Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 04, 1889, Page 4, Image 4

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Bnlly ( Morning Kdltlou ) Including HUNIIA Y
HKR. Ono Tear , f 10 00
ForStx MonthM f > < W
J'orThrpo Month * 260
'Jii OHAIIA SUNOAV Ilitr mulled to any
mldrcni , One Year 200
WKRKLV UKK , One Ycnr 200
OMAiiAOmcB.Nos.l4nndnlt'AtiNAVt8THF.KT. ! ! | )
CnicAnoOrricR , M : HooKRiir liuiMuna ,
NK\T YoitKUrficK , lioovsH AND l.'iTiitiiu.NR
in.t . .tun WASHINGTON OffICK , Mo. 513
All communlcnllons tainting to news nnd cfll-
torlnl matter should bemldrrssedtothe UuiTOIl
' " " '
All misinoM lottvmiml remittances should bo
ftdtlroKjod to Tun llr.r. I'um.ixiiiNd COMPANY- ,
OMAHA. Ir f ts. checks nnd po tollico orrtorH to
bo made jmynlilu to the order of the company.
rue Bee PQbliSuiHgTSiaiiy , Proprietori
E. RpaiiWATEK , Editor.
Sworn Ktntcinorit of Circulation.
Btntoof NebrniVn , l _ , .
County ot Douglns , ( " "
Oeoriioll. Tzsclmck , secretory of the Ute 1'tib-
llshlni'company , ilnu.s solemnly \voar thnt the
actual circulation of Tut : D.MLV llf.t : for the
w oi'k ending Mnrch 2 , mi , wus as follows :
Hntidnr , reti. yi IH.T )
Molldiiy , Fob. 25 N.HKI
'luefdny , 1'cli.SU I .HIO
Wednesday. > 1 > .ST 18.8IB
Tmirsdnv. I'ob.28 IH.8I1
Friday. March I IB.wil
tJMurdny. March : .m. ll !
AvcraRO „ 1H.KW
UKouni : n. TzsciircK.
Sworn to before mo find tmliscrlbi'd to Inmy
ere Hence III Is ftl ilfiy of Mnrch. A. I ) . 18811.
Heal. N. 1' . KKIU Notnry I'ubllc.
Btntu of Nebraska. ua
County ot Douglas f3-
( JcorRU II. Tzsclmck , bpn | duly sworn , ilo-
po > u3 und fmys that ho Is flocrotury ol the lisa
I'ubllshlnK company , tluit the actual nM niia
rtnlly circulation nt Tin : IHH.v linn for lho
mouth ot March , 1W < , IB.fiW copies : for April ,
18.SH 18,741 copies ; for Mar , ISfW. lf.183
copies ; for .luno , IKHH , ! V"t-i copies ; for
July. 18si. 18,0.13 copious fur AiiRiist , JHBX.
18.1Slcopies ; for September , 188.H. 18,111 ronlos ;
for October , IMS , it jH | ooiiles : for Novem
ber. P-Hfi , IWNJ copies ; for December , lew , lt , ' lt
copies ; for January. IBM ) , ] HG74 copies ; for rob-
ruary , issi , 18 , tOcojn > B.
Sworn to l > cforo mo nml subscribed In my
presence this 'M dny of March. A , I ) . JfW'J.
N. P. KHII. Noturv I'ubllc.
TO-DAY may bo truthfully called In
diana's inauguration day.
ATr , eyes are turned towards Pcnnsyl
vania avenue , the raid that leads frou
the capitol to the white house.
Tins pole-evil promises to become con
lagious in Omaha. The street car
borsos are in immense danger of a fatal
OHIO has lost its grip on the natioiia
government. Not one of her sons wil
bo favored with a seat in Harrison's
cabinet is a western in
stitution. Four of the eight niombon
como from states west of the Allo
THK bright , invigorating breath of
spring is rendered doubly attractive b.v
tlio fact that the Fiftieth congress ex
pires to-day.
Now that our Tliurston has got to bo
president of the league ho can organixe
a cabinet of ids own , with Vandorvoort
as doorkeeper.
K republicans have an assured ma
jority of three in the next house of
representatives. The number of con
tests booked insures a good working'
" * THK ordinance just approved , pro
viding for a city weigher , comes , un
happily , too late to benefit the coal con
sumer. But it will bo sweet rdvongo to
weigh the ice-man's bill this summer.
Tin : next thing in order is n viaduct
over the railroad tracks across Tenth
Btroot. This viaduct is essential lo
public safety and should bo built this
season whether wo got a union depot
or not.
SOUTH OMAHA wants her now char
ter adopted immediately in order to
curb her olllcials from rushing poll-
incll into extravagant expenditures.
Tlio people of the mugic city are manifestly -
fostly dolormineu to hold the reins of
public improvement in their own hands.
TUB "White Cap ] ' idiocy has broken
® ut in a remote section of the state.
The attempt to transplant Hoosier
ChoUiods of regulation oa the prairies
Oaunot fail to result disastrously to the
Uuthors , Nobrasica railroad bridges
are elegant and convenient means of in
voluntary fauielde.
Till1 : paper with the Chicago lung-
tcbtor slill persibts in boasting about its
wonderful increase of circulation. Tlio
increase is laying on tlio counters of
all the news dealers of Nebraska and
western Iowa. In duo time il will bo
chocked off on the books and disposed
of as waste papor.
CIIVILANO'S : enthusiasm for civil
service reform became intense with the
( lying hours of olllclal lifo. IIo regards
it "so firmly established and Its value
BO fully demonstrated , " that ho seri
ously commends thu ruins to his suc
cessor. The tow friends of the presi
dent linvo cause to rotrrot the cruel
levity of his latter day professions.
PnosricCTiVB booiUorsnnd peculat
ing cashiers must look for shelter to
other countries than Canada. Tlio
government has introduced In the Do
minion purliainant a bill to extend the
provisions of the extradition so us to
include all criminals now in Canada but
political offenders. Jf the bill becomes
n law It will annihilate the American
colony and create a tremendous demand
for quarters in the jails of this country.
Nebraska would bo particularly pleased
to furnish a spring suit to her Canadian
| i vonernblo moss-backs of Omaha
I never miss an opportunity to denounce
and ridicule the growth of business ever
the Fnrnum street hill. Rheumatic
joints and enfeebled minds give a pain
ful accent lo tholr pleadings for the
"pluteuu. " They cannot comprehend
the sturdy enterprise and business push
which crowds past thorn in the race
for the upper heights , leaving them
groveling und prowling on the lower
leviij * . As well mluht'thuy attempt to
t in the current of the Missouri .us to
cliock the upward and onward inarch of
lho vforou | ; manhood of thU city.
The inntigurntlon to-ilayof President-
elect Harrison will rclnstnto the
republican purty In the control ol
the executive branch of the gov
ernment , with the certaintv thnt the
loglslntlro brunch will also bo in con
trol of that party. Not slnco 1876 hna
the republican party administered the
government in nil Us branches , either
the senate or house of representatives
In the succeeding years having been In
the control of tlio democratic party.
The last republican house was elected
in 1880 , and with the exception of two
years the democratic party has been In
control of the lower house of congress
since 1875.
The republican party returns to full
possession of the government nt the be
ginning of its second century , nnd this
Interesting fact will doubtless have duo
prominence in the inaugural address of
President Harrison. Its significance ,
however , is merely historical , and it
does not alTcct cillior to lesson or in
crease the great responsibility which
has devolved on the republican party.
It is a trite observation that po
litical parties act with greater
wisdom and di&crothm when
there is an opposition strong
enough tochoclc excesses nnd defeat unwise -
wise measures. A narrow and uncer
tain majority in a congress Is not nl-
ways a misfortune , nnd the fact that tlio
two branches tire in political opposition
may not in all circumstances be n disad
vantage. There is greater danger of
injurious legislation and careless ad
ministration when ovcry branch of the
government is in the hands of ono po
litical party than when the responsibil
ity is divided.
The republican leaders unquestion
ably appreciate the situation , nnd thuro
is every reason to expect from tlio now
president a wise , careful and conserva
tive administration. The policy which
will guide the next administration the
country will learn of to-day , and its
enunciation will bo received with great
interest by men of all parlies.
THE nilTiniNQ I'llKSlDENT.
To-day Grover Cleveland , four years
ago elevated to the great olllce of presi
dent of the United States , will retire to
private life. Contemporary judgment
may not be able to fairly determine the
place he should occupy in our political
history , but the one fact that ho brought
victory to the democratic party after
twenty-four successive ynars of defeat
assures him u position of prominence.
Perhaps also the historian of the fu
ture , reviewing the administration of
Mr. Cleveland with complete free
dom from the prejudices and from the
coloring inlluonccs that affect favorably
or unfavorably the judgment of contem
poraries , will bo able to say much to its
credit. The one acknowledgment that
can now bo made is that the country
lias continued to bo prosperous. Hov
fat- tills has boon duo to the administra
tion is a question on which there can ho
a wide difference of opinion. It was in
the power of the administration , doubt
less , to have checked this prosperity ,
and this would unquestionably have re
sulted if the treasury policy of the first
half of Mr. Cleveland's administration
had been continued to the end of his
term. His first secretary of the treas
ury was unalterably wedded to a finan
cial policy which was distinctly hostile
to the general welfare , though it might
have operated favora bly for a time to a
section , and Mr. Cleveland was in full
sympathy with him. His party in con
gress , however , was not , and this , with
the added pressure of a financial exi
gency , forced the administration to a
Bluingo of policy , or rather to return to
the old lines marked out by republican
administrations. This was accomplished
with manifest reluctance. The return
Lo sound practice was delayed on the
plea of questionable authority , and was
not made until congress reassured the
idministratioii that it possessed ade
quate power. There has since been lit-
: lo to complain of , but In giving the ad-
ninistration credit for having avoided
Joinir injury to the material interests
jf the country it must be said that this
vas because tlio administration came at
ust to abandon , in largo measure , the
loliey it originally intended to curry
iut and to return to the wiser methods
> f its opponents.
-Tho work which Mr. Cleveland was
lartlcularly pledged to when ho on-
.orcd . the presidential olllce was the ad-
rancomot of civil sorvioo reform. Tlio
nest ardent friends of the reform and
if the retiring president do not pretend
hat no has redeemed his pledge. Ho
ins expressed himself as well satisfied
vith this branch of his work , but tha
voight of testimony borne by those
vho as independents and reformers
upportod him four years ago , is hour
ly ugulnat him. His fatluro finds ox-
enuation in the fact that his party wna
ilmost solidly against reform , and when
he time came for him to determine
vhothor ho should malce an effort to
uccoed himself , with the aUornalivo of
indaugcring hts chances or disrogard-
ng u principle obnoxious to his patty ,
10 chodo the latter. Another policy
rhlch Mr. Cleveland proposed should
listinguish his administration was thnt
if removing al ! sectional animosity. It
k-as a commendable purpose , but the
uothod adopted to effect It was most
inwisc. The south was given an undue
> roi > ondoranco in the administration ,
nil southern men were largely preferred
or the public service both at homo
.nd abroad. The policy was not only
IIP too magnaminous to the south , but
ho administration boomed to have boon
uost carefol to select for its favor -those
nun who were most obnoxious to the
lorth Dy reason of tholr prominence in
ho confederacy. It cannot bo doubted
hat this course lost Mr. Cleveland
lemocratlc friends In tlio north who bo-
ame republican allies in the last cam-
KHJJH , while it is not apparent that it
ins had the slightest effect in removing
octionul animosity , if indeed it has not
iggruvutod It. The generous recognit
ion of the administration did not tin-
irovo the conductor the southern politl-
IIUIB , who as tholr confidence in con-
inuous democratic rule increased rb-
umod the old arrogant and dictatorial
ole played so effectively thirty years
go and for half a century before. They
oolc-control of the democratic party ,
nd in and out of congress , .consplou-
usjy In the last campaign , they were
the foremost exponents of democratic
principles nnd policy. They could as
sure Mr. Cleveland the reward of n
solid south , but with that tholr ability
lo repay him was exhausted.
Mr. Cleveland will not bo denied cVcdit
for courage in giving his party a clearly
defined tariff policy , but hero again ho
was unfortunate in the men entrusted
to give the policy practical form.
Furthermore his courage faltered as ho
began to see the possible political effect
of his bold stroke , and there were quali
fying explanations that did no good to
his cause. The country saw in this an
evidence thnt the 'foremost considera
tion with Mr. Cleveland was to bo ro-
olooted , the effect of which was to reduce -
duce him to the piano of n moro poli
tician. As to the foreign policy of tlio
administration , it has no defender ex
cept tlio secretary of state , and his de
fense has met with little else than ridi
cule. The judgment is nearly univer
sal that the conduct of our international
relations under the Cleveland adminis
tration has been the wcakost and
stupidest in the history of the country ,
and frotii first to last humiliating to the
Mr. Cleveland will retire from the
presidency with the best wishes
of his countrymen for his
future. Ills rapid political elevation
makes a unique chapter in our history ,
and when it is considered what little
experience and preparation ho had for
the great task of administering the af
fairs of the nation , it can perhaps bo
said that ho did bettor than could rca-
bonably have boon expected. IIo has
been most diligent In the performance
of his duties , and in alienees where ho
was not dominated by his passions ,
prejudices or ambition ho doubtless
acted conscientiously. Ho will not go
into history asa statesman , nor will it
be recorded of him that ho showed any
desire to bo with and of tlio peoplo.
But ho possesses some strong qualities
that are necessary in the discharge of
executive duties , and no man has been
his master.
The sudden and startling suicide of the
infamous forger and informer Pigott , at
Madrid , cannot fail to have a beneficial
effect on the wretches that curse the
Irish causa and sell their birthright for
British gold. Pigolt came into notice
in the dark days of the land league.
Failing lo secure the confidence and the
moans of the league olllcinls ho trans
ferred his treacherous abilities to Dub
lin eastlo and became a spy upon the
: nen who had befriended him and a
trultor to his country. The position
afforded him free scope and ample
moans to perfect a conspiracy to
dofaino and destroy the Irish lead
ers. Forgery and falsehood were
the weapons chosen. The anxiety
of the lories to block the progress o
homo rule in England and blacken tin
characters of Parnoll , Dnritt nnd olhe
Irish loaders , was an incentive to hilt
to stoop to the extreme of infamy to
complish their destruction. Their
anxiety only served to make the failure
more complete und disastrous.
Pigott could not hope to escape th
vengeance of the men wliom lie had led
into a disgraceful trap. He wont fortl
with the brandof Cain , with the handso
friends and enemies raised against him
and ho performed the lirst honorabl
net of his life when he scattered his
brains with a pistol.
The collapse of the Times' conspiracy
and the tragic death of its author will
prove of incalculable advantage to the
cause of homo rule. Founded on right
nnd justice , and backed by the friends
of liberty the world over , its progress is
as irresistible as the tides of the ocean.
The lories and liberal unionists fool its
growing force in the country , and are
combining and sinking all differences
in a common effort to retain power. The
shrewdest statesmen concede that
general election now would result in an
overwhelming victory for Ireland and
the return of Gladstone to power. To
delay the day of reckoning will increase
the dislrust and make the downfall of
tory tyranny disastrous in the end. Tlio
outlook for homo rule was never
AS A 3CAnrrn.
For sublime and adamantine choclc
commend us to the person by the name
of Frank Morrissey , who for four weeks
was permitted to hold down the seat in
the lower house of the legislature , now
ho creditably filled bv Hon. Christ
Specht. Sunday's Ifemld is adorned by
the following pen-picture :
It does not matter that it was Frank Morrissey -
rissoy bright , dashing , keen , Incisive , hon
est nnd eloquent loader that ho was the
faithful representative of his great oonstitu
cncy ; the friend of the common people ; the
uncompromising fee of jobbery and oxtravu-
Banco nnd the terror of the lobbj and legis
lative vampire , is the victim of the foul con
This certainly docs beat anything
that over emanated from Morrissoy's
lofty inlollecl. Tlio companion of
boodlcrs and oil-room strikers , an
honest man and friend of the common
people ! who transcribed the
governor's message in a low dive , the
victim of a foul conspiracy ! The fellow
who tried to hold up the liquor dealers
by playing informer , the terror of the
logltilativo vampire ! Isn't ihat enough
lo make a InughV
GOVKIIXOK TiiAVKit is not likely to
amuluto Grover Cleveland in Interpos
ing his vetoes to thwart the clearly ex
pressed will of tlio law-making branch
af government. The governor will
liardly refuse his approval of the val
ued polioy insurance bill'in view of the
fact that it passed both houses by a two-
thirds' vote , If the bill dooi not meet
liis vlows , ho knows enough to know
ihut tho'oxocciso of Iho veto power was
lot gfvon to the executive to override
.ho legislative excepting where undue
liaste has boon exhibited , or a bill is
mmifostly unconstitutional.
Tun futile attempts of railroad of-
loiuls to roach an agreement which will
: iold for twenty-four hours proves tlio
lesporato avarice of the companies and
-heir utter indilTeronco to all obligu-
.ions , Contracts and agreements arc
dinost daily mudo bot.voon high and
ow oflluinls , but the ink is not dry bo-
ere the signers conspire to break tlioni.
L'lio existing demoralisation In ratou
and secret discrimination is not only
disastrous fnjtho companies but annoy
ing nnd hurtful to business generally.
TUB cniFoUo of the government
against the.Mormon , church nnd its
property , appears to bo particularly sat
isfactory lo ( , ho receiver and his asso
ciates. The' former receives a sal ary of
ten thousand dollars for lho first year ,
nn attorney fifty-five hundred dollars ,
and an assistant foul- thousand doling.
It is snfo to predict that their annual
report will applaud the Kdmunds law
and dcmonstnto that the only way to
stamp out polygamy is to make the apoJt-
les pay liberally for the luxury.
A mr/fj slipped through the Now
Mexican legislature anpropriating fif
teen thousand dollars , instead of llvo
thousand dollars , n year for the support
of an immigration bureau. The meth
ods employed to secure the plunder
would put to shame Hie bosl ollorls of
lho Lincoln lobby. And yet It has been
asserted that the rosidonls of Grcaser-
dom were nol sulllcionlly advanced to
enjoy lho lucre and liberllcs of slato-
TUB legislature is asked lo establish
the agricultural college as an inslilu-
lion separata and away from lho alato
university. Change of scone and change
of diet will , however , not afTect ils
chronic weakness. An agricultural
college is costly and unsatisfactory.
Such has been the experience of other
stales , as well as Nebraska. For that
reason the stale agricultural farm and
college , as such , should bo abolished.
IN an invcstigalion before n congres
sional commltlco some time ago , it was
confessed by leading railroad men thai
they always expect and generally re
ceived an equivalent for all passes given
to members of the stnlo legislatures ,
The Net rnska railroads have no reason
to complain so far of not receiving tin
"equivalent" for favors extended lo lho
legislature now in session.
l'ATh ; AN1 > TISIUUl'OKY.
Waterworks or no waterworks Is the lib-
sorbing question at Wuhoo.
A canton of 1'iitriarclis Militant was insti
tuted at North I'lsitto Friday night.
One humlrcd now volumes have boon or
dered for tbo.publlo library nt Crete.
Work bus been resumed on the now bank
building at Ulysses uud it will be pushed to
Tlio scmi-nnnunl convention of the W. C.
T. U. of the Fourth district will bo hold at
Fullerlou March 0 nnu T.
' The ftlissouri Pucillo road 1ms cut nnd
shipped over 10,000 tons of ieo from Fisher's
luhe , near Auburn , this winter.
Crete sports ; have banded together nnd or
dered n set of boking gloves for use in per
fecting themselves m the manly art.
Cass county bus thirty lawyers located
within her I/orders. Plattsmouth claims
nineteen. Weopiilp Water iive , Greenwood
four , nud Louisville one.
Nebraska City Exhibits u remarkably solid
growth as a sdnsntion center. The slccolcss
activity of some of the residents c.unio't b
stopped for a moment outside of the county
Since the great victory over the London
Times through tlio efforts of Patrick Epau ,
the Fremont Trjbuuo puts fonv.ird the name
of that gentleman as its candidate for minis
ter to EnglauiJ ,
Fifty thousand brook trout fry . vreno
planted m the tributaries of tlio Nibbrara
rlvor between Valentino and Fort lioblnson
by the superintendent of the state fish hatch-
cries lust wecir.
South Sioux City rebels aqninst beinp
linked in name and fortune to Covington. If
one-half of what has Been told of thu latter
place is tiuie the rebellious burg might bo ap
peased with the title of South Sodom.
A cow and thirty-nino hogs bolonpinp to
Charles Bo.ydston , a Saunders county far
mer , were bitten by a mad dog four weeks
ago and dovolopcd symptoms of hydrophobia
a few days later- All the animals wore shot
last week.
The Dakota City bottle brigade started out
the other evening , picked up about two
hundred whisky Ilasks , assorted sizas , nnd
proceeded to South Sioux City , where they
traded their collection for corn julca and re
turned homo hupny and abusive.
Tno regulators In Koya P.iha county have
succeeded in diminishing the number of
horse and steer lifters m that section. The
business had grown to such proportions that
the wicked waxed fat on tbo spoils , while
honesty hugged poverty with a dcsnairing
grip. An effective change was brought
ubout by unity of action , supplements !
with stout lariats nnd revolvers on the side.
The startling news comes from Fremont
thnt the oldest inhabitants of Dodge county
have effected u combine to control the
weather market uud for economy nnd accur-
ncy of statement. The organization supplies
u crying need. Horctoforo the efforts of the
oldest inhabitants hnvo been nmrrod with
fuint Iraccs of truth and frcimsnt and furious
contradictions. Organization will remedy
these unwholesome evils and give strength
nnd vigor to all reminiscences bearing tbo
stump anu seal of tbo socioty. Tlio public
may now look for an early Improvement In
the story of the naming of the Kuwliidc
river. *
Waterloo is achieving a reuutation as n fine
liorso center.
> The Iowa CImutnuqun assembly lias been
permanently located at Colfax ,
It will cost , $ CS,4"3 to maintain the publio
schools of Uubmpjo next year.
There are twenty girls to two boys nt Lib
erty nnd u mala importing society Is talked
Corro Oordo county will bo taxed ? U,009 for
the luxury of having the Urown poisoning
case ,
The secretary of the stuto board of health
is busilv nt work on a circular on tlio use o *
The trial of Mrs. Hillings , of Waverlv , for
l > erury ] , has been postponed until the next
term of court.
F. M. Hoovor./tf Vinton , in stopping upon
i chair In some manner tipped it , throwing
luni upon the buuktof . the choir , fracturing a
At LostNatioil lust wool : a minister uu-
bruidcd a Biilooukooner for defying the law.
Hot words followed and n light ensued. It
ivas n dandy scrap , but the preacher got a
Ittlo the woist/jfflt. /
A petition to tl'iu governor of Iowa for the
mrdon of W. l Moudunhntl who is hi the
itato panltontlnwifor thu murder of Joseph
[ line * , of Em-miff , Shelby county , about
.hroo yours ago , . m in . circulation ,
.J I )
Iroquls U to h&v6 an artesian welL
A real estate boom Is on at Pierre. '
Mount Vornoii HuitB a harness sliop ,
The MoUioJhw of Klmb.ill are to erect a
mmonago. "
' A law and order 'society ' la to be organized
it Whltowood.
Kllcndalo claims to trans-let f ! 00OW worth b ,
f business uunuully. MIn
A Chinaman living at Spourllah claims to T
tuvo lost &ICVO gambling nt Deadwood , Intl
A hatchet sociable wus the fouturo of the tl
clobrutlon of ' l > .
birthday at Ira-
uis. 01
Manufactories furnlshlftg employment to tltl
UUmon will bo started ut South Sioux Falls tl
his year. I"H
The clt/.ons of lilunt have passed resolu- I"gl
ions asking the coUnty commissioners to ex- glHi
and tS'JO to advurtUo the county. Hi
There is some ttilk of a meeting between tl !
tie lc.idwood and Itapld Cfty gun clubs IIW
hortly after warm weather returns , W
- * -
The mosLoftlcnciousfcttmulunt lo ox- IIUt
Ut :
llolho nppollio is Angostura Hitters , m
lie genuine- Or. J , li , Ii , Siogort & Bt :
lonu. At all druggisU , pc
Statesmen Who Have Administered
the Govomtnout 100 Yoars.
Atcn Illustrious In AVnr and In
Civil lilfe Oltizcti Killers AVlio
\Vcrc the l'cci-8 In Power
of l-jmi > erors.
Slcctclics oT Clilof Magistrates.
Whoa President Cleveland's term of offleo
expires nt noon to-iluy , March I , tlicro will
have been completed a liuiulrod yenrs of con-
stltutlontil government In the United States.
The occasion scorns appropriate for a brief
review of the careers of the twenty-one wes-
idcnta wlio have nthninlstorcil the govern-
uient during Its llrst century of existence.
01:0110r : WASHINGTON' .
The first president of tlio United Stntos
was tlio unanimous choice of the people for
that high station. As soon 113 the constitu
tion was tuloptoil , in tlio framing .of which
Washington shnrcil as president of' the con
vention , all America looked to him n < t the
citizen entitled above nil others to first ex-
crclso executive functions under It , niul
with extreme roluctaiico ho yielded to the
populur will. Tins most cminont of Atnorl- patriots , the record of whoso illustrious
career should bo a part of the education of
every American cltircn , was descended from
an old Kugllsh family , the nnmo of Wash
ington being traceable as far buck us the
thirteenth century. About 1(157 ( two
brotlicrs , John and Lawrence Washington ,
emigrated to Virginia and settled at Bridge's
Crock , on the Potomac , In tlto county of
Westmoreland. Lawrence , the father of
George Washington , himself a most esti-
nmblo man , was twice married , nnd she- who
is honored in our history as Mary , the
mother of .Washington , was his second
wife. Her great son was born on
the 22d of February , 1732. The
province of Virginia offered but
scanty means of education , and reading ,
writing , arithmetic and the mathematics
wcro alone within the reach of Washington.
Passing over the details of his earlier youth ,
wo como to his entrance into the military
service , nt the ago of nineteen , as commander
of tlio northern department of Virginia , n
most responsible position for one who had
not reached the ago of manhood. At the ace
of twenty-one Major Washington w.xs sent to
confer with tlio commander of the French
forces about to erect forts on the Ohio , nnd
to inquires by what right ho presumed to invade -
vado tlio dominions of the king of England ,
and what were his designs. The mission was
successfully accomplished , nnd us a result of
it Washington was sent with a force to do-
feud the invaded territory. His military
services up to the time ho resigned his com
mission In the tinny of Virginia constitute n
most interesting chapter of his career , espe
cially as showing the possession and steady
development of those great qualities which
later raised him to the llrst place among his
contemporaries. He acquired
experience as a member of the Vircinia
house of burgesses for n period of flftuen
years , and won tlio honor and respect of nil
who were associated with him. Washington
was among the llrst to resent the oppressive
measures ol the Uritish parliament , and was
active hi preparing the public mind for the
resistance that culminated in the revolution.
When the army was organised after the fiist
blood ivas shed at Lexington , Washington
was chosen comumnder-in-chief. His mag-
nilicent career during the succeeding years
of war , much of the time under the most dif-
llcult und discouraging conditions , cannot
hero bp oven outlined , but no part of Ameri
can history is of greater or moro instructive
and inspiring interest. The heat of parties ,
which had been growing during Washing
ton's lirst term as president , from 17S'.i ' tel
l yj ; , and the apprehension of statesmen con
cerning the stability of the union , induced
Washington to sucrilico his private inclina
tion to tlio publio welfare , mid to accept a
second term of oflk-c , which expired in 1707.
Ho retired to Mount Vernon , but in 1703 ,
in consequence of the difficulties with Franco ,
ho was again called Into public service , re
ceiving the appointment of lieutenant general.
The diflicultius wcro settled before armies
could be set in motion , out Washington re
tained his commission until his death , which
occurred December 14 , 1799 , in tlio sixty-
eighth year of his ago.
Among the illustrious founders of the re
public , John Adams , the second president of
the United States , occupies a place of equal
eminence with any of them , Washington
alone cxccptcd , Jefferson spokt ! of him as the
colossus of the continental congress , and the
adoption of the Declaration of independence
was duo largely to his determination , bold
ness and eloquence. John Adams was born
in Uaintres , Mass. , on the Kith of October ,
( old style ) , 1705. Ho graduated from Har
vard college and afterwards studied law. Ho
early evinced a fondness for politics , nnd his
feeling wontstrongly nnd ardently American.
In the continental congress he advo
cated the boldest measures with great
force and brilliancy. On tlio 7th of Juno ,
1770 , Hichnrd Henry Lee made the famous
[ notion that the colonies bo declared frco and
independent states. John Adams toolc tlio
load upon then side of independence and ap
liealed fervently and powerfully to congress
lp take the decisive step. Ho was ono of the
xmumttoo appointed to draw up the Declara
tion of Independence , and ho win among the
llrst to put his signature to that immortal
locumcnt. Mr. Adams rendered diplomatic
lervico of thu highest value to the colonies ,
ind when Washington was elected to the
iresidcncy ho was made vice president. Ho
vas elected president after u close and
ipirltcd contest against Thomas JotTorson.
muportcd by the republicans , or democrats ,
ind Thomas Piiioknoysupported by 11 portion
> f the federal party. Mr. Adams served but
me term , ut the close of which he retired to
ils estate in Massachusetts , Ho died at the
igo of ninety-one , on the -Hli of July , 1820.
THOMAS .HlTiilM : > X.
The author of the Declaration of Indcpend-
Mice ami the third president of the United
States , Thomns JolTerson , was born at u
ilnee called Shoiwoll , in Alboumrlo county ,
\ ' \ \ . , on the 21 of Anril fold style ) , 17IU. Ho
oceived u very thorough education , und In
7UI , when Just twenty-one years old , was
tdmittcd to the bar. His patriotism was llrst
iroused by the famous spcnch of P.itricic
Innry in the Virginia house of delegates ,
ind ho subsequently entered politics and was
iloeted to the legislature of the province.
10 entered the Continental congress in 177 < i ,
ind soon achieved n place In thu respect of
hat body. Ucmg appointed chairman of the
onunitteo to prepare the Declaration of In-
ppondencc , ho drew up that formal Instru-
licnt , which immortalized his fame. Mr.
offcrson was In the cabinet of Washington ,
nd when Admits was chosen president ho
ttis elected to the vice presidency. During
11 this period , Us the lender of the repub-
ic.m party , as the political organization op-
osedto the federalistwus then called , Mr.
olferson exercised tremendous political In-
uonce , attaining u distinction as the ox-
onont of principles and policies which should
revnil in the administration of the gov-
rnmont that still gives his name potency in
\ir political nlfalrs. In thu presidential c-on-
jst of 1700 , Mr. JofTorson und Aaron Hurr
aving received the same number of eleo-
> ral votes the election of a president do-
nlved upon tliu house of representatives.
.HIT a most memorable contest , Jefferson
'us bueeosafnl on the thirty-sixth ballot ,
lurr , of toursc , becoming vice president ,
111. JolTorrton wus ro-clccted in ISO I. At the
lose of tils second term ho retired to Monti-
Jllo , where ho dloa at the ago of nighty-
irec , on the Fourth of July , 1S20 , the day
ii which also died his illustrio'js ' compatriot ,
> hn Adams.
Jefferson was succeeded in the presidency
; another EOII ol Virginia , James Madison ,
ho wus bom on the 10th of March , 1751.
tils distinguished mun , whoso influence wus
irdly HOeond to that of any other In hhnplng
10 early policy of tlio republic , occcupioil u be
omlnent place among tlio wise and cnllght. in
led atiiteamen of his time. Ho entered re
t oontliient.U congrois In ITtU , und for rept
rt-o years noted a prominent part in the ptcc
( Hifcdlngd. Madison wan ono of thee cc
o delegates thut represented Vir- tliH
niu in thu convention that framed H
o constitution , and ho hud a large hlmru In in
o construction of timt great Instrument. ofwl
u wus In c-ongresa from 17s'J ' to 1707 , und wl
is one of the most prominent of the oppo- th
iitn of the lluunciui measure's proposed by lei
million , then secretary of the treasury , w ,
d the pal icy generally of Washington's ud- Hi
niitr.itlon. Hu was mudo Kocrutary of
ito by Mr , JufT non und t'ontlnucd In tha
sitloii throughout the two term * of thut pr
president. In 1809 Mr. .MndUon become
president , and it was during bis administra
tion tli at congress declared war against
Great Britain. At the election of ISl'J Mr.
Madison was re-elected , At the close of hU
second term In 1317 Mr. Miullson retired to
his homo at Montpoller' , Va. , where ho re
mained with few interruptions until the date
of his death , Juno US , 1S3' ' ! .
The fifth president of the United SUtcn.
James Monroe , whoso famous "doctrine"
the nation Is now proposing to
reassert , was a commanding fig-
tire among the statesman of Ills
time. Ho was born on the ! M of April , 17W ,
in the county of Westmoreland , Virginia ,
nnd nt the ago of eighteen abandoned his
studies ami joined Washington in Now Vork.
making during the ensuing two or three
year a high reputation for bravouy us n sol
dier. In 1783 ho appeared In the continental
congress , of which ho bccamon leading mem
ber. He was one of the most earnest op
ponents of the adoption of the national con
stitution. It 1700 ho took his scat in the
United States senate , nnd four years later
was appointed by Washington minister to
the French republic. Ho also olTected the
negotiations with France , during the admin
istration of Jefferson , for the purchase of
Louisiana. Ho was secretary of state in the
administration of Mr. Madison. Mr. Monroe
\vas elected to the presidency In 1810 and reelected -
elected In IS'JO , receiving ovcry vote of the
doctoral college except one. At tlio close of
his administration ho retired to Ins A'lrgmla
residence , nnd later served us a countv
magistrate. Mr. Monroe d'cd ' on the Oth of
July. 18II1 , nt the ago of seventy-two years. His
administrations were exceedingly popular.
The boyhood of John Quiney Adams , sixth
president of the United States , was the
poitod of the revolution , In the principles of
which ho was baptized. Ho was born in
Uostonon the 11th of July , 1707. Ho ob
tained a very thorough education , gatnini ;
valuable knowloJgo in his sojourns abroad
with his father , and hobugiin ourly to attract
attention to tlio superior qualities of Ills
mind. His Ural public position was us min
ister to The Hague , to which ho wag ap
pointed by Washington. Ho was In the
United States scimto trom 1803 to 1803 , was
appointed minister to Knosia in ISO' ) , assisted
in negotiating the treaty of Ghent , which
terminated the war of 1812 , wus appointed
minister to England , nnd In 1817 became sec
retary of stale in the administration of
President Monroe. In thooxcltingcumpuign
of IS'.M there was no choice of u president b\-
the people , nnd the election devolved upon
the house of representatives , Tne contest
in that body resulted in the election of Mr.
Adams over Andrew Jackson and William
H. Crawford , and ho took his seat on
March , 1S.5 , the ceremonies of the Inaugu
ration being the most brilliant and imposing
ut > to that time. Adams was charged with
securing his election by making n trade with
Clay , but tlio chnrgo was refuted. He was u
candidate for re election in 1823 , but was de
feated by Jackson. Adams retired to Ills
family seat at Quincy , Mass. , and in IS.'tO
was elected to congress , wheio ho continued
to servo until hi * death on the 2nd of Febru
ary , 181S.
The hero of New Orleans , nnd , in many
respects one of the most distinguished
characters in American history , was
of Irish parentage , nnd wits born
at Cunidon , S. C. , on the 15th of
March , 1707. It was the intention of his
mother to prepare him for the ministry , and
care was taken with his early education.
His tastes led him away from the pulpit to
the bar , and in 1780 ho was admitted to prac
tice. Finding his native state presenting
few inducements to a young attorney , ho re
moved to Tennessee , and hero ho subse
quently found opportunity for the
development of the military tal
ent that afterwards brought nim fume
und honor. Thu career ot Jackson as u sol
dier was successful , and in many respects
brilliant , his crowning achievement being
the defeat of the English forces at Now Orleans -
loans on the Sth of January , 1815 , an event
still celebrated by his countrymen. In 1S2. ) ,
Jackson wus elected to ho United States
senate , nnd in Ib23 was chosen to the presi
dency. His llrst term was distinguished by
several nullitlcution schemes of Calhoun and
Hayuo.whlch Jackson summarily crushed. It
was then , also , that the policy was inaugu
rated of general removals from ofllco for par
tisan reasons , which gave to William L.
Marc.v , n senator from Now York nnd a
staunch supporter of Jackson , to proclaim
the doctrine which has since crystallized in
the phiMso "to the victors belong the spoils. "
Jaclcson was re-elected in 1S32 , und at the ex
piration of his term retired to tlio Hermitage
in Tennessee , where ho died on the Sth of
Jiiiic , 1S45.
MAUTI.V VAN Ilt'llliX.
man of line ability nnd a
politician of consummate skill ,
Martin Van Huron enjoyed tlio
advantage of tlio hearty friendship and con-
liucnco of Andrew Jackson , which was a
great aid to his political success. Ho was
born at Kinderhook , N. Y. , December
5 , 1732 , and entered politics at the ago of
eighteen. Ho represented Now York in the
national senate and was made governor of
the state in 1S3S , which ho resigned to go
into the cabinet of Jackson as secretary of
state. Ho was chosen vice president of the
United States in 1332 anil four years after
was clectod president. Ho was a candidate
for re-election in 1840 und was defeated by
Harrison. Ho failed of u nomination in the
ileuiocratio convention of 1541 , but was the
3andidaLe of the "froo soil democrats" four
years after , IIo died in July , IsOJ.
WIM.IAM IIINUV : ii iititio.v.
The ninth president of the United States ,
William Henry Harrison , was u native of
Virginia , and was born February 0 , 177H.
tVlter graduating ho turned his attention to
die study of medicine , but after u time ru-
iolved to give up this profession and
oln the army. He received u
. ommlsson us 'ensign from Pros-
dent Washington , and at nineteen joined bis
irtillory corps at Fort Washington. In 17U3
10 was niiido.secretary of the northwestern
.orritory , and tlio year after was elected u
.erritory delegate to congress. In 1830 ho
vas appointed governor of Indiana territory ,
mowing marked administrative ability in
his position. His military career against
, lie Hritisl. and Indians was very successful ,
md cave him a distinguished reputation us
i soldier. He was subsequently in congress
ind in the diplomatic service , and ut tlio
ling of his election to the presidency in 1810
vas clerk to thu court of Hamilton county ,
) hio. President Harrison was in ofllco but si
mo month , hia death taking place on the -lib &
if April , 1811. U
John Tyler wus chosen vice prcsidnnt with J'iui
larrison , and on the death of the lutter HUC- in
eeded to the presidency. Ho was u native ti
f Virginia , and was born on the 2'Jtli ' of tiVI
larch , 17'JO. In 1610 lie wus elected to con- VI
ress , and twice ic-olcclcd , In lbl5 ! ho was 111
boson governor of Virginia , and afterwards III
iiccccdcd the grout but eccentric John Kan- IIIUI
olph In the United .States Hen a to. UI
Us legislative career gi ve him a UICD
utlonal reputation. As president , lion-over , CDbe
IH administration wus Justly subjected lo sc Id
ore criticism , and the record is not entirely th
) his honor. He failed to souuro a reinan- di
at.ion from the rcgulur democratic con/pn-
on of Ib4l. He died ut Richmond , Vii , , in
anuury , IbU'i , VI
JAM lib K. I'OI.IC. in
No man over nominated for the presidency to
UH less known to the people than .lames K.
'oik ' at the time of his nomination , and that asmi
, 'cnt was n great surprise to thu democratic fie
: irty. He was born in North Carolina on lei
10 yd day of November. l7Ci ! , and tlio curly bi >
; , irs of his life present little of interest. Ho ha
as elected to congress In Ib25 , where he ud
irved several terms und iiiadu u creditable hi ;
: eord. Ho was speaker of the Twenty- of
lurth and Twcnty-llfth congresses , ami was liu
ccted governor of Tennessee In IS' ) ' . ' , con- iiif
nuingmoro or loss active in state politics 185
itil lilsiiomlimtion and election to the pros I-
moy in 1844. Thu Mexlcin war and the J
mexation of Texas were the chief evi'nts of fin
jilt's ad ministrationand lvo It a prominent the
ace In our history , Ho declined to bo u cau bo i
date fur lo-elcctloii. His death took im
uco on thu Kith of June , Ib'IH. trl.
The popularity of General Tuyior as a wa
Idler secure I him tlio whig nomination In wa :
H. Ho wus u native of Virginia , and was pr
rn in the year 17fil. Hu untorud thu tinny rei :
IROj us u lieutenant , and .hls military ca- dat
er throughout wus highly micoosiful. Ho In
rfonnod dintlnijiilshed wervieu In the
- xic.111 war , allowing great ability us a
muicndur , und lighting qualities that won I
[ > entliiisiastio udmlratlpn of thu country ,
jforu ho luft Mexico ho Imcl boon iioml- fltOI
ted for the presidency in various Hectionn Hu
the union , and the choice of tlio national ma
iig convention wan the natural oijtcomo of maK
a popular expressions. President Tay- ' n
> 's brief administration of sixteen months
, s-murkoJ by fo\v evonu of great intnrctt.
i died on the Dili of July , l $ . " < u.
' ' thci
( 'resident r'lllmoro succeeded to
jalJeucy. Hu wus bora In Uayuga couuty , toll
Noxv York , In the your 1800. Ills iwyhood
had few advantages , and lid was
early apprenticed to learn the cloth *
ier trade. Ho thirsted for know *
ledge , however , and Improved nil his
leisure hours in reading. Ho was
persuaded to study law , and in time reached
distinction in the profession. In 1S.2 ! ho was
elected to congress nnd several times re-
elected. In 18171m was elected comptroller
of Now York. In 1818 ho was nominated for
the vice presidency on the ticket with Gen
eral Taylor. On succeeding to the presi
dency ho organised u new cabinet , of which
Danlol Webster was the head , nnd although
his administration was subjected to severe
criticism , chletly because of his having
signed the fugitive slave law. none over
questioned that ho tilled the lilgh station
with honor and n conscientious sense of duty ,
Mr. Fillmore was the candidate of the Ameri
can party lor president in 1850. Ho dlod ut
Huffalo on on the 8th of Mnrch , 1871.
niANKi.ix riiitcK. :
The nomination of Plorco was nttnthcr
selection somowhiit like that of 1'clk , though
ho was better known than his predecessor.
Pleroo was born nt Hillsborough , N. II , , ou
tho'-id ! : of N'ovombcr , ISOi. Ho wont to con
gress In 18'U ) and was there two terms , being
transferred to the senate. Ho mudo no very
great murk as n legislator , though
ho was n useful member of
both houses. Ho declined several
political honors that came to him unsought ,
nnd ou the breaking out of the Mexican war
showed his patriotism by enrolling himself
us the curliest volunteer of u company rulsoit
In Concord. Ho did good service us a soldier ,
attaining tlio rank of general. Ho was nomi
nated on the forty-ninth ballot In the national
convention thut met in Baltimore in 18.VJ , and
was Inatigoratcd March , 18.VJ. Ho died nt
Concord , October 8 , ISil'.i. '
Mr. Huclmiuin wus n native of Pennsyl
vania , and was born April 2.'t , 1791 , Ho was
n man of line ncqulrumonls nnd superior
ability , but his course at a most vital epoch
In our history llxed an Indclllblo stain on his
patriotism and showed him lucking In essen
tial qualifications lor the high station ho
filled. Jjimcs Buchanan hud filled creditably
legislative and diplotimtiu positions , and bis
place In history would bo moro honorable If
ho had never aspired to loftier place. Ho
was elected to the presidency In 18M , nnd
his administration from llrst to last was
under southern domination. Its record
possesses hardly one redeeming feature.
On retiring from ofllco Mr. Buchanan
returned to his homo in Whcatlaud , where
ho died Juno 1 , IStW.
The career of this Illustrious patriot , which
moro than that of any other mnn in our his
tory illustrated the possibilities of American
citl/cnship , is so familiar that details may bo
omitted from tills brief review of the presi
dents. Abraham Lincoln was born in a rude
log cabin near Nwlln Crook , Ky. His boyhood
was passed in hard work , of which rail splitt
ing was not the least laborious part. Ho em
ployed what lcasura ho could Ibid In reading ,
and ho road only Instructive books. Thut
sterling quality of character which gave him
the title -'Honest Abe" was as marked in
his earlier us in his later life. Ho early
manifested a taste for public speaking
and political affairs , and took an active part
in the campaign of 1810. Ho entered con
gress in 1817 , and soon bccntuo rccoirulzcil us
a man of marked ability. Hut it was his
great debate with Stephen A. Douglas that
gave him national fame , although lie made
some mumorablo utterances before that.
Tlio republican national convention of 1800 j
was the most important in its consequences I
In the history of such conventions. William 1
II. Sowurd , Simon Cameron and Solomon P. I
Chuso wcro among those presented for the I
residential nomination , and when tlio I
nouicnt hud almost arrived for balloting , I
lesso Harper , of Illinois , presented the name I
> f Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln was I
lominntod after n few ballots , and tlio choice I
vas received with great favor ( 'oiiorallv by I
.he . republican party. All the eventful life 1
if Mr. Lincoln down to the night of the |
rngedy. April 14 , ISGj , which .shocicud tlio 1
vorld and turned to profound mourn-
ng the joy of the nution
iver conquered rebellion , is familiar. The {
nartyr president died on the morning of j
Ipril 15 , 1S05 , having by his great work P
arned a place by the side of Washington in I
he love and veneration of his countrymen. fi
Vice President Andrew Johnson toolc the II
nth of ofllco us presided on the day of tlio |
cath of Mr. Lincoln. Ho was born on the I
9th of December , 1803 , in Ualoigh , N. I
! . Ho was in both branches of con- I
rcss and lllled other publio trusts before his I
lection to the vice presidency in ISO I. His
dministration was not in harmony with tha
'publican party and ho was impeached by
Diigross. Ho escaped conviction by 0110
ite. Six years after his retirement from
10 presidency he was elected to tlio United
tales senate from Tennessee , and took his H
: iit Mnrch 4 , 1875. In tlio snuio year , July
1 , ho died.
The conqueror of the rebellion was born on
10 2'Jtb ' of April , 182J , 'at Point Pleasant , O.
0 entered West Point at the ago of seven-
: cn and graduated at twenty one. He made I
good record in the Mexican war , sometime
ter which ho resigned his commission
id went to farming- , subsequently
ling into mercantile lifo. The oplondld
Hilary career of Grant during the rebellion fl
well known to all readers of the history of fl
at era. It gave him world-wido fam'n as jfl
c greatest soldier of his time , und one of jl
e greatest in nil time. Grant had no ojipuJH
Lion in the national republican conventions n
1803 nnd 1872 , und In both the elections the III
oplo overwhelmingly testified to their 'In
nlldenco in him. After protracted sufferH |
g from the inroads of u malignant cancer , 1
( literal Grunt died ut Mount McUregoi' , B
Y. , July 23 , 18ST ) , In the slxty-fouriu fl
ar of his ngp. H
iirTHKiiroiiii n. iiivr.s , H
I'lio eighteenth president of the United HI
ales , Rutherford H. Hayes , wus born in H
jlawaro , O. . October , Ib22. He mudo Hood
; oed record in the war of the rebellion , anil !
is gave him a popularity which was shown H
his being twlco elected governor of Ohio. Wm
1 was in Ibis olilco when ho was nominated Mm
r the presidency by the republican nu-
mil convention , In CinclmiDli , In June , ft
" 0. Tho. incidents connected with thu doK m
inlnutioii of his election are u familialI m
rt of recent political history. KxPreslf M
nl Hayes is living at Fremont , O. i
JAMI-.S v , n.\iiriiiii. : ] ,
This distinguished statesman , whose assasS'B
lutlon and death shocked and bereaved the fU
intry in 1831 , wus of humble birth , mid his Ifl
j is another Illustration of what American \'U \
nth of couruue , industry and ambition may I
wniplisb. Ho was born in Ohio in I8-'JI , !
[ 1 was one of thu boat examples thu conn-
has produced of u "self mudo mun. " H
rll'jld did excellent service in thu civil H
r , and for years in congress was a comH
mdlng figure. His nomination by tlio repub ) H
in national convention at Chicago , In mso , B
s ttio outcome of thu third term contest , H
1 it was received by the republicans of the H
in try opposed to u third term with unH
mdcd gnitllication and c'litliusiasm. ProsH
nt Gurlluld was Khot down by Gniteuu In HH
deoot at Wuslnngton July L , 1831 , and H
d on thu Kith of Suiitomuer.
LIIKHIKH A. Aiirnuii. H
'Iio ' day following the death of GuHlold , H
u President Arthur took tlio oath of olllce
S'ew York citj und repaired Immediately VH
iVushington , where tlio oath of ofllco was H
in udmlnlsteiTil by tliuchiof JiiHtieoof tlio M
remo court. Mr.Arthur was liarn ut Fair- H
f , Vt. , October f . ISO Hu liud boon H
i ; jiroinlnonl in Now York politic * buforo H
nomination for the vice presidency , but j l
held no very Important positions. Ills H
liniHtrntlon , Ihougli not eventful , was BH
dy credltablo to him At tlio expiration j H
its term bo returned to tlio practice of H
, but did not long survive , his death tuk- H
plaoo in Now York cityNovember 13 , B
OIIOiil : CMiVKLA.NI ) . 1
le president whoso term completes the
cuitury of constitutional ffovurninont In I
United States , Graver Cleveland , was 11
i In Caldwell , N. J. , March 13 , W
. In lB > iU he wus appointed nssihtant di - BTI
attorney of New York , in 187U ho was > }
Led ttlicrlll of Unit county , und In 1831 ho M'l
elected mayor of UuJTnlo. In IHH'i ) io B < >
olcctcd governor of New York by un uu- ]
edentod majority. Hu wuv ut OIIDJ i ,
( ; ni/ed as n posnlblo prosldcntlal cundlD >
, und this honor came to him ut Chicago B *
5.31. I' .
The I'rcipriutlim OlMervud , Bis
lilludvlnhlu Ilccord : Anthony ComKl |
k ( in lietitdd biitli-roim ( ) "IIolloI Ifl
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