Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 28, 1889, Part II, Image 9

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    PART II. PHE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE , BS9-16
EIGHTEENTH YEAJR. OMAHA , SUNDAY MORNING , APEIL 28 , 18S9.-SIXTEEN PAGES. NUMBER 317
Cheviot - Suitings ,
In two-toned utrlpcs : regular prlcr , 4"c ,
Reduction
Price ,
40 INCH WIDE
PLAID CASHMERES
Koaulnr CO cent goods ,
Reduction
Price ,
A II. WOOL ,
Chocks mid New EiTccts , sultablo for
spring wear.
Reduction
Price.
BH , wool.
Beiges ,
In Now Spring Slmdes ; regular price 75 < * ,
Reduction
Price ,
wim :
mmm
lu Evening fchndos ; regular price was 75o ,
Reduction
Price ,
I 10.1NOI1 11 LAO It
Al ! Wool Cashmere
Uegutnr price , 7 o ,
Reduction
Price ,
42INCHlli WOOLi
Silk Finished Tricots
In all Newest Shades ,
Reduction
Price ,
t8l.Jl AIjli WOOL.
IGES ,
Elegant material for travellnc dross ; was fi.si.
Reduction
Price ,
I'J-INUH Al.lj WOOlj
Suitable to innkn up combinations In the latest
effects ; worth JI.&U ,
Reduction
Price ,
MSUaT QL'AtilliT
ilk
UlacV and colors ; regular price was 8I.7B ,
Reduction
Price ,
502 , 504,506 , 508 , 510 South 13th St.
Regardless of Cost.
$20,000 SALE.
Worth. .
manufacture or FccKicr & Co. , ISy thin purchnso we nrc enabled to olTcr llio
SI. Gnllcn , Switzerland. MOST STUPENDOUS ISA.UGAI.VS
I'tircliaioil nt 33 l-.l Cents on the Dollar. liver known in Emlirodoric * .
30,000 , YARDS & 1 500 STYLES Hemstitctied
SPLENDID STYLES SWISS Skirtings ,
Corded
Cambric Embroidered Skirtings ,
Edgings Tucked
AND Skirtings ,
Insertions Revered
Skirtings ,
r * 1 Styles ami
>
qualities
Worth 15e ,
lOc A LIKE
DO NOT
OPPORTUNITY MISS THIS
Worth 25c. '
UNREPEATABLE'
HAS NEVER
CHANCE
I BEEN
FOR A
. . I
Worth ! J5c. KNOWN. BARGAIN.
I
Bought at the Oroal Xo\v York AuetiottSato of Field , ( ( 'liujniinii .V Foiincr , at
TEEE-IR -
ALL. ALL ALL , OKIE VIM B ,
ORIENTAL LACES , LACE FLOUNCING- LAOE SKIRTINGS ,
CENTS CENTS
YARD. YARD.
Worth 20c. * \Worlh -lOc. AVorlli $1.0O.
50S , 504506 , , 5O8 and 51Q
I South 13th Street. ;
WASHINGTON INAUGURATED ,
The Ceremonies and Enthusiasm of
a Noted Day.
BEGINNING OF NATIONAL LIFE.
Tlio Jmirnoy From Mount Ycrnon to
Nr.w Vork Incidents on the Wny
The CuatoniH of Our
Allocators.
On i ) Hundred Vonrs " Ago.
SEOHGE "Washington ,
csq. , of Virginia , as the
eminent patriot is styled
In the only ancient rec
ords of this republic
was declared president
of the United States by
the unanimous vote of the
first electoral college , on
the Oth day of April , 17SO.
With him was associated
John Adams , of Massa
chusetts , as vU'c-prcsldcnt
On thu 14th , of April Charles Thompson ,
who had been for fifteen years the secretary
of 'the continental congress , and who was
chosen by the first national congress as its
messenger , arrived ut the gates of Mount
Vernon , bearing the ofllclal notification of
thn election. The memorable document
rend :
[ Scal.l Ho It known , That the senate anil
house of representatives of the United States
of America , being convened in the city and
BtatoofNuw York , the sixth day of April ,
In the year of our Lord ono thousand seven
hundred mid eighty-nine , the underwritten ,
appointed president of tlio ftonato , for the
solo purpose of receiving , opening and countIng -
Ing the votes of the electors , did , In the
presence of the said sunaio and house of
representatives , open nil. the certificates and
count nil the vo cn of the electors for the
president nnd'for n vice-president , by which
It. appears that George Washington , esquire ,
wua unanimously elected , agreeably to the
constitution , to tjto onice of president of the
United States of Aniorlca. In testimony
whereof 1 huvu hereunto set rny hand and
seal. JOHN LAXODOK.
WASH 1X01 OX'6 ACCr.l'TAXCl ! .
When , on Tuesday December 23 , 1T83 ,
OcncVal Washington presented to congress ,
at Annapolis , Md. , tlio formal resignation
of his commission us General and Command-
ur-iii-rhlcf , he expressed u determination
never again to re-enter publio life , though ho
\Viis then less than llfty-two years of age mid
In the full vi.'oruf physical and mental man-
Ixi'id , liui. in the succeeding llvo years
i' vents hid : t > ri Miapfd thomsclvcH that ho was
tlii : nnl.v man in the infant republic who
i-ou ! I r < cuiii'ili ) ( actions , quiet nyitntlou and
i crtuinl * Ki,1 direction to the destinies of
\ vi n I D.I. , ? ot that the four or Jive millions
of | iuipli > > i rn destitute of statosmnn , patrl-
ntH , i < " . iHtiiiors , holdlers , and all the shades
DI iitti A , luu'ity needed for the emergencies
tif Ijicii-n1. UenJ.imiu Franklin , though A
\ viiiVI , r.i.in , wus&tlll alive ; mid the names
c r'.i.u.rfvUrr Livingston , Thomuv Jefferson ,
( iovvrmir Ai'.hurht. Clalr , Ilogcr Sherman ,
3'titH | i Hi'iiry , General David Humphreys ,
tliu ia.imi . ! > l-.iuiv , ( iovernorClluton , Klbrlago
( Jmry , OlhM1 Hllswortl' , Hubert Morris ,
Ji.ilun IiU-ubcn , Uichard Henry Leo , .lamus
: > ! ; u'.lboi ) , 1'iiius lioudlnot , General
t-'cu\lcv ! , John jay , ana Jona-
than Uruinbu I , will occur to every
ic.-u'ei' , : iml tin IVv then only begun.
Washington hiil received tbo notification
of hU election u ounincut time In advance of
Mr. Thompson1 * arrival , to thoroughly du-
liberate upon the situation , aud ho - . > & pni-
pared , after u bncf conversation with the
ofllccr of coniirrhs , lu reply to his announce
ment us follow * !
"I urn as : : uich nffectoJ by this fres-n proof
of my country ' cutccm and confidence that
elc"eocvB ! ! be * ' , cipluin ' ' 'J' ' t'ratltuilc. While
I realize the arduous nature of tlio task which
Is imposed and fcol my own Inability to per
form it , 1 wish that there may not bo reason
for regretting the choice ; for Indeed , all I
can promise Is only to accomplish that which
can bo done by an noncst zoal. Upon con
sidering how long tluio sotno of the gentle
men of both houses of congress have been at
Now York , how anxiously desirous tlioy
must bo to proceed to business , and how
deeply the public mind appears to bo im
pressed with the necessity of doing it speed
ily , I can not Und myself nt liberty to delay
my journey. I shall , therefore , bo in readi
ness to set out the day after to-morrow and
shall bo happy in the pleasure of your com
pany ; for you will permit mo to say that it is
a peculiar gratification to have received this
communication from you. "
THE JOUKSEY FKOM MOUNT VKUSON' .
.Accordingly , on Thursday , April 10 , 1T89 ,
the President-elect , accompanied by General
David Humphreys , of Connecticut , and Sec
retary Charles Thompson , began the
journey which ended on Thursday
of the following week in Now York
City , where two days previously Vice-
president Adams had taken the oath and
been inaugurated.
T hat.nlght lie slept nt BladcnHburg and
next day reached Baltimore , Some miles
outside the Monumental City the president
was mot by a largn body of citizens on horse
back , mid , amid the booming of cannon and
"through crowds of admiring spectators" he
was conducted to Mr. Grant's tavern. On
Saturday morning at half-past 5 , the presi
dential party left Baltimore , as they had en
tered , to the sound of artillery , and escorted
by many prominent citizens ; that evening ho
reached Havro do Grace and slept at
Knight's Inn. The next morning the party
crossed the Susquohanua , and on the border
of Delaware were mot by a company from
Washington. Hero the excessive regard for
the Sabbath prevented a proposed illumine
lion of the houses , for which "tho decoration -
oration of a vessel in the Delaware
opposite to Market street" was substituted.
Sunday night ho passed at the Lafayette
House , Wilmington , and rose nt daybreak.
Then on an empty stomach General Wash
ington was obliged to listen , for some weary
hours , to addresses and long-winded speeches
from the Burgesses and Common council
and other orators. So without breakfast ho
loft the patriotic but' inconsiderate town , and
broke his fast at the Washington House , In
Chester , I'a. From this point his progress
was a pageant. Shortly after leaving Ches
ter a detachment of horsemen , under com
mand of Captains McDowell ana Thompson ,
Joined procession , Tlio civlo societies repre
sented in the line were headed by the veteran
soldier mid statesman , Arthur1 tit. Clalr , gov
ernor of the Western Territory.
The parly crossed the Schuykill into Phil
adclphln , where u military review , civlo pro
cession and a magnificent banquet tcstitied
to the citizens' regard for their distinguished
guest. The City Tavern sheltered him that
night , and early ttio next morning he was
awakenedby the peals of the old Liberty
bell , Nearly every Institution in the city
presented Mm witli an address before he loft
town at 10 o'clock.
NlUltl.VO NEW YOUR.
Washington dined at Samuel Henry's ' City
Tavern , in 'I teuton , N. J , , and drove to
Princeton late In the afternoon to spend the
night of Tui'Kilny , the 2rth , it is supposed ,
with the president of the college , thn Uuv.
Dr. John WitharApoon , not forgetting to
write a note of thanks to the young indies of
'Trenton , who had been conspicuous In the
enthusiastic rtveytloa the town had extended
to him. " '
At U o'clock on Wednesday morning ,
Washington ' left Princeton under mlllury
escort and'took the old road to Now lining-
wick , where he was mot by the war gov
ernor , William Llvlttfciton , who drove with
him to WoodbHdi'c , where Wadne Juy night
Wis rt.-.8ijd. ! (
On Thursday , 23d , he breakfasted at
Samuel Smith's public liouij In Kllzaoctli-
port , and then waited upon the congress-
sionul cominjUr 5.at tlio resldcnou of | : ilns
llo-jilinot , ctuurmuu of 'tho committee.1 It
W.IH ju t 1" o'clock noon , amid uonls of or
tlllery when , nt KlUubethtown Point , Wash
ing ton stopped ubounl u magnificent burge
which ha J been mitdo to convey him up the
bay to Now York. The beat
cost between two hundicd and
I'lrco hundred pouudu , anil was rowed by
thirteen uusUis ol vets * ! * , Jrcmeil lu uhlto
uniforms and black caps , oinamented With
fringes. In the president's barge , and the
six others accompanying , were the congres
sional committee , John Langdon , Charles
Carroll , and William Samuel Johnson , of the
senate , Elias Bouuinot , Theodoric Bland.
Thomas Tudor Tucker , Egbert Henson , and
John Lawrence , of the house ; Chancellor
Livingston ; John Jay , secretary for foreign
aflfnirs ; Samuel Osgood , Arthur Leo and
Walter Livingston , commissioners of the
treasury ; General Henry ICnox , secretary of
war ; Ebenezer Hazard , postmaster-general ;
Colonel Nicholas Fish , adjutanUgonoral of
the forces of NowYorlc state ; Hichard Vanck ,
recorder of the city , and other dignitaries.
The grandest procession that bad over been
seen in Now Yorlc greeted the party as they
came to the Murray wharf about 3 o'clock in
the afternoon and escorted the president
elect to the Hoffman house , at the junction
of Cherry and Pearl streets , on Franklin
square. Ho dined that evening with Gover
nor Clinton ; the ensuing week was spent
quietly and unostentatiously.
AIM11L TIIIUTIETH , SnVEXTEEX-EIOIITV-NINE.
For nearly a fortnight crowds had been
pouring into Now York , the taverns and
boarding houses were tilled to repletion ,
every private house was thronged , and even
the merchant ships and coasters were
pressed into service , and many persons slept
in tents on the common , so eager wore the
citizens to witness the crowning net of the co
lonial revolution and national evolution. The
center of attraction was Federal Hull , where
the New Congress sat. It stood on the corner
of Wall and Nassau streets , at the head of
Uroad street , whore the custom house now
stands. It had originally been the city hall ,
built from stone wnich was taken from the
old fortifications. The building had been
transformed nt an expense of f tfi.OOU , con
tributed by a number of wealthy gentlemen
when It had been selected by the continental
as the place of meeting of the now congress ;
and its mime was changed with its architec
ture.
ture.Tho ceremonies of tlio day were ushered
In by a salute ilrcd at daybreak from the
butteries of old Fort George below Howling
Green. At that early hour the streets were
rapidly tilling up. At 8 o'clock the sky was
overcast , and presented every appearance of
an impending heavy storm ; but nt 9 o'clock ,
when the bells in the church steeples and in
the boltricH of the publio buildings b > gau
tholr joyous peals , the clouds broke and the
glad sunshine burst forth. In all the churches
divine service was hold , "to implore the
blessings of Heaven upon their new Govern
ment , its favor and protection to the Presi
dent , and success and acceptance to his
Administration , "
At noon the procession that was to conduct
George Washington to the Inauguration at
Federal Hall assembled In Franklin Square.
There were publio onlclals , civic societies ,
bands of music , the uauul military display ,
and , of course , "citizens on foot and on
horseback. " ' Prominent places were
assigned the now cabinet , the congressional
committees and the state and municipal au
thorities. Colonel Morgan Lewis , grand
marshal , and Majors Van Homo unit Morton ,
his aides , were at the head of the procession ,
followed by over tlvo hundred soldiers , con
sisting of a troop of horse , the artillery , two
companies of grenadiers , u company of light
Infantry , the 'wttallou men , a company in
the full uniform of Scotch Highlander * witli
the national music of the bagpipe ; the sheriff ,
Uobort Hoytl , on horseback ; the senate com
mittee Hichard Henry Leo. Uulph Izard aud
Tristum Dalton ; thu president in a state
coach drawn by four horses , attended by
Colonel Humphreys and Tobias Lear , in the
thu president's own carriage ; the committee
of the house Egbert Henson , Fivhcr Ames
and Daniel Carroll ; John Jay , General
Henry Knox , Chancellor Livingston ; Sam
uel Or.gpoi ) , Arthur Leo and Walter Living-
Rlon , the chief heads of departments ; his ox-
cullency the Count du Mousticr. and his ox-
'uultouey Don Dlegodo Gurdoqul , the French
'unJ Spanlih ambassadors ; other gentlemen
'Qt tlistl'jcllou and u multitude of citizens.
WXSUINOTON AT 1'EIIF.HAl , IUI.I- .
T.Uo cortege moved from the president's
mention at 13:80 : , and passing from Cherry
struot-through Queen street ( now Pearl ) ,
Great Dook.nndJtroad street , to Wall street ,
the military baited , and were drawn up
on bath nldor of tbQ street , Through the
lines Washington and his assistants , and the
ganttotncn specially invited , passed Into
IVderul Hall and proceeded to tbo senate
chamber. At tha.door of the chamber , to
whlcli the eyes of the vast throng
which packed the room were directed ,
General Washington was met , by
Vice-president John Adams and con
ducted to the * chair. On the right
were the vice-president and the senate , and
on Washington's left the speaker and tlio
house of representatlvcs. The vice-president
then said :
'Sir , the senate nhd house of representa
tives are ready to attend you to take the
oath rcnuircd by the constitution , wtncn will
bo administered by the Chancellor of the
state of New York. "
"I am ready to proceed , " was the reply
given in the calm and dignified manner
w"hch ! distinguished the nrst president.
Mr. Adams led the way-to the gallery over
the main entrance to the building , and facing
liroad street. General Washington fol
lowed , surrounded by as many of the
higher functionaries as coulct find
room in the copflned space of the
balcony. Of the group , perhaps the most
striking figure was Jlobert K. Livingston , in
a full dress of chancellor's robes. Secretary
Otis carried the bible on a crimson cushion ,
and stood at General Washington's right ,
between him and thp chancellor. The bible ,
borne by the secretary , was one borrowed
from St. John's lodge of Masons near by ,
it having been discovered , almost at the last
moment , that there was no copy of the scrip
tures in Federal Hall at the time. It was
opened at tlio fiftieth chapter of Genesis.
At the proper moment Chancellor Living
ston raised his hand and said to Washing
ton : "You do solemnly swear that you will
faithfully execute the oftlco of President of
thn United States and will to the best of
your ability , preserve , protect and defend
the Constitution of the United States ? "
These words were repeated by the president ,
who then bowed his head and kUscd the
open book , adding in a solemn tone of voice
ana with much emotion , "I swear , so help
mo God. "
"It is done , " said the chancellor , who im
mediately proclaimed , -'Long live George
Washington ,
"I'linsiiiEXT oK > TiinuxiTr.n STATIS. : "
The president bowed to the vast crowd ,
who Interspersed with cheer after cheer the
reports of thirteen cannon. Tlio scene is
described by Miss Eliza Qnlncy , nn eye wit
ness : "J was on' 'the roof of the llrst
house in Hroad street , which belonged to
Captain Prince , th6 lather of one of my
school companlonsjaud so near Washington
that I could a I in os tj hear him speak. The
windows and the roofs of the houses were
crowded , and in the streets tlio crowd was
go doiiBO that it umoted as if ono might
literally walk on tlio heads of the people.
The balcony of Uid lial was In full view of
tliio assembled multitude. In the center of
it was placed a table with a rich covering of
red velvet , and upon this , on a crimson
velvet cushion , lay a Jargo and elegant bible.
This was nil tha parapharnnlla foi the august
scene. All eyes worei Jived upon the balcony ,
where , ut the appointed hour , Washington
entered , accompanied1 by the chancellor of
the state of Now York , who was to admin
ister the outh ; by'Jom | Adams , vico-presl-
dent ; Governor Clinton and many other dis
tinguished men ,
"Uy the great body at the people ho had
probably never beenseen except us n mili
tary "hero. Tlio Jlrstjn'war was now to be
thu lirxt in peace. His entrance on the
balcony was announced by universal shouts
of joy mid iwolcofuc. His appearance was
most Koletnn mid dignified. Advancing to tbo
front of tha halcoby. ho laid his hand on his
heart , bowed several times and then retired
to n scjit near the tabld. The populace ap
peared to understand that the scene hud
overcome him , and were ut once hushed in
profound silence. Aftpr a few moments
Washington arosn arid came forward. Chan
cellor Livingston rend the oath , according to
the form prescribed by the constitution , and
Washington repeated it , resting his hund
upon the table. Mr. Otis , the secretary of
the senate , thenjook a bible aud rained it to
the lips of WuShlngton , ' who stooped and
kisicd the book. At thu moment n signal
was given by railing u Hag on thu cupola of
the hall for a general discharge of the artil
lery of the battery. All tbu balls of the city
rang out u peal of joy , and the assembled
multitude eeut forth a Universal shout. The
president again bowed to the people , and
then retired from a scene such as the proud
est monarch never enjoyed. "
AFTER THE 1XAUGUIIATIOX.
Only a few moments elapsed between the
ceremony of administering the oath and the
return of the distinguished gentlemen to the
senate chamber , where President , Washing
ton delivered his inaugural address. Like
all thu curly inaugurals this ono possesses
the merit of brevity , mayhap because it , was
considered , in those days , u speech to cou-
gress and not to the people.
Calm , self-possessed and impcrturable as
General Washington always was , President
Washington betrayed a great degree of ner
vousness during the delivery of his address.
Senator Maclay writes : "This great man
was agitated and embarrassed more than
over ho was by the leveled cannon or pointed
musket. Ho trembled , and several times
could scarce make out to rend , though it
must bo supposed ho had oftoa read it be
fore. Ho made n nourish with his right
bund , which left rather an ungainly impres
sion. I sincerely , for mv part , wished all set
ceremony in the hands of dancing masters ,
and that this first of men had road oft his
address in the plain manner , without over
Inking his eyes from the paper ; for I feel
hurt that ho was not flrst in everything"
From the senate chamber the presi
dent was escorted to St. Paul's church ,
on Uroadway , corner of Church street ,
now faced by the Astor house on the latter
and by the Herald building , on the former
street. The procession moved up Wall
street and Broadway , in the same order it
had observed on the march to Federal Hall ,
with the difference that the president , vice-
president. the two houses of congress and
most of those who attended the inauguration
proceeded on foot. At the church Kt. Hev.
Ur. Samuel Provoost , bishop of the Episco
pal churches in Now York , conducted an
appropriate religious service. After prayers
had bceu said and the To Doum sung , Wash
ington entered the state coach and was
driven to his homo. Foster Ames describes
the president , in the church :
"I was prrsent , " ho writes , "in the pew
with the president , and must assure you ,
that after making all deductions for thu de
lusion of one's fancy In regard to characters ,
I still think of him with moro veneration
than for any other person. Time has made
havoc uprm his face. That , mid many other
circumstances not to bo reasoned about ,
conspired to keep up the uwo I brought
with me. "
TIIK uxniNo oi'fun IMV.
In the evening the whole city was ablate
with lights and fireworks. Many of the
houses were beautifully illuminated , none
more so than these of the French and Ger
man ambassadors , who both lived on Hroud-
w.iy near Liowllng Green , and the scone was
wonderful , for u century ag ? , animated and
enchanting1. President Washington walked
along Uroadway ns far as the liattery , to
sea the xpectao lo , and expressed thu warm
est admiration ,
At 10 o'clock Washington returned on foot ,
"the throng of people being so great us not
to permit a carriage to pass through It. "
The ball which It was Intended to give on
the evening of inauguration day wa& post
poned trial the wife of the president might
attend. Hut when It was learned that she
wouldn't arrive In New York until the last
of May , it was decided to give the hall on the
evening of May fl. It was a brilliant assem
bly. The Century Magu/.lne describing the
scene says , "About throe hundred persons
were present. It is related that the presi
dent , who had danced repeatedly wlulo
communder-In-clilcf , danced In the o Hill Ion
and minuet ut this pull. Thu company re.
tired about U o'clock , after having er. Joyed a
most agrceablci evening , Joy , satisfaction
and vivacity was expressed in o\cry counte-
enauee , and every pleasure seemed to be
heightened Uy the presence of a Welling
ton. "
Ilitniiiili Mure Koliaii * tit the .
Crown thy brow with virtue's leaves ,
Impearl thy nps with truth ;
Star thine eyes with honest smiles ,
And Innocence of youth.
Set thy words with accents kind ,
And gem with love thy tlctfds ;
Jewel thy liourt with holy thought * ,
And cnst : ovuy dose
TO-MORROW" , .A.T1
LADIES' - HOSIERY.
miles' Tine Imported r
- Brilliant Lisle Thread Hose - < &QC
Ladies' Fimuy Colored
> C - IMPORTED SEAMLESS HOSE -
Fancy Striped
-COTTON HOSE , - 1Oc
Ladies1 Fine Ribbed ladies' ' Elegant Silk Trimmed
VESTS SWISS UIUUUJ )
JERSEY ,
AVIUTi : , I'INK ANDdlliUR. JERSEY VESTS ,
Worth ! Ji e. Worth 0o.
IIS
Ladies' ' Imported French Woven
CORSETS
This Is a corset that was imported to sell for
THE
KINK
Mikado Cords I > r. Hamilton's Wonderful English Sateen
PEBFUMED COB.SET . , CORSETS ;
Worth 7 Go. ncgulnr price. $1.25. Wot'th $1.00.
THE FATHER OF ARBOR DAY
Fittingly Honored at His Homo in
Nebraska City.
MANY DISTINGUISHED GUESTS
Tlio Celebration the Most Klahorato
Ever Hcia There Tree Planting
in Morton 1'iirk Eloquent
Speeches.
The Home of Arbor lny.
CITV , Neb. , April 27. [ Special
to THE HEI : . ] The scriptural aphorism that
a "prophet is not without honor save in his
own country , " has no local application to
Nebraska City and the Hon. J. Sterling Mor
ton. Tlio gnyly decorated streets of last
Monday , the brightly dressed school children
in line with Hugs and banners , the homo or
ganizations , military and civic , the great
outpouring of citizens and of neighbors from
the surrounding country were nil no less substantial
'
stantial witnesses to the enthusiasm with
which Arbor day Is celebrated in the city ,
whore the idea was born than to the grate
ful regard in which its founder is held by
those among whom he has lived and moved
fo r more than thirty years.
The celebration was the most elaborate
over held in Nebraska City. Distinguished
visitors were present from abroad as invited
guests of the city and with much appropri
ateness , the invitations were givow with ,
but few exceptions to old friends of Mr.
Morton and old residents of the state.
Among them were Hon. James M. Woolworth -
worth and IJr. ( icorgo L. Mlllor , each of
whom dates his intimacy with J. Sterling
Morton to "the days of the llftlcs , " Lyman
Hlelmnlnon , e.s < ) . , of Onialin , and Major J.
W. I'addock , of thu Nebraska pioneers , and
Hon. A. J. Sawyer , mayor of Lincoln , who
delivered the principal additss. Tlio oc
casion ' was oiiu of ilQiiblo interest. It in
volved the commemoration of Arbor day and
the lirxt public planting of tree * In the beau
tiful park , the inagnlllcc'ut gift ol Mr. Mor
ton to his nulphbors and follow citizens ,
Business was generally suspended , the city
was gay with bunting , the schools took a
twenty-four Hours' recess , and children ,
teachers anil parents joined In the fes
tivities.
At 'J o'clock the procession , which was
over n in Ho In length , started through
crowded streets In thu direction of Morton
jiHi-k , preceded by the line Uruco Coinmun-
dcrv hund of Hod Oak , lu. Arrlvit.g nt the
park , ranks wore broken and tlio celebrants
gathered around ttio stand whiLh hud been
( irccU'il on a sightly knoll lo iiccomodato the
speaker * , Mid which commanded u sweeping
view of the grounds , Hon. Jiimes M , Woolworth -
worth V.MS the ilrsi speaker. His remarks
wuru JmvteM o' 'I ' retrospective and a per
sonal natuif. He referred feelingly to tlio
occasion , which he pronounced u tribute to
an idea and to : i man. Ho touched In grace
ful language upon thu long and pleasant In
timacy between Mr. Morton and himself ,
spoke of the Importance of thu idea which He
ll ad evolved and winch , iinlUo many origin
ators of ideas , Mr. Morton had lived to sco
generally adopted i's a public benefaction
and in glowing terms inilogUcu , the hand-
hoiun gift wnlch bit hint presented to Ne
braska City.
lion , A. J. Sawyer , of Lincoln , followed
with 4 suhoiiirly snd carefully prupiircd oration
tion upon Arbor Day and Tree I'Untlnc
which orcu | > hu an hour Its delivery , but
which wus full of Interest from the ox-
onliutn tj the close. Ho was followed by
Dr. Upoigi ! L , Milter , of Omaha , who was
grobtett vcr.v wurmly und sincerely by both
platform K esls atiU spectators. lr , Miller's
ren.at Us , which were evidently largely 1m-
prmr.i'lu catted forth by the occasion , were
ilcilrnrcd with much fueling , Ho Hpoko of
the ACVCII > utrs : which had elapsed suitii ho
Iiatl hut bcnii in Nebraska City , and of the
fcr * > j ol scidtif j wtik'li canio over tiln ; as
i.o.i acrwsn the IK'M * Into the ceineteiy
where those once near and dear to him , and
who had formerly welcomed him in 'thoirf '
midst , lay sleeping the last sloop of death. !
'I remember well the time , " said the
speaker. * 'whon this region of beautiful
country , now panoplied in the luxuriance o
spring , was considered a barren desert , nnd
when the hardy settlers who entered it to
till its soil and inako it their homes , word
looked upon as little loss than inndmon. All
honor to the sturdy irmnhood und woman
hood which for thirty years has been en <
gaged in changing the frontier to n garden. "
He llien referred by name to several ot
the early seniors who have passed uway and
lo the sense of personal loss which ho felt id
their dcnlh. "I can not , " ho nnld , "dwell on
the subject under the shadow of u homo
where I have visited many years , for my
memory perforce lingers upon those whoso
smile and cordial * hnnd-crnsp once b.ido ma
warm welcome to a generous hospitality. It
is thirty-llvo years since I mot the friend and
benefactor of Nebraska City , and wo mot as
bo.\s. IIu has had the singular good fortune )
to have been able lo bo of great use not only
to his community und neighbors , to his state ,
but lo his counlry. Arbor Day now cele
brated In nearly every state In the union ,
will bo his monument as long as time shall
last. Like tlio poet of ancient times ho car ]
sny , 'I have erected a monument more last *
ing than brouzo. ' , '
Dr. Miller then spoke In generous eulogy
of Mr. Morion's gift of the park in which na
was speaking , and assured his listeners that
they , too , had a duty to perform. That duty
was to preserve , to maintain and to beau
tify the spot. Ho urged thorn to
take warning from the oxumpla
ol Omuhn which had allowed iti
park to degenerate. Into a pasture , ana
bcggca them to inako it a pleasure ground ,
where children might study nature In ho
changing moods and where the eye might
derive griilillcation from tno contemplations
of its scenery ; such a park us for genera
tions to come might bo a titling memorial to
the generosity of its donor. Ho closed by a
promiho that in the future ho Intended to bo
nearer to Nebraska olty than in the past ,
for ho felt very near to all its citrons.
In the evening Mr. Morton , who , during
the ceremonies , was deeply affected , enter
tained at dinner H number of Invited guest a :
During tlio afternoon several thousand
trees were planted in Morton purl : nnu
throughout the city. Most of these set out
In the park were evergreens. The i.ntd Is al-
rer.dv heavily wooded with oak and ash fttid.
will requlro little landscape gardening to
make it , u most attractive and lovely spot.
It lies directly adjoining Mr , Morton's beau
tiful homo , whoso lawnn and orchards Blopo
down to ItH lear. Gently rolling Its topog
raphy It peculiarly adapted /or purk purpo *
ses. Twelve miles of di'iveswlll bo laid out ,
winding around two lakes , the grounds will
bo fenced and the twcnty.thrca ncres mada
In all respects worthy of their name. A.
Tin ; Dozen Grentext foots.
Perhaps I mtty now bo permitted to
recapitulate the list of u do/on ICnijllsU
pools whom I ventured to quota UH thu
manifest immortulB of our Uriliuh Pur-
nnssus , says Edmund Go.ssu in tha
Forum. They nro Chaucer , Spoucor ,
SlmkosDonro , Milton , Dry don , Pope ,
Gray , Hunm , Wordsworth , Coloi'iduo' ,
Byron , Hholluy , Keats. It will bo no
ticed that there are thirteen nnrnos
ho re , and my reviewers lutvu not fulled
to romiiid mo that it is iiotorlou.sly dif-
llcult to count the stuns. Tlio laut ly
that Gray , the real thirtcontli , was nn
afterthought , and I will admit tlmt , al
though ( it-ay in the author of what ia
perhaps the most imposing Hlii'n'lo short
ixcm In the language , and although ha
has churm , Kkill , and ditttliifllnn to rt <
marvelous degree , his originality , hiA
force of production , was so rigidly Hra-
itod thai he may scarcely bu a ( Unit ted
to the Ural rank. No doubt iho explo-
fiivo force which eggs a very great
writer on to constant expression
lacking in Uio case of Gray , and T yi < id )
him toiuloibiOo , and the only ona
of my interesting family which I will
consoiit to throw to thn wolvci , Thd
rent are Inviolably , and T v/lll licleud
thom to the hut.