Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 21, 1889, Part II, Page 13, Image 13

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    - \ Vm&u -UMBwiP1 I ' JIM * ' , * I" * * * * PU II * *
The First Fnmllloa Only Wash Thoin-
Bolvos Onoo a Wock.
A Style ot Courtship -\VJiloh Wouldn't
Suit America's Vomit * And
AlaldutiH And Yet elio Boer
Girls Will IWru
Bnthlng In Not. Ito Illixoiir.
PuiiTOitiA , South Africa , Kob. 18.
[ Snoolal Correspondence of Tun Bur. . ]
Of the manners and customs of the
Boors wo might say like tlio correspondent -
ont writing of the Russian peasantry :
"Customs. boi8tlymnn ; tiers , nouo. "
Boor etiquette demands that v/lien a
stranger arrives lit n house ho must
shako hands with the Inmates all around
without speaking , beginning with the
oldest , down to the youngest. This is
found nut to he iv very pleasant task , as
the hands to bo .shakon uro never very
clean. One of the favorite bon mots of
the BOOTH IH that the English ( moaning
all loroignors ) , must bo a Very flirty
people Beoini ; they llml it nouuimry to
wash so frequently , whilst they
( tlio lloors ) do not do so oftener
than 01100 a .week , at moat.
They gcncnnlly botx.o tlio opportunity
of the prcbenoe of a stranger wjio ia a
guest to indulge in n slight ablution ,
which la ilono aa follows : Before dinner
the household assemble and scat thom-
Eolvcs in asetni-clrcular form. One of
the girls brings a basin of water and a
towel , which she presents t tlio head of
' the family first. Jlo performs his ablu
tion on minds nnd'face. The basin is
then passed to.tho nrxt , the girl hand
ing the towel , and so onright arounu
the circle 'of perhaps a' ' do/on without
changing the water or towel , the
Refusal on his part to participate
would bo considered , a great insult t
his hostess.
Ono very sensible habit these people
have is that when friends meet , men
kiss the women , but women never kiss
each other.
The Boor houses are built cither of
etono or mud , the Hopes being1 paved
with a kind of cement made from the
dropping ! ! of the cow-abed mixed with
sand and clay. They also frequently
iKiint their lloors with this material re
duced to a thick liquid ; ami while it is
yet soft they make pretty devices by
drawing their lingers over it. This
material is considered very healthy ,
and is free from any inoH'onsive smell
when dry. It. albo has the advantage of
keeping olT the insects , such us ants
and cockroaches.
The rooms , as a rule , are largo and
airy. In many cases the Boors sleep on
mattings spread on the floor , only the
fathers and mothers having the luxury
of a bed. In cases where beds are used
they are largo , and five or six people
sleep on one of them. A friend of mine
now to the country WIIB traveling and
put up at a Boor house for the night.
Being weary , ho retired early to rest.
Waking un during the night ho was
reposing in the same couch as himself.
This is nothing unusual , however.
ThcbO sleeping places are not too clean
and have more than a suspicion of bugs
and other disagreeable insects. There
are no schools' amongst the Boers ; a
wealthy man with a family often perma
noiitly engages a schoolmahtor or tutor ,
who 'lives as ono of the family and is
but poorly paid for his services , receiv
ing little more than board niHl lodg
ing. In the poorer families the chil
dren are taught what they do know
by their parents. Thosumof this tench-
ing amounts to little more than being
able to read the bible , a book found in
every Boor house. The Boors arc very
devout attend well to their religious
' duties and never omit to say grace be
fore anil after each meal , and copiously
interlard their conversation with pious
ejaculations. As a rule they tire very
hospitable to btrnngors , providing they
uro not verdoomed ( damned ) English ,
for whom they have u great antipathy.
They will of ten turn aside and hungry
KMi'TY I-'UOM Tinstu uuons
if they know him to bo of that nation
ality. One poor follow I know , an Irish
man ifamud Donahue , riding through
the country , being sick and tjrod , ap
plied at a Boor farm for food and shelter
lor tlio night , for which ho was ready to
pay , but was driven from the door and
refused even a cup of cold water. IIo
fell from his horse and died 100 yards
from the houbO.
A young Boer , when ho goes wooing ,
cuts quite a conspicuous figure. Custom
, r demands that ho rig himself out in a
particular costume when , ho goes upon
His costume includes corduroy
breeches , line black cloth coat and vest ,
displaying an immense oxpanbo of
frilled shirt front , and a largo , broad
black hat. Ho is mounted on a black
horse with a now saddle.
Arrived at the house where he in
tends to make a convuost , ho is cor
dially received and joins in con
versation , on current topics with
the rest of the household until
bed time , whan all retire to
rest excepting young Adonis and his
cnamorutn. The former being supplied
vrith a pipe and an abundance of to
bacco , the two arc conducted to an
apartment by themselves. IJoro they
sit as far apart ns possible and silently
contemplate eaeli other. Meanwhile
AdoniB is fill the room with clouds of
aowko from his pipe. After the laspo
of bovoral hours spent in this way the
wooer takes courage and says :
"Grotohon , gy wet ok hovt gy bynjo
lelf. ( Mnrgrot , you know I love you
dearly ) , and she replies : "Ya. " An
other bpoll ot silence until towards
morning ho asks the momentous ques
tion : "Grotohon , will gy moln vrouw
wordenV ( Margaroth , will you bo my
vrifeV )
The anawer ia again "Ya. " Nothing
more is stxld until when the family as
sembles lor breakfast the preliminaries
are bottled and the wedding day iixud.
Rather too Platonic , I fancy , to suit
the tastes of young America.
The Boora do not have long engage
ments. They last three months at the
uioat , during which time the young
couple may bo seen walking in
public hand in hand or riding
together. The Boor ludiod are great
horsewomen using a man's saddle on
which they sit sideways , balancing
themselves cleverly with perfect ease
and grace. The wedding is ft BCOIIO ol
rejoicing and general festivities. The
ooromony is first performed at the
magistrate's ofllco ; and then , at tlu
church , follow the religious exorcises ir
the presence of a few friends. Aftoi
church the party adjourns to the houst
ot the bride's father , approaching
which may bo BOOH , in addition to the
church party , a long llr.o of carts ant
man on horseback galloping and tear
ing along in wild disorder , singing
drinking and playing musical lustra
monti , everybody being more or loss in
taxlcatod. Arrived at thu house , feast
lug , , drinking and Uonolng- hold swas
until oiuetlv ut uiidntehUall iastopood
the brldo and groom nro conducted to
their chamber and locked in together
until nt exactly 1 o'clock , when they
are brought forth again aifll the revel
IH carried on till the morning aim
breaks in , rovoallng and dispersing a
motley group of haggard , weary and
headachy revellers. The Uoers , as a
rule , are good dancer ? . Hosldes a
variety of square nnd round dances
they excel In step-dancing , the
Irish gig and sailors' hornpipe
being favorites. The ladles arc hand
some , tall and good llguro , generally ,
however , inclining to corpulency. IJluo
eyes and light hair predominate. Feet
and hands nro large. A young man
going to a store asking for a pair of
gout * ' shoes , XINK , KOH HIS SISTKlt ,
who is going to bo married , is not nn
uncommon incident. They dress in n
fantastic stylo. A Uoer young lady
considers a dress of llvo or six colors , a
headgear In which is blended thu most
startling contrasts green , yellow , rod ,
etc. with a handkerchief to match ,
tied over the face to servo as a veil , do
rigour. The climnto being always mod
ern to , they dre s in light gnrmcnts and
seldom wear stockings. Hustles and
tight lacing are things unknown.
A Uoor young lady is a Ilirt. Manv
are the Himplu blandishments she uses
to bring her beau to her feet. A very
Hlight attention on his part mny bo con
strued into bom , thing far moroHorlous
than he intended , and thu unlucKy
Hwaiti may have a big lubberly brother
or cousin to settle with before ho is
aware. Your correspondent once , at a
dancing partysho\vod \ some attention to
ajoungladyn20U-pounderdanoing with
her sovurni times. After that she en
tirely npproprmtod him , until Into In
the evening wishing to escape ho made
his way out nnd lay on a hay wagon.
Being somewhat fatiguedho fell asleep.
However tlio fair damsel was not to bo
so easily eluded , for on waking up ho
found her reposing by his side on the
hay. Not being inclined to enter into
the holy state , unpleasant consequences
with th'o male members of her family
wore avoided only by my discovering
that a trip to another part ol the coun
try was noccssarv for my health.
The courts of justice are generally a
farce , the man with the longest purse
and who dips into itfarunougli wins the
case , independent of right and jus
tice. During the English occupation ,
the trial by jury was adopted , but a
Uoor jury is not dilllcult to bribe
nnd if the case is between
a foreigner and a Boor , the
former has no chanco. A in point
was that of Captain Campbell , who
was brutually murdered by being driven
tit night into the Viml river , then shot ,
ns described by Ruler Haggard in
"Jess , " only poor Campbell did not es
cape as Haggard's hero , .lohn Kiel did.
'The murderers were brought to trial ,
b'ut eleven out of twelve jurj men wore
for acquittal , and finally the villains
were freo. In another instance where an
Englishman had his bend chopped oil
with a blunt hatchet and was robbed of
$200 , the miscreant Boer got oil' with
a sentence of two year.s imprisonment.
The Lioors are naturally of cruel dispo
sition , but they arc outmatched bv the
half breeds , ( half Boor and half Kalllr )
who bcom to inherit the vices of both
without , the virtues of cither. ,
An Master Bonnet.
II. C. Da'lijf fii .Vric Yntli H'orfd.
Oh , well worthy of a sonnet
Is the dainty , little bonnet
That mv wife will wear on Easter
When slio goes to church with mo ;
Flowers , ribbon , lace and feather
Hlundlm ; prettily together
Make a poem most exquisite
Ana a work of art to see.
When it's time to wear the bonnet
Uy the mirror she will don it
And I'll see her sunlo of triumph
As she , blushing , turns to show
Mo that lovely Easter tre.isuro ;
How her eyes will dunce with pleasure
At ray Raze of admiration
And the praise I .shall bestow.
Then I'll walk besiilc that bonnet ,
tilaucIiiK , oh , so proudly on it ,
Up the aisle on caster morninif
With thu dearest one on earth ,
And I'll nolico the attention ,
( Which I afterwards will mention )
That the other women pay it
For its beauty and its worth.
Oh , all worthy of n sonnet
Is the dainty little bonnet
That till Easier must no hiding
All its glory on a shelf ;
Hut the sweetest thiutf about it
Is thonuli other husbands doubt It
That my wito , to save my nocket.
Planned and made It all herself.
A dim religious light The Uev , Joseph
Sunday school toucher We are told here
thutj the prophet rent his clothes. Why
did be do that ! Tommy SquildiB P'raps ho
couldn't afford to buy 'em.
Sam Jones says that San Francisco and
hell are not ten feet apart , and that there Is
more Sunday wickedness in that city than m
any other four on earth combined.
At H revival meeting in Calhonn , Ky , , a
shoris who became converted confessed that
thirteen yours ago ho stole $1,000 from the
county. He lias made restitution.
St. Peter ( kindly ) "Enter. " Fair spirit
( hesitating ) "Uld Mrs. Do Fashion KO inhere
hero I" ' 'No. She went to the other place. "
"O ! Hog pardon for troubling you. Which
way is it. (
"Brethren and sisters , " remarked a plain
spoken pastor , "next Sunday we shall take
up our regular Kaster collection. I trust the
brethren will give according to their means
and the sisters according to their bonnets. "
' Brethren , " said the pastor impressively ,
"as next Sunday shall bo the lost time I
shall preach to this congregation , I trust
thuro will be a largo attendance. " and to hi.s
painful surprise ho bad tbo largest audience
the following Sunday that tie had over soon
in the church.
Mr. Justice Studhen of England has as
suredly a most impartial mind. In court recently -
contly , alluding to the case of * a defendant
who sought to esuapo liability for a certain
expenditure by throwing the blame of order *
ing it upon his wife , his lordship characteristically
blurted out "That is old
istically : aa ex-
cu c. I often felt that Adam I mean that
is well ! I Imvo always wished to hear
Eve's accounts that transaction. "
E. Handull , the mountain evuntcolUt of
West Virginia , some years ago went over
the state painting texts on rocks and walls.
Hu decorated all sorts of. waste places with
the text , "What shall I do to be oavodl" A
patent medicine mini ciiino along lutar and
painted Just below this , wherever ho could
llnd It , ' 'Uso Blame's euro for consumption. "
The quaint combination got into the papers ,
and Kandall , seeing It , wont back over his
route with his paint pot ami added bolo w the
toxV "And prepare to meet thy Qod.
The cattle In the vicinity of Westphalia ,
Kan , , are dyiug of brain fever.
El < ; ht seta of twins and one of triplets have
bean born in PIku county , Georgia , within a
The proudest mother in Maine la a down
east pig with sixteen nlgleU. She is blun.
while eight of Irur cbUdroa are red and olgln
of them white.
A baby with two distinctive bodies and but
one head , was born in Now York oa Satur
day night , but died an hour after Its birth
A good many people who are born with mor <
boay than bead do not die at birth.
A few days ago a largo pond , about tw
miles from , Abbeville , Go. , sprang a leak It
the bottom and dried up. Tbo sound of thi
escaping water resembled thuudor. Manj
ilia were loft behind and picked up. but mos'
of them followed the lake.
A drunken man loading a horse tbrougl
the streets of Whltofleld last week met an
other Intoxicated mau. They both began i
oouversutlou and both Tell under the uorse'i
The Bagftoiavf muail , alter oarefullj
picking hia master up , let fly both heel fit-
the other drunkard , 'who p.ckcd himself up
and got away.
Two rctimrkablo Shetland ponlns were re
cently sold at Invcriuw , Scotland.They
ate four yearn old , nndUOnnd H7 Inches hiph ,
respectively. 'J hair hair is fully fi' ' lactic *
long and tnolr heads uro almost entirely ob
scured by tlio inane ami forelock , which
measure 1SJ < Iches. The solo of their hoofs
nro only 2xi ! niches , their combined weight
being- but 141) ) pounds. N
"Dylnu Atnonti tlio Ijnpors. "
Htttr S. Kl/f / , in Ct-'relati < l Leatlcr.
A young Belgian Cr.lnollc priest , Fattier
Dnincln. gave up n promising career and vol-
mtoorcti to take charge of the lepers at Mol-
kal , ono of the Sandwich Islands. Ho is
now himself stricken with the plague. Now
York world.
My Island homo the restless sou
Wenrs line a Jewel on her breast ,
And lapsing time but seems to mo
As foam upon the blue waves' crest ;
1 BOO the Southern Cross at night
Burning ia splendor o'er my head ,
HAnil day but brinijs a new delight. .
' Breaking m blossoms 'neath my tread
Hero In this paradise of llownra
\Vlmt bliss to llvo so close to God ,
To laden all the languid hours
With prnyor tmd incunso from the sod ,
All that I knew in that far land ,
Of love of hope and dreams of fame ,
I write upou the shifting sand ,
The only record of their name.
Henceforth all , did that Jungle whirr
Its blooming bronchos In my way ,
While nil my pulses rudely stir ,
As aspen orb-i shoot out their rnyl
Thus I fot'Kot a deadly fee
That lurks beside my altar stouc , ,
Thut follows mo whor'ur I go ,
Nor loaves mo by my couch nlone ,
I've known the fear , I've felt its breath
Steal o'er tlio with its Uighliug sncll ;
Sure Is the until that loads to Death ,
And I have learned Its power well.
1'vo seen upon thu human cheek
Thu banners of a dread decay ,
And seen my own dark sentence speak
In ghastly faces day by day.
A stricken throng whoso steps go by
Feeble and brolten in tholr tread ,
I cuuio to close each fading cyo
And pray bcalilc each Uying bed.
I'd fool my young blood's ' poisoned thrill
And die thus slowly for their sake ;
Even n leper at His will
If closer at his feet to wukc.
Fifty United Suites senators since 1700
have been Yale graduates.
Forty-one books .have boon published by
Ynlo professors within the lastsovon years.
The University or Vermont has received
from Miss Maria Loomis n pittof $10,000tho
Income of which bo used in buying
bouks for the lllmu.v
A banning system was introduced in the
publlo.schools of Island Clity , N. Y. ,
three .years ago , and already the pupils in
the nine schools have Sld.T'Jl to their credit.
President Patton says that after Juno 1 ,
ihu Princeton , college will Imvn added to its
permanent , endowment fund $ . ' "lO.OCO through
thu kindness of many old and seine now
tri i'ii i h.
There nro now 2,500 women in the United
States having diplomas from cither Ameri
can or foreign medical schools The llrst
medical degree given to a woman In America
was but forty years ago.
"Ucal" education is practiced in Cornell
university : Two hundred and tlfty students
will go on- different trips In various direc
tions in search of information. Cornell is
teaching the old colleges some valuable ob
ject lessons.
Mrs. Eliza A. Clark , of Cleveland , has
given flCO.OOO to the Cleveland College for
women , a dcpaitmant of the Western Ue-
scrvu university. One-half of the amount ia
to bo cxiicndcd in electing the Clark Hull of
Liberal Arts.
The wonderful progress of the people of
Japan in assimilating- western ideas is illus
trated by the graduation exercises of the
Jiipun-Englibh law school at Tokio , which
took p'uce recently , and in the course of
which the United Status ministur to Japan ,
U. IT. Hubbard , delivered the address to the
graduating class m English.
A largo tract of land in West Philadeluhifi
has been purchased by the University of
Pennsylvania. 'Ihis tiact , which includes
three plots varying ftom two to live acres in
area , belonged to the city of Philadelphia ,
and adjoins the present university property.
It is understood that the university will ctler
advantageous terms to suverul literary and
scicntiile institutions , m thu hope of inducing
them to build on this newly-purchased
The Kingdom of Italy had , in 18SIJ , public
elementary day-schools to the number of 40- ,
07. ) , attended by 2,075,1)41 ) pupils. This num
ber is 7.29 per cent of the entlro population ,
and O0. : < 5 per cent of the population six to
twelve years of ago. As regards secondary
education , there were in thu kingdom , m
1837 , secondary schools to the number of
1,553 , with an enrollment of ' . (7,059 ( students.
The same year 'the 21 universities of tuo
Kingdom were attended by 15,517 , distributed
among the faculties ns follows : Jurispru
dence' , 5,244 ; philosophy and literature , 03 ; ) ;
mathematical and physical science , l,7Sti ;
medicine and surgery , 7,854.
IJcnv , Gushing Amellc.
Mrs. Atnolio Rives-Chnnler , upon her
recent visit to Washington , stated to a
friend that the ono woman in tills city
whom she desired to meet was Mrs.
.lohu McLean , daughter of General Kd-
ward Bcale , bays a Washington special
to the Baltimore American. Why this
invidious distinction should have' been
made is one of those things which , ac
cording to Lord Dundreary , "no follow
will over llnd out ; " but because the de
sire existed in the young writer's breast
the friend determined to bring about
an introduction , which , as may be im
agined was easy of accomplishment.
Mrs. McLean has been a great invalid
for a month or six weeks past , and
though on that account she was denied
to her friends generally , she acquiesced
at once'in the request for a meeting
with Mrs. Chanlcr. When the visitor
was announced , Mrs. McLean lay on a
luxurious lounge in her bondoir , sup
ported on a downy pillow covered with
rich eastern stuffs. Her dressing gown
was a marvel of the dressmaker's art ,
with cascades of soft lace falling back
from the throat and down the front.
After a brief convorsaUonduring which
the visitor's eyes wandered about the
apartment , taking in every , sumptuous
detail of the furnishing and the perfect
harmony of color , she drew from her
pocket a small note book , upon which ,
after a moment of abstraction , she
wrote the opening stan/.n of a poem to
her hostess which is shortly to appear
in one of the leading periodicals.
Marriage and Art.
The moral of Miss Mary Anderson's
break down.accordlng to the Now York
Sun , says the Boston Herald , is "that
celibacy and the pursuit of an arduous ,
intellectual , brain-exhausting profos-
hion do not go well together. " We sun-
pos.0 from this that our contemporary is
inclined to recommend marriage us u
restorative to Miss Anderson.
Marriage in a reasonable degree
might bo of advantage in the case , and
no ono who knows the purity of this
lady would expect anything else in the
way of marriage from her. The trouble
with many' actresses , however , is that
they overdo this matter of marriage.
It is not uncommon to llnd women
among thorn with several husbands , all
living , and more in prospect. Whether
this U an aid in the pursuit of an
arduous , intellectual , brain-exhausting
profession ie questionable. It is clearly
not an aid to reputation in other re
spects' .
It Made the Arabs Sick.
The Arabs attached to Barnum's show
in Now York have joined in a protest
against bolng obliged to oat eausagoi
and other dishes furnished by their
boarding houso. They have all got dya.
popaia ,
Dr. Mlllor 11s of the Agreement
WlMifho Union Pacific.
t ; ;
Omnhn'H Oomnmls Submitted to the
Olllocrs of lie Knllrond Company
nnd the IJOIIR Fight Kndcd
nt Imst
"XVrltfen lit * the Ilond.
In our last conversation , nsl remember -
bor , wo had brought the history of the
bridge location down to a period which
I think would dale iu 1808. A now bar
gain in respect to terminus , depot
grounds , shops , headquarters , etc. ,
which were not included In the original
bargain for the relocation of the bridge
at all , was Insisted upon by our people ,
and the bonds voted for the relocation ,
which were to have been delivered as
the progress of the work on the bridge
approached completion , were refused.
Omaha , for what It hold to bo good rea
sons , declined to comply with the orlgi-
nnl bargain nnd insisted on new condi
tions. And upon that question arose
another which concerned the terminus ,
depot grounds , shops , transfers , finan
cial headquarters , etc. etc.
Now , coming to the second period In
the progress ot this controversy , from
which Omaha suilored continuously for
many years , nothing was settled ; ev
erything was unsettled. Uncertainty
brooded over every Omaha Interest and
continued to brood over it for two years.
A gontlcman then connected with the
Union Pacific railroad and now living
in this city informs mo that Manager
Sickles , himsjclf and ono other leading
representative of the company had In
1808 , not the least belief that Omaha
would over oo , what it has been since ,
the practical terminus of the railroad.
Manager Sickles thought and said that
the whole matter would go to the Bluffs
inevitably. Omaha was under a paraly
sis almost as damaging and liable to
be as fatal as that which succeeded the
location of the bridge nt Childs' Mill.
It was the second period of our troubles ,
and it involved danger of ruin to every
interest of Omaha , or at least perma
nent injury that could not be repaired
in many years. The uncertainty about
whether Omaha was to bo on the west
side or east siuo of the river was held
by many to bo determined by the de
cision of the question whether the trans
fer , financial headquarters , shops , etc. ,
should bo on the west or the cast side.
Counected with. this was the question of
legal ternihubJCouncil Blulls claiming
that it bemnpefi to the cast side of the
river , and Ji\uUia claiming that it be
longed to i thp | west side of the rivor.
Hot deba 0 ai\d agitation lendiucr to
other distorbojiec.s placed Omaha in a
position w was compelled to take
some steps < bjj'which u decision could bo
brought about.
1 still decline to attempt dates , but I
well rcmcmhcr that a now committee
was raiscctin our citycomposcd of some
of its mostpr6mincnt menamong others
Major St. A. D. Balcombe , Hon. John I
Kodick and several more , who , resent
ing what they deemed a great injustice
to our people , visited Boston to have a
full adjustment in the interest of
Omaha. * These men were much in earn
est. They were sincere and competent
men ; and'they resolved upon the settle
ment of this question either for or
again&t Omaha , or a Hghtas they put it.
They went to Boston and called unoii the
ollh'Iirs and directors of the company ,
btuting the whole case of Omnlui from
their point of view , with clearness and
force , of course. The response was ono
of indifference. No satisfaction was
gained by the committee as to what the
company intended to do , and the com
mittee 'returned and reported accord
This did not bettor matters at all. It
raised the spirit of our people , however ,
to try again and to insist upon the set
tlement of the policy ot the company by
some agoucy , no ono knew exactly
what. 1 only remember that in the
Very crisis of this depression and threat
ened decay in Omaha of botli trade and
values , it was suggested that three or
four of the old committee should volun
teer to go to Boston , under instruction
from the representatives of the cityand
see what could bo done towards a settle
ment of the vexed questions.
Governor Saundcra , the late Ezra
Millard , Augustus'Kount-/.o and myself
conferred upon the question and agreed
that wo would volunteer to undertake
that work and renew our efforts in be
half of the city. The day was lixed for
the stnrt to Boston , but Governor Satin-
dors was detained by the intorcat of his
state banks and Mr. Mllhird seemed to
bo tinnblato loavp the city at the tlmo
agreed upon. .Mr. Augustus iConnt7.e ,
always ready and always onorgotlc ,
never faltering in work for Omaha , was
the only gontlcman who found it con
venient to lenvo Omaha in my company
for the Boston headquarters. Mr. Mll-
Inrd and Mr. Snuntlors assured us that
they would follow immodlntolv to Now
York nnil join us in Boston , which they
failed to do for wnnt of time.
The journey to the Hub was longer at
that day than it is at this , and before
leaving the city Mr. ICounUo ivml my
self had possessed ourselves of oral
opinions and very many written docu
ments its to what would satisfy our poo-
pi o in respect to the matters'that were
to bo discussed. The late S. S. Caldwell -
well was conspicuous in presenting the
views of ono sot of men , and other gen
tlemen among us of similar character
and strength wore equally busv present
ing tholr views , but nil seemed to agree
upon three or four general propositions
wnich wcro doomed indispensable to an
Mr. Kount/.o had a poclcot full of
memoranda which wo took with us to
Boston for our guidance , ami after leav
ing Omaha telegrams in great num
bers , explanatory of what was wanted
and containing n general idea of the
best wants of property and people , and
what wns ucmnmicd as conditions for
the delivery of the bonds and the settle
ment of the whole question , followed.
Arriving in Boston with the expecta
tion that wo would have mi open col
lision with the olllcors and directors of
the Union Pncilie , and that it was to
lead to a prolonged contest with that
company on tbo part of Omaha , we
immediately notified the president ,
Oliver Ames , and Mr. DufT and Mr.
Bushncll , who happened to bo thnro ,
of our arrival , and of our desire to dis
cuss Omaha interests with them. Wo
called by appointment on these gontlo-
mon. Mr. Kountzo stated the case
fully , ns wo understood it , nnd after a
very cordial reception on the part of
Messrs. Ames , DulT nnd Bushncll , who
were in control of the company , wo were
requested to put our demands in writ
ing nnd call at the ofllco lo submit them
the next day at 1C o'clock.
It will bo nineteen years next December -
comber since that visit to Boston was
made by Mr. Kount/o and mvsolfandon
the lath of that month 1871 , tbo follow
ing memorandum in my own writing was
submitted to the Union Paoillo direc
tors. It was written under the eye of
Mr. Kountze and by the light of all the
documents , telcurams and other sug
gestions that had boon given us by the
people of Omaha , and embraced every
demand which had bonn made upon the
company in these documents , telegrams
and other suggestions :
BOSTON , Deo. 13 , 1871. To Messrs.
Dun" . Ames nnd Bushnoll , Directors of
the Union Pacific Koad : The under
signed , a committee to report all matters -
tors of interest between Omaha and the
Union Pacific companv in respect to
Douglas county bonds and depot grounds
at Omaha , bog leave to suggest the fol
lowing conditions on which an amicable
adjustment may bo reached. Those
conditions , atlirmod in a contract
in writing obligating the com
pany to comply with thorn , will , in
our conlldont opinion , lead to a prompt
and amicable settlement of existing
differences , and the early delivery of
deeds for grounds and bonds according
to agniemontsmado _ in 1S68 :
1. The loca'tion of passenger depot
and passenger transfer at Omaha.on the
grounds which the people of Omaha
propose to deed to the Union Pacific
company , as already mapped and platted.
That is to say , all passengers and
freight coming from the east on all lines
of road connecting with the Union
Pacific railroad at Omnhn , shall , after
the Union Pacific bridge is completed ,
ther6after deliver and transfer their
passengers at the Omaha pnsson-
ger depot , where the Union Pacific
trains shall bo made up for the west.
All passengers arriving at Omaha by
the Union Pacific railroad from the west
shall bo transferred to trains on con
necting roads at the same dopot.
2. All machine nnd car shops , and all
others that may bo hereafter required
for the use of the company at the east
ern terminus of the Union Pacific rail
road , and all permanent ollicos of the
comnany required for the transaction of
the business of the company , including
the land department , general superin
tendent's olllco , passenger olllces , gen
eral freight warehouse , etc. . shall here
after bo and remain at Omaha.
3. Tlmt all railroads in Iowa and Ne
braska seeking connection with the
Union Pacific railroad , or with each
other , at Omaha , or on the boundary of
Iowa , shall have the right to cross their
trains over the Union Pacific bridge
under such rules and regulations as the
Union Pacific company may proscribe ,
on equal terms and without un
necessary delay or discrimination ,
nnd shall also have the right
of way over the Union Pacific- depot
groundstracks nnd approaches to Iho
Union Paelflo brldgo for a reasonable
Respectfully your obedient servants ,
I want to Add at this sitting that Mr.
Ames. Mr. Dull and Mr. IJuahnoll re
ceived the committee with great cor
diality , gave every attention to our
requests , nnd promptly granted what
wns n.skod by Omaha In the above
memorandum. They wont so far ns to
olTor , in order to relieve Omaha of i tw
ponso , to call a meeting of the exccu-
tivo committo , of which Thomas L.
Scott , ns president of the company , was
chairman , in Now York , lo ratify the
now contract with Omaha. That moot
ing wns hold , Thomas L. Scott presid
ing , on December 10 , 1871. The mem
orandum was submitted lo the executive
committee , and after considerable dis
cussion , wns approved by a unanimous
vote. Omaha was represented in the
discussion , which was long and friendly ,
by Alvln Saunders , chairman of the
committee , Augustus Kountzo , James
H. Millard , Francis Smith nnd myself.
I will toll the rest of this story at our
next sitting.
"A roller Nnmnd llnrte. "
Of en .Vrtetm , > nuJi f AVw Viufc IPiiM.
After the author of "Tho Heathen Chinee , "
"Dow's ' Flat , " "Too Luck of Hoar-
Inij Ci inn , " lite.
That's mo Yuba Bill.
.lost gain' to start
You Ida rUle If you will
All the way , or a part ,
For I'm ' dyln' to ask n few questions con-
suniia a follor named Harto.
From the cnstt I thought so.
Well , the darn ouss I nnmo
Lit for tlnir years ago.
And may bo you've ' enmo
Across of him trallin' around thar or maybe -
be you'vo heard of the samal
Ho kept pcRitln * about
Did this Ilarte known as Bi-et ,
Till his claim petered out.
Then his outfit ha let
And leafed 'round the dlirtfin's n-workln' for
whatever ho managed to got.
At the next place wo stop ,
Which the sauio is Bar ,
Was a cattleman's shop
Called the Overland Star ,
Which was kept by n pal named M'lisa and
her slightly Inebriate par.
tMost a year I'd n-boon
Steady courtm' M'liss ,
When a foelin crept In
Thar was somethin' amiss ,
And I learned that I'd Ilarte for a rival ,
which busted my vibitm of Dliss.
Though it's jest the nqunr truth
Much it pains mo to toll-
But that long-legged youth
Sparked the Overland belle
Till I got a quick drop on his flggor aud
wasted u forty-four shell.
Ho savoyod tlmt I
Just intended to stick
Nary sayin' goid-by
Ho lit out pretty ciuieir ,
But ho waited and squared himself later by
u low down and new fanglod trick !
Ho wrote up a skit
And put UH all in
Poor M'liss had u nt ,
Wo was miuldcr'n sin
For he said that she lacked education and
her par was n victim of gin. gay
The consequent row
Wur'nt no tenderfoot ono ;
And when I thought how
The whole circus begun
Twns with Brief that I remembered the
clianco that 1 missed with that forty-
four gun !
M'liss Item to mo
And said : "Pupa expects
This ere Harto you'll ' go to sco
And then cash in his chocks.
And I cannot bo yourn till you do lost ex
actly aa papa directs. "
She's since married the man's
One of Blonde Jackson's pards ,
Jim Oakhurst a gam , . .
Who plays very queer cards
And they're livin' with seven small children
at the boardln' house back of the yards.
Well , we're down to the Bar ,
So stranger , we'll part-
That hotel over thar
You'll llnd pretty smart ,
Good-by and say , If you sco him , give my
love to that fellow named Ilurto I
The dearest spot on earth to the gambler
s Jask's-pot.
An official who has been fired naturally
burns for revenge.
A fight with moonshiners should taico place
'oft in the stilly uight.1
This weather sots the sap to running In the
inaplo tiees and the spring poets.
A good way of putting an extinguishar on
a man is to cover him with a revolver.
A round of dissipation is another round of
ilrlnks not needed when the boys arc going
The "On to Oklahoma"
craze now con
tends for supremacy with that of the pigs in
Oklahoma boomers who hold their claim *
ivnd survive will hereafter wear the proud
title of 'fa'J-ors. '
Stranger ( to man with big diamond )
Hotel cleric , oh I Uojuwoled individual No ,
sir ; Iowa druggist.
Honor to whom honor is due. Let It can
didly bo saiu that some book agents uro
bigger bores than others ,
The story that Mrs , Harrison has turned
off all the colored pconlo employed In the
white housa Is a white lie.
Gadby , whoso father wns a oircus tumbler ,
now goes about boasting that ho Is one of the
sons of revolutionary sires.
We violate no confidence in disclosing the
fact tlmt Mr. Garland's ' law ofllco In Wash
ington will wet bo lighted by pan-olowvrjcity.
The emperor of China Is said to employ
ton men to carry his umbrella. ItIs quite
evident tlmt this youthful potentate is prc-
larod for a Muni reign.
The lion mny bu negligent of her duties
during the winter weather , but she generally
manages to come up to the scratch in the
timti of spring gardening.
A llvo allegator has been placed In the
white house by Airs. MeKi'o. It will require
soinrlhlng moro ferocious th m an alienator
to kcup the ofllco-uceUora away from tlio
Old ox-Senator Tabor 3f Colorado has
reached Paris wearing f'0,000 worth ol. diamonds
mends , n red nucklio and u pttl * of bottlu-
ciecn kid gloves. Tlwy nro thliiklngof catch
ing him for exhibition at the Jardin tU's
"Those pictures , " exclaimed the art dealer
proudly , as he looked over the eager crowd ,
"wcru exhibited iu St , Louis all lust month
and admired by all. " In IDAS than ton minutes
the room was empty , und the next dav the
unfortunate dealer boxed uii his pictures mid l
shook the dust of Kansas City from his foot.
Drain Work and Mnnolo Work ,
The dyspepsia of brain-workers is
generally charged to oxcohsivo mental 1
work. From observations wo are sitia-
lied that this Is a mlstuko. It is not too
much brain work , but lee little muscle
work , and neglect of tlio commoiHitd
principles of hygiene in Its relation to
digestion , tlmt milieus Bueh peasinilelic
authors as Carlyle , such ncuto theolo
gians UH Ciilvin , such savage skeptics as i
Voltaire. The latter once wrote to )
Lord Chesterfield : "My Lord Huntington -
ton tolls mo that you have a good
stomach , which ia worth moro than n
good pair of ears. " Sydney Smith de
clared that ho could feed or starve
mon into virtues or vices , and that the >
character , talents , virtues and qualities s
are powerfully alloctod by beef , mutton ,
plo-crust and rich soups. Good humor r
helps to keep a man in good digestion ,
but ia not a substitute for dietetic recti
tude or ample muscular exorcise.
Dors ford's Acid I'hoenhate ,
Bow'nro of imitations.
Ail Embloin of the Rosurrpotlon of
the Christ.
The Heal Origin of the Kaslcr Fostlrnl
Olnorvnnoo of tlio Day In
European Countries
Ghildrnn'M Gainoi.
Roster Iny nnd lln diatoms.
Prom April Sunshine : Two of the
plonsantcst festivities that wo keep are
Christmas and Kastor.Vo celebrate
other holidays , indocd Washington's
Birthday , the Fourth of July and Now
Year's but none are so dear aa tboso
two which commemorate the two most
important events In the world's history ,
namely : the birth of the Saviour nnd
Ills resurrection.
Of course all the children know why
we honor Christmas but perhaps they
do not know why wo welcome the
Muster with llorul offerings and songs
of ijlmlnoss. Some mny think that it
is because the winter isovor and splriii ?
has dawned , hut although wo rojofce at
that It is not the chief reason. On this
day Christ rose from the dond. So you
will sco that It Is the central fact of our
religion which you commemorate When
you weave Kaster garlands and color
Pasoh eggs.
Shall I have to toll you what Pasoh
eggs are ? Therewith is connected a
bit of interesting history. The real
origin of the Knstor festival must bo
looked for far hack at the tlmo when
the poor Israelites wont out from the
land of Egypt , that dreadful night when
the llrst-born in every Kgyptlan's house
was smote with death by the destroying
nngol. The little ones among the
Israelites were saved because on the
doorposts of their IIOUMJS was sprinkled
tho' blood of a young lamb. Every
house that had this mark on it was
"passed over" by the dcatli angel. In
memory of that night the Jews insti
tuted tlio feast of the Passover , which
they observe to this day. It was at the
time of this fonst that Christtho "Lamb
of God,1' was crucified , and thus tha
disciploB changed the Jewish feast into
a Christian festival.
Now the .lews always kout the Passover -
over on the fourteenth day of thu
month Nlsnn , which corresponds with
the last of our March nnd the first half
of April , but the Christians were not
agreed whether they should observe the
fonlivnl on that day or the succeeding X > |
Sunday. Some hula that as ChrUt. the I
true paschal lamb , bad been slain on
the very day of the Passover , it was
bettor to observe that day in commemo
ration. These were called "fourteon-
dny men. " The great majority , however -
over , ntlnchlnc most importance to the
day ot C'hrlbt's resurrection , which waa
the llrst day of the week , hence called
the Lord's' day , our Sunday , hold to
Kastor being celebrated on tlio Sunday
which followed the fourteenth
day of the month of March ,
The question was finally decided by ft
great council which met at Nloo in
Asia Minor in thu year B35 , by adopt
ing the Sunday after the full moon
which happens upon or next after
March 21 , and if the full happens 0.0 a
Sunday , Kastor day is the Sunday after.
By this arrangement Kastor may como
as early ns March 22 , or as late as April
25. Thus you have the reason why
Muster sometimes happens earlicrsomo-
limcH later in the season.
Paseh is the name given to the festi
val by many of the people of Europe.
It coinos f rom the Jewish word which
means "He passed over. " St. Paul
calls Christ "our Patch. " The Eng
lish name Kastor is derived from the
Anglo-Saxon Knstlc or Kastor , a god
dess worshiped by that people , who
dedicated to her the fourth month , an
swering to our April , hence called Eas
ter monath "Easter month. " When
the Anglo-Saxons were christianized
they gave up the worship of ttyo false
goddess , but they gave her numa to
this festival.
So you know now what Pasch moans ,
and now about Pasch eggs. T OBO are
Easter eggs boiled so hard that you can
nlay at ball with them , dyed with dif
ferent colors , and often having inscrlp-
tions or l\tuisoancs : traced.uoou thorn.
The custom of making those p/rgs / if
very ancient. The little Nofltorlan boys'
and girls , who live in Turkoy-in-Afl'a ,
have a gnmo that they piny wjth these
eggs on Kostcr. Two start the game ] ) y
knocking the oirgs together , pto ) ono
whose shell remains unbroken \vlanlng
the other. This ono then tries ' liis ogff
with that of another boy , and so'lj good
on. the ono winning the eggs who has
a whole one. German children play
the same triuno.
In Kussin , in Germany , in England ,
in all Christian countries in fact , Pasoh
or Kastor eggs still sneak of the roBur-
reetion. For it is this that they syui-
bolixo. An old writer quaintly 'ob
serves : "As the bird imprigonpd in
the shell comes forth to life and liberty ,
Bp did our Saviour , on Easter morning ,
burst the gates of death , and so shall wo
at the last day arise nftor him. " *
There was a former custom In Enflr-
hind of having two very largo cakes di
vided among tie ] congregation ( if
nhui'oh on Easier , but parliament
passed a law forbidding this In 104 $ ,
and provided that the money .usually
spent for the cakes should bo used ip
buy brand for poor people , a much bet
ter plan I think.
If you lived in the north of England
to-day you might sometimes hoar the
old rhyme :
At Easier let your clothes b < j new ,
Or else bo nuro you will It rue , "
And the little Northumbrian lads woiilfl
tell yon tlmt if you /lo not put on some
thing now on Easter day the birds will
spoil your clothes. 1 have no idea ,
however , that thin would happen.
In England they iihod to engage in a
game of bull the day aftw EaBtoi'i both
BO.VCS engaging in tlio sport. Eyon mit-
iiiflipal corporations , with all Ino parade
and dignity in the world formed Into
contesting parties for the prize which
wns somotlmcH n silver cup. At J3ury
St. Edmund's until within a few ypara
the game wns kept up with great spirit
by twelve old ladies. After the sport
was over old and young retired for re
freshment ) * , which usually consisted of
a dish of bacon , with tunny pudding
this last symbolical of the bitter herbs
they were commended to take nt the
pascal fntifcl.
In the county of Staffordshire , west
ern England , and some tieii'hborinp
districts , the day nftor Easter is still
culled "Heave Monday , " from an old
and now happily almost discontinued r
custom of the men "lifting" the women
on Easier Monday , while on Euntor
Tuesday the women took their rovongp
by "lifting" the man. If any ono tro-
fused to bo "lifted" the poreon had to
pay a forfeit of a kiss or a silver six
pence ,
Another Easter custom , which ie
really boaullful , was practiced by tUp
early Christians , and Ia btill Jn vogue
among the members of the Greek
church. On the morning of Aho festal
day , when ono enters a fritmd'M house ,
ho in saluted with the wo.rds. ' 'The
Lord Is ribon , " and In answer to thU
greeting ha replies , ullo is risen i
| deed. '