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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 22, 1889)
SS53EE3333 Hq 5S5S
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , SEPTEMBER 22 , 3889.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
PUBLISHED BVBRY MOBNINO !
Dnlly ( Morning Edition ) Including cmmlny
llec , Onn Year . (10 00
Forflx Months . fiio
S'or Tlirco Months . , . . . . . 2 CO
alie Omnlm Similar llco , mailed to any
nddrisi. Uno Your . 2 TO
Weekly lice. Duo Vcar . ZOO
Omntm Offlcp. Hco llnlldlnR. N. AT , Corner
Bevone ( ntli and Knrnnm Btrevtn ,
rnlcngoOnlrn. W17 llookerr llnlldlnit.
Now York Olllco. Uoonis II nncl 15 Tribune
Wnshl'nRtonOfflco , No. fil.1 Fourteenth Street.
Council Ulnna Offlcn. No. 12 1'carl Street.
Lincoln Office , 1029 1' duett ,
All commnnlcat on < minting to news nnrt rdi-
torlul matter snould bo nddre acil to the Editor
All Imilnesa letter * and remittances should
TIB nddrcBHKlto .ho UPH IhilillRhlng Compiiny ,
Omaha. Dniris. clierkii nna poMollitn timers to
"bo made payable tc. the order of tliotoini > any ,
Tlie Bse PuuliSuiailioiiipy , Proprietors ,
iltK llulldlng Fatnam and SoTcntccntli Streets.
I no l. ; c on i ho i fa in -
Therein no cxaisofornfnllnrotoKctTiiK lint !
on tlie trnlns.1l now nealcrs lia\c bo n nott-
lied to carry a full fcupply. fi nvplera wtio want
Tiifc llitK and cun't K''t It on trains where other
Onmbit tin pert ore curried are requested to no-
tlfy THE lli.K.
Sworn Ktntciiiicnt < > f Olrotilntloii.
Etdto of Nebraska , I , ,
County of Douglas , f
OeorK II. Tjwclmclc. secretary of Tito ties
FublltnlnR Company , doessoloranlyswexr thtt
the actual circulation of TUB IUILY HER for
thofrecfc ending ifoptcmber" ) . 1U. wnsns fol
Bnndny. Sept , 15 ! , < W7
Monday. Sept. 1(1 ( IH.ffll
Tucpdiiy. Sept. IT IKTia
Wednesday. Sept. 19 18,1112
Thursday , Hojit. 10 liVT-'l
Krlduv. tsopt. 3) innio
Bftturdny , Sept. Hi 18,050
OKOIIOB H. TZSCIIUOK.
Eworn to before mo ondmib crUwd to In my
prcfenco this iilst < l y of September. A. 1) . ISbv.
ltcal.1 N. P. 1'l.lU Notary I'ublls.
Elate of Nebraska. !
County of Douglas.1BS'
UeotRo II. Tzschuck , belntt duly sworn , rts-
toseBnml snymlmt he is secretary of Tne lieu
.TiiliIIMiliiK ci mpuny , that the artunl nverago
dally ctrcitlntlon of THE DULY BKH for the
month of September. 1MH , 1M5I copies ; for Oc
tober HS $ N-.OM copies ; for November. 1BSH , 18.-
! Ml copies : for December. 1NW , IV- ' copies ; foi
Jnnunry. UMI , Ii > , r74 , copies ; for 1'ubrunry. 18KJ ,
IH.OTfl copies : for March , ltM . IH.W.4 copies : for
April. m . 1riTa copies ; for May , 1N" ! > . n i9
copies ; for June. Us'i , IBNiH. copies ; for July.
ItW , IP..SS copies ; for August , ItbJ. 1H.OM coplns.
nr.n. H. TVsrnucK.
Fwotn to belore me nml subscribed In my
fresenco thisillat day of AUfni t. A. I > . ISO.
.1 N. P. ] 'K i u N otnrv 1'ubllo.
Tin : husky voices of Sioux City's
people will soon bo hoard shouting for
their corn pulac'j.
SOUTH" DAKOTA , is said to bo so tiling
up very fnst , but the location of its
capital | s as unsettled as over.
PKKSKNT appearances- indicate that
nothing can forestall the successful
holding of the Omaha fat stock show.
Tine cattlemen of Texas are about to
form a trust. If they do we can safely
predict they will keep their stock well
Tin : Chicago nowsp'ipora which are
lirtivoly endeavoring to htvvo the sa
loons closed on Sunday will on to-day
have another opportunity tq see how
much progress they have not made.
"WHAT has become of the Buhring sea
troubles ? The war editors who have
just gotten their pencils sharpened teen
on tor the sanguinary fray , are likely to
bo out of a winter's job unlesshoslilities
nro resumed boon.
A sciiKMi is on foot to establish a
line of transportation between Omaha
and Central nnd South America. The
benefits these countries would derive
from such mi arrangement ought to bo
very apparent to Omaha.
now stool protected oruiaor ,
Chicago , -the largest of the /our vessels
built by John Roach , has boon tried and
her speed surprised everyone. If there
Is really anything in a name the Chicago
cage couldn't bo otherwise than unusu
ally fast. _
TIIK American exhibit at Paris is
.greater than that of any other foreign
nation , particularly that Important uart
of it presided ever by Nebraska's lion.
William Cody. While other exhibits
liavo won admiration , his has won bier ,
cold , hard dollars.
MAJOR MEUUII.L , who was likely to
succeed Tanner as commissioner of pen
sions , is reported to have talked him-
Bolf out of the position before ho got
iulo it. Ho has been opeiikintr very
freely to newspaper reporters , and the
president , itis said , fears ho would go
the way of his predecessor.
Tin : country stands in uood of a man
who is able to invent an absolutely safe
insulating material which will do away
with the constantly increasing- danger
from overhead wires. Nearly every day
records the death of some person
through carelessly handling oloctrio
wires and the numbor.of these accidents
is constantly Increasing.
Tin : foreign capitalist who has at
tempted to corner the American cotton
market has undertaken to stretch his
blanket a little further than it will go ,
The mill owners and their qmployos
have agreed on joint action that" will
dofont the combine and the would-be
monopolist will bo loft with his hauda
uncomfortably full of cotton.
OUU enterprising contemporary , the
Herald-World , can hardly lay claim to n
patent right on the proposition to in
duce the American HunUora'associa
tion to extend its tour from Kansas
City to Omaha. That proi > ositlon was
canvassed by Omaha bankers more
than two weeks ago , before the editor
of that shoot had ever thought of it.
' TIIK party without an organ In Ne
braska displays admirable courage nnd
In " . "
Bolf-sacrifloo "galling togolhor.
The meeting of the state central com-
niiltoo in Omaha was not altogether a
melancholy assemblage. What it
lucked in numerical strength it made
up in unrestrained enthusiasm. The
Bombro trappings of woo wcro relieved
by sprightly sprays of bourbon from the
country. Out of seventy-eight counties
in the state , four pluokod up courage
and meansdullluiont to send flvo dele
gates to Omaha. Such remarkable goal
deserves to bo embalmed with the
rbcordd of the defunct crounback party.
AXrtlT SCHOOL IN OMAHA.
There is n growing sentiment in
Omaha favorable to the establishment
of an art school. Slnco the organiza
tion , about a year ago , of the Western
Art association , there has boon a not
able increase of popular interest in art
culture , greatly aided and stimulated
by the generosity of Mr. Llningor , the
president of the association , in throw
ing open his flno gallori to the inspec
tion of the public. Many of our citizens
whoso tnsto in maltors of art 1ms
been cultivated la elder communi
ties , have became strongly impressed
with the conviction thai Omaha should
have n school of art , nnd they nro man
ifesting a disposition to take hold of the
matter and carry it to n successful con-
There is the wealth , liberality and
spirit in Omaha to accomplish this laud
able object if it bo properly enlisted ,
nnd it is certainly ono in every way
worthy of the attention and interest of
our bcst , cillzons. It is not neces
sary to onlnrgo upon the
vnluo of a properly conducted
art school to the community as a moans
of popular culture. This is fully appro-
elated by all who take any interest in
the matter. As to the question whether
such a school could bo made n success ,
the answer wou'd depend very largely
upon Iho character of its management.
Wo do not think it al all doubtful that
a properly conducted art school , pro
vided with thoroughly competent in
structors , could bo made solf-
BusUining from the start. And
the ontorprlsu should not be un
dertaken except with the understand
ing that the school shall bo equal in
character , within its necessary limita
tions , to any in the country.
The present is regarded by those in
terested in the matter as an opportune
time to tnko Iho preliminary stops for
establishing an art school in Omaha ,
tuiil a number of the friends of the pro
ject have boon invited to meet at the
resilience of Mr. Llningor to-morrow
evening for an interchange of views as
to the course that should bo adopted. It
is to bo hoped n general and earnest in
terest will bo manifested , and that the
movement for n school of art in Omaha
will .take shape at once and bo carried
to a successful conclusion.
DEPOT Oil NO DEPOT.
BOSTON , Supt. 10. To the Editor of THE
BEU : Too Union Pasitlo railroad company ,
through its jncsidcnt , Mr. Adams , has given
to Omaha the conditions on which It will
build a union depot , nud which , wo under
stand , nro Him ! with his company , viz ; That
a viaduct , us they have planned , DO built
over the Tenth street crossing this being
an abst/luto necessity for the union depot
nnd that the city nay for it. Omaha's past
negotiations with the company for peed
depot facilities for the rapidly growing city ,
nnd the indifference with which the Union
Pucilio company bus invariably treated every
effort of the citizens to secure their Just
right * and the fulfillment of contracts with
the road , on account of which Omaha
has paid hundreds of thousands of dollars
all this is past history familiar to us all. Lot
us now look to the future. A union depot is
guiiruuteed to bo built immediately nnd
the Iowa roads have nureod
with the Union Pacific to come ever
and occupy it jointly BO says
Mr.-Adams , a oed authority. But nil this
is conaitionnl that Omaha will pay for the
viaduct. This proposition should bo ac
cepted at once and the work commenced
\vithout further delay , so that the advantages
may bo secured without longer waiting.
This will give a roue wed Impetus to every
business interest of the city , and enhunco
the value of every foot of property within
the city limits. The amount asked for is in
significant compared to the advantages
Omaha will derive from the Improvements.
There can bo no two sides to this question.
Omaha has benn Humiliated long enough by
the unsightly "Old Cowshed" that for
these longyeara ; .has civen every stranger
merely passing through such an unfavorable
Impression of Omaha. Secure the union
depot , nnd ax quickly as possible. The un
dersigned , among the heaviest taxpayers of
Omaha , unje this upon the citizens. Yours
truly , 13. F. SMITH AND UKOTIIEH.
This letter hits the nail squarely on
the head. It is not for us at this lime
lo carp and cavil about the bad faith
shown by the Union Pacific in depriv
ing Omaha of union depot facilities.
Nor would it avail us any thing to resent
the demand of ils managers for a bonus
lo pay Ihom back for Iho cosl of the
Tenth street viaduct. The problem
that confronts our citizens is depot erne
no depot ? It is well known thai Iho
Smith Brothers , of Boston , hityo an
in vestment in real estate in
Omaha thai exceeds a million
dollars in vuluo. They own someof
Iho best business blocks in this city ,
and it stands to reason that they would
not want to pay additional taxes unless
Ihoy BOO clearly Hint it is to their bene
fit. In years gene by Ihoy have boon
mosl adverse lo Union Pacific aggres
sion and always outspoken in denuncia
tion of its shabby Iroatmont of Omaha.
Their conclusions with regard lo the
depot nnd viaduct project ) are there
fore worthy of consideration by our
taxpayers and property owners.
The centenary of the ostahllshmonl of
Iho Catholic hierarchy in the United
States will bo commomoratud in Balti
more on the second Monday in Novem
ber , at which time a Catholic congress
will convene in that city. The occasion
will bo a noteworthy ono in ocolosias-
lical circles. It is the first assemblage
of the kind over attempted by the Cath
olics of this counlry , nnd its dollbora-
tiona will bo walchod with keen inter
est , not only by members of that church ,
but by all interested in the progress of
The lirst Catholic bishop of this
country was Rov. John Carroll , of
Maryland , a nopliow of Charles Car
roll , ono of the famous signers of the
Declaration of Independence , It
is n significant fact that his successors
in oflico , down lo the present prinvilo
of Iho church , Cardinal James Gibbons ,
imbibed the zeal and love of liberty
which characterized the Carrolls. The
public uttoranc.09 of Cardinal Gibbons
show him to bo a man of broad patriot
ism , a staunch advocate of liberty , and
an unflinching fridnd of the struggling
masses. His boutlmoiits nro iu aooord
with the advanced spirit of the ago , es
pecially on questions affecting the
moral an J material wulfaru of the people.
This fact was demonstrated recently
when ho interceded at Rome in favor of
labor organizations. Ills voloo is the
voice of the church In this country , nnd
his energetic action and advocacy In
Ihis instance placed the Catholic church
in an advanced position ns tv supporter
and frlond of workingmon.
The BCODO nnd personnel of
the congress insure n distin
guished assemblage of laymen nnd
clerics. A wide ranjro of topics will bo
discussed by Iho learned men of the
church , including education , temper
ance , various theological questions , the
Catholic press , 'charities , the work of
women and children in the Industrial
world , nnd the relations of capital and
A sunriVAL OF TIIE
The railroads of the United States do
not pay the dividends they did from ton
to fifteen yours ago. A railroad which
pays any considerable amount of in-
Icrcsl to its shareholders is o-day an
isolnlcd CHSO. The causes leading to
this condition of tifTmrs are many , but
the chief reasons nro watered stocks
and over building of parallel nnd con
tiguous lines. A man can start oul from
Ihis city nnd ride one hundred nnd
boventy-slx Ihousnnd miles on the rail
roads of tins country without once using
the snmo road twice. In olher words
there are ono hundred nnd seventy-six
thousand miles of railroad in the
United Stales , which comprise one-half
of Iho mileage of Iho onliro world. The
roads are nol uniformity extended ever
the area of the onliro counlry ; some
porlions are too thickly gridlronod ,
while other portions have litllo or no
railroad facilities. If the roads were
equally distributed there would hardly
bo enough to meet the requirements of
the public , but as it in thosa localities
which are especially favored withrallo-
ngo do not pay except in densely
populated states like Massachusetts.
There is no stale in Iho union where
Iho mileage is so uniformly distributed
nnd pays so well ns in Massachusetts.
There is a mile of road to every four
square miles of territory. But Massa
chusetts is an exception. In Iho wosl
where the settlements are spru-so and
lines practically parallel each other ,
and enter the same Colds for business ,
the ruinous effect of competition is felt.
The present vnst system of the Alchi-
son , Topeka & Santa Fo paid largo
dividends when it had but n single line ,
but now it is on the verge of bankruptcy
on account of competition and building
branch lines into small fields already
occupied by other roads.
The fact lhal western roads do not pay
has led their officers nnd malingers into
now channels of thought regarding
their management and gradual wont
ing back to n paying basis.
As overproduction in industrial
branches brings about the formation of
Irusls lo rogulalo Ihc supply , this idea
has taken hold of railroad men , nnd
there is now considerable talk of form
ing n trust for railroads. ANew
Now York banker advises the
formation of what ho lerms
the "North American Railroad Invest
ors' union , " which shall bo' composed
of the shareholders owning the control
of the leading railroad corporations of
the United Stntos and Canada.
The evils resulting from a reckless
buildingof railroads in sections of the
country where they arc nol needed , Iho
corrupt operation of construction com
panies , and the paralleling of railroads
for purposes of blackmail , as illustrated
in the buildingof the Nickel Plato road ,
are so pronounced that the officials have
nil upon Iho trust plan as u remedy for
Iho trouble. Tlfo railroad commission
ers of England have Iho power lo pro-
hibil , nnd have always exercised Iho
right to enjoin the construction of
parallel lines where they were liot de
manded by public necessities. There is
nc ndoquato Inw in this country g'ovorn-
ing such cases.
Tlio ostensible purpose of n .railroad
trust , as sot forth by the oricinntor of
Ihe scheme , is to p3\ont a cutting of
rales , which is so disastrous to railroad
profits when business is not good. As a
startling illustration of the -.present
tendency lo cut rates to n ruin
ous oxtonl it is only necessary
to refer to recent rate ward.
Such ruinous competition must neces
sarily inflict great loss on the roads , but
the public are not gainers by the matter -
tor for the re n son that the subsequent
olfocts of the roads to regain what they
have lost moro than makes up Iho dif
ference in favor of the public.
II is insisted on the part of the "road
that Iho shareholders have Ihe" legal
right to form a trusl if Jihoy so dosiro.
nnd the inviolability contracts is
cited as an ovldunco of this righl.
This , however , does not fill Iho bill
under supreme court decisions of most
of the stales , and of Iho Unilcd States.
States have n right lo regulate Iho
charges of all common carriers. The
grealoslstop ever token In Ihis direc
tion was the pass/ige / of the intor-stalo
commerce law. The regulation of rail
road charges under this law gave rise
to the first idea towards n consolidation
of railroad interests in this cpuntry. A
harmony of interests Booms necessary
to a largo number of railroads it they
are longer to exist and do business.
The publio , however , will not bo com
pelled lo Bland by and witness the form
ation of a railroad trust for purposes of
publio robbery in the putting up of
freight chargoi lo such an oxlonl lhal
Ihe carrying business will not stand it
and leave n profit for dealers and pro
ducers. The only moans of protection
the people have is a still further and
moro extended federal control of rail
road business. Under n national law
prohibiting dangerous railroad com
binations the various slates may tnko
the cue and pass analiigous enactments
for local purposes. If the- railroad man
agers cannot make money under present
conditions lot them cense the cut-throat
policy of building useless roads. Until
they can como to BOO the nmttor in this
light the railroad situation should be
regarded as an ordeal through which
the roads may pass or fall bankrupt by
the wayside. It will provo a salutary
lesson and the rule of the survival of
the lltlost may apply in this case as in
moro ordinary affairs.
TRICKS THAT ARE VAIN.
For ways that are dark nnd tricks that
nre vain Iho heathen Chinee could not
hold a candle to our doublo-burrollod
contemporary. While the imposture
that is prncllced by thai , concern on its
patrons dfaJ not concern Tint BEIC , it
docs Boom kans thai some respect is duo
to Iho pf ? > | lon. Prom ono end
of the -yaar to Iho olhor it
is grand U\rcoiiy \ nnd potll larceny ,
counterfoil \yr nnd passing spurious
ourroncy. rVlticlcs clipped bodily from
other pnpci i ro pnlmod off ns original ,
nnd nssoci jltfjl press dlspntchos nro
published ns spooinls. In fnct ovory-
Ihing thnljMoines by wire , nnd n good
deal that does nol como by wlro is
hondod "soocinl to the World-Herald. ?
And when U& doublo-ondor gets badly
scooped on lbcnl news in Iho afternoon
Iho report is sandwiched with oilier
news iu next morning's issues , under Iho
convenient handing , "from lasl night's
edition. " The most nmuslng thing
about this wholesale piracy Is the peri
odic tntorvlow with the crowned honda
of Europe that the "special representa
tive" of the Mammoth Consolidated
cables specially to it , und Iho cool nu-
dnolty with which these so-called In
terviews nro dished up ns exclusive
when the same tiling nppoars on Iho
saino day in about Iwo hundred olhor
dallies. Tliouo is nothing lllco doing n
very big business on u very small
amount bf capital ,
is TiinnE TOO MUCH
A professor In ono of Iho univorstlios
of Germany has roconlly issued u , work
giving statistics of Iho increase in Iho
number of learned men in that country ,
which a London journal rotors to ns
alarming. There nro twonty-ono uni
versities in Germany , at which the
average number of students entered is
twenty-nine thousand. Of these hopeful -
ful j-oulhs Ihe Goltingon professor af
firms thnl fully ono-hnlf nro doomed lo
n life of poverty and dlsnppoinl-
mont. The"vnst majority of thorn
nro looking forward to becoming
lawyers , or doctors , or preachers , or
schoolmasters , or in some olhor way ,
oilhor in private life or ns borvanls of
Iho state , to earn their broad by moans
of the education they nro so laboriously
What is true of Germany is Iruo also ,
though perhaps in a less marked dc-
groo , of other European countries and
of the United States. The rush to the
learned professions is of sloadily in
creasing volume , nnd if Iho slatistics
were al hand they would doubtless
show Ihnl in proportion lo population
the r ush is ns great in this country nnd in
Great Britain as it is in Germany. The
consequences hero , however , are loss
sorioue. It cannot bo shown that one-
half of these Who are preparing in this
country for the learned professions , ns
the German professor shows with ro-
spocl lo the youth of his own country ,
are doomed to a. . life of poverly and dis-
appointmcntr.Doubtlos3 ! a majority of
them will bajnbla to secure n , respectn-
blo livolihood'tnough | probably very
few of them vilIdealize Ihoir expecta
tions. But while the United States en
joys the advantages ever Euro
pean countriesibf a vigorous growth
and increasltfff opportunities , the
limits to v-wniph will not bo
reached for at'osta conlury , yel it is a
that'already1 in" "portions of this
country the ranks of the learned profes
sions arc ever full , and al Iho rate at
which they nre being an nually rocrui ted
there is dtingor thai Iho lime is not ro-
tnolo when what has come to pass in
Germany will bo experienced here ,
namely , thntquitoono-half of these who
adopt the professions will bo doomed to
poverty and disappointment. The com
petition in the professions is yearly becoming -
coming sharper and moro eager , and
with it. necessarily , the rule of the sur
vival of the fittest is becoming moro gen
It is far moro easy to point put the
cause of this state of affairs'than to
apply tho-romody. For at least a gen
eration the tendency to look to
the "gonllemanly professions" in
stead of Iho rndre certain cnllingd of n
less "gonleol"description , as the Lon
don Journal states Jt , has boon stend ily
growing , and it seems likely to go on
expanding for an indefinite time to
como. The efforts to impress upon pa
rents Unit their sons are likely to find
greater security fpr their future in in
dustrial than in professional pursuits
hnvo had little or no effect , for the ob
vious reason thai most parents
nro incapable of judging wisely nnd im-
parlially of Iho capabilities of their
sons , while the sons themselves early
learn to regard with disfavor all forms
of manual labor. Thus it happens that
thousands of young man who would
have made suporlor carpenters , or
blacksmiths , or machinists , nro sent
Out1 to raako a precarious buttle for
bread with professional lilies they have
nol Ihe ability to creditably sustain.
There are in every largo city of the
country many such who bitterly dopro-
calo the mistake they made , or the
vanily and folly of parents , and envy
the industrious mechanic who is able to
obtain u certain inoorao nnd comforts
that arc beyond their ronaliT
There is not top , much learning , bul
thoroisnfar ibfeigonernlmisapplica -
lion of loarningijJtjThero is no reason
why the moohiv'jijc should not bo a man
of education , and would certainly
find pleasure litj'd ' mlargod chances in
lifo in being nsqh'i lar , bolides Iho on-
hancod esteem jof ) is follow men. With
the opportunities offered the boy of
to-day who hccomos an artisan may also
secure advanced intellectual acquire
ments. Hut thpTin/llculty / is lhal such
acquirements scjt'ijiUo antagonize man
ual labor. The scholarly and thoughl-
ful mechanic would bo as likely lo become -
como dissutlsnCjdwlth his calling as Iho
professional miiWyfJio dUouvorn after a
sad and weary oxparlenco that his lira-
ilalions had not boon correctly gauged.
The problem suggested by the Gorman
professor has many phases , and it
grows more serious and dltlluult from
year lo yonr. * Bul lo the quostlon
wholhor ihoro is lee much learning a
negative answer must bo given.
CRIMINAL EXTRAVAQAXGE ,
The statement prepared by County
Auditor Evans regarding the present
and prospective cost of th'o now hospital
presents a bhnmoful exhibit of oflloial
extravagance. The original contract
price for the building complete was ono
hundred and twenty thousand dollars.
The county has already paid oul within
seven ] thousand of this sum , nnd the
building is far from being completed.
The estimates in sight nnd the Incident
als will run the tolnl up to ono hundred
nnd sovonty-fivo thousand dollars. This
la n reasonable osllmnto , nnd is moro
likely to bo exceeded , than roducoil.
A moro disgraceful record of oftlcinl
recklessness hns never before boon pro-
son ted lo Iho people of Douglas county.
It Is n willful nml criminal waste of
publio money. The commisslonord can
not bo nccusod oj Ignornnco In Iho mat
ter. They knowingly permitted nnd
sanctioned the robbery. From Iho in-
copllon of Iho job lo the present time
the mnjorlty of Iho board stood by the
greedy nnd incompetent contractors ,
approved estimates nnd pnid out
money on inferior work , and nl-
lowed the jobbers to draw on the treas
ury beyond the limit of ordinary
prudonco. If the commissioners
nre not interested in protecting
the contractors , they hnvo shown lliom-
selves shamefully Incompetent to pro-
tool Iho inlorosts of Iho public. *
Want has Iho counly lo show for the
expenditure of ono hundred and twelve
thousand dollars ? A ramshackle slruc-
turo of inferior material , propped un to
provontlls falling of its own weight.
The whole job is n disgrace to the
count } * , a crumbling monument to offi
cial noglcctnnd public moans recklessly
OMAHA might omulnlo Iho example
of Chicago in appointing some ono to
see that poor children attend school.
In Chicago it is thought that 10,000
children will bo found who have not
clolhing sullablo to wonr to school , nnd
whoso parents declare they are too poor
to supply them. In Omaha Iho number
of such is comparatively small , but , no
doubt , there aro.n eood many cases Ihnt
should bo looked after. A slight pres
ent gain is n much greater future loss
whore the children of the poor nro k'opt
from school for financial reasons. The
welfare ottho government depends upon
the intelligence of the people. A full
school attendance is a future aid to law
A rjtosu'T conviction and sentence to
two years Imprisonment for Iho al-
tompled murder of her servant will
have n tendency to convince Mrs. Eva
Ray Hamilton and others thai "Jersey
Jusllco" is not , the same kind that gov
erns various other parts of this counlry.
In Ihis and olhor sections of Iho wosl a
woman has only lo make up her mind
what crime she desires to commit , and
then commit it. Able lawyers stand
ready to olTer their sympathetic serv
ices at merely n nominal foo. In
ninety-nine cases in a hundred she will
bo ncquitled amidst cheers and tears
and receive Iho homugo of ascnsalion-
THE movement for n fal slock show in
Omaha Ihis fall should receive substan
tial encouragement from our people.
Omaha is in the center of the block
raising region , possessing Iho Ihird
market of the country , surrounded by a
territory abundantly suppl'od ' with
graded herds to make an exhibit of the
kind a success. Nebraska and Iowa
stockmen have in the Insl few years
made wonderful strides in raising and
procuring improved slock , and if proper
inducements are ottered Ihoy would con
tribute largely to the success of n fat
slock show in Omaha.
The surplus at Washington still lives.
That is what bothers our friends , the enemy.
Sullivan nnd tlin Tariff.
It Mr. Sulllvun'gocs to congress it is hoped
that his personal ilcsiro for the removal of
the tax on.whisky will not overcome his loy
alty to sound tariff reform principles.
Short Stuto Waits in Ilnytl.
Another revolution Is predicted in Hayti ,
although General Hippolyto has not yet fin
ished unpacking his ccrput bag in the blue
room of the palace ,
St.oi.i ( /public.
Some of the sub-oommlttoes appointed to
canvass their respective liuos of trade for
subscriptions to the world's fair guarantee
fund seem to bo asleep. It is time to wake
up and got to work.
Tlie SoliiMiii ) oC Iho l > omocrut > ) .
Democrats of Ohio have no hope of oloct-
lug their governor , hut they are scheming to
elect a democratic legislature. That is the
plum they want. They will hardly llnd Ohio
republicans asleep In November.
In the account of the Hoods and landslides
in Jnpan the statement la made that n cor
respondent made his way laboriously
over the ruins of the towns of Nagatono-
inura , 'J'auisoniura , Uyoncikemura and Hay-
ashlinura , along the course of the rlvor
U'dtdiigawawoo. Ho did not have half so hard
n'ttino of it as the ninn will who reads this
paragraph out loud.
A Clmtnninn of ilin Sex.
ForMa ( TlmM-Unlnn.
"Don't let that howling idiot across the
Btrcot , " roars a southwestern contemporary ,
"dnro to insinuate that wo hold in other but
temlereat regard the sweet girls of the
Houtli. We have had several cramlmothors ,
ono dour mother and two stop-mothers ,
eight sisters , twenty-eight sweethearts and
throe wives , all native and to the manor
born. Don't lot that howling idiot accuse us
of disloyalty. "
With hy brown oyei she comes again
With hair a sunny Billion skein ,
As full of light as golden rod ;
Love In her voice , love In her nod.
Bho treads so softly no ono Knows
The time she comes , the time she goes.
The grass is brown , the loaves begin
Their gold and crimson dyea to win.
Kaoh crlcknt sings as loud as ton
To drown the noisy looust , when
You come , O maid , to bid us cry ,
To summer sweet a long gooil-by.
And when you go the loaves are gene ;
The ustur'sfarewell scent la down ;
Poor Cupid puts away his wings ,
And close to cozy corners clings ,
Tbo rude wind nshora with a shout.
The winter In , the autumn out.
There's sadness in her shy brpwn eyes ,
Though gnv her gowa with tawny dyes ;
Lava's in her voice , but tolling most
Of ono whoso loved , but loved and lost.
She treads BO softly no ono known ,
The time she cornea , tbo time she Koai-
THEY'RE ' OSH1IEHOR1ES SOW
Olmnffoa In DIxlo Slnoo the Dayo
Bofo' the Wall.
KING CORN ON COTTON'S THRONE
Scnncs of Vrogrcsn , Thrift ami Monty
Alontc tlio Nnshvlllo llontl An
and Ills Alon.
Tlio nixloor To-tiny.
CHATTANOOGA , Tonn. , Sept. IT.
Correspondence. ] I nm now convinced
beyond a doubt thnt tlio war Is ovor. The
butternut nnd gray have disappeared from
DIxlo Land. Homespun Jo.ins nro too ex
pensive for common pcoplo. The Inntorn-
jawed , lank ami hungry-looKlng patriot , with
loni ? hair , combed back behind his oars , hm
become a natural curiosity. Bcotoh BiiufC lane
no longer "dipped" by fashionable young In
dies , ns of yore.
The only reminders of olden times down
hero nro the hybrid mule and pro-
llfla darkey. Mules are almost every
ory whore , patiently plodding In the Hold ;
racing in front of the horse oar ,
or frisking nlonfr with n load of market
"truck. " Kvon the negro hns undergone n
change. Before the war I seldom mot a
negro , old or young , on a city street or coun
try road , who did not politely anluto with a
"Good mornln' , IIWBS.I. " Now , when a whlto
man moots n negro ho must got out of his
way if ho does not want to bo Jostled or run
over. Not that the frccdtnan Is moro -rude
or uncouth than was the slave , but because
ho Is no longer dcoen Jont nnd considers him
self hotter than n good many of the win to
race with whom ho comes In contact. The
change thnt has taken place ulnco the
war impressed itself upon mo at
every step. Plantations in middle Tennessee
which formerly were devoted to cotton cul
ture are now mostly given up to corn , which
has become the chief staple nil the way from
NashvllloMo the Tcnnoisco river. Only
hero nnd there small Uetds of cotton still remind -
mind us of the times when cotton was king.
Farming that was formerly carried on with
implements no oottor than these in vogue In
Mexico Is now conducted with the most I in
proved uiitchmory. High broil cattle may bo
seen on every hand , and the dilapidated
farm cabins with tbo traditional chimney
on the outside are few and far between. Vil
lages , towns n nil cities hnvo sprung up within
the last twenty years , -and the hum of indus
try may bo heard on every hand , The only
drawback to rapid growth and substantial
prosperity is the inferior ch < \ p labor
which keeps away the more skilled work
man. So long as the negro laborer is willing
to work tor a dollar a day the whlto laborer
must accept the same wngo or starve. 1 ho
law of demand nnd supply is inoxornblo. As
yet. there is no serious conflict between the
white and blnck In their struggle for sub
sistence , but there is no telling when the
time may coma.
In Nashville nnd Chattanooga , nnd all
along the road , whlto and blade laborers
were working side by side , and , us far as I
could learn , no discrimination on account of
color is innde in nny factory or workshop.
The house- servants are nil colored , but , to
tny burprlso , I find that Chinese laundryman -
dryman nro moro numerous hi the south
than in the west. The heathen Chinee
somehow manages to outstrip his female
competitor of African descent in
the competition for laundry work.
The Chinaman pays no attention to
the eight-hour law , nnd is not overburdened
with family cares.
The most surprising of all the chances
that hnvo como under my eye was that of
the Nashville & Cnuttanoogii railroad. When
I llrst struck that ro.id , In 1S.VJ , it was the
most wretched streak of rail I had ever be
held. The rails were of the ancient and ob-
bolcto U shape , laid on stringers , with very
little ballast and as shaky as n plank walk.
The branch from Wartraco to Sliolb.yville
was a primitive snake-road , flat hands of
Iron nailed down to stringers. Although the
trains on this branch ran only at the rate of
six miles an hour , passcncers were often dis
turbed by the iron bands polling up through
tbo car lloor. On the main line the highust
speed any engineer dared to attempt wus
twenty miles un hour.
When our train had fairly pulled out of the
Nashville depot , I seated myself near the
open door of the rear car , by the side of
John Thomas , the superintendent. I had
walked every foot of this road between
Ncshvlllo and Chattanooga in my searches
after brokou telegraph wires. I hud traveled
over the rend many times on the locomotive ,
passenger coach and freight caboose.
Now , 1 had u curiosity to see what the
road and the country through which it runs
looKcd like. Instead of the old rickety road
bed , with its tips and duwus , I found myself
it uii the moht perfectly ballasted roadway
iu America , without exception. The Penn
sylvania railroad scarcely equals it
in point of solidity and smooth
ness. The old U rail Had disappeared
and in its place was the very host of steel
rail of modern pattern with Hsh-tail joints.
The ramshackle station houses and wlieds
that formerly served as such had given way
to model stations that would grace the New
York Central. Many of these station-houses
nro handsome brick and stone buildings , sur-
ronr.dod by plolb of Hovver beds and shrub
bery. The culverts and hridgos , which for
merly were of doubtful safely , were all of
stone and iron and the equipment of tbo road
was better than that of nny road west of
Chicago. Wo were on an accommodation
train that stopped at all stations , and yet the
entire 151 miles from Nashville to
Chattanooga , including ns it does the heavy
grades through tlio CumuorUnd mountains
and the ntcup and tortuous windings of the
Tennessee river , were made In six hours and
a quarter. The run between stations , wont
of the way , was made ut u speed of forty
miles an hour.
The marvelous improvement In this road la
duo wholly to the indomitable energy of trie
present management. When asked bow this
state of perfection was brought about , Mr.
Thomas , who is a very plaiu and unassuming
young man , replied : "I have been working ut
this tiling for years , nnd I tnko groai pride in
keeping up the road in lirst-class style. 1
know every inch of this road , and almost
every cross-tie. I huvo run a locoinotlvo , reg
ular and special , nearly flvo yeurs , and then
I have buou connected with its active opera
tion in several departments , "
livery time wo passed a freight train n
gang of section hands or a station thoru was
always grouting between the muii and super
"Hollo , J Iml" Thomas would cry out. "
"Cihul to see you , John , " wan the ready
These cordial greetings between superin
tendent and the railroad men was u very
pleasing fuatuie , and In Htrlking contrast
with what I had euu on oilier roads , It ex
tended not alone to conductors , engineers
ami llreman , but to brnkumen , section bosses
and section hands. Thomas seemed to know
every man on the road , and every man not
only kuow him , hut scorned to like him ,
"J have never had any trouble with , our
mon , " said Thomas , "and don't expect ever
to havo. I take a personal interest in them.
If nnybouy has anything to com
plain til lie comes to mo. Wo keep
our men us long us they are able to work. U
any man , or But of men , shouli1 raise a hand
against mo , ttiero would bo a thousand men
ready to down hltn In less than no timo. "
Mills close communion between tliu super
intendent of u great road and his men forci
bly recalled the Hurliimton otriku , whore a
haughty manngoruausud the company fS.OOO , .
000 of loss , whun n man like Thomas would
have averted the trouble that cost many mon
their lives and throw hundreds oul of em
On wo wont through the fortllo hills and
valleys of Davidson nnd Hutherford counties.
The country round about looked charming
with its corn and tobacco Holds , meadow mid
ovorgreou forest with Its famous red codur.
Am ! hero we approach Htono river and the
battleground that t'avo Uosucrans his great
est victory. As the train passes the brldgo
Stone river acres upon ncros of nmnll
whlto hcnd-stonos Rrcct our vlow
In the National cemetery enclosed
by n stone wall. A shrill whistle
nnd vfo nro In Murfreosboro , whore I had
lived In the early summer of ISM. The old
fttnilon In which my ofllco was then located is
gene , and In Its plnco n Immlaomo stono-
trlmmctl brick , with commodious waiting
roonn , elegantly furnished with plush-seated
clmlrs and sofns. These rather superb
fixtures nre dnubtlc 8 n testimonial on the
part of tlio president of the rend to his old
friends and the town In which ho spent the
best part of hlsllfo.
Murfroeshoro has not chnngatl very m licit ,
If I could ] tidge ut the distance from the '
depot , Her most conspicuous building , the
court house , built in my time , nnd upon the
walls of whlcn I had scon negro slave girls
carrying the hod up a high ladder , was still
there In Iu old prandour.
On wo wont over the Cumberland rnngo
lo Tullnhornti and De-chord. It was pitch
dark wnon wo ronchod Anderson ,
"The next station Is Stevenson , " said I ,
stepping on the platform.
"Nol" shouted the braheman , "Bass' Sta
tion Is between hero ami HUsvonson. "
"Hint's n now station I" mild I.
"Not by u good dual , " was the reply. "U
has been hero over since Iho road was
"Hull know better , " mud I , "It was not
hero when I was on the road. "
"Woll , I have boon on the rend fifteen
years and LJass' station was here long before
"Well. " said I , "that's nothing. I was the
operator at Stevenson , on this road , thirty
years aco. "
"mon , " exclaimed a tall young man , who
stood on the platform , "your name must bo
"That's my name , Mr. "
" 1 reckoned It must bo. I heard my father
talk about you , and the controversy you had
with Jolt Davis ever the speech ho umdu
down at Stevenson , when the war broke out.
Father W.IB there utid ho hoard It , and said
you waft right"
Evidently this young man's father was
ono of tlio union mountaineers who look such
an active part ngalust secession at tno out
break of the war.
IJcforo I hud time to ask him another
question or oven his mime , the train pulled
out. , U. UOSBWATKIU
AS OTHERS SEE US.
"U'hon Ouuiliii Is NclirnHlcn.
A'cnrncjEnterttrite. / .
Omaha has boon seine time about It , but
has al last made up her mind to entertain tlio
South American delegates In booomlni ; stylo.
It is strange thnt the metropolis of Nebraska
should bo so slow to net upon a matter affect-
IUR her reputation for hospitality und enter
prise as this does. Omaha ought to fool that
she is not only Omaha , but Nebraska on such
occasions , she should ho the Jlrst to como
forward and do the handsome thing.
Too ! ' 'os-ll8.
Omaha is nil right and atypical city of true
western pluck und energy when she gets the
notion , but she scorns to fall Into a stuto of
lethargy oce.isiouall.v that takes a great deal
of duuble-lcaded newopaper talk to break.
This particular kind of hot shot Is now haing
lircd oft by the press of the city to organize
seine movement for the proper reception of
the foreign delegates to the International
congress. Omaha ROOIUS handlcapood by a
lot of old fossils who have survived a gener
ation entirely too slow for lha spirit of the
Konrin'y Sottiuir tlin I'aoo.
.St. Louts QM > R-Din unit.
Nebraska is not guncr.Uly regarded a a
cotton-growinir state , but such a large qf n-
tity of cotton hns boon raised In it t * At n
company is orectme a mill nt Kearney , In
ordnr that the profit * on the inaniifMHuro
may he kept within the state. The xojoct
will bo watched with inti'r3t by other states
hitherto regarded as shut out of the cotton
business by climatic influences.
This I'rioo il' iho I'cnnnnt.
TUB OMAHA HER trains a heavy odltorial
on base ball und lulls us tlmt.ttio game is
"now" regarded with fuvor by all classes.
Of course it glories in the success of the
Oinnhas. IJut wait until next year. If the
team doesn't koup up Its puce the howl that
will go up from Om ilia will bo hoard in Clu"-
cago. That is a serious objoctiou to winning
the pennant iu a minor league ,
Correspondent < \\Vro Too I'ruvlous.
C/ifrrtoo / iVeim.
Well , Judge Graft of Omaha , has boon ap
pointed commissioner of the general laud
ofllco , so the Washington correspondents
who said that ox-Congrotsmnn Thomas was
dead sure of thnt position will have to try at
least once moro to llnd something for that
fjoultoUle Com trr-Jouriial ,
I3lshop Newman must have pirtakon too
freely of Omaha refreshments before ho begun -
gun his remarks on Southern matters.
Sliowoil What Sim Could Do.
Giele Qtolie *
The Omaha exposition showed what
Omaha can do when she really wants to
spread herself. The fair looms ! up baildo
It like a fence post beside tlioHilTol tower.
, As an advertising suhcmu the thing was u
success. Any ono wanting unyttilncr from : i
cedar toothpick to a stuam cnirino , had
but to look through the various exhibits till
ho fouud the article of his heart's desire. Of
u verity the exp osltion exposed.
ON THE SIDE.
The unanimous sentiment regarding the
motor bridge line faro seems to bo about a
The oity authorities should crcalo n now
ofllco the holder of which will be known as
the royal keeper ot the pcanant. His duties
will bo to Icucp the dust off that interesting
trophy und exhibit it to distinguished
If the International congress could have
only soon the Ouinun nine play hall , our
reputation as the host western city would
have been fully established.
If the bridge motor line
Wants to do bomethlng line
'That gruatly its patrons will tickle ,
It should not refuse
To promptly reduce
It's ion-cent fare down to a nickel
The weather prognosticates who are now
vigorously predicting an unusually cold
winter nro supposed to bo In the employ
of coul dealers. A cold winter Is bad
cnoiib'li , hut to ho frightened with It several
months in advance of its coming is oven
U'hi ) Siimmor filrln.
Tiio'summur girls are Hocking homo
From Hoasido and from mountain ,
From uvenlng'a whisperludeii gloatn
And love song-tinkling fountain.
Their rounded cheeks arc wearing now
The red of summer roses ;
Their steps are light as zcphym blow ,
And graceful are their poses.
Can girls bo lovelier than thoaol
Can Ii0 | > o In such Ue.urts smolder !
Ah , time llleu o'ou for girls at ease
They are wedded not und oldor.
A Modern Adaptation.
Cliteaaa irilMut ,
Now let the prairie hen go weep ,
The snlpo ungallod play ,
For the game U safest when it's cheap.
So runs the world to aluy ,
People who call onu another liars often get
nurt for telling the ; .ruth.
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