forgotten. The only
way they can secure such a change is by
electing Berlin and Smith. Wo must
have business men to mnnngo our
SKXATOII RK.VOAX , of Texas , who
was ono of the senate committee which
investigated the subject of irrigation in
the west , has just expressed the opinion
that the mattur is ono that congress
ought to devote its earnest attention to ,
mid that the west and south should join
hands in having it forced to the front
Immediately. As the senator stands
well in democratic councils , his view
regarding this question can properly
bo commended to the framers of the
plank in the platform of the Nebraska
democracy which denounced and pro
tested against , any nnproprlation for
irrigating the arid lands of the west.
ON TillS } 11)10.
\Vc nro told that Adam Snydcr hns already
arranged to sell his tncnt shop , with n vlow
of devoting nil his talents and spnro tlmo to
the public service. Mr. Snyder Inul hotter
hold on to his shop until after the election.
The rumor that Commissioner Corrlirnu is
thoroughly posted on county affairs , was
probably started by the hospital contractors.
His career in oulco proves that ho is not
troubled with aufllclcnt gray matter to pro-
Unco a licadnchc.
The establishment of suburban train survive -
ivo on the Missouri Pucillc between Omaha
and Fulls Uity Is nn Important boost to the
lohhlnftnud retail Interests of Iho metropolis.
It will briuir the thriving communities of the
Missouri river countlcfi-into close business
nnd social relations with our people , nnd can
not fail to result profitably to both.
The ravins of democrats against the dis
crimination of the railroads in regard to
rates to the late judicial convention , is
useless of b-catlt. The
n waste ! corpora
tions cannot hope for fuvors from u min
ority parly , , why should they grant
them 5 When the democrats show that
they can elect a state ofllcer , delegates
to conventions will not only receive reduced
rales but free passes by the hundred.
OTHER LANDS 7IfyliV OL'RS.
Of thoJlvo byc-ylcctions thnt have recently
tuucn place in KngUind , in two of thorn the
lories lost seats , they already held , in ouo
they have incrnhscd their majority by seven ,
ami in the remaining two thu liberals have
retained their scats by increased majorities.
The defeat of tlio torics in North L'.uclcinpr-
liuiushirc , an agricultural ami tor.v county ,
where , under Absolutely similar conditions ,
the figures of the lait election have been re
versed , has naturally spread u panic through
UK ; liboral-uniunist , ranks , and is leading
bomo people to expect , a litosolutiun of p.irlia-
mcnt. Hut it is plain euoir-H thnt tlio moro
certain the llhor.il-unionUls bccotno that
tho.v will bo evicted whenever the voters get
a chance at tlicm , the more strenuously they
will oppose a dissolution. Tlio en
forcement of the crimes ac' In
Ireland furnUhcs a substantial
reason for n change of votes , For it has
been perfectly manifest that the victims of
Mr. Malfour's policy of coorcipn have been
prosecuted and punished simply for being
representative Irishmen. The inspiration
of the policy wns a hatred of Irishmen as
such , and the sumo kind of dcsiro toward
them that tradition ascribes to Nero with
regard to the Romans. As it wan not prac-
tlcablo to exterminate the Irish people , it
sepmed to have been resolved to decimate
them. Heally , this is the only explanation
of the programme carried out by Mr. Ual-
four. U was apparent to everybody that
the inun chosen for prosecution hau done no
moro than all Irishmen were ong.iged in
doing nnd were not In the least ashamed of
doing. The object of the prosecution was to
overawe the whole Jrish-people and to pre
vent thorn from even publicly advocating
what they bnlieveil to ho the buit. The of-
fcct was simply to malc homes ami martyrs ,
In the popular estimation , of the men
whom Lord Salisbury's administration , with
u singular iguoranco of tlio Irish nature ,
and indeed of humiin n.ituro in general , huU
undertaken to dofaino and to render impo
Perhaps the strongest comment on the
present condition of affairs in Russia was
furnished by the careful arrangements
muuo to protect the life of the war on his
homeward journey from lieriin to St.
Petersburg , From Merlin to tlta German
frontier the road tulton by Iho war was
guarded bv Ucrman infantry and cavalry ,
o arranged that not an Inch of the trade
was boyoml iuo sluhtof a watchful Boldlor.
The life of the emperor of nil the Russlas is
in danger even iu a foreign lam1. , nut us ho
approaches lib own dominions the danger
Incrcusns u thousand-fold. It lurks at ( ivory
railroad Hlatlon in Russia , nnd may spring
un at &ny point of the road. To guard
against it COOUO men are patrollng the
truck from tha .Herman frontier to St.
Petnraiiurg a larjjo army oiig.igcd in the
one business of watching ever the safety of
one of tno grcatfstinonurohs of the earth ,
The humblest fie.Uanl In his broad empire ,
If lie has the wisUimi to Uccp his mouth shut ,
can count wita rpiisonablo certainty on liv
ing until death ( icbmes to him In the duo
course of nature , | ; 'linomporor , less fortu-
unto than tho-po-mut , lias tin ) reasonable
certainty of eventually falllntr , ns his father
did , at the hund of Iho assassin.
Ono i of i the incidents of the bunrjuet given
to the czar by'Emporor William In Horlin
will undoubtedly' strengthen the war Siiaro.
When the czar's jipalth was proposed by tha
emperor , In Geniiiu. which the czar sp'oaUs
fluently , oud hadtbeen speaking through tbo
dinner , ho responded briefly and drily In
French , n language now tabooed at the Ger
man court. Thnt tills was done intention
ally thcro does not seem to bo any doubt.
Its object was , of course , to show that ho
wns utlll dissatisfied with Germany , nnd that
Franco was his best friend. That such llttlo
freaks of ono man should have such Immense
political Importance In our day scouis odd
enough , but Immense Importance they will
have as long as there are men whoso Indi
vidual word can out a million of soldiers In
The Italian government has formally an
nounced that it 1ms assumed a protectorate
over Abyssinia. In the long scramble for
African possessions Italy , least conspicuous
Iu the rivalry , has , after all , drawn the chief
prize. The millions of people who dwell on
these highlands from 5,000 to 3.000 foot nbovo
the sea , nro somi-civlllzcd , and no part of the
dnrlc continent which Europe has been striv
ing for compares with their country In salu
brity ami possibilities of development. The
fact that Abyssinia has como under Italian
Influence Is moro the result of good luck than
of policy. Italy's enemy , King John , wns
killed nt n fortunate moment for her
s'cbomcs , and It happened very convon iontly
that Count Antonclll , during his long resi
dence at the court of Mcnollk , had boon able
to pcrstmdo the new king of Abvsslaln that
Italy would bo his best friend. The Mnlullsts
will think the ways of Providence are very
mysterious when they hear that their butch-
cry of King John and his army has helped to
fasten n great European po'wor on tholr east
' * * * *
The South African republic presents ix
queer spectacle. Hero nro 00,030 Hoers ,
about a quarter of whom nro ndult males
qualified to vote. They elect the president
nnd the members of the volksraud or parlia
ment. Within n few years 100,000 whlto
men , mostly English , have moved into the
republic , nnd Imvo opened mines nnd built
two towns , in comparison with which the
capital , Pretoria , looics mean nnd scoily.
These now comer * have not boon admitted to
citizenship , nnd so 15,000 Uoors are making
all the laws that covern 100,000 ndult immi
grants. These now comers thought n whllo
ago they would llko to build n railroad from
Pretoria to Johnnnesburg , but the solons in
tlio volksrnud voted the project down. The
miners nro building a city hall to costS')00-
000 , but the forty-llvo lawmakers nt Pretoria
won't let them have a railroad. Of course
this state ol thing * cannot last forever , par-
tic''lurly us there promise to bo U50,000 im
migrants in tuo Transvaal within the next
ton years. Thcro will bo an explosion some
day unless the army of now comers find soaio
peaceable way of muklug their voice hoard.
Persia's concession to Russia to build u
railroad from Askubad to Meshed will tend
to neutralize tbo commercial advantages
which England has secured in the south of
Persia during the past twelve months. Askn-
bad is a station on the military railroad built
by Russia from MIehaolovsk on the Caspian
sea eastward to Morve and thnnco across the
Oxus valley to Samnrcaml. This road skirts
the Persian frontier ns well as the Afghanis
tan border , and will enable Uussla to for
ward troops to almost any point where n
Uritish demonstration might bo made in
Afghanistan. If Russia should now build a
rend from Asknbad through the mountains
south to Meshed , the most important com
mercial town In the northwestern part of
Persia , stio would bo in it position to Hank
Hernt , the gate-way to India , as It is called ,
and thus tur'i the tables upon England in
ease of a war. It is very evident that Persia
Is doomed to bn caught between the Russian
and Hritish lines of aggression , and must
sooner or later yield to one or bo divided be
tween the two. European tours by the shah
and u plentiful distribution of Jeweled pros-
cnts can not save Persia , for it lie * directly
in Russia's path to the oriental sea-board.
The west coast of Africa Is likely to glvo
the Germans almost as much trouble us the
east coast. The possessions on the former ,
south of the equator , claimed by them , are
in Namuqua land and Uamara land , the two
provinces which occupy thu coast between
Capo Colony and the Portuguese possessions.
One point there , however , Walllsch 13uy , Is
Uritish , The principal port of the Germans
ii Aiigra Pequcna , in Nunniquu. A few
mouths t.go it was rcoortcd that the Germans
were preparing to soil out alltheir rights and
interests on the bouthwest const to the Urit
ish. They seem to have been disheartened
by the policy of Uismarck , which evidently
is that of not wasting on South Africa re
sources and exertions which are moro needed
in Europe. Hut now it begins to bo doubtful
how much they will Imvo to si > li. The head
chief of Daniara has given the Germans no
tice to quit the country and to go back to
Nanuiquu. Thcro scorns to be no doubt that
the English and the Germans have both
made overtures to him for his mining lands.
The Hritish have como out ahead , and the
native chief has even seized some of the
Gorman missionaries as hostages. Possibly
this measure may Induce Hismurck reluc
tantly to intervene , but if the Uritish are
wise they will exert their in'iluenro with the
chief against any resort to violence.
The speech of Premier Crisni on the atti
tude of Italy toward the Vatican docs not
hold out the promise of amicable relations
between church and state. It is evidently
Signor CJrispi's aim to complete the scheme
thai was begun by the illustrious Cavour
and to establish such a confidence in Italian
unity that that country may again bo recog
nized as u political factor Iu Europe. "Our
task , " ho suyfi , "is to fight in the cause of
reason ; " but his whole policy has shown that
he proposes to use Ulsmurckian armaments
ns weapons , and to take advantage of the
antagonisms and rivalries of Russia and Aus
tria in southeastern Europe. Such extreme
and wasteful measures cm : only lead to tlio
social disorganization which ho so loudly de
People who think of Finland as n sub-arc-
tie country of bleak nnd forbidding aspect
may bu surprised to hear that several rail
roads have already made a largo part of the
region accessible. A now line , 1G ( ) miles
long , has just been opened to the heart of the
country in the midst of great forests nnd
perhaps the most wonderful lake region in
the world. Sportsmen are now within less
than a day's Journey from St. Petersburg of
f.'iitral Finland , whern there is the host of
limiting and Hilling and twenty hours of sun
light every summer day. The most unique
of railroads , however , is still the little line
in Norway , north of the Artio circle , carry
ing the product of far northern mines to the
sou , and famous as the only railroad that has
yet Invaded tlio polar regions.
The necessity for a reformation of the
Servian cabinet and the probability of M.
Poschlcs becoming premier throws another
cloud on Hlsmurk's apparently sincere hope
of maintaining peace in Europe. With M ,
Pnschlcs the restoration of the ICurageog-
evics is not only possible , but probable , and
Austria would certainly bo provoked under
the circumstance * to use force , Survia is al
ready too pro-Unssian to malm Austria feel at
euso , and the placing into power of the pro-
leniinr Kurngeprgovics would bo the straw
that breaks the camel's back. On whether
Russia is willing topursun her waiting policy
any longer would then depend the question
of a European war in case of Austrian in
terference in Survia.
A SuuccHtion to tin-
The resident of Now York city should put
n candle in his hut , and see that the light is
not displaced by a brick before the wires are
put underground ,
GcutH1 1'jiiitn , fiiiniloinuii'tf Tromnra.
Iftw York Sim.
Ouroatoomod contemporary , the Milwau
kee Sentinel , appears ns nn advocate of the
word "pants , " and says that the world can't
get along without thorn , That U true. Let
there bo "pants" by all moans. So long as
there is a "gent" oa the top of the earth let
him bo clothed.
An American Financial Byuloiii.
iio York I'rta ,
An American system of coinage would aid
materially in developing the mutual trade
relations sought to bo encouraged by thu all-
Americas congress. How to bring it about
Is the problem that will bo before that body
whoa It concludes Its tour of tbo Unltod
Status and gota down to business.
A NEWS BOYS1 "COMBINE , "
Bribed By the World-Horntd to
Suppress the Boo.
THE WHOLE SNAP GIVEN AWAY.
For $ ! IOO Train News Hoys- Syste
matically Fnroo Oilier Oinalm ln-
DOM Upnn I'nsioimors Who
Ask For The lice.
Tor some timn past thcro Imvo boon con-
otnnt complaints received nt this office of tlio
dlniculty In procuring copies of TUB UKIIOII
various tnuns In nml out of Omaha.
U'tioso complaints Imvo been coming In
moro frequently during the past few weeks.
Whenever Inquiry was mndo of the man
agers of the nillrond news companies tlio
reply was invariably nude Unit they had nil
the p.ipers tlioy needed.
Hut In spite of the scarcity of linns on the
different railroad trains there was always u
number of papers roturncil nt the end of the
month marked "unsalable" by the news
agents. This , of course , was partially ex
plained from the fact that the newsboys pick
up papers oiico sold on tlio train mid returned
thorn as "unsold. " Tnu LJnu has Insisted ,
however , that thcro was something radically
wrong , and that n newsboys' combine was
nuulo ngnlnst Tun Uiu : and in favor of its
In consequence TUB HIB : was compelled
through its editorial columns to call on pa
trons to report to this oftlco all failures to get
u copy of Tin : Hin on the trains.
At last wo nro In possession of evidence
which proves conclusively that method *
Imvo been used to suupross Tun IJun and to
sell other Omaha papers In preference. Two
( lays URO a young man camu Into the count
ing room of Tun UBK and stat-jd that ho
wanted to have n confidential talk with the
manager of circulation. Ho tallied rlitlit to
the point and explained that tiu wanted to
inuku sotno arrangement with this paper
whereby Tun HKU would bo pushed ahead
of other papers on the trains. Ho said it
would cost Tin : UED about $ MU to fee the
novvsbo.vs on the Nebraska Hues so as to
make it nn object for them to work the
paper. Ilu admitted that Tim I3ii : : was
everywhere in great demand ana th it It was
much easier to dispose of it than tlio others ,
but owing to the fact that ether Omiihu
papers wore feeing tlio newsboys and mak
ing it uiiprolltablo for them to sell Tin : Hiu :
nt present it was placed at u great dis
The young man was requested to call
again uud when ho did so a stenographer was
In n convenient , place to take down what he
Haul. The following is the exact conversa
tion between himself and the manager of
circulation. As stated before , the young
man ( whoso iiuino wo deem best to suppress ) ,
is uuinloycd on the Union I'acillo road by
Uarkalow Uros. , railroad news agents :
In what territory do Uarkalow Uros.
In Nebraska , Wyoming , Utah , Oregon mid
all along that system , excepting the Southern
I understood you to say , when you wore inhere
hero before , that that paper had s on you
Ans. Yes sir.
And you , In consideration of n certain
amount of money given you by thorn , sold
their papers in preference to THE Uuc (
You say that you gave the man , who goes
west from Rawlins , Ills papers at Kuwlins !
"Yes sir. And then in coming baelt I ex
change papers with No. 51 , I also exchange
with trains U and 5. It is uiy duty to ex
change with other news agents so many
Q. In all cases In exchanging papers you
gave only a few UBIM and more of other
Yen sir. Kvory tlmo I would como m I
would kick to have inoro of the ether paper
than of Tun Unn. In coming in this morning
I had only u few calls for the other paper and
twenty-tivu for 'I'm : L5nn. In coming in
this mormug I was pushing this other paper
and some one called mo down on it nr.d said
that if I did not stop it that lioscivatcr would
bo after me.
Q Tell mo which paper it is that you arc
pushing , is it not the Republican !
A. 1 diun't say whr.t paper it was. The
Republican is not the paper. The \Vorld-
Ilcrald is the paper that has boon giving us
Q. Ilowlong hr.vo you been on this runl
A. I have been back t.wo months now.
Q. Where were you before thisl
A. I was In California for a year.
Q. Were they doing this before and after
the consolidation of tuo World-Herald. '
A. The Herald did it under the manage
ment of Morntt , and it was continued after
ho went away , but the evening World did
not.Q. . Who disburses this money ]
A. I don't know.
Q. Don't you Know who cnvo it to you ?
A. I don't know the name of the man.
Q. How often was the money paid ?
A. There .was no sot tiuip for paying the
money. About $300 was paid in one month. I
received S2U myself. Tlio other was given to
the news agents west of North Platte.
Q. Who saw you to fix this matter ?
A I didn't 900 anybody.
Q. Mow do you know that this money came
from the World-Herald ?
A. Because tlio man who gave mo . tuo
nioiioy instructed mo what to do with it.
Q. How many men could you see'f
A. I could see them all west of North
Plutte. I would give papers to all men going
west of Kawlins.
Q. Have you been pushing the World-
llcrnld from the time of leaving Omaha ?
A. Yes. I go through the train with n
larger number of the Worhl-Herulil under
my arm and the World-Herald In my hand.
Q. If n passenger refuses to taltc it , what
do yon do !
A. I don'l'givo passengers Tin : Bui ! unless
they insist upon it. Wo Just give him a
World-Herald and pass on mid nay nothing
nuout it. We fix it BO that ho gets the
World-Horald % but of course if ho
makes a luck wo glvo him Tin ; HEI : .
Hut wo toll him the World-Herald Is the
best paper in Omaha. In going through the
train we always carry moro World-Heralds
than wo do iiiis , although Tin : HER is
really in greater demand.
Q How many men do you suppose you
could enlist In this scheme ?
A. I can enlist everyone west of Hawlins.
It is not noccasary to enlist them near
Omaha. I know there Is a big grumble on
the west end about the World-Herald : that
is , some of the boys were promised money ,
hut didn't gut it.
( J. Do you ilnnlc it would bo the proper
schema to glvo unch of the buys n stipend !
A. Yew , give them each so much and veil
them Just what to do , ns I have done for the
Word-Herald In the past.
Q. You say that this arrangement was
kept up by the Herald for one ami a half
yo.irs , and that it is ilia World-Herald that
has buoti doing it over slnco the consolida
A. Yes , sir.
Q. Do you know the man who tavo you
thu money <
A 1 don't know his name , but I know him
by sight. When ho gave mo $ JO ho gave mo
instructions what to do ,
Q- How Imvo you boon able to keep this
matter from Ua'-kalow.
A It don't maito any difference to them
nn long as they Bull HO many papers , whether
It was a World-Horald or not. It wai u very
easy matter , ns they did not care bo long as
the run brought In BO much money ,
Q How many boys uro there woat of
North I'hitto who would have to bo fixed'
A. There uro thirteen boys west of North
I'latte , and thoio boyn have been working
for the World-Herald , They met and exchanged -
changed pupcrx the ftatno us wu meet and
exchange. \ \ hen wo got n now boy on wo
load him down with World-Heralds and in
struct blm to push them. All of these thir
teen boys would want 10 each , which would
last for six mouths , and they would
then push TUB HP.H Jiut the name
ns they push the World-Herald.
My advice to you IH to "get In1' now , us the
World-Herald is figuring on doing the nanio
thing again. I have kept faith with thu
World- Herald and would do thu sumo with
Tin : lint : . 1 have alwuvs pushed thu Herald
and suppressed Tun Hnu.
Q. HowUo.rou Jlxlt BO the passengers
don't sco Tim lUi : : ?
A. Wo put thu papers on top of our box In
the smoking car , TUB Jiuita ulwuyn at
the bottom of the pile. Whuu a muii gets
cm at a uutlon ho 003 the World-Herald and
nu Urn : ? , so ho lays his monoon the box.ind
tnkes it World-Herald. Saraotlmos I Imvo
on mo In and found n dollar or n dollar and n
half on the box nnd the World-Heralds .ill
cone. Of course wo don't ' ludo Tun llin\ ;
but they might bo up In Ins raclt , wbcrothoy
couldn't bo seen. When n mnn comes up to
tin iu a car and nska for n Hnis wo would says
"I have tiono , they are all away np at the
oth'cr end of the train hi the box , " mid
would soil him n WorhMIonUd. Of course ,
that was done to prevent the snlo of TIIK
Hr.n. Sometime * wo would Imvo n cattle
man oomo in wlln ton or fifteen drovers with
him. They would nil want papers , and wo
would glvo them any other paper than TIIK
New Orleans Plcayuna : The Chicago
Inter-Ocoau siiys : "Shall our hides bo pro
tected ? " It seems to demand that the na
tional government shall buy a mosiiultj bar
for every cit.v of llllnoU.
Hlots and Ulcnitshos : Save us from girls
nnd matrons who , dull In arithmetic and no
where In Knclld , yet Invarhbly solve the
pr oblciu of muting n number five foot In o
number ttirco boot , nnd a twenty-four inch
waUt into nu eighteen Inch corset ,
Texas Slf tings ! Some one suggests hang
ing gardens similar to those la ancient Baby
lon , ns n feature of the Columbian fair.
Doesn't bo know that hanging Is douo away
with by law In Now York I An oloctrlo
garden would bo moro npropoi.
LouUvlllo Courier-Journal Olail-
- : Mr. -
stone caught u severe cold the other day
while chopping down n trco. IIU fo How
citizens will now have to excuse his barking
New Orleans Picayune ; The Sporting
World , not always perfect In grammar , says .
"Onrrlson will ndo She to-day. "
Norrlstown Herald : It Is salil that , "cantor
oil Is down. " This will ploasotho small boy
Ho has frequently trloil to get e.mor oil
down nnd failed.
Chicago Tribune : Comluctor ( opening thn
door ami calling out bur ricdly ) Are there
any surgeons in this carl Hcsponso by two
or three passengers Yes , sir. Conluctor
( wild with excitement ) Hold yourselves In
readiness , gentlemen. Two farmers from
different counties In Oregon nro Iu the next
car inquiring about each other's crops 1
Chicago Liar : Cholly I say , Freddie , what
makes .T. Wllkos Hrutus take snch long
stwops ? Do all actahs walk that way I
Fweddln Yes. They ncquluh that twaglu
stwlcio whllo traveling. They take two ties
nt ouo step , you know.
Grip : Khonozor Uld you water the cows ,
to-ulght , I Ilium 1 Hiram No , I forgot.
"You shouldn't have forgotten ; hut thnn wo
will water the uitllr , and that will do Just us
Philadelphia Lodger : "Tho grenten
point , " writes a specialist in the treatment
of obesity , "Is to' llnu the right diet. " Hut
the greatest point iu these casei , after all , is
Ulashamptoii Hopublieau : No wonder
ships cling to the water. They have a strong
Detroit Free Pros * : The original "uieklo-
Iii-tho-slot machine" was the bobtail cur.
Rochester Post : It doesn't taUo very
much to cause u very tall man to get uppish.
Atcliison Ulobo : When soaio men fall at
everything' else they raise a long board.
Austin Statesman : A gross liar is ono
Who tolls twelve lies a day for twelve days , J
Troy Press : Tlio old bachelor who would
niter his ways should begin at the altar
Flicgcndo Hlaetter : Artist ( who hn3 just
came back from his vacation ) I declare , I
can't paint to-day. 1 have forgotten nil 1
know. Model Oh , don't bj discouraged. It
won't take long for you to piuk up all you
Uurlinston Free Press : MlttrcssHero
is a threo-miuuto-and-a-hujr glass , Hridget ;
you may boll the eggs with it. Urldgot ( five
minutes later ) The eggs is done , mum , but
Ol hov me doubts adout the glass.
Mr. Hooy can certainly not bo praised for
his wont m the musical comedv ' 'Keep it
Dark. " It is without doubt one of the stupid
est farces , if it can bo classed as such , over
written , and had it not been for such clover
comedians as Messrs. Uryant and Qulnlaii
the performance last evening at Uoyd's
wo uld have been u terrible bore on the fnirlj
largo nudloncn that good-naturedly hutched
at the antics of-tho two mars. The company
supporting them , with thu exception of Misa
Blanche Sherwood , Miss Mollie 1'hulps nnd
Messrs. George C. Wood , mid Kd Everett , is
by no moans u well selected out1. Minn
Sherwood is a very bright little woman , and
has the malting of n clever noubrctto in hur ,
but nlio ought to have a bettor chatica than
in "Keep H Dark. " The musical selections
of the company Are not of the catchy ardor
and the orchestration especially needs color
ing. However , the gallery seemed to enjoy
the performance very much , and no doubt
such will bo thn case again during tlio two
remaining performances , this afternoon and
"True Irish Hearts" closes its engagement
to-night nt the Grand opera house.
SUGAR MAKING IN KANSAS.
Senator IMtiinlt Tolls of His Kceeiit
Concerning tlio sugar industry in
Kansas , Senator I'luail ) in his roccnt
speech nt Wichita , biiiil : " 1 liuvo boon
viftitiiifj the sugar plants of Attica ,
Mcdiuino Locl jo and Con way .Spriiiffw ,
and bufuru roiui'iiinj , ' homo will sou all
the plants boinjj operated. I am greatly
surprised over the wonderful achieve
inont of last your that 1 Hud. When J ,
with ethers , u few years ago , commenc
ed to insist on a part of the appropria
tion for aiding in sugar making to como
to Kan baa to assist in an experiment wo
hud little argument to produce. Then
it was all theory ; now it lias changed to
facto. The results ns will ho shown by
the reports of this your will be an argu
ment innndofitsolf far more potent than
all the theories ever invented to lead to
all former appropriations. The mills I
Imvo visited have made 500,000 poundH
of sugar , and the end of the season will
show to their crodIL 1,000,000 pounds.
The ether mills of the Btato nmy pro-
ilu co moro than another 1,000,000 jionndH ,
which , it will bo romomhorod , is a rc-
marluiblo gain ever last ycaiTliou
the moHt encouraging thing ahoul the
whole business is that this year llio cost
of production has boon so radically de
creased that it begins to look like busi
ness to engage in the sugar lnirilnu.it ; .
When it gets tu a bubino.- , * basis mnny
moro mills will bo starlod , and Kansas
will become famous for its sugar as
well as for some ether things , and It IH
not only in the making of Hiigar that I
find so much cause for encouragement ,
but also in tlio production of cane. The
CIHIO is very line yielding bettor than
wns even anticipated. As to quantity
it was supposed two and three yeiirs ago
that nirio nnd ton tons pur aero was the
limit , but this year southern Kanbusha'j
many acres showing ton and fourteen
tons. As to quality it h'lH been im
proved quilo rapidly whllo lii and
liJ per cent u few years ago was
tlio best over annly/.ed , I utn cred
ibly informed that at Sterling , where
the improvement of cano is made a-
specialty , it has been Increased to liO
per cent , the highest point known. In
the plants lliavo visited tlio operator
toll mo iho quality is much butter and
is observed in the results ,
"Oil , yes , 1 think Kansas will get an
other appropriation for noxtyrarof the
985,001) ) for sugar making appropriated.
Lust year Kansas got about $00,000.
Koxt year 1 think it will bo easier to
get an appropriation than it was last
year , nnd , also , wo will bo able to got
moro of it. Thu blato could use to an
advantage $100,000 , but what U will bo
able to get remains to bo soon. "
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