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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1889)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE ? . SATURDAY , SEPTEMBER 7 , 1880 ,
_ B. BO3BWATBR , Biltor.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
IT.IIMS OF BU'USC'HTFTION.
Dully ( Morning Edition ) including SuniUy
Jlee , Ono Ycxr , . . . . 11000
TorSIx Montlm . . r i
i'or Tlirco Monthi . . . . . . . . " GO
The Omttha Sunday Ilfo , mulled to any
ndclrrg * . Ono Vcnr . 200
VTMitly llco , Ono Ycnr . . . . . ZW
Omaha Ofllcp , llco lIullcllnK. N. W , Corner
Boveiitofntlmiiu Kixrnnm Struct : ) .
Chicago Odlce , WT ! Kookcry IlulKllng.
New York Ofllco. ( looms H anil la Tribune
WniilfltiRton Odlco. No. BW Fourteenth Street.
Council Hums onico. No. 12 1'carl Street ,
Lincoln omco , 11E9 1'dticet.
All communications rolnlltiR to new * ami pell-
torlnl matter ntionUl bo nddrciised to IHo KMlot
of thollco ,
All bn lnei < s letters nnil remittances should
l > n mldromml to 'J lie llco Publishing Compnny ,
Onmlio. Drafts , checks ixmlpostomco oriicrs to
1)0 miiile payable to tliu onier ot thu company ,
The Bcc PnWisliinECiiiaiiy , Proprietors ,
OiBB llulldlnit Fnrnam and Seventeenth Streets.
Til K IMIIjV iilOK.
Kworn StiUPiiiunt of Circulation.
Etnto of Nebraska. I
County of DoiiKlas. JS8 <
Gcorgu B. Tzscliuck , secretary of The Ileo
Publishing Company , docs solsmuly nwour thtt
the itual circulation of TMK DAILY llms for
tlio week endlnt ; August ! ! ! . muvas as follows :
Runday. August Si . 1H.WO
Monday. AiiKiut 20 . lH.rkO
Tiie ilny. August 7. . " . . 1C.SIM
Wcdnc'dday. Atitfilitia. , , . lHr > 70
Thuradny , August" ! . . . . . . . . . lf.578
Krfday. Aimust.'ll I8.MII
Saturday , Aiigitstai 18/iTn
Average ' . 18.O12
oioit(3i3 : ( n. T/sciitJoic.
Eworn to before mu niulauDncrlbod to In my
presence thlw.'ilst day ot Ausimt. A. J ) . WJ.
tBcnl.l N. I' . 1'lil U Notary I'ubllo.
Etato of Nebraska , I
Is County ot Douglas , f' "
Oeorgo 11. ' 1'zschuck , being duly sworn , do-
Is- POHCH nnd snj'8 that ho is Hccretury of The Iteo
I'libllshlng company , that the actual average
dolly circulation of Tun DAH.V BKH for the
month of September. 1N-K , IMlil coplosrfor Oc
tober it . 1H.OM.copies ; for November , Ibus , lt . -
lira copies : for December. 18S > < . 18.SSI copies ; foi
January. 1MB , lr > 74 , cppiet ; for February. 18S9 ,
IH.Wfl copies ; for March , IfH ) . 18,851 copies ; for
April , IMU , 18.KU copies ; for Jlny , 18W , IH.tra
copies ; for .lime. ltrt ! > , ISiW , copies ; for July ,
3t.t , 18,7 8 copies ; for August , 1NJ' ) . IfWI coplrn.
duo. It. Ty. ciiucK.
Sworn to bolero mo niul subscribed In my
presence tills Hist day ot August , A. 1) . , 1K < 3.
[ SKAUl N. I' . TKIU Notnrv I'ublia.
TJIH Boston system of sub-postoflico
stations to bo inauifur.atutl in that ciiy
October 1 is a , now foiituro which niipht
work well in this city.
A ST. Louis ptipor publishes two col
umns of sketches of the East St. Louis ,
stock yards. These alleged stoci : yards
are a good deal of a reminiscence.
A COPY of I ho Omaha Uopubhcnn has
boon deposited in the corner stone of
the Adams county court house along
with other curios of undent times.
OMAHA is , pretty well provided with
street railway facilities , but ( luring
Merchants' week it has boon utterly
impossible to accommodate the traffic.
* CHICAGO pork packers disclaim any
relationship with the Soutli Omaha
plants. Tlicee mammoth establishments
have cut loose from Chicago' ? upron
strings long ago.
TIIK pyrotechnic display at the court
liou&o was one of the , finest over given
in tills city. The 'cornmittoo of Mor-
chants' wool ; in charge of this feature
ilofcorvos special mention.
PRESIDENT UAUKISON will not throw
the Sioux reservation open for settle
ment until spring. That is a point ,
however , which the people of South
Dakota can't got through their heads.
IT CUTS pretty deep when nooplo ex
tend hospitality and are snubbed. The
men of South Omaha who arranged for
an excursion from this city Thursday
should not have been ignored. Some
one has blundered and an apology is in
IFYK cannot begin work on the
union depot this year , by all moans lot
us. make a lioginning with the Tenth
jBtroot viaduct. That railroad crossing
Is becoming more dangerous every day ,
and the only wonder is that people are
not killed there by the score.
TUB sermon by Rev. T. DeWJttTal-
mage which the syndicate papers pub
lished with an Omnlm date was never
delivered. When thnt eminent and
discerning divine took rv look over the
city ho saw that his intended remarks
couldn't possibly apply. The text was :
"Thou art weighed in the balances and
found wanting. "
Is , . THK government forts scorn to bo t.ho
pickets of civilization in thia country.
The recent withdrawal ' of the gar
risons at Fort Luram'io , Wyoming ; Fort
Lyon , Colorado , anil Fort Hayes , ICun-
: Ba8 , is significant in this regard. There
is no further necessity for thoin. It
will only ho a short time before the
lardy post trader will lind his occupa
OMAHA has become a prominent car
riage and wagon center. The number
of firms engaged either in the manu
facture or in the wholesale trade lias
materially increased within the past
two years. The business has gradually
developed into one of the leading in
dustries of the city , supplying not alonn
Iho state , but Dakota , Wyoming and
the territories west.
K working people < ; f Canada have
Juet pauicd utrong resolutions in their
convention at Toronto condemning the
poljoy of the dominion and provincial
governments in granting subsidies of
any kind to rnilroiula , steamship , or any
other corporations. This is the mut
tering before the storm. With lavish
largesses Canada liaa created a number
of powerful monopolies , working hand
In glove with the party in power and
corrupting the political morals of the
country. A great debt has boon piled
up in consequence , and 'obligations
have boon assumed which are sapping
the life blood out of the people. It wore
well if the lobbyists on this side ot the
St. Lawrence would take heed of the
gathering clouds in Canada and desist
from an attempt to compromise con
gress in any scheme for subsidizing
American steamship lines. The people
? t this country have hud their lingers
burned by the Pauiflo railroad subsidies
once , and they are not loollsh enough to
play with flro again , especially with
Canada's plight before their eyev.
To-day hrlngs to a. close the first caro-
fully-plattnod Merchants' week in
Omaha , and orory merchant is risking
himself and his neighbors whether the
result has been satisfactory. Undoubt
edly the very goiiornl answer Is in the
nfllrmaUve. A tow rnay not have fully
realized their expectations , but there
is reason to believe that the largo ma
jority hnvo more than done BO. On the
whole the week has been most
auspicious in the matter of
weather. The rain of Wednesday ,
which WJIB so generally regretted , was
roiilly not without benefit. It enabled
Ihe visiting merchants to pnbs the day
in the Jobbing houses ) and most of these
wore crowded while the rain lasted , all
of them selling more or loss goods.
Thua the unwelcome rainfall served to
greatly promote the prime purpose of
Merchants' week , that of bringing the
business men of Omaha and of the
Interior into socinl relations , while
many houses sold as largely us they
would have done had their traveling
men been in the Hold. Tlio inspection
of The business houses by the country
mcrchants'must also have made a favor
able impression us to their extent and
facilities , which will ho of great benefit
to the city. Among the merchants who
came hero this week a Considerable
number hod not been in Omaha for
years , and while they had heard of the
city's great progress and prosperity ,
only by personal observation could they
obtain tin adequate knowledge of how
extensive and important iv commercial
center it is. Even those who arc in the
habit of makingnifnual visits to the city
found the evidences of continued pro
gress and u steadily expanding pros
perity. Those merchants will return to
their homes with n higher and far more
intelligent idea than they have over
before had of Omaha as n metropolis' ,
and inevitably they will hereafter feel
a larger interest in this city and will
naturally enlarge their business rela
tions with it.
The magnificent trades display
was n revelation to many citizens of
Omaha , and how much greater must
have been the impression made upon
the minds of visitors ) . It was a common
expression of these that they could not
huvo believed it possible for Omaha to
present such n great and varied pageant.
Whatever faults or shortcomings there
wore in some of the details of the
week's programme , they were lost sight
of in the splendid results of the chief
features , which were worthy of
nn.y city of the si/o of Omaha
in the country ,
It can bo said without the slightest
qualification that the first proporly-or-
ganizcd Merchants' week in Omaha
was iv great success , warranting its rep
etition next year on an oven more ex
tensive scale , Tlio idea is not of local
origin , but it has been carried out Herewith
with far more satisfactory results than
in Boston , whore it originated. That
what has been done may in sonic
respects bo improved upon will
be admitted , and doubtless Mer
chants' week next * year will
bo more elaborate in its attractions
than that which closes to-day , and will
draw a greater number of people to the
city. The merits of the plan being
most amply demonstrated , it will un
doubtedly become a regular annual fea
ture , and it may in time bo found expe
dient to have a Merchants' week twice a
year. At any rate a most excellent be
ginning has been made , and the mer
chants of Omaha are to bo heartily con
gratulated upon the splendid result.
THE CAltPAIGNS WEST AND SOUTH.
It is reported from Washington th.nt
the national republican committee has
decided to give its attention chiefly to
the elections in the south , leaving the
campaigns in the now states to bo man
aged by the local politicians. Tlio idea
is that the new states being reasonably
sure for the republicans , and the repub
lican managers there being men of po-
IJtical experience , there is no necessity
for the national committed giving spe
cial attention to the campaigns
in those states , while it is do-
slrablo that it shall give such
attention to the elections in the south ,
and particularly to the Virginia elec
tion. The committee will supply all
the political literature that may bo re
quired in the now states , but its work
will bo done in the south , with especial
reference to Virginia.
Perhaps this is'a judicious arrange
ment. So far as 'tho Dakotns and
Washington are concerned , nobody
questions that they will bo carried by
the republicans ; but the result in
Montana is not so well-assured , and
it would BO em desirable that
the national committee give some
thing nroro than u perfunctory atten
tion to this stale. The indications are
that the situation there has become
moro favorable for the republicans , and
is steadily improving. There arc fewer
evidences of disaffection than were
present a few months ago , and appear
ances are that the republicans hnvo
closed up their ranks and will present a
solid front to their opponents , if such
is the case there need bo no doubt
about.tho roBtilt in Montana. The repub
licans will elect their ontirn state and
congressional tickolsand control tholo'-
islaturo , so as to send republicans to the
United States sunalo. Rut it is not wise
togivo too much importance to appear
ances , and it will bo well for the national
committee to give all the aid it can to
the republicans of Montana ,
/\s / to tlio proposed work of the com
mittee in the south , while it is neces
sary and desirable that republican effort
in that section shall bo maintained , the
promise of results , IB far from llattoring.
There is believed , in well-informed
republican circles , to bo a fair chance
of defeating the democracy in Vir
ginia , but an intelligent analysis of the
situation will not show Unit the grounds
of this belief are of the most substantial
character. The settlement of the fac
tional quarrels In the republican party
of Virginia doubtless improved its
chances , but the nomination of Mahono
unquestionably lias driven a consider
able number of voters a way from the
party , and it cannot bo confidently as
serted that it has attracted an equal
number. The republicans of Virginia ,
in order to be successful , must
not lose u vote , and they
must have every vote that la
cast counted , It is certain they hnvo
lost voles , and It is highly probable ,
with all the election machinery in the
hands of the opposition , that they will
not bo nblo to secure a fair count. The
hope of the republicans carrying Vir
ginia is consequently a forlorn hope.
With regard toother elections in the
south the work of the national commit
tee will be fruitless as to Immediate
results , whatever ultimata good may
come from it. Everything goosto show
thnt the southern mlntl has never boon
less susceptible than now to republican
teaching. The Atlanta Con tittiton ! un
questionably voices the very general
sentiment In thnt section when it says
that the race issue overshadows all
others , and thnt so long as it remains
neither the tariff nor any other ques
tion will disturb 'the solidity ot Iho
AT a mooting of the northern Illinois
minors' committee and operators * dole-
gales a compromise was agreed upon
which virtually brings to a close the
protracted strike. The minors are to
receive Hovonty-two and a half cents
per ton for mining , a reduction of seven
and one half cents from that demanded.
They are , however , to receive conces
sions from the operators which will in
a measure compensate them for the
dilToronco. While ills to bo deplored
that n more satisfactory settlement
could not have boon inmlo , it xvas on the
whole best to reach a compromise on the
terms proposed. The condition of the
miners of northern Illinois is certainly
one that calls for sympathy. Under
the most favorable terms they
tire able to earn only a mere pittance ,
and it was for the purpose of bettering
their condition that'.tho great labor
strike was begun. They passed through
the ordeal in the face privation and
hardship. For nearly six months they
lauketl the necessaries of life , and wore
forced to depend on charity to ward olt
absolute want. In spitnof their distress
thos6 minors hold out bravely , display
ing a heroism in keeping the peace and
refraining from violence that reflects
credit on their manhood.
THE bare announcement thnt Flor
ence Maybrick has been removed from
the infirmary in the Working prison ,
and now occupies a solitary cell can
convey no idea of the terrible punish
ment to which this unfortunate woman
will now bo subjected. For nine long
months she will bo shut up in solitary
confinement , where her only occupation
will.be stripping oakum and her com
panionship her own thoughts. England
docs not temper her punishment with
mercy. Consigned to this living tomb ,
nothing but madness stares in the face
of the unhappy creature. Should she
survive the terrible ordeal , she will
pass the remainder of her days
at hard labor with * hundreds
of other women condemned to a condi
tion of hopeless despair and servitude
worse than death. There is little pros-
p'oct that Florence Maybrick will over
bo pardoned. Englishmen have too
much reverence for the laws and cus
toms of their country to" sot them aside
for mercy's sake. The agitation for her
pardon has already ceased , and her
name and crime will soon be forgotten
by the world as she will drag her miser
able existence to an end within the
gray walls of Working pri&on.
THE report that there was a confer
ence of southern republicans in Wash
ington a few days ago for the purpose of
inaugurating a movement in favor of
General Algor as n presidential candi
date in 1892 , is one that gentleman
should promptly repudiate so far as it
identities him as a party to the confer
ence. General .tilger could make no
greater political mistake than to appear
to countenance any movement of this
character at the present tune. It would
certainly destroy any chance ho might
have of being a presidential candidate
throe ye.irs hence. Ills selection to bo
coinmandor-in-cluef of the Grand Army
of the Republic was universally regarded
as a merited recognition of Ins line
military record , but it gave him no ad
ditional political claim , and ho should
be the first to condemn any effort on the
part of his friends to use it politically ,
Wo do not give much credence to the
report , since it comes from n democratic
source , but regardless of Us origin Gen
eral Algor should sol at rest any sug
gestion that ho looks with favor upon
present plotilngs in his political inter
est , the effect of which may bo to pro
duce disaffection in the republican
SAN FitANCisco has dealt summarily
with a jury briber and u bribed jury
man by sending them both to the pen
itentiary for a number of years. Tain-
poring with juries had become so fin-
grant in tha * . city that the administra
tion of justice degenerated into a mere
farce , The lesson will not bo lost from
now on , as the judges hava had their
eyes opened to the ovil. They are de
termined , to destroy it root and branch
before it vitiates the vourlu themselves ,
and drives an outraged ncoplo to talco
the law into their own hands.
Quit double jointed eolompornry de
clares that there are millions of dollars
worth of suburban travel for the Bolt
line going to waste on account of lack
of trains. If .lay Gould or any of his
people baw a million dollars in sight for
their road they would immediately proceed -
coed to gobble it. '
OTlIKlt LANDS THAK OURS ,
The great London strike appears to bo
ncariiifr ttio end. Several of tlio conipnnlos
having cancelled tlio demands of tbo moil ,
more muy bo expected to speedily follow ,
and once the movement in this direction m
fairly started the conclusion of this reimirlc-
able labor demonstration will bo soon
rotichod. The whole difficulty rests in an
excess of laborers on tlio London docks.
Tboro is not work enough to give steady cm-
ploymoiit to moro than two-thirds of the
offerers at uny time , ami the consequence U
that out fuw have employment from year's
end to year's cud , Tlio excess is compelled
to pick up un hour's work hero and there ,
uml at roKUlar prices per hour these pick-ups
cannot earn n decent living. The strluo
uro o In the ranks of the pick-ups , and In
time the regulars made- common cuuso with
the strikers ns was natural , From this
beginning the distemper spread to other
trades and vacations , but the stnko cuuuot
bo regarded strictly co-operative up to till *
tlmo. But icqppernlion Is possible , nnil
wltn the wbola body of workers reduced to
Idleness London will not bo n pleasant
place ot sojourn. The strikers hnvo not no
fur rosortooV'to ' opou violence , out violent
demonstrations ( will bocoino imminent In
case the strllto tv n co operative proper
tions. As the UUteni | or roots hi the unequal
distribution , of / laborers , the attention of
British slntosmun must bo directed to meas
ures of redistribution. That under proper
laws work coultl bo found for every willing
hand scotns to un evident. England lias n
vast nron of uncultivated land at homo nnd iv
.vet greater nroa In Its colonial possessions ,
Wcro the uncultivated lands In England re
leased from their present holdings nnd con
verted Into small farms purchasable at fair
prices , no doubt the gravitation of workless
persons toward the Rroat cities would bo
cnccttod. Wcro' the colonial lauds distrib
utable under such a homestead act as ours ,
thousands would RO t3 the colonies nnd farm
their own ncrts. But thli remedy would
only apply to tlio future. Present mischief
is probably bayond repair. A largo body of
London laborers cDulil not bo Induced to on-
gnco In agricultural pursuits , nncl would If
Induced bo worthless. But other thousands
not yet demoralized by London Ufa might bo
saved from that futo. This remedy Involves
such a radical departure that It may bo re
garded wholly problematical , and probably
Impracticable during Iho present century.
The Independent attitude recently as
sumed by the Swiss government with rofor-
cnro to the complaint of Germany as to the
encouragement of socialists 1ms directed un
wonted attention to the little republic. The
chief feature ot Swiss government Is to bn
found In Its division Into cantons nnd com
munes , which may bo said to represent
spectively our state and county governments.
The restrictions that are placed upon the
federal authority nro deporvhn ? of study.
While the federal government Is in theory
supposed to bo absolute within Its own do
main , it has not the power to enforce its de
crees upon an objecting canton , although the
latter mny generally bo brought to terms by
the threat of occupying It with the military
forces of another canton. Besides , every
law adopted by the national assembly or the
national council has to bo referred to the
people for nuproval or rejection. Indued , to
such an extent does this Idea of the sovereignty
eignty of the people enter Into the
governmental system . that any citi
zen , whether simple voter or representative ,
has a right to submit n law to the national
assembly and to demand that it shall bo
acted upon. Strangely enough this right Is
seldom assorted , although one shudders to
think what would bo the result If each voter
should decide to Iry his ' "prentice hand" nt
law-makinsr. Although the reference of all
laws to the vote of the Dooplo might nat
urally be supposed to lesson the influence of
the national assembly , yet it-has oeeu found
to uct ns a wholesome check on the radical
majority In thotassembly. . Another effect Is
to do away \rlthr any such thing as party
government. "No matter what the result of
the appeal to the people might be , the mem
bers of the government spr vo out their term.
The heads ot departments are not interfered
with by clectfbnk , and subordinate onicers
generally retold Ihelr places In splto of n
change of government. The salaries for the
higher ofllceslibwovcr / , are low , and not
every one can nrford to fill them. Taken al
together , the dys'tem of government appears
to bo etnlneriUJ' conservative , the Intense
patriotism of the' people being a factor In
preserving thVconernl euulltbriuui.
The statement that Germany is endeavor
ing to stnke..fliun | alliance with Portugal is
uaritly to bo accepted without qualification ;
for 'although Pflnco Bismarck is devoting
himself ] ust now to that kind of statecraft ,
and Portugaljrnight furnish him with a few
war vesslcs in case of need , yet the Portu
guese are not likely to enter Into engage
ments relating'to the European balance of
power , where the Iberian peninsula Is not
Immediately concerned. There is one mat
ter , however , which Germany uud Portugal
hnvo in common , or rather in competition ,
that might well bo made the subject of
treaty ; and , possibly , out of that the rumor
of alliance arises. Both on the cast and
west coast of Africa , south of the equator ,
the colonial possessions of the two countries
adjoin , and to some extent their claims to
sovereignty conflict , so that they ought to bo
settled by positive agreement. England is a
a third party in the territorial conflict ; and
there was a report recently that in the Dol-
ngoa bay railwaycontroversy the Germans
wcro backing up the Portuguese against the
Uritlsb , with a view to circumscribing the
African power of the latter. No doubt there
was an opportunity for a diplomatic trade of
some sort in thnt business , but It has already
been peaceably concluded , ami In view
of Priuco Bismarck's utterances about the
Emln Pasha expedition , it is doubtful
whether ho would have over antagonized
England for Portugal's sake.
In the countries of western Europe , where
forestry has been studied for ugos mid the
perils.of deforestation are recognized by nil
enlightened men , there nrn stringent regula
tions that prevent the destruction that with
us wastes at noonday uu restrained. The
overthrow of a tree on the side of n moun
tain In Switzerland Is regarded us a crime
equal to setting lira to a house. There must
bo intelligent authorization before the benefi
cent growth of many years , and often cen
turies , can bo stricken down ; anil while the
woodman under pains nnd penalties spares
the tree , the peasants cultivate shrubbery to
pro vent depressions from becoming ravines ,
and protect their strips of fertile land along
the rlvom from behiir overwhelmed by the
wash that otherwise would frco uvalanchoj
of loosened stones from the mountain sides.
Ona traveling through Germany , not already
Informed , Is astonished nt the extent of the
forests , the endless array of trees by the
roadsides , the systematic cultivation of
shrubbery , oftdn groves of lovely willows by
the streams , und'tho ' growth of grasses where
there Is u liablltt.v'of ' loss of the soil , and the
careful plowing that is done so that the rain
may not. scrape off the rich earth from the
hillsides. Tlto' ' u'ino Instructive observations
muy bo made , tnough hardly to us great un
extent , in Frauuo. ) In England the preserva
tion of tlinbcr'iBit ' matter of priilo as well as
of profit. Ono docs not there see great areas
of country entli v denuded of trees , They
dot the landscape on * every side , and are
cherished us mascots. Ono of the sorrows of
Spain and of IfaJi'jis that they huvo boon so
largely deprlvudiof trees , and the once fruit
ful lauds of thotw famous peninsulas im
poverished ueeoixJingly ,
,1 * *
The armed torcesof Jupjn consist of a
standing army'of &PVS5S men enlisted for
three years ; u.standing army reserve of 1)1- )
400 , four years ; and a reserve , liable to ser
vice , of 33,975 , or u total ot 170,835 that could
bo Instantly summoned to arms at the lirst
outbreak of hostilities. This would still
leave tlio inunpuso reserve of all those not In
arms between the .ages of seventeen and
forty , numbering not loss than 4,000,000 , able
bodiea men. The Japanese soldier Is sober ,
frugal and industrious , robust uud muscular ,
capable of great physical exertion , and , a
member of ono of the bravest races In the
east , 1ms moro than the ordinary degree of
courage and self-reliance. Holug thoroughly
disciplined thu Japanese will prove a valua
ble ally or n formidable foe , as occasion may
warrant. As much can not bo bald for the
Chinese , whoso military vlrtuo lies chiefly
in force of numbers. Little has been
done for the army In u scientific- way , aud ,
thoujh they maintain n pence footing of
600,000 men nnd could throw 1,030,000 Into
tlio field on short notlos , the Chlnoso nro
much loss'n military problem than nro the
Japanese. So Indifferent are the Chinese to
military interests that the foreign onicers
who wore put In charge of the military
school nro leaving , ono by ono , In sheer dis
gust. With energy anil ontorprlso equal lo
those of Japan , China , with her vast popula
tion of 401,180,000 , could put hcrsolf In readi
ness to neutralist ) nny attempt , on the part of
European powers to gain supremacy In the
far cast. But ns It Is the Chinese hordes
would bo before the Russian forces what
chaff Is before the wind. Nevertheless , the
Chinese nro lighters If wisely led , and though
the empire Is moving slowly In the matter , It
Is undoubtedly on n military footing much
superior to its condition ion years ngo. The
Asiatics may yet have something very em-
ptmtlo to say asto the encroachments ot Hus-
sia nnd England.
The grain producing lands of Russia nro In
two divisions or zones. Thu black lands
70110 , the garden spoi of Uussla , extends
right across Iho kingdom from Poland far
Into the province of Siborla. They are lands
fertile ns the doltix of the Nllo or the bends
.of the Mississippi , absolutely devoid of stone
nnd needing no manure or fertilizer of nny
description. Ycnr after year enormous crops
nro rnlscd , yet only one-tenth Is cultivated.
The other division , the arable steppes 7.0110 ,
conforms la its general direction to the black
lauds , but hero fertilizers or manures hnvo
beneficial results. It resembles our western
prairies , having no forests. The black lands
rover some 190,000 nnd the arable stcpocs
200,000 square miles , giving n grain produc
ing territory of some 450,000 square miles.
From the products of these lands there wcro
cxpectcdin ISSli 41,045,000 bushels ; in 1887 ,
Cal7r.,000 . bushels , and In 18S3 , 70.5r > ,000
bushels of wheat ; nnd yet in ono division
nlono nine-tenths of the soil lay unttllcd nnd
unproductive. With such figures ns these
before us It becomes of the utmost Importance -
portanco to Ulscovcr the cause of the re
stricted cultivation , and , If remediable , how
long it mny be before such stops nro taken
as will bring out fuller results.
Over two billion cigarettes wore smoked In
this country lust year. And yet people won
der nt crime.
Our lEcJuvcnutciI Navy.
naltlmnre luifr/caii. /
Our now navy is rapidly achieving the posi
tion that Is demanded by the greatness of
the country It represents.
lu spite of the enormously high prices of
groceries In Paris , Sarah Bcriihardt man
ages to keep house on ? 500 a day.
Thu Saving Iliiln.
Nature has the besCfiro department of all.
When all of the arts of man proved unavail
ing snow and rain qucnciied the Montana
Protection for Actors ,
ir < u/ini0 / ( < m Critic.
There is a demand among theatrical people
for "protection for American actors. " How
would an esg-intcrcenting screen nt the front
of the stage do ?
Omaha Can Sympathize.
St. Louis HejmliKs ,
The opening of the Exposition ana the
equinoctial storm tire a kind of combination
which the people ot. St. Louis regard as a
' 'demnltlon moist grind. "
A Scnsonnlilu Appliance.
The arrest of Wisconsin's accomplished
train robber should not deter the railroad
companies of that state from supplying
each scat In their parlor cars with a slot
where : i frightened passenger can drop in a
nickel unii get a revolver.
THE INDUSTUlALi FltiLiD.
There is an increasing demand for steel
pipe because of its durability and strength.
Chicago inventors have constructed a coal
mining machine to be operated by electricity.
A company has boon formed at Dundas ,
Wis. , to manufacture shoes from wood pulp.
About ono million tons of anthracite coal
was used the first six months of the current
year in the production of pig-iron.
The cotton mills of the south consumed In
the manufacture of cotton goods last year
483,373 bales of cotton. This year will show
an Increase. '
There has been r. marked decrease in the
importations of iron and steel during the
current year , owing to the low prices of the
American products in that line.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology
has graduated nearly COO students during
twcntyyears ; more than 3,000 have taken a
partial course during that period.
The New Paragon OH company has dis
covered u cheap mid simple process for ex
tracting sulphur from coal oilthereby greatly
enhancing its value for Illuminating pur
Of the 35.000 tons of wlro fencing annually
imported Into the Argentine Republic it is
said that Belgium furnishes half , Great
Britain about a quarter and Franco somewhat
Tim slate industry of California is assum
ing largo proportions , giving employment to
hundreds of men. The California Slate com
pany owns a veritable mountain of the best
quality for working.
The full capacity of nil the steam engines
In actual use in Massachusetts , as shown by
the census of 18S5 , was 805,577 horse-power.
Two-thirds of the motive power of that state
is by steam , uud one-third by water.
American exhibitors at the Paris exposi
tion note frcqont evidences of the talent for
Imitation possessed by European manufac
turers of machinery and farm Implements.
They are bettor copyists than investors ,
There Is un Incoaslng demand for heavier
steel rails than were laid In former years.
Instead of rails weighing llft.y-slx to sixty
pounds to the yard , many of the orders
this year uro for sixty-live , seventy ana
Now manufacturing enterprises to the
number of 2,015 were organized in the uouth
during the first six months of this year , ro | > -
resontlng a capital of $103U'AOOO , as against
2,0-23 now enterprises , Investlnir ? 8lt&03KX )
durintr the corresponding period in 1838.
11 ITS AMI flUH SIS 8.
Society leaders were shocked because our
guests , the commercial travelers , occupied
boxes In the Boyd arrayed In parade dross
coatless and without gloves I When the av
erage drummer sets about taking In tlio town ,
ho has little tlmo for the foibles of fashion ,
it is only once In u year , you know.
Omaha Is truly an attractive placo. People
ple from all over the union flock here to in
hale the invigorating nnd health-giving at
mosphere ; miatnated sufferers come hero to
sccuro u dissolution of copartnership after a
year's ' residence , while love-sick maidens
laugh at locksmiths and muko Omaha their
Thursday was a great day In Omaha , but
the kicker was with us. Every man wanted
a front place In the procession and thought
his float entitled lo it. Ho may conso'e ' him
self that sometime sotnutimo "the last
shall bo llrst , and thu first shall he last. "
THE STATE FAIR OPENING ,
Aotlvo Prounrntlona For the Big
M'PHEELY SPEAKS FOR HIMSELF.
A. Lively Flulit Anticipated In the
Second District Tonoy Her-
rlriRtnn llotimm Cnrtl-
tnl City Notes.
LINCOLN BuunAU OFTIIR O\Ufti Hsu ,
1028 P SrnRBT ,
LINCOLN , Sept. 0.
Energetic activity w.is everywhere maul-
footed on the state fair grounds to-dny.
Early this morning the secretary's ofllco was
moved out nnd the little building WAS soon
thronged with ofllclals and exhibitors , who
wore mifkluir their entries , Hcd badges ,
yellow badges , white badges nnd badges of
moat every color , anil representing almost
every degree , were to bo scon mounted upon
men who were flying hither and thither , nt-
tending to autios thnt scamod Imperative- .
'Tho nobby press bail go was to ho neon on
many n poncll shovor. It Is called n ,
"souvenir , " and consists of u whlto ribbon ,
with red letters , on which Is mounted u
small ear of corn.
The work of to-dny consisted of unloading
from the cars , carting to the grounds and
putting the exhibits In tholr places. A large
force of men were on the ground , but there
were no idlers nnd very few alght-nccrs.
After leaving the secretary's onico
the first thing to attract attention
was agricultural hall. Heretofore this
hull bus been mainly filled up
with tlio products of Individual exhibitors.
This year all Is changed. There are no Indi
vidual exhibits , and the hall nnd several
other ouUldo places are tilled with the
exhibits of various county agricultural socie
ties. This department Is under control of A.
.T. Loach , of O.iUdalc , and there are thrco di
1. To the county agricultural societies
exhibiting In the nnmo of the society thobcst
display of agricultural products of any nnd
all hinds. First premium , $ .103 ; second pro-
uiluin , $250 ; third premium , $200 ; fourth
premium , Slot ) ; fifth premium , ? 1IW. The in
dividuals contributing to the several county
exhibits are permitted to outer their pro
ducts In nny other class or lot for the minor
ajForlho best display of agricultural ,
farm and garden products of nny and nil
kinds , by uny county agricultural society ,
champion silver medal. For best display of
horses , cattle , hogs , sheep nnd poultry by
any county agricultural society , champion sil
ver medal. Lancaster county is barred from
the competition for the reason the fair is
located therein. All exhibits must have been
grown and owned In Nebraska , nnd In the
county making the exhibit. The stock must
bo owned and have been in the county
exhibiting at least thirty days before Sep
tember 0. Green fruits nro not considered
us a factor In the competition.
I ) . In case any Improvised exhibits are de
sired to uo made , appropriately belonging in
this class , they can bo made In this lot and
will bo treated In accordance with merit.
The following couutics have made entries
in this department :
Saunders , Antolopc , York , Box Butte ,
Lincoln , Furnas , Perkins , Hnyos , Frontier ,
Dawes , Lancaster , Douglas , Outnliig. Dundy ,
Custer , Thomas , Howard , Chase , Banner ,
Thayer , Kearney and Kimball.
The following county exhibits were on
hand yesterday nnd being put In position :
Camlinr , by W. B. Artmers ; Saunders , by
Samuel Woolloy ; Chase , by Heed & Hriun-
ord ; Custer , by W. H. Cramer.
In Agricultural hall the county displays
will bo arranged as follows :
Coster on the south side of the cast wing ;
York nnd Frontier , north side of east wing ;
Dundy , northeast anglo ; Lancaster and
Thomas , east side of north wing ; Antelope
nnd Washington , west eido of north wing ;
Perkins , northwest angle ; state farm and
Cutning county , north side of west wing ;
Douglas , south side of west wing ; Hayes ,
southwest angle ; Thaycr and bauuders ,
west side of south wing ; Kearney and
Hitchcock , oastsidoot soutn wing ; Chase ,
In horticultural hall there was but litito
doing. A few apples , griipos and other
fruits were being placed in position , but the
main exhibits had neb yet arrived.
Among the wagon , carriage nnd implement
displays all was hurry , business and bustle.
The following firms nnd companies were on
The Lawrence Implement company , repre
sented dy Ed C. Lawrence ; Patten Plow
company , by T. M. D. Harvey ; W. J. Cooper
& Uolo Bros. , pumps , by W. J. Cooper ;
Western Implement company , W. D. Welch
and Billy Dorgan ; The Olds Wnuon com
pany , by F. P. Lawrence ; Denn & Horton ,
pumps , by H. H. I Jean ; Lewis Hardware arid
Implement company , by Lewis liros. ; the
Porkina Wind mill ; Humphrey Bros. , wag
ons nnd implements ; John Doolittlo , wacons.
buggies and implements ; David Brudloy &
Co. , implements , by J. W. Park ; Walllug-
ford & Shiimi ) , wagons , buggies and imple
ments : Uuthrio & Co. , buggies and waeons ;
Keystone Manufacturing company , by C. E.
Heed and W. B. Mnch ; Llningor , Metcalf
company , wagons , buggies and implements ,
by E. M. Collins , Milton Hill , Charles
Bocnn ; Sandwich Manufacturing company ,
by W. W. .fpncs ; Sterling Manufacturing
conumny , by F. A. Blxby. This company
offers u special premium of a ? T U feed
mill for the best twenty cars of corn.
Piano Manufacturing company by 13. L.
Dean ; William Dfiaring harvesters by C. W.
Keith ; Waltur A. Wood harvoitors by F. S.
Slaughter ; McCormlelc harvesters by U.
Buiford ; Enterprise Manufacturing com
pany by W. P. Cole ; Challenge Manufactur
ing company by J. 1. Orundy ; Duplex wlna-
mlllbyT. .f , Crawford ; Monitor windmill
by Searls Bros. ; Mollne , Mllburn-Stoddard
company by J. C. Whlto ; Gold Coin stoves by
Frame E. Lahr ; The J. I , Case thresher and
traction engines ; The Goar-Scott & Co.
thresher and tructlori engines ; WcHtlnghouso
thresher and engines ; New Musxillion
thresher and traction engines ; The Ottawa
Considerable activity was manifested in
art hull , where H. U. Mlssley & Co. were
putting up u custlo hall and Hoargrnvcs Bros ,
u mimilturo Eiffel tower. H. C. Elliott. Mil.
lor & Paine , KeminoriB , outfitters to mankind ,
the Esty Organ company , Elite Studio ,
Schelllug Bros. , Nebraska Mantle uud Cabi
net works. Max Meyer & Co. , Hardy &
Pitcher , Hudd & Morru and otnur.s wuro ar
Frank Cochrano u-iu putting his cabinet of
minerals In shape. II , II. Bagg , Mnbol Mer
rill , Ida L. Bennett nnitTranholm were put.
ting up their paintings , pastels and criiyon
works , and Mrs. J. H. Alton ! was arranging
to exhibit Borne very lusty art work.
la the city the oarpuntora arc at , wurk put
ting up the towers and the arches that are
to be covered with bunting aim historical
paintings , and flags were flying from many
of the business houses to announce the foot
that the state fair was open.
Mills evening u meeting was field at the
council chamber to soil stock In the associa
tion. Much encouragement has been re
ceived and the people are greatly elated
THO weather Is lino.
Second District Politics.
Hon. J. L. MoPhcely , of Mlndon , Kearney
county , mentioned as a candidate for congress
Mcpotuct , III. ,
lluyW , IEM.
My mufu cmiicht
cold ; result : swelled
llml'i ; lump between
foru li-K > H'"l luBota *
witli tit , Jacob * Oil.
Wlntboro , Tex. ,
June JO , 18E8.
if j burtu trail hurt
i i * onhlndltu ! tuffcrcd
lOmonthij wei cured brBU Jacobs Oil ; cur *
tuu remained peruaucuU W. J. CUNK ,
from tlio Second congressional district , left
for homo Unlay , nftor casting nb4out with
/Hands nnd prominent stnto politic ans n day
or two in the Capital clt.v.
While hero ho culled nt Tun linn hcml-
quarters nnd spent n very pleasant social
hour. HcplyliiR to the question , "What nro
your chnncos for conprossl" ho saldt
"I'm n possibility , nnd 1 c.in't make nny
reply to your queMlon much stronger. As I
oo the fight. It is n free-for-all , with the
chances evenly divided. I do not llilnl ; thnt
nny of the oimlldatus : have u walk-away , nut
I concede with llnrlan nnd others thnt Laws
has inn strongest personal following , "
"What's hl- < strength in the lli-publlcan
It will bo divl Jed considerably moro than
some politicians seem to think. My county
wilt bo for mo , but unlnsiructcd. 1 hope ,
too , to bo nhlo to show up generous
support from other valley counties.
But , remember , I'm not claiming
nny special counties nsldo from my
own , I should hate to think that Phelps
county would bo especially unfriendly , nnd 1
would Imtfl to Hay the same thing of other
"If your delegation comes untiislriiclcd
and yourciitidldaoy shoulJ fall , whcro would
It go for second oholeol"
"I can't say. I'm in the rnco to win If 1
can , without thought of n second choice , nna
I want It understood that 1 um not lagging 0i :
the sldo for any one ols > ) . Mv own counb
will bo found to bo loyal to mo. "
"Hiivo you boon making un active car.
"No , sir. But from now until the conven
tion 1 expect to do some hard wonc. I want
to emphasize that 1 shall do it for McPholy
and no one elso. "
"Won't the Uopublican valley nnd Adams
county mimn the man If unltudl"
" ' ' ' " 'l.bly. ' But there Is no dnngorofn
Rolld valley. If -west end' ' mini gets there
It will bo by the help of eastern candidates.
One of the nicest and cleanest political lights
ever known In the Second congressional dis
trict is Just nlioadof us. Quod day , sir. "
Artlolos ol liiforporntlon.
The Stnto Bank ot Fnrnam filed articles of
Incorporation In the onico of tun secretary
of stnto to-day , naming Farnaiu , Dawson
county , ns the principal place for the trans
action of businesss. Business Ilfo coin *
uioncos September " 0 , 1SSO , mul ends Sep
tember 2U , H'U' ' ' ) . This banking company will
begin business with a paid up capital of
f i.bOO , supported by an authorized cnnltnl of
WD.UUO. Incorporators : Howcn Curlov. W.
U. Ktnimlrd uud .lav U. Mason.
Amended articles of the Women's Asso
ciate Charities were ulso filed for record.
Tim amendments nro inudo In uucordnnon
with the laws rccentlv passed governing
ouch boards. The constitution nnd by-laws
to govern the home for the friendless at Mil-
foru were made n part of the articles of the
board. The records made to-dnv show thnt
Mrs. Anglo Newman Is president ; Mrs. G.
L. Law , vico-presldont ; Mrs. M. Isabel
Bond , corresponding secretary , and Mrs. W.
S. Lnltu , trensurer ,
Tlio WVm Uiionln ling Market.
The West Lincoln hog market was very
quiet to-day. Only ono load lu this morning ,
from E. Ervln , Exeter , which sold at $3.C > 3.
Tonny ll ; s ICctiirncd.
Tonoy Harrington cama in to-dny , much to
the surprise of those who have beoii trying
to defame his character. Ho simply nays
thnt ho has been out of town on n little visit ,
partly of business and partly of pleasure ,
and that he has come back to Nebraska to
There Is hardly miy question but what
Tonoy will pay over.v cent ho owes , and uo
one need ho alarmed. Ho had not heard n
word of the sensational rumors until his re
turn to-day. Ho has boon the most of the
time in Illinois , visiting lib old friends and
City N'MVHimcl Notes.
Mrs. D.ilby nnd Miss Emma returned yes
terday from an extended visit to Illinois.
The West Lincoln \V. C. T. U. will meet nt
the Asbur.y M. E , church Monday evening.
A big frost is reported to have occurred
last night along the line of the B. it M. from
Grand Island west.
Tweiity-suvonth street intends to pave.
But if the work goes on as slow In the future
as it has hi the past , there Is no telling when
this wont will commence.
Papers in the divorce cuso of WinnloD.ivv
vs Michael D.ivy wcro filea lu the district
court to-day. After the filing they wcro
withdrawn by her attorneys , Messrs. Suw-
yer & Snull.
It is reported that Klnohurt Adams , the
West Lincoln saloon keeper who was fined
$100 and costs the other day for Sunday sel
ling , has skipped leaving numerous parties
In the soup.
W. Barnes , Lawrence : A. Andrews , C.
Hendrll , Wray , Colo. , 11. F. Connor , Hot
Springs , S. D. ; A. F. Sovorin , Cortland ;
Charles Lane , Omaha ; George Miller , As
pen , Colo. ; W. K. Field , Yutnu , Colo. ; J. D.
Pope , Friend , were guests ut thij Capital
Attachment proceedings were beenn to
day by various parties against Adams &
Thomas , the West Lincoln saloon .kuupors ,
who were lined the other day for Sunday
violations. Saunders & Co , in tbo rounty
court , for $2'.K ' ) , and L. Meyer i Co. , in the
district court lor $00.1. Adams is reported to
have skipped the town.
A branch of the Indian nld association was
organized yesterday afternoon nt the First
Presbyterian church after uu able address on
the subject by Mrs. A. S. Quiiiton , president
of the Women's National Indian aid associa
tion. The following olliuers Jiyero elected :
President , Dr. Charlotte Norton ; viee-prcs -
dents. Mrs. N. A. Knnford , Miss Phoebe El
liott , Miss Kachel Lloyd , Miss Florence Brlfc-
cil : : recording sou-rotary , Mrs. John Dooli- :
liltle : corresponding secretary , Mrs. M. E.
Wood ; clui inn an of the press committee ,
Mrs , G. H. flydc. Mrs. Quinion will Hpoiilc
at the First Congregational church Sunday
evening. Saturday afternoon from 4 to On
reception will bo tendered her ui Mrs. Dr.
Norton's ' , 17UO D street.
Cushmnn's Menthol mualer euros catarrh ,
headache , neuralgia , asthma , hay fovor.
Trial frtio ut your druggist. Price 50 centK.
NOT A PIMPLE ON HIM ML
Unit with I5c7. < < iiia Jlnlr all Gono.
yoalp uovnrcdvili | eruption- .
Tliiuilil lilH hair ivnuid n > vcr row.
Cured liv CM 1 1 cm rn Jt > < iuitli N. Hair
HiiMiilld | and not n pimplci n i him.
1 cannot say enough In jiral o of thu UITI-
CUHA llKMKiiiK'i. My boy , when ono year ot
Hgn , was so bad with eczumu tnat ho IOWD nil ot
his Jnilr. lib scalp \vn.s lovi-ruif with eruption * .
which thn dm tura xald mis wnill bend , anil thnt
his luilr would never grow again , fJinputtliiK
of ncme from phynli'laaB , I buKan the nnoof
tlio Cimcuii v ltrMr.i > u:8. : nnd , I um Imnpyto
buy. with tin ) miiHt purfout miccesH. Ills lintr IH
now hpluiiuid. and intiru IH not a plmplii on
him. I recommend ( he Ciinri'iiA ' IUsni : > iK8 to
inothara un the most niiucily , economical , ami
sure euro for. nil HKII ! dlsuums rif Infants and
children , und fcolthatevory mother who 1msim
alllluled clilia will tlmnt im > for HO doing ,
illis. M. h. WOODUI'M , Norway. Mo.
A Knvcr SII-H lOlutit VcarH t/muil.
I must extend to you the tlmnkn ot one of my
custolnera , who him been cureil by imliu ; thu
CIITICIIIH ItKMKIIIKS , Uf UU old HOri * . C.IIIHbd by
a loni ; xpull ot Hlckne x or fiivur ( tluhl year
u ; , ' ( > . Ho wnano liail ho wuu reurful liu would
liai-o to have Ids Irtf unipututcd , but IH Inippv
to say ho is now entirely well--nonnil-n n ilol-
lnr. llu r ilieittx | mo to IIMO liln inimc , uhlrli IH. ,
11 , II. O.uo > . iniirnliiitit ot IhU plucd , -
JOHN V. MINOR UrUKKlst.
Suvri'fi Sen Ip llnonn > Ourud.
A few weeks nco my wife millereil vury much
frmnu cntanemiH dlspnuo of the wciilp. uncl re
ceived no n-llcr from the vnroiin ! rcini-dti's sbo
used until shu tried U"Tii'UiM. 'I ha
promptly vieldeil to this trmitini > nt , and In u
short wfillo Him wax untlnilyvoll , There liiia
been no return of tlio < lluut.u , and CIITIUHIIA.
runkn No , I In our ustlmutlon for dlseascaor
imnssiiKv iiAitiiirr , D. . ,
Ate a positive ruro for i-vory form of lildn.
( .palp , uml 1)1 nod ( llseasy , with loss or Imir , from
pliiiploatOHcroiulu , uxct-pt poaallily Iclitliyoald ,
Bold everywhere. I'rleo. CimcniiA , Mlci BiiAi'f
230 ! KKRObvisM1. fl. Treparcd by thn J'onmi
jmixi AMI C'liKuii.'Ai.CouriiKATioK , Huston.
r-f "tIencnor"lloWKiCuio bkln Diseases , " 04
jwgox , &iilllu tratkiis , anil 11XJ testimonials ,
jnHlcluuml Hculp preserved u < l lieautl-
fledbyUutrcuriihoirp. Absolutely pure
EVERY MUSCLE ACHES.
Sharp Achei. Dull I'lilna , Btrnlna.
nun Wi'Hkne ei iiKi.invKii IN ONI !
im ; by tlio C'IJTICHIU Awri'l'Aitf
_ HTKii. Tlio llrKtund only fniitaii-
lanuuuj pjln Icllllnt' , htri'iifthenlnu plustcr ,
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