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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1889)
14 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY APRIL 14 , 1889.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
IN A FOREST OF SOLID GOLD ,
The Wonderful Palaoo of the King
HIS MAJESTY'S MONSTER CROWN
It In Nine Htorlcn Illch nnd hooka
Iilko ft I'nROiln Goshlp About His
llnrcm Tlio Itcnl AVIilto
81/Mil's Hoyal I'nlncc.
iComirtolittil 1663 In nniifc n. C < irpcnf < r. ]
Special CoriFspondcncu of THE HF.E ,
DANUKOK , Slam , February 10.
HOM n visit to the pnlnco
of the kfnR of Slum I have
Just returned , having gene
by the golden elephants nt
ir the portals , walked past
| jtho ? black soldiers nt the
3 Rate , and stood upon the
$ throne of his royal majesty
S himself. I have penetrated
Htho reception rooms and
the various audience cham
bers , have taken a look at the hushes and
trees of gold anil silver , which are sent
to him from his provinces , have al
most handled the royal Jewels , and have ,
with my uractlcal American eyes ,
looked nt his cart loads of bric-a-brac path-
crcd from the four corners of the earth. 1
liavo visited the stables of his sacred whlto
elephants , have Riven the ugly beasts a
taste of heathen grass , have trod with my
patcnC leathers the floors of his holiest torn-
" , plc8 , nnd have with unwinking oycs
looked nt thu grandeur of the llttlo emerald
Idol. My letters "from Washington
gave mo access to the foreign minister anil
ono of the English speaking nobles con
nected with the state department , a bright ,
4 copper-colored , black-moustached young fol-
ow In u dress 'half Slatncso nnd halfl
Euroucan , noted ns my guido. Ho showed
mo the outside of the great buildings of the
hnrcni , but I have failed to meet any ono of
his majesty's ono hundred wives , and his
royal highness himself had loll the capital
for a six weeks'trip Into the Interior of his
realm three days before my arrival. I have
been so fortunate , however , as to meet many
men connected with his court , who are well
f. jiostcd upon him and his kingdom. The
talks with these and with old residents of
the country have given mo almost as good 'a
knowledge of his personality as though I had
mot him myself , and ns I write this letter ,
'his last photograph taken by the court pho
tographer lies on the table before mo.
It represents a bright-eyed , slender young
wan of thirty-six dressed in the gorgeous
uniform of Slauicso royalty. Small in
stnturo , his head is crowned with n golden
pyramid of Jewels , rising in circular tiers ,
diminishing as they go upward until tnoy
end' In n long , pcneil-liko point , which ex
tends nearly two feet above the forehead of
its kingly owner. His body is clad In a gor
geous coat and vest heavily embroidered in
gold and Jewels , and in "place of pantaloons
ho has the rich brocaded surong of thu Siam-
cso about his loins and waist. It comes down
below his knees nt the front , and it looks
hero not unlike a pair ot fancy knlcker-
, bockers. Uolow thcso a pair of shapely
' calves in whlto silk stockings are thrust into
Jewel-covered , hccllcss slippers , pointed like
the shoo of the Turn , and the whole makes a
costume brilliant and grand. His majesty
el s on n foreign armchair and his sword
& lies on a table at his sldo. " Ho is
av pleasant looking fellow and his
olive brown face Is plump and un-
wrinklod. Ho has beautiful liquid black
eyes , a broad , high nnd rather full forehead
and abort , straight , black hair. Under his
rather short nnd half-Hat nose there is a
silky black moustache and below this the
lips arc rather thick , and the chin plump
and wall rounded. His hands and feet are
well made and he is , all told , as good a speci
men of Siamcsa bounty as I have seen. Ho
Ja.thp ninth son of Malm Mungkut , the last
Icing of Slam , and ho was picked out of a
family of eighty-four children to bo placed
upon the Siamese throno. Ho has thirty-
- four half brothers and forty-nine half sis
ters , and hoMilced ono of his half sisters so
well that ho married her and mndo her a
TUB KINO 18 THE LAW.
Looking at him it is hard to imagine that
ho is the sacred ruler of fiom six to ten mil
lions of pcoplo , and it is hard for an Amer
ican prlnco to appreciate liia absolute power
nnd his holy dignity. The pcoplo of the
country are his slaves. Ho has the right to
call thorn into his service cither with or
without pay , and nil men In Siam are forced
to give htm cither the whole or a part ot
, th'oir services during the year. His word
can throw a man into chains or put him to
South ; can deprive him of his property or
rob him of his daughter. All the women of
Siam are supposed tobelong to the king- , and
no ouo is forbidden to him except his
mother. Ho is supposed to take ono
of his sisters as the queen , and the
nobles of the country offer him their
daughters by tno scores. His court is ono of
intrlguo und plotting , und the nobles are
glad to have their daughters In the harem m
that they may thus the bettor attain the
king's friendship nnd powerful ofllccs. Ho
taxes the uooplo as ho pleases and these taxes
are go heavy that at times some men have to
sell their wives and children as slaves to enable -
able them to pay him. Still his vaults are
full of treasure. Siam 1ms no national debt
mid ho hat nn income of more than ten mil
lion dollars n year. Ho can spend tens of
.thousands of dollars in cremating a dead
wlfo or in establishing a potty navy , which
would bo of no moro good than so ninny boy's
toy bouts against the war ships of the great
Still tnls king of Slam Is the most pro
gressive the country has ever had. He Is far
in advance of his pcoplo , and ho Is doing n
great deal to clvlll/.e them , lioforo his
second coronation in 1S78 nil natives who approached
preached the king had to do so on all fours.
They had to raisn their hands In adoration to
' him and bump tholr heads on the mats be-
'fore him. This king did u\vuy with all this ,
ml ho has Introduced the American handshake -
* shako Into Ills' reception of foreigners. Ho
gives receptions to foreigners , and ho speaks ,
the English language , though ho never dors
this when noted forolgn visitors
have an audience with him. Ho
consider * it beneath his dignity at
' uch times to sj > cak in any" other
language than the Siamese aud ho has un in
terpreter who translates the English words
Into Siamese and the Siamese into Knglisb.
Ho has brought the telegraph and the telephone -
X phone into IJangkol : , has established u street
car line and lights his harem with the elec-
r trio light' Just ut present ho U considering
the subject of railways , and ho bus given
| 100l > 00 to have a survey mndo of a railway
> which shall run from Uutigkok out Into his
kingdom und shall connect with Mandalny
pd Hurmah. The engineers started out
, /to / < > survey this railroad a few day ago
f jtnd.it tnoy bo tlmt a decade hence wo will bo
M able to travel ull over this country by rail ,
.IlQ'haa established a custom house and a
teiy polite , durk-sklnncd ofllciol mot mo on
, * y arrival in Dangkok asked mo If my
'Vlrunka contained any contraband goods. I
' fefcpllcd they did not aud ho then wanted to
, Mtinow.if J was bringing any diamonds Into
* the cquritry , or Jf I had uny packages of dyn.
" wtto about my clothes. I again replied no
' Mid ho chuUc-uiarkcd my baggaito without
looking into it.
A ItOVAJ , riUKBT.
' This king of Slam is a Buddhist aud ho
" was for some tlrnou Uuddhlut priest , as Is
a'-'iho custom with all men In Slam. Every-
? oo' l expected ut some time to enter the
yriMthood , and this royal monarch with tils
. million * of treasures , his scores of wives
and his lO.OOO.WX ) a year , once thavoa his
r kMd und nominally gave up his crown and
/ | ir harem to wear a yellow cotton ncnrf
fc0w ! ii vritlu mul to uct f&iilAtt and urav-
Ing. Ho ii n liberal Buddhist now , and ho
gives , I am told , nil facilities ! to the mission
aries and treats them well. Ono of the mis
sionaries Ift nt tha head of the roynl school
here , and the king has given something to
the mission fund. Siam has now nn Jibnnfiy-
nt certain of the courts of Europe , anO ; i
think the minister to London has also the
United States In his Jurisdiction. There Is n
Siamese consul In New York , and hero nt
Bangkok bis majesty has bin foreign depart
ment , his Interior department nnd his royal
m Int. A new court of Justice has Just been
built and the whlto of Its exterior is probably
moro pure than will bo the proceedings
within , As far as I can learn Iho native
Siamese courts are founded moro on the
caprice of the Judges than upon law. There
is no Jury , and tortures similar to these of
China , are practiced to mnko witnesses tes
tify. Ono Is the twisting of bamboo withes
tighter and tighter about the head until the
prisoner confesses , nnd the other Is the whip
ping with the bamboo of the man stretched
out nt full length , imd his skin pulled taut
by men nt tils head and heels. Tlio prisons
of Siam nro horrible dungeons , sotno of them
hanging over the water , nnd the forcing of
convicts to work In heavy chains Is so com
mon that you meet them constantly on the
streets , and this not nlono of men but of
women at well.
Hit majesty's name Is perhaps the longest
of any monarch In the world , It contains
llfty-scven letters and ho is called Chul-
alangkorn for short. Ho has ten dif
ferent names In addition to this , nnd the lull
names of the royal family , would , I doubt
not , fill n column of this newspaper. The
queen Is not far from twenty years of ago :
she rules the harem , nnd she Is n very
pretty Sintncsa girl. Her complexion Is n
light brown nnd her oily black hair , about
two inches long , stands straight up nnd is
combed backward from the fair open fore
ll end. She has beautiful oycs , wears diamond
mend car rings and a diamond pendant nt
her neck nnd her fingers nro covered with
sun sMOKrs cioAitr.TTr.s ,
ns docs also the klngnnd she chows the betel
nut , minting her teeth as black as Jet and her
llpu stick out. Tlio Sintncsa say that any dog
can have whlto teeth but It Is only these who
nro rich enough to afford the betel nut who
can have black ones. Black teeth nro n
sign of beauty here , nnd nil the ladles of the
harem chow and smoke. I visited yesterday
the store-house of the purveyor to the king.
It Is nu English establishment , but its busi
ness Is to soil the palace nnd the harem the
various articles they need. It has hundreds
of balls and playthings , which are brought
from Enropo for the royal babies , nnd the
clerk tells mo that there is nota fancy French
plnvthing or nmusemont of nny sort thnt is
not Hold to the palncc. I was shown about a
hundred dozen llttlo china spitoons about
the size of n shaving mug. These were
beautifully decorated and some of the pic
tures were by native Siumcso artists
sent to Europe to bo painted upon them.
I bought ono decorated with a picture
by a Siamese prince , and I was told that
these spittoons were used by Iho ladies of
the harem to spit iu while chewing this dis
gusting preparation of the spongy betel nut
mixed with rose-tinted lima and finecut to
bacco. I talked to the dressmaker as to the
fashions affected by the king's wife and his
scores of concubines , nnd was told that the
ladles of the harem prefer Siamese dress and
that their favorite costume is the surong or
waist cloth , to which they add a loose Jacket
trimmed with Swiss embroidery nnd covered
with bows of ribbons set on in rows. Com
monly they wear neither shoes nor stockings
and the chief leg decoration is 'an anklet of
gold. They have Homo foreign costumes
which they put oil when the court pho
tographer takes their portraits , but their
common attire is moro that of jewelry and
bracelets than of silks and satins. Thcso
ladies of the harem are the most noble Indies
of Siam. The last king had wives from
China and India , and ho was anxious to add
a well-bred English girl to his gallery of
beauties. Ho had , it is said , chances to se
cure one or two French maidens , but bo had
had so much trouble with the French that ho
declined to receive tlicm. Once in the
harem it is Impossible for a woman to get
out , aud in the case of flirtations the offend
ing woman Is In danger of being put to death.
Many of the girlt eambla and some of them
do line embroidery aud fancy work. Some
become Jewelers and often make articles and
sneak them out of the palace to bo sold. Tno
women nro not kept In separate palaces and
each does not have an establishment of her
own as in Japan. After the ugo of twenty-
live , If they had no children , the older
women become the waiting maids of the
younger and the stock is replenished contin
ually. The present king shows no inclina
tion to come down to the American ono-wifo
principle , and during his present visit to the
interior ho has taken a couple of score of his
favorite women nlong with him. The Ama
zons have , I aui told , been done away with at
tbo palaco. The last king had them , but
though I looked through the best of pebbled
glasses for them during my visit to the pal
ace , I saw not one.
A MAGNIFICENT 1'ALACE.
The palace of tbo kins at Bangkok was
built only a few years ago. It looks much
line ono of the great palaces of Europe. It
nns several stories , and under the bright rays
of this Siamese sun it appears to bo made of
marblo. A closer inspection shows thnt the
marbla is stucco , and the golden ele
phants , each about bulf lifc-sizo , which
uuard the entrance , change as you como
near them from massive gold to iron
gilded. Wide stairways lead by marble steps
through these into a great vestibule , the
celling of which is about forty feet high and
the walls of which are hung with old Siamese
nrmor. At the right of this is the king's
audience hall. His throne is a bed , and ho
lies on his arm or sits Siamese fashion , n la
Turk , whllo he receives his royal council and
discusses the matters of the Kingdom. The
ministers and nobles sit on leather-cushioned
benches , and the portraits otSlamrso heroes ,
in oil , by European artists , look down upon
them from the walls. Just back of the king
there is a portrait of a shavcd-hoaded ,
crooked-mouthed , pale-faced , half-naked
Buddhist priest. It is the high priest of the
kingdom , and thus the proceedings go on un
der the very shadow of Buddha himself. The
priests , by the way , claim that the royal fam
ily are lineal descendants of Buddha.
On the other sklo of the vestibule is a
grand reception room fully us wide und
nearly as long as the cast room of the whlto
houbo ut Wasnlucton. This Is paved with
marble mosaic , and Its high coillngs.twlco as
high as tnat of the cast room , Is gorgeously
decorated with carvings of gold. Brilliant
chandeliers hang down from it , and about
tbo walls are oil paintings of the royal fam
ily , and the only woman's face among them
Is that of the present queen , whoso sweet
face looks down beside these of the king's
brothers , and has the best light und the
place of honor of the whole room. Tho'fur-
nlturo of this room Is European , and tbo
treasures of Europe have been ransacked to
Jill it. There are rani vases from Dresden ,
tllligrce work from Vcniceund richly-carved
gold from Slum. Through this room and on
Into u third grand reception room wo went
with tlio Siamese noblo. Hero the king re
ceived , the day before ho loft , the Austrian
prince , who I have met during my stay , and
who has been sent hero as minister
to blna , Japan and Slam. This
room Is full of beautiful things. Two of
the largest elephant's tusks wonderfully
carved stand beside the mantle and an
album on a llttlo stand at the back of tbo
room has a medallion portrait of the king
painted on porclnla and set In the richest
of diamonds. The corners of thu room con
tain largo cabinets filled with curious works
in gold f rein card cases up to betel boxes ,
and I noticed a line portrait of Frederick ,
the late emperor of Germany , among tbo
many oil paintings on the wall.
The nudlenco chamber , or rather the
throne room of the king , is a grand hall
with a coiling made of many colored pieces
of glass and producing the same effect as
the glass wall whloh Tiffany built between
the vestibule nnd tbo long corridor of our
whlto houso. The light shining through
this makes U look as though It was made of
Jewels und the room Is lighted from the
top. Thq ceilings Is , I Judge , fifty feet from
the floor. It Is vaulted and the walls below
are frescoed In gold. Three immense glass
chnndoller * like these of the east room of
the Whlto House hang down from this ceil
ing and these wtro * raado for the pal
ace of the emperor of Austria , but
were bought by the king of Slam. The floor
Is of marble mosaic and the king sits on n
great chair on a rottrum at the back. Five
steps lead to it and beside him are the kingly
umbrellas and over him a nine story , pagoda
like crown of white and gold. Around the
room there are gold trees and gold buihes ,
and the leave * of thcso are of pure cold ,
whllo their trunks are heavily plated. There
tfiiro perhaps a dozen of these on each , sldo
of the room and they ranged from the size of
a Obrletuins tree down to that of a small
current buth. Those are the offerings of the
rulers of the various province ! under the
king. They inalco these presents of gold
trees every year uud tome of them are worth
fortunei , Not a few were of ullvcr and the
liver tree * wfifo Placed on tno tldu of the
room , whllo those of gold wore placed on the
THE WHITE ELT.ritANTS.
Slam Is known as the land of the whlto
elephant. Tlio elephant Is the Imperial anl-
inni ot the country , nnd you see bis picture
upon all of his flags. The old coins of the
realm have an olophnut on ono side of them
nnd the whlto elephant Is hero sacred , Ho
Is the embodied spirit of some king or horo.
and the people formerly worshipped him nnd
do to some extent now. Before going to sco
the palnco 1 had read n glowing description
of the white elephant of Slam. I expected
to sco his tusks bound with gold , to find
golden chains noout his neck and a superb
velvet coat of purple , fringed with scarlet
nnd gold , over his snow whlto body. What
I did find was four wild-eyed , scraggy-look
ing elephants with long links nnd with skins
not much whiter thnn these you see In
the American circus. The only white
part about them was their long flapping cnrs
which seemed to bo nflltctcd with the leprosy.
Tbo remainder of their s lns had the white
ness only of disease , nnd I was told , ns a
rule , the whlto elephants of Slam tire innd
elephants. Thcso beasts were In dirty stables
and they were chained by the feet to great
wooden potts. They had dirty keepers nnd
there .wns no sign of rnynltv nbout thorn.
Their keepers fed them some grass while wo
wcro present nnd they performed somo' or
dinary circus tricks for us. The glory of the
whlto olcphnnt has in all probability departed -
parted , and the elephants of the Interior of
Slam are made to work qulto as hard ns their
brothers nil over the world. Ono of the
punishments of Slam Is the making convicts
cut the grnss for those roynl elephnnts. Ono
of them killed his Keeper the other day nnd
this same holy beast made n snap at mo with
his trunk when I entered his stable.
FllANK G. CAlll'ESTEIl.
A'cio Oiltani Tlmcs-Dcmncrat.
I sung beneath her silent room ,
My lips breathed forth the trysting word ;
I quaffed the night-balm's sweet perfume ,
Across the floor tier footsteps stirred.
A lamp soon starred the window pane ,
No sound rolled down the midnight street ;
Tno ladder next the house was lain ,
And on its rounds wcro trembling feet.
No sound rolled down the midnight street ,
The ladder neither creaked nor turned ,
And on its rounds wore trembling foot ;
The street lamps like lovo's tapers burded.
I heard n muffled stealthy tread ,
t felt my sick heart madly bound ,
And o'er my brow the cold drops spread
That dog my trousers scat had found.
* * * *
I felt my sick heart madly bound ;
The gun wont off with awful boom ,
That dog my trousers seat had found
I sung beneath her silent room ,
HONEY FOK THIS
Pompadour foulards are a safe and pretty
purchase at the coming season.
Tlio poplin of Ireland has taken posses
sion of Paris , and also arrived in America
under flying colors.
Turkish batiste is the nimio of n now cot
ton inntcrial that Is finer than cambric and
more opaque than lawn.
The "Collapsible" is the title bestowed
unon the now bonnet that can bo shut up
like a fan and stowed away In muff or pocket.
French cashmere is a fabric that holds its
.place in fashionable favor year after year ,
and season after season , with unvarying mo
Bishop sleeves will bo soon unon many of
the airy summer gowns , these full at the top
and shirred into an embroidered cuff or
band at the waist.
Hibbons of every description wide , nar
row , and medium , and of satin , fallli. , bro
cade , silk gauze , nnd velvet will be used
upon every style of dress.
A pretty empire frown from Pam.mado fern
n Philadelphia bride , has line clusters of
English hedge roses and mignonette sprays
on n ground of palo-rosu satin.
Miss Hattic Carter , of Kearney county ,
Kan. , has won several prizes nt lussooing in
competition with cowooys. Of course she
will Join a wild west show.
Tamiso cloth with wide white silk ground
striped In different colors is n beautiful ma
terial , and among other novelties is the Diva
costume cloth , in nil the season's ' newest
The pretty idea of using only seasonable
flowers upon the hat or bonnet seems wholly
lost sight of this year , and fashion has lav
ishly spread out all her floral beauties at
once.Many of the now tailor gowns designed
for tennis , archery , boating , nnd mountain
vso , nro mndo with slcirts that are laid in
deep kilts , with no lining or second gored
foundation skirt beneath.
Many of the dressy straw hats nnd bon
nets show such a combination of braidcithcr
with gold galleon , ribbon , velvet or gauze ,
that straw seems too commonplace a title to
bestow upon them.
Ginghams In beautifully fine Qualities , and
showing immensely larpo plaids , or blocks ,
or stripes , in broken lines of delicate and de
licious tintings , are umong the host of charm
ing summer textiles designed for morning
Miss Dock , daughter of a prominent resi
dent of Harrisburg , Pa. , was among tno he
roic women who left luxurious homes to
minister to the fever stricken at Jackson-
villo. Fla. A correspondent says she "Is
making a great reputation for herself ut the
Sand Hills hospital as n nurse. "
It is said that umong the loves of bonnets
and direc'oiro nnd empire round hats many
will bo finished with tics and broad strings
of crepe , lace , silk net , gauze , or crcpo lissc ,
and it is as easy to imagine what n very pic
turesque air those will impart to a Leghorn
or a very yellow Italian straw hut whoso
shape and style will allow their being used
Use Horsford's Acid Phosphate.
Dr. J. J. Williams. Denison , la. , says : "I
have used it largely in nervousness and dys-
pcpsla.and I consider that it stands unrivalled
as a remedy in cases of this kind. I have
also used it In cases of sleeplessness , witb
very gratifying results. "
The Indiana woman who only n short time
ago was married for the seventh time is now
seeking u divorce.
Miss Edith Kockofeller , daughter of the
great Standard oil trust monopolist , appears
to have exchanged a rocky name for nuottior
feller. She is married.
An Indiana girl flared up and flred a pistol
at her young man because ho was half an
hour late ono Sunday evening , nnd ho didn't
wish to explain that ho had boon washing
The young man In Montana who shot him
self because his sweetheart rejected him ,
missed ono of the keenest pleasures of life.
Ho should have married her neighbor and
bought for his wlfo the prettiest spring bonnet -
not that came to his town ,
A largo party of well-dressed Italians drovu
up to the city ball. Now York , In carriages
the other day , and asked an alderman to per
form a marriage ceremony. As the bride ,
however , was not apparently over thirteen
years old ho refused.
At least halt a dozen couples have eloped
from almshouscs In the west within little
moro than a month. The last pair were Inmates - ,
mates of a poorhouse In Indiana. The brldo
was bllnu and only nineteen Just fifty-one
years younger than her partner.
'A "ramblingcourtship" Is described by a
young man defendant for breach of proinlbo
as "walking out with a young woman to see
If the dispositions would suit each other , and
to see whether at the right time anything
'would oomq of it. " Ho claims to have con
ducted a rambling courtship only.
A groom In Monroe. Qa. , was so poor that
tbo only fee bo could give tbo squire was a
dog. Ho should have kept the dog as a start
toward housekeeping. By und by , when ho
poor enough to keep ton or twelve dogs ,
gets pay the squire without fooling It.
A German living In Wechuwkeu , N. Y. ,
has sent a letter to the superintendent of
Casden offering him. 11 if ho will find a wife
for him which will como up to the specifica
tions given In the letter. Ho says she must
bo a rosy-clioeked , goldon-hulrod Dutch girl ,
twenty years old , five foot tall , weighing not
over 125 pounds , plump , and "with u waist
tapering goaty from the head and feet. She
must bo of a modest , retiring disposition ,
and very Industrious.
No buffet should bo without a bottle
of Angostura Bitters , the South Amer
ican appetizer , Manufactured by Dr.
J. G. B , Siogert & Sous. Ask your
CMUTAUQUA'S NEW MOVE ,
. . *
It Will Establish n tTblv'oralty ' Ek-
POPULAR EDUCATION AT HOME
_ _ _ _ _
Instruction In tlio UlRjicr Itrntiohcs
of Ijcnrnlnp : to bo Given by Cir
cuit Lectureships Under
Loonl Allspices. ,
Clmutniiqiin'a Now Move.
Special Correspondence of TUB 13fin.
BAt/riMOitii. Md. . April 10.
NDER the londor-
ship ot a few public
spirited nntl onor-
gotio professors nt
Cambridge , a syndi
cate wits formed in
1872 to put into
operation n system
of university oxton-
sionvorlc utnong tlio people of Eng
land. IJy organized classca listenIng - '
Ing to a series of circuit lectures , they
proposed to bring within the reach of
the common people facilities for higher
education extended by the colleges and
universities of that country. Many ot
the graduates intending to follow
collegiate careers embraced the
opportunity allordod for practice and
experience in these popular lectures.
It goca without saying that the move
ment was a success particularly in the
city of London , where In 1887-8. over
live thousand students were enrolled in
the various classes. The syndicate has
boon regularly organly.od for the work
delegating the clillercnt departments to
separate committees. The llftcenth
anniversary of the movement was cele
brated last year to th.o great gratillca-
tlon of its organizers and supporters.
About two years after the formation
of this English syndicate , the germ of
tin American system ot popular educa
tion began to develop under the guid
ance of the llov. Dr. Vincent. Chuu-
tauqua , N. Y. , was the center of a plan
to supplement the work then performed
by the Sunday schools of the different
churches. As an outgrowth the Chau-
tauqua Literary and Scientific circle
soon began its career with the purpose of
establishing a systomutic course of homo
roaning in every town and village. Its
sueiuss was surprising to all. And in
1878. It enlarged Its usefulness by - obtaining
taining a charter of the state of Now
York enabling it , as the Chautauqua
college of liberal arts , to confer degrees
upon those \yho should finish the nro-
scribed studies. It is a.collogo for the
people , for those who cannotleavo their
daily occupations to attend the distant
educational institutions. has
> It grad
ually attractud to its aid , the assistance
of leading specialists in every branch in
And now tjinru comes , an interchange
of the American and English systems.
Tlio plan for homo reading has already
been transplanted to thq mother coun
try. A branch of the Chatauqua is in a
nourishing condition ii\ the vicinity of
Oxford. On the other Hand the Cha
tauqua authorities have ? i ued a pros
pectus for the cstablisniuontiiundcr tlieir
auspices , of a 'system of f university-ex
tension lectures which , are to
begin in the winter. , .of , 188-90. ! )
They have gathered , .together a
brilliant array of talent and knowledge
embodied in the various professors who
are to superintend the work in its dif
ferent branches. The list contains the
following well known names : Anthroi-
elegy , Major J. W. Powell , Washing
ton. D. C. ; arcniuology , Prof. John H.
Wright , Harvard university ; art his
tory , Prof. Allan Marquand , Princeton
callego ; biology , Prof. L. M. Under
wood , Syracuse university ; chemistry.
Prof. S. A. Lattimore , Rochester uni
versity ; classical literature. Prof. Mar
tin L. D'Oogo , University of Michigan ;
ethics , Prof. P. G. Peabody , Harvard
university ; Englssh language aiui
literature , Prof. F. A. " Marcin
Lafayette college ; geology , Prof ,
.lames D. Dana , Yale university ;
German literature , Prof. H. G. G.
lirandt , . Hamilton college , history ,
Prof. H. B. jiVdams , Johns Hopkins uni
versity ; Oriental literature , Prof. W.
R. Harper , Yale university ; Psychology ,
Prof. B. P. Browne , Boston university ;
political economy , Prof. R. T. Ely ,
Johns Ilopinns university ; romance
languages , Prof. W. I. Knapp , Yale
university ; science of government , Prof.
Woodrow Wilson , Weslyan university ;
social bcicnco , Colonel C. D. Wright ,
United States commissioner of labor.
Under their oversight , but under the
business management of a separate
committee , the course will bo inapuod
out and the lecturers assigned. The
aims of the institution are set forth in
First. A revival in the United States
of the original idea of a university as a
voluntary association of students and
itinerant lecturers , for higher educa
tion by means of systematic courses of
local lectures upon special subjects.
Second. The promotion of good citi
zenship by the popular study of social
science , economies , history , ( ancient
and modern , ) literature , political ethics
and the science of govern mont , in con
tinuous and progressive courses , under
the guidance of competent teachers. I I
Third. By a course of instructive lec
tures upon such subjects as modern as
tronomical discovery , climate and
weather , geology , physics , electricity
and its uses , chemistry of arts and man
ufactures , agriculture , the human body
and laws of health , anthropology , the
history of art and architecture , to give
students not only clear ideas of the pro
gress of science and its practical appli
cations , but also of Up fundamental
principles. j ,
Fourth. By co-operation .with Ameri
can colleges and other institutions of
learning to supplement tjioir educa
tional advantages by university exten
sion courses , occupying QPO or two
terms , Upon Buch subjects as are not
fully provided for in tli9r } regular cur
riculum , i j
Fifth. By alllliation jwitji public li
braries , mechanics' ineti.tutps , lyceums ,
labor unions , guilds , , Yu.ung Men's
Christian associations , local circles of
the C. L. S. C. , or other/ literary and
scientific clubs , to meet thoipeouliar so
cial and educational ncodsjof different
communities. j ,
Sixth. By the organization of the
most jntolligont and progressive forces
in American towns to promote the
higher education of the American pee
ple. By the stimulation of local en
deavor and the spirit of solf-holp to
bring existing local agencies for popu
lar instruction to higher ollicioncy. By
well-directed courses of unlvorsfty-ox-
tonbion lectures to specialize popular
.interest along certain great lines of in
quiry , nnd thus not only to encourage
systematic reading , but also to give
point nnd method to the UBO of public
The attainment of these ends is to bo
reached by a sort of traveling college.
Candidates for itinerant lecturships are
to bo appointed by the central commit
tee upon nomination by the heads of
the various departments. They will
deliver lectures to the local organiza
tions which select tlio courses desired ,
Each course will consist of twelve
weekly lectures , occupying ixboul nn
hour each. Those are to bo preceded
or followed by a clnes hold for about
throo-qimrtora of nn hour for these stu
dents who wish to become more famil
iar with the principles of the subject , or
to have their special dinicultlos ex
plained , but the teaching in the class is
to bo entirely conversational. A printed
syllabus of onch lecture is to bo fur
nished , nnd also questions upon it
which may bo nnsworod at homo nnd
submitted to the lecturer for correction
nnd comment. These who attend regu
larly nnd who have performed the re
quired number of weekly exorcises mny
take a written examination on the com
pletion of the course. Pnss-cortlflcatos
are to bo accepted by the Chnutauqua
College of Liberal Arts ns counting to
ward gtaduation for a degree in any
particular school that the student nviy
have entered. It is desirable that the
work bo performed in connection with
attendance on the summer school nt
Chautauqua , which has proved so bene
ficial during the last few yoars.
Any town which Is prepared to fur
nish an audience nnd to guarantee the
payment for a coin-so of twelve lectures
may designate tiny subject offered by
the university extension committee.
Local expenses must bo defrayed by the
local committee. The charge for the
lectures Is $350. This amount can ot
course bo made up by the sale of tickets ,
and certainly when divided among a fair
nurnbor of attendant students would
bo exceedingly low for a first
class education in any one branch.
The expectation is also expressed that
a system of traveling libraries in con
nection with the local lectures may bo
organized. These would comprise books
treating only the technicalities of the
subject and would servo to supplement
the lo'cal public and private collections.
This plan , of-courso , is nomono.y mak
ing scheme and is to result in nothing
moro substantial than satisfaction and
glory to its originators. But , incident
ally. It will open the Hold for a great
addition to the visible supply of
college professors and it will enable
the gentlemen at the head of the vari
ous departments to assist their collegi
ate proteges to remunerative occupa
tions. This has been made a paying
business by two professors who have
boon giving similar courses of lectures
during the past winter in BulTalo , St.
Louis and Columbus.
As to the effectiveness and usefulness
of this prospective institution , there
are differing opinions , as on every ques
tion of importance. The main object is
to provide higher education for persons
of all classes and of both sexes , engaged
in the regular occupations of life. It is
generally acknowledged that instruc
tion exclusively by lectures can bring
its greatest benefits only to these who
have already engaged in considerable
advanced study. To bo sure , the con
versational classes in connection with
the lectures will remedy this defect tea
a certain extent , but conversation ex
orcise can not hope to reach the thor
oughness shown in the modern college.
Higher education can not bo obtained
before one has acquired the rudiments of
the bubject. It would bo like building
a church from the steeple downward.
The only way to reach the lower classes
is to begin with the primary schools.
But it is not to be argued that this in
novation will do no good whatever , nl-
thoucrh it may fail in its principal pur
pose. It will undoubtedly help many
who have passed through the
ordinary public schools to continue their
studies. It will arouse many who have
fallen asleep to renewed action. It will
stimulate interest in the other educa
tional institutions , such as libraries and
museums. But only when by com
pulsory education , or some other olllca-
cious method , all members of the work
ing classes are furnished with a good
elementary education , can university
teaching spread abroad and enlighten
the people as a whole. V. R.
A Modern Vorslon.
Ten * ftftlniif.
"Sweet In o , Kood-nlfiht.
Beneath the stuts winch rudluntly are idow-
Reluctantly I quit thy sight ,
For joy must end ; ttmo flies and I am going
Sweet love , good-night. "
' "Sweet love , good-night , "
'The maid replied ; "and yet that note of
Which Bhurply cuts the air Oh , prythco ,
Was it. the mellow lay of matin lark.
Orb.irn.vard rooster crowiiiK tu the dark ?
Nay see the east ; 'tis Phaibus1 glaring
A Ins , nicthinks thou should'st have said
And not 'good-night.1 "
To crush out the twiuo trust is now the
sacred jutoy of fanners.
The Chicago haso ball team never lost a
gnmo all the way over from England.
The only resource open to the men of Os-
Icaloosa , Kan. , is to import moro men.
The farmers are making great efforts to
send the twlno trust whcro the woodblno
John L. Sullivan said Flo Intended to make
an exhibition tour at an early day. And ho
scorns to bo doing it.
Postmaster-General Wananmkor Jis said to
bo n great reader. However this may be , ho
is now a man of lattcrs.
it is reported that a United States s nator
remarked , witli ghoulish glco , that Halstcad
would remain n homestead.
"Lucltyl" said Mr. Olesport , speaking of a
friend ; "lucky * Why , that man couldn't
fall Into the soup without llnding u silver
spoon , "
Kcal Dow U going to Paris as the Malna
commissioner. Ncal Dow will como back
with u much higher opinion of the stuto of
"As u profitable vegetable , " remarks a
Kansas exchange , "tho sugar beet stands nt
tlio head of the list. " Doesn't the onion out
rank it )
It Is too soon yet to nominate the next
president. Tin- white house is not n barber
shop , whore pcoplo wait to bo shaved and
hear the cry of "Next ! "
Captain Anson intends to win the cham
pionship again this season , if wo are cor
rectly adviseu , and is now ready to offer a
few eligible players for salo.
Queen Victoria Is buying her spring clothes
in Purls , and iioulanger Is buying his spring-
beer over the line In Brussels. Tnus old
world affairs appear ty bo sadly mixed.
There's ono great advantage in writing
love letters on a typewriter Instead of using
a pen. A follow can get a much better Idea
of how his letters nro going to look In print
when tlip newspapers report his trial for
broach of promlso.
Tlio Now York Coffee Exchange Is tu 1mvo
anew building , nt a cost of 430,000 , , Includ
ing the ground. Somebody , of course , has
got to pay for that building. Look out for a
further rise In the prlco of coffee.
Secretary of War Proctor has issued an
order that two cannons and 150 Springfield
rifles bo sent to each college and university
at which nn army olllcer Is stationed. The
secretary must have been passing ono of these
colleges when the students wcro Immersed
In a game of foot ball.
' Thump-rattloty-bang" went the piano.
"What are you trying to play , Jauol" called
out her fattier from tlio next room. "It's on
exercise from my new instruction book.
First steps In music , " she answered. "Well.
I thought you were playing with your feet , "
ho sola , grimly ; "don't step so heavy on the
key , It disturbs my thought. "
Bead for College Journal.
Corner C'upltol Ave. mitt lUtlt tit.
Wo tire now prepared to show ono of the
most complfto lines of medium niul ( Inu
Bulls , In both rnicksnnd cutaways for bui-
tness or tlrcsa wear , thnt you mny ilcilro to
look nt. llGincinbor have two well
llKhtrd sales lloors , 4,4 0 fciimro foot , In
\Uilchto display goods.
First class denning and dyeing ! Lace Curtains
cleaned. c. T. PAULSONPrcp'r.
IBX'I Ilo\v rd-st. : Telephone * ! ; *
TO LOAN ,
On City and Farm Pronortyl
CASH ON HAND ,
'First ' Mortgage Paper Bought
Frenzor Block , out ) . P. O.
DRS. BETTS & BETTS
H08 KAHNAM STUKKI- , OMAHA , NEU.
( Opposite Paxton Hotel. )
Ofllco hours , 0 a. m. to 8 p. m Sundays , 10 a.
m. to 1 p. m.
Specialists In Chronic , Nervous , Skin and
rsrcoiiBtiltatlon at oHice or by mail freo.
Medicines sent by mall or express , securely
packed , frte from observation. Guarantees to
cure nulckly. fcafely and permanently.
uDDirnno nrjDiTTi'Vop0"101" 1'11'som1'
rlbKVUUu llholLlll nal I.obses.NlBhtKinls.
slons Vhyblcal Decay , arising from Indiscre
tion , Kxcess or Indulgence , producing Sleep
lessness , Despondency , 1'lniplos on the face ,
aversion to t-oeloty , easily discouraged , lack of
conlldence , dull , unlit for study or buslness.nnd
finds life n. burden , pafoly , permanently and
privately cuied. Consult Dr.s. irttts ti Belts ,
1408 rarnain ht. , Omaha. Net )
BloOu and Skin Diseases
results , completely eradicated without the nld
of Mnrcurv. Scrofula. Kryslpelas. Vevcr Sores ,
Illotc'iios , Ulcers , 1'alns in tlio Head nnd Hones ,
Syphilitic SoroThroat. Mouth and Tongue , Ca
tarrh , \o , permanently curetl where others
ffidnnn ITninnntT and llladder Complaints ,
KlQllCy , UriUary ralntm. nimriilt. too fre
quent miming or Illoody Urine , l/rlno hign col
ored or with milky sediment on standing ,
Weak Hack , Oonnorrha-a , Ulrot , Cystitis. &c. ,
Promptly andSafely Cured , Charges Reasona
ble.On TJTtf fTrTWEl ? Ounrnnteed per-
3 JL JCvJLVr A UXvJul mtuient Ctno , re
moval complete , without cutting. cnut > tlc or
dilatation. Cures effected ut homo by patient
without n moments pain or annoyance.
To YOIM Men and Middle-Aged Men ,
w QITDI ? PlTDD The awful eireet.s of eaily
AuUlUJ UUfiD Vice , which uvlngH organic
cnknehs. destroying both mind nnd body , with
nil its rtu-aded ill . permanently cured.
T1DO OWnO Adi ess these wiio have Impaired
JJfilJ , DIillU themhvlvrs by Impiopi-r Indul
gences and solitary linblU , which ruin both
body nnd mind , unfitting them for business ,
study or marriage.
M AHHIKD MB.V. or those entering on that hap
py life , aware of physical debility , quickly as
Is based upon facts. First 1'rnctlcnl Expo-
rlenco. Second Kvory case Is especially studied ,
thus Htm ting aright. Third Medicines are pro-
paied In our laboratory exactly to suit each
case , thus ntlect'.ngcurds without Injury.
rVSenil ( I cents postage for celebratnd works
on Chronle , Nervous and Del onto Dlupnscs.
Thousands cured , C3CT A friendly letter or call
may Bavo yon futiuo miircilng and shame , nnd
add poldrtti } onrn to life. riV No letterx an
swered unless accompanied by 4 cents in stumps.
Addresa or call on
ims. KI3TTS& Kirrrs ,
H08 Karnam Srtrot , Omaha , Neb
TRAD MARK ,
"RED LABEL , "
DR , BAILEY'S
OYetb extracted without palior i
HneBt let * of tcctli fWJ
Hold and Mirer miliix" r-t lowett riles ,
bound root reil Irpiwnlnif. .
1'axttm lllnck IGtli bud 1'unum '
Dr , J. E. McGrew ,
One of Must Successful
n the Treatment of all Chronic , Spe
cial and Private Diseases ,
I HO ? nC UAMUnnn "nj a' ' ' Weakness
LUoo ur rn/tnnuuu umiDibonU'raofiiio
BexuHl Ort-'ans nbHOlutoly ciued.
" ' * * * ot
cure will bo guavan-
niQCACCC Hl treatment for which
UIOLHOLO Klvea thu must boiiutlfnl
couiploxlcn , and a perfect akin.
PnUQIII TATinU CDCC Treatment by
UUfloULIAI lUfl rrlLti corffsponUenLe.
Hend etamp for jeply.
OfflcB-Oushman Rlook. 16th and
Doimlus Sts , . Omaha , Neb ,
KTABUSHID i"i J iso So.
choag0 , ( | | | B.1ciarkOt.
The Regular Old-Established
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
It itltl Treating with th GrwlMt
, SKILL and SUCCESS
tonic Nervous and Private Diseases ,
NERVOUS DKD1LITY , Lett Manhood ,
FalHn * Memory , Exhauitlnc Dr lni , Tcrrlblt
Dreamt , Head and Back Ache and all the efTecli
lending to early tlecuy and rih p > Consumption ot
Inianity , treated tclentlfiully by new method ! with
never-failing tuccrti ,
SYPHILIS and all bad Blood and Skin Die
caiei permanently cured.
* i-KlDNEVand URINARY compUlnU.Qleet ,
Gonorrhoea , Strlctu re , Varlcocele and all dhtatti
of the Oenlto-Urlniry Organi cured promptly without
Injury la Stomtch , Kidneys or o-.her Orgarn.
4 < FNoexperImenti. Age andexperleneelm *
porunt. Consultation free and ( .acred.
* ST Send 4 cenli pojUfc for Celebrated Works on
Chronic , Nervoui nd Delicate Diieatti.
fliTThoip contemplating ; Matrliee tend for Dr.
Clarke' * celebrated culde Male and Female , etch
M centt , both } cent ! ( ilatnra ) , Coniult the nld
Doctor. A friendly letter or c llm y ave future tuller.
Inn nd ihame , and add golden > can to life , A9Hook
"Life's ( Secret ) Krrora , " joctnu ( itampi ) . MeOlcin *
andwtltlnft tent everywhere , tecute from txpoiuie ,
Hour ) , a to 8. Sundays y to it. Addresi
F. D. CLARKE , M. D. ,
IQO So. Clerk St. . CHICAGO , ILL.
JOHN T. DILLON
Real [ stale & Loan
Room 49 Barker Block.
The Income 1'roncrfy Can Ito Made to
Produce , ( Jotcrns Its Value.
Largo list of property to select from.
No property listed , except at fair valua
tlon. Business and inside property a
For sale or lease from Union Pacific
bridge north to Grace street , ainonj (
which arc t\vo or throe choifo bargains
On improved or gilt edged unimproved
Are oxnmlnod by us and must bo per
fect before wo will recommend purchusa
Mm T. Dillon lUil Co.
r Room 49 Barker Block ,
C. ffl. Jordan
Lute of the University
of New York City nncl
ington , I ) . C.
SCorner Fifteenth and Har-
y hts. , Uniaba , Neb. ,
.Nliero till curable cases
are treated with suc
. . . . . . . . . , ASTHMA. nym-m-siA , DKAP-
NK8H , KllEUMATIHM , ALL , NlIUVOUS AND SKIN
CONSULTATION nt office or by mall , II.
OHico hours U to 11 a. m. , 2 to 4 p. m. , T to 8p.
in. , Sunday ollico hours from 0 a. m. . to 1 n. in.
WanvdlseiiHos tire treated successfully by Dr.
JordonthrouKn the mnlls.and It in thus posaiola
for these untiblo to make a Journey to obtain
BUCCKSHKUr , HOSPITAL TllBATMIINT Al1
T ' ' '
TKe d'roV'book' Diseases of NOBO. Throat ;
M. M. Hamlln. I'iiii-nlxlns , Co.
S. A. Orclmrd , Carpet Dealer.
John bholby , Orocur.
John Hush , City Treasurer.
OllOI'OSAf.S I'Olt INDIAN SUPI'MHS AND
JL TRANSPORTATION. Department of the
Interior , Olllro nt Indian Air.vlix , Washington.
-Murcli y . IHK1 ! . Sealed -proposals , Indorsed
"JVoposnls for lleef , ( bids lor beef must bo sub
mitted In acpiiruti ) envelopes ) . Ducon , Flour ,
ClotliliiK , or Transportation . , " ( UH the cuso
may bo ) , and dliocted to the CoininlHflloner of
Indian Allitlrx , Noi. U"i nnd ' > 7 WoosterNtrcet ,
Nuw York , will be received until 1 p. in. of Tues
day , April ' .1 , IHH'i , for furnlHlilnic Tor the Indian
Horvlin nbout IMNWKJ pounds linunn , 'II.MW.WW
pounds beef on tlio hoof , I.OJO.Otl ) pounds net
licet. UT'J.IUO pounds beunu , 71.00) ) pounds baking
powder , .VKI.UW piitmdH corn , 477.0JU pounds cor-
IVo , K.ijixxi.OiX ) pounds Hour , "Inil ( pounds food ,
Kui.i ( Hi punmlM huril bread , 6'iXi ( poiindH Iiora-
Iny , 23.DOU ponmlH laid , b" I ban els mov < pork.
17.1KKJ poundH oiitineul , ! ) T."il4 > J pounds oat a ,
KK.dOi pounds rice , H.HOO pounds ten , IHo.UUO
pounds Halt. IO. ( > 00 pounds No.tp , IMi.OJU
pounds H'lKftr , and 20IKJ ) pounds wheat.
IHO , blankotH , woolen und cotton coeds , ( con-
HlHtlng In part of tlcKlnc. "r > , UU ) yards ; ntaiulard
calico , | iAiaiyarJb ) ; dtlllinir , ll.m ) yitrdu ; duck ,
fuo fiom nil Ht/lnir , OH.IH yards : ( Ionium , 17.UOU
yanU ; QliiKhum , : N > , ooiyards ) ; Kentucky Jcium ,
IT.iKX ) yards j cheviot , I2oulyiirdn ; brown shoot-
In ; ; , IMA.UU ) yurdu ; bleached Bheetlni ; , W.O/JO
.Miidx ; hlckoiy shhtliiK , lli.COO yards ; called
Hlilrtlnc , O.r.OO yurilH ; wlnnoy. 8'JO , ) yardn ) ; rloth-
Inp. KruceileM , notions , luudwitre. medical sup
plies , w.liool liooktc. ; . , and n long lint , of HUH-
cellfttieous juthlox , nuch UH ImnioHH , plowtf ,
rakes , forks , &L1. , nud for about fi'Al WUHOIIS ro-
( Itilred for the HUI vice , to bo delivered utClilca-
( jo , Kansas ( 'lty , and rilotix City. Alao furdiicli
wagons as may bo rotilred | , adapted tn thu
climate of the I'aclflo Uoact , lth Callfornl
biakex. delivered at Han 1'runHxco , A IHO ,
transpoitatlon for such of the articlecoodB ,
and nppllcs Unit : nay not bu lontruttod for to
IH > dellveiod at the agencies , illdx iiillut bu
made out on novernnicJU tilunks. Bchedulex
Hhottlmtliu UnilHanil quantities of Btibslsaenco
biipplli's reunited for oucli agency and school ,
und the kinds and quantities in jjlOhH. ut all
othtrgoodH und articles , lojjetner with blunlc
proposal * , conditions to ho observed by bidders ,
tlmuiiml place of delivery , teims of contract
and pajinent. transportation routes , unil nil
other nmvbMiry Inuti notion * will furnished
r.pon application to the Indian Ollico In Wash
ington , or NOB , ( f > and UTVoouter ntuuit , New
York ; the CoinnilssuiU-s of Hitbulstonco U. H.
A , , at Cheycnno'hlcaiio , Leuvunuorth.Omaha.
Knlni I.OIIIH , Saint I'anl , and Han Francisco ; ( lip
I'ontiuiihtcrH at bloux Oily , und Vaukton : and t >
the I'ostmasters nt the following named places
In Kansas ; AlkaiMas City , ( /'iildwoll , Topeka.
nnd Wichita. The right Is renerved by thn KOV-
tiiiiliient to rejei t any and all bids , or any pare
of any bid , and these propoitulu are Invited
tinder piovlvo that appropilutlou glmll bo made )
for the BiinpllfU by Coi'uress. mS | Hn | bu
opened at the hour nnd day above stated , and
bidders are Invited to bo present at the opening.
Ceitilled Chfcks. All bids iiiunt bo ncconi-
punluil by certlllrd checks or dralta upon UOIIIH
United Ktatrs Depository or the Flmt National
Hank of 1,0 * Angeles , Cnl , . for at leant Uvo ilet
cent of the amount of thu proposal. JOHN II.
OHIiltl.V Commissioner. mcliSMl'Jt
> > .4 AutsESutiiibivrX
cnilrilr mrrrtnt * b
\ \ MM erf , C-en
wbrrttll eihcr reuidlfi rc. HOLUUMI
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