Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 16, 1889, Image 1

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The Escort of President Harrison
to the White Houao.
llnrrlhim Bnld tu Look Fnvor.thly
Upon the NohrnHkn Ktntcsmnii
For the Intnr-Htiue Coin-
incroc CoiiiinlKHlon.
Ill 51,1 F HKJ'TflSTIlSEr , >
WASIIISOTOX , D. C. , Fob. 15 , I
" .Teffcrsonlnn simplicity" will notcharcter
lo Iho inauguration of President Harrison ,
Hi ! vi , tint ride on horseback to the eapitol ,
hiU'h : ild marc to n tree and go into the
BCtiaU . . uinberto lake Iho oath , us It Is said
his Illustrous predecessor did , but ho will bo
accompanied to the platform \vith all the
i- pomp a ml parade possible. The preparations
sire very -arly completed , and if the day Is
Jlno , the demonstration will bo moro Impos
ing than nnythlngof the kind the country has
over snon. The size of the procecsion will bo
limited only to the width aud length of
Pcnns.vlvanla avenue. Fifty thousand sol-
llor.s mid members of civicorganizatlons will
be In line , and under the rules of the commit
tee of arrangements , they must be uniformed
There have been few great parades in tills
country , and the Intention has been to innku
Ihls one lo surpass all the rest. The limtiirii-
ral proceedings lake place at 13 o'clock on
the eastern portico of the eapitol. General
Harrison will bo accompanied from the white
Iiouso to tlio senate chamber by President
Cleveland and his cabinet , by committees
from both houses and by the citizens in
charge of the inaugural proceedings , and the
escort of the party will bo composed of 1,500
troops of the regular army , cavalry , Infantry ,
and artillery and by the national guards of
the District of Columbia , who comprise
about eight hundred men. The Immediate
personal escort of General Harrison will bo
the members of the regli.icnt ho commanded
during tlio war , the Seventieth Indiana.
Arriving at the HCiinto chamber the presi
dent-elect will see the vice prer.idcnt-olect
sworn in , and then accompanied by bolh
houses of congress will proceed lo Ihe east
portico where the oath will be administered
to him by Chief Justice Fuller. Ho will
then deliver his address , got into the car
riage and bo escorted buck to the white
house by a procession of nu.OOO men. This
procession will be in five divisions. In the
llrst division will bo the regular troops under
the command of General Scholield and the
militia of the District of Columbia , number
ing aboul twenty-two hundred men , and the
second division will bo Iho National Guards.
of Pennsylvania , commanded by General
Hnrlraufl , 8,000 men. 'J'lio third division
includes the other military organizations ,
numbering about ten thousand men , who
will bu commanded by Governor Fo raker of
Ohio. Thu fourth division will bo composed
of the Grand Army of the Republic , under
the command of Representative William
Warner , of Missouri , us Commander-in-
chief , 5,01)0 men. The fifth and
Sixth divisions will bo composed
of civic organi/ations , under thu command
of Miram M. Parker , of Washington , and
Kdwin S. Stuart , of Philadelphia , respec
tively. The reports received at/ the inaugural
licadquiirlers show that civic organizations
numbering 18,000 men have already indicated
their purpose to bo present and participate
in the procession. As soon as the formal
moccodlngc uf. Dm rupitol arc concluded
President Harrison and ex-President Cleve
land will bo escorted to ttieir filaccs in the
procession , which will then pass down Penn
sylvania avenue lo the white house , where
tlio two presidents will take Iheir places In
the reviewing stand and the column will
inarch along Pennsylvania avenue as tar as
Twenty-second street , where 1C street inter
sects the avcpue and forms what is known as
Washington Circle. The procession will
pass around this circle and proceed down K
Htrect for two miles , when it will bo dis
missed. Pennsylvania avenue and 1C street
are to be elaborately decorated for the occa
sion , and there will bo a show of bunting
such as never has been seen hero. In the
evening there will bo another procession of
flambeau clubs , u prize having been offered
for the bcht display. There will also bo
1,000 , or $5,000 worth of fireworks exploded
in the park south of the white house , and
there will bo private illuminations on the
principal clreuls. The ball lakes place
in Iho pension buildimr , where there is floor
room to accommodate 1U.OOO people. The
committee In charge of the ball propose to
limit the sale of tickels to that number ,
which it is quite probable they will bo ablu
to do. This will bring them a fund of 5(50- (
1)00 ) , which will very nearly pay all the ex
penses of the inauguration. A guaranty
fund of $50,000 has been raised and placed in
n bank , which will bo returned to the sub
scribers after all the bills are paid.
A Washington special in to-days Now York
Tribune nays : "The expected retirement ol
Mr. Walker , of the intor-slato commission ,
to accept a more lucrative employment , has
reminded several eminent gentlemen that
ttiu vacancy will bo a desirable one , and that
n salar.y of $7,500 par year is not a thlm ; to
bo despised. It ix reported that ex-Senator
Van wyek of Nebraska lias boon considered
by Prusidont-olect Harrison for the placo.
Representative Darlington of Pennsylvania ,
who occupies General Van Wyck's Wash
ington house , expects to vucuto it before
March 10. having received notice that the
owner desires. to resume possession on that
date. From this it would appear that Gen
eral Van Wyck feels pretty confident of ob
taining olllcu under the incoming uumlnistra-
tlon. "
Nearly all of iho men who hold oflieo un
der the last republican administration have
turned up as candidates for places under thu
now one. Most of them want to go back
into their old seals , but others aspire to
promotion. If they nro all gratified there
will be very few appointments loft to dis
tribute among the nist of the republican
party , mid this fact has occasioned a good
deal of caucusing among thu senators and
representative- congress who will have
the patronagn to bestow. It lias been in
formally decided by them , after consultation
with Goncral Harrison , that tlio fact that a
man was turned out of otllco by Presi
dent Cleveland shall not bo held us a claim to
restoration , and that thu old olllclnls shall
have no bettor chance of receiving appoint
ments than Ihotiu who never hold a commis
sion under thu government. This decision
was caused by people , who thought it was
only necessary to knock at the uoors In order
to bo walked right Into the place they held
on the 4th of March , 1SS-I. President Harrison
risen has several times said to senators who
addressed him on this subject , that ho feels
under no obligation whatever to restore
ofllcors who were ejected by the presidential
election In 1SSI , but the fact that they have
on co hold olllco will have no weight either
for or against them , Kvcry back number
will have to take his place In line with the
OMAHA'S rosTomcnsiri : .
Senator Mumiorson will leave for the west
to-morrow evening reaching Lincoln on
Monday evening , barring accidents. The
senator called ou the assistant secretary
of the treasury , Mnynurd , this morning in
reference to the Omaha postofllco building ,
hnd it was agreed that the mutter should go
forward at once , not awaiting the incoming
of the next administration. Pursuant to this
understanding tha notice for proposals for
the situ will go forward ut once for publica
tion , and a treasury export will then proceed
to Omaha to examine and report.
Senator Mandorson to-day culled on Sec
retary Vllus In reference to the proposed
abolition of the Bloouiingtoii land otllco In
Nebraska. In consideration of the showing
made tlio secretary divided not to discon
tinue nor to consolidate It with the oftlce at
Lincoln ,
The prevailing opinion among the republi
can senators and members of congress is
that the admission of thn territories will
have no weight whatever upon the probabili
ties of an extra session ; that It simply re-
IJijvcs the uoxt congress from a ccrtunl
: i
amount of work which every one supposct
it would have to do , but that the territorial
bills wore not thn strongest arguments In
favor of an extra session. It is thought not
only necessary , but absolutely imperative ,
because of the small majority on the repub
lican side , that the organization of the next
house should be perfected as soon as possible
as there Is almost a certainty that the demo
crats will filibuster ngnltist tno ejectment
from his scat of any person on their side , no
matter now strong the claim of his contest
ant. Taking the case of Breckinridgc , for
lnstanc.0 , it has been shown already that
there Is sunicieiit evidence of fraud In the
Second district of Arkansas to thrown cloud
upon the title of Mr. Brecklnridge to his
seat , and the murder of Mr. Clayton , who
was contesting it , has emphasized the fact
Mr. Breckinridgc has been advised by some
of his best democratic friends to resign
and submit the question again to the
people , but as ho refuses to do so , the
republicans will nttcmpt to prevent him from
taking his seat. On the other hand tuo dem
ocrats will lillibuster to obstruct all pltior
business until Mr. Breeklnridgo Is admitted ,
unit thus at the very outset of the now con
gress tlrjro will bo a struggle between the
two parties. Then an even creator struggle
will comn when an attempt Is made to amem
the rules. As the rules now stand , us has
been demonstrated repeatedly , ono man cat
obstruct legislation indefinitely , und may defeat -
feat the passage of any and all measures ho
deus not hanpea to approve. The constitu
tlon of the United States provides that a ma
jority shall govern , but under the present
rules of the house of representatives one man
can defeat the will of the majority.
A dead-lock may occur at the beginning of
the session that will last for months , and so
it is deemed necessary by the republican
leaders that the organization shall take place
as soon us possible. Major McK inley of
Ohio , who is at the head of the lepublican
members ot the committee ou ways and
means , In speaking of the effect the passage
of the territorial bills would have upon the
necessity for mi extra session , said : "Thoro
nro two reasons why an extra session of the
Fillty-Ilrst congress should be called :
" 1. i'osccuro organization of the house ,
which is likely to bo long und dilllcult , as a
lengthy debate and probably a dead-lock will
grow out of the adoption of the now rules ,
und the southern question will bo involved
in the seating of members elected from that
"a. There can bo no revision of the tariff
lit u regular session. It will take nine
mouths to dispose of legislation other than
the tariff. "
General Brown of Indiana , another mem
ber of the committee ou ways and means ,
said : "Ono of the strongest arguments in
favor of an extra session is removed by the
adoption of the omnibus bill , un 1 I do not believe -
lievo that if an extra session is called it will
meet , before the 1st of Octo her. "
Mr. Burrows of Michigan , a republican
member of the eommitlc-o on ways and
means , said : "This is but one , and 1 may say
the smallest argument in favor of an extra
session , whum has been removed. To my
mind nn extra session is inevitable , and I
think it will bo called in April. "
Tin : cowi.r.s HIM , .
Chairman Randall attempted to report the
Cowles free tob.icco bill , from the committee
on appropriations , to the house to-day. Ho
asked unanimous consent and itxras objected
to by Chairman Mills , of the committee on
ways ami means. Mr. Randall said to night
that he would report the bill to-morrow. Tlio
democratic members of the committee on
ways and moans intend to filibuster against
it. When Speaker Carlisle begins to call the
committees tor reports , the committee on
ways and means will b > i reached before the
committee on appropriations , and it 13 ar
ranged that all of the ono hour which is de
voted to the call of the committees shall bo
consumed in filibustering tactics. Mr. Ran
dall can only report the Cowles bill at the
certain times when it will be in order , and it
is the purpose of Mr. Mills and his followers
to defeat the report Doing made at least until
the bill which Mr. Mills will report from the
committee on ways and means lias been debated -
bated in the house , and when it is .expected
it will bo too late to act upon the Cowles bill.
Constitutional ; ( lawyers in both branches of
congress laughed heartily to-day over the
agreement made by Chairman Mills in his
report against the senate substitute to the
house tariff bill. It has been clearly demon
strated that the senate , under the constitu
tion , may concur in or amend revenue oills
created by the house , and that there Is no
limit to the extent to which the senate may
go in amendments to these bills , The sub
ject of the tariff as provoked by the Mills re
port will como up in thu house about next
Tuesday , and whenever there are no ap
propriation bills before the house general
speeches on the subject of the tariff bill will
bo made by the mcmbets of the committee
on ways and means. There will bo no voting
ing on the bill , however , and there will be
no legislation growing out of it. Jt is very
probable that when the committee on ways
and means begins its filibustering against
Mr. Randall's report on the Cowles bill to
morrow that there will bo some lively pro
ceedings. It Is expected that Messrs. Mills
and Randall will have an opportunity to light
out the battle , which lias been raging be
tween them for many years , aud it will bo a
surprise if they uo not indulge in some per
sonalities. Kaoh of thcso men holds a grudge
ugalnsi the other. It will be remembered
that when Mr. Randall made his great tariff
speech last summer Mr. Mills objected to
unanimous consent for an extension of time ,
and this objection on the part of Mr. Mills
was a public declaration that ho was willing
to begin his light openly , and now Mr.
Randall will take up the gauntlet. If a vote
could bo had upon the Cowles bill there is
no doubt that it would bo adopted , but
knowing this it is the determination of tlio
Mills men to defeat any opportunity to vote
upon the Cowlcs measure ,
Chairman Platte , of the senate committee
on territories , is very much pleased with the
action ( if the house to-day in instructing its
conferees to agree with tlio conferees of the
senate in striking New Mexico from the om
nibus bill and admitting the two Uakotas
and Montana and Washington territories to
statehood upon proclamation of tlio president.
Ho says It Is perfectly satisfactory to him ,
and that the bill will bo finally adopted. It
was just what the senate wanted , and yet it
was no moro than was sura to bo given by
the next congress. It Is not expected that the
democrats in iho house will try to defeat it ,
as thu house has instructed Its conferees
what to do , and It Is In honor bound to stand
by tfioso instructions , Since South Dakota
has a constitution , and federal officers
already elected , it is believed that she will
! > the state of South Dakota by thu 1st of
May. The other three territories will have
to form constitutions bcforo they can bo ad
mitted. Senator Voorhees is also very much
pleased to night over the action of the house.
Voorhees has worked us hard as "Sunset"
Cox for the bill in its amended form. Sen
ator Voorhees' son , now u delegate from
Washington Territory , was defeated for re
election. A republican was chosen In his
stead. But there will now have to bu an
election fur a congressman in the state of
Washington , aud young Voorhees will have
another chance. The senator believes that
the people out ttuirt ) should reward him for
his work by making his sou the first con-
Of the ! tt.i certificates of congressmen-
elect , which should bo on Hie with the elork
of thu house , only ! "I4 have yet been pro-
banted. But seventeen days remain before
the terms of the members of the next con-
ECI-OSS begin , Neither Nevada nor Now Hamp
shire have been heard from , but of the thirty-
ono districts which are yet uncertified only
Lhreo aru claimed as doubtful , Of thcso
; here HIT the Third and Fourtli West Vir
ginia districts and thu Chattanooga district
in Tennessee. If all those go democratic ,
und It Is not Improbable that they will , the
republicans will still have a majority in the
iiouso. Even if an extra session Is called before -
fore all the districts not yet hoard from re-
jKirt , their majority by the present returns Is
isaurod. In some of the states , suoh us Cali
fornia and Ohio , the certificates are for
warded to the clerk or the house uy thu see-
rutury of these Mates in bulk , but the com
mon practice is for the members to neml them
u themselves. U would simplify matters u
grout deal If the states would confirm to a
uniform practice , and not have the certifi
cates dropping In at any time from the mid-
lie of December to the 1st of Marrh , with
, lie chances of some of them poing astray
through carelessness or accident ,
Thlrtoon Mon Orawl From Bouoath
the Dobris.
A Following FYelRht I'lungcs In ( <
Another Smashing tlu ; Cahnosa
ninl Tliroivlni * Severn ! Cnr.s
1-Yoin the Truck.
Wreck at Ashland.
AMH\NI > , Neb. Feb. 15. [ Special Tele
gram to TUP. Hnr. . ] An oxtrji fast stoc )
train , nt-t o'clock Friday morning , rnu Into the
end of the regular freight train standing 01
the track hero above the dcpol. The engine
of the fnst freight was almost demolished
The caboose of the train run into was totalb
destroyed , and several cars thrown from the
track and piled on top of each other
Thirteen persons sitting in the caboose a
the tlmo of the wreck escaped by crawling
out from under the debris and sustained
serious injuries. How they escaped I
miracle. The wrecking1 train is hero with i
full force of men who have \vorted ! all the
forenoon in clearing up tlio track. Regular
passenger trains nro compelled to go iirouiu
by the sldu track. The fast train was i
largo ono loaded with cuttle , sheep and hogs ,
Trio trains were tivo regular freights that
pulled out of Lincoln ono after the other
The llrst train had orders to pick up stock
cars along tha route , and be I ore starting the
conductor told the train following to look
out for it. The train was standing on the
track here , doing this work , when the secouc
train came on and plunged into the llrst. Tin ;
men who were In the caboose knew nothing
of the second train's ' approach , as the windows
dews were curtained.
Death.of Actor Clifford.
HASTIXOS , Neb. , Feb. 15. | Special Tel.c-
gram toTnn Hii-Edwin : | Clifford , of the
Clifford dramatic company , died hero last
night of paralysis of the brain. His last up
pcaranco on the stage wns in this city two
weeks auo in the drama of "Dr. .fcckyll and
Mr. Hydo. " The real name of Clifford was
Acker. Ho began his theatrical career in
Washington , D. C. Ho was forty-five years
old. Ho was -a Knight Templar and that
order of Masonry in this city took charge oi
the remains , which will be sent to Clifford's '
homo at Oshkoah , Wis. He leaves a wife
and four children. His wlfo aud one son
wcro present at his death.
Deatli of.IumeH A. Wallace.
PAWNIII : CITV , Neb. , Feb. 15. [ Special to
TnnHKK. ] .Tames A. Wallace , a prominent
citizen of this place , whoso attack of pa
ralysis was mentioned in TUB lice Wednes
day , died at his home , adjoining the city , yes
terday morning. Mr. Wallace has been in
the furniture business In this city for some
time , has been county surveyor for a number
of years , and was one of the prominent par
ticipants in the building of the First United
Presbyterian church in this city , the largest
and finest church in this part of the state.
The funeral takes place at 230 ; p. ra. to-day.
The Committee at Beatrice.
BEAT-HICK , Neb. , Feb. 15. [ Special Tele
gram to Tiir. BEn. | The house committee on
public buildings was hero to-day to inspect
the institute for the feeble-minded. In com
pany with prominent citizens they looked
over the buildings and grounds , and were ,
dined by Dr. Armstrong , the superintendent.
They wcro afterwards shown about the city
by the mayor and other citizens. They re
turned to Lincoln this evening.
The Genoa School.
GUNOA , Neb. , Feb. 15. [ Special Telegram
to THE BUE. ] The newspaper accounts of
Superintendent Chase's trouble have been
greatly exaggerated. I have heretofore auth
orised no statements on the subject. Mr.
Chase is here , having returned after a brief
aosence. EDMONI > MAM.UTT ,
Indian Inspector.
Its Originator * Now Very Confident
ol Ultimate Success.
CHICAGO , Fob. 15. It now seems probable
that the inter-state commerce railway asso
ciation agreement will soon go into effect by
having received the signatures of the roads
embraced in the territory covered , Presi
dent Hughitt , of the Chicago & Northwest
ern road , received advices from Boston this
afternoon that President Perkins , of the
Uurlington , had finally signed. President
Cable , of the Rock Island , who returned
from Colorado to-day , told an Associated
press reporter that the agreement had also
been signed by the president of the Den
ver , Texas & Gulf road ( formerly
the Donvcr & Fort Worth ) . If this
report is correct , there yet remains to sign
only the Burlington & Northern , Illinois
Central and Kansas City , Fort Scott & Gulf ,
and it is considered probable that the llrst
named road will follow in the lead of the
Chicago , Burllnglon it Quincy. The adhe
sion of the Illinois Central and Kansas City ,
Fort Scott & Gulf is not considered so im
It is definitely understood that the Illinois
Central will comply with the terms of the
agreement. President Cable is of the opinion
that all the roads will eventually sign , as , in
his opinion , they could not afford to stay out
oT the association , The contentions of the
Burlington & Northern , that the "Soo" and
other northern lines must bo included , ho
did not think , would bo insisted on , us the
association could protect the Burlington &
Northern against them if necessary by
united action as mill us , that line could pro
tect itself acting independently ,
Favor a
CIIICAOO , Feb. 13. At the morning session
of the western packers of canned goods' as-
sociociation much enthusiasm was created
by u speech by E. S. .liulge , of Baltimore ,
recommending that the association form a
trust.Villlain Boulter , ex-president of the
Canada packers , also niado a speech attract
ing particular attention. He wanted free
tin plato , out did not mean by that that ho
was in any bonso in favor of free
trade. After a great deal of
discussion it was agreed that a
coijimitteo bo selected to go to Washington
to endeavor to have the tariff on tin removed.
This is to apply also to cases exported and to
nil food products encased in tin am ) intended
for homo consumption. The committee hav
ing under consideration the subject of over
production reported that they could devise
no adciuato means of relief , and a resolu
tion was adopted that tha association in no
way restrict tills year's pack.
Cutting the tirnin It-.ites ,
CHICAGO , Fob. 15. It Is charged that the
Chicago , St. Paul , Minneapolis & Omaha
road has violated the agreement of the West
ern freight association , by making a rate of
y/i cents per 100 less than the tariff on 000
cars of grain shipped from Omaha to Duluth.
The penalty prescribed for every Infraction
of the agreement to maintain rales IB u for-
felt of the revenue accruing from Jho cut
I'rl/o Fight in Chicago.
CHICAGO , Feb. 15. Thomas Morgan , the
champion amateur light weight of the north-
vest , and James Manning , a local pugilist ,
fought , to a finish last night in the southern
mrt of the city , Morgan bud the best of the
Ight from the start , although Manning
secured lirst blood. Manning was knocked
out In the elevcutli re und ,
Stilt Trying to Secure th
Colosspnm ,
In Jitme * Oiirdon Bennett , ]
Feb. 15. [ New York llerali
Cable Special to Tun' Br.n.J Spaldlng'
party of American base ball teams arrlvoi
nt BrlndUl this evening per steamer Stcttii
too late for the train for Naples. The voy
ngo across tlie Mediterranean was a stormj
one , and nil were gliul to cutel
sight of land. This morning letters
tors and newspapers from America
wnro eagerly received by the players , thc.v
having been forwarded by Spnldtng's Ion
don agent. Mr. Spuldlug loft to-night to joii
his wife at Naples , and the balance of th
party will follow him to-morrow morning
The mail brought a letter from Secretary
Bayard , requesting the American consuls n
nil European cities to nxtcml every eourtosj
to the touring players. Some dlfllculty was
experienced by the jiarty In getting their
baggage through Brindisl , the cus
toms olllciuls regarding the truul
full of base balls with special dls
favor and suspicion. Their objections wcr
finally overcome , but not until Mrs. Ansoi
had consented to pay duty on a two pouni
box of candy , and the captain himself hai
liquidated the tariff charged on n dozen Turk
ish fez caps. President Spaldlng's agent it
Koine has not yet secured the colosseum fo
the games in that city , . but the base bal
magnate declares his Intention of arranging
for n game within the historic Inclosuro i
It costs him IOOi ) . The teams play 11 gam
nt Pompeii on Sunday or Monday and wil
then proceed to Koine.
_ _
- Of
The Western Packers Cauticil Goods
Association Advlsi-d to Komi Ono.
CmrAco , Fob , 15. [ Special Telegram to
Tin : BBC. | The commodious convention 1ml
in the Sherman house this morning rant ,
with shouts of approval when E. S. Judge
of Baltimore , recommended that the Western
Packers Canned Goods association form 'i
trust. Mr. Judge is the editor of the Haiti
moro Trade , n journal devoted to the eon
canning industry. He talked for a half houi
at the meeting of the association this morn
ing , but ho never mentioned the word trust ,
although ho outlined a plan for tin iron clui
combine in the trade.Vo haven't a market
for all our product , " said Mr. Judge , "am
the question is , whore tire we going to liml
iti There nro hundreds of packers who ,
to meet obligations arc compelled
to cut prices. Now , : v great many of these
have sold so close that they llnd themselves
nearly bankrupt , and some of them will KO
out of business ere long. I hope they will ,
but that will not widen the market or prevent
vent this deadly competition. We want an
association that will govern prices. A sys
tem of warehouses where the surplus pro
duct could bo stored and , kept out of the
market would solve the problem , and we
could get our prices. If any section of the
country not in the association attempted to
cut prices wo could threaten them with a
bigger cut , and they wouldn't dare to go be
low us. It must be done , the Inevitable tend
ency is ruination if a , combination of this
Kind is not formed. It would not
cost much , "Us the goods stored
would bo ample security , and a
guarantee of good fajtu. Men are prejudiced
against any such action , the public and the
newspapers cry out Against such combina
tions , but when your pockot'bdtties into con
sideration the dear public must pay. There
are several associations of this kind In the
east , notably in Virginia and Maryland , and
we of that section soon expect to have a con
vention to consider ths | subject. This asso
ciation ought to take some decided stand in
the matter. " ( Applause. ) The convention
linally adopted a resolution this morning
leaving the question of over-production to bo
decided by each packer individually.
11 Is Amended By Striking Out the
"Moonshine" Sections.
WASHINGTON' , Feb. 15. The house com
mittee on appropriations to-day resolved to
report favorably a substitute for the Cowles
internal rcvcnuo bill. 'Tho substitute pro
vidcs for the repeal of the tobacco tax
and omits the "moonshine" sections of the
Cowles bill.
Mr. Forney says ho will report n substi
tute to the bill , removing the duty on uinnuj
tacturcd tobacco and snuff , but not on cigars
und cheroots.
Representative Sayers of Texas said ho in
tended to prepare a minority report. Ho
said : "I am opposed to reducing the surplus
by taking oft the tax on cigars , cheroots and
cigarettes , until wo have llrst reduced the
custom duties on the necessaries of life.
In the shape in which the Cowells bill will
be reported , it provides that after July 1 ,
next , all laws now in force , whereby fanners
and producers of tobacco are respected in the
sale and disposition of the same ; and all
laws rclating'Ho internal revenue taxes on
manufactured tobacco , snuff , cigars , cheroots
and cigarettes , and the special taxes re
quired by law to bu paid by manufacturers
of and dealers in leaf tobacco , retail dealers
in manufactured tobacco , peddlers of to
bacco , snuff and cigars , and manufacturers
of snuff and of cigars , shall bo repealed. It
Is provided that also a drawback equal to the
tax shall bo paid on unbroken factory pack
ages in the bauds of manufacturers and deal
ers when the law takes effect. A redemption
at the pro rat a valuation of special tax
stamps is provided for.
The second section provides that nil Inter
nal revenno laws limiting the restriction and
regulating thu manufacture , sale or exporta
tion of tobacco , Bnuff , cigars , cheroots and
cigarette Hhall be repealed on July 1 , next ,
but that no drawback /shall bo allowed upon
such articles entered for export on or after
that ( Into. A proviso declares that all laws
now in force shall remain and have lull
force and effect In respect to all offenses
committed , liabilities Incurred or rights in-
cruing or accrued prior to the date when
the repeal of the taxes shall take effect.
another section provides for the abolition of
of minimum punishments wherever pro
scribes for violations of'tho internal revenue
laws , with leave for the court to impose any
line or punishment within the 'maximum.
The remaining sections forbid the mutila
tion of seized distilling apparatus and author
ized the United Statcsjjudges tomako proper
orders for the comlort-of persons whoso llfo
or health are endangered by close confine
ment. A provision Is innally made for the
abolition of all oftlces far tliu collection of
revenues which are cut off by the bill.
The Personal RlKhtH
Oil it'Aoo , Fob. 15. TJho organization known
us the "Personal Klghfs League , " which was
organized last summery and which has as ono
of Its cardinal subjects a resistance to the
irohiuitlon movement , which Is character-
zed as a menace to citizens' rights , 1ms Issued
in impassioned address to the citizens of the
United States , warning thorn of tha dangers
hrcatcnlng thgm in ! the prohibition move-
iicnl , and calllng.011 all opposed to it to join
u the work of fighting them by forming
ocnl assemblies under the plan of the parent
organization in Chicago.
Murdered 'liy Italians.
Wii.KnsiiAiimj , Pa , , Fob. 15. Early this
nornlng the town of Plttston was thrown
nto u fever of excitement over the finding of
ho dead body of a .citizen of that place. The
joily had thrca gunshot wounds on it. The
nurtler was committed by Italians for the
lurpobo of robbery. They buvo made their
escape , but officers are in pursuit. There
ire threats of lynching' the murderers if
H For Divorce.
LONDO.V , Fob , 15. The Star says Lord
Salisbury has begun suit for u divorce from
its wife , who , before marriage to the mar-
julsva known us Dolly Lester.
Prisouors Club a Jailor rmd Muko
Their Escape.
IV lint the Estnhllshnictit of n Xuw
Ijint : or Mississippi Stcninert !
Means to the Itlvcr
River Cities .Jubilant.
N , la. , Feb. 15. ( Special Tele-
ffrain to Tin : BIE. 1 The announcement that
n new line of stc.imcrs will bo established on
the Mississippi this year by Minneapolis anil
St. Louis capital , carried moro of ineanini'
than was at once apparent. It means the re
opening of the old light between the rail
roads and Chicago on one hand as against
every Mississippi river city. This struggle
wns made once , years ngo , and the railroads
won it. The result was to injure beyond wil-
dilution Burlington , Davenport , Dubuque ,
and every city on the river. Possessed then ,
as It appeared , of the united advantages of
both rail mid river transportation , these cities
seemed bound by their location to grow rap
idly , but througn the railroads' desire to wo-
cure the long haul on every community , oven
though its natural und cheapest channel wns
south by the river to the sea , and in their
consequent successful endeavor to kill tno
river trade thcso cities have practically been
deprived of both. But now comes the now
line of steamers and an evident determina
tion by the twin cities to throw off Chicago's
yoke by shipping their ilour direct to New
Orleans by river. This one step taken and
others are bound to follow ; consequently
river cities nre Justified to this extent in as
serting that their turn will come soon como
with the re-establishment of freighting by
A Postmaster Uollnvoil.
WATCIII.OO , la. , Feb. M. [ Special Tele
gram to Tim Bnn.J Postolllce Inspector F.
M. Harris , of St. Louis , relieved the post-
ortlcc at New Hartford , la. , of the incumbent ,
Thomas Houlihan , who was short $ . "iX ( ) in his
accounts with the department. Houlihan
was-running a general store and used the re
ceipts of his oftlco in business. Ho made the
amount up and was relieved , the bond
holders appointing as his successor II. M.
An Attorney Indicted.
Four DOPOK , la. . Fob. 13. ( Special Tele
gram to Tun Biu.j ; Tlic announcement made
to-day of the indictment of John A Pedcrson
for defrauding his clients , returned by a
Pocahontas county grand jury , creates great
surprise. Pedersen is ono of the prominent
attorneys of nortliwest Iowa , and a leader of
the Pocohontns county bar. Ho was at onetime
time editor of the Qilmoro City Gazelle , mid
moves in the highest society circles.
A Jail Delivery.
AXAMOSA , la. , Fob. 15. [ Special Telegram
toTin : Bni : . ] Last night the notorious burg
lars , Banks and Winters , in jail here under
indictment for burglarizing a jcwlery store ,
and also under indictment for robbing a dry
goods store in Cedar Rapids , and Smith's
store in Ml. Vcrnon. knoekod the jailer down
and escaped. The jailor was very seriously
injured. _
Secretary Kndicott TellH Why It Was
I -sued.
WASHINGTON , Feb. 15. In response to a
resolution calling for information relative to
the issuing of the confidential order of Jan
uary 5 , ISS'J , by General Benet , chief of
ordnance , instructing the commanding of-
llccrs of national armories and arsenals to
favor democrats , other things baiug equal ,
in appointments and discharges from the
service , Secretary Endicott to-day says that
during the year 1SS5 there were numerous
applications made to him for umployinont ,
coming mainly from persons who claimed
that they had boon hitherto excluded
from such employment because they were
democrats. In conversation with the chief
of ordnance , the secretary suggested that as
a majority of tne places in the arrnorics _ and
arsenals were held by republicans , in mak
ing changes preferences should bo given to
democrats until the members were substan
tially divided between the two political
parties. The chief of ordnance approved
the suggestion , and issued the order men
tioned in the resolution. The secretary says
that ho did not see the order itself until
two or three months after it waa issued ,
but it was not intended to include
the discharge of workmen on account of po
litical opinions , and was not so construed by
the officers to whom it was addressed. No
removals , the secretary continues , have been
piado on account of the orders , and no meas
ures taken by the war department to learn
the political opinions ot women and children
In its employment. General Benct states
that the circular was made applicable to
thorn because it had boon found by long ex
perience that the disputes over politics wcro
is prevalent among tins class us among their
husbands and fathers.
The Lone Hitjlnvaymaii la Arrested In
i7 < ! iise's Old Domain.
KANSAS CUT , Mo. , Fob. 15. [ Special Tele
gram to Tun Hi:1 ; . ] One of the most sensa
tional arrests over made In tills city was con
summated here to-day , when II. L. Gorton ,
better known as Black .Bart , the notorious
California lone highwayman , was taken Into
cu stody.
It seems tiiat como time ago , shortly after
the beginning of this year , Gorlon quiolly
came to this city , .visited his old haunts in
Missouri , and then wont to Leneva , Kan.
Postofllco Inspector J. B. Johnslon , of St. .
had received private information that nil
Jiorton was In this vicinity and followed ilc
ilm to Lcnova. To-day Gorton returned (1c
that placn and John c
mm , to-night on
ston's orders ho was arrested opposite 11I 11I
ho union depot and committed to jail , I
charged with the robbery of u stage couch at c
tignim'H ranch , Momlocino county , Cull- u
brnia , December 4 , when ho obtained # 'J3i (
ind the Wells , l-'urgo & Co. express treasure
> ox.
Gorton , who is a perfect Dlondo In appear
ance , claims to bo a stationary engineer and
p have been In Lenova on n visit to his
'nther. Ho acknowledged having rot'enily
omo from California , but would say nothing
moro ,
Prmninm , Fob. 15. The Grand Lake
Coal company , one of iho largest coal linns in
this city , lias confessed Judgments for f 10-
000. The sheriff made a levy to-day on three
of their tow boats , and they will bo sold next :
Friday. The extent of the failure Is not
known , but the opinion Is expressed tha't the "
amount Is not heavy. Tim firm's property ,
vhich runs up into hundreds of thousands of
dollars , is distributed along the rivcr from
his city to the Gulf of Mexico. The cmbar-
asbinent dates back from last August , when
ho great storm at New Orleans dcbtroyed u
urge amount of the compuny'u coal und
The Ooldon ( Juti : Special.
SA.N FitA.vcisco , Feb. 15 , Beginning to-
narrow the Golden Gate special will carry
touches for Chicago und Now York mull on
ts weekly trip , making the time to Chicago
Ighty-four hours and Now York 118 hours.
Die Southern Paclfloolllulu ! * expect to short-
.v put ou u second vestibule train , making of
emi-wet'kly trips and eventually d'jily. In
TIIK PAHNKljtj lK1 t'ljlt ,
Solicitor Sonnies Tolls How the Times
Scoured Thoin.
LONDONFob. . 15. Pariiolf wns present to
day at the session of the Parnell commission
Sonnies , solicitor for the Times , was further
cross-examined. Ho denied that no hiul
hoard that Pigott and the league clerk ho Interviewed
torviewed in Ireland had a grievance against
Parnell. Pipott , ho said , had mtulo n statu
tory declaration that Solicitor Lewis hnd offered -
forod him , CllK)0 ) If ho would swear ho had
forged the loiters said to have been \\vltton
bv Parnell. The Times paid Piirolt A'40 or
Col ) , Witness had Pigott watched and traced
him Into the company of Laboucbere. He
paid Houston , secretary of the Irish Loyal
and Patriot union , altogether l''ltXH ) . Upon
direct examination Soames said that no bar
gain was made when the letters wore llrst
brought to the Times. Their genuineness
was to bo tested before payment was made.
Soames said that Pigott told him of the in
terviews ho had with Solicitors Lewis mid
Lnboucherc. The latter sent Pitott several
10 notes. Pigott showed the witness a let
ter from Solicitor Lewis , accusing him
( Pigott ) of having admitted that ho forgot
the loiters , and his reply , whereupon the
Witness required that a statutory declaration
be made in which Pigott detailed the uniu-
uiunicullons between himself and Solicitor
Lewis , including an offer of .C1OIK ) by Lewis
on Wolmlf of L-abouchoro if ho would swear
that ho hud forged the letters. This stato-
mmit caused a sensation in the court room.
Continuing , Soamessaid hehad never prom
ised Pigott a six petico , but know that Pigott
had asked Houston for i'5,000 on Iho ground
that it would be impossible for him to live in
Dublin uftorgiving evidence for the i'iiiics ,
and that he wanted to iimke some provision
for himself. Witness told him ho would
not listen to such snirgestioiiK , but
that he ( Pigott ) mmlit ivst satisfied that the
Times would never see him ruined through
his honesty In testifying to all ho knew.
Soumos said that a man c.illtni , ' himself
Wilson wrote to him offering to givu in forma
tion. He recognized thu writing as that of u
man named O'Brien , who was an emissary
from Kjriw to Luboueliero. Tlio offer to
furnish information was simply a plant.
Witness knew O'Brien was a man who was
known in America as Robertson. It was
Robertson who deluded Detective Mosor
with lott'jr.4 whluh had since been admitted
to be for ( . .cries. Kirby was paid i'W to go
to America and procure from Sheridan the
original PuriicU lelicr. n fao simile of which
was published in the Times.
Soames said that if the Parnell letters
were forgeries , then the writing of the
others signed with the names of ICgau ,
Campbell , IXivitt , and O'ICelly ' , of Tyrone ,
must huve been forged. The bodies of the
six disputed Parnell letters were In the writ
ing of Campbell ,
Macdonald , manager of the Times , deposed
that in October , IShO , ho got live I'arnell and
six Kgan letters. Ho stipulated that their
authenticity must bo tested before the pay
ment of tno price that Houston said ho gave
for them. When the O'Kelly and Duvitt let
ters were tested lie gave Houston jtl.TSt ) , the
exact sum expended in gaining possession of
them. Witness had asked about the differ
ence in the body of the letters and the signa
tures , and Houston told him it was a practice
of the leaders lor one to write a letter ,
another to sun , and a third to address the
envelope. The bodies of the Parnell letters
wcro all more or less written In a disguised
hand , oxeept one letter dated at Kilmaiiihum.
The witness had heard that Iho letters were
offered to Lord Burlington before being
offered to the Times. The witness was con
vinced that the letters were genuine.
Forty-four Ducnmjiitu Coviirini * a
Period of Over Two Yearn.
Bi'UMN , Feb. 15. In the reichstag to-day
a white book in reference to the Samoa
matter was introduced. It comprises lortj-
four documents , extending from December
3 , 1SSO , to February 5 1SS9. Among the
documents Is the report of the German
consul at Apia , du'lecl February ; .M , 1SSS , de
scribing Ihe endeavors of the Americans and
Englishmen to provoke conflicts. A dispatcli
dated September , 1SSS , deals with the revolt
of Malaafa and the sppport given to him up
Captain Leary , of the United Stales Navy.
After ail ] account of the attack upon
the Germans on December 18 , comes
a telegram from Herbert Bismarck dated
January 1 , IS H , to the Gorman ministers at
Washington and London , directing them to
inform Secretary Bayard and Lord Salis
bury in tqis respect , and ordering Iho minis
ter at Washington to complain to
the United Stales govornmentthattho Amer
ican Klein was prominent in tlio lighting
On January S Herbert Bismarck tele
graphed Iho German consul ut Apia that on
account of an agreement with tlio United
Slales and Great Britain the annexation of
Samoa by Germany was out of Ihu question.
A document dadod February 2 , which was
sent by Count Herbert Bismarck to Admi
ral Baron von iler Gotz , chicf'of the German
admiralty , says :
"Germany is not at war with S imoa , as
the terms uro understood by mtu'-national '
law , but she regards Tumasese as the right
ful ruler and Mataafa us a rebel , against
whom aud his followers retaliation must bo
enforced. Any one standing byticinis a
promoter of thy conflict between t'lcm ' and
the Germans , and must talie the cense
quences. "
Count Herbert concludes by declaring that
nothing is changed In Ihe legal portion of
Iho forolili subjects In Samoa.
The white book ends with a long report
dated January 4 , from Ihu German CU-IHU ! at
Apia. Thu report has thirteen appu.uliees ,
dealing with events from December
4 , IbSS. Those record that on
December 10 Malaafa , in an Humble
letter , sought lo open negotiations with thu
consul , but would not surrender himself ,
although pledges were given him Uml his
life would bu spared. In a subsequent letter
Malaafa promises to Hill-render ui Ihu pres
ence of thu British and American consuls ,
The German consul declined to LUtertaitithu
Comment on tin ;
P.uus Feb. 15 , The opportunist and
moderate journals , in commenting nil thu
vote of the chamber of deputies yesterday on
the motion to indefinitely postpone debate ou
thu bill for the revision of Iho constitution ,
hay that carlo blanche has been given Presi
dent Caniot to oxcrciKO perfect Illiurty in the
construction of a new cabinet and to form
ono according to his own choice. The radi
cal papora assort that Floquot's overthrow is
possible. Thu conservative organs do-dare
that the dissolution of the chamber of Uopu- ,
tic-sis now moro than over necessary. The
clumber , they say , can no longer bo rolled
PassniiKtM' ftulo
CIII < 'ACIO. Fob , 15. Tlio general passenger
agents of lines in tha western states passen
ger association to-day decided thai no re
duced rate shall bo made of less than a fare
and one-third for any number of people
under r.'jlt , ami thu minimum nito for any
iiumbur of jieopla over 5JU shall not bu les.i
tlmn one fare for the lonml trip ,
A PariiiHi' * ' JiiMilnto Provision ,
WASIIIXOIO.N , Fob. 1C , Tlio bill introduce , !
by Mi * . Spooner to-day provides that u sys
tem of furmurs' JiiHtitules .shall bu maintained
tained as part of the agricultural depart
ment. The annual cost of this system of in
stitutes is not to uxceeil : f5lji,0 JO , exclusive of
permanent salaries and printing reports of
Institute meetings.
Quelled hy the Military.
PESTiiFcb.l5 The disorders occasioned by
the htudonts who arc opposed lo the urm.y bill
were quelled last night by the military. c
Forty-eight persons were arrested for taking u
part in tlio riot , Forty of them were re
leased. _
In Minnesota. b
Ai.EXA.NiiiiiA , Minn. , Fob. IS. John Leo bJ \
was hanged hero this morning at 10:01 : for Ju Jv
the murder at Brandon , Mum. . July IS , IS * , u
Charles Clielalno.ovor a girl that Lee was lia
love with , a
Report of the IIouso Wnyo find
Menus Commlttoo.
They Declare It a Violation of the
Ijaw VrNtlnjt the Power of
Originating Kovcnua
A Constitutional Quest Inn.
\Vismxmox , Feb. IB. The re-port of the
Rommlttcu on ways and means upon cuato
amendments to the tariff bill lias raised a
constitutional point. The bill , as It cnmo
from the SomiteIs a violation of Iho provis
ions of thu constitution allowing thu housa
power to originate revenue bills. The re
mainder of the report is devoted to an expla
nation of the polntsof difference between the
senate mid house bills , and an argument In
tended to prove that the sennto till i.s In HO
sense a proper amendment to the house bill.
The committee , ut a meet Ing this morning ,
practically decided to report n bill making tin
estimated reduction in the revenues
ot nbout $ ; 0OIHIHH ) > . After readln -
the report ou the scmito tariff
bill submitted this morning the committee
touK tip for c msldenitton the revenue reduc
tion bill offered by Mr. McMillan , of Ten-
nessoe. Thu bill was rend through , but
pending n vote tlio commlttcu adjourned.
The bill is mthsi.iuthilly thu same us the
Mills bill , with Iho exception of the cotton
mid chemical HChcdules. The latter nro
stricken out , as is also the iron schedule ,
with the oxo.eplinii of the provisions relating
to pig iron , railroad tics , structural iron ami
tin plate. The free list In the bill -la almost
identical with that of the Mills bill.
Thu report of the committee in referring to
thu senate llnunco commlttoi * says , in part :
"Tho policy of thu party represented by
the finance oomiiiittee is a policy of rji.strie-
tion. not only against the importation of
products , but restriction against the distri
bution ot wealth among thu masses by per
mitting them to buy where they can buy the
cheapest and sell whore they can sull the
highest. It is a restriction against tlio em
ployment of labor a restriction against the
demand for employment mid hotter wages.
It is contended by them that if we oxoluda
foreign Imports our own iimaufacturor.s und
their workmen will supply them , and that
will give employment to our own people. "
The report then adduces Dgurus and .statis-
lics of the operation of the tnriu' law in past
years to meet the senate to lent on , and de-
claret , that those years which showed a de
creasing importation was among thu darkest
in our industrial history. It is contended
that reduced duties means larger exportations -
tions , und that increased importations means
increased prosperity , and that Hi ) per cent of
the goods consumed hi the United States'aio
irodtieod at a lower cost tlmn
in foreign countries. It is said
that a reduction in rates will increase
the importation of articles now imposed , con-
stituling less tlmn * i per cent of consumption ,
but it would not bring to this country any
irliclcs now produced ut home , because they
can bo and are produced mid sold hero
cheaper than they can bq produced abroad ,
imported and sold hero in competition with
: > urown. The lowering of duties will not
increase the importation ol'anyot thoartlcles
which wo manufacluro at homo , but it wjll
lower the price of those articles
to the consumer. The committee say Unit
Iho policy defined and declared by the tiiinnco
committee is destructive to nil American in
terests except that of buildni'up piivllegcd
classes , who nro to bo on r'ched ' and kept so
by a prostitution of the taxing power of the
govern merit. Thu report says there is no
good reason why thu sugar bounty provis
ion in Iho senate bill should be adopted , and
concludes witli the stutcjiiicut that there will
really bo no reduction in the customs revenue
under thu provisions of tlio senate substi
The Latter Will Doniand an K
tion 1'iom Iho Former.
WASHINGTON' , Feb. Ifi. [ Special Telo-
gratn to Tun Bni : . ] A dispatch from Col
umbus , O. . says General A Igor , of Michi
gan , who was at. the Lincoln birthday ban
quet Iho other night , was quoted as saying
lie had written Senator Sherman demanding
un uxplanallon of the charges ullributod lethe
the latter. These charges , which circulated
very freely when Algor was spoken of as
thu possible secretary of war , were tiut |
Senator Sherman had notified General lliuv
risen that liu certainly would oppose Gen
eral Alger's confirmation if nominated.
The reason was said to bo that Algcr's inonay
had purchased the votes of southern dele
gates away from Sherman at the Chicago
convention , Goncral Alger i.s said to have
been very indignant when ho heard all this ,
and said at Columbus that he would have a
satisfactory explanation or know why.
Senator Sherman was asked this mornli'g1 '
what ho know about Die miiltcr. Ho replied
coldly tlml.lio. had not received any letter
from General Alger , and had nothing to
say nbout newspaper stories of alleged
Thee < t Virginia Deadlock.
iTox , W. Vu , , Feb. , 15. There
was great excitement In the Joint assembly
to-day. President Carr of the senate an
nounced that ho would , from now on , cast
his vote for General Goff for United .States
senator. Kirk , who cast his vote heretofore
lor HOIIIO union laboriti' , also declared him-
Rolf for Goff from now on. Burr , another
laborite , cast hl.s vote for Senator Kcnnu ,
and will remain with him hereafter. Door
still refuses to vote for ICoiina. The follow
ing ballot was taken : Goir , 42 ; Kcnnu- ! ! ! ;
W. Tico , 1. The election now hangs on
Dorr , who is a democrat , but who Is bitter
against Kcnna.
The Pin ; Itouord.
Cmi'i'invA , Win. , Fob , , 15. About midnight
last night Uro bfoku out in Gliii-kmau & Hol
ler's block. The flames spread rapidly and
three buildings wcro consumed. The loss on
buildings was 50,000. liisur.meu unknown.
Othiir losses were Iho Gluokmun dry goods
stock , fl.r,0t'0 , insurance $ iiiXI : ( ( ; A. Moses ,
variety hiore , loss $ . ' 15.000 , liiHiiraiico f lil.OflO ;
L. 11. Heller , dry goods , tfil.XX ( ) , Insurance
SI'U'H ) ; Rusk ft Uoliiud , law oniccflfi.OOO ,
insurance ( MIX ) ; Times Printing office ,
ci.oi'0. insurance * 1,00. The ( J. A , 11. post
mid ether lodges lost all their furniture ; In
sured. The Western Cnlon telegraph com
pany have put up Instruments in toinpor.'iry
quarters , The fire stariod in Mosus1 collar , '
whore a quantity of powder was itorcd.
IlloodMhod In I'Viired. '
ROI.M , Dak. , Fob. 1.1. Special Telegram
to Tin ! Bin : . ] Bloodshed In the half-breed
settlement Is expected at any moment. Com
pany A , N. N. ( ! . , wont to Dmiseith with ti.o
fihcriff and POSBO last night , unit to-day
moved upon the recalcitrant breeds. News
will bo brought hero by courier if u battle
occurs ,
VlHcoiinl lUoro A
SAN FinNi'iffo , Feb. Ifi. A ro
coived from Toltio announces the
ntiou there of Viscount Arrnorl Moro , minis
ter of education , who was minister from
Japan to Washington about JisVO. The
iisHUH.iin was u religious fiumlii ; , und the
trim u In considered lo huve no political sit-
iiilicnnco ,
Abandoned fo HIM
Niw : HuiroiiD , Mans. , Feb. 15. The Lis
bon nowspnpcni state that the whaling bark
Mary Fru/ler , of Kdgurtown , the oaptulu ot
which wai lined heavily ut Westmvi lelnml
on bogus charges of violations of thorovciiuo
laws , h.n boon abandoned lo the Por.uguosi *