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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1889)
10 THE QMATTA. DAILY BEE * StUSTDAY MA ? 26 , 1839.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
f - ON FIFTY CENTS PER WEEK.
lion and Women Marry and Italso
Families in India.
AMID MUD HUTS AND SQUALOR.
How tlio Masses Lira find Work In tlio
Zmndofttio Hlndoon The Most
Beautiful Tomb In
rororty In Indln.
! S9 b\i \ tVante O. Cn rftnler.
AonA , March 29. [ Special Correspond
ence of THE Bni : . ] Povoryl poverty I pov
erty I 1 find written nil over India. Its
diameters shluo out In tbo shrunken logs
nna Hat Btomtiuh of the pooplo. The blaz
ing sun paints tbo word on tbo huts ot every
Village and tbo squalid want , which flits
every part of the cities I have seen , is so
plain that bo who runs may read. The
condition of tbo Hast Indian people Is fur
worse than that of tbo Cblncso. The
Koreans are futnnd the Japanese nro wealthy
In comparison with the pcoplo around mo.
The Malays , the Siamese nnd the Burmese
have plenty to rat and lolsurb for loafing.
These Moplo work from morn until night
nnd go to lied hungry. They nro not moro
than half clothed. The masses wear two
e trips of thin cotton cloth , and of the
250,000,000 of people in India , four out of llvo
go baro-footod. Just below hero about the
city of Patnn is tbo great opium producing
district of India , and I am told by ono of tbo
leading opium ofllceraof the government
that the pcoplo of this region Invariably food
their children small"quantltos of opium
dally , In order that'thoy may by this moans
ward off tbo oold and rcduco their appetites.
There are in the urovlnco of Bengal alone
inoro pcoplo than In the whole United
States. Tlio majority of these are farmers
nnd their holdings are ono-half aero to tbo
person. The mast densely populated of our
United Statcsaro Rhode Island and Massacbu-
I1- setts , whoso small territories and largo cities
give thorn respectively 234 ana 201 people per
| \ square mile. A square in IIo is equal to four
farms of 100 acres onoh , aud the average of
the wlfolo United States is
six rnoi'LE TO EACH seen FARM.
There nro In Bengali 320 people to each cul
tivated 100 ncros , or two people per aero.
Our states have largely a city population ,
and wherever wo huvo a largo average per
square nilla a great part of the population
lives in cities and make tholr living oft of
manufacturing and trade. Here the pcoplo
llvo almost altogether by farming , nnd If you
will put 320 pcoplo on the richest quarter sec
tion you can Und in America and expect
them to make tholr living by raising ordin
ary crops you get the condition of this part
of India. Even with our cities Ohio has only
twenty pcoplo to tbo quarter section. Oregon
has a little over two , Nebraska two. Ken
tucky ton , Kansas three , and Pennsylvania ,
teeming with mines and manufacturers , has
not qulto twenty-flve.
Speaking of the town population of India
only ono man in txvcnty lives in n town of
over twenty thousand Inhabitants. Tbo
other nineteen persons llvo In villages and
these little collections of mud huts are scat
tered all over the country. No ono lives on
the land ho cultivates , and the farms nro
without fences and are in largo tracts divided
up into little fields , tbo extent of which can
bo soon by the low irrigating walls nnd by
the difference in the colors of the crops.
These villages are built entirely of mud. The
huts are from sic to fifteen feet square.
Tholr roofs are thatched , w.ith straw or with
thin brick tiles and thorn are no cbimnoys.
Sometimes there is a mud wall around the
hut and this wall and the sides of the bnt nro
now . .covered with round calces of cow man
ure , each tbo slzo of a buckwheat cake and
each bearing the imprint of a woman's baud.
You see these cakes by the thousand * in the
cities and villages all over India and they
form the fuel by which tbo rico is cooked
and the pcoplo are warmed. It is the duty
of the women and girls to gather this man
ure. They pick It up with their hands and
In front or behind tholr huts mix It with
straw uud mud and then , moulding the filthy
mass between tbclr palms to the thickness
of an Inch , tlicv tatto it and Bluster
It on the sides of the hut to dry. VVood is
too dear for them , and by such fuel through
the raw , wintry mornings the family huddles
over the little cooking flro and attempts to
keep warm. The babies In many cases wear
no clothing , and the dross of the remainder
of the family of llvo could bo made out of
three ordinary sheets. The smoKe gets out
of tbo hut aa best It can , aud there is abso
lutely nothing cheering about tbo house.
The Door Is of trrad aud the walls are un-
plastortid. The family have no chairs and
they squat on tbo ground at their meals. The
bed Is either tbo floor or a not-work of ropes
stretched on a frame of wood with logs
Which rnlso it two feet from the floor. It is
usually about four feet loug aud three feet
wideband the man who sleeps upon it must
cthor | bang his legs over tbo end or IIo
doubled up. During the daytime tbo beds
nro stood 'out of doors , because there is no
room for them in the hut , and some of
tbo family usually sleep under the over-
banging roof in front of the door. Going
through Benares in tbo ciirly morning I saw
perhaps llvo hundred > people thus sleeping in
front of us many huts. They bad no bed
clothes under them und none over them.
Women nnd men were lying with tholr
Jfnoes up to tholr olilns wrapped in the same
cotton garments they had worn during the
day time. Others were crawling from tholr
beds and stooping over tbe smouldering coals
which their wives bad Juit lighted. Squalor
was every where and
.IMKT WAS KINO.
Wages are torrloly low and millions of
men in India llvo. marry and ralso children
on an Income of liny cents a wuok. This is
a good Income for u family and women work
in tbo Holds for three cunts a day , and many
servants not little more than u dollar u
month. Tbo embroidery of India Is noted
the world ever and there Is as much skill in
the making of patterns and doing this wprk
on cloth with gold and silver thread as there
is In tbo art \vork of the western world. A
Rood embroiderer eots from two to tbroo
dollars a month , and men working on the
railroads ID minor positions get about
the same. An American or a Gorman
would starve on such an allowance
but tbe Indians who got tbls much grow fat.
Among the worklngmen of the world they
have reduced tbcmsolvesto Ufa least number
of wants. They pay no millinery bills nnd
they never buvo a tailor. They need neither
needles or thread und it in ogalnst tbolr ro-
llglon to drink. The Hindoo outs no moat
nor any animal fat und be lives on the cheap
est of rico and millet , Thesn with veget
ables and milk inalca up bis diet , and us a
rule ho bus not enough to fill his stomach ,
whenever tbo crops full there is u famine
for bo has not enough Income to enable him
to save , und about ten years ago the Eng
lish government spent 455,000,000 in reliev
ing the wants of the pcoplo. In no mo parts
of India , such us Alluhubud , which I visited
last week , the population Is BO dense thnt It
does not Increase from year to year. In
twenty years In this district there was only
un annual increase of six persons In every
10,000 , und ut the present time tbo Increase is
not much creator. The pcoplo uro so under
fed that dsouse ( and death keeps down the
natural increase which goes over tbo rest of
thu world , and you BOO them apparently
tnrvlng before your eyes.
This condition of India has been the same
for ugcs. The people seem to have always
been poor and tbo
iUUULODB WKiLTlI OP IMDI1
linn alwas been in tbo hands of the fow. The
ErijflUu have their powerful grip on it now ,
uuu tholr palaces und luxurious residences
rttt the fuoo of itie country. They squeeze out
of tlio luud JuU about tbo name amounts that
tin ) mogul kings did in time * gene by , and
bwu at Agra are the rUins which show bow
JiiilU was ground down in the past. Hero Is
the Taj Mnmil , the most beautiful and the
I'VTi'st pleco of architecture ever designed or
uulit by iiuui , which wus erected in the ser-
enteenth century br ono ot the mogul kings
n n tomb for his wife. It lion on the banks
of the great Jumna river. Built upon n mo
saic platform of stars of black nnd white
tnarblo , covering fully two acre * , It rises n
beautiful tower upwards for 114 feet. Hero
It ends In turretsami from Us center springs
n great bubblo-llko doom of white marble , In *
Aldo of which a four-story house of fifty
foot front could bo lost , but which Is so
regularly cut that It might have been the
work of n Grecian sculptor , nnd the proportions
tions of xvhich are such that it seems In per
fect harmony with the great octagonal tower
below. The whole is n mass of fine stones and
whlto marble no nilald n.id carved that It is
more like a Jewel ot mosaiu than an architec
tural structure. Its doors are lace work of
the purest whlto marble. In its Interior
there is enough of this marble loco to fence
In n city block. The whole structure is n
marvel of workmanship , and Bishop Hohor
has well described it in saying that Its artists
"designed llko Titans nnd finished Itko Jew
elers. It would bo as caiy to tell how the
birds sing and t'ac lilacs small as to dcscrlbo
I have visited It again and again nnd I fool
with tbo Hussion artist who said , "tho Taj
Is llko n lovely woman. Abuse her as much
ns you please , but the moment you como Into
her presence you submit to her fascination. "
This tomb Is almost as perfect to-day as It
was when It was built. It took 20ou0 men
seventeen years to build It. The average
life of man in India is a fraction over thirty
years. Estimating this life at thirty-four
years instead of thirty the work upon ttio
Taj embraces Just 10,000 lives. These 20,000
TIIKIH FOOD FOH Tiinm LAHOUS.
An allowance of corn was given to them and
their overseers cheated them In the de
livery of it. It was the sumo with the other
grand structures of the time. Within a mlle
of the TnJ , In very good preservation , there
now stands an Immense fan , the walls of
which are seventy feet high and of rod sand
ntono carved so beautifully that they would
honor any Filth avenue residence , enclosed
In n.square equal to four farms of 010 ucros
each. This fort was built by the Kmperor
Akbar and its Interior Is filled with grand
palaces in which the ludlos of his harem
revolted In cloth of cold nnd shona In price
less diamonds. The'Taj cost about $15,000-
000 , which in the purchasing power of the
time of Queen Elizabeth In India must huvo
been worth ten times as much as it is
to-day. This fort cost countless millions
more. Its palaces had interiors wnllod with
diamonds and emeralds , and the king who
built tlio Taj hud a peacock throne which
blazed with rubles , sapphires und emeralds
at the back In the form of n peacock's tall ,
nnd with stones so- sot that they resembled
the natural colors of the bird's leathers.
This throne alone represented a value of
Tjver thirty-two million ! of dollars and his
land revenues amounted to $100,000,000 u
year. The kings of his time took one-third
of the produce of tbo land and the total rev
enue of the futher of this man were $250-
000,000 per annum. The extravagancies of
these times are unrivalled in history , but it
was only the kings who were rich. The people
ple were as poor then as they are to-day and
the curse of poverty seems to have over hung
over the Indian peasant.
This condition of affairs exists in southern
as well us in northern India , and I found at
Singapore and in Burmah emigrants from
Madras who looked qulto as thin and who
had como there to bettor their wages. Many
of these were Kllngs. l < eau , black men ,
half naked , with long hair handing down
upon tholr shoulders they do the work of
Ceylon and of many of the islands of the In
dian ocean. They are bright und hardy , and
are among the most picturesque people
ple of India. The most of them
act as coolies , but there is ono
caste \vhlcii devotes itself entirely to the
lending of money , ana this caste , by ban icing
ing- , has grown rich. Its members are
known as chillies , and they have their
money-lending establishments in every
town of southern India. They control the
capital ot Burmah , and ono street of Ran
goon Is lined with their banks. An Indian
bank is far different from the money-lending
establishment ; in the United States. Take a
low , narrow , cell-like room BIX foot high
and about ono hundred feet long and put in
the center of this twenty-live young men as
black as tbo ace of spades. Let each have
his head shaved. Lot none of them wear
moro than a white cotton cloth about tbo
loins. Make them squat upon the dirt floor
and in front of each put a Hat table a foot
and a half high , upon which lias a lodger ,
the pages of which are filled with Indian
characters. Behind each of these naked
figures put a chest about the slzo of the
average trunk , with a heavy lock upon it ,
and lot all be working away as though their
lives depended upon tholr calculations. On
the outside of the door , under a sort of
portico , the chief of the bank sits counting
out silver coins to a farmer who has come to
borrow. Ho counts very rapidly , and lets
each coin strike another as it falls into his
hand. By the sound be tells whether they
are good or not. Ho exacts big rates of in
terest , and 5 per cent a month is nothing to
him , if he can get it. The whole rico crop of
OWNBD nr TIIBSB eniTTiBS
before It is harvested , and they own millions
of valuable property in the east. They llvo
most abstemiously , and it is their business to
accumulate money. They bring up their sons
to follow their business , aad they are a caste
of money lenders. The wives of these
chillies are gorgeous in Jewelry , aud though
they wear no clothing except the two strips
of cotton , some of their ear-rings are so
heavy that they pull down the ears , und not
a few wear nose-rings four inches in dl-
As I came out of the Taj Mahal to-day 1
took a ride on an Indian cab. It was drawn
by two great white bullocks With humps
over tholr shoulders , each of which wus six
inches high. Tbo driver sat in front , his
logs resting upon the tongue of the cart , and
behind him , in a sultcy-llko affair made of
bamboo and covered with red cloth , 1 took
my seat cross-legged. These carts are used
throughout India and thov ore smelt ) und
double. They are rudely put together with
ropes , and when completed they consist of a
structure made of lisblng rods und clothes
lines swung upon wheels with a seat resting
high above thorn and BO made that they are
as easy as any spring vehicle you will find
In America. My driver wore nothing but u
waist cloth and turban , and ho took mo a
mile for 2 cents. Ho twisted tbo tails of
the bullocks to make them go , and I noted
that the horns of his bulls were covered
with gold paper. Thdso bullocks are the
sacred boasts of India , and they form In con
nection with the water buffalo , the boasts of
burden of the country. They plough the
land and haul the carts , and at Bonures I
visited a temple whcro there were at least a
hundred of thorn In stalls around a court
yard , and men and women were feeding
them with flowers and praying before them
ns they did so. Tuoy ore the most beautiful
I have yet seen in cattle. With smotlidove-
colored siclns they have all the delicate out
lines of the Jersey cow added to a najosty
of action nnd a grandeur of size , which
makes them nobly beautiful , They have oars
twice as largo at our cows , und they walk as
thougn they contained , as the Indian doubtless -
loss suppose , some of the noblest human
spirits of the past. In contrast with them
the water buIfulo becomes uglier than over.
It Is uglier than the hippopotamus , and Is a
cow with wide , flat , curving horns , a neck
which como * straight out from tlio shoulders.
a belly which is bloated und ill-ahapen , ana
a thin , straggling , black hair , which looks
moro llko the bristles of a hog than the hair
of a cow. They delight In wallowing in the
dirt , nnd they sooin to have moro o the ' pig
nature than the cow naturo. Like the sacred
cows they nra milked aud worked , and the
butter ot both Is a white , choosey-llko mix
ture , which has none ot the flavor of the Jer
sey uroum article.
The tea merchants of India are becoming
alive to the possibilities ot an American
trade , nnd I see that the planters in Ceylon
are concocting a scheme by which they hope
for a gratuitous
ADVJiltTISHUCXT IN TUB AMBIUCAN NBW8FA-
This scheme Is proposed by the Planters'
association ot Ceylon , nnd is fully discussed
la the Indian Planters' Gazette of this week.
1 take pleasure In giving It circulation. The
Bcuurau U that boxes of Ceylon tea of flvo
pounds each M sent to the editors of the In
fluential newspapers of America , for which
tboy urn supposed to puff the article to the
extent of a column or so frotn time to time ,
and the advisability of thla move and tbo
way In which It ahall be made , form the sub
ject'of the discussion. Ono leading man says
a descriptive pamphlet should be sent along
with tbu tea , aud that this must , by afl
meaus , bo illustrated. "Tbo American , "
ays he , "are but poor reader * beyond the
dully newspapers. They are altogether too
lazy to wade through a long treatise on any
subject , however interesting , and only pic
tures of the methods of making tea and per-
hup * a page of the bright lights among the
Ua planters will suftlo4 to catch tholr oyos.
To stir up New Vork and Philadelphia It will
take from ten U > fifteen thousand nucn
pamphlets-and they should bo distributed
among the best families , nnd wo must also
send along a imin to Interview the tiroplo
after wo have made these presents to thu
This M refreshing , nnd even more so is n
paragraph further on which states that "it
is not always the cdltcrs who command the
news columns , nnd that a luncheon given to
the reporters In the various leading cities
might bo productive of good. " The Idea Is
that there are In the United States 1,200 edi
tors who ought to have caddies of tea , nnd
that as usual the givers will receive ton dollars
lars worth of advertising for ten cents worth
In tbo meantime America loaves n great
deal of money in India every year. I have
met n number of American travelers , and
there nro a half-dozen Americans at present
hero In Agra. Ono of these Is Mr. L. C.
Ellsworth , of the Hio Grande railroad , whose
homo is at Denver , nnd who Is now traveling
for his health. Another is a doctor from Now
Hampshire , and a third party is a Mr. Cox
nnd wife , of Boston.
Mr. Flint , Asiatic manager of the Waterbury -
bury Watch company. Is here with his wife ,
who Is n Washington lady , and 1 met at Cal
cutta u number of Americans. Our consul
general , Mr. Charles F. Bonmnii , Is an Oregon
gen man. and ho has his family , consisting
of a bright Wife , n young lady daughter , and
one of the liveliest boy-i of ton in India , with
him. Mr. Bonham has Just taken n short
trip to South India , uud ho proposes to visit
Burmuh before his return to Calcutta.
Mr , William J. Noad , a railroad contractor
of 1'hlludulphia. who has spout several years
in travel nnd who is , as ho-says , going around
the world llko n watch spring , is In India.
Ho has bcon nround the world once and is
going around again , narrowing his circle.
Ho will spend the winter in India nnd will
go to Poking ns soon us the weather permits
la the spring. Leaving there ho will pay his
third visit to Japan , and thence coming to
Australia , will sail for South America , go
down ono coast and up the ether , and reach
homo in about two years from this ( Into.
Mr. Woolworth , an Ohio man from San-
duskv , I flnd on thn hotel register hero. Ho
is going to Europe with his family to spend
a year or so In the education of bis daughter.
Mr. Aultman , the big dry goods merchant
of Now Vork , has Just passed through India ,
nnd there nro American travelers on every
Indian railroad train. They buy costly
goods of the natives and I find tholr orders
among the highest of these on the books of
the merchants who call upon me.
FllAMi G , CAKPESTnU.
STORY OF AN UNSOLD BONNET.
A Hnrnplo of What Happens Kvcry
Day In Old Ijomlon.
Pall Mall Gazette : It was evening
in Oxford street just before the hour of
lamplightincr. The daylight colors had
faded and the twilight softness had not
yet begun , so that the street picture
was printed in unsoitoncd white and
black. Gas was beginning to twinkle ,
however , in some of the shop windows ,
and up stairs in the millinery show
room of Mr. X a boy had just come
in with n taper and had loft a brilliant
illumination behind him. The light
foil upon two figures a customer ,
doubtful and dissatisfied , and a younsr
woman in black who stood before her ,
displaying bonnet after bonnet.
' 'Yes , " said the customer , hesitat
"Would you not try this on , ma'am ?
I am sure it would suit yoU.'v
"I don't like a straw bonnet for the
"Wo could make you ono in velvet ,
" "Velvet spoils so with the rain. Are
you quite sure these are all the felts
you have that you showed mo ? "
"All in brown , ma'am. Wo could
got .you one made any shade you like to
"Oh , no ; I could not order ono with
out seeingit , " said the lady. Then she
took up one which she had looked at
already , poised and examined it , and
finally tried it on , and dcoido.d for the
second time that it would not 'do. "It
really is extraordinary that you should
not have one in brown. " she said in a
touo of annoyance. For a moment the
girl did not answer ; she had jrrown
pulor , nnd her eyebrows were drawn
together with an expression of anxiety
and apprehension. Mr. X , walking
up and down his range of show-rooms ,
had again oome into sight , and had
paused , looking in. "We'd got you
ono , ma'am , I'm sure , in two or three
days , " she repeated.
Now it was the customer who did not
answer. She began turning over the
pile of un trimmed bonnets , while her
pale attendant hovered about her ,
throwing in propitiatory remarks. Mr.
X stood and looked in from tbo wide
doorway. She could sco the scowl on
his face. At last the customer , finally
refusing to take any ether in place of
the bonnet which she really wanted ,
departed dissatisfied. The girl began
tremblingly to f > ut together the bon
nets. Tears ciimo to her eyes. She had
tried her host to sell , and she dreaded
the wrath of her master. Ho had boon
in a bad temper all day ; why , O why ,
must this tinner have happened just to
day. Mr. X moved away ; she saw
him go to the cashier's desk in the next
room. Ho came back with a paper and
a few shillings , which ho throw down
angrily bejoro hor.
"You'll just sign that , if you please ,
It was an account of the wages duo
hor. She looked up at him in mute
appeal ; the angry and overbearing face
was answer enough. She put her name
to the paper , und a tear foil down
"Now you can just pack up your
things and go this minute , " said ho ,
roughly. "I'vo no place for a young
lady that can't soil a bonnet. "
She gathered up the money and wont
mooKly. She was a timid girl , With no
gift either for complaints or excuses ;
and for girls of that kind the tyrants of
this world have no mercy. She wont
up-stalrs to the bedroom , which she
shared with two others. It was bare ,
clean , depressing ; about an homelike ns
a prison coll. She looked round it , half
blinded by her tears , and wrung her
hands , murmuring , " \Vhat shall I do ?
Where Bhall I go ? ' *
The loom was qulto brightly lighted
now by the glare of the many lamps in
the stroot. She stood as for a minute ,
then wiped away her tears and begun
packing and arranging her few properties -
, ties in her box. When this was done
she must go forth In } ho everting and
lind herself u shelter for the night
and for the morrow. To-morrow would
begin again the familiar heartbreaking
ing search for work , to continue , who
could guess , for how loug ? And who
could toll what character Mr. X
would give of her ? And she had thirty
shillings with which to face the world.
Her tears began to fall again as she
locked her trunk and rose from her
knees. She was glad to hide her face
with her veil and to steal away secretly ,
fearing to moot any one , lost the fare
well should break down nor courage.
So she passed out Into the evoing and
into Oxford street the stony-hoartod
stepmother. " ,
Mr. X meanwhile was going
home , serene of conscience , to his wife
and daughters at Brixtou , giving no
second thought to the incident of the
It is a story that happens every day ;
nnd too often the stones of London , If
they could speak , the pavements of
Piccadilly , the balustrades of the
bridges , could toll you how it ends.
Sick headache is the bane ot many
lives. This annoying complaint may
bo cured and prevented bv tlio occa
sional use of Dr. J. II. McLean's Liver
ana Kidnuy Fillets ( little
HE PAID TffiiiTTHB BABY ,
It Coat HocoJvor [ Admlro $60 to
Ohrlaton Oklahoma's Flrst-Born.
ADVENT OF T kWANT BOOMEn.
Ho Arrived In * S VJ'nuoii Box and the
Twinkling 6ns Wore llio Plr t
to Welcome Otitlirlo's
An ItiBr-nlntiii'woinnn'fl Bclionio.
A reporter for the Oklahoma Dally
Capital , published ntGuthrlomotIIon.
J. V. Admlro , receiver ol the land of-
flco of the western district of Oklahoma
at KlnKflshor , and had the satisfaction
of a few moment's conversation with
"By the way , how's the baby'i1" In
quired the reporter.
Now everybody knows who "tho
baby" Is , for the iiows of the advent on
Oklahom nsoll and of the franchise for
naming it , to Mr. Admlro , has boon tol-
praphed all over the United States , and
of course there is some tuixioty as to its
health. Mr. Admlro was able to glvo
the latest novvs concerning Oklahoma's
infant , and very ready to do so , for ho
looks upon It almost as if it wore his
own. Ho said there had boon a good
many erroneous statements In regard to
the boy , which ho would llko to corroct.
In the first place the baby's mother is
a Kansas girl. She was born in that
state twenty years ago , and was raised
at Frodonia , where she was married a
year ueo next Juno , her husband's uiuno
being Lewis. t Mr. and Mrs. Lewis wore
two of the 10,000 people attacked by the
Oklahoma fever last week. They waited
with the throng that gathered on the
borders of the promised land and joined
in the mad race across the country to
Kingfisher , April 22. This was on Mon
day. They succeeded in getting a lot ,
which was about all they had until 10
o'clock Tuesday morning , when they
found themselves in possession of a boy ,
the first child born in the newly opened
territory. The event was looKoa upon
as u very important ono , and was forth
with wired to the world.
When Receiver Admire hoard of it ho
lost no time in going to see the youthful
home-seokor. Ho found the mother
lying in a wagon bed , without cover or
protection from the elements. That
night ho took Uis own tent and spread
it tight above the wagon bed , while ho
slept soundly with the stars for com
pany. There was in the population of
the town ono day an old woman who
was in some way connected with the G.
A. il. and the facts coming to her cars ,
she at once started around to take up a
collection for tbp , bone tit of the "child
of the settlement , " , She succeeded in
getting about 811 , , anjl this sum she took
to Mr. Aduiiro , desiring to put the funds
in the care of the j government's own
representative. , iJElo ollerod to add
$5 to the , ( sum on condition
that ho bo , permitted to name
the boy. Thisr proved an inspir-
action to the woman , and she promptly
declined the ofTer .sawing that she would
auction off the privilege on Wednesday
The news was circulated throughout
the camp next day apd took precedence
in point of imprest above all else.
When evening cqmQji housand moaas-
sombled to bidjOjiItl\obaby'a \ name and
there was for thc/'tlmo / more excitement
over the prospequvV contest than there
was over corner lots' in Kingfisher.
There wore somb'who - had money to
spare and the bidding was lively from
the start. Mr. Admire sent two or
tbreo agents into the crowd to bid for
him , knowing that if ho bid himself they
would run the price up on him to moi-o
than the profits of the ofllco of receiver
came to. After a spirited contest ono
of the agents had the satisfaction of securing -
curing the prize at a cost of 852 , which
was paid over for the boy's bonoiit.
The crowd insisted tliat Mr. Admire
name the child on the spot , but ho de
clined , promising , however , that it
should have an "Admire-able" name.
Ho poatuoued the christening until the
mother should bo well enough to take
part in-it , and it will probably como off
in a few days. Meantime lie wont up
homo , ana soon had Mrs. Admire as un-
thusiastic over his protege as himself ,
and ho declares ho would not take § 500
for his interest. His wife gathered a
largo quantity oi supplies , the nature of
which parents can surmise without de
scription , packed a valise full of soft
fiannols and ether cunning goods , and
Mr. Admire returned to Kingfisher
loaded , not for boar , but for baby. Mrs.
A's maiden name wns Lewis , which by
a coincidence is the baby's family name ,
though they are not related by tics of
consangunity. It itj believed that the
name of Oklahoma's first born will bo
"Admlro Lewis , " which would bo a
very happy compromise and would di
vide honors equally between the dcfacto
parents and the godfather. _
FINE WAJCH REPAIRING
lECEWES PlfofofT ATTENTION ,
U now open. Parlies dotting Kood accommodations
on tbe new lance expret * ( teamen of Ilia Famous
FRENCH HAIL LINE
Which are noted for their regularity , equal to rail
road tralni. In making tbe trip to Havre1'arls In one
week , are aiUlied to
Hake Early Application for Berths.
Tbls li alio ncceuarr on account of tbo hoary
( rare ) durlnic the lining and summer months.
McCAGUE DUOS. , 105 South 16th St. ,
HARRY E. MOORES , 160 : ! FurnutnSt. ,
H. L. HALL , 1233 Fnrimm St. ,
J. H. GREEN , 1601 Fnrrmm St. ,
Auniit' , Uinuhu , Nrb.
MAUKICK . KOZM1N8KI ,
Qta'l weitern Agt. lit ) Waihlogton St. . Cbleao.
Pnrn pnrnflt I ESTABLISHED 13511 180 So.
buretarosif ch0ago | , m8 , j ciarkst.
The Regular Old-Eslabltdiei
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
li still Treating Kith the Greatwt
SKILL and SUCCESS
Chronic , Nervous anfl Private Diseases ,
O-NERVOUS DEBILITY , Loit Manhood ,
Palling Memory , Kxh u tlnjr Drslni , Terrlblt
Dreamt , Head and Back Ache and all th effect !
teadiiiff to early decuy and peihapi Consumption ol
Inianlty , treated iclentitiulljr by new nsthodt with
never-faUtnc * luccfit.
SYPHILIS and Ml bid Elood and Skin DIs.
ease * permanently cured.
VJ-KIDNKYanil URINARY mpUlnUaiett ,
Gonorrhoea , Strlctu re , Varlcocela and nil ilUeuet
of the Oenlto.Urlnary Organs cured promptly without
Injury to Slomach , Kidney * or o-Jier Onr > n .
n No experiment ! . Aca and experience lm
portant. Consultation free and oacred.
OS-Send 4 centi postage for Celebrated Worka on
Chronic , Nervoua and Delicate Diseases.
/WThose contemplating Mairitee tend for Df.
Ctatke'a celebrated suldc Male and Female , each
IS cent ! , both 5 cents ( siatnpi ) . Consult the old
Doctor. A friendly letter or call may save future nt < r. >
Ine nnd shame , ami add golden years to life. 09I > ook
"Life's ( SecretRrrora"socntsstumps ) ( ) . Mediclnt
HnJ writings sent everywhere , secure from exposure.
Hours , 8 to 8. Sundays g to 11. Address
F. D. CLARKE , M. D. ,
108 So. Clark fiU CHICAUO , ILL.
On and after February 22d
the Band on tlio
STRAITON & STORM'S
Will bo as per Fac-Slmllo above.
This clmngo became necessary in
order to protect tbo public from being -
ing imposed upon by unscrupulous
parties , who so closely imitated the
former band on these Segars , that it
required a careful scrutinyto discov.
or the deception. To guard against
a repetition of this , \vo have made
Trade Mark " THE OWL"
our ( ) n
prominent feature of the new band.
DB.E.C. WEST'S NEHVB AND Bnim TIIRAT
JIKNT , a guaranteed snoclllc for HysterU , Olzzl
ness. Convulsions , Kits , Nervous Neuralgia
Headache , NorToiw Pioitratloncausart by the
use of alcohol .r tobacco. Wiikofulness , Mcntnl
Depression , Sottunlng of the llrain resulting in
Insanity and leading to misery , decay nnd
death. Premature Old Age , larrennes ) < ! , l.osj of
.Power > n either sei , involuntary Losses nnd
Spermatorrhoea caused by over-exeitlon of
tlio Brain , snifaOuso or over indulgence. 1'uc.h
box contains on" month's treatment , $1 a. box ,
or six boxes for $3 , Dent by mall prepaid on rj-
celpt of prlc .
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To curonny caso. With each iiruer received bv
us for six boxes , accompanied with S3 , we will
send the purchaser our written guarantee to re
fund thu money If the treatment ilocn not elloct
a cure. Guarantees Issued only by Goodman
DriiB Co. , DrujjKlsts , Solo Ageuta. 1110 I'arnam
Street Omaha ob.
WHEN purchasing a fine
Shoe it is natural to se
lect that which is pleasing to
the eye in style and finish ; the
material must be of the finest
texture , and when on the foot
the shoe must combine beauty
The Ludlow Shoe Possesses this Feature ,
IF YOU TRY ONE PAIR
You Will Wear No Other FJInko. * i
Sold by over 100 dealers In Chirac" , and the best
trade throughout the United Stuton.
See That They Arc Stamped "MJ11I.OW. "
S OUTH IN DAKOTA
f * * -.r > > ' * i i gf J ff3W
AT BOTTOM -scns. .
A Sure Investment.
For Maps. Prices nnd Information , call on or
address C. R. SIMMONS , Land Commissioner
C. ft N.-W. lly.a Fifth Ave. , Chicago. 111.
Dr. J. E , McGREW
ONE or T1IK MOST
" SPECIALISTS fr
111 tbo Trealmciit of AH Chronic , Morroun
aud Frirate Diseased.
Bpermatorrbcra , laipoteucy and Falling Uanbood
abiolulolr cur d. A cura guaranteed In all forms of
1'ilrata llieme . Hlrlcturoi. Uleet , Ac. Ckturrli ,
Tbrost , J.anei , and lleurt IKaioi. Itbeuraatlsm ,
Bplasl and Vuui l Dlteaiei , Ulood and Ukln Diseases
lAdleV and cantlernqn's irsltlng rooms separate
r , : Bend'for book , , "The Dark
Secret of Man. " alio "Woman aad Her Ulsoasas , "
lOo each ( stampt ) . Treatment by correspondency
send 'tamp fur raplr.
OW1CE : 16TII AND IOUOIAS BTHEBTSi
OMAHA , NKU.
lieal and Surgical Institute ,
N. W. Cor. 13th and Dodge Sts. , Omaha , Neb.
THE LARGEST MEDICAL INSTITUTE IN THE WEST
THB TIIBATMKNT Off AI. &
Bluonic and Surgical Diseases and Diseases of the Eye and Ear.
pgjtgj-wrg | 5Aja * fiJrj IIL -
PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO DEFORMITIES , DISEASES OF WOMEN , DISEASES
OF THE URINARY AND SEXUAL ORGANS , PRIVATE DISEASES , DISEASES
OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM , LUNG AND THROAT DISEASLS ,
SURGICAL OPERATIONS , EPILEPSY OR FITS ,
PILES , CANCERS , TUMORS , Etc ,
J. W. McMEMAMlT M. S3. President
. . , . . , ,
Ami Consulting Physlcluii and Surgeon.
Organized with a Ml staff of Skilled Pliysicians , Surgeons and Trained Nurse' ,
Tills establishment is a permtuioiitmodicnl institution , conducted by thoroughly
educated physicians and surgeons of acknowledged skill uud experience. The
Institute buidiugs , situated on the noithwost corner of Thirteenth and Dodge
ntroots , is composed o two largo three-story brick biddings of over ninety rooms ,
containi ng our Medical , Surgical and Consultation Rooms , Drug Store , laboratory ,
the most thoroughly equipped Medical and Surgical Establlshn
of the three largest in tlio United States , and second to none.
We have superior advantages and facilities for treating diseases , performing
surgical operations , boarding and nursing patients , which , combined with our
acknowledged ability , experience , responsibility and reputation , should make the
Omaha Medical and Surgical Institute the first choice.
You can come direct to the Institute , day or night , as we have hotel accommo
dations as good and as cheap as any in the city.
We make this explanation for the benollt of persons who may fool inclined to
go further east for medical or surgical treatment and do not appreciate the fact
that Omaha possesses the largest and most complete Medical and Surgical Insti
tute west of Now York , with a capital of over $100,000.
DEFORMITIES OF THE HUMAN BODY.
APPLIANCES FOB DEFORMI
TIES AND TEUSSES.
Best Facilities , Apparatus and Kemodio.s for Successful Treatment ot
every form oi' Disease rcntiirliiK MEDIC Alj or SUKGICAJj
In this department wo are especially successful. Our claims of superiority over
all others aio based upon the fact that this is the only medical establishment man
ufacturing surgical braces and appliances for each individual case. Wo have
three skilled instrument makers in our employ , with improved machinery , and
have all the latest inventions , as well sis our own patents aud improvements ,
the result of twenty years' experienco.
The treatment of diseases by electricity has undergone great changes within the
past few years , and electricity fsnow acknowledged by all schools of medicine as the
great remedy in all chronic , special and nerve diseases , for nervous debility , par
alysis , iheinnatuni , diseases of women , etc. , and in many eye aud oar diseases it
is the most valuable of till remedies.
In order to obtain its full virtues , it is absolutely necessary to have the proper
apparatus. Wo have lately purchased throe of the largest and most complete
batteries manufactured , so constructed as to give the most gentle as well as the
most powerful current. Persons ticated at this Institute by electricity recognize
at once the difference between our expensive and complete electrical apparatus
and the common , cheap batteries , in use by many physicians. Over 8,000 dollars
invested in electrical apparatus.
PRIVATE , &PBQSAL , NERVOUS AMD
We claim to bo the only reliable , responsible establishment In the west making
a specialty of this class of diseases. Dr. McMonamy was ono of the first thorough
ly educated physicians to make a special study of this class of diseases , and his
methods and inventions have been adopted by specialists in Europe and America.
IIo is tlio inventor of the Clamp Compiess Suspensory , acknowledged the best in
use. All others are copied after his invention. Uy moans of a simple operation ,
painless and safe , loccntly brought into use , wo euro many cases that have been
given up as incurable by medical treatment. ( Head our look to wen , sent free to any
DISEASES OF THE EYE AND EAR.
Wo have had wonderful success in this department in the
past year , and have made many improvements in our facili
ties for treatment , operations , iirtifloial eyes , etc.
Wo have greatly Improved our facilities and methods of
treating cases by correspondence , and uro having bottoj
success in this department tlian ever boforo.
Wo are fully up to the times in all the latest Inventions In medical and surgical
operations , appliances and instruments. Our institution is open for Investiga
tion to any persons , patients or physicians. Wo invite all to correspond with or
visit us before taking treatment elsewhere , believing that a visit or consultation
will convince any Intelligent person that it is to their advantage to place them
selves under our caro. ,
Since tins advertisement Jlrst appeared , many boasting pretenders and frauds JMV
come and qone und many more will com * and go , remembered only ly their unfortunaU
andfoolidi victims. ,
"A im' e man investigates Jlrst and decides afterwards ,
A fool decides first , then investigates. "
The Omaha Jfcdical and fSuraical Institute is indorsed by the people and the press.
More capital invested , more skilled physicians employed , more modern appliances , tnstru-
\ncnts and apparatus in use , more cases treated and cured , more successful surgical
operations performed , than in all oilier medical establishments tnthe West combined ,
PAGE BOOK ( Illustrated )
SENT FREE TO ANY ADDRESS ( BBALBD ) .
Part Flrct History , Success and Advantages of tlio Omaha Medical and Surgical Institute.
1'urt second CunoNia DISEASES of the Lungs , Btornacli , I.tver. Kidneys , Bkln , riles , Caucetk
Catarrh , Knllopsy. Ithoutnatlsm , Inhalation , Tape Worm , Kloctrlclty , Now Uomedlos , etc.
1'a.rt Third IKroHMiTlK , Curvature of the Bpluo , Club X'oot , Hip Diseases , I'aralysli , Wry
NookBowLcKS. Hare Lip. Buwlcal Operations. . . . . . . . , .
Fart Fourth DIBKASM or Tin Kris AND RAH , Diseases of the Nerves , Cataract , Strabismus or
Cross Byes , PtoryKlum , Granulated Bye Lids , Inversion of tbe Lids , Artificial Byes , etc.
srt Fink DISKABCS or WOUEN , Leucorrhcoa , Ulceratlon. OlsnlacouiouU , I'rolapaus , Flat'
Ions and Vnrslons. Tutnorii , lacerations and Cancer of the womb.
furl Hlxlli UIBBASKII or MEN , 1'rlvato. Bpoclul and Nervous IUeasos , Sporraatorrluca ( Seminal
Weakness ) , Impotency , Varlcooelo , Htrloture , Uloot , Syphilis , und all diseases of tlie Qenlto
Urinary Organs ,
sr > IOCAOEC f\tff lAfmUHTM * Bi'ECiAr.Tv. WE HAVK LATZMT
UloKLAOE O \ vw lwldlV AviinD A LriMo-jM UUPAHIMSMI
rou .WOUKN DUIIINU CoNriwtuBNT. ( Btrlctiy I'rlvatu ) ,
Only Reliable Medical Institute Making a Specialty of
PRIVATE DISEASES ,
All Blood Diseases successfully treated. Byphllltlo Poison removed from the system without
mercury. New Itostorutlvo Treatment for Loss of Vital Power. PatlenU unable to vUIt us may
bo treated at home by correspondent. All communications confidential , Medlclnos or Instru
ments sent br mall or express securely packed , no marks to Indicate content * or Bonder. Onu'Oer
Eonullutnrmw prof erred ! Calf and consult us or send history of your ease , and wo will Bund In-
MKN FHBKi Vrlvato. Special - " " ' - -
1 TO , Upon r-
Varlc colef with question list. Addrues ,
OMAHA MEDICAL & SURGICAL INSTITUTE ,
18lb taut I > odK Htrvets , Omaliu , Neb ,
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