Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 05, 1889, Image 1

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Bonjatnln HnrrlBOn Formally In
ducted Into His HlRh Onico.
ittalfn , Million People Wltnooa the
Imposing Spoctnclo.
The Civil Sorvloo Law to bo Faith
fully Enforced.
Jlou TlilH I'ollHcnl Problem Will Ixj
SoHecl ItclntioiiN to 1'orclnn
POUITN ICvllH oftlin KtnnliiM
Ilrvaniir ltilslnn. .
ON , March I With simple and
solemn ceiemony , In the presence of all the
wisdom and authority embodied In the co
ordlnato branches of the govcinment , nnd
Hiiironndcd by representatives of all the
great nations on the globe , Hcnjamin Harri
son was to day Inducted Into the highest
ortlco uithln the gift of the American people.
Never was such n cnrvd in Washington
before. U is estimated that half a million
strangers camped in the city last night , fill
ing every Inch of the hotel and boaiding
house accommodations and drawing to the
full limit on private hospitality. Kvon then
many wore forced to sleep on floors , some on
bllliaul tables , and even the welcome recess
of nn occasional bath tub was not despised.
A great army surged mourn ! the capitol
this morning. 'Ihu rain by this time had
ceased , nmVthoro was apiospcctof a good
day. Many came provided with benches nnd
umbrellas and took places on the porticos
and other eligible stands to witness the
events of the day. The capitol was the ob
jective point of most of the strnngeis arriv
ing , and they poured in > ru ceaseless hticam
tip and down the approaches. About b. : ) a
line , pencil ating ruin began to fall. The
work of the dccoratois presented a
line effect. The sixteen largo corm-
thinn columns suppoiting the aichcd roof
of the portico weio draped with largo
American banners. From the top of the six
rcntrnl columns two largo flags of the
United States hung down and were gathered
over the passigowuy through which the
presidentelect walked from the senate
chamber to deliver his address. Above this
passage , in a spice made by tno looping of
flags , was a large blue silken banner sti etch
ing from the column , with nn eagle's wings
plumed for Illght and in his claws an olive
branch nnd a bundle of silvery arrows. In
the apex of the loot a hugo American Hag
\v us rtgi out , nnd fiom three points numerous
pennants of the nations of the world swung
one above the other from lopes stiutching
fur upwaids to the first balcony of the dome
of thu capitol.
The inaugural stand was also gay with
flags , banners nnd shields. Several resi
dences of public men in the neighborhood of
the capitol were handsomely decorated. The
plaza in front of the capitol , the adjacent
sidewalks , portwos uud every coign of
vantage from which even n glimpse of the
presidential party could be obtained was
black with people. The organizations to
take part in the parade marched , with bands
playing , by the side stiocts and avenues to
places adjoining the cnpitol giounds , where
they wore to assemble. The noise of the
bands was drowned nt intervals by the
boarso roar of the crowd , greeted with
npplauso some favorite oiganiration.
Piesident-oleet , Huirlson , accompanied by
tlio inauguration committee , was taken in
closed carriages drawn bv four grey horses
to the white house about half past 10 o'clock.
The rain , which was pouring down in tor
rents , drove many olT the Htiect and made
sorry work of the decorations. Arrived nt
the white house , Mr , Hariison was received
by Mr. Cleveland and the cabinet itvtho blue
parlor , where they wcio joined by Mr. Mor
ton , At 11 o'clock , Cleveland , Harrison and
Moiton took carriages 'lor the capitol.
The Hist carnage , an open lundati , con
tained Mr. Cleveland , Mr. Harrison. Mr.
Hoar , and Mr. Cockicll ; the second Mr.
Morton and Mr. Cullom. Mrs , Cleveland
witnessed the departure from the window.
The carriages then moved out and the Sev
entieth Indiana veterans formed a guuid of
honor , one section before , one behind. They
marched out to Pennsylvania avenue nnd
took their assigned place in the procession
which took up the line of march to the capitol
tel amid amlnglcdHtoim of rain and applause.
Ijnst Day's ProcoodlniiH of the Fiftieth
WABIIIMITON , March 4 The doors of the
senate were reopened at iiiCO this morning.
The conference report on the sundry civil
bill having been piesentcd and agreed to , the
doors wore closed , and the senate took a re
cess until half past I ) .
The senate chamber was metamorphosed
during tlio recess which ended nt 0 ! ! 0. Scats
voro reserved on the lloor for Cleveland ,
Harrison , Morton , ox-Prcsldcnt Iln.\c * , ox-
\ico President Humlln , state governors , dip
lomatic corps , thu supromn court , etc. The
Kallciics were rapidly filling at 10:1" : o'clock
when word cumu that thu house was excited
over thu refusal of senate employes to admit
the families of ruprobcntatlvcs to the gallery
on the ground that forged tickets had been
issued and sold at 5 to (5 } each , The house
passed a lesolutlon directing thu scrgcant-at-
nrms to force u passage to the galleries. It
docs not np | > ear that any fraudulent tickets
were issued , though some gonu Ino ones wore
sold when thu hoiiso resolution was presented
In the senate at U o'clock. Mr. Kdmumls
adroitly settled the matter by moving aequl-
C UIHO in thu < resolution , with the proviso
that the president of the sonnuvujgiit pro
scribe regulations respecting tin ? Uontlty of
ticket holders. . This was agixod to ,
Hannibal Hamlln , the venerable ox-vlco
president , was cscoi ted to a seat at thu right
of the president pro torn , Mr. Ingalls. As ho
moved across the chamber ho was greeted
with a generous clapping of hands , the first
demonstration of the day.
Mr. Hliilno ciuno In and modestly
took nscut at the ref the senatorial body
but could not csciipi , discovery and a rlpplo
of appluusu ran over the chun&cr. This was
increased to a wave as a senator went
down and escorted him to a , inoro prominent
General John O , Fremont only shoitly
preceded thocntranpo of General Sherman
and Major General Schoileld. Then cama
tha diplomatic corps In gorgeous court uni
forms In striking contiust with the plain
civilian dross of thu American officials.
At ono mlnuta to 1'J Captain Hassott an
nounced the president of the United States
and a great hush fell upon the assemblage.
President Cleveland entered aim-in-arm
with Senator Cockroll followed by the mom-
burs of his cabinet , taking seats near the
cleric's desk , the assemblage standing until
they were teutcd ,
General Harrison , on the arm
of Senator Hoar , Walked with his
companion to a scut provided
at President Cleveland's right , the audience
ngaln arising to Its' feet. Tlio antno cere
mony was repeated v/lth Vice President
elect Morton. Hoforo taking his scat ho
was sworn in by Speaker Ingalls , who
walked arm-ln-irm with Senator Cullom.
At 11.39 the president pro tcm , Mr.
Ingalls , rose nnd closed the Fiftieth con
Immediately upon the rcllnqulshmont of
the chair by Senator lnialls , Vice President
Morton a ccnded the forum nnd called the
senate of the Fifty-first congress to order In
special session.
Mr. Morton spoke ns follows-
"Senators I shall enter on the dlschnrco
of the delicate and Important duties of the
position to which I have been called by the
people of the United States without experi
ence ns a presiding ortlcer , nnd therefore be-
apeak In advance the Indulgent considera
tion which you have been nlwujs rcadi to
extend to the occupant of the chair. As the
presiding ofllccr of the senate it will
bo my endeavor to administer the
rules of procedure with entire fairness
nnd to trc it every senator with the courtesy
and consideration due at all times to the rep ;
rcscntiitlves of the great slides. I hope our
ofllcllil and personal relations will prove mu
tually agreeable , and that our duties will bo
discharged in a manner to maintain the dig
nity of the senate nnd to add to the piospor-
Ity nml happiness of this great nation "
After the Hwcarmg in of now members
Vice President Morton announced that the
senate would proceed to the nlatform at 'the
cn t end of the capitol to wltnnss and par
ticipate in the ceremonies of the Inaugtna-
tion of the piesldent-elect of the
United States. The procession then moved
in the following order : Marshal Wright or
the supreme court mid Marshal Wilson of
thoOtstilct of Columbia , ex-Vice President
Hnmlln , the supicmo court. Sergeant at-
Arms Cnnml.of . the senate , Senators Hoar
and Cockiell , the committee on ar
rangements , Picsident Cleveland , Presi
dent-elect Hinrlson , Vice President Mor
ton and Secretary McCook , membu.s
of the senate , the diplomatic corps , heads of
depaitnients , General Sherman , General
Schoileld und staff. Admiral Porter , the
house of representatives and members elect.
The governois of statcs'and others were ad
mitted to the lloor of the senate while the
procession was being arranged. Mem
bers of the press were permitted to reach
the platform in advance by means of a pri
vate stairway , and take their seats. The oc
cupants of the gallery were held In their
places while the procession was mov
ing. Hut there was no delay or
Interruption , and in live minut.cs from the
time of leaving the senate chamber. Presi
dent Harrison was leading his address.
After the inauguration ceremonies the
senate was again called to Older und immedi
ately adjourned.
In the house Mr. Hlnnchard of Louisiana
offered the following resolution :
Thnttho sorgeant-at-ai ins of the house
take the necessary steps to secure forthwith
to the members of the house nnd to the fam
ilies of thu members of the house free access
through the corrldois of the capitol.
The resolution was based upon the refusal
of the senate emplo\es to iccognl/o tickets
to the senate galleries issued to the lepre-
scntativcs and given to members of their
families , A heated discussion i-nsued when
n message fiom the senate was received an
nouncing the adoption by that body of a resolution
elution ncceedini' to thorequcstof the house ,
ns contained In the Hlanclmrd resolution ,
under such regulations as the picsuling olli-
cer of the senate might prescribe , nnd it was
unceicmoniousl > laid on the table.
The direct tax bill was passed by the sen
ate over thu pi esident's veto , but every at
tempt to take it up for consideiation in the
house was defeated by lUiliustcring tactics.
Mr. Hatch of Missouu being in the chair ,
Mr. Heed of Maine oflered the following ics-
elution :
That the thanks of congress aretendcicd
to the Hon. John G. Cailisle , speaker , for
the courtesy , ability and fairness with which
he has presided over the deliberations of tlio
Fiftieth congress. [ Applause. | Adopted.
Mr. Hatch made n speech in snppoitof the
Speukcr Cai lisle responded , and the house
adjourned sine die.
The Most .Solemn nnd Impiming Kvent
ofllic Day.
WASHINGTON' , Mmch 4. After the cere
monies in the senate chamber were con
cluded came the most solemn nnd imposing
event of the day , when the chief magistrate
of the United States , chosen b } his fellow-
countrymen , was in their presence to take
oath of ofllce and swear to defend the consti
tution and laws of the land , The crowds in
the streets kept up a constant cheering ,
shouting the name of Harrison and "Four ,
four , four yeais more , " It was nearly 1
o'clock when the procession appealed at the
doors of the rotunda. President Cleveland
nnd President-elect Harrison valkcd side
by side and took places in a small railed en
closure which stood in the center In front of
the stand. Such members of the senate ,
diplomatic coips and bouse of rcpicscntn-
tivcs and u number of officers of the govern
ment as o ircd to brave the riuors of the ele
ments then came on In a body. When thu
crowd saw the president thcio arose a tre
mendous tipioar , The cheering was renewed
again nnd again , and it was not until Presi
dent Harrison had scvciul times raised his
hand for silence that order was icstorcd.
When the cheering had partially subsided ,
Chief Justice Fuller arose nnd bared his
white locks to the rain. He had u bible in
his right hand , ready to administer the oath
of ofllco. General Harrison andSergcant-at-
Arms Canady also removed their hats. It
was a most impressive scene. Standing with
uncovered heads in the midst of a pelting
rain stoim , the chief justice and president
elect , surrounded by high officers of state ,
and In the picsenco of an immense multitude
of cltUens , faced each other with bowed
heads , while the former rend the oath of
oilleo in a low tone of voice.
At the conclusion of the reading the niesl-
dent , witli his right hand clasping the bible ,
bowed his head In assent. Silence marked
this proceeding , and when It ended there was
another tremendous buist of applause.
The cheering which followed the cere-
moil ) having at length subsided somewhat ,
Piesldcnt Harrison drew fiom his pocket n
roll of manuscript , nnd after adjusting his
spectacles , began reading his inaugural ad-
diess. Ho kept his silk hat on during tie
delivery and was partly protected from tno
rain by atrgcant-ut-Arms Canady. Mr.
Clavchmd , now nn ox-iiresidcnt , stood up
during u part of Urn address , but becoming
tired toward the close , seated himself. Thu
president spoke In a loud , clear tone , witu
distinct enunciation , and emphasized with
much earnestness portions of his speech. It
was an instance of the president's power to
rise nbovo the surroundings and become
wholly Indifferent to them. Ills manner
was as deliberate and forceful as if ho were
In the senate uhambor , and ho was pcrfectiv
nt ease. His gestures wcio omphatlu and
prominent , and nil the graces of oratory of
which ho is master wcro biought into play
Vice President Moiton nnd Mrs. Morton
wcro present during a part of the ceremony ,
but the latter fainted In the throng and was
lemovcd to the vice president's loom in the
senate , where the quickly revived and was
taken home.
The dellvoi.v of the speech was frequently
marked by loud applause and shouts of ap
proval , The i cforcncu to Dakota produced
considerable cheering , but when the presi
dent spoke of a free ballot the applause was
mighty and tremendous. There were only
mild demonstrations of appiovnl when the
president spoke of his policy In regard to
oIIlee , and when ho mentioned tno words
"Civil service" there was a silence broken
only by u prolonged "Ah" fiom a solitary
voice in thu crowd. Reference to thu ie-
habllitation of the nav.v , and to the establish
ment of steamship lines , evoked chrcrs
nnd cries of "Good , " but the most over
whelming bhout of approval was resort cd for
thu statement of tha president's pension pol
icy. The erewd cheered again and again ut
this itolnt and waved their hands nnd canes
wildly. At thu close of the address there
was another outburst of applause , dining
which the president turned around uud
kissed his wife and daughters.
The crowd , Which had all this time surged
back and foi th like thu waves of a sea , grad
ually dissolved , The line was formed and
the president retraced his steps to tno vice
president's room of the senate , escorted by
Senator Hoar. Senator Cockrell escorted
the retiring president to the president's
room. Th ( * senator kept nn umbrella raised
while in the building , nnd It was not until
two or more knocked against Mr. Cleveland
that he recognized that ho was no longer in
the rain storm and lowered the umbrella.
Kx-Prcsidcnt Cleveland remained la the
president's room about five minutes and then
joined President Harrison in the vlcn presi
dent's room. The entire party again formed
In the procession and departed by the exit
doois ot the setiato , through which they
came. President Harrison , icaninir on the
arm of Senator Hoar , however , took the first
Instead of second place , which they occupied
when they arrived at the capitol. Nextcumo
ex-President Cleveland attended by Senator
Cockrcll , followed by Senator Cullom. Prl-
vato Secretary Halford , attended by General
George 13. Williams , brought up the rear.
While the procession\vasmovlng through the
corridors Senator Kdmtinds met Mr.Clevcland
and greeted him with great cordially. Mr.
Heed , of .Maine , also exchanged pleasant
salutations with the rctliing executive.
Deafening cheers and demonstrations of up
ptauso atraln greeted the party as they de
scended the senate steps and continued until
they were seated in their carriages and took
thulr places in the procession , which immed
iately began to move.
Ilo\v tlm VnrioiiN I'olilhril I'robloniH
Will Itn Met nnd Solved.
WASHINGTON , March . Thu following Is
President Harrison's Inaugural address , as
dolivcicd in thu senate to-day :
There is no constitutional or legal require
ment that the president shall take the oath
of ofllco In the presence of the people. Hut
there is such manifest appiopilntuness in
public intioduction to the ollieo of chief exec
utive otllccr of thu nation that from the be
ginning of the government the people , to
whoso KOI vice the olllcial oath consecrates
the ofllcer , have been called to witness the
solemn ceremonial , 'Ihu oath taken in the
piesunce of 'he pcopln becomes a mutual cov
enant. The olllccr covenants to servo the
whole body of the people by the faithful c\o-
cutloaof the laws , so that they may bo the
unfailing defense and security of
those who respect and observe
them , and that neither wealth , station , nor
power ol combinations shall be able to evade
their just penalties or to wrest them fiom
the beneficent public purpose to servo the
uuilb of eiuoltyor selfishness. My promise
Is spoken , yours unspoken , but not the less
ical and solemn.
The people of every stale have hoio their
icpiesontativcs. Surely 1 do not mls'-cpio-
sent the spirit of the occasion when I assume
that the whole body of the people covenant
with me and w ith each other to-day to sup-
poit and defend the constitution and union
of the states , to yield willing obedi
ence to nil laws and each
to every other citizen his equal , civil and
political rights. Entering thus solemnly into
covenant w ith each other , wo may reverently
invoke and confidently expect favor and help
of Almighty God , that ho will give to me
wisdom , stiength and fidelity , and to our
people the spirit of fraternity and love of
righteousness and peace.
This occasion derives necultar interest
fiom the fact that the presidential term ,
winch begins this day , is the twenty-sixth
under our constitution. The first Iimuqui.1-
tlon of President Washington took place in
New York , where congtess was then
sitting , on the yOlh day of April ,
ITb'.l , having been dofeiied by icuson
ot delays in amending the organization of
congress an I the canvass of the electoral
vote. Our people have already worthily oh-
scied the centennials of the declaration of
independence , of the battle of Yoi ktown and
of the adoption of thu constitution , and will
soon celebralo in New Yotlc the institution
uf the second great department of our consti
tutional scheme of goveinment. When tlio
centennial of the constitution of the Judicial
depaitment by the organisation of the supreme
premo court shall have been suitably ob
served , as 1 trust it will bo , our nation will
have certainly entered its second century.
I wilt not attempt to note the marvelous ,
nnd , in grout pait , happy contrasts between
our country as it steps over the threshold Into
its second century of organi/ed existence un
der the constitution , and that , weak but
wisely ordered i oung nation that looked un
dauntedly down the first century when all
its years stretched out before it. Our people
will not fall at this time to recall the Inci
dents which accompanied the institution
of the government under the constitution or
to find inspiration and guidance in the teach
ings and example of Washington and
his great associates , and the hope
and courage in continst which populous and
piospcrous states offer to thirteen states ,
weak in everything except , courage and love
of liberty , that then fringed our Atlantic sea
board. The territory of Dakota has now a
population greater than any of the original
states ( except Virginia ) , and greater than
the aggregate of live of the smaller states In
17j. ! ) The center of population when our na
tional capital was located was east of Haiti-
more , mid it was argued by many well-
informed persons that it would
move eastward rather than westward.
Yet in ISsO it was found to
bo near Cincinnati and the new census about
to bo taken will 'sjiow another stride to the
westward. That which was the body has
come to be only the rich frlngu of the na
tion's ' robe.
Uut our growth has not been limited to
territory , population and nggiegato wealth ,
murvcious as it has been In each of these di
rections. The masbos of our people nro bet
ter fed , clothed and housed than their fath
ers wero. The facilities for popular educa
tion have been vastly enlarged and more
goncially diffused. The viitucs of cour
age and patriotism have given recent
pioof of their continued presence and in-
ci easing power in the hearts and over the
lives of our people. The influences of re
ligion have been multiplied and strength
ened ; the sweet offices of charity have
greatly increased ; thovlituuof temperance
is held in higher estimation. Wo have not
attained the ideal condition. Not all of our
people aio happy and prosperous ; not all of
them are virtuous and law-abiding , but on
the whole the opportunities offered to the
Individual to sccuro the comforts of life nro
better than uic found elsewhere nnd largely
better than they wcro here one hundred
years ugo ,
The surrender of n largo measure of sovereignty
eignty to thu general government , effected
by the adoption of the constitution , was not
accomplished until suggestions of reason
were strongiy reinforced by the more Imix'r
utivo voice of experience. The divergent in
tetcsts of pence speedily demanded mure poi-
feet union , Thu merchant , shipmaster and
manufacturer discovered and disclosed to our
statesmen and to the people that commercial
emancipation must bo added to tha political
freedom which had been so bravely won.
The commercial policy of the mother
country hud not iclaxed , iu def
of its hard and oppiesslvo fei.-
tuies to hold in check the developments of
our commercial marine , to prevent or ictard
the establishment und growth of manufact
urers in the states. To secure nn Amer
ican market for their shops nnd a cairjing
trade for their ships , was tha policy of the
European statesmen , and wus pursued with
the most selfish vigor. Petitions poured in
upon congress urging the imposition of dis
criminating duties that should encourage the
production of needed things at home. Tlio
patriotism of the people w hlch no longer found
a held for exorcise in war , was eacrgctlcally
dim ted to the duty of equipping the young
republic for the defense of its independence
by making its people solf-depcndcnt. Socie
ties for the promotion of home manufactuies
and for encouraging the use of domestics in
thu areas of the people were organized in
many of thu states.
The revival at the end of thn century of
the same patriotic Interest in the preserva
tion and development of domestic industries
and the defcmto of our working people
against injurious foreign competition ,
Is an incident worthy of attention.
It U not a departure but u re
turn that wo have witnessed , The
protective | > olie.v had then its opK ) > ncnts ,
The argument was made , as now , that Its
benefits inured to particular classes or sec
tions. If the question became In any sense
or ut any lime , sectional , It was only because
slaveiy existed In some of the states. Hut
for this there wus no reason why thu cotton
producing states should not have led or
walked ubrcubt with the Now England
states in the production of cotton fabrics.
There was , tills reason only why tle- | states
that divide with Pennsylvania the mineral ,
treasures ot th.0 great southeastern'and. cen
tral mountain ranges should have been so
tardy in bringing to the smelting furuaco
nnd to tbo mill coal and iron from their near
opposing hillsides. The mill fires were
lighted at the funeral pyroof slavery. The
emancipation proclamation was heard Ih the
depths of the earth us well as in the sky.
Men wcro made free and material things
becmnfc our belter servant.
The sectional clement has happily been
eliminated from the tariff discussion. Wo
have no longer states that are necessarily
only planting states. None are excluded
from achieving thatdiversification of pursuit
among the people which brings wealth and
contentment. The cotton plantation will not
bo less valuable when the product , Is spun
in the country towli ly ) ouoratlvcs whoso
necessities call for diversified crops and cre
ate a homo demand for garden and agricul
tural products. Kvory new mine , fumaco
and factory is nn extension of the productive
capacity of the state more real and valuable
than added territory. Shall the prejudices
and paralysis of sltwcry continue to hang
upon the skirts of progfcssl How long will
those w no rejoice that slavery no longer ex
ists chin ish and tolerate the Incapacity it put
upon their communities ) I look hopefully to
the continuance of our protective system and
tg the consequent development of manufac
turing and mining enterprises in states hltb-
ci to wholly given to aijrjcultuie , as n potent
Influence In the perfect unification of our
people. Men who have Invested their capital
in these enterprises , fjormors who have
felt the benefit of PUiolr neighborhood
and men who work In the shop or Hold , will
not fall to find and to ucfend thu community
of interest. Is it not Jqulta possible that tbo
farmers and promoters of thn great mining
and manufacturing enterprises which have
been established in thesouth ! , may yet find
that the free ballot ipf the workingmun ,
without distinction ofj race , is needed for
their defense us well ds for his own ! I do
not doubt that If thosakncn In tno south who
do not ubcept thu tariff views ot Clay and
the constitutional isitlons of Webster ,
would courageously sh and dolcnd their
real convictions , they would not find it dif
llcult , by frank i istructlon and co
operation , to make ) the black man
their efficient 'and safe ally ,
not otilv m establishing correct principles in
national administration , but In preserving
for their local communities the benefits pf
social older and economical and honest gov
ernment. At least until the good ofllccs of
kindness and education have been fairly
tried , the contrary cbucluslon cannot be
plausibly urged. I
I have altogether rejected the suggestion
of a special executive policy for any sect Ion
of the country. It is the duty of the execu
tive to administer and enforce in methods
and by Instrumentalities | xlntcd out and
provided by the constitution , nil the
laws unacted by congress. These laws arc
general , and their administration should bo
uniform and equal. As a citizen may not
elect what laws ho will obey , neither may an
executive elect whiehjid will enforce. Iho
dut.v to obey und to execute embi aces the
constitution iu its entirety mid .he whole
of laws enacted under it. The evil example
of permitting individuals , corporations or
communities to nullify lows because they
cross Homo selfish or local cares or prejudices ,
is full of danger , not only to thu nation at
large , but much more to those
who use this pernicious expedient to
escape their just obligations or to
obtain unjust advantage ovtsr others. They
will presently themselves bo compelled to
appeal to the 1 iw for protection , and those
who would use the lawus n defense must not
deny that use of it to others. If our gtcit
coiporations would more scrupulously ob
serve their legal limitations and duties , they
would have less cause to complain of the un
lawful limitations of their rights , of violi-nt
interference with tiiair * operations. Tlio
community that , by concert , open or secret ,
among its citizens demos to a portion oj its
mumucis their plain riirhts undue the law , has
severed the only safo" bond of poclal order
and prosperity. \
Evil works from n baa critter both ways.
It demoralizes those who practice it and de
stroys the faith of those who suffer by it.
The efficiency of law as" a safe protector to a
man In whose breast that faith has been
darkened Is naturally a subject of dangerous
and uncanny suggestions. Those who use
unlawful methods , if moved by no higher
motive than the selfishness that piompt/id
them , may well stop and inquire what
is to be the end of this. Unlaw
ful expedient cannot become a pcimanent
condition of the government. If the edu
cated und Influential classes In the commun
ity either practice or connive at sjstemutic
violation of the laws thai seem to them to
cross their conveniences , what can they ex
pect when the lesson that convenience or
supposed class-interest is a sulllcient cause
for lawlessness , has been well learned by
the ignorant classes ? The ; community where
law is the rule of conduct , and whore the
courts , not mobs , execute its penalties , is
the only attractive field for business invest
ments and honest labor ,
Our naturalization laws should be so
amended us to make the inquiry into the
character and good disposition of persons ap
plying for citizenship inoro careful and
searching. Our existing laws have been in
their administration in an unimpressive und
often unintelligible fof-in. We accept a man
as u citizen without nny knowledge of his
fitness and ho assume the duties of u citl-
/.en. Ho is without any knowledge as to
what they are. The j : rlvilegcs of Amciican
citizenship are so rent and its duties
so giavo that Wo may well insist
upon the good Knowledge of ovoiy
person applying for ( citizenship and good
knowledge by him of ? our Institutions. Wo
should not cease to bo hospitable to immi
gration , but wo should not bo caieless as to
the chai actor of it. There uro men of all
races , even the best , yvhoso coming Is neces
sarily a burden upon our public revenues era
a threat to social order. These should uo
identified and excluded.
Wo have huppily maintained a nollcy of
avoiding all Interference with European uf-
fulls. Wo have boon only interested specta
tors of their contentious In dinlomucy and In
war , and icady to usq our friendly offices to
promote peace , but never obtruding our advice -
vice and never attempting nnfaiily to coin
the distress of other powers into commercial
advantage to ourselves. Wo have a Just
right to e.xpcct that our European policy will
bo the American ugUcy of European couits.
It is so manifestly incompatible
with these precautions for our peace nnd
safety , which all great powers habitually
obuervo and enforce , in matters uffnctlng
them , that a shorter water way between our
eastern und western Seaboards should be
dominated by any , Eliropann government ,
that wo may confidently oxpcct that such n
P'irposo will not ba entertained by any
friendly power. Wo-shall In the future as in
the past , use every endeavor to maintain and
enlarge our friendly relations with all the
creut powers , but thoywill not'cxpcct us to
look kindly UIKIII anyf jirojeet that would
leave us subject tto the dangers of
hostile observation or environment.
Wo hava not sought , to dominate or
absorb any of our weaker neighbors , but
rather to aid aad encourage them to estab
lish ft co and stable governments , resting
upon the consent of thn people. Wo have a
right to expect , therefore , that no European
government will seek { to establish colonial
dependencies upon tha'Umitory of these in
dependent American states. That which the
sense of justice restrain * us fiom socking ,
they may bo reasonably .expected willingly to
lot ego. *
It must not bo assumed , Irowcvcr , that our
interest ) are so exclusively Amciican that
our entire inattention to anv events
that tnuv transpire elsewhere can betaken
taken for granted. Our citizens domiciled
for purposes of tradein nil countries uud in
manv of the Islands of the sea , demand , and
will have , our adoquata cure In their person
al and commciclul rights. The necessities of
our nuvy require convenient coaling stations
and dock and barbof privileges. Those and
other trading privileges we will feel fieo to
obtain only by mcjjis that do not in any de
gree purtaka of coercion , however feeble the
government from yhlcli we usk such con
cessions. Hut havfn * fuirly obtained them by
methods and for purposes entirely consistent
with the most friendly dlsjiosltlon toward
all other powers , ouF concent will bo neces
sary to nny inodiflcaMoQ or impairment of the
concession. We sbal ) neither full to respect
the flag of any uutioCor.tbo Just lights of its
citizens , nor to cxaoVllUe treatment for our
own. J
Calmness , juatlccknd consideration should
chunieterl/o our dipiouiavy. The otllccu e i
intelligent diploma ; of friendly aroitraliou
In proper case * should bo adequate to the
peaceful adjustment ot nil international
difficulties. 13y sudi methods wo will wuko
our contribution to the world's pence which
no nation values inoro highly and avoid the
opprobrium which nnist lull upon the nntlon
that ruthlessly breaks It.
The duty ilovolvcd bv law upon the presi
dent to nomlimto nnil by nnd with the nuvtco
ntul consent of the sonnto to nppolnt nil
public officers whoso appointment is
not otherwise provided for In the constitu
tion or by net of confess , has become very
burdensome , and Us wlso and cfllcicnt dis
charge full of dlfilculty. The civil list Is so
large thntn personal knowledge of any largo
number of applicants Is Impossible The
president must rely upon the representations
of othuifl , and those are often made Inconsiderately -
considerately and without any Just
sense of responsibility , I have the right ,
I think , to Insist tint those who volunteer or
uro Invited to give advice as to appointments
shall exercise consideration and tlilollty. A
sense nf dut.v and ambition to Improve the
service should characterize all public officers.
Tlioio are many way * In which the conven
ience and comfort of those who hnvo
been Identilleit with our nubile otllces
may bo promoted by a thoughtful
and obliging officer , anil 1 shall ex
pect those whom 1 tuny appoint to Justify
their selection by conspicuous efllciency la
the discharge of their duties. Honorable
party service will certainly not be esteemed
by mo a dlsiumlilleatlou for public ollieo , but
It will in no case bo allowed to servo ns a
shield of oillelal negligence , incompetence or
doliiniueney. It Is entirely ci editable to seek
nubile ofllci ! by proper methods and with
proper motives , anil nil applicants will bo
ticatcd with consideration. Hut 1 shall need
and the he.ids or departments will need time
for inquiry and deliberation. Potsistent 1m
portunity will not , therefore , bo the best
support of application for ofllce. The heads
of departments , but cans and all other
public officers bavin ) ; nnv duty connected
thoroxvilh , will bo expected to enforce the
civil service law fullv and without evasion.
Heyoud this obvious duty I hope to do some
thing more to advance reform of the civil
sci vice. The ideal , or oven my own , I shall
probably not attain. A retrospect will bo a
safer oasis of Judgment than promises.'o
shall not , however , I um sure , bo able to nut
our civil service upon a non-partis.m oasis
until wo havoseeuieil the incuinboncv that
fair-minded men of the opposition will ap
prove for impartiality and Integrity. As the
number of such in the civil list is increased ,
removals from ollleo will diminish.
While the treasury surplus is not the is a serious evil. Our rev
enue should bo ample to meet the oidinury
annual demands upon our tieasury , with
HUftlclent margin for those extraordinary
but scarcely less imperative demands which
arise now and then. The expenditure should
always bo made with economy , and only
upon public necessity. Wastefulness , pro-
Illgacy and favoritism in public expend- !
tines is criminal , but tlicio is nothing in the
conditirfn of our country or our people
to suggest that unj thing at present
necps-saty to public prosperity , security or
honor , should bo unduly postponed. It will
bo the duty of congress wisely to forecast
nnd estimate these cxtiaoidinary demands ,
and having added them to our culinary ex
penditures , to so adjust our revenue laws
that no considerable annual surplus will re
main. We will fortunately be able to apply
to ttio redemption of the public debt
any small or unforseen excess of reve
nue. This is bettor than to reduce
our income below our necessary expendi
tures with the resulting change between
another change of our revenue laws , and an
increase of the public debt. H is quite pos-,1-
ble , I nm sure , to effect that necessary reduc
tion In our revenues without breaking aown
our tariff or seriously injuring any domestic
. , The construction of a eufllcjont number of
modern War shlpa and their necessary arma
ment should progress ns rapidly na is con
sistent with rtiro and perfection in plans
and workmanship. The spirit , courage nnd
skill of our naval officers nnd seamen have
many times in our history given
to weak ships and inefficient
guns n rating greatly beyond that of the
naval list. That they will again do so upon
occasion I do not doubt. But they ought
not , by neglect , to bo left to
the risks and exigencies of unequal combat.
We should encourage the cstab
lishment of American steamship lines.
The exchanges of commerce demand
stated , reliable nnd rapid means of commu
nication , and until these are provided the de
velopment of our trade with the states lying
south of us is impossible.
Our pension laws should give more ade
quate and discriminutinc iclief to union sol
diers and sailors and'their widows. Such
occasions as this should remind us that
wo ewe everything to their valor mid sacri-
It is a subject of congratulation that thcio
is a near prospect of the admission Into the
union of the Dakotas. Montana nnd Wash
ington territories. This act of Justice has
been unreasonably delayed in the case
of some of them. The people who
have settled these territories aio
intelligent , enterprising , patriotic and the ac
cession of these new states will add strength
to the nation. It Is duo to the settlers in the
territories who have availed themselves of
the invitations of our land laws to make
homes upon the public domain that their
titles should be speedily adjusted , ana their
honest entries conllrmcd by patents.
It is very gratifying to observe the general
interest now being manifested in reform of
ou" election laws. Those who have been for
years calling attention to the pressing neces
sity of throwing about the ballot box and
about the clcctois further safeguards in
order that our elections might not only bo
free and puie , but might appear to bo so ,
will welcome the accession of nnv who did
not BO soon discover the need of leform. The
national congress has not as yet taken con-
tiol of the elections in that case over wliie'li
Mio constitution gives it Jurisdiction , but has
accepted and adopted the election laws of the
several states , which pi ovule penal
ties for their violation and the methods
of supervision. Only the Inolllcloncv of state
laws , or the unfair or partisan administra
tion of them , could suggest a depaiture from
this policy , It was clearly , however , In the
contemplation of the frumors of the constitu
tion that such an emergency might arise , and
a provision was wisely made lor it.
The freedom of the ballot is a condition
of our national life , mid 110 power
vested In congress or in the executive to so-
cura or pcipctuato it should remain un
used upon occasion , The people of all con
gressional districts have an equal intcicst
that the election iu each bhall truly express
the views and wishes of the majority or the
qualified electors icsullng in it. The re
sults of such elections are not local
and the Insistence of olcctots icsidlng in
other districts that they hball be pure and
free docs not savor at all of Impertinence. If
in anv of the states the public security is
thought to bo threatened by ignorance among
the electors , the obvious remedy is
education. The sympathy and help of
our people will not bo withheld from any
community struggling with any embarrass
ment or dilllculties connected with the suf
frage If the remedies pioposcd pro
ceed upon lawful lines , and are
promoted by Just and honorable methods.
How shall those who practice election frauds
recover that respect for the saiiLtlty of the
ballot which Is the first condition and obliga
tion of good citizenship ) The man who has
come to regard the ballot box as a juggler's
hat has renounced his allegiance.
Let us exalt patriotism and modelato our
puity contentions. Let those who would die
for the Hag on the field of battle glvo bettor
proof of their patriotism and higher glory to
their country by piomotlng frutcrnlty'und jus
tice. 1'arty success that U achieved by un
fair methods or by practices that partake of
revolution Is hurtful and evanescent , even
from a party standpoint. Wu should hold
our differing opinions la mutual respect , and
having submitted them to the arbitrament
of the biillot.should accept nJven-o Judgment
with the sumo respect that wo would have
demanded ot our opponents If
the decision had been In our favor.
No other people Jiuvo a government inoro
worthy of their respect and love , or a land
BO inuiiiilllccnt in extent , so pleasant to look
upon , and so full of pcncioug
suggestion to enterprise and labor.
God has placed upon our
head a diadem and has laid at our feet power
and wealth beyond definition or calculation.
Xiut wp must not forget that wo take tuoto
gifts upon the condition that Justice nnd
mercy shall hold the reins of power
and that tUo upward avenues of
hope shall bo free to all people.
1 do not mistrust the future. Dangers have
been in frequent ambush along our pith , but
wo have uncovered nnd vanquished them nil.
1'asslon has swept some of our com
munities , but only to give us
new dehionstrntton that the great
body of our people are stable , patriotic and
law-abiding , No political party can long
pursue advantage at the expense of the pub
lic honor or by rude nnd Indecent conduct
without a protest and fatal ills-
satisfaction in its own body.
The peaceful airenelcs of commerce are inoro
fullj revealing the uceessiti of unity of all
communities , and the Increasing intercourse
of our people Is promoting mutual respect.
We shall llnd unalloyed pleasure in
the revelation which our next con
BUS will tuaho of the swift de
velopment of the great icsources of some
of the states. Each state will bring its
generous contribution to the great aggregate
In the nntional increase , and whoa the har
vests from the Held , tno cattle from the hills
and the ores from tno earth shall have been
weighed , counted and valued , wo
will turn from them all to crown with the
highest honor the state that hns most promoted
meted education , vlttue , Justieonnd patriot
ism among its people.
Forty Thoii nml .Men m Mite
tlio Mint nnd II in.
WXSIIIVOTOV , March . With wonderful
patience the expectant "pectatois waited for
the in ocession to-day while the inaugural
cciemonles were In urogicss. The lain had
abated somewhat and taken the form of line
driving mist. In spite of all the untow-
n'rd surioundltiRs the crowd preserved good
humor , Finally the beads of the
great procession turned Into Penn
sylvania avenue on the match . to
the white house and interest ceased
in nil else. Fo rtj-cight years ago William
Henry Harrison , on his white horse , headed
a procession of I , t)00 ) patriots on tlie same
loute. Attlmttl.o Admiral Poiter ( then a
lieutenant ) said it was the finest pageant in
the woild. To day probably 40,000 men were
in line to escort his grandson , many of them
comlm. fiom citizens of n country in which
in Ibll were tiacltlcss areas of uncultured
territory. The elements warred upon them ,
but thej held their own bravely.
Looking eastward fiom the tieasury , with
Jlic capitol forming a hiuy yetxstatelj buck-
giound , the sight was inspiring. A broad
expanse of avi'iiuo glistened beneath
the dull sky. General Heaver rode in
advance , and his head was uncovered n great
part of the time in acknowledgement of the
greeting of the gie it multitude Long lines
of tioops , militia and civilians , with banners
and guerdons Hying in the northern wind ,
completely filled the vision. Over all was
hcaid a continuous icar made up ol the
voices of thousands and thousands of specta
tors us they cheered the presidential patty ,
or greeted some particularly line looking
When the head of the procession reached
the tioasury , u halt was called and the piesi-
dential party , in its own C.UTML'CS , tinned off
and diove rapidlj to the while house. When
a hasty luncheon had been taken the party ,
with the oxcjption of Mr. Cleveland , 10-
paiicd to the reviewing stind , and
the president and vice president had
thenfirst view of the grand
pageant In which they had taken so conspicu
ous a p 11 1. When they took their places at
the front of the stand they were at once
recognized by the crowd gutheted beneath
them , and n mighty shout 'rent the air. The
stand was elaborately decorated with Hags
and bunting , and presented n pretty picture
destmo the ruin. ' It was thronged with
ladles in gay costumes and army and navy
orllcers in full uniform. Many diplomats
and prominent officers with their families
were scattered in the throng.
The review began immediately after the
president's arrival and was indeed a beauti
ful spectacle. General Heaver , chief marshal ,
headed the line , with General Hastings as
chief of staff , followed by a great number of
aides. As they approached the stand they
bared their heads and gave the president a
marching salute. The president and Mr.
Morton leturacd the compliment by remov
ing their hats. At the same time the band
played "Hall to the Chief , " and the clowd
cheered vociferously.
The first division presented a splendid ap
pearance. It was composed of United States
troops , marines , naval apprentices nnd the
national guard of the First disti let. The
president rccngni/ed the salute of each com
manding oniccr by raising his hat , and ho also
uncovered his head as each flag was
dipped in salute. He spolce frequently to
Air. Morton In commendation ol the march
ing of the different regiments.
The fire works exhibition has been post
poned until the weather is more propitious ,
The national guard of Pennsylvania com
posed the second division. It was command
ed by Major General John F. Hartr.mft ,
The j)0i ) feet alignment of the marching col
umns as they passed the president's stand ,
and the soldieily hearing of the men culled
forth cheer after cheer of admiration.
The third division was commanded by
Governor Forakor , of Ohio , and as he1 , ac-
accompanied by bis staff , approached the
stand lie was clu'ered to the echo. The only
full regiment in the Thhd brigade was the
famous Seventh Now York , which , as hcio-
tofore , was received with ticmundous ap
The Fourth division consisted of G. A. I ! .
posts , and was commanded by General Will
iam Wauicr.
Most of the remainder of the pioccsslon
was composed of civic oiganiitluns , politi
cal clubs , etc. , many of them handsomely
Owing to the lateness of the hour at this
time a niimbci of organl/itions diopped out
of the line and did not piss the reviewing
stand ; consequently the programme of the
procession was somewhat broken.
The Cowuoy club of Denver , headed by
Buffalo Hill , Huck Taylor and Major
Hurko , formed one of the most
interesting features of the paiadc. They
were all well mounted and wore Win pie-
tin esque dress of the far west. They wcro
accompanied by the flambeau club of Dodge
City , und bore two unique banners sin-
mounted by enormous horns. A , continuous
round of chccra greeted theai along the
Last of all ciuno a contingent of colored
llatrison and Motion clubs ; fiom old Vir
ginia , winding up one of the grandest civic
und military pageants over seen in Washing
ton , Just as twilight to thicken into
the darkness of night.
When the lust of the participants had
passed the stand , President Ilanlson , wltn
his son Hussoll , walked rapidly to thu white
house , followed by Vice Picaidonl Merion ,
and the party passed within the open port. Us
out of which bo.uned a generous pinmlsu of
warmth and light after the fatigues of the
day. The white housu was thu only building
In the city devoid of decorations. The Ameri
can Hag , however , floated fiom a staff on the
Several elegant floral tributes wcro re
ceived at the white house this moining for
the Picsidcnt and Mis. Hamson ,
A. Keene of JHnrvollniiK Homily mill
WASIIIXOTOV , March 4. The great court
of the pension building is to-night abla/o
with light nnd color , and to the seductive
music of gi eat orchestras thousands glldo
through the movements of the dance or stioll
in thu corridors und promenades , admiring
and contributing to the marvellous beauty of
the sccno The rourt of the new pension
building Is undoubted ! . * the largest and
grandest Intci lor of its kind on this conti
nent , and in respect of symmetrical beauty it
bai low superiors In the world , Tim area of
the tcssalutcd tile floor Is about 37,000 squaio
feet , or vciy neaily un uero. Four ago , when the first Inaugura
tion ball was held here , the
then unfinished Condition of the building
was rendered highly effective , but decora-
tlOu was. exceedingly difficult uud Iu souro
respects quite Impossible. Hut to night tha
perfection of decorative art seems to * have
been attained.
The most conspicuous feature of the In
terior scene Is n three story .Tnp.tncso
pagoda , about 2K30 feet la slo , In the cen
ter of the court , built over and around A
fountain , The lower part of the pagoda Kn
picturesque grotto of locks , ferns and
flowers. On Its second floors are stationed
n hundred performer * , composing an or
chestra from Philadelphia , who play dance
music. Above tnem , on the third
floor , the famous Marino band
discourses music for the promenade. The
whole structuio Is gay with streamers , festoons
teens and colored lights Tall , graceful
palms and Homering tropical plants ami
masses of smlhiMidorn the Hoers and roof. '
The unique music stand Is Indeed a triumph
of beauty.
On the "west front of the first gallery hangs
a largooll piluting of Piesidont Harrison ,
and on tlio east front one of VicePiesident
Morton , each richly framed In blue purpla
and old gold silk plush. The pnrttnits , with
their frames , aio H\15 feet la size , and ara
tastefully draped
Q Extending around the cntliu ciicult of tha
court under the thieo galleries , and ever the
heads of the p'-omemulcrs , nro thick laurel
garlands , festooned in graceful lines. Sim
ilar garlands are looped "and twined nbovo
rich capitols of broaxcd Ionic pillars , form
ing with the nrches n succession of elipsos.
Dliei'tly ever the west entrance to tlio
hujldlng , mid Uluh above the pauipct of the
first gallery , in glittering colm-od gas Jots , Is
traced the word "Constitution. " and higher
still shines n single live pointed star. Its
crystal setting lollccting rays fiom a hun
dred points of light ,
The faces of three galleries are almost com
pletely covered by rich draperies. On the
front of the lower pnllcry , and Just nbovo the
capitols of the pillars , are hung bronil
shields , upon which are artistically painted
in rich colors the coatu of arms"of all the
states of thu union , Altci natlng with these
are miniature steel suits nnd gilt Koiniui
armor. In a gcneial way this scheme Is car
ried out in the decoration of the front of the
second and third galloiies. On thu front ot
the second gallery , however , the suits of
armor niu full siml and of burnished
silver plate , and on the shields
are icpresented the aims of all the
nations of the world , each trimmed uith the
tings of the nntlon represented Tlio richest ,
and most striking fc.ituics of the gallery
decorations aio long lines of silk and Hatin
gold ombioidercd banlieis. Those nro six
feet in length , and are pendant from gilt
silIT ornamented stalls , attached at ucuto
angles to the 15. ) pillars supporting the first
nnd second galleiios. These are trimmed
with deep gold , fringed and studded with
Jewels. Upon each of them is embroidered
in gold the coat of arms of one nf the leading
nations of the world , the American eolors
alternating with those of other nations ,
The decorations of the eight immense
Corinthian columns are in perfect harmony
\ \ ith their towering proportions. Stretching
across t'ie east end of the couit Is a great
high terraced conservatory , ix scene of
striking floral beauty.
Other striking features of the Interior
scene aic eight large panels , upon which are
represented in floral pictures the executive
departments of the government. They are
eight by ton feet in dimension , and are sus
pended at oven distances fiom thu front of
the lower gallery. The state department Is
represented by an open book , upon
which mo letteied in immortelles the
words "Ueputment of State. " The
emblem of the \\nr dcpai tmcnt is n mounted
cannon with a pyramid of cannon balls. On
the navy depaitment the panel is a complete
model of the United States despatch boat.
Dolphin , perfect in every dotnil , with her
name on the bow. On the panel of the de
partment of Justice nro shown the scales of
justice nnd an open law book , across the
pages of which is the Latin inscription , "Fiat
.lustia. " The postodlce department is repre
sented by a mail bag letteied "U. S. M. , "
and u letter with a post murlc dated ' "March
4 , isM ) , " -addressed to "Benjamin Harri
son , Washington , D. U. " On the I'
treasury department thb panel Is
a loprcscntation of n huge safe
with a combination lock i arried out in detail.
The interior department is represented by a
log cabin , with a stump of a tree Into which ,
an axe has been diiven , and the agricultural
detriment by a plow and sheaf of wheat.
All of these emblematical designs are In half
lebcl , and are constituted of only the
choicest cut flowers.
Prom the topmost pcakof each of the threa
sections of the roof of the building , a sheet
hundred and fifty feet fiom the lloor , radiate
a thousand streamers of red , white und blua
bunting , alternating with garlands
of evergreen and v forming an Im
mense canopy. Trom the middle of thfl
canopy depends the largest and moit com
plete pvrc of lloral decoiation ever seen. It
Is a fall rigged , three masted ship , icprcsent-
Ing n ship of State , thirty feet long and Is a
perfect model In every detail. Tons of thou
sands ( if choice ( lowers wore used In its con-
stiuction. It is a marvel of graceful beauty.
Fiom the center of each of the canopies overspreading -
spreading the end sections of tlio court depends -
ponds a floral ball , fifteen feet in diameter , a
mass of brilliant color. Taken as
n whole or In detail , tha
decorations are undoubtedly the ilchest and
most elaborate ever produced on this conti
The rooms set apart for the use of the
presidential party nro on the second lloor , in
the southwest corner of the buihllnt , ' . The
walls are cntnoly covered with cardinal slllc
plush , with bioimi and old gold frie/o. Uluo
portieres hung at each of the cloorB. The
window hangings are of the finest lace , and
the carpets and ings of the ilel.est quality.
' 1 he furniture is elegant In design and mate
rials. At the side of the main room stands a
tete-a-tete floral sofa with an ovci hanging
canopy , upon which are letteied the words ,
"Inauguration , IbbU " Diagonally iicioss the
back of Hie one at the light Is traced
in imtnoi tulles the word "Iliiuison , " and on
the other "Moiton " Near by is a crystal
fountain nf elaborate and boauilful design ,
which ceaselessly throws up sprajs of ex
quisite pel fume that fill the air with a dell-
1'itis odor , ijvoiywiiero are flo'vers and
tropical foliage plants.
The rooms assigned to the
patly , diplomatic coips i.m ! the icccptlon
committee ) ate ( scarcely lonu elegantly fur
nished ,
The ball room was crowded when at 10
o'clock wind came that thu piesidentlal
ii.iity would boon anivc. A few minutes
later President Harrison and puty reached
the building , escorted by Colonel Hrltton ,
chairman of the executive committee. Tlioy
were mot at the entrance by the reception
committee , headed by General Mct'ammon.
An open passage was formed by the mem
bers of the committee , and through
this luno the paity proceeded to
the stairway reserved for thorn.
The president took the arm of General Mo
Gammon , and Mrs. Harrison was escorted
by Colonel Hrltlon. The other members
followed ,
Tlio ladles , shortly after reaching their
looms , retired to arrange their toilets , wlulo
General llatiison hold u ivccptloii , Tha
members of the various Inaugural commit
tees , n number of govcinmcnt oftlcoru
and quitea thiong of ladles wcro
presented to him by Gcnmul Me-
Cammon. The president was in ex
cellent spirits nnd plc.isantly gicetml all
whoncio Intiodticed. chatting for a few
minutes with tliosu with whom he was ac-
( juahitcd. Among others presented to him
at the icccptlon wcro the Corcun inlnlsterH ,
ICipic'scntativcH Cox and Kctchiiin , Senator
Stanford and a number of army ofllcors.
While President HiuriHon was holding Ills
Informal levee , the vice president and Airs ,
Morton und thulr duughtcm arrived ,
accompanied by Myron Al. Parker ana
Henry A. Willardand were conducted
to the apaiimonls icscrvcd for them ,
Th ludiux in the presidential party wcro
Mis. Harrison , Mrs , H. Kub-tol Harrison and
Mrs , MelCeo. With Vice PiCHidont Morton
were Mis. Morton and his HUter-In-law , Mrs.
Hobson. About lO.aui'rotldont Harrison was
joined by the ladles of his family und
the reception committee. Forming three nnd
fiiur abreast in fiout aid | rear nf tha party ,
n procession was madu up for u tour of tha
ballroom. At the xpeclul request of PieM-
dent Hnrriuon that no police should BUT.
round him , thu plenfttuablu task of procot. !
Jug him frpui the presence of thu crowd de
volved upoh the coinmlttucmcii , The ball
room presented tha spectacle of a sea of
fuccn , appau'iitly oc'-upylng every Inch oj
the bp.tcc. President Huimcm