Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 14, 1889, Image 4

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Cully ( Morning Rdlllon ) Including SUNDAY
llKK.Ono Year . tlO 00
For 81 * Month * . . . . IS JO
'or Three Months . . . 260
THK OMAHA BHNDAT ller mnllod to auy
iwldrosj , On Year . , . ZOO
tVr.itKMr Ur.K , Ono Your . . . * >
OMAHA Orr JCK , No .914 nnrt 918 I'AHNAM StntBT.
NKW route orricK. Hoonsl4 AND in Tijino-v *
liuii.uiw ) . WASIIINUTO * Omen , t o. CIS
All communications relating to news nnd edi
torial matter should be addressed to the KDIXOH
. should be
All linslneu letters and remittances
OMAHA. Drafts chcr.ks nnrt poUolttco orders to
bo made payable to the order of the company.
Viic BED PflWIshlne Company , Proprietors ,
E. ROSEWATEU , Editor.
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Btato ot Nebraska. I. ,
County of Douglas , ( "
Oeorcon. Tzschuck , secretary of the flee Pub
lishing company , docs solemnly swear that the
octuiJclrculaUon of Tim DAII.V linn for the
veek ending March U , 1889. was as follows :
Fmiday. March a
Monday. March 4
Tuesday. March C >
Wednesday. March 0 | 8.H
Tlmrndav.MarcnT j .g < J
rntlay.MnrchB } 8.W1
Saturday , March 0 .I8.P1J
Avcrugo 18,807
Bworn to before mo nnd subscribed to In my
trcsonco this Oth day of Mnrch. A. 1) , JR80.
Seal. N. P. F151U Notary Public.
Btnto of Nebraska , I , ,
County ot lon lns. f D3 >
George II. Tzschuck. bolnjc duly sworn , do-
POBCH nnd says tlint ho Is secretary ot the HOB
Publishing company , tliat the actual nvcrnpo
daily circulation ot TUB D tv UKK for the
month ot Mnrch , 18SS , J9Ct copies ; for April ,
186R 18,744 copies ; for Mnjr. 1S88 , IMS )
copies ; for Juno , 18" ? , ISV-'tl copies ; for
Jtilv , l&H. 18 , ( ) copies ; for August , 1888 ,
J8.1S ) coplos ; for 8opt mber. 1883,18,154 conies ;
for October. 1883 , 1WM4 coplev. for Novem.
licr. 1888 , IH.nfO copies ; for December , 1888.18,22) )
copies ; for January , 1889,18,674 copies ; for Feb
ruary , 18311 , 18.0SO copies.
Bworn to before mo nnd subscribed In my
yreisenco this 2d day of March. A. I ) . 1889.
N. P. FEIfc Notary Public.
TIIK county commissioners uro as si
lent 03 a vault.
THE vaulting ambition of certain
county commissioners cannot bo held
up by steal props.
IT is high time for the legislature to.
put on the brakes. The appropriation
train is on the down grado.
THAT story of the massacre of five
French tourists in the Yellowstone Na
tional park was sprung a little too early
in the season.
WANTED An assistant commissioner
of agriculture ; salary four thousand five
hundred a year. Apply to Farmer Jero
Rusk , Washington.
MONTANA , like Dakota , wants to bo-
pin with a new slate of territorial offl-
' cors , and 'it is highly probable that
Montana's wishes will bo gratified.
' want to play second fiddle to the secre
tary of agriculture. Nebraska takes
first place or none in this instance.
IT is useless to consider the whipping
if post , the rack and other ancient modes
I ot punishment for wife boaters , while
IK wo have the Douglas .county poor farm ,
K ( ' "f
THE American spool and bobbin trust
has gone to pieces , and hereafter each
member of the combine will wind his
I bobbin and thread his spool in his own
way. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
MAYOR BIIOATCH and the council
t have wisely concluded that it would ho
poor policy to put an embargo on Coun
cil Blulls bread if our people want to
buy it.
/ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
THE Illinois Central is said to be vig
orously sniffing Nebraska air , and in the
event of its building on the west bank
-of the Missouri , that road cannot ignore
IF it bo true that Oklahoma has boon
overrated for speculative purposes and
its soil is poor and thin , the homo-soolt-
or's paradise is certainly not to be found
in that promised land.
THE throe dollar dose prescribed by
the state for the druggists produces a
lively commotion in the tills. There is
no avenue of escape. They must swal
low and pay for the medicine.
THE dividends declared by the di
rectors of the Pennsylvania railroad
must have boon uncommonly gratifying
if the annual mooting of tlio stock
holders at Philadelphia consumed only
seven minutes.
WITH the farmers planting their
backs hard against the doors of the
tttato treasury , it ought to bo a dilllcult
task for the jobbers andschomorsat the
legislature to make u raid on the
people's money.
JAY GOULD would show great fore
sight if he oxtondud the Missouri
Pacific from Omaha to Huron , Dale. ,
ahead of his rivals. Tapping Dakota
would bo of Inestimable value to
Omaha as well as the Missouri Pacific.
THE conference of the National
Farmers' alliance of Iowa , now in ses
sion at Dos Molnos , proposes to consol
idate all the state alliances into a
single organization. The success ot
this movement will be watched with
considerable interest by the farmers of
Nebraska ns well as of other states.
EVEN members of tho.loglslaturo are
compelled out of eoU-resyoct to pro
test against the action of that body
in frittering away the time of the ses
sion. It will bo to the everlasting dis
grace of the legislature U the appro
priations are cuuiiingly put off until
the last momunts and then passed in a
lump , with every evidence of jobbery
on their face.
Mlt , P , FOHD is needlessly alarmed
about the work done by the street com
missioner without the consent of the
Btrcot swooping contractors. This la
not surprising. The determination of
the council to make the interests of
contractors and Jobbers.&ubordlaato to
thu interests ol the otty is mioh a radl-
' cal departure from psut methods that
the old fool an nohlng void in the
region of the pocketboolc.
The bill for a publio printer is a steal
on its face. Fraud Is masked in every
lino. The bill provides that the publio
pnnlorfihall hold office for four years ,
that ho shall bo n resident of the slate
nnd a practical printer doing business
In the atnto. The state id required to
furnish nil material necessary for books ,
blanks , and other printed state work ,
places everything in the keeping of the
public printer , nnd gives him fancy
prices for composition , press work ,
stitching , binding , etc. The prices are
so high nnd the opportunities for "phnt"
RO numerous that any printing house in
the state would jump nt the job and dis
count the prices twenty-five per cent.
The item of ton per cent allowed for
wastage would alone not a comfortable
income in the hands of an expert.
Dut the job lies in the measurement.
It is folly to expect that the secretary
of state , auditor of publio accounts
and state treasurer , constituting
the board of printing , would possess
the export ability of mea surlng plainer
or complicated composition , the wo ight
and quality of paper or count the num
ber of books , blanks and pamphlets
printed 'on a given order. Here is
whore the public printer would work in
complete harmony with himself.
The present laws governing the letting
ting of state printing arc fair and just ,
if honestly enforced. All printers
have , apparently , an equal clmhco for
the work , but by the connivance
of olllcials , Mr. Hathaway's con
cern manages to underbid all
competitors and secure the bulk
of the work. But Mr. Hathaway evi
dently is not satisfied with the lion's
share of the business. Every man who
aids this fraudulent measure will do an
injustice to every printing office in the
state , and lay himself open to the charge
of being a sharer in the plunder. THE
BEE has no job office attachment , and
has no other than the taxpayers' inter
est to servo in opposing the creation of
n printing monopoly for the benefit of
avaricious schemers.
The following exhibit shows 'the ad
vantages to the state of the present sys
tem of state printing , compared with
the proposed law :
Six thousand copies laws $3,714.24
Two thousand house journals ! 3,75t.-JS
Two thousand senate Journals 2S93.03
1111,1 , .
Six thousand copies laws $7,214.55
Two thousand house journals r ,109.-10
Two thousand sonnto journals 4,023.70
TllUlili ITEMS.
Total cost unilorcontract $3,707.70
Total cost umlor printer bill 1C,80'J.C5 '
Saving to state by contract 7,503.05
13111s before the legislature would
cost under printer bill , per page ot
500 copies 245
Under contract It costs 1.05
Other work would cost in about the
same proportion.
The reference made a few days ago in
the state senate to the memorial of the
farmers' alliance presented in congress
just before adjournment , characterizing
the statements of the memorial as false ,
will , not accomplish much by way of
averting any ill effects which such
statements might have unless facts are
produced to show that the memorial
misrepresents the condition of thofarm-
ing interest of Nebraska. The state
ments contained in that document wcro
certainly of a very serious character ,
and if they can bo shown to bo generally
incorrect , or oven the Inoro important
of them can bo proved misrepresenta
tions , it should bo done. Unrofuted
statements of this character are very
likely to bo used to the prejudice of the
interests of the state bv those who are
interested in the withholding of capital
from western investment. There is a
very largo class so interested , and its
influence is being vigorously exerted in
the east ; to secure legislation that will
restrict the outflow of capital from that
section to the west. The memorial of
the farmers' alliance supplies it with a
rather formidable argument. It will bo
successfully nnd convincingly answered
only by indisputable facts and figures.
The statement that the farm mort
gages of Nebraska amount to one
hundred and fifty million dollars
wo have no doubt an investigation
would show to bo wildly erroneous. The
number of farms in Nebraska may bo
stated approximately at one hundred
thousand. So that to obtain the sum of
the estimated value of farm mortgages
it is necessary to assume that the aver
age of every farm in the state is fifteen
hundred dollars. No intelligent man
having anv information on the subject
will question for a moment that this
average is far to high , doubtless at ,
least double what would bo found to bo
the true amount. According to the re
port of the state bureau ot labor and
industrial statistics for 1837-88 about
fifty per cent of the farms of Nebraska
were mortgaged , and there is no reason
to suppose that the proportion has been
increased. But making a liberal al
lowance for possible misrepresentations ,
let it bo assumed that sixty per cent of
the farma are mortgaged , and that the
average for every farm is fifteen hun-
crod dollars , and there is obtained as
the aggregate amount of farm mortgages
in Nebraska ninety million dollars , or
sixty millions less than the estimate of
the memorial , requiring an annual in
terest payment of over six million dollars
lars instead of moro than ten millions , as
claimed by the same authority. Wo have
very little doubt that these reduced
figures are extreme , but at any rate
they are undoubtedly much nearer the
correct amount than the figures of the
alliance memorial , and they make n suf
ficiently formidable showing to do away
with the necessity of exaggeration in
order to render them Impressive. Add
ing ton million dollars to this computa
tion to cover the mortgages on farmers'
chattels , and we have n round hundred
millions to represent the mortgage debt
of Nebraska's farming interest.
The assertion that the number of tenant -
ant farmers is rapidly increasing may
also bo regarded as untrustworthy ,
though if true it is by no
moans to bo concluded that it is
wholly the result of the admittedly op
pressive conditions under which the
farmers of Nebraska , rather moro than
those of mo-it other western states , have
boon forced to labor. The failure of
farmers must bo in u measure accounted
for by the want of business capacity ,
by careless and imprudent manage
ment , nnd by a want ot the knowledge ,
experience nnd industry required for
successful farming. The opinions of
farmers submitted to the labor commis
sioner cite nil those ns among the causes
leading to the ( allure of men engaged
in farming. There were olghty-
ono thousand farm owners working
their farms in Nebraska last year
and about nineteen thousand tenant
farmers. It may fairly bo doubted , in
view of the generous crops of last year ,
whether there has since been any ma
terial change in the relative numbers
of these two classes.
It is unquestionably true that the
farmers of Nebraska need relief from
excessive railroad charges , from usuri
ous money lenders , and from other ex
actions that unjustly deprive them ot a
portion of the fruits of their labor nnd
retard their prosperity. They should
not cense to vigorously battle for this
relief , carrying the contest if need bo
into the national legislature , but it is
not necessary to success that the mis
fortunes of their situation shall bo
vastly and obviously exaggerated. On
the contrary such a policy is far moro
likely to work evil thau. good. Nor is
it wise to cultivate the1 already widely
prevalent idea among the farmers of
the country that the national goveriir
meat might promote their interests by
increasing the circulating medium of
the country. Inflation that would ad
vance the price of what the farmer haste
to sell would certainly operate in an
equal or greater degree to in
crease the price of the commo
dities ho has to buy. The ur
gent need of the producing classes
is not currency inflation , stimulating
speculation ana giving larger oppor
tunities to monopoly , but relief from the
exactions of coruoratlons and trusts ,
from the wrong of unjustly distributed
taxation , and from the demands of
national and state governments far be
yond the necessities ot economical and
efficient administration. Reform in
those directions would give a substan
tial and permanent benefit to producers
impossible to bo obtained from simply
swelling the volume of the country's
The clause amendatory of the Omaha
charter , giving the mayor and council
control of the erection of public build
ings , may'bo regarded as secure against
the opposition of the schemers whoso
chief solicitude in the matter grows out
of their desire and purpose to obstruct
and delay the construction of the city
hall if permitted to havoanj'thing to do
with the erection of that building. Ev
erybody understands the true meaning
of the anxiety of Balcotnbe , Furay
and Jim Creighton to retain in
the board of public works its present
authority regarding the construction of
public buildings , und all understand
what would bo the consequence of con
tinuing that authority so' far , at least ,
as the city hall is concerned. The in
genuity of these men would bo strained
to its utmost capacity in devising diffi
culties to block the progress of this im
provement and as far as pincticablo to
thwart the will of the .people. A ma
jority of the Douglas county delegation
in the legislature refuse to be used by
the cabal which would not hesitate to
keep Omaha without a city hall for the
next ten years , if its mem
bers believed that they could thereby
finally effect a change of the now over
whelming popular sentiment against
them , while at the same time gratifying
their personal animosity.
The Douglas county delegation by a
vote of six to four has agreed to an
amendment to the clause giving the
mayor and council control of the erec
tion of publio buildings , which pro
vides that they shall bo governed by
the same methods of procedure in re
ceiving bids , making contracts and
granting estimates as now govern the
board of publio works. There can bo
no objection to this , oven if it bo not
absolutely essential. If the proposed
change in the charter passes the legis-
isluturo and with the approval of the
majority of the representatives of this
county in the legislature there ought to
bo no doubt of its passing the con
struction of our city hall will go for
ward with the least possible delay. Oth
erwise the erection of that much need
ed building may bo postponed indefin
itely. The citizens of Omaha by a ma
jority of over four thousand have ex
pressed their will in this matter , and it
is the duty of the legislature to see that
nothing is allowed to thwart it.
Few regions in the west afford such
opportunities for the investment of cap
ital and energy as Wyoming. The es
sential minerals to build up a great
manufacturing commonwealth are there
in abundance. Oil saturates the surface
of thousands of acres , coal abounds in
inexhaustible measures ; gold , sllvoriron
and copper exist in paying quantities.
Development is going on steadily in nil
theao rich fields. The agricultural re
sources of the territory are in their in
fancy , but the construction of hundreds
of miles of irrigating ditches lust season
will bring under cultivation { his year
thousands of acres of fertile land. The
great plains and foothills support count
less herds of cattle and flocks of sheep ,
providing an unfailing source of supply
for the Omaha market. All
these great interests cannot fail
to attract capital seeking profit
able investment. The railroads
recognize that the resources of the ter
ritory cannot long remain undeveloped.
Four great corporations are now plan
ning to extend their lines and secure
control of the best sections. This year
the Northern Pacific will push a branch
from the borders of Montana southward
in the direction of Lander , and will en
deavor to control the traffic and settle
ment of north Wyoming. The' Wyom
ing Central extension of the Elkhorn
Valley road will move west from Casper
through the Swcotwator Vulleyand may
possibly reach Lander before the close
of the year. This will force the Union
Pacific to extend the Cheyenne & North
ern into the central coal and oil regions ,
us u mutter of self protection , It is
possible that the Burlington will
bo compelled , by the activity of
rivals , to cross the Wyoming lno |
with u brunch of the Broken
Bow road" .from Alllanco , Neb. The
Black Hills , extension now under way
wilt tax tho. Anorgios of the company for
several months , but it can hardly afford
to delay the advance on Wyoming an
other ycariJa Speculative corporations
nnd boomers threatened last year to
build a roa'd'from the southwest corner
ot the torrlTofy northeast into Nebraska ,
nnd claimed that$100 , $ > 00had boon spent
on survoys.aqd grading. Those concerns -
corns worn .pupposod to bo in the in
terest of tlio Central Pacific , but prac
tically notjijhg has boon done to glvo
them substantial character. The activ
ity displayod'in ' other directions is but
a beginning. Immigration will keep
pace with the advance of the railroads ;
the mineral products will bo brought
within roach of the markets of the
world , and thriving communities will
spring up in every direction. It is the
history of western settlement , which
will bo repeated in Wyoming.
Omahtvand Nobraslcivuro vitnllyinter-
ostcd in the devolopomont of thu terri
tory. Both have contributed the
money and energy which resulted in
discovering the extent nnd importance
of the oil fields , and both control the
best wells in that region. It is natu
rally tributary to Omaha , and its
growth nnd prosperity cannot fail to
substantially assist in the progress of
this city and state.
THE bill passed by the housa author
izing the organization of county mutual
insurance companies is an important
one for the farming interests. It pro
vides that not less thin twenty-five per
sons residing in one or in font-adjoining-
counties , owning collectively property
valued at not loss than fifty thousand
dollars , may form an incorporated com
pany for the purpose of insuring the
property of tho'mombors against loss by
fire , lightning , hail or tDrnu'Jo. Those
companies cannot do business in cities
and towns , the purpDsa ot the act being
to confine its operation to farmJH. The
management of' the business and the
manner of levying nssossmoiits for the
payment of losses incurred are defined
in the act and reasonable safeguards
provided for the members.
THE treasury department has issued
a statement of the money in circulation
on the first of the current month which
should go far in satisfying those clam
orous for an "expansion ot currency. "
It appears that the total amount of
money in circulation ag-jrog'atos one
billion four hundred millions , which is
an excess dfVtliirty-throo millions as
compared \VAtH the statements pub
lished a yqar , ago. It would soem.
furthermore that during the adminis
tration of President Cleveland the sil
ver circulation of the United St'.itos
oxuctly doubled , increasing from one
hundred and'juty-two millions to three
hundred antmur , , millions. Even the
silver men mvi t ba silenced in the face
of this showing.
THE state 'should not cripple savings
batiks by imposing needless restrictions.
The main object is to provide for fre-
quentoxamiiiation of tlu condition of
the banks , andrthe security upon which
money is.lo.inud. "First class bonds aiiji'
paper readily convertible into cash
would answer every purpose as a re
serve , and utford the banks a source of
revenue. Honorable savings institu
tions should ba encouraged by every
means consistent with safety , but wild-
catconcers and cent par cent sharks
should bo hedged in by stringent rules
und regulations which would make a
repetition of the Valparaiso and similar
robberies impossible.
THE Douglas county delegation in the
legislature is said to be nearly unani
mous in favor of an amendment to the
Omaha charter providing that until
January 1 , 1891 , the street railways
shall only bo required to pave between
the rails. Loss could not bo demanded
of these corporations , nnd the conces
sion is a very complete victory for
them. The effect , however , will be to
stop their fight on the charter , and the
majority of the delegation being ugreed
as to other changes the legislature
ought to bo able to speedily dispose
of that instrument.
EASTEUN railroads , notably the Pen n-
sylvania pystem , have learned to depend
more and more on local business as the
source of profit. Long experience has
proven that profitable returns coma
solely through developing local
traffic. Here is a strong contrast
to the policy so long adopted 'by the
reckless management ot western rail
roads which sacrifice every considera
tion of local business for the carrying of
through freight.
WE have not scon Miss Hoyce's receipt for
the $4,000. UepuMlmn.
The editor of the Jlspublican can sat
isfy his overweening curiosity by call
ing at the business office of THE BEE
and requesting to see the receipt of Miss
Royce for the four thousand , three hun
dred and fifteen dollars and seventy
cents. t
y I'rnxy.
CtnHlfnilt Kniiitrcr ,
How would it UAf'for ' a United States presi
dent to employ B o ouo else to shako hands
for hluit
„ _
A Barbarous Praatlcn.
Clftthliu Tribune.
In Russia , it'iijpears | | , traiu robbers are
promptly capturpd. As Hussia becomes
more civilized th&custom will fall iuto dis
use. "
Jerry Won't Stand 'Em.
New 1'ork H'orW.
It Is generally understood that the now
secretary of agrlbulturo will civp no encour
agement to the kroH'vth of mushroom aristoc
racy. Jerry Uu/iat | ( ( | style ot man.
i *
Not to Do Trifled U'ltli.
CMcau" Inler-Octan.
The nevr English minister to the United
States is six feet liiKh , weighs 200 pounds
and understands ttio Quueusberry rules ,
Lotter-wrltcrs wanting aclvlco would do well
to take note of the ubovo facts.
The Olllco-Suokor.
St. Lwls ( Jlulie-Dcmacnit.
It Is not to bo denied , of course , tbat a
great many seek onlco under false conditions
and according to disruputablo methods , and
that they frequently succeed , whereas they
should always full. Hut this docs not signify
that onlca-neoUiug in general U a reproach
and a degradation. fcYr Is U true that any
considerable proportion of those who tecura
appointments nro incapable nnd undeserving.
As a rule the selections ftro wisely made ,
owing In a largo measure to the very aspect
of the case which provokes much criticism.
The Now South.
Atlanta Cotuflfiitfon.
The cotton mill Is getting nearer and nearer
to the cotton-patch , and this fact Is having Its
Influence In Now England. All the Now
England factories will not como hither at
once like a flock of sheep , but tnoro Is npt n
doubt that competition will compel thorn to
como nftor awhile.
Hussct leather shoes for ladles promises to
bo as popular as ever during the coming
spring and summer season.
Mary Anderson Is said to partake of a
"smothered Vonus" every afternoon nt 8. A
"smothered Venus" Is a Dcofstcak fried with
Mrs. Frank Leslie denies the rumor that
she was to soil the business of her house for
$050,000 , , nnd says further she shall novordls-
soclato herself from It.
Mrs. Harrison Is growing dally taoro and
moro annoyed nt the gossip about her nnd
her habits In the newspapers. She oven con
templates spendlug the next two years in
Mrs. Topploft Do you over have nny
trouble In getting money from your hus
band I Mrs. Oldboy None In the least. I
accuse him every once In a while of talking
in bis sloop.
Hose Elizabeth Cleveland Is living quietly
lu n cottage In Florida surrounded by an or-
nngo grovo. She rises earlv in the morning ,
takes n short walk , breakfasts , and then devotes -
votes four hours to lllcrary work.
Mrs. Paran Slovens really did Intend to ROte
to the costume reception Cleopatra , but
the newspapers mndo so much fun of the
idea that she put on an extra black dress
under the Cleopatra nnd called U Night.
A diamond rlr.g containing a stone of un
usual size nnd beauty was sent to little Elslo
Lesllo the other day. She will not wear it
for four years to come. The unknown sender -
dor addressed it to "My Sweetheart , Elslo
Leslie. "
The dutches of Malborough has Just sent
Ward McAllister n cabinet-sized photograph
of herself signed with her autograph , "Lil
ian Spencer Churchill. " It Is an excellent
likeness , nnis'bcd like an engraving , and
stands on n little easel in the drawing-room
of its owner.
Miss Jonuio Flood , daughter of Bonanza
Flood , who died the other day at Heidelberg ,
is the heir to all his immcnso wealth , and is
ono of the richest women in the world. Miss
Flood is about twenty-six years old , and is
said to bo a uiodest , sensible girl.
"Only a lock ol golden hair , "
The lever sighed : Perchance to-uighl
It formoth o'er her pillow fair
A halo bright. "
"Only n lock of golden hair , "
The maiden , smilingly sweetly , said ,
As she laid it over the back of a chair
And went to bed.
Nebraska Jottings.
Rumors of more railroads are rife at Grcc-
ley Center.
A lifty-barrell flouring mill Is to bo In operation -
oration at Urayton by May 1.
A branch of the Equitable Aid Union has
been established at Grand Island.
Diium lodge , ICnichts of Pythias , ot Beat
rice , has moved Into its new und elegant hall.
The A. O , U. W. lodge at Ohiowa has a
membership of twenty-five , and is only n
month old.
.Tbg.C.ias county district court Is In ses
sion nt Pluttbinouth with Judge Chapman on
the bench.
What Ohiowa wants and must have , ac
cording to the Ohiowan , is a mill or factory
of some kind.
Teams have stopped crossing the Missouri
river on the ice at Niobrara as it is consid
ered dangerous.
Dry goods boxes and other sidewalk ob
structions have been ordered removed from
the streets of Beatrice.
Dr. A. L. Childs , for many years a resident
of Plattsmouth. und once judge of Cass
county , died at Kansas City recently.
The town board of Ohiowa has agreed to
pass un ordinance compelling all lot owners
to plant at least three shade trees in front of
each lot.
Geneva has been incorporated as a city of
the second class and divitlou into three wards.
It has a population of 1,400 , , an increase of
1 , ISO in four years.
A party of government engineers nro at
Xvorlc surveying the bar and river in front of
Plattsmouth in preparation for the improve
ments to bo mudo with the government ap
Edwin Ucntly , aged fifteen , while cross
ing the railroad track ono milo west of
Wymoro , was struck by a passing freight
train nnd killed. Both the horses attached
to. the wagon wcro also killed.
I own.
Nearly all the ICnoxville miners nro idle or
working on half time.
Thirteen Iowa cities arc actively carrying
on Y. M. C. A. work.
The Presbyterian church at Lake City will
bo dedicated on the 21th inst.
Nearly enough money has bcou subscribed
at Woodbine to build u Methodist church.
The average number of convicts in the An-
unmos penitentiary during February was
! M1.
The revival In the Methodist church nt
Cedar Falls resulted in over flvo hundred
There are 303 civil actions , 00 probate and
40 criminal cases on the March docket of the
Linn county district court.
The Domocrat-Guzotto says that Daven
port is the oicctriu headquarters for a great
extent of country. It lias more olcctrlcul in
ventions in practical USD than any other city
iu the west , not oxcoptiug Chicago.
The young ladles nt Port Madison got to
gether some tlmo ago and decided thut they
would send their beaux homo promptly ut 10
o'clock. Tlio boys stood it fora night or two.
but ara now on a strike and the girls uro said
tf > bo weakening.
' .Three citizens of Davenport bold a pie eatIng -
Ing contest the other day for u $10 prize. A
man named Alton captured the stakes , but it
was thought for a time that ho would choice
to duuth. Ho devoured the pastry lu two
minutes and flvo seconds ,
Mrs. JnckKon , of Hampton , wfillo running
a sewing machine ono day last week , acci
dentally drove the nocdlo through her thumb
uud thus diverted it from its course enough
to bit the pluto below und bend It so tbat she
could not rui&o It. After endeavoring for
BOino time to free borsolf she drew the ma
chine to the front door and culled for help.
Two men came in , and by taking the machine
apart managed to extricate her from her
painful situation.
A cubic foot of Rock Springs coal weighs
exactly olt'lity-two pounds.
A $3,500 plpo organ Is on Its way from Bos
ton to St. Mark's church at Choyonno.
About forty families from Kansas aspect
to settle in Sheridan county early this spring.
Fifty thousand rainbow trout bavo been
shipped to Fish Commissioner Millur at Lar-
uuilo from Virginia.
There are niiiety-nmo cases on the docket
of the district court now In session ut Lara-
mlo , most of them being civil actions.
March has proved a memorable month for
Choyonno. liottled boor has been sold for a
niuklo a plugs and a two-headed calf has put
iu an appti.ranco.
Mozo Doze und Charles Dutton , two Glen-
rock cowboys , lassoed a bear in the mount
ains last week , but were uuablo to handle the
brute with a rope nnd were obliged to dis-
imtcli it with a six-shooter.
Tlio Cheyenne Stock Journal soys that
although by actual death will , ihl
spring , bo lUtnoat nothing , the loss in flesh
that will go through ulivu will bo Immense ,
And thU loss could Inivo been to a great exr
teut uvorted by providing forage. ,
Bottom Faota In Connootlou With
the Lincoln Scandal.
Proceedings In the Supreme and Hist-
trlot Courts Now Nobrnskix Cor
porations Cnpltnl City
Notes ami Gossip.
LINCOI.X UUHEAU orTiiKOsuiu fJen , )
1029 1 StllBBT. V
LiNcoi.X , Mnrch 13. )
Slnco the denouement of the Valentino-
Brock scandal , the bottom facts of which
bccamo known this morning , tongues have
boon busy In all parts of the city. While
highly sensational on the surface , there U ,
nftcr all , nothing In It when probed to the
bottom. Ex-Congressman Valentino arrived
In Lincoln yesterday , ostensibly to transact
some legal business ho had In hand before
the supreme court. During the afternoon ho
called upon the LJrock family , who formerly
resided at West Point , the ox-congressman's
homo , but the bead of the family happened
to bo absent. Valentino's business there ,
however , hud to do with Mrs. Uroolr , who Is
a witness In a case Involving West Point
parties In which ho is an employed attorney.
This was soon transacted and ho departed as
ho went. In the broad light of day. Uroclc
appeared at the Capital hotel between 7 and
8 o'clock last night , scanned the register and
departed , returning shortly afterward with
Constable Al Beach with a warrant for Val
entino's arrest. They wont to the "wanted"
man's room , whore Urcck announced that ho
had a warrant for Valentino's arrest on the
charge of Illicit Intlmuoy with his wife. The
wrath that followed know no bounds.
An expressman happened to bo in the
room at the time , and on hear
ing Valentino's explanation and the evident
attempt to blackmail , proceeded to knock
Ureck out , nt-d was helped In his efforts by
the constable himself. Ho howled like a
baby and left the hotel bleeding like a stuck
hog. Urcck stated ut a later hour that his
wife had acknowledged to htm that Valentino
tine had paid her $3 "for service , " and that
ho did not propose to have his domestic hap
piness ruined.
Breck is a printer In the ofllco of the Frolo
Prosso , of this city , of which Major Klcutsch
is the editor and publisher. Ho was scon by
TUB UIR : representative this morning , nnd
said : " 1 have known Urcck and his family
too long nnd too well to bcllevo there is any
thing In the charge ho makes uiralnst Mr.
Vnlentine. Ho evidently intended to score
a point against Valentine , nnd smirch him to
oven up on some old grudge. Ureck and
wife used to live at West Point. "
lirccic , llnding himself in a close quarter
to-day , makes unidavlt that there is nothing
in his charge.
Small SccdH Grow linrgo Trocs.
The verdict In the Hlckman liquor case
was for the defendant. The Jury decided
that defendants had no right to pay for goods
they did not receive , although they might
have recourse.
Judge Field and n jury yesterday after
noon and most of to-day heard the case of
James Giles vs. James 13. Huff. The parlies
are farmers living In Douton precinct. The
defendant , besides bis own land , had for
several years leased adjoining him a quarter
section of land ; nnd In March , 1S89 , ho
leased a second quarter. The plaintiff , by
his sou , had in charge a herd of Hi cattle.
On April 34 , 1833 , the defendant caught the
cattle trespassing , and impounded them
there and then , refusing to give them up ,
unless ho were paid $5 for the trespass nnd
damages. 'n10 cattle were on the land last
leased , and plaintiff aald that ho did not
know of the lease , nor could ho see that any
damage had been done to the sprouting grass
while the cattle had been driven over it testate
state land adjoining , wherefore ho refused
to pay the mono ) ' . Defendant said that ho
bud been much annoyed by plaintiff's herd
going upon his land and had suffered consid
erable loss , and ho determined to end the
trouDlo by insisting on his rights. Plaintiff
denied that any trouble had been caused him
that way ; and so ho called on the sheriff
who roplovined the stock for him. Out of
the little seed grow this trco of an expensive
lawsuit. The question at issue on the trial
being which of the two men have the right
to the possession of the cattle at the time
they were replovined. The trial occupied a
full day , and the momentous Issue is not
yet settled.
Supreme Court Proceedings.
The following gentlemen wore admitted to
practice : J. F. Loseh , J. C. Hobinson , E. M.
Union Paolfic railway company va Ilay-
motid I3ros. Dismissed.
Uetts vs Sims. Motion for leave to tile mo
tion for rehearing overruled.
In ro Uorghoff. Writ denied.
Missouri Pacific railway company vs
Young. Motion for time to fllo motion for
rehearing overruled.
Comstock vs Cole. Motion to substitute
party defendant overruled.
State ex rol , Bryant vs Lanvor. Demur
rer sustained with leave to amend relation
Stnto ex rol , Attorney General vs Madison
county. Continued.
Frunso vs Armbustcr. Plaintiff to file
briefs in tlfteon days or cause dismissed.
The following causes were argued and
submitted : Durland vs Soilor , Stevenson vs
Valentine , Uoyd vs WilcoxLumber company.
Motion to dismiss , Alexander vs Alexander.
State ox rol. , Nichols vs. Fields. Man
damus. Judgment for plaintiff. Opinion by
Mr. Justice Maxwell.
1. Where n now county is created by the
division of u larger one the county commis
sioners elected at an election ordered by the
governor in such now county for the election
of ofllcers , merely continue In ofllco until the
next general election for such officers , and
until their successors are elected and quail-
Anderson vs. state. Error from the dis
trict court of Brown county. Sentence mod
ified. Opinion by Mr. Justice Max well.
1. Under the provisions of the act ap
proved March ill , 1SS7 , it is made the duty of
the supreme court in all criminal cases pend
ing therein on error , where the sentence is
excessive- reduce the same and render
such sentence against such person convicted
as is warranted by the evidence.
2. To sustain u conviction of murder in
the first degree , it is necessary to show Pre
meditation and deliberation on the part of
the person convicted ; therefore , where the
proof shows that the person convicted killed
another purposely , there being no proof of
deliberation uud premeditation , a verdict of
murder in the first degree cannot bo sus
tained , nnd It is the duty of the court either
to rovcrso the judgment and remand the
cause for a now trial or render such a judg
ment reducing the sentence as is justified by
the evidence , viz ! imprisonment in the pom-
I ) . At common law , the Intentional kill
ing of a human being , without explana
tory circumstances In murder ; but under sec.
lion 4 of the criminal code , such killing la
murder In the second degree. The first and
second degrees of murder as provided in sec
tions 3 and 4 of the criminal cede are In
tended to indicate the degree of the atro
city of the crime ; but a vordlct
in either degree is for murder ; and
If the degree found IB higher than It
warranted by the evidence , the portion con
victed may as u right , insist upon a modifica
tion of the sonicuco to confirm to tnu proof ,
and it U the duty of the court to reduce the
sentence and and impoio such sentence us
It warranted by the ovidonco.
. 4 , The act referred to IK remedial lu Its na
ture nnd is intended to upply to all cases of a
criminal character pending in the supreme
court on orror.
C. The act of reducing a sentence under
the Htatuto of 1887. and rendering such un
ouo as Is warranted by the evidence Is lu no
uiifco u commutation , nor the exorcise of
clemency. Tnat is an act of grace to be
exercised or not by the executive alone in hi *
discretion. But the reduction of u puutouce
and the imposition of a now one based upon
the testimony is u right which ovary ouo con
victed of n crime und upon whom a nontenco
higher than Is warranted by the testimony
has boon com | > osed , uuy demand under the
act referred to.
lieu-mop Canning Company ,
A canning company wan organised at Boemur j
Cumlug county , u day or two ape , Build-
lugs uro now going up , with other necessary
nroparutious for the canning teuton , There
is evidently a live class of buulneas men at
that little burg , und it Is whispered ihatuomo
of them are buzzing county neat aspirations.
The company organlios with n capital stock
of $10,000 , nnd articles of Incorporation will
bo filed In the oftlco of the secretary of state
In n very short tlmo. Following are the
principal stockholders and Incorporatorsi
Fitzgerald ft Frailer , Hoansor ft Laughton ,
Mlchnol MoNamoyor , William Nedomyor , O.
F. Arnold , Jap Huoy , Lowli Do Vaul , W. L.
Dcutschor , Dr. Gibbon , Bank .of Boomer ,
Mr. Follmnn , N. Coy , W. M. Watson and
John Urlggs. A board of director * has been
appointed , nnd everything moves forward
with promise of success ,
City News nnd Note * .
John Dundas , editor of the Auburn Gran-
gcr , was a Lincoln visitor to-day.
The remains of Attorney Chamberlain
wore sent to Rutland , Vt. , his old homo , for
burial via the Burlington to-day.
William Daily of Peru , looked In upon the
law makers In session to-day. Tondar rcml-
nlsconscs of other days doubtless crowded
upon him.
Mtnopart says ho Is ready for his "Inquisi
tion. " It Is understood that his trial will
commence to-morrow afternoon at 2 o'clock.
Interesting developments are confidently
The Eden Musoo will soon bo here lu all
Its glory. It Is learned that this is to bo one
of the permanent nminomont attraction * of
the cltv. Thli , however , will probably
hlngo upon the encouragement . given It.
Hon. John " . Spoors , of Talmago ! Al
Boomer , of i Boomer ; M. E. Shultz , of Boa-
trice , and I Prof. John T. Mollallon , of ICoar-
noy , were nil here to-day looking after poU-
tics nnd other business Interests ,
Directors Declare n Dividend or $13
Per Sharp.
Nnw YORK , March 13. A dividend mootIng -
Ing of the St. Paul directors was hold to
day. Their action on dividends was subject
to n great deal ol discussion , nnd although
predictions that 3 per cent on preferred stock
wouttl bo declared wcro current , they were
not believed , as the surplus applicable to
dividends amounted to less than 1 per cent.
Heretofore the fiscal year of the company
has boon the same as the calendar year , and
dividends have always boon calculated for
the year ending December 31. The directors
to-day made a dividend possible by passing
the following :
Whereas , By act of the legislature of Wis
consin the date of the closing of the fiscal
year lias boon changed from December 31 to
Juno tlU ; therefore bo It
Hesolvod , That hereafter the yearly ac
counts of the company shall bo closed and
annual reports of the board of directors shall
bo made for the year ending Juno 80 , em
bracing the same period as Is now covered
by the reports required by law to bo inudo to
the Intor-stnto commission ami railway com
missions of the various states.
After the passage of the preceding resolu
tion , a dividend of $2 par share was declared
on preferred stock , payable April 20.
The action of the board will complete the
rotation of the common stock to preferred
stock. Preferred stock is entitled to divi
dends of 7 per cent per annum before com
mon stock receives anything. If the divi
dend paid last spring of i ! per cent on com
mon stocic Is charged to the earnings of the
preceding1 year , and the dividend UJfner
cent declared last September is charged to
the earnings of 188 ! ) , then 5 per cent will
have to bo paid on preferred stock next fall
in order to place common stock in a position
to receive dividends. Or , If the 2S } per cent
declared lust September and the 4 percent
just declared should bo calculated in the
fiscal year ending June 30 , 18311 , then com
mon stock would roccivo nothing until pre
ferred stock received 7 per cent in the fiscal
year ending Juno 30 , 1890.
Illinois Central Gliiuigos.
CIIIOAOO , March 13. At the annual meet
ing of the Illinois Central railroad to-day
George Bliss , of Now York , was chosen di
rector , to succeed John Elliott , deceased. A
successor to Vice President Morton , who re
signed from the directory , will bo ctioson to
morrow. The session was mostly given up
to discussion. F. B. Cooley , of Hartford ,
Conn. , and E. G. Mason , of this city , repre
sented a number of stockholders dissatisfied
with the present management of the Illinois
Control , and those gentlemen fought against
re-election of any of the old board. But
Uiey represented only about 7,000 votes of
303,000 , and only carried their point in the
election of Bliss. Three of the old directors
Ayer , Luttgen nnd Auclnncloss were ro-
elected. The minority also secured the
adoption of a resolution providing that no
now lines shall bo constructed or leased dur
ing the year 1839. President Fish was con
siderably irritated by this resolution. Ha
was the only one to vote against it and after
wards changed his vote.
A Scarlet Favor ISpldomla.
Sioux FALLS , Dak. , March 13. [ Special
Telegram to Tun Bui : . ] A bad scarlet fever
epidemic prevails in Dolaporo township , ten
miles southeast from this city. The disease
broke out three weeks ago , and was thought
to bo measles until one or two deaths occur
red. Physicians were then called and
learned the true character of the disoaso.
Children from the aftllctod families have
been going to school till the whole neighbor
hood is afllictcd , Three funerals took place
to-day , and u resident of the township says
they uro dying like sheep. Still the county
oftlcials have taken no notice of the conta
gion , and the school is yet open.
Three ItollurH Hxplodo.
RIJADINO , Pa. , March 13. Three boilers in
the St. Nicholas colliery , near Mahonay City ,
exploded this morning , wrecking a black
smith shop and bailer house , Mrs. Louisa
Hoffman , with a child in her arms , was pass
im ; at the tlmo. A fragment broke her hip
and killed the child. James Doonoy , a
driver , passing with n team , had bis skull
fractured. Michael Walsh had his thigh
broken nnd log crushed. Edward Seltzer
Imd liis skull crushed , Several others were
scalded and injured.
Got Oft ICaiy.
P. M. Gilchrist , postmaster of Arcadia ,
came In to transact business yesterday , Al }
though old and gray-headed ho concluded to
see the Bights , but did nothing worse than
got drunk. Ho got into a hack with two
strangers , but becoming frightened called
for the police , who name only too soon and
arrested him and bis companions. Ho told
Judge Borka that ho had not buun robbed ,
but had been drunk , and was fined $2 and
costs , while the other men proved they wera
lionest nnd were allowed to go. Ho begged
the judge not to fine him moro than ho had
about him , as otherwise he could not got
[ tome and ho was accommodated.
Public Works.
The board of public works mot yesterday ,
Faray being absent. The folip'.ying reserves
were recommended,1 A. H. Hoc , fcowor No.
4. * 593.44 ; Mount & Griflin , $01.43 ; Hugh
Murphy , * 217.UO , and John McDonald , S'JO.JB.
I'ho board then adopted a system of speci
fications to bo used by contractors making
tilds for city work , and adjourned.
A Word About Catarrh ,
It li the mucous membrann thut wombrfu-
HomMlulil envelope HUrroundliiKUHidollrute t' '
HIICH of the nlr nd foodpas ageH. that Ciitai rU
nukes HH BtroiiKliola. Once established , 11 ejta
nto tlio vary vitals , and ruodera Ufa but it l nu
Iruwn brtuin of mU ry unil dUeiisc. diilllnx thu
. tramrncllOK the . ewer . of
of bearing.
tuuno u * * * ! > § * * - " " " , , , " "
im)6ch.dostroylni.'llio faculty of smell , tuliitlrift
tlie breath , and Killing the rullnr.l pleanuroi ot
: ustt ) . Invlillously by creeping nil f rom uslmpla
xjldlntlie head , It usiiuulU the inumlirfiiioua
InluK nnd < mvel < > t > es tJie ooues , eating tlirougli
he delicate ( oata nnd ruiibliiK Inllamiiiatlun.
alou hUii { nn'rt.rteatlj. NotWiiBHliort of total
jraillcutlon will aecure healtn \ the patient , und
ill ullovlatlve uOHlmply | procrastinated Miner.
iiua ! . leaillni ! ton . fatal . . . . . teruilnatlon. , . . .I/ , . , . „ „ , , 1. HANKOIUJ'H . . f.f . , . , ,
III/ .
udmlnlitmtlon lias nov r fulled ; oven \ \ hen the
dlbi-nhfl has made flight Ml lu o il on dollcnto
coiiKtlf utlon , licarlujr. Miiril nnd luntu have boon
woverftd , uiia the dlswixe thoroughly driven
OIH/iKnlil / 'S lUDlOAljCUHBConMatsofouH bot-
luof tliDlUl'iiMk CIIIIK , ono box ( jAT.uiuiiAr ,
oi.vKMr.iuulouo lui'Hoviiii iNHAbKii. nwttly
vrnpport In ono pnckHgc , with Mil dlwtloiw ;
Kidney anil b'lrrlnti I'ntiu und
lutisuK. iclluved IIIONK MINUTK by llio
. , , , . CuriciWA ANTI-I'AIN J'I.ASTISII. tha
//'M / / Urst nnd only milii-kllllng pliuler.
New , liHtiiiiliinl'ouK , fiifHlllblv. The wont perfect
intliloUt lo ruin , Inlliinimatlon and \Ver.knc 8
juudfl'l , Vnitly mipmlor to all other
At U ilrnggbts. i5cj live fwll.or
"f 1'ormi Dnua AND